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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
____________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from              to
Commission File Number: 000-50404
____________________________ 
LKQ CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________ 
Delaware   36-4215970
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
500 West Madison Street, Suite 2800
 
Chicago, Illinois
60661
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (312) 621-1950
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share LKQ
NASDAQ Global Select Market
________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes    No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes    No 
At October 27, 2022, the registrant had outstanding an aggregate of 267,174,985 shares of Common Stock.

1



*****

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
3
4
5
6
7
9
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
SIGNATURES

2


PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(In millions, except per share data)

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenue $ 3,104  $ 3,297  $ 9,793  $ 9,903 
Cost of goods sold 1,828  1,953  5,793  5,850 
Gross margin 1,276  1,344  4,000  4,053 
Selling, general and administrative expenses 861  898  2,683  2,648 
Restructuring and transaction related expenses 10  16 
(Gain) on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale (4) (159) — 
Depreciation and amortization 58  64  178  195 
Operating income 358  378  1,288  1,194 
Other expense (income):
Interest expense, net of interest income 17  16  46  56 
Loss on debt extinguishment —  —  —  24 
Other income, net (6) (3) (4) (15)
Total other expense, net 11  13  42  65 
Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes 347  365  1,246  1,129 
Provision for income taxes 88  89  304  290 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries 17 
Income from continuing operations 261  284  950  856 
Net income from discontinued operations —  — 
Net income 262  284  955  856 
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  — 
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 262  $ 284  $ 955  $ 855 
Basic earnings per share: (1)
Income from continuing operations $ 0.95  $ 0.97  $ 3.39  $ 2.86 
Net income from discontinued operations —  —  0.02  — 
Net income 0.96  0.97  3.41  2.86 
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  —  — 
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.96  $ 0.97  $ 3.41  $ 2.86 
Diluted earnings per share: (1)
Income from continuing operations $ 0.95  $ 0.96  $ 3.38  $ 2.85 
Net income from discontinued operations —  —  0.02  — 
Net income 0.95  0.96  3.40  2.85 
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  —  — 
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.95  $ 0.96  $ 3.40  $ 2.85 
(1) The sum of the individual earnings per share amounts may not equal the total due to rounding.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In millions)

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Net income $ 262  $ 284  $ 955  $ 856 
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  — 
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders 262  284  955  855 
Other comprehensive loss:
Foreign currency translation, net of tax (187) (48) (391) (51)
Net change in unrealized gains/losses on cash flow hedges, net of tax —  —  — 
Net change in unrealized gains/losses on pension plans, net of tax — 
Other comprehensive income (loss) from unconsolidated subsidiaries —  (1)
Other comprehensive loss (184) (48) (386) (50)
Comprehensive income 78  236  569  806 
Less: comprehensive income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  — 
Comprehensive income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 78  $ 236  $ 569  $ 805 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions, except per share data)

September 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 269  $ 274 
Receivables, net 1,051  1,073 
Inventories 2,635  2,611 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 247  296 
Total current assets 4,202  4,254 
Property, plant and equipment, net 1,169  1,299 
Operating lease assets, net 1,193  1,361 
Goodwill 4,132  4,540 
Other intangibles, net 626  746 
Equity method investments 146  181 
Other noncurrent assets 198  225 
Total assets $ 11,666  $ 12,606 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 1,356  $ 1,176 
Accrued expenses:
Accrued payroll-related liabilities 224  261 
Refund liability 108  107 
Other accrued expenses 309  271 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 181  203 
Current portion of long-term obligations 50  35 
Other current liabilities 123  112 
Total current liabilities 2,351  2,165 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, excluding current portion 1,066  1,209 
Long-term obligations, excluding current portion 2,390  2,777 
Deferred income taxes 246  279 
Other noncurrent liabilities 312  365 
Commitments and contingencies
Redeemable noncontrolling interest 24  24 
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000.0 shares authorized, 322.3 shares issued and 270.1 shares outstanding at September 30, 2022; 321.6 shares issued and 287.0 shares outstanding at December 31, 2021
Additional paid-in capital 1,499  1,474 
Retained earnings 6,536  5,794 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (539) (153)
Treasury stock, at cost; 52.2 shares at September 30, 2022 and 34.6 shares at December 31, 2021
(2,237) (1,346)
Total Company stockholders' equity 5,262  5,772 
Noncontrolling interest 15  15 
Total stockholders' equity 5,277  5,787 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 11,666  $ 12,606 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income $ 955  $ 856 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 197  212 
(Gain) on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale (159) — 
Stock-based compensation expense 31  25 
Loss on debt extinguishment —  24 
Other (22) (45)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:
Receivables, net (118) (134)
Inventories (349) (53)
Prepaid income taxes/income taxes payable 63  (29)
Accounts payable 378  378 
Other operating assets and liabilities 34  128 
Net cash provided by operating activities 1,010  1,362 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (148) (133)
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment 16 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (4) (67)
Proceeds from disposals of businesses 399 
Other investing activities, net (8) (23)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 244  (201)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Early-redemption premium —  (16)
Repayment of Euro Notes (2026) —  (883)
Borrowings under revolving credit facilities 1,323  4,098 
Repayments under revolving credit facilities (1,451) (3,242)
Repayments under term loans —  (324)
Borrowings (repayments) of other debt, net (18)
Settlement of derivative instruments, net —  (89)
Dividends paid to LKQ stockholders (210) — 
Purchase of treasury stock (872) (575)
Other financing activities, net (16) (17)
Net cash used in financing activities (1,217) (1,066)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (42) (4)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (5) 91 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 274  312 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 269  $ 403 
Supplemental disclosure of cash paid for:
Income taxes, net of refunds $ 250  $ 337 
Interest $ 38  $ 53 
        


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(In millions, except per share data)

LKQ Stockholders
  Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Noncontrolling Interest Total Stockholders' Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance as of July 1, 2022 322.0  $ (45.4) $ (1,894) $ 1,492  $ 6,344  $ (355) $ 15  $ 5,605 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  262  —  —  262 
Other comprehensive loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (184) —  (184)
Purchase of treasury stock —  —  (6.8) (343) —  —  —  —  (343)
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee tax 0.3  —  —  —  (1) —  —  —  (1)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Dividends declared to LKQ stockholders ($0.25 per share) —  —  —  —  —  (70) —  —  (70)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 322.3  $ (52.2) $ (2,237) $ 1,499  $ 6,536  $ (539) $ 15  $ 5,277 

LKQ Stockholders
  Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Noncontrolling Interest Total Stockholders' Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance as of July 1, 2021 321.3  $ (25.0) $ (830) $ 1,459  $ 5,347  $ (101) $ 17  $ 5,895 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  284  —  —  284 
Other comprehensive loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (48) —  (48)
Purchase of treasury stock —  —  (4.3) (219) —  —  —  —  (219)
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee tax 0.3  —  —  —  (2) —  —  —  (2)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Balance as of September 30, 2021 321.6  $ (29.3) $ (1,049) $ 1,465  $ 5,631  $ (149) $ 17  $ 5,918 




























The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(In millions, except per share data)

LKQ Stockholders
  Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Noncontrolling Interest Total Stockholders' Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance as of January 1, 2022 321.6  $ (34.6) $ (1,346) $ 1,474  $ 5,794  $ (153) $ 15  $ 5,787 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  955  —  —  955 
Other comprehensive loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (386) —  (386)
Purchase of treasury stock —  —  (17.6) (891) —  —  —  —  (891)
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee tax 0.7  —  —  —  (6) —  —  —  (6)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  31  —  —  —  31 
Dividends declared to LKQ stockholders ($0.75 per share) —  —  —  —  —  (213) —  —  (213)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 322.3  $ (52.2) $ (2,237) $ 1,499  $ 6,536  $ (539) $ 15  $ 5,277 

LKQ Stockholders
  Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Noncontrolling Interest Total Stockholders' Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance as of January 1, 2021 320.9  $ (17.3) $ (469) $ 1,444  $ 4,776  $ (99) $ 16  $ 5,671 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  855  —  856 
Other comprehensive loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (50) —  (50)
Purchase of treasury stock —  —  (12.0) (580) —  —  —  —  (580)
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee tax 0.7  —  —  —  (4) —  —  —  (4)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  25  —  —  —  25 
Balance as of September 30, 2021 321.6  $ (29.3) $ (1,049) $ 1,465  $ 5,631  $ (149) $ 17  $ 5,918 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8


LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1. Interim Financial Statements

LKQ Corporation, a Delaware corporation, is a holding company and all operations are conducted by subsidiaries. When the terms "LKQ," "the Company," "we," "us," or "our" are used in this document, those terms refer to LKQ Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.

We have prepared the accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") applicable to interim financial statements. Accordingly, certain information related to our significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") have been condensed or omitted. These Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect, in the opinion of management, all material adjustments (which include only normally recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly state, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that can be expected for any subsequent interim period or for a full year. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on February 25, 2022 ("2021 Form 10-K").

In the current year, we changed the presentation of our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from thousands to millions and, as a result, any necessary rounding adjustments have been made to prior year disclosed amounts.

Note 2. Financial Statement Information

Allowance for Credit Losses

Receivables, net are reported net of an allowance for credit losses. Management evaluates the aging of customer receivable balances, the financial condition of our customers, historical trends, and macroeconomic factors to estimate the amount of customer receivables that may not be collected in the future and records a provision it believes is appropriate. Our reserve for expected credit losses was $51 million and $53 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The provision for credit losses was insignificant for both the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 and $9 million and $3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Inventories

Inventories consist of the following (in millions):
September 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Aftermarket and refurbished products $ 2,167  $ 2,168 
Salvage and remanufactured products 423  406 
Manufactured products 45  37 
Total inventories $ 2,635  $ 2,611 

Aftermarket and refurbished products and salvage and remanufactured products are primarily composed of finished goods. As of September 30, 2022, manufactured products inventory was composed of $26 million of raw materials, $6 million of work in process, and $13 million of finished goods. As of December 31, 2021, manufactured products inventory was composed of $27 million of raw materials, $4 million of work in process, and $5 million of finished goods.

Divestitures

In March 2022, we entered into a definitive agreement to sell PGW Auto Glass (“PGW”), our aftermarket glass business within our Wholesale - North America segment, to a third party. The sale was completed in April 2022 for $361 million resulting in recognition of a $155 million pretax gain ($127 million after tax). In September 2022, we completed the sale of a business within our Self Service segment, to a third party, resulting in proceeds of $25 million and the recognition of a $4 million pretax gain ($3 million after tax).
9


Discontinued Operations

For the three months ended September 30, 2022, we recorded a $1 million benefit related to the settlement of a previously recorded use tax liability connected to a disposed business. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we recorded a $5 million benefit primarily related to the reassessment of a previously recorded valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset connected to a disposed business.

Intangible Assets

Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually. We performed our annual impairment test during the fourth quarter of 2021, and determined no impairment existed as all of our reporting units had a fair value estimate which exceeded the carrying value by at least 70%. The fair value estimates of our reporting units were established using weightings of the results of a discounted cash flow methodology and a comparative market multiples approach. Goodwill impairment testing may also be performed on an interim basis when events or circumstances arise that may lead to impairment. We did not identify any indicators of impairment in the first nine months of 2022 that necessitated an interim test of goodwill impairment or indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment.

Investments in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries

We account for our Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries using the equity method of accounting, as our investments give us the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the investee.

The carrying value of our Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries were as follows (in millions):

Ownership as of September 30, 2022
September 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
MEKO AB(1)(2)
26.6% $ 134  $ 145 
Other(3)
12  36 
Total $ 146  $ 181 
(1)    As of September 30, 2022, the fair value of our investment in MEKO AB ("Mekonomen") was $135 million based on the quoted market price for Mekonomen's common stock using the same foreign exchange rate as the carrying value.
(2)    As of September 30, 2022, our share of the book value of Mekonomen's net assets exceeded the book value of our investment by $8 million; this difference is primarily related to Mekonomen's Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income balance as of our acquisition date in 2016. We record our equity in the net earnings of Mekonomen on a one quarter lag.
(3)    In June 2022, we sold an investment in our Self Service segment resulting in a decrease to the carrying value of $22 million, recognizing an insignificant gain upon sale.

Warranty Reserve

Some of our salvage mechanical products are sold with a standard six month warranty against defects. Additionally, some of our remanufactured engines are sold with a standard three or four year warranty against defects. We also provide a limited lifetime warranty for certain of our aftermarket products. These assurance-type warranties are not considered a separate performance obligation, and thus no transaction price is allocated to them. We record warranty costs in Cost of goods sold in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Our warranty reserve is calculated using historical claim information to project future warranty claims activity and is recorded within Other accrued expenses and Other noncurrent liabilities on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets based on the expected timing of the related payments.

The changes in the warranty reserve are as follows (in millions):
Warranty Reserve
Balance as of December 31, 2021 $ 30 
Warranty expense 56 
Warranty claims (55)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 $ 31 

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Litigation and Related Contingencies

We have certain contingencies resulting from litigation, claims and other commitments and are subject to a variety of environmental and pollution control laws and regulations incident to the ordinary course of business. We currently expect that the resolution of such contingencies will not materially affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Stockholders' Equity

Treasury Stock

Our Board of Directors has authorized a stock repurchase program under which we are able to purchase our common stock from time to time. Repurchases under the program may be made in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, with the amount and timing of repurchases depending on market conditions and corporate needs. The repurchase program does not obligate us to acquire any specific number of shares and may be suspended or discontinued at any time. Repurchased shares are accounted for as treasury stock using the cost method. On May 10, 2022, our Board of Directors authorized a $500 million increase to our existing stock repurchase program to $2,500 million. On October 25, 2022, our Board of Directors authorized an additional $1,000 million increase to our existing stock repurchase program, raising the aggregate program authorization to $3,500 million, and extended the duration through October 25, 2025.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we repurchased 6.8 million and 17.6 million shares of common stock, respectively, for an aggregate price of $343 million and $891 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we repurchased 4.3 million and 12.0 million shares of common stock, respectively, for an aggregate price of $219 million and $580 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2022, there was $263 million of remaining capacity under our repurchase program.

Noncontrolling Interest

We present redeemable noncontrolling interest on our balance sheet related to redeemable shares issued to a minority shareholder in conjunction with a previous acquisition. The redeemable shares contain (i) a put option for all noncontrolling interest shares at a fixed price of $24 million (€21 million) for the minority shareholder exercisable in the fourth quarter of 2023, (ii) a call option for all noncontrolling interest shares at a fixed price of $26 million (€23 million) for us exercisable beginning in the first quarter of 2026 through the end of the fourth quarter of 2027, and (iii) a guaranteed dividend to be paid quarterly to the minority shareholder through the fourth quarter of 2023. The redeemable shares do not provide the minority shareholder with rights to participate in the profits and losses of the subsidiary prior to the exercise date of the put option. As the put option is outside our control, we recorded a $24 million Redeemable noncontrolling interest at the put option's redemption value outside of permanent equity on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2022-04, “Liabilities—Supplier Finance Programs (Subtopic 405-50): Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations” ("ASU 2022-04"), which requires the buyer in a supplier finance program to disclose certain information about their program, including key terms, balance sheet presentation of amounts, outstanding amounts at the end of each period, and rollforwards of balances. ASU 2022-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 on a retrospective basis, including interim periods within those fiscal years, except for the disclosure of rollforward information, which is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023. We are currently evaluating the impact ASU 2022-04 will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Note 3. Revenue Recognition

The majority of our revenue is derived from the sale of vehicle parts. We recognize revenue for the sale of products at the point in time when the performance obligation has been satisfied and control has transferred to the customer, which generally occurs upon shipment or delivery to a customer based on terms of the sale.

11


Sources of Revenue

We report our revenue in two categories: (i) parts and services and (ii) other. The following table sets forth our revenue by category, disaggregated by reportable segment (in millions):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Wholesale - North America $ 1,026  $ 1,025  $ 3,182  $ 3,018 
Europe 1,376  1,520  4,327  4,545 
Specialty 452  465  1,424  1,454 
Self Service 55  51  172  154 
Parts and services 2,909  3,061  9,105  9,171 
Wholesale - North America 82  87  271  263 
Europe 18  20 
Self Service 109  144  399  449 
Other 195  236  688  732 
Total revenue $ 3,104  $ 3,297  $ 9,793  $ 9,903 

Parts and Services

Parts revenue is generated from the sale of vehicle products including replacement parts, components and systems used in the repair and maintenance of vehicles and specialty products and accessories to improve the performance, functionality and appearance of vehicles. Services revenue includes (i) additional services that are generally billed concurrently with the related product sales, such as the sale of service-type warranties, (ii) fees for admission to our self service yards, and (iii) diagnostic and repair services.

For Wholesale - North America and Self Service, vehicle replacement products include sheet metal collision parts such as doors, hoods, and fenders; bumper covers; head and tail lamps; mirrors; grilles; wheels; and large mechanical items such as engines and transmissions. For Europe, vehicle replacement products include a wide variety of small mechanical products such as brake pads, discs and sensors; clutches; electrical products such as spark plugs and batteries; steering and suspension products; filters; and oil and automotive fluids. For our Specialty operations, we serve seven product segments: truck and off-road; speed and performance; recreational vehicles; towing; wheels, tires and performance handling; marine; and miscellaneous accessories.

Our service-type warranties typically have service periods ranging from 6 months to 36 months. Proceeds from these service-type warranties are deferred at contract inception and amortized on a straight-line basis to revenue over the contract period. The changes in deferred service-type warranty revenue are as follows (in millions):
Service-Type Warranties
Balance as of January 1, 2022 $ 32 
Additional warranty revenue deferred 44 
Warranty revenue recognized (43)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 $ 33 

Other Revenue

Revenue from other sources include sales of scrap and precious metals (platinum, palladium, and rhodium), bulk sales to mechanical manufacturers (including cores) and sales of aluminum ingots and sows from furnace operations. We derive scrap metal and other precious metals from several sources in both our Wholesale - North America and Self Service segments, including vehicles that have been used in our recycling operations and vehicles from original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and other entities that contract with us for secure disposal of "crush only" vehicles. Revenue from the sale of hulks in our Wholesale - North America and Self Service segments is recognized based on a price per ton of delivered material when the customer (processor) collects the scrap.

12


Revenue by Geographic Area

See Note 13, "Segment and Geographic Information" for information related to our revenue by geographic region.

Variable Consideration

The amount of revenue ultimately received from the customer can vary due to variable consideration including returns, discounts, rebates, refunds, credits, price concessions, incentives, performance bonuses, or other similar items. We utilize the “expected value method” or the “most likely amount” method in order to estimate variable consideration, depending on the type of variable consideration, with contemplation of any expected reversals in revenue. We recorded a refund liability and return asset for expected returns of $108 million and $58 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2022, and $107 million and $58 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2021. The refund liability is presented separately on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets within current liabilities while the return asset is presented within Prepaid expenses and other current assets. Other types of variable consideration consist primarily of discounts, volume rebates, and other customer sales incentives that are recorded in Receivables, net on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We recorded a reserve for our variable consideration of $120 million and $144 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Note 4. Restructuring and Transaction Related Expenses

Global Restructuring Programs

In 2019, we commenced a cost reduction initiative, covering all of our reportable segments, designed to eliminate underperforming assets and cost inefficiencies. This program was expanded in 2020 as we identified additional opportunities to eliminate inefficiencies, including actions in response to impacts to the business from COVID-19. We have incurred and expect to incur costs for inventory write-downs; employee severance and other expenditures related to employee terminations; lease exit costs, such as lease termination fees, accelerated amortization of operating lease assets and impairment of operating lease assets; other costs related to facility exits, such as moving expenses to relocate inventory and equipment; and accelerated depreciation of fixed assets to be disposed of earlier than the end of the previously estimated useful lives.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we incurred restructuring expenses totaling $1 million and $2 million, respectively, primarily related to employee-related costs and facility exit costs under these programs. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized net restructuring expenses totaling $2 million and $9 million, respectively, which included employee-related costs, facility exit costs, and a $3 million gain in the first quarter from the sale of a building to be closed. Of the cumulative program costs incurred to date, $59 million, $43 million, $2 million and $2 million related to our Europe, Wholesale - North America, Specialty and Self Service segments, respectively. The actions under the 2019 Global Restructuring Program are substantially complete and the 2020 Global Restructuring Program is expected to be completed in 2023. We estimate total costs under the programs through their expected completion dates will be between $108 million and $115 million, of which approximately $63 million, $44 million, $2 million and $2 million will be incurred by our Europe, Wholesale - North America, Specialty and Self Service segments, respectively; these segment amounts represent the approximate midpoints of the expected ranges of costs to be incurred by each segment.

As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, restructuring liabilities incurred related to these programs totaled $10 million and $14 million, respectively, including $6 million and $9 million, respectively, related to leases we have exited or expect to exit prior to the end of the lease term (reported in Current portion of operating lease liabilities and Long-term operating lease liabilities, excluding current portion on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets). Our lease-related restructuring liabilities are estimated based on remaining rent payments after our actual exit date for facilities closed as of September 30, 2022 and after our planned exit date for facilities we expect to close in future periods; these liabilities do not reflect any estimated proceeds we may be able to achieve through subleasing the facilities.

Acquisition Integration Plans

We incurred $2 million of restructuring expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, primarily related to the integration of acquisitions completed in our Europe segment. We did not incur a significant amount of expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2022. We expect to incur future expenses of up to $5 million to complete an integration plan related to 2021 acquisitions completed in our Specialty segment.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we did not incur a significant amount of restructuring expenses for our acquisition integration plans.
13


1 LKQ Europe Program

In 2019, we announced a multi-year program called "1 LKQ Europe" which is intended to create structural centralization and standardization of key functions to facilitate the operation of the Europe segment as a single business. Under the 1 LKQ Europe program, we are reorganizing our non-customer-facing teams and support systems through various projects including the implementation of a common ERP platform, rationalization of our product portfolio, and creation of a Europe headquarters office and central back office. We completed the organizational design and implementation projects in June 2021, with the remaining projects scheduled to be completed by the end of 2025.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we incurred $1 million of employee-related charges under our 1 LKQ Europe program. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we incurred $6 million of employee-related restructuring charges. We did not incur a significant amount of expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2021. We estimate that we will incur between $40 million and $50 million in total personnel and inventory-related restructuring charges through 2025 under the program. We may identify additional initiatives and projects under the 1 LKQ Europe program in future periods that may result in additional restructuring expense, although we are currently unable to estimate the range of charges for such potential future initiatives and projects. As of September 30, 2022, the restructuring liabilities related to this program were insignificant.

Transaction Related Expenses

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we incurred $1 million and $5 million of transaction related expenses, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we incurred $1 million of transaction related expenses. These expenses included external costs such as legal, accounting and advisory fees related to completed and potential transactions.

Note 5. Stock-Based Compensation

RSUs

The following table summarizes activity related to our restricted stock units ("RSUs") under the LKQ Corporation 1998 Equity Incentive Plan (the "Equity Incentive Plan") for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (in millions, except years and per share amounts):
Number Outstanding Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term (in years)
Aggregate Intrinsic Value(1)
Unvested as of January 1, 2022 1.4  $ 34.85 
Granted (2)
0.7  $ 49.04 
Vested (0.7) $ 37.03 
Forfeited / Canceled (0.1) $ 42.99 
Unvested as of September 30, 2022 1.3  $ 40.89 
Expected to vest after September 30, 2022 1.1  $ 41.23  2.8 $ 52 
(1)    The aggregate intrinsic value of expected to vest RSUs represents the total pretax intrinsic value (the fair value of LKQ's stock on the last day of the period multiplied by the number of units) that would have been received by the holders had all the expected to vest RSUs vested. This amount changes based on the market price of LKQ’s common stock.
(2)    The weighted average grant date fair value of RSUs granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $39.12.

The fair value of RSUs that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 was $36 million; the fair value of RSUs vested is based on the market price of LKQ stock on the date vested.
14


PSUs

The following table summarizes activity related to our performance-based RSUs ("PSUs") under the Equity Incentive Plan for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (in millions, except years and per share amounts):

Number Outstanding Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term (in years)
Aggregate Intrinsic Value(1)
Unvested as of January 1, 2022 0.5  $ 31.96 
Granted (2)
0.1  $ 48.95 
Vested (0.2) $ 27.74 
Unvested as of September 30, 2022 0.4  $ 38.84 
Expected to vest after September 30, 2022 0.4  $ 38.81  1.2 $ 18 
(1)     The aggregate intrinsic value of expected to vest PSUs represents the total pretax intrinsic value (the fair value of LKQ's stock on the last day of each period multiplied by the number of units) that would have been received by the holders had all the expected to vest PSUs vested. This amount changes based on the market price of LKQ’s common stock and the achievement of the performance metrics relative to the established targets.
(2)    Represents the number of PSUs at target payout. The weighted average grant date fair value of PSUs granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $38.31.

The fair value of PSUs that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 was $8 million; the fair value of PSUs vested is based on the market price of LKQ stock on the date vested.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

Pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for RSUs and PSUs totaled $8 million and $31 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, and $8 million and $25 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. As of September 30, 2022, unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested RSUs and PSUs was $51 million. Stock-based compensation expense related to these awards will be different to the extent that forfeitures are realized and performance under the PSUs differs from current achievement estimates.

Note 6. Earnings Per Share

The following chart sets forth the computation of earnings per share (in millions, except per share amounts):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Income from continuing operations $ 261  $ 284  $ 950  $ 856 
Denominator for basic earnings per share—Weighted-average shares outstanding 273.8  294.0  280.2  299.2 
Effect of dilutive securities:
RSUs 0.4  0.7  0.6  0.6 
PSUs 0.4  0.2  0.4  0.2 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share—Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding 274.6 294.9 281.2 300.0
Basic earnings per share from continuing operations $ 0.95  $ 0.97  $ 3.39  $ 2.86 
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (1)
$ 0.95  $ 0.96  $ 3.38  $ 2.85 
(1)    Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations was computed using the treasury stock method for dilutive securities.

The number of antidilutive securities was de minimis for all periods presented.

15


Note 7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The components of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) are as follows (in millions):

Three Months Ended September 30, 2022
  Foreign Currency Translation Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Pension Plans Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) from Unconsolidated Subsidiaries Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of July 1, 2022 $ (325) $ (24) $ (6) $ (355)
Pretax loss (187) —  —  (187)
Reclassification of unrealized loss —  — 
Other comprehensive income from unconsolidated subsidiaries —  — 
Balance as of September 30, 2022 $ (512) $ (23) $ (4) $ (539)

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
  Foreign Currency Translation Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Pension Plans Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) from Unconsolidated Subsidiaries Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of July 1, 2021 $ (60) $ (32) $ (9) $ (101)
Pretax loss (48) —  —  (48)
Balance as of September 30, 2021 $ (108) $ (32) $ (9) $ (149)


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
  Foreign Currency Translation Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Pension Plans Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) from Unconsolidated Subsidiaries Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of January 1, 2022 $ (121) $ (24) $ (8) $ (153)
Pretax loss (395) —  —  (395)
Reclassification of unrealized loss —  — 
Disposal of business —  — 
Other comprehensive income from unconsolidated subsidiaries —  — 
Balance as of September 30, 2022 $ (512) $ (23) $ (4) $ (539)

16


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
  Foreign
Currency
Translation
Unrealized Gain (Loss)
on Cash Flow Hedges
Unrealized Gain (Loss)
on Pension Plans
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) from Unconsolidated Subsidiaries Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of January 1, 2021 $ (57) $ (1) $ (33) $ (8) $ (99)
Pretax (loss) income (51) —  —  (48)
Income tax effect —  (1) —  —  (1)
Reclassification of unrealized (gain) loss —  (2) —  (1)
Reclassification of deferred income taxes —  —  — 
Other comprehensive loss from unconsolidated subsidiaries —  —  —  (1) (1)
Balance as of September 30, 2021 $ (108) $ —  $ (32) $ (9) $ (149)

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, net unrealized losses on interest rate swaps totaling $1 million were recorded to Interest expense, net of interest income in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, net unrealized gains on cross currency swaps totaling $1 million were recorded to Interest expense, net of interest income in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, net unrealized gains on cross currency swaps totaling $2 million were recorded to Other income, net in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income; these amounts offset the impact of the remeasurement of the underlying transactions.

Net unrealized losses and gains related to our pension plans were recorded to Other income, net in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income during each of the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.

Our policy is to reclassify the income tax effect from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to the Provision for income taxes when the related gains and losses are released to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

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Note 8. Long-Term Obligations

Long-term obligations consist of the following (in millions):
September 30, 2022
December 31, 2021
Maturity Date Interest Rate Amount Interest Rate Amount
Senior Secured Credit Agreement:
Revolving credit facilities January 2024 2.99  %
(1)
$ 1,621  1.10  %
(1)
$ 1,887 
Senior Notes:
Euro Notes (2024) April 2024 3.88  % 490  3.88  % 569 
Euro Notes (2028) April 2028 4.13  % 245  4.13  % 284 
Notes payable Various through October 2030 3.23  %
(1)
15  2.80  %
(1)
23 
Finance lease obligations 3.83  %
(1)
46  3.50  %
(1)
52 
Other debt 2.41  %
(1)
30  1.10  %
(1)
Total debt 2,447  2,824 
Less: long-term debt issuance costs (7) (12)
Total debt, net of debt issuance costs 2,440  2,812 
Less: current maturities, net of debt issuance costs (50) (35)
Long term debt, net of debt issuance costs $ 2,390  $ 2,777 
(1) Interest rate derived via a weighted average

Senior Secured Credit Agreement

On November 23, 2021, LKQ Corporation and certain other subsidiaries of LKQ (collectively, the "Borrowers") entered into Amendment No. 6 to the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated January 29, 2016 (the "Credit Agreement"), which modified certain interest rates to provide that (1) Loans denominated in euros shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Euro Interbank Offered Rate as administered by the European Money Markets Institute (or a comparable or successor administrator approved by the Administrative Agent) plus the Applicable Rate, (2) Swingline Loans denominated in pounds sterling shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Sterling Overnight Index Average as administered by the Bank of England (or any successor administrator of the Sterling Overnight Index Average) (“SONIA”) plus the Applicable Rate, (3) Revolving Loans denominated in pounds sterling shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to SONIA plus an adjustment equal to 0.0326% per annum plus the Applicable Rate, and (4) Loans denominated in Swiss francs shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Swiss Average Rate Overnight as administered by SIX Swiss Exchange AG (or any successor administrator of the Swiss Average Rate Overnight) plus the Applicable Rate. All other interest rates remain the same.

We also had the option to prepay outstanding amounts under the Credit Agreement without penalty. We were required to prepay the term loan by amounts equal to proceeds from the sale or disposition of certain assets if the proceeds were not reinvested within twelve months. During the second quarter of 2021, we exercised our option to prepay the outstanding amount on the term loan, and thus did not have any term loan borrowings as of September 30, 2022.

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and customary covenants that provide limitations and conditions on our ability to enter into certain transactions. The Credit Agreement also contains financial and affirmative covenants, including limitations on our net leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio.

On April 18, 2022, S&P Global Ratings assigned LKQ an issuer credit rating of 'BBB-' with a stable outlook. This rating upgrade triggered the banks in our credit facility to release all collateral required under the Credit Agreement and suspend all collateral requirements.

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Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at variable rates, which depend on the currency and duration of the borrowing elected, plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin is subject to change in increments of 0.25% depending on the net leverage ratio. Interest payments are due on the last day of the selected interest period or quarterly in arrears depending on the type of borrowing. We also pay a commitment fee based on the average daily unused amount of the revolving credit facilities. The commitment fee is subject to change in increments of 0.05% depending on our net leverage ratio. In addition, we pay a participation commission on outstanding letters of credit at an applicable rate based on our net leverage ratio, and a fronting fee of 0.125% to the issuing bank, which are due quarterly in arrears.

The total capacity under the revolving credit facility's multicurrency component is $3,150 million. Of the total borrowings outstanding under the Credit Agreement, there were no current maturities as of September 30, 2022 or December 31, 2021. As of September 30, 2022, there were letters of credit outstanding in the aggregate amount of $69 million. The amounts available under the revolving credit facilities are reduced by the amounts outstanding under letters of credit, and thus availability under the revolving credit facilities at September 30, 2022 was $1,460 million.

Euro Notes (2024)

On April 14, 2016, LKQ Italia Bondco S.p.A. ("LKQ Italia"), an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of LKQ Corporation, completed an offering of €500 million aggregate principal amount of senior notes due April 1, 2024 (the "Euro Notes (2024)") in a private placement conducted pursuant to Regulation S and Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933. The proceeds from the offering were used to repay a portion of the revolver borrowings under the Credit Agreement and to pay related fees and expenses. The Euro Notes (2024) are governed by the Indenture dated as of April 14, 2016 (the "Euro Notes (2024) Indenture") among LKQ Italia, LKQ Corporation and certain of our subsidiaries (the "Euro Notes (2024) Subsidiaries"), the trustee, and the paying agent, transfer agent, and registrar.

Interest on the Euro Notes (2024) is payable in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year. The Euro Notes (2024) are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by LKQ Corporation and the Euro Notes (2024) Subsidiaries (the "Euro Notes (2024) Guarantors").

The Euro Notes (2024) and the related guarantees are, respectively, LKQ Italia's and each Euro Notes (2024) Guarantor's senior unsecured obligations and are subordinated to all of LKQ Italia's and the Euro Notes (2024) Guarantors' existing and future secured debt to the extent of the assets securing that secured debt. In addition, the Euro Notes (2024) are effectively subordinated to all of the liabilities of our subsidiaries that are not guaranteeing the Euro Notes (2024) to the extent of the assets of those subsidiaries. The Euro Notes (2024) have been listed on the ExtraMOT, Professional Segment of the Borsa Italia S.p.A. securities exchange and the Global Exchange Market of Euronext Dublin.

The Euro Notes (2024) are redeemable, in whole or in part, at any time at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date plus a "make whole" premium. On or after January 1, 2024, we may redeem some or all of the Euro Notes (2024) at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. We may be required to make an offer to purchase the Euro Notes (2024) upon the sale of certain assets, subject to certain exceptions, and upon a change of control. In addition, in the event of certain developments affecting taxation or under certain other circumstances which, in any case, require the payment of certain additional amounts, we may redeem the Euro Notes (2024) in whole, but not in part, at any time at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued but unpaid interest, if any, and such certain additional amounts, if any, to the redemption date.

On May 31, 2022, Moody's Investors Services upgraded the rating on LKQ Italia's senior unsecured notes to Baa3 with a stable outlook. This rating upgrade, combined with the upgrade to BBB- by S&P Global Ratings in April 2022, triggered a Covenant Suspension Event, and LKQ and its subsidiaries will no longer be required to comply with certain restrictive covenants.

Euro Notes (2026/2028)

On April 9, 2018, LKQ European Holdings B.V. ("LKQ Euro Holdings"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of LKQ Corporation, completed an offering of €1,000 million aggregate principal amount of senior notes. The offering consisted of €750 million senior notes due 2026 (the "Euro Notes (2026)") and €250 million senior notes due 2028 (the "Euro Notes (2028)" and, together with the Euro Notes (2026), the "Euro Notes (2026/28)") in a private placement conducted pursuant to Regulation S and Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933. The proceeds from the offering, together with borrowings under our senior secured credit facility, were used (i) to finance a portion of the consideration paid for the Stahlgruber acquisition, (ii) for general corporate purposes and (iii) to pay related fees and expenses, including the refinancing of net financial debt. The Euro Notes (2026/28) are governed by the Indenture dated as of April 9, 2018 (the “Euro Notes (2026/28) Indenture”) among LKQ Euro
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Holdings, LKQ Corporation and certain of our subsidiaries (the “Euro Notes (2026/28) Subsidiaries”), the trustee, paying agent, transfer agent, and registrar.

On April 1, 2021, we redeemed the 3.625% Euro Notes (2026) at a redemption price equal to 101.813% of the principal amount of the Euro Notes (2026) plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but not including, April 1, 2021. The total redemption payment was $915 million (€777 million), including an early redemption premium of $16 million (€14 million) and accrued and unpaid interest of $16 million (€14 million). In the second quarter of 2021, we recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $24 million related to the redemption due to the early-redemption premium and the write-off of the unamortized debt issuance costs.

Interest on the Euro Notes (2028) is payable in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year. The Euro Notes (2028) are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by LKQ Corporation and the Euro Notes (2028) Subsidiaries (the "Euro Notes (2028) Guarantors").

The Euro Notes (2028) and the related guarantees are, respectively, LKQ Euro Holdings' and each Euro Notes (2028) Guarantor's senior unsecured obligations and will be subordinated to all of LKQ Euro Holdings' and the Euro Notes (2028) Guarantors' existing and future secured debt to the extent of the assets securing that secured debt. In addition, the Euro Notes (2028) are effectively subordinated to all of the liabilities of our subsidiaries that are not guaranteeing the Euro Notes (2028) to the extent of the assets of those subsidiaries. The Euro Notes (2028) have been listed on the Global Exchange Market of Euronext Dublin.

The Euro Notes (2028) are redeemable, in whole or in part, at any time at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date plus a "make whole" premium. On or after April 1, 2023, we may redeem some or all of the Euro Notes (2028) at the applicable redemption prices set forth in the Euro Notes (2026/28) Indenture. We may be required to make an offer to purchase the Euro Notes (2028) upon the sale of certain assets, subject to certain exceptions, and upon a change of control. In addition, in the event of certain developments affecting taxation or under certain other circumstances which, in any case, require the payment of certain additional amounts, we may redeem the Euro Notes (2028) in whole, but not in part, at any time at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued but unpaid interest, if any, and such certain additional amounts, if any, to the redemption date.

On May 31, 2022, Moody's Investors Services upgraded the rating on LKQ Euro Holdings' senior unsecured notes to Baa3 with a stable outlook. This rating upgrade, combined with the upgrade to BBB- by S&P Global Ratings in April 2022, triggered a Covenant Suspension Event, and LKQ and its subsidiaries will no longer be required to comply with certain restrictive covenants.

Note 9. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Cash Flow Hedges

Through June 30, 2021, we held interest rate swap agreements to hedge a portion of the variable interest rate risk on our variable rate borrowings under our Credit Agreement and cross currency swaps, which contained an interest rate swap component and a foreign currency forward contract component that, combined with related intercompany financing arrangements, effectively converted variable rate U.S. dollar-denominated borrowings into fixed rate euro-denominated borrowings. The interest rate swap agreements and cross currency swaps were settled as of June 2021 and no cash flow hedges remained outstanding as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

The activity related to our previously matured cash flow hedges is included in Note 7, "Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)" and presented in either operating activities or financing activities in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

Other Derivative Instruments Not Designated as Hedges

We hold other short-term derivative instruments, including foreign currency forward contracts, to manage our exposure to variability in the cash flows related to inventory purchases denominated in a non-functional currency. We have elected not to apply hedge accounting for these transactions. The notional amount and fair value of these contracts at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, along with the effect on our results of operations during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, were not material.

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Note 10. Fair Value Measurements

Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

We use the market and income approaches to estimate the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, there were no significant changes in valuation techniques or inputs related to the financial assets or liabilities that we have historically recorded at fair value. The tiers in the fair value hierarchy include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted market prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as significant unobservable inputs for which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

The following tables present information about our financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs we utilized to determine such fair value as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in millions):
  Balance as of September 30, 2022 Fair Value Measurements as of September 30, 2022
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration liabilities $ 13  $ —  $ —  $ 13 
Deferred compensation liabilities 68  —  68  — 
Total Liabilities $ 81  $ —  $ 68  $ 13 

  Balance as of December 31, 2021 Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2021
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration liabilities $ 18  $ —  $ —  $ 18 
Deferred compensation liabilities 89  —  89  — 
Total Liabilities $ 107  $ —  $ 89  $ 18 

The current portion of contingent consideration liabilities is included in Other current liabilities on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; deferred compensation liabilities and the noncurrent portion of contingent consideration liabilities are included in Other noncurrent liabilities on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets based on the expected timing of the related payments.

Our Level 2 liabilities are valued using inputs from third parties and market observable data. We obtain valuation data for the deferred compensation liabilities from third party sources, which use quoted market prices, investment allocations and reportable trades.

Our contingent consideration liabilities are related to our business acquisitions. Under the terms of the contingent consideration agreements, payments may be made at specified future dates depending on the performance of the acquired business subsequent to the acquisition. The liabilities for these payments are classified as Level 3 liabilities because the related fair value measurement, which is determined using an income approach, includes significant inputs not observable in the market.

We also have equity investments recorded in Other noncurrent assets that are reported at fair value. We have used net asset value as a practical expedient to value these equity investments and thus they are excluded from the fair value hierarchy disclosure.

Financial Assets and Liabilities Not Measured at Fair Value

Our debt is reflected on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at cost. Based on market conditions as of both September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair value of the credit agreement borrowings reasonably approximated the carrying values of $1,621 million and $1,887 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair values of the Euro Notes (2024) were approximately $479 million and $605 million, respectively, compared to carrying values of $490 million and $569 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair values of the Euro Notes (2028) were $229 million and $301 million, respectively, compared to carrying values of $245 million and $284 million, respectively.
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The fair value measurements of the borrowings under the credit agreement are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy since they are determined based upon significant inputs observable in the market, including interest rates on recent financing transactions with similar terms and maturities. We estimated the fair value by calculating the upfront cash payment a market participant would require at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 to assume these obligations. The fair values of the Euro Notes (2024) and Euro Notes (2028) are determined based upon observable market inputs including quoted market prices in markets that are not active, and therefore are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.

Note 11. Employee Benefit Plans

We have funded and unfunded defined benefit plans covering certain employee groups in the U.S. and various European countries. Local statutory requirements govern many of our European plans. The defined benefit plans are mostly closed to new participants and, in some cases, existing participants no longer accrue benefits.

As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the aggregate funded status of the defined benefit plans was a liability of $112 million and $131 million, respectively, and is reported in Other noncurrent liabilities and Accrued payroll-related liabilities on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Net periodic benefit cost for our defined benefit plans totaled $1 million and $4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, and $1 million and $4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and primarily related to service cost which is recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

Note 12. Income Taxes

At the end of each interim period, we estimate our annual effective tax rate and apply that rate to our interim earnings. We also record the tax impact of certain unusual or infrequently occurring items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and the effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur.

The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income earned and taxed in state and foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences between book and taxable income, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained or as the tax environment changes.

Our effective income tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 was 24.4%, compared to 25.7% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was attributable to net favorable discrete items of 1.1%, primarily related to the sale of PGW, and the geographic distribution of income.

On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (“IRA”) was signed into law. The IRA, among other provisions, enacted a 15% corporate minimum tax effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2022 and a 1% excise tax on the repurchase of corporate stock after December 31, 2022. We do not currently expect the corporate minimum tax provisions of the IRA to have a material impact on our financial results. The impact of the excise tax provisions will be dependent upon the volume of any future stock repurchases.

Note 13. Segment and Geographic Information

We have four operating segments: Wholesale - North America, Europe, Specialty and Self Service, each of which is presented as a reportable segment. Beginning in 2022, the Wholesale - North America and Self Service operating segment results were separated from the previous reportable segment, North America, and each of Wholesale - North America and Self Service is now a separate reportable segment. Segment results have been adjusted retrospectively to reflect this change.

The segments are organized based on a combination of geographic areas served and type of product lines offered. The segments are managed separately as the businesses serve different customers and are affected by different economic conditions. Wholesale - North America and Self Service have similar economic characteristics and have common products and services, customers and methods of distribution. We are reporting these operating segments separately to provide greater transparency to investors.

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The following tables present our financial performance by reportable segment for the periods indicated (in millions):
Wholesale - North America Europe Specialty Self Service Eliminations Consolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2022
Revenue:
Third Party $ 1,108  $ 1,380  $ 452  $ 164  $ —  $ 3,104 
Intersegment —  —  —  (1) — 
Total segment revenue $ 1,109  $ 1,380  $ 452  $ 164  $ (1) $ 3,104 
Segment EBITDA $ 216  $ 155  $ 49  $ $ —  $ 424 
Depreciation and amortization (1)
19  34  —  64 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Revenue:
Third Party $ 1,112  $ 1,525  $ 465  $ 195  $ —  $ 3,297 
Intersegment —  —  —  (1) — 
Total segment revenue $ 1,112  $ 1,525  $ 466  $ 195  $ (1) $ 3,297 
Segment EBITDA $ 190  $ 175  $ 52  $ 36  $ —  $ 453 
Depreciation and amortization (1)
20  39  —  71 

Wholesale - North America Europe Specialty Self Service Eliminations Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
Revenue:
Third Party $ 3,453  $ 4,345  $ 1,424  $ 571  $ —  $ 9,793 
Intersegment —  —  (3) — 
Total segment revenue $ 3,454  $ 4,345  $ 1,426  $ 571  $ (3) $ 9,793 
Segment EBITDA $ 648  $ 446  $ 176  $ 76  $ —  $ 1,346 
Depreciation and amortization (1)
56  107  23  11  —  197 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Revenue:
Third Party $ 3,281  $ 4,565  $ 1,454  $ 603  $ —  $ 9,903 
Intersegment —  —  (4) — 
Total segment revenue $ 3,282  $ 4,565  $ 1,457  $ 603  $ (4) $ 9,903 
Segment EBITDA $ 603  $ 484  $ 193  $ 148  $ —  $ 1,428 
Depreciation and amortization (1)
59  119  22  12  —  212 
(1)    Amounts presented include depreciation and amortization expense recorded within Cost of goods sold and Restructuring and transaction related expenses.

The key measure of segment profit or loss reviewed by our chief operating decision maker, our Chief Executive Officer, is Segment EBITDA. We use Segment EBITDA to compare profitability among the segments and evaluate business strategies. Segment EBITDA includes revenue and expenses that are controllable by the segment. Corporate general and administrative expenses are allocated to the segments based on usage, with shared expenses apportioned based on the segment's percentage of consolidated revenue. We calculate Segment EBITDA as EBITDA excluding restructuring and transaction related expenses (which includes restructuring expenses recorded in Cost of goods sold); change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities; other gains and losses related to acquisitions, equity method investments, or divestitures; equity in losses and earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries; equity investment fair value adjustments; impairment charges; and direct impacts of the Ukraine/Russia conflict and related sanctions (including provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability and expenditures to support our employees and their families). EBITDA, which is the basis for Segment EBITDA, is calculated as net income excluding discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest (which includes gains and losses on debt extinguishment) and income tax expense.
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The table below provides a reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA and Segment EBITDA (in millions):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Net income $ 262  $ 284  $ 955  $ 856 
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest —  —  — 
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders 262  284  955  855 
Subtract:
Net income from discontinued operations —  — 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders 261 284 950 855
Add:
Depreciation and amortization 58  64  178  195 
Depreciation and amortization - cost of goods sold 19  16 
Depreciation and amortization - restructuring expenses (1)
—  — 
Interest expense, net of interest income 17  16  46  56 
Loss on debt extinguishment —  —  —  24 
Provision for income taxes 88  89  304  290 
EBITDA 430  460  1,497  1,437 
Subtract:
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries (2)
17 
Equity investment fair value adjustments —  (3)
Add:
Restructuring and transaction related expenses (1)
10  15 
(Gain) on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale (3)
(4) (159) — 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities —  —  — 
Gains on previously held equity interests (2) —  (1) — 
Direct impacts of Ukraine/Russia conflict (4)
(1) —  — 
Segment EBITDA $ 424  $ 453  $ 1,346  $ 1,428 
(1)    The sum of these two captions represents the total amount that is reported in Restructuring and transaction related expenses in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Refer to Note 4, "Restructuring and Transaction Related Expenses," for further information.
(2)    Refer to "Investments in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries" in Note 2, "Financial Statement Information," for further information.
(3)    Refer to "Divestitures" in Note 2, "Financial Statement Information," for further information.
(4)    Adjustments include provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability (receivables and inventory) and expenditures to support our employees and their families in Ukraine.

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The following table presents capital expenditures by reportable segment (in millions):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Capital Expenditures
Wholesale - North America
$ 19  $ 21  $ 64  $ 44 
Europe 21  18  63  66 
Specialty 12  13 
Self Service 10 
Total capital expenditures $ 49  $ 45  $ 148  $ 133 
    

The following table presents assets by reportable segment (in millions):
September 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Receivables, net
Wholesale - North America
$ 372  $ 367 
Europe 544  586 
Specialty 123  102 
Self Service 12  18 
Total receivables, net 1,051  1,073 
Inventories
Wholesale - North America
817  776 
Europe 1,312  1,327 
Specialty 463  458 
Self Service 43  50 
Total inventories 2,635  2,611 
Property, plant and equipment, net
Wholesale - North America
499  526 
Europe 488  577 
Specialty 93  93 
Self Service 89  103 
Total property, plant and equipment, net 1,169  1,299 
Operating lease assets, net
Wholesale - North America
550  611 
Europe 420  515 
Specialty 86  83 
Self Service 137  152 
Total operating lease assets, net 1,193  1,361 
Other unallocated assets 5,618  6,262 
Total assets $ 11,666  $ 12,606 

We report net receivables; inventories; net property, plant and equipment; and net operating lease assets by segment as that information is used by the chief operating decision maker in assessing segment performance. These assets provide a measure for the operating capital employed in each segment. Unallocated assets include cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses and other current and noncurrent assets, goodwill, other intangibles and equity method investments.

Our largest countries of operation are the U.S., followed by the U.K. and Germany. Additional European operations are located in the Netherlands, Italy, Czech Republic, Belgium, Austria, Slovakia, Poland, and other European countries. Our operations in other countries include wholesale operations in Canada, remanufacturing operations in Mexico, an aftermarket parts freight
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consolidation warehouse in Taiwan, and administrative support functions in India. Our net sales are attributed to geographic area based on the location of the selling operation.

The following table sets forth our revenue by geographic area (in millions):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenue
United States $ 1,612  $ 1,671  $ 5,109  $ 5,026 
United Kingdom 375  428  1,193  1,253 
Germany 369  414  1,145  1,221 
Other countries 748  784  2,346  2,403 
Total revenue $ 3,104  $ 3,297  $ 9,793  $ 9,903 

The following table sets forth our tangible long-lived assets by geographic area (in millions):

September 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Long-lived assets
United States $ 1,379  $ 1,487 
Germany 270  329 
United Kingdom 238  305 
Other countries 475  539 
Total long-lived assets $ 2,362  $ 2,660 

Note 14. Subsequent Event

On October 25, 2022, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.275 per share of common stock, payable on December 1, 2022, to stockholders of record at the close of business on November 17, 2022.
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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements and information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of such Act.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our outlook, guidance, expectations, beliefs, hopes, intentions and strategies. Words such as “may,” “will,” “plan,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “if,” “estimate,” “intend,” “project” and similar words or expressions are used to identify these forward-looking statements. These statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different. All forward-looking statements are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual events or results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. The risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted or implied by our forward-looking statements include factors discussed in our filings with the SEC, including those disclosed under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our 2021 Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q (including this Quarterly Report).

Overview

We are a global distributor of vehicle products, including replacement parts, components and systems used in the repair and maintenance of vehicles, and specialty products and accessories to improve the performance, functionality and appearance of vehicles.

Buyers of vehicle replacement products have the option to purchase from primarily five sources: new products produced by OEMs; new products produced by companies other than the OEMs, which are referred to as aftermarket products; recycled products obtained from salvage and total loss vehicles; recycled products that have been refurbished; and recycled products that have been remanufactured. We distribute a variety of products to collision and mechanical repair shops, including aftermarket collision and mechanical products; recycled collision and mechanical products; refurbished collision products such as wheels, bumper covers and lights; and remanufactured engines and transmissions. Collectively, we refer to the four sources that are not new OEM products as alternative parts.

We are a leading provider of alternative vehicle collision replacement products and alternative vehicle mechanical replacement products, with our sales, processing, and distribution facilities reaching most major markets in the United States and Canada. We are also a leading provider of alternative vehicle replacement and maintenance products in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Benelux region (Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg), Italy, Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia, Poland, and various other European countries. In addition to our wholesale operations, we operate self service retail facilities across the U.S. that sell recycled automotive products from end-of-life-vehicles. We are also a leading distributor of specialty vehicle aftermarket equipment and accessories reaching most major markets in the U.S. and Canada.

We are organized into four operating segments: Wholesale - North America; Europe; Specialty; and Self Service, each of which is presented as a reportable segment. Beginning in 2022, the Wholesale - North America and Self Service operating segment results were separated from the previous reportable segment, North America, and each of Wholesale - North America and Self Service is now a separate reportable segment. Segment results have been adjusted retrospectively to reflect this change.

Our operating results have fluctuated on a quarterly and annual basis in the past and can be expected to continue to fluctuate in the future as a result of a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control. Please refer to the factors referred to in Forward-Looking Statements above. Due to these factors and others, which may be unknown to us at this time, our operating results in future periods can be expected to fluctuate. Accordingly, our historical results of operations may not be indicative of future performance.
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Acquisitions and Investments

Since our inception in 1998, we have pursued a growth strategy through both organic growth and acquisitions. Through 2018, our acquisition strategy was focused on consolidation to build scale in fragmented markets across North America and Europe. We targeted companies that were market leaders, expanded our geographic presence and enhanced our ability to provide a wide array of vehicle products through our distribution network. In the last few years, we have shifted our focus from larger transactions to tuck-in acquisitions that target high synergies and/or add critical capabilities. Additionally, we have made investments in various businesses to advance our strategic objectives. See "Investments in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries" in Note 2, "Financial Statement Information," to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information related to our investments.

Sources of Revenue

We report our revenue in two categories: (i) parts and services and (ii) other. Our parts revenue is generated from the sale of vehicle products, including replacement parts, components and systems used in the repair and maintenance of vehicles, and specialty products and accessories used to improve the performance, functionality and appearance of vehicles. Our service revenue is generated primarily from the sale of service-type warranties, fees for admission to our self service yards, and diagnostic and repair services. Revenue from other sources includes scrap and other metals (including precious metals - platinum, palladium and rhodium - contained in recycled parts such as catalytic converters) sales, bulk sales to mechanical manufacturers (including cores) and sales of aluminum ingots and sows from our furnace operations. Other revenue will vary from period to period based on fluctuations in commodity prices and the volume of materials sold. See Note 3, "Revenue Recognition" to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information related to our sources of revenue.

Critical Accounting Estimates

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make use of certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Our 2021 Form 10-K includes a summary of the critical accounting estimates we believe are the most important to aid in understanding our financial results. There have been no changes to those critical accounting estimates that have had a material impact on our reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues or expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

Financial Information by Geographic Area

See Note 13, "Segment and Geographic Information" to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for information related to our revenue and long-lived assets by geographic region.

1 LKQ Europe Program

We have undertaken the 1 LKQ Europe program to create structural centralization and standardization of key functions to facilitate the operation of the Europe segment as a single business. Under this multi-year program, we expect to recognize the following: