UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 6-K
 
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16
UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the month of February 2024.
Commission File Number 001-31722
 
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New Gold Inc.
 
Suite 3320 – 181 Bay Street
Toronto, Ontario M5J 2T3
Canada
(Address of principal executive office)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
 
Form 20-F  Form 40-F
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):
 
Note: Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1) only permits the submission in paper of a Form 6-K if submitted solely to provide an attached annual report to security holders.
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):
 
Note: Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7) only permits the submission in paper of a Form 6-K if submitted to furnish a report or other document that the registrant foreign private issuer must furnish and make public under the laws of the jurisdiction in which the registrant is incorporated, domiciled or legally organized (the registrant’s “home country”), or under the rules of the home country exchange on which the registrant’s securities are traded, as long as the report or other document is not a press release, is not required to be and has not been distributed to the registrant’s security holders, and, if discussing a material event, has already been the subject of a Form 6-K submission or other Commission filing on EDGAR.
 
 
 






DOCUMENTS FILED AS PART OF THIS FORM 6-K
 
 




SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
   NEW GOLD INC.
    
  By:

/s/ Sean Keating
 
Date: February 13, 2024  
Sean Keating
Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary



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Contents
MANAGEMENT'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
3. Critical judgements in the application of accounting policies
6. Investments
11. Non-current derivative financial liabilities
19. Capital risk management
20. Financial risk management
22. Compensation of key management personnel






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MANAGEMENT’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The consolidated financial statements, the notes thereto and other financial information contained in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board and are the responsibility of the management of New Gold Inc. The financial information presented in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis is consistent with the data that is contained in the consolidated financial statements. The consolidated financial statements, where necessary, include amounts which are based on the best estimates and judgment of management.
In order to discharge management’s responsibility for the integrity of the financial statements, the Company maintains a system of internal accounting controls. These controls are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the Company’s assets are safeguarded, transactions are executed and recorded in accordance with management’s authorization, proper records are maintained and relevant and reliable financial information is produced. These controls include maintaining quality standards in hiring and training of employees, policies and procedures manuals, a corporate code of conduct and ensuring that there is proper accountability for performance within appropriate and well-defined areas of responsibility. The system of internal controls is further supported by a compliance function, which is designed to ensure that we and our employees comply with securities legislation and conflict of interest rules.
The Board of Directors is responsible for overseeing management’s performance of its responsibilities for financial reporting and internal control. The Audit Committee, which is composed of non-executive directors, meets with management as well as the external auditors to ensure that management is properly fulfilling its financial reporting responsibilities to the Directors who approve the consolidated financial statements. The external auditors have full and unrestricted access to the Audit Committee to discuss the scope of their audits, the adequacy of the system of internal controls and review financial reporting issues.
The consolidated financial statements have been audited by Deloitte LLP, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).
(Signed) Patrick Godin(Signed) Keith Murphy
  
Patrick GodinKeith Murphy
President andExecutive Vice President and
Chief Executive OfficerChief Financial Officer

Toronto, Canada
February 13, 2024




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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
The Company’s management, including the President and Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by the Company’s Board of Directors, management and other personnel. This provides reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:
pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company;
provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and
provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
The Company’s management, under the supervision of the President and Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d—15(f) under the Exchange Act as of December 31, 2023. In making this assessment, it used the criteria set forth in the Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this assessment, management has concluded that, as of December 31, 2023, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria. There are no material weaknesses that have been identified by management.
The effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023 has been audited by Deloitte LLP, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report immediately preceding the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023.
(Signed) Patrick Godin(Signed) Keith Murphy
  
Patrick GodinKeith Murphy
President andExecutive Vice President and
Chief Executive OfficerChief Financial Officer

Toronto, Canada
February 13, 2024
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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and Board of Directors of New Gold Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of New Gold Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the related consolidated income statements, statements of comprehensive loss, changes in equity and cash flow, for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2023, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and its financial performance and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2023, in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 13, 2024, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.


Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
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Mining Interests — Assessment of Whether Indicators of Impairment or Impairment Reversal Exist —Refer to Notes 2, 3 and 9 to the financial statements.

Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company’s determination of whether or not an indicator of impairment or impairment reversal exists in mining interests at the cash generating unit (CGU) levels requires significant management judgment.

While there are several factors that are required to determine whether or not an indicator of impairment or impairment reversal exists, the judgments with the highest degree of subjectivity are future commodity prices (for both gold and copper), the discount rate, and the in-situ ounce multiples. Auditing these estimates and inputs required a high degree of subjectivity in applying audit procedures and in evaluating the results of those procedures. This resulted in an increased extent of audit effort, including the involvement of fair value specialists.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the future commodity prices (for both gold and copper), the discount rate, and the in-situ ounce multiples in the assessment of indicators of impairment or impairment reversal included the following, among others:

Evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s controls over management’s assessment of indicators of impairment or impairment reversal.
With the assistance of fair value specialists;
Evaluated the future commodity prices (for both gold and copper) by comparing forecasts to third party forecasts;
Evaluated the reasonableness of the discount rate by comparing to independent market data; and
Evaluated the reasonableness of management’s determination of the in-situ ounce multiples by comparing to independent market data.
“/s/ Deloitte LLP”

Chartered Professional Accountants
Licensed Public Accountants
Toronto, Canada
February 13, 2024

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2007.






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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and Board of Directors of New Gold Inc.
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of New Gold Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023 of the Company and our report dated February 13, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with
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authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

“/s/ Deloitte LLP”
Chartered Professional Accountants
Licensed Public Accountants
Toronto, Canada
February 13, 2024
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CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)Note20232022
Revenues
18
786.5 604.4 
Operating expenses4450.4 382.7 
Depreciation and depletion

234.2 195.4 
Revenue less cost of goods sold

101.9 26.3 
Corporate administration

24.5 21.3 
Corporate restructuring22 2.1 
Share-based payment expenses155.4 2.6 
Exploration and business development

10.2 16.0 
Income (loss) from operations

61.8 (15.7)
Finance income47.5 3.8 
Finance costs4(13.2)(27.8)
Other losses
4(115.3)(25.7)
Loss before taxes

(59.2)(65.4)
Income tax expense16(5.3)(1.4)
Net loss

(64.5)(66.8)
Loss per share



Basic15(0.09)(0.10)
Diluted15(0.09)(0.10)
Weighted average number of shares outstanding (in millions)


Basic15684.0 681.9 
Diluted15684.0 681.9 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Note20232022
Net loss

(64.5)(66.8)
Other comprehensive (loss) income



(Loss) gain on revaluation of non-current derivative
financial liabilities
11(111.3)68.4 
Total comprehensive (loss) income

(175.8)1.6 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

As at December 31As at December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Note20232022
ASSETS



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents

185.5 200.8 
Trade and other receivables516.3 14.1 
Inventories8126.7 115.7 
Current income tax receivable

0.5 — 
Investments 67.1 35.6 
Prepaid expenses and other

15.7 11.3 
Total current assets

351.8 377.5 
Mining interests91,927.2 1,863.9 
Other assets2.1 2.1 
Deferred tax assets164.9 — 
Total assets

2,286.0 2,243.5 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY



Current liabilities



Trade and other payables7229.0 170.9 
Current income tax payable

 0.3 
Total current liabilities

229.0 171.2 
Reclamation and closure cost obligations14123.4 119.5 
Non-current derivative financial liabilities11667.6 525.5 
Long-term debt10396.0 394.9 
Deferred tax liabilities1674.8 66.8 
Lease obligations122.6 1.3 
Other liabilities

3.4 4.8 
Total liabilities

1,496.8 1,284.0 
Equity



Common shares153,163.5 3,157.1 
Contributed surplus

106.9 107.8 
Other reserves

(135.9)(24.6)
Deficit

(2,345.3)(2,280.8)
Total equity

789.2 959.5 
Total liabilities and equity

2,286.0 2,243.5 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Approved and authorized by the Board of Directors on February 13, 2024

"Ian Pearce"  "Marilyn Schonberner"
Ian Pearce, Director  Marilyn Schonberner, Director


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Note20232022
COMMON SHARES


Balance, beginning of period3,157.1 3,155.4
Issuance of common shares under First Nations agreements150.1 0.5 
Issuance of flow through shares152.3 — 
Exercise of options and vested performance share units154.0 1.2 
Balance, end of period3,163.5 3,157.1 
CONTRIBUTED SURPLUS


Balance, beginning of period107.8 107.5 
Exercise of options and vested performance share units15(1.7)(1.1)
Equity settled share-based payments150.8 1.4
Balance, end of period106.9 107.8 
OTHER RESERVES


Balance, beginning of period(24.6)(93.0)
(Loss) gain on revaluation of non-current derivative financial liabilities11(111.3)68.4 
Balance, end of period(135.9)(24.6)
DEFICIT


Balance, beginning of period(2,280.8)(2,214.0)
Net loss(64.5)(66.8)
Balance, end of period(2,345.3)(2,280.8)
Total equity789.2 959.5 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Note20232022
OPERATING ACTIVITIES



Net loss

(64.5)(66.8)
Adjustments for:



Foreign exchange loss (gain)3.3 (4.8)
Depreciation and depletion

235.1 195.9 
Other non-cash adjustments17113.7 36.6 
Income tax expense165.3 1.4 
Finance income4(7.5)(3.8)
Finance costs413.2 27.8 
Reclamation and closure costs paid14(2.4)(4.0)


296.2 182.3 
Change in non-cash operating working capital17(5.8)9.1 
Income taxes paid

(2.8)(0.7)
Cash generated from operations

287.6 190.7 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES



Mining interests

(265.9)(292.9)
Transaction costs from sale of Blackwater stream(1)
 (2.6)
Tax refunds collected from Mesquite sale(2)
 12.8 
Proceeds from sale of equity investments625.3 — 
Proceeds from sale of other assets 0.9 
Investment and other financial instrument acquisitions(0.9)(4.0)
Interest received

7.5 3.9 
Cash used by investing activities

(234.0)(281.9)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES



Repayment of long-term debt and premium paid (101.6)
Proceeds received from issuance of shares5.1 0.9 
Lease payments

(9.3)(10.3)
Cash settlement of non-current derivative financial liabilities11(28.9)(36.4)
Interest paid

(35.5)(37.6)
Cash used by financing activities

(68.6)(185.0)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(0.3)(4.5)
Change in cash and cash equivalents

(15.3)(280.7)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

200.8 481.5 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

185.5 200.8 
Cash and cash equivalents are comprised of:



Cash

140.6 167.7 
Short-term money market instruments

44.9 33.1 
 

185.5 200.8 
1.In 2021 the Company disposed of the Blackwater gold stream for $300.0 million. Blackwater stream transaction costs of $2.6 million were paid in 2022.
2.In September 2022, the Company collected the $12.8 million receivable for outstanding income tax refunds at Mesquite.

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the year ended December 31, 2023
(Amounts expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts and unless otherwise noted)
1. Description of business and nature of operations
New Gold Inc. (“New Gold” or the “Company”) is an intermediate gold mining company engaged in the development and operation of mineral properties. The assets of the Company, directly or through its subsidiaries, are comprised of the Rainy River Mine in Ontario, Canada (“Rainy River”), and the New Afton Mine in British Columbia, Canada (“New Afton”).
The Company is a corporation governed by the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia). The Company’s shares are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the NYSE American under the symbol NGD. The Company’s registered office is located at 925 West Georgia Street, Suite 1600, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6C 3L2, Canada. The Company's head office is located at 181 Bay Street, Suite 3320, Toronto, Ontario M5J 2T3.
2. Basis of preparation and material accounting policies
(a) Statement of compliance
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”), referred to as “IFRS”. These consolidated financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors of the Company on February 13, 2024.
(b) Basis of preparation
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for those assets and liabilities that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period. Additionally, these consolidated financial statements have been prepared using the accrual basis of accounting, except for cash flow information.
(c) Basis of consolidation
Subsidiaries
These consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company and entities controlled by the Company (“Subsidiaries”). Control exists when the Company is exposed, or has rights to variable returns from its involvement with the Subsidiary and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the Subsidiary.
The Company's principal subsidiary is Minera San Xavier S.A. de C.V. ("MSX"). MSX's country of incorporation is Mexico where it is currently in the reclamation phase of operations. The Company holds a 100% interest in MSX as at December 31, 2023 (December 31, 2022 - 100%). All material intercompany transactions, balances, revenues and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.
(d) Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of acquisition to be cash equivalents. These highly liquid investments only comprise short-term Canadian and United States government treasury bills and other evidences of indebtedness and treasury bills of the Canadian provinces with a minimum credit rating of R-1 mid from the Dominion Bond Rating
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Service or an equivalent rating from Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s. In addition, the Company invests in bankers’ acceptances and other evidences of indebtedness of certain financial institutions, including Canadian banks.
(e) Inventories
Finished goods, work-in-process, and stockpiled ore are valued at the lower of weighted average production cost or net realizable value. Production costs include the cost of raw materials, direct labour, mine-site overhead expenses and depreciation and depletion of mining interests. Net realizable value is calculated as the estimated price at the time of sale based on prevailing and long-term metal prices less estimated future production costs to convert the inventories into a saleable form. At operations where ore extracted contains a significant amount of metals other than gold, primarily copper or silver, cost is allocated between the joint products on a pro rata basis.
Stockpiles represent ore that has been extracted from the mine and is available for further processing. Costs are added to stockpiles based on current mining costs, including applicable overhead and depreciation and depletion relating to mining operations. Costs are removed at each stockpile’s average cost per recoverable unit as material is processed.
Work-in-process inventory represents materials that are currently in the process of being converted into finished goods. The average production cost of finished goods represents the average cost of work-in-process inventories incurred prior to the refining process, plus applicable refining, selling, shipping costs and associated royalties.
Supplies are measured at weighted average cost. In the event that the net realizable value of the finished product, the production of which the supplies are held for use in, is lower than the expected cost of the finished product, the supplies are written down to net realizable value.
(f) Mining interests
Mining properties
The costs associated with mining properties include acquired interests in production, development and exploration stage properties representing the fair value at the time they were acquired.
Mining properties include costs directly attributable to bringing a mineral asset into the state where it is capable of operating in the manner intended by management. The determination of development costs to be capitalized during the production stage of a mine operation requires the use of judgments and estimates.
The Company estimates its mineral reserves and mineral resources based on information compiled by appropriately qualified persons. The estimation of recoverable reserves will be impacted by forecasted commodity prices, exchange rates, production costs and recoveries amongst other factors. Changes in the reserve or resource estimates may impact the carrying value of assets and depreciation and impairment charges recorded in the consolidated income statement.
A mining property is considered to be capable of operating in a manner intended by management when it commences commercial production. Upon commencement of commercial production, a mining property is depleted on a unit-of-production method. Unit-of-production depletion rates are determined based on the estimated recoverable proven and probable mineral reserves at the mine.
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Costs related to property acquisitions are capitalized until the viability of the mineral property is determined. When either external or internal triggering events determine that a property is not economically recoverable, the capitalized costs are written off.
The costs associated with the acquisition of land holdings are included within mining interest and are not depleted.
Exploration and evaluation
Exploration and evaluation costs are expensed until the probability that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and the asset cost or value can be measured reliably. Management uses the following criteria to determine the economic recoverability and probability of future economic benefits:
The Company controls access to the benefit;
Internal project economics are beneficial to the Company;
The project is technically feasible; and
Costs can be reliably measured.
Further development expenditures are capitalized to the property.
Drilling and related costs incurred on sites without an existing mine and on areas outside the boundary of a known mineral deposit which contains proven and probable reserves are exploration expenditures and are expensed as incurred to the date of establishing that property costs are economically recoverable. Further development expenditures, subsequent to the establishment of economic recoverability, are capitalized to the property.
Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant and equipment consists of buildings and fixtures, processing equipment and surface and underground fixed and mobile equipment.
Depreciation and depletion rates of major categories of asset costs
Mining properties are depleted using a unit-of-production method over the estimated economic life of the mine to which they relate. Management reviews the estimated total recoverable ounces contained in depletable reserves at each financial year end, and when events and circumstances indicate that such a review should be made. Plant and equipment is depreciated using unit-of-production or straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, or the remaining life of the mine, if shorter. Right-of-use assets are depreciated using the straight-line method over the remaining lease term, or the remaining life of the mine, if shorter. In the current year, the Company updated the remaining useful life of plant and machinery that are amortized over the life-of-mine in order to reflect the updated life-of-mine plans. Plant and machinery amortized over the life-of-mine have a remaining useful life of 8 years (2022 - 9 years). Changes to estimated useful lives are applied prospectively.
Asset class
Estimated useful life (years)
Plant and machinery
3 - 8
Mobile equipment
5 - 6


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Capitalized borrowing costs
Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset that takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are capitalized until such time that the assets are substantially ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.
Where funds are borrowed specifically to finance a project, the amount capitalized represents the actual borrowing costs incurred. Where the funds used to finance a project form part of general borrowings, the amount capitalized is calculated using a weighted average of interest rates applicable to relevant general borrowings of the Company during the period, to a maximum of actual borrowing costs incurred. Capitalization of interest is suspended during extended periods in which active development is interrupted.
Stripping costs in surface mining
As part of its operations, the Company incurs stripping costs both during the development phase and production phase of its operations. Stripping costs incurred by the Company as part of development stage mining activities are deferred and capitalized as part of mining properties.
Stripping costs incurred during the production stage are incurred in order to produce inventory or to improve access to ore which will be mined in the future. Where the costs are incurred to produce inventory, the production stripping costs are accounted for as a cost of producing those inventories. Where the costs are incurred to improve access to ore which will be mined in the future, the costs are deferred and capitalized to the statement of financial position as a stripping activity asset (included in mining interest) if the following criteria are met: improved access to the ore body is probable; the component of the ore body can be accurately identified; and the costs relating to the stripping activity associated with the component can be reliably measured. If these criteria are not met, the costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.
The stripping activity asset is subsequently depleted using the units-of-production depletion method over the life of the identified component of the ore body to which access has been improved as a result of the stripping activity.
Derecognition
Upon sale or abandonment, the cost of the asset and related accumulated depreciation or depletion are removed from the accounts and any gains or losses thereon are recognized in net earnings.
(g) Impairment of long-lived assets
The Company reviews and evaluates its mining interests for indicators of impairment (or impairment reversal) at the end of each reporting period. Impairment assessments are conducted at the level of cash-generating units (“CGU”). A CGU is the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets. Each operating mine represents a separate CGU as each mine site or development project has the ability or the potential to generate cash inflows that are separately identifiable and independent of each other. If an indication of impairment or impairment reversal exists, the recoverable amount of the CGU is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of the CGU is in excess of its recoverable
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amount. An impairment reversal is recognized when the recoverable amount is in excess of the CGU carrying amount.
The recoverable amount of a mine site is the greater of its fair value less costs to dispose and value in use. In determining the recoverable amounts of the Company’s mine sites, the Company uses the fair value less costs to dispose as this will generally be greater than or equal to the value in use. When there is no binding sales agreement, fair value less costs to dispose is estimated as the discounted future after-tax cash flows expected to be derived from a mine site, less an amount for costs to dispose estimated based on similar past transactions. The inputs used in the fair value measurement constitute Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy. When discounting estimated future cash flows, the Company uses an after-tax discount rate that would approximate what market participants would assign. Estimated cash flows are based on expected future production, metal selling prices, operating costs and capital costs. If the recoverable amount of a mine site is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The carrying amount of each mine site includes the carrying amounts of mining properties, plant and equipment, and certain deferred tax balances. Impairment losses are recognized as expenses in the period they are incurred. The allocation of an impairment loss, if any, for a particular mine site to its assets is based on the relative book values of these assets at the date of impairment, to the extent that the impairment allocation does not reduce the carrying values of these asset classes below their recoverable amounts.
The Company assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized in prior periods for a long-lived asset may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of that CGU. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized up to the lesser of the recoverable amount or the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the CGU in prior years. Reversals of impairment losses are recognized in net earnings in the period the reversals occur. There were no indicators of impairment or impairment reversal for the years ended December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
(h) Reclamation and closure cost obligations
The Company’s mining and exploration activities are subject to various governmental laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. The Company has made, and intends to make in the future, expenditures to comply with such laws and regulations. The Company has recorded a liability and corresponding asset for the estimated future cost of reclamation and closure, including site rehabilitation and long-term treatment and monitoring costs. These costs represent management’s best estimates which incorporate assumptions on the effects of inflation, movements in foreign exchange rates and the effects of country and other specific risks associated with the related liabilities. The costs are discounted to net present value using the risk free rate applicable to the future cash outflows. Such estimates are, however, subject to changes in laws and regulations or changes to market inputs to the decommissioning model.
The present value of estimated costs is recorded in the period in which the asset is installed or the environment is disturbed and a reasonable estimate of future costs and discount rates can be made.
After the initial measurement, the obligation is adjusted to reflect the passage of time and changes in the estimated future cash flows underlying the obligation. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized in finance costs, whereas increases and decreases due to changes in the estimated
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future cash flows are capitalized and depreciated over the life of the related asset unless the amount deducted from the cost exceeds the carrying value of the asset, in which case the excess is recorded in net earnings. Actual costs incurred upon settlement of the site restoration obligation are charged against the provision to the extent the provision was established for those costs. Upon settlement of the liability, a gain or loss may be recorded in net earnings.
(i) Income taxes
The income tax expense or benefit for the period consists of two components: current and deferred.

Current Tax
The tax currently payable is based on taxable earnings for the year. Taxable earnings differ from earnings before taxes due to items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. Current tax is calculated using tax rates and laws that were enacted or substantively enacted at the statement of financial position date in each of the jurisdictions and includes any adjustments for taxes payable or recovery in respect of prior periods.
Deferred Tax
Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the consolidated statement of financial position and the corresponding tax base used in the computation of taxable net earnings. Deferred tax is calculated based on the expected manner of realization or settlement of the carrying amount of assets and liabilities, using tax rates that are expected to apply in the year of realization or settlement based on tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted at the statement of financial position date.
Deferred tax liabilities are generally recorded for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences arising on investments in Subsidiaries except where the reversal of the temporary difference can be controlled and it is probable that the difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.
Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable earnings will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized. The carrying amount of the deferred tax assets are reviewed at each statement of financial position date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.
Current and deferred tax for the year
Current and deferred tax are recognized in net earnings except when they arise as a result of items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity in the current or prior periods, in which case the related current and deferred income taxes are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

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(j) Foreign currency translation
The functional currency of the Company and the presentation currency of the consolidated financial statements is the United States dollar (“U.S. dollar”).
Management determines the functional currency by examining the primary economic environment of each operating mine, development and exploration project. The Company considers the following factors in determining its functional currency:
The main influences of sales prices for goods and the country whose competitive forces and regulations mainly determine the sales price;
The currency that mainly influences labour, material and other costs of providing goods;
The currency in which funds from financing activities are generated; and
The currency in which receipts from operating activities are usually retained.
When preparing the consolidated financial statements of the Company, the Company translates non-U.S. dollar balances into U.S. dollars as follows:
Mining interest and equity method investments using historical exchange rates;
Financial instruments measured at fair value through profit or loss using the closing exchange rate as at the statement of financial position date with translation gains and losses recorded in net earnings;
Deferred tax assets and liabilities using the closing exchange rate as at the statement of financial position date with translation gains and losses recorded in net earnings;
Other assets and liabilities using the closing exchange rate as at the statement of financial position date with translation gains and losses recorded in net earnings; and
Income and expenses are translated at the exchange rate in effect on the dates they occur, except for expenses that relate to non-monetary assets and liabilities measured at historical rates, which are translated using the same historical rate as the associated non-monetary assets and liabilities.
(k) Earnings (loss) per share
Earnings (loss) per share calculations are based on the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents issued and outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share are calculated using the treasury stock method. This requires the calculation of diluted earnings per share by assuming that outstanding stock options, deferred share units, and performance share units with an average market price that exceeds the average exercise price of the options for the year, are exercised and the assumed proceeds are used to repurchase shares of the Company at the average market price of the common share for the year.

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(l) Revenue recognition
Revenue from the sale of metals and metals in concentrate is recognized when the Company satisfies the performance obligations associated with the sale. Typically, this is accomplished when control over the metals and metals in concentrate are passed from the Company to the buyer. Factors that may indicate the point in time at which control passes include:

The Company has transferred to the purchaser the significant risks and rewards of ownership;
The Company has transferred legal title to the asset sold to the purchaser;
The Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;
The Company has transferred physical possession of the asset to the purchaser;
The Company has present right to payment; and
The purchaser has accepted the asset.
Revenue from the sale of metals in concentrate may be subject to adjustment upon final settlement of estimated metal prices, weights and assays. Revenue is initially recognized based on the estimated fair value of the total consideration receivable. Adjustments to revenue for metal prices and other adjustments are recorded at each period end and on final settlement. Refining and treatment charges are netted against revenue for sales of metal concentrate.
(m) Financial assets
Financial assets are initially measured at fair value and are subsequently measured at either amortized cost or fair value through profit or loss, depending on the classification of the financial assets. The classification of assets is driven by the Company’s business model for managing financial assets and their contractual cash flow characteristics.
The fair value of financial instruments traded in active markets is based on quoted market prices at the date of the statement of financial position. The quoted market price used for financial assets held by the Company is the last bid price of the day. The Company has categorized its financial assets in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standard 9, Financial Instruments (“IFRS 9”) into one of the following two categories:
Category under IFRS 9
Description
Fair value through profit or loss
Includes marketable securities, gold and copper swap contracts, foreign exchange forward contracts, fuel hedge swap contracts, and other financial assets designated to this category under the fair value option. The Company has assessed the contractual cash flows of its provisionally priced contracts in accordance with IFRS 9 and has classified these contracts as fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”).

Financial assets at amortized cost
Includes cash and cash equivalents, and trade receivables at amortized cost.



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Marketable equity securities
Marketable equity securities are designated on initial recognition as financial assets measured at FVTPL. Marketable securities are measured at FVTPL at the end of each reporting period, with any fair value gains or losses recognized in profit or loss. Fair value is determined by applying the quoted price for each marketable equity security to the number of instruments held at each reporting period end.

(n) Financial liabilities
Financial liabilities are accounted for at amortized cost except for those at FVTPL which includes liabilities designated as FVTPL and derivatives. Financial liabilities classified as FVTPL or those which are designated as FVTPL under the fair value option are measured at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in net earnings. In cases where financial liabilities are designated as FVTPL, the part of a fair value change due to an entity's own credit risk is recorded in other comprehensive income rather than the Income statement. Financial liabilities at amortized cost are initially measured at fair value net of transaction costs, and subsequently measured at amortized cost.
The Company has classified its financial liabilities in accordance with IFRS 9 into one of the following two categories:
Category under IFRS 9
Description
Fair value through profit or loss
Includes provisions related to the RSU plans, DSU plans and the cash settled portion of the PSU plans, foreign exchange forward contracts, the Rainy River gold stream obligation, and the New Afton free cash flow interest obligation.
Financial liabilities at amortized cost
Includes trade and other payables and long-term debt.

(o) Derivative instruments
Derivative instruments, including embedded derivatives, are recorded at fair value on initial recognition and at each subsequent reporting period. Any gains or losses arising from changes in fair value on derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded in net earnings.

Non-current derivative financial liabilities
The Company has a gold stream agreement with RGLD Gold AG (the "Rainy River gold stream obligation"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Gold Inc. (“Royal Gold”) and a strategic partnership with Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (“Ontario Teachers’”) whereby Ontario Teachers' holds a 46% free cash flow interest in the New Afton mine (the "New Afton free cash flow interest obligation"). For accounting purposes, the Company has determined that these obligations represent financing contracts with embedded derivatives. The value of the embedded derivatives changes in response to various factors, such as metal prices and the economic output of the underlying mines. As these obligations have embedded derivatives that would otherwise need to be accounted for separately at FVTPL, the Company has designated the deposit received from the counterparties as a financial liability at FVTPL, with initial and subsequent measurement at fair value, as permitted under IFRS 9, for both instruments. Transaction costs directly attributable to non-current derivative financial liabilities were expensed through profit or loss.
Fair value of the non-current derivative financial liabilities on initial recognition was determined by the amount of the cash advance received. Subsequent fair value is calculated on each reporting date with gains and losses recorded in net earnings. Fair value adjustments as a result of the Company’s own credit risk are recorded in the consolidated statement of comprehensive loss, as required by IFRS 9 for financial liabilities designated as at FVTPL. Components of the adjustment to fair value for the non-
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current derivative financial liabilities at each reporting date include:
Financial instrument
Components of the adjustment to fair value
Rainy River gold stream obligation
Accretion expense due to passage of time
Change in the risk-free interest rate
Change in the Company specific credit spread
Change in any expected ounces to be delivered
Change in future metal prices
New Afton free cash flow interest obligation
Accretion expense due to passage of time
Change in the risk-free interest rate
Change in the Company specific credit spread
Change in any expected ounces to be delivered
Change in future metal prices
Change in production profile, operating and capital costs at New Afton,
  including considerations to the minimum cash guarantee over the first four
  years of the instrument.
Provisional pricing
Certain products are “provisionally priced” whereby the selling price is subject to final adjustment. The final price is based on the market price at the relevant quotation point stipulated in the contract. As is customary in the industry, revenue on provisionally priced sales is recognized based on estimates of the fair value of the consideration receivable based on relevant forward market prices. At each reporting date, provisionally priced metal is marked to market based on the forward selling price for the quotational period stipulated in the contract. For this purpose, the selling price can be measured reliably for those products, such as gold and copper, for which there exists active and freely traded commodity markets. The marking to market of provisionally priced sales contracts is recorded as an adjustment to revenue.
Gold and copper swaps
In order to mitigate a portion of the metal price exposure associated with the time lag between the provisional and final determination of concentrate sales, the Company has entered into cash settled derivative gold and copper contracts to swap future contracted monthly average metal prices for fixed metal prices. At each reporting date, these gold and copper swap agreements are marked to market based on corresponding forward gold and copper prices. The marking to market of gold and copper swap agreements is recorded as an adjustment to revenue.

Foreign exchange forward contracts
To hedge operating costs against foreign currency exposure, the Company has entered into foreign exchange forward contracts. These contracts are treated as derivative financial instruments and marked to market at each reporting period on the consolidated statement of financial position with changes in fair value recognized in other gains and losses. Realized gains and losses are recorded within operating expenses and other gains and losses.

Fuel hedge swap contracts
To reduce exposure to volatile fuel prices, the Company entered into diesel fuel hedge swap contracts. These contracts are treated as derivative financial instruments and marked to market at each reporting period on the consolidated statement of financial position with changes in fair value recognized in other gains and losses. Realized gains and losses are recorded within operating expenses.


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(p) Trade and other receivables
Trade and other receivables are carried at amortized cost less impairment. Trade and other receivables are impaired if they are determined to be uncollectible.

(q) Leases
The Company recognizes right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the consolidated statement of financial position initially measured as the present value of future lease payment and recognizes depreciation of right-of-use assets and interest on lease liabilities in the consolidated income statement. Lease payments, including both principal and interest components, are recognized within the consolidated statement of cash flows within financing activities.

For short-term leases (lease terms of 12 months or less) and leases of low-value or immaterial assets, the Company has opted to recognize these lease payments as expenses on the consolidated income statement. This expense is presented within operating expenses.
(r) Changes in accounting policies

IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements: disclosure of material accounting policy information
The Company has adopted the amendments to IAS 1 for the first time in the current year. The amendments change the requirements in IAS 1 with regard to disclosure of accounting policies. The amendments replace all instances of the term 'significant accounting policies' with 'material accounting policy information'. Accounting policy information is material if, when considered together with other information included in an entity's financial statements, it can reasonably be expected to influence decisions that the primary users of general purpose financial statements make on the basis of those financial statements. The supporting paragraphs in IAS 1 are also amended to clarify that accounting policy information that relates to immaterial transactions, other events or conditions is immaterial and need not be disclosed. Accounting policy information may be material because of the nature of the related transactions, other events or conditions, even if the amounts are immaterial. However, not all accounting policy information relating to material transactions, other events or conditions is itself material. The adoption of the Amendments to IAS 1 did not materially impact the consolidated financial statements of the Company.
IAS 12 - International Tax Reform—Pillar Two Model Rules
The Company has adopted the amendments to IAS 12 for the first time in the current year. The IASB amended the scope of IAS 12 to clarify that the Standard applies to income taxes arising from tax law enacted or substantively enacted to implement the Pillar Two model rules published by the OECD, including tax law that implements qualified domestic minimum top-up taxes described in those rules.
The amendments introduce a temporary exception to the accounting requirements for deferred taxes in IAS 12, so that an entity would neither recognize nor disclose information about deferred tax assets and liabilities related to Pillar Two income taxes. Following the amendments, the Company is required to disclose that it has applied the exception and to disclose separately its current tax expense (income) related to Pillar Two income taxes. The adoption of the Amendments to IAS12 did not impact the consolidated financial statements of the Company.


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IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements-classification of liabilities as current or non-current
Amendments to IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements-classification of liabilities as current or non-current affect only the presentation of liabilities as current or noncurrent in the statement of financial position and not the amount or timing of recognition of any asset, liability, income or expenses, or the information disclosed about those items. The amendments clarify that the classification of liabilities as current or non-current is based on rights that are in existence at the end of the reporting period, specify that classification is unaffected by expectations about whether an entity will exercise its right to defer settlement of a liability, explain that rights are in existence if covenants are complied with at the end of the reporting period, and introduce a definition of 'settlement' to make clear that settlement refers to the transfer to the counterparty of cash, equity instruments, other assets or services. The amendments are applied retrospectively for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2024, with early application permitted. Management does not anticipate a material impact from this amendment.

IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements non-current liabilities with covenants
Amendments to IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements non-current liabilities with covenants specify that only covenants that an entity is required to comply with on or before the end of the reporting period affect the entity's right to defer settlement of a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date (and therefore must be considered in assessing the classification of the liability as current or noncurrent). Such covenants affect whether the right exists at the end of the reporting period, even if compliance with the covenant is assessed only after the reporting date (e.g. a covenant based on the entity's financial position at the reporting date that is assessed for compliance only after the reporting date). The IASB also specifies that the right to defer settlement of a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date is not affected if an entity only has to comply with a covenant after the reporting period. However, if the entity's right to defer settlement of a liability is subject to the entity complying with covenants within twelve months after the reporting period, an entity discloses information that enables users of financial statements to understand the risk of the liabilities becoming repayable within twelve months after the reporting period. This would include information about the covenants (including the nature of the covenants and when the entity is required to comply with them), the carrying amount of related liabilities and facts and circumstances, if any, that indicate that the entity may have difficulties complying with the covenants. The amendments are applied retrospectively for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2024. Management does not anticipate a material impact from this amendment.
3. Critical judgements in the application of accounting policies
The preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the Company’s management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about the future events that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and related notes to the financial statements. Estimates and assumptions are continually evaluated and are based on management’s experience and other facts and circumstances. Revisions to estimates and the resulting effects on the carrying amounts of the Company’s assets and liabilities are accounted for prospectively.
The areas which require management to make significant judgments, estimates and assumptions in determining carrying values include, but are not limited to:


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(a)    Critical judgments in the application of accounting policies
(i) Functional currency
The Company has determined the functional currency of each entity as the U.S. dollar. Determination of the functional currency may involve certain judgments to determine the primary economic environment and the Company reconsiders the functional currency of its entities if there is a change in events and conditions which determines the primary economic environment.
(ii) Determination of economic viability
Management has determined that exploratory drilling, evaluation, development and related costs incurred on New Gold's projects have future economic benefits and are economically recoverable. In making this judgment, management has assessed various criteria including, but not limited to, the geologic and metallurgic information, history of conversion of mineral deposits to proven and probable mineral reserves, operating management expertise, existing permits, the expectation of receiving additional permits and life-of-mine (“LOM”) plans.
(iii) Carrying value of long-lived assets and impairment charges
In determining whether the impairment or reversal of a previous impairment of the carrying value of an asset is necessary, management first determines whether there are external or internal indicators that would signal the need to test for impairment or impairment reversal. These indicators consist of but are not limited to the prolonged significant changes in commodity prices, per ounce in-situ multiples, significant change to LOM plans, significant changes to discount rates and if applicable, the factors which lead to a prolonged and sustained market capitalization deficiency. If an impairment or impairment reversal indicator is identified, the Company compares the carrying value of the asset against the recoverable amount. These determinations and their individual assumptions require that management make a decision based on the best available information at each reporting period.
(iv) Determination of CGU
In determining a CGU, management had to examine the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets. The Company has determined that each mine site qualifies as an individual CGU. Each of these assets generates or will have the ability to generate cash inflows that are independent of the other assets and therefore qualifies as an individual asset for impairment testing purposes.
(v) Classification of non-current derivative financial liabilities
The Company holds metal streaming and free cash flow arrangements with Royal Gold and Ontario Teachers'. Management has assessed these arrangements under the scope of IFRS 9 as to whether or not the arrangements constitute a financial instrument. As these obligations have embedded derivatives that would otherwise need to be accounted for separately at FVTPL, Management has elected these arrangements to be financial liabilities at FVTPL, with initial and subsequent measurement at fair value, as permitted under IFRS 9.
(b)    Key sources of estimation uncertainty in the application of accounting policies

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(i) Revenue recognition
Revenue from sales of concentrate is recorded when control of the goods pass to the purchaser. Variations between the prices set in the contracts and final settlement prices may be caused by changes in the market prices and result in an embedded derivative in the accounts receivable. The embedded derivative is recorded at fair value each reporting period until final settlement occurs, with changes in the fair value being recorded as revenue. For changes in metal quantities upon receipt of new information and assays, the provisional sales quantities are adjusted as well, with the change being recorded as revenue.
(ii) Inventory valuation
Management values inventory at the lower of weighted average production costs or net realizable value (“NRV”). Weighted average production costs include expenditures incurred and depreciation and depletion of assets used in mining and processing activities that are deferred and accumulated as the cost of ore in stockpiles, work-in-process and finished metals inventories. The allocation of costs to ore in stockpiles and in-process inventories and the determination of NRV involve the use of estimates. Stockpiles are measured by estimating the number of tonnes added and removed from the stockpile, the number of contained ounces or pounds (based on assay data), and the estimated metallurgical recovery rates (based on the expected processing method). Timing and ultimate recovery of metal contained in stockpiles may vary from the estimates.
(iii) Mineral reserves and resources
The figures for mineral reserves and mineral resources are determined in accordance with National Instrument 43-101, “Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects”, issued by the Canadian Securities Administrators. There are numerous estimates in determining the mineral reserves and resource estimates. Such estimation is a subjective process, and the accuracy of any mineral reserve or resource estimate is a function of the quantity and quality of available data and of the assumptions made and judgments used in engineering and geological interpretation. Differences in management’s assumptions including economic assumptions, such as metal prices and market conditions, could have a material effect in the future on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.
(iv) Estimated recoverable ounces
The carrying amounts of the Company’s mining properties are depleted based on recoverable ounces. Changes to estimates of recoverable ounces and depletable costs including changes resulting from revisions to the Company’s mine plans and changes in metal price forecasts can result in a change to future depletion rates.
(v) Deferred income taxes
In assessing the probability of realizing income tax assets recognized, management makes estimates related to expectations of future taxable income, applicable tax planning opportunities, expected timing of reversals of existing temporary differences and the likelihood that tax positions taken will be sustained upon examination by applicable tax authorities. In making its assessments, management gives additional weight to positive and negative evidence that can be objectively verified. Estimates of future taxable income are based on forecasted cash flows from operations and the application of existing tax laws in each jurisdiction. Forecasted cash flows from operations are based on LOM projections internally developed and reviewed by management. The Company considers tax planning opportunities that are within the Company’s control, are feasible and implementable without significant obstacles. Examination by applicable tax authorities is supported based on individual facts and circumstances of the relevant tax
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position examined in light of all available evidence. Where applicable tax laws and regulations are either unclear or subject to ongoing varying interpretations, it is possible that changes in these estimates can occur that materially affect the amounts of income tax assets recognized. At the end of each reporting period, the Company reassesses unrecognized income tax assets.
(vi) Reclamation and closure cost obligations
The Company’s provision for reclamation and closure cost obligations represents management’s best estimate of the present value of the future cash outflows required to settle the liability which reflects estimates of future costs, inflation, movements in foreign exchange rates and assumptions of risks associated with the future cash outflows, and the applicable risk-free interest rates for discounting the future cash outflows. Changes in the above factors can result in a change to the provision recognized by the Company.
4. Expenses
(a) Operating expenses by nature

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
OPERATING EXPENSES BY NATURE


Raw materials and consumables182.3 182.8 
Salaries and employee benefits144.4 141.4 
Contractors105.4 79.7 
Repairs and maintenance67.0 51.8 
General and administrative25.8 34.7 
Leases4.5 4.2 
Royalties8.4 8.7 
Drilling and analytical6.8 6.5 
Ore purchase costs6.8 6.2 
Other11.3 13.9 
Total production expenses562.7 529.9 
Less: Production expenses capitalized(112.1)(147.7)
Less: Change in inventories(0.2)0.5 
Total operating expenses450.4 382.7 

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(b) Finance costs and income

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
FINANCE INCOME
Interest income7.5 3.8 
FINANCE COSTS


Interest on senior unsecured notes
30.0 32.4 
Accretion4.7 4.5 
Loss on repayment of long-term debt (1)
 4.3 
Other finance costs6.2 5.7 
Total finance costs40.9 46.9 
Less: amounts included in cost of qualifying assets(27.7)(19.1)
Total finance costs13.2 27.8 
1.In 2022, the Company redeemed the $100.0 million 2025 senior unsecured notes and recognized a loss on redemption.

(c) Other (losses) and gains

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
OTHER (LOSSES) AND GAINS


(Loss) gain on foreign exchange(3.1)6.5 
Loss on disposal of assets(0.3)(2.0)
Loss on revaluation of investments(4.4)(28.0)
Unrealized (loss) gain on revaluation of non-current derivative financial liabilities (108.2)3.0 
Gain (loss) on foreign exchange derivative3.0 (2.3)
(Loss) gain on fuel hedge swap contracts
(1.4)0.3 
Revaluation of CSP's reclamation and closure cost obligation
(0.5)(2.1)
Other
(0.4)(1.1)
Total other losses
(115.3)(25.7)

5. Trade and other receivables
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES


Trade receivables10.2 4.4 
Sales tax receivable5.8 11.0 
Unsettled provisionally priced concentrate derivatives and swap contracts (Note 13)(0.3)(1.8)
Other0.6 0.5 
Total trade and other receivables16.3 14.1 

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6. Investments
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
MARKETABLE EQUITY SECURITIES


Artemis Gold Inc. (1)
 24.0 
Talisker Resources Ltd.2.5 5.1 
Other marketable securities4.5 6.4 
Total marketable equity securities7.0 35.5 
Other investments(2)
0.1 0.1 
Total investments7.1 35.6 
1.In January 2023, the Company sold its investment in Artemis Gold Inc. for net proceeds of $23.4 million (C$31.5 million).
2.Other investments includes restricted shares not yet available for sale.
7. Trade and other payables
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES


Trade payables64.1 61.8 
Interest payable14.1 14.1 
Accruals73.1 65.2 
Current portion of reclamation and closure cost obligations (Note 14)0.8 1.7 
Current portion of the Rainy River gold stream obligation (Note 11)33.1 28.1 
Current portion of the New Afton free cash flow interest obligation (Note 11)42.7 — 
Current portion of derivative liabilities (Note 13)1.1 — 
Total trade and other payables229.0 170.9 

8. Inventories
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
INVENTORIES


Stockpile ore
34.1 21.2 
Work-in-process5.3 12.0 
Finished goods(1)
16.8 17.5 
Supplies70.5 65.0 
Total current inventories126.7 115.7 
1.The amount of inventories recognized in operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $436.2 million (2022 - $370.9 million).


29 WWW.NEWGOLD.COM TSX:NGD NYSE American:NGD





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9. Mining interests
Mining Properties

DepletableNon- depletablePlant & equipmentConstruction in progressTotal
(in millions of U.S. dollars)





COST





As at December 31, 20211,745.9 261.0 1,362.3 118.1 3,487.3 
Additions81.7 109.3 44.1 48.4 283.5 
Disposals(0.2)— (7.0)— (7.2)
Transfers(1)
78.9 (132.4)130.9 (77.4)— 
As at December 31, 20221,906.3 237.9 1,530.3 89.1 3,763.6 
Additions45.0 147.9 17.1 100.2 310.2 
Disposals  (9.0) (9.0)
Transfers(2)
49.9 (18.6)45.5 (76.8) 
As at December 31, 20232,001.2 367.2 1,583.9 112.5 4,064.8 
ACCUMULATED DEPRECIATION




As at December 31, 20211,005.7 — 693.7 — 1,699.4 
Depreciation for the year103.3 — 101.3 — 204.6 
Disposals(0.1)— (4.2)— (4.3)
As at December 31, 20221,108.9  790.8  1,899.7 
Depreciation for the period137.2  108.8  246.0 
Disposals  (8.1) (8.1)
As at December 31, 20231,246.1  891.5  2,137.6 
CARRYING AMOUNT




As at December 31, 2022797.4 237.9 739.5 89.1 1,863.9 
As at December 31, 2023755.1 367.2 692.4 112.5 1,927.2 
1.In 2022, Non-depletable transfers of $132.4 million were made up of $84.8 million from the New Afton thickened and amended tailings facility and $47.6 million from the Rainy River Intrepid zone.
2.In 2023, Non-depletable transfers consisted of $18.6 million from the Rainy River Intrepid zone.


Carrying amount by property as at December 31, 2023

(in millions of U.S. dollars)DepletableNon- depletablePlant & equipmentConstruction in progressTotal
MINING INTEREST BY SITE





New Afton
373.5 359.9 275.2 23.7 1,032.3 
Rainy River381.6 6.2 413.8 88.8 890.4 
Other(1)
 1.1 3.4  4.5 
Carrying amount755.1 367.2 692.4 112.5 1,927.2 
1.Other includes corporate balances.

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Carrying amount by property as at December 31, 2022

(in millions of U.S. dollars)DepletableNon- depletablePlant & equipmentConstruction in progressTotal
MINING INTEREST BY SITE





New Afton
402.8 230.9 271.5 17.2 922.4 
Rainy River394.6 5.9 466.9 71.9 939.3 
Other(1)
— 1.1 1.1 — 2.2 
Carrying amount797.4 237.9 739.5 89.1 1,863.9 
1.Other includes corporate balances.

10. Long-term debt
Long-term debt consists of the following:

As at December 31As at December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
LONG-TERM DEBT


Senior unsecured notes - due July 15, 2027 (a)396.0 394.9 
Credit Facility (b) — 
Total long-term debt396.0 394.9 

(a) Senior Unsecured Notes - due July 15, 2027
As at December 31, 2023, the Company has $400.0 million of senior unsecured notes outstanding that mature and become due and payable on July 15, 2027 (the "2027 Unsecured Notes"). The 2027 Unsecured Notes are denominated in U.S. dollars and bear interest at the rate of 7.50% per annum. Interest is payable in arrears in equal semi-annual installments on January 15 and July 15 of each year.

The 2027 Unsecured Notes are subject to a minimum interest coverage incurrence covenant of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, impairment and other non-cash adjustments to interest of 2:1. The test is applied on a pro-forma basis prior to the Company incurring additional debt, entering into business combinations or acquiring significant assets, or certain other corporate actions. There are no maintenance covenants.
The 2027 Unsecured Notes are redeemable by the Company in whole or in part during the 12-month period beginning on July 15 of the years indicated at the redemption prices below, expressed as a percentage of the principal amount of the 2027 Unsecured Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date:
Date
Redemption prices (%)
2023103.75 
2024101.88 
2025 and thereafter100.00 



31 WWW.NEWGOLD.COM TSX:NGD NYSE American:NGD





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(b) Credit Facility
In April 2023, the Company entered into a fourth amended and restated credit agreement in respect of its revolving credit facility (the "Credit Facility") with a syndicate of financial institutions which extended the maturity date from December 2025 to December 2026, maintaining the existing borrowing limit of $400.0 million. The interest margin on drawings under the fourth amended restated credit agreement are calculated using a term-adjusted secured overnight financing rate ("SOFR"), previously London inter-bank offered rate ("LIBOR"). The transition from a LIBOR benchmark to a SOFR benchmark had no material impact on the Facility’s funding terms.


The Credit Facility contains various covenants customary for a loan facility of this nature, including limits on indebtedness, asset sales, and liens. The Credit Facility contains three covenant tests all of which are measured on a rolling four-quarter basis at the end of every quarter:
The minimum interest coverage ratio, being earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, exploration, impairment, and other non-cash adjustments (“Adjusted EBITDA”) to interest;
The maximum net debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio (“Leverage Ratio”); and
The maximum gross secured debt to Adjusted EBITDA (“Secured Leverage Ratio”).

Significant financial covenants are as follows:
Twelve months ended December 31Twelve months ended December 31
Financial Covenant20232022
FINANCIAL COVENANTS



Minimum interest coverage ratio (Adjusted EBITDA to interest)>3.0:1.08.1 : 14.5 : 1
Maximum leverage ratio (net debt to Adjusted EBITDA)<4.5:1.01.4 : 12.1 : 1
Maximum secured leverage ratio (secured debt to Adjusted EBITDA)<2.5:1.00.1 : 10.2 : 1
The interest margin on drawings under the Credit Facility ranges from 1.25% to 3.75% over term-adjusted SOFR, the Prime Rate or the Base Rate based on the Company’s Leverage Ratio, and the currency and type of credit selected by the Company. Based on the Company’s Leverage Ratio, the rate is 2.75% over term-adjusted SOFR as at December 31, 2023 (December 31, 2022 – 2.75% over LIBOR). The standby fees on undrawn amounts under the Credit Facility range from 0.51% to 0.84%, depending on the Company’s Leverage Ratio. Based on the Company’s Leverage Ratio, the rate is 0.56% as at December 31, 2023 (December 31, 2022 – 0.62% over LIBOR).
For the year ended December 31, 2023, $nil has been drawn under the Credit Facility. The Credit Facility has been used to issue letters of credit amounting to $26.7 million (December 31, 2022 - $27.5 million). Letters of credit relate to reclamation bonds, and other financial assurances required with various government agencies.
32 WWW.NEWGOLD.COM TSX:NGD NYSE American:NGD





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The following is a summary of the changes in liabilities arising from financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2023:
As at December 31, 2022BorrowingsRepaymentsFair Value changesInterest & AccretionAs at December 31, 2023
Liabilities arising from financing activities
Long-term debt394.9— — — 1.1396.0
Interest payable14.1— (30.0)— 30.0 14.1 
Rainy River gold stream obligation174.7— (29.8)55.0 — 199.9
New Afton free cash flow interest obligation 378.9 — — 164.5 — 543.4 
Total962.6 — (59.8)219.5 31.1 1,153.3 
11. Non-current derivative financial liabilities
The following is a summary of the change in non-current derivative financial liabilities:

(in millions of U.S. dollars)Rainy RiverNew Afton
TOTAL
CHANGE IN NON-CURRENT DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL LIABILITIES

Balance, December 31, 2021194.0 467.4 661.4 
Settlements during the period(3)
(24.0)(12.4)(36.4)
Fair value adjustments related to changes in the Company’s own credit risk(1)
(20.3)(48.1)(68.4)
Other fair value adjustments(2)
25.0 (28.0)(3.0)
Balance, December 31, 2022174.7 378.9 553.6 
Less: current portion(4)
(28.1)— (28.1)
Non-current portion of derivative financial liabilities146.6 378.9 525.5 
Balance, December 31, 2022174.7 378.9 553.6 
Settlements during the period(3)
(29.8) (29.8)
Fair value adjustments related to changes in the Company’s own credit risk(1)
25.2 86.1 111.3 
Other fair value adjustments(2)
29.8 78.4 108.2 
Balance, December 31, 2023199.9 543.4 743.3 
Less: current portion(4)
(33.1)(42.7)(75.7)
Non-current portion of derivative financial liabilities166.8 500.7 667.6 
1.Fair value adjustments related to changes in the Company’s own credit risk are included in other comprehensive income.
2.Other fair value adjustments are included in the consolidated income statements.
3.Settlements during the period are on an accrual basis.
4.The current portion of the derivative financial liabilities is included in trade and other payables on the statement of financial position.
Rainy River Gold Stream Obligation
In 2015, the Company entered into a $175 million streaming transaction with RGLD Gold AG, a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Gold Inc. (“Royal Gold”). Under the terms of the agreement, the Company will deliver to Royal Gold 6.5% of gold production from Rainy River up to a total of 230,000 ounces of gold and then 3.25% of the mine’s gold production thereafter. The Company will also deliver to Royal Gold 60% of the mine’s silver production to a maximum of 3.1 million ounces and then 30% of silver production thereafter.
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In addition to the upfront $175.0 million deposit, Royal Gold will pay 25% of the average spot gold or silver price at the time each ounce of gold or silver is delivered under the stream. The difference between the spot price of metal and the cash received from Royal Gold will reduce the $175.0 million deposit over the life of the mine. Upon expiry of the 40 year term of the agreement (which may be extended in certain circumstances), any balance of the $175.0 million upfront deposit remaining unpaid will be refunded to Royal Gold.
The Company has designated the Rainy River gold stream obligation as a FVTPL under the scope of IFRS 9. Accordingly, the Company values the liability at the present value of its expected future cash flows at each reporting period with changes in fair value reflected in the consolidated income statements and consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
Fair value adjustments represent the net effect on the Rainy River gold stream obligation of changes in the variables included in the Company’s valuation model between the date of receipt of deposit and the reporting date.
New Afton free cash flow interest obligation
In 2020, New Gold entered into a strategic partnership with Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (“Ontario Teachers’”). Under the terms of the strategic partnership, Ontario Teachers' acquired a 46% free cash flow interest in the New Afton mine for upfront cash proceeds of $300 million. Ontario Teachers' has an option to convert the free cash flow interest into a 46% joint venture interest in New Afton in the fourth year, or have their free cash flow interest remain as a free cash flow interest at a reduced rate of 42.5%. The agreement includes a minimum cash guarantee at the end of four years and a buyback option for New Gold.
The Company has designated the New Afton free cash flow interest obligation as an FVTPL under the scope of IFRS 9. Fair value of the New Afton free cash flow interest obligation on initial recognition was determined by the amount of the cash advance received. Subsequent fair value is calculated on each reporting date with gains and losses recorded in net earnings. Fair value adjustments as a result of the Company’s own credit risk are recorded in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, as required by IFRS 9 for financial liabilities designated as FVTPL.
Components of the adjustment to fair value for the non-current derivative financial liabilities at each reporting date include:
Financial instrument
Components of the adjustment to fair value
Rainy River gold stream obligation
Accretion expense due to passage of time
Change in the risk-free interest rate
Change in the Company specific credit spread
Change in any expected ounces to be delivered
Change in future metal prices
New Afton free cash flow interest obligation
Accretion expense due to passage of time
Change in the risk-free interest rate
Change in the Company specific credit spread
Change in any expected ounces to be delivered
Change in future metal prices
Change in production profile, operating and capital costs at New Afton,
  including considerations to the minimum cash guarantee over the first four
   years of the instrument.

34 WWW.NEWGOLD.COM TSX:NGD NYSE American:NGD





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12. Leases
(a) Right-of-use assets
The Company leases assets such as buildings, mobile equipment, and machinery. These assets are included in Mining Interests on the statement of financial position and are classified as plant & equipment as per Note 9 of the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
RIGHT-OF-USE- ASSETS

Opening balance21.4 32.0 
Additions4.3 — 
Depreciation(7.3)(6.8)
Disposals
(0.5)(3.8)
Total right-of-use-assets17.9 21.4 
(b) Lease liabilities
See below for a maturity analysis of the Company’s lease payments:
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
MATURITY ANALYSIS FOR LEASES

Less than 1 year2.6 7.5 
Between 1 and 3 years1.4 2.4 
Between 3 and 5 years1.3 0.1 
More than 5 years0.5 — 
Total undiscounted lease payments(1)
5.8 10.0 
Carrying value of lease liabilities5.2 9.9 
Less: current portion of lease liabilities(2)
(2.6)(8.6)
Non-current portion of lease liabilities2.6 1.3 
1.Total undiscounted lease payments excludes leases that are classified as short term and leases for low value assets, which are not recognized as lease liabilities.
2.The current portion of the lease liabilities is included in trade and other payables on the statement of financial position.
For the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company recognized $0.4 million (2022 - $0.7 million) in interest expense on lease liabilities.
For the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company expensed $2.5 million (2022 - $2.6 million) related to leases that are classified as short term.
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13. Derivative instruments

As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
DERIVATIVE ASSETS (LIABILITIES)


Foreign exchange forward contracts(1)
3.2 0.4 
Fuel hedge swap contracts(2)
(1.1)0.3 
Unsettled provisionally priced concentrate derivatives, and swap contracts(3)
(0.3)(1.8)
1.Foreign exchange forward contracts are included within prepaid expenses and other in the statement of financial position.
2.In 2023, fuel hedge swap contracts are included within trade and other payables in the statement of financial position. In 2022, fuel hedge swap contracts are included within prepaid expenses and other in the statement of financial position.
3.Unsettled provisionally priced concentrate derivatives are included within trade and other receivables in the statement of financial position.

(a)    Provisionally priced contracts
The Company had provisionally priced sales for which price finalization is outstanding at December 31, 2023. Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on the provisional pricing of concentrate sales are classified as revenue, with the unsettled provisionally priced concentrate derivatives included in trade and other receivables. The Company enters into gold and copper swap contracts to reduce exposure to gold and copper prices. Realized and unrealized gains (losses) are recorded in revenue, with the unsettled gold and copper swaps included in trade and other receivables.
The following tables summarize the realized and unrealized gains (losses) on provisionally priced sales:

Year ended December 31, 2023
(in millions of U.S. dollars)GoldCopperTotal
GAIN (LOSS) ON THE PROVISIONAL
PRICING OF CONCENTRATE SALES
Realized1.5 0.6 2.1 
Unrealized0.4 0.2 0.6 
Total gain1.9 0.8 2.7 

Year ended December 31, 2022
(in millions of U.S. dollars)GoldCopperTotal
GAIN (LOSS) ON THE PROVISIONAL
PRICING OF CONCENTRATE SALES
Realized(1.0)(6.4)(7.4)
Unrealized0.7 1.6 2.3 
Total loss(0.3)(4.8)(5.1)
The following tables summarize the realized and unrealized gains (losses) on gold and copper swap contracts:

Year ended December 31, 2023
(in millions of U.S. dollars)GoldCopperTotal
GAIN (LOSS) ON SWAP CONTRACTS
Realized(1.2)0.5 (0.7)
Unrealized(0.4)(0.5)(0.9)
Total loss(1.6) (1.6)
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Year ended December 31, 2022
(in millions of U.S. dollars)GoldCopperTotal
GAIN (LOSS) ON SWAP CONTRACTS
Realized1.2 5.5 6.7 
Unrealized(1.2)(2.9)(4.1)
Total gain— 2.6 2.6 
The following table summarizes the net exposure to the impact of movements in market commodity prices for provisionally priced sales:

As at December 31As at December 31

20232022
VOLUMES SUBJECT TO FINAL PRICING NET OF OUTSTANDING SWAPS


Gold ounces (000s)(0.1)0.5 
Copper pounds (millions)(0.1)1.4 
(b) Foreign exchange forward contracts
The Company entered into foreign exchange forward contracts in order to hedge operating costs at the New Afton and Rainy River mines. These contracts are treated as derivative financial instruments and marked-to-market at each reporting period on the consolidated statement of financial position with changes in fair value recognized in other gains and losses. Realized gains and losses are recorded within operating expenses.

The Company entered into foreign exchange forward contracts hedging an average of C$40.0 million per month in the first quarter of 2023, C$44.0 million per month in the second and third quarters of 2023, and C$43.0 million per month in the fourth quarter of 2023. An additional C$43.0 million per month was hedged for the first quarter of 2024. As at December 31, 2023, the fair value of the unrealized foreign exchange forward contract assets were $3.2 million (December 31, 2022 - $0.4 million forward contract assets).

(c) Diesel fuel hedge swap contracts
The Company entered into diesel fuel hedge swap contracts for the Rainy River Mine in order to reduce exposure to volatile fuel prices. These contracts are treated as derivative financial instruments and marked to market at each reporting period on the consolidated statement of financial position with changes in fair value recognized in other gains and losses. Realized gains and losses are recorded within operating expenses.
The Company hedged an average of 0.7 million gallons per month for the 2023 year. An additional 0.7 million and 0.2 million gallons per month was hedged respectively for the first and second quarter of 2024. As at December 31, 2023, the fair value of the unrealized fuel hedge swap contract liabilities were $1.1 million (December 31, 2022 - $0.3 million swap contract assets).

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14. Reclamation and closure cost obligations
Changes to the reclamation and closure cost obligations are as follows:

(in millions of U.S. dollars)Rainy
River
New Afton
Cerro San
Pedro (1)
Total
CHANGES TO RECLAMATION AND
CLOSURE COST OBLIGATIONS
Balance – December 31, 2021109.4 49.3 1.5 160.2 
Reclamation expenditures(1.7)— (2.3)(4.0)
Unwinding of discount2.3 0.9 — 3.2 
Revisions to expected cash flows(16.6)(15.6)2.1 (30.1)
Foreign exchange movement(5.8)(2.3)— (8.1)
Balance – December 31, 202287.6 32.3 1.3 121.2 
Less: current portion of closure costs (Note 7)(0.4)— (1.3)(1.7)
Non-current portion of closure costs87.2 32.3 — 119.5 
Balance – December 31, 202287.6 32.3 1.3 121.2 
Reclamation expenditures(0.5) (1.9)(2.4)
Unwinding of discount2.7 0.9  3.6 
Revisions to expected cash flows(0.8)(0.8)0.8 (0.8)
Foreign exchange movement2.0 0.7 (0.1)2.6 
Balance – December 31, 202391.0 33.1 0.1 124.2 
Less: current portion of closure costs (Note 7)(0.8)  (0.8)
Non-current portion of closure costs90.2 33.1 0.1 123.4 
1.CSP's closure cost liabilities were substantially completed during the fourth quarter of 2023. The remaining post closure activities of monitoring and environmental consulting will be expensed to other gains and losses.
Each period the Company reviews cost estimates and other assumptions used in the valuation of the obligations at each of its mining properties and development properties to reflect events, changes in circumstances and new information available. Changes in these cost estimates and assumptions have a corresponding impact on the fair value of the obligation. The fair values of the obligations are measured by discounting the expected cash flows using a discount factor that reflects the risk-free rate of interest.
The Company prepares estimates of the timing and amount of expected cash flows when an obligation is incurred. Expected cash flows are updated to reflect changes in facts and circumstances. The principal factors that can cause expected cash flows to change are: the construction of new processing facilities; obligations realized through additional ore bodies mined; changes in the quantities of material in reserves and a corresponding change in the LOM plan; changing ore characteristics that impact required environmental protection measures and related costs; changes in water quality that impact the extent of water treatment required; and changes in laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment. The fair value of an obligation is recorded when it is incurred.
The majority of the expenditures are expected to occur between 2027 and 2032. The discount rate used in estimating the site reclamation and closure cost obligations was 3.0% as at December 31, 2023 (2022 – 3.3%), and the inflation rate used was 1.6% for the year ended December 31, 2023 (2022 – 2.1%).
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Regulatory authorities in certain jurisdictions require that security be provided to cover the estimated reclamation and remediation obligations. As at December 31, 2023, letters of credit totaling $26.7 million (2022 - $27.5 million) and surety bonds totaling $146.2 million (2022 - $134.2 million) had been issued to various regulatory agencies to satisfy financial assurance requirements for this purpose. The letters of credit are secured by the revolving Credit Facility.
15. Share capital
At December 31, 2023, the Company had unlimited authority to issue common shares, and 687.0 million common shares outstanding.
(a) No par value common shares issued    

Number of sharesValue of shares
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except where noted)(000s)$
NO PAR VALUE COMMON SHARES ISSUED


Balance at December 31, 2021681,146 3,155.4 
Issuance of common shares under First Nations agreements375 0.5 
Exercise of options and vested performance share units756 1.2 
Balance at December 31, 2022682,277 3,157.1 
Issuance of common shares under First Nations agreements181 0.1 
Issuance of flow through shares(1)
1,642 2.3 
Exercise of options and vested performance share units2,906 4.0 
Balance at December 31, 2023687,006 3,163.5 
1.In December 2023, the Company closed a flow-through financing to fund exploration programs in British Columbia. The shares qualify as flow-through shares for Canadian tax purposes. An aggregate of 1,642,037 Common Shares were issued by the Company for proceeds of $3.0 million. The premium of $0.7 million related to the difference between the issue price and the share price on the date of close and was recognized in trade and other payables as at December 31, 2023 and will be recognized in deferred income tax as related tax benefits are renounced.

(b) Share-based payment expenses
The following table summarizes share-based payment expenses:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
SHARE-BASED PAYMENT EXPENSES


Stock option expense 0.3 1.2 
Performance share unit expense1.5 0.5 
Restricted share unit expense(1)
5.0 2.1 
Deferred share unit expense1.6 (0.4)
Shares issued under First Nations agreements(1)
0.1 0.4 
Total share-based payment expenses8.5 3.8 
1. For the year ended December 31, 2023 $3.1 million of share based expenses were recognized in operating expenses (2022 – $1.2 million).



39 WWW.NEWGOLD.COM TSX:NGD NYSE American:NGD





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(i) Stock options
The following table presents changes in the Company’s stock option plan:

Number of optionsWeighted average
exercise price

(000s)C$/share
CHANGES TO THE COMPANY'S STOCK OPTION PLAN


Balance at December 31, 20215,756 1.58 
Granted1,291 2.18 
Exercised(755)1.17 
Forfeited(1,213)1.98 
Expired(228)3.89 
Balance at December 31, 20224,851 1.59 
Exercised(2,401)1.20 
Forfeited(158)2.02 
Expired(562)2.09 
Balance at December 31, 20231,730 1.93 
Loss per share
The following table sets out the calculation of loss per share:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except where noted)20232022
CALCULATION OF LOSS PER SHARE


Net loss(64.5)(66.8)
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding
(in millions)
684.0 681.9 
Dilution of securities:

Stock options, deferred share units, performance share units — 
Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding
(in millions)
684.0 681.9 
Net loss per share:

Basic(0.09)(0.10)
Diluted(0.09)(0.10)
The following table lists the equity securities excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share. All stock options are excluded from the calculation when the Company is in a net loss position.

Year ended December 31
(in millions of units)20232022
EQUITY SECURITIES EXCLUDED FROM THE CALCULATION OF
DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE


Stock options, performance share units, deferred share units5.1 9.9 


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16. Income and mining taxes
The following table outlines the composition of income tax expense between current tax and deferred tax:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
CURRENT INCOME AND MINING TAX EXPENSE


Canada2.1 1.9 
Foreign 2.3 
 2.1 4.2 
DEFERRED INCOME AND MINING TAX EXPENSE


Canada3.2 (2.8)
 3.2 (2.8)
Total income tax expense5.3 1.4 
Income tax expense differs from the amount that would result from applying the Canadian federal and
provincial income tax rates to earnings before taxes. The differences result from the following items:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
Loss before taxes(59.2)(65.4)
Canadian federal and provincial income tax rates25.6 %25.8 %
Income tax recovery based on above rates(14.8)(16.9)
INCREASE (DECREASE) DUE TO
Permanent differences(2.1)4.6 
Different statutory tax rates on earnings of foreign subsidiaries(0.1)0.2 
Foreign exchange on non-monetary assets and liabilities0.9(1.6)
Other foreign exchange differences(7.8)20.8 
Canadian mining tax5.3(1.2)
Change in unrecognized deferred tax assets23.9(7.1)
Other 2.6 
Income tax expense5.31.4 
















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The following tables provide analysis of the deferred tax assets and liabilities, all of which are located in Canada:


Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
DEFERRED TAX ASSETS
Capital losses5.7 6.0 
Property, plant and equipment and Mining interests44.6 45.5 
Tax credits65.4 62.7 
Ontario Mining Tax35.7 43.5 
Non-current derivative financial liabilities184.0 127.9 
Deferred income tax assets 335.4 285.6 
Unrecognized deferred tax asset330.4 285.6 
Deferred income tax asset (in respect of Ontario mining tax, net)5.0 — 
DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES
British Columbia Mining Tax(74.8)(66.8)
Deferred income tax liabilities, net(74.8)(66.8)

The following table outlines the movement in the net deferred tax liabilities:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
MOVEMENT IN THE NET DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES
Balance at the beginning of the year(66.8)(69.6)
Recognized in net (loss) earnings
(3.2)2.8 
Total movement in the net deferred tax liabilities(70.0)(66.8)

Deferred income tax assets are recognized for tax loss carry-forwards to the extent that the realization of the related tax benefit through future taxable profits is probable. The Company did not recognize deductible temporary differences on the following losses by country:

Canadian non-capital loss carry-forwards of $23.0 million expiring in 2042; and
• Mexican losses of $74.5 million expiring between 2024 and 2031.

The Company did not recognize net deductible temporary differences and tax credits in the amount of $1,033.7 million for income taxes (2022 - $761.3 million), which includes the Canadian loss carry-forwards noted above, and $362.4 million for mining taxes (2022 - $403.5 million) on other temporary differences.

The Company recognizes deferred taxes by taking into account the effects of local and substantively enacted tax legislation. Deferred tax assets are fully recognized when the Company concludes that sufficient positive evidence exists to demonstrate that it is probable that a deferred tax asset will be realized. In order to determine whether an asset can be recognized, it must be considered probable that an entity will have sufficient taxable profits available in the future to enable recovery of the asset. IAS 12 states that an entity will have sufficient taxable profits available in the future to enable the recovery of the asset when:
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• There are sufficient taxable temporary differences relating to the same tax authority and the same taxable entity that are expected to reverse either in the same period as the expected reversal of the deductible temporary difference or in periods into which a tax loss arising from the deferred tax asset that can be carried back or forward;

• It is probable that the entity will have sufficient taxable profit relating to the same tax authority     and the same taxable entity, in the same period as the reversal of the deductible temporary difference (or in the periods into which a tax loss arising from the deferred tax asset can be carried back or forward). In making this evaluation taxable amounts arising from deductible temporary differences that are expected to originate in future periods should be ignored because these will need further future taxable profits in order to be utilized.

• Tax planning opportunities that are available to the entity that will create taxable profit in appropriate periods.

Future income is impacted by changes in market gold, copper and silver prices as well as forecasted future costs and expenses to produce gold and copper reserves. In addition, the quantities of proven and probable gold and copper reserves, market interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates also impact future levels of taxable income.

Any change in any of these factors will result in an adjustment to the recognition of deferred tax assets
to reflect the Company's latest assessment of the amount of deferred tax assets that is probable will be realized.


























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17. Supplemental cash flow information
Supplemental cash flow information (included within operating activities) is as follows:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
CHANGE IN NON-CASH OPERATING WORKING CAPITAL


Trade and other receivables(4.1)(3.5)
Inventories(6.5)(16.0)
Prepaid expenses and other(1.8)3.5 
Trade and other payables6.6 25.1 
Total change in non-cash operating working capital(5.8)9.1 

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
OTHER NON-CASH ADJUSTMENTS


(Gain) loss on revaluation of foreign exchange forward contracts and fuel hedge swap contracts(1.4)0.8 
Unrealized loss on provisionally priced concentrate contracts0.3 1.8 
Equity settled share-based payment expense0.8 1.0 
Loss on disposal of assets0.3 2.0 
Unrealized loss (gain) on revaluation of non-current derivative financial instruments108.1 (3.0)
Loss on revaluation of CSP’s reclamation and closure cost obligation0.5 2.0 
Inventory provision0.7 4.0 
Loss on revaluation of investments4.4 28.0 
Total other non-cash adjustments113.7 36.6 















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18. Segmented information
(a) Segment revenues and results
The Company manages its reportable segments by operating mines. Income (loss) from operations of reportable operating segments are reviewed by the Company's chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segments and to assess their performance. The results from operations for these reportable operating segments are summarized in the following tables:
Year ended December 31, 2023
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Rainy RiverNew AftonCorporateTotal
OPERATING SEGMENT RESULTS
Gold revenues494.3 118.4  612.7 
Copper revenues 160.3  160.3 
Silver revenues11.1 2.4  13.5 
Total revenues(1)
505.4 281.1  786.5 
Operating expenses284.7 165.7  450.4 
Depreciation and depletion166.9 67.3  234.2 
Revenue less cost of goods sold53.8 48.1  101.9 
Corporate administration  24.5 24.5 
Share-based payment expenses  5.4 5.4 
Exploration and business development0.2 9.2 0.8 10.2 
Income (loss) from operations53.6 38.9 (30.7)61.8 
1.Segmented revenue reported above represents revenue generated from external customers. There were no inter-segment sales in the year ended December 31, 2023

Year ended December 31, 2022
(in millions of U.S. dollars)Rainy RiverNew AftonCorporateTotal
OPERATING SEGMENT RESULTS
Gold revenues413.1 69.0 — 482.1 
Copper revenues— 111.8 — 111.8 
Silver revenues8.6 1.9 — 10.5 
Total revenues(1)
421.7 182.7 — 604.4 
Operating expenses230.4 152.3 — 382.7 
Depreciation and depletion148.1 47.3 — 195.4 
Revenue less cost of goods sold43.2 (16.9)— 26.3 
Corporate administration— — 21.3 21.3 
Corporate restructuring(2)
— — 2.1 2.1 
Share-based payment expenses— — 2.6 2.6 
Exploration and business development2.7 12.8 0.5 16.0 
Income (loss) from operations40.5 (29.7)(26.5)(15.7)
1.Segmented revenue reported above represents revenue generated from external customers. There were no inter-segment sales in the year ended December 31,2022.
2.In December 2022, the Company recognized a restructuring charge of $2.1 million in severance and other termination benefits related to changes at the executive leadership level of the organization.


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(b) Segmented assets and liabilities
The following table presents the segmented assets and liabilities:

Total assetsTotal liabilities
Capital expenditures(1)

As at
December 31
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
As at
December 31
Year ended
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)202320222023202220232022
SEGMENTED ASSETS AND LIABILITIES






Rainy River1,015.4 1,067.4 357.1 340.1 120.6 144.8 
New Afton1,101.1 979.9 708.0 518.4 145.1 148.0 
Other (2)
169.5 196.2 431.7 425.5 0.2 0.1 
Total segmented assets, liabilities and capital expenditures2,286.0 2,243.5 1,496.8 1,284.0 265.9 292.9 
1.Capital expenditures per consolidated statement of cash flows.
2.Other includes corporate balances and Cerro San Pedro.
(c) Geographical information
The Company has operating mines in one principal geographical area - Canada (country of domicile).
(d) Information about major customers
The following table presents sales to individual customers exceeding 10% of annual sales. The following five customers represent 91.6% (2022 – five customers representing 90.4%) of the Company’s sales revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023.
  Year ended
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)2023
CUSTOMERREPORTING SEGMENT 
1Rainy River206.0 
2Rainy River198.6 
3New Afton125.7 
4Rainy River99.3 
5New Afton91.1 
Total sales to customers exceeding 10% of annual sales720.7 
  Year ended
December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)2022
CUSTOMERREPORTING SEGMENT 
1Rainy River174.1 
2Rainy River134.3 
3Rainy River112.1 
4New Afton76.1 
5New Afton49.6 
Total sales to customers exceeding 10% of annual sales546.2 

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The Company is not economically dependent on a limited number of customers for the sale of its product because gold and other metals can be sold through numerous commodity market traders worldwide. Refer to Note 20(a) for further discussion on the Company’s exposure to credit risk.

19. Capital risk management
The Company manages its capital to ensure that it will be able to continue as a going concern while maximizing the return to stakeholders through the optimization of the debt and equity balance.
In the management of capital, the Company includes the components of equity, long-term debt, net of cash and cash equivalents.

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
CAPITAL (AS DEFINED ABOVE) IS SUMMARIZED AS FOLLOWS


Equity789.2 959.5 
Long-term debt396.0 394.9 
1,185.2 1,354.4 
Cash and cash equivalents(185.5)(200.8)
Total999.7 1,153.6 

The Company manages the capital structure and makes adjustments to it in light of changes in economic conditions and the risk characteristics of the underlying capital instruments. To maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company may issue new shares, restructure or issue new debt, acquire or dispose of assets or sell its investments.

In order to facilitate the management of its capital requirements, the Company prepares annual budgets that are updated as necessary depending on various factors, including successful capital deployment and general industry conditions. The annual budget is approved by the Board of Directors. The Company’s investment policy is to invest its surplus funds in permitted investments consisting of treasury bills, bonds, notes and other evidences of indebtedness of Canada, the United States or any of the Canadian provinces with a minimum credit rating of R-1 mid from the Dominion Bond Rating Service (“DBRS”) or an equivalent rating from Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s and with maturities of 12 months or less at the original date of acquisition. In addition, the Company is permitted to invest in bankers’ acceptances and other evidences of indebtedness of certain financial institutions. All investments must have a maximum term to maturity of 12 months and the average term will generally range from 7 days to 90 days. Under the policy, the Company is not permitted to make investments in asset-backed commercial paper.




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20. Financial risk management
The Company examines the various financial instrument risks to which it is exposed and assesses the impact and likelihood of those risks. These risks may include credit risk, liquidity risk, market risk and other price risks. Where material, these risks are reviewed and monitored by the Board of Directors. The Company determines the fair value of its financial instruments as outlined in Note 21.

(a) Credit risk
Credit risk is the risk of an unexpected loss if a party to the Company’s financial instruments fails to meet its contractual obligations. The Company’s financial assets are primarily composed of cash and cash equivalents, and trade and other receivables. Credit risk is primarily associated with trade and other receivables; however, it also arises on cash and cash equivalents, foreign exchange forward contracts and fuel hedge swap contracts. To mitigate exposure to credit risk, the Company has established policies to limit the concentration of credit risk, to ensure counterparties demonstrate minimum acceptable credit worthiness, and to ensure liquidity of available funds.

The Company closely monitors its financial assets and does not have any significant concentration of credit risk. The Company sells its gold exclusively to large international organizations with strong credit ratings. The historical level of customer defaults is minimal and, as a result, the credit risk associated with gold and copper concentrate trade receivables at December 31, 2023 is not considered to be high.
The Company’s maximum exposure to credit risk is as follows:

Year ended December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)20232022
CREDIT RISK EXPOSURE


Cash and cash equivalents185.5 200.8 
Trade and other receivables16.3 14.1 
Total financial instrument exposure to credit risk201.8 214.9 
A significant portion of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents is held in large Canadian financial institutions. Short-term investments (including those presented as part of cash and cash equivalents) are composed of financial instruments issued by Canadian banks with high investment-grade ratings and the governments of Canada and the U.S.
The Company employs a restrictive investment policy as detailed in the capital risk management section, which is described in Note 19.
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The aging of trade and other receivables is as follows:
    As at December 31
(in millions of U.S. dollars)0-30
days
31-60
days
61-90
days