UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019

 

or

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

 

Commission File Number: 001-37776

 

 

SHINECO, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   52-2175898
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

Room 3106, Building B
#39 East 3rd Ring Middle Road
Chaoyang District

People’s Republic of China 100222

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(+86) 10-87227366

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Sec. 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐ Smaller reporting company ☒
  Emerging growth company ☒

  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 17(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No þ

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange
on which registered
         

 

As of November 13, 2019, the registrant had 27,333,428 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
Number 
   
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) 1
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (unaudited) 2
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (unaudited) 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) 4
     
  Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 5
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 30
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 43
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 43
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION 44
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 44
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 44
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 44
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 44
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 44
     
Item 5. Other Information 44
     
Item 6. Exhibits 45
     
SIGNATURES 46

 

i

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

SHINECO, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    September 30,     June 30,  
    2019     2019  
    (Unaudited)        
ASSETS            
             
CURRENT ASSETS:            
Cash   $ 37,612,582     $ 35,330,676  
Accounts receivable, net     9,426,046       9,683,074  
Due from related parties     122,753       188,453  
Inventories     1,988,750       2,215,559  
Advances to suppliers, net     7,621,702       11,833,994  
Other current assets     2,080,374       1,710,619  
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS     58,852,207       60,962,375  
                 
Property and equipment, net     9,951,116       10,667,730  
Land use right, net of accumulated amortization     1,208,304       1,264,309  
Investments     6,466,685       6,650,944  
Distribution rights     1,033,860       1,074,736  
Long-term deposit and other noncurrent assets     98,773       103,864  
Long-term accounts receivable, net     -       -  
Right of use assets     3,241,426       -  
Prepaid leases     -       2,857,344  
Deferred tax assets     295,291       158,171  
TOTAL  ASSETS   $ 81,147,662     $ 83,739,473  
                 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY                
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:                
Short-term loans   $ 2,311,475     $ 2,410,147  
Accounts payable     249,013       220,119  
Advances from customers     6,264       382,091  
Due to related parties     287,066       234,500  
Other payables and accrued expenses     3,506,546       3,893,027  
Operating lease liabilities - current     428,863       -  
Taxes payable     3,208,204       3,341,872  
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES     9,997,431       10,481,756  
                 
Income tax payable - noncurrent portion     625,603       625,603  
Operating lease liabilities - non-current     3,020       -  
Deferred tax liability     -       -  
TOTAL LIABILITIES     10,626,054       11,107,359  
                 
Commitments and contingencies     -       -  
                 
EQUITY:                
Common stock; par value $0.001, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 27,333,428 and 22,871,772 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019     27,333       22,872  
Additional paid-in capital     27,277,758       24,759,356  
Statutory reserve     4,198,107       4,198,107  
Retained earnings     44,942,553       46,735,190  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (7,000,396 )     (4,184,024 )
Total Stockholders' equity of Shineco, Inc.     69,445,355       71,531,501  
Non-controlling interest     1,076,253       1,100,613  
TOTAL EQUITY     70,521,608       72,632,114  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   $ 81,147,662     $ 83,739,473  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements 

1

 

 

SHINECO, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED) 

 

    For the Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
REVENUE   $ 7,046,781     $ 7,589,081  
                 
COST OF REVENUE                
Cost of product and services     5,394,423       5,464,464  
Business and sales related tax     12,463       13,690  
Total cost of revenue     5,406,886       5,478,154  
                 
GROSS PROFIT     1,639,895       2,110,927  
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES                
General and administrative expenses     3,354,643       1,527,186  
Selling expenses     121,886       197,335  
Total operating expenses     3,476,529       1,724,521  
                 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS     (1,836,634 )     386,406  
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)                
Income from equity method investments     69,899       143,135  
Purchase rebate income     -       292,439  
Other income     (9,754 )     52,569  
Interest income (expense), net     (3,126 )     (7,774 )
Total other income     57,019       480,369  
                 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES     (1,779,615 )     866,775  
                 
PROVISION (BENEFIT) FOR INCOME TAXES     (4,783 )     218,783  
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS)     (1,774,832 )     647,992  
                 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest     17,805       15,168  
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO SHINECO, INC.   $ (1,792,637 )   $ 632,824  
                 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)                
Net income (loss)   $ (1,774,832 )   $ 647,992  
Other comprehensive loss: foreign currency translation loss     (2,858,537 )     (2,657,332 )
Total comprehensive loss     (4,633,369 )     (2,009,340 )
Less: comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest     (24,360 )     (21,628 )
                 
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO SHINECO, INC.   $ (4,609,009 )   $ (1,987,712 )
                 
Weighted average number of shares basic and diluted     24,186,899       21,287,475  
                 
Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share   $ (0.07 )   $ 0.03  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

  

SHINECO, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

 

                                  ACCUMULATED              
                ADDITIONAL                 OTHER     NON-        
    COMMON STOCK     PAID-IN     STATUTORY     RETAINED     COMPREHENSIVE     CONTROLLING     TOTAL  
    SHARES     AMOUNT     CAPITAL     RESERVE     EARNINGS     LOSS     INTEREST     EQUITY  
Balance at June 30, 2018     21,234,072       21,234       23,171,102       4,085,819       46,051,289       (1,509,212 )     1,053,449       72,873,681  
                                                                 
Stock issuance     1,637,700       1,638       1,588,254       -       -       -       -       1,589,892  
Net income for the year     -       -       -       -       632,824       -       15,168       647,992  
Appropriation of statutory reserve     -       -       -       56,136       (56,136 )     -       -       -  
Foreign currency translation loss     -       -       -       -       -       (2,620,536 )     (38,257 )     (2,658,793 )
Balance at September 30, 2018     22,871,772     $ 22,872     $ 24,759,356     $ 4,141,955     $ 46,627,977     $ (4,129,748 )   $ 1,030,360     $ 72,452,772  
                                                                 
Balance at June 30, 2019     22,871,772     $ 22,872     $ 24,759,356     $ 4,198,107     $ 46,735,190     $ (4,184,024 )   $ 1,100,613     $ 72,632,114  
                                                                 
Stock issuance     4,461,656       4,461       2,518,402       -       -       -       -       2,522,863  
Net income (loss) for the year     -       -       -       -       (1,792,637 )     -       17,805       (1,774,832 )
Foreign currency translation loss     -       -       -       -       -       (2,816,372 )     (42,165 )     (2,858,537 )
Balance at September 30, 2019     27,333,428     $ 27,333     $ 27,277,758     $ 4,198,107     $ 44,942,553     $ (7,000,396 )   $ 1,076,253     $ 70,521,608  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

SHINECO, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

    For the Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:            
Net income (loss)   $ (1,774,832 )   $ 647,992  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     187,429       196,490  
Loss from disposal of property and equipment     61,098       -  
Provision for doubtful accounts     1,334,666       213,450  
Increase (decrease) in inventory reserve     177,197       (47,461 )
Deferred tax (benefit) provision     (145,624 )     1,627  
Income from equity method investments     (69,899 )     (143,135 )
Value of shares issued to IFG Fund for equity, we subsequently cancelled     -       434,000  
Restricted shares issued for management     1,022,661       -  
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     (539,538 )     (1,002,263 )
Advances to suppliers     2,974,205       147,367  
Inventories     (32,176 )     22,139  
Other receivables     (891,900 )     79,355  
Prepaid expense and other assets     245,005       180,065  
Due from related parties     59,550       -  
Right of use assets     (2,858,396 )     -  
Prepaid leases     2,796,461       116,023  
Accounts payable     37,914       (1,703,276 )
Advances from customers     (367,577 )     279,109  
Other payables     (50,311 )     32,819  
Taxes payable     (20,058 )     49,684  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES     2,145,875       (496,015 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Acquisitions of property and equipment     (1,497 )     (52,192 )
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment     79,387       -  
(Payment for) refund of construction in progress     (2,118 )     53,638  
Advances of loans to third parties     (56,992 )     (221,493 )
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES     18,780       (220,047 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Proceeds from short-term loans     285,051       337,995  
Repayment of short-term loans     (285,051 )     (334,321 )
Repayment of other short-term loans     (7,126 )     -  
Proceeds from issuance of common stock     1,500,203       1,589,892  
Proceeds from related parties     62,554       28  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES     1,555,631       1,593,594  
                 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE ON CASH     (1,438,380 )     (1,128,739 )
                 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH     2,281,906       (251,207 )
                 
CASH - Beginning of the Period     35,330,676       31,487,053  
                 
CASH - End of the Period   $ 37,612,582     $ 31,235,846  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES:                
Cash paid for income taxes   $ -     $ 199,777  
Cash paid for interest   $ 30,277     $ 31,372  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH OPERATING ACTIVITY:                
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations   $ 413,810     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements  

4

 

  

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS [FOOTNOTES NEED TO BE UPDATED FOR THIS QUARTER – THESE FOOTNOTES ARE FROM THE 10-Q FILED FOR THE QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019]

 

Shineco, Inc. (“Shineco” or the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on August 20, 1997. The Company is a holding company whose primary purpose is to develop business opportunities in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC” or “China”). 

 

On December 30, 2004, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Beijing Tenet-Jove Technological Development Co., Ltd. (“Tenet-Jove”), a PRC company, in exchange for restricted shares of the Company’s common stock, and the sole operating business of the Company became that of its subsidiary, Tenet-Jove. Tenet-Jove was incorporated on December 15, 2003 under the laws of China. Consequently, Tenet-Jove became a 100% owned subsidiary of Shineco and was officially granted the status of a Wholly Foreign-Owned Entity (“WFOE”) by Chinese authorities on July 14, 2006. This transaction was accounted for as a recapitalization. Tenet-Jove owns 90% interest of Tianjin Tenet Huatai Technological Development Co., Ltd. (“Tenet Huatai”).

 

On December 31, 2008, June 11, 2011 and May 24, 2012, Tenet-Jove entered into a series of contractual agreements including an Executive Business Cooperation Agreement, a Timely Reporting Agreement, an Equity Interest Pledge Agreement and Executive Option Agreement (collectively, the “VIE Agreements”), with each one of the following entities, Ankang Longevity Pharmaceutical (Group) Co., Ltd. (“Ankang Longevity Group”), Yantai Zhisheng International Freight Forwarding Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Freight”), Yantai Zhisheng International Trade Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Trade”), Yantai Mouping District Zhisheng Agricultural Produce Cooperative (“Zhisheng Agricultural”) and Qingdao Zhihesheng Agricultural Produce Services., Ltd. (“Qingdao Zhihesheng”). On February 24, 2014, Tenet-Jove entered into the same series of contractual agreements with Shineco Zhisheng (Beijing) Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Bio-Tech”), which was incorporated in 2014. Zhisheng Bio-Tech, Zhisheng Freight, Zhisheng Trade, Zhisheng Agricultural, and Qingdao Zhihesheng are collectively referred to herein as the “Zhisheng Group”.

 

Pursuant to the VIE Agreements, Tenet-Jove has the exclusive right to provide to the Zhisheng  Group and Ankang Longevity Group consulting services related to their business operations and management. All the above contractual agreements obligate Tenet-Jove to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group’s activities and entitle Tenet-Jove to receive a majority of their residual returns. In essence, Tenet-Jove has gained effective control over the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group. Therefore, the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group are treated as Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) under the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810 “Consolidation”. Accordingly, the accounts of these entities are consolidated with those of Tenet-Jove.

 

Since Shineco is effectively controlled by the majority shareholders of the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group, Shineco owns 100% of Tenet-Jove. Accordingly, Shineco, Tenet-Jove, and its VIEs, the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group are effectively controlled by the same majority shareholders. Therefore, Shineco, Tenet-Jove and its VIEs are considered under common control. The consolidation of Tenet-Jove and its VIEs into Shineco was accounted for at historical cost and prepared on the basis as if the aforementioned exclusive contractual agreements between Tenet-Jove and its VIEs had become effective as of the beginning of the first period presented in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

On April 19, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Tiankunrunze Biological Engineering Co., Ltd. (“Tiankunrunze”) with registered capital of RMB 50.0 million (US$ 7,262,000) and owns 65% interest of Tiankunrunze. On April 28, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianzhuo Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianzhuo”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,450,233). On May 22, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianhuihechuang Agriculture Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianhuihechuang”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,452,294). On May 23, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianxintongye Biotechnology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianxintongye”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,451,615). Therefore, Tenet-Jove controls Tiankunrunze and its wholly owned subsidiaries.  

 

5

 

 

On May 2, 2017, the Company entered into a Strategic Cooperation Agreement with Beijing Zhongke Biorefinery Engineering Technology Co., Ltd. (“Biorefinery”), a leading high-tech biomass refining company financially backed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Process Engineering, to establish the Institute of Chinese Apocynum Industrial Technology Research (“ICAITR”). Pursuant to the Strategic Cooperation Agreement the two parties agreed to establish the ICAITR, the Company and Biorefinery own 80% and 20% of the equity interests of ICAITR, respectively. Shineco invested RMB 5.0 million (US$ 737,745) as the registered capital, and Biorefinery will invest a technology patent named “Steam Explosion Degumming”.

 

On September 30, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Shineco Taihe Agriculture Technology Ltd. (“Xinjiang Taihe”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). On September 30, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Tianyi Runze Bioengineering Co., Ltd. (“Runze”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). Xinjiang Taihe and Runze became wholly-owned subsidiaries of Tenet-Jove.

 

On December 10, 2016, Tenet-Jove entered into a purchase agreement with Tianjin Tajite E-Commerce Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Tajite”), an online e-commerce company based in Tianjin, China, specializing in distributing Luobuma related products and branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops, pursuant to which Tenet-Jove would acquire a 51% equity interest in Tianjin Tajite for cash consideration of RMB 14,000,000 (approximately US$ 2.1 million). On December 25, 2016, the Company paid the full amount as the deposit to secure the deal. In May, 2017, the Company amended the agreement that required Tianjin Tajite to satisfy certain preconditions related to product introductions into China. On October 26, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition for 51% of the shares in Tianjin Tajite.

 

On October 27, 2017, the Company, through its subsidiary Tianjin Tajite E-Commerce Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Tajite”), obtained contractual rights to distribute branded products of Daiso Industries Co., Ltd. (“Daiso”), a large franchise of 100-yen shops founded in Japan, via JD.com (“JD”), one of the largest e-commerce companies and one of the largest retailers in China. On November 3, 2017, the Company further developed the cooperation with Daiso by entering into a supply and purchase agreement (the “Daiso Agreement”) for the purpose of establishing a continuous supply and sale of Daiso’s products in China. Pursuant to the Daiso Agreement, the Company planned to purchase Daiso Products in the amount of approximately RMB 20 million by August, 2018 and add orders as circumstance requires. The term of the Daiso Agreement is for one year, and it renews for an additional one-year at the end of each term unless terminated by written notice by either Tianjin Tajite or Daiso. Due to the policy of China Customs, many of the bestselling products of Daiso are not allowed to be imported through the general form of trade model, but only through cross-border e-commence business model. As a result, the Company and Daiso agreed to suspend  the cooperation temporarily and wait for the opening of the China-Japan-South Korea Free Trade Zone.

 

On November 1, 2017, the Company established an Apocynum Industrial Park in Xinjiang, China. The industrial park is focusing on planting and purchasing Bluish Dogbane, processing and distributing Bluish Dogbane preliminary products.

 

On March 13, 2019, Tenet-Jove established Beijing Tenjove Newhemp Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (“TNB”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). TNB became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tenet-Jove. 

 

The business operation of Tiankunrunze and its wholly owned subsidiaries was ceased in July 2019. 

 

On August 22, 2019, Tenet-Jove established Shineco Zhong Hemp Group Co., Ltd. (“Zhong Hemp”) with registered capital of RMB 200.0 million (US$ 28,237,022) and owns 60% interest of Zhong Hemp.

 

The Company, its subsidiaries, its VIEs and its VIEs’ subsidiaries (collectively the “Group”) operate three main business segments: 1) Tenet-Jove is engaged in manufacturing and selling of Bluish Dogbane and related products, also known in Chinese as “Luobuma”, including therapeutic clothing and textile products made from Luobuma; 2) Zhisheng Group is engaged in the business of planting, processing and distributing of green agricultural produce as well as providing domestic and international logistic services for agricultural products (“Agricultural Products”); and, 3) Ankang Longevity Group manufactures traditional Chinese medicinal herbal products as well as other retail pharmaceutical products. These different business activities and products can potentially be integrated and benefit from one another.

 

6

 

 

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information pursuant to the rules of the SEC and have been consistently applied. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, which was filed on October 15, 2018.

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the principal activities of the Company, its subsidiaries, its VIEs and its VIEs’ subsidiaries. The non-controlling interest represents the minority shareholders’ interest in the Company’s majority owned subsidiaries and VIEs. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities

 

VIEs are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders lack adequate decision making ability. All VIEs and their subsidiaries with which the Company is involved must be evaluated to determine the primary beneficiary of the risks and rewards of the VIE. The primary beneficiary is required to consolidate the VIE for financial reporting purposes.

 

The carrying amount of the VIEs and their subsidiaries’ consolidated assets and liabilities are as follows:

  

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Current assets   $ 55,139,374     $ 57,328,097  
Plant and equipment, net     8,492,058       8,965,671  
Other noncurrent assets     11,227,447       11,028,775  
Total assets     74,858,879       77,322,543  
Total liabilities    

(5,742,633

)     (6,090,955 )
Net assets   $ 69,116,237     $ 71,231,588  

 

Non-controlling Interests

 

US GAAP requires that non-controlling interests in subsidiaries and affiliates be reported in the equity section of a company’s balance sheet. In addition, the amounts attributable to the non-controlling interests in the net income (loss) of these entities are reported separately in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

 

7

 

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

The operations of the Company are located in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic, and legal environment in the PRC, as well as by the general state of the PRC economy. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among other factors, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political, regulatory and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies or interpretations with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things. Although the Company has not experienced losses from these situations and believes that it is in compliance with existing laws and regulations, changes could affect the Company’s interest in these entities  and its operations in the PRC.

 

Members of the current management team own controlling interests in the Company and are also the owners of the VIEs in the PRC. The Company only controls the VIEs through contractual arrangements which obligate it to absorb the risk of loss and to receive the residual expected returns. As such, the controlling shareholders of the Company and the VIEs could cancel these agreements or permit them to expire at the end of the agreement terms, as a result of which the Company would not retain control of the VIEs. In addition, should these agreements be challenged or litigated, they would also be subject to the laws and courts of the PRC legal system which could make enforcing the Company’s rights difficult.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates required to be made by management include, but are not limited to, useful lives of property, plant, and equipment, and intangible assets, the recoverability of long-lived assets and the valuation of accounts receivable, deferred taxes and inventory reserves. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company previously recognized revenue from sales of Luobuma products, Chinese medicinal herbal products and agricultural products, as well as providing logistic services and other processing services to external customers. The Company recognized revenue when all of the following have occurred: (i) there was persuasive evidence of an arrangement with a customer; (ii) delivery had occurred or services had been rendered; (iii) the sales price was  fixed or determinable; and (iv) the Company’s collection of such fees was  reasonably assured. These criteria, as related to the Company’s revenue, were considered to have been met as follows:

 

Sales of products: The Company recognized revenue from the sale of products when the goods were delivered and title to the goods passed to the customer provided that there were no uncertainties regarding customer acceptance; persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed ; the sales price was fixed or determinable; and collectability was deemed probable.

 

Revenue from the rendering of services: Revenue from international freight forwarding, domestic air and overland freight forwarding services was recognized upon the performance of services as stipulated in the underlying contract or when commodities were  being released from the customer’s warehouse; the service price was  fixed or determinable; and collectability was  deemed probable.

 

8

 

 

With the adoption of ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” revenue is recognized when all of the following five steps are met: (i) identify the contract(s) with the customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; (v) recognize revenue when (or as) each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company adopted the new revenue standard beginning July 1, 2018, and adopted a modified retrospective approach upon adoption. The Company believes that its previous revenue recognition policies are generally consistent with the new revenue recognition standards set forth in ASC 606. Potential adjustments to input measures are not expected to be pervasive to the majority of the Company's contracts. There is no significant impact upon adoption of the new guidance.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand, cash on deposit and other highly liquid investments which are unrestricted as to withdrawal or use, and which have original maturities of three months or less when purchased. The Company maintains cash with various financial institutions mainly in the PRC. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the Company had no cash equivalents.

 

Under PRC law, it is generally required that a commercial bank in the PRC that holds third party cash deposits protect the depositors’ rights over and interests in their deposited money. PRC banks are subject to a series of risk control regulatory standards, and PRC bank regulatory authorities are empowered to take over the operation and management of any PRC bank that faces a material credit crisis. The Company monitors the banks utilized and has not experienced any problems. 

  

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at net realizable value consisting of the carrying amount less an allowance for uncollectible accounts, as necessary. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, the customers’ historical payment history, their current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. The fair value of long-term receivables is determined using a present value technique by discounting the future expected contractual cash flows using current rates at which similar instruments would be issued at the measurement date. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the allowance for doubtful accounts was US$ 4,577,770 and US$ 4,323,141, respectively. Accounts are written off against the allowance after efforts at collection prove unsuccessful.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories, which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, consist of raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods related to the Company’s products. Cost is determined using the first in first out (“FIFO”) method.  Agricultural products that the Company farms are recorded at cost, which includes direct costs such as seed selection, fertilizer, labor cost and contract fees that are spent in growing agricultural products on the leased farmland, and indirect costs which include amortization of prepayments of farmland leases and farmland development costs. All the costs are accumulated until the time of harvest and then allocated to the harvested crops costs when they are sold. The Company periodically evaluates its inventory and records an inventory reserve for certain inventories that may not be saleable or whose cost exceeds net realizable value.

 

Advances to Suppliers

 

Advances to suppliers consist of payments to suppliers for materials that have not been received. Advances to suppliers are reviewed periodically to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the Company had an allowance for uncollectible advances to suppliers of US$ 1,254,051 and US$ 431,646, respectively.

 

9

 

 

Business Acquisitions

 

Business acquisitions are accounted for under the acquisition method. The acquisition method requires the reporting entity to identify the acquirer, determine the acquisition date, recognize and measure the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and any non-controlling interest in the acquired entity, and recognize and measure goodwill or a bargain gain from the purchase. The acquiree’s results are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at their fair values on the date acquired and the excess of the purchase price over the amounts assigned is recorded as goodwill, or if the fair value of the net assets acquired exceeds the purchase price consideration, a bargain purchase gain is recorded. Adjustments to fair value assessments are generally recorded to goodwill over the measurement period (not longer than twelve months). The acquisition method also requires that acquisition-related transaction and post-acquisition restructuring costs be charged to expense as committed, and requires the Company to recognize and measure certain assets and liabilities including those arising from contingencies and contingent consideration in a business combination.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired. The goodwill impairment test compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill of the reporting unit would be considered impaired. To measure the amount of the impairment loss, the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill is compared to the carrying amount of that goodwill. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined in the same manner as the amount of goodwill recognized in a business combination. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. For each of these tests, the fair value of each of the Company’s reporting units is determined using a combination of valuation techniques, including a discounted cash flow methodology. To corroborate the discounted cash flow analysis performed at each reporting unit, a market approach is utilized using observable market data such as comparable companies in similar lines of business that are publicly traded or which are part of a public or private transaction (to the extent available). 

 

Leases 

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02, “Leases” on July 1, 2019 and used the alternative transition approach which permits the effects of adoption to be applied at the effective date. The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company elected the 'package of practical expedients', which permits us not to reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. The Company also elected the short-term lease exemption and combining the lease and non-lease components practical expedients. The most significant impact upon adoption relates to the recognition of new Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the Company’s balance sheet for office space operating leases. Upon adoption, the Company recognized additional operating liabilities of approximately US$ 0.4 million, with corresponding ROU assets of US$ 3.2 million based on the present value of the remaining rental payments under current leasing standards for existing operating leases. There was no cumulative effect of adopting the standard.  

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Expenditures for additions, major renewals and betterments are capitalized, and expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation is provided on a straight-line basis, less estimated residual value, if any, over an asset’s estimated useful life. Farmland leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of lease term or estimated useful lives of the underlying assets. The estimated useful lives of the Company’s property and equipment are as follows:

  

    Estimated
useful lives
Buildings   20-50 years
Machinery equipment   5-10 years
Motor vehicles   5-10 years
Office equipment   5-10 years
Farmland leasehold improvements   12-18 years

 

10

 

 

Land Use Rights

 

According to  Chinese laws and regulations regarding land use rights, land in urban districts is owned by the State, while land in the rural areas and suburban areas, except otherwise provided for by the State, is collectively owned by individuals designated as resident farmers by the State. In accordance with the legal principle that land ownership is separate from the right to the use of the land, the government grants individuals and companies the rights to use parcels of land for a specified period of time. Land use rights, which are usually prepaid, are stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Amortization is provided over the life of the land use rights, using the straight-line method. The useful life is 50 years, based on the term of the land use rights.

 

Long-lived Assets

 

Finite-lived assets and intangibles are reviewed for impairment testing when circumstances require. For purposes of evaluating the recoverability of long-lived assets, when undiscounted future cash flows will not be sufficient to recover an asset’s carrying amount, the asset is written down to its fair value. The long-lived assets of the Company that are subject to evaluation consist primarily of property, plant and equipment, land use rights, investments and long-term prepaid leases. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment of its long-lived assets.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” ASC 820 clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs , other than quoted prices in level,  that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.

 

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the asset or liability.

 

The carrying value of financial instruments included in current assets and liabilities approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the results of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

11

 

 

The provisions of ASC 740-10-25, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes,” prescribe a more-likely-than-not threshold for consolidated financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken (or expected to be taken) in a tax return. This ASC also provides guidance on the recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and related disclosures. The Company does not have any uncertain tax positions at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019. The Company has not provided deferred taxes for undistributed earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries at September 30, 2019, as it is the Company’s policy to indefinitely reinvest these earnings in non-U.S. operations. Quantification of the deferred tax liability, if any, associated with indefinitely reinvested earnings is not practicable.

 

The statute of limitations for the Company’s U.S. federal income tax returns and certain state income tax returns remains open for tax year 2015 and thereafter. As of September 30, 2019, the tax years ended June 30, 2014 through June 30, 2019 for the Company’s People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) subsidiaries remain open for statutory examination by PRC tax authorities.

 

On December 22, 2017, the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (“The Act”) was enacted. Under the provisions of The Act, the U.S. corporate tax rate decreased from 35% to 21%. As the Company has a June 30 fiscal year end, the lower corporate income tax rate will be phased in, resulting in a U.S. statutory federal rate of approximately 28% for our fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, and 21% for subsequent fiscal years. Additionally, The Act imposes a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriation of historical earnings of foreign subsidiaries, and future foreign earnings are subject to U.S. taxation. The change in rate has caused us to re-measure the Company’s income tax liability and record an estimated income tax expense of US$ 744,766 for the year ended June 30, 2018. On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of US GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Act. In accordance with SAB 118, additional work is necessary to do a more detailed analysis of the Act as well as potential correlative adjustments. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to current tax expense in fiscal 2019 when the analysis is complete. The Company elects to pay the transition tax over an eight-year period using specified percentages (eight percent per year for the first five years, 15 percent in year six, 20 percent in year seven, and 25 percent in year eight).

 

Value Added Tax

 

Sales revenue represents the invoiced value of goods, net of a Value-Added Tax (“VAT”). Before May 1, 2018, all of the Company’s products that were sold in the PRC were subject to a Chinese value-added tax at a rate of 17% of the gross sales price, and after May 1, 2018, the Company subject a tax rate of 16% based on the new  Chinese tax law. This VAT may be offset by VAT paid by the Company is on raw materials and other materials included in the cost of producing finished products or acquiring finished products. The Company records a VAT payable or VAT receivable in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company uses the United States dollar (“U.S. dollars”, “USD” or “US$”) for financial reporting purposes. The Company’s subsidiaries and VIEs maintain their books and records in their functional currency of Renminbi (“RMB”), the currency of the PRC. 

 

In general, for consolidation purposes, the Company translates the assets and liabilities of its subsidiaries and VIEs into U.S. dollars using the applicable exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date, and the statements of income and cash flows are translated at average exchange rates during the reporting periods. As a result, amounts related to assets and liabilities reported on the statement of cash flows will not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheet. Equity accounts are translated at historical rates. Adjustments resulting from the translation of the financial statements of the subsidiaries and VIEs are recorded as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).

 

12

 

 

The balance sheet amounts, with the exception of equity, at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019 were translated at 1 RMB to 0.1401 USD and at 1 RMB to 0.1456 USD, respectively. The average translation rates applied to the income and cash flow statement amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were at 1 RMB to 0.1425 USD and at 1 RMB to 0.1470 USD, respectively.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive income consists of two components, net income and other comprehensive income (loss). The foreign currency translation gain or loss resulting from translation of the financial statements expressed in RMB to USD is reported in other comprehensive income (loss) in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. 

 

Equity Investment

 

An investment in which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not have a controlling interest, is accounted for using the equity method. Significant influence is generally considered to exist when the Company has an ownership interest in the voting stock between 20% and 50%, and other factors, such as representation on the Board of Directors, voting rights and the impact of commercial arrangements, are considered in determining whether the equity method of accounting is appropriate.

 

Earnings per Share

 

The Company computes earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share” (“ASC 260”). ASC 260 requires companies with complex capital structures to present basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is measured as net income divided by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is similar to basic EPS but presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares (e.g., outstanding convertible securities, options and warrants) as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented, or issuance date, if later. Potential common shares that have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS. There was no anti-dilutive effect for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In September 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-13, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) and Leases (Topic 842). The main objective of this pronouncement is to clarify the effective date of the adoption of ASC Topic 606 and ASC Topic 842 and the definition of public business entity as stipulated in ASU 2014-09 and ASU 2016-02. ASU 2014-09 provides that a public business entity and certain other specified entities adopt ASC Topic 606 for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. All other entities are required to adopt ASC Topic 606 for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim reporting periods within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. ASU 2016-12 requires that “a public business entity and certain other specified entities adopt ASC Topic 842 for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. All other entities are required to adopt ASC Topic 842 for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020”. ASU 2017-13 clarifies that the SEC would not object to certain public business entities electing to use the non-public business entities effective dates for applying ASC 606 and ASC 842. ASU 2017-13, however, limits such election to certain public business entities that “otherwise would not meet the definition of a public business entity except for a requirement to include or inclusion of its financial statements or financial information in another entity’s filings with the SEC”. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

13

 

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). The amendments in this update allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Consequently, the amendments eliminate the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. However, because the amendments only relate to the reclassification of the income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the underlying guidance that requires that the effect of a change in tax laws or rates be included in income from continuing operations is not affected. The amendments in this update also require certain disclosures about stranded tax effects. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted, including interim periods within those years. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” or ASU 2018-07. ASU 2018-07 simplifies the accounting for share-based payments made to nonemployees so the accounting for such payments is substantially the same as those made to employees. Under this ASU, share based awards to nonemployees will be measured at fair value on the grant date of the awards, entities will need to assess the probability of satisfying performance conditions if any are present, and awards will continue to be classified according to Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718 upon vesting which eliminates the need to reassess classification upon vesting, consistent with awards granted to employees. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases,” which clarifies how to apply certain aspects of the new leases standard. This ASU addresses the rate implicit in the lease, impairment of the net investment in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase options, variable payments that depend on an index or rate and certain transition adjustments. This ASU has the same effective date and transition requirements as the new leases standard, which is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements” which provides a new transition method and a practical expedient for separating components of a contract. This ASU is intended to reduce costs and ease the implementation of the new leasing standard for financial statement preparers. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments related to separating components of a contract are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in ASU 2016-02. In December 2018 FASB issued ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic) 842: Narrow-scope Improvements for Lessors which provides for certain policy elections and changes lessor accounting for sales and similar taxes and certain lessor costs. In March 2019 the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, Leases Codification Improvements Codification improvements to Topic 842 (leases), which provides narrow amendments to clarify how to apply certain aspects of the new lease standard. The Company has evaluated the impact of the new standard on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the guidance does not have a material impact on the Company. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements.  

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” to improve the effectiveness of disclosures in the notes to financial statements related to recurring or nonrecurring fair value measurements by removing amounts and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, policies for timing of transfers between different levels for fair value measurements, and the valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. The new standard requires disclosure of the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements. 

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract,” (ASU 2018-15), to align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs relating to internal-use software. The update requires entities in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Subtopic 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset and which costs to expense. ASU 2018-15 is effective for the Corporation on January 1, 2020 and may be applied using either the retrospective or prospective approach. Early adoption is permitted. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on its financial statements. 

 

In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities”. The new standard changes how entities evaluate decision-making fees under the variable interest entity guidance. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period after issuance. The standard should be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings at the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements. 

 

In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-19, “Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses.” ASU 2018-19 clarifies that receivables arising from operating leases are not within the scope of Subtopic 326-20. Instead, impairment of receivables arising from operating leases should be accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 842, Leases. The Company expects that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

The Company believes that other recent accounting pronouncement updates will not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

14

 

 

NOTE 3 - INVENTORIES

 

The inventories consist of the following:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Raw materials   $ 777,744     $ 974,639  
Work-in-process     540,057       651,769  
Finished goods     1,753,374       1,533,318  
Less: inventory reserve for raw materials     (1,082,425 )     (944,167 )
Total   $ 1,988,750     $ 2,215,559  

 

Work-in-process includes direct costs such as seed selection, fertilizer, labor cost and subcontractor fees that are spent in growing agricultural products on the leased farmland, and indirect costs which include amortization of the prepayment of the farmland lease fees and farmland development costs. All the costs are accumulated until the time of harvest and then allocated to harvested crop costs when they are sold.

  

NOTE 4 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Buildings   $ 11,414,743     $ 11,994,407  
Building improvements     -       79,628  
Machinery and equipment     852,343       930,109  
Motor vehicles     46,191       81,541  
Construction in progress     75,425       78,407  
Office equipment     232,293       219,605  
Farmland leasehold improvements     2,945,934       3,062,410  
      15,566,929       16,446,107  
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization     (5,615,813 )     (5,778,377 )
Property and equipment, net   $ 9,951,116     $ 10,667,730  

 

Depreciation and amortization expense charged to operations was US$ 178,215 and US$ 186,852 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Farmland leasehold improvements consist of following:

  

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Blueberry farmland leasehold improvements   $ 2,263,197     $ 2,352,679  
Yew tree planting base reconstruction     253,562       263,587  
Greenhouse renovation     429,175       446,144  
Total farmland leasehold improvements   $ 2,945,934     $ 3,062,410  

 

15

 

 

NOTE 5 - LAND USE RIGHTS

 

Land use rights are recognized at cost less accumulated amortization. According to the Chinese laws and regulations regarding land use rights, land in urban districts is owned by the State, while land in the rural areas and suburban areas, except otherwise provided for by the State, is collectively owned by individuals designated as resident farmers by the State. However, in accordance with the legal principle that land ownership is separate from the right to the use of the land, the government grants the user a “land use right” (the “Right”) to use the land. The Company has the Right to use the land for 50 years and amortizes the rights on a straight-line basis over the period of 50 years.

  

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Land use rights   $ 1,558,211     $ 1,619,820  
Less: accumulated amortization     (349,907 )     (355,511 )
Land use rights, net   $ 1,208,304     $ 1,264,309  

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized amortization expense of US$ 9,214 and US$ 9,638, respectively.

 

The estimated future amortization expenses are as follows:

 

Twelve months ending September 30:      
       
2019   $ 31,164  
2020     31,164  
2021     31,164  
2022     31,164  
2023     31,164  
Thereafter     1,052,484  
Total   $ 1,208,304  

 

NOTE 6 - DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS

 

The Company acquired distribution rights to distribute branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops through the acquisition of Tianjin Tajite. As this distribution right is difficult to acquire and will contribute significant revenue to Tianjin Tajite, such distribution rights were identified and valued as an intangible asset in the acquisition of Tianjin Tajite. The distribution rights, which have no expiration date, have been determined to have an indefinite life. Since the distribution rights have an indefinite life, the Company will evaluate them for impairment at least annually or earlier if determined necessary. As of September 30, 2019, the distribution rights were evaluated at RMB 7,380,000 (US$ 1,033,860).  

 

16

 

 

NOTE 7 - INVESTMENTS

 

Ankang Longevity Group entered into two equity investment agreements with Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group Pai’ang Medicine Co. Ltd. (“Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group”), a Chinese state-owned pharmaceutical enterprise to invest a total of RMB 6.8 million (approximately US$ 1.0 million) for a 49% equity interest in a pharmacy retail company called Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Sunsimiao Drugstores Ankang Retail Chain Co., Ltd. (“Sunsimiao Drugstores”), and a 49% equity interest in a pharmaceutical wholesale distribution company named Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Holding Group Longevity Pharmacy Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Longevity Pharmacy”). These two equity investments were formed as new business entities to collaborate with Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group to expand sales to regional hospitals and clinics and to establish the presence of retail pharmacies under the Brand name “Sunsimiao”. The investments are accounted for using the equity method because Ankang Longevity Group has significant influence, but no control of these two entities. Ankang Longevity Group recorded income of US$ 69,899 and US$ 143,135 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, from the investments, which was included in “Income from equity method investments” in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income (see Note 11).

 

Ankang Longevity Group entered into a supplemental agreement with Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. According to the supplemental agreement, new 49% equity investment companies established by Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group and Ankang Longevity Group are required to exclusively purchase certain raw materials and drug products from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. In return, Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group has agreed to compensate Ankang Longevity Group with a purchase rebate of 7% of the total purchases made from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, a total of US$ Nil and US$ 292,439 was recognized by Ankang Longevity Group from this supplemental agreement in addition to its 49% share of the income from the equity investment companies, respectively.

 

On October 21, 2013, the Company, through its controlled subsidiaries, Zhisheng Freight and Zhisheng Agricultural, entered into an agreement with an unrelated third party, Zhejiang Zhen’Ai Network Warehousing Services Co., Ltd. (“Zhen’Ai Network”), and invested RMB 14.5 million (approximately US$ 2.2 million) into Tiancang Systematic Warehousing project (“Tiancang Project”) operated by Zhen’Ai Network. The Tiancang Project is an online platform established to provide comprehensive warehousing and logistic solutions to companies involved in E-commerce. The Company is entitled to 29% of Tiancang Project’s after-tax net income annually, less 30% statutory reserve and a 10 % employee welfare fund contribution. When the amount of the accumulated statutory reserve reaches 30% of the total investment for the Tiancang Project, no additional appropriation to the statutory reserve is required. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not record investment income from this investment.

 

On November 21, 2016, the Company (the “Investor”) entered into an agreement with Original Lab Inc., a California corporation (the “Investee”), and made a payment of US$ 200,000 in exchange for the right to acquire certain shares of the Investee’s common and preferred stock. The Company considered it’s unlikely to obtain any investment income in the near future, and decided the make a fully impairment on this investment during the year ended June 30, 2019. 

 

The Company’s investments in unconsolidated entities consist of the following:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Holding Group Longevity Pharmacy Co., Ltd. (Ankang Longevity Pharmacy)   $ 3,627,582     $ 3,717,277  
Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Sunsimiao Drugstores Ankang Chain Co., Ltd.     807,807       822,058  
Zhejiang Zhen’Ai Network Warehousing Services Co., Ltd.     2,031,296       2,111,609  
Total   $ 6,466,685     $ 6,650,944  

 

17

 

 

Summarized financial information of unconsolidated entities is as follows:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Current assets   $ 37,362,920     $ 35,675,858  
Noncurrent assets     218,073       241,580  
Current liabilities     28,543,605       26,668,485  

 

    For the three months ended
September 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Net sales   $ 7,540,520     $ 7,438,062  
Gross profit     764,612       1,013,655  
Income from operations     138,891       292,670  
Net income     144,590       292,113  

 

NOTE 8 - LEASES 

 

Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted the new lease accounting standard using the optional transition method which allowed us to continue to apply the guidance under the lease standard in effect at the time in the comparative periods presented. In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients, which allowed us to not reassess whether any existing contracts contain a lease, to not reassess historical lease classification as operating or finance leases, and to not reassess initial direct costs. The Company has not elected the practical expedient to use hindsight to determine the lease term for its leases at transition. The Company has also elected the practical expedient allowing us to not separate the lease and non-lease components for all classes of underlying assets. Adoption of this standard resulted in the recording of operating lease ROU assets and corresponding operating lease liabilities of $3,241,426 and $431,883, respectively, as of July 1, 2019 with no impact on accumulated deficit. Financial position for reporting periods beginning on or after July 1, 2019, are presented under the new guidance, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with previous guidance.

 

The Company leases offices space under non-cancelable operating leases, with terms ranging from one to three years. In addition, one of the Company’s controlled subsidiaries, Zhisheng Group entered into several farmland lease contracts with farmer cooperatives to lease farmland in order to plant and grow organic vegetables, fruit and Chinese yew trees. The lease terms vary from 5 years to 24 years. The Company considers those renewal or termination options that are reasonably certain to be exercised in the determination of the lease term and initial measurement of right of use assets and lease liabilities. Lease expense for lease payment is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. 

 

When available, the Company uses the rate implicit in the lease to discount lease payments to present value; however, most of the Company’s leases do not provide a readily determinable implicit rate. Therefore, the Company discount lease payments based on an estimate of its incremental borrowing rate.

 

The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

18

 

 

The table below presents the operating lease related assets and liabilities recorded on the balance sheets.  

 

    September 30,
2019
 
Rights of use lease assets   $ 3,241,426  
       
Operating lease liabilities – current   $ 428,863  
Operating lease liabilities – non-current     3,020  
Total operating lease liabilities   $ 431,883  

 

The weighted average remaining lease terms and discount rates for all of operating leases were as follows as of September 30, 2019:

 

   

September 30,

2019

 
Remaining lease term and discount rate:      
Weighted average remaining lease term (years)     9.77  
Weighted average discount rate     5.0 %

 

Rent expense totaled US$ 92,325 and US$ 159,351 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The following is a schedule, by years, of maturities of lease liabilities as of September 30, 2019:

 

2020   $ 860,742  
2021     644,227  
2022     426,331  
2023     204,173  
2024     204,173  
Thereafter     913,740  
Total lease payments     3,253,386  
Less: imputed interest     (11,960 )
Less: prepayments     (2,809,543 )
Present value of lease liabilities   $ 431,883  

 

19

 

 

NOTE 9 - SHORT-TERM LOANS

 

Short-term loans consist of the following:

 

Lender   September 30,
2019
    Maturity
Date
  Int.
Rate/Year
 
Agricultural Bank of China-b     630,402     2019/11/13*     3.92 %
Agricultural Bank of China-c     1,400,894     2020/2/25     5.66 %
Agricultural Bank of China-c     280,179     2020/8/26     5.60 %
Total   $ 2,311,475              

 

Lender   June 30,
2019
    Maturity
Date
  Int.
Rate/Year
 
MY Bank-a     7,282     2019-8-29*     15.80 %
Agricultural Bank of China-b     291,256     2019-8-12*     5.66 %
Agricultural Bank of China-b     655,327     2019-11-13*     3.92 %
Agricultural Bank of China-c     1,456,282     2020-2-25     5.66 %
Total   $ 2,410,147              

 

The loans outstanding were guaranteed by the following properties, entities or individuals: 

 

a. Not collateralized or guaranteed.

 

b. Guaranteed by a commercial credit guaranty company, unrelated to the Company and also by Jiping Chen, a shareholder of the Company.

 

c. Collateralized by the building owned by Xiaoyan Chen and Jing Chen, who are both related parties of the Company. Xiaoyan Chen is one of the shareholders of Ankang Longevity Group. Jing Chen is the sister of the Xiaoyan Chen but not a shareholder of Ankang Longevity Group.

 

* The Company repaid the loan in full on maturity date.

 

The Company recorded interest expense of US$ 30,277 and US$ 31,372 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The annual weighted average interest rates are 5.31% and 5.83% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

   

Note 10 - ACQUISITION

 

On December 12, 2016, the Company entered into a merger and acquisition agreement with Tianjin Tajite E-Commerce Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Tajite”), a professional e-commerce company distributing Luobuma fabric commodities and branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops, based in Tianjin, China, to acquire a 51 % equity interest of Tianjin Tajite.

 

Pursuant to the agreement, the Company made a payment of RMB 14,000,000 (approximately US$ 2.1 million) at the end of December, 2016 as the total consideration for the acquisition of Tianjin Tajite.

 

On October 26, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of Tianjin Tajite. The acquisition provides a unique opportunity for the Company to enter the market of Luobuma fabric commodities and branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops.

 

20

 

 

The transaction was accounted for in accordance with the provisions of ASC 805-10, Business Combinations. The Company retained independent appraisers to advise management in the determination of the fair value of the various assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The values assigned in these financial statements represent management’s best estimate of fair values as of the Acquisition Date.

 

As required by ASC 805-20, Business Combinations—Identifiable Assets and Liabilities, and Any Noncontrolling Interest, management conducted a review to reassess whether they identified all the assets acquired and all the liabilities assumed, and followed ASC 805-20’s measurement procedures for recognition of the fair value of net assets acquired.

 

The following table summarizes the allocation of estimated fair values of net assets acquired and liabilities assumed:

 

Accounts receivable, net     26,000  
Inventory     55,909  
Other current assets     177,712  
Distribution rights     1,033,860  
Property, plant and equipment     13,534  
Advance from customers     (75,287 )
Tax payable     (16,251 )
Deferred tax liabilities     (258,465 )
Salary payable     (24,165 )
Accrued liabilities and other current liabilities     (956,890 )
Non-controlling interest     1,372  
Goodwill     1,962,680  
Total purchase price for acquisition, net of US$ 22,076 of cash   $ 1,940,009  

 

The excess of the purchase price over the aggregate fair value of assets acquired was allocated to goodwill. The results of operations of Tianjin Tajite have been included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations from the date of acquisition.

 

In June 2018, the management performed evaluation on the impairment of goodwill. Due to the lower than expected revenue and profit, and unfavorable business environment, the management fully recorded an impairment loss on goodwill of Tianjin Tajite.  

 

The fair value of distribution rights and its estimated useful lives is as follows:

 

    Preliminary
Fair Value
    Weighted
Average
Useful Life
(in Years)
Distribution rights   $ 1,033,860     (a)

 

(a) The distribution rights with no expiration date has been determined to have an indefinite life.

 

Under ASC 805-10, acquisition-related costs (i.e., advisory, legal, valuation and other professional fees) are not included as a component of consideration transferred, but are expensed in the periods in which the costs are incurred. Acquisition-related costs were nil in the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

21

 

 

NOTE 11 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS 

 

DUE FROM RELATED PARTIES

 

The Company had previously made temporary advances to certain shareholders of the Company and to other entities that are either owned by family members of those shareholders or to other entities that the Company has investments in. Those advances are due on demand, non-interest bearing.

 

As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the outstanding amounts due from related parties consist of the following:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Yang Bin   $ 42,027     $ 43,688  
Beijing Huiyinansheng Asset Management Co., Ltd (a.)     21,041       21,873  
Beijing Shengguang Tianyi Clothing Co., Ltd (b.)     2,948       63,911  
Wang Qiwei     56,737       58,981  
    $ 122,753     $ 188,453  

 

a. This Company is wholly owned by one of the Company’s senior management.

 

b. This Company is wholly owned by one of the Company’s shareholders.

 

22

 

 

DUE TO RELATED PARTIES

 

As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the Company had related party payables of US$ 287,066 and US$ 234,500, respectively, mainly due to the principal shareholders or certain relatives of the shareholders of the Company who lend funds for the Company’s operations. The payables are unsecured, non-interest bearing and due on demand.

  

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Wu Yang   $ 89,727     $ 93,275  
Wang Sai     8,405       8,738  
Chen Jiping     952       989  
Zhang Yuying   0     2,913  
Zhao Min     187,982       128,585  
    $ 287,066     $ 234,500  

 

SALES TO RELATED PARTIES

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded sales to Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group, a related party (see Note 7), of US$ 795,548 and US$ 802,910, respectively. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the balance of accounts receivable due from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group was US$ 2,285,268 and US$ 2,706,111, respectively.

 

NOTE 12 - TAXES

 

(a) Corporate Income Taxes

 

The Company is subject to income taxes on an entity basis on income arising in or derived from the location in which each entity is domiciled.

 

Shineco is incorporated in the United States and has no operating activities. Tenet-Jove and its VIEs entities are governed by the Income Tax Laws of the PRC, and are currently subject to tax at a statutory rate of 25% on taxable income. Two VIE entities and Xinjiang Taihe receive a full income tax exemption from the local tax authority of the PRC as agricultural enterprises as long as the favorable tax policy remains unchanged.

 

On December 22, 2017, the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (“The Act”) was enacted, The Act imposes a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriation of historical earnings of foreign subsidiaries, and future foreign earnings are subject to U.S. taxation. The change in rate has caused us to re-measure the Company’s income tax liability and record an estimated income tax expense of US$ 744,766 for the year ended June 30, 2018. In accordance with SAB 118, additional work is necessary to do a more detailed analysis of the Act as well as potential correlative adjustments. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to current tax expense in fiscal 2019 when the analysis is complete. The Company elects to pay the transition tax over an eight year period using specified percentages (eight percent per year for the first five years, 15 percent in year six, 20 percent in year seven, and 25 percent in year eight).

 

i) The components of the income tax expense are as follows:

 

    For the three months ended
September 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Current income tax provision   $ 140,841     $ 217,156  
Deferred income tax provision (benefit)     (145,624 )     1,627  
Total   $ (4,783 )   $ 218,783  

 

23

 

 

ii) The following table summarizes deferred tax assets resulting from differences between the financial reporting basis and tax basis of assets and liabilities:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Deferred tax assets:            
Allowance for doubtful accounts   $ 290,270     $ 197,962  
Inventory reserve     263,485       228,893  
Net operating loss carry-forwards     499,906       519,671  
Total     1,053,661       946,526  
Valuation allowance     (499,906 )     (519,671 )
Total deferred tax assets     553,755       426,855  
Deferred tax liability:                
Distribution rights     (258,464 )     (268,684 )
Total deferred tax liability     (258,464 )     (268,684 )
Deferred tax liability, net   $ 295,291     $ 158,171  

 

Movement of the valuation allowance:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2018
 
Beginning balance   $ 519,671     $ 539,061  
Current year addition     -       -  
Exchange difference     (19,765 )     (19,390 )
Ending balance   $ 499,906     $ 519,671  

 

(b) Value Added Tax

 

The Company is subject to a value added tax (“VAT”) for selling merchandise. The applicable VAT rate is 17% before May 1, 2018 for products sold in the PRC and decreased to 16% thereafter. The amount of VAT liability is determined by applying the applicable tax rate to the invoiced amount of goods sold (output VAT) less VAT paid on purchases made with the relevant supporting invoices (input VAT). Under commercial practice in the PRC, the Company pays VAT based on tax invoices issued. The tax invoices may be issued subsequent to the date on which revenue is recognized, and there may be a considerable delay between the date on which the revenue is recognized and the date on which the tax invoice is issued.

 

In the event that the PRC tax authorities dispute the date on which revenue is recognized for tax purposes, the PRC tax office has the right to assess a penalty based on the amount of the taxes which are determined to be late or deficient, and will be expensed in the period if and when a determination is made by the tax authorities. There were no assessed penalties during the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.

  

24

 

 

(c) Taxes Payable

 

Taxes payable consists of the following:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Income tax payable   $ 3,295,635     $ 3,425,080  
Value added tax payable     531,351       536,486  
Business tax and other taxes payable     7,816       5,909  
Total     3,833,807       3,967,475  
Less: current portion     3,208,204       3,341,872  
Income tax payable - noncurrent portion   $ 625,603     $ 625,603  

 

NOTE 13 - SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Initial Public Offering

 

On September 28, 2016, the Company completed its initial public offering of 1,713,190 shares of common stock at a price of US$ 4.50 per share for gross proceeds of US$ 7.7 million and net proceeds of approximately US$ 5.4 million. The Company’s common shares began trading on September 28, 2016 on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “TYHT.” 

  

Statutory Reserve

 

The Company is required to make appropriations to reserve funds, comprising the statutory surplus reserve and discretionary surplus reserve, based on after-tax net income determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the PRC (“PRC GAAP”).

 

Appropriations to the statutory surplus reserve are required to be at least 10% of the after-tax net income determined in accordance with PRC GAAP until the reserve is equal to 50% of the entities’ registered capital. Appropriations to the discretionary surplus reserve are made at the discretion of the Board of Directors. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the balance of the required statutory reserves was US$ 4,198,107 and US$ 4,198,107, respectively.

 

On January 23, 2018, Shineco, Inc. entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement (“Purchase Agreement”) with IFG Opportunity Fund LLC (“IFG Fund”) whereby, upon the terms and subject to the conditions and limitations set forth therein, the Company had the right, from time to time in its sole discretion during the 24-month term of the Purchase Agreement, to direct IFG Fund to purchase up to a total of US$ 15,000,000 worth of shares of common stock. As consideration for IFG Fund to enter into the Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to issue 200,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock (the “Commitment Shares”) to IFG Fund. The Purchase Shares are being offered in an indirect primary offering consisting of an equity line of credit, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement. The total number of Purchase Shares shall not exceed 4,000,000. On January 23, 2018, the Company issued the Commitment Shares to IFG Fund. On July 3, 2018, the Company and IFG Fund entered into a termination agreement, dated July 3, 2018 (the “Termination Agreement”) effective as of July 3, 2018, to terminate the Purchase Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement. IFG retained the 200,000 commitment shares which were valued at US$ 434,000 and written off during the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with selected investors whereby the Company agreed to sell up to 1,637,700 of common stock at a purchase price of US$ 1 per share , for gross proceeds to the Company of approximately US$ 1,637,700 (the “2018 Offering”). After deducting the offering cost, the net proceeds the Company received was US$ 1,589,892. The 2018 Offering closed on September 28, 2018. The 2018 Offering was made pursuant to the Company’s effective registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration Statement No. 333-221711) previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a prospectus supplement thereunder.

 

On May 8, 2019, TNB, filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission a Notice of Exempt Offering of Securities on Form D regarding an offering (“Offering”) of tokens that Tenet-Jove plans to raise up to US$ 20,000,000 in the Offering, and up to an additional US$ 20,000,000 in an offering under Regulation S of the Securities Act. Tenet-Jove intends to use the net proceeds from sales of the tokens to develop land and facilities for cultivating industrial hemp in China under a newly formed wholly owned subsidiary (the “Operations”). The tokens represent shares of preferred stock of Tenet-Jove. On an annual basis, Tenet-Jove will distribute to token holders the greater of (A) 5% of the total amount of proceeds raised by Tenet-Jove in the offerings, or (B) 40% of net profits generated from the Operations. The Company will guarantee Tenet-Jove’s obligations to distribute such amount. Token holders shall also have the option to convert the tokens into shares of common stock of the Company. As the date of this report, the Offering of tokens is in process, and none of the tokens has been sold.

 

25

 

 

On September 3, 2019, the Company granted 1,662,864 restricted shares to its employees as compensation cost for awards. The fair value of the restricted shares was US$ 1,022,661 based on the closing stock price US$ 0.615 at September 3, 2019. These restricted shares were vested immediately from the grant date. 

 

On September 5, 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with select investors whereby the Company agreed to sell, and the investors agreed to purchase, up to 2,798,792 shares of common stock (the “Shares”) at a purchase price of US$ 0.52 per Share. The net proceeds that the Company received was US$ 1,500,203. The offering is being made pursuant to the Company’s effective registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration Statement No. 333-221711) previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a prospectus supplement thereunder.

 

NOTE 14 - CONCENTRATIONS AND RISKS

 

The Company maintains principally all bank accounts in the PRC. The cash balance held in the PRC bank accounts was US$ 37,591,678 and US$ 35,311,106 as of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, almost 100% of the Company’s assets were located in the PRC and 100% of the Company’s revenues were derived from its subsidiaries and VIEs located in the PRC.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, five customers accounted for approximately 14%, 12%, 11%, 10% and 10% of the Company’s total sales, respectively. At September 30, 2019, two customers accounted for approximately 39% of the Company’s accounts receivable. 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018, five customers accounted for approximately 14%, 14%, 14%, 12% and 11% of the Company’s total sales, respectively. 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, three vendors accounted for approximately 36%, 16% and 12% of the Company’s total purchases, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, three vendors accounted for approximately 38%, 14% and 11% of the Company’s total purchases, respectively. 

 

NOTE 15 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTIGENCIES

 

Lease Commitments

 

The Company sublets the above-mentioned farmland to a third party under a non-cancelable operating lease agreement through May 31, 2020. The future minimum sublease rental income to be received is as follows:  

 

Twelve months ending September 30:      
       
2020     136,824  
Total   $ 136,824  

 

Sublease rental income totaled US$ 51,309 and US$ 52,904 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

26

 

 


Legal Contingencies

 

On May 16, 2017, Bonwick Capital Partners, LLC (“Plaintiff”) commenced a lawsuit (Case No. 1:17-cv-03681-PGG) against the Company in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Plaintiff alleges that the Company entered into an agreement with Plaintiff (the “Agreement”), pursuant to which Plaintiff was to provide the Company with financial advisory services in connection with the Company’s initial public offering in the United States. Plaintiff alleges that the Company breached the Agreement and seeks money damages up to US$ 6 million. The Company believes that these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend its position.

 

NOTE 16 - SEGMENT REPORTING

 

ASC 280, “Segment Reporting”, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments on a basis consistent with the Group’s internal organizational management structure as well as information about geographical areas, business segments and major customers in for details on the Group’s business segments.

 

The Company’s chief operating decision maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer who reviews the financial information of separate operating segments when making decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance of the Group. Based on management’s assessment, the Company has determined that it has three operating segments according to its major products and locations as follows:

 

Ø Developing, manufacturing and distributing of specialized fabrics, textile products and other by-products derived from an indigenous Chinese plant called Apocynum Venetum, commonly known as “Bluish Dogbane” or known in Chinese as “Luobuma” (referred to herein as Luobuma):

 

The operating companies of this segment, namely Tenet-Jove and Tenet Huatai, specialize in Luobuma growing, development and manufacturing of relevant products, as well as purchasing Luobuma raw materials processing.

 

This segment’s operations are focused in the north region of Mainland China, mostly carried out in Beijing, Tianjin and Xinjiang City.

 

Ø Processing and distributing of traditional Chinese medicinal herbal products as well as other pharmaceutical products (“Herbal products”):

 

The operating companies of this segment, namely AnKang Longevity Group and its subsidiaries, process more than 600 kinds of Chinese medicinal herbal products with an established domestic sales and distribution network.

 

Ankang Longevity Group is also engaged in the retail pharmacy business and the operating revenue, which is not material, is also included in this segment.

 

Ø Planting, processing and distributing of green and organic agricultural produce as well as growing and cultivating of Chinese Yew trees (“Other agricultural products”):

 

The operating companies of this segment, the Zhisheng Group, is engaged in the business of growing and distributing green and organic vegetables and fruits as well as providing logistics services for distributing agricultural products. This segment has been focusing its efforts on the growing and cultivating of Chinese yew trees (formally known as “taxus media”), a small evergreen tree whose branches can be used for the production of medications believed to be anti-cancer and the tree itself can be used as an ornamental indoor bonsai tree, which are known to have the effect of purifying air quality.

 

The operations of this segment are located in the East and North regions of Mainland China, mostly carried out in Shandong Province and in Beijing where the Zhisheng Group has newly developed over 100 acres of modern greenhouses for cultivating yew trees and other plants.

 

27

 

 

The following table presents summarized information by segment for the three months ended September 30, 2019: 

 

    For the three months ended September 30, 2019  
    Luobuma     Herbal     Other agricultural        
    products     products     products     Total  
Segment revenue   $ 65,519     $ 3,300,321     $ 3,680,941     $ 7,046,781  
Cost of revenue and related business and sales tax     231,504       2,599,404       2,575,978       5,406,886  
Gross profit     (165,985 )     700,917       1,104,963       1,639,895  
Gross profit %     (253.3 )%     21.2 %     30.0 %     23.3 %

 

The following table presents summarized information by segment for the three months ended September 30, 2018:

 

    For the three months ended September 30, 2018  
    Luobuma     Herbal     Other agricultural        
    products     products     products     Total  
Segment revenue   $ 166,185     $ 3,298,323     $ 4,124,573     $ 7,589,081  
Cost of revenue and related business and sales tax     54,429       2,574,266       2,849,459       5,478,154  
Gross profit     111,756       724,057       1,275,114       2,110,927  
Gross profit %     67.2 %     22.0 %     30.9 %     27.8 %
                                 

 

Total Assets as of

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Luobuma products   $ 5,625,159     $ 6,268,974  
Herbal products     43,900,775       45,095,019  
Other agricultural products     31,189,846       32,375,480  
    $ 80,715,780     $ 83,739,473  

  

NOTE 17 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were approved by management and available for issuance on November 14, 2019, and the Company has evaluated subsequent events through this date. No subsequent events required adjustments to or disclosure in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

28

 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This document contains certain statements of a forward-looking nature. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, such as statements about our plans, objectives, expectations, assumptions or future events. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “we believe,” “we intend,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “could” and similar expressions denoting uncertainty or an action that may, will or is expected to occur in the future. These statements involve estimates, assumptions, known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performances or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

 

Examples of forward-looking statements include:

 

  the timing of the development of future products;

 

  projections of revenue, earnings, capital structure and other financial items;

 

  statements of our plans and objectives, including those that relate to our proposed expansions and the effect such expansions may have on our revenues;

 

  statements regarding the capabilities of our business operations;

 

  statements of expected future economic performance;

 

  statements regarding competition in our market; and

 

  assumptions underlying statements regarding us or our business.

 

The ultimate correctness of these forward-looking statements depends upon a number of known and unknown risks and events. We discuss our known material risks under the heading “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K and Registration Statement on Form S-1. Many factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Consequently, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Nonetheless, the Company reserves the right to make such updates from time to time by press release, periodic report or other method of public disclosure without the need for specific reference to this Report. No such update shall be deemed to indicate that other statements not addressed by such update is incorrect or create an obligation to provide any other updates.

 

29

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of the results of our operations and financial condition for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and the notes to those unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements that are included elsewhere in this Report and our annual report on Form 10-K for the twelve months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, including the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto. All monetary figures are presented in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The statements in this discussion that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections The words “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” “continue,” the negative forms thereof, or similar expressions, are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements are identified by those words or expressions. Forward-looking statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties, certain of which are beyond our control. Actual results, performance or achievements may differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements depending on a variety of important factors, including, but not limited to, weather, local, regional, national and global Luobuma and herbal medicines price fluctuations, availability of financing and interest rates, competition, changes in, or failure to comply with, government regulations, costs, uncertainties and other effects of legal and other administrative proceedings, and other risks and uncertainties. . Actual results and the timing of the events may differ materially from those contained in these forward looking statements due to many factors, including those discussed in the “Forward-Looking Statements” set forth elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. We are not undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or circumstances or otherwise.

 

Business Overview and Corporate Structure 

 

Shineco, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “us” and “our”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on August 20, 1997. On December 30, 2004, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Beijing Tenet-Jove Technological Development Co., Ltd. (“Tenet-Jove”), a PRC company, in exchange for our restricted shares of common stock. Consequently, Tenet-Jove became our 100% owned subsidiary and its operating business became that of the Company. Tenet-Jove was incorporated on December 15, 2003 under the laws of China and was officially granted the status of a Wholly Foreign-Owned Entity (“WFOE”) by Chinese authorities on July 14, 2006. This transaction was accounted for as a recapitalization. Tenet-Jove owns a 90% interest of Tianjin Tenet Huatai Technological Development Co., Ltd. (“Tenet Huatai”).

 

On December 31, 2008, June 11, 2011 and May 24, 2012, Tenet-Jove entered into a series of contractual agreements including an Executive Business Cooperation Agreement, a Timely Reporting Agreement, an Equity Interest Pledge Agreement and Executive Option Agreement (collectively, the “VIE Agreements”), with each one of the following entities, Ankang Longevity Pharmaceutical (Group) Co., Ltd. (“Ankang Longevity Group”), Yantai Zhisheng International Freight Forwarding Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Freight”), Yantai Zhisheng International Trade Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Trade”), Yantai Mouping District Zhisheng Agricultural Produce Cooperative (“Zhisheng Agricultural”) and Qingdao Zhihesheng Agricultural Produce Services., Ltd. (“Qingdao Zhihesheng”). On February 24, 2014, Tenet-Jove entered into the same series of contractual agreements with Shineco Zhisheng (Beijing) Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. (“Zhisheng Bio-Tech”), which was incorporated in 2014. Zhisheng Bio-Tech, Zhisheng Freight, Zhisheng Trade, Zhisheng Agricultural, and Qingdao Zhihesheng are collectively referred to herein as the “Zhisheng Group.”  Zhisheng Agricultural has not had any significant business activities and thus we have deregistered it in 2017. We have transferred all assets, rights and liabilities to an affiliated entity, Zhisheng Freight. 

 

30

 

 

Pursuant to the VIE Agreements, Tenet-Jove has the exclusive right to provide to each of the Zhisheng Group entities and Ankang Longevity Group consulting services related to their business operations and management. All these contractual agreements obligate Tenet-Jove to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from each of the Zhisheng Group entities and Ankang Longevity Group’s activities and entitle Tenet-Jove to receive a majority of their residual returns. In essence, Tenet-Jove has gained effective control over each of the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group. Based on these contractual arrangements, the Zhisheng Group and Ankang Longevity Group are treated as Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810 “Consolidation”. Accordingly, the accounts of each of the Zhisheng Group entities and Ankang Longevity Group are consolidated with those of Tenet-Jove. Ankang Longevity Group has several subsidiaries. We carry out all of our business in China through our PRC subsidiaries, our VIEs and their subsidiaries.

 

On April 19, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Tiankunrunze Biological Engineering Co., Ltd. (“Tiankunrunze”) with registered capital of RMB 50.0 million (US$ 7,262,000) and owns 65% interest of Tiankunrunze. On April 28, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianzhuo Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianzhuo”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,450,233). On May 22, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianhuihechuang Agriculture Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianhuihechuang”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,452,294). On May 23, 2017, Tiankunrunze established Xinjiang Tianxintongye Biotechnology Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianxintongye”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,451,615). Therefore, Tenet-Jove controls Tiankunrunze and its wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Company entered into a Strategic Cooperation Agreement with Beijing Zhongke Biorefinery Engineering Technology Co., Ltd. (“Biorefinery”), a leading high-tech biomass refining company financially backed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Process Engineering, to establish the Institute of Chinese Apocynum Industrial Technology Research (“ICAITR”). Pursuant to the Strategic Cooperation Agreement the two parties agreed to establish the ICAITR, the Company and Biorefinery own 80% and 20%  of the equity interests of ICAITR, respectively. Shineco invested RMB 5.0 million (US$ 737,745) as the registered capital, and Biorefinery will invest a technology patent for “Steam Explosion Degumming”.

 

On September 21, 2017, the Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary Tenet-Jove, entered into a Strategic Cooperation Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Mr. Jianjun Wang, who is experienced in apocynum planting, manufacturing and knowledgeable in apocynum market and administration procedures with relevant authorities in apocynum industry in China, to establish an Apocynum Industrial Park in Xinjiang, China. Pursuant to the Agreement entered into on September 21, 2017, both parties have agreed to establish a new company, namely, Xinjiang Shineco Taihe Agriculture Technology Ltd. to hold and operate the Apocynum Industrial Park, with a total investment of RMB 50 million (approximately US$ 7.57 million), of which the Company will invest RMB 47.5 million and Mr. Wang will invest RMB 2.5 million. Upon the closing of the Agreement, Shineco owns 95% of the equity interest of Xinjiang Taihe.

 

On September 30, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Shineco Taihe Agriculture Technology Ltd. (“Xinjiang Taihe”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). On September 30, 2017, Tenet-Jove established Xinjiang Tianyi Runze Bioengineering Co., Ltd. (“Runze”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). Xinjiang Taihe and Runze became wholly-owned subsidiaries of Tenet-Jove.

 

On December 10, 2016, Tenet-Jove entered into a purchase agreement with Tianjin Tajite, an online e-commerce company based in Tianjin, China, specializing in distributing Luobuma related products and branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops, pursuant to which Tenet-Jove would acquire a 51% equity interest in Tianjin Tajite E-Commerce Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Tajite”), a professional e-commerce company distributing Luobuma fabric commodities and branded products of Daiso 100-yen shops, based in Tianjin, China, for cash consideration of RMB 14,000,000 (approximately US$ 2.1 million). On December 25, 2016, the Company paid the full amount as the deposit to secure the deal. In May, 2017, the Company amended the agreement that required Tianjin Tajite to satisfy certain preconditions related to product introductions into China. On October 26, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition for 51% of the equity interest in Tianjin Tajite.

 

31

 

 

On October 27, 2017, the Company, through its subsidiary Tianjin Tajite E-Commerce Co., Ltd. (“Tianjin Tajite”), obtained contractual rights to distribute branded products of Daiso Industries Co., Ltd. (“Daiso”), a large franchise of 100-yen shops founded in Japan, via JD.com (“JD”), one of the largest e-commerce companies and one of the largest retailers in China. On November 3, 2017, the Company further developed the cooperation with Daiso by entering into a supply and purchase agreement (the “Daiso Agreement”) for the purpose of establishing a continuous supply and sale of Daiso’s products in China. Pursuant to the Daiso Agreement, the Company planned to purchase Daiso Products in the amount of approximately RMB 20 million by August, 2018 and add orders as circumstance requires. The term of the Daiso Agreement is for one year , and it renews for an additional one-year at the end of each term unless terminated by written notice by either Tianjin Tajite or Daiso. Due to the policy of China Customs, many of the bestselling products of Daiso are not allowed to be imported through the general form of trade model, but only through cross-border e-commence business model. As a result, the Company and Daiso agreed to suspend the cooperation temporarily and waits for the opening of the China-Japan-South Korea Free Trade Zone.

 

On November 1, 2017, the Company established the Apocynum Industrial Park in Xinjiang, China.

 

We ceased the business operation of Tenet-Jove Xuzhou branch in November 2017.

 

On March 13, 2019, Tenet-Jove established Beijing Tenjove Newhemp Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (“TNB”) with registered capital of RMB 10.0 million (US$ 1,502,650). TNB became wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company. 

 

We ceased the business operation of Tiankunrunze and its wholly owned subsidiaries in July 2019. 

 

On August 22, 2019, Tenet-Jove established Shineco Zhong Hemp Group Co., Ltd. (“Zhong Hemp”) with registered capital of RMB 200.0 million (US$ 28,237,022) and owns 60% interest of Zhong Hemp.

 

The Company, through its subsidiary, Xinjiang Taihe has entered into a definitive Share Exchange and Acquisition Agreement (the “Xinjiang Tiansheng Agreement”) with Western Xinjiang Tiansheng Agricultural Development Co., Ltd (“Xinjiang Tiansheng”). Pursuant to the Xinjiang Tiansheng Agreement, Xinjiang Taihe will receive 51% equity ownership in Xinjiang Tiansheng for further investment in apocynum business expansion in Xinjiang, China, in exchange for a combination of 14% equity ownership in Xinjiang Taihe and cash payments in three separate installments (the “Acquisition Consideration”). The first installment in the amount of RMB 810,000 (approximately US$ 117,933) was paid to Xinjiang Tiansheng (the “Xinjiang Tiansheng Deposit”). The Acquisition Consideration in the aggregate is valued at RMB 23.8 million (approximately US$ 3.5 million) contingent upon certain milestones in the next years. The Company and Xinjiang Tiansheng terminated the Xinjiang Tiansheng Agreement on July 10, 2018 and Xinjiang Tiansheng returned the full Xinjiang Tiansheng Deposit following such termination by the end of July 2018. 

 

Currently, we have three main business segments: (i) Tenet-Jove is engaged in developing, manufacturing and selling of Bluish Dogbane and related products, also known in Chinese as “Luobuma,” including therapeutic clothing and textile products made from Luobuma, as well as purchasing Luoboma raw materials processing; (ii) Zhisheng Group is engaged in the business of planting, processing and distributing of green agricultural produce as well as providing domestic and international logistic services for agricultural products (“Agricultural Products”); and, (iii) Ankang Longevity manufactures traditional Chinese medicinal herbal products as well as other retail pharmaceutical products. These different business activities and products can potentially be integrated and benefit from one another.

 

Financing Activities

 

On January 23, 2018, the Company entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with IFG OPPORTUNITY FUND LLC (“IFG Fund”) whereby, the Company had  the right, from time to time in its sole discretion during the 24-month term of the Purchase Agreement, to direct IFG Fund to purchase up to a total of US$  15,000,000 of shares of Common Stock and an additional 200,000 shares of Common Stock (the “Commitment Shares”) as consideration for IFG to enter into the Purchase Agreement. The Company and IFG Fund, on January 23, 2018, entered into a Registration Rights Agreement for certain registration rights in connection with the Purchase Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”). The IFG Fund offering was made pursuant to a prospectus supplement dated and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on January 26, 2018 (the “Prospectus Supplement”) and an accompanying prospectus dated November 21, 2017, under the Company’s shelf registration statement on Form S-3 declared effective by the SEC on December 19, 2017 (File No. 333-221711) (the “Registration Statement”). On January 23, 2018, the Company issued the Commitment Shares to IFG Fund. On July 3, 2018, the Company and IFG Fund entered into a termination agreement, dated July 3, 2018 (the “Termination Agreement”) effective as of July 3, 2018, to terminate the Purchase Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement. IFG retained the 200,000 commitment shares which were valued at US$ 434,000 and written off during the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

32

 

 

On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with selected investors whereby the Company agreed to sell up to 1,637,700 of common stock at a purchase price of US$ 1 per share, for gross proceeds to the Company of approximately US$ 1,637,700 (the “2018 Offering”). After deducting the offering cost, the net proceeds the Company received was US$ 1,589,892. The 2018 Offering closed on September 28, 2018. The 2018 Offering was made pursuant to the Company’s effective registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration Statement No. 333-221711) previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a prospectus supplement thereunder.

 

On May 8, 2019, TNB, filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission a Notice of Exempt Offering of Securities on Form D regarding an offering (“Offering”) of tokens that Tenet-Jove plans to raise up to US$ 20,000,000 in the Offering, and up to an additional US$ 20,000,000 in an offering under Regulation S of the Securities Act. Tenet-Jove intends to use the net proceeds from sales of the tokens to develop land and facilities for cultivating industrial hemp in China under a newly formed wholly owned subsidiary (the “Operations”). The tokens represent shares of preferred stock of Tenet-Jove. On an annual basis, Tenet-Jove will distribute to token holders the greater of (A) 5% of the total amount of proceeds raised by Tenet-Jove in the offerings, or (B) 40% of net profits generated from the Operations. The Company will guarantee Tenet-Jove’s obligations to distribute such amount. Token holders shall also have the option to convert the tokens into shares of common stock of the Company. As the date of this report, the Offering of tokens is in process, and none of the tokens has been sold. 

 

On September 5, 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with select investors whereby the Company agreed to sell, and the investors agreed to purchase, up to 2,798,792 shares of common stock (the “Shares”) at a purchase price of US$ 0.52 per Share. The net proceeds that the Company received was US$ 1,500,203. The offering is being made pursuant to the Company’s effective registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration Statement No. 333-221711) previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a prospectus supplement thereunder. 

 

Factors Affecting Financial Performance

 

We believe that the following factors will affect our financial performance:

 

Increasing demand for our products - The increasing demand for our agricultural products will have a positive impact on our financial position. We plan to develop new products and expand our distribution network as well as to grow our business through possible mergers and acquisitions of similar or synergetic businesses, all aimed at increasing awareness of our brand, developing customer loyalty, meeting customer demands in various markets and providing solid foundations for our continuous growth. As of the date of this Report however, we do not have any agreements, undertakings or understandings to acquire any such entities and there can be no guarantee that we ever will.

 

Expansion of our sources of supply, production capacity and sales network - To meet the increasing demand for our products, we need to expand our sources of supply and production capacity. We plan to make capital improvements in our existing production facilities which would improve both their efficiency and capacity. In the short-run, we intend to increase our investment in our reliable supply network, personnel training, information technology applications and logistic system upgrades. We also participate in two non-equity investment opportunities through a VIE, both of which we expect to provide us with new networks and platforms.

 

Maintaining effective control of our costs and expenses - Successful cost control depends upon our ability to obtain and maintain adequate material supplies as required by our operations at competitive prices. We will focus on improving our long-term cost control strategies including establishing long-term alliances with certain suppliers to ensure adequate supply is maintained. We will carry forward the economies of scale and advantages from our nationwide distribution network and diversified offerings. Moreover, we will step up our efforts in higher value added products of Luobuma by using an exclusive and patented technology, to optimize quality management, procurement processes and cost control, and give full play to the strong production capacity and trustworthy sales teams to maximize our profit and bring better long-term return for our shareholders.

  

Economic and Political Risks

 

Our operations are conducted primarily in the PRC. Accordingly, our business, financial conditions and results may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC economy.

 

Our operations in the PRC are subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. Our Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversions, remittances abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

33

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates 

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Critical accounting policies are those accounting policies that may be material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain matters or the susceptibility of such matters to change, and that have a material impact on financial condition or operating performance. While we base our estimates and judgments on our experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe the following critical accounting policies used in the preparation of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements require significant judgments and estimates. For additional information relating to these and other accounting policies, see Note 2 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

 

Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities

 

VIEs are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders lack adequate decision making ability. All VIEs and their subsidiaries with which the Company is involved must be evaluated to determine the primary beneficiary of the risks and rewards of the VIE. The primary beneficiary is required to consolidate the VIE for financial reporting purposes.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates required to be made by management include, but are not limited to, useful lives of property, plant, and equipment, and intangible assets, the recoverability of long-lived assets and the valuation of accounts receivable, deferred taxes and inventory reserves. Actual results could differ from those estimates. 

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at net realizable value consisting of the carrying amount less an allowance for uncollectible accounts, as necessary. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, the customers’ historical payment history, their current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. The fair value of long-term receivables is determined using a present value technique by discounting the future expected contractual cash flows using current rates at which similar instruments would be issued at the measurement date. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the allowance for doubtful accounts was US$ 4,577,770 and US$ 4,323,141, respectively. Accounts are written off against the allowance after efforts at collection prove unsuccessful.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories, which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, consist of raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods related to the Company’s products. Cost is determined using the first in first out (“FIFO”) method. Agricultural products that the Company farms are recorded at cost, which includes direct costs such as seed selection, fertilizer, labor cost and contract fees that are spent in growing agricultural products on the leased farmland, and indirect costs which include amortization of prepayments of farmland leases and farmland development costs. All the costs are accumulated until the time of harvest and then allocated to the harvested crops costs when they are sold. The Company periodically evaluates its inventory and records an inventory reserve for certain inventories that may not be saleable or whose cost exceeds net realizable value. 

 

34

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company previously recognized revenue from sales of Luobuma products, Chinese medicinal herbal products and agricultural products, as well as providing logistic services and other processing services to external customers. The Company recognized revenue when all of the following have occurred: (i) there was persuasive evidence of an arrangement with a customer; (ii) delivery had occurred or services had been rendered; (iii) the sales price was fixed or determinable; and (iv) the Company’s collection of such fees was reasonably assured. These criteria, as related to the Company’s revenue, were considered to have been met as follows:

 

Sales of products: The Company recognized revenue from the sale of products when the goods were delivered and title to the goods passed to the customer provided that there were no uncertainties regarding customer acceptance; persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed; the sales price was fixed or determinable; and collectability was deemed probable.

 

Revenue from the rendering of services: Revenue from international freight forwarding, domestic air and overland freight forwarding services was recognized upon the performance of services as stipulated in the underlying contract or when commodities were being released from the customer’s warehouse; the service price was fixed or determinable; and collectability was deemed probable.

 

With the adoption of ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” revenue is recognized when all of the following five steps are met: (i) identify the contract(s) with the customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; (v) recognize revenue when (or as) each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company adopted the new revenue standard beginning July 1, 2018, and adopted a modified retrospective approach upon adoption. The Company believes that its previous revenue recognition policies are generally consistent with the new revenue recognition standards set forth in ASC 606. Potential adjustments to input measures are not expected to be pervasive to the majority of the Company's contracts. There is no significant impact upon adoption of the new guidance.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” ASC 820 clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs, other than quoted prices in level, that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.

 

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the asset or liability.

 

The carrying value of financial instruments included in current assets and liabilities approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

35

 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

 

Overview

 

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Variance  
    2019     2018     Amount     %  
Revenue   $ 7,046,781     $ 7,589,081     $ (542,300 )     (7.15 )%
Cost of revenue     5,406,886       5,478,154       (71,268 )     (1.30 )%
Gross profit     1,639,895       2,110,927       (471,032 )     (22.31 )%
General and administrative expenses     3,354,643       1,527,186       1,827,457       119.66 %
Selling expenses     121,886       197,335       (75,449 )     (38.23 )%
Income from operations     (1,836,634 )     386,406       (2,223,040 )     (575.31 )%
Income from equity method investments     69,899       143,135       (73,236 )     (51.17 )%
Purchase rebate income     -       292,439       (292,439 )     (100.00 )%
Other income     ((9,754 )     52,569       (62,323 )     (118.55 )%
Interest expense, net     (3,126 )     (7,774 )     4,648       (59.79 )%
Income before income tax provision     (1,779,615 )     866,775       (2,646,390 )     (305.31 )%
Provision for income taxes     (4,783 )     218,783       (223,566 )     (102.19 )%
Net income   $ (1,774,832 )   $ 647,992     $ (2,422,824 )     (373.90 )%
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Shineco Inc.   $ (4,609,009 )   $ (1,987,712 )   $ (2,621,297 )     131.88 %

 

Revenue

 

Currently, we have three revenue streams derived from our three major business segments. First, developing, manufacturing and distributing specialized fabrics, textiles and other by-products derived from an indigenous Chinese plant Apocynum Venetum, known in Chinese as “Luobuma” or “Bluish Dogbane”, as well as Luoboma raw materials processing, this segment is channeled through our wholly owned subsidiary, Tenet-Jove. Second, processing and distributing traditional Chinese medicinal herbal products as well as other pharmaceutical products; this segment is conducted via our VIE, Ankang Longevity Group and its subsidiaries. Third, planting, processing and distributing green and organic agricultural produce as well as growing and cultivation of yew trees; this segment is conducted through our VIEs, the Zhisheng Group.

 

The following table sets forth the breakdown of our revenue for each of our three segments, for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Variance  
    2019     %     2018     %     Amount     %  
Luobuma products   $ 65,519       2.12 %   $ 166,185       2.19 %   $ (100,666 )     (60.57 )%
Chinese medicinal herbal products     3,300,321       43.91 %     3,298,323       43.46 %     1,998       0.06 %
Other agricultural products     3,680,941       53.97 %     4,124,573       54.35 %     (443,632 )     (10.76 )%
Total Amount   $ 7,046,781       100.00 %   $ 7,589,081       100.00 %   $ (542,300 )     (7.15 )%

 

36

 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, revenue from sales of Luobuma products was US$ 65,519 and US$ 166,185, respectively, which represented a decrease of US$ 100,666 or 60.57%. The decrease of revenue from this segment was mainly due to the decrease in revenue from Tenet-Jove of US$ 81,617. Since the beginning of the year, we did not launch new products, and we mainly focused on clearing off our old stocks, as a result, sales decreased during the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period of 2018. 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, revenue from sales of Chinese medicinal herbal products was US$ 3,300,321 and US$ 3,298,323, respectively, representing a slight increase of US$ 1,998 or 0.06%. The sales of Chinese medicinal herbal products were comparatively stable during the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, revenue from sales of other agricultural products was US$ 3,680,941 and US$ 4,124,573, respectively, representing a decrease of US$ 443,632 or 10.76%. The decrease was mainly due to the decrease in sales volume of yew trees for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. The growth of our yew trees was impacted by the unfavorable local weather, and it took longer than usual for our yew tree to mature. As a result, we sold less yew trees during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Cost of Revenue and related tax

 

The following table sets forth the breakdown of the Company’s cost of revenue for each of our three segments, for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Variance  
    2019     %     2018     %     Amount     %  
Luobuma products   $ 231,381       4.28 %   $ 53,595       0.98 %   $ 177,786       331.72 %
Chinese medicinal herbal products     2,589,930       47.90 %     2,564,506       46.81 %     25,424       0.99 %
Other agricultural products     2,573,112       47.59 %     2,846,363       51.96 %     (273,251     (9.60 )%
Business and sales related tax     12,463       0.23 %     13,690       0.25 %     (1,227 )     (8.96 )%
Total Amount   $ 5,406,886       100.00 %   $ 5,478,154       100.00 %   $ (71,268 )     (1.30 )%

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, cost of revenue from sales of our Luobuma products was US$ 231,381 and US$ 53,595, respectively, representing an increase of US$ 177,786 or 331.72%. The increase was mainly due to the increased allowance we accrued for our slow-moving inventories amounted to US$ 176,203 during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, cost of revenue from sales of Chinese medicinal herbal products was US$ 2,589,930 and US$ 2,564,506, respectively, representing a slight increase of US$ 25,424 or 0.99%. The percentage of increase in cost of revenue was proportional to the percentage of the increase in sales.  

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, cost of revenue from sales of other agricultural products was US$ 2,573,112 and US$ 2,846,363, respectively, representing a decrease of US$ 273,251 or 9.60%. The decrease was mainly due to we sold less yew trees for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the same period in 2018. The percentage of decrease in cost of revenue was proportional to the percentage of the decrease in sales.

 

37

 

 

Gross Profit

 

The following table sets forth the breakdown of the Company’s gross profit for each of our three segments, for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Variance  
    2019     %     2018     %     Amount     %  
Luobuma products   $ (165,985 )     (10.12 )%   $ 111,756       5.29 %   $ (277,741 )     (248.52 )%
Chinese medicinal herbal products     700,917       42.74 %     724,057       34.30 %     (23,140 )     (3.20 )%
Other agricultural products     1,104,963       67.38 %     1,275,114       60.41 %     (170,151 )     (13.34 )%
Total Amount   $ 1,639,895       100.00 %   $ 2,110,927       100.00 %   $ (471,032 )     (22.31 )%

 

Gross profit from Luobuma product sales decreased by US$ 277,741 and gross profit contribution percentage decreased by 248.52% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. During the three months ended September 30, 2019, our negative gross profit was US$ 165,985, it was mainly due to the increased allowance we accrued for our slow-moving inventories amounted to US$ 176,203. In addition, in order to reduce our old stocks, we sold some of our products below their original costs during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Gross profit from sales of Chinese medicinal herbal products decreased slightly by US$ 23,140 or 3.20% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. The percentage of the variance in gross profit was proportional to the percentage of the variance in revenue due to the stable gross margin of our products.

 

Gross profit from sales of other agricultural products decreased by US$ 170,151 or 13.34% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. As mentioned above, the decrease was mainly due to the decrease in sales volume of yew trees for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. The percentage of the variance in gross profit was proportional to the percentage of the variance in revenue due to the stable gross margin of our products.

 

Expenses

 

The following table sets forth the breakdown of our operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Variance  
    2019     %     2018     %     Amount     %  
General and administrative expenses   $ 3,354,643       96.49 %   $ 1,527,186       88.56 %   $ 1,827,457       119.66 %
Selling expenses     121,886       3.51 %     197,335       11.44 %     (75,449 )     (38.23 )%
Total Amount   $ 3,476,529       100.00 %   $ 1,724,521       100.00 %   $ 1,752,008       101.59 %

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, our general and administrative expenses were US$ 3,354,643, representing an increase of US$ 1,827,457 or 119.66%, as compared to the same period in 2018. The increase in general and administrative expenses was mainly due to an increase in bad debt expense of US$ 1,121,216, an increase in staff salary due to issuance of restricted shares to the management as compensation of US$ 1,022,661, as well as an increased general and administrative expenses of US$ 130,259 for our newly established entity TNB. The increase was partially offset by the decreased offering cost write-off of US$ 434,000. The US$ 434,000 was the valuation of the Commitment Shares retained by IFG Fund upon termination of the Purchase Agreement and Registration Rights Agreement in the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

38

 

 

Selling Expenses

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, our selling and distribution expenses were US$ 121,886, representing a decrease of US$ 75,449, or 38.23%, as compared to the same period in 2018. The decrease was mainly due to the decrease in advertising expenses of Tenet-Jove of US$ 59,095 as less advertising activities were carried out during the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same period of 2018.

 

Income from Equity Method Investments

  

We are 49% owners in two equity investment companies with Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group Pai’ang Medicine Co. Ltd. (“Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group”): Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Sunsimiao Drugstores Ankang Retail Chain Co., Ltd. (“Sunsimiao Drugstores”), and Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Holding Group Longevity Pharmacy Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Longevity Pharmacy”). We recorded net income of US$ 69,899 and US$ 143,135 from these equity method investments for the for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease in net income was primarily due to lower net profit in the two 49% equity investment companies in the current period. 

 

We invested RMB 14.5 million (approximately US$ 2.2 million) into Tiancang Systematic Warehousing project (“Tiancang Project”) operated by Zhen’Ai Network. The Tiancang Project is currently operational. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we did not record investment income from Zhen’Ai Network.

 

Purchase Rebate Income

 

We are party to a supplemental agreement with Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. According to the supplemental agreement, the participants in the 49% equity investment companies established by Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group and Ankang Longevity Group are required to purchase certain raw materials and drug products exclusively from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. In return, Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group has agreed to compensate Ankang Longevity Group with a purchase rebate of 7% of the total purchases made from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, no income was recognized by Ankang Longevity Group from this supplemental agreement, compared to US$ 292,439 in the same period in 2018. The management assessed the collectability of the accounts receivable due from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group, and determined that the collection could not be reasonably assured. As of September 30, 2019, provision for bad debt was amounted to US$ 1,077,694. Therefore, on a prudent basis, the management did not record any purchase rebate income during the three months ended September 30, 2019. Management will continue putting effort in collection of overdue account receivables from Shaanxi Pharmaceutical Group.

 

Interest Income (Expense), net

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, our other expense was US$ 9,754, representing an increase of US$ 62,323, or 118.55%, as compared to other income of US$ 52,569 in the same period in 2018. The increase in other expense was primarily due to loss from disposal of property and equipment of US$ 61,098 during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Other Income

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, our other expense was US$ 9,754, representing an increase of US$ 62,323, or 118.55%, as compared to other income of US$ 52,569 in the same period in 2018. The increase in other expense was primarily due to loss from disposal of property and equipment of US$ 61,098 during the three months ended September 30, 2019. 

 

39

 

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s provision for income taxes decreased by US$ 223,566 or 102.19% to an income tax benefit of US$ 4,783 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 from an income tax provision of US$ 218,783 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The decrease in provision for income taxes was mainly due to decreased taxable income of Ankang Longevity Group and increased deferred income tax benefit of Tenet-Jove and Tenet Huatai for the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Net Income

 

Our net loss was US$ 1,774,832 for three months ended September 30, 2019, an increase of US$ 2,422,824 or 373.90% from net income of US$ 647,992 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The decrease in net income was primarily a result of the decrease in gross profit and purchase rebate income, and the increase in general and administrative expenses, offset by the decrease in provision for income taxes.

 

Comprehensive Income (loss)

 

The comprehensive loss was US$ 4,633,369 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, an increase of US$ 2,624,029 from comprehensive loss of US$ 2,009,340 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. After deduction of non-controlling interest, the comprehensive loss attributable to the Company was US$ 4,609,009 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared to comprehensive loss attributable to the Company of US$ 1,987,712 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The reason of the significant increase of comprehensive loss was due to the decrease in net income as mentioned above.

 

Treasury Policies

 

We have established treasury policies with the objectives of achieving effective control of treasury operations and of lowering cost of funds. Therefore, funding for all operations and foreign exchange exposure have been centrally reviewed and monitored from the top level. To manage our exposure to fluctuations in exchange rates and interest rates on specific transactions and foreign currency borrowings, currency structured instruments and other appropriate financial instruments will be used to hedge material exposure, if any.

 

Our policy precludes us from entering into any derivative contracts purely for speculative activities. Through our treasury policies, we aim to:

 

(a) Minimize interest risk

 

This is accomplished by loan re-financing and negotiation. We will continue to closely monitor the total loan portfolio and compare the loan margin spread under our existing agreements against the current borrowing interest rates under different currencies and new offers from banks.

 

(b) Minimize currency risk

 

In view of the current volatile currency market, we will closely monitor the foreign currency borrowings at the company level. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, we do not engage in any foreign currency borrowings or loan contracts.

 

40

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We currently finance our business operations primarily through cash flows from operations and proceeds from our initial public offering, as well as from short-term loans. Our current cash primarily consists of cash on hand and cash in bank, which is unrestricted as to withdrawal and use and is deposited with banks in China.

 

On September 28, 2016, we completed the initial public offering of 1,713,190 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of US$ 4.50 per share for gross proceeds of US$ 7.7 million and net proceeds of approximately US$ 5.4 million.

 

On September 27, 2018, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with selected investors whereby the Company agreed to sell up to 1,637,700 of common stock at a purchase price of US$ 1 per share, for gross proceeds of US$ 1.6 million and net proceeds of approximately US$ 1.6 million.

 

On September 5, 2019, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with select investors whereby the Company sold 2,798,792 shares of common stock at a purchase price of US$ 0.52 per share, for the net proceeds of approximately US$ 1.5 million.

 

Management believes that our current cash, cash flows from current and future operations, and access to loans will be sufficient to meet our working capital needs for at least the next 12 months. We intend to continue to carefully execute our growth plans and manage market risk

 

Working Capital

  

The following table provides the information about our working capital at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019:

 

    September 30,
2019
    June 30,
2019
 
Current Assets   $ 58,852,207     $ 60,962,375  
Current Liabilities     9,997,431       10,481,756  
Working Capital   $ 48,854,776     $ 50,480,619  

  

The working capital decreased by US$ 1,625,843 or 3.2% as of September 30, 2019 from June 30, 2019, primarily as a result of a decrease in advances to suppliers, partially offset by the increase in cash during the three months ended September 30, 2019. We believe that we currently have sufficient working capital to operate our business.

 

 

As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the other major component of our working capital is accounts receivable. The accounts receivable as of September 30, 2019 were US$ 9,426,046, a decrease of approximately 2.7% from US$ 9,683,074 as of June 30, 2019, mainly due to the decreased revenue generated during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

41

 

 

Capital Commitments and Contingencies

 

Capital commitments refer to the allocation of funds for the possible purchase in the near future for fixed assets or investment. Contingency refers to a condition that arises from past transactions or events, the outcome of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of uncertain futures events. 

 

As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, we had no material capital commitments or contingent liabilities.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table provides detailed information about our net cash flows for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

 

    For the three months ended
September 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   $ 2,145,875     $ (496,015 )
Net cash (used in) provided by  investing activities     18,780       (220,047 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     1,555,631       1,593,594  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash     (1,438,380 )     (1,128,739 )
Net (decrease) increase in cash     2,281,906       (251,207 )
Cash, beginning of period     35,330,676       31,487,053  
Cash, end of period   $ 37,612,582     $ 31,235,846  

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately US$ 2.1 million, consisting of net loss of US$ 1.8 million, bad debt expenses of US$ 1.3 million, restricted shares issued for management of US$ 1.0 million, and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a decrease in advances to suppliers of US$ 3.0 million, partially offset by the increase in other receivables of US$ 0.9 million. Net cash used in operating activities during the three months ended September 30, 2018 was approximately US$ 0.5 million, consisting of net income of US$ 0.6 million, value of shares issued to IFG Fund for equity, we subsequently cancelled of US$ 0.4 million and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a decrease in accounts payable of US$ 1.7 million and an increase in account receivables of US$ 1.0 million, partially offset by an increase in advances from customers of US$ 0.3 million.

 

Investing Activities

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, net cash provided by investing activities was approximately US$ 18,780 as compared to net cash used in investing activities of US$ 220,047 for the same period of 2018. The increase in net cash provided by investing activities was primarily due to the proceeds from disposal of property and equipment of US$ 79,387, partially offset by the decrease in advance of loans to third parties of US$ 164,501 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the same period in 2018. 

 

Financing Activities

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, net cash provided by financing activities amounted to US$ 1.6 million, primarily due to the proceeds from issuance of common stock of US$ 1.5 million, and proceeds from short-term loans of US$ 0.3 million, partially offset by the repayment of short-term loans of US$ 0.3 million. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, net cash provided by financing activities amounted to US$ 1.6 million, primarily due to the proceeds from issuance of common stock of US$ 1.6 million, and proceeds from short-term loans of US$ 0.3 million, partially offset by the repayment of short-term loans of US$ 0.3 million. 

 

42

 

 

Subsequent Events

 

Management has evaluated subsequent events for recognition and disclosure through the date these financial statements were filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and concluded that no subsequent event or transactions have occurred that required recognition or disclosure in our consolidated financial statements.

  

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

As a small reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

  (a) Evaluation of Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that material information required to be disclosed by us in the reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms, and that the information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on our review, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level as of the end of the period covered by this report due to following material weaknesses:

 

  Lack of full-time U.S. GAAP personnel in the accounting department to monitor the recording of the transactions;

 

  Lack of segregation of duties for accounting personnel who prepared and reviewed the journal entries.

  

In order to address the above material weaknesses, our management plans to take the following steps:

 

  Recruiting sufficient qualified professionals with appropriate levels of knowledge and experience to assist in reviewing and resolving accounting issues in routine or complex transactions. To mitigate the reporting risks, we engaged an outside professional consulting firm to supplement our efforts to improve our internal control over financial reporting;

 

  Improving the communication between management, board of directors and the Chief Financial Officer; and

 

  Obtaining proper approval for other significant and non-routine transactions from the Board of Directors.

 

The Company believes the foregoing measures will remediate the identified material weaknesses in future periods. The Company is committed to monitoring the effectiveness of these measures and making any changes that are necessary and appropriate.   

 

  (b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting during our first fiscal quarter of 2019. Because of its inherent limitations, a system of internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Further, because of changes in conditions, effectiveness of internal controls over financial reporting may vary over time. Our system contains self-monitoring mechanisms, and actions are taken to correct deficiencies as they are identified.   

 

43

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

  

Other than ordinary routine litigation (of which we are not currently involved), we know of no material, existing or pending legal proceedings against us, nor are we involved as a plaintiff in any material proceeding or pending litigation, and there are no proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial stockholder, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to our company except as set forth below:

 

On May 16, 2017, Bonwick Capital Partners, LLC (“Plaintiff”) commenced a lawsuit (Case No. 1:17-cv-03681-PGG) against the Company in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Plaintiff alleges that the Company entered into an agreement with Plaintiff (the “Agreement”), pursuant to which Plaintiff was to provide the Company with financial advisory services in connection with the Company’s initial public offering in the United States. Plaintiff alleges that the Company breached the Agreement and seeks money damages up to $6 million. The Company believes that these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information otherwise required by this Item.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

There have been no unregistered sale of equity securities during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

On September 3, 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with selected investors whereby the Company agreed to sell up to 2,798,792 of common stock at a purchase price of US$0.52 per share, for gross proceeds to the Company of approximately US$1,455,371 (the “2019 Offering”). After deducting the offering cost, the net proceeds the Company received was US$1,420,371. The 2019 Offering closed on September 3, 2019. The 2019 Offering was made pursuant to the Company’s effective registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration Statement No. 333-221711) previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a prospectus supplement thereunder. The net proceeds of the 2019 Offering have been used for general corporate purposes, which include working capital, capital expenditures, and research and development expenditures.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

  

44

 

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS 

 

Number   Exhibit
10.1   Strategic Cooperation Agreement between Shineco, Inc. and Heilongjiang Harbin Beima Technology Development Co., Ltd
     
31.1*   Certification of Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2*   Certification of Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1**   Certification of Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 of Title 18, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.2**   Certification of Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer) Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 of Title 18, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS*   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herewith.

  

45

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  SHINECO, INC.
     
Dated: November 14, 2019 By: /s/ Yuying Zhang
    Yuying Zhang
    Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Dated: November 14, 2019 By: /s/ Sai (Sam) Wang
    Sai (Sam) Wang
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

46

 

 

Shineco (NASDAQ:TYHT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Nov 2020 to Dec 2020 Click Here for more Shineco Charts.
Shineco (NASDAQ:TYHT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Dec 2019 to Dec 2020 Click Here for more Shineco Charts.