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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 1-5978
SIFCO Industries, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Ohio   34-0553950
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
970 East 64th Street, Cleveland Ohio
 
44103
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
(216) 881-8600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “non-accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares SIF NYSE American
The number of the Registrant’s Common Shares, par value $1.00, outstanding at December 31, 2021 was 6,003,281.



Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020
Net sales $ 19,247  $ 25,078 
Cost of goods sold 19,238  21,155 
Gross profit 3,923 
Selling, general and administrative expenses 3,536  3,827 
Amortization of intangible assets 125  269 
Gain on insurance recoveries —  (2,495)
Operating (loss) income (3,652) 2,322 
Interest expense 115  165 
Foreign currency exchange loss, net
Other loss (income), net (32) 62 
(Loss) income before income tax benefit (3,740) 2,088 
Income tax benefit (49) (905)
Net (loss) income $ (3,691) $ 2,993 
Net (loss) income per share
Basic $ (0.64) $ 0.53 
Diluted $ (0.64) $ 0.51 
Weighted-average number of common shares (basic) 5,800  5,691 
Weighted-average number of common shares (diluted) 5,800  5,890 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
2



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020
Net (loss) income $ (3,691) $ 2,993 
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax $0 and $0 for the three months ended, respectively
(117) 287 
Retirement plan liability adjustment, net of tax $0 and $0 for the three months ended, respectively
119  211 
Other (6) — 
Comprehensive (loss) income $ (3,695) $ 3,491 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
3



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
  (unaudited)  
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 748  $ 346 
Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $160 and $167, respectively
14,933  19,914 
Contract assets 13,307  12,874 
Inventories, net 14,979  12,546 
Refundable income taxes 101  101 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1,259  1,792 
Total current assets 45,327  47,573 
Property, plant and equipment, net 42,415  42,708 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 15,709  15,943 
Intangible assets, net 738  874 
Goodwill 3,493  3,493 
Other assets 91  77 
Total assets $ 107,773  $ 110,668 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt $ 7,847  $ 9,566 
Revolver 9,301  8,930 
Short-term operating lease liabilities 782  788 
Accounts payable 11,756  9,811 
Accrued liabilities 6,550  6,871 
Total current liabilities 36,236  35,966 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities 3,558  2,669 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of short-term 15,248  15,439 
Deferred income taxes 118  158 
Pension liability 5,891  6,073 
Other long-term liabilities 741  741 
Shareholders’ equity:
Serial preferred shares, no par value, authorized 1,000 shares
—  — 
Common shares, par value $1 per share, authorized 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding shares 6,003 at December 31, 2021 and 5,987 at September 30, 2021
6,003  5,987 
Additional paid-in capital 11,156  11,118 
Retained earnings 37,905  41,596 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (9,083) (9,079)
Total shareholders’ equity 45,981  49,622 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 107,773  $ 110,668 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
4



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net (loss) income $ (3,691) $ 2,993 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 1,614  1,825 
Amortization of debt issuance costs 10  26 
Gain on insurance proceeds received for damaged property —  (2,495)
LIFO effect 176  128 
Share transactions under company stock plan 54  127 
Other long-term liabilities (55) 13 
Deferred income taxes (38) (950)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivables 4,906  2,529 
Contract assets (433) 71 
Inventories (2,692) (877)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 521  144 
Other assets (15) 77 
Accounts payable 1,131  982 
Other accrued liabilities (231) (1,620)
Accrued income and other taxes (18) 150 
Net cash provided by operating activities 1,239  3,123 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Insurance proceeds received for damaged property —  3,452 
Capital expenditures (466) (3,710)
Net cash used for investing activities (466) (258)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from long-term debt 1,141  — 
Payments on long-term debt (383) (238)
Proceeds from revolving credit agreement 19,412  23,970 
Repayments of revolving credit agreement (19,041) (27,694)
Short-term debt borrowings —  2,431 
Short-term debt repayments (1,487) (606)
Net cash used for financing activities (358) (2,137)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents 415  728 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period 346  427 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (13) 25 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period $ 748  $ 1,180 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information of operations:
Cash paid for interest $ (141) $ (106)
Cash paid for income taxes, net $ —  $ (11)
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
5



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(Unaudited, Amounts in thousands)  
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2021
Common Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
Shares Amount
Balance - September 30, 2021 5,987  $ 5,987  $ 11,118  $ 41,596  $ (9,079) $ 49,622 
Comprehensive loss —  —  —  (3,691) (4) (3,695)
Performance and restricted share expense —  —  161  —  —  161 
Share transactions under equity based plans 16  16  (123) —  —  (107)
Balance - December 31, 2021 6,003  $ 6,003  $ 11,156  $ 37,905  $ (9,083) $ 45,981 


Three Months Ended 
December 31, 2020
Common Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
Shares Amount
Balance - September 30, 2020 5,916  $ 5,916  $ 10,736  $ 42,339  $ (13,468) $ 45,523 
Comprehensive income —  —  —  2,993  498  3,491 
Performance and restricted share expense —  —  143  —  —  143 
Share transactions under equity based plans 43  43  (59) —  —  (16)
Balance - December 31, 2020 5,959  $ 5,959  $ 10,820  $ 45,332  $ (12,970) $ 49,141 

See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
6



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
1.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

A. Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of SIFCO Industries, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the "Company"). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The U.S. dollar is the functional currency for all of the Company’s operations in the United States ("U.S.") and its non-operating subsidiaries. For these operations, all gains and losses from completed currency transactions are included in income. The functional currency for the Company's other non-U.S. subsidiaries is the Euro. Assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the rates of exchange at the end of the period, and revenues and expenses are translated using average rates of exchange for the period. Foreign currency translation adjustments are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.

These unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s fiscal 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The year-end consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other interim periods or the full year.

B. Accounting Policies
A summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies is included in Note 1 to the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company's fiscal 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

C. Net (Loss)/Income per Share
The Company’s net loss and net income per basic share has been computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Due to the net loss in the current period, zero restricted and performance shares are included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would be anti-dilutive. In the prior period, net income per diluted share reflects the effect of the Company's outstanding restricted shares and performance shares under the treasury method. The dilutive effect is as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020
Net (loss) income $ (3,691) $ 2,993 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (basic) 5,800  5,691 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Restricted shares —  161 
Performance shares —  38 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (diluted) 5,800  5,890 
Net (loss) income per share – basic: $ (0.64) $ 0.53 
Net (loss) income per share – diluted: $ (0.64) $ 0.51 
Anti-dilutive weighted-average common shares excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per share 297  219 






7



D. Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2019-12, "Income Taxes (ASC 740) – Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes," which is intended to reduce complexity in the accounting for income taxes while maintaining or improving the usefulness of information provided to financial statement users. The guidance amends certain existing provisions under ASC 740 to address a number of distinct items. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 effective October 1, 2021. Adoption of the amendments in this ASU did not have an impact to the Company's results of operations and financial condition.

2.Inventories
Inventories consist of:
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Raw materials and supplies $ 4,941  $ 4,111 
Work-in-process 5,740  3,560 
Finished goods 4,298  4,875 
Total inventories $ 14,979  $ 12,546 

For a portion of the Company's inventory, cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method. Approximately 44% and 39% of the Company’s inventories at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, respectively, use the LIFO method. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method is made at the end of each fiscal year based on the inventory levels and costs existing at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations must be based on management’s estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and costs. Because the actual results may vary from these estimates, calculations are subject to many factors beyond management’s control, and annual results may differ from interim results as they are subject to adjustments based on the differences between the estimates and the actual results. The first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method is used for the remainder of the inventories, which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. If the FIFO method had been used for the inventories for which cost is determined using the LIFO method, inventories would have been $9,386 and $9,210 higher than reported at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, respectively.

3.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Foreign currency translation adjustment $ (5,476) $ (5,359)
Retirement plan liability adjustment, net of tax (3,601) (3,720)
Other (6) — 
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss $ (9,083) $ (9,079)

4.    Leases
The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
2021 2020
Finance lease expense:
     Amortization of right-of use assets on finance leases $ 12  $ 16 
     Interest on lease liabilities
Operating lease expense 429  549 
Variable lease cost 30  35 
Total lease expense $ 472  $ 601 





8



The following table presents the impact of leasing on the consolidated condensed balance sheet.

Classification in the consolidated condensed balance sheets December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Assets:
Finance lease assets   Property, plant and equipment, net $ 22  $ 34 
Operating lease assets   Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 15,709  15,943 
Total lease assets $ 15,731  $ 15,977 
Current liabilities:
Finance lease liabilities   Current maturities of long-term debt $ 10  $ 17 
Operating lease liabilities   Short-term operating lease liabilities 782  788 
Non-current liabilities:
Finance lease liabilities   Long-term debt, net of current maturities
Operating lease liabilities   Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of short-term 15,248  15,439 
Total lease liabilities $ 16,043  $ 16,249 

Supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases were as follows:

December 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
Other Information
Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of liabilities:
     Operating cash flows from operating leases $ 430  $ 551 
     Operating cash flows from finance leases
     Financing cash flows from finance leases 13  14 
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years):
     Finance leases 1.3 1.1
     Operating leases 14.2 14.4
Weighted-average discount rate:
     Finance leases —  % 2.8  %
     Operating leases 5.9  % 5.9  %

Future minimum lease under non-cancellable leases at December 31, 2021 were as follows:
Finance Leases Operating Leases
Year ending September 30,
2022 (excluding the three months ended December 31, 2021) $ $ 1,263 
2023 1,632 
2024 —  1,647 
2025 —  1,644 
2026 —  1,620 
Thereafter —  15,911 
Total lease payments $ 13  $ 23,717 
Less: Imputed interest —  (7,687)
Present value of lease liabilities $ 13  $ 16,030 
9



5.    Debt
Debt consists of: 
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Revolving credit agreement $ 9,301  $ 8,930 
Foreign subsidiary borrowings 5,866  6,632 
Finance lease obligations 13  22 
Other, net of unamortized debt issuance costs $(29) and $(32), respectively
5,526  5,581 
Total debt 20,706  21,165 
Less – current maturities (17,148) (18,496)
Total long-term debt $ 3,558  $ 2,669 

Credit Agreement and Security Agreement
The Credit Agreement (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") contains affirmative and negative covenants and events of default. The total collateral at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 was $23,328 and $25,370, respectively and the revolving commitment was $35,000 for both periods. Total availability at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 was $12,157 and $14,570, respectively, which exceed both the collateral and total commitment threshold. Since the availability was greater than the 10.0% of the revolving commitment as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, no covenant calculations were required.

The revolver has a rate based on LIBOR plus 2.25% spread, which was 2.3% at December 31, 2021 and a rate based on LIBOR plus 1.75% spread, which was 1.8% at September 30, 2021. The Export Credit Agreement as amended has a rate based on LIBOR plus 1.25% spread, which was 1.3% at December 31, 2021 and a rate based on LIBOR plus 1.25% spread, which was 1.3% at September 30, 2021, respectively. The Company also has a commitment fee of 0.25% under the Credit Agreement as amended to be incurred on the unused balance of the revolver.

Foreign subsidiary borrowings
Foreign debt consists of:
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Term loan $ 3,890  $ 3,127 
Short-term borrowings 1,513  1,867 
Factor 463  1,638 
Total debt $ 5,866  $ 6,632 
Less – current maturities (2,837) (4,551)
Total long-term debt $ 3,029  $ 2,081 
Receivables pledged as collateral $ 491  $ 485 

Interest rates on foreign borrowings are based on Euribor rates which range from 1.0% to 4.2%.

The Maniago, Italy ("Maniago") location obtained borrowings from one lender in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. The loan was for $1,141 with repayment terms of six years. Under the terms of the borrowing, repayments are made quarterly in the amount of $56, beginning December 31, 2022.

The Company factors receivables from one of its customers. The Company accounts for the pledge of receivables under this agreement as short-term debt and continues to carry the receivables on its consolidated condensed balance sheets.

Debt issuance costs
The Company had debt issuance costs of $86, which is included in the consolidated condensed balance sheets as a deferred charge in other current assets, net of amortization of $24 and $17 at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, respectively.

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Other
As of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, the Paycheck Protection Program loan (the "PPP Loan") balance was $4,764. The Company has submitted the application for forgiveness of the full amount of the PPP Loan to the Small Business Administration ("SBA"). The Company was notified in January 2022 of the approval for the forgiveness of the PPP Loan (including the amounts previously paid and all accrued interest). See Note 10, Subsequent Events, for further discussion related to the status of loan forgiveness.

6. Income Taxes
For each interim reporting period, the Company makes an estimate of the effective tax rate it expects to be applicable for the full fiscal year for its operations. This estimated effective rate is used in providing for income taxes on a year-to-date basis. The Company’s effective tax rate through the first three months of fiscal 2022 was 1.3%, compared with (43)% for the same period of fiscal 2021. The increase in the effective rate was primarily attributable to tax benefits from adjusting deferred taxes recorded in Italy recognized on a discrete basis in fiscal 2021, which were non-recurring in fiscal 2022. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the valuation allowance against the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets and income in foreign jurisdictions that are taxed at different rates than the U.S. statutory tax rate.

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, Ireland, Italy, and various state and local jurisdictions.

7.Retirement Benefit Plans
The Company and certain of its subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit pension plans covering some of its employees. The components of net periodic benefit cost of the Company’s defined benefit plans are as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020
Service cost $ 11  $ 26 
Interest cost 178  175 
Expected return on plan assets (340) (355)
Amortization of net loss 119  211 
Net periodic cost $ (32) $ 57 

During the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company made $0 in contributions to its defined benefit pension plans. The Company anticipates making $36 in cash contributions to fund its defined benefit pension plans for the balance of fiscal 2022 and will use carryover balances from previous periods that have been available for use as a credit to reduce the amount of cash contributions that the Company is required to make to certain defined benefit plans in fiscal 2022. The Company's ability to elect to use such carryover balance will be determined based on the actual funded status of each defined benefit pension plan relative to the plan's minimum regulatory funding requirements. The Company does not anticipate making cash contributions above the minimum funding requirement to fund its defined benefit pension plans during the balance of fiscal 2022.

8.Stock-Based Compensation
The Company awards performance and restricted shares under the Company's 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan ("2007 Plan") and the Company's 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan (Amended and Restated as of November 16, 2016) (as further amended, the "2016 Plan").

Through the end of the first quarter of 2022, the Company granted 74 shares under the 2016 Plan to certain key employees. The awards were split into two tranches, 44 performance shares and 30 shares of time-based restricted shares, with a grant date fair value of $8.00 per share. The awards vest over three years.

If all outstanding share awards are ultimately earned and vest at the target number of shares, there are approximately 456 shares that remain available for award at December 31, 2021. If any of the outstanding share awards are ultimately earned and vest at greater than the target number of shares, up to a maximum of 200% or 150% of such target, then a fewer number of shares would be available for award.

Stock-based compensation under the 2016 Plan was $161 and $143 during the first three months of fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, there was $779 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to the performance shares and restricted shares awarded under the 2016 Plan. The Company expects to recognize this cost over the next 1.6 years.

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9.Revenue
The Company produces forged components for (i) turbine engines that power commercial, business and regional aircraft as well as military aircraft and other military applications; (ii) airframe applications for a variety of aircraft; (iii) industrial gas and steam turbine engines for power generation units; and (iv) other commercial applications.

The following table represents a breakout of total revenue by customer type:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
2021 2020
Commercial revenue $ 8,360  $ 10,753 
Military revenue 10,887  14,325 
Total $ 19,247  $ 25,078 

The following table represents revenue by the various components:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Net Sales 2021 2020
Aerospace components for:
Fixed wing aircraft $ 9,888  $ 9,790 
Rotorcraft 3,544  7,731 
Energy components for power generation units 3,657  6,462 
Commercial product and other revenue 2,158  1,095 
Total $ 19,247  $ 25,078 

The following table represents revenue by geographic region based on the Company's selling operation locations:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Net Sales 2021 2020
North America $ 15,862  $ 19,766 
Europe 3,385  5,312 
Total $ 19,247  $ 25,078 

In addition to the disaggregated revenue information provided above, approximately 57% and 58% of total net sales as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, was recognized on an over-time basis because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer, with the remainder recognized at a point in time. 

Contract Balances
The following table contains a roll forward of contract assets and contract liabilities for the period ended December 31, 2021:
Contract assets - Beginning balance, October 1, 2021 $ 12,874 
Additional revenue recognized over-time 11,245 
Less amounts billed to the customers (10,812)
Contract assets - Ending balance, December 31, 2021 $ 13,307 
Contract liabilities (included within Accrued liabilities) - Beginning balance, October 1, 2021 $ (236)
Payments received in advance of performance obligations (1,152)
Performance obligations satisfied 172 
Contract liabilities (included within Accrued liabilities) - Ending balance, December 31, 2021 $ (1,216)

There were no impairment losses recorded on contract assets as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021.


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Remaining performance obligations
As of December 31, 2021, the Company has $75,730 of remaining performance obligations, the majority of which are anticipated to be completed within the next twelve months.

10.    Subsequent Events
As referenced in Note 5, Debt, the PPP Loan application for forgiveness was in review with the SBA as of December 31, 2021. In January 2022, the Company was notified by the SBA that the full PPP Loan originating amount of $5,025 was forgiven. All accrued interest was forgiven and the amount previously repaid by the Company of $261 was reimbursed to the Company by its lender. The Company elected to treat the PPP Loan as debt under FASB Topic 470. As such, the Company will derecognize the liability in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 when the loan was forgiven and the Company is legally released from the loan.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations may contain various forward-looking statements and includes assumptions concerning the Company’s operations, future results and prospects. The words "will," "may," "designed to," "outlook," "believes," "should," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," "estimates," "forecasts" and similar expressions identify certain of these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and are subject to risk and uncertainties. In connection with the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the Company provides this cautionary statement identifying important economic, political and technological factors, among others, the absence or effect of which could cause the actual results or events to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by the forward-looking statements and related assumptions. Such factors include the following: (1) the impact on business conditions in general, and on the demand for product in the aerospace and energy (or "A&E") industries in particular, of the global economic outlook, including the continuation of military spending at or near current levels and the availability of capital and liquidity from banks, the financial markets and other providers of credit; (2) the future business environment, including capital and consumer spending; (3) competitive factors, including the ability to replace business that may be lost at comparable margins; (4) metals and commodities price increases and the Company’s ability to recover such price increases; (5) successful development and market introduction of new products and services; (6) continued reliance on consumer acceptance of regional and business aircraft powered by more fuel efficient turboprop engines; (7) continued reliance on military spending, in general, and/or several major customers, in particular, for revenues; (8) the impact on future contributions to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans due to changes in actuarial assumptions, government regulations and the market value of plan assets; (9) stable governments, business conditions, laws, regulations and taxes in economies where business is conducted; (10) the ability to successfully integrate businesses that may be acquired into the Company’s operations; (11) cyber and other security threats or disruptions faced by us, our customers or our suppliers and other partners; (12) our exposure to additional risks as a result of our international business, including risks related to geopolitical and economic factors, suppliers, laws and regulations; (13) the ability to maintain a qualified workforce; (14) the adequacy and availability of our insurance coverage; (15) our ability to develop new products and technologies and maintain technologies, facilities, and equipment to win new competitions and meet the needs of our customers; (16) our ability to realize amounts in our backlog; (17) investigations, claims, disputes, enforcement actions, litigation and/or other legal proceedings; (18) extraordinary or force majeure events affecting the business or operations of our business; and (19) the impact of the novel COVID-19 pandemic and related impact on the global economy, which may exacerbate the above factors and/or impact our results of operations and financial condition.

The Company is engaged in the production of forgings and machined components primarily for the A&E markets. The processes and services provided by the Company include forging, heat-treating, machining, subassembly, and test. The Company operates under one business segment.

The Company endeavors to plan and evaluate its business operations while taking into consideration certain factors including the following: (i) the projected build rate for commercial, business and military aircraft, as well as the engines that power such aircraft; (ii) the projected maintenance, repair and overhaul schedules for commercial, business and military aircraft, as well as the engines that power such aircraft; and (iii) the projected build rate and repair for industrial turbines.
The Company operates within a cost structure that includes a significant fixed component. Therefore, higher net sales volumes are expected to result in greater operating income because such higher volumes allow the business operations to better leverage the fixed component of their respective cost structures. Conversely, the opposite effect is expected to occur at lower net sales and related production volumes.



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A. Results of Operations
Overview
The Company produces forged components for (i) turbine engines that power commercial, business and regional aircraft as well as military aircraft and other military applications; (ii) airframe applications for a variety of aircraft; (iii) industrial gas and steam turbine engines for power generation units; and (iv) other commercial applications.

The novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") continues to impact the United States and other countries in which we operate, as well as the markets we service. The effects continue to evolve, including scope, severity and duration, as well as the potential of new outbreaks of the virus, the impact of new variants, actions to contain the continued spread or treat its impact, the effectiveness of the vaccine and vaccine rates, and governmental, business and other actions taken in response to the pandemic. The exact timing and pace of the recovery continues to be indeterminable as certain markets have reopened, some of which have since experienced a resurgence of COVID-19 cases, and, throughout the course of time, new variants of COVID-19 have been identified and spread significantly, resulting in additional restrictions put in place by certain governments around the world. Capital markets and economies worldwide continue to be negatively impacted by COVID-19 and, given the fluidity of the situation, it is still unclear how lasting and deep the economic impacts will be, specifically in relation to the commercial aerospace industry and energy industries.

During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, COVID-19 continues to have an impact on the Company’s results of operations. The Company has been impacted by delays in receiving orders and delays in getting materials required to produce certain products. Due to the uncertain environment created by COVID-19, the Company has taken measures to reduce costs from time to time since the commencement of the COVID-19 pandemic (including during the first quarter of fiscal 2022) by furloughing certain of its employees from one of its plant locations that continues to experience reduced sales of commercial aerospace products. The employees furloughed in the first quarter of 2022 have since returned to work. The Company continues to actively monitor and find ways to mitigate the impact on its operations.

Backlog of Orders
SIFCO’s total backlog at December 31, 2021 was $75.7 million, compared with $81.1 million as of December 31, 2020. Orders may be subject to modification or cancellation by the customer with limited charges. Sales in the A&E markets continue to be impacted by COVID-19, which has created increased pressure in these markets and accordingly restrained sales in such markets. Backlog information may not be indicative of future sales.

Net Sales
Net sales comparative information for the first three months of fiscal 2022 and 2021 is as follows:
(Dollars in millions) Three Months Ended
December 31,
Increase/ (Decrease)
Net Sales 2021 2020
Aerospace components for:
Fixed wing aircraft $ 9.9  $ 9.8  $ 0.1 
Rotorcraft 3.5  7.7  (4.2)
Energy components for power generation units 3.6  6.5  (2.9)
Commercial product and other revenue 2.2  1.1  1.1 
Total $ 19.2  $ 25.1  $ (5.9)
Net sales for the first three months of fiscal 2022 decreased $5.9 million to $19.2 million, compared with $25.1 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. In general, the production of the Company's products have lead times of varying lengths. The varying lead times, coupled with constraints caused by pressures in timely obtaining raw materials, have contributed to the decline of sales year over year, along with the current state of the commercial aerospace market, in particular, the wide body market. Rotorcraft sales decreased $4.2 million compared with the same period last year due to delays in receiving customer orders and a decrease in build rates. The energy components for power generation units decreased by $2.9 million due to variability in the steam turbine market that we serve. Commercial products and other revenue increased $1.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022 compared to the same period in fiscal 2021, primarily due to the timing of orders.

Commercial net sales were 43.4% of total net sales and military net sales were 56.6% of total net sales in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with 42.9% and 57.1%, respectively, in the comparable period in fiscal 2021. Military net sales decreased by $3.4 million to $10.9 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $14.3 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2021, primarily due to delays in receiving customer orders and ability to timely get material to
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produce parts. Commercial net sales decreased $2.4 million to $8.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $10.7 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2021 primarily due to a decrease in energy components sales for power generation due to decreased demand in the market.

Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of goods sold decreased by $1.9 million, or 9.1%, to $19.2 million, or 99.9% of net sales, during the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $21.1 million or 84.4% of net sales, in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. The decrease is primarily due to lower volume and lower labor costs, partially offset by $1.2 million of idle expense and $0.3 million in higher natural gas costs. Prior year included approximately $0.5 million in insurance recoveries related to business interruption from the fire claim that occurred in December 2018 at the Orange, California ("Orange") location .

Gross Profit
Gross profit decreased $3.9 million to a breakeven amount in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $3.9 million of gross profit in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. Gross margin percent of sales was nominal during the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with 15.6% in the comparable period in fiscal 2021. The decrease in gross profit was primarily due to decreased volume and higher costs as described above.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $3.5 million, or 18.4% of net sales during the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $3.8 million, or 15.3% of net sales in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses is due to $0.2 million in lower commissions.

Amortization of Intangibles
Amortization of intangibles was $0.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $0.3 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. Such decrease was primarily due to certain intangible assets which became fully amortized.

Other/General
Prior year results included a $2.5 million gain in insurance recoveries related to the assets that were damaged in the fire at the Orange location that occurred in December 2018.

The following table sets forth the weighted average interest rates and weighted average outstanding balances under the Company’s debt agreement in the first three months of both fiscal 2022 and 2021:

  Weighted Average
Interest Rate
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Weighted Average
Outstanding Balance
Thee Months Ended
December 31,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
Revolving credit agreement 1.6  % 1.5  % $ 8.7 million $ 10.8 million
Foreign term debt 1.2  % 3.0  % $ 6.0 million $ 7.1 million
Other debt 1.1  % 0.9  % $ 5.6 million $ 5.8 million

Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax rate through the first three months of fiscal 2022 was 1.3%, compared with (43)% for the same period of fiscal 2021. The increase in the effective rate was primarily attributable to tax benefits from adjusting deferred taxes recorded in Italy recognized on a discrete basis in fiscal 2021, which were non-recurring in fiscal 2022. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the valuation allowance against the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets and income in foreign jurisdictions that are taxed at different rates than the U.S. statutory tax rate.

Net (Loss) Income
Net loss was $3.7 million during the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with net income of $3.0 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. The net loss is attributed to lower sales and decreased gross profit due to idle costs recorded. Prior year results included $2.5 million in insurance recoveries and a favorable tax benefit.

15



Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Presented below is certain financial information based on the Company's EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. References to “EBITDA” mean earnings (losses) from continuing operations before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and references to “Adjusted EBITDA” mean EBITDA plus, as applicable for each relevant period, certain adjustments as set forth in the reconciliations of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA is a measurement of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The Company presents EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA because management believes that they are useful indicators for evaluating operating performance and liquidity, including the Company’s ability to incur and service debt and it uses EBITDA to evaluate prospective acquisitions. Although the Company uses EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the reasons noted above, the use of these non-GAAP financial measures as analytical tools has limitations. Therefore, reviewers of the Company’s financial information should not consider them in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of the Company's results of operations as reported in accordance with GAAP. Some of these limitations include:
Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA reflects the interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest payments on indebtedness;
Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA reflects any cash requirements for such replacements;
The omission of the substantial amortization expense associated with the Company’s intangible assets further limits the usefulness of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA; and
Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA includes the payment of taxes, which is a necessary element of operations.

Because of these limitations, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as measures of discretionary cash available to the Company to invest in the growth of its businesses. Management compensates for these limitations by not viewing EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA in isolation and specifically by using other GAAP measures, such as net income (loss), net sales, and operating income (loss), to measure operating performance. Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA is a measurement of financial performance under GAAP, and neither should be considered as an alternative to net loss or cash flow from operations determined in accordance with GAAP. The Company’s calculation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to the calculation of similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
The following table sets forth a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
Dollars in thousands Three Months Ended
  December 31,
  2021 2020
Net (loss) income $ (3,691) $ 2,993 
Adjustments:
Depreciation and amortization expense 1,614  1,825 
Interest expense, net 115  165 
Income tax benefit (49) (905)
EBITDA (2,011) 4,078 
Adjustments:
Foreign currency exchange loss, net (1)
Other loss (income), net (2) (32) 62 
Gain on insurance recoveries (3) —  (2,495)
Equity compensation (4) 161  143 
LIFO impact (5) 176  128 
Adjusted EBITDA $ (1,701) $ 1,923 

(1)Represents the gain or loss from changes in the exchange rates between the functional currency and the foreign currency in which the transaction is denominated.
(2)Represents miscellaneous non-operating income or expense, such as pension costs or grant income.
16



(3)Represents the difference between the insurance proceeds received for the damaged property and the carrying values shown on the Company's books for the assets that were damaged in the fire at the Orange location that occurred in December 2018.
(4)Represents the equity-based compensation expense recognized by the Company under the 2016 Plan due to granting of awards, awards not vesting and/or forfeitures.
(5)Represents the change in the reserve for inventories for which cost is determined using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method.

B. Liquidity and Capital Resources
The main sources of liquidity for the Company have been cash flows from operations and borrowings under our Credit Agreement. We anticipate that cash provided by the cash flows from operations and borrowing capacity under our Credit Agreement will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements for the next twelve months, which primarily include operating expenses, including salaries and working capital requirements. The ongoing impact and magnitude of COVID-19 continues to remain uncertain (including the pandemic's continued effects on the global economy and potential for market disruptions) due to the continued interruptions to the business of our customers and suppliers, which in turn can impact our business operations and results as well as our liquidity and capital resources. The Company's liquidity could be negatively affected by customers extending payment terms to the Company and/or the decrease in demand for our products as a result of the impact of COVID-19 on the commercial airline industry. As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and the Company's operations continues to evolve, the Company and management will continue to assess and actively manage liquidity needs. See "Results of Operation" for further discussion of the impact of COVID-19.
Cash and cash equivalents was $0.7 million at December 31, 2021 and $0.3 million at September 30, 2021. At December 31 2021, the majority of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents were in the possession of its non-U.S. subsidiaries. Distributions from the Company's non-U.S. subsidiaries to the Company may be subject to adverse tax consequences.

Operating Activities
The Company’s operating activities provided $1.2 million of cash in the first three months of fiscal 2022, generated primarily by accounts receivable collections, an increase in accounts payable due to increased raw material purchases and other non-cash items, such as depreciation and amortization. Cash generation activities were partially offset by the net loss of $3.7 million and a $2.7 million increase in inventory to support sales in fiscal 2022.

The Company’s operating activities provided $3.1 million of cash in the first three months of fiscal 2021. The cash provided by operating activities in the first three months of fiscal 2021 was primarily due to net income of $3.0 million and $1.4 million decrease in net working capital, partially offset by $1.2 million in non-cash items, such as gain on insurance recovery, and deferred income taxes, depreciation and amortization, equity based compensation, and LIFO effect. The cash provided by working capital was primarily due to decrease in receivables due to customer collections and decreased accrued liabilities.

Investing Activities
Cash used for investing activities was $0.5 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with $0.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021, which includes $3.5 million of insurance recovery on the damaged property related to the fire at the Orange location. Capital commitments as of December 31, 2021 were $1.0 million. The Company anticipates that the remaining total fiscal 2022 capital expenditures will be within the range of $3.0 million to $4.0 million and will relate principally to the further enhancement of production and product offering capabilities and drive operating cost reductions.

Financing Activities
Cash used for financing activities was $0.4 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022, compared with cash used for financing activities of $2.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021.

As discussed in Note 5, Debt, the Company's Maniago location obtained new borrowings from a lender during the first quarter of fiscal 2022 for approximately $1.1 million with a six year term. The proceeds of this loan are to be used for working capital purposes. Short-term debt repayments were $1.5 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022 compared with net short-term debt borrowings of $1.8 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021.
The Company had net borrowings to the revolver under the Credit Agreement of $0.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2022 compared with net repayments of $3.7 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021.
Under the Company's Credit Agreement, the Company is subject to certain customary loan covenants regarding availability as discussed in Note 5, Debt. The availability at December 31, 2021 was $12.2 million, which was greater than the 10.0% of the
17



Revolving Commitment as of December 31, 2021. As such, no covenant calculation was required. If availability had fallen short, the Company would be required to meet the fixed charge coverage ratio ("FCCR") covenant, which must not be less than 1.1 to 1.0. In the event of a default, we may not be able to access our revolver, which could impact the ability to fund working capital needs, capital expenditures and invest in new business opportunities.
As noted in Note 10, Subsequent Events, the Company was notified that its application for forgiveness of the $5.0 million PPP Loan was approved by the SBA in January 2022. As such, the loan amount and all related interest accrued is to be forgiven. The Company will derecognize the liability in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 when the loan is forgiven and the Company is legally released from the loan.
Future cash flows from the Company’s operations may be used to pay down amounts outstanding under the Credit Agreement and its foreign related debts. The Company believes it has adequate cash/liquidity available to finance its operations from the combination of (i) the Company’s expected cash flows from operations and (ii) funds available under the Credit Agreement for its domestic locations. The Company was able to obtain new financing at its Maniago location to provide Maniago with sufficient liquidity. 

Additionally, the credit and capital markets have seen significant volatility during the course of the pandemic. Tightening of the credit market and standards, as well as capital market volatility, could negatively impact our ability to obtain additional debt financing on terms equivalent to our existing Credit Agreement, in the event the Company seeks additional liquidity sources as a result of the continued impact of COVID-19. Capital market uncertainty and volatility, together with the Company’s market capitalization and status as a smaller reporting company could also negatively impact our ability to obtain equity financing.

C. Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
For recently adopted accounting standards refer to Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Recently Adopted Accounting Standards for further detail.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
As defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), disclosure controls and procedures are controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures include components of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Management of the Company, under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) as of December 31, 2021 (the “Evaluation Date”). Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective, the information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
No material changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a‑15(f) and 15d‑15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Part II. Other Information
Items 1, 1A, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are not applicable or the answer to such items is negative; therefore, the items have been omitted and no reference is required in this Quarterly Report.

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Item 6. (a) Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed with this report or are incorporated herein by reference to a prior filing in accordance with Rule 12b-32 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (Asterisk denotes exhibits filed with this report.).
Exhibit
No.
Description
2.1
2.2
3.1
3.2
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
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10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19
10.20
10.21
10.22
10.23
14.1
*31.1
*31.2
*32.1
*32.2
*101 The following financial information from SIFCO Industries, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on February 4, 2022, formatted in XBRL includes: (i) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, (ii) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, (iii) Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, (iv) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flow for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, (iv) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the periods December 31, 2021 and 2020, and (v) the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
*104 Cover Page Interactive Data File: the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document and are contained with Exhibit 101
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
  SIFCO Industries, Inc.
  (Registrant)
Date: February 4, 2022   /s/ Peter W. Knapper
  Peter W. Knapper
  President and Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
Date: February 4, 2022   /s/ Thomas R. Kubera
  Thomas R. Kubera
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial Officer)
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