AvalonBay Communities, Inc. (NYSE: AVB) (the “Company”) reported today that Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was $447,953,000. This resulted in an increase in Earnings per Share – diluted (“EPS”) for the three months ended June 30, 2021 of 165.3% to $3.21 from $1.21 for the prior year period, primarily attributable to an increase in gain on sale of real estate, as detailed in the table below.

Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders - diluted (“FFO”) per share for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased 10.9% to $1.97 from $2.21 for the prior year period. Core FFO per share (as defined in this release) for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased 11.2% to $1.98 from $2.23 for the prior year period.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to its results for the prior year period:

 

 

Q2 2021 Results Compared to Q2 2020

 

Per Share (1)

 

EPS

FFO

Core FFO

Q2 2020 per share reported results

$

1.21

 

$

2.21

 

$

2.23

 

Same Store Residential NOI (2)

(0.24)

 

(0.24)

 

(0.24)

 

Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI

0.07

 

0.07

 

0.07

 

Commercial NOI (2)

0.03

 

0.03

 

0.03

 

Capital markets and transaction activity

(0.06)

 

(0.07)

 

(0.07)

 

Unconsolidated investment income

0.01

 

0.01

 

(0.01)

 

Overhead and other

(0.03)

 

(0.03)

 

(0.03)

 

Income taxes

(0.01)

 

(0.01)

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense

2.23

 

 

 

Q2 2021 per share reported results

$

3.21

 

$

1.97

 

$

1.98

 

 

 

 

 

(1) For additional detail on reconciling items between EPS, FFO and Core FFO, see Definitions and Reconciliations, table 2.

(2) Same Store uncollectible Residential and Commercial lease revenue decreased $0.01 and $0.02, respectively, over the prior year period.

 

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for three months ended June 30, 2021 to its April 2021 outlook:

 

 

Q2 2021 Results Compared to April 2021 Outlook

 

Per Share

 

EPS

FFO

Core FFO

Projected per share - April 2021 outlook (1)

$

3.00

 

$

1.87

 

$

1.90

 

Same Store Residential NOI (2)

0.06

 

0.06

 

0.06

 

Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI

0.02

 

0.02

 

0.02

 

Capital markets and transaction activity

(0.01)

 

(0.01)

 

 

Unconsolidated investment income

0.03

 

0.03

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense

0.11

 

 

 

Q2 2021 per share reported results

$

3.21

 

$

1.97

 

$

1.98

 

 

 

 

 

(1) The mid-point of the Company's April 2021 outlook.

(2) Consists of a $0.04 change in revenue and a $0.02 change in operating expenses.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, EPS increased 75.5% to $4.23 from $2.41 for the prior year period, FFO per share decreased 12.9% to $3.91 from $4.49 for the prior year period, and Core FFO per share decreased 14.8% to $3.93 from $4.61 for the prior year period.

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to its results for the prior year period:

 

 

YTD 2021 Results Compared to YTD 2020

 

Per Share (1)

 

EPS

FFO

Core FFO

YTD 2020 per share reported results

$

2.41

 

$

4.49

 

$

4.61

 

Same Store Residential NOI (2)

(0.67)

 

(0.67)

 

(0.67)

 

Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI

0.16

 

0.16

 

0.16

 

Commercial NOI (2)

0.02

 

0.02

 

0.02

 

Capital markets and transaction activity

(0.06)

 

(0.06)

 

(0.12)

 

Unconsolidated investment income

 

 

(0.02)

 

Overhead and other

(0.03)

 

(0.03)

 

(0.05)

 

Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense

2.40

 

 

 

YTD 2021 per share reported results

$

4.23

 

$

3.91

 

$

3.93

 

 

 

 

 

(1) For additional detail on reconciling items between EPS, FFO and Core FFO, see Definitions and Reconciliations, table 2.

(2) Same Store uncollectible Residential and Commercial lease revenue increased $0.08 and decreased $0.02, respectively, over the prior year period.

 

 

Same Store Operating Results for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to the Prior Year Period

Same Store total revenue decreased $22,056,000, or 4.2%, to $500,641,000. Residential revenue decreased $24,733,000, or 4.7%, to $495,989,000, which includes a favorable reduction of uncollectible lease revenue of $773,000.

Same Store Residential rental revenue decreased 4.7%, as detailed in the following table:

 

 

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change

Q2 2021 Compared to Q2 2020

Residential rental revenue

 

Lease rates

(4.0)

%

Concessions and other discounts

(2.7)

%

Economic occupancy

1.6

%

Other rental revenue

0.3

%

Uncollectible lease revenue (1)

0.1

%

Total Residential rental revenue

(4.7)

%

 

 

(1) Uncollectible lease revenue decreased 0.02% to 2.57% of total Residential rental revenue as compared to the prior year period.

 

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $9,187,000, or 6.0%, to $162,540,000 and Same Store Residential NOI decreased $33,920,000, or 9.2%, to $333,449,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, Residential operating expenses and Residential NOI for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020:

 

Q2 2021 Compared to Q2 2020

 

 

Residential

 

Rental Revenue

(1)

Opex

(2)

 

 

 

% of

NOI (3)

 

Rental Revenue cash basis (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOI

 

 

New England

 

(4.2)

%

 

4.6

%

 

(8.3)

%

 

14.2

%

 

(3.4)

%

Metro NY/NJ

 

(2.0)

%

 

5.7

%

 

(5.4)

%

 

22.6

%

 

(1.1)

%

Mid-Atlantic

 

(3.3)

%

 

7.9

%

 

(8.2)

%

 

16.2

%

 

(1.3)

%

Southeast FL

 

4.6

%

 

2.7

%

 

6.0

%

 

1.5

%

 

7.5

%

Denver, CO

 

13.3

%

 

4.2

%

 

18.3

%

 

1.1

%

 

15.0

%

Pacific NW

 

(4.9)

%

 

5.7

%

 

(9.5)

%

 

6.3

%

 

(1.7)

%

No. California

 

(13.9)

%

 

6.7

%

 

(20.3)

%

 

17.8

%

 

(9.8)

%

So. California

 

(1.6)

%

 

5.8

%

 

(5.0)

%

 

20.3

%

 

1.1

%

Total

 

(4.7)

%

 

6.0

%

 

(9.2)

%

 

100.0

%

 

(2.5)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) See full release for additional detail.

(2) See full release for discussion of variances.

(3) Represents % of total NOI for Q2 2021, including amounts related to communities that have been sold or that are classified as held for sale.

(4) Represents change in Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis.

 

Same Store Operating Results for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to the Prior Year Period

Same Store total revenue decreased $71,843,000, or 6.7%, to $997,140,000. Residential revenue decreased $73,715,000, or 6.9%, to $987,692,000, with uncollectible lease revenue contributing $11,572,000 of this decrease.

Same Store Residential rental revenue decreased 6.9%, as detailed in the following table:

 

 

Same Store Residential Rental Revenue Change

YTD 2021 Compared to YTD 2020

Residential rental revenue

 

Lease rates

(3.8)

%

Concessions and other discounts

(2.5)

%

Economic occupancy

0.4

%

Other rental revenue

0.1

%

Uncollectible lease revenue (1)

(1.1)

%

Total Residential rental revenue

(6.9)

%

 

 

(1) Uncollectible lease revenue increased 1.24% to 2.87% of total Residential rental revenue compared to the prior year period.

 

Same Store Residential operating expenses increased $13,926,000, or 4.5%, to $322,406,000 and Same Store Residential NOI decreased $87,641,000, or 11.6%, to $665,286,000.

The following table presents percentage changes in Same Store Residential rental revenue, Residential operating expenses and Residential NOI for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020:

 

YTD 2021 Compared to YTD 2020

 

 

Residential

 

 

Rental Revenue (1)

 

Opex

(2)

 

 

 

% of

NOI (3)

 

Rental Revenue cash basis (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOI

 

 

New England

 

(5.5)

%

 

3.1

%

 

(9.8)

%

 

14.2

%

 

(5.8)

%

Metro NY/NJ

 

(4.8)

%

 

3.1

%

 

(8.1)

%

 

22.7

%

 

(4.6)

%

Mid-Atlantic

 

(5.6)

%

 

6.9

%

 

(10.7)

%

 

16.0

%

 

(4.8)

%

Southeast FL

 

0.5

%

 

(3.8)

%

 

3.8

%

 

1.4

%

 

2.6

%

Denver, CO

 

11.3

%

 

(3.2)

%

 

19.3

%

 

1.1

%

 

11.8

%

Pacific NW

 

(6.8)

%

 

7.2

%

 

(12.6)

%

 

6.3

%

 

(5.9)

%

No. California

 

(14.6)

%

 

6.0

%

 

(21.0)

%

 

18.0

%

 

(12.7)

%

So. California

 

(5.3)

%

 

4.7

%

 

(9.5)

%

 

20.3

%

 

(3.3)

%

Total

 

(6.9)

%

 

4.5

%

 

(11.6)

%

 

100.0

%

 

(5.9)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) See full release for additional detail.

(2) See full release for discussion of variances.

(3) Represents % of total NOI for YTD 2021, including amounts related to communities that have been sold or that are classified as held for sale.

(4) Represents change in Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis.

 

Same Store Collections Update

The following table provides an update for Same Store Residential revenue collections for Q2 2020 through Q2 2021 as of each respective quarter end, as well as through July 27, 2021 for the periods presented. Collected residential revenue is the portion of apartment base rent charged to residents and other rentable items, including parking and storage rent, along with pet and other fees in accordance with residential leases, that has been collected ("Collected Residential Revenue"), and excludes transactional and other fees.

 

Same Store Collections (1)

 

Collected Residential Revenue

 

At quarter end (2)

 

At July 27, 2021 (3)(4)

Q2 2020

95.4%

 

98.3%

Q3 2020

95.1%

 

97.7%

Q4 2020

94.7%

 

97.3%

Q1 2021

94.7%

 

96.7%

Q2 2021

95.0%

 

96.0%

 

 

 

 

(1) Collections are for the Company’s 2021 Same Store communities and exclude commercial revenue, which was 0.6% and 1.1% of the Company's 2020 and 2019 Same Store total revenue, respectively.

(2) The Collected Residential Revenue percentage as of June 30, 2020 for Q2 2020, September 30, 2020 for Q3 2020, December 31, 2020 for Q4 2020, March 31, 2021 for Q1 2021 and June 30, 2021 for Q2 2021, respectively.

(3) The percentage of Collected Residential Revenue as of July 27, 2021.

(4) Collected Residential Revenue for July 2021 as of July 27, 2021 was 92.7%, which is 95.0% of the AVB Residential Benchmark.

 

For further discussion of collection rates and limitations on use of this data, see "Same Store Collections," in Definitions and Reconciliations.

Expansion Markets

The Company is pursuing opportunities in new expansion markets of Dallas and Austin, Texas, and Charlotte and Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina.

Development Activity

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company completed the development of four consolidated apartment communities:

  • Avalon Old Bridge, located in Old Bridge, NJ;
  • Avalon 555 President, located in Baltimore, MD;
  • Kanso Twinbrook, located in Rockville, MD; and
  • Avalon Newcastle Commons II, located in Newcastle, WA.

These communities contain an aggregate of 1,183 apartment homes and were constructed for a Total Capital Cost of $384,000,000.

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company started the construction of five communities:

  • Avalon Brighton, located in Boston, MA;
  • Avalon North Andover Mills, located in North Andover, MA;
  • Avalon Amityville I, located in Amityville, NY;
  • Avalon Merrick Park, located in Miami, FL; and
  • Avalon Bothell Commons I, located in Bothell, WA.

These communities will contain an aggregate of 1,414 apartment homes when completed and will be developed for an aggregate estimated Total Capital Cost of $578,000,000.

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company completed the development of seven communities containing an aggregate of 2,554 apartment homes and 26,000 square feet of commercial space for an aggregate Total Capital Cost of $986,000,000, and started the construction of five communities as discussed above.

At June 30, 2021, the Company had 14 consolidated Development communities under construction that in the aggregate are expected to contain 3,988 apartment homes and 43,000 square feet of commercial space. Estimated Total Capital Cost at completion for these Development communities is $1,553,000,000.

At June 30, 2021, the Company had two Unconsolidated Development communities under construction that in the aggregate are expected to contain 803 apartment homes and 56,000 square feet of commercial space.

Acquisition Activity

As disclosed in the Company's first quarter 2021 earnings release dated April 28, 2021, during the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired Avalon Arundel Crossing East, a wholly-owned operating community, located in Linthicum Heights, MD. Avalon Arundel Crossing East, which is adjacent to the Company's Avalon Arundel Crossing operating community, contains 384 apartment homes and was acquired for a purchase price of $119,000,000.

Disposition Activity

Consolidated Apartment Communities

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company sold six wholly-owned operating communities:

  • Avalon Norwalk, located in Norwalk, CT;
  • Avalon Bronxville, located in Bronxville, NY;
  • Avalon Glen Cove and Avalon Glen Cove North, located in Glen Cove, NY;
  • Avalon Redmond Place, located in Redmond, WA; and
  • AVA Cortez Hill, located in San Diego, CA.

In aggregate, these communities contain 1,309 apartment homes and 10,000 square feet of commercial space and were sold for $512,200,000 and a weighted average Initial Market Cap Rate of 3.7%, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $334,572,000 and an Economic Gain of $181,459,000.

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company sold seven wholly-owned operating communities containing an aggregate of 1,547 apartment homes and 10,000 square feet of commercial space. These assets were sold for $584,200,000 and a weighted average Initial Market Cap Rate of 3.9%, resulting in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $388,347,000 and an Economic Gain of $206,976,000.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company sold 16 and 26, respectively, of the 172 residential condominiums at The Park Loggia, located in New York, NY, for gross proceeds of $38,392,000 and $53,001,000, respectively. As of June 30, 2021, 96 of the 172 residential condominiums have been sold for aggregate gross proceeds of $269,373,000 and 87% of the 66,000 square feet of commercial space has been leased.

Unconsolidated Real Estate Investments

AC JV

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, Multifamily Partners AC JV LP (the "AC JV"), a private discretionary real estate investment vehicle in which the Company holds an equity interest of 20.0%, sold the final two communities owned by the AC JV, Avalon North Point and Avalon North Point Lofts. These communities contain an aggregate of 529 apartment homes and were sold for $325,000,000.

Liquidity and Capital Markets

At June 30, 2021, the Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under its $1,750,000,000 unsecured credit facility and had $487,105,000 in unrestricted cash and cash in escrow.

The Company’s annualized Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre (as defined in this release) for the second quarter of 2021 was 5.3 times and Unencumbered NOI (as defined in this release) was 94%.

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company repaid $27,795,000 principal amount of 5.37% fixed rate debt secured by Avalon San Bruno II at par in advance of its April 2021 maturity date.

Third Quarter and Full Year 2021 Financial Outlook

For its third quarter and full year 2021 financial outlook, the Company expects the following:

 

Projected EPS, Projected FFO and Projected Core FFO Outlook (1)

 

 

Q3 2021

 

Full Year 2021

 

 

Low

 

High

 

Low

 

High

Projected EPS

 

$0.48

-

$0.58

 

$6.67

-

$6.87

Projected FFO per share

 

$1.81

-

$1.91

 

$7.75

-

$7.95

Projected Core FFO per share

$1.91

-

$2.01

 

$7.92

-

$8.12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) See Definitions and Reconciliations, table 9, for reconciliations of Projected FFO per share and Projected Core FFO per share to Projected EPS.

 

Third Quarter and Full Year Financial Outlook

 

 

Q3 2021

 

Full Year 2021

 

 

vs. Q3 2020

 

vs. Full Year 2020

 

 

Low

 

High

 

Low

 

High

Same Store:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential revenue change

 

(1.1)%

-

(0.5)%

 

(3.7)%

-

(2.7)%

Residential Opex change

 

3.2%

-

3.8%

 

2.8%

-

3.8%

Residential NOI change

 

(3.6)%

-

(2.4)%

 

(7.2)%

-

(5.2)%

 

 

The following table compares the Company’s actual results for EPS, FFO per share and Core FFO per share for the second quarter of 2021 to its third quarter 2021 financial outlook:

 

Q2 2021 Results Compared to Third Quarter 2021 Outlook

 

Per Share

 

EPS

FFO

Core FFO

Q2 2021 per share reported results

$

3.21

 

$

1.97

 

$

1.98

 

Same Store Residential revenue

0.05

 

0.05

 

0.05

 

Same Store Residential Opex

(0.06)

 

(0.06)

 

(0.06)

 

Development and Other Stabilized Residential NOI

0.03

 

0.03

 

0.03

 

Capital markets and transaction activity

(0.15)

 

(0.15)

 

(0.03)

 

Overhead and other

0.02

 

0.02

 

(0.01)

 

Gain on sale of real estate and depreciation expense

(2.57)

 

 

 

Projected per share - third quarter 2021 outlook (1

$

0.53

 

$

1.86

 

$

1.96

 

 

 

 

 

(1) The mid-point of the Company's third quarter 2021 outlook.

 

 

Other Matters

The Company will hold a conference call on July 29, 2021 at 2:00 PM ET to review and answer questions about this release, its second quarter 2021 results, the Attachments (described below) and related matters. To participate on the call, dial 800-263-0877 and use conference id: 2803029.

To hear a replay of the call, which will be available from July 29, 2021 at 7:00 PM ET to August 5, 2021 at 7:00 PM ET, dial 888-203-1112 and use conference id: 2803029. A webcast of the conference call will also be available at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings, and an online playback of the webcast will be available for at least seven days following the call.

The Company produces Earnings Release Attachments (the "Attachments") that provide detailed information regarding operating, development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity. These Attachments are considered a part of this earnings release and are available in full with this earnings release via the Company's website at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings. To receive future press releases via e-mail, please submit a request through http://investors.avalonbay.com/email_notification.

In addition to the Attachments, the Company is providing a teleconference presentation that will be available on the Company's website at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings subsequent to this release and before the market opens on July 29, 2021.

About AvalonBay Communities, Inc.

As of June 30, 2021, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 288 apartment communities containing 85,749 apartment homes in 11 states and the District of Columbia, of which 16 communities were under development and two communities were under redevelopment. The Company is an equity REIT in the business of developing, redeveloping, acquiring and managing apartment communities in leading metropolitan areas in New England, the New York/New Jersey Metro area, the Mid-Atlantic, Southeast Florida, Denver, Colorado, the Pacific Northwest, and Northern and Southern California. More information may be found on the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com. For additional information, please contact Jason Reilley, Vice President of Investor Relations, at 703-317-4681.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release, including its Attachments, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements, which you can identify by the Company’s use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “believes,” “outlook” and similar expressions that do not relate to historical matters, are based on the Company’s expectations, forecasts and assumptions at the time of this release, which may not be realized and involve risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted accurately or that might not be anticipated. These could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that might cause such differences include those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, about which there are many uncertainties, including (i) the duration and severity of the pandemic, (ii) the effectiveness of vaccines and the rate of vaccination and (iii) the effect on the multifamily industry and the general economy of measures taken by businesses and the government to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus and relieve economic distress of consumers, such as governmental limitations on the ability of multifamily owners to evict residents who are delinquent in the payment of their rent and federal efforts at economic stimulus. The adverse impact over the long-term of the pandemic on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be material. In addition, the effects of the pandemic are likely to heighten the following risks, which we routinely face in our business: we may abandon development or redevelopment opportunities for which we have already incurred costs; adverse capital and credit market conditions may affect our access to various sources of capital and/or cost of capital, which may affect our business activities, earnings and common stock price, among other things; changes in local employment conditions, demand for apartment homes, supply of competitive housing products, landlord-tenant laws, including the adoption of new rent control regulations, and other economic or regulatory conditions may result in lower than expected occupancy and/or rental rates and adversely affect the profitability of our communities; delays in completing development, redevelopment and/or lease-up may result in increased financing and construction costs and may delay and/or reduce the profitability of a community; debt and/or equity financing for development, redevelopment or acquisitions of communities may not be available or may not be available on favorable terms; we may be unable to obtain, or experience delays in obtaining, necessary governmental permits and authorizations; expenses may result in communities that we develop or redevelop failing to achieve expected profitability; our assumptions concerning risks relating to our lack of control of joint ventures and our abilities to successfully dispose of certain assets may not be realized; our assumptions and expectations in our financial outlook may prove to be too optimistic; and the timing and net proceeds of condominium sales may not equal our current expectations. Additional discussions of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements (and which risks may also be heightened because of the COVID-19 pandemic) appear in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 under the heading “Risk Factors” and under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Forward-Looking Statements” and in subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.

The Company does not undertake a duty to update forward-looking statements, including its expected 2021 operating results and other financial data forecasts contained in this release. The Company may, in its discretion, provide information in future public announcements regarding its outlook that may be of interest to the investment community. The format and extent of future outlooks may be different from the format and extent of the information contained in this release.

Definitions and Reconciliations

Non-GAAP financial measures and other capitalized terms, as used in this earnings release, are defined, reconciled and further explained on Attachment 13, Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms. Attachment 13 is included in the full earnings release available at the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings. This wire distribution includes only the following definitions and reconciliations.

AVB Residential Benchmark represents the average monthly revenue collections as a percentage of amounts billed for the referenced day of the month for the period from April 2019 to March 2020.

Average Rental Rates are calculated by the Company as Residential rental revenue in accordance with GAAP, divided by the weighted average number of occupied apartment homes.

Commercial represents results attributable to the non-apartment components of the Company's mixed-use communities and other non-residential operations.

Development is composed of consolidated communities that are either currently under construction, or were under construction and were completed during the current year. These communities may be partially or fully complete and operating.

Economic Occupancy (“Ec Occ”) is defined as total possible Residential revenue less vacancy loss as a percentage of total possible Residential revenue. Total possible Residential revenue (also known as “gross potential”) is determined by valuing occupied units at contract rates and vacant units at Market Rents. Vacancy loss is determined by valuing vacant units at current Market Rents. By measuring vacant apartments at their Market Rents, Economic Occupancy takes into account the fact that apartment homes of different sizes and locations within a community have different economic impacts on a community’s gross revenue.

Economic Gain is calculated by the Company as the gain on sale in accordance with GAAP, less accumulated depreciation through the date of sale and any other adjustments that may be required under GAAP accounting. Management generally considers Economic Gain to be an appropriate supplemental measure to gain on sale in accordance with GAAP because it helps investors to understand the relationship between the cash proceeds from a sale and the cash invested in the sold community. The Economic Gain for disposed communities is based on their respective final settlement statements. A reconciliation of the aggregate Economic Gain to the aggregate gain on sale in accordance with GAAP for the wholly-owned operating communities disposed of during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 1

 

Q2 2021

 

YTD 2021

GAAP Gain

$

334,572

 

 

$

388,347

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated Depreciation and Other

(153,113)

 

 

(181,371)

 

 

 

 

 

Economic Gain

$

181,459

 

 

$

206,976

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA, EBITDAre and Core EBITDAre are considered by management to be supplemental measures of our financial performance. EBITDA is defined by the Company as net income or loss attributable to the Company before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDAre is calculated by the Company in accordance with the definition adopted by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“Nareit”), as EBITDA plus or minus losses and gains on the disposition of depreciated property, plus impairment write-downs of depreciated property, with adjustments to reflect the Company's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated entities. Core EBITDAre is the Company’s EBITDAre as adjusted for non-core items outlined in the table below. By further adjusting for items that are not considered part of the Company’s core business operations, Core EBITDAre can help one compare the core operating and financial performance of the Company between periods. A reconciliation of EBITDA, EBITDAre and Core EBITDAre to net income is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 2

 

 

Q2

 

 

2021

Net income

 

$

447,977

 

Interest expense (1)

 

56,255

 

Income tax expense

 

10

 

Depreciation expense

 

184,472

 

EBITDA

 

$

688,714

 

 

 

 

Gain on sale of communities

 

(334,569)

 

Unconsolidated entity EBITDAre adjustments (2)

 

(20,241)

 

EBITDAre

 

$

333,904

 

 

 

 

Unconsolidated entity (gains) losses

 

(2,233)

 

Casualty and impairment loss

 

1,177

 

Executive transition compensation costs

 

407

 

Severance related costs

 

102

 

Development pursuit write-offs and expensed transaction costs, net of recoveries

 

527

 

Gain on for-sale condominiums

 

(575)

 

For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs

 

1,222

 

Gain on other real estate transactions, net

 

(32)

 

Legal settlements

 

1,018

 

Core EBITDAre

 

$

335,517

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes gains and losses on extinguishment of debt and excludes the impact of gain on interest rate contract, if applicable.

(2) Includes joint venture interest, taxes, depreciation, gain on dispositions of depreciated real estate and impairment losses, if applicable, included in net income.

 

 

 

 

FFO and Core FFO are considered by management to be supplemental measures of our operating and financial performance. FFO is calculated by the Company in accordance with the definition adopted by Nareit. FFO is calculated by the Company as Net income or loss attributable to common stockholders computed in accordance with GAAP, adjusted for gains or losses on sales of previously depreciated operating communities, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate assets, write-downs of investments in affiliates which are driven by a decrease in the value of depreciable real estate assets held by the affiliate and depreciation of real estate assets, including adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. By excluding gains or losses related to dispositions of previously depreciated operating communities and excluding real estate depreciation (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar condition based on historical cost accounting and useful life estimates), FFO can help one compare the operating and financial performance of a company’s real estate between periods or as compared to different companies. Core FFO is the Company's FFO as adjusted for non-core items outlined in the table below. By further adjusting for items that are not considered by us to be part of our core business operations, Core FFO can help one compare the core operating and financial performance of the Company between periods. A reconciliation of Net income attributable to common stockholders to FFO and to Core FFO is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 3

 

 

Q2

 

Q2

 

YTD

 

YTD

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

447,953

 

 

$

170,828

 

 

$

590,176

 

 

$

338,799

 

Depreciation - real estate assets, including joint venture adjustments

 

183,257

 

 

175,558

 

 

365,571

 

 

352,986

 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

12

 

 

12

 

 

24

 

 

24

 

Gain on sale of unconsolidated entities holding previously depreciated real estate

 

(23,305)

 

 

 

 

(23,305)

 

 

 

Gain on sale of previously depreciated real estate

 

(334,569)

 

 

(35,295)

 

 

(388,296)

 

 

(59,731)

 

Casualty and impairment (recovery) loss on real estate

 

1,177

 

 

 

 

1,177

 

 

 

FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

274,525

 

 

311,103

 

 

545,347

 

 

632,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusting items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unconsolidated entity (gains) losses (1)

 

(2,233)

 

 

 

 

(2,132)

 

 

 

Business interruption insurance proceeds

 

 

 

(103)

 

 

 

 

(103)

 

Lost NOI from casualty losses covered by business interruption insurance

 

 

 

48

 

 

 

 

48

 

Loss (gain) on extinguishment of consolidated debt

 

 

 

268

 

 

(122)

 

 

9,438

 

Gain on interest rate contract

 

 

 

 

 

(2,654)

 

 

 

Advocacy contributions

 

 

 

1,465

 

 

 

 

1,766

 

Executive transition compensation costs

 

407

 

 

 

 

2,188

 

 

 

Severance related costs

 

102

 

 

89

 

 

102

 

 

2,040

 

Development pursuit write-offs and expensed transaction costs, net of recoveries

 

527

 

 

269

 

 

302

 

 

3,389

 

Gain on for-sale condominiums (2)

 

(575)

 

 

(2,544)

 

 

(706)

 

 

(7,447)

 

For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs (2)

 

1,222

 

 

1,196

 

 

2,266

 

 

2,639

 

For-sale condominium imputed carry cost (3)

 

1,979

 

 

2,824

 

 

4,131

 

 

6,433

 

Gain on other real estate transactions, net

 

(32)

 

 

(156)

 

 

(459)

 

 

(199)

 

Legal settlements

 

1,018

 

 

(67)

 

 

1,078

 

 

(24)

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

10

 

 

(1,133)

 

 

(745)

 

 

(1,042)

 

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

276,950

 

 

$

313,259

 

 

$

548,596

 

 

$

649,016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average shares outstanding - diluted

 

139,650,639

 

 

140,738,160

 

 

139,601,526

 

 

140,752,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share - diluted

 

$

3.21

 

 

$

1.21

 

 

$

4.23

 

 

$

2.41

 

FFO per common share - diluted

 

$

1.97

 

 

$

2.21

 

 

$

3.91

 

 

$

4.49

 

Core FFO per common share - diluted

 

$

1.98

 

 

$

2.23

 

 

$

3.93

 

 

$

4.61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Amounts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 include unrealized gains of $3,272 on property technology investments, partially offset by the write-off of asset management fee intangibles associated with the disposition of the final two AC JV communities.

(2) Aggregate impact of (i) Gain on for-sale condominiums and (ii) For-sale condominium marketing, operating and administrative costs, is a net expense of $647 for Q2 2021 and $1,560 for YTD 2021 and a net gain of $1,348 for Q2 2020 and $4,408 for YTD 2020, respectively.

(3) Represents the imputed carry cost of the for-sale residential condominiums at The Park Loggia. The Company computes this adjustment by multiplying the Total Capital Cost of completed and unsold for-sale residential condominiums by the Company's weighted average unsecured debt effective interest rate.

 

 

 

 

 

Initial Year Market Cap Rate is defined by the Company as Projected NOI of a single community for the first 12 months of operations (assuming no repositioning), less estimates for non-routine allowance of approximately $300 - $500 per apartment home, divided by the gross sales price for the community. Projected NOI, as referred to above, represents management’s estimate of projected rental revenue minus projected operating expenses before interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation and amortization. For this purpose, management’s projection of operating expenses for the community includes a management fee of 2.25%. The Initial Year Market Cap Rate, which may be determined in a different manner by others, is a measure frequently used in the real estate industry when determining the appropriate purchase price for a property or estimating the value for a property. Buyers may assign different Initial Year Market Cap Rates to different communities when determining the appropriate value because they (i) may project different rates of change in operating expenses and capital expenditure estimates and (ii) may project different rates of change in future rental revenue due to different estimates for changes in rent and occupancy levels. The weighted average Initial Year Market Cap Rate is weighted based on the gross sales price of each community.

Interest Coverage is calculated by the Company as Core EBITDAre, divided by the sum of interest expense, net, and preferred dividends, if applicable. Interest Coverage is presented by the Company because it provides rating agencies and investors an additional means of comparing our ability to service debt obligations to that of other companies. A calculation of Interest Coverage for the three months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 4

 

 

Core EBITDAre

$

335,517

 

 

 

Interest expense (1)

$

56,255

 

 

 

Interest Coverage

6.0 times

 

 

(1) Includes gains and losses on extinguishment of debt and excludes the impact of gain on interest rate contract, if applicable.

 

 

 

Market Rents as reported by the Company are based on the current market rates set by the Company based on its experience in renting apartments and publicly available market data. Trends in Market Rents for a region as reported by others could vary. Market Rents for a period are based on the average Market Rents during that period and do not reflect any impact for cash concessions.

Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre is calculated by the Company as total debt (secured and unsecured notes and the Company's variable rate unsecured credit facility) that is consolidated for financial reporting purposes, less consolidated cash and cash in escrow, divided by annualized second quarter 2021 Core EBITDAre, as adjusted. A calculation of Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 5

 

 

Total debt principal (1)

$

7,595,080

 

Cash and cash in escrow

(487,105)

 

Net debt

$

7,107,975

 

 

 

Core EBITDAre

$

335,517

 

 

 

Core EBITDAre, annualized

$

1,342,068

 

 

 

Net Debt-to-Core EBITDAre

5.3 times

 

 

(1) Balance at June 30, 2021 excludes $9,577 of debt discount and $34,910 of deferred financing costs as reflected in unsecured notes, net, and $14,083 of debt discount and $2,877 of deferred financing costs as reflected in notes payable on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

 

 

NOI is defined by the Company as total property revenue less direct property operating expenses (including property taxes), and excluding corporate-level income (including management, development and other fees), corporate-level property management and other indirect operating expenses, expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries, interest expense, net, loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt, net, general and administrative expense, joint venture (income) loss, depreciation expense, corporate income tax expense (benefit), casualty and impairment loss (gain), net, gain on sale of communities, (gain) loss on other real estate transactions, net for-sale condominium activity and net operating income from real estate assets sold or held for sale. The Company considers NOI to be an important and appropriate supplemental performance measure to Net Income of operating performance of a community or communities because it helps both investors and management to understand the core operations of a community or communities prior to the allocation of any corporate-level property management overhead or financing-related costs. NOI reflects the operating performance of a community, and allows for an easier comparison of the operating performance of individual assets or groups of assets. In addition, because prospective buyers of real estate have different financing and overhead structures, with varying marginal impact to overhead as a result of acquiring real estate, NOI is considered by many in the real estate industry to be a useful measure for determining the value of a real estate asset or groups of assets.

Residential NOI represents results attributable to the Company's apartment rental operations, including parking and other ancillary Residential revenue. A reconciliation of Residential NOI to Net Income, as well as a breakdown of Residential NOI by operating segment, is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 6

 

 

Q2

 

Q2

 

Q1

 

Q4

 

YTD

 

YTD

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

Net income

 

$

447,977

 

 

$

170,869

 

 

$

142,234

 

 

$

341,114

 

 

$

590,211

 

 

$

338,875

 

Indirect operating expenses, net of corporate income

 

24,318

 

 

23,407

 

 

24,470

 

 

27,400

 

 

48,788

 

 

46,206

 

Expensed transaction, development and other pursuit costs, net of recoveries

 

1,653

 

 

388

 

 

(170)

 

 

8,110

 

 

1,483

 

 

3,722

 

Interest expense, net

 

56,104

 

 

53,399

 

 

52,613

 

 

51,589

 

 

108,717

 

 

109,313

 

(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt, net

 

 

 

268

 

 

(122)

 

 

 

 

(122)

 

 

9,438

 

General and administrative expense

 

18,465

 

 

15,573

 

 

17,352

 

 

13,465

 

 

35,817

 

 

32,893

 

(Income) loss from investments in unconsolidated entities

 

(26,559)

 

 

(512)

 

 

467

 

 

348

 

 

(26,092)

 

 

(1,687)

 

Depreciation expense

 

184,472

 

 

176,249

 

 

183,297

 

 

177,823

 

 

367,769

 

 

354,160

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

10

 

 

(1,133)

 

 

(755)

 

 

(2,178)

 

 

(745)

 

 

(1,042)

 

Casualty and impairment loss

 

1,177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,177

 

 

 

Gain on sale of communities

 

(334,569)

 

 

(35,295)

 

 

(53,727)

 

 

(249,106)

 

 

(388,296)

 

 

(59,731)

 

Gain on other real estate transactions, net

 

(32)

 

 

(156)

 

 

(427)

 

 

(112)

 

 

(459)

 

 

(199)

 

Net for-sale condominium activity

 

647

 

 

(1,348)

 

 

913

 

 

1,611

 

 

1,560

 

 

(4,808)

 

NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale

 

(4,749)

 

 

(13,581)

 

 

(5,800)

 

 

(11,180)

 

 

(10,549)

 

 

(28,572)

 

NOI

 

368,914

 

 

388,128

 

 

360,345

 

 

358,884

 

 

729,259

 

 

798,568

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial NOI

 

(5,678)

 

 

(1,986)

 

 

(5,367)

 

 

343

 

 

(11,045)

 

 

(8,769)

 

Residential NOI

 

$

363,236

 

 

$

386,142

 

 

$

354,978

 

 

$

359,227

 

 

$

718,214

 

 

$

789,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential NOI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same Store:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New England

 

$

47,678

 

 

$

52,015

 

 

$

46,278

 

 

$

47,813

 

 

$

93,956

 

 

$

104,124

 

Metro NY/NJ

 

70,148

 

 

74,142

 

 

70,166

 

 

71,939

 

 

140,314

 

 

152,764

 

Mid-Atlantic

 

54,084

 

 

58,902

 

 

54,801

 

 

55,043

 

 

108,885

 

 

121,865

 

Southeast FL

 

4,545

 

 

4,289

 

 

4,178

 

 

3,966

 

 

8,723

 

 

8,403

 

Denver, CO

 

3,935

 

 

3,326

 

 

4,019

 

 

3,712

 

 

7,954

 

 

6,666

 

Pacific NW

 

17,714

 

 

19,564

 

 

17,183

 

 

17,505

 

 

34,897

 

 

39,940

 

No. California

 

62,854

 

 

78,837

 

 

63,558

 

 

65,901

 

 

126,412

 

 

159,925

 

So. California

 

72,491

 

 

76,294

 

 

71,654

 

 

72,795

 

 

144,145

 

 

159,240

 

Total Same Store

 

333,449

 

 

367,369

 

 

331,837

 

 

338,674

 

 

665,286

 

 

752,927

 

Other Stabilized

 

17,313

 

 

15,209

 

 

15,586

 

 

15,050

 

 

32,899

 

 

29,799

 

Development/Redevelopment

 

12,474

 

 

3,564

 

 

7,555

 

 

5,503

 

 

20,029

 

 

7,073

 

Residential NOI

 

$

363,236

 

 

$

386,142

 

 

$

354,978

 

 

$

359,227

 

 

$

718,214

 

 

$

789,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOI as reported by the Company does not include the operating results from assets sold or classified as held for sale. A reconciliation of NOI from communities sold or classified as held for sale is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 7

 

 

Q2

 

Q2

 

Q1

 

Q4

 

YTD

 

YTD

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from real estate assets sold or held for sale

 

$

7,719

 

 

$

21,399

 

 

$

9,589

 

 

$

18,004

 

 

$

17,307

 

 

$

44,529

 

Operating expenses from real estate assets sold or held for sale

 

(2,970)

 

 

(7,818)

 

 

(3,789)

 

 

(6,824)

 

 

(6,758)

 

 

(15,957)

 

NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale

 

$

4,749

 

 

$

13,581

 

 

$

5,800

 

 

$

11,180

 

 

$

10,549

 

 

$

28,572

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial NOI is composed of the following components (in thousands):

TABLE 8

 

 

Q2

 

Q2

 

Q1

 

Q4

 

YTD

 

YTD

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Revenue

 

$

7,133

 

 

$

3,381

 

 

$

6,839

 

 

$

974

 

 

$

13,972

 

 

$

11,487

 

Commercial Operating Expenses

 

(1,455)

 

 

(1,395)

 

 

(1,472)

 

 

(1,317)

 

 

(2,927)

 

 

(2,718)

 

Commercial NOI

 

$

5,678

 

 

$

1,986

 

 

$

5,367

 

 

$

(343)

 

 

$

11,045

 

 

$

8,769

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Stabilized is composed of completed consolidated communities that the Company owns, which have Stabilized Operations as of January 1, 2021, or which were acquired subsequent to January 1, 2020. Other Stabilized excludes communities that are conducting or are probable to conduct substantial redevelopment activities.

Projected FFO and Projected Core FFO, as provided within this release in the Company’s outlook, are calculated on a basis consistent with historical FFO and Core FFO, and are therefore considered to be appropriate supplemental measures to projected Net Income from projected operating performance. A reconciliation of the ranges provided for Projected FFO per share (diluted) for the third quarter 2021 to the ranges provided for projected EPS (diluted) and corresponding reconciliation of the ranges for Projected FFO per share to the ranges for Projected Core FFO per share are as follows:

TABLE 9

 

 

Low

Range

 

High

Range

Projected EPS (diluted) - Q3 2021

$

0.48

 

 

$

0.58

 

 

Depreciation (real estate related)

1.33

 

 

1.33

 

Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Q3 2021

1.81

 

 

1.91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss on extinguishment of consolidated debt

0.13

 

 

0.13

 

 

Adjustments related to residential for-sale condominiums at The Park Loggia

0.01

 

 

0.01

 

 

Unconsolidated entity (gain) loss

(0.05)

 

 

(0.05)

 

 

Other

0.01

 

 

0.01

 

Projected Core FFO per share (diluted) - Q3 2021

$

1.91

 

 

$

2.01

 

 

 

 

 

Projected EPS (diluted) - Full Year 2021

$

6.67

 

 

$

6.87

 

 

Depreciation (real estate related)

5.28

 

 

5.28

 

 

Gain on sale of communities

(4.20)

 

 

(4.20)

 

Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Full Year 2021

7.75

 

 

7.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss on extinguishment of consolidated debt and gain on interest rate contract

0.11

 

 

0.11

 

 

Adjustments related to residential for-sale condominiums at The Park Loggia

0.06

 

 

0.06

 

 

Unconsolidated entity (gain) loss

(0.06)

 

 

(0.06)

 

 

Legal and other settlements

0.03

 

 

0.03

 

 

Executive transition compensation costs

0.02

 

 

0.02

 

 

Other

0.01

 

 

0.01

 

Projected Core FFO per share (diluted) - Full Year 2021

$

7.92

 

 

$

8.12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Projected NOI, as used within this release for certain Development communities and in calculating the Initial Year Market Cap Rate for dispositions, represents management’s estimate, as of the date of this release (or as of the date of the buyer’s valuation in the case of dispositions), of projected stabilized rental revenue minus projected stabilized operating expenses. For Development communities, Projected NOI is calculated based on the first twelve months of Stabilized Operations following the completion of construction. In calculating the Initial Year Market Cap Rate, Projected NOI for dispositions is calculated for the first twelve months following the date of the buyer’s valuation. Projected stabilized rental revenue represents management’s estimate of projected gross potential minus projected stabilized economic vacancy and adjusted for projected stabilized concessions plus projected stabilized other rental revenue. Projected stabilized operating expenses do not include interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation or amortization, or any allocation of corporate-level property management overhead or general and administrative costs. In addition, projected stabilized operating expenses for Development communities do not include property management fee expense. Projected gross potential for Development communities and dispositions is generally based on leased rents for occupied homes and management’s best estimate of rental levels for homes which are currently unleased, as well as those homes which will become available for lease during the twelve month forward period used to develop Projected NOI. The weighted average Projected NOI as a percentage of Total Capital Cost ("Weighted Average Initial Projected Stabilized Yield") is weighted based on the Company’s share of the Total Capital Cost of each community, based on its percentage ownership.

Management believes that Projected NOI of the Development communities, on an aggregated weighted average basis, assists investors in understanding management's estimate of the likely impact on operations of the Development communities when the assets are complete and achieve stabilized occupancy (before allocation of any corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs or interest expense). However, in this release the Company has not given a projection of NOI on a company-wide basis. Given the different dates and fiscal years for which NOI is projected for these communities, the projected allocation of corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs and interest expense to communities under development is complex, impractical to develop, and may not be meaningful. Projected NOI of these communities is not a projection of the Company's overall financial performance or cash flow. There can be no assurance that the communities under development will achieve the Projected NOI as described in this release.

Redevelopment is composed of consolidated communities where substantial redevelopment is in progress or is probable to begin during the current year. Redevelopment is considered substantial when (i) capital invested during the reconstruction effort is expected to exceed the lesser of $5,000,000 or 10% of the community’s pre-redevelopment basis and (ii) physical occupancy is below or is expected to be below 90% during or as a result of the redevelopment activity. Redevelopment includes two communities containing 572 apartment homes that are currently under active redevelopment as of June 30, 2021.

Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis is considered by the Company to be a supplemental measure to Residential rental revenue in conformity with GAAP to help investors evaluate the impact of both current and historical concessions on GAAP-based Residential rental revenue and to more readily enable comparisons to revenue as reported by other companies. In addition, Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis allows an investor to understand the historical trend in cash concessions.

A reconciliation of Same Store Residential rental revenue in conformity with GAAP to Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 10

 

 

Q2

 

Q2

 

Q1

 

YTD

 

YTD

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

2021

 

2020

Residential rental revenue (GAAP basis)

 

$

495,635

 

 

$

520,212

 

 

$

491,374

 

 

$

987,009

 

 

$

1,060,472

 

Residential concessions amortized

 

16,552

 

 

2,351

 

 

14,535

 

 

31,087

 

 

3,540

 

Residential concessions granted

 

(13,421)

 

 

(11,253)

 

 

(15,695)

 

 

(29,117)

 

 

(12,573)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis

 

$

498,766

 

 

$

511,310

 

 

$

490,214

 

 

$

988,979

 

 

$

1,051,439

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q2 2021

 

Q2 2021

 

 

 

YTD 2021

 

 

 

 

vs. Q2 2020

 

vs. Q1 2021

 

 

 

vs. YTD 2020

% change -- GAAP revenue

 

 

 

(4.7)

%

 

0.9

%

 

 

 

(6.9)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% change -- cash revenue

 

 

 

(2.5)

%

 

1.7

%

 

 

 

(5.9)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential represents results attributable to the Company's apartment rental operations, including parking and other ancillary residential revenue.

Same Store is composed of consolidated communities in the markets where the Company has a significant presence and where a comparison of operating results from the prior year to the current year is meaningful, as these communities were owned and had Stabilized Operations, as defined below, as of the beginning of the respective prior year period. Therefore, for 2021 operating results, Same Store is composed of consolidated communities that have Stabilized Operations as of January 1, 2020, are not conducting or are not probable to conduct substantial redevelopment activities and are not held for sale or probable for disposition within the current year.

Same Store Collections are the collection rates based on individual resident and commercial tenant activity as reflected in the Company’s property management systems, and are presented to provide information about collections trends during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the collections information provided was not routinely produced for internal use by senior management or publicly disclosed by the Company, and is a result of analysis that is not subject to internal controls over financial reporting. This information is not prepared in accordance with GAAP, does not reflect GAAP revenue or cash flow metrics, may be subject to adjustment in preparing GAAP revenue and cash flow metrics at the end of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. Additionally, this information should not be interpreted as predicting the Company’s financial performance, results of operations or liquidity for any period.

Stabilized Operations/Restabilized Operations is defined as the earlier of (i) attainment of 90% physical occupancy or (ii) the one-year anniversary of completion of development or redevelopment.

Total Capital Cost includes all capitalized costs projected to be or actually incurred to develop the respective Development or Redevelopment community, including land acquisition costs, construction costs, real estate taxes, capitalized interest and loan fees, permits, professional fees, allocated development overhead and other regulatory fees, offset by proceeds from the sale of any associated land or improvements, all as determined in accordance with GAAP. Total Capital Cost also includes costs incurred related to first generation commercial tenants, such as tenant improvements and leasing commissions. For Redevelopment communities, Total Capital Cost excludes costs incurred prior to the start of redevelopment when indicated. With respect to communities where development or redevelopment was completed in a prior or the current period, Total Capital Cost reflects the actual cost incurred, plus any contingency estimate made by management. Total Capital Cost for communities identified as having joint venture ownership, either during construction or upon construction completion, represents the total projected joint venture contribution amount. For joint ventures not in construction, Total Capital Cost is equal to gross real estate cost.

Unconsolidated Development is composed of communities that are either currently under construction, or were under construction and were completed during the current year, in which we have an indirect ownership interest through our investment interest in an unconsolidated joint venture. These communities may be partially or fully complete and operating.

Unencumbered NOI as calculated by the Company represents NOI generated by real estate assets unencumbered by outstanding secured notes payable as of June 30, 2021 as a percentage of total NOI generated by real estate assets. The Company believes that current and prospective unsecured creditors of the Company view Unencumbered NOI as one indication of the borrowing capacity of the Company. Therefore, when reviewed together with the Company’s Interest Coverage, EBITDA and cash flow from operations, the Company believes that investors and creditors view Unencumbered NOI as a useful supplemental measure for determining the financial flexibility of an entity. A calculation of Unencumbered NOI for the six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

TABLE 11

 

 

Year to Date 2021

 

 

NOI

Residential NOI:

 

 

Same Store

 

$

665,286

 

Other Stabilized

 

32,899

 

Development/Redevelopment

 

20,029

 

Total Residential NOI

 

718,214

 

Commercial NOI

 

11,045

 

NOI from real estate assets sold or held for sale

 

10,549

 

Total NOI generated by real estate assets

 

739,808

 

NOI on encumbered assets

 

42,260

 

NOI on unencumbered assets

 

$

697,548

 

 

 

 

Unencumbered NOI

 

94

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jason Reilley Vice President Investor Relations AvalonBay Communities, Inc. 703-317-4681

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