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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______

Commission file number 001-40031
BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 85-4164597
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
6811 Benjamin Franklin Drive, Suite 200, Columbia, MD
21046
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(410) 312-0885
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.0001 par value BBAI New York Stock Exchange
Redeemable warrants, each full warrant exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share BBAI.WS New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
o
Emerging growth company
x
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x
There were 126,265,764 shares of our common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding as of August 5, 2022.



BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
June 30, 2022

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item Page
3
3
4
5
6
7
2

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited; in thousands, except share and per share data)
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 29,829  $ 68,900 
Restricted cash —  101,021 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $87 as of June 30, 2022 and $43 as of December 31, 2021
28,546  28,605 
Contract assets
1,252  628 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
8,097  7,028 
Total current assets
67,724  206,182 
Non-current assets:
Property and equipment, net
1,433  1,078 
Goodwill
67,164  91,636 
Intangible assets, net
89,456  83,646 
Other non-current assets
727  780 
Total assets
$ 226,504  $ 383,322 
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$ 6,354  $ 5,475 
Short-term debt, including current portion of long-term debt
1,921  4,233 
Accrued liabilities
15,978  10,735 
Contract liabilities
3,714  4,207 
Derivative liabilities —  44,827 
Other current liabilities
881  541 
Total current liabilities
28,848  70,018 
Non-current liabilities:
Long-term debt, net
191,341  190,364 
Deferred tax liabilities
390  248 
Other non-current liabilities
136  324 
Total liabilities
220,715  260,954 
Commitments and contingencies (Note K)
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, par value $0.0001; 500,000,000 shares authorized and 126,263,451 shares issued at June 30, 2022 and 135,566,227 at December 31, 2021
14  14 
Additional paid-in capital 270,184  253,744 
Treasury stock, at cost 9,952,803 shares at June 30, 2022 and — shares at December 31, 2021
(57,350) — 
Accumulated deficit
(207,059) (131,390)
Total stockholders’ equity
5,789  122,368 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 226,504  $ 383,322 

The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
3


BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited; in thousands, except share and per share data)


Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenues
$ 37,613  $ 36,311  $ 74,003  $ 71,881 
Cost of revenues
28,023  27,148  54,546  52,438 
Gross margin
9,590  9,163  19,457  19,443 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative
26,952  10,405  48,972  20,519 
Research and development
2,535  1,867  5,409  2,795 
Transaction expenses
186  —  1,585  — 
Goodwill impairment 35,252  —  35,252  — 
Operating loss
(55,335) (3,109) (71,761) (3,871)
Interest expense
3,554  1,849  7,109  3,709 
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives
(199) —  (1,462) — 
Other (income) expense (26) —  (1)
Loss before taxes
(58,664) (4,958) (77,412) (7,579)
Income tax benefit
(1,820) (1,783) (1,743) (1,967)
Net loss
$ (56,844) $ (3,175) $ (75,669) $ (5,612)
Basic net loss per share
$ (0.45) $ (0.03) $ (0.59) $ (0.05)
Diluted net loss per share
$ (0.45) $ (0.03) $ (0.59) $ (0.05)
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic
126,223,903  105,000,000  129,037,598  105,000,000 
Diluted
126,223,903  105,000,000  129,037,598  105,000,000 





















The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
4


BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited; in thousands, except share data)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Common Stock Additional Treasury Accumulated Total stockholders’
Shares Amount paid in capital stock deficit equity
As of March 31, 2022 125,603,424  $ 14  $ 257,602  $ (57,350) $ (150,215) $ 50,051 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (56,844) (56,844)
Equity-based compensation expense —  —  5,080  —  —  5,080 
Issuance of common stock as consideration for the acquisition of ProModel Corporation 649,976  —  7,501  —  —  7,501 
Exercise of warrants 51  —  —  — 
As of June 30, 2022 126,253,451  $ 14  $ 270,184  $ (57,350) $ (207,059) $ 5,789 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Common Stock Additional Treasury Accumulated Total stockholders’
Shares Amount paid in capital stock deficit equity
As of March 31, 2021 105,000,000  $ 11  $ 108,249  $ —  $ (10,275) $ 97,985 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (3,175) (3,175)
Equity-based compensation expense —  —  31  —  —  31 
As of June 30, 2021 105,000,000  $ 11  $ 108,280  $   $ (13,450) $ 94,841 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Common Stock Additional Treasury Accumulated Total stockholders’
Shares Amount paid in capital stock deficit equity
As of December 31, 2021 135,556,227  $ 14  $ 253,744  $ —  $ (131,390) $ 122,368 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (75,669) (75,669)
Equity-based compensation expense —  —  8,938  —  —  8,938 
Repurchase of shares as a result of Forward Share Purchase Agreements (9,952,803) —  —  (57,350) —  (57,350)
Issuance of common stock as consideration for the acquisition of ProModel Corporation 649,976  —  7,501  —  —  7,501 
Exercise of warrants 51  —  —  — 
As of June 30, 2022 126,253,451  $ 14  $ 270,184  $ (57,350) $ (207,059) $ 5,789 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Common Stock Additional Treasury Accumulated Total stockholders’
Shares Amount paid in capital stock deficit  equity
As of December 31, 2020(1)
105,000,000  $ 11  $ 108,224  $ —  $ (7,838) $ 100,397 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (5,612) (5,612)
Equity-based compensation expense —  —  56  —  —  56 
As of June 30, 2021 105,000,000  $ 11  $ 108,280  $   $ (13,450) $ 94,841 
(1) The units of the Company prior to the Merger (as defined in Note A—Description of the Business) have been retroactively restated to reflect the exchange ratio established in the Merger (computed as 105,000,000 shares of Common Stock to 100 Company units).



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
5

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited; in thousands)

Successor
Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss $ (75,669) $ (5,612)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense
3,726  3,673 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
1,047  286 
Equity-based compensation expense
8,938  56 
Goodwill impairment 35,252  — 
Provision for doubtful accounts
44  — 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
(1,594) (1,996)
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives
(1,462) — 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable
758  (1,580)
(Increase) decrease in contract assets
(226) 1,557 
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other assets
535  (4,299)
Increase in accounts payable
874  2,251 
(Decrease) increase in accrued liabilities
(2,509) 5,227 
(Decrease) increase in contract liabilities
(2,048) 494 
Increase in other liabilities
338  275 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(31,996) 332 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
(4,376) (224)
Purchases of property and equipment
(508) (282)
Net cash used in investing activities
(4,884) (506)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repurchase of shares as a result of forward share purchase agreements (100,896) — 
Repayment of short-term borrowings
(2,312) — 
Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards (4) — 
Repayment of term loan —  (550)
Net cash used in financing activities
(103,212) (550)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
(140,092) (724)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of period
169,921  9,704 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period
$ 29,829  $ 8,980 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Issuance of common stock as consideration for the acquisition of ProModel Corporation $ 7,501  $ — 
Reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash: June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents $ 29,829  $ 68,900 
Restricted cash —  101,021 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period $ 29,829  $ 169,921 









The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
6

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)

Note A—Description of the Business

BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc. (“BigBear.ai”, “BigBear.ai Holdings”, or the “Company”) is a leader in the use of Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) and Machine Learning (“ML”) for decision support. Our products and services are widely used by government agencies in the United States to support many of the nation’s most critical defense and intelligence capabilities. We also support several commercial customers by integrating our solutions to turn data into actionable information for operational decision making. Unless otherwise indicated, references to “we”, “us” and “our” refer collectively to BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. We operate in two reportable segments: Cyber & Engineering and Analytics.

On December 7, 2021, the previously announced merger (“Merger”) with GigCapital4, Inc. (“GigCapital4”) was consummated pursuant to the business combination agreement (the “Agreement”) dated June 4, 2021, as amended in July 2021 and December 2021, by and between GigCapital4 Merger Sub Corporation (the “Merger Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of GigCapital4, BigBear.ai Holdings, and Parent. Immediately prior to the stockholder vote for the Merger, GigCapital4 executed a series of Forward Share Purchase Agreements (“FPAs”) with certain investors (the “Investors”). Included within the FPAs was a provision that each of the Investors would not redeem their shares and instead would hold the shares for a period of up to three months following the consummation of the Merger, at which time they would have the right to sell the shares to the Company for $10.15 per share. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company repurchased all 9,952,803 shares of its common stock at the Investors’ request (refer to Note L—Written Put Option for detail).

Upon the closing of the Merger, GigCapital4 was renamed to BigBear.ai, Holdings Inc., the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) registrant. As a result of the Merger, the Company received aggregate gross proceeds of $101,958 from GigCapital4’s trust account and PIPE Proceeds, and issued $200,000 of unsecured convertible notes that were convertible into 17,391,304 shares of the Company’s common stock at the initial Conversion Price of $11.50, subject to adjustment (refer to Note H—Debt for detail). Proceeds from the Merger were partially used to fund the $114,393 repayment of the Antares Loan and Merger transaction costs and other costs paid through the funds flow of $9,802, consisting of marketing, legal and other professional fees.

The Merger is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in which GigCapital4 is treated as the acquired company. For accounting purposes, the Merger is treated as the equivalent of BigBear.ai Holdings issuing equity for the net assets of GigCapital4 followed by a recapitalization. A reverse recapitalization does not result in a new basis of accounting, and the consolidated financial statements of the combined entity (BigBear.ai) represent the continuation of the consolidated financial statements of BigBear.ai Holdings in many respects.

Immediately prior to the closing of the Merger, but following the consummation of GigCapital4’s domestication to a Delaware corporation, the authorized capital stock of GigCapital4 consisted of 501,000,000 shares, including (i) 500,000,000 shares of common stock and (ii) 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock. 135,566,227 shares of common stock and no shares of the preferred stock were outstanding as of December 31, 2021. At the effective time of the Merger, 100 units of BigBear.ai Holdings were cancelled and automatically deemed for all purposes to represent the Parent’s right to receive, in the aggregate, $75 million in cash and shares in GigCapital4, and Parent exchanged its 100 units of BigBear.ai Holdings for 105,000,000 shares of BigBear.ai’s common stock. In addition, 8,000,000 shares of PIPE financing were issued and 1,495,320 shares were issued to certain advisors. AE Industrial Partners, LP (“AE”) became the majority stockholder of the Company, via its ownership of PCISM Ultimate Holdings, LLC (subsequently renamed to BBAI Ultimate Holdings, LLC, “Parent”), following the close of the Merger (83.5%).

Note B—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

We prepared these consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of SEC Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Amounts presented within the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are presented in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise, except for percentages, units, shares, per unit, and per share amounts.

In the opinion of management, these consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows for the interim periods presented.
7

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base these estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Our actual results may differ materially from these estimates. Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, accounting for revenue and cost recognition; evaluation of goodwill; intangible assets; and other assets for impairment; income taxes; equity-based compensation; fair value measurements; and contingencies. We eliminate intercompany balances and transactions in consolidation.

The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year or future periods. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Emerging Growth Company

Section 102(b)(1) of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”) exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard.

This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company that is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company that has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2021-08”). Upon the issuance of ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), which provides a single comprehensive accounting model on revenue recognition for contracts with customers, stakeholders indicated that there are differing views on whether the concept of a performance obligation introduced by ASC 606 should be used to determine whether a contract liability is recognized in a business combination from revenue contracts. Before the adoption date of ASC 606, a liability for deferred revenue was generally recognized in an acquirer’s financial statements if it represented a legal obligation. The amendments in ASU 2021-08 address how to determine whether a contract liability is recognized by the acquirer in a business combination. Additionally, stakeholders raised questions about how to apply ASC 805 to contracts with a customer acquired in a business. Under current practice, the timing of payment for a revenue contract may subsequently affect the amount of post-acquisition revenue recognized by the acquirer. For example, if two revenue contracts with identical performance obligations are acquired but one contract is paid upfront before the acquisition and the other contract is paid over the contract term after the acquisition, the amount of revenue recognized by the acquirer after the business combination likely would differ between the two acquired contracts. The amendments in ASU 2021-08 resolve this inconsistency by providing specific guidance on how to recognize and measure acquired contract assets and contract liabilities from revenue contracts in a business combination. The new guidance will be effective for the years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company prospectively adopted ASU 2021-08 as of January 1, 2022.

Note C—Business Combinations

ProModel Acquisition

On April 7, 2022, the Company’s subsidiary BigBear.ai, LLC acquired 100% of the equity interest in ProModel Corporation (“ProModel Corporation”), a leader in simulation-based predictive and prescriptive analytic software for process improvement enabling organizations to make better decisions, for approximately $16.0 million, subject to certain adjustments. This acquisition complements the Company’s previous acquisition of ProModel’s Government Services business, ProModel Government
8

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Solutions Inc. (“ProModel Government Solutions”), which closed on December 21, 2020. The acquisition was funded through a combination of cash on hand and the issuance of 649,976 shares of the Company’s common stock. ProModel Corporation is aligned under the Company’s Analytics business segment.

The purchase agreement with the sellers of ProModel Corporation also stipulates that certain funds would be held in escrow (“Indemnity Escrow Deposit”, “Distribution Withholding Deposit”, and “Adjustment Escrow Deposit”), for the benefit of the seller. Pursuant to and subject to the terms and conditions of the Escrow Agreement, the Adjustment Escrow Amount of $200, the Distribution Withholding Escrow Amount of $100, and the Indemnity Escrow Amount of $100 shall be held in escrow until released in accordance with the purchase agreement and the Escrow Agreement.

The following table summarizes the preliminary fair value of the consideration transferred and the preliminary estimated fair values of the major classes of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date.
April 7, 2022
Cash paid $ 8,470 
Equity issued 7,501 
Purchase consideration $ 15,971 
Assets:
Cash $ 4,094 
Accounts receivable 743 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1,600 
Contract assets 398 
Property and equipment 83 
Other non-current assets 21 
Intangible assets 9,300 
Total assets acquired $ 16,239 
Liabilities:
Accounts payable
Accrued liabilities 7,752 
Contract liabilities 1,555 
Deferred tax liabilities 1,736 
Total liabilities acquired $ 11,048 
Fair value of net identifiable assets acquired 5,191 
Goodwill $ 10,780 

The following table summarizes the intangible assets acquired by class:
April 7, 2022
Technology $ 3,500 
Customer relationships 5,800 
Total intangible assets $ 9,300 

The acquired technology and customer relationship intangible assets have a weighted-average estimated useful lives of 7 years and 20 years, respectively.

The amounts above represent the current preliminary fair value estimates as the measurement period is still open as of June 30, 2022. The Company is finalizing the valuation analysis.

The fair value of the acquired technology was determined using the relief from royalty (“RFR”) method. The fair value of the acquired customer relationships was determined using the excess earnings method.

The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination, whereby the excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of identifiable net assets was allocated to goodwill. The goodwill reflects the potential synergies and expansion of the Company’s
9

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
offerings across product lines and markets complementary to its existing products and markets. For tax purposes, the goodwill related to the acquisition is deductible.

Pro Forma Financial Data (Unaudited)

The following table presents the pro forma consolidated results of operations of BigBear.ai for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021 as though the acquisition of ProModel Corporation had been completed as of January 1, 2021.
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Net revenue
$ 37,613  $ 37,819  $ 75,248  $ 74,783 
Net loss (56,844) (1,479) (78,145) (4,950)
Transaction expenses 186  —  1,585  — 

The amounts included in the pro forma information are based on the historical results and do not necessarily represent what would have occurred if all the business combinations had taken place as of January 1, 2021, nor do they represent the results that may occur in the future. Accordingly, the pro forma financial information should not be relied upon as being indicative of the results that would have been realized had the acquisition occurred as of the date indicated or that may be achieved in the future.

The Company incurred $186 and $1,585 of transaction expenses attributable to the acquisition of ProModel Corporation during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.

Note D—Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, contract assets, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, short-term debt, including the current portion of long-term debt, accrued expenses, contract liabilities, and other current liabilities are reflected on the consolidated balance sheets at amounts that approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these financial assets and liabilities.

Private warrants and written put options are valued using a modified Black-Scholes option pricing model (“OPM”), which is considered to be a Level 3 fair value measurement. See Note N—Warrants for information on the Level 3 inputs used to value the private warrants and Note L—Written Put Option for information on the Level 3 inputs used to value the written put options.

The table below presents the financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
June 30, 2022
Balance Sheet Caption
Level 1
Level 2 Level 3 Total
Private warrants Other non-current liabilities $ —  $ —  $ 138  $ 138 
Written put options Derivative liabilities —  —  —  — 
December 31, 2021
Balance Sheet Caption Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
Private warrants Other non-current liabilities $ —  $ —  $ 319  $ 319 
Written put options Derivative liabilities —  —  44,827  44,827 

10

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
The changes in the fair value of the Level 3 liabilities are as follows:
Level 3
Private warrants Written put options
December 31, 2021 $ 319  $ 44,827 
Changes in fair value (138) (1,281)
Settlements (43) (43,546)
June 30, 2022 $ 138  $  

Note E—Goodwill

During the second quarter of the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022, the Company identified factors indicating that the fair value of both the Cyber & Engineering and Analytics reporting units may be less than their respective carrying amounts and performed a qualitative goodwill impairment assessment. These factors were related to a shift in the Federal Government’s focus to address immediate needs in Ukraine, causing a slowdown in the pace of contract awards. This resulted in lower revenues than anticipated during the current period and causing future revenue projections to be revised. As a result, the Company determined that a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment should be performed. The Company utilized a combination of the discounted cash flow (“DCF”) method of the Income Approach and the Market Approach. Under the Income Approach, the future cash flows of the Company’s reporting units were projected based on estimates of future revenues, gross margins, operating income, excess net working capital, capital expenditures, and other factors. The Company utilized estimated revenue growth rates and cash flow projections. The discount rates utilized in the DCF method were based on a weighted-average cost of capital (“WACC”) determined from relevant market comparisons and adjusted for specific reporting unit risks and capital structure. A terminal value estimated growth rate was applied to the final year of the projected period and reflected the Company’s estimate of perpetual growth. The Company then calculated the present value of the respective cash flows for each reporting unit to arrive at an estimate of fair value under the Income Approach. The Market Approach is comprised of the Guideline Public Company and the Guideline Transactions Methods. The Guideline Public Company Method focuses on comparing the Company to selected reasonably similar (or guideline) publicly traded companies. Under this method, valuation multiples are: (i) derived from the operating data of selected guideline companies; (ii) evaluated and adjusted based on the strengths and weaknesses of the Company relative to the selected guideline companies; and (iii) applied to the operating data of the Company to arrive at an indication of value. In the Guideline Transactions Method, consideration is given to prices paid in recent transactions that have occurred in the Company’s industry or in related industries. The Company then reconciled the estimated fair value of its reporting units to its total public market capitalization as of the valuation date. The carrying value of the Cyber & Engineering reporting unit exceeded its fair value and accordingly the Company recorded a non-tax-deductible goodwill impairment charge of $35,252, which was included within the consolidated statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. As of June 30, 2022, the estimated fair value of the Analytics reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by 8.3%. An increase in the WACC of approximately 1% or a reduction in the forecasted revenues of approximately 3% would result in an impairment of the goodwill within the Analytics reporting unit using the Income Approach.

The table below presents the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting unit:
  Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total
As of December 31, 2021 $ 35,252  $ 56,384  $ 91,636 
Goodwill arising from the ProModel Corporation acquisition —  10,780  10,780 
Goodwill impairment (35,252) —  (35,252)
As of June 30, 2022 $   $ 67,164  $ 67,164 

Accumulated impairment losses to goodwill were $35,252 as of June 30, 2022 and are related to the Cyber & Engineering reporting unit.

11

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Note F—Prepaid expenses and other current assets

The table below presents details on prepaid expenses and other current assets:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Prepaid expenses $ 4,732  $ 2,217 
Prepaid insurance 2,099  4,265 
Pre-contract costs(1)
1,266  546 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets $ 8,097  $ 7,028 
(1) Costs incurred to fulfill a contract in advance of the contract being awarded are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets if we determine that those costs relate directly to a contract or to an anticipated contract that we can specifically identify and contract award is probable, the costs generate or enhance resources that will be used in satisfying performance obligations, and the costs are recoverable (referred to as pre-contract costs).

Pre-contract costs that are initially capitalized in prepaid assets and other current assets are generally recognized as cost of revenues consistent with the transfer of products or services to the customer upon the receipt of the anticipated contract. All other pre-contract costs, including start-up costs, are expensed as incurred. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $1,266 and $546 of pre-contract costs were included in prepaid expenses and other current assets, respectively.

Note G—Accrued Liabilities
The table below presents details on accrued liabilities:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Payroll accruals
$ 12,876  $ 9,011 
Accrued interest
597  842 
Other accrued expenses 2,505  882 
Total accrued liabilities
$ 15,978  $ 10,735 

Note H—Debt

The table below presents the Company’s debt balances:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Convertible Notes $ 200,000  $ 200,000 
Bank of America Senior Revolver —  — 
D&O Financing Loan 1,921  4,233 
Total debt 201,921  204,233 
Less: unamortized issuance costs 8,659  9,636 
Total debt, net 193,262  194,597 
Less: current portion 1,921  4,233 
Long-term debt, net $ 191,341  $ 190,364 

Bank of America Senior Revolver

On December 7, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), the Company entered into the senior credit agreement with Bank of America, N.A. (the “Bank of America Credit Agreement”), providing the Company with a $50.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Senior Revolver”). Proceeds from the Senior Revolver will be used to fund working capital needs, capital expenditures, and other general corporate purposes. The Senior Revolver matures on December 7, 2025 (the “Maturity Date”).

The Senior Revolver is secured by a pledge of 100% of the equity of certain of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries and a security interest in substantially all of the Company’s tangible and intangible assets. The Senior Revolver includes borrowing capacity available for letters of credit and for borrowings on same-day notice, referred to as the “swing loans.” Any issuance of letters of credit or making of a swing loan will reduce the amount available under the revolving credit facility. The Company may increase the commitments under the Senior Revolver in an aggregate amount of up to the greater of $18.8 million or 100% of
12

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
consolidated adjusted EBITDA plus any additional amounts so long as certain conditions, including compliance with the applicable financial covenants for such period, in each case on a pro forma basis, are satisfied.

Borrowings under the Senior Revolver bear interest, at the Company’s option, at:
(i)A Base Rate plus a Base Rate Margin of 2.00%. Base Rate is a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the higher of (a) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime rate of Bank of America, N.A., and (c) Bloomberg Short-Term Yield Index (“BSBY”) Rate plus 1.00%; or
(ii)The BSBY Rate plus a BSBY Margin of 1.00%.

The Base Rate Margin and BSBY Margin became subject to adjustment based on the Company’s Secured Net Leverage Ratio after March 31, 2022. The Company is also required to pay unused commitment fees and letter of credit fees under the Bank of America Credit Agreement.

The Bank of America Credit Agreement requires the Company to meet certain financial and other covenants. The Company was not in compliance with the Fixed Charge Coverage ratio requirement as of June 30, 2022, and as a result is currently unable to draw on the facility. The Company notified Bank of America N.A. of the covenant violation, and on August 9, 2022, entered into the First Amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Bank of America Credit Agreement, which, among other things, waived the requirement that the Company demonstrate compliance with the minimum Fixed Charge Coverage ratio provided for in the Credit Agreement for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. See Note T—Subsequent Events of the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information regarding the Amendment.

Based on current forecasts, management believes that it is reasonably likely that the Company may fail to meet the covenant requirements of the Bank of America Credit Agreement in future periods and therefore, may be unable to draw on the facility. Management performed a cash flow analysis to identify the Company’s projected approximate cash flow and liquidity needs for the next 12 months. Based on the Company’s projected cash flow and liquidity needs, we believe that our cash from operating activities generated from continuing operations during the year will be adequate for the next 12 months to meet our anticipated uses of cash flow, including payroll obligations, working capital, operating lease obligations, capital expenditures and debt service costs, and it is considered unlikely that the Company would require access to draw funds on the Senior Revolver in the foreseeable future.

As of June 30, 2022, the Company had not drawn on the Line of Credit. Unamortized debt issuance costs of $476 as of June 30, 2022, are recorded on the balance sheet and are presented in other non-current assets.

Convertible Notes

Upon consummation of the Merger, the Company issued $200.0 million of unsecured convertible notes (the “Convertible Notes”) to certain investors. The Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 6.0% per annum, payable semi-annually, and not including any interest payments that are settled with the issuance of shares, were initially convertible into 17,391,304 shares of the Company’s common stock at an initial Conversion Price of $11.50. The Conversion Price is subject to adjustments. On May 29, 2022, pursuant to the Convertible Note indenture, the conversion rate applicable to the Convertible Notes was adjusted to 94.2230 (previously 86.9565) shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes because the average of the daily volume-weighted average price of the common stock during the preceding 30 trading days was less than $10.00 (the “Conversion Rate Reset”). After giving effect to the Conversion Rate Reset, the Conversion Price is $10.61 and the Convertible Notes are convertible into 18,844,600 shares, not including any interest payments that are settled with the issuance of shares. The Convertible Note financing matures on December 15, 2026.

The Company may, at its election, force conversion of the Convertible Notes after December 15, 2022 and prior to October 7, 2026 if the trading price of the Company’s common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price for 20 out of the preceding 30 trading days and the 30-day average daily trading volume ending on, and including, the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to $3.0 million for the first two years after the initial issuance of the Convertible Notes and $2.0 million thereafter. Upon such conversion, the Company will be obligated to pay all regularly scheduled interest payments, if any, due on the converted Convertible Notes on each interest payment date occurring after the conversion date for such conversion to, but excluding, the maturity date (such interest payments, an “Interest Make-Whole Payments”). In the event that a holder of the Convertible Notes elects to convert the Convertible Notes (a) prior to December 15, 2024, the Company will be obligated to pay an amount equal to twelve months of interest or (b) on or after December 15, 2024
13

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
but prior to December 15, 2025, any accrued and unpaid interest plus any remaining amounts that would be owed up to, but excluding, December 15, 2025. The Interest Make-Whole Payments will be payable in cash or shares of the common stock at the Company’s election, as set forth in the Indenture.

Following certain corporate events that occur prior to the maturity date or if the Company exercises its mandatory conversion right in connection with such corporate events, the conversion rate will be increased in certain circumstances for a holder who elects, or has been forced, to convert its Convertible Notes in connection with such corporate events.

If a Fundamental Change (as defined in the Convertible Note indenture) occurs prior to the maturity date, holders of the Convertible Notes will have the right to require the Company to repurchase all or any portion of their Convertible Notes in principal amounts of one thousand dollars or an integral multiple thereof, at a repurchase price equal to the principal amount of the Convertible Notes to be repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the repurchase date.

The Convertible Notes require the Company to meet certain financial and other covenants. As of June 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all covenants.

On May 29, 2022, pursuant to the conversion rate adjustment provisions in the Convertible Note indenture, the Conversion Price was adjusted to $10.61 (or 94.2230 shares of common stock per one thousand dollars of principal amount of Convertible Notes). Subsequent to the adjustment, the Convertible Notes are convertible into 18,844,600 shares, not including any interest payments that are settled with the issuance of shares.

As of June 30, 2022, the Company has an outstanding balance of $200.0 million related to the Convertible Notes, which is recorded on the balance sheet net of approximately $8.7 million of unamortized debt issuance costs.

D&O Financing Loan

On December 8, 2021, the Company entered into a $4,233 loan (the “D&O Financing Loan”) with AFCO Credit Corporation to finance the Company’s directors and officers insurance premium. The D&O Financing Loan has an interest rate of 1.50% per annum and a maturity date of December 8, 2022.
Note I—Leases

The Company is obligated under operating leases for certain real estate and office equipment assets. Certain leases contained predetermined fixed escalation of minimum rents at rates ranging from 2.5% to 5.4% per annum and renewal options that could extend certain leases to up to an additional five years.
Note J—Income Taxes
The table below presents the effective income tax rate for the following periods:
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Effective tax rate 3.1  % 36.0  % 2.3  % 26.0  %

The Company was taxed as a corporation for federal, state, and local income tax purposes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and as a limited liability company which elected to be taxed as a corporation for federal, state, and local income tax purposes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 21.0% primarily due to state and local income taxes, permanent differences between book and taxable income, certain discrete items and the change in valuation allowance primarily resulting from the ProModel Corporation acquisition. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 21.0% primarily due to non-deductible transaction expenses, offset by state and local corporate income taxes.
14

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Note K—Commitments and Contingencies

Contingencies in the Normal Course of Business

Under certain contracts with the U.S. government and certain governmental entities, contract costs, including indirect costs, are subject to audit by and adjustment through negotiation with governmental representatives. Revenue is recorded in amounts expected to be realized on final settlement of any such audits.

Legal Proceedings

The Company is subject to litigation, claims, investigations and audits arising from time to time in the ordinary course of business. Although legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, the Company believes that it has valid defenses with respect to any matters currently pending against the Company and intends to defend itself vigorously. The outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, consolidated statements of operations, or cash flows

Note L—Written Put Option

Immediately prior to the stockholder vote for the Merger, GigCapital4 executed a series of FPAs with Highbridge Tactical Credit Master Fund. L.P. and Highbridge SPAC Opportunity Fund, L.P. (the “Highbridge Investors”), Tenor Opportunity Master Fund Ltd. (“Tenor”), and Glazer Capital, LLC and Meteora Capital, LLC (the “Glazer Investors”, together with the Highbridge Investors and Tenor, the “Investors”). The FPAs provide that each of the Investors would not redeem their shares and instead would hold the shares for a period of up to three months following the consummation of the Merger, at which time they would have the right to sell the shares to the Company for $10.15 per share (the “Written Put Option”). The Investors had the right to sell shares on the open market before the end of the three-month period provided that the share price was at least $10.00 per share. If the Investors sold any shares in the open market within the first month of the three-month period and at a price greater than $10.05 per share, the Company would pay the Investors $0.05 per share sold.

The following table indicates the aggregate number of shares of common stock subject to the FPAs by each Investor:
December 6, 2021
Highbridge Investors 2,453,195
Tenor 2,499,608
Glazer Investors 5,000,000
Total shares 9,952,803

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company settled the derivative liability associated with the Written Put Option by repurchasing all 9,952,803 shares of its common stock at the Investors’ request. Certain of the Investors requested for their shares to be repurchased prior to the end of the three-month period at a reduced price per share. As a result, 5,000,000 shares were repurchased at $10.125 per share during the first quarter of 2022. Of the $101,021 previously presented as restricted cash on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets on December 31, 2021, $100,896 was released from the escrow account to settle the obligation to Investors and the remaining $125 was reclassified to cash and cash equivalents.

The table below presents the value of the Written Put Option under the Black-Scholes OPM using the following assumptions as of the following date:
December 31, 2021
Value of the written put options $ 4.50
Exercise price
$ 10.15
Common stock price
$ 5.66
Expected option term (in years)
0.18
Expected volatility
66.00%
Risk-free rate of return
0.06%
Expected annual dividend yield
—%
15

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)

As of December 31, 2021, the Written Put Option had a fair value of $44,827 and was presented on the consolidated balance sheets as a derivative liability. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the derivative liability was remeasured to its intrinsic value at each date that the underlying shares were repurchased. The resulting gain of $1,281 was presented in net decrease in fair value of derivatives on the consolidated statements of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2022. The intrinsic value of the Written Put Option upon settlement was $43,546 and was recognized directly in equity.

Note M—Stockholders’ Equity

Common stock

The table below presents the details of the Company’s authorized common stock as of the following periods:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Common stock:
Authorized shares of common stock 500,000,000 500,000,000
Common stock par value per share $ 0.0001  $ 0.0001 
Common stock outstanding at the period end 126,263,451  135,566,227 

Treasury Stock

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company repurchased 9,952,803 shares at a cost of $57,350 to settle the Company’s obligations under the FPAs. These shares are measured at cost and presented as treasury stock on the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity.

Dividend Rights

Subject to applicable law and the rights, if any, of the holders of any outstanding series of the Company’s preferred stock or any class or series of stock having a preference over or the right to participate with the Company’s common stock with respect to the payment of dividends, dividends may be declared and paid ratably on the Company’s common stock out of the assets of the Corporation that are legally available for this purpose at such times and in such amounts as the Company’s Board in its discretion shall determine.

Voting Rights

Each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock is entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of shares of common stock do not have cumulative voting rights.

Conversion or Redemption Rights

The Company’s common stock is neither convertible nor redeemable.

Liquidation Rights

Upon the Company’s liquidation, the holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to receive prorata the Company’s assets that are legally available for distribution, after payment of all debts and other liabilities and subject to the prior rights of any holders of the Company’s preferred stock then outstanding.

16

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Preferred stock

The table below presents the details of the Company’s authorized preferred stock as of the following periods:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Preferred stock:
Authorized shares of preferred stock 1,000,000 1,000,000
Preferred stock par value per share $ 0.0001  $ 0.0001 
Preferred stock outstanding at the period end

The Company’s Board may, without further action by the Company’s stockholders, from time to time, direct the issuance of shares of preferred stock in series and may, at the time of issuance, determine the designations, powers, preferences, privileges and relative participating, optional or special rights as well as the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, including dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption and liquidation preferences, any or all of which may be greater than the rights of the Company’s common stock. Satisfaction of any dividend preferences of outstanding shares of the Company’s preferred stock would reduce the amount of funds available for the payment of dividends on shares of the Company’s common stock. Upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of directors then in office, the Company’s Board may issue shares of the Company’s preferred stock with voting and conversion rights which could adversely affect the holders of shares of the Company’s common stock.

Note N—Warrants

Public Warrants

Each public warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one share of common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment. Pursuant to the warrant agreement, a warrant holder may exercise its warrants only for a whole number of shares of common stock. This means only a whole warrant may be exercised at a given time by a warrant holder. The warrants will expire on December 7, 2026, at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.

The Company may call the public warrants for redemption as follows: (1) in whole and not in part; (2) at a price of $0.01 per warrant; (3) upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption; (4) if there is an effective registration statement covering the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants and a current prospectus available throughout the 30-day notice period; and (5) only if the last reported closing price of the common stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders.

If the Company calls the public warrants for redemption, management will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise the Company public warrants to do so on a “cashless basis.”

The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including stock dividends, stock splits, extraordinary dividends, consolidation, combination, reverse stock split or reclassification of shares of the Company’s common stock or other similar event. In no event will the Company be required to net cash settle the warrant shares.

As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were 12,005,879 and 11,959,939 public warrants issued and outstanding, respectively.

Private Warrants

The terms and provisions of the public warrants above also apply to the private warrants. If the private warrants are held by holders other than GigAcquisitions4, LLC (“Sponsor”), Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. and Nomura Securities International, Inc. (together, the “Underwriters”), or any respective permitted transferees, the private warrants will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by the holders on the same basis as the public warrants. The Sponsor, the Underwriters, and any respective permitted transferees have the option to exercise the private warrants on a cashless basis.
17

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)

The table below presents the value of the private warrants under the Black-Scholes OPM using the following assumptions as of the following dates:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Fair value of each private warrant $ 0.43 $ 0.87
Exercise price $ 11.50 $ 11.50
Common stock price $ 3.68 $ 5.66
Expected option term (in years) 4.40 4.94
Expected volatility 46.50% 39.50%
Risk-free rate of return 3.00% 1.25%
Expected annual dividend yield —% —%

As of June 30, 2022, the private warrants have a fair value of $138 and are presented on the consolidated balance sheets within other non-current liabilities. The gain of $199 and $181 recognized as a result of the change in fair value for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, are presented in net decrease in fair value of derivatives on the consolidated statements of operations.

As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were 319,893 and 366,533 private warrants issued and outstanding, respectively.

Note O—Equity-Based Compensation

Class A Units granted to Board of Directors

Prior to the Merger, certain members of the Board of Directors of the Company had elected to receive compensation for their services as a board member in stock, Class A units of the Parent. The number of units granted by the Parent were determined by dividing the compensation payable for the quarter by the fair value of the Class A units at the end of each respective quarter. No Class A units were granted to the Board of Directors during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. The total value of the Class A units granted to such Board of Directors for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $31 and $56, respectively, and is reflected in the selling, general and administrative expenses within the consolidated statements of operations.

Class B Unit Incentive Plan

In February 2021, the Company’s Parent adopted a compensatory benefit plan (the “Class B Unit Incentive Plan”) to provide incentives to directors, managers, officers, employees, consultants, advisors, and/or other service providers of the Company’s Parent or its Subsidiaries in the form of the Parent’s Class B Units (“Incentive Units”). Incentive Units have a participation threshold of $1.00 and are divided into three tranches (“Tranche I,” “Tranche II,” and “Tranche III”). Tranche I Incentive Units are subject to performance-based, service-based, and market-based conditions. The grant date fair value for the Incentive Units was $5.19 per unit.

The assumptions used in determining the fair value of the Incentive Units at the grant date are as follows:
February 16, 2021
Volatility 57.0%
Risk-free interest rate 0.1%
Expected time to exit (in years) 1.6

On July 29, 2021, the Company’s Parent amended the Class B Unit Incentive Plan so that the Tranche I and the Tranche III Incentive Units immediately became fully vested, subject to continued employment or provision of services, upon the closing of the transaction stipulated in the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) dated June 4, 2021. The Company’s Parent also amended the Class B Unit Incentive Plan so that the Tranche II Incentive Units will vest on any liquidation event, as defined in the Class B Unit Incentive Plan, rather than only upon the occurrence of an Exit Sale, subject to the market-based condition stipulated in the Class B Unit Incentive Plan prior to its amendment.

18

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Equity-based compensation for awards with performance conditions is based on the probable outcome of the related performance condition. The performance conditions required to vest per the amended Incentive Plan remain improbable until they occur due to the unpredictability of the events required to meet the vesting conditions. As such events are not considered probable until they occur, recognition of equity-based compensation for the Incentive Units is deferred until the vesting conditions are met. Once the event occurs, unrecognized compensation cost associated with the performance-vesting Incentive Units (based on their modification date fair value) will be recognized based on the portion of the requisite service period that has been rendered.

The modification date fair value of the Incentive Units was $9.06 per unit. The assumptions used in determining the fair value of the Incentive Units at the modification date are as follows:
July 29, 2021
Volatility 46.0%
Risk-free interest rate 0.2%
Expected time to exit (in years) 1.2

The volatility used in the determination of the fair value of the Incentive Units was based on analysis of the historical volatility of guideline public companies and factors specific to the Company.

On December 7, 2021, the previously announced Merger was consummated. As a result, the Tranche I and Tranche III Incentive Units immediately became fully vested and the performance condition for the Tranche II Incentive Units was met. The fair value determined at the date of the amendment of the Class B Unit Incentive Plan was immediately recognized as compensation expense on the vesting date for Tranches I and III. Compensation expense for the Tranche II Incentive Units is recognized over the derived service period of 30 months from the modification date, which resulted in approximately 17.0% of the compensation expense for Tranche II being recognized during the year ended December 31, 2021. The remaining compensation expense for the Tranche II Incentive Units will be recognized over the remaining service period of approximately 25 months. During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company’s Parent modified the vesting conditions for two former employees. Under the original terms of the grant agreements, Incentive Units are forfeited upon separation. Due to the amended agreement, the Incentive Units held by the former employees are no longer contingent upon service and are considered vested as of the separation dates. The former employees will not receive the awards until the market condition is achieved. The result of the amended agreement is an accounting modification that resulted in 100% of the compensation expense being recognized for the former employees based on the modification date fair value. The incremental compensation cost recognized as a result of the modification was $1,468 and $1,687 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. The total compensation expense recognized by the Company for Tranche II Incentive Units, including the effects of modifications, was as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Equity-based compensation expense in selling, general and administrative $ 2,921  $ —  $ 5,274  $ — 
Equity-based compensation expense in cost of revenues 290  —  643  — 
Total compensation expense $ 3,211  $   $ 5,917  $  

The table below presents the activity in Tranche II of the Class B Units:
Unvested and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 3,760,000 
Granted — 
Vested (1,040,000)
Forfeited (250,000)
Unvested and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 2,470,000 
As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $15,368 of unrecognized compensation costs related to Tranche II Incentive Units, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average period of 1.58 years.

19

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Stock Options

On December 7, 2021, the Company adopted the BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc. 2021 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The purpose of the Plan is to promote the long-term success of the Company and the creation of stockholder value by providing eligible employees, prospective employees, consultants, and non-employee directors of the Company the opportunity to receive stock- and cash-based incentive awards.

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, pursuant to the Plan, the Company’s Board of Directors granted certain grantees Stock Options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at a weighted-average exercise price of $6.60. The Stock Options vest over four years with 25% vesting on the one year anniversary of the grant date and then 6.25% per each quarter thereafter during years two, three and four. Vesting is contingent upon continued employment or service to the Company and is accelerated in the event of death, disability, or a change in control, subject to certain conditions; both the vested and unvested portion of a Grantee’s Option will be immediately forfeited and cancelled if the Grantee ceases employment or service to the Company. The Stock Options expire on the 10th anniversary of the grant date.

The table below presents the fair value of the Stock Options as estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes OPM using the following assumptions:

Stock Options grant date June 13, 2022 March 30, 2022
Number of Stock Options granted 101,215 424,017
Price of common stock on the grant date $ 4.94 $ 8.24
Expected option term (in years) 10.00 6.26
Expected volatility 57.0% 54.0%
Risk-free rate of return 3.5% 2.4%
Expected annual dividend yield —% —%
Fair value of the Stock Options on the grant date $ 2.85 $ 4.67

The table below presents the activity in the Stock Options:
Stock Options Outstanding Weighted-Average Exercise Price Per Share Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Life (in years) Aggregate Intrinsic Value
Unvested and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 482,000  $ 9.99  10.0 $ — 
Granted 525,234  6.60 
Vested —  — 
Forfeited (49,665) 9.14 
Unvested and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 957,569  $ 8.18  9.6 $ — 
Stock Options vested and exercisable as of June 30, 2022 —  $ —  0.0 $ — 
The Stock Options had no intrinsic value as of June 30, 2022. The Company recognizes equity-based compensation expense for the Options equal to the fair value of the awards on a straight-line basis over the service based vesting period. As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $3,786 of unrecognized compensation costs related to the Options, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average period of 3.50 years.

Restricted Stock Units

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, pursuant to the Plan, the Company’s Board of Directors communicated the key terms and committed to grant Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”) to certain employees and nonemployee directors. The Company granted 2,951,377 RSUs to employees during the six months ended June 30, 2022. RSUs granted to employees generally vest over four years, with 25% vesting on the one year anniversary of the grant date and then 6.25% per each quarter thereafter during years two,
20

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
three and four. RSUs granted to nonemployee directors vest 100% on the one year anniversary of the grant date. Vesting of RSUs is accelerated in the event of death, disability, or a change in control, subject to certain conditions

The table below presents the activity in the RSUs:
RSUs
Outstanding
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
Unvested and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 403,300  $ 10.03 
Granted 2,951,377  5.46 
Vested (3,591) 5.20 
Forfeited (315,625) 5.49 
Unvested and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 3,035,461  $ 6.07 

As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $16,018 of unrecognized compensation costs related to the RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average period of 3.31 years.

Performance Stock Units

On December 7, 2021, pursuant to the Plan, the Company’s Board of Directors communicated the key terms and committed to grant Performance Stock Units (“PSUs”) to an employee. The grant date of this award is December 7, 2021. The percentage of vesting is based on achieving certain performance criteria during each of the four fiscal years ended December 31, 2022 through December 31, 2025, provided that the employee remains in continuous service on each vesting date. Vesting will not occur unless a minimum performance criteria threshold is achieved. There is a maximum of 37,500 PSUs available to vest during each of the four performance periods. The Company did not grant any PSUs during the six months ended June 30, 2022.

The table below presents the activity in the PSUs:
PSUs
Outstanding
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
Unvested and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 150,000 $ 10.03 
Granted —  — 
Vested —  — 
Forfeited —  — 
Unvested and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 150,000 $ 10.03 
The Company recognized $82 and $185 of equity-based compensation expense for the PSUs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $166 of unrecognized compensation costs related to the PSUs, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average period of 0.47 years.

Employee Share Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)

Concurrently with the adoption of the Plan, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted the 2021 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”), which authorizes the grant of rights to purchase common stock of the Company to employees, officers, and directors (if they are otherwise employees) of the Company. As of January 1, 2022, the Company reserved an aggregate of 3,212,786 common shares (subject to annual increases on January 1 of each year and ending in 2031) of the Company’s common stock for grants under the ESPP. As of June 30, 2022, no shares had been sold under the ESPP. As of June 30, 2022, the Company has withheld employee contributions of $421, which are presented on the consolidated balance sheets within other current liabilities.

Equity-based compensation expense related to purchase rights issued under the ESPP is based on the Black-Scholes OPM fair value of the estimated number of awards as of the beginning of the offering period. Equity-based compensation expense is recognized using the straight-line method over the offering period. The table below presents the assumptions used to estimate the grant date fair value of the purchase rights under the ESPP:
21

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)

ESPP grant date May 1, 2022
Price of common stock on the grant date $ 10.01
Expected term (in years) 0.60
Expected volatility 56.0%
Risk-free rate of return 1.5%
Expected annual dividend yield —%
Fair value of the award on the grant date $ 3.22

As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $381 of unrecognized compensation costs related to the ESPP, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average period of 0.42 years.

Equity-based Compensation Expense

The table below present the total equity-based compensation expense recognized for Class A and B Units, Stock Options, RSUs, PSUs and ESPP in selling, general and administrative expense, cost of revenues, and research and development for the following periods:
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Equity-based compensation expense in selling, general and administrative $ 3,928  $ 31  $ 6,999  $ 56 
Equity-based compensation expense in cost of revenues 1,009  —  1,709  — 
Equity-based compensation expense in research and development 143  —  230  — 
Total equity-based compensation expense $ 5,080  $ 31  $ 8,938  $ 56 
Note P—Net Loss Per Share

The numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted net loss per share are computed as follows (in thousands, except per share, unit and per unit data):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
Basic and diluted net loss per share 2022 2021 2022 2021
Numerator:
Net loss
$ (56,844) $ (3,175) $ (75,669) $ (5,612)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares outstanding—basic and diluted
126,223,903  105,000,000  129,037,598  105,000,000 
Basic and diluted net loss per Share
$ (0.45) $ (0.03) $ (0.59) $ (0.05)

As of June 30, 2022, there were outstanding Stock Options to purchase 957,569 shares of common stock at a weighted-average exercise price of $8.18, outstanding private warrants and public warrants to convert to 319,893 shares and 12,005,879 shares, respectively, of common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, convertible notes to convert to 18,844,600 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $10.61, ESPP contributions for the option to acquire 477,280 shares of common stock, and outstanding restricted stock units and performance stock units representing the right to receive 3,035,461 shares and 150,000 shares of common stock, respectively. Because of the net loss incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the impacts of dilutive instruments would have been anti-dilutive for the period presented and have been excluded from loss per share calculations. There were no potentially dilutive instruments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

22

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Note Q—Revenues

All revenues were generated within the United States of America.

The table below presents total revenues by contract type for the following periods:
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Time and materials $ 26,659  $ 28,118  $ 50,657  $ 56,961 
Firm fixed price
6,855  8,193  14,952  14,920 
Cost-plus
4,099  —  8,394  — 
Total revenues
$ 37,613  $ 36,311  $ 74,003  $ 71,881 

The majority of the Company’s revenue is recognized over time. Revenue derived from contracts that recognize revenue at a point in time was insignificant for all periods presented.

Concentration of Risk

Revenue earned from customers contributing in excess of 10% of total revenues are presented in the tables below for the following periods:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total Percent of total
revenues
Customer A
$ 7,326  $ —  $ 7,326  19  %
Customer B
4,405  —  4,405  12  %
Customer C(1)
—  7,577  7,577  20  %
All others
6,887  11,418  18,305  49  %
Total revenues
$ 18,618  $ 18,995  $ 37,613  100  %

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total Percent of total
revenues
Customer A
$ 8,167  $ —  $ 8,167  23  %
Customer B
3,664  —  3,664  10  %
Customer C(1)
—  —  —  —  %
All others
8,420  16,060  24,480  67  %
Total revenues
$ 20,251  $ 16,060  $ 36,311  100  %

Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total Percent of total
revenues
Customer A
$ 14,590  $ —  $ 14,590  20  %
Customer B
8,902  —  8,902  12  %
Customer C(1)
—  12,928  12,928  17  %
All others
12,459  25,124  37,583  51  %
Total revenues
$ 35,951  $ 38,052  $ 74,003  100  %

23

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total Percent of total
revenues
Customer A
$ 16,509  $ —  $ 16,509  23  %
Customer B
7,419  —  7,419  10  %
Customer C(1)
—  —  —  —  %
All others
14,882  33,071  47,953  67  %
Total revenues
$ 38,810  $ 33,071  $ 71,881  100  %
(1) Customers that contributed in excess of 10% of consolidated revenues in any period presented have been included in all periods presented for comparability.

Contract Balances

The table below presents the contract assets and contract liabilities included on the consolidated balance sheets for the following periods:
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Contract assets $ 1,252  $ 628 
Contract liabilities
$ 3,714  $ 4,207 

The change in contract assets between December 31, 2021 and June 30, 2022 was primarily driven by services rendered for Analytics customers that are yet to be invoiced. The change in contract liability balances between December 31, 2021 and June 30, 2022 was primarily driven by services performed for an Analytics customer that had a large contract liability balance at December 31, 2021. Revenue recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2022 that was included in the contract liability balance as of December 31, 2021 was $4,207.

When the Company’s estimate of total costs to be incurred to satisfy a performance obligation exceeds the expected revenue, the Company recognizes the loss immediately. When the Company determines that a change in estimate has an impact on the associated profit of a performance obligation, the Company records the cumulative positive or negative adjustment in the consolidated statements of operations. Changes in estimates and assumptions related to the status of certain long-term contracts may have a material effect on the Company’s operating results.

The following table summarizes the impact of the net estimates at completion (“EAC”) adjustments on the Company’s operating results:
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Net EAC Adjustments, before income taxes $ (654) $ 758  $ (634) $ 982 
Net EAC Adjustments, net of income taxes $ (517) $ 599  $ (501) $ 776 
Net EAC Adjustments, net of income taxes, per diluted share $ —  $ 0.01  $ —  $ 0.01 

Remaining Performance Obligations

The Company includes in its computation of remaining performance obligations customer orders for which it has accepted signed sales orders and generally includes the funded and unfunded components of contracts that have been awarded. As of June 30, 2022, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $130 million. The Company expects to recognize approximately 97% of its remaining performance obligations as revenue within the next 12 months and the balance thereafter.

Note R—Reportable Segment Information

The Company has determined that it operates in two operating and reportable segments, Cyber & Engineering and Analytics, as the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) reviews financial information presented for both segments on a disaggregated basis for purposes of making operating decisions, allocating resources, and evaluating financial performance.
24

BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)

Adjusted gross margin is the primary measure of segment profitability used by the CODM to assess performance and to allocate resources to the segments. Research and development costs incurred that generate marketable intellectual property (“IP”) and equity-based compensation are added back to the gross margin to derive the adjusted gross margin. Certain customer contracts that generate lower gross margin (revenue less direct costs including fringe and overheard costs) than the thresholds set by management are accepted as the work performed for these customer contracts also simultaneously generates reusable code and other IP that is used in the execution of future customer contracts that may potentially generate higher gross margin, or enhances the marketability of the products due to additional functionality or features.

The tables below present the Company’s operating segment results of operations for the following periods:

Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total
Revenues $ 18,618  $ 18,995  $ 37,613 
Segment adjusted gross margin 4,561  7,488  12,049 
Segment adjusted gross margin % 24  % 39  % 32  %
Research and development costs excluded from segment adjusted gross margin (1,450)
Equity-based compensation excluded from segment adjusted gross margin (1,009)
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative 26,952 
Research and development 2,535 
Transaction expenses 186 
Goodwill impairment 35,252 
Operating loss (55,335)
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives (199)
Interest expense 3,554 
Other income (26)
Loss before taxes $ (58,664)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total
Revenues $ 20,251  $ 16,060  $ 36,311 
Segment adjusted gross margin 4,366  7,426  11,792 
Segment adjusted gross margin % 22  % 46  % 32  %
Research and development costs excluded from segment adjusted gross margin (2,629)
Equity-based compensation excluded from segment adjusted gross margin — 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative 10,405 
Research and development 1,867 
Transaction expenses — 
Goodwill impairment — 
Operating loss (3,109)
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives  
Interest expense 1,849 
Other income — 
Loss before taxes $ (4,958)

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BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total
Revenues
$ 35,951  $ 38,052  $ 74,003 
Segment adjusted gross margin
8,306  16,415  24,721 
Segment adjusted gross margin %
23  % 43  % 33  %
Research and development costs excluded from segment adjusted gross margin
(3,555)
Equity-based compensation excluded from segment adjusted gross margin
(1,709)
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative
48,972 
Research and development
5,409 
Transaction expenses
1,585 
Goodwill impairment 35,252 
Operating loss
(71,761)
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives (1,462)
Interest expense
7,109 
Other expense
Loss before taxes
$ (77,412)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Total
Revenues
$ 38,810  $ 33,071  $ 71,881 
Segment adjusted gross margin
8,575  15,725  24,300 
Segment adjusted gross margin %
22  % 48  % 34  %
Research and development costs excluded from segment adjusted gross margin
(4,857)
Equity-based compensation excluded from segment adjusted gross margin — 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative
20,519 
Research and development
2,795 
Transaction expenses
— 
Goodwill impairment — 
Operating loss (3,871)
Net decrease in fair value of derivatives — 
Interest expense
3,709 
Other income (1)
Loss before taxes $ (7,579)

The following table presents the assets by segment as of the following periods:
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Corporate Total Cyber &
Engineering
Analytics Corporate Total
Total assets
$ 39,091  $ 178,503  $ 8,910  $ 226,504  $ 74,808  $ 154,085  $ 154,429  $ 383,322 

Note S—Related Party Transactions

The Company incurred expenses related to consulting services provided by the affiliates of AE of $— and $265 during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively.

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BIGBEAR.AI HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited; in thousands of U.S. dollars unless stated otherwise)
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company paid or accrued $589 and $1,175, respectively, as compensation expense for the members of the Board of Directors, including equity-based compensation related to the RSUs of $325 and $647, respectively, which is reflected in the selling, general and administrative expenses within the consolidated statements of operations. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company paid or accrued $7 and $57, respectively, as compensation expense for the Board of Directors, including aggregate fair value of $6 and $31, respectively, of Parent’s Class A Units.

Note T—Subsequent Events

On August 9, 2022, the Company entered into the Amendment to the Bank of America Credit Agreement, which waived the requirement that the Company demonstrate compliance with the minimum Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Bank of America Credit Agreement) for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. The Amendment does not provide the Company access to draw on the Senior Revolver, including the borrowing capacity available for letters of credit and swing loans thereunder. However, the Company may regain its access to draw on the Senior Revolver if it is able to provide the compliance certificate for the quarter ended September 30, 2022.

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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis provides information that BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc. (“BigBear.ai”, “BigBear.ai Holdings”, or the “Company”) management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of BigBear.ai’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition. The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with BigBear.ai’s consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Certain information contained in this management discussion and analysis includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors. Please see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” and “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this section to the “Company,” “BigBear.ai ” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to BigBear.ai Holdings, Inc.

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations of BigBear.ai is provided to supplement the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes of BigBear.ai included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We intend for this discussion to provide the reader with information to assist in understanding BigBear.ai’s consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes, the changes in those financial statements and the accompanying notes from period to period, along with the primary factors that accounted for those changes.

The discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations of BigBear.ai is organized as follows:

Business Overview: This section provides a general description of BigBear.ai’s business, our priorities and the trends affecting our industry in order to provide context for management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations.

Recent Developments: This section provides recent developments that we believe are necessary to understand our financial condition and results of operations.

Results of Operations: This section provides a discussion of our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021.

Liquidity and Capital ResourcesThis section provides an analysis of our ability to generate cash and to meet existing or reasonably likely future cash requirements.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates: This section discusses the accounting policies and estimates that we consider important to our financial condition and results of operations and that require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in their application. In addition, our significant accounting policies, including critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note B—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the accompanying consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Business Overview

Our mission is to guide our customers to realize their best possible future by delivering transformative technologies and expert, actionable advice. Through this mission, we seek to empower people to make the right decisions, at the right time, every time.

We are a leader in the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for decision support. We provide our customers with a competitive advantage in a world driven by data that is growing exponentially in terms of volume, variety, and velocity. We believe data – when leveraged effectively – can be a strategic asset for any organization. Through our mission-critical analytics solutions and operational expertise, we help our customers make sense of the world in which they operate, understand how known and previously unforeseen forces impact their operations, and determine which decision and course of action will best achieve their objectives.

Our products and services are widely used by government agencies in the United States to support many of the nation’s most critical defense and intelligence capabilities. These customers operate in environments of unrivaled scale and complexity, where the cost of a poor decision can be very steep, and the cost of failure devastating. They demand the most sophisticated and capable
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AI, ML, and predictive analytics solutions available, from a provider who understands their complex operations and can rapidly deploy technology at scale with uncompromising reliability.

Recent Developments

Acquisition Activity

On April 7, 2022, the Company’s subsidiary BigBear.ai, LLC acquired ProModel Corporation (“ProModel Corporation”), a leader in simulation-based predictive and prescriptive analytic software for process improvement enabling organizations to make better decisions, for approximately $16.0 million, subject to certain adjustments. This acquisition complements the Company’s previous acquisition of ProModel’s Government Services business, ProModel Government Solutions Inc. (“ProModel Government Solutions”), which closed on December 21, 2020. The acquisition of ProModel Corporation was funded through a combination of cash on hand and the issuance of 649,976 shares of the Company’s common stock. ProModel Corporation is aligned under the Company’s Analytics business segment. Refer to Note C—Business Combinations of the Notes to consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information. For risks related to the transaction, see Item 1A — Risk Factors —Risks Related to Our Business and Industry — We may acquire or invest in companies and technologies, which may divert our management’s attention, and result in additional dilution to our stockholders. We may be unable to integrate acquired businesses and technologies successfully or achieve the expected benefits of such acquisitions or investments — included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

COVID-19 Operational Posture and Current Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic continued to cause business impacts in the first half of 2022 primarily driven by the emergence of the Omicron variant in late 2021 with a resulting increase in COVID cases in early 2022. During the first half of 2022, our performance was adversely affected by supply chain disruptions and delays, as well as labor challenges associated with employee absences, travel restrictions, site access, quarantine restrictions, remote work, and adjusted work schedules. We are actively engaging with our customers and are continuing to take measures to protect the health and safety of our employees by encouraging them to get vaccinated, including booster shots.

The ultimate impact of COVID-19 on our operations and financial performance in future periods, including our ability to execute on our customer contracts in the expected timeframe, remains uncertain and will depend on future pandemic-related developments, including the duration of the pandemic, potential subsequent waves of COVID-19 infection or potential new variants (e.g. Ba.2), the effectiveness and adoption of COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics, supplier impacts and related government actions to prevent and manage disease spread, including the implementation of any federal, state, local or foreign vaccine mandates, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The long-term impacts of COVID-19 on government budgets and other funding priorities that impact demand for our solutions are also difficult to predict but could negatively affect our future results and performance.

For additional risks to the corporation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, see Item 1A, Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Russian Invasion of Ukraine

We are closely monitoring the impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and its impact on our business. For our government customers, their focus on addressing immediate needs in Ukraine has slowed the pipeline and pace of contract awards, pushing revenue further to the right. We continue to expect the geopolitical climate to drive adoption of our offerings over the long term, as it has heightened the need for advanced AI tools that provide enhanced intelligence and full spectrum cyber operations – areas where we have unmatched capabilities. While the conflict is still evolving and the outcome remains highly uncertain, we do not believe the Russian invasion will have a material impact on our business and results of operations. However, if the conflict continues or worsens, leading to greater disruptions and uncertainty within the technology industry or global economy, our business and results of operations could be negatively impacted.

First Amendment to the Bank of America Credit Agreement

As of June 30, 2022, the Company was not in compliance with the Fixed Charge Coverage ratio requirement of the Credit Agreement (the “Bank of America Credit Agreement”), dated as of December 7, 2021, by and among the Company, the other borrowers party thereto, the lenders from time to time party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent. The Company notified Bank of America N.A. of the covenant violation, and, on August 9, 2022, entered into the First Amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Bank of America Credit Agreement, which, among other things, waived the
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requirement that the Company demonstrate compliance with the minimum Fixed Charge Coverage ratio provided for in the Credit Agreement for the quarter ended June 30, 2022.

See the Liquidity and Capital Resources section below and Note T—Subsequent Events of the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information regarding the Amendment.

Components of Results of Operations

Revenues

We generate revenue by providing our customers with highly customizable solutions and services for data ingestion, data enrichment, data processing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, predictive analytics and predictive visualization. We have a diverse base of customers, including government defense, government intelligence, as well as various commercial enterprises.

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues primarily includes salaries, stock-based compensation expense, and benefits for personnel involved in performing the services described above as well as allocated overhead and other direct costs.

We expect that cost of revenues will increase in absolute dollars as our revenues grow and will vary from period-to-period as a percentage of revenues.

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”)

SG&A expenses include salaries, stock-based compensation expense, and benefits for personnel involved in our executive, finance, accounting, legal, human resources, and administrative functions, as well as third-party professional services and fees, and allocated overhead.

We expect that SG&A expenses will increase in absolute dollars as we hire additional personnel and enhance our systems, processes, and controls to support the growth in our business as well as our increased compliance and reporting requirements as a public company.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses primarily consist of salaries, stock-based compensation expense, and benefits for personnel involved in research and development activities as well as allocated overhead. Research and development expenses are expensed in the period incurred.

We expect research and development exp