FedNat Holding Company (the “Company”) (Nasdaq: FNHC) today reported results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Q3 2020 highlights (as measured against the same three-month period last year, except where noted):

  • Net loss of $20.7 million or $1.51 per diluted share as compared to net income of $4.7 million or $0.36 per diluted share.
  • Adjusted operating loss of $21.5 million or $1.57 per diluted share as compared to adjusted operating income of $4.3 million or $0.33 per diluted share.
  • $44.9 million of claims, net of recoveries, pre-tax, from catastrophe losses including Hurricanes Laura and Sally as well as other severe weather events, which together impacted Florida, Louisiana and other states, as previously communicated.
  • 13.2% increase in gross written premiums to $180.2 million, including $28.3 million from Maison.
  • Combined ratio of 154.3%, up 48.8 percentage points, including 45.8 points of net catastrophe losses in the period.
  • Quarter-end Florida homeowners in-force policies decreased 8.4% to approximately 217,000, reflecting continued execution of our strategy to limit our exposure in this market until rates more accurately reflect increased costs of claims and reinsurance.
  • 94.9% increase in non-Florida homeowners in-force policies to approximately 152,000, in-line with our diversification strategy.
  • Non-insurance company liquidity of $63 million at September 30, 2020.
  • Book value per share decreased $2.56, or 14.8%, to $14.69 as compared to $17.25 as of December 31, 2019, due primarily to a net loss of $2.89 per share and dividends declared of $0.27 per share, each for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, partially offset by unrealized gains on our fixed-income portfolio of $0.40 and repurchases of stock of $0.27 per share.

"FedNat's results in the third quarter were impacted by an elevated number of severe weather events during this year's hurricane season,"  said Mr. Michael H. Braun, FedNat’s Chief Executive Officer.  “Our strong reinsurance program and additional reinsurance purchases during the quarter enabled us to maintain over $140 million of capital in our insurance companies as of September 30, 2020 with liquidity over $60 million at the holding company.”

Mr. Braun continued, “We remain committed to proactively managing our capital while focusing for the remainder of 2020 and throughout 2021 on continuing to implement increased rates in our homeowners business in Florida and non-Florida markets. We are also restricting business and shrinking our book in Florida as appropriate until our rates meet our profitability targets. Based on rate increases we have already implemented in 2020 and anticipated rate increases in the balance of 2020 and in 2021, we expect to generate over $65 million in incremental additional premium in 2021 as compared to 2020.”

Revenues

  • Total revenue decreased $2.2 million or 2.2%, to $97.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared with $99.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The slight decrease was driven by lower net premiums earned as increases in ceded premiums outpaced the growth in gross premiums earned. Additionally, lower net investment income was offset by higher policy fees and higher brokerage income, all of which are discussed in further detail below.
  • Gross premiums written increased $21.1 million, or 13.2%, to $180.2 million in the quarter compared with $159.1 million for the same three-month period last year. Gross premiums written increased by $7.0 million from FNIC's non-Florida business and $28.3 million from Maison, which was partially offset by a $15.1 million decrease in FNIC's Florida business, as we reduce our exposures in this market.
  • Gross premiums earned increased $38.0 million, or 26.1%, to $183.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to $145.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The higher gross premiums earned was primarily driven by continued non-Florida growth, including $19.9 million from Maison's non-Florida business.
  • Ceded premiums increased $41.8 million, or 71.9%, to $100.0 million in the quarter, compared to $58.2 million the same three-month period last year. The increase was driven by approximately $26 million higher excess of loss reinsurance spend, as property exposures increased, including from the Maison acquisition, this year as compared to last year. Additionally, there was approximately $15 million of additional ceded premiums related to the 50% quota-share treaty for FNIC's non-Florida book of business that became effective July 1, 2020.
  • Net investment income decreased $1.7 million, or 40.9%, to $2.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to $4.1 million during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was due primarily to the lower interest rate environment in 2020 and elevated third quarter 2019 income earned on debt proceeds that had not yet been deployed on the Maison acquisition, partially offset by fixed income portfolio growth in 2020 from the Maison acquisition.
  • Direct written policy fees increased $1.1 million, or 43.3%, to $3.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to $2.5 million during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase is primarily driven by the policy fees generated from Maison’s policies in-force and higher fees as a result of FNIC's non-Florida premium growth.
  • Other income increased $1.7 million, or 36.2%, to $6.4 million in the quarter, compared with $4.7 million in the same three-month period last year. The increase in other income was primarily driven by higher brokerage revenue. The brokerage revenue increase is the result of higher excess of loss reinsurance spend from the reinsurance programs in place during the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the third quarter of 2019.

Expenses

  • Losses and loss adjustment expenses (“LAE”) increased $36.9 million, or 59.4%, to $99.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared with $62.1 million for the same three-month period last year. The net loss ratio increased 47.4 percentage points, to 118.5% in the current quarter, as compared to 71.1% in the third quarter of 2019. The higher ratio was the result of two main factors: higher ceded premiums, as discussed earlier, which reduces net earned premium, the denominator of the net loss ratio calculation, as well as higher catastrophe net losses as compared to the prior year period. The third quarter of 2020 catastrophe net losses were $38.3 million, net of reinsurance, which included Hurricanes Laura and Sally as well as other severe weather events, which together impacted Florida, Louisiana and other states. The $38.3 million represents $44.9 million of initial net losses, as previously disclosed, less $6.6 million of benefit from our claims handling services. By comparison, the third quarter of 2019 catastrophe net losses were $11.0 million, net of reinsurance, which primarily included impacts from Hurricane Dorian, Hurricane Barry and other severe weather events. Additionally, higher volume of policies in force drove approximately $6 million of higher net losses as compared to 2019.  The remaining variance was driven by higher loss pick for FNIC's Florida book of business, as a result of adverse loss experience, as compared to 2019.
  • The net expense ratio increased 1.4% percentage points to 35.8% in the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 34.4% in the third quarter of 2019. The third quarter of 2020 net expense ratio was further increased by lower net premiums earned reducing the denominator of the net expense ratio calculation.
  • Commissions and other underwriting expenses decreased $0.3 million, or 1.1%, to $24.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared with $24.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily driven by a higher ceding commissions driven in part by the new 50% quota share in FNIC's non-Florida book of business and lower other underwriting expenses. When comparing these periods, this decrease was partially offset by higher non-Florida acquisition related costs as a result of premium growth.
  • Income taxes (benefits) decreased $13.5 million, to $(12.8) million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $0.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease in income tax expense is predominantly the result of the pre-tax loss during the current quarter as compared to income during the third quarter of 2019. Additionally, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, signed into law on March 27, 2020, is allowing us to carry back net operating loss to prior years when federal income taxes were at 35%, which increased our effective tax rate during the current quarter.

Subsequent Events

Today, the Company also announced:

  • The declaration of the Company’s regular quarterly dividend of $0.09 per share, payable on December 1, 2020 to shareholders of record at the close of business on November 16, 2020.
  • The formation of a Strategic Review Committee of the Board of Directors to oversee a review of strategic alternatives and the retention of Piper Sandler & Co. as the committee’s financial advisor.
  • It has experienced impacts from Hurricanes Delta and Zeta, both of which made landfall in the state of Louisiana during the month of October. We expect each storm to exceed our single-event aggregate reinsurance program retention. Our preliminary estimate is that we will incur approximately $27 million (pre-tax) of catastrophe losses, net of all recoveries, including reinsurance, on a combined basis for these storms.

Non-GAAP Performance Measures

Non United States generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") measures do not replace the most directly comparable GAAP measures and we have included detailed reconciliations thereof on page 10.

We exclude the after-tax (using our statutory income tax rate) effects of the following items from GAAP net income (loss) to arrive at adjusted operating income (loss):

  • Net realized and unrealized gains (losses), including, but not limited to, gains (losses) associated with investments and early extinguishment of debt;
  • Acquisition, integration and other costs and the amortization of specifically identifiable intangibles (other than value of business acquired);
  • Impairment of intangibles;
  • Income (loss) from initial adoption of new regulations and accounting guidance; and
  • Income (loss) from discontinued operations.

We also exclude the pre-tax effect of the first bullet above from GAAP revenues to arrive at adjusted operating revenues.

Management believes these non-GAAP performance measures allow for a better understanding of the underlying trend in our business, as the excluded items are not necessarily indicative of our operating fundamentals or performance.

Similarly, we exclude accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") from book value per share to arrive at book value per share, excluding AOCI.

Conference Call Information

The Company will hold an investor conference call at 5:00 PM (ET) Wednesday, November 4, 2020. The Company’s CEO, Michael Braun and its CFO, Ronald Jordan will discuss the financial results and review the outlook for the Company. Messrs. Braun and Jordan invite interested parties to participate in the conference call.

Listeners interested in participating in the Q&A session may access the conference call as follows:

Toll-Free Dial-in: (877) 303-6913

Conference ID: 5182801

A live webcast of the call will be available online via the “Conference Calls” section of the Company’s website at FedNat.com or interested parties can click on the following link:

http://www.fednat.com/investors/conference-calls/ 

Please call at least five minutes in advance to ensure that you are connected prior to the presentation. A webcast replay of the conference call will be available shortly after the live webcast is completed and may be accessed via the Company’s website.

About the Company

The Company is an insurance holding company that controls substantially all aspects of the insurance underwriting, distribution and claims processes through our subsidiaries and contractual relationships with independent agents and general agents. The Company, through our wholly owned subsidiaries, are authorized to underwrite, and/or place homeowners multi-peril, federal flood and other lines of insurance in Florida and other states. We market, distribute and service our own and third-party insurers’ products and other services through a network of independent and general agents.

The Company presents users with data related to different aspects of our business to afford users greater transparency into our results. Homeowners Florida consists of data related to our homeowners and fire property and casualty insurance business, which currently operates in Florida. Homeowners non-Florida consists of data related to our homeowners and fire property and casualty insurance business, which currently operates in Alabama, Louisiana, South Carolina, Texas and Mississippi. Non-core consists of financial information related to nonstandard personal automobile insurance business which operated in Florida, Georgia, Texas and Alabama and our commercial general liability insurance business.

Forward-Looking Statements

Safe harbor statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995:

Statements that are not historical fact are forward-looking statements that are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events and results to differ materially from those discussed herein. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “budget,” “contemplate,” “continue,” “could,” “envision,” “estimate,” “expect,” “guidance,” “indicate,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possibly,” “potential,” “predict,” “probably,” “pro-forma,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” or “will” or the negative or other variations thereof, and similar words or phrases or comparable terminology, are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements might also include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following:

  • Projections of revenues, income, earnings per share, dividends, capital structure or other financial items or measures;
  • Descriptions of plans or objectives of management for future operations, insurance products or services;
  • Forecasts of future insurable events, economic performance, liquidity, need for funding and income; and
  • Descriptions of assumptions or estimates underlying or relating to any of the foregoing.

The risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, risks and uncertainties related to estimates, assumptions and projections generally; the nature of the Company’s business; the adequacy of its reserves for losses and loss adjustment expense; claims experience; weather conditions (including the severity and frequency of storms, hurricanes, tornadoes and hail) and other catastrophic losses; reinsurance costs and the ability of reinsurers to indemnify the Company; raising additional capital and our compliance with minimum capital and surplus requirements; potential assessments that support property and casualty insurance pools and associations; the effectiveness of internal financial controls; the effectiveness of our underwriting, pricing and related loss limitation methods; changes in loss trends, including as a result of insureds’ assignment of benefits; court decisions and trends in litigation; our potential failure to pay claims accurately; ability to obtain regulatory approval applications for requested rate increases, or to underwrite in additional jurisdictions, and the timing thereof; the impact that the results of our subsidiaries’ operations may have on our results of operations; inflation and other changes in economic conditions (including changes in interest rates and financial markets); pricing competition and other initiatives by competitors; legislative and regulatory developments; the outcome of litigation pending against the Company, and any settlement thereof; dependence on investment income and the composition of the Company’s investment portfolio; insurance agents; ratings by industry services; the reliability and security of our information technology systems; reliance on key personnel; acts of war and terrorist activities; and other matters described from time to time by the Company in releases and publications, and in periodic reports and other documents filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

In addition, investors should be aware that generally accepted accounting principles prescribe when a company may reserve for particular risks, including claims and litigation exposures. Accordingly, results for a given reporting period could be significantly affected if and when a reserve is established for a contingency. Reported results may therefore appear to be volatile in certain accounting periods.

Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date on which they are made. We do not undertake any obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect circumstances or events that occur after the date the forward-looking statements are made.

Contacts

Michael H. Braun, CEO (954) 308-1322,Ronald Jordan, CFO (954) 308-1363,Bernard Kilkelly, Investor Relations (954) 308-1409,or investorrelations@fednat.com 

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESSelected Financial Highlights(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)(Unaudited)

    As of or For the
    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
    2020   2019   % Change   2020   2019   % Change
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Common Shareholders                        
Net income (loss)   $ (20,745 )     $ 4,659     (545.3 ) %   $ (40,091 )     $ 7,904     (607.2 ) %
Adjusted operating income (loss)   (21,501 )     4,292     (601.0 ) %   (45,303 )     7,564     (698.9 ) %
                         
Per Common Share                        
Net income (loss) - diluted   $ (1.51 )     $ 0.36     (518.9 ) %   $ (2.89 )     $ 0.61     (570.3 ) %
Adjusted operating income (loss) - diluted   (1.57 )     0.33     (571.3 ) %   (3.26 )     0.59     (655.4 ) %
Dividends declared   0.09       0.08     12.5   %   0.27       0.24     12.5   %
Book value   14.69       18.45     (20.4 ) %   14.69       18.45     (20.4 ) %
Book value, excluding AOCI   13.54       17.54     (22.8 ) %   13.54       17.54     (22.8 ) %
                         
Return to Shareholders                        
Repurchases of common stock   $       $     NCM   $ 10,000       $     NCM
Dividends declared   1,259       1,046     20.4 %   3,819       3,133     21.9   %
    $ 1,259       $ 1,046     20.4 %   $ 13,819       $ 3,133     341.1   %
                         
Revenue                        
Total revenues   $ 97,316       $ 99,476     (2.2 ) %   $ 347,034       $ 305,974     13.4   %
Adjusted operating revenues   95,992       98,682     (2.7 ) %   338,152       300,924     12.4   %
Gross premiums written   180,152       159,131     13.2   %   558,492       460,534     21.3   %
Gross premiums earned   183,518       145,546     26.1   %   538,988       425,133     26.8   %
Net premiums earned   83,546       87,374     (4.4 ) %   300,934       268,464     12.1   %
                         
Ratios to Net Premiums Earned                        
Net loss ratio   118.5   %   71.1 %       99.0   %   72.4 %    
Net expense ratio   35.8   %   34.4 %       35.7   %   34.6 %    
Combined ratio   154.3   %   105.5 %       134.7   %   107.0 %    
                         
In-Force Homeowners Policies                        
Florida   217,000       237,000     (8.4 ) %   217,000       237,000     (8.4 ) %
Non-Florida   152,000       78,000     94.9   %   152,000       78,000     94.9   %
    369,000       315,000     17.1   %   369,000       315,000     17.1   %

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESConsolidated Statement of Operations(In thousands, except per share data)(Unaudited)

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
    2020   2019   2020   2019
Revenues:                
Net premiums earned   $ 83,546     $ 87,374     $ 300,934     $ 268,464  
Net investment income   2,404     4,068     9,637     12,037  
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)   1,324     794     8,882     5,050  
Direct written policy fees   3,603     2,514     10,662     7,308  
Other income   6,439     4,726     16,919     13,115  
Total revenues   97,316     99,476     347,034     305,974  
                
Costs and expenses:                
Losses and loss adjustment expenses   99,016     62,105     297,862     194,284  
Commissions and other underwriting expenses   24,580     24,854     90,205     75,650  
General and administrative expenses   5,333     5,246     17,241     17,336  
Interest expense   1,915     1,894     5,745     8,860  
Total costs and expenses   130,844     94,099     411,053     296,130  
                
Income (loss) before income taxes   (33,528 )   5,377     (64,019 )   9,844  
Income tax expense (benefit)   (12,783 )   718     (23,928 )   1,940  
Net income (loss)   $ (20,745 )   $ 4,659     $ (40,091 )   $ 7,904  
                
Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share                
Basic   $ (1.51 )   $ 0.36     $ (2.89 )   $ 0.62  
Diluted   (1.51 )   0.36     (2.89 )   0.61  
                
Weighted Average Number of Shares of Common Stock Outstanding                
Basic   13,708     12,854     13,890     12,831  
Diluted   13,708     12,897     13,890     12,880  
                
Dividends Declared Per Common Share   $ 0.09     $ 0.08     $ 0.27     $ 0.24  

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESSelected Operating Metrics(Unaudited)

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,   September 30,
   2020   2019   2020   2019
   (In thousands)
Gross premiums written:                
Homeowners Florida   $ 106,101     $ 115,341     $ 339,799     $ 347,320  
Homeowners non-Florida   68,447     38,790     203,897     100,322  
Federal flood   5,660     5,019     14,967     13,014  
Non-core   (56 )   (19 )   (171 )   (122 )
Total gross premiums written   $ 180,152     $ 159,131     $ 558,492     $ 460,534  
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,   September 30,
   2020   2019   2020   2019
   (In thousands)
Gross premiums earned:                
Homeowners Florida   $ 115,346     $ 113,062     $ 347,237     $ 338,481  
Homeowners non-Florida   63,759     28,431     179,071     73,928  
Federal flood   4,469     3,896     12,851     11,005  
Non-core   (56 )   157     (171 )   1,719  
Total gross premiums earned   $ 183,518     $ 145,546     $ 538,988     $ 425,133  
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,   September 30,
   2020   2019   2020   2019
   (In thousands)
Net premiums earned:                
Homeowners Florida   $ 54,326     $ 65,975     $ 190,627     $ 207,857  
Homeowners non-Florida   29,276     21,311     110,478     59,114  
Non-core   (56 )   88     (171 )   1,493  
Total net premiums earned   $ 83,546     $ 87,374     $ 300,934     $ 268,464  

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESSelected Operating Metrics (continued)(Unaudited)

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,   September 30,
   2020   2019   2020   2019
   (In thousands)
Commissions and other underwriting expenses:                
Homeowners Florida   $ 13,736     $ 13,187     $ 41,181     $ 39,810  
All others   13,337     6,610     37,789     17,796  
Ceding commissions   (7,909 )   (3,203 )   (13,969 )   (8,893 )
Total commissions   19,164     16,594     65,001     48,713  
                 
Fees   1,358     902     3,694     2,340  
Salaries and wages   3,351     2,696     10,068     9,090  
Other underwriting expenses   707     4,662     11,442     15,507  
Total commissions and other underwriting expenses   $ 24,580     $ 24,854     $ 90,205     $ 75,650  
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,   September 30,
   2020   2019   2020   2019
                 
Net loss ratio   118.5 %   71.1 %   99.0 %   72.4 %
Net expense ratio   35.8 %   34.4 %   35.7 %   34.6 %
Combined ratio   154.3 %   105.5 %   134.7 %   107.0 %
Gross loss ratio   213.0 %   113.1 %   142.0 %   127.7 %
Gross expense ratio   20.6 %   22.9 %   22.5 %   24.0 %

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESConsolidated Balance Sheet(Unaudited)

   September 30,   December 31,
   2020   2019
ASSETS   (In thousands)
Investments:        
Debt securities, available-for-sale, at fair value   $ 540,443     $ 526,265  
Debt securities, held-to-maturity, at amortized cost       4,337  
Equity securities, at fair value   13,108     20,039  
Total investments   553,551     550,641  
Cash and cash equivalents   49,286     133,361  
Prepaid reinsurance premiums   286,128     145,659  
Premiums receivable, net of allowance   52,753     41,422  
Reinsurance recoverable, net   452,194     209,615  
Deferred acquisition costs and value of business acquired, net   51,157     56,136  
Current and deferred income taxes, net   24,099     2,552  
Goodwill   10,997     10,997  
Other assets   34,643     28,633  
Total assets   $ 1,514,808     $ 1,179,016  
        
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Liabilities        
Loss and loss adjustment expense reserves   $ 553,980     $ 324,362  
Unearned premiums   380,374     360,870  
Reinsurance payable and funds withheld liabilities   230,987     102,467  
Long-term debt, net of deferred financing costs   98,643     98,522  
Deferred revenue   6,795     6,856  
Other liabilities   42,553     37,246  
Total liabilities   1,313,332     930,323  
Shareholders' Equity        
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value: 1,000,000 shares authorized        
Common stock, $0.01 par value: 25,000,000 shares authorized; 13,717,525 and 14,414,821 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   137     144  
Additional paid-in capital   168,912     167,677  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   15,763     10,281  
Retained earnings   16,664     70,591  
Total shareholders’ equity   201,476     248,693  
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity   $ 1,514,808     $ 1,179,016  

FEDNAT HOLDING COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIESGAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations(Dollars in thousands)(Unaudited)

    As of or For the
    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    September 30,   September 30,
    2020   2019   2020   2019
Revenue                
Total revenues   $ 97,316     $ 99,476     $ 347,034     $ 305,974  
Less:                
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)   1,324     794     8,882     5,050  
Adjusted operating revenues   $ 95,992     $ 98,682     $ 338,152     $ 300,924  
                 
Net Income (Loss)                
Net income (loss)   $ (20,745 )   $ 4,659     $ (40,091 )   $ 7,904  
Less:                
Net realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)   793     634     5,320     3,812  
Acquisition and other costs   (15 )   (238 )   (41 )   (774 )
Amortization of identifiable intangibles   (22 )       (67 )    
Gain (loss) on early extinguishment of debt       (29 )       (2,698 )
Adjusted operating income (loss)   $ (21,501 )   $ 4,292     $ (45,303 )   $ 7,564  
                 
Income tax rate assumed for reconciling items above   40.10 %   18.26 %   40.10 %   24.52 %
                 
Per Common Share                
Book value   $ 14.69     $ 18.45     $ 14.69     $ 18.45  
Less:                
AOCI   1.15     0.91     1.15     0.91  
Book value, excluding AOCI   $ 13.54     $ 17.54     $ 13.54     $ 17.54