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Banks and insurers got the highest overall score in The Wall Street Journal diversity rankings
By Maitane Sardon
This article is being republished as part of our daily reproduction of WSJ.com articles that also appeared in the U.S. print edition of The Wall Street Journal (October 28, 2019).
The financial industry, once seen as a stronghold of older, mostly white men, now leads the S&P 500 index in terms of overall workforce diversity.
Banks and insurance companies received the highest score on average in a ranking by The Wall Street Journal's research analysts of the most diverse and inclusive industries in the S&P 500, based on 10 metrics. The communication-services sector finished a close second in the study, while consumer staples was third.
The push for change in the banking industry has come from a variety of sources.
Banks have agreed to narrow pay disparities and actively recruit a more diverse workforce to settle racial- and gender-discrimination claims brought by employees over the past few decades. Post-financial-crisis regulations, meanwhile, encourage financial companies to do annual self-assessments of their diversity policies and practices.
More recently, banks and insurers have faced growing competition to attract and retain millennial workers, as well as reach an increasingly diverse customer base.
"Banks have to adapt to the global changing demographics of their clientele: They are younger, more diverse in terms of gender and ethnic diversity, and they are putting mandates on them to say, 'Look, we want you to look like us,' " says Nadia Jones, former senior diversity officer for Morgan Stanley Wealth Management and now a principal at Culture Cipher Consulting.
A desire to harness the investment power of women, in particular, has inspired financial firms to polish their D&I strategies, Ms. Jones says. Although they control a significant portion of household wealth, women as recently as a few years ago were a large untapped market for the financial-advice industry.
"Not only were [financial companies] being sued, but they also realized that diversifying their boards or their approaches to wealth will ultimately create a better bottom line for them," she says. "Those two things alone helped push them into that space."
The efforts helped banks and insurers achieve an average score of 50.4 out of 100 in the study, from The Wall Street Journal's environment, social and governance research analysts. Communications-services companies were second, with an average score of 49.5, followed by consumer-staples firms at 48.8. In all, six banks and two insurers were among the study's 20 most diverse companies in the S&P 500, with Progressive Corp. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. claiming the top two spots, with scores of 85 and 80, respectively.
The financial sector earned high marks versus other industries in categories such as age diversity among senior management, ethnic diversity in the workforce, and number of diversity and inclusion programs in place. However, the sector trailed many others in terms of gender and age diversity among board members, as well as board independence. (See the full methodology.)
Eight of the 10 most diverse banks and insurers in the research have an operating profit margin (the profit a company generates from its core business before interest and taxes as a percentage of sales) above the financial-industry average of 5.8%, the project found. And shares of Progressive and JPMorgan, the study's top two scorers, outperformed both the financial-industry average and the S&P 500 on a five-year and 10-year basis through June.
Even the best performers, though, have room to grow.
While women currently make up 30% of the senior leadership globally at JPMorgan,I ethnic diversity at the top is considerably lower. Pam Lipp-Hendricks, head of executive talent management and diversity, says that is something the company is working to improve.
"In the U.S., 50% of our firm's workforce is ethnically diverse," she says. "That said, we know we have work to do to increase the representation of ethnically diverse employees at senior levels of the company."
Citigroup, meanwhile, said earlier this year that its female employees earn 29% less than men without adjusting for factors like job title and seniority. The company, which disclosed the data following pressure from activist investor Arjuna Capital, has now set a goal to have at least 40% of its mid- and senior-level roles filled by women by 2021.
"This analysis underscores the importance of our goals to increase the representation of women and U.S. minorities in senior and higher-paying roles at Citi by the end of 2021," says Terry Hogan, global head of diversity and talent management at Citi. "We are focused on this work and empowering teams to implement new programs to increase diversity across the company, to learn from each other's successes and to scale these approaches across the organization."
Some say incumbent firms are facing additional pressure to hire, promote and retain diverse talent from fintech startups.
Fintech companies are smaller, more flexible and highly adaptable to societal changes, so they are able to have conversations around diversity and inclusion in a way that traditional institutions sometimes can't, says Ms. Jones.
"These new companies can have a stand on #MeToo and Black Lives Matter and be very vocal about it, and they can do so because they are not beholden to the parameters of the old guard," she says.
Financial companies also have to keep up with traditional peers who are rolling out diversity initiatives.
"The reality is that there is a lot of competition" within the financial sector to have the best D&I strategies, says Cynthia Bowman, chief diversity and inclusion and talent acquisition officer at Bank of America.
"You have to ensure that over time you are becoming much more granular and targeted, identifying areas of opportunities, being more transparent around how you use data," she says.
Ms. Sardon is a reporter for The Wall Street Journal in Barcelona. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
October 28, 2019 02:47 ET (06:47 GMT)
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