UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM  10-K/A

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020

or

[   ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

000-56090

Commission File Number

PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada  98-0491567 

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

2987 Blackbear Court, Coquitlam, British Columbia V3E 3A2 

(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code) 

702-803-9404

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:

Common

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. [ ] Yes [X] No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. [ ] Yes [X] No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 

(X)Yes (_) No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

(_)Yes (X) No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ ] Yes [ ] No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

¨

Smaller reporting company

x

 

 

Emerging Growth

x


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act (X)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

(  ) Yes (X) No

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

(  ) Yes (  ) No

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of December 31, 2020, we had 245,611,669 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.


TABLE of CONTENTS

 

Item 1. Business.2 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.3 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.3 

Item 2. Properties.3 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.4 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.4 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.4 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data5 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.5 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.7 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.8 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.29 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.29 

Item 9B. Other Information.30 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.31 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.34 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.36 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.37 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.38 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.38 

SIGNATURES39 


1


PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on November 26, 2007. The Company is headquartered in Coquitlam, British Columbia.  The Company’s mission is to advance the technology of tissue culture science and to provide the highest quality 100% germ free, disease free and all genetically the same plantlets of high CBD hemp and other flora and offering full spectrum DNA testing for plant identification, live genetics preservation using  low temperature storage for various cannabis and horticulture plants; extraction of botanical oils mainly CBD oil, and to deliver laboratory based services to the North American high CBD hemp, Cannabis and agriculture sectors.

 

Management cannot provide assurance that the Company will ultimately achieve profitable operations or become cash flow positive, or raise additional debt and/or equity capital. However, if the Company is unable to raise additional capital in the near future, due to the Company’s liquidity problems, management expects that the Company will need to curtail operations, liquidate assets, seek additional capital on less favourable terms and/or pursue other remedial measures. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Its immediate focus will be on producing tissue cultured high CBD hemp starter plantlets.  The Company has applied to Health Canada for a license to produce and sell tissue culture plantlets and cannabis oil.  On February 7, 2019, The Company’s, wholly owned Canadian subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc., received notification from Health Canada that its cannabis licensing application under the Cannabis Act and the Cannabis Regulations to obtain a license at the proposed site in Deroche, British Columbia, Canada has advanced from the first stage, “Intake and Screening” to the second stage, “Detailed Review and Initiation of Security Clearance Process,” of a three stage approval process. On May 10, 2019, the Company received confirmation from Health Canada that the second stage review was completed and that the Company can proceed to the third and final stage, construction of the biotech complex for final inspection and licensing.

 

Detailed Review and Initiation of Security Clearance Process means applications are reviewed against the licensing and personnel security requirements of the regulations.

 

The third stage is Confirmation of Readiness: Confirmation is provided to the applicant that the application substantively meets the requirements and asks for confirmation that the site is ready for licensing or inspection. This stage will be dependent on the timing of completing the development of its site.in Deroche, British Columbia Canada. The Company does not anticipate any additional costs related to this stage.

 

The Company is currently completing its engineering stage and has begun site development work for the building process of a 63,000 square foot biotech complex.

 

The recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, which was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020, has led to adverse impacts on the U.S. and global economies, disruptions of financial markets, and created uncertainty regarding potential impacts to the Company’s supply chain, operations, and customer demand. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and could further impact the Company’s operations and the operations of the Company’s suppliers and vendors as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to the duration, spread, severity, and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s customers, suppliers, and vendors and the remedial actions and stimulus measures adopted by local and federal governments, and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. The management team is closely following the progression of COVID-19 and its potential impact on the Company.  Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, the Company may experience adverse impacts to its business as a result of any economic recession or depression that has occurred or may occur in the future. Therefore, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the impact at this time our business, liquidity, capital resources and financial results.

 

Company History Overview

 

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (“the Company”) was incorporated under the laws of Nevada, U.S. on November 26, 2007 under the name Azure International, Inc. On October 30, 2008 and effective as of the same date, the Company filed Articles of Merger with the Secretary of the State of Nevada, to effect a merger by and between Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation incorporated on October 16, 2008, and Azure International, Inc. As a result of the merger, the Company changed its name to Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc.


2


 

Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc. was originally set up to be in the business of acquiring aviation, travel and leisure companies.  During February 2018, change of control of the Company was effected and on February 21, 2018 new management took over.

 

On April 12, 2018, the Company entered into a share exchange agreement with WFS Pharmagreen Inc., a private company incorporated under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, whereby the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of WFS Pharmagreen Inc. in exchange for 37,704,500 shares of common stock of the Company. Upon completion of this transaction, the shareholders of WFS Pharmagreen hold 95.5% of voting control of the Company.

 

Immediately prior to closing of the Agreement, the majority shareholder of the Company was also the majority shareholder of WFS. As a result of the common ownership upon closing of the transaction, the acquisition was considered a common-control transaction and was outside the scope of the business combination guidance in ASC 805-50. The entities are deemed to be under common control as of February 27, 2018, which was the date that the majority shareholder acquired control of the Company and, therefore, held control over both companies. On May 2, 2018, the Share Exchange Agreement was effected. In connection with this transaction, the Company changed its name on May 8, 2018 to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. and changed its year end from April 30th to September 30th.

 

Our principal executive offices are temporarily located at 2987 Blackbear Court, Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada. Our telephone number is (702-803-9404). Our internet address is www.pharmagreen.ca.

 

On August 7, 2020, (the “Petition Date”), the Company filed voluntary petitions for reorganization (the “Bankruptcy Petitions” and the cases commenced thereby, the “Chapter 11 Cases”) under chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada (the “Court”). The Company’s filing with the Court was designated as Case No. 20-13886. During the pendency of this matter, the Company has also filed motions with the Court seeking authorization to continue to operate its businesses as “debtors-in-possession” under the jurisdiction of the Court and in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Court. To maintain and continue uninterrupted ordinary course operations during the Chapter 11 Cases, the Company filed a variety of “first day” motions seeking approval from the Court for various forms of customary relief. These motions are designed primarily to minimize the effect of bankruptcy on the Company’s operations, customers and employees.

 

On October 9, 2020, a stay order was lifted by a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on an action filed by a lender. This effectively removed the Company from its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and protection.

 

We expect to continue to incur losses for at least the next 12 months. We do not expect to generate revenue that is sufficient to cover our expenses, and we do not have sufficient cash and cash equivalents to execute our plan of operations for at least the next twelve months. We will need to obtain additional financing, through equity security sales, debt instruments and private financing, to conduct our day-to-day operations, and to fully execute our business plan. We plan to raise the capital necessary to fund our business through the sale of equity securities, debt instruments or private financing. These factors raise substantial doubt upon the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  This report does not reflect all the adjustments that may be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this Item.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None

Item 2. Properties.

 

We do not own any real estate or other properties and have not entered into any long-term lease or rental agreements for property.


3


Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

On July 22, 2020, the Company received a preliminary statement of claim from a convertible note holder for failure of the Company to deliver shares of common stock upon receipt of notices of conversion. Pursuant to the claim, the plaintiff has requested receipt of all shares of common stock requested in the notices of conversion, and also damages in an amount to be determined at trial but in any event in excess of principal amount of $78,000 for a total sum of $180,000, including without limitation the balance of any portion of the convertible note that ultimately is not converted into shares of common stock, along with default interest, liquidated damages, and damages as provided for in the convertible note.

 

On October 29th, 2020 a second note holder filed a statement of claim.  This lender as of December 24th, 2020 has completely converted the full amount of the note of $100,000, interest of $8,689.80 and penalty and fees aggregating $19,500.

 

Also, as mentioned above, the Company filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada on August 7, 2020. The Company’s filing with the Court was designated as Case No. 20-13886. During the pendency of this matter, the Company has also filed motions with the Court seeking authorization to continue to operate its businesses as “debtors-in-possession” under the jurisdiction of the Court and in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Court. 

 

On October 9, 2020, a stay order was lifted by a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on an action filed by a lender. This effectively removed the Company from its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and protection. The lifting of the stay order further allowed the convertible note holders to convert thereby increasing the number of shares issued and outstanding.

 

Except as mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, there are no pending legal proceedings to which the Company is a party or in which any director, officer or affiliate of the Company, any owner of record or beneficially of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of the Company, or stockholder is a party adverse to the Company or has a material interest adverse to the Company.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

N/A

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Our Common Stock is currently quoted on the OTC Market under the symbol “PHBI.” Prior to July 31, 2018, our Common Stock was quoted under the symbol “AITGD.” Quotations of our Common Stock began on June 10, 2008. Our Common Stock was listed and commenced trading on the OTC Market on June 10, 2008.

 

As of September 30, 2020, we had 95,806,289 shares of our Common Stock issued and outstanding held by approximately 188 stockholders of record. To date, we have not paid dividends on our Common Stock.

 

Our Common Stock is very thinly traded and, thus, pricing of our Common Stock on OTC Markets does not necessarily represent its fair market value.

 

 

 

 

Date

Hi Bid

Low Bid

September 30, 2020

$0.089

$0.080

June 30, 2020

$0.16

$0.083

March 31, 2020

$0.15

$0.127

December 31, 2019

$0.70

0.70

September 30, 2019

$2.10

$2.00

June 30, 2019

$2.22

$2.22

March 31, 2019

$1.95

$1.95

December 31, 2018

$1.70

$1.70


4


Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this Item.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis

 

This section of the Form 10-K includes a number of forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are often identified by words like believe, expect, estimate, anticipate, intend, project and similar expressions, or words which, by their nature, refer to future events. You should not place undue certainty on these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our predictions.

 

Capital Resources and Liquidity

 

Our auditors have issued a “going concern” opinion, meaning that there is substantial doubt if we can continue as an on-going business unless we obtain additional capital. No substantial revenues from our planned business model are anticipated until we have completed financing the Company. As at September 30, 2020, the Company has a working capital deficit of $2,900,629 and an accumulated deficit of $7,167,346. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

We need to seek capital from resources such as the sale of private placements in the Company’s common stock or debt financing, which may not even be available to the Company. However, if such financing were available, because we are a, early stage company with no or limited operations to date, it would likely have to pay additional costs associated with such financing and in the case of high risk loans be subject to an above market interest rate. At such time these funds are required, management would evaluate the terms of such financing. If the Company cannot raise additional proceeds via such financing, it may be required to cease business operations.

 

As of September 30, 2020, we had $12,196 in cash, amounts receivable of $295, and prepaid expenses and deposits of $253,754, as compared to $62,682 in cash, amounts receivable of $10,639 and prepaid expenses and deposits of $115,856 as of September 30, 2019. As of the date of this Form 10-K, the current funds available to the Company will not be sufficient to fund the expenses related to maintaining our planned operations. We are in the process of seeking additional equity financing in the form of private placements, loans and registration statements to fund our intended business operations.

 

Management believes that if subsequent private placements are successful or we are successful in raising funds from registered securities, we will generate sales revenue within twelve months thereof. However, additional equity financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all, and thus we could fail to satisfy our future cash requirements.

 

We do not anticipate researching any further products nor the purchase or sale of any significant equipment. We also do not expect any significant additions to the number of employees.

 

Impact of Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings. On August 7, 2020, our company (including our subsidiaries) filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada, Case No. 20-13886.

 

On October 9, 2020, a stay order was entered by a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on an action filed by a lender. This effectively removed our company from the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding and protection.

 

Despite the short-lived and, ultimately, ineffectual bankruptcy filing, we believe our company’s overall financial position, on an ongoing basis since August 2020, has been negatively impacted. While the bankruptcy filing was believed by our management to be the best strategy in dealing with what was, at the time, a significant amount of toxic convertible debt, the bankruptcy filings’ negative impact is most tangibly apparent in our inability to obtain equity funding.

 

During the fourth quarter of 2020, proposed, though not yet binding, equity investments in our company were abandoned by potential investors, due to the volatile downward movement of our stock price caused, in large measure, by heavy sales of shares by holders of convertible debt. This circumstance served to exacerbate our company’s lack of liquidity.


5


 

However, from September 30, 2020, through March 31, 2021, our outstanding convertible debt obligations have been reduced from $641,077 (net of unamortized discount of $182,012) to $190,834 (unaudited) (net of unamortized discount of $nil).

 

Results of Operations

 

We had $Nil in revenue for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as compared to revenue for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, of $Nil.

 

Total expenses in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, were $485,756 as compared to total expenses for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, of $642,178. In addition, total other expenses in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, were $1,996,856 as compared to total other expenses for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, of $126,633, resulting in a net loss for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, of $2,437,870, as compared to a net loss of $767,537 for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019. The increase in net loss for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, compared to 2019 was mainly due to the following:

 

·An increase in professional fees from $81,090 in 2019 to $179,015, which was primarily due to an increase in legal fees associated with the Company’s convertible debentures and related legal proceedings; 

·An increase in accretion of discount of convertible notes from $1,296 in 2019 to $328,333 in 2020, which related to the increase in convertible debt financing during the year; 

·An increase in interest expense from $3,783 in 2019 to $298,942 in 2020, which was mainly attributable to default penalties incurred on convertible notes of $229,364 during 2020; 

·An increase in impairment of property and equipment from $nil in 2019 to $434,601 in 2020, which related to an impairment of the capitalized construction in progress costs due to the economic uncertainty of having sufficient financing available to complete the proposed construction; and  

·An increase in loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities from $nil in 2019 to $1,149,450 in 2020, which related to the embedded conversion features on the Company’s convertible debentures entered into during the year. 

 

The increase was partially offset by the following:

·A decrease in consulting fees from $442,529 in 2019 to $224,691 in 2020 due to less labour costs required during 2020; and 

·An increase in the gain from write-off of accounts payable from $nil in 2019 to $292,557 in 2020, which related to professional fees that are no longer outstanding. 

 

During the year ended September 30, 2020, and 2019, we incurred a net loss of $0.03 and $0.01 per share, respectively.

 

Impact of Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings. On August 7, 2020, our company (including our subsidiaries) filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada, Case No. 20-13886.

 

On October 9, 2020, a stay order was entered by a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on an action filed by a lender. This effectively removed our company from the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding and protection.

 

The filing of bankruptcy negatively affected our results of operations, due to increased interest and penalty interest expenses associated with our defaulting on our convertible note obligations. In addition, because we were unable to obtain proposed, though not yet binding, equity funding during the fourth quarter of 2020, we were unable to make planned expenditures relating to our business plan. This result can be expected to have a slowing effect on our ability to generate revenues. However, we are unable to make any prediction, in this regard.

 

Off-balance sheet arrangements

 

The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect or change on the Company’s financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors. The term “off-balance sheet arrangement” generally means any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement to which an entity unconsolidated with the Company is a party, under which the Company has (i) any obligation arising under a guarantee contract, derivative instrument or variable interest; or (ii) a retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to such entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support for such assets.


6


 

The Company is temporarily headquartered in Coquitlam, British Columbia.  Our mission is to advance the technology of tissue culture science and to provide the highest quality 100% germ free, disease free and all genetically the same plantlets of high CBD hemp and other flora and offering full spectrum DNA testing for plant identification, live genetics preservation using  low temperature storage for various cannabis and horticulture plants; extraction of botanical oils mainly CBD oil, and to deliver laboratory based services to the North American high CBD hemp, Cannabis and agriculture sectors.

 

Its immediate focus will be on producing tissue cultured high CBD hemp starter plantlets.  The Company has applied to Health Canada for a license to produce and sell tissue culture plantlets and cannabis oil.  On February 7, 2019, the Company’s, Canadian subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc., received notification from Health Canada that its cannabis licensing application under the Cannabis Act and the Cannabis Regulations to obtain a license at the proposed site in Deroche, British Columbia, Canada has advanced from the first stage, “Intake and Screening” to the second stage, “Detailed Review and Initiation of Security Clearance Process,” of a three stage approval process.  On May 10, 2019, the Company received confirmation from Health Canada that the second stage has been completed and the company can move into the third stage, construction of the biotech complex for inspection and licensing.

 

The Company is currently completing its engineering stage and has begun site development work for the building process of a 63,000 square foot biotech complex.  The Botany Center will serve the following purposes:

 

·Plantlets tissue culture unit (under Cannabis licence and under Hemp License for high CBD hemp strain tissue culture starter plantlets) 

·Plantlets low temperature storage unit (under Cannabis licence and Hemp license) ** 

·Plant DNA testing unit (Under Cannabis licence and Hemp license)** 

·Cannabis and high CBD hemp product development unit (under Cannabis Licence)** 

·Cannabis and high CBD hemp oil products extraction (under Cannabis Licence)** 

 

** when funds become available in the future

 

The Company is dedicated to become internationally recognized and valued biotech science solutions company in North America for its proprietary micro-propagation techniques, tissue culture plantlets production, preservation of genetics, extraction of cannabis oil, Cannabis and high CBD hemp products development, and plant DNA species identification and certification. The extraction of cannabis oil and new cannabis and high CBD hemp product development will be conducted under the Cannabis License. The company has concurrently applied for a Cannabis License administrated by Health Canada.

 

If the Company is awarded Cannabis License with Health Canada it will continue to build out the Biotech Complex.  It will take 19 months to construct and make operational the Biotech Complex.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this Item.


7


Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

 

Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Years Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

 

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)


8



PICTURE 3  


9



PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

September 30,

2020

September 30,

2019

 

$

$

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

12,196

62,682

Amounts receivable

295

10,639

Prepaid expenses and deposits

253,754

115,856

 

 

 

Total current assets

266,245

189,177

 

 

 

Property and equipment (Note 3)

441,095

 

 

 

Total assets

266,245

630,272

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Notes 4 and 8)

539,663

855,766

Advances from Alliance Growers Corp. (Note 11(a))

56,303

56,634

Due to related parties (Note 8)

508,874

475,666

Note payable (Note 5)

40,000

Convertible notes – current portion, net of unamortized discount of $182,012 and $2,895, respectively (Note 6)

641,077

75,105

Derivative liabilities (Note 7)

1,380,957

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

3,166,874

1,463,171

 

 

 

Loan payable (Note 5)

30,028

Convertible notes, net of unamortized discount of $23,619 and $27,321, respectively (Note 6)

3,448

1,599

 

 

 

Total liabilities

3,200,350

1,464,770

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

Authorized: 500,000,000 shares, $0.001 par value;

95,806,289 and 75,646,835 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

95,806

75,647

Common stock issuable (Note 9)

180,000

Additional paid-in capital

3,967,261

3,772,781

Accumulated other comprehensive income

36,679

47,824

Deficit

(7,167,346)

(4,729,476)

 

 

 

Total Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. stockholders’ deficit

(2,887,600)

(833,224)

 

 

 

Non-controlling interest

(46,505)

(1,274)

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ deficit

(2,934,105)

(834,498)

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

266,245

630,272

 

 

 

Nature of business and continuance of operations (Note 1)

 

 

Commitments (Note 11)

 

 

Subsequent events (Note 13)

 

 


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

10



PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

 

 

 

Year ended

September 30,

2020

$

Year ended

September 30,

2019

$

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consulting fees (Note 8)

 

 

224,691

442,529

Foreign exchange loss (gain)

 

 

8

(6,144)

General and administrative

 

 

63,711

99,081

Impairment of property and equipment (Note 3)

 

 

434,601

-

License application fees

 

 

893

3,758

Professional fees

 

 

179,015

81,090

Research and development

 

 

3,956

Salaries and wages

 

 

17,438

17,908

 

 

 

 

 

Total expenses

 

 

920,357

642,178

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss before other income (expenses)

 

 

(920,357)

(642,178)

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of discount on convertible notes (Note 6)

 

 

(328,333)

(1,296)

Interest expense

 

 

(298,942)

(3,783)

Finance costs

 

 

(45,000)

(121,554)

Impairment of property and equipment (Note 3)

 

 

(434,601)

Loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities (Note 7)

 

 

(1,149,450)

Loss on settlement on convertible notes

 

 

(33,087)

Write-off of accounts payable (Note 4)

 

 

292,557

 

 

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(1,562,255)

(126,633)

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(2,482,612)

(768,811)

 

 

 

 

 

Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

44,742

1,274

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

 

(2,437,870)

(767,537)

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain (loss)

 

 

(11,634)

9,102

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

 

(2,449,504)

(758,435)

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. stockholders

 

 

(0.03)

(0.01)

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding used in the calculation of net loss per share attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.  

 

 

82,072,080

74,061,724


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

11



PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

 

Common stock

Common stock

issuable

$

Additional paid-in capital

$

Accumulated

other

comprehensive income

$

Deficit

$

Non-controlling

interest

$

Total stockholders’

deficit

$

 

Number of shares

Amount

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018

71,620,100

71,620

2,464,136

38,722

(3,961,939)

(1,387,461)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to the conversion of convertible notes

3,900,000

3,900

(3,510)

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for services

126,735

127

293,927

294,054

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock of 1155097 B.C. Ltd.

1,018,228

1,018,228

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

9,102

9,102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the year

(767,537)

(1,274)

(768,811)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2019

75,646,835

75,647

3,772,781

47,824

(4,729,476)

(1,274)

(834,498)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of units for cash

114,286

114

39,886

40,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to the conversion of convertible notes

20,023,168

20,023

180,000

143,836

343,859

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for services

22,000

22

10,758

10,780

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation loss

(11,145)

(489)

(11,634)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the year

(2,437,870)

(44,742)

(2,482,612)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

95,806,289

95,806

180,000

3,967,261

36,679

(7,167,346)

(46,505)

(2,934,105)


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

12



PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

Year ended

September 30,

2020

Year ended

September 30,

2019

 

$

$

 

 

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

(2,437,870)

(768,811)

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

Accretion of discount on convertible notes

328,333

1,296

Default penalties on convertible notes

229,364

Financing costs

45,000

105

Impairment of property and equipment

434,601

Loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities

1,149,450

Loss on settlement of convertible note

33,087

Shares issued for services

10,780

294,054

Write-off of accounts payable

(292,557)

 

 

 

Changes in non-cash operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

Accounts receivable and other receivables

10,344

21,126

Prepaid expenses and deposits

(137,898)

(101,380)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

(16,220)

231,082

Due to related parties

80,694

4,696

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

(607,634)

(317,832)

 

 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of property and equipment

(196,127)

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

(196,127)

 

 

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of units for cash

40,000

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes

570,078

75,000

Proceeds from advances from Alliance Growers Corp.

169,713

Proceeds from loans from related parties

96,059

247,467

Repayment of convertible notes

(25,000)

Repayment of loans from related parties

(143,545)

(59,352)

Proceeds from loans payable

30,028

Financing costs

(5,000)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

562,620

432,828

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

5,472

(8,056)

 

 

 

Change in cash

(50,486)

(89,187)

 

 

 

Cash, beginning of year

62,682

151,869

 

 

 

Cash, end of year

12,196

62,682

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Original issue discount on convertible notes

532,594

Issuance of common stock pursuant to conversion of convertible notes

163,859

390

Issuance of equity in 1155097 B.C. Ltd in exchange for advances payable

1,018,229

Issuance of promissory note as a financing fee

40,000

Common stock issuable pursuant to conversion of convertible notes

180,000

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

4,601

Income taxes paid


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

13


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


1.Nature of Business and Continuance of Operations 

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (“the Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada, U.S. on November 26, 2007, under the name Azure International, Inc.  On October 30, 2008, and effective as of the same date, the Company filed Articles of Merger (“Articles”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada, to effect a merger by and between Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation and Azure International, Inc.  As a result of the merger, the Company changed its name to Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc.  The Company was previously in the business of providing technical advisory and appraisals to the aircraft and aviation business as well as providing sourcing for aircraft leases and parts. Pursuant to a Share Exchange Agreement with WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (“WFS”) on May 2, 2018, the Company changed its name to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. and changed its principal business to the construction of a biotech complex in Deroche, British Columbia, Canada, for the purpose of producing a variety of starter plantlets for the Canadian and international high CBD hemp and medical cannabis industries through the application of the proprietary plant tissue culture in vitro process called “Chibafreen”. This proprietary process will produce plantlets that will be genetically identical and free of pests and disease free with consistent and certifiable constituent properties.

Going Concern

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the going concern basis, which assumes that the Company will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business. As at September 30, 2020, the Company has not earned any revenues from operations, has a working capital deficit of $2,900,629, and has an accumulated deficit of $7,167,346. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred a net loss of $2,482,612 and used cash flows for operations of $607,634. In addition, the Company filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada on August 7, 2020. As a result of the voluntary petition, various convertible note holders triggered default provisions on the Company’s outstanding convertible notes.  On October 9, 2020, a stay order was lifted by a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on an action filed by a lender. This effectively removed the Company from its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and protection. These factors raise substantial doubt upon the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. These consolidated financial statements do not reflect any adjustments that may be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.   

The recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, which was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020, has led to adverse impacts on the U.S. and global economies, disruptions of financial markets, and created uncertainty regarding potential impacts to the Company’s supply chain, operations, and customer demand. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and could further impact the Company’s operations and the operations of the Company’s suppliers and vendors as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to the duration, spread, severity, and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s customers, suppliers, and vendors and the remedial actions and stimulus measures adopted by local and federal governments, and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. The management team is closely following the progression of COVID-19 and its potential impact on the Company.  Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, the Company may experience adverse impacts to its business as a result of any economic recession or depression that has occurred or may occur in the future. Therefore, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the impact at this time our business, liquidity, capital resources and financial results.

2.Significant Accounting Policies 

(a)Basis of Presentation  

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and are expressed in U.S. dollars. These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (“WFS”), and its 89.7% owned subsidiary 1155097 BC Ltd. (“115BC”), companies incorporated in British Columbia, Canada. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The Company’s fiscal year-end is September 30.


14


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


2.Significant Accounting Policies (continued) 

(b)Use of Estimates and Judgments  

The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to the allowance for doubtful accounts, the recoverability of property and equipment, the equity component of convertible notes, fair value of derivative liabilities, fair value of stock-based payments, and deferred income tax asset valuation allowances. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience, and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.

The Company applies judgment in the application of the going concern assumption which requires management to take into account all available information about the future, which is at least, but not limited to, 12 months from the end of the reporting period and in the factors regarding the impairment of the property and equipment.  

(c)Cash and Cash Equivalents 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of issuance to be cash equivalents.

(d)Property, Plant, and Equipment 

Property, plant, and equipment is measured at cost less accumulated depreciation, residual values, and impairment losses. Cost includes expenditures that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials and direct labor, any other costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to a working condition for the intended use and borrowing costs on qualifying assets. During their construction, items of property, plant, and equipment are classified as construction in progress. When the asset is available for use, it is transferred from construction in progress to the appropriate category of property, plant, and equipment and depreciation on the item commences.

The Company capitalizes borrowing costs on capital invested in projects under construction. Upon the asset becoming available for use, capitalized borrowing costs, as a portion of the total cost of the asset, are depreciated over the estimated useful life of the related asset.

(e)Long-lived Assets 

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”, the Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed significantly before the end of its estimated useful life. Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset and its fair value, which is generally determined based on the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount is not recoverable and exceeds fair value.


15


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


2.Significant Accounting Policies (continued) 

(f)Fair Value Measurements 

The Company measures and discloses the estimated fair value of financial assets and liabilities using the fair value hierarchy prescribed by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The fair value hierarchy has three levels, which are based on reliable available inputs of observable data. The hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available.

The three-level hierarchy is defined as follows:

Level 1 – quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.

Level 2 – quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and.

Level 3 – fair value measurements derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

Financial instruments consist principally of cash, amounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, advances from Alliance Growers Corp., loans payable, amounts due to related parties, and convertible notes. The fair value of cash is determined based on Level 1 inputs and the fair value of derivative liabilities is determined based on Level 3 inputs. There were no transfers into or out of “Level 3” during the years ended September 30, 2020, and 2019. The recorded values of all other financial instruments, with the exception of non-current convertible notes, approximate their current fair values because of their nature and respective relatively short maturity dates or durations. Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about the financial instrument. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.

The following table presents assets and liabilities that are measured and recognized at fair value as of September 30, 2020 on a recurring basis:

September 30, 2020

 

Level 1

$

Level 2

$

Level 3

$

Total Gains (Losses)

$

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liability

1,380,957

(1,149,450)

(g)Foreign Currency Translation 

The Company’s functional and reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. Transactions may occur in foreign currencies and management has adopted ASC 830, “Foreign Currency Translation Matters”. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at rates of exchange in effect at the date of the transaction. Average monthly rates are used to translate revenues and expenses. Gains and losses arising on translation or settlement of foreign currency denominated transactions or balances are included in the consolidated statement of operations. The Company uses the current rate method to translate the accounts of its wholly-owned subsidiary into U.S. dollars. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical rates. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates for the period. The resulting exchange gains or losses are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income.


16


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


2.Significant Accounting Policies (continued) 

(h)Stock-based Compensation 

The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation, using the fair value method. All transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the fair value of stock-based awards. This model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These subjective variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss over the requisite service period.

(i)Loss Per Share 

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, "Earnings per Share" which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. As at September 30, 2020, there were 388,372,556 (2019 – 364,850,535) potentially dilutive shares outstanding.

(j)Comprehensive Loss 

ASC 220, “Comprehensive Income” establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements. As at September 30, 2020 and 2019, comprehensive loss consists of foreign currency translation gains and losses.

(k)Income Taxes 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes”. The asset and liability method provides that deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred income tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized. As of September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company did not have any amounts recorded pertaining to uncertain tax positions.

The Company files federal and provincial income tax returns in Canada and federal, state and local income tax returns in the U.S., as applicable. The Company may be subject to a reassessment of federal and provincial income taxes by Canadian tax authorities for a period of three years from the date of the original notice of assessment in respect of any particular taxation year. For Canadian and U.S. income tax returns, the open taxation years range from 2014 to 2020. In certain circumstances, the U.S. federal statute of limitations can reach beyond the standard three year period. U.S. state statutes of limitations for income tax assessment vary from state to state. Tax authorities of Canada and U.S. have not examined any of the Company’s, or its subsidiaries’, income tax returns for the open taxation years noted above.


17


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


2.Significant Accounting Policies (continued) 

(l)Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, which simplifies the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions. The amendments specify that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The standard became effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, Topic 842, Leases, was issued to replace the leases requirements in Topic 840, Leases. The main difference between previous GAAP and Topic 842 is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. A lessee should recognize in the balance sheet a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense for such leases generally on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The accounting applied by a lessor is largely unchanged from that applied under previous GAAP. The standard became effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.  

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its consolidated financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 

3.Property and Equipment 

 

 

 

 

Construction in progress

$

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018

 

 

 

251,310

 

 

 

 

 

Additions

 

 

 

196,127

Change due to foreign exchange

 

 

 

(6,342)

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2019

 

 

 

441,095

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment

 

 

 

(434,601)

Change due to foreign exchange

 

 

 

(6,494)

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018, 2019 and 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2019

 

 

 

441,095

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

 

 

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized an impairment of $434,601 of the capitalized construction in progress costs due to economic uncertainty of sufficient financing available to complete the proposed construction.  


18


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


4.Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consists of the following:

 

September 30,

2020

$

September 30,

2019

$

 

 

 

Accounts payable (Note 8)

455,310

829,942

Accrued interest payable (Notes 5 and 6)

84,353

25,824

 

 

 

 

539,663

855,766

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized a write-off of accounts payable of $292,557 (2019 - $nil) related to professional fees that are no longer owing.

 

5.Loans Payable 

(a)On November 22, 2019, the Company entered into a promissory note with an unrelated party for $40,000 in connection with an equity purchase agreement (Refer to Note 11(b)). The promissory note is unsecured, due on November 30, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recorded accrued interest payable of $3,421 (2019 - $nil). 

(b)On April 22, 2020, the Company received a loan for $30,028 (Cdn$40,000) from the Government of Canada under the Canada Emergency Business Account program (“CEBA”). These funds are interest free until December 31, 2022, at which time the remaining balance will convert to a 3-year term loan at an interest rate of 5% per annum. If the Company repays the loan prior to December 31, 2022, there will be loan forgiveness of 25% of the principal balance repaid, up to a maximum of Cdn$10,000. 

 

6.Convertible Notes  

(a)On April 4, 2018, the amount of $32,485 owed to related parties was converted to Series A convertible notes, which are unsecured, non-interest bearing, and due on April 4, 2023. These notes are convertible in whole or in part, at any time until maturity, to common shares of the Company at $0.0001 per share. The outstanding balance remaining at maturity shall bear interest at 12% per annum until fully paid. The Company evaluated the convertible notes for a beneficial conversion feature in accordance with ASC 470-20 Debt with Conversion and Other Options. The Company determined that the conversion price was below the closing stock price on the commitment date, and the convertible notes contained a beneficial conversion feature. The Company recognized the intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $32,485 as additional paid-in capital and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $nil. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible notes up to their face value of $32,485.  

During the year ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 31,745,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $3,175 of Series A convertible notes, which included 18,000,000 common shares to the President of the Company and 5,320,000 common shares to family members of the President of the Company. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $3,112 as accretion expense.

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued 3,900,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $390 of Series A convertible notes. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $375 as accretion expense.

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 18,525,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $1,853 of Series A convertible notes. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $1,670 as accretion expense.

As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible notes was $3,448 (2019 – $1,599) and had an unamortized discount of $23,619 (2019 - $27,321). During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recorded accretion expense of $3,702 (2019 - $1,296).


19


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


6.    Convertible Notes (continued)

(b)On September 17, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $75,000. The note is due on September 20, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. Due to this provision, the Company considered whether the embedded conversion option qualifies for derivative accounting under ASC 815-15 Derivatives and Hedging. As the note was not convertible until 180 days following issuance, no derivative liability was initially recognized. 

The convertible note became convertible on March 15, 2020. The Company evaluated the convertible note for a beneficial conversion feature in accordance with ASC 470-20 Debt with Conversion and Other Options. The Company determined that the conversion price was below the closing stock price on the measurement date, and the convertible note contained a beneficial conversion feature. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $82,631. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $76,019 and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,000.

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 1,498,168 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $68,000 of the convertible note.

On June 17, 2020, the Company paid the remaining principal of $10,000 and interest of $4,601 pursuant to a settlement agreement with the lender. Upon entering into the settlement agreement, the Company immediately recognized the remaining debt discount of $4,427.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $10,382 (2019 - $105). As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $nil (2019 - $75,105), net of an unamortized discount of $nil (2019 - $2,895).

(c)On October 1, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,255 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $74,745. The note is due on October 1, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 10-trading day period prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $70,744. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $74,245 and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,000. 

On July 22, 2020, the Company received a preliminary statement of claim from the note holder for failure of the Company to deliver shares of common stock upon receipt of notices of conversion. Pursuant to the claim, the note holder requested receipt of all shares of common stock requested in the notices of conversion, and also damages in an amount to be determined at trial but in any event in excess of principal in the sum of $180,000, including without limitation the balance of any portion of the convertible note that ultimately is not converted into shares of common stock, along with default interest, liquidated damages, and damages as provided for in the convertible note. Upon default, the Company recognized the remaining debt discount of $46,904 as accretion expense.


20


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


6.    Convertible Notes (continued)

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $77,500 and a default penalty of $85,864. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $163,864 (2019 - $nil) and the fair value of the derivative liability was $485,863 (2019 - $nil).

(d)On October 17, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $63,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $60,000. The note is due on October 17, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date.  

On June 17, 2020, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the lender, whereby the Company and the lender agreed on repayment terms for the remaining principal balance of $63,000, and accrued interest owing on the note of $5,775 which was due on September 30, 2020. Upon entering into the settlement agreement, the Company immediately recognized the remaining debt discount of $1,657. On September 30, 2020, the Company failed to meet the repayment terms within the settlement agreement which resulted in a default penalty of $63,000 and the resumption of the convertibility feature at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. On September 30, 2020, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $112,822.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $3,000 and a default penalty of $63,000. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $126,000 (2019 - $nil) and the fair value of the derivative liability was $112,822 (2019 - $nil).

(e)On January 2, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $53,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $50,000. The note is due on January 2, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date.  

On June 17, 2020, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the lender, whereby the Company and the lender agreed on repayment terms for the remaining principal of $53,000 and accrued interest of $5,300 owing on the note. Upon entering into the settlement agreement, the Company immediately recognized the remaining debt discount of $2,286. Effective September 30, 2020, the Company failed to meet the repayment terms of the settlement agreement and defaulted on the convertible note. On September 30, 2020, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $139,702.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $3,000 and a default penalty of $53,000. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $106,000 (2019 - $nil) and the fair value of the derivative liability was $139,702 (2019 - $nil).


21


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


6.    Convertible Notes (continued)

(f)On January 14, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,000 was paid for financing costs, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $75,000. The note is due on January 14, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 12% per annum, which increases to 15% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $76,330. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $74,500, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $1,830, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,000. 

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $16,447. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $16,947 (2019 - $nil), net of an unamortized discount of $61,053 (2019 - $nil), and the fair value of the derivative liability was $110,604 (2019 - $nil).

(g)On January 15, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $61,000, of which $7,400 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs and an original issue discount of $3,000, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $50,600. The note is due on January 15, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $67,846.  

The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $50,100, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $17,746, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $61,000.

On July 23, 2020, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the note holder, wherein the Company and the lender agreed to settle a convertible note and accrued interest for a total of $63,440 on a non-convertible basis, of which $15,000 was payable on or before July 24, 2020 (paid), followed by 6 monthly instalment payments of $8,073. Upon entering into the settlement agreement, the Company immediately recognized the remaining debt discount of $56,566. Effective August 24, 2020, the Company failed to meet the repayment terms and defaulted on the settlement agreement.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $60,500. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $46,000 (2019 -$ nil) and the fair value of the derivative liability was $69,320 (2019 - $nil).


22


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


6.Convertible Notes (continued) 

(h)On January 15, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $55,000, of which $2,500 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $52,500. The note is due on January 15, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20 consecutive trading day period on which at least 100 shares of common stock were traded prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $61,173. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $52,000, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $9,173, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $55,000. 

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company defaulted on the convertible note which resulted in a default penalty of $27,500 and the amendment of the conversion rate from 65% to 50% of the lowest trading price during the 20 consecutive trading days prior to conversion.  The Company recognized the remaining debt discount of $50,767 as accretion expense.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and were being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $54,500 and a default penalty of $27,500. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $82,500 (2019 - $nil) and the fair value of the derivative liability was $146,272 (2019 - $nil).  

(i)On January 21, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $66,150, of which $7,800 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs and an original issue discount of $3,150, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $55,200. The note is due on January 21, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 8% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal 60% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $71,278.  

The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $54,700, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $16,578, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $66,150.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $13,202. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $13,702 (2019 - $nil), net of an unamortized discount of $52,448 (2019 - $nil), and the fair value of the derivative liability was $98,579 (2019 - $nil).


23


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


6.Convertible Notes (continued) 

(j)On January 22, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,750, of which $9,750 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $69,000. The note is due on January 22, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $75,179. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $68,500, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $6,679, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,750. 

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company defaulted on the convertible note and recognized accretion expense of $78,250. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $78,750 and the fair value of the derivative liability was $107,660 (2019 - $nil).

(k)On February 4, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $100,000, of which $16,970 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $83,030. The note is due on February 4, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 12% per annum, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 10-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 60% of the average of the two lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $125,640. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $82,530, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $43,110, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $100,000. 

During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company lender converted $24,175 of the convertible note for common stock issuable with a fair value of $180,000. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $23,136 as accretion expense.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $7,854. As at September 30, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $7,314 (2019 - $nil), net of an unamortized discount of $68,511 (2019 - $nil), and the fair value of the derivative liability was $110,135 (2019 - $nil).


24


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


7.Derivative Liabilities 

The embedded conversion option of certain of the Company’s convertible notes described in Note 6 contain a conversion feature that qualifies for embedded derivative classification.  The fair value of this liability will be re-measured at the end of every reporting period and the change in fair value will be reported in the statement of operations as a gain or loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities. The table below sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities:

 

 

$

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018 and 2019

 

 

 

 

Addition

 

1,020,071

Conversion of convertible notes

 

(301,087)

Change in fair value

 

661,973

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

1,380,957

The Company uses Level 3 inputs for its valuation methodology for the embedded conversion option liabilities as their fair values were determined by using a binomial model based on various assumptions. Significant changes in any of these inputs in isolation would result in a significant change in the fair value measurement. As required, these are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following table shows the weighted-average assumptions used in the calculations:

 

Expected

volatility

Risk-free interest rate

Expected dividend yield

Expected life (in years)

 

 

 

 

 

As at date of issuance

161.13%

1.19%

0%

0.87

As at September 30, 2020

295.81%

0.09%

0%

0.20

 

8.Related Party Transactions 

(a)As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $453,697 (Cdn$604,366) (2019 - $372,799 (Cdn$493,694)) to the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $93,000 (2019 - $90,423) to the President of the Company. 

(b)As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $nil (2019 - $47,367 (Cdn$62,730)) to a company controlled by the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. 

(c)As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $55,177 (Cdn$73,500) (2019 - $55,500 (Cdn$73,500)) to the father of the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.  

(d)As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $nil (2019 - $25,825 (Cdn$34,200)) to a Company owned by the father of the President of the Company, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.  

(e)As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $347,229 (Cdn$462,540) (2019 – $291,504 (Cdn$386,039)) to a company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $93,000 (2019 - $90,423) to the company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS. 

(f)During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred research and development fees of $nil (2019 - $3,956), license application fees of $nil (2019 - $3,758) and expenses related to the construction of the cannabis construction complex of $nil (2019 - $8,308) (Cdn$11,025) to the Chief Financial Officer of WFS. 


25


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


9.Common Stock 

Year ended September 30, 2020

(a)On March 24, 2020, the Company issued 78,064 shares of common stock with a fair value of $21,077 pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)). 

(b)On April 1, 2020, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $600 of a convertible note (Note 6(a)). 

(c)On April 2, 2020, the Company issued 136,612 shares of common stock with a fair value of $20,492 pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)). 

(d)On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 351,288 shares of common stock with a fair value of $38,642 pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)). 

(e)On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 423,729 shares of common stock with a fair value of $47,881 pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)). 

(f)On May 4, 2020, the Company issued 508,475 shares of common stock with a fair value of $33,915 pursuant to the conversion of $18,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)). 

(g)On June 30, 2020, the Company issued 8,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $800 of a convertible note (Note 6(a)). 

(h)On July 9, 2020, the Company issued 22,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $10,780 for management consulting and strategic business advisory services. 

(i)On July 31, 2020, the Company issued 4,525,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversions of an aggregate of $453 of a convertible note. 

(j)On July 31, 2020, the Company issued 114,286 units at $0.35 per unit for proceeds of $40,000. Each unit consisted of one share of common stock and one common share purchase warrant exercisable at $0.55 per share until July 16, 2022. 

(k)As at September 30, 2020, the Company received a conversion notice for 2,000,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $180,000 pursuant to the conversion of $30,750 of a convertible note.  

Year ended September 30, 2019

(l)On December 6, 2018, the Company issued 2,000,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $200 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share (Note 6 (a)). 

(m)On December 6, 2018, the Company issued 51,735 shares of common stock with a fair value of $121,554 for financing costs. The fair value of common stock was determined based on the end of day trading price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance. 

(n)On February 1, 2019, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $100 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share (Note 6 (a)). 

(o)On August 19, 2019, the Company issued 900,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $90 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share (Note 6 (a)). 

(p)On September 17, 2019, the Company issued 75,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $172,500 for consulting fees. The fair value of common stock was determined based on the end of day trading price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance. 

 

10.Share Purchase Warrants 

The following table summarizes the continuity of the Company’s share purchase warrants:

 

Number of

warrants

Weighted average exercise price

$

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018 and 2019

 

 

 

Issued

114,286

0.55

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

114,286

0.55

The share purchase warrants have an expiry date of July 16, 2022.


26


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


11.Commitments  

(a)Effective December 11, 2017, the Company entered into a binding Letter of Intent (“LOI”) with Alliance Growers Corp. (“Alliance”), whereby the Company will build a new cannabis biotech complex located in Deroche, British Columbia, through their subsidiary, 115BC. On January 25, 2019, the Company’s subsidiaries WFS and 115BC entered into an option agreement with Alliance, which superseded the LOI entered into on December 11, 2017. The option agreement grants an option to Alliance to purchase 10% equity interest in 115BC for Cdn$1,350,000 and previously granted a second option to purchase an additional 20% equity interest in 115BC for funding of 30% of the total construction and equipment costs for the biotech complex less Cdn$1,350,000. On January 25, 2019, 115BC issued 8 shares of common stock to Alliance upon exercise of the first option for consideration of $1,018,182 (Cdn$1,350,008), which was recognized as additional paid-in capital. The second option expired unexercised. As at September 30, 2020, the Company received advances of $56,303 (Cdn$75,000) (2019 - $56,634 (Cdn$75,000)) from Alliance, which is unsecured, non-interest bearing, and due on demand. 

(b)On November 22, 2019, the Company entered into an equity purchase agreement with an unrelated party, whereby the third party is to purchase up to $10,000,000 of the Company’s common stock. The equity purchase agreement is effective for a term of 2 years from the effective date of the registration statement. The purchase price would be 85% of the market price. In return, the Company issued a promissory note of $40,000 (Refer to Note 5(a)). In addition, the third party is required to pay an additional commitment fee of $10,000, of which $5,000 was paid upon signing the term sheet and the remaining $5,000 is due upon completion of the first tranche of the financing.  

 

12.Income Taxes 

The Company is subject to Canadian federal and provincial taxes at an approximate rate of 27% (2019 – 27%) and United States federal and state income taxes at an approximate rate of 21% (2019 – 21%). The reconciliation of the provision for income taxes at the federal statutory rate compared to the Company’s income tax expense as reported is as follows:

 

 

2020

$

2019

$

 

 

 

Income tax recovery at statutory rate

(531,798)

(177,541)

 

 

 

Permanent differences and other

288,722

(5,970)

Change in enacted tax rate

(401,110)

Change in valuation allowance

243,076

584,621

 

 

 

Income tax provision

The significant components of deferred income tax assets and liabilities are as follows:

 

2020

$

2019

$

 

 

 

Net operating losses carried forward

1,691,669

1,567,688

Property and equipment

52,954

(66,141)

Valuation allowance

(1,744,623)

(1,501,547)

 

 

 

Net deferred income tax asset

The 2017 Act reduces the corporate tax rate from 34% to 21% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. For net operating losses arising after December 31, 2017, the 2017 Act limits a taxpayer’s ability to utilize net operating losses carryforwards to 80% of taxable income. In addition, net operating losses arising after 2017 can be carried forward indefinitely, but carryback is generally prohibited. Net operating losses generated in tax years beginning before January 1, 2018 will not be subject to the taxable income limitation. The 2017 Act would generally eliminate the carryback of all net operating losses arising in a tax year ending after 2017 and instead would permit all such net operating losses to be carried forward indefinitely.


27


PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

Year Ended September 30, 2020, and 2019

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)


12.Income Taxes (continued) 

The Company has net operating losses carried forward of $6,509,481 which may be carried forward to apply against future years’ taxable income, subject to the final determination by taxation authorities, expiring in the following years:

 

Canada

$

USA

$

 

 

 

2029

54,040

2030

101,259

2034

401,530

2035

740,776

1,003

2036

1,008,613

1,000

2037

1,229,859

2038

1,575,665

91,177

2039

272,632

493,609

2040

182,216

356,102

 

 

 

 

5,411,291

1,098,190

 

13.Subsequent Events 

(a)On October 13, 2020. The Company filed a certificate of amendment to its articles of incorporation, whereby it increased the authorized capital to 2,000,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share and 1,000,000 preferred shares with a par value of $0.001. 

(b)Subsequent to the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued a total of 144,315,380 shares of common stock pursuant to conversions of convertible notes of an aggregate of $645,629 of principal, $31,716 of accrued interest, and $32,500 in conversion fees and penalties. 

(c)Subsequent to the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company closed a private placement for units of the company consisting of one common share and one share purchase unit at $0.005 per unit. The share purchase warrants have an exercise price of $0.05 exercisable for 24 months for the purchase of an additional share. The Company issued 5,400,000 units to various subscribers for proceeds of $27,000.  

(d)Subsequent to year end the Company issued 90,000 shares for fair value of $1,215 for a consulting agreement entered into with an arms-length party.  


28



Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

In connection with this annual report, as required by Rule 13a -15d and 15d-15e under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, we have carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our company’s disclosure controls and procedures. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our company’s management, including our company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer. Based upon that evaluation, our company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that as of September 30, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the existence of material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Company’s Principal Executive and Principal Financial officer and effected by the Company’s board of directors, management and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and includes those policies and procedures that:

1.Pertains to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect our transactions and disposition of assets; 

2.Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and receipts and expenditures are being made in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and 

3.Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of company assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.   

Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting established in SEC guidance on conducting such assessments as of the end of the period covered by this report. Management conducted the assessment based on certain criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. As of September 30, 2020, management determined material weaknesses occurred over our internal control over financial reporting as discussed below.

 

The matters involving internal controls and procedures that the Company’s management considered to be material weaknesses under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board were: (1) lack of a functioning audit committee and lack of a majority of outside directors on the Company's board of directors, resulting in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures; (2) inadequate segregation of duties consistent with control objectives; (3) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements; and (4) ineffective controls over period end financial disclosure and reporting processes.  Due to these material weaknesses management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of September 30, 2020.


29



Material Weakness Discussion and Remediation

 

Management believes that the material weaknesses set forth in items (2), (3) and (4) above did not have an effect on the Company's previous reported financial results. However, management believes that the lack of a functioning audit committee and lack of a majority of outside directors on the Company's board of directors, resulting in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures can result in the Company's determination to its financial statements for the future periods.

 

We are committed to improving our financial organization. As part of this commitment, we will create a position to segregate duties consistent with control objectives and will increase our personnel resources and technical accounting expertise within the accounting function when funds are available to the Company: i) Appointing one or more outside directors to our board of directors who shall be appointed to the audit committee of the Company resulting in a fully functioning audit committee who will undertake the oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures; and ii) Preparing and implementing sufficient written policies and checklists which will set forth procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements.

 

Management believes that the appointment of one or more outside directors, who shall be appointed to a fully functioning audit committee, will remedy the lack of a functioning audit committee and a lack of a majority of outside directors on the Company's Board. In addition, management believes that preparing and implementing sufficient written policies and checklists will remedy the following material weaknesses (i) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements; and (ii) ineffective controls over period end financial close and reporting processes. Further, management believes that the hiring of additional personnel who have the technical expertise and knowledge will result proper segregation of duties and provide more checks and balances within the department. Additional personnel will also provide the cross training needed to support the Company if personnel turn over issues within the department occur. This coupled with the appointment of additional outside directors will greatly decrease any control and procedure issues the company may encounter in the future.

 

We will continue to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of our internal controls and procedures and our internal controls over financial reporting on an ongoing basis and are committed to taking further action and implementing additional enhancements or improvements, as necessary and as funds allow.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of the company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 under the Exchange Act that occurred during the small business issuer's last fiscal year that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None


30



PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

Identification of directors and executive officers

 

Our directors serve until their successor are elected and qualified. Our officers are elected by the Board of Directors to a term of one (1) year and serve until their successor(s) is duly elected and qualified, or until they are removed from office. The Board of Directors has no nominating or compensation committees. The company’s current Audit Committee consists of our officers and directors.

 

Our directors serve until a successor is elected and qualified. Our officers are elected by the Board of Directors to a term of one (1) year and serves until their successor(s) is duly elected and qualified, or until they are removed from office. The Board of Directors has no nominating or compensation committees. The company’s current Audit Committee consists of our officers and directors.

 

The name, age and position of our present officers and directors is set forth below:

 

Management

 

Directors of the Company are elected by the shareholders to a term of one year and serve until their successors are elected and qualified.  Officers of the Company are appointed by the Board of Directors to a term of one year and serve until their successors are duly appointed and qualified, or until the officer is removed from office. The Board of Directors has no nominating, auditing or compensation committees.

 

Management of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

Name

Age

Position

Director Since

Peter Wojcik

49

President/Sole Director

February 2, 2018

 

Peter Wojcik B.A. Adv., President / Sole Director

 

A graduate of advanced degree in Economics from the University of Regina. Additionally, Mr. Wojcik has a natural compassion for the health and well-being of others, which has naturally led to his decade-plus experience in the research and application of cannabis and its extracts as a therapeutic agent, specifically in their application in the treatment of illness and disease for individuals. 

 

May 2018 to September 30, 2020 (Current) Mr. Wojcik is President and Director of Pharmagreen Biotech, Inc.

 

Mr. Wojcik duties include include making major corporate decisions, managing the overall operations and resources of a company, acting as the main point of communication between the board of directors and corporate operations, and being the public face of the company.

 

Mr. Wojcik has held the offices/positions since February 2, 2018 to his respective office/positions, is expected to hold said office/position until the next annual meeting of the shareholders. The persons named above are the company’s only officers, directors, promoters and control persons.

 

Management of WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.)

 

Directors of the Company are elected by the shareholders to a term of one year and serve until their successors are elected and qualified.  Officers of the Company are appointed by the Board of Directors to a term of one year and serve until their successors are duly appointed and qualified, or until the officer is removed from office. The Board of Directors has no nominating, auditing or compensation committees.

 

 

 

 

 

Name

Age

Position

Director Since

Peter Wojcik

49

Chief Executive Officer / Director

December 19, 2013

Terry Kwan

73

Chief Financial Officer / Director

July 22, 2015

Fawzia Afreen

54

Chief Operations Officer

 


31



Mr. Wojcik has held the offices/positions since the inception of the Company and Mr. Kwan was appointed on July 22, 2015 to his respective office/positions, both are expected to hold said offices/positions until the next annual meeting of the shareholders. The persons named above are the company’s only officers, directors, promoters and control persons.

 

WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.)

 

Peter Wojcik B.A. Adv., Chief Executive Officer / Director

December 2013 to current Mr. Wojcik is Chief Executive Officer of WFS Pharmagreen Inc. Mr. Wojcik duties for WFS include day to day management of the company, oversight for the construction project development, coordinating with Engineering firms and project manager, in charge of Health Canada cannabis license application process.

 

Terry Kwan B. Comm., CPA-CA, Chief Financial Officer / Director

Terry is a graduate from the University of British Columbia with a Bachelor of Commerce and is a chartered professional accountant with the Institute of Chartered Professional Accountants of B.C. He brings more than four decades of significant finance related experience in both the private and public sectors. 

 

2005 -2015 Mr. Kwan worked for Global Securities Corp. and Global Securities Futures Corp., where he was CFO, a compliance officer and broker.

 

August-2013 to current Mr. Kwan is CFO and Director of WFS Pharmagreen Inc.

 

His responsibilities include financial management and reporting and corporate structuring.  He sits on the business development committee and the tissue culture complex planning, design and construction committees.  He is the “Head of Security” for purposes of the application for the Cannabis license application with Health Canada. Additional responsibility will be to design and implement a reporting system that meets both Health Canada Guidelines and good corporate governance.  

 

Fawzia Afreen Ph.D., Chief Operations Officer

Fawzia has a Ph.D. in Botany from University of Hull (UK). She has achieved designation as a JSPS Fellow from Chiba University, Japan, teaching M.Sc. courses in (I) Protected Horticulture; (ii) Plant Tissue Culture, and (iii) Plant Production in Controlled Environment. In addition to holding three international patents, publishing over 40 articles in peer-reviewed international journals and publishing two books, Fawzia brings 16 years of experience in plant horticulture, plant tissue culture, plant production and an increase of secondary metabolites in a controlled environment to the Company. 

 

Consulting role from June of 2014 to June of 2015 and on January 1, 2018 Dr. Fawzia Afreen became the Chief Operating Officer of WFS Pharmagreen Inc.

 

Dr. Afreen duties for WFS include, the head of the committee for facility design, assisting in building engineering plans, planning and selecting of equipment requirements, screening and hiring process of future facility employees, in charge of development of standard operating procedures, and quality control person for the cannabis license.

 

1155907 B.C. Ltd. (wholly owned subsidiary of WFS Pharmagreen Inc.)

 

Directors of the Company are elected by the shareholders to a term of one year and serve until their successors are elected and qualified.  Officers of the Company are appointed by the Board of Directors to a term of one year and serve until their successors are duly appointed and qualified, or until the officer is removed from office. The Board of Directors has no nominating, auditing or compensation committees.

 

 

 

 

 

Name

Age

Position

Director Since

Peter Wojcik

49

Chief Executive Officer / Director

March 2, 2018

 

Mr. Wojcik has held the offices/positions since March 2, 2018 to his respective office/positions, is expected to hold said office/position until the next annual meeting of the shareholders. The persons named above are the company’s only officers, directors, promoters and control persons.

 

This company will be used as an operating entity, once the Biotech Complex is built and occupied.


32



 

Our directors and officers do not hold positions on the board of directors of any other U.S. reporting companies and have no affiliation with any company that has filed for bankruptcy within the last five years. The Company is not aware of any proceedings to which any of the Company’s officers or directors, or any associate of any such officer or director, is a party adverse to the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries or has a material interest adverse to it or any of its subsidiaries.

 

The Company believes that Mr. Wojcik’s business experience and his entrepreneurial success make him well suited to serve as our officer and director.

 

Our directors and officers do not hold positions on the board of directors of any other U.S. reporting companies and has no affiliation with any company that has filed for bankruptcy within the last five years. The Company is not aware of any proceedings to which any of the Company’s officers or directors, or any associate of any such officer or director, is a party adverse to the Company.

 

Significant Employees

 

The Company does not, at present, have any employees other than the current officer and director. We have not entered into any employment agreements, as we currently do not have any employees other than the current officer and director.

 

Family Relations

 

There are no family relationships among the Directors and Officers of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

Involvement in Legal Proceedings

 

No executive Officer or Director of the Company has been convicted in any criminal proceeding or is the subject of a criminal proceeding that is currently pending.

 

No Executive Officer or Director of the Company is involved in any bankruptcy petition by or against any business in which they are a general partner or executive officer at this time or within two years of any involvement as a general partner, executive officer, or Director of any business.

 

Corporate Governance

 

The Company does not have a compensation committee and it does not have an audit committee financial expert. It does not have a compensation committee because its Board of Directors consists of only one director who is not independent as he is also an officer.  There is no independent audit committee financial expert because it is believed the cost related to retaining a financial expert at this time is prohibitive in the circumstances of the Company. Further, because there are only minimal operations, at the present time, it is believed the services of a financial expert are not warranted.

 

Conflicts of Interest

 

The Company does not currently foresee any conflict of interest.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires the company directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than ten percent of the Company’s common stock, to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission initial reports of ownership and reports of changes of ownership of its common stock. Officers, directors and greater than ten percent shareholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish the company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.  The Company intends to ensure to the best of its ability that all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to its officers, directors and greater than ten percent beneficial owners are complied with in a timely fashion.


33



 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

The table below summarizes all compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to our named executive officers and director for all services rendered in all capacities to us for the fiscal year September 30, 2020, and fiscal year September 30, 2019. The Board of Directors may adopt an incentive stock option plan for the executive officers that would result in additional compensation.

 

Summary Executive Compensation Table

 

Name

and

Principal

Position

Fiscal

Year

Ended

09/30

Salary and Bonus

($)

Stock

Awards

($)

 Option

Awards

($)

Non-Equity

Incentive

Plan

Compensation

($)

Nonqualified

Deferred

Compensation

Earnings

($)

All Other Compensation

($)

Total

($)

Peter Wojcik (1)(2)

President, CEO, Secretary, Treasurer and Director

2020

93,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

93,000

 

2019

90,423

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

90,423

Terry Kwan (1)(3) Principle Accounting Officer

2020

93,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

93,000

 

2019

90,423

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

90,423

Fawzia Afreen (4)

COO

2020

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

2019

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

(1) Peter Wojcik and Terry Kwan, two Company’s officers and sole director currently devote approximately 45-55 hours per week to manage the affairs of the Company, including, but not limited to the upkeep of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc., and its subsidiaries.

 

(2) Mr. Wojcik is the President, CEO, Secretary, Treasurer and a sole Director of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc., he is the CEO, Director of the subsidiary WFS Pharmagreen Inc. and CEO, Director of the subsidiary 1155907 B.C. Ltd.

 

(3) Mr. Kwan is the CFO and a Director of the WFS Pharmagreen Inc., wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc., since July 22, 2015. Mr Kwan is the Principle Accounting Officer of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

(4) Dr. Afreen has been an officer of WFS Pharmagreen Inc., wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc., since January 1, 2018. Dr. Afreen is employed by Botanical Research In Motion Inc., a British Columbia corporation owned by Peter Wojcik. Because of Dr. Afreen’s close association with Mr. Wojcik and her work at Botanical Research In Motion Inc., she volunteers a limited amount of time to act as COO of Pharmagreen Biotech, Inc. and WFS Pharmagreen Inc.

 

Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table

 

There are no compensatory plans or arrangements, including payments to be received from the Company with respect to any executive officer, that would result in payments to such person because of his or her resignation,


34



retirement or other termination of employment with the Company, or its subsidiaries, any change in control, or a change in the person’s responsibilities following a change in control of the Company.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End

 

No executive officer received any equity awards, or holds exercisable or unexercisable options, as of the year ended September 30, 2020.

 

 

Stock Awards Plan

 

The company has not adopted a Stock Awards Plan, but may do so in the future. The terms of any such plan have not been determined.

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Company currently does not have a compensation committee of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors as a whole determines executive compensation.

 

There have never been any grants of stock options to our officers or directors.

 

Our directors are appointed for a one-year term to hold office until the next annual general meeting of our shareholders or until their successors are elected or appointed.  Our officers are appointed by our board of directors and serve at the discretion of the board.

 

We believe Mr. Wojcik is qualified to act as director based upon his knowledge of business practices and, in particular, the regulations relating to public companies.

 

Mr. Wojcik is not independent as that term is defined in Section 803 of the NYSE MKT Company Guide.

 

We do not have a financial expert as that term is defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Our Board of Directors does not have standing audit, nominating, or compensation committees, committees performing similar functions, or charters for such committees. Instead, the functions that might be delegated to such committees are carried out by our Directors, to the extent required. Our Directors believe that the cost of associated with such committees, has not been justified under our current circumstances.

 

Compensation of Directors

 

During the years ended September 30, 2020, and 2019, we did not compensate any person for serving as a director.

 

There have never been any grants of stock options to our officers or directors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name

 

 

 

Year

Fees earned or paid in cash

0($)

Stock awards

($)

Option awards

($)

Non-equity incentive plan
compensation
($)

Nonqualified deferred

compensation earnings

($)

All other compensation

($)

Total
($)

Peter Wojcik

2020

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

2019

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Terry Kwan

2020

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

2019

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Fawzia Afreen

2020

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

2019

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

 

 

Director Independence

 

The Board of Directors is currently composed of one member. Peter Wojcik does not qualify as an independent director in accordance with the published listing requirements of the NASDAQ Global Market. The NASDAQ


35



independence definition includes a series of objective tests, such as that the director is not, and has not been for at least three years, one of the Company’s employees and that neither the director, nor any of his family members has engaged in various types of business dealings with us. In addition, the board of directors has not made a subjective determination as to each director that no relationships exist which, in the opinion of the board of directors, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director, though such subjective determination is required by the NASDAQ rules. Had the board of directors made these determinations, the board of directors would have reviewed and discussed information provided by the directors and the Company with regard to each director’s business and personal activities and relationships as they may relate to the Company and its management.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

The following table sets forth certain information at September 30, 2020, with respect to the beneficial ownership of shares of Common Stock by (i) each person known to the Company who owns beneficially more than 5% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock (based upon reports which have been filed and other information known to the Company), (ii) each of the Directors, (iii) each of the Executive Officers and (iv) all of the Executive Officers and Directors as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, each stockholder has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares shown. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had 95,806,289 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beneficial

Name of

Owner

 

 

No. of

Shares After Offering

Percentage of Ownership as at September 30, 2020

Peter Wojcik(2)

 

 

35,077,500

36.614%

Terry Kwan(3)

 

 

5,000,000

5.219%

Fawzia Afreen(4)

 

 

2,000,000

2.088%

All Officers and

Directors as a Group(5)

 

 

42,077,500

43.921%

Wlaydyslaw Wojcik(6)

 

 

10,730,000

11.199%

 

(1) Under Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act, a beneficial owner of a security includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (i) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of shares; and (ii) investment power, which includes the power to dispose or direct the disposition of shares. Certain shares may be deemed to be beneficially owned by more than one person (if, for example, persons share the power to vote or the power to dispose of the shares). In addition, shares are deemed to be beneficially owned by a person if the person has the right to acquire the shares (for example, upon exercise of an option) within 60 days of the date as of which the information is provided. In computing the percentage ownership of any person, the amount of shares is deemed to include the amount of shares beneficially owned by such person (and only such person) by reason of these acquisition rights.

 

(2) Peter Wojcik has 31,077,500 shares in his name and his group includes, Jordan Wojcik, son of Peter Wojcik, residing at same residence who has 1,000,000 shares, Jessica Wojcik, daughter of Peter Wojcik, residing at same residence, who has 1,000,000 shares and Leonna Wojcik, wife of Peter Wojcik, residing at same residence, who has 2,000,000, who collectively hold 35,077,500 shares. The residence is located at 2987 Blackbear Court, Coquitlam, B.C., Canada, V3E 3A2.

 

(3) Terry Kwan is the current officer and director of WFS Pharmagreen Inc., the wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. The 5,000,000 shares are held in TK Investments Ltd., and he may be deemed to have voting and   investment power over the shares held thereby.

 

(4) Fawzia Afreen is the current Chief Operating Officer of WFS Pharmagreen Inc., the wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

(5) All officers and directors as a group includes the officer and director of Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary WFS Pharmagreen Inc.

 

(6) Wladyslaw Wojcik has 4,830,000 shares in his name that he controls and he also has 5,900,000 in W. Wojcik Medical Professional Corporation, which he controls.


36



Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $453,697 (Cdn$604,366) (2019 - $372,799 (Cdn$493,694)) to the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $93,000 (2019 - $90,423) to the President of the Company. 

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $nil (2019 - $47,367 (Cdn$62,730)) to a company controlled by the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. 

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $55,177 (Cdn$73,500) (2019 - $55,500 (Cdn$73,500)) to the father of the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.  

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $nil (2019 - $25,825 (Cdn$34,200)) to a Company owned by the father of the President of the Company, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.  

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company owed $347,229 (Cdn$462,540) (2019 – $291,504 (Cdn$386,039)) to a company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $93,000 (2019 - $90,423) to the company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS. 

·During the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred research and development fees of $nil (2019 - $3,956), license application fees of $nil (2019 - $3,758) (Cdn$ 4,988) and expenses related to the construction of the cannabis construction complex of $nil (2019 - $8,308) (Cdn$11,025) to the Chief Financial Officer of WFS. 

Common Stock

Year ended September 30, 2020

·On March 24, 2020, the Company issued 78,064 shares of common stock with a fair value of $21,077 pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note. 

·On April 1, 2020, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $600 of a convertible note. 

·On April 2, 2020, the Company issued 136,612 shares of common stock with a fair value of $20,492 pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note. 

·On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 351,288 shares of common stock with a fair value of $38,642 pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note. 

·On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 423,729 shares of common stock with a fair value of $47,881 pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note. 

·On May 4, 2020, the Company issued 508,475 shares of common stock with a fair value of $33,915 pursuant to the conversion of $18,000 of a convertible note. 

·On June 30, 2020, the Company issued 8,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $800 of a convertible note. 

·On July 9, 2020, the Company issued 22,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $10,780 for management consulting and strategic business advisory services. 

·On July 31, 2020, the Company issued 4,525,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversions of an aggregate of $453 of a convertible note. 

·On July 31, 2020, the Company issued 114,286 units at $0.35 per unit for proceeds of $40,000. Each unit consisted of one share of common stock and one common share purchase warrant exercisable at $0.55 per share until July 16, 2022. 

·As at September 30, 2020, the Company received a conversion notice for 2,000,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $180,000 pursuant to the conversion of $30,750 of a convertible note.  


37



Year ended September 30, 2019

·On December 6, 2018, the Company issued 2,000,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $200 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share. 

·On December 6, 2018, the Company issued 51,735 shares of common stock with a fair value of $121,554 for financing costs. The fair value of common stock was determined based on the end of day trading price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance. 

·On February 1, 2019, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $100 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share. 

·On August 19, 2019, the Company issued 900,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $90 of Series A convertible notes at $0.0001 per share. 

·On September 17, 2019, the Company issued 75,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $172,500 for consulting fees. The fair value of common stock was determined based on the end of day trading price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance. 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, we incurred $25,250 in fees to our principal independent accountants for professional services rendered in connection with the audit of financial statements for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, and reviews of our financial statements for the quarters ended December 30, 2019, March 31, 2020, and June 30, 2020.

 

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 we incurred $20,450 in fees to our principal independent accountants for professional services rendered in connection with the audit of financial statements for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, and reviews of our financial statements for the quarters ended December 30, 2018, March 31, 2019, and June  30, 2019.

 

During the fiscal years ended September 30, 2020, and 2019, we did not incur any other fees for professional services rendered by our principal independent accountants for all other non-audit services which may include, but not limited to, tax related services, actuarial services or valuation services.

 

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

The following exhibits are incorporated into this Form 10-K Annual Report:

 

 

 

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

 

 

 

(3)

 

Articles of Incorporation; and (ii) Bylaws

 

 

 

3.1

 

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws dated November 26, 2007, as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

3.2

 

Articles of Merger dated, October 30, 2008 (Azure International, Inc./ Air Transport Group Holding, Inc. as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

3.3

 

Securities Exchange Agreement dated April 12, 2018, by and among Air Transport Group Holdings Inc. and WFS Pharmagreen Inc., as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

3.4

 

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws dated December 19, 2013 for WFS Pharmagreen Inc. as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

3.5

 

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws dated March 2, 2018 for BC1155097 as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

3.6

 

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws dated August 2, 2018 for BC1174505 as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.


38



 

 

 

(10)

 

Material Contracts

 

 

 

10.1

 

Option Agreement with Alliance Growers January 25, 2019 as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019.

 

 

 

10.2

 

Equity Purchase Agreement with Oscaleta Partners LLC as previously filed with the SEC on December 2, 2019.

 

 

 

10.3

 

Registration Rights Agreement with Oscaleta Partners LLC as previously filed with the SEC on December 2, 2019.

 

 

 

(31)

 

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a–14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Principle Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.*

 

 

 

(32)

 

Section 1350 Certifications

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 1350 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.2

 

Certification of Principle Financial Officer under Section 1350 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**

 

 * Included in Exhibit 31.1

** Included in Exhibit 32.1

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

                      

 

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc

 

BY:      /s/ Peter Wojcik

Peter Wojcik  

President and Director 

Principal Executive Officer 

 

            /s/Terry Kwan

Terry Kwan 

Principal Accounting Officer 

 

Dated:  June 9, 2021  


39

 

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