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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x Quarterly report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2021

 

o Transition report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______.

 

Commission file number: 001-36247

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.

 

(Name of registrant in its charter)

 

Nevada 74-3237581
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

5700 West Plano Pkwy, Suite 3600

Plano, Texas 75093

 

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(214) 432-8002

 

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value   TRCH   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. Large accelerated filer o Accelerated Filer o Non-accelerated Filer x Smaller reporting company x Emerging growth company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

As of May 14, 2021, there were 145,563,667 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding (the only class of voting common stock).

1

 

FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  

Note About Forward-Looking Statements 3
     
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 4
     
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements 4
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) 4
     
  Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) 5
     
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) 6
     
  Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited) 7
     
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 8
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 26
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 28
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 29
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 29
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 29
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 30
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 30
     
Item 6. Exhibits 31
     
  Signatures 35

2

 

NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are other than statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including without limitation, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and in particular, the risks discussed in our Form 10-K under the caption “Risk Factors” in Item 1A therein, and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Important factors that in our view could cause material adverse effects on our financial condition and results of operations include, but are not limited to,  obtaining additional capital in the future to fund planned expansion, the demand for oil and natural gas which demand could be materially affected by the economic impacts of COVID-19 and possible increases in supply from Russia and OPEC, the proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial, Inc., general economic factors, competition in the industry, our ability to maintain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement of the Nasdaq Stock Market and other factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from those described herein as anticipated, believed, estimated or expected. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

 

As used herein, the “Company,” “Torchlight,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

3

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
      2021       2020  
ASSETS                
Current assets:                
Cash   $ 13,154,580     $ 131,327  
Convertible note receivable     10,089,863       -  
Accounts receivable     137,801       137,801  
Accounts receivable, related party     99,820       92,320  
Production revenue receivable     -       21,182  
Prepayments - development costs     -       35,272  
Prepaid expenses     54,283       103,672  
Total current assets     23,536,347       521,574  
                 
Oil and gas properties, net     31,441,701       30,857,959  
Convertible note receivable     1,032,548       1,012,822  
Office equipment, net     4,128       4,549  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 56,014,724     $ 32,396,904  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 590,396     $ 1,026,950  
Accrued payroll     -       1,213,779  
Related party payables     45,000       98,805  
Due to working interest owners     54,320       54,320  
Accrued interest payable     -       503,229  
Total current liabilities     689,716       2,897,083  
                 
12% 2021 Secured convertible promissory notes, net of discount and financing costs     -       12,430,821  
8% 2021 Convertible promissory notes payable, net of discount and BCF     -       1,454,043  
6% 2021 Secured convertible promissory note due to related party     -       1,600,000  
14% 2021 Convertible promissory notes payable, net of financing costs     -       989,138  
PPP note payable     -       77,477  
Interest payable, net of current portion     -       283,080  
Asset retirement obligations     21,937       21,844  
Total liabilities     711,653       19,753,486  
                 
Commitments and contingencies                
                 
Stockholders’ equity:                
Preferred stock, par value $0.001, 10,000,000 shares authorized; -0- issued and outstanding March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020     -       -  
Common stock, par value $0.001; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 145,313,667 issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021; 103,273,264 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020     145,317       103,276  
Additional paid-in capital     169,149,039       124,475,739  
Accumulated deficit     (113,991,285 )     (111,935,597 )
Total stockholders’ equity     55,303,071       12,643,418  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 56,014,724     $ 32,396,904  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

4

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

 

    Three Months     Three Months  
    Ended     Ended  
      March 31, 2021       March 31, 2020  
Oil and gas sales   $ 2,471     $ 84,620  
                 
Cost of revenues     (14,492 )     (67,858 )
                 
Gross profit     (12,021 )     16,762  
                 
Operating expenses:                
General and administrative     1,722,805       1,047,624  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization     421       447,405  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     -       1,829,651  
Total operating expenses     1,723,226       3,324,680  
                 
Other income (expense)                
Interest expense and accretion of note discounts     (507,965 )     (385,945 )
Forgiveness of PPP loan     77,477       -  
Interest income     110,047       -  
Total expense, net     (320,441 )     (385,945 )
                 
Loss before income taxes     (2,055,688 )     (3,693,863 )
                 
Provision for income taxes     -       -  
                 
Net loss   $ (2,055,688 )   $ (3,693,863 )
                 
Loss per common share:                
Basic and Diluted   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.05 )
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                
Basic and Diluted     129,609,037       79,595,394  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

5

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

    Three Months     Three Months  
    Ended     Ended  
    March 31, 2021       March 31, 2020  
Cash Flows From Operating Activities                
Net loss   $ (2,055,688 )   $ (3,693,863 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operations:                
Stock based compensation     34,250       230,650  
Accrued interest payable in stock     -       305,202  
Amortization of debt issuance costs     -       71,647  
Accretion of note discounts     -       57,291  
Amortization of beneficial conversion on convertible notes     505,957       120,410  
PPP loan forgiveness     (77,477 )     -  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization     421       447,405  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     -       1,829,651  
Change in:                
Accounts receivable - related party     (7,500 )     (23,047 )
Production revenue receivable     21,182       29,440  
Prepayment of development costs     35,272       -  
Prepaid expenses     49,389       34,335  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     (1,654,550 )     247,269  
Related party payables     (53,805 )     -  
Accrued interest payable     (334,164 )     22,268  
Net cash from operating activities     (3,536,713 )     (321,342 )
                 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities                
Investment in oil and gas properties     (579,433 )     (2,212,852 )
Convertible note receivable     (10,109,589 )     -  
Net cash from investing activities     (10,689,022 )     (2,212,852 )
                 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities                
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs     25,929,649       2,357,118  
Proceeds from stock subscription receivable     -       250,000  
Payment for extension of debt maturity     -       (80,000 )
Proceeds from exercise of warrants into common stock     1,319,339       -  
Net cash from financing activities     27,248,988       2,527,118  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     13,023,253       (7,076 )
                 
Cash - beginning of period     131,327       840,163  
                 
Cash - end of period   $ 13,154,580     $ 833,087  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Cash paid for interest   $ 475,305     $ 399,677  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Debt converted by transfer of working interest   $ -     $ 7,330,849  
Common stock issued for payment in kind on notes payable   $ 248,479     $ -  
Common stock issued for note principal and interest conversion   $ 17,263,665     $ -  
Transfer of unamortized debt issuance cost to APIC upon debt conversion   $ 80,040     $ -  
Increase in accounts payable for property development costs   $ 4,217     $ 839,855  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

6

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 

    Common     Common     Additional              
    stock     stock     paid-in     Accumulated        
    shares     amount     capital     deficit     Total  
Balance, December 31, 2020     103,273,264     $ 103,276     $ 124,475,739     $ (111,935,597 )   $ 12,643,418  
                                         
Issuance of common stock for services     25,000       25       34,225       -       34,250  
Issuance of common stock for cash, less underwriting/offering costs     23,300,000       23,300       25,906,349       -       25,929,649  
Common stock issued in warrant and option exercise     1,295,326       1,295       1,318,044       -       1,319,339  
Common stock issued in cashless warrant exercise     507,951       509       (509 )     -       -  
Common stock issued for payment in kind on notes payable     186,329       186       248,293       -       248,479  
Common stock issued in note principal and interest conversion     16,725,797       16,726       17,166,898       -       17,183,624  
Net loss                             (2,055,688 )     (2,055,688 )
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2021     145,313,667     $ 145,317     $ 169,149,039     $ (113,991,285 )   $ 55,303,071  
                                         
    Common     Common     Additional              
    stock     stock     paid-in     Accumulated        
    shares     amount     capital     deficit     Total  
Balance, December 31, 2019     76,222,042     $ 76,225     $ 114,143,872     $ (99,153,701 )   $ 15,066,396  
                                         
Issuance of common stock for services     125,000       125       86,125       -       86,250  
Issuance of common stock to a vendor for delay in payment     40,000       40       25,960       -       26,000  
Issuance of common stock for cash, less underwriting/offering costs     3,885,715       3,886       2,353,232       -       2,357,118  
Warrants issued in conversion of notes payable     -       -       382,500       -       382,500  
Warrants issued for services     -       -       98,900       -       98,900  
Stock options issued for services     -       -       19,500       -       19,500  
Net loss     -       -       -       (3,693,863 )     (3,693,863 )
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2020     80,272,757     $ 80,276     $ 117,110,089     $ (102,847,564 )   $ 14,342,801  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

7

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS

 

Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. was incorporated in October 2007 under the laws of the State of Nevada as Pole Perfect Studios, Inc. (“PPS”). From its incorporation to November 2010, the company was primarily engaged in business start-up activities.

 

We are engaged in the acquisition, exploitation and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States. We operate our business through our subsidiaries Torchlight Energy Inc., Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, and Torchlight Hazel LLC.

 

2. GOING CONCERN

 

At March 31, 2021, the Company had not yet achieved profitable operations. We had a net loss of $2,055,688 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and had accumulated losses of $113,991,285 since our inception. We expect to incur further losses in the development of our business. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on its ability to generate future profitable operations and/or to obtain the necessary financing to meet its obligations and repay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due. Management’s plan to address the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern includes: (1) obtaining debt or equity funding from private placement, institutional, or public sources; (2) obtain loans from financial institutions, where possible, or (3) participating in joint venture transactions with third parties. Although management believes that it will be able to obtain the necessary funding to allow the Company to remain a going concern through the methods discussed above, there can be no assurances that such methods will prove successful.

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and therefore, the financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amount and classifications of liabilities that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The Company maintains its accounts on the accrual method of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Accounting principles followed and the methods of applying those principles, which materially affect the determination of financial position, results of operations and cash flows are summarized below:

 

Use of estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and certain assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Basis of presentation – The financial statements are presented on a consolidated basis and include all of the accounts of Torchlight Energy Resources Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Torchlight Energy, Inc., Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, and Torchlight Hazel LLC. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

These interim financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the financial position as of, and the results of operations for, all periods presented. In preparing the accompanying financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the condensed financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results.

8

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Risks and uncertainties – The Company’s operations are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including financial, operational, technological, and other risks associated with operating an emerging business, including the potential risk of business failure.

 

Concentration of risks – At times the Company’s cash balances are in excess of amounts guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company’s cash is placed with a highly rated financial institution, and the Company regularly monitors the credit worthiness of the financial institutions with which it does business.

 

Fair value of financial instruments – Financial instruments consist of cash, receivables, convertible note receivable, payables and promissory notes, if any. The estimated fair values of cash, receivables, and payables approximate the carrying amount due to the relatively short maturity of these instruments. The carrying amounts of any promissory notes approximate their fair value giving affect for the term of the note and the effective interest rates. The recorded value of the Company’s convertible note receivable reflects the amount which management believes approximates fair value.

 

For assets and liabilities that require re-measurement to fair value the Company categorizes them in a three-level fair value hierarchy as follows:

 

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration.

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on management’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value.

 

A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

Cash and cash equivalents - Cash and cash equivalents include certain investments in highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less.

 

Accounts receivable – Accounts receivable consist of uncollateralized oil and natural gas revenues due under normal trade terms, as well as amounts due from working interest owners of oil and gas properties for their share of expenses paid on their behalf by the Company. Management reviews receivables periodically and reduces the carrying amount by a valuation allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amount that may not be collectible. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, no valuation allowance was considered necessary.

 

Oil and gas properties – The Company uses the full cost method of accounting for exploration and development activities as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Under this method of accounting, the costs of unsuccessful, as well as successful, exploration and development activities are capitalized as properties and equipment. This includes any internal costs that are directly related to property acquisition, exploration and development activities but does not include any costs related to production, general corporate overhead or similar activities.

 

Oil and gas properties include costs that are excluded from costs being depleted or amortized. Oil and natural gas property costs excluded represent investments in unevaluated properties and include non-producing leasehold, geological, and geophysical costs associated with leasehold or drilling interests and exploration drilling costs. The Company allocates a portion of its acquisition costs to unevaluated properties based on relative value. Costs are transferred to the full cost pool as the properties are evaluated over the life of the reservoir. Unevaluated properties are reviewed for impairment at least quarterly and are determined through an evaluation considering, among other factors, seismic data, requirements to relinquish acreage, drilling results, remaining time in the commitment period, remaining capital plan, and political, economic, and market conditions.

 

Gains and losses on the sale of oil and gas properties are not generally reflected in income unless the gain or loss would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves. Sales of less than 100% of the Company’s interest in the oil and gas property are treated as a reduction of the capital cost of the field, with no gain or loss recognized, as long as doing so does not significantly affect the unit-of-production depletion rate. Costs of retired equipment, net of salvage value, are usually charged to accumulated depreciation.

9

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Capitalized interest The Company capitalizes interest on unevaluated properties during the periods in which they are excluded from costs being depleted or amortized. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company capitalized $141,048 and $614,479, respectively, of interest on unevaluated properties.

 

Depreciation, depletion, and amortization – The depreciable base for oil and natural gas properties includes the sum of all capitalized costs net of accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization (“DD&A”), estimated future development costs and asset retirement costs not included in oil and natural gas properties, less costs excluded from amortization. The depreciable base of oil and natural gas properties is amortized on a unit-of-production method.

 

Ceiling test – Future production volumes from oil and gas properties are a significant factor in determining the full cost ceiling limitation of capitalized costs. Under the full cost method of accounting, the Company is required to periodically perform a “ceiling test” that determines a limit on the book value of oil and gas properties. If the net capitalized cost of proved oil and gas properties, net of related deferred income taxes, plus the cost of unproved oil and gas properties, exceeds the present value of estimated future net cash flows discounted at 10 percent, net of related realizable tax affects, plus the cost of unproved oil and gas properties, the excess is charged to expense and reflected as additional accumulated DD&A. No impairment expense was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

The ceiling test calculation uses a commodity price assumption which is based on the unweighted arithmetic average of the price on the first day of each month for each month within the prior 12-month period and excludes future cash outflows related to estimated abandonment costs.

 

The determination of oil and gas reserves is a subjective process, and the accuracy of any reserve estimate depends on the quality of available data and the application of engineering and geological interpretation and judgment. Estimates of economically recoverable reserves and future net cash flows depend on a number of variable factors and assumptions that are difficult to predict and may vary considerably from actual results. In particular, reserve estimates for wells with limited or no production history are less reliable than those based on actual production. Subsequent re-evaluation of reserves and cost estimates related to future development of proved oil and gas reserves could result in significant revisions to proved reserves. Other issues, such as changes in regulatory requirements, technological advances, and other factors which are difficult to predict could also affect estimates of proved reserves in the future.

 

Asset retirement obligations – The fair value of a liability for an asset’s retirement obligation (“ARO”) is recognized in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made, with the corresponding charge capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. The liability is accreted to its then-present value each subsequent period, and the capitalized cost is depleted over the useful life of the related asset. Abandonment costs incurred are recorded as a reduction of the ARO liability.

 

Inherent in the fair value calculation of an ARO are numerous assumptions and judgments including the ultimate settlement amounts, inflation factors, credit adjusted discount rates, timing of settlement, and changes in the legal, regulatory, environmental, and political environments. To the extent future revisions to these assumptions impact the fair value of the existing ARO liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the oil and gas property balance. Settlements greater than or less than amounts accrued as ARO are recorded as a gain or loss upon settlement.

 

Income taxes Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is established to reduce deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the related tax benefits will not be realized.

 

Authoritative guidance for uncertainty in income taxes requires that the Company recognize the financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an examination. Management has reviewed the Company’s tax positions and determined there were no uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the consolidated financial statements. Company tax returns remain subject to Federal and State tax examinations. Generally, the applicable statutes of limitation are three to four years from their respective filings.

10

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Estimated interest and penalties related to potential underpayment on any unrecognized tax benefits are classified as a component of tax expense in the statements of operation. The Company has not recorded any interest or penalties associated with unrecognized tax benefits for any periods covered by these financial statements.

 

Share-based compensation – Compensation cost for equity awards is based on the fair value of the equity instrument on the date of grant and is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award.

 

The Company accounts for stock option awards using the calculated value method. The expected term was derived using the simplified method provided in Securities and Exchange Commission release Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 110, which averages an awards weighted average vesting period and contractual term for “plain vanilla” share options.

 

The Company accounts for any forfeitures of options when they occur. Previously recognized compensation cost for an award is reversed in the period that the award is forfeited.

 

The Company also issues equity awards to non-employees. The fair value of these option awards is estimated when the award recipient completes the contracted professional services. The Company recognizes expense for the estimated total value of the awards during the period from their issuance until performance completion.

 

The Company values warrant and option awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

Revenue recognition – The Company’s revenue is typically generated from contracts to sell natural gas, crude oil or NGLs produced from interests in oil and gas properties owned by the Company. Contracts for the sale of natural gas and crude oil are evidenced by (1) base contracts for the sale and purchase of natural gas or crude oil, which document the general terms and conditions for the sale, and (2) transaction confirmations, which document the terms of each specific sale. The transaction confirmations specify a delivery point which represents the point at which control of the product is transferred to the customer. These contracts frequently meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815, and are accounted for as derivatives unless the Company elects to treat them as normal sales as permitted under that guidance. The Company elects to treat contracts to sell oil and gas production as normal sales, which are then accounted for as contracts with customers. The Company has determined that these contracts represent multiple performance obligations which are satisfied when control of the commodity transfers to the customer, typically through the delivery of the specified commodity to a designated delivery point.

 

Revenues from oil and gas sales are detailed as follows:

 

    Three Months     Three Months  
    March 31, 2021     March 31, 2020  
Revenues                
                 
Oil sales   $ 1,166     $ 82,113  
                 
Gas sales     1,305       2,507  
                 
Total   $ 2,471     $ 84,620  

 

Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in the contract with the customer, and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognizes revenue in the amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for transferring control of those goods to the customer. Amounts allocated in the Company’s price contracts are based on the standalone selling price of those products in the context of long-term contracts. Payment is generally received one or two months after the sale has occurred.

11

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Gain or loss on derivative instruments is outside the scope of ASC 606 and is not considered revenue from contracts with customers subject to ASC 606. The Company may in the future use financial or physical contracts accounted for as derivatives as economic hedges to manage price risk associated with normal sales, or in limited cases may use them for contracts the Company intends to physically settle but do not meet all of the criteria to be treated as normal sales.

 

Producer Gas Imbalances. The Company applies the sales method of accounting for natural gas revenue. Under this method, revenues are recognized based on the actual volume of natural gas sold to purchasers.

 

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share Basic earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per common share is computed in the same way as basic earnings (loss) per common share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would be outstanding if all potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. The calculation of diluted earnings per share excludes 8,741,060 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants and options because their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

Environmental laws and regulations – The Company is subject to extensive federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations. Environmental expenditures are expensed or capitalized depending on their future economic benefit. The Company believes that it is in compliance with existing laws and regulations. The Company accrued no liability as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

 

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

 

Effective January 1, 2021, we adopted ASU 2019-12 on a prospective basis. The new standard was issued in December 2019 with the intent of simplifying the accounting for income taxes. The accounting update removes certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740 Income Taxes as well as provides simplification by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-09, Debt- Debt (Topic 470): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Release No. 33-10762 (“ASU 2020-09”). The amendments in ASU 2020-09 amend rules focused on the provision of material, relevant, and decision-useful information regarding guarantees and other credit enhancements, and eliminate prescriptive requirements that have imposed unnecessary burdens and incentivized issuers of securities with guarantees and other credit enhancements to offer and sell those securities on an unregistered basis. The adopted amendments relate to the financial disclosure requirements for guarantors and issuers of guaranteed securities registered or being registered in Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X, and affiliates whose securities collateralize securities registered or being registered in Rule 3-16 of Regulation S-X. The amendments in ASU 2020-09 are effective for public business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company has evaluated the provisions of ASU 2020-09 and noted no material impact to our consolidated financial statements or disclosures from the adoption of this ASU.

 

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, Codification Improvements, which updated various codification topics by clarifying or improving disclosure requirements to align with the SEC’s regulations. The amendments in ASU 2020-10 are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, for public business entities. The Company adopted ASU 2020-10 on January 1, 2021 and its adoption did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Other recently issued or adopted accounting pronouncements are not expected to have, or did not have, a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results from operations.

 

Subsequent events The Company evaluated subsequent events through May  14, 2021, the date of issuance of these financial statements. Subsequent events are disclosed in Note 11.

12

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4. OIL & GAS PROPERTIES

 

The following table presents the capitalized costs for oil & gas properties of the Company as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020: 

 

    March 31, 2021     December 31, 2020  
Evaluated costs subject to amortization   $ 15,656,182     $ 15,656,182  
Unevaluated costs     31,441,701       30,857,959  
Total capitalized costs     47,097,883       46,514,141  
Less accumulated depreciation, depletion  and amortization     (15,656,182 )     (15,656,182 )
Total oil and gas properties   $ 31,441,701     $ 30,857,959  

  

Unevaluated costs as of March 31, 2021 include cumulative costs on developing projects including the Orogrande and Hazel projects in West Texas.

 

The Company periodically adjusts for the separation of evaluated versus unevaluated costs within its full cost pool to recognize any value impairment related to the expiration of, or changes in market value, of unevaluated leases. The impact of reclassifications as they become necessary is to increase the basis for calculation of future period’s depletion, depreciation and amortization which effectively recognizes any impairment on the consolidated statement of operations over future periods.

 

Reclassified costs also become evaluated costs for purposes of ceiling tests and which may cause recognition of increased impairment expense in future periods. The remaining cumulative unevaluated costs which have been reclassified within our full cost pool totals $5,881,635 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2021, evaluated costs are $-0- since we have no proved reserve value associated with our properties.

13

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4. OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

Due to the volatility of commodity prices, should oil and natural gas prices decline in the future, it is possible that a write-down could occur. Proved reserves are estimated quantities of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The independent engineering estimates include only those amounts considered to be proved reserves and do not include additional amounts which may result from new discoveries in the future, or from application of secondary and tertiary recovery processes where facilities are not in place or for which transportation and/or marketing contracts are not in place. Estimated reserves to be developed through secondary or tertiary recovery processes are classified as unevaluated properties.

 

Current Projects

 

We are an energy company engaged in the acquisition, exploration, exploitation and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States. We are primarily focused on the acquisition of early stage projects, the development and delineation of these projects, and then the monetization of those assets once these activities are completed.

 

Since 2010, our primary focus has been the development of interests in oil and gas projects we hold in the Permian Basin in West Texas. We also hold minor interests in certain other oil and gas projects in Central Oklahoma that we are in the process of divesting.

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had interests in three oil and gas projects: the Orogrande Project in Hudspeth County, Texas, the Hazel Project in Sterling, Tom Green, and Irion Counties, Texas, and two wells in Central Oklahoma.

 

Orogrande Project, West Texas

 

On August 7, 2014, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Hudspeth Oil Corporation (“Hudspeth”), McCabe Petroleum Corporation (“MPC”), and Gregory McCabe, our Chairman. Mr. McCabe was the sole owner of both Hudspeth and MPC. Under the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, we purchased 100% of the capital stock of Hudspeth which held certain oil and gas assets, including a 100% working interest in approximately 172,000 predominately contiguous acres in the Orogrande Basin in West Texas. Mr. McCabe has, at his option, a 10% working interest back-in after payout and a reversionary interest if drilling obligations are not met, all under the terms and conditions of a participation and development agreement among Hudspeth, MPC and Mr. McCabe. Mr. McCabe also holds a 4.5% overriding royalty interest in the Orogrande acreage, - which he obtained prior to, and was not a part of the August 2014 transaction. As of March 31, 2021, leases covering approximately 134,000 acres remain in effect.

 

We believe all drilling obligations through March 31, 2021 have been met.

 

Effective March 27, 2017, the property became subject to a DDU Agreement which allows for all 192 existing leases covering approximately 134,000 net acres leased from University Lands to be combined into one drilling and development unit for development purposes. The term of the DDU Agreement expires on December 31, 2023, and the time to drill on the drilling and development unit continues through December 2023. The DDU Agreement also grants the right to extend the DDU Agreement through December 2028 if compliance with the DDU Agreement is met and the extension fee associated with the additional time is paid.

 

Our drilling obligations include four wells in year 2020 and 2021 and five wells per year in years 2022, 2023 and 2024. We received a waiver of the requirement to develop four wells in 2020. The drilling obligations are minimum yearly requirements and may be exceeded if acceleration is desired. 

14

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4. OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

On July 25, 2018, we and Hudspeth entered into a Settlement & Purchase Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Founders (and Founders Oil & Gas Operating, LLC, former Operator), Wolfbone and MPC (entities controlled by our Chairman), which agreement provided for Founders assigning all of its working interest in the oil and gas leases of the Orogrande Project to Hudspeth and Wolfbone equally. Future well capital spending obligations remained the same 50% contribution from Hudspeth and 50% from Wolfbone until such time as the $40.5 million to be spent on the project. The Company estimates that there is still approximately $8.7 million remaining to be spent on the project until such time as the capital expenditures revert back to the percentages of the working interest owners.

  

The Company has drilled nine test wells in the Orogrande in order to stay in compliance with University Lands D&D Unit Agreement, as well as, to test for potential shallow pay zones and deeper pay zones that may be present on structural plays. Development of the wells continued through March 31, 2021 to further capture and document the scientific base in support of demonstrating the production potential of the property. The Company is currently marketing the project for an outright sale or farm in partner. This marketing process has been long and arduous as the overall market is quite soft. Due to the size and scope of the project, we are dealing with very large companies that have multitudes of people reviewing our material, which in itself is extensive. Should a farm out partner or sale not occur, the Company and Wolfbone will continue to drill additional wells in the play in order to fulfill the obligations under the DDU Agreement.

 

On March 9, 2020, holders of notes payable by the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement under which the noteholders elected to convert principal of $6,000,000 and approximately $1,331,000 of accrued interest on the notes, in accordance with their terms, into an aggregate 6% working interest (of all such holders) in the Orogrande Project.

 

The Orogrande Project ownership as of March 31, 2021 is detailed as follows:

 

    Revenue     Working  
    Interest     Interest  
University Lands - Mineral Owner     20.000 %     n/a  
                 
ORRI - Magdalena Royalties, LLC, an entity controlled by Gregory McCabe, Chairman     4.500 %     n/a  
                 
ORRI - Unrelated Party     0.500 %     n/a  
                 
Hudspeth Oil Corporation, a subsidiary of Torchlight Energy Resources Inc.     49.875 %     66.500 %
                 
Wolfbone Investments LLC, an entity controlled by Gregory McCabe, Chairman     18.750 %     25.000 %
                 
Conversion by Note Holders in March, 2020     4.500 %     6.000 %
                 
Unrelated Party     1.875 %     2.500 %
      100.000 %     100.000 %

15

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4. OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

Hazel Project in the Midland Basin in West Texas

 

Effective April 4, 2016, TEI acquired from MPC a 66.66% working interest in approximately 12,000 acres in the Midland Basin. A back-in after payout of a 25% working interest was retained by MPC and another unrelated working interest owner.

 

In October 2016, the holders of all of our then-outstanding shares of Series C Preferred Stock (which were issued in July 2016) elected to convert into a total 33.33% working interest in our Hazel Project, reducing our ownership from 66.66% to a 33.33% working interest.

 

Acquisition of Additional Interests in Hazel Project

 

On January 30, 2017, we entered into and closed an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and a Plan of Merger with an entity which was wholly-owned by Mr. McCabe, which resulted in the acquisition of approximately 40.66% working interest in the 12,000 gross acres, 9,600 net acres, in the Hazel Project. 

 

Also, on January 30, 2017, the Company entered into and closed a Purchase and Sale Agreement with Wolfbone. Under the agreement, we acquired certain of Wolfbone’s Hazel Project assets, including its interest in the Flying B Ranch #1 well and the 40-acre unit surrounding the well. 

 

Upon the closing of the transactions, our working interest in the Hazel Project increased by 40.66% to a total ownership of 74%.

 

Effective June 1, 2017, we acquired an additional 6% working interest from unrelated working interest owners increasing our working interest in the Hazel project to 80%, and an overall net revenue interest of 74-75%.

 

The Company has drilled six test wells on the Hazel Project to capture and document the scientific base in support of demonstrating the production potential of the property.

 

Lease Modifications

 

In May 2019 we entered into agreements with two of the three mineral owners on the northern section of the leases to keep the entire acreage block as one lease with a one-year extension. We issued each of them 50,000 shares of our common stock as consideration for this extension. As of December 31, 2020, we have structured the extension agreement retroactively with the third mineral owner for cash consideration. Due to this extension, our obligation for 2019 reduced to one obligation well. We finished that obligation well targeting a shallow zone that showed oil potential. For the remainder of 2020 the Company must drill one well in June and two wells by the December 31, 2020. Development of the June well was initiated during June 2020. The December obligation was met under the terms of the Option Agreement. See below.

 

Option Agreement with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP

 

On August 13, 2020, our subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Hazel, LLC (collectively, “Torchlight”) entered into an option agreement (the “Option Agreement”) with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP (“MHP”) and McCabe Petroleum Corporation. Under the agreement, MHP was obligated to drill and complete, or cause to be drilled and completed, at its sole cost and expense, a new lateral well (the “Well”) on our Hazel Project, sufficient to satisfy Torchlight’s continuous development obligations on the southern half of the prospect no later than September 30, 2020. MHP has satisfied this drilling obligation. MHP paid to Torchlight $1,000 as an option fee at the time of execution of the Option Agreement. MHP is entitled to receive, as its sole recourse for the recoupment of drilling costs, the revenue from production of the Well attributable to Torchlight’s interest until such time as it has recovered its reasonable costs and expenses for drilling, completing, and operating the well.

16

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

4. OIL & GAS PROPERTIES - continued

 

In exchange for MHP satisfying the above drilling obligations, Torchlight granted to MHP the exclusive right and option to perform operations, at MHP’s sole cost and expense, on the Hazel Project sufficient to satisfy Torchlight’s continuous development obligations on the northern half of the prospect. Because MHP exercised this drilling option and satisfied the continuous development obligations on the northern half of the prospect, under the terms of the Option Agreement (as amended in September 2020 and in April 2021) MHP now has the option to purchase the entire Hazel Project no later than September 30, 2021; provided, however, that the Option Price increases by $500,000 on the first of every calendar month beginning on June 1, 2021, without proration, during the option period. Further, the option period will expire upon the occurrence of the earlier of following: (1) if MHP fails to, no later than 30 days prior to the date of any drilling obligation on the Hazel Project, deliver notice of intent to conduct operations sufficient to satisfy such obligation; or (2) if MHP fails to commence operations sufficient to satisfy any drilling obligation on the Hazel Project seven days prior to the deadline for satisfying the applicable drilling obligation.

 

Such purchase would be under the terms of a form of Purchase and Sale Agreement included as an exhibit to the Option Agreement, at an aggregate purchase price of $12,690,704 (subject to additions as described above) for approximately 9,762 net mineral acres, and not less than 74% net revenue interest (approximately $1,300 per net mineral acre).

 

In the event MHP exercises its option to purchase the entire Hazel Project, McCabe Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by our chairman Gregory McCabe, has agreed to reduce its reversionary interest in the Hazel Project from 20% to not more than 12.5%.

 

Hunton Play, Central Oklahoma

 

Presently, we are producing from one well in the Viking Area of Mutual Interest and one well in Prairie Grove.

 

Assessment for Assets Held for Sale Classification

 

With respect to marketing oil and natural gas properties, the Company has evaluated the properties being marketed to determine whether any should be reclassified as held-for-sale at March 31, 2021. The held-for-sale criteria include: management commits to a plan to sell; the asset is available for immediate sale; an active program to locate a buyer exists; the sale of the asset is probable and expected to be completed within one year; the asset is being actively marketed for sale; and it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made. If each of these criteria is met, the property would be reclassified as held-for-sale on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and measured at the lower of their carrying amount or estimated fair value less costs to sell. Fair values are estimated using accepted valuation techniques, such as a discounted cash flow model, valuations performed by third parties, earnings multiples, or indicative bids, when available. Management considers historical experience and all available information at the time the estimates are made; however, the fair value that is ultimately realized upon the sale of the assets to be divested may differ from the estimated fair values reflected in the consolidated financial statements. If each of these criteria is met, DD&A expense would not be recorded on assets to be divested once they are classified as held for sale. Based on management’s assessment, certain criteria have not been met and no assets are classified as held for sale as of March 31, 2021.

 

5. RELATED PARTY PAYABLES

 

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, related party payables were $45,000 and $98,805, respectively, due to our executive officers and directors. Accrued payroll was $-0- and $1,213,779, respectively, consisting of accrued and unpaid compensation due to our executive officers.

 

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there was $99,820 and $92,320, respectively, for an account receivable due from McCabe Petroleum Corporation for amounts advanced related to the Orogrande development cost sharing agreement.

 

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Leases

 

The Company is a subtenant on a month to month basis for the occupancy of its office premises subject to a sublease agreement through October 31, 2021 for occupancy of its office premises which requires monthly rent payments of $3,512.

17

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - continued

 

Legal Matters

 

On January 31, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC were served with a lawsuit brought by Goldstone Holding Company, LLC (Goldstone Holding Company, LLC v. Torchlight Energy, Inc., et al., in the 160th Judicial District Court of Dallas County, Texas). On February 24, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Torchlight Energy, Inc., and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC timely filed their answer, affirmative defenses, and requests for disclosure. The suit, which seeks monetary relief over $1 million, makes unspecified allegations of misrepresentations involving a November 2015 participation agreement and a 2016 amendment to the participation agreement. Torchlight has denied the allegations and has asserted several affirmative defenses including but not limited to, that the suit is barred by the applicable statute of limitations, that the claims have been released, and that the claims are barred because of contractual disclaimers between sophisticated parties. Torchlight has also asserted counterclaims for attorney fees. On January 14, 2021, Goldstone Holding Company, LLC dismissed its claims without prejudice, leaving Torchlight’s counterclaims for attorney fees as the only pending claim in the case. On February 26, 2021, Torchlight filed a non-suit without prejudice on its counterclaims for attorney fees, leaving no claims in the case. However, Goldstone Holding Company, LLC asked the court to re-instate its claims, and a hearing was held on April 13, 2021. As of the date of this filing, the Court has not issued an order granting or denying Goldstone Holding Company, LLC’s request to re-instate its claims. If the court does reinstate the case, Torchlight intends to re-assert its attorney fees claim and to contest Goldstone’s claims.

 

On April 30, 2020, our wholly owned subsidiary, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, filed suit against Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies. The suit seeks the recovery of approximately $1.4 million in costs incurred as a result of a tool failure during drilling activities on the University Founders A25 #2 well that is located in the Orogrande Field.  Working interest owner Wolfbone Investments, LLC, a company owned by our Chairman Gregory McCabe, is a co-plaintiff in that action. After the suit was filed, Cordax filed a mineral lien in the amount of $104,500.01 against the Orogrande Field and has sued the operator and counterclaimed against Hudspeth for breach of contract, seeking the same amount as the lien.  We have added the manufacturer of one of the tool components that we contend was a cause of the tool failure. The suit, Hudspeth Oil Corporation and Wolfbone Investments, LLC v. Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies, was filed in the 189th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas.  

 

On March 18, 2021, Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies filed a lawsuit in Hudspeth County, Texas seeking to foreclose its mineral lien against the Orogrande Field in the amount of $104,500.01 and recover related attorney’s fees. The foreclosure action, Datalog LWT Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies v. Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., was filed in the 205th Judicial District Court of Hudspeth County, Texas. We are contesting the lien in good faith and filed a Plea in Abatement on May 10, 2021, seeking a stay in the Hudspeth County lien foreclosure case pending final disposition of the related case currently pending in Harris County, Texas.  

 

Environmental Matters

 

The Company is subject to contingencies as a result of environmental laws and regulations. Present and future environmental laws and regulations applicable to the Company’s operations could require substantial capital expenditures or could adversely affect its operations in other ways that cannot be predicted at this time. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, no amounts had been recorded because no specific liability has been identified that is reasonably probable of requiring the Company to fund any future material amounts. 

18

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock

 

On January 13, 2021, the Company sold 300,000 shares of common stock for cash at $0.80 per share for total proceeds of $240,000 in a private placement.

 

On February 10, 2021 the Company closed its underwritten public offering of 23,000,000 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $1.20 per share, for total proceeds of $25,689,649 after deducting underwriting discounts and other offering expenses payable by the Company.

 

On February 16, 2021, the Company issued 186,329 shares of common stock in satisfaction of the payment in kind valued at $248,479 in connection with the final conversion into common stock of the promissory notes previously held by the Straz Foundation and the Straz Trust (see Note 9 below).

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 25,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $34,250 as compensation for services.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 16,725,797 shares of common stock to promissory note holders with a fair value of $17,183,624 in conversion of principal and accrued interest on notes payable.   

 

Warrants and Options

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 1,803,277 shares of common stock in warrant and option exercises.

19

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - continued

 

A summary of warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2021 by exercise price and year of expiration is presented below:

 

Exercise     Expiration Date in        
Price     2021     2022     2023     2024     2025     Total  
                                       
$ 0.425       -       -       -       -       10,760       10,760  
$ 0.70       -       -       -       -       965,000       965,000  
$ 0.80       -       -       -       -       1,666,667       1,666,667  
$ 1.03       120,000       -       -       -       -       120,000  
$ 1.14       -       -       600,000       -       -       600,000  
$ 1.21       -       -       120,000       -       -       120,000  
$ 1.63       -       -       -       100,000       -       100,000  
                                                     
          120,000       -       720,000       100,000       2,642,427       3,582,427  

 

A summary of stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2021 by exercise price and year of expiration is presented below:

 

Exercise     Expiration Date in        
Price     2021     2022     2023     2024     2025     Total  
                                       
$ 0.50       -       -       -       -       750,000       750,000  
$ 1.00       -       -       -       -       2,250,000       2,250,000  
$ 0.85       -       -       -       600,000       -       600,000  
$ 0.97       129,871       -       -       -       -       129,871  
$ 1.10       -       600,000       -       -       -       600,000  
$ 1.19       -       -       700,000       -       -       700,000  
$ 1.63       -       58,026       -       -       -       58,026  
          129,871       658,026       700,000       600,000       3,000,000       5,087,897  

 

At March 31, 2021, the Company had reserved 8,670,324 common shares for future exercise of warrants and options.

20

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

7. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - continued

 

Warrants and options granted were valued using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of the warrants and options issued during the year ended December 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

No warrants or options were issued during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

 

2020    
     
Risk-free interest rate   .13% - 1.61%
Expected volatility of common stock   90% - 205%
Dividend yield   0.00%
Discount due to lack of marketability   20%
Expected life of option/warrant   Three Years to Five Years

 

8. INCOME TAXES

 

The Company recorded no income tax provision at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 because of losses incurred.

 

The Company estimates its annual effective income tax rate in recording its quarterly provision for income taxes in the various jurisdictions in which it operates. Statutory tax rate changes and other significant or unusual items are recognized as discrete items in the quarter in which they occur. The Company recorded no income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 because the Company expects to incur a tax loss in the current year. Similarly, no income tax expense was recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

The Company had a net deferred tax asset related to federal net operating loss carryforwards of $78,903,136  and  $77,359,811 at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The federal net operating loss carryforward will begin to expire in 2033. Realization of the deferred tax asset is dependent, in part, on generating sufficient taxable income prior to expiration of the loss carryforwards. The Company has placed a 100% valuation allowance against the net deferred tax asset because future realization of these assets is not assured.

21

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9. PROMISSORY NOTES

 

Promissory Notes Issued in 2017

 

On April 10, 2017, we sold two 12% unsecured promissory notes with a total of $8,000,000 in principal amount to David A. Straz, Jr. Foundation (the “Straz Foundation”) and the David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (the “Straz Trust”) in a private transaction. Interest only is due and payable on the notes each month at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity on April 10, 2020. The holders of the notes will also receive annual payments of common stock at the rate of 2.5% of principal amount outstanding, based on a volume-weighted average price. Both notes were sold at an original issue discount of 94.25% and accordingly, we received total proceeds of $7,540,000 from the investors. We used the proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes, which includes, without limitation, drilling capital, lease acquisition capital and repayment of prior debt. The notes were amended in April 2020 to, among other thing, extend the maturity date to April 10, 2021 and provide conversion rights at a conversion price of $1.50 per share of common stock.  

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2021 the notes were retired in full by conversion into the Company’s common stock. Unamortized debt issuance cost related to these notes of $80,040 was transferred to Additional Paid in Capital.

 

Promissory Notes Issued in 2018

 

On February 6, 2018, we sold to the Straz Trust in a private transaction a 12% unsecured promissory note with a principal amount of $4,500,000. Interest only was due and payable on the note each month at the rate of 12% per annum, with a balloon payment of the outstanding principal due and payable at maturity on April 10, 2020. The holder of the note will also receive annual payments of common stock at the rate of 2.5% of principal amount outstanding, based on a volume-weighted average price. We sold the note at an original issue discount of 96.27% and accordingly, we received total proceeds of $4,332,150 from the investor. We used the proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes, which includes, without limitation, drilling capital, lease acquisition capital and repayment of prior debt. The note was amended in April 2020 to, among other thing, extend the maturity date to April 10, 2021 and provide conversion rights at a conversion price of $1.50 per share of common stock.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2021 the note was retired in full by conversion into the Company’s common stock.

 

Convertible Notes Issued in October 2018

 

On October 17, 2018, we sold to certain investors in a private transaction 16% Series C Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes with a total principal amount of $6,000,000. Interest and principal were due and payable on the notes in one balloon payment at maturity on April 17, 2020. The notes were convertible, at the election of the holders, into an aggregate 6% working interest in certain oil and gas leases in Hudspeth County, Texas, known as our “Orogrande Project.” After an analysis of the transaction and a review of applicable accounting pronouncements, management concluded that the notes issued on October 17, 2018 which contain a conversion right for holders to convert into a working interest in the Orogrande Project of the Company, meet a specific scope exception to the provisions requiring derivative accounting.

22

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9. PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

On March 9, 2020, each of the noteholders entered into a Conversion Agreement with us and our subsidiary Hudspeth Oil Corporation (“Hudspeth”), under which the noteholders elected to convert the notes, in accordance with their terms, into an aggregate 6% working interest (of all such holders) in certain oil and gas leases in Hudspeth County, Texas, known as our “Orogrande Project.” Principal of $6,000,000 and approximately $1,331,000 of accrued interest were converted at March 9, 2020 to retire the notes in full.

 

The Conversion Agreements also provided additional consideration to the noteholders including a limited carry, a top-off obligation of us and Hudspeth, and warrants to purchase a total of 750,000 restricted shares of our common stock, which warrants will have a term of five years and an exercise price of $0.70 per share. The limited carry provides that for the remainder of the 2020 calendar year, Hudspeth will pay all costs and expenses attributable to the assigned working interests, except where prohibited by law or regulation. The top-off obligation provides that, subject to the terms and conditions of the Conversion Agreements, if (a) we sell our entire working interest in the Orogrande Project, (b) as part of such sale, the holder’s entire working interests are sold, and (c) the gross proceeds received by all the holders in such transaction are equal to less than $9,000,000; then we must pay the holders an amount equal to $9,000,000, (i) less gross proceeds the holders received in the transaction, (ii) less the amount of the carry the holders received under the Conversion Agreements, and (iii) less any gross proceeds the holders received in any farmouts occurring prior to the transaction.

 

The transaction was treated as an extinguishment of debt. The fair value of the working interest transferred in the conversion of the debt was $8,778,000 and the value of warrants issued to the holders was $382,500. The Company recognized a Loss on extinguishment of debt in the amount of $1,829,651 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Convertible Notes Issued in First Quarter 2019

 

On February 11, 2019 the Company raised a total of $2,000,000 from investors through the sale of two 14% Series D Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes. Principal was payable in a lump sum at maturity on May 11, 2020 with payments of interest payable monthly at the rate of 14% per annum. Holders of the notes have the right to convert principal and interest at any time into common stock at a conversion price of $1.08 per share. The Company has the right to redeem the notes at any time, provided that the redemption amount must include all interest that would have been earned through maturity.

 

On April 21, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. entered into agreements to amend the two 14% Series D Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes that were originally issued on February 11, 2019. Under the amendment agreements, (a) the maturity dates were extended from May 11, 2020 to November 11, 2021, (b) the conversion price under which the noteholders may convert into our common stock was changed from $1.08 to $0.43, and (c) the noteholders were provided the right, at each noteholder’s election, to convert their notes into either (i) a working interest in the Orogrande Project at the rate of one acre per $1,100 of principal and unpaid interest converted, or (ii) a working interest in the Hazel Project at the rate of one acre per $1,300 of principal and unpaid interest converted; provided, that the noteholders’ right to convert into either such working interest is subject to approval of the collateral agent of the Note Amendment Agreement with the Straz parties. Under the note amendments, the noteholders agreed to forebear demand or collection on all interest payments due and payable under the Note, including any past due interest payments, for 20 days after the execution of the Note Amendment Agreement. Further, we agreed to (a) issue each holder 20,000 restricted shares of common stock immediately and (b) pay each holder a fee of $10,000, at the same time as the payment of past due interest is paid. The past due interest and fee was paid.

 

During the quarter ended December 31, 2020, $1,000,000 was converted into common stock. During the quarter ended March 31, 2021 the remaining  balance of the notes was retired in full by conversion into the Company’s common stock.

23

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9. PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

Convertible Notes Issued in Third Quarter 2019

 

In July 2019, the Company issued 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes in the amount of $2,010,000 together with warrants to purchase our common stock. Principal and 8% interest are due at maturity on May 21, 2021. The principal and accrued interest on the notes are convertible into shares of common stock at $1.10 per common share at any time after the original issue date. Along with the notes, the three year warrants equal to 20% of the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of the notes were issued to note holders. The warrants are exercisable at $1.35 per share.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2021 the notes were retired in full by conversion into the Company’s common stock. Unamortized debt issuance costs related to these notes of $505,957 was transferred to interest expense.

 

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

 

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. Small Business Administration (the “SBA”) made available low-interest rate loans to qualified small businesses, including under its Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”). On April 10, 2020, in order to supplement its cash balance, the Company submitted an application for a loan (“SBA loan”) in the amount of $77,477. On May 1, 2020, Company’s SBA loan application was approved, and the Company received the loan proceeds. The SBA loan had an interest rate of 0.98% with a maturity date of April 2022.

 

Section 1106 of the CARES Act provides for forgiveness of up to the full principal amount of qualifying loans guaranteed under the PPP. The PPP and loan forgiveness are intended to provide economic relief to small businesses, such as the Company, that are adversely impacted under the COVID-19 Emergency Declaration issued by President Trump on March 13, 2020.  On March 31, 2021, the U.S Small Business Administration notified the Company that the Company’s PPP loan was forgiven in full, including all principal and interest outstanding as of the date of forgiveness and, as such, $77,477 has been recognized as an other income on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.

 

Secured Convertible Promissory Note Issued in Third Quarter, 2020

 

On September 18, 2020, McCabe Petroleum Corporation, a company owned by our chairman Gregory McCabe (“MPC”), loaned us $1,500,000, evidenced by a 6% Secured Convertible Promissory Note (the “MPC Note”). The note bore interest at the rate of 6% per annum and provided for payment of the principal amount along with all accrued and unpaid interest in one lump sum payment on its maturity date of May 10, 2021. In connection with the proposed business combination transaction with Metamaterial Inc. (“Metamaterial”), the note provided the following requirements on the use of proceeds of the loan as follows: (i) we will lend $500,000 to Metamaterial pursuant to an 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note (the “Metamaterial Note”); (ii) we will retain and use $500,000 for general corporate purposes, including without limitation, expenses incurred by us in connection with the proposed business combination transaction; and (iii) we will deposit $500,000 into an escrow account, to be held in escrow. Under the terms of the note, the $500,000 from this escrow account was released to us, and we lent this amount to Metamaterial pursuant to another convertible promissory note (the “Second Metamaterial Note”).

24

 

TORCHLIGHT ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

9. PROMISSORY NOTES - continued

 

The MPC Note was secured by our pledge of the Metamaterial Note and the Second Metamaterial Note. The MPC Note also provided that if (i) we and Metamaterial do not enter into a definitive agreement by the later of November 30, 2020 or such later date that is agreed to in writing, or (ii) we and Metamaterial enter into a definitive agreement but the proposed transaction is terminated prior to closing or otherwise does not close by the maturity date of the MPC Note, then at such time and until the maturity date, MPC will have the right, at its option, to convert up to $500,000 of the remaining principal amount of the MPC Note, plus all unpaid interest accrued under the MPC Note, into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.375 per share. Additionally, if the proposed transaction with Metamaterial closes, all principal and interest under the MPC Note will automatically convert into shares of our common stock at $0.375 per share. On January 29, 2021, we and MPC agreed to amend the MPC note to allow MPC to convert at any time, including prior to closing of the Metamaterial transaction.

 

In addition, Greg McCabe loaned the Company $100,000 on December 30, 2020. The Company evaluated the notes for a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2021 both the MPC Note and the $100,000 note were retired in full by conversion into the Company’s common stock.

 

Loans to Metamaterial Inc.

 

On September 20, 2020, we loaned Metamaterial $500,000, evidenced by an 8% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note. An additional $500,000 was loaned on December 16, 2020. The notes bear interest at the rate of 8% per annum and provide for payment of the principal amount along with all accrued and unpaid interest in one lump sum payment on its maturity date of September 20, 2022. Metamaterial has the right to redeem after 120 days. The notes are convertible at the price of $0.35 (CAD) per share at the option of the holder if the Arrangement Agreement with Metamaterial is terminated or expires without closing.

 

On February 18, 2021, Torchlight loaned to Meta $10,000,000, evidenced by a convertible promissory note issued by Meta (the “Promissory Note”), to satisfy Torchlight’s requirement to provide additional bridge financing to Meta pursuant to the Arrangement Agreement. The Promissory Note is unsecured and bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum. The outstanding principal amount, all accrued and unpaid interest, and all other amounts accrued under the Promissory Note will be due and payable in one lump sum payment on February 18, 2022 (the “Maturity Date”). On or after June 18, 2021, the outstanding principal amount of the Promissory Note, in whole or in part, plus any accrued and unpaid interest, may be repaid at the option of Meta at any time upon not less than 10 nor more than 30 days written notice to Torchlight. If the Arrangement Agreement is terminated or expires without the completion of the Arrangement, Torchlight will have the right to convert all or any portion of the principal amount and any accrued but unpaid interest under the Promissory Note into Common Shares at a conversion price of CAD$2.80 per Common Share (subject to adjustment as described in the Promissory Note). Further, if the Arrangement is not completed, Meta will be obligated to repay to Torchlight the total unpaid balance of the principal and interest under the Promissory Note, to the extent not converted into Common Shares, on the Maturity Date.

 

The Company evaluated the notes for a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) and derivative accounting criteria and concluded that there was no BCF or derivative accounting treatment applicable.

 

10. ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

 

The following is a reconciliation of the asset retirement obligations liability through March 31, 2021:

 

Asset retirement obligations – December 31, 2020   $ 21,844  
         
Accretion expense     93  
Estimated liabilities recorded     -  
         
Asset retirement obligations – March 31, 2021   $ 21,937  

 

11. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In May 2021 the company issued 250,000 shares of common stock in exercise of warrants.

25

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Overview

 

We are engaged in the acquisition, exploration, exploitation, and/or development of oil and natural gas properties in the United States, principally in West Texas.

 

The West Texas properties demonstrate significant potential and future production capabilities based upon the analysis of scientific data being gathered in the day by day development activity. Therefore, the Board has determined to focus its efforts and capital on these projects to maximize shareholder value for the long run.

 

During 2019 and 2020 the Company continued development in the Orogrande Project. Additional development of test wells was continued to capture additional science data to support lease value. Our Warwink project was sold in 2020 and an Option Agreement was executed in 2020 for the proposed sale of our Hazel project.

 

In August 2020, our subsidiaries entered into an option agreement with a third party (which was amended in September 2020  and in April 2021), under which, in exchange for satisfying certain drilling obligations, the third party will have the option to purchase the entire Hazel Project by a date no later than September 30, 2021.

 

Our strategy in divesting of projects other than the Orogrande Project has been to refocus on the greatest potential future value for the Company while systematically eliminating debt as noncore assets are sold and operations are streamlined.

 

Arrangement Agreement with Metamaterial

 

On December 14, 2020, we and our newly formed subsidiaries, Metamaterial Exchangeco Inc. (“Canco”) and 2798831 Ontario Inc. (“Callco”), both Ontario corporations, entered into an arrangement agreement (the “Arrangement Agreement”) with Metamaterial Inc., an Ontario corporation headquartered in Nova Scotia, Canada (“Meta”). Under the Arrangement Agreement, Canco is to acquire all of the outstanding common shares of Meta by way of a statutory plan of arrangement under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) (the “Arrangement”), on and subject to the terms and conditions of the Arrangement Agreement. The Arrangement Agreement was amended on February 3, 2021, March 11, 2020, March 31, 2021, April 15, 2021 and May 2, 2021.

 

On May 7, 2021, we filed a definitive proxy statement for the special meeting of the stockholders (the “Stockholder Meeting”) in connection with the Arrangement. The record date of stockholders entitled to vote is May 5, 2021 and the meeting date is June 11, 2021 (the meeting will be virtual). The Arrangement is expected to close in the first half of 2021.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements included herewith and our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020. This discussion should not be construed to imply that the results discussed herein will necessarily continue into the future, or that any conclusion reached herein will necessarily be indicative of actual operating results in the future. Such discussion represents only the best present assessment by our management.

26

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued

 

Historical Results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

Revenues and Cost of Revenues

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we had production revenue of $2,471 compared to $84,620 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Refer to the table of production and revenue presented below for quarterly changes in revenue. Our cost of revenue, consisting of lease operating expenses and production taxes, was $14,492 and $67,858 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Property   Quarter   Oil Production {BBLS}   Gas Production {MCF}   Oil Revenue     Gas Revenue     Total Revenue  
                               
Oklahoma   Q1 - 2021   28   711   $ 1,166     $ 1,305     $ 2,471  
Hazel (TX)   Q1 - 2021   0   0     -       -       -  
MECO (TX)   Q1 - 2021   0   0     -       -       -  
Total Q1-2021       28   711   $ 1,166     $ 1,305     $ 2,471  
                                     
Oklahoma   Q1 - 2020   181   468   $ 583     $ 1,000     $ 1,583  
Hazel (TX)   Q1 - 2020   0   0   $ -     $ -     $ -  
MECO (TX)   Q1 - 2020   1,863   1,559   $ 81,530     $ 1,507     $ 83,037  
Total Q1-2020       2,044   2,027   $ 82,113     $ 2,507     $ 84,620  
                                     
Oklahoma   Q2 - 2020   28   448   $ 774     $ 156     $ 930  
Hazel (TX)   Q2 - 2020   0   0   $ -     $ -     $ -  
MECO (TX)   Q2 - 2020   1,389   747   $ 44,223     $ 324     $ 44,547  
Total Q2-2020       1,417   1,195   $ 44,997     $ 480     $ 45,477  
                                     
Oklahoma   Q3 - 2020   69   1,096   $ 2,084     $ 494     $ 2,578  
Hazel (TX)   Q3 - 2020   0   0   $ -     $ -     $ -  
MECO (TX)   Q3 - 2020   1,480   680   $ 57,774     $ 1,370     $ 59,144  
Total Q3-2020       1,549   1,776   $ 59,858     $ 1,864     $ 61,722  
                                     
Oklahoma   Q4 - 2020   0   0   $ 1,042     $ 773     $ 1,815  
Hazel (TX)   Q4 - 2020   0   0   $ -     $ -     $ -  
MECO (TX)   Q4 - 2020   435   0   $ 9,837     $ 5,519     $ 15,356  
MECO (Sold )   YTD ADJ   0   0   $ (10,092 )   $ (5,519 )   $ (15,611 )
Total Q4-2020       435   0   $ 787     $ 773     $ 1,560  

 

We recorded depreciation, depletion, and amortization expense of $421 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $447,405 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $1,722,805  and $1,047,624 respectively, an increase of $ 675,181. Our general and administrative expenses consisted of consulting and compensation expense, substantially all of which was non-cash or deferred, accounting  and administrative costs, legal fees, professional consulting fees, and other general corporate expenses. The change in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to 2020 is detailed as follows:

 

Increase(decrease) in non cash stock and warrant compensation   $ (196,400 )
Increase(decrease) in consulting expense     73,600  
Increase(decrease) in investor relations     (59,210 )
Increase(decrease) in travel expense     (18,312 )
Increase(decrease) in salaries and compensation     68,745  
Increase(decrease) in legal fees     662,133  
Increase(decrease) in insurance     (1,176 )
Increase(decrease) in rent     (236 )
Increase(decrease) in accounting and audit fees     46,345  
Increase(decrease) in general corporate expenses     99,692  
         
Total Increase in General and Administrative Expenses   $ 675,181  

27

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - continued

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At March 31, 2021, we had working capital of $22,846,631  and total assets of $56,014,724. Stockholders’ equity was $55,303,071. 

 

Cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $(3,536,713)  compared to $(321,342) for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $ 3,215,732. Cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 can be primarily attributed to net loss from operations of $2,055,688, a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other noncash expense adjustments. Cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 can be primarily attributed to net loss from operations of $3,693,863, depreciation and depletion of $447,405, a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1,829,651 and changes in other noncash expense adjustments. Reference the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for additional detail of the components that comprise the net use of cash in operations. We expect to continue to use cash flow in operating activities until such time as we achieve sufficient commercial oil and gas production to cover all of our cash costs.

 

Cash flows from investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $(10,689,022)  compared to $(2,212,852) for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Cash flows from investing activities principally consists of investment in oil and gas properties in Texas and an increase of $10,109,589 in convertible notes receivable.

 

Cash flows from financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $27,248,988  as compared to $2,527,118 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Cash flows from financing activities consists of proceeds from issuance of our common stock and  proceeds from exercise of warrants into common stock. We expect to continue to have cash flow provided by financing activities as we seek new rounds of financing and continue to develop our oil and gas investments.

 

We will require additional debt or equity financing to meet our plans and needs. We face obstacles in continuing to attract new financing due to industry conditions and our history and current record of net losses. Despite our efforts, we can provide no assurance that we will be able to obtain the financing required to meet our stated objectives or even to continue as a going concern.

 

We do not expect to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Commitments and Contingencies-

 

Leases

 

The Company is a subtenant on a month to month basis for the occupancy of its office premises subject to a sublease agreement through October 31, 2021 for occupancy of its office premises which requires monthly rent payments of $3,512.

 

Environmental Matters

 

We are subject to contingencies as a result of environmental laws and regulations. Present and future environmental laws and regulations applicable to our operations could require substantial capital expenditures or could adversely affect our operations in other ways that cannot be predicted at this time. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, no amounts have been recorded because no specific liability has been identified that is reasonably probable of requiring us to fund any future material amounts.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not Applicable

28

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer), we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of March 31, 2021. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the applicable rules and forms and that such information was accumulated and communicated to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, in a manner that allowed for timely decisions regarding disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 

 

On January 31, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries Torchlight Energy, Inc. and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC were served with a lawsuit brought by Goldstone Holding Company, LLC (Goldstone Holding Company, LLC v. Torchlight Energy, Inc., et al., in the 160th Judicial District Court of Dallas County, Texas). On February 24, 2020, Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Torchlight Energy, Inc., and Torchlight Energy Operating, LLC timely filed their answer, affirmative defenses, and requests for disclosure. The suit, which seeks monetary relief over $1 million, makes unspecified allegations of misrepresentations involving a November 2015 participation agreement and a 2016 amendment to the participation agreement. Torchlight has denied the allegations and has asserted several affirmative defenses including but not limited to, that the suit is barred by the applicable statute of limitations, that the claims have been released, and that the claims are barred because of contractual disclaimers between sophisticated parties. Torchlight has also asserted counterclaims for attorney fees. On January 14, 2021, Goldstone Holding Company, LLC dismissed its claims without prejudice, leaving Torchlight’s counterclaims for attorney fees as the only pending claim in the case. On February 26, 2021, Torchlight filed a non-suit without prejudice on its counterclaims for attorney fees, leaving no claims in the case. However, Goldstone Holding Company, LLC asked the court to re-instate its claims, and a hearing was held on April 13, 2021. As of the date of this filing, the Court has not issued an order granting or denying Goldstone Holding Company, LLC’s request to re-instate its claims. If the court does reinstate the case, Torchlight intends to re-assert its attorney fees claim and to contest Goldstone’s claims.

 

On April 30, 2020, our wholly owned subsidiary, Hudspeth Oil Corporation, filed suit against Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies. The suit seeks the recovery of approximately $1.4 million in costs incurred as a result of a tool failure during drilling activities on the University Founders A25 #2 well that is located in the Orogrande Field.  Working interest owner Wolfbone Investments, LLC, a company owned by our Chairman Gregory McCabe, is a co-plaintiff in that action. After the suit was filed, Cordax filed a mineral lien in the amount of $104,500.01 against the Orogrande Field and has sued the operator and counterclaimed against Hudspeth for breach of contract, seeking the same amount as the lien.  We have added the manufacturer of one of the tool components that we contend was a cause of the tool failure. The suit, Hudspeth Oil Corporation and Wolfbone Investments, LLC v. Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies, was filed in the 189th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas.  

 

On March 18, 2021, Datalog LWT, Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies filed a lawsuit in Hudspeth County, Texas seeking to foreclose its mineral lien against the Orogrande Field in the amount of $104,500.01 and recover related attorney’s fees. The foreclosure action, Datalog LWT Inc. d/b/a Cordax Evaluation Technologies v. Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., was filed in the 205th Judicial District Court of Hudspeth County, Texas. We are contesting the lien in good faith and filed a Plea in Abatement on May 10, 2021, seeking a stay in the Hudspeth County lien foreclosure case pending final disposition of the related case currently pending in Harris County, Texas.

29

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

There were no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The risks described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K and in this Form 10-Q are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us, or that we deem to be immaterial, also may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS   

 

On January 13, 2021, the Company sold 300,000 shares of common stock for cash at $0.80 per share for total proceeds of $240,000 in a private placement.

 

On February 16, 2021, the Company issued 186,329 shares of common stock in satisfaction of the payment in kind valued at $248,479 in connection with the final conversion into common stock of the promissory notes previously held by the Straz Foundation and the Straz Trust.   

 

On January 15, 2021, the Company issued 25,000 shares of common stock as compensation for services.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued a total of 1,473,406 shares of common stock in warrant exercises, including (i) 329,091 shares at the exercise price of $1.35 per share, (ii) 600,000 shares at the exercise price of $0.80 per share, (iii) 36,364 shares at the exercise price of $1.35 per share, (iv) and a total of 507,951 shares during the three months ended March 31, 2021 in cashless exercises.

 

All of the above sales of securities were sold under the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. The issuances of securities did not involve a “public offering” based upon the following factors: (i) the issuances of securities were isolated private transactions; (ii) a limited number of securities were issued to a limited number of purchasers; (iii) there were no public solicitations; (iv) the investment intent of the purchasers; and (v) the restriction on transferability of the securities issued.

30

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit No.   Description
     
2.1   Share Exchange Agreement dated November 23, 2010. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 24, 2010.) *
     
2.2   Arrangement Agreement with Metamaterial Inc., dated December 14, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 14, 2020.) *
     
2.3   Amendment to Arrangement Agreement dated February 3, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 4, 2021.) *
     
2.4   Amendment to Arrangement Agreement dated March 11, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2021.) *
     
2.5   Amendment to Arrangement Agreement dated March 31, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 1, 2021.) *
     
2.6   Amendment to Arrangement Agreement dated April 15, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 15, 2021.) *
     
2.7   Amendment to Arrangement Agreement dated May 2, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 4, 2021.) *
     
3.1   Articles of Incorporation. (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 18, 2019.) *
     
3.2   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation dated December 10, 2014. (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2015.) *
     
3.3   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation dated September 15, 2015. (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 12, 2015.) *
     
3.4   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation dated August 18, 2017 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 9, 2018.) * 
     
3.5   Amended and Restated Bylaws (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 26, 2016.) *
     
10.1   Farmout Agreement between Hudspeth Oil Corporation, Founders Oil & Gas, LLC and certain other parties (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 29, 2015) *
     
10.2   Purchase and Sale Agreement with Husky Ventures, Inc. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 12, 2015) *
     
10.3   Purchase Agreement with McCabe Petroleum Corporation for acquisition of “Hazel Project” (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 15, 2016) *
     
10.4   Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and Plan of Merger with Line Drive Energy, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 31, 2017) *

31

 

10.5   Purchase and Sale Agreement with Wolfbone Investments, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 31, 2017) *
     
10.6   Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and Plan of Merger with McCabe Petroleum Corporation and Warwink Properties, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018) *
     
10.7   Purchase Agreement with Torchlight Energy, Inc. and McCabe Petroleum Corporation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018) *
     
10.8   Promissory Note for $3,250,000 by Torchlight Energy, Inc. to McCabe Petroleum Corporation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018) *
     
10.9   Assignment of Farmout Agreement between Hudspeth Oil Corporation, Founders Oil & Gas, LLC and Wolfbone Investments, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018) *
     
10.10   Underwriting Agreement, dated April 19, 2018, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and Roth Capital Partners, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 19, 2018) *
     
10.11   Purchase & Settlement Agreement, dated July 24, 2018, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Hudspeth Oil Corporation, Founders Oil & Gas, LLC, Founders Oil & Gas Operating, LLC, Wolfbone Investments, LLC and McCabe Petroleum. Corporation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 9, 2018) *
     
10.12   16% Series C Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note (form of) dated October 17, 2018 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 18, 2018)*
     
10.13   Underwriting Agreement, dated January 14, 2020, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and Aegis Capital Corp. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 14, 2020) *
     
10.14   Conversion Agreement (form of) dated March 9, 2020 between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc., Hudspeth Oil Corporation and the previous holders of 16% Series C Unsecured Convertible Promissory Notes (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2020) *
     
10.15   Underwriting Agreement, dated May 18, 2020, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and ThinkEquity, a division of Fordham Financial Management, Inc. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 18, 2020) *
     
10.16   Foundation Note Amendment Agreement dated April 24, 2020 with the David A. Straz, Jr Foundation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10.17   Amendment to Foundation Note Amendment Agreement dated May 12, 2020 with David A. Straz, Jr. Foundation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10.18   Trust Note Amendment Agreement dated April 24, 2020 with The David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)

32

 

10.19   Amendment to Trust Note Amendment Agreement dated May 12, 2020 with the David A. Straz Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10.20   Amended and Restated Note dated April 24, 2020 in the amount of $4,000,000 with The David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10. 21   Amended and Restated Note dated April 24, 2020 in the amount of $4,500,000 with THE David A. Straz, Jr. Irrevocable Trust DTD 11/11/1986 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10.22   Amended and Restated Note dated April 24, 2020 in the amount of $4,000,000 with David A. Straz, Jr. Foundation (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020)
     
10.23   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 12, 2020, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and the investor (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 12, 2020) *
     
10.24   Employment Agreement with John A. Brda dated July 15, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020) *
     
10.25   Employment Agreement with Roger Wurtele dated July 15, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020) *
     
10.26   Stock Option Agreement with John A. Brda dated July 15, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020) *
     
10.27   Stock Option Agreement with Roger Wurtele dated July 15, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020) *
     
10.28   Sales Agreement, dated July 20, 2020, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and Roth Capital Partners, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 20, 2020) *
     
10.29   Option Agreement with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP and McCabe Petroleum Corporation dated August 13, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 9, 2020) *
     
10.30   First Amendment to Option Agreement with Masterson Hazel Partners, LP and McCabe Petroleum Corporation dated September 18, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 9, 2020) *
     
10.31   6% Secured Convertible Promissory Note for $1,500,000 to McCabe Petroleum Corporation dated September 18, 2020 (and Amendment to Promissory Note) (Incorporated by reference from Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 9, 2020) *
     
10.32    Letter agreement with McCabe Petroleum Corporation and MECO IV, LLC, dated November 11, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 16, 2020) *
       
10.33    Form of Metamaterial Voting and Support Agreement (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 14, 2020.) *
       
10.34    6% Unsecured Convertible Promissory Note for $100,000 to Gregory McCabe, dated December 30, 2020 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 6, 2021.) *

33

 

10.35    Second Amendment to Promissory Note of McCabe Petroleum Corporation dated January 29, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 1, 2021.) *
       
10.36    Addendum #1 to Stock Option Agreement of John Brda dated January 29, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 1, 2021.) *
       
10.37    Addendum #1 to Stock Option Agreement of Roger Wurtele dated January 29, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 1, 2021.) *
       
10.38    Underwriting Agreement, dated February 8, 2021, between Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc. and Roth Capital Partners, LLC (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 8, 2021.) *
       
10.39    8% Convertible Promissory Note for $10,000,000 issued by Metamaterial Inc. on February 18, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021.) *
     
10.40   Amendment to Option Agreement dated April 15, 2021 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 15, 2021.) *
     
31.1   Certification of principal executive officer required by Rule 13a 14(1) or Rule 15d 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2   Certification of principal financial officer required by Rule 13a 14(1) or Rule 15d 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certification of principal executive officer and principal financial officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Section 1350 of 18 U.S.C. 63.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definitions Linkbase
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

 

  * Incorporated by reference from our previous filings with the SEC

34

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Torchlight Energy Resources, Inc.
   
Date: May 14, 2021 /s/ John A. Brda
  By: John A. Brda
  Chief Executive Officer
   
Date: May 14, 2021 /s/ Roger Wurtele
  By: Roger Wurtele
  Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer

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