United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended August 31, 2020
 
or
 
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the transition period from ___________ to __________
 
Commission File No. 000-54768
 
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Nevada
 
27-2094706
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
480 Fernand-Poitras Terrebonne, Québec, Canada J6Y 1Y4
(Address of principal executive offices zip code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (450) 951-8555
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock
LOOP
Nasdaq Global Market
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) Yes ☒  No ☐
 
 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐  No ☒
 
As at October 7, 2020, there were 42,212,739 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.

 

 
 
 
LOOP INDUSTRIES, INC.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Three and Six months ended August 31, 2020
Index to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 

 
4
 
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
August 31, 2020
 
 
February 29, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $23,128,243 
 $33,717,671 
Sales tax, tax credits and other receivables (Note 3)
  511,156 
  664,544 
Prepaid expenses and deposits (Note 4)
  2,293,283 
  141,226 
Total current assets
  25,932,682 
  34,523,441 
Investment in joint venture (Note 9)
  1,500,000 
  850,000 
Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 5)
  8,287,408 
  7,260,254 
Intangible assets, net (Note 6)
  342,930 
  202,863 
Total assets
 $36,063,020 
 $42,836,558 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
    
    
Current liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Note 8)
 $2,099,515 
 $2,082,698 
Current portion of long-term debt (Note 10)
  53,673 
  52,126 
Total current liabilities
  2,153,188 
  2,134,824 
Long-term debt (Note 10)
  2,316,408 
  2,238,026 
Total liabilities
  4,469,596 
  4,372,850 
 
    
    
Stockholders' Equity
    
    
Series A Preferred stock par value $0.0001; 25,000,000 shares authorized; one share issued and outstanding (Note 12)
  - 
  - 
Common stock par value $0.0001: 250,000,000 shares authorized; 39,935,210 shares issued and outstanding (February 29, 2020 – 39,910,774) (Note 12)
  3,994 
  3,992 
Additional paid-in capital
  84,172,723 
  82,379,413 
Additional paid-in capital – Warrants
  9,870,241 
  9,785,799 
Accumulated deficit
  (62,297,485)
  (53,317,047)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  (156,049)
  (388,449)
Total stockholders' equity
  31,593,424 
  38,463,708 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 $36,063,020 
 $42,836,558 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-1
 
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 Three Months Ended August 31
 
 
 Six Months Ended August 31
 
 
 
 2020
 
 
 2019
 
 
 2020
 
 
 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
    
Expenses
    
    
    
    
Research and development (Note 13)
  2,749,222 
  970,213 
  4,229,810 
  1,968,074 
General and administrative (Note 13)
  2,049,241 
  1,718,613 
  4,002,323 
  3,621,243 
Depreciation and amortization (Notes 5 and 6)
  302,587 
  201,403 
  558,561 
  365,739 
Interest and other financial (Note 16)
  (58,905)
  622,183 
  67,871 
  1,124,064 
Interest income
  (18,039)
  (192,259)
  (58,386)
  (192,291)
Foreign exchange loss
  103,618 
  21,890 
  180,259 
  9,764 
Total expenses
  5,127,724 
  3,342,043 
  8,980,438 
  6,896,593 
 
    
    
    
    
Net Loss
  (5,127,724)
  (3,342,043)
  (8,980,438)
  (6,896,593)
 
    
    
    
    
Other comprehensive income (loss)
    
    
    
    
Foreign currency translation adjustment
  402,812 
  102,457 
  232,400 
  (37,685)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 $(4,724,912)
 $(3,239,586)
 $(8,748,038)
 $(6,934,278)
 
    
    
    
    
Loss per share
    
    
    
    
Basic and Diluted
 $(0.13)
 $(0.09)
 $(0.22)
 $(0.19)
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    
    
    
    
Basic and Diluted
  39,928,047 
  38,383,156 
  39,922,443 
  36,548,832 
 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
F-2
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended August 31, 2020
 
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital - Warrants
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital – Beneficial Conversion Feature
 
 
Common Stock Issuable
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
Balance, May 31, 2020
  39,916,905 
 $3,993 
  1 
 $- 
 $83,306,794 
 $9,870,241 
 $- 
 $- 
 $(57,169,761)
 $(558,861)
 $35,452,406 
Issuance of shares upon the vesting of restricted stock units (Note 13)
  18,305 
  1 
  - 
  - 
  (1)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Stock options issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  553,540 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  553,540 
Restricted stock units issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  312,390 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  312,390 
Foreign currency translation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  402,812 
  402,812 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (5,127,724)
  - 
  (5,127,724)
Balance, August 31, 2020
  39,935,210 
 $3,994 
  1 
 $- 
 $84,172,723 
 $9,870,241 
 $- 
 $- 
 $(62,297,485)
 $(156,049)
 $31,593,424 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended August 31, 2019
 
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital - Warrants
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital – Beneficial Conversion Feature
 
 
Common Stock Issuable
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
Balance, May 31, 2019
  34,875,032 
 $3,488 
  1 
 $- 
 $46,536,157 
 $1,074,633 
 $1,200,915 
 $800,000 
 $(42,366,142)
 $(430,366)
 $6,818,685 
Issuance of common shares for cash, net of share issuance costs (Note 12)
  4,093,567 
  409 
  - 
  - 
  26,092,669 
  8,663,769 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  34,756,847 
Issuance of shares upon the vesting of restricted stock units
  43,932 
  4 
    
    
  799,996 
    
    
  (800,000)
    
    
  - 
Issuance of shares upon the cashless exercise of stock options
  4,565 
  1 
    
    
  (1)
    
    
    
    
    
  - 
Issuance of shares upon exercise of warrants
  15,432 
  1 
    
    
  182,048 
  (38,300)
    
    
    
    
  143,749 
Stock options issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  498,198 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  498,198 
Restricted stock units issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  305,130 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  305,130 
Foreign currency translation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  102,457 
  102,457 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (3,342,043)
  - 
  (3,342,043)
Balance, August 31, 2019
  39,032,528 
 $3,903 
  1 
 $- 
 $74,414,197 
 $9,700,102 
 $1,200,915 
 $- 
 $(45,708,185)
 $(327,909)
 $39,283,023 
 
 
F-3
 
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended August 31, 2020
 
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital - Warrants
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital – Beneficial Conversion Feature
 
 
Common Stock Issuable
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
Balance, February 29, 2020
  39,910,774 
 $3,992 
  1 
 $- 
 $82,379,413 
 $9,785,799 
 $- 
 $- 
 $(53,317,047)
 $(388,449)
 $38,463,708 
Warrant issued for services (Note 15)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  84,442 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  84,442 
Issuance of shares upon the vesting of restricted stock units (Note 13)
  24,436 
  2 
  - 
  - 
  (2)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Stock options issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,110,435 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,110,435 
Restricted stock units issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  682,877 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  682,877 
Foreign currency translation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  232,400 
  232,400 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (8,980,438)
  - 
  (8,980,438)
Balance, August 31, 2020
  39,935,210 
 $3,994 
  1 
 $- 
 $84,172,723 
 $9,870,241 
 $- 
 $- 
 $(62,297,485)
 $(156,049)
 $31,593,424 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended August 31, 2019
 
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
par value $0.0001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital - Warrants
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital – Beneficial Conversion Feature
 
 
Common Stock Issuable
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
Balance, February 28, 2019
  33,805,706 
 $3,381 
  1 
 $- 
 $38,966,208 
 $757,704 
 $1,200,915 
 $800,000 
 $(38,811,592)
 $(290,224)
 $2,626,392 
Issuance of common shares for cash, net of share issuance costs (Note 12)
  4,693,567 
  469 
  - 
  - 
  30,359,394 
  8,663,769 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  39,023,632 
Issuance of shares for legal settlement
  150,000 
  15 
  - 
  - 
  (15)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Issuance of shares upon conversion of Convertible notes
  319,326 
  32 
  - 
  - 
  2,372,549 
  316,929 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  2,689,510 
Issuance of shares upon the vesting of restricted stock units (Note 13)
  43,932 
  4 
  - 
  - 
  799,996 
  - 
  - 
  (800,000)
  - 
  - 
  - 
Issuance of shares upon the cashless exercise of stock options (Note 13)
  4,565 
  1 
  - 
  - 
  (1)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Issuance of shares upon exercise of warrants (Note 15)
  15,432 
  1 
    
    
  182,048 
  (38,300)
    
    
    
    
  143,749 
Stock options issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,073,711 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,073,711 
Restricted stock units issued for services (Note 13)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  660,307 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  660,307 
Foreign currency translation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (37,685)
  (37,685)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (6,896,593)
  - 
  (6,896,593)
Balance, August 31, 2019
  39,032,528 
 $3,903 
  1 
 $- 
 $74,414,197 
 $9,700,102 
 $1,200,915 
 $- 
 $(45,708,185)
 $(327,909)
 $39,283,023 
 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
F-4
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended August 31
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(8,980,438)
 $(6,896,593)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization (Notes 5 and 6)
  558,561 
  365,739 
Stock-based compensation expense (Note 13)
  1,877,754 
  1,734,018 
Accrued interest (Note 10)
  19,291 
  215,433 
Loss on revaluation of warrants (Note 16)
  - 
  8,483 
Debt accretion (Note 16)
  17,658 
  1,035,888 
Deferred financing costs (Note 16)
  - 
  66,327 
Loss (gain) on conversion of convertible notes (Note 16)
  - 
  (232,565)
Loss on revaluation of foreign exchange contracts
  11,482 
  - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
Sales tax, tax credits and other receivables (Note 3)
  169,018 
  (123,194)
Prepaid expenses (Note 4)
  (824,675)
  (22,987)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Note 8)
  (304,438)
  (1,385,978)
Net cash used in operating activities
  (7,455,787)
  (5,235,429)
 
    
    
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
    
    
Investment in joint venture (Note 9)
  (650,000)
  (500,000)
Deposits on machinery and equipment
  (1,305,010)
  - 
Additions to property, plant and equipment (Note 5)
  (1,116,744)
  (1,202,766)
Additions to intangible assets (Note 6)
  (160,484)
  (82,432)
Net cash used in investing activities
  (3,232,238)
  (1,785,198)
 
    
    
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
    
    
Proceeds from sale of common shares (Note 12)
  - 
  40,273,751 
Share issuance costs (Note 12)
  - 
  (1,106,370)
Repayment of long-term debt (Note 10)
  (26,836)
  (26,326)
Net cash provided from (used in) financing activities
  (26,836)
  39,141,055 
 
    
    
Effect of exchange rate changes
  125,433 
  (22,778)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
  (10,589,428)
  32,097,650 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
  33,717,671 
  5,833,390 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 $23,128,243 
 $37,931,040 
 
    
    
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
    
    
Income tax paid
 $- 
 $- 
Interest paid
 $19,441 
 $30,497 
Interest received
 $30,497 
 $192,291 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-5
 
 
Loop Industries, Inc.
Three and Six Months Ended August 31, 2020 and 2019
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 
1. The Company, Basis of Presentation
 
The Company
 
Loop Industries, Inc. (the “Company,” “Loop Industries,” “we,” or “our”) is a technology company that owns patented and proprietary technology that depolymerizes no and low-value waste PET plastic and polyester fiber to its base building blocks (monomers).  The monomers are filtered, purified and polymerized to create virgin-quality Loop™ branded PET resin for use in food-grade packaging and polyester fiber.
 
On November 20, 2017, Loop Industries commenced trading on the NASDAQ Global Market under its new trading symbol, “LOOP.” From April 10, 2017 to November 19, 2017, our common stock was quoted on the OTCQX tier of the OTC Markets Group Inc. under the symbol “LLPP.”
 
Basis of presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures included in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 29, 2020, filed with the SEC on May 5, 2020 and amended on May 6, 2020 and September 21, 2020. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements comprise the consolidated financial position and results of operations of Loop Industries, Inc. and its subsidiaries, Loop Innovations, LLC and Loop Canada Inc. All subsidiaries are, either directly or indirectly, wholly owned subsidiaries of Loop Industries, Inc. (collectively, the “Company”). The Company also owns, through Loop Innovations, LLC, a 50% interest in a joint venture, Indorama Loop Technologies, LLC, which is accounted for under the equity method.
 
Intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated on consolidation. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of February 29, 2020, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures including certain notes required by GAAP on an annual reporting basis. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements present fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss and cash flows for the interim periods. The results for the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter, the fiscal year ending February 28, 2021, or any other period.
 
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Use of estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Those estimates and assumptions include estimates for depreciable lives of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, analysis of impairments of long-lived assets and intangible assets, accruals for potential liabilities and assumptions made in calculating the fair value of stock-based compensation and other equity instruments.
 
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted business operations for us and our customers, suppliers, vendors and other parties with whom we do business and such disruptions are expected to continue for an indefinite period of time. The uncertain duration of these measures have had and may continue to have an effect on our development and commercialization efforts. In particular, the situation in the United States and the continued border closures and quarantine requirements between Canada and the United States have caused disruptions in our timetable of our joint venture with Indorama in the development of our Spartanburg facility and commercialization of our technology, which is currently continuing with renewed discussions on structure and financing to address these disruptions.
 
Although we continue to monitor the situation and may adjust our current policies as more information and public health guidance become available, the COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing, and its dynamic nature, including uncertainties relating to the ultimate spread of the virus, the severity of the disease, the duration of the outbreak and actions that may be taken by governmental authorities to contain the outbreak or to treat its impact, makes it difficult to assess whether there will be further impact on the development and commercialization of our technology which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows.
 
Foreign currency translations and transactions
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars, the reporting currency of the Company. Assets and liabilities of subsidiaries that have a functional currency other than that of the Company are translated to U.S. dollars at the exchange rate as at the balance sheet date. Income and expenses are translated at the average exchange rate of the period. The resulting translation adjustments are included in other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”). As a result, foreign currency exchange fluctuations may impact operating expenses. The Company currently has not engaged in any currency hedging activities.
 
 
F-6
 
 
 
For transactions and balances, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency of the entity at the prevailing exchange rate at the reporting date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities, and revenue and expense items denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rate prevailing at the dates of the respective transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, except for gains or losses arising from the translation of intercompany balances denominated in foreign currencies that forms part in the net investment in the subsidiary which are included in OCI.
 
Stock-based compensation
 
Loop Industries, Inc. periodically issues stock options, warrants and restricted stock units to employees and non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and financing expenses. The Company accounts for stock options granted to employees based on the authoritative guidance provided by the FASB wherein the fair value of the award is measured on the grant date and where there are no performance conditions, recognized as compensation expense on the straight-line basis over the vesting period and where performance conditions exist, recognize compensation expense when it becomes probable that the performance condition will be met. Forfeitures on share-based payments are accounted for by recognizing forfeitures as they occur.
 
The Company accounts for stock options and warrants granted to non-employees in accordance with the authoritative guidance of the FASB wherein the fair value of the stock compensation is based upon the measurement date determined as the earlier of the date at which either a) a commitment is reached with the counterparty for performance or b) the counterparty completes its performance.
 
The Company estimates the fair value of restricted stock unit awards to employees and directors based on the closing market price of its common stock on the date of grant.
 
The fair value of the stock options granted are estimated using the Black-Scholes-Merton Option Pricing (“Black-Scholes”) model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the stock options, and future dividends. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded based on the value derived from the Black-Scholes model and on actual experience. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model could materially affect stock-based compensation expense recorded in the current and future periods.
 
Income taxes
 
The Company calculates its provision for income tax on the basis of the tax laws enacted at the balance sheet date in the countries where the Company and its subsidiaries operate and generate taxable income, in accordance with FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes. The Company uses an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes that allows recognition and measurement of deferred tax assets based upon the likelihood of realization of tax benefits in future years. Under the asset and liability approach, deferred taxes are provided for the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not these items will either expire before the Company is able to realize their benefits, or that future deductibility is uncertain. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense.
 
Research and development expenses
 
Research and development expenses relate primarily to the development, design, testing of preproduction samples, prototypes and models, compensation, and consulting fees, and are expensed as incurred. Total research and development costs recorded during the six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and 2019 amounted to $4,229,810 and $1,968,074, respectively, and are net of government research and development tax credits and government grants from the federal and provincial taxation authorities accrued and recorded based on qualifying expenditures incurred during the fiscal periods.
 
 
F-7
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss) per share
 
The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. The Company includes common stock issuable in its calculation. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if all dilutive potential common shares had been issued, using the treasury stock method. Potential common shares are excluded from the computation if their effect is antidilutive.
 
For the six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and 2019, the calculations of basic and diluted loss per share are the same because potential dilutive securities would have an antidilutive effect. As at August 31, 2020, the potentially dilutive securities consisted of 1,590,470 outstanding stock options (August 31, 2019 – 1,657,081), 4,313,750 outstanding restricted stock units (August 31, 2019 – 4,419,753) and 4,884,331 outstanding warrants (August 31, 2019 – 5,040,267).
 
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements
 
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, “Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that Is a Service Contract,” which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of the standard had no impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company.
 
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which permits entities to reclassify the disproportionate income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act on items within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") to retained earnings. These disproportionate income tax effect items are referred to as "stranded tax effects." Amendments in this update only relate to the reclassification of the income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act. Other accounting guidance that requires the effect of changes in tax laws or rates to be included in net income from continuing operations is not affected by this update. ASU 2018-02 should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Reform Act is recognized. ASU 2018-02 is applicable beginning March 1, 2020. The adoption of the standard had no impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company.
 
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases,” amended in July by ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases,” ASU 2018-11, “Targeted Improvements,” and ASU 2018-20, “Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors,” which requires lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet while continuing to recognize expenses in the income statement in a manner similar to current accounting standards. For lessors, the new standard modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases. Enhanced disclosures will also be required to give financial statement users the ability to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. This ASU may either be adopted on a modified retrospective approach at the beginning of the earliest comparative period, or through a cumulative-effect adjustment at the adoption date. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted these standards effective March 1, 2020. The adoption of the standard had no impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company. The Company elected to apply the package of practical expedients that allows us not to reassess whether expired or existing contracts contain leases, the classification of these leases and whether previously capitalized initial direct costs would qualify for capitalization under Accounting Standards Codification (or “ASC”) 842. Furthermore, we elected to use hindsight in determining the lease term and assessing impairment of the right-of-use assets.
 
Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted
 
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which removes specific exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740, “Income Taxes,” and clarifies certain aspects of the existing guidance. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption being permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. All amendments to this ASU must be adopted in the same period on a prospective basis, with certain exceptions. We are still evaluating the impact of this accounting guidance on our results of operations and financial position.
 
 
F-8
 
 
 
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses”. This ASU added a new impairment model (known as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) model) that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under the new guidance, an entity recognizes an allowance for its estimate of expected credit losses and applies to most debt instruments, trade receivables, lease receivables, financial guarantee contracts, and other loan commitments. The CECL model does not have a minimum threshold for recognition of impairment losses and entities will need to measure expected credit losses on assets that have a low risk of loss. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years for smaller reporting companies. We are still evaluating the impact of this accounting guidance on our results of operations and financial position.
 
3. Sales Tax, Tax Credits and Other Receivables
 
Sales tax, research and development tax credits and other receivables as at August 31, 2020 and February 29, 2020 were as follows:
 
 
 
August 31,
2020
 
 
February 29,
2020
 
Sales tax
 $232,506 
 $180 971 
Research and development tax credits
  177,237 
  447,843 
Other receivables
  101,413 
  35,730 
 
 $511,156 
 $664,544 
 
4. Prepaid Expenses and Deposits
 
Prepaid expenses as at August 31, 2020 and February 29, 2020 were as follows:
 
 
 
August 31,
2020
 
 
February 29,
2020
 
Machinery and equipment
 $1,305,010 
 $- 
Insurance
  907,895 
  61,891 
Other prepaid expenses
  80,378 
  79,335 
 
 $2,293,283 
 $141,226 
 
Deposits made on machinery and equipment are non-refundable.
 
5. Property, Plant and Equipment
 
 
 
As at August 31, 2020
 
 
 
Cost
 
 
Accumulated depreciation
 
 
Net book value
 
Building
 $1,900,849 
 $(164,404)
 $1,736,445 
Land
  234,965 
  - 
  234,965 
Building and land improvements
  1,446,246 
  (303,364)
  1,142,882 
Machinery and equipment
  6,984,840 
  (1,909,269)
  5,075,571 
Office equipment and furniture
  170,671 
  (73,126)
  97,545 
Balances, end of period
 $10,737,571 
 $(2,450,163)
 $8,287,408 
 
 
 
As at February 29, 2020
 
 
 
Cost
 
 
Accumulated depreciation
 
 
Net book value
 
Building
 $1,846,070 
 $(128,911)
 $1,717,159 
Land
  264,868 
  - 
  264,868 
Building and land improvements
  733,884 
  (214,068)
  519,816 
Machinery and equipment
  6,085,195 
  (1,426,465)
  4,658,730 
Office equipment and furniture
  162,466 
  (62,785)
  99,681 
Balances, end of period
 $9,092,483 
 $(1,832,229)
 $7,260,254 
 
 
 
F-9
 
 
 
Depreciation expense for the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 amounted to $291,498 and $539,697, respectively (2019 – 195,876 and $357,197, respectively), and is recorded as an operating expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
 
6. Intangible Assets
 
 
 
August 31,
2020
 
 
February 29,
2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets, at cost - beginning of period
 $225,174 
 $127,672 
Intangible assets, accumulated depreciation – beginning of period
  (22,310)
  - 
 
  202,864 
  127,672 
 
    
    
Add: Additions in the period
  153,753 
  99,972 
Deduct: Amortization of intangibles
  (18,864)
  (22,631)
Deduct: Foreign exchange effect
  5,177 
  (2,150)
 
 $342,930 
 $202,863 
 
Amortization expense for the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 amounted to $11,088 and $18,864, respectively (2019 - $5,527 and $8,545, respectively), and is recorded as an operating expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
 
7. Fair value of financial instruments
 
The following tables present the fair value of the Company’s financial liabilities as at August 31, 2020 and February 29, 2020:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements as at August 31, 2020
 
 
 
Carrying Amount
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
Level in the hierarchy
 
Instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 $44,923 
 $44,923 
Level 1

    
    
 
Instruments measured at amortized cost:
    
    

Long-term debt
 $2,370,081 
 $2,380,882 
Level 2
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at February 29, 2020
 
 
 
Carrying Amount
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
Level in the hierarchy
 
Instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 $26,840 
 $26,840 
Level 1
 
    
    
 
Instruments measured at amortized cost:
    
    
 
Long-term debt
 $2,290,152 
 $2,291,109 
Level 2
 
 
 
F-10
 
 
 
8. Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities as at August 31, 2020 and February 29, 2020 were as follows:
 
 
 
August 31,
2020
 
 
February 29,
2020
 
Trade accounts payable
 $890,101 
 $814,081 
Trade accrued liabilities
  492,621 
  593,789 
Accrued employee compensation
  618,434 
  634,807 
Foreign exchange contracts
  44,923 
  26,840 
Other accrued liabilities
  53,436 
  13,181 
 
 $2,099,515 
 $2,082,698 
 
9. Joint Venture
 
On September 15, 2018, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Loop Innovations, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, entered into a Joint Venture Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Indorama Ventures Holdings LP, USA, an indirect subsidiary of Indorama Ventures Public Company Limited (“Indorama Ventures”), to manufacture and commercialize sustainable polyester resin. Each company has a 50/50 equity interest in Indorama Loop Technologies, LLC (“ILT”), which was specifically formed to operate and execute the joint venture.
 
Under the Agreement, Indorama Ventures is contributing manufacturing knowledge and Loop Industries is required to contribute its proprietary science and technology. Specifically, the Company is contributing an exclusive world-wide royalty-free license to ILT to use its proprietary technology to produce 100% sustainably produced PET resin and polyester fiber.
 
ILT meets the accounting definition of a joint venture where neither party has control of the joint venture entity and both parties have joint control over the decision-making process in ILT. As such, the Company uses the equity method of accounting to account for its share of the investment in ILT. There were no operations in ILT from the date of inception of September 24, 2018 to August 31, 2020 and, as at August 31, 2020, the carrying value of the equity investment was $1,500,000, which is the total of the cash contributions we have made to ILT. During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020, we made contributions to ILT of nil and $650,000 respectively (2019 – nil and $500,000). These contributions to ILT, which have been matched by Indorama Ventures, were used to fund engineering design costs which have been capitalized in ILT.
 
10. Long-Term Debt
 
 
 
August 31,
2020
 
 
February 29,
2020
 
Investissement Québec financing facility:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Principal amount
 $1,693,938 
 $1,645,122 
Unamortized discount
  (279,908)
  (289,852)
Accrued interest
  21,250 
  958 
Total Investissement Québec financing facility
  1,435,280 
  1,356,228 
Term loan
    
    
Principal amount
  934,801 
  933,924 
Less: current portion
  (53,673)
  (52,126)
Total term loan, net of current portion
  881,128 
  881,798 
Long-term debt, net of current portion
 $2,316,408 
 $2,238,026 
 
Investissement Québec financing facility
 
On February 21, 2020, the Company received $1,693,938 (CDN$2,209,234) from Investissement Québec as the first disbursement of our financing facility, out of a maximum of $3,527,066 (CDN$4,600,000) (the “Financing Facility”). The loan bears interest at 2.36% and there is a 36-month moratorium on both capital and interest repayments starting on the date of the first disbursement, after which capital and interest is repayable in 84 monthly installments. The Company established the fair value of the loan for the first disbursement at $1,354,408 based on a discount rate of 5.45%, which reflected a debt discount of $290,714. The discount rate used was based on the external financing from a Canadian bank. The Company, under the loan agreement, was required to pay fees representing 1% of the loan amount, $35,271 (CDN$46,000) to Investissment Québec which we deferred and recorded as a reduction of the Financing Facility. Debt discount and deferred financing expenses are amortized to “Interest and other financial expenses” in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. The Company recorded interest expense on the Investissement Québec loan for the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 in the amount of $9,875 and $19,291 respectively (2019 – nil and nil) and an accretion expense of $9,112 and $17,658 respectively (2019 – nil and nil).
 
 
F-11
 
 
 
The Company has also agreed to issue to Investissement Québec warrants to purchase shares of common stock of the Company in an amount equal to 10% of each disbursement up to a maximum aggregate amount of $352,707 (CDN$460,000). The exercise price of the warrants is equal to the higher of (i) $11.00 per share and (ii) the ten-day weighted average closing price of Loop Industries shares of common stock on the Nasdaq stock market for the 10 days prior to the issue of the warrants. The warrants can be exercised immediately upon grant and will have a term of three years from the date of issuance. The loan can be repaid at any time by the Company without penalty. In connection the first disbursement of the Financing Facility, the Company issued a warrant (“First Disbursement Warrant”) to acquire 15,153 shares of common stock at a strike price of $11.00 per share to Investissement Québec. The Company determined the fair value of the warrants using the Black-Scholes pricing formula. The fair value of the First Disbursement Warrant was determined to be $77,954 and is included in “Additional paid-in capital – Warrants” in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The First Disbursement Warrant remains outstanding as at August 31, 2020.
 
The remaining amount available under the financing facility is $1,833,128 (CDN$2,390,766) to be received in a maximum of two additional disbursements.
 
Term loan
 
On January 24, 2018, the Company obtained a $1,073,455 (CDN$1,400,000) 20-year term instalment loan (the “Loan”), from a Canadian bank. The Loan bears interest at the bank’s Canadian prime rate plus 1.5%. By agreement, the Loan is repayable in monthly payments of $4,472 (CDN$5,833) plus interest, until January 2021, at which time the monthly repayment amount and interest rate will be subject to renewal. It includes an option allowing for the prepayment of the Loan without penalty. During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020, we repaid $14,143 and $26,836 respectively (2019 – $13,269 and $26,326) on the principal balance of the Loan and interest paid amounted to $9,130 and $19,441 and (2019 - $13,993 and $27,062). The terms of the credit facility require the Company to comply with certain financial covenants. As at August 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenants.
 
Principal repayments due on the Company’s long-term debt over the next five years are as follows:
 
Years ending
 
Amount 
February 28, 2021
 $26,836 
February 28, 2022
  53,673 
February 28, 2023
  53,673 
February 29, 2024
  295,660 
February 28, 2025
  295,660 
Thereafter
  1,889,818 
Total
 $2,615,320 
 
11. 
Related Party Transactions
 
Employment Agreement
 
On June 29, 2015, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Daniel Solomita, the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”). The employment agreement is for an indefinite term.
 
On July 13, 2018, the Company and Mr. Solomita entered into an amendment and restatement of the employment agreement which provided for a long-term incentive grant of 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, in tranches of one million shares each, upon the achievement of four performance milestones. This was modified to provide a grant of 4,000,000 restricted stock units covering 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock while the performance milestones remained the same. The grant of the restricted stock units became effective upon approval by the Company’s shareholders at the Company’s 2019 annual meeting, of an increase in the number of shares available for grant under the Plan.  Such approval was granted by the Company’s shareholders at the Company’s 2019 annual meeting.
 
 
F-12
 
 
 
On April 30, 2020, the Company and Mr. Solomita entered into an amendment of Mr. Solomita’s employment agreement.  The amendment clarified the milestones consistent with the shift in the Company’s business from the production of terephthalate to the production of dimethyl terephthalate, another proven monomer of PET plastic that is far simpler to purify.
 
During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and August 31, 2019, no outstanding milestones were probable of being met based on the authoritative guidance provided by the FASB and, accordingly, the Company did not record any additional compensation expense. When a milestone becomes probable, the corresponding expense will be valued based on the grant date fair value on April 30, 2020, the date of the last modification of Mr. Solomita’s employment agreement. The closing price of the Company’s common stock on the Nasdaq on April 30, 2020 was $7.74 per share.
 
12. Stockholders’ Equity
 
Common Stock
 
For the period ended August 31, 2020
 
Number of
shares
 
 
Amount
 
Balance, February 29, 2020
  39,910,774 
 $3,992 
Issuance of shares upon settlement of restricted stock units
  24,436 
  2 
Balance, August 31, 2020
  39,935,210 
 $3,994 
 
For the period ended August 31, 2019
 
Number of
shares
 
 
Amount
 
Balance, February 28, 2019
  33,805,706 
 $3,381 
Issuance of shares for cash  
  4,693,567 
  469 
Issuance of shares for services rendered
  43,932 
  4 
Issuance of shares upon the cashless exercise of stock options
  4,565 
  1 
Issuance of shares upon the exercise of warrants
  15,432 
  1 
Issuance of shares upon settlement of legal matter
  150,000 
  15 
Issuance of shares upon conversion of Convertible notes
  319,326 
  32 
Balance, August 31, 2019
  39,032,528 
 $3,903 
 
During the six months ended August 31, 2020, the Company recorded the following common stock transaction:
 
(i)
The Company issued 24,436 shares of its common stock to settle restricted stock units that vested in the period.
 
During the six months ended August 31, 2019, the Company recorded the following common stock transactions:
 
(i)
On March 1, 2019, the Company sold 600,000 shares of its common stock at an offering price of $8.55 per share in a registered direct offering, for gross proceeds of $5,130,000;
(ii)
On March 8, 2019 and March 11, 2019, the Company issued 150,000 shares of its common stock in settlement of a legal matter;
(iii)
On April 9, 2019, the Company converted Convertible notes with a face value of $2,650,000 plus accrued interest of $80,241 at a conversion price of $8.55, into 319,326 common shares.
(iv)
On June 14, 2019, the Company sold 4,093,567 shares of its common stock at an offering price of $8.55 per share in a registered direct offering, for gross proceeds of $35,000,000;
(v)
On June 21, 2019, the Company issued 7,043 shares of common stock upon the vesting of restricted stock units related to an employee.
(vi)
On July 2, 2019 and July 3, 2019, the Company issued 23,547 shares of common stock upon the vesting of restricted stock units related to current and former Directors.
(vii)
On July 12, 2019, the Company issued 4,565 shares of common stock upon the cashless exercise of stock options related to an employee.
(viii)
On July 15, 2019, the Company issued 13,342 shares of common stock upon the vesting of restricted stock units related to a former Director.
(ix)
On July 17, 2019, the Company issued 15,432 shares of common stock upon the exercise of warrants.
 
 
 
F-13
 
 
 
13. Share-based Payments
 
Stock Options
 
During the six-month period ended August 31, 2020, the Company granted 3,389 stock options (2019 – nil) with a weighted average exercise price of $8.78 (2019 – nil), no stock options were forfeited (2019 – 39,902; weighted average exercise price: $9.67) or exercised (2019 – 5,000; weighted average exercise price: $0.80) and no stock options expired (2019 – 260,417; weighted average exercise price: $13.59).
 
The Company applies the fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation awards granted. Fair value is calculated based on a Black-Scholes option pricing model. The principal components of the pricing model were as follows:
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Exercise price
 $8.78 
 $- 
Risk-free interest rate
  1.05%
  - 
Expected dividend yield
  0.00%
  - 
Expected volatility
  75.95%
  - 
Expected life
  7.5 years  
  - 
 
The total number of stock options outstanding as at August 31, 2020 was 1,587,081 (2019 – 1,657,081) with a weighted average exercise price of $6.81 (2019 - $6.55), of which 1,083,748 were exercisable (2019 – 958,748) with a weighted average exercise price of $7.05 (2019 – $6.26).
 
During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020, stock-based compensation expense attributable to stock options amounted to $553,540 and $1,110,435 respectively (2019 - $498,198 and $1,073,711) and is included in expenses.
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
During the six-month period ended August 31, 2020, the Company granted 122,373 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) (2019 – 4,114,567) with a weighted average fair value of $8.86 (2019 – $1.06), settled 24,436 RSUs (2019 – 43,932) with a weighted average fair value of $9.78 (2019 – 10.36) and 2,989 RSUs were forfeited (2019 – 53,750) with a weighted average fair value of $8.78 (2019 – $9.82).
 
The Company applies the fair value method of accounting for awards granted through the issuance of restricted stock units. Fair value is calculated based on the closing share price at grant date multiplied by the number of restricted stock unit awards granted.
 
The total number of RSUs outstanding as at August 31, 2020 was 4,313,750 (2019 – 4,218,802), of which 891,327 were vested (2019 – 1,031,684).
 
During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020, stock-based compensation expense attributable to RSUs amounted to $312,390 and $682,877 respectively (2019 - $305,130 and $660,307) and is included in expenses.
 
During the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and August 31, 2019, stock-based compensation included in research and development expenses amounted to $352,282 and $704,289 respectively (2019 – $250,242 and $660,455), and in general and administrative expenses amounted to $513,648 and $1,173,465 respectively (2019 - $755,229 and $1,530,686).
 
 
F-14
 
 
 
14. Equity Incentive Plan
 
On July 6, 2017, the Company adopted the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan permits the granting of warrants, stock options, stock appreciation rights and restricted stock units to employees, directors and consultants of the Company. A total of 3,000,000 shares of common stock were initially reserved for issuance under the Plan at July 6, 2017, with annual automatic share reserve increases, as defined in the Plan, amounting to the lessor of (i) 1,500,000 shares, (ii) 5% of the outstanding shares on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal year, or (iii) or such number of shares determined by the Administrator of the Plan, effective March 1, 2018. In March 2020, the Board of Directors elected to waive the annual share reserve increase for the fiscal year ending February 28, 2021. The Plan is administered by the Board of Directors who designates eligible participants to be included under the Plan, the number of awards granted, the share price pursuant to the awards and the vesting conditions and period. The awards, when granted, will have an exercise price of no less than the estimated fair value of shares at the date of grant and a life not exceeding 10 years from the grant date. However, where a participant, at the time of the grant, owns stock representing more than 10% of the voting power of the Company, the life of the options shall not exceed 5 years.
 
The following table summarizes the continuity of the Company’s Equity Incentive Plan units during the six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and 2019:
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
Number of units
 
 
Number of units
 
Outstanding, beginning of period
  1,300,518 
  3,223,516 
Share reserve increase
  - 
  2,000,000 
Units granted
  (125,762)
  (4,114,567)
Units forfeited
  2,989 
  93,652 
Units expired
  - 
  260,417 
Outstanding, end of period
  1,177,745 
  1,463,018 
 
15. Warrants
 
During the six-month period ended August 31, 2020, the Company issued, in exchange for consulting services, a warrant to purchase 25,000 shares of our common stock at the price of $9.43 per share expiring May 12, 2022 and warrants to issue 200,000 shares of our common stock with an exercise price of $11.00 expired. No warrants were exercised or forfeited in the six-month period ended August 31, 2020.
 
During the six-month period ended August 31, 2019, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 159,663 shares of our common stock at the price of $8.55 per share expiring October 5, 2020 as well as a warrant to purchase 4,093,567 shares of our common stock at the price of $11.00 per share expiring June 14, 2022. During the six-month period ended August 31, 2019, 15,432 shares of our common stock were issued upon the exercise of a warrant with an exercise price of $9.32. No warrants were forfeited and no warrants expired in the six-month period ended August 31, 2019.
 
16. Interest and Other Finance Costs
 
Interest and other finance costs for the three- and six-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended August 31
 
 
Six Months Ended August 31
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
  Interest on long-term debt
 $19,005 
 $13,993 
 $38,732 
 $27,062 
  Interest on convertible notes
  - 
  98,000 
  - 
  215,433 
  Accretion expense
  9,112 
  488,325 
  17,658 
  1,035,888 
  Amortization of deferred finance costs
  - 
  19,885 
  - 
  66,327 
  Loss (gain) on revaluation of foreign exchange contracts
  (87,022)
  - 
  11,481 
  - 
  Revaluation of warrants
  - 
  - 
  - 
  8,483 
  Gain on conversion of November 2018 Notes
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (232,565)
  Other
  - 
  1,980 
  - 
  3,436 
 
 $(58,905)
 $622,183 
 $67,871 
 $1,124,064 
 
 
 
F-15
 
 
 
17. Subsequent events
 
On September 21, 2020, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Roth Capital Partners, LLC, as underwriter (the “Underwriter”), relating to the sale and issuance of an aggregate of 1,880,000 shares (the “Shares”) of the Company’s common stock. The offering price to the public of the Shares was $12.75 per share, and the Underwriters have agreed to purchase the Shares from the Company pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement at a price of $12.1125 per share. Under the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also granted the Underwriters an option, exercisable for 30 days, to purchase up to an additional 282,000 shares of Common Stock at the same price per share as the Shares which was exercised for 207,000 shares. The net proceeds from the offering, including net proceeds received in connection with the Underwriter’s option to purchase additional shares, were approximately $25,087,500.
 
On September 2, 2020, the Company entered into a know-how and engineering agreement (the “Chemtex Agreement”) with Chemtex Global Corporation (“Chemtex”) to license the PET plastic and polyester polymer for fiber manufacturing know-how of INVISTA’s technology and licensing group, INVISTA Performance Technologies (IPT) (“INVISTA”). The Chemtex Agreement represents a total commitment of $4,300,000, of which $500,000 was paid by the Company in September 2020, and covers the know-how and design of two Infinite LoopTM facilities.
 
On September 10, 2020, the Company entered into a partnership agreement with Suez Groupe (“Suez”), the Enhanced Recycling Partnership Agreement (the “Partnership”), with the purpose to cooperate in building an Infinite LoopTM facility in Europe. There is currently no existing commitment by either party as to the funding of this project.
 
 
F-16
 
 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following information and any forward-looking statements should be read in conjunction with the unaudited financial information and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including those risks identified in the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended.
 
CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Loop Industries, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company,” “Loop Industries,” “we,” or “our”), contains “forward-looking statements,” as defined in the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of such terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements about our market opportunity, our strategies, ability to improve and expand our capabilities, competition, expected activities and expenditures as we pursue our business plan, the adequacy of our available cash resources, regulatory compliance, plans for future growth and future operations, the size of our addressable market, market trends, and the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Actual results may differ materially from the predictions discussed in these forward-looking statements. The economic environment within which we operate could materially affect our actual results. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified. These risks and other factors include, but are not limited to, those listed under “Risk Factors.” Additional factors that could materially affect these forward-looking statements and/or predictions include, among other things: (i) commercialization of our technology and products, (ii) our status of relationship with partners, (iii) development and protection of our intellectual property and products, (iv) industry competition, (v) our need for and ability to obtain additional funding, (vi) building our manufacturing facility, (vii) our ability to sell our products in order to generate revenues, (viii) our proposed business model and our ability to execute thereon, (ix) adverse effects on the Company’s business and operations as a result of increased regulatory, media or financial reporting issues and practices, rumors or otherwise, (x) disease epidemics and health related concerns, such as the current outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19), which could result in (and, in the case of the COVID-19 outbreak, has resulted in some of the following) reduced access to capital markets, supply chain disruptions and scrutiny or embargoing of goods produced in affected areas, government-imposed mandatory business closures and resulting furloughs of our employees, travel restrictions or the like to prevent the spread of disease, and market or other changes that could result in noncash impairments of our intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment, and (xi) other factors discussed in our subsequent filings with the SEC.
 
Management has included projections and estimates in this Form 10-Q, which are based primarily on management’s experience in the industry, assessments of our results of operations, discussions and negotiations with third parties and a review of information filed by our competitors with the SEC or otherwise publicly available.
 
In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as at the date of this Form 10-Q, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain, and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.
 
We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as at the date made. We disclaim any obligation subsequently to revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.
 
 
 
5
 
 
Introduction
 
Loop Industries is a technology company whose mission is to accelerate the world’s shift toward sustainable PET plastic and polyester fiber and away from our dependence on fossil fuels. Loop Industries owns patented and proprietary technology that depolymerizes no and low-value waste PET plastic and polyester fiber, including plastic bottles and packaging, carpets and textiles of any color, transparency or condition and even ocean plastics that have been degraded by the sun and salt, to its base building blocks (monomers). The monomers are filtered, purified and polymerized to create virgin-quality Loop™ branded PET resin and polyester fiber suitable for use in food-grade packaging, thus enabling our customers to meet their sustainability objectives. Loop Industries is contributing to the global movement towards a circular economy by preventing plastic waste and recovering waste plastic for a more sustainable future for all.
 
Industry Background
 
We believe there is an increasing demand for action to address the global plastic crisis, which has been characterized by facts provided by leading academic and not-for profit organizations. For example, the University of Georgia reports eight million metric tons of plastic waste flows into our shared oceans every year, and, according to The New Plastics Economy, by 2050 more plastic waste is expected to be present in the ocean than fish (by mass). Couple this information with the global annual market demand for PET plastic and polyester fiber at nearly $130 billion, and the current growth projections from the 2018 I Polymer Market Report indicating this will exceed $160 billion by 2022, and the need for governments and consumer brands to take decisive action to stem this global plastic crisis becomes readily apparent.
 
In the last few years, there are numerous examples of governments in North America and Europe proposing laws and regulations mandating the use of minimum recycled content in packaging underlying the strength of this issue in the marketplace. Plastic pollution continues to be one of the most persistently covered environmental issues by media and local and global environmental non-governmental organizations.
 
Also, global consumer goods companies have made significant commitments to make the transition to a circular plastic economy, namely:
 
i) 
In January 2018, Danone’s evian® brand bottled spring water committed to a 100% recycled content package by 2025;
ii) 
In 2018, Coca-Cola committed to an average recycled content of 50% across its packaging by 2030;
iii) 
In October 2018, PepsiCo committed to use an average of 25% recycled plastic in its packaging by 2025; PepsiCo is also aiming to use 50% recycled plastic in its bottles across the European Union by 2030;
iv) 
In 2018, L’OCCITANE en Provence committed to a 100% recycled content package by 2025; and
v) 
In March 2019, the L’Oréal Group, a global manufacturer and retailer of natural cosmetics, committed to using 50% recycled or bio-sourced plastic in their packaging by 2025 and in 2020, they committed to using 100% recycled or biobased plastic in their packaging by 2030.
 
We believe these trends indicate that the transformation from a linear to a circular plastic economy is inevitable and underway. This transition is leading to a substantial demand for sustainable products such as Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber.
 
Proprietary Technology and Intellectual Property
 
The power of our technology lies in its ability to use as feedstock what is currently considered waste PET plastic and polyester fiber from landfills, rivers, oceans and natural areas to create new, sustainable, infinitely recyclable Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber. We believe our technology can deliver a cost-effective and profitable virgin quality PET resin suitable for use in food-grade packaging.
 
Our Generation I (“GEN I”) technology process yielded purified terephthalic acid (“PTA”) and monoethylene glycol (“MEG”), two common monomers of PET, through depolymerization. While the monomers were of excellent purity and strong yield, we continued to challenge ourselves to drive down costs and eliminate inputs. It was during this process that we realized we could simplify our process and increase yields at a lower cost, namely by eliminating water and chlorinated solvents from the depolymerization process and reducing the number of reagents from five to two, if we shifted from the production of PTA to the production of dimethyl terephthalate (“DMT”), another proven monomer of PET that is far simpler to purify. Since June 2018, when we transitioned to this Generation II (“GEN II”) technology and our industrial pilot plant, we continue to see consistently high monomer yields, excellent purity, and improved conversion costs.
 
 
6
 
 
 
This shift, from producing the monomer PTA to the monomer DMT, was a pivotal moment for Loop Industries. We believe that the GEN II technology requires less energy and fewer resource inputs than conventional PET production processes. We also believe it is one of the most environmentally sustainable methods for producing virgin quality food-grade PET plastic in the world.
 
In connection with the continuing development of our GEN II technology, we continued to invest in our industrial pilot plant. We made capital investments in the pilot plant of $1,116,744 during the six months ended August 31, 2020.
 
To protect our technology, we rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, trade secrets, confidentiality agreements and provisions as well as other contractual provisions to protect our proprietary rights, which are primarily our patents, brand names, product designs and marks.
 
We have two patent families, referred to as GEN I technology and the GEN II technology, with claims relating to our technology for depolymerizing PET.
 
The GEN I portfolio has three issued U.S. patents, all expected to expire on or around July 2035. Internationally, we also have issued patents in Australia, Israel, Taiwan, South Africa, Eurasia and in the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and pending patent applications in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Europe, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and the Philippines, all expected to expire, if granted, on or around July 2036.
 
The GEN II technology portfolio currently consists of four patent families:
 
o
The first has an issued U.S. patent and an allowed U.S. application, all expected to expire on or around September 2037. Internationally, we also have an allowed application in Bangladesh, and pending applications in Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Bhutan, Brazil, Canada, China, Eurasia, Europe, members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, India, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, South Africa, Taiwan, Uruguay, and Venezuela, all expected to expire on or around September 2038, if granted.
 
o
An additional aspect of the GEN II technology is claimed in an allowed U.S. application, and non-PCT country applications in Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia, members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Uruguay, all expected to expire on or around June 2039, not including any patent term extension.
 
o
A further additional aspect of the GEN II technology is the subject of a U.S. application and a PCT application. Any patents that would ultimately grant from these applications would be expected to expire on or around March 2040, not including any patent term extension.
 
o
Another further additional aspect of the GEN II technology is the subject of a U.S. application, a PCT application, and non-PCT country applications in Argentina, Bolivia, Bangladesh, members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Uruguay. Any patents that would ultimately grant from these applications would be expected to expire on or around March 2040, not including any patent term extension.
 
 
7
 
 
Government Regulation and Approvals
 
As we seek to further develop and commercialize our business, we will be subject to extensive and frequently developing federal, state, provincial and local laws and regulations. Compliance with current and future regulations could increase our operational costs.
 
Our operations require various governmental permits and approvals. We are in the process of obtaining all necessary permits and approvals for the operation of our business; however, any of these permits or approvals may be subject to denial, revocation or modification under various circumstances. Additionally, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we may experience delays in obtaining such permits or approvals. Failure to obtain or comply with the conditions of permits and approvals or to have the necessary approvals in place may adversely affect our operations and may subject us to penalties.
 
The use of mechanically recycled PET for food-grade applications in certain countries is highly inadvisable for a variety of reasons including the perception of contamination from mechanically recycled sources. We believe that means that Loop™ PET resin has a distinct advantage in these markets. Since our product is not mechanically recycled PET, we expect that demand from PET manufacturers and global consumer goods companies in these regions for 100% Loop™ branded PET resin will be a significant part of our strategy going forward.
 
Supply Agreements with Global Consumer Brands
 
Consumer brands are seeking a solution to their plastic challenge and they are taking bold action. In the past years we have seen major brands make significant commitments to close the loop on their plastic packaging in two ways, by transitioning their packaging to recyclable materials and by incorporating more recycled content into their packaging. We believe Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber provides the ideal solution for these brands because Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber is recyclable and is made from 100% recycled PET and polyester fiber with virgin-quality suitable for use in food-grade packaging.
 
Loop Industries believes that due to the commitments by large global consumer brands to incorporate more recycled content into their product packaging, the regulatory requirements for minimum recycled content in packaging imposed by governments, the virgin-quality of Loop™ branded PET and the marketability of Loop™ PET to extoll the sustainability credentials of consumer brands that incorporate Loop™ PET, it will be able to sell its Loop™ branded PET at a premium price relative to virgin and mechanically recycled PET.
 
In the last years, we have made a significant number of announcements with some of the world’s leading brands to be supplied from our planned first commercial facility from our joint venture with Indorama Ventures Holdings LP (“Indorama”) in Spartanburg, South Carolina, including:
 
Multi-year supply agreement with Danone SA, one of the world’s leading global food and beverage companies. Danone will purchase 100% sustainable and upcycled Loop™ branded PET for use in brands across its portfolio including evian®, Danone’s iconic natural spring water;
 
Multi-year supply agreement with PepsiCo, one of the largest purchasers of recycled PET plastic, enabling PepsiCo to purchase production capacity and incorporate Loop™ PET resin into its product packaging;
 
Multi-year supply framework with the Coca-Cola system’s Cross Enterprise Procurement Group to supply 100% recycled and sustainable Loop™ PET resin to authorized Coca-Cola bottlers who enter into supply agreements with us;
 
Multi-year supply agreement with L’OCCITANE en Provence to supply 100% recycled and sustainable Loop™ PET resin and incorporate Loop™ PET resin into its product packaging; and
 
Multi-year supply agreement with L’Oréal Group, the global leader in the beauty industry, enabling L’Oréal Group to purchase production capacity and incorporate Loop™ PET resin into its product packaging.
 
 
 
8
 
 
 
Turning Waste into Feedstock
 
We use waste PET plastic and polyester fiber as feedstock; these materials are introduced into our GEN II depolymerization technology to yield PET monomers DMT and MEG. Our technology can use PET plastic bottles and packaging of any color, transparency or condition, carpet, clothing and other polyester textiles that may contain colors, dyes or additives, and even PET plastics that have been recovered from the ocean and degraded by exposure to sun and salt. This is yet another advantage of Loop™ PET over mechanically recycled PET, our ability to use many materials that mechanical recyclers cannot use. This also means we are creating a new market for materials that have persistently been leaking out of the waste management system and into our shared rivers, oceans and natural areas.
 
We are identifying the availability of feedstock to ensure each facility can operate continuously at planned scale. We have identified the sources required for our first joint venture facility with Indorama and are now focusing on signing supply agreements to secure this feedstock for the long term.
 
We are also studying certain markets in the United States, Canada, European Union and Asia to help us evaluate the size and location of our next facilities. The approach includes a fulsome inventory of PET materials introduced into a region, the materials collected (or recycled) in the region and the material loss, or the difference between the material introduced and the material collected. This allows us to identify not only the material traditionally available for recycling, but how material can be effectively diverted from landfills, rivers, oceans and natural areas by providing a new outlet for what was formerly considered waste.
 
Commercialization Progress
 
During the six months ended August 31, 2020, we continued executing our corporate strategy where Loop Industries focused on developing two distinct business models for the commercialization of Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber to customers: 1) from our joint venture with Indorama, and 2) from Infinite LoopTM, our state of the art manufacturing technology.
 
In September 2018 we announced a joint venture with Indorama to retrofit their existing PET manufacturing facilities. The joint venture was formed with the objective to manufacture and commercialize sustainable Loop™ PET resin and polyester fiber to meet the growing global demand from beverage and consumer packaged goods companies. This partnership brings together Indorama’s manufacturing footprint and Loop Industries’ proprietary technology to become a supplier in the ‘circular’ economy for 100% sustainable and recycled PET resin and polyester fiber.
 
We entered into a joint venture Agreement (the “Joint Venture Agreement”) with Indorama through our wholly-owned subsidiary Loop Innovations, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company. Each company has 50/50 equity interest in Indorama Loop Technologies, LLC (“ILT”), which was specifically formed to operate and execute the joint venture. We are contributing to the 50/50 joint venture an exclusive world-wide royalty-free license to use its proprietary technology to produce 100% sustainably produced PET resin and polyester fiber in addition to our equity cash contribution. The Joint Venture Agreement details the establishment of an initial 20,700 metric tons per year facility in Spartanburg, South Carolina, in the southeastern United States.
 
As disclosed in our 10-Q for the period ended August 31, 2019, the joint venture decided to double the capacity of the planned Spartanburg plant due to customer demand to 40,000 metric tons per year. Following that decision, we identified a number of enhancements to the plant design to improve the operability and optimize the total construction cost of the plant and expected the commissioning of the plant to occur in the third quarter of calendar 2021.
 
We have currently contracted for the sale of the initial 20,700 metric tons expected output of the Spartanburg facility and we continue discussions to contract the additional volume up to its planned increased capacity of 40,000 metric tons. As part of the Joint Venture Agreement to establish the facility to produce 40,000 metric tons, we are committed to contribute our equity share for the costs under the joint venture agreement to construct the facility. During the six-month period ended August 31, 2020 we made a contribution of $650,000 and as at August 31, 2020, we have contributed a total of $1,500,000 to the joint venture.
 
On March 25, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Québec provincial government issued an order that all non-essential business and commercial activity in the province shut down. The order provided exemptions that allowed us to continue reduced operations at our pilot plant and we continued working remotely to support the engineering activities with our joint venture partner, Indorama, and our engineering partner, for the Spartanburg joint venture facility and pursue our plans for the commercialization of our technology. On May 11, the government announced that we could re-start complete operations. We have implemented all the necessary measures required by the Québec provincial government to ensure a safe work environment for our employees and we are operating at full capacity.
 
 
9
 
 
 
Over the period, our team in Canada continued to optimize our technology and make engineering design improvements which have reduced both capital and operating costs and further enhanced the projected return on investment for the project. These improvements were achieved together with Worley Group Inc. (“Worley”), a leading global engineering, procurement and construction company.
 
In order to move forward more expeditiously with the Spartanburg facility and its overall commercialization plans, and in light of the continuing improvements which have been achieved, we have expressed our desire to and are exploring joint venture structures and financing alternatives with Indorama to increase our equity participation in the project. Indorama has reiterated to the joint venture its commitment to maintaining an investment in the Spartanburg project, which is strategically important to support the sustainability objectives of its customers. Discussions on the joint venture structure and financing are on-going.
 
In our 10-K which was filed on May 5, 2020 and amended on May 6, 2020 and September 21, 2020 we indicated that we were monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and the possible impacts it could have on the expected commissioning date. The continued border closures and quarantine requirements between Canada and the US continued to cause disruptions in our timetable. As a result, we continue to expect a delay in the anticipated commissioning date of the facility. The revised commissioning date will be established once the COVID- 19 situation subsides and the border re-opens.
 
The Infinite LoopTM manufacturing technology is the key pillar of our commercialization blueprint. We believe our technology is at the forefront of the global transition away from fossil fuels and petrochemicals and into the circular economy, where PET plastic and polyester fiber are produced from 100% recycled content. The Infinite Loop™ technology is engineered to support the commitment of global consumer brands to achieve a high level of recycled content in packaging. Our technology allows for waste plastic currently not able to be recycled to now become fully circular and upcycled into the highest purity PET plastic and polyester fiber. Infinite Loop™ facilities could be located near large urban centers where more plastic is being consumed and therefore more waste plastic feedstock is available.
 
Our objective is to achieve global expansion of the technology through a mix of fully owned facilities, partnerships, and licensing agreements. We believe that industrial companies, which today are not in the business of manufacturing PET and polyester fiber, will view our Infinite Loop™ manufacturing technology as a growth opportunity for the future, which offers attractive economic returns either as Loop manufacturing partners or as licensees of Loop technology.
 
In September 2020, we made two key announcements regarding significant advancements for the Infinite LoopTM manufacturing technology. First, we completed a partnership with Chemtex Global Corporation (“Chemtex”) to license the PET plastic and polyester polymer for fiber manufacturing know-how of INVISTA’s technology and licensing group, INVISTA Performance Technologies (IPT) (“INVISTA”). Coupled with Loop Industries’ depolymerization technology, INVISTA’s leading depolymerization know-how make Infinite Loop™ manufacturing facilities an end-to-end solution to meet the global demand for Loop™ branded PET resin and polyester fiber made from 100% recycled content.
 
Second, we announced a strategic partnership with SUEZ GROUPE (“SUEZ”), a world leader in environmental services, with plans to build the first Infinite Loop™ manufacturing facility in Europe. With the combination of the Infinite LoopTM technology package and the resource management expertise of SUEZ, this partnership seeks to respond to growth in demand in Europe from global beverage and consumer goods brand companies who we believe are committed to aggressive targets for a high level of recycled content in their products.
 
During this quarter, we also accelerated the completion of our engineering design together with Worley which is a key partner in the deployment of Loop’s PET manufacturing facilities and plays a key role in the integration of our depolymerization process with INVISTA’s polymerization technology.
 
In addition to the capital requirements for our commercialization we plan to continue to allocate available capital to strengthen our intellectual property portfolio, build a core competency in managing strategic relationships and continue enhancing our brand value. Our research and development innovation hub in Terrebonne, Québec, Canada will continue to push forward the development of our technology.
 
 
10
 
 
 
We are investing in building a strong management team to integrate best in class processes and practices while maintaining our entrepreneurial culture. On March 9, 2020, we hired Mr. Stephen Champagne as Chief Technology Officer. Mr. Champagne has over 25 years of industrial experience having participated in all project phases from laboratory development through engineering, procurement, and construction, all the way to plant commissioning. On September 21, 2020, we hired Ms. Sheila Morin as Chief Marketing Officer. Ms. Morin has more than 20 years of experience in sales and marketing and has worked for large global consumer packaged goods companies such as L’Oréal, Danone and Proctor & Gamble. Immediately prior to joining Loop Industries, she held the position of Executive Vice-President & CMO, Brands and Consumer Experience at Cirque du Soleil Group.
 
Results of Operations
 
The following table summarizes our operating results for the three-month periods ended August 31, 2020 and 2019, in U.S. Dollars.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended August 31  
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
$ Change
 
Revenues
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
Operating expenses
    
    
    
Research and development
    
    
    
   Stock-based compensation
  352,282 
  317,353 
  34,929 
   Other research and development
  2,396,940 
  652,860 
  1,744,080 
       Total research and development