Prospectus Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5) (424b5)

Date : 05/03/2019 @ 12:01PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Tesla Inc (TSLA)
Quote : 242.4185  -0.3915 (-0.16%) @ 4:17PM

Prospectus Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5) (424b5)

Table of Contents

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)5
Registration No. 333-231168

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

Title of Securities to be Registered   Amount to be
Registered (1)
  Maximum
Offering Price
Per Share
 

Maximum
Aggregate

Offering Price

  Amount of
Registration Fee (2)

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share:

  3,549,381   $243.00   $862,499,583   $104,535

 

 

(1)

Includes shares of Common Stock that may be purchased by the underwriters pursuant to their option to purchase additional shares of Common Stock.

(2)

Calculated in accordance with Rule 457(r) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Represents deferred payment of the registration fees in connection with the registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (Registration No. 333-231168) being paid herewith.


Table of Contents

Prospectus Supplement to Prospectus dated May 1, 2019

3,086,419 Shares

 

LOGO

Tesla, Inc.

Common Stock

 

 

This is a public offering of shares of common stock of Tesla, Inc.

Tesla is offering all of the shares to be sold in the offering.

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.” The last reported sale price of our common stock on May 2, 2019, as reported on Nasdaq, was $244.10 per share.

Mr. Elon Musk, our Chief Executive Officer, has indicated his preliminary interest in purchasing up to 102,880 shares of our common stock for a purchase price of approximately $25.0 million in this offering at the public offering price.

Concurrently with this offering of common stock and pursuant to a separate prospectus supplement, we are offering 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024, or the notes, to the public in an aggregate principal amount of $1.60 billion (or $1.84 billion if the underwriters for the concurrent convertible notes offering exercise in full their option to purchase additional notes). The closing of this offering of common stock is not contingent upon the closing of the concurrent convertible notes offering, and the closing of the concurrent convertible notes offering is not contingent upon the closing of this offering of common stock.

 

 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described under “ Risk Factors ” beginning on page S-9 of this prospectus supplement, page 5 of the accompanying prospectus and in the reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement before making a decision to invest in our common stock.

 

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any other regulatory body has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

 

     Per Share      Total  

Public offering price

   $ 243.00      $ 749,999,817  

Underwriting discount(1)

   $ 4.0197      $ 12,406,478  

Proceeds, before offering expenses, to Tesla

   $ 238.9803      $ 737,593,339  

 

(1)

We have agreed to reimburse the underwriters for certain expenses in connection with this offering. See “Underwriting”.

To the extent that the underwriters sell more than 3,086,419 shares of common stock, the underwriters have the option to purchase from us up to an additional 462,962 shares at the offering price less the underwriting discount.

The underwriters expect to deliver the shares of common stock against payment in New York, New York on or about May 7, 2019.

 

Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC       Citigroup
BofA Merrill Lynch     Deutsche Bank Securities     Morgan Stanley     Credit Suisse
SOCIETE GENERALE    Wells Fargo Securities

 

 

Prospectus Supplement dated May 2, 2019


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Prospectus Supplement

 

     Page  

About this Prospectus Supplement

     S-ii  

Where You Can Find More Information

     S-iii  

Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

     S-iv  

Summary

     S-1  

The Offering

     S-3  

Summary Consolidated Financial Data

     S-6  

Risk Factors

     S-9  

Use of Proceeds

     S-13  

Description of Common Stock

     S-14  

Concurrent Convertible Notes Offering

     S-18  

Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions

     S-19  

Market Information

     S-20  

Dividend Policy

     S-20  

Capitalization

     S-21  

Dilution

     S-24  

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations for Non-U.S. Holders

     S-26  

Underwriting

     S-30  

Legal Matters

     S-36  

Experts

     S-36  

Information Incorporated By Reference

     S-37  
Prospectus

 

     Page  

Summary

     1  

Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

     3  

Where You Can Find More Information

     4  

Risk Factors

     5  

Use of Proceeds

     6  

Description of the Securities

     7  

Selling Stockholders

     8  

Plan of Distribution

     9  

Legal Matters

     11  

Experts

     11  

Incorporation of Certain Information By Reference

     12  

 

 

Unless we have indicated otherwise, references in this prospectus supplement to “Tesla,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Tesla, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

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Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

You should rely only on the information contained, or incorporated by reference, in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. Neither we nor the underwriters have authorized anyone to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. We are not, and the underwriters are not, making an offer to sell the securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted or in which the person making such offer or solicitation is not qualified to do so or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or any document incorporated by reference is accurate or complete as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

This document is in two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement, which describes the specific terms of this offering and also adds to and updates information contained in the accompanying prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. The second part, the accompanying prospectus, gives more general information, some of which may not apply to this offering. Generally, when we refer to this prospectus, we are referring to both parts of this document combined. In this prospectus supplement, as permitted by law, we “incorporate by reference” information from other documents that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. This means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus and should be read with the same care. When we update the information contained in documents that have been incorporated by reference by making future filings with the SEC, the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement is considered to be automatically updated and superseded. In other words, in case of a conflict or inconsistency between information contained in this prospectus supplement and information in the accompanying prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information contained in the document that was filed later.

You should not consider any information in this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus to be investment, legal or tax advice. You should consult your own counsel, accountants and other advisers for legal, tax, business, financial and related advice regarding the purchase of the common stock offered by this prospectus supplement. If the description of the offering varies between this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, you should rely on the information contained in this prospectus supplement.

 

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Table of Contents

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, with respect to the common stock offered by this prospectus supplement. This prospectus supplement, filed as part of the registration statement, does not contain all the information set forth in the registration statement and its exhibits and schedules, portions of which have been omitted as permitted by the rules and regulations of the SEC. For further information about us, we refer you to the registration statement and to its exhibits and schedules.

We file annual, quarterly and current reports and other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet website at www.sec.gov that contains periodic and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding registrants that are filed electronically with the SEC.

These documents are also available, free of charge, through the Investors section of our website, which is located at www.tesla.com. Information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus and you should not consider such information to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus.

 

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Table of Contents

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, may include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, profitability, expected cost reductions, capital adequacy, expectations regarding demand and acceptance for our technologies, growth opportunities and trends in the market in which we operate, prospects, plans and objectives of management, and the statements set forth in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 and in our other filings with the SEC. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements that we make. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, the risks set forth in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 and in our other filings with the SEC. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

More information on potential factors that could affect our financial results is included from time to time in our SEC filings and reports, including the risks identified under the section titled “Risk Factors” in our periodic reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q that we file with the SEC. We disclaim any obligation to update information contained in these forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures we make in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information.”

 

S-iv


Table of Contents

SUMMARY

This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference. This summary sets forth the material terms of this offering, but does not contain all of the information you should consider before investing in our common stock. You should read carefully this entire prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, including the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, before making an investment decision to purchase our common stock, especially the risks of investing in our common stock discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in this prospectus supplement as well as the consolidated financial statements and notes to those consolidated financial statements incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. In addition, any reference to or description of our concurrent convertible notes offering herein is wholly subject to the other prospectus supplement pursuant to which our notes are being offered, and you should not rely on this prospectus supplement in making an investment decision to purchase our notes.

Tesla, Inc.

Our mission is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy. We design, develop, manufacture, lease and sell high-performance fully electric vehicles, solar energy generation systems and energy storage products. We also offer maintenance, installation, operation and other services related to our products.

Our production vehicle fleet includes our Model S premium sedan and our Model X SUV, which are our highest-performance vehicles, and our Model 3, a lower-priced sedan designed for the mass market. We continue to enhance our vehicle offerings with enhanced Autopilot options, internet connectivity and free over-the-air software updates to provide additional safety, convenience and performance features. In March 2019, we unveiled Model Y, a compact SUV utilizing the Model 3 platform, which we expect to produce at high volumes by the end of 2020. In April 2019, we also introduced the next generation of powertrain for Model S and Model X, with 370 and 325 miles (EPA) of maximum range, respectively. In addition, we have several future electric vehicles in our product pipeline, including Tesla Semi, a pickup truck and a new version of the Tesla Roadster.

We also sell and lease retrofit solar energy systems and sell renewable energy and energy storage products, and are ramping our Solar Roof product that combines solar energy generation with attractive, integrated styling. Our energy storage products, which we manufacture at Gigafactory 1, consist of Powerwall, mostly for residential applications, and Powerpack, for commercial, industrial and utility-scale applications.

In order to facilitate our continued growth, we are undertaking various initiatives. These include plans to develop Model Y and Tesla Semi, expand our Supercharger and vehicle service and repair networks, and invest in our manufacturing facilities, including Tesla Factory and our Gigafactories in Nevada, New York and Shanghai. In particular, Gigafactory Shanghai is a key strategic component for our growth in China, the largest electric vehicle market in the world, and we are proud to be the first wholly foreign-owned vehicle manufacturer in the country. As part of this project, we have agreed with the local government to spend approximately $2 billion in capital expenditures over the next five years (which is already included in our capital expenditure plans), and to generate approximately $270 million of annual tax revenues starting at the end of 2023. We believe the tax revenue target will be easily attainable even if our production were far lower than the volumes we are planning, although if we are unwilling or unable to meet such target or obtain periodic project approvals, we would be compensated for the remaining value of the land lease, buildings and fixtures and revert the site to the government.



 

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Table of Contents

At this point in the history of Tesla, we have developed industry leading technology, cost and performance, and the most exciting product lineup in the world. With this foundation, we look forward to the next phase of growth as we expand and scale our operations.

We were incorporated in 2003 in Delaware. As of March 31, 2019, we and our subsidiaries had 40,853 full-time employees worldwide. We are headquartered in Palo Alto, California. Our principal executive offices are located at 3500 Deer Creek Road, Palo Alto, California 94304, and our telephone number at this location is (650) 681-5000. We completed our initial public offering in July 2010 and our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.” Our website address is www.tesla.com. Information contained on, or can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus and you should not consider such information to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus.

The “Tesla” design logo, “Tesla,” “Model S,” “Model X,” “Model 3,” “Model Y,” “Tesla Roadster,” “Tesla Semi” and other trademarks or service marks of Tesla appearing in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are the property of Tesla.



 

S-2


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THE OFFERING

 

Issuer

Tesla, Inc., a Delaware corporation

 

Common stock we are offering

3,086,419 shares (or 3,549,381 shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full).

 

Common stock to be outstanding after this offering

176,768,396 shares (or 177,231,358 shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full).

 

Use of proceeds

We expect to receive net proceeds from this offering of approximately $737.0 million (or approximately $847.6 million if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) after deducting the underwriting discounts and our estimated offering expenses. The estimated net proceeds are based on the public offering price of $243.00 per share. In addition, concurrently with this underwritten common stock offering, we are offering $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 ($1.84 billion if the underwriters exercise their option in full to purchase additional notes) pursuant to a separate prospectus supplement in an underwritten public offering. Through this common stock offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering we expect to receive net proceeds of approximately $2.3 billion (up to $2.7 billion if the underwriters exercise their options in full to purchase additional common stock and notes) after deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses.

 

  We intend to use the net proceeds from this common stock offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering to further strengthen our balance sheet, as well as for general corporate purposes. In addition, we will use approximately $262.1 million of these proceeds (after such cost is partially offset by the proceeds from warrant transactions described in “Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions”) to pay the net cost of the convertible note hedge and warrant transactions entered into in connection with the convertible notes offering. See “Use of Proceeds.”


 

S-3


Table of Contents

Elon Musk share purchase

Mr. Elon Musk, our Chief Executive Officer, has indicated his preliminary interest in purchasing up to 102,880 shares of our common stock for a purchase price of approximately $25.0 million in this common stock offering at the public offering price.

 

Concurrent convertible notes offering

Concurrently with this offering of common stock and pursuant to a separate prospectus supplement, we are offering 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 to the public in the aggregate principal amount of $1.60 billion (or $1.84 billion if the underwriters for the concurrent convertible notes offering exercise in full their option to purchase additional notes). The closing of this offering of common stock is not contingent upon the closing of the concurrent convertible notes offering, and the closing of the concurrent convertible notes offering is not contingent upon the closing of this offering of common stock.

 

 

Risk factors

See “Risk Factors” and other information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider carefully before investing in our common stock.

 

Nasdaq Global Select Market symbol

“TSLA”

The number of shares of common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on the 173,681,977 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and excludes:

 

   

30,894,313 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding at March 31, 2019 at a weighted average exercise price of $275.44 per share;

 

   

5,192,006 shares of common stock issuable upon the vesting of restricted stock units outstanding at March 31, 2019;

 

   

15,173,325 shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock-based compensation plans, consisting of 13,370,496 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 1,802,829 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan and shares that become available under the Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan pursuant to provisions thereof that automatically increase the share reserves under the plans each year;

 

   

the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of our 1.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2021, our 2.375% Convertible Senior Notes due 2022 (collectively, our “Existing Notes”) and the warrant transactions entered into in connection with the issuance of our Existing Notes;

 

   

the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of the 1.625% Convertible Senior Notes due 2019 and the Zero-Coupon Convertible Senior Notes due 2020, each issued



 

S-4


Table of Contents
 

by SolarCity (collectively, the “SolarCity Convertible Notes”), and convertible into shares of our common stock as a result of our acquisition of SolarCity;

 

   

the shares of common stock to be reserved for issuance upon conversion of the notes being offered by us in connection with our concurrent convertible notes offering and the warrant transactions being entered into in connection therewith; and

 

   

any shares issued pursuant to the Company’s Form S-4 (File No. 333-229749) in connection with our pending acquisition of Maxwell Technologies, Inc., which shares are expected to have a market value of approximately $219 million when issued.

Unless otherwise indicated, all information in this prospectus supplement assumes no exercise by the underwriters of their option to purchase from us up to an additional 462,962 shares of common stock in this offering and no exercise by the underwriters in our concurrent convertible notes offering of their option to purchase up to an additional $240.0 million aggregate principal amount of notes from us in our concurrent convertible notes offering.



 

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SUMMARY CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

The summary consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018 shown below are derived from our audited consolidated financial statements that are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and should be read in conjunction with such consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto to fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of the information presented below. The summary consolidated statements of operations data for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2019 and the summary consolidated balance sheet data as of March 31, 2019 shown below are derived from our unaudited consolidated financial statements that are included in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019, which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and should be read in conjunction with such consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto to fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of the information presented below. The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of financial results to be achieved in future periods.

 

    Year Ended December 31,     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2016(3)     2017     2018(2)     2018(2)     2019(2)  
    (in thousands, except per share data)  

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:

         

Revenues:

         

Automotive sales

  $ 5,589,007     $ 8,534,752     $ 17,631,522     $ 2,561,881     $ 3,508,741  

Automotive leasing

    761,759       1,106,548       883,461       173,436       215,120  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total automotive revenues

    6,350,766       9,641,300       18,514,983       2,735,317       3,723,861  

Energy generation and storage

    181,394       1,116,266       1,555,244       410,022       324,661  

Services and other

    467,972       1,001,185       1,391,041       263,412       492,942  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    7,000,132       11,758,751       21,461,268       3,408,751       4,541,464  

Cost of revenues(1):

         

Automotive sales

    4,268,087       6,724,480       13,685,572       2,091,397       2,856,209  

Automotive leasing

    481,994       708,224       488,425       104,496       117,092  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total automotive cost of revenues

    4,750,081       7,432,704       14,173,997       2,195,893       2,973,301  

Energy generation and storage

    178,332       874,538       1,364,896       375,363       316,887  

Services and other

    472,462       1,229,022       1,880,354       380,969       685,533  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

    5,400,875       9,536,264       17,419,247       2,952,225       3,975,721  

Gross profit

    1,599,257       2,222,487       4,042,021       456,526       565,743  

Operating expenses(1):

         

Research and development

    834,408       1,378,073       1,460,370       367,096       340,174  

Selling, general and administrative

    1,432,189       2,476,500       2,834,491       686,404       703,929  

Restructuring and other

                135,233             43,471  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    2,266,597       3,854,573       4,430,094       1,053,500       1,087,574  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from operations

    (667,340     (1,632,086     (388,073     (596,974     (521,831

Interest income

    8,530       19,686       24,533       5,214       8,762  

Interest expense

    (198,810     (471,259     (663,071     (149,546     (157,453

Other income (expense), net

    111,272       (125,373     21,866       (37,716     25,750  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

    (746,348     (2,209,032     (1,004,745     (779,022     (644,772

Provision for income taxes

    26,698       31,546       57,837       5,605       22,873  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

  $ (773,046)     $ (2,240,578)     $ (1,062,582)     $ (784,627)     $ (667,645)  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests

    (98,132)       (279,178)       (86,491)       (75,076)       34,490  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

  $ (674,914)     $ (1,961,400)     $ (976,091)     $ (709,551)     $ (702,135)  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss per share of common stock, basic and diluted(4)

  $ (4.68)     $ (11.83)     $ (5.72)     $ (4.19)     $ (4.10)  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares used in computing net loss per share of common stock, basic and diluted(4)

    144,212       165,758       170,525       169,146       172,989  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 


 

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(1)

Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,      Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
     2016(3)      2017      2018      2018      2019  
     (in thousands)  

Cost of revenues

   $ 30,400      $ 43,845      $ 85,742      $ 18,085      $ 19,837  

Research and development

     154,632        217,616        261,079        61,107        72,482  

Selling, general and administrative

     149,193        205,299        398,326        62,447        114,079  

Restructuring and other

                   3,877               1,980  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 334,225      $ 466,760      $ 749,024      $ 141,639      $ 208,378  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(2)

The results of operations include the impact of the adoption of the new revenue recognition accounting standard ASC 606 effective January 1, 2018. Prior periods have not been revised as we have adopted under the modified retrospective approach. See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies , of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 incorporated by reference herein for additional information.

(3)

We acquired SolarCity on November 21, 2016. Our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016 include SolarCity’s results of operations from the acquisition date of November 21, 2016 through December 31, 2016. See Note 3, Business Combinations , of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 incorporated by reference herein for additional information regarding this transaction.

(4)

Our basic net loss per share of common stock is calculated by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. The diluted net loss per share of common stock is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and, if dilutive, potential shares of common stock outstanding during the period. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we increased net loss attributable to common stockholders by $7.6 million to arrive at the numerator used to calculate net loss per share. This adjustment represents the difference between the cash we paid to a financing fund investor for their noncontrolling interest in one of our subsidiaries and the carrying amount of the noncontrolling interest on our consolidated balance sheet, in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings per Share . Potential shares of common stock consist of employee share based awards, warrants to purchase shares of our common stock and the conversion of our Existing Notes and the SolarCity Convertible Notes, which are convertible into shares of our common stock as a result of our acquisition of SolarCity (using the treasury stock method or the if-converted method). For purposes of these calculations, potential shares of common stock have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share of common stock, when antidilutive.

Our consolidated balance sheet data as of March 31, 2019 is presented:

 

   

on an actual basis;

 

   

on an as-adjusted basis to give effect to the sale of the shares of common stock offered hereby, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus supplement (assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares), based on the public offering price of $243.00 per share, after deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses; and

 

   

on an as-further-adjusted basis to give effect to this offering of shares of common stock and the concurrent offering of $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of our 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 (assuming the underwriters do not exercise their overallotment option to purchase additional notes), after deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses, and the application of the net proceeds from this offering to pay the cost of the convertible note hedge transactions entered into in connection with this offering (after such cost is partially offset by the proceeds from the warrant transactions described in “Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions”), as described in “Use of Proceeds.”



 

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                 As of March 31, 2019  
     Actual     As Adjusted for
this Offering
    As Further
Adjusted
for this
Offering and the
Concurrent
Notes
Offering
 
     (unaudited)  
     (in thousands)  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

      

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 2,198,169     $ 2,935,162     $ 4,254,882  

Restricted cash(1)

     484,629       484,629       484,629  

Working (deficit) capital

     (1,564,978     (827,985     491,735  

Property, plant and equipment, net

     9,850,929       9,850,929       9,850,929  

Total assets

     28,912,524       29,649,517       30,969,237  

Total current liabilities

     9,242,800       9,242,800       9,242,800  

Long-term debt and finance leases, net of current portion(2)

     9,787,950       9,787,950       11,387,950  

Resale value guarantees, net of current portion

     211,390       211,390       211,390  

Total stockholders’ equity(3)

     4,605,596       5,342,589       5,080,509  

 

(1)

We maintain certain cash balances restricted as to withdrawal or use. Our restricted cash is comprised primarily of cash as collateral for our sales to lease partners with a resale value guarantee, letters of credit, real estate leases, insurance policies, credit card borrowing facilities and certain operating leases. In addition, restricted cash includes cash received from certain fund investors that have not been released for use by us and cash held to service certain payments under various secured debt facilities.

(2)

Reflects on an as-further-adjusted basis the issuance of $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 in the concurrent convertible notes offering. In accordance with ASC 470-20, convertible debt that may be wholly or partially settled in cash is required to be separated into a liability and an equity component, such that interest expense reflects the issuer’s nonconvertible debt interest rate. Upon issuance, a debt discount is recognized as a decrease in debt and an increase in equity. The debt component accretes up to the principal amount over the expected term of the debt. ASC 470-20 does not affect the actual amount that we are required to repay, and the amount shown above for the notes offered in our concurrent convertible notes offering is the aggregate principal amount of the notes without reflecting the debt discount or fees and expenses that we are required to recognize or the increase in additional paid-in capital on our consolidated balance sheet.

(3)

As noted in footnote (2), in accordance with ASC 470-20, convertible debt that may be wholly or partially settled in cash is required to be separated into a liability and an equity component, such that interest expense reflects the issuer’s nonconvertible debt interest rate. Upon issuance, a debt discount is recognized as a decrease in debt and an increase in equity. The debt component accretes up to the principal amount over the expected term of the debt. ASC 470-20 does not affect the actual amount that we are required to repay, and the amount shown above for the notes offered hereby is the aggregate principal amount of the notes without reflecting the debt discount or fees and expenses that we are required to recognize or the increase in additional paid-in capital on our consolidated balance sheet.



 

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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. In addition to the other information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and in documents that we incorporate by reference, you should carefully consider the risks discussed below and in Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 before making a decision about investing in our securities. The risks and uncertainties discussed below and in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or that we currently see as immaterial, may also harm our business. If any of these risks occur, our business, financial condition and operating results could be harmed, the trading price of our common stock could decline and you could lose part or all of your investment.

Risks Related to the Offering and Our Common Stock

The trading price of our common stock is likely to continue to be volatile.

The trading price of our common stock has been highly volatile and could continue to be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond our control. Our common stock has experienced an intra-day trading high of $387.46 per share and a low of $231.13 per share over the last 52 weeks. The stock market in general, and the market for technology companies in particular, has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. In particular, a large proportion of our common stock has been and may continue to be traded by short sellers which may put pressure on the supply and demand for our common stock, further influencing volatility in its market price. Public perception and other factors outside of our control may additionally impact the stock price of companies like us that garner a disproportionate degree of public attention, regardless of actual operating performance. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. Moreover, stockholder litigation like this has been filed against us in the past. While we are continuing to defend such actions vigorously, any judgment against us or any future stockholder litigation could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources.

We may fail to meet our publicly announced guidance or other expectations about our business, which could cause our stock price to decline.

We provide guidance regarding our expected financial and business performance, such as projections regarding sales and production, as well as anticipated future revenues, gross margins, profitability and cash flows. Correctly identifying key factors affecting business conditions and predicting future events is inherently an uncertain process, and our guidance may not ultimately be accurate and has in the past been inaccurate in certain respects, such as the timing of new product manufacturing ramps. Our guidance is based on certain assumptions such as those relating to global and local economic conditions, anticipated production and sales volumes (which generally are not linear throughout a given period), average sales prices, supplier and commodity costs, and planned cost reductions. If our guidance is not accurate or varies from actual results due to our inability to meet our assumptions or the impact on our financial performance that could occur as a result of various risks and uncertainties, the market value of our common stock could decline significantly.

 

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Future sales of our common stock in the public market could lower the market price for our common stock.

In the future, we may sell additional shares of our common stock to raise capital. In addition, a substantial number of shares of our common stock are reserved for issuance upon conversion of our outstanding convertible notes or the notes to be issued in our concurrent convertible notes offering, the exercise of our outstanding warrants, the warrants we expect to enter into in connection with our concurrent convertible notes offering, our outstanding stock options, the vesting of our outstanding restricted stock units, or pursuant to the Company’s Form S-4 (File No. 333-229749) filed in connection with our pending acquisition of Maxwell Technologies, Inc. We cannot predict the size of future issuances or the effect, if any, that they may have on the market price for our common stock. The issuance and sale of substantial amounts of common stock, or the perception that such issuances and sales may occur, could adversely affect the trading price of our common stock and the market price of our common stock and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. As of March 31, 2019, after giving effect to this common stock offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering (without giving effect to any additional shares issuable if the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares in this offering or additional notes in connection with our concurrent convertible notes offering is exercised), there would have been 176.8 million shares of our common stock outstanding, which will be freely transferable without restriction or further registration under the federal securities laws, except for any shares held by our affiliates, sales of which will be limited by Rule 144 under the Securities Act, absent registration under the Securities Act and for certain limited contractual restrictions applicable to certain shares.

Elon Musk has pledged shares of our common stock to secure certain bank borrowings. If these shares are sold pursuant to the pledges, such sales could cause our stock price to decline.

Certain banking institutions have made extensions of credit to Elon Musk, our Chief Executive Officer. We are not a party to these loans, which are partially secured by pledges of a portion of the Tesla common stock currently owned by Mr. Musk. If the price of our common stock were to decline substantially and Mr. Musk were unable to avoid a sale of the pledged shares (for example, by contributing additional collateral or reducing his leverage), Mr. Musk may be forced by one or more of the banking institutions to sell shares of Tesla common stock under the terms of his loans. Any such sales could cause the price of our common stock to decline.

Anti-takeover provisions contained in our governing documents, applicable laws and our convertible notes could impair a takeover attempt.

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws afford certain rights and powers to our board of directors that could contribute to the delay or prevention of an acquisition that it deems undesirable. While we have proposed, and our board of directors has recommended, two proposals to be voted on at our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders to mitigate the potential effect of certain of such provisions, there is no assurance that our stockholders will approve them. We are also subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law and other provisions of Delaware law that limit the ability of stockholders in certain situations to effect certain business combinations. In addition, the terms of our convertible notes require us to repurchase such notes in the event of a fundamental change, including a takeover of our company. Any of the foregoing provisions and terms that has the effect of delaying or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for our stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of our common stock, and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for our common stock.

 

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Risks Related to Our Concurrent Convertible Notes Offering

Servicing our debt requires a significant amount of cash, and we may not have sufficient cash flow from our business to pay our obligations under the notes issued in our concurrent convertible notes offering.

Our ability to make scheduled payments of principal or to pay interest on or to refinance the notes issued in our concurrent convertible notes offering depends on our future performance, which is subject to economic, financial, competitive and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. Our and our subsidiaries’ outstanding indebtedness was approximately $10.3 billion as of March 31, 2019 without giving effect to the notes to be issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering. Of our total outstanding indebtedness, $1.1 billion is due to mature in 2019 and $819.8 million is due to mature in 2020. Our business may not continue to generate cash flow from operations in the future sufficient to satisfy our obligations under the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering. If we are unable to generate such cash flow, we may be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as reducing or delaying investments or capital expenditures, selling assets, refinancing or obtaining additional equity capital on terms that may be onerous or highly dilutive. Our ability to refinance the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering will depend on the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. We may not be able to engage in any of these activities or engage in these activities on desirable terms, which could result in a default on the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering.

The terms of the indenture governing the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering do not restrict us from incurring substantially more debt or taking other actions which would intensify the risks discussed above.

We and our subsidiaries may be able to incur substantial additional debt in the future. We will not be restricted under the terms of the indenture governing the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering from incurring additional debt, securing existing or future debt, recapitalizing our debt or taking a number of other actions that are not limited by the terms of the indenture governing the notes that could have the effect of diminishing our ability to make payments on the notes issued in the concurrent convertible notes offering when due.

The conditional conversion feature of the notes, if triggered, may adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.

In the event the conditional conversion feature of the notes is triggered, holders of notes will be entitled to convert the notes at any time during specified periods at their option. If one or more holders elect to convert their notes, we may elect to settle all or a portion of our conversion obligation through the payment of cash, which could adversely affect our liquidity. In addition, even if holders do not elect to convert their notes, we could be required under applicable accounting rules to reclassify all or a portion of the outstanding principal of the notes as a current rather than long-term liability, which would result in a material reduction of our net working capital.

Conversion of the notes may dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders, including holders who had previously converted their notes, or may otherwise depress the price of our common stock.

The conversion of some or all of the notes will dilute the ownership interests of existing stockholders to the extent we deliver shares upon conversion of any of the notes. Any sales in the public market of the common stock issuable upon such conversion could adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common stock. In addition, the existence of the notes may encourage short selling

 

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by market participants because the conversion of the notes could be used to satisfy short positions, or anticipated conversion of the notes into shares of our common stock could depress the price of our common stock.

The fundamental change repurchase feature of the notes may delay or prevent an otherwise beneficial attempt to take over our company.

The terms of the notes require us to repurchase the notes in the event of a fundamental change. A takeover of our company would trigger an option of the holders of the notes to require us to repurchase the notes. This may have the effect of delaying or preventing a takeover of our company that would otherwise be beneficial to investors in the notes.

The convertible note hedge and warrant transactions may affect the value of the notes and our common stock.

In connection with the pricing of the notes, we intend to enter into convertible note hedge and warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties. The convertible note hedge transactions cover, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments, the number of shares of our common stock that will initially underlie the notes. The convertible note hedge transactions are expected to reduce the potential dilution and/or offset potential cash payments we are required to make in excess of the principal amount upon conversion of the notes. We also intend to enter into warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties relating to the same number of shares of our common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. However, the warrant transactions could separately have a dilutive effect on our common stock to the extent that the market price per share of our common stock exceeds the applicable strike price of the warrants on the applicable expiration dates unless, subject to the terms of the warrant transactions, we elect to cash settle the warrants. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional notes, we may enter into additional convertible note hedge transactions and additional warrant transactions.

In connection with establishing their initial hedge of the convertible note hedge and warrant transactions, the hedge counterparties or their affiliates expect to enter into various derivative transactions with respect to our common stock concurrently with or shortly after the pricing of the notes, including with certain investors in the notes. This activity could increase (or reduce the size of any decrease in) the market price of our common stock at that time.

In addition, the hedge counterparties or their affiliates may modify their hedge positions by entering into or unwinding various derivatives with respect to our common stock and/or purchasing or selling our common stock or other securities of ours in secondary market transactions following the pricing of the notes and prior to the maturity of the notes (and are likely to do so during any observation period related to a conversion of notes). This activity could also cause or prevent an increase or a decrease in the market price of our common stock.

In addition, if any such convertible note hedge and warrant transactions fail to become effective, whether or not this offering of notes is completed, the hedge counterparties (or their affiliates) may unwind their hedge positions with respect to our common stock, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock.

We do not make any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any potential effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of the notes or the shares of our common stock. In addition, we do not make any representation that the hedge counterparties will engage in these transactions or that these transactions, once commenced, will not be discontinued without notice.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We estimate that the net proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock in this offering will be approximately $737.0 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and estimated offering expenses that we must pay. If the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares in this offering is exercised in full, we estimate that the net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $847.6 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and our estimated offering expenses. The estimated net proceeds are based on the public offering price of $243.00 per share. In addition, concurrently with this common stock offering, we are offering $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 ($1.84 billion if the underwriters exercise their option in full to purchase additional notes) pursuant to a separate prospectus supplement in an underwritten public offering. Through this common stock offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering we expect to receive net proceeds of approximately $2.3 billion (up to $2.7 billion if the underwriters exercise their options in full to purchase additional common stock and notes) after deducting underwriting discounts and our estimated offering expenses.

We intend to use the net proceeds from this common stock offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering to further strengthen our balance sheet, as well as for general corporate purposes. In addition, we will use approximately $262.1 million of these proceeds (after such cost is partially offset by the proceeds from warrant transactions described in “Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions”) to pay the net cost of the convertible note hedge transactions entered into in connection with the concurrent convertible notes offering. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional convertible notes, we may sell additional warrants and use a portion of the net proceeds from the sale of the additional convertible notes, together with the proceeds from the additional warrants, to enter into additional convertible note hedge transactions and for general corporate purposes. Pending use of the proceeds as described above, we intend to invest the proceeds in highly liquid cash equivalents or United States government securities.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK

The following is a summary of our common stock and certain provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws. This summary does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by the provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws, copies of which have been previously filed with the SEC, and applicable provisions of Delaware law.

General

Our authorized capital stock consists of 2,100,000,000 shares, with a par value of $0.001 per share, of which 2,000,000,000 shares are designated as common stock.

As of March 31, 2019, we had outstanding 173,681,977 shares of common stock, held of record by 1,117 stockholders. A substantially greater number of holders of our common stock are “street name” or beneficial holders, whose shares are held by banks, brokers and other financial institutions.

In addition, as of March 31, 2019, we had outstanding options to acquire 30,894,313 shares of common stock and 5,192,006 shares of common stock issuable upon the vesting of restricted stock units.

The holders of common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders and do not have cumulative voting rights. Accordingly, holders of a majority of the shares of common stock entitled to vote in any election of directors may elect all of the directors standing for election. Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any preferred stock outstanding at the time, the holders of outstanding shares of common stock are entitled to receive ratably any dividends declared by our board of directors out of assets legally available. Upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, holders of our common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and the liquidation preference of any then outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of common stock have no preemptive or conversion rights or other subscription rights. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock.

Issuance of Warrants in Connection with 2019 Notes and 2021 Notes

In connection with the offering of our 0.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2019, or the 2019 Notes, and the 1.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2021, or the 2021 Notes, and our entry into certain convertible note hedge transactions, we sold warrants whereby the holders of the warrants have the option to purchase initially (subject to adjustment for certain specified events) a total of approximately 2.6 million shares of our common stock at a price of $512.66 for the 2019 Notes and a total of approximately 3.8 million shares of our common stock at a price of $560.64 per share for 2021 Notes. Taken together, the purchase of the convertible note hedges and the sale of warrants were intended to reduce potential dilution and/or offset potential cash payments upon the conversion of these notes and to effectively increase the overall conversion price of such notes from $359.87 to $512.66 per share in the case of warrants relating to 2019 Notes and from $359.87 to $560.64 in the case of warrants relating to 2021 Notes.

Issuance of Warrants in Connection with 2022 Notes

In connection with the offering of our 2.375% Convertible Senior Notes due 2022, or the 2022 Notes, and our entry into certain convertible note hedge transactions, we sold warrants whereby the

 

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holders of the warrants have the option to purchase initially (subject to adjustment for certain specified events) a total of approximately 3.0 million shares of our common stock at a price of $655.00. Taken together, the purchase of the convertible note hedges and the sale of warrants are intended to reduce potential dilution and/or offset potential cash payments upon the conversion of these notes and to effectively increase the overall conversion price of such notes from $327.50 to $655.00 per share.

Registration Rights

Stockholder Registration Rights—Overview

Certain holders of unregistered common stock purchased in private placements, or their permitted transferees, or the Registration Rights Holders, are entitled to rights with respect to the registration of such shares under the Securities Act. These rights are provided under the terms of an investors’ rights agreement between us and the holders of these shares, or the investors’ rights agreement, and include demand registration rights, short-form registration rights and piggyback registration rights. All fees, costs and expenses of underwritten registrations will be borne by us and all selling expenses, including underwriting discounts and selling commissions, will be borne by the holders of the shares being registered.

The registration rights terminate with respect to the registration rights of an individual holder after the date that is five years following such time when the holder can sell all of the holder’s shares in any three month period under Rule 144 or another similar exemption under the Securities Act, unless such holder holds at least 2% of our voting stock.

Stockholder Registration Rights—Demand Registration Rights

The Registration Rights Holders are currently entitled to demand registration rights. Under the terms of the investors’ rights agreement, we will be required, at our expense, upon the written request of holders of a majority of these shares, to use our best efforts to register all or a portion of these shares for public resale. We are required to effect only two registrations pursuant to this provision of the investors’ rights agreement.

Stockholder Registration Rights—Short-Form Registration Rights

The Registration Rights Holders are also currently entitled to short-form registration rights. If we are eligible to file a registration statement on Form S-3, these holders have the right, upon written request to us from the holders of at least 20% of these shares to have such shares registered by us at our expense if the proposed aggregate offering price of the shares to be registered by the holders requesting registration, net of underwriting discounts and commissions, is at least $1,000,000, subject to certain exceptions.

Stockholder Registration Rights—Piggyback Registration Rights

The Registration Rights Holders are currently entitled to piggyback registration rights. If we register any of our securities either for our own account or for the account of other security holders, the holders of these shares are entitled to include their shares in the registration at our expense. The underwriters of any underwritten offering have the right to limit the number of shares registered by these holders for marketing reasons, subject to certain limitations.

Anti-Takeover Effects of Delaware Law and Our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws contain certain provisions that could have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing another party

 

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from acquiring control of us. These provisions and certain provisions of Delaware law, which are summarized below, are expected to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids. These provisions are also designed, in part, to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to negotiate first with our board of directors. We believe that the benefits of increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate more favorable terms with an unfriendly or unsolicited acquirer outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging a proposal to acquire us.

Limits on Ability of Stockholders to Act by Written Consent or Call a Special Meeting

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that our stockholders may not act by written consent, which may lengthen the amount of time required to take stockholder actions. As a result, a holder controlling a majority of our capital stock would not be able to amend our amended and restated bylaws or remove directors without holding a meeting of our stockholders called in accordance with our amended and restated bylaws.

In addition, our amended and restated bylaws provide that special meetings of the stockholders may be called only by the chairperson of the board, the chief executive officer, the president (in the absence of a chief executive officer), or our board of directors. Stockholders may not call a special meeting, which may delay the ability of our stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or for holders controlling a majority of our capital stock to take any action, including the removal of directors.

Requirements for Advance Notification of Stockholder Nominations and Proposals

Our amended and restated bylaws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election as directors, other than nominations made by or at the direction of our board of directors or a committee of our board of directors. These provisions may have the effect of precluding the conduct of certain business at a meeting if the proper procedures are not followed. These provisions may also discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of our company.

Board Classification

Our board of directors is divided into three classes, one class of which is elected each year by our stockholders, and the directors in each class will serve for a three-year term, subject to a vote of our stockholders at the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders to reduce these to two classes and two-year terms, respectively. A third party may be discouraged from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us as it is more difficult and time-consuming for stockholders to replace a majority of the directors on a classified board.

No Cumulative Voting

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws do not permit cumulative voting in the election of directors. Cumulative voting allows a stockholder to vote a portion or all of its shares for one or more candidates for seats on the board of directors. Without cumulative voting, a minority stockholder may not be able to gain as many seats on our board of directors as the stockholder would be able to gain if cumulative voting were permitted. The absence of cumulative voting makes it more difficult for a minority stockholder to gain a seat on our board of directors to influence our board’s decision regarding a takeover.

Amendment of Charter Provisions

The amendment of the above provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation requires approval by holders of at least two-thirds of our outstanding capital stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, subject to a vote of our stockholders at the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders to eliminate such voting threshold.

 

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Delaware Anti-Takeover Statute

We are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law regulating corporate takeovers. In general, Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging, under certain circumstances, in a business combination with an interested stockholder for a period of three years following the date the person became an interested stockholder unless:

 

   

prior to the date of the transaction, our board of directors approved either the business combination or the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder;

 

   

upon completion of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, calculated as provided under Section 203; or

 

   

at or subsequent to the date of the transaction, the business combination is approved by our board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock which is not owned by the interested stockholder.

Generally, a business combination includes a merger, asset or stock sale, or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. An interested stockholder is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns or, within three years prior to the determination of interested stockholder status did own, 15% or more of a corporation’s outstanding voting stock. We expect the existence of this provision to have an anti-takeover effect with respect to transactions our board of directors does not approve in advance. We also anticipate that Section 203 may also discourage attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the shares of common stock held by stockholders.

The provisions of Delaware law and the provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws could have the effect of discouraging others from attempting hostile takeovers and, as a consequence, they might also inhibit temporary fluctuations in the market price of our common stock that often result from actual or rumored hostile takeover attempts. These provisions might also have the effect of preventing changes in our management. It is possible that these provisions could make it more difficult to accomplish transactions that stockholders might otherwise deem to be in their best interests.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is ComputerShare Trust Company, N.A. The transfer agent’s address is 250 Royall Street, Canton, Massachusetts 02021 and its telephone number is (800) 662-7232.

Listing

Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.”

 

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CONCURRENT CONVERTIBLE NOTES OFFERING

Concurrently with this offering of our common stock, we are offering $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 ($1.84 billion aggregate principal amount if the underwriters exercise their option in full to purchase additional notes) pursuant to a separate prospectus supplement in an underwritten public offering. However, amounts sold in each offering may increase or decrease based on market conditions relating to a particular security. This offering is not contingent upon our concurrent convertible notes offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering is not contingent upon this common stock offering. We cannot assure you that our concurrent convertible notes offering will be completed.

The notes will mature on May 15, 2024 unless earlier converted or repurchased. The notes will bear interest at a rate of 2.00% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year, beginning on November 15, 2019. Subject to satisfaction of certain conditions and during certain periods, the notes may be converted at an initial conversion rate of 3.2276 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of notes (equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $309.83 per share of common stock). The conversion rate is subject to adjustment if certain events occur.

Assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional notes, we estimate that the net proceeds of the concurrent convertible notes offering, after deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses, will be approximately $1.58 billion. In connection with the concurrent convertible notes offering, we expect to enter into convertible note hedge and warrant transactions with one or more counterparties. See “Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions.”

 

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CONVERTIBLE NOTE HEDGE AND WARRANT TRANSACTIONS

In connection with the concurrent convertible notes offering, we intend to enter into convertible note hedge transactions with hedge counterparties. The convertible note hedge transactions will cover, subject to anti-dilution adjustments substantially similar to those applicable to the notes, the number of shares of our common stock that are initially underlying the notes. Concurrently with entering into the convertible note hedge transactions, we also intend to enter into warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties relating to the same number of shares of our common stock, with a strike price of $607.50, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments.

We intend to use approximately $262.1 million of the net proceeds from this offering and our concurrent convertible notes offering to pay the cost of the convertible note hedge transactions (after such cost is partially offset by the proceeds to us from the warrant transactions). If the underwriters in the concurrent convertible notes offering exercise their option to purchase additional notes, we may sell additional warrants and use a portion of the proceeds from the sale of the additional notes, together with the proceeds from the sale of the additional warrants, to enter into additional convertible note hedge transactions.

The convertible note hedge transactions are expected generally to reduce the potential dilution and/or offset potential cash payments in excess of the principal amount upon conversion of the notes in the event that the market price per share of our common stock, as measured under the terms of the convertible note hedge transactions, is greater than the strike price of the convertible note hedge transactions, which initially corresponds to the conversion price of the notes and is subject to anti-dilution adjustments substantially similar to those applicable to the conversion rate of the notes. If, however, the market price per share of our common stock, as measured under the terms of the warrant transactions, exceeds the strike price of the warrants, there would nevertheless be dilution to the extent that such market price exceeds the strike price of the warrants.

We will not be required to make any cash payments to the hedge counterparties upon the exercise of the options that are a part of the convertible note hedge transactions, but will be entitled to receive from them a number of shares of our common stock and/or an amount of cash generally based on the amount by which the market price per share of our common stock, as measured under the terms of the convertible note hedge transactions, is greater than the strike price of the convertible note hedge transactions during the relevant valuation period under the convertible note hedge transactions. Additionally, if the market price per share of our common stock, as measured under the terms of the warrant transactions, exceeds the strike price of the warrants during the measurement period at the maturity of the warrants (i.e., on the applicable expiration dates), we will owe the hedge counterparties a number of shares of our common stock in an amount based on the excess of such market price per share of our common stock over the strike price of the warrants unless, subject to the terms of the warrant transactions, we elect to cash settle the warrants.

In connection with establishing their initial hedge of the convertible note hedge and warrant transactions, the hedge counterparties or their affiliates expect to enter into various derivative transactions with respect to our common stock concurrently with or shortly after the pricing of the notes. This activity could increase (or reduce the size of any decrease in) the market price of our common stock or the notes at that time.

In addition, the hedge counterparties or their affiliates may modify their hedge positions by entering into or unwinding various derivatives with respect to our common stock and/or purchasing or selling our common stock or other securities of ours in secondary market transactions following the pricing of the notes and prior to the maturity of the notes (and are likely to do so during any observation period related to a conversion of notes). This activity could also cause or prevent an increase or a decrease in the market price of our common stock or the notes.

 

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MARKET INFORMATION

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.” We estimate that there were approximately 1,117 holders of record of our common stock as of March 31, 2019.

DIVIDEND POLICY

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock. We currently do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Additionally, our ability to pay dividends on our common stock is limited by restrictions on our ability to pay dividends or make distributions under the terms of our credit facilities. Any future determination to declare cash dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, subject to applicable laws and compliance with future credit agreements and other loan arrangements, which may restrict or limit our ability to pay dividends, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.

 

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CAPITALIZATION

The following table sets forth our unaudited cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, the current portion of our long-term debt and finance leases and total capitalization as of March 31, 2019:

 

   

on an actual basis;

 

   

on an as-adjusted basis to give effect to the sale of the shares of common stock offered hereby, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus supplement (assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares), based on the public offering price of $243.00 per share, after deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses; and

 

   

on an as-further-adjusted basis to give effect to this offering of shares of common stock and the concurrent offering of $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of our 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 (assuming the underwriters do not exercise their over-allotment option to purchase additional notes), before deducting the underwriting discount and our estimated offering expenses, and the application of the net proceeds from this offering to pay the cost of the convertible note hedge transactions entered into in connection with this offering, as described in “Use of Proceeds.”

 

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You should read this table in conjunction with “Use of Proceeds” as well as our “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements, including the related notes, incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2019, incorporated by reference herein. Operating lease liabilities are characterized as operating liabilities rather than debt, and are therefore not included in the table below.

 

     As of March 31, 2019  
     Actual     As Adjusted
for
this Offering
    As Further
Adjusted
for this
Offering and
the
Concurrent
Notes
Offering
 
     (unaudited)  
     (in thousands, except per share data)  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 2,198,169     $ 2,935,162     $ 4,254,882  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Restricted cash(1)

   $ 484,629     $ 484,629     $ 484,629  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current portion of long-term debt and finance leases

   $ 1,705,711     $ 1,705,711     $ 1,705,711  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt:

      

1.25% convertible senior notes due 2021(2)

   $ 1,258,166     $ 1,258,166     $ 1,258,166  

2.375% convertible senior notes due 2022(2)

     878,824       878,824       878,824  

5.30% senior notes due 2025

     1,779,546       1,779,546       1,779,546  

2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 offered concurrently herewith(3)

                 1,600,000  

Other long-term debt and finance leases, net of current portion(2)(4)

     5,871,414       5,871,414       5,871,414  

Stockholders’ equity:

      

Preferred stock, par value $0.001; 100,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding, actual; no shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted and as further adjusted

                  

Common stock, par value $0.001; 2,000,000 shares authorized; 173,682 shares issued and outstanding, actual; 176,768 shares issued and outstanding, as-adjusted and as-further-adjusted

     174       177       177  

Additional paid-in capital

     10,563,746       11,300,736       11,038,656  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (35,019     (35,019     (35,019

Accumulated deficit

     (5,923,305     (5,923,305     (5,923,305
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     4,605,596       5,342,589       5,080,509  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total capitalization

   $ 14,393,546     $ 15,130,539     $ 16,468,459  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

We maintain certain cash balances restricted as to withdrawal or use. Our restricted cash is comprised primarily of cash as collateral for our sales to lease partners with a resale value guarantee, letters of credit, real estate leases, insurance policies, credit card borrowing facilities and certain operating leases. In addition, restricted cash includes cash received from certain fund investors that have not been released for use by us and cash held to service certain payments under various secured debt facilities.

(2)

In accordance with ASC 470-20, convertible debt that may be wholly or partially settled in cash is required to be separated into a liability and an equity component, such that interest expense reflects the issuer’s nonconvertible debt interest rate. Upon issuance, a debt discount is recognized as a decrease in debt and an increase in equity. The debt component accretes up to the principal amount over the expected term of the debt. The amount shown in the table above for the 1.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2021 and the 2.375% Convertible Senior Notes due 2022 reflects the carrying value as of March 31, 2019. ASC 470-20 does not affect the actual amount that we are required to repay. We had $1.4 billion in aggregate principal amount of our 1.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2021, and $977.5 million in aggregate principal amount of our 2.375% Convertible Senior Notes due 2022 outstanding as of March 31, 2019.

 

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(3)

Reflects on an as-further-adjusted basis the issuance of $1.60 billion aggregate principal amount of 2.00% convertible senior notes due 2024 in the concurrent offering. In accordance with ASC 470-20, convertible debt that may be wholly or partially settled in cash is required to be separated into a liability and an equity component, such that interest expense reflects the issuer’s nonconvertible debt interest rate. Upon issuance, a debt discount is recognized as a decrease in debt and an increase in equity. The debt component accretes up to the principal amount over the expected term of the debt. ASC 470-20 does not affect the actual amount that we are required to repay, and the amount shown above for the notes offered hereby is the aggregate principal amount of the notes without reflecting the debt discount or fees and expenses that we are required to recognize or the increase in additional paid-in capital on our consolidated balance sheet.

(4)

As of March 31, 2019, we had borrowed $1.9 billion under the Credit Agreement.

The number of shares of common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on the 173,681,977 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and excludes:

 

   

30,894,313 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding at March 31, 2019 at a weighted average exercise price of $275.44 per share;

 

   

5,192,006 shares of common stock issuable upon the vesting of restricted stock units outstanding at March 31, 2019;

 

   

15,173,325 shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock-based compensation plans, consisting of 13,370,496 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 1,802,829 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan and shares that become available under the Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan pursuant to provisions thereof that automatically increase the share reserves under the plans each year;

 

   

the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of our Existing Notes and the warrant transactions entered into in connection with the issuance of these notes;

 

   

the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of our SolarCity Convertible Notes;

 

   

the shares of common stock to be reserved for issuance upon conversion of the notes being offered by us in connection with our concurrent convertible notes offering and the warrant transactions being entered into in connection therewith; and

 

   

any shares issued pursuant to the Company’s Form S-4 (File No. 333-229749) in connection with our pending acquisition of Maxwell Technologies, Inc., which shares are expected to have a market value of approximately $219 million when issued.

 

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DILUTION

As of March 31, 2019, we had a net tangible book value of approximately $4.3 billion or $24.51 per share of common stock, based upon 173,681,977 shares of common stock outstanding on such date. Net tangible book value per share represents the amount of our total tangible assets reduced by the amount of our total liabilities and divided by the total number of shares of common stock outstanding.

Dilution in net tangible book value per share to new investors in this offering represents the difference between the amount per share paid by purchasers of shares of common stock in this offering and the net tangible book value per share of common stock immediately after the completion of this offering. After giving effect to the sale of the shares of common stock offered by us hereby, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus supplement (assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares), and after deducting the underwriting discounts and our estimated offering expenses, our net tangible book value as of March 31, 2019 would have been $5.0 billion, or $28.25 per share of common stock. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $3.74 per share to existing stockholders and an immediate dilution of $214.75 per share to new investors in our common stock. The following table illustrates this dilution on a per share basis.

 

Public offering price per share

      $ 243.00  

Net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2019, before giving effect to this offering

   $ 24.51     

Increase in net tangible book value per share attributed to new investors purchasing shares in this offering

     3.74     
  

 

 

    

Net tangible book value per share after giving effect to this offering

        28.25  
     

 

 

 

Dilution per share to new investors in this offering

      $ 214.75  
     

 

 

 

If the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares is exercised in full to purchase 462,962 additional shares of common stock from us in this offering, based upon an offering price of $243.00, the net tangible book value per share after giving effect to the offering would be $28.81 per share, the increase in the net tangible book value per share to existing stockholders would be $4.30 per share and the dilution to the new investors would be $214.19 per share.

The foregoing table does not take into effect further dilution to new investors that could occur upon the exercise of outstanding options having a per share exercise price less than the offering price per share in this offering or the vesting of restricted stock units.

The number of shares of common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on the 173,681,977 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and excludes:

 

   

30,894,313 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding at March 31, 2019 at a weighted average exercise price of $275.44 per share;

 

   

5,192,006 shares of common stock issuable upon the vesting of restricted stock units outstanding at March 31, 2019;

 

   

15,173,325 shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock-based compensation plans, consisting of 13,370,496 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 1,802,829 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan and shares that become available under the Amended and Restated 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan pursuant to provisions thereof that automatically increase the share reserves under the plans each year;

 

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the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of our Existing Notes and the warrant transactions entered into in connection with the issuance of these notes;

 

   

the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon conversion of our SolarCity Convertible Notes;

 

   

the shares of common stock to be reserved for issuance upon conversion of the notes being offered by us in connection with our concurrent convertible notes offering and the warrant transactions being entered into in connection therewith; and

 

   

any shares issued pursuant to the Company’s Form S-4 (File No. 333-229749) in connection with our pending acquisition of Maxwell Technologies, Inc., which shares are expected to have a market value of approximately $219 million when issued.

 

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MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

FOR NON-U.S. HOLDERS

The following is a summary of the material U.S. federal income tax consequences of the purchase, ownership and disposition of our common stock to non-U.S. holders (as defined below), but does not purport to be a complete analysis of all the potential tax considerations relating thereto. This summary is based upon the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder, administrative rulings and judicial decisions, all as of the date hereof. These authorities may be changed, possibly retroactively, so as to result in U.S. federal income tax consequences different from those set forth below. We have not sought any ruling from the Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, with respect to the statements made and the conclusions reached in the following summary, and there can be no assurance that the IRS will agree with such statements and conclusions.

This summary also does not address the tax considerations arising under the laws of any State of the United States or any local, non-U.S. or other taxing jurisdiction or under U.S. federal non-income tax laws, such as gift and estate tax laws, or under any applicable tax treaty. In addition, this discussion does not address any potential application of the Medicare contribution tax on net investment income or any tax considerations applicable to an investor’s particular circumstances or to investors that may be subject to special tax rules, including, without limitation:

 

   

banks or other financial institutions;

 

   

insurance companies;

 

   

persons subject to the alternative minimum tax;

 

   

tax-exempt organizations or accounts;

 

   

controlled foreign corporations, passive foreign investment companies or corporations that accumulate earnings to avoid U.S. federal income tax;

 

   

dealers in securities or currencies;

 

   

traders in securities that elect to use a mark-to-market method of accounting for their securities holdings;

 

   

persons that own, or are deemed to own, more than 5% of our common stock;

 

   

certain former citizens or long-term residents of the United States;

 

   

partnerships and other pass-through entities (and investors therein);

 

   

persons who hold our common stock as a position in a hedging transaction, “straddle,” “conversion transaction” or other risk reduction transaction;

 

   

persons who receive our common stock pursuant to the exercise of an employee stock option or otherwise as compensation;

 

   

persons who do not hold our common stock as a capital asset within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code (generally, for investment purposes);

 

   

persons deemed to sell our common stock under the constructive sale provisions of the Code; or

 

   

persons required under Section 451(b) of the Code to conform the timing of income accruals with respect to our common stock to their financial statements.

In addition, if a partnership, including any entity or arrangement, domestic or foreign, classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, holds our common stock, the tax treatment of a

 

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partner generally will depend on the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. Accordingly, partnerships that hold our common stock, and partners in such partnerships, should consult their tax advisors.

You are urged to consult your tax advisor with respect to the application of the U.S. federal income tax laws to your particular situation, as well as any tax consequences of the purchase, ownership and disposition of our common stock arising under the U.S. federal estate or gift tax rules or under the laws of any State of the United States or any local, non-U.S. or other taxing jurisdiction, or under any applicable tax treaty.

Non-U.S. Holder Defined

For purposes of this discussion, you are a non-U.S. holder if you are a beneficial owner of our common stock that is not, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, any of the following:

 

   

an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States;

 

   

a corporation or other entity taxable as a corporation created or organized in the United States or under the laws of the United States, any State thereof or the District of Columbia;

 

   

an estate whose income is subject to U.S. federal income tax regardless of its source;

 

   

a trust (x) the administration of which is subject to the primary supervision of a U.S. court and that has one or more U.S. persons who have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust or (y) that has a valid election in effect to be treated as a U.S. person; or

 

   

an entity or arrangement, domestic or foreign, classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

Distributions

If we make distributions on our common stock, those payments will constitute dividends for U.S. federal income tax purposes to the extent paid from our current or accumulated earnings and profits, as determined under U.S. federal income tax principles. To the extent those distributions exceed both our current and our accumulated earnings and profits, they will constitute a return of capital and will first reduce your basis in our common stock (determined separately with respect to each share of our common stock), but not below zero, and then will be treated as gain from the sale of that stock.

Any dividend paid to you generally will be subject to U.S. withholding tax either at a rate of 30% of the gross amount of the dividend or such lower rate as may be specified by an applicable income tax treaty. In order to receive a reduced treaty rate, you must provide the applicable withholding agent with an IRS Form W-8BEN, IRS Form W-8BEN-E or other appropriate version of IRS Form W-8 certifying qualification for the reduced rate. If you hold our common stock through a financial institution or other agent acting on your behalf, you will be required to provide appropriate documentation to the agent, who then will be required to provide the required certification to the applicable withholding agent, either directly or through other intermediaries. You should consult your tax advisor regarding your entitlement to benefits under any applicable income tax treaty. You generally will be able to obtain a refund of any excess amounts currently withheld if you file an appropriate claim for refund with the IRS.

Dividends received by you that are effectively connected with your conduct of a U.S. trade or business (and, if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by you in the United States) generally are exempt from such withholding tax. In order to obtain this exemption, you generally must provide the applicable withholding agent with an IRS Form W-8ECI properly certifying such exemption. Such effectively connected dividends, although not

 

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subject to withholding tax, are taxed at the same graduated rates applicable to U.S. persons, net of certain deductions and credits, subject to an applicable income tax treaty providing otherwise. In addition, if you are a corporate non-U.S. holder, dividends you receive that are effectively connected with your conduct of a U.S. trade or business (and, if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by the you in the United States) may also be subject to a branch profits tax at a rate of 30% or such lower rate as may be specified by an applicable income tax treaty.

Gain on Sale or Other Disposition of Common Stock

Subject to the discussion below under the headings “Backup Withholding and Information Reporting” and “Foreign Accounts,” you generally will not be required to pay U.S. federal income tax on any gain realized upon the sale or other disposition of our common stock unless:

 

   

the gain is effectively connected with your conduct of a U.S. trade or business (and, if an income tax treaty applies, the gain is attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by you in the United States), in which case you will be required to pay tax on the net gain derived from the sale or other disposition under regular graduated U.S. federal income tax rates. If you are a non-U.S. holder that is a corporation, you may also be subject to the branch profits tax at a 30% rate or such lower rate as may be specified by an applicable income tax treaty;

 

   

you are an individual who is present in the United States for a period or periods aggregating 183 days or more during the calendar year in which the sale or other disposition occurs and certain other conditions are met, in which case you will be required to pay a flat 30% tax (or lower applicable treaty rate) on the gain derived from the sale or other disposition, which gain may be offset by certain U.S. source capital losses (even though you are not considered a resident of the United States); provided that you have timely filed U.S. federal income tax returns with respect to such losses; or

 

   

the rules of the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act (or FIRPTA) (described below) treat the gain as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business.

The FIRPTA rules may apply to your sale or other disposition of our common stock if we currently are, or were at any time within five years before such sale or disposition (or, if shorter, your holding period for the common stock disposed of), a “United States real property holding corporation” (or USRPHC). In general, we would be a USRPHC if U.S. real property interests comprised at least 50% of the fair market value of our worldwide real property interests and assets used or held for use in a trade or business. We believe that we currently are not, and will not become in the future, a USRPHC.

Backup Withholding and Information Reporting

The amount of dividends paid to you, your name and address, and the amount of tax withheld, if any, will generally be reported to the IRS annually. A similar report will be sent to you. Pursuant to applicable income tax treaties or other agreements, the IRS may make these reports available to tax authorities in your country of residence.

Your proceeds on the disposition of stock may be subject to information reporting, and payments of dividends and proceeds on the disposition of stock may be subject to backup withholding at a current rate of 24% unless you establish an exemption, for example by properly certifying your non-U.S. status on an IRS Form W-8BEN, IRS Form W-8BEN-E or another appropriate version of IRS Form W-8. Notwithstanding the foregoing, backup withholding and information reporting may apply if the applicable withholding agent has actual knowledge, or reason to know, that you are a U.S. person.

 

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Backup withholding is not an additional tax; rather, the U.S. income tax liability of persons subject to backup withholding will be reduced by the amount of tax withheld. If withholding results in an overpayment of taxes, a refund or credit may generally be obtained from the IRS, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS in a timely manner.

Foreign Accounts

Provisions of the Code commonly referred to as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act and regulations and rules issued thereunder (collectively, “FATCA”) may impose withholding tax on certain types of payments made to “foreign financial institutions” and “non-financial foreign entities” as defined in the Code and applicable Treasury regulations. FATCA generally imposes a U.S. federal withholding tax of 30% on dividends on, or gross proceeds from the sale or other disposition of, our common stock paid to (i) a foreign financial institution, whether such foreign financial institution is the beneficial owner or an intermediary, unless such institution enters into an agreement with the U.S. government to withhold on certain payments and to collect and provide to the U.S. tax authorities substantial information regarding U.S. account holders of such institution (which includes certain equity and debt holders of such institution, as well as certain account holders that are foreign entities with U.S. owners) or (ii) a non-financial foreign entity, whether such non-financial foreign entity is the beneficial owner or an intermediary, unless such entity provides a certification that the beneficial owner of the payment does not have any substantial U.S. owners or provides the withholding agent with a certification identifying the direct and indirect U.S. owners of the entity. Under certain circumstances, a non-U.S. holder might be eligible for refunds or credits of such taxes. In certain cases, the relevant foreign financial institution or non-financial foreign entity may qualify for an exemption from, or be deemed to be in compliance with, these rules. If the country in which the payee is resident has entered into an “intergovernmental agreement” with the United States regarding FATCA, the payee may be permitted to report to that country instead of the United States, and the intergovernmental agreement may otherwise modify the requirements described in this paragraph. The Treasury Secretary has issued proposed regulations providing that the withholding provisions under FATCA do not apply with respect to payment of gross proceeds from a sale or other disposition of our common stock, which may be relied upon by taxpayers until final regulations are issued. Prospective investors are encouraged to consult with their own tax advisors regarding the possible implications of FATCA on their investment in our common stock.

The preceding discussion of U.S. federal income tax considerations is for general information only. It is not tax advice. Each prospective investor should consult its own tax advisor regarding the particular U.S. federal, state, local and non-U.S. tax consequences of purchasing, holding and disposing of our common stock, including the consequences of any proposed change in applicable laws.

 

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UNDERWRITING

We and Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC and Citigroup Global Markets Inc., as representatives of the several underwriters named below, have entered into an underwriting agreement with respect to the shares being offered. Subject to certain conditions, the underwriters have agreed to purchase the number of shares indicated in the following table.

 

Underwriters

   Number of
Shares
 

Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC

     1,559,819  

Citigroup Global Markets Inc.

     226,173  

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith

                    Incorporated

     156,140  

Deutsche Bank Securities Inc.

     156,140  

Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

     772,882  

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC

     71,755  

SG Americas Securities, LLC

     71,755  

Wells Fargo Securities, LLC

     71,755  
  

 

 

 

Total

     3,086,419  
  

 

 

 

The underwriting agreement provides that the underwriters are committed to take and pay for all of the shares being offered, if any are taken, other than the shares covered by the option described below unless and until this option is exercised.

Mr. Elon Musk, our Chief Executive Officer, through The Elon Musk Revocable Trust dated July 22, 2003, or the Trust, has indicated his preliminary interest in purchasing up to 102,880 shares of our common stock in this offering at the public offering price, for a purchase price of approximately $25.0 million.

If the underwriters sell more shares than the total number set forth in the table above, the underwriters have an option to buy up to an additional 462,962 shares from us to cover such sales. The underwriters may exercise that option for 30 days.

The following table shows the per share and total underwriting discounts to be paid to the underwriters by us. Such amounts are shown assuming both no exercise and full exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase 462,962 additional shares from us.

Paid by Us

 

     No Exercise      Full Exercise  

Per Share

   $ 4.0197      $ 4.0197  

Total

   $ 12,406,478      $ 14,267,447  

We estimate that our total expenses of the offering, excluding underwriting discounts, will be approximately $600,000. We have agreed to reimburse the underwriters for certain expenses in an amount up to $30,000.

Shares sold by the underwriters to the public will initially be offered at the public offering price set forth on the cover of this prospectus. Any shares sold by the underwriters to securities dealers may be sold at a discount of up to $1.4396 per share from the public offering price. If all the shares are not sold at the public offering price, the representatives may change the offering price and the other selling terms. The offering of the shares by the underwriters is subject to receipt and acceptance and subject to the underwriters’ right to reject any order in whole or in part.

 

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We, Elon Musk, our Chief Executive Officer, and the Trust have agreed with the underwriters, subject to certain exceptions, not to offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option to purchase, make any short sale or otherwise dispose of any shares of common stock, options or warrants to purchase shares of common stock or securities convertible into, exchangeable for or that represent the right to receive shares of common stock, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, or engage in any other transaction which is designed to or which reasonably could be expected to lead to or result in a sale or disposition of shares of our common stock, during the period from the date of this prospectus supplement continuing through the date 90 days after the date of this prospectus supplement, except with the prior written consent of Goldman Sachs & Co LLC. With respect to issuances or sales by us, this agreement does not apply to any equity incentive plans existing or currently proposed for shareholder approval, securities issued upon the exercise of options or upon the exercise or conversion of exercisable or convertible securities outstanding as of the date hereof, the exchange or conversion of any outstanding security issued by us for other securities of ours (regardless of whether such exchange is pursuant to the terms of such securities) in an aggregate amount not to exceed, solely in the case of the issuance of the shares of common stock, 3% of the sum of our fully diluted outstanding stock as of the date hereof plus the shares sold in this offering, issuances after the earlier of the exercise or the expiration of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares upon the “unwind” of our convertible note hedge and warrant transactions in effect as of the date hereof, issuances of securities in connection with mergers or acquisitions we may make in an aggregate amount not to exceed 5% of our fully diluted outstanding stock as of the date hereof and other customary exceptions.

In connection with the offering, the underwriters may purchase and sell shares of common stock in the open market. These transactions may include short sales, stabilizing transactions and purchases to cover positions created by short sales. Short sales involve the sale by the underwriters of a greater number of shares than they are required to purchase in the offering, and a short position represents the amount of such sales that have not been covered by subsequent purchases. A “covered short position” is a short position that is not greater than the amount of additional shares for which the underwriters’ option described above may be exercised. The underwriters may cover any covered short position by either exercising their option to purchase additional shares or purchasing shares in the open market. In determining the source of shares to cover the covered short position, the underwriters will consider, among other things, the price of shares available for purchase in the open market as compared to the price at which they may purchase additional shares pursuant to the option described above. “Naked” short sales are any short sales that create a short position greater than the amount of additional shares for which the option described above may be exercised. The underwriters must cover any such naked short position by purchasing shares in the open market. A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriters are concerned that there may be downward pressure on the price of the common stock in the open market after pricing that could adversely affect investors who purchase in the offering. Stabilizing transactions consist of various bids for or purchases of common stock made by the underwriters in the open market prior to the completion of the offering.

The underwriters also may impose a penalty bid. This occurs when a particular underwriter repays to the underwriters a portion of the underwriting discount received by it because the representatives have repurchased shares sold by or for the account of such underwriter in stabilizing or short covering transactions.

Purchases to cover a short position and stabilizing transactions, as well as other purchases by the underwriters for their own accounts, may have the effect of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of our stock, and together with the imposition of the penalty bid, may stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of our common stock. As a result, the price of our common stock may be higher than the price that otherwise might exist in the open market. The underwriters are not required to engage in these activities and may end any of these activities at any time. These

 

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transactions may be effected on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, in the over-the-counter market or otherwise.

We have agreed to indemnify the several underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act or to contribute to payments the underwriters may be required to make in respect of those liabilities.

The underwriters and their respective affiliates are full service financial institutions engaged in various activities, which may include sales and trading, commercial and investment banking, advisory, investment management, investment research, principal investment, hedging, market making, brokerage, vehicle financing programs and other financial and non-financial activities and services. Certain of the underwriters and their respective affiliates have provided, and may in the future provide, a variety of these services to the issuer and to persons and entities with relationships with the issuer, for which they received or will receive customary fees and expenses. The underwriters are also acting as underwriters in our concurrent notes offering for which they will receive customary underwriting discounts and commissions.

In 2015, we entered into our senior secured asset-backed revolving credit agreement, or the Credit Agreement, with certain lenders, including Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch, an affiliate of Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc., Goldman Sachs Bank USA, an affiliate of Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding Inc., an affiliate of Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, and Bank of America, N.A., an affiliate of Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated. Including subsequent amendments, the credit facility allows us to borrow up to $2.4 billion and provides for a $400 million letter of credit subfacility and a $50 million swingline loan subfacility, the proceeds of all of which may be used to fund working capital and for general corporate purposes. Affiliates of the underwriters that are lenders and/or agents under the credit facility have received, and may receive, customary fees. As of March 31, 2019, $1.9 billion was outstanding under this agreement.

In addition, in December 2018, we entered into a third loan and security agreement (as amended, the “Warehouse Agreement”) with Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch, an affiliate of Deutsche Bank Securities Inc., as administrative agent and a committed lender, and Citibank, N.A., an affiliate of Citigroup Global Markets Inc. The Warehouse Agreement supports the Tesla Finance direct vehicle leasing program and allows us to borrow up to $1.1 billion in total principal amount, of which we had borrowed $174.2 million as of March 31, 2019. Affiliates of the underwriters that are lenders and/or agents under the Warehouse Agreement have received, and may receive, customary fees.

In March 2016, a subsidiary of SolarCity entered into an agreement for a term loan. The term loan bears interest at an annual rate of the lender’s cost of funds plus 3.25%. The fee for undrawn commitments is 0.85% per annum. On March 31, 2017, the agreement was amended to upsize the committed amount, extend the availability period and extend the maturity date. The term loan is secured by substantially all of the assets of the subsidiary and is nonrecourse to our other assets. The term loan had an original maturity date of December 2018 and on December 19, 2018, the maturity date was extended to January 2019. On April 16, 2019, the maturity date of the term loan was further extended to June 2019.

In January 2016, a subsidiary of SolarCity entered into an agreement with a syndicate of banks for a term loan. The term loan bears interest at an annual rate of three-month LIBOR plus 3.50%. The term loan is secured by substantially all of the assets of the subsidiary, including its interests in certain financing funds, and is non-recourse to our other assets.

Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC, an affiliate of Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, has made various extensions of credit to Elon Musk. Interest on these loans accrues at market rates, and Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC received customary fees and expense reimbursements in connection with these loans.

 

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As of April 30, 2019, the outstanding balance under these loans is approximately $208.9 million. In addition, Goldman Sachs Bank USA, an affiliate of Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, has made various extensions of credit to Mr. Musk and the Trust. Interest on these loans accrues at market rates, and Goldman Sachs Bank USA received customary fees and expense reimbursements in connection with these loans. As of April 30, 2019, the outstanding balance under these loans is approximately $213.0 million. Finally, Bank of America, N.A., an affiliate of Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, has made extensions of credit to the Trust and guaranteed by Mr. Musk, which are secured by shares of Tesla. Interest on the loans accrues at market rates, and Bank of America, N.A. received customary fees in connection with these loans. As of April 30, 2019, the outstanding loan balance was approximately $85.5 million.

As regulated entities, Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC, and Goldman Sachs Bank USA and Bank of America, N.A. make decisions regarding making and managing their loans independent of Morgan Stanley & Co., LLC, and Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC and Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, respectively. Mr. Musk and these banks have longstanding relationships of over a decade. We are not a party to these loans, which are full recourse against Mr. Musk and the Trust and are secured by pledges of a portion of our common stock currently owned by Mr. Musk and the Trust. The terms of these loans were negotiated directly between Mr. Musk and Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC and Goldman Sachs Bank USA, and Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, respectively.

In the ordinary course of their various business activities, the underwriters and their respective affiliates, officers, directors and employees may purchase, sell or hold a broad array of investments and actively trade securities, derivatives, loans, commodities, currencies, credit default swaps and other financial instruments for their own account and for the accounts of their customers, and such investment and trading activities may involve or relate to assets, securities and/or instruments of the issuer (directly, as collateral securing other obligations or otherwise) and/or persons and entities with relationships with the issuer. The underwriters and their respective affiliates may also communicate independent investment recommendations, market color or trading ideas and/or publish or express independent research views in respect of such assets, securities or instruments and may at any time hold, or recommend to clients that they should acquire, long and/or short positions in such assets, securities and instruments.

Canada

The shares may be sold only to purchasers purchasing, or deemed to be purchasing, as principal that are accredited investors, as defined in National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus Exemptions or subsection 73.3(1) of the Securities Act (Ontario), and are permitted clients, as defined in National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations. Any resale of the shares must be made in accordance with an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the prospectus requirements of applicable securities laws.

Securities legislation in certain provinces or territories of Canada may provide a purchaser with remedies for rescission or damages if this prospectus supplement (including any amendment thereto) contains a misrepresentation, provided that the remedies for rescission or damages are exercised by the purchaser within the time limit prescribed by the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory. The purchaser should refer to any applicable provisions of the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory for particulars of these rights or consult with a legal advisor.

Pursuant to section 3A.3 (or, in the case of securities issued or guaranteed by the government of a non-Canadian jurisdiction, section 3A.4) of National Instrument 33-105 Underwriting Conflicts (NI 33-105), the underwriters are not required to comply with the disclosure requirements of NI 33-105 regarding underwriter conflicts of interest in connection with this offering.

 

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European Economic Area

The shares are not intended to be offered, sold or otherwise made available to and should not be offered, sold or otherwise made available to any retail investor in the European Economic Area (“EEA”). For these purposes, a retail investor means a person who is one (or more) of: (i) a retail client as defined in point (11) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU (as amended, “MiFID II”); or (ii) a customer within the meaning of Directive EU 2016/97 (as amended or superseded, the “Insurance Distribution Directive”), where that customer would not qualify as a professional client as defined in point (10) of Article 4(1) of MiFID II; or (iii) not a qualified investor as defined in Directive 2003/71/EC (as amended or superseded, the “Prospectus Directive”). Consequently no key information document required by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 (as amended, the “PRIIPs Regulation”) for offering or selling the shares or otherwise making them available to retail investors in the EEA has been prepared and therefore offering or selling the shares or otherwise making them available to any retail investor in the EEA may be unlawful under the PRIIPs Regulation. This prospectus supplement has been prepared on the basis that any offer of shares in any member state of the EEA will be made pursuant to an exemption under the Prospectus Directive from the requirement to publish a prospectus for offers of shares. This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are not a prospectus for the purposes of the Prospectus Directive.

Hong Kong

The shares may not be offered or sold in Hong Kong by means of any document other than (i) in circumstances which do not constitute an offer to the public within the meaning of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap.32 of the Laws of Hong Kong) (“Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance”), or (ii) to “professional investors” as defined in the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap.571 of the Laws of Hong Kong) and any rules made thereunder, or (iii) in other circumstances which do not result in the document being a “prospectus” as defined in the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance, and no advertisement, invitation or document relating to the shares may be issued or may be in the possession of any person for the purpose of issue (in each case whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere), which is directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read by, the public in Hong Kong (except if permitted to do so under the securities laws of Hong Kong) other than with respect to shares which are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons outside Hong Kong or only to “professional investors” in Hong Kong as defined in the Securities and Futures Ordinance and any rules made thereunder.

Japan

The securities have not been and will not be registered under the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act of Japan (Act No. 25 of 1948, as amended), or the FIEA. The securities may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to, or for the benefit of, any resident of Japan (including any person resident in Japan or any corporation or other entity organized under the laws of Japan) or to others for re-offering or resale, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to or for the benefit of any resident of Japan, except pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of the FIEA and otherwise in compliance with any other applicable laws, regulations and ministerial guidelines of Japan.

Singapore

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus have not been registered as a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (“MAS”). Accordingly, this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus and any other document or material in connection with the offer or sale, or invitation for subscription or purchase, of the shares may not be circulated or distributed, nor may the shares be offered or sold, or be made the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to persons in Singapore other than (i) to an institutional investor under Section 274 of the Securities and Futures Act, Chapter 289 of Singapore (the “SFA”), (ii) to a relevant

 

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person, or any person pursuant to Section 275(1A) and in accordance with the conditions, specified in Section 275 of the SFA, or (iii) otherwise pursuant to, and in accordance with the conditions of, any other applicable provision of the SFA.

Where the shares are subscribed or purchased under Section 275 by a relevant person which is: (a) a corporation (which is not an accredited investor) the sole business of which is to hold investments and the entire share capital of which is owned by one or more individuals, each of whom is an accredited investor; or (b) a trust (where the trustee is not an accredited investor) whose sole purpose is to hold investments and each beneficiary is an accredited investor, shares, debentures and units of shares and debentures of that corporation or the beneficiaries’ rights and interest in that trust shall not be transferable for 6 months after that corporation or that trust has acquired the shares under Section 275, except: (1) to an institutional investor under Section 274 of the SFA or to a relevant person, or any person pursuant to Section 275(1A) and in accordance with the conditions, specified in Section 275 of the SFA; (2) where no consideration is given for the transfer; or (3) by operation of law.

Solely for the purposes of its obligations pursuant to Sections 309B(1)(a) and 309B(1)(c) of the SFA, we have determined, and hereby notify all relevant persons (as defined in Section 309A of the SFA) that the shares are “prescribed capital markets products” (as defined in the Securities and Futures (Capital Markets Products) Regulations 2018) and Excluded Investment Products (as defined in MAS Notice SFA 04-N12: Notice on the Sale of Investment Products and MAS Notice FAA-N16: Notice on Recommendations on Investment Products).

Switzerland

This document is not intended to constitute an offer or solicitation to purchase or invest in the shares described herein. The shares may not be publicly offered, sold or advertised, directly or indirectly, in, into or from Switzerland and will not be listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange or on any other exchange or regulated trading facility in Switzerland. Neither this document nor any other offering or marketing material relating to the shares constitutes a prospectus as such term is understood pursuant to article 652a or article 1156 of the Swiss Code of Obligations or a listing prospectus within the meaning of the listing rules of the SIX Swiss Exchange or any other regulated trading facility in Switzerland, and neither this document nor any other offering or marketing material relating to the shares may be publicly distributed or otherwise made publicly available in Switzerland.

Neither this document nor any other offering or marketing material relating to the offering, nor the Company nor the shares have been or will be filed with or approved by any Swiss regulatory authority. The shares are not subject to the supervision by any Swiss regulatory authority, e.g., the Swiss Financial Markets Supervisory Authority FINMA (FINMA), and investors in the shares will not benefit from protection or supervision by such authority.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, this prospectus is being distributed only to, and is directed only at, persons who are “qualified investors” (as defined in the Prospectus Directive) who are (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments falling within Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005 (the Order), or (ii) high net worth entities falling within Article 49(2)(a) to (d) of the Order or (iii) persons to whom it would otherwise be lawful to distribute it, all such persons together being referred to as Relevant Persons. The shares are only available to, and any invitation, offer or agreement to subscribe, purchase or otherwise acquire such shares will be engaged in only with, Relevant Persons. This prospectus and its contents should not be distributed, published or reproduced (in whole or in part) or disclosed by any recipients to any other person in the United Kingdom. Any person in the United Kingdom that is not a Relevant Person should not act or rely on this prospectus or its contents.

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the shares of common stock offered hereby will be passed upon by Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation, Palo Alto, California. Simpson Thacher  & Bartlett LLP, Palo Alto, California, is acting as counsel to the underwriters.

EXPERTS

The financial statements of Tesla, Inc. and management’s assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting (which is included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting) incorporated in this Prospectus Supplement by reference to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of such firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

 

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INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The rules of the SEC allow us to incorporate by reference information into this prospectus supplement. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus supplement, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. This prospectus supplement incorporates by reference the documents listed below:

 

   

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 19, 2019;

 

   

Our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on April 29, 2019;

 

   

All information in our definitive proxy statement on Schedule 14A , filed with the SEC on April 30, 2019, solely to the extent incorporated by reference in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018;

 

   

Our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 4, 2019 , February 1, 2019 , March  7, 2019 , March 14, 2019 , and April  19, 2019 ; and

 

   

The description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A (Commission File No. 001-34756), filed with the SEC on May 27, 2010, including any subsequent amendment or any report filed for the purpose of updating such description.

All reports and other documents subsequently filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus supplement and prior to the termination of this offering shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement and to be part hereof from the date of filing of such reports and other documents.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not incorporating by reference any documents, portions of documents, exhibits or other information that is deemed to have been furnished to, rather than filed with, the SEC.

Any statement contained in a document incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for the purposes of this prospectus supplement to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any subsequently filed document that is also incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus supplement.

We will provide without charge to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a copy of this prospectus supplement is delivered, upon written or oral request of any such person, a copy of any or all of the documents that has been or may be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement (excluding certain exhibits to the documents) at no cost. Any such request may be made in writing or by telephoning our Investor Relations department at the following address or telephone number:

Tesla, Inc.

3500 Deer Creek Road

Palo Alto, CA 94304

Attention: Investor Relations

Telephone: 650-681-5000

 

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PROSPECTUS

 

LOGO

Tesla, Inc.

Common Stock

Debt Securities

 

 

By this prospectus, we may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings, common stock, debt securities or any combination thereof as described in this prospectus. The debt securities may be convertible into our common stock. In addition, the selling stockholders may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings shares of common stock as described in this prospectus. You should read this prospectus, any prospectus supplement and free writing prospectus, together with any documents we incorporate by reference, before you invest in our securities. The prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus may also add to, update, supplement or clarify information contained in this prospectus. This prospectus may not be used to sell our securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.”

We or any selling stockholders may offer and sell our securities to or through one or more agents, underwriters, dealers or other third parties or directly to one or more purchasers on a continuous or delayed basis. If we or any selling stockholders use any agents, underwriters or dealers to sell our securities, we will name them and describe their compensation in a prospectus supplement. The price to the public of our securities and the net proceeds we and any selling stockholders expect to receive from the sale of such securities will also be set forth in a prospectus supplement. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of our common stock by the selling stockholders.

 

 

Investing in our securities involves risks. You should carefully consider the risks described under “ Risk Factors ” on page 5 of this prospectus, as well as in the applicable prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus and other information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, before making a decision to invest in our securities.

 

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is May 1, 2019.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

Summary

     1  

Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

     3  

Where You Can Find More Information

     4  

Risk Factors

     5  

Use of Proceeds

     6  

Description of the Securities

     7  

Selling Stockholders

     8  

Plan of Distribution

     9  

Legal Matters

     11  

Experts

     11  

Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference

     12  

 

 

We are responsible for the information contained and incorporated by reference in this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement, and in any related free writing prospectus we prepare or authorize. We have not authorized anyone to give you any other information, and we take no responsibility for any other information that others may give you. If you are in a jurisdiction where offers to sell, or solicitations of offers to purchase, the securities offered by this document are unlawful, or if you are a person to whom it is unlawful to direct these types of activities, then the offer presented in this document does not extend to you. The information contained in this document speaks only as of the date of this document, unless the information specifically indicates that another date applies. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

Unless we have indicated otherwise, references in this prospectus to “Tesla,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Tesla, Inc. and its subsidiaries.


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SUMMARY

About This Prospectus

This prospectus is part of an automatic shelf registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, as a “well-known seasoned issuer” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. We or any selling stockholder may offer the securities described in this prospectus from time to time in one or more offerings. This prospectus only provides you with a general description of the securities to be offered. Each time we or any selling stockholders sell securities pursuant to this prospectus, we will describe in a prospectus supplement, which will be delivered with this prospectus, specific information about the offering. In the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus relating to any sales by selling stockholders, we will, among other things, identify the number of shares of our common stock that each of the selling stockholders will be selling. The applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus may also add, update or change the information contained in this prospectus. If there is any inconsistency between the information in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in the applicable prospectus supplement. Before making an investment in our securities, you should carefully read both this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any applicable free writing prospectus, together with the information incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein as described under “Information Incorporated by Reference” and the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.” This prospectus may not be used to sell our common stock or debt securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

The registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, including the exhibits to the registration statement, provides additional information about us and the securities. Wherever references are made in this prospectus to information that will be included in a prospectus supplement, to the extent permitted by applicable law, rules or regulations, we or the selling stockholders may instead include such information or add, update or change the information contained in this prospectus by means of a post-effective amendment to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, through filings we make with the SEC that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus or by any other method as may then be permitted under applicable law, rules or regulations. The registration statement, including the exhibits to the registration statement and any post-effective amendment thereto, can be obtained from the SEC, as described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”



 

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TESLA, INC.

Overview

Our mission is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy. We design, develop, manufacture, lease and sell high-performance fully electric vehicles, solar energy generation systems and energy storage products. We also offer maintenance, installation, operation and other services related to our products.

Our production vehicle fleet includes our Model S premium sedan and our Model X SUV, which are our highest-performance vehicles, and our Model 3, a lower-priced sedan designed for the mass market. We continue to enhance our vehicle offerings with enhanced Autopilot options, internet connectivity and free over-the-air software updates to provide additional safety, convenience and performance features. In March 2019, we unveiled Model Y, a compact SUV utilizing the Model 3 platform, which we expect to produce at high volumes by the end of 2020. In addition, we have several future electric vehicles in our product pipeline, including Tesla Semi, a pickup truck and a new version of the Tesla Roadster.

We sell and lease retrofit solar energy systems and sell renewable energy and energy storage products to our customers, and are ramping our Solar Roof product that combines solar energy generation with attractive, integrated styling. Our energy storage products, which we manufacture at Gigafactory 1, consist of Powerwall, mostly for residential applications, and Powerpack, for commercial, industrial and utility-scale applications.

We were incorporated in 2003 in Delaware. As of March 31, 2019, we and our subsidiaries had 40,853 full-time employees worldwide. We are headquartered in Palo Alto, California. Our principal executive offices are located at 3500 Deer Creek Road, Palo Alto, California 94304, and our telephone number at this location is (650) 681-5000. We completed our initial public offering in July 2010 and our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “TSLA.” Our website address is www.tesla.com. Information contained on, or can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus and you should not consider such information to be part of this prospectus.

The “Tesla” design logo, “Tesla,” “Model S,” “Model X,” “Model 3,” “Model Y,” “Tesla Roadster,” “Tesla Semi” and other trademarks or service marks of Tesla appearing in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are the property of Tesla.



 

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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus, may include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, profitability, expected cost reductions, capital adequacy, expectations regarding demand and acceptance for our technologies, growth opportunities and trends in the market in which we operate, prospects, plans and objectives of management, and the statements set forth in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements that we make. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, the risks set forth in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

More information on potential factors that could affect our financial results is included from time to time in our SEC filings and reports, including the risks identified under the section captioned “Risk Factors” in our periodic reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q that we file with the SEC. We disclaim any obligation to update information contained in these forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures we make in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information.”

 

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act with respect to this offering. This prospectus, filed as part of the registration statement, does not contain all the information set forth in the registration statement and its exhibits and schedules, portions of which have been omitted as permitted by the rules and regulations of the SEC. For further information about us, we refer you to the registration statement and to its exhibits and schedules.

We file annual, quarterly and current reports and other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet website at www.sec.gov that contains periodic and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding registrants that are filed electronically with the SEC.

These documents are also available, free of charge, through the Investors section of our website, which is located at www.tesla.com. The reference to our website address does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on our website.

 

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RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the risks described in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2019, together with the other information set forth in this prospectus and in the other documents that we include or incorporate by reference into this prospectus and any prospectus supplement we will provide in connection with our offering of securities described in this prospectus, which could materially affect our business, financial condition and future results. The risks described in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 are not the only risks facing our company. Risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we anticipate that the net proceeds from the sale of the securities that we may offer under this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus will be used for general corporate purposes. We will have significant discretion in the use of any net proceeds. We may invest the net proceeds temporarily until we use them for their stated purpose. If we decide to use the net proceeds from a particular offering of securities for a specific purpose, we will describe that purpose in the applicable prospectus supplement and/or free writing prospectus.

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of our common stock by the selling stockholders.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF THE SECURITIES

We may issue from time to time, in one or more offerings, the following securities:

 

   

shares of common stock; and

 

   

debt securities, which may be senior or subordinated, and which may be convertible into our common stock or be non-convertible.

In addition, the selling stockholders may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings shares of common stock as described in this prospectus.

We or the selling stockholders will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement and/or free writing prospectus a description of the common stock and debt securities that may be offered under this prospectus. The terms of the offering of securities, the initial offering price and the net proceeds to us or the selling stockholders will be contained in the prospectus supplement, and other offering material, relating to such offer.

 

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SELLING STOCKHOLDERS

This prospectus also relates to the possible resale by certain of our stockholders, who we refer to in this prospectus as the “selling stockholders,” of shares of common stock. Information about any selling stockholders, where applicable, including their identities and the number of shares of common stock to be registered on their behalf, will be set forth in a prospectus supplement, in a post-effective amendment, in a free writing prospectus or in filings we make with the SEC under the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference. The selling stockholders shall not sell any shares of our common stock pursuant to this prospectus until we have identified such selling stockholders and the shares being offered for resale by such selling stockholders. However, the selling stockholders may sell or transfer all or a portion of their shares of our common stock pursuant to any available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act.

 

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We or the selling stockholders may sell our securities from time to time in one or more transactions. We or the selling stockholders may sell our securities to or through agents, underwriters, dealers, remarketing firms or other third parties or directly to one or more purchasers or through a combination of any of these methods. We may issue common stock as a dividend or distribution. In some cases, we or dealers acting with us or on behalf of us may also purchase our securities and reoffer them to the public. We or the selling stockholders may also offer and sell, or agree to deliver, our securities pursuant to, or in connection with, any option agreement or other contractual arrangement.

Agents whom we or the selling stockholders designate may solicit offers to purchase our securities.

 

   

We or the selling stockholders will name any agent involved in offering or selling our securities, and disclose any commissions that we will pay to the agent, in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

   

Unless we or the selling stockholders indicate otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, agents will act on a best efforts basis for the period of their appointment.

 

   

Agents may be deemed to be underwriters under the Securities Act, of any of our securities that they offer or sell.

We or the selling stockholders may use an underwriter or underwriters in the offer or sale of our securities.

 

   

If we or the selling stockholders use an underwriter or underwriters, we or the selling stockholders will execute an underwriting agreement with the underwriter or underwriters at the time that we reach an agreement for the sale of our securities.

 

   

We or the selling stockholders will include the names of the specific managing underwriter or underwriters, as well as the names of any other underwriters, and the terms of the transactions, including the compensation the underwriters and dealers will receive, in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

   

The underwriters will use the applicable prospectus supplement, together with this prospectus, to sell our securities.

We or the selling stockholders may use a dealer to sell our securities.

 

   

If we or the selling stockholders use a dealer, we will sell our securities to the dealer, as principal.

 

   

The dealer will then sell our securities to the public at varying prices that the dealer will determine at the time it sells our securities.

 

   

We or the selling stockholders will include the name of the dealer and the terms of the transactions with the dealer in the applicable prospectus supplement.

We or the selling stockholders may solicit directly offers to purchase our securities, and we or the selling stockholders may directly sell our securities to institutional or other investors. We or the selling stockholders will describe the terms of direct sales in the applicable prospectus supplement.

We or the selling stockholders may engage in at the market offerings into an existing trading market in accordance with Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act.

We or the selling stockholders may indemnify agents, underwriters and dealers against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act. Agents, underwriters and dealers, or their affiliates, may be customers of, engage in transactions with or perform services for us or our respective affiliates or the selling stockholders, in the ordinary course of business.

 

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We or the selling stockholders may authorize agents and underwriters to solicit offers by certain institutions to purchase our securities at the public offering price under delayed delivery contracts.

 

   

If we or the selling stockholders use delayed delivery contracts, we will disclose that we are using them in the prospectus supplement and will tell you when we or the selling stockholders will demand payment and when delivery of our securities will be made under the delayed delivery contracts.

 

   

These delayed delivery contracts will be subject only to the conditions that we or the selling stockholders describe in the prospectus supplement.

 

   

We or the selling stockholders will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement the commission that underwriters and agents soliciting purchases of our securities under delayed delivery contracts will be entitled to receive.

Any underwriter, agent or dealer that is a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority member is not permitted to sell our securities in an offering to accounts over which it exercises discretionary authority without the prior specific written approval of its customer.

Unless otherwise specified in connection with a particular underwritten offering of our securities, the underwriters will not be obligated to purchase offered securities unless specified conditions are satisfied, and if the underwriters do purchase any offered securities, they will purchase all offered securities.

In connection with underwritten offerings of the offered securities and in accordance with applicable law and industry practice, the underwriters in certain circumstances are permitted to engage in certain transactions that stabilize the price of our securities. Such transactions consist of bids or purchases for the purpose of pegging, fixing or maintaining the price of our securities. If the underwriters create a short position in our securities in connection with the offering ( i.e. , if they sell more securities than are set forth on the cover page of the applicable prospectus supplement), the underwriters may reduce that short position by purchasing our securities in the open market or as otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement. The underwriters also may impose a penalty bid, whereby selling concessions allowed to dealers participating in the offering may be reclaimed if the securities sold by them are repurchased in connection with stabilization transactions. In general, purchases of a security for the purpose of stabilization or to reduce a short position could cause the price of the security to be higher than it might be in the absence of such purchases. The imposition of a penalty bid might also have an effect on the price of our securities to the extent that it were to discourage resales of our securities. The underwriters are not required to engage in these activities and may end any of these activities at any time.

We or the selling stockholders may effect sales of securities in connection with forward sale, option or other types of agreements with third parties. Any distribution of securities pursuant to any forward sale agreement may be effected from time to time in one or more transactions that may take place through a stock exchange, including block trades or ordinary broker’s transactions, or through broker-dealers acting either as principal or agent, or through privately-negotiated transactions, or through an underwritten public offering, or through a combination of any such methods of sale, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices relating to such prevailing market prices or at negotiated or fixed prices.

The specific terms of the lock-up provisions, if any, in respect of any given offering will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Selling stockholders may use this prospectus in connection with resales of securities they hold as described in the applicable prospectus supplement, in a post-effective amendment, in a free writing prospectus or in filings we make with the SEC under the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference. Selling stockholders may be deemed to be underwriters under the Securities Act in connection with the securities they resell and any profits on the sales may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, the validity of any securities offered hereby will be passed upon by Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation, Palo Alto, California.

EXPERTS

The financial statements and management’s assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting (which is included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting) incorporated in this prospectus by reference to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of such firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

 

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INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

The rules of the SEC allow us to incorporate by reference information into this prospectus. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. This prospectus incorporates by reference the documents listed below:

 

   

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 19, 2019;

 

   

Our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on April 29, 2019;

 

   

The information specifically incorporated by reference into the Annual Report from our definitive proxy statement on Schedule 14A , filed with the SEC on April 30, 2019;

 

   

Our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 4, 2019 , February 1, 2019 , March  7, 2019 , March 14, 2019 , and April  19, 2019 ; and

 

   

The description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A (Commission File No. 001-34756), filed with the SEC on May 27, 2010, including any subsequent amendment or any report filed for the purpose of updating such description.

All reports and other documents subsequently filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination of this offering shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus and to be part hereof from the date of filing of such reports and other documents.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not incorporating by reference any documents, portions of documents, exhibits or other information that is deemed to have been furnished to, rather than filed with, the SEC.

Any statement contained in a document incorporated by reference into this prospectus shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for the purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any subsequently filed document that is also incorporated by reference in this prospectus modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement.

Tesla, Inc. hereby undertakes to provide without charge to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a copy of this prospectus is delivered, upon written or oral request of any such person, a copy of any or all of the documents that has been or may be incorporated by reference into this prospectus (excluding certain exhibits to the documents) at no cost. Any such request may be made in writing or by telephoning our Investor Relations department at the following address or telephone number:

Tesla, Inc.

3500 Deer Creek Road

Palo Alto, CA 94304

Attention: Investor Relations

Telephone: 650-681-5000

 

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3,086,419 Shares

Tesla, Inc.

Common Stock

 

 

 

 

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