Casella Waste Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: CWST), a regional solid waste, recycling and resource management services company, today reported its financial results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024.

Highlights for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024:

  • Revenues were $341.0 million for the quarter, up $78.4 million, or up 29.9%, from the same period in 2023.
  • Overall solid waste pricing was up 5.5% from the same period in 2023, driven by 6.2% collection price growth and 4.0% disposal price growth.
  • Net loss was $(4.1) million for the quarter, as compared to net income of $3.5 million for the same period in 2023.
  • Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, was $71.0 million for the quarter, up $20.4 million, or up 40.2%, from the same period in 2023.

“We had a strong start to the year, driven by the continued execution of our core operating strategies and pricing programs and the successful integration of the acquisitions we completed in 2023,” said John W. Casella, Chairman and CEO of Casella Waste Systems, Inc. “Our first quarter results demonstrated the dedication of our team and success of our growth strategy and set us up well for the rest of the year.”

“Our business is performing at a high level and delivered meaningful year-over-year Adjusted EBITDA margin improvement of 150 basis points,” Casella said. “From a core operations standpoint, our investments in fleet automation, route optimization, and onboard computers have allowed us to be more efficient, productive, and safer in our collection line of business while maintaining our high customer service standards. Our customer focus also extends into recycling where we have made meaningful investments in our processing facilities to meet customer demand for diversion and sustainability services. Our upgraded Boston recycling facility continues to perform very well, and we are excited to begin the upgrade of our Willimantic recycling facility later this year.”

“We remain focused on pricing our services appropriately and strengthening the quality of our revenue, with overall solid waste pricing up 5.5%, collection pricing up 6.2% and the average price per ton at our landfills up 13.3% in the quarter. Solid waste volumes were down year-over-year, as expected; however, this net trade-off improved margins,” Casella said.

“The integration of our 2023 acquisitions is advancing well and we are realizing planned synergies,” Casella said. “While our recent focus has been on ensuring a smooth transition for our new employees and customers, looking forward our acquisition pipeline remains robust with a number of quality companies across our footprint.”

For the quarter, revenues were $341.0 million, up $78.4 million, or up 29.9%, from the same period in 2023, with revenue growth mainly driven by: the rollover contribution from acquisitions closed in 2023; strong collection and disposal pricing; and higher recycling commodity prices.

Operating income was $6.8 million for the quarter, down $(3.4) million from the same period in 2023, mainly due to higher depreciation and amortization expense related to acquisition growth and higher expenses from acquisition activities.

Net loss was $(4.1) million for the quarter, or $(0.07) per diluted common share, as compared to net income of $3.5 million, or $0.07 per diluted common share, for the same period in 2023 driven by the factors impacting operating income as well as higher interest expense. Adjusted Net Loss, a non-GAAP measure, was $(0.8) million for the quarter, or $(0.01) Adjusted Diluted Loss Per Common Share, a non-GAAP measure, as compared to Adjusted Net Income of $5.3 million, or $0.10 Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, for the same period in 2023. Adjusted EBITDA was $71.0 million for the quarter, up $20.4 million, or up 40.2%, from the same period in 2023, driven by acquisition rollover and 8.8% organic growth.

Please refer to "Non-GAAP Performance Measures" included in "Unaudited Reconciliation of Certain Non-GAAP Measures" below for additional information and reconciliations of Adjusted Net (Loss) Income, Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share, Adjusted EBITDA and other non-GAAP performance measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $7.7 million for the quarter, as compared to $16.1 million for the same period in 2023, driven by higher cash interest payments and changes in working capital, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow was $(2.4) million for the quarter, as compared to $2.2 million for the same period in 2023, with the year-over-year variance further driven by higher capital expenditures.

Please refer to “Non-GAAP Liquidity Measures” included in “Unaudited Reconciliation of Certain Non-GAAP Measures” below for additional information and reconciliation of Adjusted Free Cash Flow to its most directly comparable GAAP measure.

Fiscal Year 2024 Outlook

“Given the continued strength of our solid waste and Resource Solutions operations, together with the rollover contribution from closed acquisitions, we are reaffirming our revenue, net income, Adjusted EBITDA, net cash provided by operating activities, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow ranges for fiscal year 2024,” Casella said. “The business is operating in line with plan, and our outlook for our markets and the economy has not materially changed.”

The Company reaffirmed guidance for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024 (“fiscal year 2024”) by estimating results in the following ranges:

  • Revenues between $1.480 billion and $1.510 billion.
  • Net income between $35 million and $45 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA between $350 million and $360 million.
  • Net cash provided by operating activities between $260 million and $270 million.
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow between $140 million and $150 million.

The guidance ranges do not include the impact of any acquisitions that have not been completed. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow related to fiscal year 2024 are described in the Unaudited Reconciliation of Fiscal Year 2024 Outlook Non-GAAP Measures section of this press release. Net income and Net cash provided by operating activities are provided as the most directly comparable GAAP measures to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow, respectively, however these forward-looking estimates for fiscal year 2024 do not contemplate any unanticipated impacts.

Conference Call to Discuss Quarter

The Company will host a conference call to discuss these results on Friday, April 26, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Individuals interested in participating in the call should register for the call by clicking here to obtain a dial in number and unique passcode. Alternatively, upon registration, the website linked above provides an option for the conference provider to call the registrant's phone line, enabling participation on the call.

The call will also be webcast; to listen, participants should visit the company’s website at http://ir.casella.com and follow the appropriate link to the webcast. A replay of the call will be available on the Company's website and accessible using the same link.

About Casella Waste Systems, Inc.

Casella Waste Systems, Inc., headquartered in Rutland, Vermont, provides resource management expertise and services to residential, commercial, municipal, institutional and industrial customers, primarily in the areas of solid waste collection and disposal, transfer, recycling and organics services in the eastern United States. For further information, investors may contact Charlie Wohlhuter, Director of Investor Relations at (802) 772-2230; media may contact Jeff Weld, Director of Communications at (802) 772-2234; or visit the Company’s website at http://www.casella.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

Certain matters discussed in this press release, including, but not limited to, the statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our financial performance; financial condition; operations and services; prospects; growth; strategies; anticipated impacts from future or completed acquisitions; and guidance for fiscal year 2024, are “forward-looking statements” intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can generally be identified as such by the context of the statements, including words such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “may,” “would,” “intend,” “estimate,” “will,” “guidance” and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industry and markets in which the Company operates and management’s beliefs and assumptions. The Company cannot guarantee that it actually will achieve the financial results, plans, intentions, expectations or guidance disclosed in the forward-looking statements made. Such forward-looking statements, and all phases of the Company's operations, involve a number of risks and uncertainties, any one or more of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in its forward-looking statements.

Such risks and uncertainties include or relate to, among other things, the following: the Company may be unable to adequately increase prices or drive operating efficiencies to adequately offset increased costs and inflationary pressures, including increased fuel prices and wages; it is difficult to determine the timing or future impact of a sustained economic slowdown that could negatively affect our operations and financial results; the closure of the Subtitle D landfill located in Southbridge, Massachusetts (“Southbridge Landfill”) could result in material unexpected costs; the increasing focus on PFAS and other emerging contaminants, including the recent designation by the EPA of two PFAS chemicals as hazardous substances under CERCLA, will likely lead to increased compliance and remediation costs and litigation risks; adverse weather conditions may negatively impact the Company's revenues and its operating margin; the Company may be unable to increase volumes at its landfills or improve its route profitability; the Company may be unable to reduce costs or increase pricing or volumes sufficiently to achieve estimated Adjusted EBITDA and other targets; landfill operations and permit status may be affected by factors outside the Company's control; the Company may be required to incur capital expenditures in excess of its estimates; the Company's insurance coverage and self-insurance reserves may be inadequate to cover all of its risk exposures; fluctuations in energy pricing or the commodity pricing of its recyclables may make it more difficult for the Company to predict its results of operations or meet its estimates; the Company may be unable to achieve its acquisition or development targets on favorable pricing or at all, including due to the failure to satisfy all closing conditions and to receive required regulatory approvals that may prevent closing of any announced transaction; the Company may not be able to successfully integrate and recognize the expected financial benefits from acquired businesses; and the Company may incur environmental charges or asset impairments in the future.

There are a number of other important risks and uncertainties that could cause the Company's actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. These additional risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, those detailed in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in the Company's most recently filed Form 10-K and in other filings that the Company may make with the Securities and Exchange Commission in the future.

The Company undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Investors:

Charlie WohlhuterDirector of Investor Relations(802) 772-2230

Media:

Jeff WeldDirector of Communications(802) 772-2234http://www.casella.com

 
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS(In thousands, except for per share data)
 
  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
  Unaudited
    2024       2023  
Revenues $ 341,008     $ 262,595  
Operating expenses:      
Cost of operations   230,792       180,243  
General and administration   44,334       35,679  
Depreciation and amortization   54,037       33,435  
Expense from acquisition activities   5,010       2,863  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge         110  
    334,173       252,330  
Operating income   6,835       10,265  
Other expense (income):      
Interest expense, net   13,070       6,275  
Other income   (352 )     (349 )
Other expense, net   12,718       5,926  
(Loss) income before income taxes   (5,883 )     4,339  
(Benefit) provision for income taxes   (1,766 )     791  
Net (loss) income $ (4,117 )   $ 3,548  
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding   58,030       51,770  
Basic (loss) earnings per common share $ (0.07 )   $ 0.07  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   58,030       51,869  
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share $ (0.07 )   $ 0.07  

 
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(In thousands)
 
  March 31,2024   December 31,2023
  (Unaudited)    
ASSETS      
CURRENT ASSETS:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 189,457     $ 220,912  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses   146,795       157,324  
Other current assets   49,150       48,089  
Total current assets   385,402       426,325  
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization   978,622       980,553  
Operating lease right-of-use assets   99,679       100,844  
Goodwill   736,513       735,670  
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization   228,865       241,429  
Other non-current assets   48,173       50,649  
Total assets $ 2,477,254     $ 2,535,470  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY      
CURRENT LIABILITIES:      
Current maturities of debt $ 63,368     $ 35,781  
Current operating lease liabilities   8,825       9,039  
Accounts payable   79,989       116,794  
Current accrued final capping, closure and post-closure costs   10,140       10,773  
Other accrued liabilities   81,799       106,471  
Total current liabilities   244,121       278,858  
Debt, less current portion   980,878       1,007,662  
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion   66,630       66,074  
Accrued final capping, closure and post-closure costs, less current portion   127,184       123,131  
Other long-term liabilities   32,517       37,954  
Total stockholders' equity   1,025,924       1,021,791  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 2,477,254     $ 2,535,470  

 
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS(In thousands)
 
  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
    2024       2023  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:      
Net (loss) income $ (4,117 )   $ 3,548  
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization   54,037       33,435  
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities   2,937       2,510  
Amortization of debt issuance costs   741       502  
Stock-based compensation   2,135       1,976  
Operating lease right-of-use assets expense   4,070       3,328  
Disposition of assets, other items and charges, net   320       1,315  
Deferred income taxes   (2,425 )     86  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures   (50,019 )     (30,621 )
Net cash provided by operating activities   7,679       16,079  
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:      
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired   (294 )     (263 )
Additions to property and equipment   (30,251 )     (17,879 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment   488       415  
Net cash used in investing activities   (30,057 )     (17,727 )
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:      
Proceeds from debt borrowings   875        
Principal payments on debt   (9,952 )     (8,996 )
Payments of debt issuance costs         (282 )
Net cash used in financing activities   (9,077 )     (9,278 )
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents   (31,455 )     (10,926 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   220,912       71,152  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 189,457     $ 60,226  
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:      
Cash interest payments $ 15,500     $ 5,873  
Cash income tax payments $ 1,681     $ 4,807  
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for financing lease obligations $ 9,139     $ 1,634  
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations $ 1,613     $ 5,682  
       

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESUNAUDITED RECONCILIATION OF CERTAIN NON-GAAP MEASURES(In thousands)

Non-GAAP Performance Measures

In addition to disclosing financial results prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), the Company also presents non-GAAP performance measures such as Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income and Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share that provide an understanding of operational performance because it considers them important supplemental measures of the Company's performance that are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of the Company's results. The Company also believes that identifying the impact of certain items as adjustments provides more transparency and comparability across periods. Management uses these non-GAAP performance measures to further understand its “core operating performance” and believes its “core operating performance” is helpful in understanding its ongoing performance in the ordinary course of operations. The Company believes that providing such non-GAAP performance measures to investors, in addition to corresponding income statement measures, affords investors the benefit of viewing the Company’s performance using the same financial metrics that the management team uses in making many key decisions and understanding how the core business and its results of operations has performed. The tables below set forth such performance measures on an adjusted basis to exclude such items:

  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
    2024       2023  
Net (loss) income $ (4,117 )   $ 3,548  
Net (loss) income as a percentage of revenues (1.2)%     1.4 %
(Benefit) provision for income taxes   (1,766 )     791  
Other income   (352 )     (349 )
Interest expense, net   13,070       6,275  
Expense from acquisition activities (i)   5,010       2,863  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge (ii)         110  
Gain on resolution of acquisition-related contingent consideration (iii)         (589 )
Depreciation and amortization   54,037       33,435  
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations   2,198       2,073  
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities   2,937       2,510  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 71,017     $ 50,667  
Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues   20.8 %     19.3 %
Depreciation and amortization   (54,037 )     (33,435 )
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations   (2,198 )     (2,073 )
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities   (2,937 )     (2,510 )
Adjusted Operating Income $ 11,845     $ 12,649  
Adjusted Operating Income as a percentage of revenues   3.5 %     4.8 %
  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
    2024       2023  
Net (loss) income $ (4,117 )   $ 3,548  
Expense from acquisition activities (i)   5,010       2,863  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge (ii)         110  
Gain on resolution of acquisition-related contingent consideration (iii)         (589 )
Tax effect (iv)   (1,683 )     (657 )
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income $ (790 )   $ 5,275  
       
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   58,030       51,869  
       
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share $ (0.07 )   $ 0.07  
Expense from acquisition activities (i)   0.09       0.05  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge (ii)          
Gain on resolution of acquisition-related contingent consideration (iii)         (0.01 )
Tax effect (iv)   (0.03 )     (0.01 )
Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share $ (0.01 )   $ 0.10  

(i)    Expense from acquisition activities is primarily legal, consulting or other similar costs incurred during the period associated with the due diligence, acquisition and integration of acquired businesses as part of the Company’s strategic growth initiative.

(ii)    Southbridge Landfill closure charge are expenses related to the unplanned early closure of the Southbridge Landfill along with associated legal activities. The Company initiated the unplanned, premature closure of the Southbridge Landfill in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 due to the significant capital investment required to obtain expansion permits and for future development coupled with an uncertain regulatory environment. The unplanned closure of the Southbridge Landfill reduced the economic useful life of the assets from prior estimates by approximately ten years. The Company expects to incur certain costs through completion of the closure process.

(iii)    Gain on resolution of acquisition-related contingent consideration is associated with the reversal of a contingency for a transfer station permit expansion that is no longer considered viable.

(iv)    Tax effect of the adjustments is an aggregate of the current and deferred tax impact of each adjustment, including the impact to the effective tax rate, current provision and deferred provision. The computation considers all relevant impacts of the adjustments, including available net operating loss carryforwards and the impact on the remaining valuation allowance.

Non-GAAP Liquidity Measures

In addition to disclosing financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP, the Company also presents non-GAAP liquidity measures such as Adjusted Free Cash Flow that provide an understanding of the Company's liquidity because it considers them important supplemental measures of its liquidity that are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of the Company's cash flow generation from its core operations that are then available to be deployed for strategic acquisitions, growth investments, development projects, unusual landfill closures, site improvement and remediation, and strengthening the Company’s balance sheet through paying down debt. The Company also believes that showing the impact of certain items as adjustments provides more transparency and comparability across periods. Management uses non-GAAP liquidity measures to understand the Company’s cash flow provided by operating activities after certain expenditures along with its consolidated net leverage and believes that these measures demonstrate the Company’s ability to execute on its strategic initiatives. The Company believes that providing such non-GAAP liquidity measures to investors, in addition to corresponding cash flow statement measures, affords investors the benefit of viewing the Company’s liquidity using the same financial metrics that the management team uses in making many key decisions and understanding how the core business and cash flow generation has performed. The table below, on an adjusted basis to exclude certain items, sets forth such liquidity measures:               

  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
    2024       2023  
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 7,679     $ 16,079  
Capital expenditures   (30,251 )     (17,879 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment   488       415  
Southbridge Landfill closure (i)   695       1,249  
Cash outlays from acquisition activities (ii)   4,494       864  
Acquisition capital expenditures (iii)   6,088       1,090  
McKean Landfill rail capital expenditures (iv)   2,195       424  
FLSA legal settlement payment (v)   6,150        
Landfill capping charge - veneer failure payment (vi)   56        
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $ (2,406 )   $ 2,242  

(i)    Southbridge Landfill closure are cash outlays associated with the unplanned, early closure of the Southbridge Landfill. The Company initiated the unplanned, premature closure of the Southbridge Landfill in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, and expects to incur cash outlays through completion of the closure and environmental remediation process.

(ii)    Cash outlays from acquisition activities are cash outlays for transaction and integration costs relating to specific acquisition transactions and include legal, environmental, valuation and consulting as well as asset, workforce and system integration costs as part of the Company’s strategic growth initiative.

(iii)    Acquisition capital expenditures are acquisition related capital expenditures that are necessary to optimize strategic synergies associated with integrating newly acquired operations as contemplated by the discounted cash flow return analysis conducted by management as part of the acquisition investment decision. Acquisition related capital expenditures include costs required to achieve initial operating synergies and integrate operations.

(iv)    McKean Landfill rail capital expenditures are long-term infrastructure capital expenditures related to rail side development at the Company's landfill in Mount Jewett, PA ("McKean Landfill"), which is different from the landfill construction investments in the normal course of operations.

(v)    FLSA legal settlement payment is the cash outlay of a legal settlement related to reaching an agreement in June 2023 with the collective class members of a class action lawsuit relating to certain claims under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (“FLSA”) as well as state wage and hours laws.

(vi)    Landfill capping charge - veneer failure payment is the cash outlay associated with operating expenses incurred to clean up the affected capping material at the Company's landfill in Seneca, New York. Engineering analysis is currently underway to determine root causes and responsibility for the event.

Non-GAAP financial measures are not in accordance with or an alternative for GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income, Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income as a percentage of revenues, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income, Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow presented by other companies.

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESUNAUDITED RECONCILIATION OF FISCAL YEAR 2024 OUTLOOK NON-GAAP MEASURES(In thousands)

Following is a reconciliation of the Company's estimated Adjusted EBITDA(i) from estimated Net income for fiscal year 2024:

  (Estimated) Twelve Months Ending December 31, 2024
Net income $35,000 - $45,000
Provision for income taxes 18,000
Other income (2,000)
Interest expense, net 51,000
Southbridge Landfill closure charge 1,000
Expense from acquisition activities 6,000
Depreciation and amortization 222,000
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations 9,000
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities 10,000
Adjusted EBITDA $350,000 - $360,000

Following is a reconciliation of the Company's estimated Adjusted Free Cash Flow(i) from estimated Net cash provided by operating activities for fiscal year 2024:

  (Estimated) Twelve MonthsEnding December 31, 2024
Net cash provided by operating activities $260,000 - $270,000
Capital expenditures (184,000)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 500
FLSA legal settlement payment 6,150
Southbridge Landfill closure 4,000
Acquisition capital expenditures 40,500
Cash outlays from acquisition activities 6,000
McKean Landfill rail capital expenditures 6,000
Landfill capping charge - veneer failure payment 850
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $140,000 - $150,000

(i)   See footnotes for Non-GAAP Performance Measures and Non-GAAP Liquidity Measures included in the Unaudited Reconciliation of Certain Non-GAAP Measures for further disclosure over the nature of the various adjustments to estimated Adjusted EBITDA and estimated Adjusted Free Cash Flow.

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESUNAUDITED SUPPLEMENTAL DATA TABLES(In thousands)

Amounts of total revenues attributable to services provided for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are as follows:

  Three Months Ended March 31,
    2024   % of TotalRevenues     2023   % of TotalRevenues
Collection $ 211,360   62.0 %   $ 139,977   53.3 %
Disposal   50,139   14.7 %     51,466   19.6 %
Landfill gas-to-energy   2,509   0.7 %     1,924   0.7 %
Processing   1,929   0.6 %     1,576   0.6 %
Solid waste operations   265,937   78.0 %     194,943   74.2 %
Processing   29,762   8.7 %     22,806   8.7 %
National Accounts   45,309   13.3 %     44,846   17.1 %
Resource Solutions operations   75,071   22.0 %     67,652   25.8 %
Total revenues $ 341,008   100.0 %   $ 262,595   100.0 %

Components of revenue growth for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2023 are as follows:

  Amount   % ofRelatedBusiness   % ofOperations   % of TotalCompany
Solid waste operations:              
Collection $ 8,741     6.2 %   4.5 %   3.3 %
Disposal   2,077     4.0 %   1.0 %   0.8 %
Solid waste price   10,818         5.5 %   4.1 %
Collection   (1,699 )   (1.2)%   (0.9)%   (0.6)%
Disposal   (3,841 )   (7.5)%   (2.0)%   (1.5)%
Processing   159         0.1 %   0.1 %
Solid waste volume   (5,381 )       (2.8)%   (2.0)%
Surcharges and other fees   (1,210 )       (0.6)%   (0.5)%
Commodity price and volume   778         0.4 %   0.3 %
Acquisitions   65,989         33.9 %   25.1 %
Total solid waste operations   70,994         36.4 %   27.0 %
Resource Solutions operations:              
Price   6,204         9.2 %   2.4 %
Volume   (1,361 )       (2.0)%   (0.4)%
Surcharges and other fees   (427 )       (0.6)%   (0.2)%
Acquisitions   3,003         4.4 %   1.1 %
Total Resource Solutions operations   7,419         11.0 %   2.9 %
Total Company $ 78,413             29.9 %

Components of capital expenditures(i) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are as follows:

  Three Months EndedMarch 31,
    2024       2023  
Growth capital expenditures:      
Acquisition capital expenditures $ 6,088     $ 1,090  
McKean Landfill rail capital expenditures   2,195       424  
Other   2,634       1,396  
Growth capital expenditures   10,917       2,910  
Replacement capital expenditures:      
Landfill development   4,202       1,462  
Vehicles, machinery, equipment and containers   12,754       7,799  
Facilities   1,562       4,055  
Other   816       1,653  
Replacement capital expenditures   19,334       14,969  
Capital expenditures $ 30,251     $ 17,879  

(i)   The Company's capital expenditures are broadly defined as pertaining to either growth or replacement activities. Growth capital expenditures are defined as costs related to development projects, organic business growth, and the integration of newly acquired operations. Growth capital expenditures include costs related to the following: 1) acquisition capital expenditures that are necessary to optimize strategic synergies associated with integrating newly acquired operations as contemplated by the discounted cash flow return analysis conducted by management as part of the acquisition investment decision and includes the capital expenditures required to achieve initial operating synergies and integrate operations; 2) McKean Landfill rail capital expenditures, which is unique and different from landfill construction investments in the normal course of operations because the Company is investing in long-term infrastructure; and 3) development of new airspace, permit expansions, and new recycling contracts, equipment added directly as a result of organic business growth and infrastructure added to increase throughput at transfer stations and recycling facilities. Replacement capital expenditures are defined as landfill cell construction costs not related to expansion airspace, costs for normal permit renewals, replacement costs for equipment and other capital expenditures due to age or obsolescence, and capital items not defined as growth capital expenditures.

Casella Waste Systems (NASDAQ:CWST)
Historical Stock Chart
From May 2024 to Jun 2024 Click Here for more Casella Waste Systems Charts.
Casella Waste Systems (NASDAQ:CWST)
Historical Stock Chart
From Jun 2023 to Jun 2024 Click Here for more Casella Waste Systems Charts.