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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One) 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________
 
Commission file number 001-37797
 
9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware   27-3948465
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
 8480 Honeycutt Road, Suite 120
Raleigh, North Carolina 27615
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
(919) 275-1933
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $0.0001 Par Value NMTR The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   ☒     No   ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   ☒      No   ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer     Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   ☐      No  ☒

As of August 10, 2022, the registrant had 259,107,380 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
     
3
     
 
3
     
 
4
     
 
5
     
 
6
     
 
7
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 

2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 

June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Assets (Unaudited)  
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 29,455,788  $ 46,993,285 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1,892,310  2,991,948 
Total current assets 31,348,098  49,985,233 
Property and equipment, net 14,522  16,094 
Right-of-use asset 140,278  166,618 
Other assets 5,580  5,580 
Total assets $ 31,508,478  $ 50,173,525 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable $ 2,326,017  $ 2,434,452 
Accrued expenses 6,955,632  5,967,822 
Lease liability, current portion 58,167  54,796 
Total current liabilities 9,339,816  8,457,070 
Lease liability, net of current portion 83,190  113,142 
Total liabilities 9,423,006  8,570,212 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock $0.0001 par value per share, 10,000,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021
—  — 
Common stock $0.0001 par value per share, 550,000,000 shares authorized as of June 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021, respectively; 259,107,380 and 258,235,418 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021, respectively
25,911  25,824 
Additional paid-in capital 213,382,069  210,418,156 
Accumulated deficit (191,322,508) (168,840,667)
Total stockholders’ equity 22,085,472  41,603,313 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 31,508,478  $ 50,173,525 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Operating expenses:    
Research and development $ 7,546,477  $ 5,707,290  $ 15,914,955  $ 8,897,592 
General and administrative 3,648,944  2,551,171  6,644,715  4,759,971 
Total operating expenses 11,195,421  8,258,461  22,559,670  13,657,563 
Loss from operations (11,195,421) (8,258,461) (22,559,670) (13,657,563)
Other income (expense):
Interest income, net 65,319  6,505  78,133  11,592 
Interest expense —  (1,154) (304) (45,218)
Change in fair value of derivative liability —  —  —  7,000 
Total other income (expense), net 65,319  5,351  77,829  (26,626)
Loss before income taxes (11,130,102) (8,253,110) (22,481,841) (13,684,189)
Income tax benefit —  —  —  — 
Net loss $ (11,130,102) $ (8,253,110) $ (22,481,841) $ (13,684,189)
Net loss per common share, basic and diluted $ (0.04) $ (0.03) $ (0.09) $ (0.06)
Weighted-average common shares, basic and diluted 259,001,978  249,552,315  258,620,816  230,522,313 
 

 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)

 
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
  Common Stock Shares Common Stock Amount Additional Paid-in Capital Accumulated Deficit Total
Balance as of December 31, 2021 258,235,418  $ 25,824  $ 210,418,156  $ (168,840,667) $ 41,603,313 
Share-based compensation —  —  690,000  —  690,000 
Net loss —  —  —  (11,351,739) (11,351,739)
Balance as of March 31, 2022 258,235,418  25,824  211,108,156  (180,192,406) 30,941,574 
Issuance of common stock 871,962  87  499,913  —  500,000 
Share-based compensation —  —  1,774,000  —  1,774,000 
Net loss —  —  —  (11,130,102) (11,130,102)
Balance as of June 30, 2022 259,107,380  $ 25,911  $ 213,382,069  $ (191,322,508) $ 22,085,472 



Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
  Common Stock Shares Common Stock Amount Additional Paid-in Capital Accumulated Deficit Total
Balance as of December 31, 2020 204,629,064  $ 20,463  $ 164,182,917  $ (132,061,267) $ 32,142,113 
Share-based compensation —  —  422,000  —  422,000 
Exercise of warrants 11,634,151  1,163  6,855,865  —  6,857,028 
Exercise of stock options 61,681  75,897  —  75,903 
Net loss —  —  —  (5,431,079) (5,431,079)
Balance as of March 31, 2021 216,324,896  21,632  171,536,679  (137,492,346) 34,065,965 
Issuance of common stock 34,500,000  3,450  34,496,550  —  34,500,000 
Stock issuance costs —  —  (2,901,123) —  (2,901,123)
Share-based compensation —  —  937,000  —  937,000 
Exercise of warrants 1,134,100  114  668,325  —  668,439 
Exercise of stock options 276,944  28  120,711  —  120,739 
Net loss —  —  —  (8,253,110) (8,253,110)
Balance as of June 30, 2021 252,235,940  $ 25,224  $ 204,858,142  $ (145,745,456) $ 59,137,910 


 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss $ (22,481,841) $ (13,684,189)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Share-based compensation 2,464,000  1,359,000 
Amortization of debt discount —  43,983 
Depreciation 4,414  3,331 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities —  (7,000)
Non-cash payment of milestone fees 500,000  — 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Prepaid expenses and other assets 1,099,638  (683,640)
Accounts payable (108,435) (102,373)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 987,569  (262,445)
Accrued interest —  (488)
Net cash used in operating activities (17,534,655) (13,333,821)
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment (2,842) (6,892)
Net cash used in investing activities (2,842) (6,892)
Cash flows from financing activities
Payments of convertible notes —  (58,199)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options —  196,642 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants —  34,500,000 
Payment of offering costs —  (2,651,123)
Proceeds from exercise of warrants —  7,525,467 
Net cash provided by financing activities —  39,512,787 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (17,537,497) 26,172,074 
Cash and cash equivalents as of beginning of period 46,993,285  37,851,388 
Cash and cash equivalents as of end of period $ 29,455,788  $ 64,023,462 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information  
Cash paid during the period for interest $ —  $ 569 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities  
Addition of non-cash stock issuance costs $ —  $ 250,000 

See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



 

NOTE 1: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Business Description
 
9 Meters Biopharma, Inc. (the “Company”) is a clinical-stage company pioneering novel treatments for people with rare digestive diseases, gastrointestinal conditions with unmet needs, and debilitating disorders in which the biology of the gut is a contributing factor. The Company’s pipeline includes drug candidates vurolenatide, a proprietary long-acting GLP-1 agonist for short bowel syndrome (“SBS”), an orphan designated disease, larazotide, a tight junction regulator being evaluated for multi-system inflammatory syndrome in children (“MIS-C”), and a robust pipeline of early-stage candidates for undisclosed rare diseases and/or unmet needs.

Basis of Presentation
 
The unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial reporting. These financial statements are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals) necessary for a fair statement of the balance sheets, operating results, and cash flows for the periods presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022 or any other future period. Certain information and footnote disclosure normally included in the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted in accordance with the SEC’s rules and regulations for interim reporting. The Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows are presented in U.S. Dollars. These financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2021, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2022.
 
Except as noted below under the section entitled “Recently Issued Accounting Standards—Accounting Pronouncements Adopted,” there have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, as compared to the significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 1 of the Company’s financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. However, the following accounting policies are the most critical in fully understanding the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

Basis of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect the operations of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Shelf Registration Filing

On October 2, 2020, the Company filed a shelf registration statement that was declared effective on October 9, 2020 (the “Current Registration Statement”). Pursuant to the Current Registration Statement, the Company may from time to time offer, issue and sell in one or more offerings of various types of securities up to an aggregate dollar amount of $200 million.

On July 22, 2020, the Company filed a prospectus supplement and associated sales agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) related to an “at-the-market” offering pursuant to which the Company may sell, from time to time, common stock with an aggregate offering price of up to $40 million through Truist Securities, Inc. (previously SunTrust Robinson Humphrey), or Truist, as sales agent, for general corporate purposes (the “2020 ATM”). In October 2020, the Company entered into an amendment to the Sales Agreement to reflect the termination of the prior registration statement and effectiveness of the Current Registration Statement. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company did not sell any shares under the Sales Agreement.
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April 2021 Offering

On March 30, 2021, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., William Blair & Company, L.L.C. and Truist, as representatives of the several underwriters named therein (the “Underwriters”), in connection with the public offering of 30,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $1.00 per share, less underwriting discounts and commissions (the “April 2021 Offering”). Pursuant to the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, the Company granted the Underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to an additional 4,500,000 shares of common stock at the same price, which the Underwriters exercised in full on March 31, 2021. On April 5, 2021, upon closing of the April 2021 Offering, the Company received net proceeds of approximately $31.5 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses. The shares issued in the April 2021 Offering were registered and sold under the Current Registration Statement.

Of the shares of common stock issued in the April 2021 Offering, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, then-current Chief Financial Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors purchased an aggregate of 450,000 shares at the public offering price and on the same terms as the other purchasers in the offering. The underwriters received the same underwriting discount on the shares purchased by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, then-current Chief Financial Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors.

Business Risks

The Company faces risks, including those associated with biopharmaceutical companies whose products are in various stages of development. These risks include, among others, risks related to the Company’s ability to successfully implement its strategic plans; uncertainties associated with the clinical development and regulatory approval of product candidates, including reliance on blinded data; uncertainties in obtaining successful clinical results for product candidates and unexpected costs that may result therefrom, including the Company’s reliance on its lead product candidate; risks related to the inability of the Company to obtain sufficient additional capital to continue to advance these product candidates and its preclinical programs, including in light of current stock market conditions; risks related to the failure to realize any value from product candidates and preclinical programs being developed and anticipated to be developed in light of inherent risks and difficulties involved in successfully bringing product candidates to market; intellectual property risks; the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s operations, enrollment in and timing of clinical trials; risks related to leveraging the Company by borrowing money under the debt facility and compliance with its terms; risk of delisting from Nasdaq; reliance on collaborators; reliance on research and development partner; risks related to cybersecurity and data privacy; and risks associated with acquiring and developing additional compounds.

The outbreak of COVID-19 began in December 2019 and on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic and its resurgences are affecting the United States and global economies and may continue to affect the Company’s operations and those of third parties on which the Company relies, including by causing disruptions in the supply of the Company’s product candidates and the conduct of current and future clinical trials. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic may affect the operations of the Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) and other health authorities, which could result in delays of reviews and approvals, including with respect to the Company’s product candidates. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to slower enrollment in the Company’s clinical trials and could continue to impact enrollment directly or indirectly. Patients may avoid or may not be able to travel to healthcare facilities and physicians’ offices unless due to a health emergency. Such facilities and offices may also be required to focus limited resources on non-clinical trial matters, including treatment of COVID-19 patients, and may not be available, in whole or in part, for clinical trial services related to the Company’s product candidates. New and potentially more contagious variants, such as the Omicron variant, could further affect the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has on the Company’s operations. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global financial markets may reduce the Company’s ability to access capital in the future, which could negatively impact the Company’s long-term liquidity. The Company’s assessment of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is highly uncertain and subject to change. The Company does not yet know the full extent of potential delays or impacts on its business, financing or clinical trial activities or on healthcare systems or the global economy as a whole. However, these effects could have a material impact on the Company’s liquidity, capital resources, operations and business and those of the third parties on which the Company relies.
 
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Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and disclosures made in the accompanying notes to the financial statements. Areas of the financial statements where estimates may have the most significant effect include accrued expenses, share-based compensation, valuation allowance for income tax assets, and management’s assessment of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its estimates and assumptions, and concluded there was not a material impact to its condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. Changes in the facts or circumstances underlying these estimates could result in material changes and actual results could differ from these estimates.
 
Accrued Expenses
 
The Company incurs periodic expenses such as research and development, licensing fees, salaries and benefits, and professional fees. The Company is required to estimate its expenses resulting from obligations under contracts with clinical research organizations, vendors and consulting agreements that have been incurred by the Company prior to being invoiced. This process involves reviewing quotations and contracts, identifying services that have been performed on the Company’s behalf and estimating the level of service performed and the associated cost incurred for the service when the Company has not yet been invoiced or otherwise notified of the actual cost. The majority of the Company’s service providers invoice monthly in arrears for services performed or when contractual milestones are met. The Company estimates accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date based on facts and circumstances known at that time.
 
Accrued expenses consisted of the following: 
June 30,
2022
(Unaudited)
December 31,
2021
Accrued compensation and benefits $ 1,421,272  $ 1,633,295 
Accrued clinical expenses 5,439,111  4,228,048 
Other accrued expenses 95,249  106,479 
Total $ 6,955,632  $ 5,967,822 
 
Derivative Liability

The Company accounts for derivative instruments in accordance with ASC 815, Derivative and Hedging, which establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments, including certain derivative instruments embedded in other financial instruments or contracts and requires recognition of all derivatives on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at fair value. There were no outstanding derivative liabilities as of June 30, 2022 or December 31, 2021. Historically, the Company’s derivative financial instruments consisted of embedded options in the Company’s convertible notes, and it expects to have similar accounting treatment of debt under the securities purchase agreement and related convertible note described in Note 10—Subsequent Events.

Research and Development
 Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred to further the Company’s research and development activities and include salaries and related employee benefits, manufacturing of pharmaceutical active ingredients and drug products, costs associated with clinical trials, nonclinical activities, regulatory activities, research-related overhead expenses and fees paid to expert consultants, external service providers and contract research organizations which conduct certain research and development activities on behalf of the Company. Costs incurred in the research and development of products are charged to research and development expense as incurred.
 
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Costs for preclinical studies and clinical trial activities are recognized based on an evaluation of the vendors’ progress towards completion of specific tasks, using data such as patient enrollment, clinical site activations or information provided by vendors regarding their actual costs incurred. Payments for these activities are based on the terms of individual contracts and payment timing may differ significantly from the period in which the services were performed. The Company determines accrual estimates through reports from and discussions with applicable personnel and outside service providers as to the progress or state of completion of trials, or the services completed. The estimates of accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date are based on the facts and circumstances known at the time. Although the Company does not expect its estimates to be materially different from amounts incurred, the Company’s estimates and assumptions for clinical trial costs could differ significantly from actual costs incurred, which could result in increases or decreases in research and development expenses in future periods when actual results are known.
 
Nonrefundable advance payments for goods and services that will be used in future research and development activities are expensed when the goods have been received or when the activity is performed, rather than when payment is made.

Acquired In-process Research and Development

The Company has acquired, and may in the future acquire, rights to develop and commercialize new drug candidates and/or other in-process research and development assets. The up-front acquisition payments, as well as future milestone payments that are deemed probable to achieve and do not meet the definition of a derivative, are expensed as acquired in-process research and development provided that the drug has not achieved regulatory approval for marketing, and, absent obtaining such approval, have no alternative future use.
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
The Company recognizes share-based compensation expense for grants of stock options based on the grant-date fair value of those awards using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Share-based compensation expense is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for awards with time-based vesting. For awards with performance conditions, compensation cost is recognized from the time achievement of the performance criteria is probable over the expected term.

Share-based compensation expense includes an estimate, which is made at the time of grant, of the number of awards that are expected to be forfeited. This estimate is revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Under the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, fair value is calculated based on assumptions with respect to:
 
Expected dividend yield.  The expected dividend yield is assumed to be zero as the Company has never paid dividends and has no current plans to pay any dividends on the Company’s common stock.
Expected stock-price volatility.  Due to limited trading history as a public company, the expected volatility is derived from the average historical volatilities of publicly traded companies within the Company’s industry that the Company considers to be comparable to the Company’s business over a period approximately equal to the expected term. In evaluating comparable companies, the Company considers factors such as industry, stage of life cycle, financial leverage, size and risk profile.
Risk-free interest rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant for zero coupon U.S. Treasury notes with maturities approximately equal to the expected term.
Expected term. The expected term represents the period that the stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding. Due to limited history of stock option exercises, the Company estimates the expected term of employee stock options with service conditions based on the simplified method, which calculates the expected term as the average of the time-to-vesting and the contractual life of the options. Pursuant to Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-07, the Company has elected to use the contractual life of the option as the expected term for non-employee options. The expected term for performance options is the longer of the explicit or implicit service period.

Periodically, the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) may approve the grant of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) pursuant to the Company’s stock incentive plans which represent the right to receive shares of the Company’s common stock based on terms of the agreement. The fair value of RSUs is recognized as share-based compensation expense generally on a straight-line basis over the service period, net of estimated forfeitures. The grant date fair value of an RSU represents the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.
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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for sale of an asset or paid for transfer of a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. U.S. GAAP establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). Financial instruments recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets are categorized based on the inputs to valuation techniques as follows:
    
Level 1 - defined as observable inputs based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;

Level 2 - defined as inputs other than Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and

Level 3 - defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists where valuations are derived from techniques in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable.

The fair value of the embedded derivative issued in connection with the 2020 Convertible Note, further described in Note 5—Debt, was determined by using a Monte Carlo simulation technique (“MCS”) to value the embedded derivative associated with the note. As part of the MCS valuation, a discounted cash flow (“DCF”) model was used to value the debt on a stand-alone basis and determine the discount rate to utilize in both the DCF and MCS models. The significant estimates used in the DCF model include the time to maturity of the convertible debt and calculated discount rate, which includes an estimate of the Company’s specific risk premium. The MCS methodology calculates the theoretical value of an option based on certain parameters, including: (i) the threshold of exercising the option, (ii) the price of the underlying security, (iii) the time to expiration, or expected term, (iv) the expected volatility of the underlying security, (v) the risk-free rate and (vi) the number of paths. These valuation techniques involve management’s estimates and judgment based on unobservable inputs and are classified in Level 3. We expect similar accounting treatment of the debt under the securities purchase agreement and related convertible note described in Note 10—Subsequent Events.

ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures requires all entities to disclose the fair value of financial instruments, both assets and liabilities, for which it is practicable to estimate fair value. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the recorded values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximated their fair values due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

Deferred Offering Costs

Deferred offering costs consist principally of legal, accounting and underwriters’ fees related to offerings or the Company’s shelf registration statement. Offering costs incurred prior to an offering are initially capitalized and then subsequently reclassified to additional paid-in capital upon completion of the offering. If the equity offering is not completed, any costs deferred will be expensed immediately upon termination of the offering.

Patent Costs
 
Costs associated with the submission of patent applications are expensed as incurred given the uncertainty of the future economic benefits of the patents. Patent and patent related legal and administrative costs included in general and administrative expenses were approximately $158,000 and $132,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $339,000 and $231,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
 
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Net Loss Per Share
 
The Company calculates net loss per share as a measurement of the Company’s performance while giving effect to all potentially dilutive shares that were outstanding during the reporting period. Because the Company had a net loss for all periods presented, the inclusion of common stock options or other similar instruments would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per share are the same. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, 52.2 million and 47.2 million shares, respectively, underlying potentially dilutive warrants and stock options issued and outstanding have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding because the effect would be anti-dilutive. The potentially dilutive securities consisted of the following:
  June 30,
  2022 2021
Options outstanding under the Innovate 2015 Stock Incentive Plan 3,592,248  5,800,518 
Options outstanding under the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan, as amended 23,885,389  14,429,626 
Options outstanding under the 2022 Stock Incentive Plan 712,545  — 
Options outstanding under the Option Grant Agreements granted to RDD Employees 985,807  985,807 
Warrants outstanding at a weighted-average exercise price of $55.31
(expired July 2021)
—  154,403 
Warrants outstanding at an exercise price of $2.54
2,233  2,233 
Warrants outstanding at an exercise price of $3.18
113,980  113,980 
Warrants outstanding at an exercise price of $0.5894
22,927,849  25,706,449 
  Total 52,220,051  47,193,016 
 
Segments
 
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise engaging in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company operates and manages its business as one operating segment and the Company’s primary operations are in North America. 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts in an entity’s own equity. Among other changes, ASU 2020-06 removes from U.S. GAAP the liability and equity separation model for convertible instruments with a cash conversion feature, and as a result, after adoption, entities will no longer separately present in equity an embedded conversion feature for such debt. ASU 2020-06 also enhances transparency and improves disclosures for convertible instruments and earnings per share guidance. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2022 and the adoption of ASU 2020-06 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.


NOTE 2: LIQUIDITY AND GOING CONCERN
 
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As of June 30, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $29.5 million. The Company expects to incur substantial losses in the future as it progresses its current product pipeline, seeks regulatory approval for product candidates and prepares for commercialization.
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Based on the Company’s limited operating history, recurring negative cash flows from operations, current plans and available resources, the Company will need substantial additional funding to support future operating activities. The Company has concluded that the prevailing conditions and ongoing liquidity risks faced by the Company raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for at least one year following the date these financial statements are issued. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

The Company may seek to raise additional funding through dilutive and non-dilutive financings. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain additional capital on terms acceptable to the Company, on a timely basis or at all. The failure to obtain sufficient additional funding could adversely affect the Company’s ability to achieve its business objectives and product development timelines and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations.
 
NOTE 3: ACQUISITION

Lobesity Acquisition

On July 19, 2021, the Company closed an asset purchase agreement (the “Lobesity Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Lobesity LLC (“Lobesity”) pursuant to which the Company acquired global development rights to a proprietary and highly specific humanized monoclonal antibody that targets glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, as well as related intellectual property (the “Lobesity Acquisition”). The consideration for the Lobesity Acquisition at closing consisted of $2.3 million in cash and 2,417,211 shares of unregistered common stock plus the right to contingent payments including certain potential worldwide regulatory and clinical milestone payments totaling $45.5 million for a single indication (with the total amount payable, if multiple indicates are developed, not to exceed $58.0 million), global sales-related milestone payments totaling up to $50.0 million, and, subject to certain adjustments, a mid-single digit royalty on worldwide net sales.

To satisfy the Company’s post-closing rights to indemnification under the Lobesity Asset Purchase Agreement, 604,303 of the shares issued to Lobesity are subject to holdback restrictions for 18 months following closing of the transaction. The Company’s right to indemnification will be satisfied through the recovery of these shares or paid in cash by Lobesity.

The Lobesity Acquisition was accounted for as an asset acquisition under ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. The net tangible and intangible assets acquired, and liabilities assumed in connection with the transaction were recorded at their estimated fair values on the date of acquisition. The excess of purchase price over fair value of identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed was expensed as in-process research and development.

NOTE 4: RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Michael Rice, a member of our Board since March 2021, is a Founding Partner of LifeSci Advisors, LLC and LifeSci Communications, LLC. Prior to his becoming a director, on April 1, 2020 the Company entered into a master services agreement with both LifeSci Advisors, LLC and LifeSci Communications, LLC, to provide investor relations and public relations services, respectively. The Company incurred expenses with LifeSci Advisors, LLC of approximately $64,000 and $127,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $66,000 and $176,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The Company incurred expenses with LifeSci Communications, LLC of approximately $70,000 and $144,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $63,000 and $190,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


NOTE 5: DEBT

2020 Convertible Note

On January 10, 2020, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement and unsecured convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $2,750,000 (the “2020 Convertible Note”). The convertible noteholder could elect to convert all or a portion of the 2020 Convertible Note, at any time from time to time into the Company’s common stock at a conversion price of $3.25 per share, subject to adjustment for stock splits, dividends, combinations and similar events. The purchase price of the 2020 Convertible Note was $2,500,000 and carried an original issuance discount of $250,000, which was included in the principal amount.

The various conversion and redemption features contained in the 2020 Convertible Note were embedded derivative instruments, which were recorded as a debt discount and derivative liability at the issuance date at their estimated fair value of $0.4 million. Amortization of the debt discount and accretion of the OID for the 2020 Convertible Note recorded as interest expense was approximately $44,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021. There was no interest expense incurred during the three months ended June 30, 2021 or the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.

The 2020 Convertible Note bore interest at the rate of 10% per annum, compounding on a daily basis. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company paid the remaining balance of principal and interest on the 2020 Convertible Note of approximately $59,000 in cash.


NOTE 6: LICENSE AGREEMENTS
 
Alba License

During 2016, the Company entered into a license agreement (the “Alba License”) with Alba Therapeutics Corporation (“Alba”) to obtain the rights to certain intellectual property relating to larazotide acetate and related compounds.
 
Upon execution of the Alba License, the Company paid Alba a non-refundable license fee of $0.5 million. In addition, the Company is required to make milestone payments to Alba upon the achievement of certain clinical and regulatory milestones totaling up to $1.5 million and payments upon regulatory approval and commercial sales of a licensed product totaling up to $150 million, which is based on sales ranging from $100 million to $1.5 billion.

Upon the Company paying Alba $2.5 million for the first commercial sale of a licensed product, the Alba License becomes perpetual and irrevocable. Upon the achievement of net sales in a year exceeding $1.5 billion, the Alba License also becomes free of milestone fees. The Alba License provides Alba with certain termination rights, including failure of the Company to use Commercially Reasonable Efforts (as defined in the Alba License) to develop the licensed products.

Seachaid Agreement
 
During 2013, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement with Seachaid Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Seachaid Agreement”) to further develop and commercialize the licensed product, the compound known as APAZA. The Company was required to make an initial, non-refundable payment under the Seachaid Agreement in the amount of $0.2 million. The agreement also calls for milestone payments totaling up to $6.0 million to be paid when certain clinical and regulatory milestones are met. There are also commercialization milestone payments ranging from $1.0 million to $2.5 million depending on net sales of the products in a single calendar year, followed by royalty payments in the single digits based on net product sales.

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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
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Repligen Agreement
 
During 2014, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement (the “Repligen Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Repligen Corporation (“Repligen”) to acquire Repligen’s RG-1068 program for the development of Secretin for the Pancreatic Imaging Market and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography. As consideration for the Repligen Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to make a non-refundable cash payment on the date of the agreement and future royalty payments consisting of a percentage between five and fifteen of annual net sales, with the royalty payment percentage increasing as annual net sales increase.

Amunix Licenses

In connection with the acquisition of Naia Rare Diseases, Inc. (the “Naia Acquisition”), the Company entered into two amended and restated license agreements with Amunix Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Amunix”), pursuant to which the Company received an exclusive, worldwide, royalty-bearing license, with rights of sublicense, to lead molecules GLP-1 and GLP-2 along with a related XTEN sequence and other intellectual property referenced therein (the “Amunix Licenses”). Also in connection with the Naia Acquisition, the Company entered into an amended and restated license agreement with Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (“Cedars”), pursuant to which the Company licensed the rights to GLP-1 Agonist for the treatment of SBS (the “Cedars License”).

As consideration under the Amunix License for GLP-1, the Company agreed to pay Amunix certain royalty payments and (i) $70.4 million in milestone payments upon achievement of future development and sales milestones in the U.S. and major EU countries, (ii) $20.5 million in milestone payments upon achievement of future development and sales milestones in China and certain related territories, and (iii) $20.5 million in milestone payments upon achievement of future development and sales milestones in South Korea and certain other East Asian countries. As consideration under the Amunix License for GLP-2, the Company agreed to pay Amunix certain royalty payments and $60.1 million in milestone payments upon achievement of future development and sales milestones in the U.S. and major EU countries.

As consideration under the Cedars License, the Company agreed to pay Cedars certain royalty payments and approximately $9.4 million in milestone payments upon achievement of future development and sales milestones.

MHS License

One of the assets acquired in the Lobesity Acquisition was an amended and restated technology license agreement with MHS Care-Innovation LLC (“MHS”), pursuant to which the Company received an exclusive, worldwide license, with rights to sublicense, to certain patent and other intellectual property rights concerning a proprietary and highly specific humanized monoclonal antibody that targets glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (the “MHS License”). The MHS License does not require the payment of any future milestone payments or royalties to MHS, since it was originally entered into with Lobesity in exchange for the issuance of certain equity securities and a grant of certain related rights to Lobesity, all of which occurred prior to the closing of the Lobesity Acquisition. As consideration for the assets purchased in the Lobesity Acquisition (including but not limited to the MHS License), the Company is obligated to pay Lobesity (i) potential worldwide regulatory and clinical milestone payments totaling $45.5 million for a single indication (with the total amount payable, if multiple indications are developed, not to exceed $58.0 million), (ii) up to $50.0 million in global sales-related milestone payments, and (iii) subject to certain adjustments, a mid-single digit royalty on worldwide net sales.

EBRIS Collaboration

On August 6, 2021, the Company announced a collaboration with the European Biomedical Research Institute of Salerno, Italy (“EBRIS”) to study larazotide for the treatment of MIS-C. In connection with this collaboration, the Company paid a milestone fee of $0.5 million upon IND approval for MIS-C. Following receipt of a Study May Proceed letter from the FDA under the Investigator IND, EBRIS initiated a Phase 2a study in MIS-C during the fourth quarter of 2021. The Phase 2a study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
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On April 11, 2022, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement (the “EBRIS License Agreement”) with EBRIS pursuant to which the company granted to EBRIS an exclusive license to study the Company’s product incorporating larazotide as its sole active pharmaceutical ingredient (the “Product”) for the treatment of MIS-C and, potentially, multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (“MIS-A”). In turn, the Company will have an option to license from EBRIS any new intellectual property resulting from such development (the “Option”).

Pursuant to the EBRIS License Agreement, the Company issued to EBRIS shares of common stock valued at $500,000 (consisting of 871,962 shares of unregistered common stock priced at the Company’s 20-day volume weighted-price as of the date of closing), plus the Company will pay EBRIS $500,000 in cash in connection with final database lock of the ongoing Phase II clinical trial for the treatment of MIS-C. Upon the readout of the top-line data and an FDA agreed upon path forward to further develop the compound in MIS-C, the Company may exercise the Option for an upfront fee of $1 million. In addition, the EBRIS License Agreement contemplates certain contingent payments, including development milestone payments, sales-related milestone payments, and subject to certain adjustments, a low-single digit royalty on net sales of Products in the United States sold pursuant to prescriptions for use in treating MIS-C and, if applicable, MIS-A. Of note, each such payment is payable, at the option of the Company, in cash or a combination of cash and unregistered shares of the Company’s common stock.

The Company has the right to exercise the Option until three months following the later of (i) the end of the Development Term (as defined in the EBRIS License Agreement) and (ii) the delivery by EBRIS to the Company of the material Know-How (as defined in the EBRIS License Agreement) and final study reports (the “Option Expiration Date”). Unless earlier terminated, the term of the EBRIS License Agreement will continue (i) if the Company does not exercise the Option, until the Option Expiration Date or (ii) if the Company exercises the Option, on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis, until the expiration of the Company’s royalty obligations for each product in a particular country.

Following the Option Expiration Date, the EBRIS License Agreement may be terminated by the Company for convenience upon two months’ prior written notice to EBRIS. The EBRIS License Agreement may be terminated by either party upon (i) a material breach by the other party (subject to prior written notice and a cure period), (ii) certain insolvency events, including bankruptcy proceedings, or (iii) written notice that, as reasonably determined in good faith by the terminating party, termination is necessary to protect the health or safety of trial participants. Additionally, the EBRIS License Agreement will automatically terminate if the Alba License terminates. The EBRIS License Agreement includes standard and customary provisions regarding, among other things, compliance with laws and regulations, confidentiality, intellectual property, representations and warranties, liability, indemnification, and insurance.

Milestone Fees

The Company incurred milestone fees of $0.5 million, which were paid in equity to EBRIS, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. There were no milestone fees incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

NOTE 7: STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended in June 2021, authorizes 560 million shares of capital stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of which 550 million shares are designated as common stock and 10 million shares are designated as preferred stock.

Preferred Stock

The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended, authorizes the Board to issue preferred stock in one or more classes or one or more series within any class from time to time. Voting powers, designations, preferences, qualifications, limitations, restrictions or other rights will be determined by the Board at that time.

There were no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 or December 31, 2021.

16

9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Common Stock
 
The holders of the Company’s common stock (i) have equal ratable rights to dividends from funds legally available therefore, when, as and if declared by the Board; (ii) are entitled to share in all the Company’s assets available for distribution to holders of common stock upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company’s affairs; (iii) do not have preemptive, subscription or conversion rights (and there are no redemption or sinking fund provisions or rights); and (iv) are entitled to one non-cumulative vote per share on all matters on which stockholders may vote. 

There were 259,107,380 and 258,235,418 shares of common stock outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The Company had reserved shares of common stock for future issuance as follows:

June 30, December 31,
2022
(Unaudited)
2021
Outstanding stock options 29,175,989  20,894,767 
Warrants to purchase common stock 23,044,062  23,044,062 
For possible future issuance under the 2022 Plan 11,287,455  5,478,787 
    Total common shares reserved for future issuance 63,507,506  49,417,616 

The Company entered into the Sales Agreement dated July 22, 2020, and as amended on October 2, 2020, with Truist relating to the 2020 ATM. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, there were no shares sold under the 2020 ATM. Pursuant to the sales agreement, the Company will pay Truist a commission rate of 3.0% of the gross proceeds from the sale of any shares of common stock under the 2020 ATM.

NOTE 8: SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
 
The Company has three stock option plans in existence: the 9 Meters Biopharma, Inc. 2022 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2022 Plan”), the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan, as amended (the “Omnibus Plan”) and the Innovate 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Private Innovate Plan”). In addition, the Company assumed 1,014,173 options in accordance with the terms of the merger agreement with RDD Pharma, Ltd. (the “RDD Merger Agreement”). The Company’s stock options typically vest over a period of three or four years and typically have a maximum term of ten years.

2015 Stock Incentive Plan

As of June 30, 2022, there were 3,592,248 stock options outstanding under the Private Innovate Plan. Since 2018, the Company has not issued, and does not intend to issue, any additional awards from the Private Innovate Plan.
 
The following table summarizes stock option activity under the Private Innovate Plan:
  Number of
Options
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(in years)
Outstanding at December 31, 2021 5,300,518  $ 1.69  $ 837,459  2.7
Options granted —  — 
Options forfeited (1,708,270) 2.09 
Options exercised —  — 
Outstanding at June 30, 2022 3,592,248  1.49  —  3.2
Exercisable at June 30, 2022 3,592,248  1.49  —  3.2
 
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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


There were no options granted under the Private Innovate Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. All of the options granted under the Private Innovate Plan are fully vested and as such, there were no stock options vested during the six months ended June 30, 2022. The total fair value of options vested during the six months ended June 30, 2021 under the Private Innovate Plan was approximately $49,000. As of June 30, 2022, there was no unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based compensation arrangements under the Private Innovate Plan.

2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan

The shares reserved for issuance under the Omnibus Plan automatically increase on the first day of each calendar year beginning in 2019 and ending in 2022 by an amount equal to the lesser of (i) five percent of the number of shares of common stock outstanding as of December 31st of the immediately preceding calendar year or (ii) such lesser number of shares of common stock as determined by the Board (the “Evergreen Provision”). On January 1, 2022, the number of shares of common stock available under the Omnibus Plan automatically increased by 12,911,771, pursuant to the Evergreen Provision. The Board elected to forgo the increase from the Evergreen Provision that would have increased the option pool by 5% of the shares of common stock outstanding on January 1, 2021.

As of June 30, 2022, there were options to purchase 23,885,389 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding under the Omnibus Plan. The Omnibus Plan expired on April 30, 2022 and no new awards will be granted under the Omnibus Plan but any awards outstanding under the Omnibus Plan will remain subject to the Omnibus Plan. On June 22, 2022, the Company’s stockholders approved the adoption of the 2022 Plan previously approved by the Board. Any shares subject to outstanding awards under the Omnibus Plan that subsequently expire, terminate or are surrendered or forfeited for any reason without issuance of shares will automatically become available for issuance under the 2022 Plan.

The range of assumptions used in estimating the fair value of the options granted under the Omnibus Plan using the Black-Scholes option pricing model for the periods presented were as follows:
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Expected dividend yield 0% 0% 0% 0%
Expected stock-price volatility
 —%
75% - 76%
79%
68% - 85%
Risk-free interest rate
—% - —%
0.8% - 1.1%
1.4% - 1.9%
0.1% - 1.1%
Expected term of options (in years)
0
2.3 - 6.1 years
6.1 years
2.3 - 6.1 years
 
The following table summarizes stock option activity under the Omnibus Plan:
  Number of
Options
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(in years)
Outstanding at December 31, 2021 14,608,442  $ 1.19  $ 2,296,720  8.5
Options granted 9,412,420  0.74 
Options forfeited (135,473) 0.75 
Options exercised —  — 
Outstanding at June 30, 2022 23,885,389  1.01  —  8.7
Exercisable at June 30, 2022 9,208,688  1.20  —  7.8
Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2022 22,774,801  $ 1.02  $ —  8.6
 
The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted under the Omnibus Plan was $0.51 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted under the Ominbus Plan was
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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


$1.26 and $1.66 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The total intrinsic value of options exercised was approximately $27,000 and $39,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. There were no options exercised during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.

The total fair value of stock option awards vested under the Omnibus Plan was approximately $1.7 million and $2.9 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $7.9 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based compensation arrangements under the Omnibus Plan. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.1 years.

The Omnibus Plan provides for accelerated vesting, if approved by the Company’s Board. During the six months ended June 30, 2022, in accordance with the separation and consulting agreement entered into with our former Chief Financial Officer, the Company accelerated the vesting of all remaining unvested options and extended the exercise period to ten years from the issuance date. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Board approved the acceleration and extension of unvested options held by a former board member whose term on the Board was expiring. The Company recognized additional non-cash stock compensation expense related to the modifications of $1.1 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and $0.1 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

There were no RSUs granted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 and there were no unvested RSUs as of June 30, 2022. The Company recognized share-based compensation expense for RSUs of approximately $52,000 and $104,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. There was no share-based compensation expense for RSUs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.

2022 Stock Incentive Plan

The 2022 Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders on June 22, 2022. The 2022 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, dividend equivalent rights, or other stock awards. Upon adoption of the 2022 Plan, there were 12,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance.

As of June 30, 2022, there were options to purchase 712,545 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding under the 2022 Plan and 11,287,455 shares available for issuance under the 2022 Plan.

The range of assumptions used in estimating the fair value of the options granted under the 2022 Plan using the Black-Scholes option pricing model for the periods presented were as follows:
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Expected dividend yield 0% 0%
Expected stock-price volatility 79% 79%
Risk-free interest rate 3.2% 3.2%
Expected term of options (in years) 5.8 years 5.8 years
 
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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The following table summarizes stock option activity under the 2022 Plan:

  Number of
Options
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(in years)
Outstanding at December 31, 2021 —  $ —  $ —  — 
Options granted 712,545  0.26 
Options forfeited —  — 
Options exercised —  — 
Outstanding at June 30, 2022 712,545  0.26  —  10.0
Exercisable at June 30, 2022 —  —  —  — 
Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2022 659,601  $ 0.26  $ —  10.0

The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted under the 2022 Plan was $0.18 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. There were no options granted under the 2022 Plan during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. There were no options exercised under the 2022 Plan during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.

There were no options vested under the 2022 Plan during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. As of June 30, 2022, there was approximately $0.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based compensation arrangements under the 2022 Plan which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.0 years.

RDD Option Grants

Pursuant to the RDD Merger Agreement, the Company assumed 1,014,173 option grant agreements awarded to RDD employees upon consummation of the merger with RDD (the “RDD Options”) on April 30, 2020. There were 985,807 RDD Options outstanding as of June 30, 2022 at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.63 per share. All of the RDD Options are fully vested and there were no RDD Options vested during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.



The following table summarizes stock option activity for the RDD Options:
  Number of
Shares
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(in years)
Outstanding at December 31, 2021 985,807  $ 0.63  $ 343,486  3.3
Options granted —  — 
Options forfeited —  — 
Options exercised —  — 
Outstanding at June 30, 2022 985,807  0.63  37,416  2.8
Exercisable at June 30, 2022 985,807  0.63  37,416  2.8

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, there were 28,366 options exercised at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.74. The total intrinsic value of RDD Options exercised was approximately $27,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2021.

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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Share-based Compensation Expense

Total share-based compensation expense recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss was as follows:
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Research and development $ 248,000  $ 280,000  $ 426,000  $ 442,000 
General and administrative 1,526,000  657,000  2,038,000  917,000 
Total share-based compensation $ 1,774,000  $ 937,000  $ 2,464,000  $ 1,359,000 
    
NOTE 9: COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
Employment Agreements
 
The Company has entered into executive employment agreements with the executives (the “Executive Employment Agreements”). The Executive Employment Agreements provide an annual base salary and the opportunity to participate in the Company’s equity compensation, employee benefit and bonus plans once they are established and approved by the Board. The Executive Employment Agreements contain severance provisions if such executive is terminated under certain conditions that would provide the executive with up to 12 months of their base salary and up to 12 months of continuation of health insurance benefits. Additionally, if the Company’s Chief Executive Officer is terminated under certain conditions or resigns for good reason within 12 months of a “change in control,” the Chief Executive Officer will be eligible to receive 18 months of his then-current salary, the amount of his target year-end annual non-equity incentive award, and accelerated vesting of all of his unvested options and restricted stock unit awards.

Periodically, the Company enters into separation and general release agreements with former executives of the Company that include separation benefits consistent with the former executives’ employment agreements. There was no severance expense recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The accrued severance obligation was approximately $0.2 million and $0.4 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Office Lease
 
In July 2020, the Company entered into a 4-year lease for office space that expires on September 30, 2024. Base annual rent is $72,000, or $6,000 per month. Monthly payments of $6,000 are due and payable over the 4-year term. The lease contains a 3-year renewal option. The Company recorded a right of use asset of $233,206 and an operating lease liability of $233,206 at the inception of the lease in July 2020.

The Company estimated the present value of the lease payments over the remaining term of the leases using a discount rate of 12%, which represented the Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate. The renewal options were excluded from the lease payments as the Company concluded the exercise of the option was not considered reasonably certain.
Operating lease cost under ASC 842 was approximately $18,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, and $36,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. Operating lease cost is included in general and administrative expenses on the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss. The total cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of the operating lease liability and reported within operating activities was less than $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022.
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9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Future minimum payments under the Company’s lease liability were as follows:
Year ending December 31, Operating Leases
2022 $ 36,000 
2023 72,000 
2024 54,000 
Total lease payment 162,000 
    Less: imputed interest (20,643)
Total $ 141,357 
Legal
 
From time to time, the Company could become involved in disputes and various litigation matters that arise in the normal course of business. These may include disputes and lawsuits related to intellectual property, licensing, contract law and employee relations matters. Periodically, the Company reviews the status of significant matters, if any exist, and assesses its potential financial exposure. If the potential loss from any claim or legal claim is considered probable and the amount can be estimated, the Company accrues a liability for the estimated loss. Legal proceedings are subject to uncertainties, and the outcomes are difficult to predict; therefore, accruals are based on the best information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, the Company reassesses the potential liability related to pending claims and litigation.
 
NOTE 10: SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

2022 Convertible Note

On June 30, 2022, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) for the purchase of senior secured convertible notes with an institutional investor (the “Holder”). The principal amount of the initial note issued on July 15, 2022 and maturing July 1, 2025, is $21.0 million (the “2022 Convertible Note”), with an option for the Company to issue additional convertible notes to the Holder with principal amounts of up to an aggregate of $70.0 million, subject to certain limitations. The 2022 Convertible Note bears interest equal to the three-month benchmark rate plus 5% (with a floor of 6% and 18% upon default). The 2022 Convertible Note will rank senior to all outstanding and future indebtedness of the Company and its subsidiaries. The 2022 Convertible Note also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations on incurring additional indebtedness, the creation of additional liens on the Company’s assets, and entering into investments, as well as a subsequent financing requirement to raise at least $25.0 million by March 31, 2023, and a minimum liquidity requirement.

During the first 12 months following closing, the Company will make interest payments to the Holder but is not required to make any principal payments on the 2022 Convertible Note. The 2022 Convertible Note will be optionally convertible by the Company or the Holder, subject to certain limitations. The Company can elect to make principal or interest payments (or accelerated payments) in common stock instead of cash.

Larazotide Phase 3 Trial in Celiac Disease

On August 15, 2022, the Company announced the decision to discontinue further development of larazotide in celiac disease. In connection with the discontinuation of the celiac disease clinical trial program, the Company plans to reallocate financial resources and support behind the vurolenatide SBS Phase 3 program.


22


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). When used in this report, the words “believe,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “plan,” “indicate,” “seek,” “should,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, though not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements.
 
These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and beliefs and necessarily involve significant risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance, prospects and opportunities in the future to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of various risks and uncertainties, which include, without limitation: risks related to our ability to successfully implement our strategic plans; uncertainties associated with the clinical development and regulatory approval of product candidates and unexpected costs that may result therefrom, including our reliance on our lead product candidate; risks related to the inability to obtain sufficient additional capital to continue to advance our product candidates and our preclinical programs, including in light of current stock market conditions; risks related to the failure to realize any value from product candidates and preclinical programs being developed and anticipated to be developed in light of inherent risks and difficulties involved in successfully bringing product candidates to market; intellectual property risks; the impact of COVID-19 on our operations, enrollment in and timing of clinical trials; risks related to leveraging the Company by borrowing money under the debt facility and compliance with its terms; risk of delisting from Nasdaq; reliance on collaborators; reliance on research and development partners; risks related to cybersecurity and data privacy; risks associated with acquiring and developing additional compounds; and other risks described in greater detail in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2022. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to update or revise them to reflect new events or circumstances except as required by law.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Except as otherwise noted or where the context otherwise requires, as used in this report, the words “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “9 Meters” refer to 9 Meters Biopharma, Inc.

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2021, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2022.

Overview
 
9 Meters is a clinical-stage company pioneering novel treatments for people with rare digestive diseases, gastrointestinal conditions (“GI”) with unmet needs, and debilitating disorders in which the biology of the gut is a contributing factor. We are developing vurolenatide, a proprietary Phase 2 long-acting GLP-1 agonist, for SBS; larazotide, a tight junction regulator for multi-system inflammatory syndrome in children; and a robust pipeline of early-stage candidates for undisclosed rare diseases and/or unmet needs. Our current product development pipeline is described in the table below:

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nmtr-20220630_g1.jpg

Vurolenatide for the Treatment of Short Bowel Syndrome

Vurolenatide is a long-acting injectable glucagon-like-peptide-1 (“GLP-1”) analogue being developed for SBS, a debilitating orphan disease with an underserved market. It affects up to 20,000 adults in the U.S., with similar prevalence in Europe. Patients with SBS cannot absorb enough water, vitamins, protein, fat, calories and other nutrients from food. It is a severe disease with life-changing consequences, such as impaired intestinal absorption, diarrhea and metabolic complications. A portion of patients have life-long dependency on Parenteral Support (“PS”) to survive with risk of life-threatening infections and extra-organ impairment. Vurolenatide links exenatide, a GLP-1 analogue, to a long-acting linker technology and is designed specifically to address the gastric effects in SBS patients by slowing digestive transit time. The asset uses proprietary XTEN® technology to extend the half-life of exenatide, allowing for weekly to every other week dosing, which could increase convenience for patients and caregivers. Vurolenatide is patent-protected and has received orphan drug designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”).

We announced top-line results from our Phase 1b/2a clinical trial for vurolenatide in SBS in the fourth quarter of 2020. The study met its primary objective as vurolenatide demonstrated excellent safety and tolerability. In addition, vurolenatide demonstrated a clinically relevant improvement in total stool output (TSO) volume within 48 hours of first dose. The Phase 1b/2a clinical trial was an open-label, two-dose study evaluating the safety and tolerability of three escalating fixed doses of vurolenatide (50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg) in 9 adults with SBS for 56 days. The trial was conducted at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Patients in each of the three cohorts received two subcutaneous doses two weeks apart with six weeks of subsequent follow-up. The study assessed the safety and tolerability of repeated doses on Days 1 and 15 at each dose level. Because reduced TSO volume and bowel movement frequency are correlated with improved intestinal absorption and potentially less need for intravenous supplementation for nutrition and hydration, these were key secondary objectives in the trial. The primary purpose of this open-label Phase 1b/2a trial was to assess the compound’s safety and potential efficacy to inform future development.

Vurolenatide was generally safe and well tolerated: 17 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were observed in 9 patients, 15 of which were mild, transient and self-limited without further intervention. The majority of TEAEs were GI-related (nausea and vomiting).

Importantly, 8 of the 9 patients experienced meaningful declines in TSO following each dose, relative to a baseline output. The rapid onset of clinical improvements in stool volumes, as observed in all 9 patients having substantial reductions
24


in stool output within 48 hours of the first dose, shows the potential for vurolenatide to address the primary problem of chronic malabsorptive diarrhea in SBS patients. Additionally, four of seven patients showed reductions in bowel movement frequency after one dose and five of six evaluable patients showed reductions in bowel movement frequency after the second dose. Furthermore, of the five patients on PS in the trial, two patients showed reduction in PS after each dose. Results of the short-form health survey quality of life instrument demonstrated directional improvement in multiple elements of health status over the course of the trial. The short-form health survey, or SF-36, is a set of generic, coherent and easily administered quality-of-life measures. These measures rely upon patient self-reporting and are now widely utilized by managed care organizations and by Medicare for routine monitoring and assessment of care outcomes in adult patients.

In the second quarter of 2021, we launched a multi-center, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase 2 trial of vurolenatide for the treatment of SBS. The study’s primary efficacy outcome measure was TSO. Treatment groups were determined based on doses identified as effective in the Phase 1b/2a study (50 mg weekly, 50 mg biweekly, 100 mg biweekly and placebo) and dosing interval was based on earlier pharmacokinetic data. Study patients receive weekly or biweekly subcutaneous injections of vurolenatide in a double dummy fashion. The primary objective is to determine whether there is any improvement in 24-hour stool output volume over the double-blind treatment period compared to baseline and to further evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of vurolenatide in the SBS population in light of the positive Phase 1b/2a data. There is no regulatory approval precedent for the Phase 3 study population; this necessitated development of a novel primary efficacy outcome measure based on the pathophysiology of SBS (i.e., chronic malabsorptive diarrhea) and what is often perceived as the most bothersome clinical symptom experienced by SBS patients. Hence, the primary efficacy endpoint is 24-hour mean TSO (TSO = sum of ostomy and per rectal stool output) over the treatment period.

On June 30, 2022, we announced positive preliminary results from the Phase 2 study. The preliminary results are based on data from a complete randomization block and are intended to support an end-of-phase 2 meeting with the FDA, which is scheduled for the third quarter of 2022. Results are based on the first 11 randomized patients with appropriate distribution across the four arms of the ongoing study. Overall, 7 of 11 patients met the primary efficacy definition of TSO responder (defined by the Company as patients whose change from baseline in 24-hour mean TSO reduction is ≥ 10%), over the 6-week efficacy evaluation period. The arm of the study anticipated to be taken forward into Phase 3 showed a mean reduction in TSO of greater than 25%. PS volume, a secondary endpoint, was evaluated over the 6-week treatment period. 3 of the 5 patients in the study with a PS requirement, all of whom were randomly assigned to active drug, demonstrated a mean decrease (defined as ≥ 20%) in their PS volume requirement over the treatment period. In terms of safety and tolerability, vurolenatide was generally well tolerated with mild to moderate and transient side effects including nausea and vomiting, which are typical for GLP-1 agonists. There were no adverse events leading to early study withdrawal. Two serious adverse events were reported, both central catheter infections, which were deemed to be unrelated to study drug. Overall, preliminary results from the study support and build upon the findings from our Phase 1b/2a trial of vurolenatide in SBS. In addition, based on these results, we have identified the most effective and tolerable dose and dosing interval intended to progress into the Phase 3 study. The study is ongoing and remains blinded to study staff, patients and investigators.

Vurolenatide has received Orphan Drug Designation from the FDA. The FDA Office of Orphan Products Development grants orphan designation to advance the evaluation of safe and effective drugs and biologics to treat, prevent or diagnose rare diseases affecting fewer than 200,000 people in the U.S. Under the Orphan Drug Act, orphan designation qualifies drug sponsors for development incentives conferred by the FDA, including tax credits for qualified clinical testing.

Larazotide

In 2019, we initiated a Phase 3 clinical trial (“CeDLara”) for our drug candidate, larazotide in CeD. In June 2022, we announced completion of a pre-specified interim analysis for the Phase 3 CeDLara study for patients with CeD who continue to experience gastrointestinal symptoms while adhering to a gluten-free diet. The interim analysis was conducted by an independent statistician, with the sole purpose of re-estimating the treatment group size required to detect a statistically significant clinical effect of larazotide, utilizing patient data from the study.

Based on consultation with the independent statistician, we determined that the additional number of patients needed to reach a significant clinical outcome between placebo and larazotide would be too large to support trial continuation. The interim analysis included the first approximately 50% of the initial target enrollment and followed the completion of the 12-week double-blind efficacy portion of the study. Following thorough analysis of the interim data, we decided to discontinue further development of larazotide in celiac disease. The study of larazotide for the treatment of MIS-C is not affected by this decision. Resources dedicated to the larazotide celiac program will be reallocated to support the vurolenatide Phase 3
25


program. Furthermore, we will continue to consider other potential uses of larazotide where the mechanism of action may be applicable.

We entered into a collaboration with the European Biomedical Research Institute of Salerno, Italy (“EBRIS”) to study larazotide for the treatment of MIS-C. MIS-C is a rare and serious complication of COVID-19 with symptoms that resemble those of Kawasaki disease, potentially including persistent fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, myocardial dysfunction, and cardiogenic shock with ventricular dysfunction in the setting of multisystem inflammation. MIS-C occurs when SARS-CoV-2 superantigens move through the tight junctions between the gut epithelial cells into the bloodstream, leading to the hyperinflammatory immune response. We believe that larazotide’s mechanism of action as a tight junction regulator may prevent SARS-CoV-2 superantigens from entering the bloodstream. Following receipt of a Study May Proceed letter from the FDA under a recently filed Investigator IND, EBRIS initiated a Phase 2a study in MIS-C in the fourth quarter of 2021 to evaluate the use of larazotide in a group of children through a randomized placebo-controlled trial at MassGeneral Hospital for Children led by pediatric pulmonologist Lael Yonker, M.D. Under the terms of the collaboration agreement, we will supply larazotide for the purposes of the clinical study and EBRIS is responsible for conducting the Phase 2a trial inclusive of all associated clinical costs.

NM-003 Long-Acting GLP-2

NM-003 is a proprietary long-acting glucagon-like-peptide (“GLP-2”) receptor agonist with improved serum half-life compared with short-acting versions. On December 9, 2020, we announced that the FDA has granted orphan drug designation to NM-003 for prevention of acute graft versus host disease. NM-003, utilizes proprietary XTEN technology to extend circulating half-life. NM-003 is currently undergoing a preclinical proof-of-concept study. Based on the results of this study, we intend to progress NM-003 through a clinical and regulatory pathway in an undisclosed orphan and rare GI indication.

NM-102 Tight Junction Microbiome Modulator

NM-102, a small molecule peptide, is being developed as a potential microbiome modulator and undergoing an indication selection process. NM-102 is a long-acting, degradation-resistant peptide, believed to be gut-restricted, and presumed to prevent gut microbial metabolites and antigens from trafficking into systemic circulation. We recently announced a collaboration with Gustav Roussy, a leading cancer center in Villejuif, France, using NM-102. This collaboration adds to an initial 14-month preclinical research project initiated in March 2019, which focused on the relationship between intestinal microbiome composition and systemic responses to cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors.

NM-136 Humanized Monoclonal Antibody

On July 19, 2021, we entered into and closed an asset purchase agreement (the “Lobesity Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Lobesity LLC (“Lobesity”), pursuant to which we acquired global development rights to a proprietary and highly specific humanized monoclonal antibody, now known as NM-136, that targets glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (“GIP”), as well as the related intellectual property (the "Lobesity Acquisition"). GIP is a hormone found in the upper small intestine that is released into circulation after food is ingested, and when found in high concentrations, can contribute to obesity and obesity-related disorders such as Prader-Willi Syndrome. NM-136 has been shown to prevent GIP from binding to its receptor, which in preclinical obesity models has been shown to significantly decrease weight and abdominal fat by reducing nutrient absorption from the intestine as well as nutrient storage without affecting appetite. We have initiated antibody profiling to support a preclinical development program.

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Corporate Development

Lobesity Acquisition

On July 19, 2021, we completed Lobesity Asset Purchase Agreement with Lobesity, pursuant to which we acquired global development rights to a proprietary and highly specific humanized monoclonal antibody, NM-136, that targets GIP, as well as the related intellectual property. We paid a combination of cash and equity consideration in the form of a $5 million upfront payment, as 40% cash and 60% equity (consisting of 2,417,211 shares of unregistered common stock priced at our 3-day volume weighted-price immediately prior to the closing), plus the right to contingent payments including certain potential worldwide regulatory and clinical milestone payments totaling $45.5 million for a single indication (with the total amount payable, if multiple indications are developed, not to exceed $58.0 million), global sales-related milestone payments totaling up to $50.0 million, and, subject to certain adjustments, a mid-single digit royalty on worldwide net sales.

Financial Overview

Since our inception, we have focused our efforts and resources on identifying and developing our research and development programs. We have not had any products approved for commercial sale and have incurred operating losses in each year since inception. Substantially all of our operating losses resulted from expenses incurred in connection with our research and development programs and from general and administrative costs associated with our operations. To date, we have financed our operations primarily through public offerings of equity securities and private placements of convertible debt and equity securities.

As of June 30, 2022, we had an accumulated deficit of $191.3 million. We incurred net losses of $11.1 million and $8.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $22.5 million and $13.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increase our operating losses for the foreseeable future, which may fluctuate significantly between periods. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially as and to the extent we:
 
continue research and development, including preclinical and clinical development of our existing and future product candidates, including vurolenatide;
experience delays in our clinical trials due to the COVID-19 pandemic;
successfully develop acquired clinical assets;
seek regulatory approval for our product candidates;
commercialize any product candidates for which we obtain regulatory approval;
maintain and protect our intellectual property rights;
add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel;
pursue additional in- or out-licenses or similar strategic transactions; and
continue to incur additional legal, accounting, regulatory, tax-related and other expenses required to operate as a public company.

    As such, we will need substantial additional funding to support our operating activities. Adequate funding may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. We currently anticipate that we will seek to fund our operations through equity or debt financings, strategic alliances or licensing arrangements, or other sources of financing. Our failure to obtain sufficient funds on acceptable terms could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

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COVID-19

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated restrictions, including the recent Omicron variant, has delayed and may continue to delay the expected development timelines and may increase the anticipated aggregate costs for our product candidates. Impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic include, but are not limited to, disruptions in the supply chain for clinical supplies, delays in the timing and pace of participant enrollment in clinical trials and lower than anticipated participant enrollment and completion rates due to COVID-19 clinical site closures, delays in the review and approval of our regulatory submissions by the FDA and other agencies with respect to our product candidates, and other unforeseen disruptions. Site activation and patient enrollment have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and could continue to be impacted by the pandemic over the next several months and potentially longer. We are working closely with our clinical trial sites and product candidate manufacturers to ensure that patient safety and clinical supply of our product candidates are not adversely impacted by the pandemic, while also attempting to progress our trials and product candidate development as much as we can. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we put in place several safety measures for our employees, patients, healthcare providers and suppliers. These measures included, but were not limited to, substantially restricting travel, limiting access to our corporate office, including allowing employees to work remotely, providing personal protective equipment to employees, investigator sites and third-party vendors, implementing social distancing protocols, and coordinating safety protocols with our investigator sites.

The ultimate impact resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic will depend, among other factors, on the extent of the pandemic in the regions with clinical trial sites, the timing and availability of the COVID-19 vaccines and length and severity of travel restrictions and other limitations ordered by governmental agencies. New and potentially more contagious variants, could further affect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operations.

The economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on capital markets and investor sentiment may adversely impact our ability to raise capital when needed or on acceptable terms to fund our development programs and operations.

We do not yet know the full extent of potential delays or impacts on our business, clinical trial activities, ability to access capital or on healthcare systems or the global economy as a whole due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, these effects could have a material adverse impact on our business and financial condition.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
 
Use of Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Changes in estimates are reflected in reported results for the period in which they become known. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Critical Accounting Policies

Areas of the financial statements where estimates may have the most significant effect include accrued expenses, share-based compensation, income taxes and management’s assessment of our ability to continue as a going concern. Changes in the facts or circumstances underlying these estimates could result in material changes and actual results could differ from these estimates. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies described in "Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates" of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2022.

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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
For details of recent Accounting Standards Updates and our evaluation of their adoption on our condensed consolidated financial statements, see “Note 1—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—Recent Accounting Pronouncements” to our condensed consolidated financial statements in "Part I. Financial Information - Item I. Financial Statements" included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
Results of Operations
 
Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
 
The following table sets forth the key components of our results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021: 
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
  2022 2021 $ Change % Change
Operating expenses:        
Research and development $ 7,546,477  $ 5,707,290  $ 1,839,187  32  %
General and administrative 3,648,944  2,551,171  1,097,773  43  %
Total operating expenses 11,195,421  8,258,461  2,936,960  36  %
Loss from operations (11,195,421) (8,258,461) (2,936,960) 36  %
Total other income (expense), net 65,319  5,351  59,968  1,121  %
Net loss $ (11,130,102) $ (8,253,110) $ (2,876,992) 35  %
 
Research and Development Expense
 
Research and development expense for the three months ended June 30, 2022, increased approximately $1.8 million, or 32%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was driven primarily by an increase of approximately $1.4 million for our Phase 2 clinical trial in SBS and an increase of approximately $1.6 million in development costs for NM-136. Personnel costs and benefits associated with our research and development personnel increased approximately $0.1 million due to hiring additional personnel since June 30, 2021. In addition, milestone and license fees increased by $0.5 million associated with the non-cash milestone fee paid to EBRIS. These increases were offset by decreases in our CeDLara clinical trial costs of approximately $1.0 million and decreases in our development costs of NM-102 of approximately $0.6 million. Additionally, general research and development costs for our other preclinical programs decreased by approximately $0.2 million.
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021
Research and development expenses:    
NM-001 Celiac Disease $ 1,007,454  $ 1,955,129 
NM-002 Short Bowel Syndrome 3,216,657  1,803,987 
NM-102 Orphan Indication 174,807  742,998 
NM-136 Obesity Disorder 1,584,587  — 
Milestone & license fees 500,000  — 
Other research and development expenses 1,062,972  1,205,176 
Total research and development expenses $ 7,546,477  $ 5,707,290 

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General and Administrative Expense
 
General and administrative expense for the three months ended June 30, 2022, increased by approximately $1.1 million, or 43%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. The increase is primarily due to an increase in non-cash stock compensation expense of approximately $0.9 million which is primarily related to an increase in option modification expense of $0.8 million for the accelerated vesting of options for certain former employees, board members and consultants. Professional and legal fees increased by approximately $0.2 million.

Other Income (Expense), Net
 
Other income (expense), net for the three months ended June 30, 2022, changed by approximately $0.1 million as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. The change in other income (expense), net is primarily due to the increase in interest income of approximately $0.1 million.

Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
 
The following table sets forth the key components of our results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:

  Six Months Ended
June 30,
   
  2022 2021 $ Change % Change
Operating expenses:        
Research and development $ 15,914,955  $ 8,897,592  $ 7,017,363  79  %
General and administrative 6,644,715  4,759,971  1,884,744  40  %
Total operating expenses 22,559,670  13,657,563  8,902,107  65  %
Loss from operations (22,559,670) (13,657,563) (8,902,107) 65  %
Total other income (expense), net 77,829  (26,626) 104,455  (392) %
Net loss $ (22,481,841) $ (13,684,189) $ (8,797,652) 64  %

Research and Development Expense

Research and development expense for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased approximately $7.0 million, or 79%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase is primarily due to the launch of our Phase 2 trial in SBS representing an increase of approximately $4.5 million, and increases in development costs for NM-102 and NM-136 of approximately $0.2 million and $2.4 million, respectively. In addition, personnel costs associated with our research and development personnel increased by approximately $0.6 million. Milestone and license fees increased by approximately $0.5 million associated with the non-cash milestone fee paid to EBRIS. These increases were offset by decreases in our CeDLara clinical trial costs of $0.9 million and decreases in our general research and development of $0.3 million.

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  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2022 2021
Research and development expenses:    
NM-001 Celiac Disease $ 2,658,947  $ 3,501,281 
NM-002 Short Bowel Syndrome 7,043,591  2,592,947 
NM-102 Orphan Indication 1,101,301  848,243 
NM-136 Obesity Disorder 2,360,129  — 
Milestone & license fees 500,000  — 
Other research and development expenses 2,250,987  1,955,121 
Total research and development expenses $ 15,914,955  $ 8,897,592 

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased by approximately $1.9 million, or 40%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase is primarily due to an increase in non-cash stock compensation expense of approximately $1.1 million which is primarily related to an increase in option modification expense associated with the accelerated vesting of options for certain former employees, board members and consultants. In addition, professional and legal fees increased by approximately $0.4 million and personnel costs and benefits of our general and administrative employees increased by approximately $0.2 million. General corporate fees increased by approximately $0.2 million.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Other income (expense), net for the six months ended June 30, 2022, changed by approximately $0.1 million, or 392%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. The change in other income (expense), net is primarily due to the increase in interest income of approximately $0.1 million.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Sources of Liquidity
 
As of June 30, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $29.5 million, compared to approximately $47.0 million as of December 31, 2021. The decrease in cash and cash equivalents was primarily due to expenditures for business operations, research and development and clinical trial costs, including conducting our Phase 2 trial in SBS and our Phase 3 trial in CeD. In July 2022, we received net proceeds of $20.0 million from the issuance of the 2022 Convertible Note, subject to a subsequent financing requirement to raise at least $25.0 million by March 31, 2023, and a minimum liquidity requirement. The 2022 Convertible Note is further described in Note 10—Subsequent Events.

To date, we have not generated revenue from product sales. We do not know when, or if, we will generate any revenue from product sales. We expect to incur substantial expenditures in the foreseeable future for the continued development and clinical trials of our product candidates. We will continue to require additional financing to develop and eventually commercialize our product candidates. Our future liquidity and capital requirements will depend on a number of factors, including the outcome of our clinical trials, which could be delayed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and our ability to complete the development and commercialization of our products. There are a number of variables beyond our control including the timing, success and overall expense associated with our clinical trials. Consequently, there can be no assurance that we will be able to achieve our objectives and we will need to seek additional funding. If we are unable to raise additional funds when needed, our ability to develop our product candidates will be impaired. We may also be required to delay, reduce or terminate some or all of our development programs and clinical trials. We continue to evaluate multiple dilutive and non-dilutive sources for future funding. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of equity securities, substantial dilution to our existing stockholders could occur. We have concluded that the prevailing conditions and ongoing liquidity risks faced by us raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

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Cash Flows
 
The following table sets forth the primary sources and uses of cash for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:
  Six Months Ended June 30,
  2022 2021
Net cash (used in) provided by:    
Operating activities $ (17,534,655) $ (13,333,821)
Investing activities (2,842) (6,892)
Financing activities —  39,512,787 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents $ (17,537,497) $ 26,172,074 
 
Operating Activities
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2022, our net cash used in operating activities of approximately $17.5 million primarily consisted of a net loss of $22.5 million offset by the adjustment for non-cash share-based compensation of approximately $2.5 million, non-cash payment of milestone fees of approximately $0.5 million and the net change in operating assets and liabilities of approximately $2.0 million.
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, our net cash used in operating activities of approximately $13.3 million primarily consisted of a net loss of $13.7 million, and the net change in operating assets and liabilities of approximately $1.0 million. These changes were offset by the adjustment for non-cash share-based compensation of approximately $1.4 million.
 
Investing Activities
 
Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 represents the purchase of property and equipment of approximately $3,000 and $7,000, respectively.
 
Financing Activities
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2022, there was no net cash provided by financing activities. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities of approximately $39.5 million primarily consisted of gross proceeds of approximately $34.5 million from the April 2021 Offering, proceeds of approximately $7.5 million from the exercise of warrants and proceeds of approximately $0.2 million from the exercise of stock options. These increases were offset by a decrease of approximately $2.7 million in stock issuance costs and $0.1 million in repayments of debt.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments
 
In July 2020, we entered into a four-year lease agreement for office space that expires on September 30, 2024. Base annual rent for the four-year lease period is $72,000 with monthly rent payments of $6,000.

We estimated the present value of the lease payments over the remaining term of the lease using a discount rate of 12%, which represented our estimated incremental borrowing rate. The two-year renewal option was excluded from the lease payments as we concluded the exercise of this option was not considered reasonably certain.

Periodically, we enter into separation and general release agreements with former executives that include separation benefits consistent with the former executive’s employment agreements. There was no severance expense incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. Severance payments are made in equal installments over 12 months from the date of separation. The accrued severance obligation in respect of former executives is approximately $0.2 million as of June 30, 2022.

We are obligated to make future payments to third parties under in-license agreements, including sublicense fees, royalties, and payments that become due and payable on the achievement of certain development and commercialization milestones. In general, the amount and timing of sub-license fees and the achievement and timing of development and commercialization milestones are not probable and estimable, and as such, these commitments have not been included on the
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accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We incurred approximately $0.5 million in development milestone fees during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. There were no development milestone fees incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

We also enter into agreements in the normal course of business with contract research organizations and other third parties with respect to services for clinical trials, clinical supply manufacturing and other operating purposes that are generally terminable by us with thirty to ninety days advance notice.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
As of June 30, 2022, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K as promulgated by the SEC.
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2022. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on such evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2022 our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in this report was accumulated and communicated in the manner provided above.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, there were no material changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II -OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
We are not currently a party to any legal or governmental regulatory proceedings, nor is our management aware of any pending or threatened legal or government regulatory proceedings proposed to be initiated against us, in each case that would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
 
There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2022, except as noted below.

Risks Related to Drug Development

Interim, “top-line,” and preliminary data from our clinical trials that we may announce or publish from time to time may change as more patient data become available and are subject to audit and verification procedures that could result in material changes in the final data.

From time to time, we may publicly disclose interim, top-line or preliminary data from our preclinical studies and clinical trials, based on a preliminary analysis of then-available data. The results and related findings and conclusions are subject to change following a more comprehensive review of the data related to the particular study or trial. We also make assumptions, estimations, calculations and conclusions as part of our analyses of data, and we may not have received all data when we publicly disclose such data. As a result, any interim, top-line or preliminary results that we report may differ from future results of the same studies, or different conclusions or considerations may qualify such results, once additional data have been received and fully evaluated. Preliminary or top-line data also remain subject to audit and verification procedures that may result in the final data being materially different from the preliminary data we previously published. As a result, interim, top-line and preliminary data should be viewed with caution until the final data are available. In addition, preliminary or interim data from ongoing clinical trials are subject to the risk that one or more of the clinical outcomes may materially change as patient enrollment continues and more patient data become available or as patients from our clinical trials continue other treatments for their disease. For example, we have announced data from the first randomization block of our Phase 2 VIBRANT study with vurolenatide, but we continue to enroll patients in this study and plan to announce additional data from these patients in the future. Adverse differences between any preliminary or interim data we disclose and final data could significantly harm our business prospects.

Further, others, including regulatory agencies, may not accept or agree with our assumptions, estimates, calculations, conclusions or analyses or may interpret or weigh the importance of data differently, which could impact the value of the particular program, the approvability or commercialization of the particular product candidate and our company in general. In addition, the information we choose to publicly disclose regarding a particular study or clinical trial is based on what is typically extensive information, and you or others may not agree with what we determine is material or otherwise appropriate information to include in our disclosure. Any information we determine not to disclose may ultimately be deemed significant by you or others with respect to future decisions, conclusions, views, activities or otherwise regarding a particular product candidate or our business. If the interim, top-line or preliminary data that we report differ from final results, or if others, including regulatory authorities, disagree with the conclusions reached, our ability to obtain approval for, and commercialize, product candidates may be harmed, which could significantly harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

We are reliant on the success of our lead product candidate, vurolenatide, which we are developing for the treatment of SBS. If we are unable to commercialize vurolenatide, or experience significant delays in doing so, our business will be materially harmed.

Our ability to generate product revenues, which may not occur for several years, if ever, currently depends heavily on the successful development and commercialization of vurolenatide. The success of vurolenatide will depend on a number of factors, including the following:

successful completion of clinical development;
receipt of marketing approvals from applicable regulatory authorities;
establishing commercial manufacturing arrangements with third-party manufacturers;
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obtaining and maintaining patent and trade secret protection and regulatory exclusivity;
protecting our rights in our intellectual property portfolio;
establishing sales, marketing and distribution capabilities;
launching commercial sales of vurolenatide; if and when approved, whether alone or in collaboration with others;
acceptance of vurolenatide, if and when approved, by patients, the medical community and third-party payors;
effectively competing with other SBS therapies; and
maintaining a continued acceptable safety profile of vurolenatide following approval.

If we do not achieve one or more of these factors in a timely manner or at all, we could experience significant delays or an inability to successfully commercialize vurolenatide, which would materially harm our business.

Risks Related to the 2022 Convertible Note

There are risks associated with our outstanding 2022 Convertible Note and any additional convertible notes issuable under the Purchase Agreement that could adversely affect our business and financial condition.

As of August 10, 2022, we had $21.0 million of outstanding indebtedness under the 2022 Convertible Note. Pursuant to the Purchase Argument, we can incur up to an aggregate of $70.0 million by issuing additional convertible notes, subject to certain limitations. The terms of any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement will be substantially the same as those under the initial 2022 Convertible Note. The interest rate is variable and the per share conversion rate is subject to a weighted average anti-dilution adjustment in the event we issue, or are deemed to have issued, shares of our common stock, other than certain excepted issuances, at a price below the conversion price then in effect, as well as anti-dilution protection if within 90 days after July 15, 2022, we grant, issue or sell any shares of our common stock for a per share price less than the conversion rate then in effect. We may pay interest and repay principal, at our discretion, in shares of our common stock.

The 2022 Convertible Note provides for standard and customary events of default, such as our failing to make timely payments and failing to timely comply with the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act. The 2022 Convertible Note also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations on incurring additional indebtedness, the creation of additional liens on our assets, and entering into investments, as well as a subsequent financing requirement to raise at least $25.0 million by March 31, 2023, and a minimum liquidity requirement. In addition, if we experience a Fundamental Change, as defined in the 2022 Convertible Note, which includes a merger in which we are not the surviving entity, a change in control, the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or our common stock ceasing to be listed on Nasdaq or any other eligible exchange, then the holder of the 2022 Convertible Note, and any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement, can require us to repay the outstanding indebtedness in cash.

Our ability to remain in compliance with the covenants under the 2022 Convertible Note depends on, among other things, our operating performance, competitive developments, financial market conditions, and stock exchange listing of our common stock, all of which are significantly affected by financial, business, economic, and other factors, many of which we are not able to control. Accordingly, our cash flow may not be sufficient to allow us to pay principal and interest on the 2022 Convertible Note and any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement or meet our other obligations under the Purchase Agreement. Our level of indebtedness under the Purchase Agreement could have other important consequences, including the following:

We may need to use a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to pay interest and principal on the 2022 Convertible Note and any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement, which would reduce funds available to us for other purposes such as working capital, capital expenditures, potential acquisitions, and other general corporate purposes;

We may be unable to refinance our indebtedness under the Purchase Agreement or to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, or general corporate purposes;

We are exposed to fluctuations in interest rates because borrowings under the Purchase Agreement bear interest at a variable rate;
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We may be unable to comply with covenants in the 2022 Convertible Note, which could result in an event of default that, if not cured or waived, may result in acceleration of the 2022 Convertible Note and any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement. An event of default would have an adverse effect on our business and prospects, could cause us to lose the rights to our intellectual property, and could force us into bankruptcy or liquidation;

Our ability to pay interest and repay principal in shares of our common stock, if so elected by us, and conversion of the 2022 Convertible Note and any additional convertible notes issued under the Purchase Agreement could result in significant dilution of our common stock, which could result in significant dilution to our existing stockholders and cause the market price of our common stock to decline; and

We may be more vulnerable to an economic downturn or recession and adverse developments in our business.

There can be no assurance that we will be able to manage any of these risks successfully.

Our obligations to the Holder under the 2022 Convertible Note, and any additional convertible notes, are secured by a security interest in substantially all of our assets, and if we default on those obligations, the Holder could foreclose on our assets.

Our obligations under the 2022 Convertible Note, and any additional convertible notes, and the related transaction documents, are secured by a security interest in substantially all of our assets. As a result, if we default on our obligations under the 2022 Convertible Note, or any additional convertible notes, the collateral agent on behalf of the Holder could foreclose on the security interests and liquidate some or all of our assets, which would harm our business, financial condition and results of operations and could require us to reduce or cease operations and investors may lose all or part of your investment.


Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we issued a total of 871,962 shares of our common stock pursuant to the EBRIS Agreement. We relied upon the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act to issue these shares.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5. Other Information
    
Not applicable.
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Item 6. Exhibits.

      FILED INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
EXHIBIT NO.   DESCRIPTION HEREWITH FORM EXHIBIT FILING DATE
10.1* X
10.2# 8-K 10.1 June 22, 2022
10.3# 8-K 10.2 June 22, 2022
10.4 8-K 10.1 June 30, 2022
10.5 8-K 10.2 June 30, 2022
31.1   X      
31.2   X      
32.1     X
32.2     X
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document   X
37


      FILED INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
EXHIBIT NO.   DESCRIPTION HEREWITH FORM EXHIBIT FILING DATE
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document   X
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document   X
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Document   X
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document   X
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document   X
104.0 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101) X

* Certain confidential portion and/or the schedules and attachments to this exhibit have been omitted from this filing pursuant to Item 601(a)(5), 01(b)(2), or 601(b)(10), as applicable, of Regulation S-K. The Company will furnish copies of the unredacted exhibit to the SEC upon request.

# Management contract or other compensatory plan

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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
  9 METERS BIOPHARMA, INC.
  a Delaware corporation
     
Date: August 15, 2022 By:    /s/ Bethany Sensenig
    Bethany Sensenig
    Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Principal Accounting Officer)

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9 Meters Biopharma (NASDAQ:NMTR)
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