By Doug Cameron and Alison Sider 

The nation's largest domestic airline said demand continues to falter because of rising Covid-19 cases but pledged to avoid any compulsory job cuts even after federal aid runs out in October.

Southwest Airlines Co. provided a more downbeat outlook than some rivals wrestling with the impact of the pandemic during the summer travel season, with cancellations continuing to rise and demand weakening into the fall. American Airlines Group Inc., which had bet on the recovery in business, said it was slowing some of its planned expansion.

"We will adjust our flight schedule aggressively and frequently in response to this volatile demand environment," said Southwest Chief Executive Gary Kelly as it reported a quarterly loss.

U.S. carriers are battling to restore passenger confidence about travel, with ever-tougher policies on wearing masks and contrasting approaches to filling aircraft that are making perceptions of safety a competitive factor.

Airlines are all trimming the amount of flying going into the fall, but Southwest said that its cancellations continue to rise and that is set to burn more cash without further action. Recent commentary from United Airlines Holdings Inc. and others pointed to demand plateauing in June and July as Covid-19 cases started to soar in many states, with cash burn falling.

American, the world's largest airline, told crew members earlier this week that it is paring capacity in August as it confronts the challenge that rising case numbers pose to its plans to keep flying more than some competitors this summer.

American is joining rivals including United, Delta Air Lines Inc. and Spirit Airlines Inc. in scaling back its summer plans as the nascent travel recovery has begun to stall. American did not say how many flights it plans to cut but told pilots in a memo this week to prepare for schedule adjustments.

Southwest still plans to keep August capacity at 70% to 80% of 2019 levels, but with projected cash burn of $23 million a day in the current quarter -- level with the three months to June 30 -- said it will adjust as necessary.

It plans to keep the middle seats on aircraft free through October, mirroring the policy of Delta Air LInes Inc. Southwest and American also said late Wednesday that all passengers over 2 years must wear masks on board, removing exemptions for medical conditions. United will require its passengers to wear masks in the airport.

Southwest also said it will test using thermal cameras to scan for passengers with high temperatures at Dallas Love Field airport, something that Mr. Kelly has called on the Transportation Security Administration to take on.

American and Southwest reported a combined loss of $3 billion in the June quarter, normally the most lucrative season for airlines ahead of the drop in traffic after Labor Day when they depend more on business passengers, a market that has all but disappeared.

Both airlines are cutting costs in response to demand that industry executives don't expect to recover meaningfully until a treatment for Covid-19 becomes widely available.

Southwest said 4,400 staff had taken a voluntary separation package while an additional 12,500 will take extended time off, and it pledged to avoid any compulsory furloughs or job cuts this year. American earlier this month said that it would be overstaffed by 20,000 employees this fall but that it still hopes to mitigate or avoid forced cuts through early retirement and leave programs. Other carriers have issued furlough notices, potentially affecting more than 50,000 employees.

Southwest reported a loss of $915 million in the June quarter compared with a profit of $741 million last year. The per-share loss of $2.73 a share excluding special items compared with the $2.73 consensus among analysts polled by FactSet.

American reported a loss of $2.1 billion in the second quarter, compared with a profit of $4.3 billion a year earlier. Excluding one-time items such as government aid to cover payroll, the airline reported a loss of $3.4 billion, or $7.82 per share compared with the $4.86 consensus among analysts.

Southwest shares turned negative in pre-open trade, with other carriers narrowly ahead.

--Dave Sebastian contributed to this article.

Write to Doug Cameron at and Alison Sider at


(END) Dow Jones Newswires

July 23, 2020 09:07 ET (13:07 GMT)

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