Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited (Nasdaq: MLCO) (“Melco” or the “Company”), a developer, owner, and operator of integrated resort facilities in Asia and Europe, today reported its unaudited financial results for the first quarter of 2023.

Total operating revenues for the first quarter of 2023 were US$716.5 million, representing an increase of approximately 51% from US$474.9 million for the comparable period in 2022. The increase in total operating revenues was primarily attributable to the improved performance in all gaming segments primarily due to the relaxation of COVID-19 related restrictions in Macau during the quarter.

Operating income for the first quarter of 2023 was US$0.4 million, compared with operating loss of US$135.9 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Melco generated Adjusted Property EBITDA(1) of US$190.8 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with Adjusted Property EBITDA of US$56.0 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited for the first quarter of 2023 was US$81.3 million, or US$0.18 per ADS, compared with US$183.3 million, or US$0.39 per ADS, in the first quarter of 2022. The net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests was US$19.4 million and US$38.6 million during the first quarters of 2023 and 2022, respectively, all of which were related to Studio City, City of Dreams Manila, and the Cyprus Operations.

Mr. Lawrence Ho, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “We have seen a very encouraging start to the recovery in Macau during the first quarter of 2023, following the relaxation of border restrictions in early January. We continued to see improving momentum into April and Golden Week in May, with mass market table games drop and mass gross gaming revenue during the Golden Week period exceeding the same period in 2019.

“We launched some exciting new initiatives in April. We started Macau’s first ever residency concert series at Studio City and opened Studio City Phase 2, starting with our Epic hotel tower and the indoor water park. These initiatives reinforce our long-standing commitment to bring unique, world class entertainment and hotel offerings to Macau. We have a diverse range of events that are being planned for the future that, we believe, will continue to drive international tourism and position Macau as a leading destination for leisure and entertainment.

“We’ve seen strength in the Philippines with a solid recovery underway. Adjusted Property EBITDA at City of Dreams Manila for the first quarter of 2023 surpassed that of the first quarter of 2019. Performance in Cyprus has also been strong with both gross gaming revenue and Adjusted Property EBITDA exceeding 2019 levels. With this proven demand, we are excited to open City of Dreams Mediterranean in mid-June and showcase our expertise with the first integrated resort of its kind in the region.

“Environmental sustainability remains a key pillar of our strategy. Our latest 2022 Sustainability Report highlights our achievements to date as we work towards reaching our 2030 goals. We have expanded climate related risk assessment to provide further guidance as we implement our carbon-neutral resort commitments across our properties. We are also continuing our work towards achieving BREEAM certification for Studio City Phase 2 and City of Dreams Mediterranean following construction completion.”

City of Dreams First Quarter Results

For the quarter ended March 31, 2023, total operating revenues at City of Dreams were US$358.3 million, compared with US$256.7 million in the first quarter of 2022. City of Dreams generated Adjusted EBITDA of US$94.9 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with Adjusted EBITDA of US$44.4 million in the first quarter of 2022. The year-over-year increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily a result of better performance in the mass market table games segment and non-gaming operations.

Rolling chip volume was US$4.04 billion for the first quarter of 2023 versus US$2.45 billion in the first quarter of 2022. The rolling chip win rate was 2.41% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 3.93% in the first quarter of 2022. The expected rolling chip win rate range is 2.85%-3.15%.

Mass market table games drop increased to US$1.02 billion in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$552.5 million in the first quarter of 2022. The mass market table games hold percentage was 27.0% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 30.6% in the first quarter of 2022.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$655.7 million, compared with US$380.1 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 3.9% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 3.4% in the first quarter of 2022.

Total non-gaming revenue at City of Dreams in the first quarter of 2023 was US$58.3 million, compared with US$37.8 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Altira Macau First Quarter Results

For the quarter ended March 31, 2023, total operating revenues at Altira Macau were US$23.8 million, compared with US$13.9 million in the first quarter of 2022. Altira Macau generated negative Adjusted EBITDA of US$2.0 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with negative Adjusted EBITDA of US$9.4 million in the first quarter of 2022.

In the mass market table games segment, drop was US$82.6 million in the first quarter of 2023 versus US$44.4 million in the first quarter of 2022. The mass market table games hold percentage was 25.0% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 26.3% in the first quarter of 2022.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$74.3 million, compared with US$50.5 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 3.6% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 4.1% in the first quarter of 2022.

Total non-gaming revenue at Altira Macau in the first quarter of 2023 was US$3.7 million, compared with US$2.4 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Mocha and Other First Quarter Results

Total operating revenues from Mocha and Other were US$30.0 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$21.2 million in the first quarter of 2022. Mocha and Other generated Adjusted EBITDA of US$7.7 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with Adjusted EBITDA of US$4.4 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Mass market table games drop was US$37.7 million in the first quarter of 2023 and the mass market table games hold percentage was 16.8% for the first quarter of 2023.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$519.0 million, compared with US$478.1 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 4.7% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 4.4% in the first quarter of 2022.

Studio City First Quarter Results

For the quarter ended March 31, 2023, total operating revenues at Studio City were US$142.2 million, compared with US$71.1 million in the first quarter of 2022. Studio City generated Adjusted EBITDA of US$20.6 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with negative Adjusted EBITDA of US$17.3 million in the first quarter of 2022. The year-over-year increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily a result of better performance in the mass market table games segment and non-gaming operations.

Studio City's rolling chip volume was US$718.5 million in the first quarter of 2023 versus US$439.3 million in the first quarter of 2022. The rolling chip win rate was 1.59% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 1.66% in the first quarter of 2022. The expected rolling chip win rate range is 2.85%- 3.15%.

Mass market table games drop increased to US$480.6 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$191.8 million in the first quarter of 2022. The mass market table games hold percentage was 24.7% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 31.6% in the first quarter of 2022.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$431.7 million, compared with US$233.0 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 3.8% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 3.1% in the first quarter of 2022.

Total non-gaming revenue at Studio City in the first quarter of 2023 was US$25.1 million, compared with US$13.3 million in the first quarter of 2022.

City of Dreams Manila First Quarter Results

For the quarter ended March 31, 2023, total operating revenues at City of Dreams Manila were US$133.3 million, compared with US$86.9 million in the first quarter of 2022. City of Dreams Manila generated Adjusted EBITDA of US$60.9 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with Adjusted EBITDA of US$33.0 million in the comparable period of 2022.The year-over-year increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily a result of better performance in all gaming segments and non-gaming operations.

City of Dreams Manila’s rolling chip volume was US$655.8 million in the first quarter of 2023 versus US$647.9 million in the first quarter of 2022. The rolling chip win rate was 5.43% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 1.09% in the first quarter of 2022. The expected rolling chip win rate range is 2.85% - 3.15%.

Mass market table games drop increased to US$177.1 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$127.3 million in the first quarter of 2022. The mass market table games hold percentage was 31.2% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 29.8% in the first quarter of 2022.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$979.5 million, compared with US$776.7 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 5.4% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 6.0% in the first quarter of 2022.

Total non-gaming revenue at City of Dreams Manila in the first quarter of 2023 was US$28.6 million, compared with US$22.3 million in the first quarter of 2022.

Cyprus Operations First Quarter Results

The Company is licensed to operate a temporary casino, which is the first casino in the Republic of Cyprus, and four satellite casinos (collectively, the “Cyprus Casinos”). Upon the completion and opening of City of Dreams Mediterranean, the Company will continue to operate the satellite casinos while operation of the temporary casino will cease.

Total operating revenues at Cyprus Casinos for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 was US$27.8 million, compared with US$16.1 million in the first quarter of 2022. Cyprus Casinos generated Adjusted EBITDA of US$8.7 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with Adjusted EBITDA of US$0.9 million in the first quarter of 2022. The year-over-year increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily a result of better performance in the mass market segment.

Rolling chip volume was US$0.5 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$2.2 million in the first quarter of 2022. The rolling chip win rate was 32.91% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with negative 3.40% in the first quarter of 2022. The expected rolling chip win rate range is 2.85% - 3.15%.

Mass market table games drop was US$42.2 million in the first quarter of 2023, compared with US$26.8 million in the first quarter of 2022. The mass market table games hold percentage was 21.7% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 16.5% in the first quarter of 2022.

Gaming machine handle for the first quarter of 2023 was US$384.9 million, compared with US$247.1 million in the first quarter of 2022. The gaming machine win rate was 4.9% in the first quarter of 2023 versus 4.9% in the first quarter of 2022.

Other Factors Affecting Earnings

Total net non-operating expenses for the first quarter of 2023 were US$103.3 million, which mainly included interest expenses of US$109.0 million, net of amounts capitalized, partially offset by interest income of US$6.8 million.

Depreciation and amortization costs of US$121.5 million were recorded in the first quarter of 2023 of which US$5.7 million related to the amortization expense for land use rights.

The Adjusted EBITDA for Studio City for the three months ended March 31, 2023 referred to above is US$11.5 million more than the Adjusted EBITDA of Studio City contained in the earnings release for Studio City International Holdings Limited (“SCIHL”) dated May 10, 2023 (the “Studio City Earnings Release”). The Adjusted EBITDA of Studio City contained in the Studio City Earnings Release includes certain intercompany charges that are not included in the Adjusted EBITDA for Studio City contained in this press release. Such intercompany charges include, among other items, fees and shared service charges billed between SCIHL and its subsidiaries and certain subsidiaries of Melco. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA of Studio City included in this press release does not reflect certain gaming concession related costs and certain intercompany costs related to the table games operations at Studio City Casino.

Financial Position and Capital Expenditures

Total cash and bank balances as of March 31, 2023 aggregated to US$1.46 billion, including US$124.5 million of restricted cash. Total debt, net of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue premiums, was US$7.86 billion at the end of the first quarter of 2023.

Available liquidity, including cash and undrawn revolving credit facilities, as of March 31, 2023, was US$2.08 billion.

US$169.8 million of ADSs were repurchased in the first quarter of 2023 through a privately-negotiated transaction with Melco Leisure and Entertainment Group Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Melco International Development Limited.

Capital expenditures for the first quarter of 2023 were US$69.8 million, which primarily related to the construction projects at Studio City Phase 2 and City of Dreams Mediterranean.

Recent Developments

On April 6, 2023, the Company announced the opening of an indoor water park and the Epic hotel tower, at Studio City Phase 2. The indoor water park spans nearly 10,000 square meters with 16 waterslides and attractions. The outdoor water park at Studio City opened for the season on April 28, 2023. The Epic hotel tower has a total of 338 suites in eight room types including two villas.

Conference Call Information

Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited will hold a conference call to discuss its first quarter 2023 financial results on Wednesday, May 10, 2023 at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time (or 8:30 p.m. Singapore Time).

To join the conference call, please register in advance using the below Online Registration Link. Upon registering, each participant will receive the dial-in numbers and a unique Personal PIN which can be used to join the conference.

Online Registration Link: https://register.vevent.com/register/BI2b5302de12dd4dfc9ccd5719a54aa3e3    

An audio webcast and replay of the conference call will also be available at http://www.melco-resorts.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited (the “Company”) may also make forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about the Company’s beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties, and a number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. These factors include, but are not limited to, (i) COVID-19 outbreaks, and the continued impact of its consequences on our business, our industry and the global economy, (ii) risks associated with the newly adopted gaming law in Macau and its implementation by the Macau government, (iii) changes in the gaming market and visitations in Macau, the Philippines and the Republic of Cyprus, (iv) capital and credit market volatility, (v) local and global economic conditions, (vi) our anticipated growth strategies, (vii) gaming authority and other governmental approvals and regulations, and (viii) our future business development, results of operations and financial condition. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by words or phrases such as “may”, “will”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “target”, “aim”, “estimate”, “intend”, “plan”, “believe”, “potential”, “continue”, “is/are likely to” or other similar expressions. Further information regarding these and other risks, uncertainties or factors is included in the Company’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and the Company undertakes no duty to update such information, except as required under applicable law.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(1) “Adjusted EBITDA” is net income/loss before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, pre-opening costs, property charges and other, share-based compensation, payments to the Philippine parties under the cooperative arrangement (the “Philippine Parties”), land rent to Belle Corporation and other non-operating income and expenses. “Adjusted Property EBITDA” is net income/loss before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, pre-opening costs, property charges and other, share-based compensation, payments to the Philippine Parties, land rent to Belle Corporation, Corporate and Other expenses and other non-operating income and expenses. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA are presented exclusively as supplemental disclosures because management believes they are widely used to measure the performance, and as a basis for valuation, of gaming companies. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA as measures of the operating performance of its segments and to compare the operating performance of its properties with those of its competitors.
   
  The Company also presents Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA because they are used by some investors as ways to measure a company’s ability to incur and service debt, make capital expenditures, and meet working capital requirements. Gaming companies have historically reported Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA as supplements to financial measures in accordance with U.S. GAAP. However, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA should not be considered as alternatives to operating income/loss as indicators of the Company’s performance, as alternatives to cash flows from operating activities as measures of liquidity, or as alternatives to any other measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Unlike net income/loss, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA do not include depreciation and amortization or interest expense and, therefore, do not reflect current or future capital expenditures or the cost of capital. The Company recognizes these limitations and uses Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA as only two of several comparative tools, together with U.S. GAAP measurements, to assist in the evaluation of operating performance.
   
  Such U.S. GAAP measurements include operating income/loss, net income/loss, cash flows from operations and cash flow data. The Company has significant uses of cash flows, including capital expenditures, interest payments, debt principal repayments, taxes and other recurring and nonrecurring charges, which are not reflected in Adjusted EBITDA or Adjusted Property EBITDA. Also, the Company’s calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA may be different from the calculation methods used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited. Reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA with the most comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP are provided herein immediately following the financial statements included in this press release.
   
(2) “Adjusted net income/loss” is net income/loss before pre-opening costs and property charges and other, net of non-controlling interests and taxes calculated using specific tax treatments applicable to the adjustments based on their respective jurisdictions. Adjusted net income/loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and adjusted net income/loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share (“EPS”) are presented as supplemental disclosures because management believes they are widely used to measure the performance, and as a basis for valuation, of gaming companies. These measures are used by management and/or evaluated by some investors, in addition to income/loss and EPS computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP, as an additional basis for assessing period-to-period results of our business. Adjusted net income/loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and adjusted net income/loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share may be different from the calculation methods used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited. Reconciliations of adjusted net income/loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited with the most comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP are provided herein immediately following the financial statements included in this press release.

About Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited

The Company, with its American depositary shares listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (Nasdaq: MLCO), is a developer, owner and operator of integrated resort facilities in Asia and Europe. The Company currently operates Altira Macau (www.altiramacau.com), an integrated resort located at Taipa, Macau and City of Dreams (www.cityofdreamsmacau.com), an integrated resort located in Cotai, Macau. Its business also includes the Mocha Clubs (www.mochaclubs.com), which comprise the largest non-casino based operations of electronic gaming machines in Macau. The Company also majority owns and operates Studio City (www.studiocity-macau.com), a cinematically-themed integrated resort in Cotai, Macau. In the Philippines, a Philippine subsidiary of the Company currently operates and manages City of Dreams Manila (www.cityofdreamsmanila.com), an integrated resort in the Entertainment City complex in Manila. In Europe, the Company is currently developing City of Dreams Mediterranean (www.cityofdreamsmed.com.cy) in the Republic of Cyprus, which is expected to be the largest and premier integrated destination resort in Europe. The Company is currently operating a temporary casino, the first authorized casino in the Republic of Cyprus, and is licensed to operate four satellite casinos (“Cyprus Casinos”). Upon the opening of City of Dreams Mediterranean, the Company will continue to operate the satellite casinos while operation of the temporary casino will cease. For more information about the Company, please visit www.melco-resorts.com.

The Company is majority owned by Melco International Development Limited, a company listed on the Main Board of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, which is in turn majority owned and led by Mr. Lawrence Ho, who is the Chairman, Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

For the investment community, please contact:Jeanny KimSenior Vice President, Group TreasurerTel: +852 2598 3698Email: jeannykim@melco-resorts.com

For media enquiries, please contact:Chimmy LeungExecutive Director, Corporate CommunicationsTel: +852 3151 3765Email: chimmyleung@melco-resorts.com

             
Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
             
             
  Three Months Ended  
  March 31,  
  2023     2022    
             
Operating revenues:        
  Casino $ 599,000     $ 395,075    
  Rooms   58,588       36,509    
  Food and beverage   36,755       24,328    
  Entertainment, retail and other   22,137       19,033    
Total operating revenues   716,480       474,945    
             
Operating costs and expenses:        
  Casino   (398,869 )     (307,383 )  
  Rooms   (14,351 )     (12,964 )  
  Food and beverage   (27,514 )     (23,821 )  
  Entertainment, retail and other   (6,026 )     (5,988 )  
  General and administrative   (110,004 )     (101,223 )  
  Payments to the Philippine Parties   (13,348 )     (7,215 )  
  Pre-opening costs   (13,112 )     (2,355 )  
  Amortization of gaming subconcession   -       (14,254 )  
  Amortization of land use rights   (5,658 )     (5,682 )  
  Depreciation and amortization   (115,801 )     (121,356 )  
  Property charges and other   (11,442 )     (8,601 )  
Total operating costs and expenses   (716,125 )     (610,842 )  
Operating income (loss)   355       (135,897 )  
Non-operating income (expenses):        
  Interest income 6,794       990    
  Interest expenses, net of amounts capitalized   (108,958 )     (87,087 )  
  Other financing costs   (934 )     (1,343 )  
  Foreign exchange (losses) gains, net   (819 )     2,778    
  Other income, net   660       688    
Total non-operating expenses, net   (103,257 )     (83,974 )  
Loss before income tax   (102,902 )     (219,871 )  
Income tax benefit (expense)   2,241       (1,973 )  
Net loss   (100,661 )     (221,844 )  
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests   19,373       38,560    
Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited $ (81,288 )   $ (183,284 )  
             
Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share:
   Basic $ (0.061 )   $ (0.129 )  
   Diluted $ (0.061 )   $ (0.129 )  
             
Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per ADS:
   Basic $ (0.184 )   $ (0.387 )  
   Diluted $ (0.184 )   $ (0.388 )  
             
Weighted average shares outstanding used in net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share calculation:            
   Basic   1,325,716,287       1,422,175,108    
   Diluted   1,325,716,287       1,422,175,108    
             
             
 Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries
 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 (In thousands, except share and per share data)
             
             
    March 31,   December 31,
    2023     2022  
    (Unaudited)      
             
ASSETS          
             
Current assets:          
    Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,338,558     $ 1,812,729  
    Restricted cash   22       50,992  
    Accounts receivable, net   69,043       55,992  
    Receivables from affiliated companies   654       630  
    Inventories   26,216       26,416  
    Prepaid expenses and other current assets   132,901       119,410  
    Assets held for sale   8,372       8,503  
Total current assets   1,575,766       2,074,672  
             
Property and equipment, net (3) 5,820,049       5,870,905  
Intangible assets, net (3) 274,383       43,610  
Goodwill   81,188       81,606  
Long-term prepayments, deposits and other assets    159,983       159,697  
Receivables from an affiliated company -       216,333  
Restricted cash   124,483       124,736  
Deferred tax assets, net 362       638  
Operating lease right-of-use assets 66,921       58,715  
Land use rights, net   661,781       670,872  
Total assets $ 8,764,916     $ 9,301,784  
             
LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT        
             
Current liabilities:          
    Accounts payable $ 8,516     $ 6,730  
    Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (3)   869,782       809,305  
    Income tax payable   9,999       11,610  
    Operating lease liabilities, current   17,398       12,761  
    Finance lease liabilities, current   36,045       34,959  
    Current portion of long-term debt, net   -       322,500  
    Payables to affiliated companies   322       761  
Total current liabilities   942,062       1,198,626  
             
Long-term debt, net   7,862,705       8,090,008  
Other long-term liabilities (3) 257,509       33,712  
Deferred tax liabilities, net 37,914       39,677  
Operating lease liabilities, non-current 59,374       55,832  
Finance lease liabilities, non-current   201,318       198,291  
Total liabilities   9,360,882       9,616,146  
             
Deficit:           
    Ordinary shares, par value $0.01; 7,300,000,000 shares authorized;            
      1,404,679,067 and 1,445,052,143 shares issued;            
      1,299,279,721 and 1,335,307,327 shares outstanding, respectively   14,047       14,451  
    Treasury shares, at cost; 105,399,346 and 109,744,816 shares, respectively   (290,076 )     (241,750 )
    Additional paid-in capital   3,105,273       3,218,895  
    Accumulated other comprehensive losses   (122,068 )     (111,969 )
    Accumulated losses   (3,811,240 )     (3,729,952 )
Total Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited shareholders’ deficit    (1,104,064 )     (850,325 )
Noncontrolling interests   508,098       535,963  
Total deficit   (595,966 )     (314,362 )
Total liabilities and deficit  $ 8,764,916     $ 9,301,784  
                       
(3) On December 16, 2022, the Macau government awarded a ten-year concession to operate games of fortune and chance in casinos in Macau (the “Concession”) to Melco Resorts (Macau) Limited (“Melco Resorts Macau”), a subsidiary of Melco. The term of the Concession commenced on January 1, 2023 and ends on December 31, 2032 and Melco Resorts Macau is authorized to operate the Altira Casino, the City of Dreams Casino and the Studio City Casino as well as the Grand Dragon Casino and the Mocha Clubs. Under the Concession, Melco Resorts Macau is obligated to pay the Macau government a fixed annual premium of Macau Patacas (“MOP”) 30,000 (equivalent to $3,730) plus a variable annual premium calculated in accordance with the number and type of gaming tables (subject to a minimum of 500 tables) and electronic gaming machines (subject to a minimum of 1,000 machines) operated by Melco Resorts Macau. The variable annual premium is MOP300 (equivalent to $37) for each gaming table reserved exclusively to certain kinds of games or players, MOP150 (equivalent to $19) for each gaming table not so exclusively reserved and MOP1 (equivalent to $0.1) for each electronic gaming machine. On December 30, 2022, in accordance with the obligations under letter of undertakings dated June 23, 2022, Melco Resorts Macau and certain subsidiaries of Melco, which holds the land lease rights for the properties on which the Altira Casino, City of Dreams Casino and Studio City Casino are located, executed a public deed pursuant to which the gaming and gaming support areas comprising the Altira Casino, City of Dreams Casino and Studio City Casino with an area of 17,128.8 square meters, 31,227.3 square meters and 28,784.3 square meters, respectively, and related gaming equipment and utensils (collectively as referred to the “Reversion Assets”), reverted to the Macau government, without compensation and free and clear from any charges or encumbrances, at the expiration of the subconcession in accordance with the Macau gaming law. The Reversion Assets that reverted to the Macau government at the expiration of the subconcession are owned by the Macau government. Under the terms of the Macau gaming law and the Concession, effective as of January 1, 2023, the Reversion Assets have been transferred by the Macau government to Melco Resorts Macau for use in its operations during the Concession for a fee of MOP0.75 (equivalent to $0.09) per square meter of the casino for years 1 to 3 of the Concession, subject to a consumer price index increase in years 2 and 3 of the Concession and such fee will increase to MOP2.5 (equivalent to $0.3) per square meter of the casino for years 4 to 10 of the Concession, subject to a consumer price index increase in years 5 to 10 of the Concession (the “Fee”). As Melco Resorts Macau will continue to operate the Reversion Assets in the same manner as under the previous subconcession, obtain substantially all of the economic benefits and bear all of the risks arising from the use of these assets, as well as assuming it will be successful in the awarding of a new concession upon expiry of the Concession, the Company will continue to recognize these Reversion Assets as property and equipment over their remaining estimated useful lives. On January 1, 2023, the Company recognized an intangible asset and financial liability of $239,588, representing the right to operate the Reversion Assets, the right to conduct games of fortunes and chance in Macau and the unconditional obligation to make payments under the Concession. This intangible asset comprises the contractually obligated annual payments of fixed premium and variable premiums, as well as the Fee without considering the consumer price index under the Concession. The contractually obligated annual variable premium payments associated with the intangible asset was determined at the rate using the total number of gaming tables not reserved exclusively to certain kinds of games or players and the total number of electronic gaming machines that Melco Resorts Macau is currently approved to operate by the Macau government. In the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet, the noncurrent portion of the financial liability is included in “Other long-term liabilities” and the current portion is included in “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities”. The intangible asset is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of the Concession, being 10 years.
                   

 

           
           
Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Net Loss Attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited to
Adjusted Net Loss Attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
           
           
  Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2023       2022  
       
Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited $ (81,288 )   $ (183,284 )
Pre-opening costs   13,112       2,355  
Property charges and other   11,442       8,601  
Income tax impact on adjustments   (308 )     -  
Noncontrolling interests impact on adjustments   (4,586 )     (2,166 )
Adjusted net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited $ (61,628 )   $ (174,494 )
           
Adjusted net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share:
   Basic $ (0.046 )   $ (0.123 )
   Diluted $ (0.046 )   $ (0.123 )
           
Adjusted net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per ADS:
   Basic $ (0.139 )   $ (0.368 )
   Diluted $ (0.139 )   $ (0.369 )
           
Weighted average shares outstanding used in adjusted net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited per share calculation:          
   Basic   1,325,716,287       1,422,175,108  
   Diluted   1,325,716,287       1,422,175,108  
           

 

                                                     
Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Operating Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
                                                     
                                                     
    Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
    Altira Macau   Mocha and Other (4)   City of Dreams   Studio City   City of Dreams Manila   Cyprus Operations   Corporateand Other       Total  
                                 
Operating (loss) income $ (8,218 )   $ 6,564     $ 19,626   $ (19,455 )   $ 34,719     $ (580 )   $ (32,301 )   $ 355  
                                                     
Payments to the Philippine Parties   -       -       -     -       13,348       -       -       13,348  
Land rent to Belle Corporation   -       -       -     -       486       -       -       486  
Pre-opening costs   -       -       -     5,063       -       8,049       -       13,112  
Depreciation and amortization   5,929       1,077       61,372     34,368       12,469       1,184       5,060       121,459  
Share-based compensation   (57 )     37       2,817     323       293       26       7,373       10,812  
Property charges and other   308       -       11,112     290       (403 )     3       132       11,442  
Adjusted EBITDA   (2,038 )     7,678       94,927     20,589       60,912       8,682       (19,736 )     171,014  
Corporate and Other expenses   -       -       -     -       -       -       19,736       19,736  
Adjusted Property EBITDA $ (2,038 )   $ 7,678     $ 94,927   $ 20,589     $ 60,912     $ 8,682     $ -     $ 190,750  
                                                     
                                                     
    Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
    Altira Macau   Mocha   City of Dreams   Studio City       City of Dreams Manila     Cyprus Operations   Corporateand Other       Total  
                                 
Operating (loss) income $ (15,721 )   $ 3,040     $ (23,194 )   $ (55,256 )   $ 8,166     $ (3,360 )   $ (49,572 )   $ (135,897 )
                                                     
Payments to the Philippine Parties   -       -       -     -       7,215       -       -       7,215  
Land rent to Belle Corporation   -       -       -     -       658       -       -       658  
Pre-opening costs   -       -       -     277       -       2,078       -       2,355  
Depreciation and amortization   5,433       1,247       60,207     33,805       16,326       1,929       22,345       141,292  
Share-based compensation   363       118       3,796     805       537       253       11,099       16,971  
Property charges and other   573       (53 )     3,614     3,066       94       -       1,307       8,601  
Adjusted EBITDA   (9,352 )     4,352       44,423     (17,303 )     32,996       900       (14,821 )     41,195  
Corporate and Other expenses   -       -       -     -       -       -       14,821       14,821  
Adjusted Property EBITDA $ (9,352 )   $ 4,352     $ 44,423   $ (17,303 )   $ 32,996     $ 900     $ -     $ 56,016  
                                                     
(4) Effective from June 27, 2022, the Grand Dragon Casino, which focuses on mass market table games and was previously reported under the Corporate and Other segment, has been included in the Mocha and Other segment
             
Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Net Loss Attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited to
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Property EBITDA (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
             
             
  Three Months Ended  
  March 31,  
  2023     2022    
         
Net loss attributable to Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited $ (81,288 )   $ (183,284 )    
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests   (19,373 )     (38,560 )  
Net loss   (100,661 )       (221,844 )    
Income tax (benefit) expense   (2,241 )     1,973    
Interest and other non-operating expenses, net   103,257       83,974    
Depreciation and amortization   121,459       141,292    
Property charges and other   11,442       8,601    
Share-based compensation   10,812       16,971    
Pre-opening costs   13,112       2,355    
Land rent to Belle Corporation   486       658    
Payments to the Philippine Parties   13,348       7,215    
Adjusted EBITDA 171,014       41,195    
Corporate and Other expenses   19,736       14,821    
Adjusted Property EBITDA $ 190,750     $ 56,016    
             

 

                   
                   
                   
Melco Resorts & Entertainment Limited and Subsidiaries  
Supplemental Data Schedule  
                   
                   
          Three Months Ended    
          March 31,    
            2023       2022      
Room Statistics(5):                  
Altira Macau                
  Average daily rate (6)   $ 122     $ 105      
  Occupancy per available room   71 %     47 %    
  Revenue per available room (7) $ 87     $ 49      
                   
City of Dreams                
  Average daily rate (6)   $ 212     $ 210      
  Occupancy per available room   72 %     40 %    
  Revenue per available room (7) $ 153     $ 84      
                   
Studio City                
  Average daily rate (6)   $ 107     $ 127      
  Occupancy per available room   76 %     33 %    
  Revenue per available room (7) $ 82     $ 41      
                   
City of Dreams Manila              
  Average daily rate (6)   $ 186     $ 192      
  Occupancy per available room   95 %     91 %    
  Revenue per available room (7) $ 177     $ 176      
                   
Other Information(8):                  
Altira Macau                
  Average number of table games   46       98      
  Average number of gaming machines         158       132      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 4,983     $ 1,329      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 190     $ 173      
                   
Mocha and Other(4)              
  Average number of table games   15       -      
  Average number of gaming machines         883       931      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 4,688     $ -      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 305     $ 254      
                   
City of Dreams                
  Average number of table games   430       460      
  Average number of gaming machines         643       685      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 9,635     $ 6,408      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 446     $ 211      
                   
Studio City                
  Average number of table games   246       277      
  Average number of gaming machines         677       712      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 5,879     $ 2,725      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 272     $ 111      
                   
City of Dreams Manila              
  Average number of table games   268       294      
  Average number of gaming machines         2,296       2,248      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 3,764     $ 1,696      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 255     $ 229      
                   
Cyprus Operations              
  Average number of table games   35       35      
  Average number of gaming machines         447       457      
  Table games win per unit per day (9)       $ 2,962     $ 1,380      
  Gaming machines win per unit per day (10)       $ 471     $ 292      
                   
                   
(5) Room statistics exclude rooms that were temporarily closed or provided to staff members due to the COVID-19 outbreak
(6) Average daily rate is calculated by dividing total room revenues including complimentary rooms (less service charges, if any) by total occupied rooms including complimentary rooms
(7) Revenue per available room is calculated by dividing total room revenues including complimentary rooms (less service charges, if any) by total rooms available
(8) Table games and gaming machines that were not in operation due to government mandated closures or social distancing measures in relation to the COVID-19 outbreak have been excluded
(9) Table games win per unit per day is shown before discounts, commissions, non-discretionary incentives (including our point-loyalty programs) and allocating casino revenues related to goods and services provided to gaming patrons on a complimentary basis
(10) Gaming machines win per unit per day is shown before non-discretionary incentives (including our point-loyalty programs) and allocating casino revenues related to goods and services provided to gaming patrons on a complimentary basis
                   
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