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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
March 31, 2020
 
 
 
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to            
Commission File Number 001-33166
ALGTHEADERQ417A14.JPG
Allegiant Travel Company
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Nevada
20-4745737
 
 
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
1201 North Town Center Drive
 
Las Vegas,
Nevada
89144
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (702) 851-7300

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $.001
 
ALGT
 
NASDAQ Stock Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes    No

As of May 21, 2020, the registrant had 16,200,067 shares of common stock, $.001 par value per share, outstanding.




EXPLANATORY NOTE
 
On March 25, 2020, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) issued an order (the "SEC Order") under Section 36 (Release No. 34-88465) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), granting exemptions from specified provisions of the Exchange Act and certain rules thereunder. The SEC Order provides conditional relief to public companies that are unable to timely comply with their filing obligations as a result of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak. As described in our Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 30, 2020, we are filing this Form 10-Q on a delayed basis, but within the period required by the SEC Order.

Allegiant Travel Company
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
 
 
 
 




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements

ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)

 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
138,361

 
$
121,888

Restricted cash
15,671

 
14,897

Short-term investments
314,946

 
335,928

Accounts receivable
190,108

 
25,516

Expendable parts, supplies and fuel, net
28,700

 
28,375

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
43,011

 
35,617

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
730,797

 
562,221

Property and equipment, net
2,210,721

 
2,236,808

Long-term investments
11,019

 
15,542

Deferred major maintenance, net
133,424

 
129,654

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net
70,260

 
22,081

Deposits and other assets
35,686

 
44,497

TOTAL ASSETS:
$
3,191,907

 
$
3,010,803

CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
62,460

 
$
27,667

Accrued liabilities
154,009

 
161,693

Air traffic liability
303,835

 
249,950

Current maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of related costs
223,600

 
173,274

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
743,904

 
612,584

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current maturities and related costs
1,264,389

 
1,248,579

Deferred income taxes
292,126

 
232,520

Other noncurrent liabilities
81,585

 
33,569

TOTAL LIABILITIES:
2,382,004

 
2,127,252

SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Common stock, par value $.001
23

 
23

Treasury shares
(651,352
)
 
(617,579
)
Additional paid in capital
295,267

 
289,933

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
(624
)
 
98

Retained earnings
1,166,589

 
1,211,076

TOTAL EQUITY:
809,903

 
883,551

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
$
3,191,907

 
$
3,010,803

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3




ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 (unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
OPERATING REVENUES:
 
 
 
Passenger
$
378,911

 
$
419,977

Third party products
15,976


17,141

Fixed fee contracts
8,919

 
10,575

Other
5,375

 
3,929

   Total operating revenues
409,181

 
451,622

OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Salary and benefits
112,646

 
119,411

Aircraft fuel
88,813

 
99,682

Station operations
40,999

 
38,965

Depreciation and amortization
43,699

 
36,182

Maintenance and repairs
21,795

 
22,824

Sales and marketing
18,455

 
20,926

Aircraft lease rental
962

 

Other
26,717

 
22,554

Special charges
172,900

 

   Total operating expenses
526,986

 
360,544

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
(117,805
)
 
91,078

OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Interest expense
18,153

 
18,083

Capitalized interest
(4,067
)
 
(1,503
)
Interest income
(2,311
)
 
(3,201
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
1,222

 
3,677

Other, net
(76
)
 
103

   Total other expenses
12,921

 
17,159

INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES
(130,726
)
 
73,919

INCOME TAX PROVISION (BENEFIT)
(97,717
)
 
16,795

NET INCOME (LOSS)
$
(33,009
)
 
$
57,124

Earnings (loss) per share to common shareholders:
 
 
 
Basic
$
(2.08
)
 
$
3.52

Diluted
$
(2.08
)
 
$
3.52

Shares used for computation:
 
 
 
Basic
15,952

 
16,011

Diluted
15,952

 
16,013

 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per share:
$
0.70

 
$
0.70



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4



ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
NET INCOME (LOSS)
$
(33,009
)
 
$
57,124

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 

Change in available for sale securities, net of tax
(733
)
 
477

Foreign currency translation adjustments
11

 
(6
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
(722
)
 
471

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
$
(33,731
)
 
$
57,595



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5



ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
Common stock outstanding
 
Par value
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
Retained earnings
 
Treasury shares
 
Total shareholders' equity
Balance at December 31, 2019
16,303

 
$
23

 
$
289,933

 
$
98

 
$
1,211,076

 
$
(617,579
)
 
$
883,551

Share-based compensation
113

 

 
5,334

 

 

 

 
5,334

Shares repurchased by the Company and held as treasury shares
(217
)
 

 

 

 

 
(33,773
)
 
(33,773
)
Cash dividends declared, $0.70 per share for the year

 

 

 

 
(11,478
)
 

 
(11,478
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 
(722
)
 

 

 
(722
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 
(33,009
)
 

 
(33,009
)
Balance at March 31, 2020
16,199

 
$
23

 
$
295,267

 
$
(624
)
 
$
1,166,589

 
$
(651,352
)

$
809,903



 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Common stock outstanding
 
Par value
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
Retained earnings
 
Treasury shares
 
Total shareholders' equity
Balance at December 31, 2018
16,183

 
$
23

 
$
270,935

 
$
(661
)
 
$
1,025,061

 
$
(605,037
)
 
$
690,321

Share-based compensation
118

 

 
5,312

 

 

 

 
5,312

Shares repurchased by the Company and held as treasury shares
(17
)
 

 

 

 

 
(2,279
)
 
(2,279
)
Cash dividends declared, $0.70 per share

 

 

 

 
(11,394
)
 

 
(11,394
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 
471

 
(551
)
 

 
(80
)
Net income

 

 

 

 
57,124

 

 
57,124

Cumulative effect of the New Lease Standard

 

 

 

 
(550
)
 

 
(550
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
16,284


$
23


$
276,247


$
(190
)

$
1,069,690


$
(607,316
)

$
738,454



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6



ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(33,009
)
 
$
57,124

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
43,699

 
36,182

Special charges
163,360

 

Other adjustments
67,890

 
18,916

Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Air traffic liability
53,885

 
64,011

Other - net
(189,508
)
 
(16,136
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
106,317

 
160,097

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchase of investment securities
(105,382
)
 
(68,447
)
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities
130,720

 
124,472

Purchase of property and equipment, including capitalized interest
(134,483
)
 
(122,551
)
Other investing activities
2,283

 
6,973

Net cash used in investing activities
(106,862
)
 
(59,553
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Cash dividends paid to shareholders
(11,478
)
 
(11,394
)
Proceeds from the issuance of debt
128,296

 
494,000

Repurchase of common stock
(33,773
)
 
(2,279
)
Principal payments on debt and finance lease obligations
(62,723
)
 
(386,329
)
Debt issuance costs
(2,530
)
 
(30,060
)
Other financing activities

 
(2,615
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
17,792

 
61,323

NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
17,247

 
161,867

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
136,785

 
95,911

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD
$
154,032

 
$
257,778

 
 
 
 
CASH PAYMENTS (RECEIPTS) FOR:
 
 
 
Interest paid, net of amount capitalized
$
12,031

 
$
20,924

Income tax payments (refunds)
22

 
(4,490
)
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NONCASH TRANSACTIONS:
 
 
 
Right-of-use (ROU) assets acquired
$
50,218

 
$
23,320

Purchases of property and equipment in accrued liabilities
46,452

 
3,565




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7



ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Allegiant Travel Company (the “Company”) and its majority-owned operating subsidiaries. The Company's investments in unconsolidated affiliates, which are 50 percent or less owned, are accounted for under the equity or cost method, and are insignificant to the consolidated financial statements. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments which management believes are necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company for the respective periods presented. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year financial statements to conform to classifications used in the current year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for Form 10-Q. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company and notes thereto included in the annual report of the Company on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On June 16, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The standard requires the use of an “expected loss” model on certain types of financial instruments. The standard also amends the impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities and requires estimated credit losses to be recorded as allowances instead of reductions to amortized cost of the securities. The Company adopted this accounting standard prospectively as of January 1, 2020, and it did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

Note 2 — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) was reported in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization (“WHO”) declared COVID-19 a “pandemic” on March 11, 2020 and the U.S. government declared a national state of emergency on March 13, 2020. The U.S. government has implemented enhanced screenings, quarantine requirements and other travel restrictions in connection with the COVID-19 outbreak. U.S. state governments have instituted similar measures, such as “shelter-in-place” requirements, and declared states of emergency. In addition, the U.S. government has strongly recommended “social distancing” measures, including avoiding gathering in groups of more than 10 people and avoiding discretionary travel. Many attractions in the leisure destinations the Company serves, such as Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida and Las Vegas hotels, have temporarily closed, also impacting travel to these destinations.

Government restrictions and consumer fears relating to COVID-19 have impacted flight loads, resulted in unprecedented cancellations of bookings and substantially reduced demand for new bookings. While the Company performed largely as expected in January and February of 2020, a severe reduction in air travel during March 2020 resulted in a 36.0 percent decline in operating revenues for March 2020 as compared to March 2019. To the date of this report, a steep decline in demand has continued throughout the airline industry, and the Company is continuously reevaluating flight schedules based on demand trends.

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") was enacted in March 2020, providing support for the airline industry and other businesses and individuals.


8



The Company has taken many actions to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 on its business, as outlined below:

Network and Customer Experience

Reduced April capacity by 87.4 percent
Continually evaluating forward schedules to adjust capacity according to demand trends
Waived change and cancellation fees for all customers
Extended expiry on credit vouchers to two years
Offered refunds on all flights canceled by the Company and also on itineraries canceled by customers

Cash Outlay Reduction

Suspended all stock buybacks and dividends
Executives have reduced salaries by 50 percent and Board members are foregoing cash compensation
Enacted a hiring freeze and offering voluntary leave
More than 1,100 team members are currently participating in some form of pay reduction program
Suspended nearly all contractor positions, subscriptions, non-essential training and travel
Suspended all non-essential capital expenditures including, but not limited to, Sunseeker Resorts, Teesnap and Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment centers
Extended payment terms and renegotiating contracts with vendors

Liquidity Response

Implemented immediate and meaningful cash burn reductions, which is the Company's most effective way to manage liquidity
Received additional financing of $31.0 million in April 2020, secured by two aircraft
As of April 30, 2020 the Company had 28 unencumbered aircraft and eight unencumbered spare engines
In April 2020, signed payroll support agreement with U.S. Department of Treasury (the "Treasury") in the amount of $171.9 million comprised of $150.3 million in direct grants and a $21.6 million low-interest, unsecured 10-year loan
Received first installment of $86.0 million in April, with remainder expected over the next three months
The Company will issue warrants to the U.S. Department of the Treasury to purchase 25,898 shares at a strike price of $83.33 per share
Expect to receive federal income tax refunds in 2020 and 2021 of up to $194.0 million related to 2018, 2019, and 2020 net operating loss carrybacks due to the change in loss carryback period under the CARES Act
Submitted application under the Loan Program under CARES Act with the option to access up to $276.0 million secured loan by the end of September 2020

Given the above actions and the Company's assumptions about the future impact of COVID-19 on travel demand, which could be materially different due to the inherent uncertainties of the current operating environment, the Company expects to meet its cash obligations as well as remain in compliance with the debt covenants in its existing financing agreements for the next 12 months based on its current level of unrestricted cash and short-term investments, its anticipated access to liquidity as discussed above, and projected cash flows from operations.

Special Charges

The effects of COVID-19 triggered an impairment review as of March 31, 2020, and due to the uncertainty of our non-airline activity moving forward a non-cash impairment charge was recognized during the first quarter (see Note 12 for additional detail). The Company also identified expenses that were unique and specific to COVID-19. This includes salary expense, additional aircraft cleaning expense, and other various expenses. See below for a summary of charges by segment:
(in thousands)
 
Airline
 
Sunseeker Resort
 
Other
non-airline
 
Total
COVID-19 related expenses
 
$
9,540

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,540

Impairment of assets (non-cash)
 

 
136,793

 
26,567

 
163,360

Total special charges
 
$
9,540

 
$
136,793

 
$
26,567

 
$
172,900




9


Note 3 — Revenue Recognition

Passenger Revenue

Passenger revenue is the most significant category in our reported operating revenues. Passenger revenue is primarily composed of scheduled service revenue (including passenger ticket sales and credit voucher breakage), revenue from ancillary air-related charges (including seat fees, baggage fees, and other travel-related services performed in conjunction with a passenger’s flight), as well as co-brand credit card point redemptions, as outlined below:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)
2020
 
2019
Scheduled service
$
197,261

 
$
234,772

Ancillary air-related charges
176,964

 
181,700

Co-brand redemptions
4,686

 
3,505

Total passenger revenue
$
378,911

 
$
419,977



Sales of passenger tickets not yet flown are recorded in air traffic liability. Passenger revenue is recognized when transportation is provided or when ticket voucher breakage occurs, to the extent different from estimated breakage. As of March 31, 2020, approximately 45 percent of the air traffic liability balance was related to forward bookings, with the remaining 55 percent related to credit vouchers for future travel.

The contract term of passenger tickets is twelve months and revenue associated with future travel will principally be recognized within this time frame. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, $191.6 million was recognized into passenger revenue that was recorded in the air traffic liability balance of $250.0 million at December 31, 2019.

In April 2020, the Company announced that credits issued for canceled travel in April through the end of the COVID-19 pandemic will have an extended expiration date which is two years from the original booking date. This change will be considered in estimating the future breakage rate, which represents the value of credit vouchers that are not expected to be redeemed prior to their contractual expiration date.

Co-brand redemptions

In relation to the travel component of the co-branded credit card contract with Bank of America, the Company has a performance obligation to provide cardholders with points to be used for future travel award redemptions. Therefore, consideration received from Bank of America related to the travel component is deferred based on its relative selling price and is recognized into passenger revenue when the points are redeemed and the transportation is provided.

The following table presents the activity of the co-brand point liability as of the dates indicated:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)
2020
 
2019
Balance at January 1
$
15,613

 
$
10,708

Points awarded (deferral of revenue)
6,354

 
4,164

Points redeemed (recognition of revenue)
(4,686
)
 
(3,505
)
Balance at March 31
$
17,281

 
$
11,367



As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, $12.5 million and $8.9 million, respectively, of the current points liability is reflected in Accrued liabilities and represents the Company's current estimate of revenue to be recognized in the next twelve months based on historical trends, with the remaining balance reflected in other noncurrent liabilities expected to be recognized into revenue in periods thereafter. Given the inherent uncertainty of the current operating environment due to COVID-19, the Company will continue to monitor redemption patterns and may adjust its estimates in the future.


10



Note 4 — Property and Equipment

Property and equipment:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Flight equipment, including pre-delivery deposits
$
2,397,141

 
$
2,289,157

Computer hardware and software
153,842

 
171,516

Land and buildings/leasehold improvements
81,954

 
98,885

Other property and equipment
80,816

 
161,760

Total property and equipment
2,713,753

 
2,721,318

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(503,032
)
 
(484,510
)
Property and equipment, net
$
2,210,721

 
$
2,236,808



Accrued capital expenditures as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were $46.5 million and $16.5 million, respectively.

Note 5 — Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Fixed-rate debt and finance lease obligations due through 2029
$
230,531

 
$
235,071

Variable-rate debt due through 2029
1,257,458

 
1,186,782

Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of related costs
1,487,989

 
1,421,853

Less current maturities, net of related costs
223,600

 
173,274

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current maturities and related costs
$
1,264,389

 
$
1,248,579

 
 
 
 
Weighted average fixed-interest rate on debt
3.8
%
 
3.7
%
Weighted average variable-interest rate on debt
3.7
%
 
4.5
%


Maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations for the remainder of 2020 and for the next four years and thereafter, in the aggregate, are: remaining in 2020 - $140.9 million; 2021 - $185.8 million; 2022 - $117.8 million; 2023 - $105.0 million; 2024 - $639.1 million; and $299.4 million thereafter.

Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility

The Company has a senior secured revolving credit facility under which it is able to borrow up to $81.0 million. The facility has a term of 24 months and the borrowing ability is based on the value of the Airbus A320 series aircraft placed in the collateral pool. In 2019 the Company drew down $81.0 million under this facility. Aircraft remain in the collateral pool for up to two years, and, as of March 31, 2020, there were eight aircraft in the collateral pool. The notes for the amounts borrowed under the facility bear interest at a floating rate based on LIBOR and are due in March 2021.

Term Loan

In February 2019, the Company entered into a Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the “Term Loan”) to borrow $450.0 million, guaranteed by all of the Company's subsidiaries, excluding Sunseeker Resorts Inc. and its subsidiaries, and other insignificant subsidiaries (the "Term Loan Guarantors"). In February 2020 the Company entered into an amendment to the Term Loan under which the interest rate was reduced by 150 basis points, and the principal amount of the debt was increased by a net amount of $100.0 million to $545.5 million. Quarterly principal payments increased under the amendment, but the remaining provisions were substantially unchanged, including the maturity date. The Term Loan is secured by substantially all property and assets of the Company and the Term Loan Guarantors, excluding aircraft and aircraft engines, and excluding certain other assets. The Term Loan bears interest based on LIBOR and provides for quarterly interest payments along with quarterly principal payments of $1.4 million through February 2024, at which time the Term Loan is due. The Term Loan may be prepaid at any time without penalty.


11



Note 6 — Income Taxes

The Company recorded a $97.7 million tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which was 74.7 percent of loss before taxes, compared to a $16.8 million tax provision, or 22.7 percent of income before taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which includes a $39.6 million discrete federal income tax benefit related to the full utilization of 2018 and 2019 net operating losses against taxable income in earlier years in which 35.0 percent was the enacted tax rate; the ability to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at a 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years; a deferred tax remeasurement related to the 2020 tax year; and state taxes.

Note 7 — Leases

The Company evaluates all operating leases and they are measured on the balance sheet with a lease liability and right-of-use asset (“ROU”) at inception. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make scheduled lease payments. Airport terminal leases mostly include variable lease payments outside of those based on a fixed index, and are therefore not recorded as ROU assets.
(in thousands)
Classification on the Balance Sheet
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Assets
 
 
 
 
Operating lease assets(1) 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
$
70,260

 
$
22,081

Finance lease assets(2)
Property and equipment, net
110,036

 
111,665

Total lease assets
 
$
180,296

 
$
133,746

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
Operating(1)
Accrued liabilities
$
5,954

 
$
2,662

Finance(2)
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
7,750

 
7,666

Noncurrent
 
 
 
 
Operating(1)
Other noncurrent liabilities
66,545

 
21,290

Finance(2)
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations
105,960

 
107,930

Total lease liabilities
 
$
186,209

 
$
139,548


(1) Represents assets and liabilities of three aircraft, office facilities, office equipment, certain airport and terminal facilities, and other assets under operating lease
(2) Represents assets and liabilities of five aircraft under finance lease

Note 8 — Fair Value Measurements

The Company utilizes the market approach to measure the fair value of its financial assets. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. The assets classified as Level 2 primarily utilize quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources including transactions involving identical or comparable assets and models utilizing market observable inputs for valuation of these securities. No changes in valuation techniques or inputs occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2020.


12


Financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
(in thousands)
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
Cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
47,774

 
$
47,774

 
$

 
$
42,653

 
$
42,653

 
$

Commercial paper
7,135

 

 
7,135

 
5,807

 

 
5,807

Municipal debt securities
4,547

 

 
4,547

 
1,202

 

 
1,202

Total cash equivalents
59,456

 
47,774

 
11,682

 
49,662

 
42,653

 
7,009

Short-term
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Corporate debt securities
158,060

 

 
158,060

 
145,975

 

 
145,975

Commercial paper
142,667

 

 
142,667

 
161,286

 

 
161,286

Municipal debt securities
8,678

 

 
8,678

 
12,237

 

 
12,237

US Treasury bonds
3,076

 

 
3,076

 
2,915

 

 
2,915

Federal agency debt securities
2,465

 

 
2,465

 
13,515

 

 
13,515

Total short-term
314,946

 

 
314,946

 
335,928

 

 
335,928

Long-term
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Federal agency debt securities
11,019

 

 
11,019

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 
15,396

 

 
15,396

US Treasury bonds

 

 

 
146

 

 
146

Total long-term
11,019

 

 
11,019

 
15,542

 

 
15,542

Total financial instruments
$
385,421

 
$
47,774

 
$
337,647

 
$
401,132

 
$
42,653

 
$
358,479


None of the Company's debt is publicly held and as a result, the Company has determined the estimated fair value of these notes to be Level 3. Certain inputs used to determine fair value are unobservable and, therefore, could be sensitive to changes in inputs. The Company utilizes the discounted cash flow method to estimate the fair value of Level 3 debt.

Carrying value and estimated fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities and without reduction for related costs, are as follows:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
(in thousands)
Carrying Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Hierarchy Level
Non-publicly held debt
$
1,397,339

 
$
1,235,274

 
$
1,329,882

 
$
1,140,232

 
3


Due to their short-term nature, the carrying amounts of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value.

Note 9 — Earnings per Share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed pursuant to the two-class method. Under this method, the Company attributes net income to two classes: common stock and unvested restricted stock. Unvested restricted stock awards granted to employees under the Company’s Long-Term Incentive Plan are considered participating securities as they receive non-forfeitable rights to cash dividends at the same rate as common stock.

Diluted net income per share is calculated using the more dilutive of the two methods. Under both methods, the exercise of employee stock options is assumed using the treasury stock method. The assumption of vesting of restricted stock, however, differs:

1.
Assume vesting of restricted stock using the treasury stock method.

2.
Assume unvested restricted stock awards are not vested, and allocate earnings to common shares and unvested restricted stock awards using the two-class method.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, the second method, which assumes unvested awards are not vested, was used in the computation because it was more dilutive than the first method.


13


The following table sets forth the computation of net income per share, on a basic and diluted basis, for the periods indicated (share count and dollar amounts other than per-share amounts in table are in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Basic:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(33,009
)
 
$
57,124

Less net income allocated to participating securities
(236
)
 
(799
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock
$
(33,245
)
 
$
56,325

Earnings (loss) per share, basic
$
(2.08
)
 
$
3.52

Weighted-average shares outstanding
15,952

 
16,011

Diluted:
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
$
(33,009
)
 
$
57,124

Less net income allocated to participating securities
(236
)
 
(798
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock
$
(33,245
)
 
$
56,326

Earnings (loss) per share, diluted
$
(2.08
)
 
$
3.52

Weighted-average shares outstanding
15,952

 
16,011

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock
62

 
31

Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding under treasury stock method
16,014

 
16,042

Participating securities excluded under two-class method
(62
)
 
(29
)
Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding under two-class method
15,952

 
16,013



Note 10 — Commitments and Contingencies

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had commitments to purchase eight Airbus A320 aircraft as well as purchase agreements for four spare engines.

The Company's contractual purchase commitments consist primarily of aircraft and engine acquisitions. The total future commitments are as follows:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2020
Remaining in 2020
$
126,141

2021
37,900

2022
21,000

Total commitments
$
185,041



Contingencies

The Company is subject to certain legal and administrative actions it considers routine to its business activities. The Company believes the ultimate outcome of any potential and pending legal or administrative matters will not have a material adverse impact on its financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

Note 11 — Segments

Operating segments are components of a company for which separate financial and operating information is regularly evaluated and reported to the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM"), and is used to allocate resources and analyze performance. The Company's CODM is the executive leadership team, which reviews information about the Company's three operating segments: the Airline, Sunseeker Resort, and other non-airline.

Airline Segment

The Airline segment operates as a single business unit and includes all scheduled service air transportation, ancillary air-related products and services, third party products and services, fixed fee contract air transportation and other airline-related revenue. The CODM evaluation includes, but is not limited to, route and flight profitability data, ancillary and third party product and service offering statistics, and fixed fee contract information when making resource allocation decisions with the goal of optimizing consolidated financial results.

14




Sunseeker Resort Segment

The Sunseeker Resort segment represents activity related to the development and construction of Sunseeker Resort in Southwest Florida, as well as the operation of Kingsway golf course. Due to the various impacts of COVID-19, the Company suspended construction of Sunseeker Resort and temporarily closed operation of Kingsway golf course. At this time, it is uncertain when construction will resume and when the golf course will re-open. The Company recognized a $136.8 million non-cash impairment charge related to Sunseeker assets in the first quarter 2020 (refer to Note 12 for additional information).

Other non-Airline Segment

The other non-airline segment includes the Teesnap golf course management solution and Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment centers. Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment centers are comprised of games, attractions, and food facilities.

Due to the impacts of COVID-19, the Company temporarily closed the Allegiant Nonstop location in Warren, MI, and permanently closed the Allegiant Nonstop location in Clearfield, Utah. The Company also permanently discontinued all activity for the Allegiant Nonstop location in West Jordan, Utah, which was being developed. An $18.3 million non-cash impairment charge was recognized in connection with these closures (refer to Note 12 for additional information).

In July 2019, management began evaluating strategic alternatives for Teesnap, and its business-to-business software as a service offering. In the first quarter of 2020, the Company recognized a non-cash $8.3 million impairment charge over Teesnap assets (refer to Note 12 for additional information). Teesnap remains an asset held for sale.

Selected information for the Company's segments and the reconciliation to the consolidated financial statement amounts are as follows:
(in thousands)
Airline(1)
 
Sunseeker Resort(2)
 
Other non- airline(3)
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Passenger
$
378,911

 
$

 
$

 
$
378,911

    Third party products
15,976

 

 

 
15,976

    Fixed fee contract
8,919

 

 

 
8,919

    Other
876

 
621

 
3,878

 
5,375

Operating income (loss)
51,119

 
(139,235
)
 
(29,689
)
 
(117,805
)
Interest expense, net
11,199

 
576

 

 
11,775

Depreciation and amortization
42,451

 
476

 
772

 
43,699

Capital expenditures
118,899

 
45,160

 
442

 
164,501

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Passenger
$
419,977

 
$

 
$

 
$
419,977

    Third party products
17,141

 

 

 
17,141

    Fixed fee contract
10,575

 

 

 
10,575

    Other
631

 
902

 
2,396

 
3,929

Operating income (loss)
98,490

 
(1,222
)
 
(6,190
)
 
91,078

Interest expense, net
13,221

 
158

 

 
13,379

Depreciation and amortization
35,229

 
156

 
797

 
36,182

Capital expenditures
108,920

 
5,275

 
8,356

 
122,551

(1) Includes $9.5 million special charge in the first quarter 2020
(2) Includes $136.8 million special charge in the first quarter 2020
(3) Includes $26.6 million special charge in the first quarter 2020



15



Total assets were as follows as of the dates indicated:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Airline
$
3,132,812

 
$
2,830,236

Sunseeker Resort
38,223

 
133,362

Other non-airline
20,872

 
47,205

Consolidated
$
3,191,907

 
$
3,010,803




Note 12 — Impairment

Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 360 - Property, Plant, and Equipment (ASC 360) requires long-lived assets to be assessed for impairment when events and circumstances indicate that the assets may be impaired.

As described in Note 2, in the first quarter of 2020, our operations and liquidity were significantly impacted by decreased passenger demand and U.S. government travel restrictions and quarantine requirements due to COVID-19. As a result of these events and circumstances, the Company performed impairment tests on its long-lived assets in connection with the preparation of its financial statements.

In accordance with ASC 360, an impairment of a long-lived asset or group of long-lived assets exists only when the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated directly by the assets are less than the carrying value of the assets. Assets were grouped by operating segment when estimating future cash flows, and further grouped within each segment as applicable. Estimates of future cash flows were generally based on historical results, and management's best estimate of future market and operating conditions.

Airline Segment

Long-lived assets for the Airline segment consist primarily of owned flight and ground equipment. To test the recoverability of the Company's airline operating fleet, undiscounted future cash flows for each aircraft under the Company's current expected operating fleet plan were assessed and it was determined that there was no impairment as of March 31, 2020. As the Company obtains greater clarity about the duration and extent of reduced demand and potentially executes further capacity adjustments, the Company will continue to evaluate its current fleet compared to network requirements and may decide to permanently retire aircraft.

Sunseeker Resort Segment

Long-lived assets for Sunseeker Resort and related Kingsway golf course consist primarily of the land, construction in process, building, and other various equipment. As a result of the impairment tests performed, the Company determined the sum of the undiscounted cash flows were less than the long-lived assets\' carrying value. A $136.8 million impairment charge was recorded to reflect the difference between the carrying values of these assets and their fair values. Fair value reflects management's best estimate, including valuation inputs from third parties and recent market transactions.

Other non-Airline Segment

Long-lived assets for Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment centers consist primarily of leasehold improvements, arcade games, various equipment, and ROU assets. As a result of the impairment tests performed, the Company determined the sum of the undiscounted cash flows were less than the long-lived assets' carrying value. An $18.3 million impairment charge was recorded to reflect the difference between the carrying values of these assets and their fair values. Fair value reflects management's best estimate, including valuation inputs from third parties and recent market trends.

Long-lived assets for Teesnap consist primarily of capitalized software and computer equipment. As a result of the impairment tests performed, the Company determined the sum of the undiscounted cash flows were less than the long-lived assets' carrying value. Management does not expect to recover any of the book value of the assets through operations, and an $8.3 million impairment charge was recorded to write down all long-lived assets to a net book value of zero. This reflects management's best estimate of the fair value of these assets based on recent market trends.

Note 13 — Subsequent Events

On April 20, 2020, the Company through its airline operating subsidiary Allegiant Air, LLC entered into a Payroll Support Program Agreement (the “PSPA”) with the Treasury for an award Allegiant Air will receive under the CARES Act. The total amount allocated to Allegiant Air under the Payroll Support Program established under the CARES Act is approximately $171.9 million, and is to be received in installments. The Company received the first installment of the grant in April 2020, which totaled $86.0 million. The majority of the remaining support under the PSPA is expected to be received in the second quarter 2020. The proceeds must be used exclusively for wages, salaries and benefits.

16




In consideration for the grant, Allegiant Air issued to Treasury a low-interest rate, senior unsecured term promissory note (the “PSP Note”) which, when the full amount of the award is funded, will be in the principal amount of approximately $21.6 million. The PSP Note will mature 10 years after issuance. The PSP Note is guaranteed by the Company and is prepayable at any time at par.

Also in consideration for the grant, the Company will issue to Treasury warrants (the “PSP Warrants”) to purchase 25,898 shares of common stock of the Company at a price of $83.33 per share (based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on The Nasdaq Global Select Market on April 9, 2020). The PSP Warrants will expire five years after issuance, and will be exercisable either through net share settlement or cash, at the Company’s option. The PSP Warrants will include customary anti-dilution provisions, will not have any voting rights and will be freely transferable, with registration rights.

In connection with the PSPA, the Company will be required to comply with the relevant provisions of the CARES Act, including those prohibiting the repurchase of common stock and the payment of common stock dividends until September 30, 2021, as well as those restricting the payment of certain executive compensation for periods through March 24, 2022.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis presents factors that had a material effect on our results of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Also discussed is our financial position as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. You should read this discussion in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and our consolidated financial statements appearing in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section below entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements.


AIRCRAFT

The following table sets forth the aircraft in service and operated by us as of the dates indicated:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
March 31, 2019
A319
38

 
37

 
37

A320 (1)
57

 
54

 
47

Total
95

 
91

 
84

(1) Does not include seven aircraft of which we have taken delivery, but were not yet in service as of March 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2020, we had firm commitments to purchase eight aircraft. We expect delivery of five of these aircraft in 2020 and the remaining aircraft in 2021 and 2022. In light of the inherent uncertainties of the current operating environment impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, we are considering parking as many as 25 of our aircraft, which we will reinstate or permanently retire as circumstances and air travel demand for our services dictate. We continue to evaluate and consider aircraft acquisitions on an opportunistic basis.

NETWORK

As of March 31, 2020, we were selling 520 routes versus 450 as of the same date last year, which represents a 15.6 percent increase. Our total number of origination cities and leisure destinations (for operating routes) were 97 and 27, respectively, as of March 31, 2020.

Given the fluidity of the current environment amid the effects of COVID-19, we have made significant capacity reductions for the second quarter.

Our unique model is predicated around expanding and contracting capacity to meet seasonal travel demands. We are currently leveraging this core strength, just at a much more significant contracting level than normal seasonal demand changes require. We are maintaining a broad network and selling presence. We consistently monitor flights that are a week or more out to assess for cash profitability. Additionally, we will provide any essential air service as directed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, in connection with our Payroll Support agreement under the CARES Act.

TRENDS

The COVID-19 pandemic and shelter-in-place directives have greatly impacted our operating results for first quarter 2020 and will continue to do so into the future. Air traffic demand is down precipitously, and air fares are down as well. We cannot predict when air travel will begin to pick up to customary levels or at what pace. In the meantime, our revenues will be adversely

17


affected. If there is a relapse of increasing COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations and deaths, future restrictions will further harm leisure travel and our operating results.
The impacts of the pandemic have resulted in cancellations of many flights for myriad reasons. It is likely that higher than normal cancellations will continue into the future. We are closely monitoring bookings and making decisions on a round-trip basis to determine profitability of flights a week or more in advance. This requires a lot of work in the short-term, but allows us to react immediately whenever and wherever demand begins to return, on a route-by-route basis. We have seen mild sequential improvements in May bookings.
Though we cannot control the current demand environment, we have a large degree of control over maintaining sufficient liquidity. To that end, our primary focus at the current time has been to conserve cash, and we have taken immediate and extensive measures to reduce daily cash burn. Almost 25 percent of our employees have taken voluntary salary reductions or taken leave at reduced pay. Our executives have reduced their base salaries and our Board members are forgoing their cash compensation. We have suspended payment of cash dividends and stock buybacks. We have suspended construction of the Sunseeker Resort in Southwest Florida as well as spend on our other non-airline subsidiaries. We have reduced capital expenditures for this year and into the future. We have eliminated other nonessential expenditures and are renegotiating our arrangements with outside vendors, all in an effort to conserve cash until revenues recover.
These efforts have enabled us to reduce average daily cash burn by approximately 66 percent in April 2020, with reductions expected to continue throughout the second quarter. We are preparing to reduce cash burn even more in the second half of 2020, with estimated reductions of 76 percent and 84 percent (compared to normal levels) in the third and fourth quarters, respectively, as necessary. We have implemented a hiring freeze and will consider other action to right-size the organization as necessary in light of business developments. We will continue these efforts as necessary until revenues and profitability return.

HEALTH AND SAFETY RESPONSES TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Amid various uncertainties and public concern during the COVID-19 pandemic, we have implemented the following measures to ensure health and safety for all traveling:

Enhanced aircraft cleaning, including regular treatment with an advanced antimicrobial protectant that kills viruses, germs and bacteria on contact for 14 days
Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) air filters that ensure the air quality on our planes exceeds HEPA standards
Complimentary health and safety kits, which include a single-use face mask, a pair of non-latex disposable gloves and cleaning wipes, provided to all of our customers
Crew members wear face masks on board and gloves during in-flight service
All in-flight service offerings consist of prepackaged, factory sealed goods
In-flight service frequency has been reduced to once per flight
Social distancing principles at check-in, boarding and on-board, including limiting adjacent row seating and allowing only customers on the same itinerary to utilize middle seats as practicable


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of three months ended March 31, 2020 to three months ended March 31, 2019

Operating Revenue

Passenger revenue. For the first quarter 2020, passenger revenue decreased 9.8 percent compared to first quarter 2019 due to a 7.8 percent decrease in scheduled service passengers despite a 4.7 percent increase in schedule service departures. Correspondingly, load factor declined by 10.1 percentage points. These declines are largely due to a dramatic decline in passenger demand and U.S. government travel restrictions during March 2020, related to COVID-19. Our business performed largely as expected in January and February 2020, with a 13.3 percent increase in passenger revenue during those months compared to the same period in 2019. An 8.1 percent decrease in scheduled service average fare outweighed a 5.6 percent increase in air-related ancillary revenue per passenger, resulting in an overall 2.2 percent decrease in average passenger fare.

Third party products revenue. Third party products revenue for the first quarter 2020 decreased 6.8 percent, compared to the same period in 2019. This is primarily due to decreased net revenue from both rental cars and hotels during March 2020, as a result of demand declines related to COVID-19. This decline was partially offset by an overall increase in our co-branded credit card program during the first quarter of 2020 compared to 2019.

Fixed fee contract revenue. Fixed fee contract revenue for the first quarter 2020 decreased 15.7 percent when compared to 2019. This is primarily the result of a 13.6 decrease in departures which is largely due to the cancellation of the NCAA March Madness basketball tournament and a reduction of flying with Apple Vacations due to COVID-19.

Other revenue. Other revenue increased 36.8 percent for the first quarter 2020 from 2019. The increase was due to increased activity in the non-airline segments, especially in our family entertainment centers due to an additional store operating in 2020 compared to 2019. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have temporarily closed our family entertainment center in Warren, Michigan and permanently discontinued all activity for our locations in Utah.

Operating Expenses

We primarily evaluate our expense management by comparing our costs per ASM across different periods, which enables us to assess trends in each expense category. The following table presents airline-only unit costs on a per ASM basis, or CASM, for the indicated periods. Excluding fuel on a per ASM basis provides management and investors the ability to measure and monitor our cost performance absent fuel price volatility. Both the cost and availability of fuel are subject to many economic and political factors beyond our control.


18


 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Percent
 
2020
 
2019
 
Change
Airline only unitized costs (in cents)
 
 
 
 
 
Salary and benefits
2.66

 
2.96

 
(10.1
)%
Station operations
1.01

 
1.00

 
1.0

Depreciation and amortization
1.04

 
0.90

 
15.6

Maintenance and repairs
0.54

 
0.58

 
(6.9
)
Sales and marketing
0.45

 
0.52

 
(13.5
)
Aircraft lease rentals
0.02

 

 

Other
0.56

 
0.43

 
30.2

Special charges
0.23

 

 

Airline CASM, excluding fuel
6.51

 
6.39


1.9

Aircraft fuel
2.18

 
2.55

 
(14.5
)
Airline CASM
8.69


8.94


(2.8
)
Consolidated CASM (in cents)
 
 
 
 
 
Airline CASM
8.69


8.94


(2.8
)
Non-airline operating CASM*
4.27

 
0.28

 
NM

Operating CASM (consolidated)*
12.96

 
9.22

 
40.6

NM - Not meaningful
*Includes operating costs associated with Sunseeker Resort and other non-airline related activity. Various components of this measure do not have a direct correlation to ASMs but must be included to calculate total operating CASM. Consolidated operating CASM is reported to facilitate comparison with airlines reporting total costs on a per ASM basis.

Salary and benefits expense. Salary and benefits expense decreased $6.8 million, or 5.7 percent, for the first quarter 2020 when compared to the same period in 2019. Although the average number of full-time equivalent employees increased 9.1 percent year over year, overall expense decreased due to the fact that a large portion of the $9.5 million special charges specific to COVID-19 consist of salary and benefits expense.

Aircraft fuel expense. Aircraft fuel expense decreased $10.9 million, or 10.9 percent, for the first quarter 2020 compared to first quarter 2019, mostly due to a decrease in system average fuel cost per gallon of 12.6 percent year over year as fuel prices declined, in part, due to lower worldwide demand caused by the pandemic. System fuel gallons consumed increased by 2.2 percent on a 4.0 percent increase in ASMs. ASM growth outpaced fuel consumption as fuel efficiency (measured as ASMs per gallon) increased 1.9 percent year over year.

Station operations expense. Station operations expense for the first quarter 2020 increased $2.0 million, or 5.2 percent, on a 4.7 percent increase in scheduled service departures.

Maintenance and repairs expense. Maintenance and repairs expense for the first quarter 2020 decreased $1.0 million, or 4.5 percent, compared to the same period in 2019, mostly due to a decrease in routine maintenance costs. Furthermore, the cost of major maintenance events for our Airbus aircraft is deferred in accordance with the deferral method of accounting and the amortization of these expenses is included in depreciation and amortization expense.

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense for the first quarter 2020 increased $7.5 million, or 20.8 percent, year over year, as the average number of aircraft in service increased 17.5 percent year over year.

Accounting for most of this increase, amortization of major maintenance costs was $9.3 million for the first quarter 2020 compared to $4.8 million for the first quarter 2019, due to an increase in the number of Airbus aircraft and related deferred maintenance costs associated with them.

Sales and marketing expense. Sales and marketing expense for the first quarter 2020 decreased by 11.8 percent compared to the same period in 2019, mostly due to a decrease in national and online advertising. Also, advertising spend was intentionally pulled back in the last half of March 2020 due to the pandemic.

Other expense. Other expense increased $4.2 million for the first quarter 2020 compared to first quarter 2019, mostly due to increased activity in our non-airline subsidiaries. In 2020 we had an additional family entertainment center in operation compared to the same period in 2019.

Special charges. Special charges of $172.9 million were recorded for the first quarter 2020. We did not have any special charges for the same period in 2019. $163.4 million of the special charges relate to non-cash impairment charges for Sunseeker

19


Resort and our other non-airline segment, as discussed in Note 12. The remaining $9.5 million relates to expenses that were unique and specific to COVID-19. This includes salary expense, additional aircraft cleaning expense, and other various expenses.

Non-airline expenses

Non-airline expenses are included in the various line items discussed above, as appropriate. The non-airline expenses include those from our Teesnap golf management business, Kingsway golf course, Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment centers, and operating expenses attributable to Sunseeker Resort (most of the Sunseeker Resort expenses are capitalized during the construction period). As of March 31, 2020 nearly all non-airline spend has been suspended indefinitely.

Income Tax Expense

The Company recorded a $97.7 million tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which was 74.7 percent of loss before taxes, compared to a $16.8 million tax provision, or 22.7 percent of income before taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which includes a $39.6 million discrete federal income tax benefit related to the full utilization of 2018 and 2019 net operating losses against taxable income in earlier years in which 35.0 percent was the enacted tax rate; the ability to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at a 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years; a deferred tax remeasurement related to the 2020 tax year; and state taxes.


20


Comparative Consolidated Operating Statistics

The following tables set forth our operating statistics for the periods indicated:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Percent
 
2020
 
2019
 
Change(1)
Operating statistics (unaudited):
 
 
 
 
 
Total system statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
Passengers
3,175,450

 
3,450,278

 
(8.0
)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)
4,067,671

 
3,910,239

 
4.0

Airline only CASM
8.69

 
8.94

 
(2.8
)
Fuel expense per ASM (cents)
2.18

 
2.55

 
(14.5
)
Airline only CASM, excluding fuel
6.51

 
6.39

 
1.9

ASMs per gallon of fuel
85.7

 
84.1

 
1.9

Departures
26,312

 
25,200

 
4.4

Block hours
62,123

 
59,819

 
3.9

Average stage length (miles)
895

 
904

 
(1.0
)
Average number of operating aircraft during period
93.5

 
79.6

 
17.5

Average block hours per aircraft per day
7.3

 
8.3

 
(12.0
)
Full-time equivalent employees at end of period
4,436

 
4,067

 
9.1

Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)
47,479

 
46,474

 
2.2

Average fuel cost per gallon
$
1.87

 
$
2.14

 
(12.6
)
Scheduled service statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
Passengers
3,154,606

 
3,421,538

 
(7.8
)
Revenue passenger miles (RPMs) (thousands)
2,925,482

 
3,191,045

 
(8.3
)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)
3,964,009

 
3,802,132

 
4.3

Load factor
73.8
%
 
83.9
%
 
(10.1
)
Departures
25,484

 
24,344

 
4.7

Block hours
60,346

 
57,963

 
4.1

Total passenger revenue per ASM (TRASM) (cents)(2)
9.96

 
11.50

 
(13.4
)
Average fare - scheduled service(3)
$
64.02

 
$
69.64

 
(8.1
)
Average fare - air-related charges(3)
$
56.10

 
$
53.10

 
5.6

Average fare - third party products
$
5.06

 
$
5.01

 
1.0

Average fare - total
$
125.18

 
$
127.75

 
(2.0
)
Average stage length (miles)
900

 
908

 
(0.9
)
Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)
46,105

 
45,068

 
2.3

Average fuel cost per gallon
$
1.87

 
$
2.13

 
(12.2
)
Rental car days sold
481,046

 
471,598

 
2.0

Hotel room nights sold
92,004

 
105,015

 
(12.4
)
Percent of sales through website during period
93.6
%
 
93.6
%
 

(1) Except load factor and percent of sales through website during period, which are presented as a percentage point change.
(2) Various components of this measure do not have a direct correlation to ASMs. This measure is provided on a per ASM basis so as to facilitate comparison with airlines reporting revenues on a per ASM basis.
(3) Reflects division of passenger revenue between scheduled service and air-related charges in the Company's booking path.


21


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Current liquidity

Cash, cash equivalents and investment securities (short-term and long-term) decreased to $464.3 million at March 31, 2020, from $473.4 million at December 31, 2019. Investment securities represent highly liquid marketable securities which are available-for-sale.

Restricted cash represents escrowed funds under fixed fee contracts and cash collateral against letters of credit required by hotel properties for guaranteed room availability, airports and certain other parties. Under our fixed fee flying contracts, we require our customers to prepay for flights to be provided by us. The prepayments are escrowed until the flight is completed and are recorded as restricted cash with a corresponding amount reflected as air traffic liability.

We have been approved to receive $171.9 million in assistance through the payroll support program under the CARES Act. The funds are paid in installments, and we received the first installment of $86.0 million in April 2020. The majority of the remaining funds will be received during the second quarter 2020. Refer to Note 2 and Note 13 for additional information.

We have also submitted an application to the Loan Program under the CARES Act in the principal amount of approximately $276.0 million and expect these funds to be available through September 30, 2020 subject to reaching mutually agreeable terms with Treasury. However, no assurance can be given that any such agreement will ever be reached. If an agreement is reached, we will be required to comply with the relevant provisions of the CARES Act, which could adversely impact our business and operations. Under the CARES Act, these restrictions will apply until one year after the loan is repaid.

Due to changes in the loss carryback period under the CARES Act, we expect to receive a federal income tax refund of $94.0 million related to 2018 and 2019 net operating loss carrybacks, and a federal income tax refund of approximately $100.0 million related to a 2020 net operating loss carryback (expected to be received between March and May 2021).

In April 2020, we received additional financing of $31.0 million secured by two aircraft. As of April 30, 2020 we had 28 unencumbered aircraft and eight unencumbered spare engines.

We have made extensive efforts to preserve liquidity, and have reduced average daily cash burn by approximately 66 percent in April 2020, with reductions expected to continue throughout the second quarter. We are preparing to reduce cash burn even more in the second half of 2020, with estimated reductions of 76 percent and 84 percent (compared to normal levels) in the third and fourth quarters, respectively.

We have suspended share repurchases and our quarterly cash dividend, as part of cash preservation efforts in response to the effects of COVID-19 on our business. In connection with our receipt of financial support under the payroll support program, we agreed not to repurchase shares or pay cash dividends through September 30, 2021.

We believe we have more than adequate liquidity resources through our operating cash flows, borrowings, debt commitments, government funding, and cash balances, to meet our future contractual obligations. We will continue to consider raising funds through debt financing on an opportunistic basis.

Debt

Our long-term debt and finance lease obligations balance, without reduction for related issuance costs, increased from $1.4 billion as of December 31, 2019 to $1.5 billion as of March 31, 2020. During the first quarter of 2020, we borrowed an additional $100.0 million under our Term Loan.

Sources and Uses of Cash

Operating Activities. Operating cash inflows are primarily derived from providing air transportation and related ancillary products and services to customers. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, our operating activities provided $106.3 million of cash compared to $160.1 million during the same period of 2019. The decrease is mainly due to the net effect of changes in certain asset and liability accounts during the period. Although net income for the first quarter 2020 decreased by $90.1 million compared to 2019, the cash effect of this fluctuation is more than offset by the non-cash nature of the $163.4 million impairment charges in the first quarter of 2020.

Investing Activities. Cash used in investing activities was $106.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $59.6 million for the same period in 2019. The increase in cash used is due to a $30.7 million increase in purchases of investment securities (net of maturities), as well as an $11.9 million year-over-year increase in cash outlays for the purchase of property and equipment.

Financing Activities. Cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $17.8 million, compared to $61.3 million for the same period in 2019. This year-over-year decrease is partly due to an increase in share

22


repurchases, which were $33.8 million in the first quarter of 2020 compared to $2.3 million during the same period in 2019. The decrease is also due to the net effect of debt activity, as debt proceeds net of principal payments and debt issuance cost payments were $63.0 million during the first quarter of 2020, compared to $77.6 million during the same period in 2019.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

We have made forward-looking statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, and in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” that are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions, and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include our statements regarding future airline operations and capacity, the efficacy of cost saving measures, future expenditures, our ability to access additional funds from the Treasury, aircraft financings, expected capital expenditures, as well as other information concerning future results of operations, business strategies, financing plans and industry environment. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts and can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project” or similar expressions.

Forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Important risk factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements may be found in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission at www.sec.gov. These risk factors include, without limitation, the impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic on airline travel and the economy, an accident involving, or problems with, our aircraft, public perception of our safety, our reliance on our automated systems, our reliance on third parties to deliver aircraft under contract to us on a timely basis, risk of breach of security of personal data, volatility of fuel costs, labor issues and costs, restrictions imposed by accepting funds under the CARES Act, the ability to obtain regulatory approvals as needed , the effect of economic conditions on leisure travel, debt covenants and balances, the ability to finance aircraft under contract, terrorist attacks, risks inherent to airlines, our competitive environment, our reliance on third parties who provide facilities or services to us, the possible loss of key personnel, economic and other conditions in markets in which we operate, the ability to successfully develop and finance a resort in Southwest Florida, governmental regulation, increases in maintenance costs and cyclical and seasonal fluctuations in our operating results.

Any forward-looking statements are based on information available to us today and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of future events, new information or otherwise.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2020. For information regarding our critical accounting policies and estimates, see disclosures in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes contained in our 2019 Form 10-K, and in Note 1 in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are subject to certain market risks, including commodity prices (specifically aircraft fuel). The adverse effects of changes in these markets could pose potential losses as discussed below. The sensitivity analysis provided does not consider the effects that such adverse changes may have on overall economic activity, nor does it consider additional actions we may take to mitigate our exposure to such changes. Actual results may differ.

Aircraft Fuel

Our results of operations can be significantly impacted by changes in the price and availability of aircraft fuel, as aircraft fuel expense represented 16.9 percent of our operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Increases in fuel prices, or a shortage of supply, could have a material impact on our operations and operating results. Based on our fuel consumption for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a hypothetical ten percent increase in the average price per gallon of fuel would have increased fuel expense by approximately $9.0 million. We have not hedged fuel price risk for many years.

Interest Rates

As of March 31, 2020, we had $1.3 billion in variable-rate debt, including current maturities and without reduction for related costs. A hypothetical 100 basis point increase in market interest rates for the three months ended March 31, 2020 would have affected interest expense by approximately $3.1 million.

As of March 31, 2020, we had $117.3 million of fixed-rate debt, including current maturities and without reduction for related costs. A hypothetical 100 basis point change in market interest rates would not impact interest expense on our fixed rate debt as of such date.


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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

As of March 31, 2020, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer ("CEO") and chief financial officer (“CFO”), we evaluated the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the “Exchange Act”) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, management, including our CEO and CFO, has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed, and are effective, to give reasonable assurance that the information we are required to disclose is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the CEO and the CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ending March 31, 2020, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are subject to certain legal and administrative actions we consider routine to our business activities. We believe the ultimate outcome of any pending legal or administrative matters will not have a material adverse impact on our financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

We have evaluated our risk factors and determined there are no changes to those set forth in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K and those additional Risk Factors included in Item 8.01 of our Form 8-K filed with the Commission on April 27, 2020.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Our Repurchases of Equity Securities

The following table reflects the repurchases of our common stock during the first quarter 2020:

Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
 
Average Price Paid per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as Part of our Publicly
Announced Plan
(2)
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that
May Yet be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs (in thousands)
 (3)
January
 
603

 
$
172.55

 
None

 
 
February
 
171,950

 
161.22

 
153,632

 
 
March
 
44,018

 
134.99

 
43,938

 
 
Total
 
216,571

 
$
155.92

 
197,570

 
$
54,626

(1) Includes shares repurchased from employees who vested a portion of their restricted stock grants. These share repurchases were made at the election of each employee pursuant to an offer to repurchase by us. In each case, the shares repurchased constituted the portion of vested shares necessary to satisfy income tax withholding requirements.
(2) The last date on which common stock was repurchased on the open market was March 3, 2020.
(3) Represents the remaining dollar amount of open market purchases of our common stock which has been authorized by the Board under a share repurchase program. In connection with our receipt of financial support under the Payroll Support Program, we agreed not to repurchase shares of common stock through September 30, 2021.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable


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Item 5. Other Information

None

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Item 6. Exhibits

101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
(1) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit filed with Registration Statement #333-134145 filed by the Company with the Commission and amendments thereto.
(2) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on May 12, 2020.




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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
 
ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
May 22, 2020
By:
/s/ Gregory Anderson
 
 
Gregory Anderson, as duly authorized officer of the Company (Chief Financial Officer) and as Principal Financial Officer

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