Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 07/19/2018 @ 3:50PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Union Pacific Corp. (UNP)
Quote : 148.54  -1.65 (-1.10%) @ 12:57PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)



 





UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)



 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934



For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

OR



 



 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934



For the transition period from __________ to ____________



Commission File Number 1-6075



UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION

( Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

 

UTAH

 

13-2626465

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)



1400 DOUGLAS STREET, OMAHA, NEBRASKA

(Address of principal executive offices)

68179

(Zip Code)

(402) 544-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

  Yes         No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

  Yes         No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company .   See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

 

 

Large accelerated  filer  

Accelerated  filer  

Non-accelerated  filer  

Smaller   reporting   company  



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).



 Yes        No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company     



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

As of July 13 ,   2018 , there were 739,494,449 shares   of the Registrant's Common Stock outstanding.







 

 


 



T ABLE OF CONTENTS

UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES



 PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION





 

 

 Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements:

 



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)

 



For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

3



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)

 



For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

3



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)

 



For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

4



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)

 



For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

4



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED ST ATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION (Unaudited)

 



At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017

5



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED ST ATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 



For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

6



CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN COMMON SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 



For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017

7



NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

8

 Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

 Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

35

 Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

35



 PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

2


 

PA RT I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION



Ite m 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



C ondensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts,

 

 

 

 

for the Three Months Ended June 30,

2018  2017 

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

     Freight revenues

$

5,317 

$

4,906 

     Other revenues

 

355 

 

344 

Total operating revenues

 

5,672 

 

5,250 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

     Compensation and benefits

 

1,241 

 

1,204 

     Fuel

 

643 

 

434 

     Purchased services and materials

 

630 

 

597 

     Depreciation

 

546 

 

525 

     Equipment and other rents

 

265 

 

273 

     Other

 

248 

 

219 

Total operating expenses

 

3,573 

 

3,252 

Operating income

 

2,099 

 

1,998 

Other income (Note 7)

 

42 

 

50 

Interest expense

 

(203)

 

(179)

Income before income taxes

 

1,938 

 

1,869 

Income taxes

 

(429)

 

(701)

Net income

$

1,509 

$

1,168 

Share and Per Share (Note 9):

 

 

 

 

     Earnings per share - basic

$

1.98 

$

1.45 

     Earnings per share - diluted

$

1.98 

$

1.45 

     Weighted average number of shares - basic

 

760.5 

 

804.1 

     Weighted average number of shares - diluted

 

763.7 

 

807.2 

Dividends declared per share

$

0.73 

$

0.605 





C ondensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Millions,

 

 

 

 

for the Three Months Ended June 30,

2018  2017 

Net income

$

1,509 

$

1,168 

Other comprehensive income/(loss):

 

 

 

 

    Defined benefit plans

 

18 

 

15 

    Foreign currency translation

 

(24)

 

16 

Total other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

(6)

 

31 

Comprehensive income

$

1,503 

$

1,199 



[a] Net of deferred taxes of $(7)   million and $(18) million during the three months ended June 30, 2018 , and 2017 , respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.













 

3


 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts,

 

 

 

 

for the Six Months Ended June 30,

2018  2017 

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

     Freight revenues

$

10,439 

$

9,700 

     Other revenues

 

708 

 

682 

Total operating revenues

 

11,147 

 

10,382 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

     Compensation and benefits

 

2,514 

 

2,466 

     Fuel

 

1,232 

 

894 

     Purchased services and materials

 

1,229 

 

1,163 

     Depreciation

 

1,089 

 

1,045 

     Equipment and other rents

 

531 

 

549 

     Other

 

514 

 

479 

Total operating expenses

 

7,109 

 

6,596 

Operating income

 

4,038 

 

3,786 

Other income (Note 7)

 

 -

 

122 

Interest expense

 

(389)

 

(351)

Income before income taxes

 

3,649 

 

3,557 

Income taxes

 

(830)

 

(1,317)

Net income

$

2,819 

$

2,240 

Share and Per Share (Note 9):

 

 

 

 

     Earnings per share - basic

$

3.67 

$

2.77 

     Earnings per share - diluted

$

3.65 

$

2.76 

     Weighted average number of shares - basic

 

768.4 

 

807.8 

     Weighted average number of shares - diluted

 

771.6 

 

811.0 

Dividends declared per share

$

1.46 

$

1.21 





Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies























 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Millions,

 

 

 

 

for the Six Months Ended June 30,

2018  2017 

Net income

$

2,819 

$

2,240 

Other comprehensive income/(loss):

 

 

 

 

    Defined benefit plans

 

37 

 

26 

    Foreign currency translation

 

(24)

 

25 

Total other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

13 

 

51 

Comprehensive income

$

2,832 

$

2,291 



 

 

 

 

[a]   Net of deferred taxes of $(13) m illion and $(32) million during the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively. 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

 





 

4


 

C ondensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



June 30,

 

December 31,

Millions, Except Share and Per Share Amounts

2018 

 

2017 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

     Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,604 

 

$

1,275 

     Short-term investments (Note 14)

 

90 

 

 

90 

     Accounts receivable, net (Note 11)

 

1,634 

 

 

1,493 

     Materials and supplies

 

772 

 

 

749 

     Other current assets

 

394 

 

 

399 

Total current assets

 

4,494 

 

 

4,006 

Investments

 

1,856 

 

 

1,809 

Net properties (Note 12)

 

51,947 

 

 

51,605 

Other assets

 

392 

 

 

386 

Total assets

$

58,689 

 

$

57,806 

Liabilities and Common Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

     Accounts payable and other current liabilities (Note 13)

$

2,916 

 

$

3,139 

     Debt due within one year (Note 15)

 

1,456 

 

 

800 

Total current liabilities

 

4,372 

 

 

3,939 

Debt due after one year (Note 15)

 

21,357 

 

 

16,144 

Deferred income taxes

 

11,109 

 

 

10,936 

Other long-term liabilities

 

1,942 

 

 

1,931 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

38,780 

 

 

32,950 

Common shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

     Common shares, $2.50 par value, 1,400,000,000 authorized;   

 

 

 

 

 

     1,111,791,910 and 1,111,371,304 issued; 739,460,041 and 780,917,756

 

 

 

 

 

     outstanding, respectively

 

2,779 

 

 

2,778 

     Paid-in-surplus

 

3,778 

 

 

4,476 

     Retained earnings

 

43,311 

 

 

41,317 

     Treasury stock

 

(28,531)

 

 

(22,574)

     Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 10)

 

(1,428)

 

 

(1,141)

Total common shareholders' equity

 

19,909 

 

 

24,856 

Total liabilities and common shareholders' equity

$

58,689 

 

$

57,806 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

5


 

C ondensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Millions,

 

 

for the Six Months Ended June 30,

2018  2017 

Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

2,819 

$

2,240 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

  Depreciation

 

1,089 

 

1,045 

  Deferred and other income taxes

 

204 

 

298 

  Other operating activities, net

 

303 

 

119 

  Changes in current assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

     Accounts receivable, net

 

(141)

 

(99)

     Materials and supplies

 

(23)

 

(9)

     Other current assets

 

(107)

 

(114)

     Accounts payable and other current liabilities

 

(255)

 

(59)

     Income and other taxes

 

144 

 

38 

Cash provided by operating activities

 

4,033 

 

3,459 

Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

Capital investments

 

(1,614)

 

(1,589)

Purchases of short-term investments (Note 14)

 

(60)

 

(90)

Maturities of short-term investments (Note 14)

 

60 

 

60 

Proceeds from asset sales

 

31 

 

70 

Other investing activities, net

 

(42)

 

(15)

Cash used in investing activities

 

(1,625)

 

(1,564)

Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

Debt issued (Note 15)

 

6,892 

 

1,186 

Share repurchase programs (Note 18)

 

(6,693)

 

(1,611)

Debt repaid

 

(1,295)

 

(444)

Dividends paid

 

(1,125)

 

(980)

Net issuance of commercial paper

 

196 

 

-

Other financing activities, net

 

(54)

 

(37)

Cash used in financing activities

 

(2,079)

 

(1,886)

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

329 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

1,275 

 

1,277 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

1,604 

$

1,286 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

 

 

 

  Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

     Capital investments accrued but not yet paid

$

141 

$

106 

     Capital lease financings

 

12 

 

 -

     Common shares repurchased but not yet paid

 

 -

 

41 

  Cash (paid for)/received from:

 

 

 

 

     Income taxes, net of refunds

$

(474)

$

(977)

     Interest, net of amounts capitalized

 

(361)

 

(336)



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

6


 

Co ndensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Common Shareholders’ Equity (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Millions

Common
Shares

Treasury
Shares

 

Common Shares

Paid-in-Surplus

Retained Earnings

Treasury Stock

AOCI
[a]

Total  

Balance at January 1, 2017

1,111.0  (295.2)

 

 

$   2,777 

 

$   4,421 

 

$   32,587 

 

$   (18,581)

 

$   (1,272)

 

$    19,932 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

2,240 

 

 -

 

 -

 

2,240 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

51 

 

51 

Conversion, stock option
   exercises, forfeitures, and other

0.4  0.6 

 

 

 

10 

 

 -

 

13 

 

 -

 

24 

Share repurchase programs
   (Note 18)

 -

(15.3)

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

(1,652)

 

 -

 

(1,652)

Cash dividends declared
   ($1.21 per share)

 -

 -

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

(980)

 

 -

 

 -

 

(980)

Balance at June 30, 2017

1,111.4  (309.9)

 

 

$   2,778 

 

$   4,431 

 

$   33,847 

 

$   (20,220)

 

$   (1,221)

 

$    19,615 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2018

1,111.4  (330.5)

 

 

$   2,778 

 

$   4,476 

 

$   41,317 

 

$   (22,574)

 

$   (1,141)

 

$    24,856 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

2,819 

 

 -

 

 -

 

2,819 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

13 

 

13 

Conversion, stock option
   exercises, forfeitures, and other

0.4  0.7 

 

 

 

22 

 

 -

 

16 

 

 -

 

39 

Share repurchase programs
   (Note 18)

 -

(42.5)

 

 

 -

 

(720)

 

 -

 

(5,973)

 

 -

 

(6,693)

Cash dividends declared
   ($1.46 per share)

 -

 -

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

(1,125)

 

 -

 

 -

 

(1,125)

Reclassification due to ASU

   2018-02 adoption (Note 2)

 

 -

 -

 

 

 -

 

 -

 

300 

 

 -

 

(300)

 

 -

Balance at June 30, 2018

1,111.8  (372.3)

 

 

$   2,779 

 

$   3,778 

 

$   43,311 

 

$   (28,531)

 

$   (1,428)

 

$    19,909 



[a] AOCI = Accumulated Other Comprehensive Incom e/(Loss) (Note 10)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

7


 

UN ION PACIFIC CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES



NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



(Unaudited)



For purposes of this report, unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to the “Corporation”, “Company”, “UPC”, “we”, “us”, and “our” mean Union Pacific Corporation and its subsidiaries, including Union Pacific Railroad Company, which will be separately referred to herein as “UPRR” or the “Railroad”.

 

1. Basis of Presentation



Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto contained in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our Consolidated Statement of Financial Position at December 31, 2017 , is derived from audited financial statements. The res ults of operations for the six months ended June 30 , 2018 , are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year ending December 31, 2018 .  



The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are presented in accordance with GAAP as codified in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) .  



2. Accounting Pronouncements



In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASU 2014-09), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).  ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition guidance in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in the exchange for those goods or services. This may require the use of more judgment and estimates in order to correctly recognize the revenue expected as an outcome of each specific performance obligation. A dditionally, this guidance require s the disclosure of the nature, amount, and timing of revenue arising from contracts so as to aid in the understanding of the users of financial statements.



Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company analyzed its freight and other revenues and recognize s freight revenues as freight moves fr om origin to destination and recognize s other revenues as identified performance obl igations are satisfied.  We also analyzed freight and other revenues in the context of the new guidance on principal versus agent considerations and evaluated the required new disclosures. The ASU did not have an impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.



In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01), Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Subtopic 825-10) . ASU 2016-01 provides guidance for the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. This guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is not permitted. Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the ASU and it did not have an impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.



In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-07 (ASU 2017-07), Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (Topic 715) . ASU 2017-07 requires the service cost component be reported separately from the other components of net benefit costs in the income statement, provides explicit guidance on the presentation of the service cost component and the other components of net benefit cost in the income statement, and allows only the service cost component of net benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted the standard on a retrospective basis .     As a result of the adoption, only service costs are recorded

 

8


 

within compensation and ben efits expense, and the other components of net benefit costs are now recorded within other income.   The retrospective adoption of ASU 2017-07 is shown in the table below:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Increase/(decrease) in operating income

$

(4)

 

(7)

 

$

(8)

$

(12)

Increase/(decrease) in other income

 

 

 

 

 

12 



On February 14, 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-02, (ASU 2018-02), Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income , which allows entities the option to reclassify from accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) to retained earnings the income tax effects that remain stranded in AOCI resulting from the application of the Tax Act.  ASU 2018-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018.  Early adoption of the ASU is permitted.  We adopted ASU 2018-02 during the first quarter of 2018.  As a result of this adoption, we elected to reclassify $300  m illion from AOCI to retained earnings.  We adopted the policy that future income tax effects that are stranded in AOCI will be released only when the entire portfolio of the type of item is liquidated.



In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02 (ASU 2016-02), Leases (Subtopic 842) . ASU 2016-02 will require companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. For public companies, this standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early a doption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows, but expects that the adoption will result in an increase in the Company’s assets and liabilities of over   $2 billion.



 





3. Significant Accounting Policies Update



Our significant accounting policies are detailed in Note 2 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.  Changes to our accounting policies as a result of adopting ASU 2014-09 are discussed below.



Revenue Recognition – Freight revenues are derived from contracts with customers. We account for a contract when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance, and collectability of consideration is probable. Our contracts include private agreements, private rate/letter quotes, public circulars/tariffs, and interline/foreign agreements. The performance obligation in our contracts is typically delivering a specific commodity from a place of origin to a place of destination and our commitment begins with the tendering and acceptance of a freight bill of lading and is satisfied upon delivery at destination. We consider each freight shipment to be a distinct performance obligation.



We recognize freight revenues over time as freight moves from origin to destination. The allocation of revenue between reporting periods is based on the relative transit time in each reporting period with expenses recognized as incurred. Outstanding performance obligations related to freight moves in transit totaled $177 million at June 30, 2018 and $154 million at December 31, 2017 and are expected to be recognized in the next quarter as we satisfy our remaining performance obligations and deliver freight to destination. The transaction price is generally specified in a contract and may be dependent on the commodity, origin/destination, and route. Customer incentives, which are primarily provided for shipping a specified cumulative volume or shipping to/from specific locations, are recorded as a reduction to operating revenues based on actual or projected future customer shipments.



Under typical payment terms, our customers pay us after each performance obligation is satisfied and there are no material contract assets or liabilities associated with our freight revenues. Outstanding freight receivables are presented in our Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as Accounts Receivables, net.



 

9


 

Freight revenue related to interline transportation services that involve other railroads are reported on a net basis.  The portion of the gross amount billed to customers that is remitted by the Company to another party is not reflected as freight revenue.



Other revenues consist primarily of revenues earned by our other subsidiaries (primarily logistics and commuter rail operations) and accessorial revenues. Other subsidiary revenues are generally recognized over time as shipments move from origin to destination. The allocation of revenue between reporting periods is based on the relative transit time in each reporting period with expenses recognized as incurred. Accessorial revenues are recognized at a point in time as performance obligations are satisfied.  

 





4. Operations and Segmentation



The Railroad, along with its subsidiaries and rail affiliates, is our one reportable operating segment. Although we provide and analyze revenue by commodity group, we treat the financial results of the Railroad as one segment due to the integrated nature of our rail network. Our operating revenues are primarily derived from contracts with customers for the transportation of freight from origin to destination.  The following table represents a disaggregation of our freight and other revenues:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Agricultural Products

$

1,114 

$

1,064 

 

$

2,212 

$

2,158 

Energy

 

1,111 

 

1,057 

 

 

2,284 

 

2,081 

Industrial

 

1,437 

 

1,334 

 

 

2,777 

 

2,598 

Premium

 

1,655 

 

1,451 

 

 

3,166 

 

2,863 

Total freight revenues

$

5,317 

$

4,906 

 

$

10,439 

$

9,700 

Other subsidiary revenues

 

211 

 

222 

 

 

428 

 

437 

Accessorial revenues

 

126 

 

108 

 

 

247 

 

214 

Other

 

18 

 

14 

 

 

33 

 

31 

Total operating revenues

$

5,672 

$

5,250 

 

$

11,147 

$

10,382 

 

Although our revenues are principally derived from customers domiciled in the U.S., the ultimate points of origination or destination for some products we transport are outside the U.S. Each of our commodity groups includes revenue from shipments to and from Mexico. Included in the above table are freight revenues from our Mexico business which amounted to $635 million and $576 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2018, and June 30, 2017, and $1,214 million and $1,142 million, respectively for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and June 30, 2017 .

 

5. Stock-Based Compensation



We have several stock-based compensation plans under which employees and non-employee directors receive stock options, nonvested retention shares, and nonvested stock units. We refer to the nonvested shares and stock units collectively as “retention awards”. We have elected to issue treasury shares to cover option exercises and stock unit vestings, while new shares are issued when retention shares are granted. Information regarding stock-based compensation appears in the table below:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Stock-based compensation, before tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Stock options

$

$

 

$

$

     Retention awards

 

22 

 

22 

 

 

43 

 

44 

Total stock-based compensation, before tax

$

26 

$

27 

 

$

51 

$

53 

Excess tax benefits from equity compensation plans

$

$

 

$

19 

$

25 

 

10


 

Stock Options – We estimate the fair value of our stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The table below shows the annual weighted-average assumptions used for valuation purposes:





 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Weighted-Average Assumptions

2018  2017 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.6% 

 

2.0% 

Dividend yield

 

2.3% 

 

2.3% 

Expected life (years)

 

5.3 

 

5.3 

Volatility

 

21.1% 

 

21.7% 

Weighted-average grant-date fair value of options granted

$

21.70 

$

18.19 

 

The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant; the expected dividend yield is calculated as the ratio of dividends paid per share of common stock to the stock price on the date of grant; the expected life is based on historical and expected exercise behavior; and expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock price over the expected life of the option.



A summary of stock option activity during the six months ended June 30, 2018, is presented below:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Options (thous.)

Weighted-Average
Exercise Price

Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term

Aggregate Intrinsic Value (millions)

Outstanding at January 1, 2018

5,630 

$

83.37  5.8 

yrs.

$

286 

Granted

800 

 

124.86 

 

N/A

 

N/A

Exercised

(638)

 

64.23 

 

N/A

 

N/A

Forfeited or expired

(85)

 

93.75 

 

N/A

 

N/A

Outstanding at June 30, 2018

5,707 

$

91.17  5.9 

yrs.

$

288 

Vested or expected to vest at June 30, 2018

5,652 

$

90.99  5.9 

yrs.

$

287 

Options exercisable at June 30, 2018

3,878 

$

83.48  4.6 

yrs.

$

226 

 

Stock options are granted at the closing price on the date of grant, have ten-year contractual terms, and vest no later than three years from the date of grant. None of the stock options outstanding at June 30, 2018, are subject to performance or market-based vesting conditions.



At June 30, 2018, there was $27 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years. Additional information regarding stock option exercises appears in the table below:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Intrinsic value of stock options exercised

$

14 

$

 

$

47 

$

30 

Cash received from option exercises

 

19 

 

 

 

45 

 

28 

Treasury shares repurchased for employee payroll taxes

 

(5)

 

(2)

 

 

(13)

 

(9)

Tax benefit realized from option exercises

 

 

 

 

12 

 

11 

Aggregate grant-date fair value of stock options vested

 

 -

 

 -

 

 

18 

 

19 

 

Retention Awards – The fair value of retention awards is based on the closing price of the stock on the grant date. Dividends and dividend equivalents are paid to participants during the vesting periods.



 

11


 

Changes in our retention awards during the six months ended June 30, 2018, were as follows:





 

 

 



 

 

 



Shares
(thous.)

Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value

Nonvested at January 1, 2018

2,313 

$

95.04 

Granted

533 

 

125.11 

Vested

(617)

 

88.06 

Forfeited

(58)

 

101.05 

Nonvested at June 30, 2018

2,171 

$

104.25 

 

Retention awards are granted at no cost to the employee or non-employee director and vest over periods lasting up to four years. At June 30, 2018, there was $116 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested retention awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.1 years.



Performance Retention Awards – In February 2018, our Board of Directors approved performance stock unit grants. The basic terms of these performance stock units are identical to those granted in February 2017, except for different annual return on invested capital (ROIC) performance targets. The plan also includes relative operating income growth (OIG) as a modifier compared to the companies included in the S&P 500 Industrials Index. We define ROIC as net operating profit adjusted for interest expense (including interest on the present value of operating leases) and taxes on interest divided by average invested capital adjusted for the present value of operating leases. The modifier can be up to +/- 25% of the award earned based on the ROIC achieved.



Stock units awarded to selected employees under these grants are subject to continued employment for 37 months and the attainment of certain levels of ROIC, modified for the relative OIG. We expense the fair value of the units that are probable of being earned based on our forecasted ROIC over the 3-year performance period, and with respect to the third year of the plan, the relative OIG modifier. We measure the fair value of these performance stock units based upon the closing price of the underlying common stock as of the date of grant, reduced by the present value of estimated future dividends. Dividend equivalents are paid to participants only after the units are earned.



The assumptions used to calculate the present value of estimated future dividends related to the February 2018 grant were as follows:





 

 



 

 



2018 

Dividend per share per quarter

$

0.73 

Risk-free interest rate at date of grant

 

2.3% 

 

Changes in our performance retention awards during the six months ended June 30, 2018, were as follows:





 

 

 



 

 

 



Shares
(thous.)

Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value

Nonvested at January 1, 2018

1,138 

$

92.92 

Granted

348 

 

117.80 

Vested

(94)

 

112.19 

Unearned

(201)

 

114.97 

Forfeited

(65)

 

87.01 

Nonvested at June 30, 2018

1,126 

$

95.41 

 

At June 30, 2018, there was $51 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested performance retention awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.6 years. This expense is subject to achievement of the performance measures established for the performance stock unit grants.

 

 

12


 

6. Retirement Plans



Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits



Pension Plans – We provide defined benefit retirement income to eligible non-union employees through qualified and non-qualified (supplemental) pension plans. Qualified and non-qualified pension benefits are based on years of service and the highest compensation during the latest years of employment, with specific reductions made for early retirements.



Other Postretirement Benefits (OPEB) – We provide medical and life insurance benefits for eligible retirees. These benefits are funded as medical claims and life insurance premiums are paid.



Expense



Both pension and OPEB expense are determined based upon the annual service cost of benefits (the actuarial cost of benefits earned during a period) and the interest cost on those liabilities, less the expected return on plan assets. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets is applied to a calculated value of plan assets that recognizes changes in fair value over a five-year period. This practice is intended to reduce year-to-year volatility in pension expense, but it can have the effect of delaying the recognition of differences between actual returns on assets and expected returns based on long-term rate of return assumptions. Differences in actual experience in relation to assumptions are not recognized in net income immediately, but are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income and, if necessary, amortized as pension or OPEB expense.



The components of our net periodic pension cost were as follows:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Service cost

$

26 

$

22 

 

$

53 

$

45 

Interest cost

 

36 

 

36 

 

 

72 

 

71 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(68)

 

(66)

 

 

(136)

 

(132)

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

22 

 

19 

 

 

45 

 

39 

Net periodic pension cost

$

16 

$

11 

 

$

34 

$

23 



The components of our net periodic OPEB cost were as follows:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Service cost

$

$

 

$

$

Interest cost

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of prior service cost

 

 

 -

 

 

 

 -

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 

 

 

 

Net periodic OPEB cost

$

$

 

$

12 

$

11 



As a result of the adoption of ASU 2017-07 effective January 1, 2018, only service costs are recorded within compensation and benefits expense, and the other components of net benefit costs are now record ed within other income .  



Cash Contributions



For the six months ended June 30, 2018, we did not make any cash contributions to the qualified pension plan. Any contributions made during 2018 will be based on cash generated from operations and financial market considerations. Our policy with respect to funding the qualified plans is to fund at least the minimum

 

13


 

required by law and not more than the maximum amount deductible for tax purposes. At June 30, 2018, we do not have minimum cash funding requirements for 2018.

 

7. Other Income



Other income included the following:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions

2018  2017  2018  2017 

Early extinguishment of debt [a]

$

 -

$

 -

 

$

(85)

$

 -

Rental income

 

30 

 

26 

 

 

58 

 

63 

Net gain on non-operating asset dispositions [b]

 

 

11 

 

 

13 

 

45 

Interest income

 

 

 

 

 

Net periodic pension and OPEB costs

 

 

 

 

 

12 

Non-operating environmental costs and other

 

(4)

 

 

 

(3)

 

(4)

Total

$

42 

$

50 

 

$

 -

$

122 



[a] 2018 includes a debt extinguishment charge for the early redemption of certain bonds and debentures in the first quarter (Note 15).

[b] 2017 includes $26 million related to a real estate sale in the first quarter.



8. Income Taxes



On December 22, 2017, The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) was enacted. The Tax Act made significant changes to federal tax law, including a reduction in the federal income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, 100% bonus depreciation for certain capital expenditures, stricter limits on deductions for interest and certain executive compensation, and a one-time transition tax on previously deferred earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries. As a result of our initial analysis of the Tax Act and existing implementation guidance, we remeasured our deferred tax assets and liabilities and computed our transition tax liability net of offsetting foreign tax credits. This resulted in a $5.9 billion reduction in our income tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2017.  We also recorded a $212 million reduction to our operating expense related to income tax adjustments at equity-method affiliates in the fourth quarter of 2017.



The SEC provided guidance in SAB 118 on accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act. In accordance with that guidance, some of the income tax effects recorded in 2017 are provisional, including those related to our analysis of 100% bonus depreciation for certain capital expenditures, stricter limits on deductions for certain executive compensation, the one-time transition tax, and the reduction to our operating expense related to income tax adjustments at equity-method affiliates. The accounting for the income tax effects may be adjusted during 2018 as a result of continuing analysis of the Tax Act; additional implementation guidance from the IRS, state tax authorities, the SEC, the FASB, or the Joint Committee on Taxation; and new information from domestic or foreign equity affiliates.  We had no material adjustments to our initial analysis of the Tax Act during the second quarter of 2018.



UPC is not currently under examination by the Internal Revenue Service.  The statute of limitations has run for all years prior to 2014.  In 2017, UPC amended its 2013 income tax return, primarily to claim deductions resulting from the resolution of prior year IRS examinations.  The IRS and Joint Committee on Taxation have completed their review of this return , and in the second quarter of 2018 we received a refund of $19 million.



Several state tax authorities are examining our state tax return s for years 2010 through 2016 .  



In May of 2018, Iowa enacted legislation to reduce its corporate tax rate beginning in 2021.  The rate change reduced our deferred tax expense by $17 million in the second quarter of 2018.



In June of 2018, Missouri enacted legislation to reduce its corporate tax rate beginning in 2020. The rate change reduced our deferred tax expense by $14 million in the second quarter.



At June 30, 2018, we had a net liability for unrecognized tax benefits of $224 m illion .



 

14


 

9. Earnings Per Share



The following table provides a reconciliation between basic and diluted earnings per share:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended



June 30,

 

June 30,

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts

2018  2017 

 

2018  2017 

Net income

$

1,509 

$

1,168 

 

$

2,819 

$

2,240 

Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Basic

 

760.5 

 

804.1 

 

 

768.4 

 

807.8 

    Dilutive effect of stock options

 

1.8 

 

1.8 

 

 

1.8 

 

1.8 

    Dilutive effect of retention shares and units 

 

1.4 

 

1.3 

 

 

1.4 

 

1.4 

Diluted

 

763.7 

 

807.2 

 

 

771.6 

 

811.0 

Earnings per share – basic

$

1.98 

$

1.45 

 

$

3.67 

$

2.77 

Earnings per share – diluted

$

1.98 

$

1.45 

 

$

3.65 

$

2.76 

Stock options excluded as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive

 

0.8 

 

1.9 

 

 

0.7 

 

1.8 



10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)



Reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, were as follows (net of tax):





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions

Defined
benefit
plans

Foreign
currency
translation

Total

Balance at April 1, 2018

$

(1,235)

$

(187)

$

(1,422)

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

 

(1)

 

(24)

 

(25)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

19 

 

 -

 

19 

Net quarter-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss),
net of taxes of $(7) million

 

18 

 

(24)

 

(6)

Balance at June 30, 2018

$

(1,217)

$

(211)

$

(1,428)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at April 1, 2017

$

(1,121)

$

(131)

$

(1,252)

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

 

 

16 

 

17 

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

14 

 

 -

 

14 

Net quarter-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss),
net of taxes of $(18) million

 

15 

 

16 

 

31 

Balance at June 30, 2017

$

(1,106)

$

(115)

$

(1,221)



[a] The accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) reclassification components are 1) prior service cost/(credit) and 2) net actuarial loss which are both included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 6 Retirement Plans for additional details.

 

15


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions

Defined
benefit
plans

Foreign
currency
translation

Total

Balance at January 1, 2018

$

(1,029)

$

(112)

$

(1,141)

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

 

(1)

 

(24)

 

(25)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

38 

 

 -

 

38 

Net year-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss),
net of taxes of $(13) million

 

37 

 

(24)

 

13 

Reclassification due to ASU 2018-02 adoption (Note 2)

 

(225)

 

(75)

 

(300)

Balance at June 30, 2018

$

(1,217)

$

(211)

$

(1,428)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2017

$

(1,132)

$

(140)

$

(1,272)

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

 

(2)

 

25 

 

23 

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

 

28 

 

 -

 

28 

Net year-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss),
net of taxes of $(32) million

 

26 

 

25 

 

51 

Balance at June 30, 2017

$

(1,106)

$

(115)

$

(1,221)



[a] The accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) reclassification components are 1) prior service cost/(credit) and 2) net actuarial loss which are both included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 6 Retirement Plans for additional details.





 

 

 

 

 

 



11. Accounts Receivable



Accounts receivable includes freight and other receivables reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance is based upon historical losses, credit worthiness of customers, and current economic conditions. At both June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, our accounts receivable were reduced by $3 million. Receivables not expected to be collected in one year and the associated allowances are classified as other assets in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. At June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, receivables classified as other assets were reduced by allowances of $24 million and $17 million, respectively.



Receivables Securitization Facility – The Railroad maintains a $650 million, 3-year receivables securitization facility (the Receivables Facility) maturing in July 2019. Under the Receivables Facility, the Railroad sells most of its eligible third-party receivables to Union Pacific Receivables, Inc. (UPRI), a consolidated, wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary that may subsequently transfer, without recourse, an undivided interest in accounts receivable to investors. The investors have no recourse to the Railroad’s other assets except for customary warranty and indemnity claims. Creditors of the Railroad do not have recourse to the assets of UPRI. 



The amount outstanding under the Receivables Facility was $ 400   million and $500 million at June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Receivables Facility was supported by $1.3 billion and $1.1 billion of accounts receivable as collateral at June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively, which, as a retained interest, is included in accounts receivable, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.



The outstanding amount the Railroad is allowed to maintain under the Receivables Facility, with a maximum of $650 million, may fluctuate based on the availability of eligible receivables and is directly affected by business volumes and credit risks, including receivables payment quality measures such as default and dilution ratios. If default or dilution ratios increase one percent, the allowable outstanding amount under the Receivables Facility would not materially change.



 

16


 

The costs of the Receivables Facility include interest, which will vary based on prevailing benchmark and commercial paper rates, program fees paid to participating banks, commercial paper issuance costs, and fees of participating banks for unused commitment availability. The costs of the Receivables Facility are included in interest expense and were $4 million and $2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively, and $8 million and $3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

 

12. Properties



The following tables list the major categories of property and equipment, as well as the weighted-average estimated useful life for each category (in years):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions, Except Estimated Useful Life

 

 Accumulated

Net Book

Estimated

As of June 30, 2018

Cost

 Depreciation

Value

Useful Life

Land

$

5,272 

$

N/A

$

5,272 

N/A

Road:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Rail and other track material

 

16,551 

 

6,044 

 

10,507  43 

  Ties

 

10,311 

 

2,981 

 

7,330  33 

  Ballast

 

5,482 

 

1,553 

 

3,929  34 

  Other roadway [a]

 

19,268 

 

3,625 

 

15,643  48 

Total road 

 

51,612 

 

14,203 

 

37,409 

N/A

Equipment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Locomotives

 

9,747 

 

3,828 

 

5,919  19 

  Freight cars

 

2,292 

 

999 

 

1,293  24 

  Work equipment and other

 

958 

 

288 

 

670  19 

Total equipment 

 

12,997 

 

5,115 

 

7,882 

N/A

Technology and other

 

1,126 

 

481 

 

645  11 

Construction in progress

 

739 

 

 -

 

739 

N/A

Total

$

71,746 

$

19,799 

$

51,947 

N/A

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Millions, Except Estimated Useful Life

 

 Accumulated

Net Book

Estimated

As of December 31, 2017

Cost

 Depreciation

Value

Useful Life

Land

$

5,258 

$

      N/A

$

5,258 

N/A

Road:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Rail and other track material

 

16,327 

 

5,929 

 

10,398  43 

  Ties

 

10,132