Teekay Tankers Ltd. (Teekay Tankers or the Company) (NYSE: TNK) today reported the Company's results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020:

Consolidated Financial Summary

  Three Months Ended
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share data) September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 September 30, 2019 (3)
GAAP FINANCIAL COMPARISON            
Total revenues 170,240        246,492      187,444       
(Loss) income from operations (29,193  )     92,986      (4,873  )    
Net (loss) income (44,434  )     98,198      (19,850  )    
(Loss) earnings per share (4) (1.32  )     2.91      (0.59  )    
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL COMPARISON          
Total Adjusted EBITDA (1) 46,248        124,241      27,837       
Adjusted net income (loss) (1) 3,132        80,700      (21,173  )    
Adjusted earnings (loss) per share (1)(4) 0.09        2.39      (0.63  )    
Free cash flow (1) 31,178        125,799      11,735       

(1)   These are non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to "Definitions and Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and the Appendices to this release for definitions of these terms and reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures as used in this release to the most directly comparable financial measures under United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

(2)   Net debt is a non-GAAP financial measure and represents short-term, current and long-term debt and current and long-term obligations related to finance leases less cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash.

(3)   Comparative balances relating to the three months ended September 30, 2019 have been updated to reflect results as presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2019.

(4)   The per share amounts for all periods presented have been adjusted to reflect a one-for-eight reverse stock split completed in November 2019.

Third Quarter of 2020 Compared to Second Quarter of 2020

GAAP net loss and non-GAAP adjusted net income for the third quarter of 2020, compared to the second quarter of 2020, primarily reflects lower average spot tanker rates and a higher number of scheduled drydockings during the third quarter of 2020. GAAP net loss in the third quarter of 2020 also included a $45.0 million write-down of assets, while GAAP net income in the second quarter of 2020 included a $15.2 million reduction in freight tax accruals relating to prior periods.

Third Quarter of 2020 Compared to Third Quarter of 2019

GAAP net loss for the third quarter of 2020 increased, while non-GAAP adjusted net income improved compared to the same period of the prior year. These measures were positively impacted primarily by higher revenues from several fixed-rate charters secured during the past year at higher rates and higher average spot tanker rates in the third quarter of 2020, partially offset by the sale of four Suezmax tankers during December 2019 and the first quarter of 2020, as well as the sale of the non-US portion of the ship-to-ship support services and LNG terminal management business in the second quarter of 2020. GAAP net loss in the third quarter of 2020 also included a $45.0 million write-down of assets.

CEO Commentary

“Despite weaker spot tanker rates and a heavy drydock schedule during the third quarter of 2020, Teekay Tankers reported an adjusted net income of $3.1 million, or $0.09 per share, as we benefitted from well-timed fixed-rate charters secured over the last several quarters at rates meaningfully above current spot market levels," commented Kevin Mackay, Teekay Tankers’ President and Chief Executive Officer.

"Following three strong quarters, spot tanker rates came under pressure during the third quarter of 2020 as a result of seasonal weakness, record OPEC+ production cuts resulting from reduced oil demand related to the pandemic, and the unwinding of floating storage. We were able to successfully mitigate the impact of these weaker rates with 22 percent of our fleet on fixed-rate charters during the third quarter at an average rate of $37,600 per day,” commented Mr. Mackay. “This weakness in spot tanker rates has continued into the fourth quarter; however, there is potential for an uplift in spot tanker rates as seasonal winter conditions typically tighten tanker supply as we move through the fourth quarter. At this point, the near-term outlook remains uncertain, but we are pleased that we secured a fifth of our fleet on strong fixed-rate charters and remain encouraged by fleet supply fundamentals which are significantly more favorable relative to prior market cycles.”

“Increasing our financial strength has been one of our strategic priorities, and over the past year, we have transformed our balance sheet," continued Mr. Mackay. “During this past year, we generated over $400 million in free cash flow and completed over $100 million of asset sales, which have contributed to net debt reduction of approximately $500 million, or 50 percent, as well as strengthened our liquidity position from around $100 million to $470 million at the end of the third quarter of 2020. In addition to delevering our balance sheet, we have also reduced our cost of capital through the recently completed debt refinancing and the voluntary early termination of existing sale-leaseback financings on two of our vessels.”

Mr. Mackay concluded, "I want to thank our seafarers and onshore colleagues for their continued dedication to provide safe and uninterrupted service to our customers during this COVID-19 pandemic over the past several months. With strong fixed-rate charter contracts, low free cash flow break-even, reduced balance sheet leverage, a strong liquidity position, and no debt maturities until 2023, we believe that Teekay Tankers is well-positioned financially to continue creating shareholder value throughout a wide range of near-term market conditions.”

Summary of Recent Events

In October 2020, Teekay Tankers repurchased two of its Aframax vessels that were previously subject to long-term finance leases for a total purchase price of $29.6 million.  The purchases were funded with existing cash balances and therefore, the two vessels are currently unencumbered.

In September 2020, Teekay Tankers entered into a one-year time charter-out contract for an Aframax tanker at $18,700 per day, which commenced in early-October 2020.

In August 2020, Teekay Tankers secured a three-year, $67 million term loan to refinance four Suezmax tankers. The net proceeds from the new debt facility, along with existing cash balances, were used to repay approximately $85 million outstanding on the Company's existing debt facility with respect to these vessels that was scheduled to mature in 2021.

Tanker Market

Crude tanker spot rates fell during the third quarter of 2020 due to a combination of seasonal weakness, reduced oil demand due to the impact of COVID-19, and low trade volumes as a result of oil supply cuts by the OPEC+ group of producers. The return of some ships to the spot trading fleet from floating storage further compounded the weakness in rates.

Global oil demand has been gradually recovering since the low point in April 2020, when oil demand plummeted by over 20 million barrels per day (mb/d) due to severe restrictions and lockdowns in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak. These restrictions, which were at their height in the second quarter of 2020, have eased since the summer, leading to a corresponding increase in oil demand. However, as of October 2020, global oil demand remains several million barrels below pre-pandemic levels and although global crude oil and refined product inventories have been falling since the third quarter of 2020, they remain well above long-term averages.

The OPEC+ group of oil producers, who implemented supply cuts of 9.7 mb/d in May 2020, returned 2 mb/d of supply to the market in August 2020. Although this was a positive step, it still results in crude trade volumes that are well below pre-pandemic levels, which has depressed crude spot tanker rates into the early part of the fourth quarter of 2020.

Typically, spot tanker rates would find some support during the winter months due to the seasonal impacts of higher oil demand and an increase in vessel delays due to poor weather and shorter daylight hours. While these seasonal factors are still expected to be positive for the tanker market, the potential increase in spot rates this winter is expected to be tempered by the underlying imbalance between tanker supply and demand. Mid-size tankers could find some support from an increase in Libyan crude oil production, which is expected to reach 1.0 mb/d during the fourth quarter of 2020, having averaged only 0.1 mb/d during the third quarter of 2020. However, this could be counter-balanced by a potential slowdown in demand due to a resurgence of COVID-19 cases in many regions and the potential for fresh restrictions and lockdowns over the winter months.

Looking ahead, the Company expects that tanker demand will continue to recover during 2021 as oil demand increases and oil inventories are brought back to more normal levels. However, the timing of this recovery remains uncertain and depends to a large extent on how the COVID-19 pandemic evolves over the coming months. The OPEC+ group is scheduled to return a further 2.0 mb/d of oil supply to the market from January 2021 onwards, which would be positive for tanker demand; however, a more definitive determination is expected to be made at the next OPEC meeting on November 30, 2020.

Fleet supply fundamentals continue to look very positive due to a significantly reduced level of newbuild ordering, a diminishing tanker orderbook, and the potential for higher scrapping due to an aging world fleet. As of October 2020, the tanker orderbook totaled 47.5 million deadweight tonnes (mdwt), or just over seven percent of the existing fleet size. When measured as a proportion of the total fleet, this is the lowest orderbook since 1996. The level of newbuild orders remains low, and is expected to remain so due to uncertainty over vessel technology and a more restrictive financial landscape. Although scrapping has been very low this year, scrapping facilities have now returned to full operation, and the level may pick up during periods of potentially weaker spot tanker rates in 2021.

In summary, the tanker market has come off the highs seen during the first half of the year, and the next few months look to be challenging. However, tanker demand should continue to gradually recover through the course of 2021 which, coupled with a positive fleet supply outlook, should help the tanker market begin to rebalance.

Operating Results

The following table highlights the operating performance of the Company’s time-charter vessels and spot vessels trading in revenue sharing arrangements (RSAs), voyage charters and full service lightering, in each case measured in net revenues(i) per revenue day, or time-charter equivalent (TCE) rates, before off-hire bunker expenses and fees associated with vessels exiting the RSAs:

  Three Months Ended
  September 30, 2020(ii) June 30, 2020(ii) September 30, 2019(ii)
Time Charter-Out Fleet            
Suezmax revenue days 831      794      92     
Suezmax TCE per revenue day $ 41,216      $ 37,740      $ 20,488     
Aframax revenue days 184      91      —     
Aframax TCE per revenue day  $ 24,983      $ 22,925      —     
LR2 revenue days 79      71      —     
LR2 TCE per revenue day  $ 28,638      $ 25,463      —     
             
Spot Fleet            
Suezmax revenue days 1,388      1,544      2,576     
Suezmax spot TCE per revenue day (iii) $ 22,269      $ 46,484      $ 16,321     
Aframax revenue days 1,534      1,632      1,821     
Aframax spot TCE per revenue day (iv) $ 14,802      $ 29,569      $ 14,850     
LR2 revenue days 865      876      781     
LR2 spot TCE per revenue day (v) $ 14,400      $ 29,621      $ 14,686     
             
Total Fleet            
Suezmax revenue days 2,219      2,338      2,668     
Suezmax TCE per revenue day $ 29,366      $ 43,516      $ 16,465     
Aframax revenue days 1,718      1,723      1,821     
Aframax TCE per revenue day $ 15,892      $ 29,218      $ 14,850     
LR2 revenue days 944      947      781     
LR2 TCE per revenue day $ 15,592      $ 29,309      $ 14,686     
  1. Net revenues is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please refer to "Definitions and Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for a definition of this term.
  2. Revenue days are the total number of calendar days the Company's vessels were in its possession during a period, less the total number of off-hire days during the period associated with major repairs, dry dockings or special or intermediate surveys. Consequently, revenue days represent the total number of days available for the vessel to earn revenue. Idle days, which are days when the vessel is available to earn revenue but is not employed, are included in revenue days.
  3. Includes vessels trading in the Teekay Suezmax RSA, Teekay Suezmax Classic RSA and non-pool voyage charters.
  4. Prior to January 1, 2020, includes vessels trading in the Teekay Aframax RSA, Teekay Aframax Classic RSA, non-pool voyage charters and full service lightering voyages. Subsequent to January 1, 2020, includes Aframax vessels trading in the Teekay Aframax RSA, non-pool voyage charters and full service lightering voyages.
  5. Prior to January 1, 2020, includes vessels trading in the Teekay Taurus RSA and non-pool voyage charters. Subsequent to January 1, 2020, includes LR2 vessels trading in the Teekay Aframax RSA, non-pool voyage charters, and full service lightering voyages.

Fourth Quarter of 2020 Tanker Performance Update

The following table summarizes Teekay Tankers’ TCE rates fixed to-date in the fourth quarter of 2020 for both its spot-traded fleet only and its combined spot-traded and fixed-rate fleets:

  To-Date Spot Tanker Rates Combined To-Date Spot Tanker and Fixed-RateContract Rates
  TCE Rates Per Day % Fixed TCE Rates Per Day % Fixed
Suezmax $10,100 49 % $24,200 62 %
Aframax (1) $7,700 45 % $12,400 54 %
LR2 (2) $8,500 44 % $13,500 52 %

(1)   Rates and percentage booked to-date include Aframax RSA, full service lightering (FSL) and non-pool voyage charters for all Aframax vessels.(2)   Rates and percentage booked to-date include Aframax RSA, FSL and non-pool voyage charters for all LR2 vessels, whether trading in the clean or dirty spot market.

Teekay Tankers’ Fleet

The following table summarizes the Company’s fleet as of November 1, 2020:

  Owned and Leased Vessels Chartered-in Vessels Total
Fixed-rate:      
Suezmax Tankers 7 7
Aframax Tankers 3 3
LR2 Product Tanker 1 1
Total Fixed-Rate Fleet 11 11
Spot-rate:      
Suezmax Tankers 19 19
Aframax Tankers(i) 14 2 16
LR2 Product Tankers(ii) 8 2 10
VLCC Tanker(iii) 1 1
Total Spot Fleet 42 4 46
Total Tanker Fleet 53 4 57
STS Support Vessels 3 3
Total Teekay Tankers' Fleet 53 7 60
  1. Includes two Aframax tankers with charter-in contracts that are scheduled to expire in March 2021 and September 2021, respectively, one with an option for the Company to extend for one additional year.
  2. Includes two LR2 product tankers with charter-in contracts that are scheduled to expire in January 2021, each with an option for the Company to extend for one additional year.
  3. The Company’s ownership interest in this vessel is 50 percent.

Liquidity Update

As at September 30, 2020, the Company had total liquidity of $469.8 million (comprised of $120.9 million in cash and cash equivalents and $348.9 million in undrawn capacity from its credit facilities) compared to total liquidity of $467.5 million as at June 30, 2020.

Conference Call

The Company plans to host a conference call on Thursday, November 12, 2020 at 12:00 p.m. (ET) to discuss its results for the third quarter of 2020. All shareholders and interested parties are invited to listen to the live conference call by choosing from the following options:

  • By dialing (800) 367-2403 or (647) 490-5367, if outside of North America, and quoting conference ID code 9018310.
  • By accessing the webcast, which will be available on Teekay Tankers’ website at www.teekay.com (the archive will remain on the website for a period of one year).

An accompanying Third Quarter of 2020 Earnings Presentation will also be available at www.teekay.com in advance of the conference call start time.

About Teekay Tankers

Teekay Tankers currently has a fleet of 52 double-hull tankers (including 26 Suezmax tankers, 17 Aframax tankers and nine LR2 product tankers), and also has four time chartered-in tankers. Teekay Tankers’ vessels are typically employed through a mix of short- or medium-term fixed-rate time charter contracts and spot tanker market trading. Teekay Tankers also owns a Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) through a 50 percent-owned joint venture. In addition, Teekay Tankers owns a ship-to-ship transfer business that performs full service lightering and lightering support operations in the U.S. Gulf and Caribbean. Teekay Tankers was formed in December 2007 by Teekay Corporation as part of its strategy to expand its conventional oil tanker business.

Teekay Tankers’ Class A common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “TNK.”

For Investor Relations enquiries contact:

Ryan HamiltonTel:  +1 (604) 609-2963Website:  www.teekay.com

Definitions and Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release includes various financial measures that are non-GAAP financial measures as defined under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). These non-GAAP financial measures, which include Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Free Cash Flow, Net Revenues, and Adjusted EBITDA, are intended to provide additional information and should not be considered substitutes for measures of performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, these measures do not have standardized definitions across companies, and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.  These non-GAAP measures are used by management, and the Company believes that these supplemental metrics assist investors and other users of its financial reports in comparing financial and operating performance of the Company across reporting periods and with other companies.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted net income (loss) excludes items of income or loss from GAAP net (loss) income that are typically excluded by securities analysts in their published estimates of the Company’s financial results. The Company believes that certain investors use this information to evaluate the Company’s financial performance, as does management. Please refer to Appendix A of this release for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net (loss) income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Adjusted EBITDA represents net (loss) income before interest, taxes, and depreciation and amortization and is adjusted to exclude certain items whose timing or amount cannot be reasonably estimated in advance or that are not considered representative of core operating performance. Such adjustments include foreign exchange gains and losses, gains and losses on sale of vessels, unrealized credit loss adjustments, unrealized gains and losses on derivative instruments and any write-offs and certain other income or expenses. Adjusted EBITDA also excludes realized gains or losses on interest rate swaps as management, in assessing the Company's performance, views these gains or losses as an element of interest expense and realized gains or losses on derivative instruments resulting from amendments or terminations of the underlying instruments. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA represents Adjusted EBITDA from vessels that are consolidated on the Company's financial statements.  Adjusted EBITDA from Equity-Accounted Joint Venture represents the Company's proportionate share of Adjusted EBITDA from its equity-accounted joint venture, and as a result, the Company does not have the unilateral ability to determine whether the cash generated by its equity-accounted joint venture is retained within the entity in which the Company holds the equity-accounted joint venture or distributed to the Company and other owners. In addition, the Company does not control the timing of any such distributions to the Company and other owners. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure used by certain investors and management to measure the operational performance of companies. Total Adjusted EBITDA represents Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA plus Adjusted EBITDA from Equity-Accounted Joint Venture. Please refer to Appendices C and D of this release for reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to net (loss) income and equity income, respectively, which are the most directly comparable GAAP measures reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Free cash flow (FCF) represents net (loss) income, plus depreciation and amortization, unrealized losses from derivative instruments, loss on sales of vessels, equity loss from the equity-accounted joint venture, and any write-offs and certain other non-cash non-recurring items, less unrealized gains from derivative instruments, gain on sales of vessels, equity income from the equity-accounted joint venture and certain other non-cash items. The Company includes FCF from the equity-accounted joint venture as a component of its FCF. FCF from the equity-accounted joint venture represents the Company’s proportionate share of FCF from its equity-accounted joint venture. The Company does not control its equity-accounted joint venture, and as a result, the Company does not have the unilateral ability to determine whether the cash generated by its equity-accounted joint venture is retained within the joint venture or distributed to the Company and other owners. In addition, the Company does not control the timing of such distributions to the Company and other owners. Consequently, readers are cautioned when using FCF as a liquidity measure as the amount contributed from FCF from the equity-accounted joint venture may not be available to the Company in the periods such FCF is generated by the equity-accounted joint venture. FCF is a non-GAAP financial measure used by certain investors and management to evaluate the Company’s financial and operating performance and to assess the Company’s ability to generate cash sufficient to repay debt, pay dividends and undertake capital and dry-dock expenditures. Please refer to Appendix B to this release for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net (loss) income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Net revenues represents revenues less voyage expenses. Because the amount of voyage expenses the Company incurs for a particular charter depends on the type of the charter, the Company uses net revenues to improve the comparability between periods of reported revenues that are generated by the different types of charters and contracts. The Company principally uses net revenues, a non-GAAP financial measure, because the Company believes it provides more meaningful information about the deployment of the Company's vessels and their performance than does revenues, the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP.

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Summary Consolidated Statements of (Loss) Income(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share data)

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    September 30, June 30, September 30,   September 30, September 30,  
    2020 2020 2019 (1)   2020 2019 (1)  
    (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)   (unaudited) (unaudited)  
                 
Voyage charter revenues (2) 125,819      207,926      178,174        651,223      591,746       
Time-charter revenues 42,180      34,986      1,909        92,733      6,815       
Other revenues (3) 2,241      3,580      7,361        14,676      34,051       
Total revenues 170,240      246,492      187,444        758,632      632,612       
                 
Voyage expenses (2) (57,777 )   (61,558 )   (92,866 )     (238,576 )   (293,263 )    
Vessel operating expenses (46,336 )   (46,218 )   (48,539 )     (143,203 )   (156,726 )    
Time-charter hire expenses (9,070 )   (9,296 )   (10,637 )     (28,245 )   (30,877 )    
Depreciation and amortization (29,992 )   (29,546 )   (31,536 )     (89,170 )   (92,059 )    
General and administrative expenses  (9,887 )   (9,784 )   (8,739 )     (28,957 )   (27,412 )    
(Write-down) and (loss) gain     on sale of assets (4) (44,973 )   2,896      —        (45,164 )   —       
Restructuring charge (1,398 )   —      —        (1,398 )   —       
(Loss) income from operations (29,193 )   92,986      (4,873 )     183,919      32,275       
               
Interest expense  (12,553 )   (13,492 )   (16,134 )     (41,180 )   (49,683 )    
Interest income 337      567      138        1,160      724       
Realized and unrealized (loss) gain     on derivative instruments (5) (414 )   (589 )   1,453        (1,830 )   (1,172 )    
Equity income (6) 46      3,188      68        5,174      652       
Other (expense) income (470 )   940      933        1,613      1,182       
Net (loss) income before income tax (42,247 )   83,600      (18,415 )     148,856      (16,022 )    
               
Income tax (expense) recovery (7) (2,187 )   14,598      (1,435 )     11,747      (5,688 )    
Net (loss) income (44,434 )   98,198      (19,850 )     160,603      (21,710 )    
               
(Loss) earnings per share attributable              
  to shareholders of Teekay Tankers              
   - Basic (8) (1.32 )   2.91      (0.59 )     4.76      (0.65 )    
   - Diluted (8) (1.32 )   2.89      (0.59 )     4.73      (0.65 )    
                 
                 
Weighted-average number of total common            
  shares outstanding              
   - Basic (8) 33,738,143      33,727,978      33,623,608        33,712,124      33,610,936       
   - Diluted (8) 33,738,143      33,978,730      33,623,608        33,942,191      33,610,936       
                 
Number of outstanding shares of common stock at the end of the period (8) 33,738,143      33,738,143      33,623,608        33,738,143      33,623,608       
  1. Voyage expenses incurred that are recoverable from the Company's customers in connection with its voyage charter contracts are reflected in voyage charter revenues and voyage expenses. The Company recast the results for the three and nine months ended September 2019 to be consistent with the presentation in the 2019 20-F and this report for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. This had the impact of increasing both voyage charter revenues and voyage expenses by $5.1 million and $15.5 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. 
  2. Voyage charter revenues include revenues earned from full service lightering activities. Voyage expenses include certain costs associated with full service lightering activities, which include: short-term in-charter expenses, bunker fuel expenses and other port expenses totaling $10.8 million, $12.7 million and $9.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, and $42.2 million and $39.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. 
  3. Other revenues include lightering support and liquefied natural gas services revenue, revenue earned from the Company's responsibilities in employing the vessels subject to the RSAs, and bunker commissions earned. In April 2020, the Company sold a portion of its oil and gas ship-to-ship transfer support business, including its gas terminal management services. 
  4. (Write-down) and (loss) gain on sale of assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 includes a write-down of $45.0 million relating to five Aframax tankers and the Company's operating lease right-of-use assets, which were written-down to their estimated fair values. (Write-down) and (loss) gain on sale of assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 also includes a loss on sale of $2.6 million relating to three Suezmax tankers which were sold in the first quarter of 2020 and a write-down of $0.7 million relating to the Company's operating lease right-of-use assets in the second quarter of 2020, partially offset by a gain on sale of $3.1 million relating to the completion of the sale of the non-US portion of the Company's ship-to-ship support services business, as well as the Company's LNG terminal management business in the second quarter of 2020. 
  5. Includes realized gains on interest rate swaps of nil, $0.1 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, and realized gains of $0.6 million and $2.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. The Company also recognized realized losses of $0.2 million, $0.2 million and realized gains of $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, and realized losses of $0.4 million and realized gains of $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, relating to its forward freight agreements. 
  6. Equity income relates to the Company’s 50 percent interest in the High-Q Investment Ltd. (High-Q) joint venture, which owns one VLCC tanker. 
  7. Income tax recovery for the three months ended June 30, 2020 includes a reduction in freight tax accruals of $15.2 million related to periods prior to 2020. 
  8. The number of shares and per share amounts, including comparative figures, have been adjusted to reflect the changes resulting from the one-for-eight reverse stock split which took effect on November 25, 2019.

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Summary Consolidated Balance Sheets(in thousands of U.S. dollars)

  As at As at As at
  September 30, June 30, December 31,
  2020 2020 2019
  (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
ASSETS            
Cash and cash equivalents 120,872      167,907      88,824     
Restricted cash 4,686      4,766      3,071     
Accounts receivable 46,247      88,663      95,648     
Bunker and lube oil inventory 33,444      30,885      49,790     
Prepaid expenses 13,561      12,103      10,288     
Due from affiliates 3,323      2,440      697     
Current portion of derivative assets —      —      577     
Assets held for sale (1) —      —      65,458     
Accrued revenue 29,410      42,153      106,872     
Total current assets 251,543      348,917      421,225     
Restricted cash – long-term 3,437      3,437      3,437     
Vessels and equipment – net 1,131,742      1,161,097      1,223,085     
Vessels related to finance leases – net 484,776      511,879      527,081     
Operating lease right-of-use assets 6,148      10,758      19,560     
Investment in and advances to equity-accounted joint venture 28,635      29,740      28,112     
Derivative assets —      —      82     
Other non-current assets 1,175      1,453      1,923     
Intangible assets – net 2,122      2,259      2,545     
Goodwill 2,426      2,426      2,426     
Total assets 1,912,004      2,071,966      2,229,476     
             
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY            
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 83,272      100,012      130,713     
Short-term debt 20,000      10,000      50,000     
Current portion of long-term debt 10,962      27,549      43,573     
Current portion of derivative liabilities 755      414      86     
Current obligations related to finance leases 26,794      26,281      25,357     
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 7,602      10,986      16,290     
Liabilities associated with assets held for sale (1) —      —      2,980     
Due to affiliates 2,932      2,091      2,139     
Other current liabilities 3,696      8,485      8,567     
Total current liabilities 156,013      185,818      279,705     
Long-term debt 204,103      285,389      516,106     
Long-term obligations related to finance leases 369,278      376,238      389,431     
Long-term operating lease liabilities 421      417      3,270     
Other long-term liabilities 29,683      27,516      51,044     
Derivative liabilities 717      789      —     
Equity  1,151,789      1,195,799      989,920     
Total liabilities and equity 1,912,004      2,071,966      2,229,476     
             
Net debt (2) 502,142      549,347      929,135     
  1. On April 30, 2020, the Company finalized the sale of a portion of its oil and gas ship-to-ship transfer support business, which also provides gas terminal management services, for $27.1 million. The sale of a portion of the ship-to-ship support services business and gas terminal management business, including cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $1.5 million, was classified as held for sale as at December 31, 2019. Also included in assets held for sale at December 31, 2019 were two Suezmax vessels. 
  2. Net debt is a non-GAAP financial measure and represents short-term, current and long-term debt and current and long-term obligations related to finance leases less cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash.

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Summary Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows(in thousands of U.S. dollars)

    Nine Months Ended
    September 30, September 30,
    2020 2019
    (unaudited) (unaudited)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash provided by (used for)        
OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income (loss) 160,603        (21,710 )    
Non-cash items:        
Depreciation and amortization 89,170        92,059       
Write-down and loss on sale of assets 45,164        —       
Unrealized loss on derivative instruments 1,948        3,960       
Equity income (5,174 )     (652 )    
Income tax (recovery) expense (10,951 )     4,181       
Other 3,827        3,690       
Change in operating assets and liabilities 72,629        18,685       
Expenditures for dry docking (9,405 )     (37,430 )    
Net operating cash flow 347,811        62,783       
         
FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Proceeds from short-term debt 235,000        125,000       
Proceeds from long-term debt, net of issuance costs 544,872        56,788       
Scheduled repayments of long-term debt (10,366 )     (76,216 )    
Prepayments of long-term debt (882,495 )     (109,688 )    
Prepayments of short-term debt (265,000 )     (75,000 )    
Proceeds from financing related to sales and leaseback of vessels —        63,720       
Scheduled repayments of obligations related to finance leases (18,716 )     (18,075 )    
Other (562 )     (126 )    
Net financing cash flow (397,267 )     (33,597 )    
         
INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Proceeds from sale of assets 85,892        —       
Expenditures for vessels and equipment (8,881 )     (7,210 )    
Loan repayments from equity-accounted joint venture 4,650        —       
Net investing cash flow 81,661        (7,210 )    
         
Increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 32,205        21,976       
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of the period 96,790        60,507       
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of the period 128,995        82,483       

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Appendix A - Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial MeasuresAdjusted Net Income (Loss)(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)

      Three Months Ended
      September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
      (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
      $ $ Per Share(1) $ $ Per Share(1) $ $ Per Share(1)
Net (loss) income - GAAP basis (44,434 )     ($ 1.32 )     98,198        $ 2.91        (19,850 )     ($ 0.59 )    
                           
Add (subtract) specific items affecting net loss:                        
  Write-down and (gain) on sale of assets 44,973        $ 1.33        (2,896 )     ($ 0.09 )     —          —       
  Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative instruments (2) 172        $ 0.01        475        $ 0.02        (405 )     ($ 0.01 )    
  Other (3) 2,421        $ 0.07        (15,077 )     ($ 0.45 )     (918 )     ($ 0.03 )    
Total adjustments 47,566        $ 1.41        (17,498 )     ($ 0.52 )     (1,323 )     ($ 0.04 )    
Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to                        
  shareholders of Teekay Tankers 3,132        $ 0.09        80,700        $ 2.39        (21,173 )     ($ 0.63 )    
  1. Basic per share amounts.
  2. Reflects unrealized gains or losses due to the changes in the mark-to-market value of derivative instruments that are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes, including unrealized gains or losses on interest rate swaps and forward freight agreements.
  3. The amount recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2020 primarily relates to restructuring charges, unrealized foreign exchange losses and debt issuance costs which were written off in connection with the refinancing of one of the Company's debt facilities in August 2020. The amount recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2020 primarily relates to a reduction to freight tax accruals of prior years and unrealized foreign exchange losses. The amount recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily relates to unrealized foreign exchange gains.

Teekay Tankers Ltd.Appendix B - Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures Free Cash Flow(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share data)

      Three Months Ended
      September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
      (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
  Net (loss) income - GAAP basis (44,434 )   98,198     (19,850 )  
                 
  Add:            
    Depreciation and amortization 29,992     29,546     31,536    
    Proportionate share of free cash flow from   equity-accounted joint venture 521     3,664     522    
    Unrealized loss on derivative instruments 172     475        
    Write-down of assets 44,973     185        
                 
  Less:            
    Equity income (1) (46 )   (3,188 )   (68 )  
    Unrealized gain on derivative instruments         (405 )  
    Gain on sale of assets     (3,081 )      
                 
Free cash flow 31,178     125,799     11,735    
                 
Weighted-average number of common shares   outstanding for the period - basic 33,738,143     33,727,978     33,623,608    

(1)    Equity income relates to the Company’s 50 percent ownership interest in the High-Q joint venture, which owns one VLCC tanker.

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Appendix C - Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial MeasuresTotal Adjusted EBITDA(in thousands of U.S. dollars)

  Three Months Ended  
  September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
  (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
Net (loss) income - GAAP basis (44,434 )   98,198     (19,850 )  
Depreciation and amortization 29,992     29,546     31,536    
Interest expense, net of interest income 12,216     12,925     15,996    
Income tax expense (recovery) 2,187     (14,598 )   1,435    
EBITDA (39 )   126,071     29,117    
             
Add (subtract) specific income statement items affecting EBITDA:            
Foreign exchange loss (gain) 514     87     (918 )  
Write-down and (gain) on sale of assets 44,973     (2,896 )      
Realized loss (gain) on interest rate swaps 58     (86 )   (613 )  
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative instruments 172     475     (405 )  
Equity income (46 )   (3,188 )   (68 )  
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA 45,632     120,463     27,113    
Adjusted EBITDA from equity-accounted joint venture  (See Appendix D) 616     3,778     724    
Total Adjusted EBITDA 46,248     124,241     27,837    

Teekay Tankers Ltd. Appendix D - Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures Adjusted EBITDA from Equity-Accounted Joint Venture(in thousands of U.S. dollars)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
  (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
  At Company's At Company's At Company's
  100 % Portion (1) 100 % Portion (1) 100 % Portion (1)
Revenues 1,986   993   8,113   4,056   2,022   1,011  
Vessel and other operating expenses (753 ) (376 ) (557 ) (278 ) (575 ) (287 )
Depreciation and amortization (951 ) (476 ) (952 ) (476 ) (908 ) (454 )
Income from vessel operations of equity-accounted   joint venture 282   141   6,604   3,302   539   270  
             
Net interest expense (190 ) (94 ) (228 ) (114 ) (403 ) (202 )
Other (1 ) (1 )        
Equity income of equity-accounted joint venture 91   46   6,376   3,188   136   68  
             
Equity income of equity-accounted joint venture 91   46   6,376   3,188   136   68  
Depreciation and amortization 951   476   952   476   908   454  
Interest expense, net of interest income 190   94   228   114   403   202  
EBITDA from equity-accounted joint venture 1,232   616   7,556   3,778   1,447   724  
             
Adjusted EBITDA from equity-accounted joint venture 1,232   616   7,556   3,778   1,447   724  

(1)   The Company’s proportionate share of its equity-accounted joint venture is 50 percent.

Forward Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements (as defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) which reflect management’s current views with respect to certain future events and performance, including, among other things, statements regarding: crude oil and refined product tanker market fundamentals, including the balance of supply and demand in the oil and tanker markets and the volatility of such markets; forecasts of worldwide tanker fleet growth or contraction and newbuilding tanker deliveries and vessel scrapping; estimated growth in global oil demand and supply and the timing thereof; future tanker rates, including the impact of seasonal conditions on spot tanker rates; future OPEC+ oil production increases; the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and related developments on the Company's business and tanker and oil market fundamentals; the Company's liquidity and market position; the Company’s strategic priorities and anticipated delevering of the Company's balance sheet and reduction in its cost of capital; and the Company’s ability to deal with potential market volatility and create shareholder value. The following factors are among those that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties, and that should be considered in evaluating any such statement: changes in tanker rates; changes in the production of, or demand for, oil or refined products; changes in trading patterns significantly affecting overall vessel tonnage requirements; OPEC+ and non-OPEC production and supply levels; the duration and extent of the COVID-19 outbreak and any resulting effects on the markets in which the Company operates; the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the Company’s ability to maintain safe and efficient operations; the impact of geopolitical tensions and changes in global economic conditions; greater or less than anticipated levels of tanker newbuilding orders and deliveries and greater or less than anticipated rates of tanker scrapping; the potential for early termination of charter contracts of existing vessels in the Company's fleet; the inability of charterers to make future charter payments; the inability of the Company to renew or replace charter contracts; changes in global oil prices; changes in applicable industry laws and regulations and the timing of implementation of new laws and regulations and the impact of such changes, including IMO 2030; increased costs; and other factors discussed in Teekay Tankers’ filings from time to time with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The Company expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Company’s expectations with respect thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

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