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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from   ____________ to  ____________

Commission File Number: 001-12584

THERIVA BIOLOGICS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada

13-3808303

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9605 Medical Center Drive, Suite 270

Rockville, MD

20850

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(301) 417-4364

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

TOVX

NYSE American

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes     No

As of May 3, 2024, the registrant had 17,277,371 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

THERIVA BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In particular, statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including but not limited to, statements regarding the timing of our clinical trials, the development and commercialization of our pipeline products, the sufficiency of our cash, our ability to finance our operations and business initiatives and obtain funding for such activities and the timing of any such financing, our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plans prospects, or costs and objectives of management for future research, development or operations, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements relate to our future plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and may be identified by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “targets,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “seeks,” “goals,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” and “continue” or similar words. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs, expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those identified below, under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and those identified under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 filed on March 25, 2024 (the “2023 Form 10-K”). Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed, projected or implied in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

NOTE REGARDING COMPANY REFERENCES

Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, “Theriva Biologics,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Theriva Biologics, Inc. and our subsidiaries Theriva Biologics, S.L. (“VCN”, formerly known as VCN Biosciences, S.L.), Pipex Therapeutics, Inc. (“Pipex Therapeutics”), Effective Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“EPI”), Solovax, Inc. (“Solovax”), CD4 Biosciences, Inc. (“CD4”), Epitope Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Epitope”), Healthmine, Inc. (“Healthmine”), Putney Drug Corp. (“Putney”) and Synthetic Biomics, Inc. (“SYN Biomics”).

NOTE REGARDING TRADEMARKS

All trademarks, trade names and service marks appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the property of their respective owners.

THERIVA BIOLOGICS, INC.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

6

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

37

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

39

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

39

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

39

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

42

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

42

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

42

Item 5.

Other Information

42

Item 6.

Exhibits

42

 

SIGNATURES

43

2

PART I–FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands except share and par value amounts)

    

March 31, 2024

    

December 31, 2023

Assets

 

  

 

  

Current Assets

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

18,261

$

23,177

Tax credit receivable

1,772

1,812

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,623

 

2,414

Total Current Assets

 

21,656

 

27,403

Non-Current Assets

Property and equipment, net

 

375

 

422

Restricted cash

99

102

Right of use asset

1,634

1,759

In-process research and development

 

19,316

 

19,755

Goodwill

5,573

5,700

Deposits and other assets

 

77

 

78

Total Assets

$

48,730

$

55,219

Liabilities and Stockholders‘ Equity

 

 

  

Current Liabilities:

 

 

  

Accounts payable

$

571

$

770

Accrued expenses

 

3,327

 

2,995

Accrued employee benefits

 

665

 

1,517

Deferred research and development tax credit-current portion

886

906

Loans payable-current

62

63

Operating lease liability-current portion

 

498

 

487

Total Current Liabilities

 

6,009

 

6,738

Non-current Liabilities

Non-current contingent consideration

6,476

6,274

Loan Payable - non-current

159

162

Non-current deferred research and development tax credit

664

906

Non-current operating lease liability

1,299

1,442

Total Liabilities

 

14,607

 

15,522

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 13)

 

 

Temporary Equity; 10,000,000 authorized

Series C convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 275,000 issued and outstanding

2,006

2,006

Series D convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000 issued and outstanding

 

728

 

728

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

  

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 350,000,000 shares authorized, 17,868,282 issued and 17,148,049 outstanding at March 31, 2024 and 17,868,282 issued and 17,148,049 outstanding at December 31, 2023

 

18

 

18

Additional paid-in capital

 

346,679

 

346,519

Treasury stock at cost, 720,233 shares at March 31, 2024 and at December 31, 2023

(288)

(288)

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

(537)

32

Accumulated deficit

 

(314,483)

 

(309,318)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

31,389

 

36,963

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

$

48,730

$

55,219

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

    

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

    

2024

    

2023

Operating Costs and Expenses:

 

  

 

  

General and administrative

$

1,933

$

2,201

Research and development

 

3,459

 

2,977

Total Operating Costs and Expenses

 

5,392

 

5,178

Loss from Operations

 

(5,392)

 

(5,178)

Other Income:

Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain

(1)

6

Interest income

 

228

 

364

Total Other Income

 

227

 

370

Net Loss before income taxes

(5,165)

(4,808)

Income tax benefit

330

Net Loss Attributable to Common Stockholders

$

(5,165)

$

(4,478)

Net Loss Per Share - Basic and Dilutive

$

(0.30)

$

(0.30)

Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period - basic and dilutive

 

17,148,049

 

15,124,061

Net Loss

(5,165)

(4,478)

(Loss) gain (loss) on foreign currency translation

(569)

374

Total comprehensive loss

(5,734)

(4,104)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholder’s Equity

(In thousands, except share and par value amounts)

Common Stock $0.001 Par Value

Accumulated

Additional

Other

Total

Paid-in

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

income

    

Treasury Stock

    

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2023

17,868,282

$

18

$

346,519

$

(309,318)

$

32

(288)

$

36,963

Stock-based compensation

160

160

Foreign currency exchange gains (losses)

(569)

(569)

Net loss

(5,165)

(5,165)

Balance at March 31, 2024

17,868,282

$

18

$

346,679

$

(314,483)

$

(537)

(288)

$

31,389

Common Stock $0.001 Par Value

Accumulated

    

Additional

Other

Total

Paid-in

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

income

    

Treasury Stock

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2022

15,844,061

$

16

$

343,750

$

(290,969)

$

(679)

(288)

$

51,830

Stock-based compensation

126

126

Foreign currency exchange gains

374

374

Net loss

(4,478)

(4,478)

Balance at March 31, 2023

 

15,844,061

 

$

16

 

$

343,876

 

$

(295,447)

 

$

(305)

(288)

 

$

47,852

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

    

2024

    

2023

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

 

  

 

  

Net loss

$

(5,165)

$

(4,478)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

160

 

126

Income tax benefit

 

(330)

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

202

 

135

Non-cash lease expense

108

82

Depreciation

 

39

 

32

Deferred research and development tax credit

(223)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

766

 

(447)

Accounts payable

 

(190)

 

(440)

Accrued expenses

 

382

 

568

Accrued employee benefits

 

(845)

 

(758)

Operating lease liability

 

(115)

 

(100)

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

 

(4,881)

 

(5,610)

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

(8)

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

(8)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

Payment of loans payable

(55)

Net Cash used in Financing Activities

(55)

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(38)

(35)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

(4,919)

(5,708)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted at the beginning of this period

 

23,279

 

41,884

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of this period

$

18,360

$

36,176

Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported in the consolidated balance sheet

Cash and cash equivalents

$

18,261

$

36,076

Restricted cash included in other long-term assets

99

100

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the statement of cash flows

$

18,360

$

36,176

Supplemental non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

Right of use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities

$

$

937

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

1. Organization, Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

Description of Business

Theriva Biologics, Inc. (the “Company” or “Theriva Biologics”) is a diversified clinical-stage company developing therapeutics in areas of high unmet need. As a result of the acquisition of Theriva Biologics S.L. (“VCN”, formerly known as VCN Biosciences, S.L.) (the “Acquisition”), described in more detail below, the Company transitioned its strategic focus to oncology through the development of VCN’s new oncolytic adenovirus platform designed for intravenous and intravitreal delivery to trigger tumor cell death, to improve access of co-administered cancer therapies to the tumor, and to promote a robust and sustained anti-tumor response by the patient’s immune system. Prior to the Acquisition, the Company’s focus was on developing therapeutics designed to treat gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in areas which included its clinical development candidates: (1) SYN-004 (ribaxamase) which is designed to degrade certain commonly used intravenous (IV) beta-lactam antibiotics within the GI tract to prevent microbiome damage thereby preventing overgrowth and infection by pathogenic organisms such as Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), and vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE), and reducing the incidence and severity of acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients, and (2) SYN-020, a recombinant oral formulation of the enzyme intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) produced under cGMP conditions and intended to treat both local GI and systemic diseases.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by Accounting Principles Generally Accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, comprised of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary by management to fairly state the Company’s results of operations, financial position, and cash flows. The operating results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2023 Form 10-K.

The condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, which requires the use of estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets and liabilities at the reporting date and the amounts of revenue and expenses in the periods presented. The Company believes that the accounting estimates employed are appropriate and the resulting balances are reasonable; however, due to the inherent uncertainties in making estimates, actual results may differ from the original estimates, requiring adjustments to these balances in future periods. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has one operating segment (which includes the legacy Company business and the VCN business) and therefore one reporting segment.

2. Going Concern

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company continues to incur losses and, as of March 31, 2024, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $314.5 million. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Since inception, the Company has financed its activities principally from the proceeds from the issuance of equity securities.

The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the Company’s ability to raise additional debt and equity capital. There can be no assurance that such capital will be available in sufficient amounts or on terms acceptable to the Company. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability of the recorded assets or the classification of liabilities that may be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

2. Going Concern – (continued)

The Company does not have sufficient capital to fund its operations beyond the next twelve months. In order to address the Company’s capital needs, including its planned clinical trials, the Company is actively pursuing additional equity or debt financing in the form of either a private placement or a public offering. The Company has been in ongoing discussions with strategic institutional investors and investment banks with respect to such possible offerings. Such additional financing opportunities might not be available to the Company when and if needed, on acceptable terms or at all. If the Company is unable to obtain additional financing in sufficient amounts or on acceptable terms under such circumstances, the Company’s operating results and prospects will be adversely affected.

At March 31, 2024, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $18.3 million. Based upon the Company’s current business plans, management believes that the Company’s current cash on hand will be sufficient to fully execute its plans through December 31, 2024 and into first quarter 2025. Commencement of planned future clinical trials is subject to the Company’s successful pursuit of opportunities that will allow it to establish the clinical infrastructure and financial resources necessary to successfully initiate and complete its plan. The Company anticipates its current cash will allow it to cover overhead costs, manufacturing costs for clinical supply, commercial scale up costs and limited research efforts, including completing its funding requirements for its ongoing current trials for VCN-01 and the on-going testing of SYN-004 (ribaxamase). The Company will be required to obtain additional funding in order to continue the development of its current product candidates within the anticipated time periods (including initiation of its planned future clinical trials), if at all, and to continue to fund operations at the current cash expenditure levels. Currently, the Company does not have commitments from any third parties to provide it with capital. Potential sources of financing include strategic relationships, public or private sales of equity (including through its at the market offering sales agreement (the “ATM Sales Agreement”)) or debt and other sources. The Company cannot assure that it will meet the requirements for use of the ATM Sales Agreement or that additional funding will be available on favorable terms, or at all. If the Company fails to obtain additional funding for its clinical trials, whether through the sale of securities or a partner or collaborator, and otherwise when needed, it will not be able to execute its business plan as planned and will be forced to cease certain development activities (including initiation of planned clinical trials) until funding is received and its business will suffer, which would have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

The actual amount of funds the Company will need to operate is subject to many factors, some of which are beyond its control. These factors include the following:

the progress of its research activities;
the number and scope of its research programs;
the ability to recruit patients for clinical studies in a timely manner;
the progress of its preclinical and clinical development activities;
the progress of the development efforts of parties with whom the Company has entered into research and development agreements and amount of funding received from partners and collaborators;
its ability to maintain current research and development licensing arrangements and to establish new research and development and licensing arrangements;
the Company’s ability to achieve its milestones under licensing arrangements;
the costs associated with manufacturing-related services to produce material for use in its clinical trials;
the costs involved in prosecuting and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights; and
the costs and timing of regulatory approvals.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

2. Going Concern – (continued)

The Company has based its estimates of funding requirements on assumptions that may prove to be wrong. The Company may need to obtain additional funds sooner or in greater amounts than it currently anticipates.

If the Company raises funds by selling additional shares of common stock or other securities convertible into common stock, the ownership interest of the existing stockholders will be diluted. If the Company is not able to obtain financing when needed, it may be unable to carry out its business plan. As a result, the Company may have to significantly limit its operations and its business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially harmed.

3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no new or material changes to the significant accounting policies discussed in the Company’s audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in the 2023 Form 10-K.

IPR&D

IPR&D assets represent the fair value assigned to technologies that the Company acquired, which at the time of acquisition have not reached technological feasibility and have no alternative future use. IPR&D assets are considered to have indefinite-lives until the completion or abandonment of the associated research and development projects. If and when development is complete, which generally occurs upon regulatory approval and the ability to commercialize products associated with the IPR&D assets, these assets are then deemed to have definite lives and are amortized based on their estimated useful lives at that point in time. If development is terminated or abandoned, the Company may have a full or partial impairment charge related to the IPR&D assets, calculated as the excess of carrying value of the IPR&D assets over fair value.

During the period that the assets are considered indefinite-lived, they are tested for impairment on an annual basis on October 1, or more frequently if the Company becomes aware of any events occurring or changes in circumstances that could indicate an impairment. The impairment test consists of a comparison of the estimated fair value of the IPR&D with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The key assumptions used to value IPR&D include estimates of future cash flows and to the discount rate applicable to the future cash flow periods.

No impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Goodwill

The Company tests the carrying amounts of goodwill for recoverability on an annual basis on October 1 or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The Company performs a one-step test in its evaluation of the carrying value of goodwill if qualitative factors determine it is necessary to complete a goodwill impairment test. In the evaluation, the fair value of the relevant reporting unit is determined and compared to its carrying value. If the fair value is greater than the carrying value, then the carrying value is deemed to be recoverable, and no further action is required. If the fair value estimate is less than the carrying value, goodwill is considered impaired for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, and a charge is reported in impairment of goodwill in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. The key assumptions used to value the reporting unit include estimates of future cash flows, the discount rate applicable and those future cash flow periods, and the implied control premium.

No impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – (continued)

Contingent Consideration

Consideration paid in a business combination may include potential future payments that are contingent upon the acquired business achieving certain milestones in the future (“contingent consideration”). Contingent consideration liabilities are measured at their estimated fair value as of the date of acquisition, with subsequent changes in fair value recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company estimates the fair value of the contingent consideration as of the acquisition date using the estimated future cash outflows based on the probability of meeting future milestones. Payments for amounts not in excess of original fair values established at acquisition date (including measurement period adjustments), and not paid within a period considered to be close to the transaction date, are reflected as financing activities in the statement of cash flows. Subsequent to the date of acquisition, the Company reassesses the actual consideration earned and the probability-weighted future earn-out payments at each balance sheet date. The discounted cash flow is the method used to value the contingent consideration which includes inputs of not readily observable market data, which are level 3 inputs. Any adjustment to the contingent consideration liability will be recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. Contingent consideration liabilities expected to be settled within 12 months after the balance sheet date are presented in current liabilities, with the non-current portion recorded under long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. See Fair Value of Financial Instruments below.

Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets include property, equipment, and right of use assets. Management reviews the Company’s long-lived assets for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be fully recoverable. The Company determines the extent to which an asset may be impaired based upon its expectation of the asset’s future usability as well as whether there is reasonable assurance that the future cash flows associated with the asset will be in excess of its carrying amount. If the total of the expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset, a loss is recognized for the difference between the fair value and the carrying value of the asset. No impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Research and Development Tax Credits

The Company, through its Theriva S.L. subsidiary, participates in a Research and Development incentive program sponsored by the Spanish government. The program provides for reimbursement of certain expenses incurred in research and development efforts the Company incurs in Spain. The program provides for certain limits on the types and amounts of expenses and requires participants to complete a certification and apply for the refund annually. Subsequent to the period in which expenses are incurred, the program requires participants to maintain certain workforce levels and research and development expenditures over a 24-month period. The Company accounts for the reimbursement as a tax credit receivable related to amounts that had been approved by the Spanish government and a corresponding deferred research and development tax credit as it was determined that amounts became probable of being received upon the receipt of the approval. Additionally, the Company has elected to account for the tax credit as a contra-expense as this most appropriately reflects the nature of the transaction and will reduce future research and development expenditures as the Company continues to incur expenses in the upcoming 24-month period.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Developments

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. This ASU amends the guidance on convertible instruments and the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity's own equity and improves and amends the related earnings per share guidance for both Subtopics. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within those annual periods and early adoption is permitted in annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2020. The Company has adopted ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2022. The ASU impacted the analysis of the accounting treatment for the issuance of Convertible Preferred Series C & D stock during the third quarter, specifically the cash conversion and beneficial conversion features.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – (continued)

In December 2023, the FASB issued final guidance in ASU No. 2023-09, Income Taxes (ASC 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures requiring entities to provide additional information in the rate reconciliation and disclosures about income taxes paid. For public business entities, the guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. The Company is not early adopting, and therefore, this ASU is not adopted in the current period. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures which requires public entities to disclose significant segment expenses regularly provided to the chief operating decision-maker. Public entities with a single reporting segment have to provide all disclosures required by ASC 280, including the significant segment expense disclosures. For public business entities, the guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. The Company is not early adopting, and therefore has not adopted this ASU in the current period. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

4. Goodwill and Intangibles

The following table provides the Company’s Goodwill as of March 31, 2024.

    

Goodwill (in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

5,700

Effects of exchange rates

(127)

Balance at March 31, 2024

$

5,573

The following table provides the Company’s in-process R&D as of March 31, 2024.

    

In-process

R&D (in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

19,755

Effects of exchange rates

(439)

Balance at March 31, 2024

$

19,316

There were no impairment charges recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value as the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is determined based upon assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. Fair value measurements are classified on a three-tier hierarchy as follows:

Level 1 inputs: Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 inputs: Inputs, other than quoted prices, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 inputs: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

In many cases, a valuation technique used to measure fair value includes inputs from multiple levels of the fair value hierarchy described above. The lowest level of significant input determines the placement of the entire fair value measurement in the hierarchy.

The carrying amounts of the Company’s short-term financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, approximate fair value due to the relatively short period to maturity for these level 1 instruments.

As a result of the acquisition of VCN the Company acquired interest-free or below-market interest rate loans extended by Spanish government. The carrying value of the loans payable approximate fair value and are classified under level 2.

In connection with the Acquisition of VCN, the Company is required to pay up to $70.2 million in additional consideration upon the achievement of certain milestones, including regulatory filings completed. In August 2023, the Company initiated patient dosing in the U.S. in its Phase 2 clinical trial of VCN-01 in PDAC. As a result, payment was made in the fourth quarter 2023 in the amount of $3.25 million. The discounted cash flow method used to value this contingent consideration includes inputs of not readily observable market data, which are Level 3 inputs. The fair value of the contingent consideration was $6.5 million as of March 31, 2024 and is all reflected as non-current contingent consideration liability. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recognized in operating expense a $202,000 and $135,000, respectfully, fair value adjustment increase to contingent consideration. There were no transfers in or out of the level 3 liabilities during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

The following table summarizes the change in the fair value as determined by Level 3 inputs for the contingent consideration liabilities as of March 31, 2024:

    

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2022

$

10,184

Payment of contingent consideration

(3,250)

Change in fair value

 

(660)

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

6,274

Contingent consideration, current portion

$

Contingent consideration, net of current portion

 

6,274

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

6,274

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5. Fair Value of Financial Instruments – (continued)

    

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

6,274

Change in fair value

 

202

Balance at March 31, 2024

$

6,476

Contingent consideration, current portion

$

Contingent consideration, net of current portion

 

6,476

Balance at March 31, 2024

$

6,476

The fair value of financial instruments measured on a recurring basis is as follows:

    

As of March 31, 2024

Description

    

Total

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

Liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Contingent consideration

$

6,476

 

$

 

$

$

6,476

Total liabilities

$

6,476

 

$

 

$

$

6,476

    

As of December 31, 2023

Description

    

Total

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

Liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Contingent consideration

$

6,274

 

$

 

$

$

6,274

Total liabilities

$

6,274

 

$

 

$

$

6,274

The recurring Level 3 fair value measurements of contingent consideration for which a liability is recorded include the following significant unobservable inputs:

As of March 31, 2024

Valuation

Significant

Weighted Average

    

Methodology

    

Unobservable Input

    

(range, if applicable)

Contingent Consideration

 

Discounted Cash Flows

 

Milestone dates

 

2025-2028

 

 

  

 

Discount rate

 

12.8% to 13.5%

 

  

 

Weighted Average Discount rate

 

13.13%

 

  

 

Probability of Occurrence (periodic for each Milestone)

 

11.7% to 92.0%

 

  

 

Probability of occurrence (cumulative through each Milestone)

 

5.3% to 48.8%

    

As of December 31, 2023

Valuation

Significant

Weighted Average

    

Methodology

    

Unobservable Input

    

(range, if applicable)

Contingent Consideration

 

Discounted Cash Flows

 

Milestone dates

 

2025-2028

 

 

Discount rate

12.9% to 13.6%

Weighted Average Discount rate

13.16%

Probability of Occurrence (periodic for each Milestone)

11.7% to 92.0%

 

 

Probability of occurrence (cumulative through each Milestone)

5.3% to 48.8%

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6. Research and Development Tax Credits

The Company, through its Theriva S.L. subsidiary, participates in a Research and Development program sponsored by the Spanish government.  The program provides for reimbursement of certain expenses incurred in research and development efforts the Company incurs in Spain.  The reimbursements can be through either tax credits or direct refunds.  The program provides for certain limits on the types and amounts of expenses for which reimbursement may be sought and requires participants to complete a certification and apply for the refund annually.  Subsequent to the period in which expenses are incurred, the program requires participants to maintain certain workforce levels and research and development expenditures over a 24-month period.

In the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Company completed the certification and applied for direct reimbursement, as opposed to a tax credit, for its qualifying research and development expenses incurred in the year ended December 31, 2022.  The Company received approvals from the Spanish government in September and October 2023.  

The Company evaluated the program and concluded that it qualified to be accounted for as government assistance. Accordingly, the Company, as allowed by U.S. GAAP, elected to account for the grant by analogizing to the guidance provided by International Accounting Standards (“IAS”) 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance.  Accordingly, the Company recognized a tax credit receivable of $1.8 million related to amounts that had been approved by the Spanish government and a corresponding deferred research and development tax credit current portion of $886,000 and a deferred research and development tax credit non-current portion of $664,000, as it was determined that amounts became probable of being received upon the receipt of the approval. Additionally, the Company has elected to account for the tax credit as a contra-expense as this most appropriately reflects the nature of the transaction and will reduce future research and development expenditures as the Company continues to incur expenses in the upcoming 24-month period. During the three months ending March 31, 2024 the Company recorded $223,000 as a reduction in research and development expense.

7. Selected Balance Sheet Information

Prepaid expenses and other current assets (in thousands)

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

Prepaid manufacturing expenses

$

508

$

491

Prepaid clinical research organizations

364

1,119

Prepaid insurance

337

496

Prepaid consulting, subscriptions and other expenses

278

180

VAT receivable

136

128

Total

$

1,623

$

2,414

Prepaid clinical research organizations (CROs) expense is classified as a current asset. The Company makes payments to the CROs based on agreed upon terms that include payments in advance of study services.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7. Selected Balance Sheet Information – (continued)

Property and equipment, net (in thousands)

    

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

Computers and office equipment

$

900

$

902

Other property, plant and equipment

407

417

Leasehold improvements

 

94

 

94

Software

 

11

 

11

 

1,412

 

1,424

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(1,037)

 

(1,002)

Total

$

375

$

422

Accrued expenses (in thousands)

    

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

Accrued clinical consulting services

$

2,424

$

1,700

Accrued manufacturing costs

 

593

 

843

Accrued vendor payments

310

452

Total

$

3,327

$

2,995

Accrued employee benefits (in thousands)

    

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

Accrued bonus expense

$

325

$

1,307

Accrued compensation expense

224

127

Accrued vacation expense

 

115

 

83

Total

$

665

$

1,517

8. Stock-Based Compensation

Stock Incentive Plans

On March 20, 2007, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2007 Stock Plan”) for the issuance of up to 7,143 shares of common stock to be granted through incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalent rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to officers, other employees, directors and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries. This plan was approved by the stockholders on November 2, 2007. The exercise price of stock options under the 2007 Stock Plan was determined by the compensation committee of the Board of Directors and could be equal to or greater than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the option is granted. As of March 31, 2024, there were 86 options issued and outstanding under the 2007 Stock Plan. There are no shares available to be issued under this plan. Only options were issued under the plan.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8. Stock-Based Compensation – (continued)

On November 2, 2010, the Board of Directors and stockholders adopted the 2010 Stock Incentive Plan (“2010 Stock Plan”) for the issuance of up to 8,572 shares of common stock to be granted through incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalent rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to officers, other employees, directors and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries. From time to time the number of shares authorized for options was increased such that 400,000 were authorized as of September 5, 2019. The exercise price of stock options under the 2010 Stock Plan is determined by the compensation committee of the Board of Directors and may be equal to or greater than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the option is granted. Options become exercisable over various periods from the date of grant and expire between five and ten years after the grant date. As of March 31, 2024, there were 198,540 options issued and outstanding under the 2010 Stock Plan. There are no shares available to be issued under this plan. Only options were issued under the plan.

On September 17, 2020, the stockholders approved and adopted the 2020 Stock Incentive Plan (“2020 Stock Plan”) for the issuance of up to 400,000 shares of common stock to be granted through incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalent rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to officers, other employees, directors and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries. The number of shares authorized for options was increased such that 7,000,000 were authorized as of December 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2024, there were 4,177,155 options issued and outstanding under the 2020 Stock Plan. Only options have been issued under the plan.

In the event of an employee’s termination, the Company will cease to recognize compensation expense for that employee. Stock option forfeitures are recognized as incurred. The fair value of the stock-based payment is recognized over the stated vesting period.

The Company has applied fair value accounting for all stock-based payment awards since inception. The fair value of each option granted is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. There were no options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Expected dividends The Company has never declared or paid dividends on its common stock and has no plans to do so in the foreseeable future.

Expected volatility—Volatility is a measure of the amount by which a financial variable such as a share price has fluctuated (historical volatility) or is expected to fluctuate (expected volatility) during a period. The expected volatility assumption is derived from the historical volatility of the Company’s common stock over a period approximately equal to the expected term.

Risk-free interest rate—The assumed risk-free rate used is a zero coupon U.S. Treasury security with a maturity that approximates the expected term of the option.

Expected life of the option—The period of time that the options granted are expected to remain unexercised. Options granted during the prior year have a maximum term of seven years. The Company estimates the expected life of the option term based on the weighted average life between the dates that options become fully vested and the maximum life of options granted.

The Company records stock-based compensation based upon the stated vesting provisions in the related agreements. The vesting provisions for these agreements have various terms as follows:

immediate vesting,
in full on the one-year anniversary date of the grant date,
half vesting immediately and the remaining over three years,
quarterly over three years,
annually over three years,

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8. Stock-Based Compensation – (continued)

one-third immediate vesting and the remaining annually over two years,
one-half immediate vesting and the remaining over nine months,
one-quarter immediate vesting and the remaining over three years,
one-quarter immediate vesting and the remaining over 33 months,
monthly over one year, and
monthly over three years.

A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and the year ended December 31, 2023 is as follows:

    

    

Weighted

    

Weighted Average

    

Aggregate

Average Exercise

Remaining

Intrinsic

    

Options

    

Price

    

Contractual Life

    

Value

Balance - December 31, 2022

 

2,295,898

$

3.53

 

6.44 years

$

Granted

 

2,195,000

0.59

 

 

Expired

 

(104,270)

14.73

 

 

Forfeited

 

(10,847)

1.11

 

 

Balance - December 31, 2023

4,375,781

1.80

7.70 years

Expired

Forfeited

Balance - March 31, 2024 - outstanding

 

4,375,781

$

1.80

 

7.45 years

$

Balance - March 31, 2024 - exercisable

 

1,611,399

$

3.80

 

5.59 years

$

Grant date fair value of options granted – year ended December 31, 2023

$

873,140

 

  

 

  

Weighted average grant date fair value – year ended December 31, 2023

$

0.40

 

  

 

  

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8. Stock-Based Compensation – (continued)

Stock-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses relating to stock options issued to employees for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $106,000 and $83,000, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses relating to stock options issued to consultants for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $54,000 and $43,000, respectively.

As of March 31, 2024, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to stock options was $1.1 million, which is expected to be expensed through May 2026.

The FASB’s guidance for stock-based payments requires cash flows from excess tax benefits to be classified as a part of cash flows from operating activities. Excess tax benefits are realized tax benefits from tax deductions for exercised options in excess of the deferred tax asset attributable to stock compensation costs for such options. The Company did not record any excess tax benefits during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

9. Stock Warrants

On October 15, 2018, the Company closed its underwritten public offering pursuant to which it received gross proceeds of approximately $18.6 million before deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and other offering expenses payable by the Company and sold (i) Class A Units (the “Class A Units”), consisting of an aggregate of 252,000 shares of the Common Stock, warrants to purchase an aggregate of 252,000 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $13.80 per share, which subsequently was reduced to $6.90 per share and then again to $1.22 (each a “Warrant” and collectively, the “Warrants”) and (ii) Class B Units (the “Class B Units”, and together with the Class A Units, the “Units”), consisting of an aggregate of 15,723 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), with a stated value of $1,000 and convertible into shares of Common Stock at the stated value divided by a conversion price of $11.50 per share, with all shares of Series B Preferred Stock convertible into an aggregate of 1,367,218 shares of Common Stock, and issued with a warrant to purchase an aggregate of 1,367,218 shares of Common Stock. The Warrants were valued on the date of grant using Monte Carlo simulations. There were no Warrants exercised during the year ended December 31, 2023. The Warrants expired in October 2023 and are no longer outstanding. Upon expiration, the balance in additional paid - in capital related to the warrants was transferred to the additional paid - in capital balance related to common stock with no effect on additional paid - in capital.

A summary of all warrant activity for the Company for the year ended December 31, 2023 is as follows:

Weighted Average

    

Number of

    

Weighted Average

    

Remaining

Warrants

Exercise Price

 

Contractual Life

Balance at December 31, 2022

 

634,426

$

1.22

0.78 years

Granted

Exercised

Forfeited

(634,426)

1.22

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

18

Table of Contents

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

10. Net Loss per Share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding including the effect of common share equivalents. Diluted net loss per share assumes the issuance of potential dilutive common shares outstanding for the period and adjusts for any changes in income and the repurchase of common shares that would have occurred from the assumed issuance, unless such effect is anti-dilutive. Net loss attributable to common stockholders for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $5.2 million and $4.5 million, respectively. The number of options and warrants for the purchase of common stock that were excluded from the computations of net loss per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were 4,375,781 and 0, respectively, and for the three months ended March 31, 2023 were 2,295,469 and 634,426, respectively, because their effect is anti-dilutive

11. Common and Preferred Stock

Series C and D Preferred Stock

On July 29, 2022, the Company closed a private placement offering pursuant to the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement dated as of July 28, 2022 entered into with MSD Credit Opportunity Master Fund, L.P.(the “Securities Purchase Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company issued and sold 275,000 shares of the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series C Preferred Stock”), and 100,000 shares of the Company’s Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock,” and together with the Series C Preferred Stock, the “Preferred Stock”), at an offering price of $8.00 per share, for gross proceeds of approximately $3.0 million in the aggregate, before the deduction of discounts, fees and offering expenses. The shares of Preferred Stock are convertible, at a conversion price (the “Conversion Price”) of $1.22 per share (subject in certain circumstances to adjustments), into an aggregate of 2,459,016 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, at the option of the holders of the Preferred Stock and, in certain circumstances, by the Company. The Securities Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and agreements by the Company and customary conditions to closing.

The Company included certain proposals at its 2022 annual meeting of stockholders, including (i) an amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, as amended (the “Charter”), to change the name of the Company to “Theriva Biologics, Inc.” (the “Name Change”), (ii) an amendment to the Articles of Incorporation, as amended to increase the number of authorized shares of Common Stock from 20,000,000 to 350,000,000 (the “Authorized Common Stock Increase”) and (iii) to adjourn any meeting of stockholders called for the purpose of voting on the Authorized Common Stock Increase (collectively, the “Stockholder Items”). The purchaser of the Preferred Stock agreed in the Purchase Agreement to (i) not transfer, offer, sell, contract to sell, hypothecate, pledge or otherwise dispose of the shares of the Preferred Stock until the earlier of the date that the Authorized Common Stock Increase is effected or October 26, 2022 (which could have been extended to December 31, 2022 if certain conditions were met), and (ii) vote the shares of the Series C Preferred Stock purchased in the Offering in favor of the Stockholder Items.

Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company filed certificates of designation (the “Certificates of Designation”) with the Secretary of the State of Nevada designating the rights, preferences and limitations of the shares of Series C Preferred Stock and Series D Preferred Stock. The Certificate of Designation for the Series C Preferred Stock provides, in particular, that the Series C Preferred Stock will have no voting rights other than the right to vote as a class on the Stockholder Items and the right to cast votes on an as converted to Common Stock basis on the Stockholder Items. The Certificate of Designation for the Series D Preferred Stock provides, in particular, that the Series D Preferred Stock will have no voting rights other than the right to vote as a class on the Stockholder Items and the right to cast 20,000 votes per share of Series D Preferred Stock on the Stockholder Items and to vote the shares of the Series D Preferred Stock purchased in the Offering in the same proportion as shares of Common Stock and any other shares of capital stock of the Company that are entitled to vote thereon (excluding any shares of Common Stock that are not voted) on the Stockholder Items.

The holders of Preferred Stock will be entitled to dividends, on an as-if converted basis, equal to dividends actually paid, if any, on shares of Common Stock. The Conversion Price may be adjusted pursuant to the Certificates of Designation for stock dividends and stock splits, subsequent rights offering, pro rata distributions of dividends or the occurrence of a fundamental transaction (as defined in the applicable Certificate of Designation).

19

Table of Contents

Theriva Biologics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

11. Common and Preferred Stock – (continued)

The Series C Preferred Stock and Series D Preferred Stock are classified as temporary equity as a result of the deemed liquidation provision. Transaction expenses paid to third parties will be charged to temporary equity and will not be accreted as deemed dividends until redemption becomes probable.

In order to comply with Section 122 of the NYSE American Company Guide, on August 9, 2022 the Company and the holder of the Company’s Series C preferred stock and Series D preferred stock amended the Securities Purchase Agreement entered into between them on July 28, 2022 to provide that the holder may only submit 1,549,295 of the votes relating to the Series C Preferred Stock that it would otherwise be entitled to vote.

B. Riley Securities Sales Agreement

On August 5, 2016, the Company entered into the Sales Agreement (the “Original Sales Agreement”) with FBR Capital Markets & Co. (now known as B. Riley Securities) to act as a sales agent, which agreement was amended and restated on February 9, 2021 to add Alliance Global Partners as a sales agent. The amended and restated Sales Agreement (the “Amended and Restated Sales Agreement”) enables the Company to offer and sell shares of common stock from time to time through B. Riley Securities, Inc. and A.G.P./Alliance Global Partners as the Company’s sales agent. Sales of common stock under the Sales Agreement are made in sales deemed to be “at-the-market” equity offerings as defined in Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act. The sales agents are entitled to receive a commission rate of up to 3.0% of gross sales in connection with the sale of the Common Stock sold on the Company’s behalf. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, there were no sales of the Company’s common stock through the Original Sales Agreement or the Amended and Restated Sales Agreement.

12. Loans Payable

As a result of the acquisition of VCN, the Company acquired interest-free or below-market interest rates loans (0%-1%) extended by Spanish governmental institutions of Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades (RETOS loan) and ACC10 Generalitat de Catalunya (NEBT loan). The maturities of these loans are between 2024 and 2028. As a result of the VCN Acquisition, the Company maintains a restricted cash collateral account of $99,000 relating to the RETOS loan, which is reflected as a non-current asset on the balance sheet.

    

March 31, 2024

    

March 31, 2024

December 31, 2023

    

December 31, 2023

Current

Non-current

Current

Non-current

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

NEBT Loan

8

$

24

8

24

RETOS 2015

54

135