UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended: December 31, 2019

 

or

 

[  ] Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission File Number: 000-55613

 

VoIP-PAL.COM INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   980184110

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

10900 NE 4th Street, Suite 2300

Bellevue, WA, 98004

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

1-888-605-7780

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
N/A   N/A   N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for at least the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer [  ]   Accelerated filer [  ]   Non-accelerated filer [  ]
           
  Smaller reporting company [X]   Emerging growth company [  ]    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

As of February 11, 2020, the Registrant had 1,969,377,592 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

 

 

 

     
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements. 3
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 17
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 19
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 19
     
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings. 21
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 22
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds. 23
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities. 23
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 23
Item 5. Other Information. 23
Item 6. Exhibits. 23

 

2

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

VOIP-PAL.com Inc.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

As at

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

    December 31, 2019     September 30, 2019  
             
ASSETS                
CURRENT                
                 
Cash   $ 390,025     $ 960,490  
Prepaid expense     13,750       19,500  
Retainer (Note 5)     277,542       797,681  
      681,317       1,777,671  
NON-CURRENT                
                 
Fixed assets (Note 6)     10,976       11,165  
Intellectual VoIP communications patent properties, net (Note 7)     744,800       779,350  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 1,437,093     $ 2,568,186  
LIABILITIES                
CURRENT                
                 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 350,272     $ 836,938  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES     350,272       836,938  
STOCKHOLDERS’ equity                
SHARE CAPITAL (Note 10)     1,445,844       1,432,844  
ADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITAL (Note 10)     51,859,780       51,542,780  
SHARES TO BE ISSUED (Note 10)     477,320       477,320  
DEFICIT     (52,696,123 )     (51,721,696 )
      1,086,821       1,731,248  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 1,437,093     $ 2,568,186  

 

Nature and Continuance of Operations (Note 1)

Contingent Liabilities (Note 12)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

VOIP-PAL.com Inc.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF LOSS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   

Three Months Ended

December 31, 2019

    Three Months Ended December 31, 2018  
             
EXPENSES        
                 
Amortization (Note 6 & 7)   $ 34,739     $ 34,739  
Officers and Directors fees (Note 8)     82,080       290,600  
Legal fees     376,938       237,408  
Office & general     43,263       74,287  
Patent consulting fees     8,307       43,675  
Professional fees & services     429,100       110,694  
Stock-based compensation (Note 11)     -       5,080,000  
                 
Total expenses     974,427       5,871,403  
                 
LOSS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS FOR THE PERIOD   $ (974,427 )   $ (5,871,403 )
                 
Basic and diluted loss per common share   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                
                 
Basic and diluted     1,962,475,418       1,690,841,578  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

4

 

 

VOIP-PAL.com Inc.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

    Three Months Ended December 31, 2019     Three months Ended December 31, 2018  
             
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                
Loss   $ (974,427 )   $ (5,871,403 )
Add items not affecting cash:                
Stock-based compensation     -       5,080,000  
Shares issued for services     330,000       307,500  
Amortization     34,739       34,739  
                 
Changes in non-cash working capital:                
Retainer     520,139       (13,701 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     (486,666 )     (18,779 )
Prepaid expense     5,750     -  
Cash Flows Used in Operations     (570,465 )     (481,644 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
Acquisition of fixed assets     -       (11,917 )
Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities     -       (11,917 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                
Proceeds from private placement     -       90,000  
Proceeds from warrant exercise     -       252,240  
Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities     -       342,240  
                 
Increase / (Decrease) in cash     (570,465 )     (151,321 )
                 
Cash, beginning of the period     960,490       3,175,523  
                 
Cash, end of the period   $ 390,025     $ 3,024,202  

 

Supplemental cash flow information (Note 9)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

5

 

 

VOIP-PAL.com Inc.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

    Common Shares     Shares to be Issued     Additional
Paid-in
             
    Number     Par Value     Value     Capital     Deficit     Total  
Balance at September 30, 2018     1,575,001,801     $ 1,276,653     $ 477,320     $ 45,198,281     $ (42,648,364 )   $ 4,303,890  
Shares issued for private placement     2,250,000       2,250       -       87,750       -       90,000  
Shares issued for warrant exercise     6,306,000       6,306       -       245,934       -       252,240  
Shares issued for services     12,237,500       12,238       18,000       277,262       -       307,500  
Shares issued for bonus compensation (Note 11)     127,000,000       127,000       -       4,953,000       -       5,080,000  
Shares issued for Anti-Dilution Clause (Notes 4,8 & 10)     225,184,791       -       -       -       -       -  
Loss for the period     -       -       -       -       (5,871,403 )     (5,871,403 )
Balance at December 31, 2018     1,947,980,092     $ 1,424,447     $ 495,320     $ 50,762,227     $ (48,519,767 )   $ 4,162,227  
Shares issued for private placement     3,225,000       3,225       -       125,775       -       129,000  
Shares issued for services     5,172,500       5,172       (18,000 )      654,778       -       641,950  
Loss for the period     -       -       -       -       (3,201,929 )     (3,201,929 )
Balance at September 30, 2019     1,956,377,592     $ 1,432,844     $ 477,320     $ 51,542,780     $ (51,721,696 )   $ 1,731,248  
Shares issued for services     13,000,000       13,000       -       317,000       -       330,000  
Loss for the period     -       -       -       -       (974,427 )     (974,427 )
Balance at December 31, 2019     1,969,377,592     $ 1,445,844     $ 477,320     $ 51,689,780     $ (52,696,123 )   $ 1,086,821  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

6

 

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 1. NATURE AND CONTINUANCE OF OPERATIONS

 

VOIP-PAL.com, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Nevada in September 1997 as All American Casting International, Inc. The Company’s registered office is located at 10900 NE 4th Street, Suite 2300, Bellevue, Washington in the United States of America.

 

Since March 2004, the Company has developed technology and patents related to Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) processes. All business activities prior to March 2004 have been abandoned and written off to deficit. The Company operates in one reportable segment being the acquisition and development of VoIP-related intellectual property including patents and technology. All intangible assets are located in the United States of America

 

In December 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of Digifonica (International) Limited, a private company controlled by the CEO of the Company, whose assets included several patents and technology developed for the VoIP market.

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company is in various stages of product development and continues to incur losses and, at December 31, 2019, had an accumulated deficit of $52,696,123 (September 30, 2019 - $51,721,696). The ability of the Company to continue operations as a going concern is dependent upon raising additional working capital, settling outstanding debts and generating profitable operations. These material uncertainties raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Should the going concern assumption not continue to be appropriate, further adjustments to carrying values of assets and liabilities may be required. There can be no assurance that capital will be available as necessary to meet these continued developments and operating costs or, if the capital is available, that it will be on the terms acceptable to the Company. The issuances of additional stock by the Company may result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of its current shareholders. Obtaining commercial loans, assuming those loans would be available, will increase the Company’s liabilities and future cash commitments. If the Company is unable to obtain financing in the amounts and on terms deemed acceptable, its business and future success may be adversely affected.

 

Additionally, as the Company’s stated objective is to monetize its patent suite through the licensing or sale of its intellectual property (“IP”), the Company being forced to litigate or to defend its IP claims through litigation casts substantial doubt on its future to continue as a going concern. IP litigation is generally a costly process, and in the absence of revenue the Company must raise capital to continue its own defense and to validate its claims – in the event of a failure to defend its patent claims, either because of lack of funding, a court ruling against the Company or because of a protracted litigation process, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to raise additional capital to pay for an appeals process or a lengthy trial. The outcome of any litigation process may have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

NOTE 2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). Certain comparable balances have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

 

NOTE 3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a consolidated basis and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary Digifonica. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. As at December 31, 2019, Digifonica had no activities.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of these consolidated financial statements required management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Where estimates have been used, financial results as determined by actual events could differ from those estimates.

 

7

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

Cash

 

Cash consists of cash on hand, cash held in trust, and monies held in checking and savings accounts. The Company had $390,025 in cash on December 31, 2019 (September 30, 2019 - $960,490).

 

Fixed Assets

 

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation, and depreciated using the straight-line method over their useful lives; Furniture and computers – 7 years.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets, consisting of VoIP communication patent intellectual properties (IP) are recorded at cost and amortized over the assets estimated life on a straight-line basis. Management considers factors such as remaining life of the patents, technological usefulness and other factors in estimating the life of the assets.

 

The carrying value of intangible assets are reviewed for impairment by management of the Company at least annually or upon the occurrence of an event which may indicate that the carrying amount may be less than its fair value. If impaired, the Company will write-down such impairment. In addition, the useful life of the intangible assets will be evaluated by management at least annually or upon the occurrence of an event which may indicate that the useful life may have changed.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value as the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or paid upon transfer of a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and in the principal or most advantageous market for that asset or liability. The fair value should be calculated based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, not on assumptions specific to the entity.

 

The Company classifies financial assets and liabilities as held-for-trading, available-for-sale, held-to-maturity, loans and receivables or other financial liabilities depending on their nature. Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized at fair value on their initial recognition, except for those arising from certain related party transactions which are accounted for at the transferor’s carrying amount or exchange amount.

 

Financial assets and liabilities classified as held-for-trading are measured at fair value, with gains and losses recognized in net income. Financial assets classified as held-to-maturity, loans and receivables, and financial liabilities other than those classified as held-for-trading are measured at amortized cost, using the effective interest method of amortization. Financial assets classified as available-for-sale are measured at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses being recognized as other comprehensive income until realized, or if an unrealized loss is considered other than temporary, the unrealized loss is recorded in income.

 

U.S. GAAP establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The standard describes the following fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

The fair value of cash is classified as Level 1 at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019.

 

The Company classifies its financial instruments as follows: Cash is classified as held for trading and is measured at fair value. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are classified as other financial liabilities, and have a fair value approximating their carrying value, due to their short-term nature.

 

8

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred income taxes have been provided for temporary differences between financial statement and income tax reporting under the asset and liability method, using expected tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. A valuation allowance is provided when realization is not considered more likely than not.

 

The Company’s policy is to classify income tax assessments, if any, for interest expense and for penalties in general and administrative expenses. The Company’s income tax returns are subject to examination by the IRS and corresponding states, generally for three years after they are filed.

 

Loss per Common Share

 

Basic loss per share is calculated using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted income per share includes potentially dilutive securities such as outstanding options and warrants outstanding during each period. To calculate diluted loss per share the Company uses the treasury stock method and the If-converted method.

 

For the period ended December 31, 2019 and the year ended September 30, 2019 there were no potentially dilutive securities included in the calculation of weighted-average common shares outstanding.

 

Derivatives

 

We account for derivatives pursuant to ASC 815, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities. All derivative instruments are recognized in the consolidated financial statements and measured at fair value regardless of the purpose or intent for holding them. We determine fair value of warrants and other option type instruments based on option pricing models. The changes in fair value of these instruments are recorded in income or expense.

 

Stock-based compensation

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense for all stock-based payments made to employees, directors and others based on the estimated fair values of its common stock on the date of issuance.

 

The Company determines the fair value of the share-based compensation payments granted as either the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. If the fair value of the equity instruments issued is used, it is measured using the stock price and other measurement assumptions as of the earlier of either the date at which a commitment for performance to earn the equity instrument is reached or the date the performance is complete.

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense for stock awards with service conditions on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is included in operations. Stock option expense is recognized over the option’s vesting period.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Company’s policy is to maintain cash with reputable financial institutions or in retainers with trusted vendors. The Company has at times had cash balances at financial institutions in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Insurance Limit of $250,000, but has not experienced any losses to date as a result. As of December 31, 2019, the Company’s bank operating account balances did not exceed the FDIC Insurance Limit.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Adoption

 

In January 2016, FASB issued an ASU, Subtopic 825-10, to amend certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Most prominent among the amendments is the requirement for changes in fair value of equity investments, with certain exceptions, to be recognized through profit or loss rather than other comprehensive income. The Company adopted the standard October 1, 2018. There was no impact on the Company’s financial statements from the adoption of this amendment.

 

9

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Adoption (cont’d)

 

In February 2016 FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) which supersedes FASB ASC Topic 840, Leases (Topic 840) and provides principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of leases for both lessees and the lessors. The new standard requires the lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. The classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than twelve months regardless of classification. Leases with a term of twelve months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted upon issuance. The adoption of this guidance had no material impact on the financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 to replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss credit loss estimates. For trade and other receivables, loans and other financial instruments, the Company will be required to use a forward-looking expected loss model rather than the incurred loss model for recognizing credit losses which reflects losses that are probable. Credit losses relating to available for sale debt securities will also be recorded through an allowance for credit losses rather than as a reduction in the amortized cost basis of the securities. The new standard will be effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted. Application of the amendments is through a cumulative-effect adjustment to deficit as of the effective date. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 4. PURCHASE OF DIGIFONICA

 

The Company acquired Digifonica in December 2013. Pursuant to the terms in the Share Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) the Company acquired 100% of Digifonica from the seller, the CEO of the Company (the “Seller”), for a cash payment of $800,000 and 389,023,561 common shares of the Company. The assets acquired through the acquisition were VoIP-related patented technology, including patents for Lawful Intercept, routing, billing and rating, mobile gateway, advanced interoperability solutions, intercepting voice over IP communications, and uninterrupted transmission of internet protocol transmissions during endpoint changes.

 

The SPA included an anti-dilution clause (the “Anti-Dilution Clause”) that requires the Company to maintain the Seller’s percentage ownership of the Company at 40% by issuing the Seller a proportionate number of common shares of any future issuance of the Company’s common shares. Shares issued pursuant to the Anti-Dilution Clause are recorded as a share issuance cost within the Additional Paid-in Capital account (Notes 8 and 10).

 

NOTE 5. RETAINER

 

The Company has retainers with several of its professional service providers. The balance due on these prepaid retainers was $277,542 as of December 31, 2019 and $797,681 for the year ended September 30, 2019. The Company recognizes the expense from these retainers as they are invoiced and the invoiced charges are deducted from the various providers’ prepaid retainer balances.

 

NOTE 6. FIXED ASSETS

 

A summary of the Company’s fixed assets as of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

   

December 31, 2019

    September 30, 2019  
Office furniture & computers   $ 11,917     $ 11,917  
Accumulated depreciation     (941 )     (752 )
Net book value   $ 10,976     $ 11,165  

 

There were no retirements of any fixed assets in the periods presented.

 

10

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

The Company acquired certain patents and technology from Digifonica in December 2013 (see Note 4). These assets have been recorded in the financial statements as intangible assets. These assets are being amortized over twelve (12) years on a straight-line basis. A summary of intangible assets as of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

    December 31, 2019     September 30, 2019  
VoIP Intellectual property and patents   $ 1,552,416     $ 1,552,416  
Accumulated amortization     (807,616 )     (773,066 )
Net book value   $ 774,800     $ 779,350  

 

There were no disposals of any intangible assets in the periods presented.

 

NOTE 8. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS AND KEY MANAGEMENT COMPENSATION

 

The Company compensates certain of its key management personnel to operate its business in the normal course. Key management includes the Company’s executive officers and members of its Board of Directors.

 

Compensation paid or accrued to key management for services during the three-month period ended December 31, 2019 includes:

 

   

December 31, 2019

    December 31, 2018  
Management fees paid or accrued to the CEO   $ 36,000     $ 36,000  
Management fees paid or accrued to the CFO     28,080       21,600  
Management fees paid or accrued to the President     -       15,000  
Fees paid or accrued to Directors     18,000       18,000  
    $ 82,080     $ 90,600  

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019 the Company issued $Nil (2018 – 1,650,000) common shares for a value of $Nil (2018 - $66,000), accrued nil (2018 – 450,000) common shares to be issued valued at $nil (2018 – $18,000), accrued $54,000 (2018 - $nil) and paid cash of $28,080 (2018 - $6,600) for key management compensation totaling $82,080 (2018 - $90,600) as shown in the above table. At December 31, 2019, included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities is $234,000 (September 30, 2019 - $180,000) owed to current officers and directors.

 

As at December 31, 2019, included in shares to be issued is $416,000 (September 30, 2019 - $416,000) for unpaid Director fees. As at December 31, 2019, 14,265,000 (September 30, 2019 – 5,598,333) common shares are accrued to the Seller of Digifonica for the Anti-Dilution Clause. Nil common shares were issued during the period ended December 31, 2019 (September 30, 2019 – 225,184,791) to the Seller of Digifonica pursuant to the Anti-Dilution Clause (Notes 4 and 10).

 

NOTE 9. SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

During the period ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $nil (September 30, 2019 - $nil) in interest or income taxes.

 

There were no non-cash investing or financing transactions during the period ended December 31, 2019.

 

11

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 10. SHARE CAPITAL

 

Capital Stock Authorized and Issued:

 

3,000,000,000 (September 30, 2019 – 3,000,000,000) common voting shares authorized with a par value of $0.001 each, of which 1,969,377,592 (September 30, 2019 – 1,956,377,592) shares are issued.
     
1,000,000 convertible preferred shares authorized with a par value of $0.01 each, of which nil (2018 – nil) shares are issued.

 

Issues during the three-month period ended December 31, 2019

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019, the Company issued 13,000,000 common shares for services with a value of $330,000.

 

Issues during the year ended September 30, 2019

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued:

 

5,475,000 common shares priced at $0.04 per share for cash proceeds of $219,000 from a private placement of common shares;
     
6,306,000 common shares priced at $0.04 per share for cash proceeds of $252,240 from the exercise of 6,306,000 warrants;
     
17,410,000 common shares priced between $0.02 and $0.04 per common share for services with an aggregate value of $949,450.
     
127,000,000 common shares issued as bonus compensation, recorded as an expense to the Company of $5,080,000 (Note 13); and
     
225,184,791 common pursuant to the Anti-Dilution Clause (Note 4 and 8).

 

Subsequent Issues

 

None.

 

Shares to be Issued

 

As at December 31, 2019, there are 12,817,523 (September 30, 2019 – 12,817,523) common shares to be issued that are accrued for services provided to the Company valued at $477,320 (September 30, 2019– $477,320), of which 10,840,000 (September 30, 2019– 10,840,000) valued at $416,000 (September 30, 2019 - $416,000) are accrued to management and related parties (see Note 8).

 

As at December 31, 2019, there are 14,265,000 (September 30, 2019 – 5,598,333) common shares to be issued that are accrued to the seller of Digifonica pursuant to the Anti-Dilution Clause (see Notes 4 and 8).

 

Warrants

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, 6,306,000 common share purchase warrants were exercised to purchase 6,306,000 common shares in the capital stock of the Company at a price of $0.04 per common share.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2019, the Company issued no new warrants.

 

As of December 31, 2019, there were no outstanding warrants to be exercised.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s share purchase warrant transactions:

 

   

Number of

warrants

    Weighted average
exercise price
 
Balance September 30, 2018     6,306,000     $ 0.04  
Issued     Nil       N/A  
Exercised     (6,306,000 )     0.04  
Expired     Nil        N/A  
Balance September 30, 2019     Nil       N/A  
Issued     Nil       N/A  
Exercised     Nil        N/A  
Expired     Nil        N/A  
Balance December 31, 2019     Nil        N/A  

 

12

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 11. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

Stock Option Plan

 

In order to provide incentive to directors, officers, management, employees, consultants and others who provide services to the Company or any subsidiary (the “Service Providers”) to act in the best interests of the Company, and to retain such Service Providers, the Company has in place an incentive Stock Option Plan (the “Plan”) whereby the Company is authorized to issue up to 10% of its issued and outstanding share capital in options to purchase common shares of the Company. The maximum term of options granted under the Plan cannot exceed ten years, with vesting terms determined at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option transactions:

 

    Number of options    

Weighted average

exercise price

 
Balance September 30, 2018     39,850,000     $ 0.058  
Granted     10,000,000       0.065  
Cancelled     -       -  
Balance September 30, 2019     49,850,000     $ 0.060  
Granted     -       -  
Cancelled     -       -  
Balance December 31, 2019     49,850,000     $ 0.060  

 

The following table summarizes the stock options outstanding at December 31, 2019:

 

Options
Outstanding
    Exercise
Price
    Remaining Contractual
Life (Yrs)
    Number of Options
Currently
Exercisable
 
  14,000,000     $ 0.060       1.48       14,000,000  
  14,000,000       0.060       1.69       14,000,000  
  3,450,000       0.060       1.82       3,450,000  
  8,400,000       0.050       2.3       8,400,000  
  10,000,000       0.065       3.98       -  
  49,850,000     $ 0.059       2.20       39,850,000  

 

There were no stock options granted or exercised or that vested during the three-month periods ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

13

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 12. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

 

Patent Litigation

 

The Company is party to patent and patent-related litigation cases as follows:

 

i) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Apple, Inc. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00260) & Verizon Wireless Services, LLC, Verizon Communications Inc., AT&T Corp. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00271) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In February 2016 the Company filed patent infringement lawsuits in the United States District Court, District of Nevada against Apple, Inc, (Case No. 2:16-CV-00260), Verizon Wireless Services, LLC, Verizon Communications Inc., and AT&T Corp. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00271). These cases are seeking a combined $7,024,377,876 in damages. On May 9, 2016, the lawsuits were officially served to these companies (collectively, the “Defendants”).

 

In August, 2018, the cases were consolidated under one lawsuit, and transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where they were renamed as Case Nos. 5:18-cv-06217-LHK and 5:18-cv-06054-LHK. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘005 and ‘815 patents do not claim patentable subject matter.

 

On March 25, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and the appeal remains pending.

 

ii) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Twitter, Inc. (Case No. 2:16-CV-02338) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

On October 6, 2016, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada against Twitter, Inc, (Case No. 2:16- CV-02338) in which Voip-Pal.com alleges infringement of U.S. Patent No. 8,542,815 and its continuation patent, U.S. Patent No. 9,179,005, This case is seeking $3,200,000,000 in damages. On December 28, 2016, the lawsuit was officially served to Twitter, Inc. On February 28, 2018, Twitter filed a motion to transfer its case based on improper venue and the case was subsequently transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it was renamed as Case No. 5:18-cv-4523 and consolidated with Case Nos. 5:18-cv-06217-LHK and 5:18-cv-066054-LHK. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘005 and ‘815 patents do not claim patentable subject matter. On March 25, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The appeal is fully briefed but oral argument has not yet been scheduled.

 

iii) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Amazon.com, Inc. et al. (Case No. 2:18-CV-01076) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In June 2018, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada, against Amazon.com, Inc. and certain related entities, alleging infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,537,762, 9,813,330, 9,826,002 and 9,948,549. In November 2018, the case was transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it remains pending. The outcome of this case is undeterminable.

 

iv) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Apple, Inc. et al. (Case No. 2:18-CV-00953) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In May 2018, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada, against Apple, Inc., alleging infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,537,762, 9,813,330, 9,826,002 and 9,948,549. In November 2018, the case was transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it was renamed Case No. 5:18-cv-06216-LHK and consolidated with Case No. 5:18-cv-07020. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘762, ’330, ’002, and ‘549 patents do not claim patentable subject matter. On November 1, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and the appeal remains pending.

 

14

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 12. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES (CONT’D)

 

Patent Litigation (cont’d)

 

Inter Partes Reviews

 

In additional legal actions related to Item iii above, several of the Company’s patents have been subject to challenge in Inter Partes Review (“IPR”) petitions filed before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”). An IPR is a post-grant patent review process allowing the PTAB to consider the validity of issued patents. There are no damages awarded, but a portion or all of a patent’s claims instituted for IPR may be invalidated as a result of the review.

 

Through 2016 and 2017, eight IPRs filed against Patents No. 8,542,815 and No. 9,179,005 by either Apple Inc., AT&T Inc. or Unified Patents Inc. as Petitioner(s) were resolved by the PTAB by denial of their institution. Subsequent to those rulings, in December 2017, Apple filed a post-judgment motion in IPR2016-01198 and IPR2016-01201, seeking invalidation of the challenged claims as sanctions against the Company for its having participated in ex parte communications during the PTAB proceedings.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, on December 21, 2018, the PTAB ruled on Apple’s sanctions motion, declining to grant Apple’s request to invalidate the challenged claims and declining to grant Apple’s request for entirely new proceedings to replace the existing panel of judges with a new panel or with judges that would consider any request for rehearing by Apple as a sanction against VoIP-Pal. On January 23, 2019, Apple appealed the PTAB’s ruling to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The appeal remains pending.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, Apple Inc. petitioned the PTAB to have an additional four IPRs instituted against the Company’s patents numbered 9,537,762, 9,813,330 B2, 9,826,002 B2, and 9,948,549 B2.

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019, all four Apple petitions were denied institution by the PTAB.

 

Non-Patent Litigation

 

The Company is party to non-patent litigation cases as follows:

 

v) Locksmith Financial Corporation, Inc. et al. (Plaintiff) v Voip-Pal.com Inc. et al. (Defendant(s)) (Case No A-15-717491-C) filed in Clark County District Court (the “State Case”)

 

On March 24, 2014, the Company resolved to freeze 95,832,000 common shares that were issued to a company controlled by a former director in fiscal 2013 and accounted for at a cost of $1,443,000. The Company resolved to freeze said common shares as the Company believes that the shares were issued as settlement of a line of credit that the Company believes to have been legally unsupported. The Plaintiff alleged that the freeze and the Company’s actions constituted fraud and a breach of securities laws. The Defendant denied any wrongdoing.

 

In August, 2019, the State Case was heard in Nevada District Court in a jury trial. In a judgment rendered August 26, 2019, the jury ruled that certain of the Defendants (namely the directors of the Company in 2014) had breached their fiduciary duty to the shareholder and awarded monetary relief to the Plaintiff in the amount of $355,000, plus pre-judgment interest in the amount of $91,306. On a concurrent counter-claim, the jury found a claim of Unjust Enrichment against Third-Party Plaintiff TK Investment, Ltd. to be unsubstantiated and awarded monetary relief to the Third-Party Plaintiff of $84,000 plus pre-judgment interest of $3,459.

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019, the Plaintiff and the Defendant waived their rights to appeal in this case. Following such waiver, both of the above-noted judgments and accrued interest were paid in full.

 

vi) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Richard Kipping, et al. (Case No. 2:15-cv-01258-JAD-VCF) filed in United States District Court (the “Federal Case”)

 

On July 2, 2015, the Company filed a case against a former director, a shareholder and a company controlled by a former director. The Company alleges that the common shares issued in the State Case and an additional 7,200,000 common shares were fraudulently obtained and that the shares have been unlawfully transferred to other entities.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the parties agreed to dismiss the claims in the Federal Case without prejudice.

 

15

 

 

VOIP-PAL.COM INC.

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited – prepared by management)

(Expressed in United States Dollars)

December 31, 2019

 

NOTE 12. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES (CONT’D)

 

Performance Bonus Payable

 

In 2016, the board of directors authorized the Company to provide a performance bonus (the “Performance Bonus”) of up to 3% of the capital stock of the Company by way of the issuance of Common shares from its treasury to an as yet undetermined group of related and non-related parties upon the occurrence of a bonusable event, defined as the successful completion of a sale of the Company or substantially all its assets, or a major licensing transaction. In order to provide maximum flexibility to the Company with respect to determining the level of Performance Bonus payable, and who may qualify to receive a pro-rata share of such a Performance Bonus, the Company authorized full discretion to the Board in making such determinations.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the board of directors authorized the increase of the Performance Bonus to up to 10% of the capital stock of the Company.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the board of directors resolved to reduce the Performance Bonus from 10% to 3.33% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Company. Concurrently, the board of directors authorized the payment of Common shares (“Bonus Shares”) in an equivalent percentage to the 6.67% reduction to the Performance Bonus to a group of related and non-related parties, which included members of management, a director and several consultants, who received an aggregate 127,000,000 Bonus Shares (Note 10). The Bonus Shares are restricted from trading under Rule 144 and are also subject to voluntary lock-up agreements, pursuant to which they cannot be traded, pledged, hypothecated, transferred or sold by the holders until such time as the Company has met the requirements of the bonusable event as described above.

 

As at December 31, 2019, no bonusable event had occurred and there was no Performance Bonus payable.

 

16

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following management’s discussion and analysis (MD&A) should be read in conjunction with our interim consolidated financial statements for the three-month period ended December 31, 2019 and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report, and our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2019 and notes thereto.

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

This MD&A for the period ending December 31, 2019 contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amending, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amending. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as “may”, “shall”, “could”, “expect”, “estimate”, “anticipate”, “predict”, “probable”, “possible”, “should”, “continue”, or similar terms, variations of those terms or the negative of those terms. The forward-looking statements specified in the following information have been compiled by our management on the basis of assumptions made by management and are considered by management to be reasonable. Our future operating results, however, are impossible to predict and no representation, guaranty, or warranty is to be inferred from those forward-looking statements.

 

The assumptions used for purposes of the forward-looking statements specified in the following information represent estimates of future events and are subject to uncertainty as to possible changes in economic, legislative, industry, and other circumstances. As a result, the identification and interpretation of data and other information and their use in developing and selecting assumptions from and among reasonable alternatives require the exercise of judgment. To the extent that the assumed events do not occur, the outcome may vary substantially from anticipated or projected results, and, accordingly, no opinion is expressed on the achievability of those forward-looking statements. No assurance can be given that any of the assumptions relating to the forward-looking statements specified in the following information are accurate, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements

 

CORPORATE HISTORY, OVERVIEW AND PRINCIPAL BUSINESS

 

VoIP-PAL.com Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Nevada in September 1997 as All American Casting International, Inc. and changed its name to VOIP MDI.com in 2004 and subsequently to VoIP-PAL.Com Inc. in 2006. Since March 2004, the Company has been in the development stage of becoming a Voice-over-Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) re-seller, a provider of a proprietary transactional billing platform tailored to the points and air mile business, and a provider of anti-virus applications for smartphones. All business activities prior to March 2004 have been abandoned and written off to deficit.

 

In 2013, the Company acquired Digifonica International (DIL) Limited (“Digifonica”), to fund and co-develop Digifonica’s patent suite. Digifonica had been founded in 2003 with the vision that the internet would be the future of all forms of telecommunications - a team of twenty top engineers with expertise in Linux and Internet telephony developed and wrote a software suite with applications that provided solutions for several core areas of internet connectivity. In order to properly test the applications, Digifonica built and operated three production nodes in Vancouver, Canada (Peer 1), London, UK (Teliasonera), and Denmark. Upon successfully developing the technology, Digifonica filed for patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”).

 

The Digifonica patents formed the basis for the Company’s current intellectual property, now a worldwide portfolio of twenty-six issued and pending patents primarily designed for the broadband VoIP market.

 

The Company’s intellectual property value is derived from its issued and pending patents. The inventions described in these patents, among other things, provide the means to integrate VoIP services with legacy telecommunications systems such as the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to create a seamless service using either legacy telephone numbers or IP addresses, and enhance the performance and value of VoIP implementations worldwide.

 

VoIP has been and continues to be a green field for innovation that has spawned numerous inventions, greatly benefitting consumers large and small across the globe. VoIP is used in many places and by every modern telephony system vendor, network supplier, and retail and wholesale carrier.

 

17

 

 

Results of Operations

 

The Company’s operating costs consist of expenses incurred to monetizing, selling and licensing its VoIP patents. Other operating costs include expenses for legal, accounting and other professional fees, financing costs, and other general and administrative expenses.

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ending December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

   

Three months ending

December 31

    Increase/        
    2019     2018     (Decrease)     Percent  
Revenue   $ -     $ -     $ -       -  
Cost of Revenue     -       -       -       -  
Gross Margin     -       -       -       -  
General and administrative expenses     (939,688 )     (5,863,664 )     (4,923,976 )     -84 %
Amortization & depreciation     (34,739 )     (34,739 )     -       -  
Net loss   $ (974,427 )   $ (5,871,403 )   $ (4,923,976 )     -84 %

 

REVENUES, COST OF REVENUES AND GROSS MARGIN

 

The Company had no revenues, cost of revenues or gross margin for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

 

General and administrative expenses for the three months ending December 31, 2019 totaled $939,688 compared to $5,836,664 during the same period in 2018. The decrease in general and administrative expenses of $4,923,976, or 84% less than the previous year, was primarily due to a decrease in stock-based compensation. The Company paid out $5,080,000 in stock-based compensation in the three months ending December 31, 2018 and $Nil in the three-month period ending December 31, 2019.

 

AMORTIZATION AND DEPRECIATION

 

Amortization of intellectual VoIP communications patent properties and depreciation of capital equipment for the three months ending December 31, 2019 totaled $34,739 compared to $34,739 during the same period in 2018. There was no change in the amount of amortization or depreciation expense recorded during the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The Company follows GAAP (FAS 142) and is amortizing its intangibles over the remaining patent life of twelve (12) years. The Company evaluates its intangible assets annually and determines if the fair market value is less than its historical cost. If the fair market value is less, then impairment expense is recorded on the Company’s financial statements. The intangible assets on the financial statements of the Company relate primarily to the Company’s acquisition of Digifonica (International) Limited.

 

INTEREST EXPENSE

 

The Company had no financing or interest costs for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

NET LOSS

 

The Company reported a net loss of $974,427 for the three months ending December 31, 2019 compared to a net loss of $5,871,403 for the same period in 2018. The net loss decrease of $4,923,976, or 84% less than the same period in 2018, was primarily due to a decrease in stock-based compensation paid.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $52,696,123 as compared to an accumulated deficit of $48,519,767 at December 31, 2018. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had a working capital surplus of $331,045 as compared to a working capital surplus of $3,267,499 at December 31, 2018. The decrease in the Company’s working capital of $2,936,454 is due to increased operating expenses and no equity raised during the year, and a payment of $533,765 to settle a non-patent lawsuit paid during the three month period ended December 31, 2019.

 

18

 

 

Net cash used by operations for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $570.465 and $481,644, respectively. The increase in net cash used for operations for the three months ending December 31, 2019 as compared to the three months ending December 31, 2018 was primarily due to the payment to settle a non-patent lawsuit.

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $Nil and $11,917, respectively. Net cash provided in financing activities for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $Nil and $342,240, respectively. The decrease in net cash provided by financing activities of $342,240 was due to no equity raises and therefore no cash proceeds from private placements and exercise of warrants during the three months ending December 31, 2019.

 

Liquidity

 

The Company primarily finances its operations from cash received through the private placements of its common stock and the exercise of warrants from investors and through the payment of stock-based compensation. The Company believes its resources are adequate to fund its operations for the next twelve months.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Performance Bonus Payable

 

In 2016, the board of directors authorized the Company to provide a performance bonus (the “Performance Bonus”) of up to 3% of the capital stock of the Company by way of the issuance of Common shares from its treasury to an as yet undetermined group of related and non-related parties upon the successful completion of a purchase and sale of the Company or a major licensing transaction, defined as a bonusable event. In order to provide maximum flexibility to the Company with respect to determining what constitutes such a bonusable event, the level of Performance Bonus payable, and who may qualify to receive a pro-rata share of such a Performance Bonus, the Company authorized full discretion to the Board in making such determinations.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2018, the board of directors authorized the increase of the Performance Bonus to up to 10% of the capital stock of the Company.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the board of directors resolved to reduce the Performance Bonus from 10% to 3.33% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Company. Concurrently, the board of directors authorized the payment of Common shares (“Bonus Shares”) in an equivalent percentage to the 6.67% reduction to the Performance Bonus to a group of related and non-related parties, which included members of management, a director and several consultants, who received an aggregate 127,000,000 Bonus Shares. The Bonus Shares are restricted from trading under Rule 144 and are also subject to voluntary lock-up agreements, pursuant to which they cannot be traded, pledged, hypothecated, transferred or sold by the holders until such time as the Company has met the requirements of the now-reduced Performance Bonus.

 

As at December 31, 2019, no bonusable event had occurred and there was no Performance Bonus payable.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

We believe that inflation has not had a material impact on our results of operations for the three months ending December 31, 2019. We cannot assure you that future inflation will not have an adverse impact on our operating results and financial condition.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019. In making this assessment, management used the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, or COSO. The COSO framework summarizes each of the components of a company’s internal control system, including (i) the control environment, (ii) risk assessment, (iii) control activities, (iv) information and communication, and (v) monitoring. In management’s assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f)) as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(c), our management concluded as of the end of the fiscal period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that our internal control over financial reporting has not been effective. The company intends, as the company’s finances improve, to hire additional accounting staff and implement additional controls.

 

19

 

 

As defined by Auditing Standard No. 5, “An Audit of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting that is Integrated with an Audit of Financial Statements and Related Independence Rule and Conforming Amendments,” established by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”), a material weakness is a deficiency or combination of deficiencies that results more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected. In connection with the assessment described above, management identified the following control deficiencies that represent material weaknesses as of December 31, 2019:

 

1) Lack of segregation of duties. At this time, our resources and size prevent us from being able to employ sufficient resources to enable us to have adequate segregation of duties within our internal control system. Management will periodically reevaluate this situation.
   
2) Lack of an independent audit committee. Although the Board of Directors serves as an audit committee it is not comprised solely of independent directors. We may establish an audit committee comprised solely of independent directors when we have sufficient capital resources and working capital to attract qualified independent directors and to maintain such a committee.
   
3) Insufficient number of independent directors. At the present time, our Board of Directors does not consist of a majority of independent directors, a factor that is counter to corporate governance practices as set forth by the rules of various stock exchanges.

 

Our management determined that these deficiencies constituted material weaknesses. Due to a lack of financial resources, we are not able to, and do not intend to, immediately take any action to remediate these material weaknesses. We will not be able to do so until we acquire sufficient financing to do so. We will implement further controls as circumstances, cash flow, and working capital permit. Notwithstanding the assessment that our ICFR was not effective and that there were material weaknesses as identified in this report, we believe that our financial statements fairly present our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the years covered thereby in all material respects.

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act are recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

Our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will necessarily prevent all fraud and material error. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving our objectives and our Chief Executive Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective at that reasonable assurance level. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the internal control. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2019 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect such controls.

 

20

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

Other than noted below, there have been no material developments during the current quarter for our legal proceedings that were disclosed in our registration statement on Form 10 filed on April 22, 2016. For a full disclosure of legal proceedings, please reference our Form 10 registration or Note 12 of the Financial Statements contained in this report.

 

Patent Litigation

 

The Company is party to patent- and patent-related litigation cases as follows:

 

i) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Apple, Inc. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00260) & Verizon Wireless Services, LLC, Verizon Communications Inc., AT&T Corp. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00271) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In February 2016 the Company filed patent infringement lawsuits in the United States District Court, District of Nevada against Apple, Inc, (Case No. 2:16-CV-00260), Verizon Wireless Services, LLC, Verizon Communications Inc., and AT&T Corp. (Case No. 2:16-CV-00271). These cases are seeking a combined $7,024,377,876 in damages. On May 9, 2016, the lawsuits were officially served to these companies (collectively, the “Defendants”).

 

In August, 2018, the cases were consolidated under one lawsuit, and transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where they were renamed as Case Nos. 5:18-cv-06217-LHK and 5:18-cv-06054-LHK. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘005 and ‘815 patents do not claim patentable subject matter.

 

On March 25, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and the appeal remains pending.

 

ii) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Twitter, Inc. (Case No. 2:16-CV-02338) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

On October 6, 2016, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada against Twitter, Inc, (Case No. 2:16- CV-02338) in which Voip-Pal.com alleges infringement of U.S. Patent No. 8,542,815 and its continuation patent, U.S. Patent No. 9,179,005, This case is seeking $3,200,000,000 in damages. On December 28, 2016, the lawsuit was officially served to Twitter, Inc. On February 28, 2018, Twitter filed a motion to transfer its case based on improper venue and the case was subsequently transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it was renamed as Case No. 5:18-cv-4523 and consolidated with Case Nos. 5:18-cv-06217-LHK and 5:18-cv-066054-LHK. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘005 and ‘815 patents do not claim patentable subject matter. On March 25, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The appeal is fully briefed but oral argument has not yet been scheduled.

 

iii) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Amazon.com, Inc. et al. (Case No. 2:18-CV-01076) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In June 2018, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada, against Amazon.com, Inc. and certain related entities, alleging infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,537,762, 9,813,330, 9,826,002 and 9,948,549. In November 2018, the case was transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it remains pending. The outcome of this case is undeterminable.

 

iv) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Apple, Inc. et al. (Case No. 2:18-CV-00953) in the United States District Court, District of Nevada

 

In May 2018, the Company filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court, District of Nevada, against Apple, Inc., alleging infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,537,762, 9,813,330, 9,826,002 and 9,948,549. In November 2018, the case was transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where it was renamed Case No. 5:18-cv-06216-LHK and consolidated with Case No. 5:18-cv-07020. The Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the cases, asserting an “Alice 101” motion that Voip-Pal’s ‘762, ’330, ’002, and ‘549 patents do not claim patentable subject matter. On November 1, 2019, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted the Defendants’ “Alice 101” Motion to Dismiss in all of the cases. The Company appealed the district court decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and the appeal remains pending.

 

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Inter Partes Reviews

 

In additional legal actions related to Item iii above, several of the Company’s patents have been subject to challenge in Inter Partes Review (“IPR”) petitions filed before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”). An IPR is a post-grant patent review process allowing the PTAB to consider the validity of issued patents. There are no damages awarded, but a portion or all of a patent’s claims instituted for IPR may be invalidated as a result of the review.

 

Through 2016 and 2017, eight IPRs filed against Patents No. 8,542,815 and No. 9,179,005 by either Apple Inc., AT&T Inc. or Unified Patents Inc. as Petitioner(s) were resolved by the PTAB by denial of their institution. Subsequent to those rulings, in December 2017, Apple filed a post-judgment motion in IPR2016-01198 and IPR2016-01201, seeking invalidation of the challenged claims as sanctions against the Company for its having participated in ex parte communications during the PTAB proceedings.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, on December 21, 2018, the PTAB ruled on Apple’s sanctions motion, declining to grant Apple’s request to invalidate the challenged claims and declining to grant Apple’s request for entirely new proceedings to replace the existing panel of judges with a new panel or with judges that would consider any request for rehearing by Apple as a sanction against VoIP-Pal. On January 23, 2019, Apple appealed the PTAB’s ruling to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The appeal remains pending.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, Apple Inc. petitioned the PTAB to have an additional four IPRs instituted against the Company’s patents numbered 9,537,762, 9,813,330 B2, 9,826,002 B2, and 9,948,549 B2.

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019, all four Apple petitions were denied institution by the PTAB.

 

Non-Patent Litigation

 

The Company is party to non-patent litigation cases as follows:

 

v) Locksmith Financial Corporation, Inc. et al. (Plaintiff) v Voip-Pal.com Inc. et al. (Defendant(s)) (Case No A-15-717491-C) filed in Clark County District Court (the “State Case”)

 

On March 24, 2014, the Company resolved to freeze 95,832,000 common shares that were issued to a company controlled by a former director in fiscal 2013 and accounted for at a cost of $1,443,000. The Company resolved to freeze said common shares as the Company believes that the shares were issued as settlement of a line of credit that the Company believes to have been legally unsupported. The Plaintiff alleged that the freeze and the Company’s actions constituted fraud and a breach of securities laws. The Defendant denied any wrongdoing.

 

In August, 2019, the State Case was heard in Nevada District Court in a jury trial. In a judgment rendered August 26, 2019, the jury ruled that certain of the Defendants (namely the directors of the Company in 2014) had breached their fiduciary duty to the shareholder and awarded monetary relief to the Plaintiff in the amount of $355,000, plus pre-judgment interest in the amount of $91,306. On a concurrent counter-claim, the jury found a claim of Unjust Enrichment against Third-Party Plaintiff TK Investment, Ltd. to be unsubstantiated and awarded monetary relief to the Third-Party Plaintiff of $84,000 plus pre-judgment interest of $3,459.

 

During the three-month period ended December 31, 2019, the Plaintiff and the Defendant waived their rights to appeal in this case. Following such waiver, both of the above-noted judgments and accrued interest were paid in full.

 

vi) Voip-Pal.com Inc. v. Richard Kipping, et al. (Case No. 2:15-cv-01258-JAD-VCF) filed in United States District Court (the “Federal Case”)

 

On July 2, 2015, the Company filed a case against a former director, a shareholder and a company controlled by a former director. The Company alleges that the common shares issued in the State Case and an additional 7,200,000 common shares were fraudulently obtained and that the shares have been unlawfully transferred to other entities.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the parties agreed to dismiss the claims in the Federal Case without prejudice.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

The transactions described in this section were exempt from securities registration as provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act for transactions not involving a public offering for sales within the United States and by Regulation S of the Securities Act for sales made outside of the United States.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2019, the Company issued 13,000,000 common shares priced at $0.03 per common share for services with an aggregate value of $330,000.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit Number   Description of Exhibits    
         
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of CEO   Filed herewith
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of CFO   Filed herewith
32.1   Section 1350 Certification   Filed herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

DATED: February 12, 2020 By: /s/ Emil Malak
    Emil Malak
    Chief Executive Officer
     
DATED: February 12, 2020 By: /s/ D. Barry Lee
    D. Barry Lee
    Chief Financial Officer

 

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