UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

☒          QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021

 

☐          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From ________ to _________

 

Commission File Number 000-50009

 

PACIFIC HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATION, INC.

 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

   

Utah

87-0285238

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer I.D. No.)

   

1201 Dove Street, Suite 300

 

Newport Beach, California

92660

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(949) 721-8272

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

None

N/A

N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for any shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files.)   Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐  

Accelerated filer ☐

Non-accelerated filer ☒

Smaller reporting company ☒

 

Emerging growth company ☐  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.)     Yes ☐    No ☒

 

As of May 17, 2021, the registrant had 12,800,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

PACIFIC HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATION, INC.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
   

Item 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

3

     
 

(Unaudited) Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

3

     
 

(Unaudited) Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

4

     
 

(Unaudited) Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

5

     
 

(Unaudited) Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

6

     
 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

7

   

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

11

   

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

21

   

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

21

   

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 
   

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

22

   

Item 6.  Exhibits

22

   

Signatures

23

 

 

 

PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.          Financial Information

 

Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

ASSETS

 
   

March 31,

   

December 31,

 
   

2021

   

2020

 

Current Assets

               

Cash

  $ 9,909,751     $ 9,498,457  

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $18,441 and $19,404

    842,397       1,063,090  

Deferred rent asset

    5,213       -  

Receivable – other

    3,000       4,000  

Prepaid expenses

    73,283       82,499  

Total current assets

    10,833,644       10,648,046  
                 

Property and Equipment, net

               

Computer equipment

    511,107       507,873  

Furniture and fixtures

    226,323       226,323  

Office equipment

    9,556       9,556  

Total property and equipment

    746,986       743,752  

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

    (633,324

)

    (620,705

)

Net property and equipment

    113,662       123,047  

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

    247,466       309,282  

Other assets

    26,788       26,788  

Total Assets

  $ 11,221,560     $ 11,107,163  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY

 
                 

Current Liabilities

 

Accounts payable

  $ 98,119     $ 80,134  

Accrued expenses

    296,948       275,152  

Income tax payable

    135,837       61,828  

Deferred rent expense

    -       2,725  

Deferred tax liabilities

    19,413       19,413  

Dividend payable

    37,000       37,000  

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

    230,676       243,049  

Paycheck protection program loans, current portion

    -       311,118  

Unearned revenue

    50,107       31,544  

Total current liabilities

    868,100       1,061,963  
                 

Long Term Liabilities

               

Operating lease liabilities, long term portion

    16,790       66,233  

Paycheck protection program loans, long term portion

    -       149,582  

Total Liabilities

    884,890       1,277,778  
                 

Commitments and Contingencies

    -       -  
                 

Stockholders Equity

               

Preferred stock; 5,000,000 shares authorized at $0.001 par value of which 40,000 shares designated as Series A preferred and 16,000 shares issued and outstanding

    16       16  

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 12,800,000 shares issued and outstanding

    12,800       12,800  

Additional paid-in capital

    416,057       416,057  

Retained earnings

    9,907,797       9,400,512  

Total stockholders’ equity

    10,336,670       9,829,385  
                 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

  $ 11,221,560     $ 11,107,163  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

   

For three months ended

March 31,

 
   

2021

   

2020

 

Revenues:

               

HCO

  $ 291,254     $ 326,665  

MPN

    131,878       120,749  

Utilization review

    265,604       296,055  

Medical bill review

    96,667       83,079  

Medical case management

    484,433       677,212  

Other

    54,526       49,149  

          Total revenues

    1,324,362       1,552,909  
                 

Expenses:

               

Depreciation

    12,619       17,231  

Bad debt provision

    -       101  

Consulting fees

    57,123       75,693  

Salaries and wages

    694,618       745,989  

Professional fees

    65,829       87,226  

Insurance

    86,696       94,793  

Outsource service fees

    101,803       106,114  

Data maintenance

    13,296       39,728  

General and administrative

    171,785       214,853  

          Total expenses

    1,203,769       1,381,728  
                 

Income from operations

    120,593       171,181  
                 

Other income (expense)

               

       Paycheck protection program loan forgiveness income

    464,386       -  

       Paycheck protection program loan interest expense

    (3,686

)

    -  

          Total other income (expense)

    460,700       -  
                 

Income before taxes 

    581,293       171,181  

Income tax provision

    (74,008

)

    (48,053

)

                 

Net income

  $ 507,285     $ 123,128  
                 

Basic earnings per share:

               

     Earnings per share amount

  $ 0.04     $ 0.01  

     Basic common shares outstanding

    12,800,000       12,800,000  
                 

Fully diluted earnings per share:

               

Earnings per share amount

  $ 0.04     $ 0.01  

Fully diluted common shares outstanding

    12,816,000       12,816,000  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

(Unaudited)

 

   

Preferred Stock 

   

Common Stock 

   

Paid in

   

Retained   

   

Total Stockholders’

 
   

Shares 

   

Amount 

   

Shares 

   

Amount

   

Capital

   

Earnings 

   

Equity

 

Balance December 31, 2019 

    16,000     $ 16       12,800,000     $ 12,800     $ 416,057     $ 8,850,942     $ 9,279,815  
                                                         

Net income

    -       -       -       -       -       123,128       123,128  
                                                         

Balance March 31, 2020 

    16,000     $ 16       12,800,000     $ 12,800     $ 416,057     $ 8,974,070     $ 9,402,943  
                                                         

Balance December 31, 2020 

    16,000     $ 16       12,800,000     $ 12,800     $ 416,057     $ 9,400,512     $ 9,829,385  
                                                         

Net income

    -       -       -       -       -       507,285       507,285  
                                                         

Balance March 31, 2021 

    16,000     $ 16       12,800,000     $ 12,800     $ 416,057     $ 9,907,797     $ 10,336,670  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
   

2021

   

2020

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

               

Net income

  $ 507,285     $ 123,128  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

               

Depreciation

    12,619       17,231  

Bad debt provision

    -       101  

Paycheck protection program loan forgiveness

    (460,700

)

    -  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

               

Decrease in accounts receivable          

    220,693       109,882  

Decrease in receivable - other

    1,000       4,000  

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses

    9,216       (162

)

Increase in accounts payable

    17,985       89,893  

(Increase) in deferred rent asset

    (5,213

)

    -  

(Decrease) in deferred rent expense

    (2,725

)

    (5,673

)

Increase in accrued expenses

    21,796       7,645  

Increase in income tax payable

    74,009       48,053  

Increase in unearned revenue

    18,563       10,656  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    414,528       404,754  
                 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

               

Purchase of furniture and office equipment

    (3,234

)

    (19,637

)

Net cash used in investing activities

    (3,234

)

    (19,637

)

                 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

               

Net cash provided by financing activities

    -       -  

Increase in cash

    411,294       385,117  
                 

Cash at beginning of period

    9,498,457       8,104,164  

Cash at end of period

  $ 9,909,751     $ 8,489,281  
                 

Supplemental cash flow information

               

Cash paid for:

               

Interest

  $ -     $ -  

Income taxes paid

  $ -     $ -  
                 

Non-cash investing and financing activities

  $ -     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 - BASIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc. (the “Company”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted in accordance with GAAP rules and regulations.  The information furnished in these interim condensed consolidated financial statements includes normal recurring adjustments and reflects all adjustments, which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements.  The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect both the recorded values of assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the revenues recognized and expenses incurred during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions affect the Company’s recognition of deferred expenses, bad debts, income taxes, the carrying value of its long-lived assets and its provision for certain contingencies. The reasonableness of these estimates and assumptions is evaluated continually based on a combination of historical information and other information that comes to the Company’s attention that may vary its outlook for the future. While management believes the disclosures and information presented are adequate to make the information not misleading, it is suggested that these interim condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto included in its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.  Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.

 

Principles of Consolidation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries.  Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Basis of Accounting — The Company uses the accrual method of accounting.

 

Revenue Recognition — The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” The core principle underlying Topic 606 is that the Company will recognize revenue to represent the transfer of goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in such exchange. This will require the Company to identify contractual performance obligations and determine whether revenue should be recognized at a point in time or over time, based on when control of goods and services transfers to a customer.

 

The core principle underlying Topic 606 is that the Company will recognize revenue to represent the transfer of goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in such exchange. This will require the Company to identify contractual performance obligations and determine whether revenue should be recognized at a point in time or over time, based on when control of goods and services transfers to a customer.

 

The ASU requires the use of a five-step model to recognize revenue from customer contracts. The five-step model requires that the Company (i) identify the contract with the customer, (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determine the transaction price, including variable consideration to the extent that it is probable that a significant future reversal will not occur, (iv) allocate the transaction price to the respective performance obligations in the contract, and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies the performance obligation. Revenues are generated as services are provided to the customer based on the sales price agreed and collected. The Company recognizes revenue as the time is worked or as units of production are completed, which is when the revenue is earned and realized. Labor costs are recognized as the costs are incurred.

 

The Company derives its revenue from the sale of services offered through its HCOs, MPNs, utilization review, medical bill review, medical case management services, lien defense, carve-outs, Medicare set-aside. These services are billed individually as separate components to our customers. These fees include monthly and/or annual HCO and/or MPN administration fees, claim and network access fees, medical bill review fees, legal support fees, Medicare set-aside fees, lien service fees, workers’ compensation carve-outs, utilization review fees, medical case management flat rate fees or hourly fees depending on the agreement with the customer.

 

 

The Company enters into arrangements for bundled managed care, standalone services, or add-on ancillary services which includes various units of accounting such as network solutions and patient management, including managed care. Such elements are considered separate units of accounting due to each element having value to the customer on a stand-alone basis and are billed separately. The selling price for each unit of accounting is determined using the contract price. When the Company’s customers purchase several products the pricing of the products sold is generally the same as if the products were sold on an individual basis. Revenue is recognized as the work is performed in accordance with the Company’s customer contracts. Based upon the nature of the Company’s products, bundled managed care elements are generally delivered in the same accounting period. The Company recognizes revenue for patient management services ratably over the life of the customer contract. Based upon prior experience in managed care, the Company estimates the deferral amount from when the customer’s claim is received to when the customer contract expires. Advance payments from subscribers and billings made in advance are recorded on the balance sheet as unearned revenue.

 

Accounts Receivables and Bad Debt Allowance – In the normal course of business the Company extends credit to its customers on a short-term basis.  Although the credit risk associated with these customers is minimal, the Company routinely reviews its accounts receivable balances and makes provisions for doubtful accounts.  The Company ages its receivables by dates of invoices.  Management reviews bad debt reserves quarterly and reserves specific accounts as warranted or sets up a general reserve based on amounts over 90 days past due.  When an account is deemed uncollectible, the Company charges off the receivable against the bad debt reserve.  A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the realization of these receivables including the current creditworthiness of each customer and related aging of the past-due balances, including any billing disputes.  In order to assess the collectability of these receivables, the Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition. Through these evaluations, the Company may become aware of a situation where a customer may not be able to meet its financial obligations due to deterioration of its financial viability, credit rating or bankruptcy.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the best information available to the Company and is reevaluated and adjusted as additional information is received.  We evaluate the allowance based on historical write-off experience, the size of the individual customer balances, past-due amounts and the overall national economy.  At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, bad debt reserves of $18,441 and $19,404, respectively, was a general reserve for certain balances over 90 days past due and for accounts that are potentially uncollectible.

 

The percentages of the amounts due from major customers to total accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, are as follows:

 

   

3/31/2021

   

12/31/2020

 

Customer A

    19

%

    20

%

Customer B

    16

%

    13

%

Customer C

    5

%

    10

%

 

Significant Customers – The Company provides services to insurers, third party administrators, self-administered employers, municipalities and other industries.  The Company is able to provide the full range of services to virtually any size employer in the state of California.  The Company is also able to provide utilization review, medical bill review and medical case management services outside the state of California. 

 

During the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we had two customers, that accounted for more than 10% of our total sales.  The following table sets forth details regarding the percentage of total sales attributable to our significant customers during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   

3/31/2021

   

3/31/2020

 

Customer A

    20

%

    23

%

Customer B

    10

%

    14

%

 

Leases - Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842, Leases, which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019 resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets of $719,861, lease liabilities for operating leases of $719,861, and a zero cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit. The Company elected to exclude from its balance sheets recognition of leases having a term of 12 months or less (“short-term leases”). Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. If a Company lease does not provide an implicit rate, the Company develops an estimated incremental borrowing rate at the commencement date based on the estimated rate at which it would borrow, in the current economic environment, an amount equal to the lease payments over a similar term on a collateralized basis which is used to determine the present value of lease payments. See Note 2 for further information regarding the impact of the adoption of ASC 842 on the Company’s financial statements.

 

 

NOTE 2 - OPERATING LEASES

 

In July 2015, the Company entered a 79-month lease to lease approximately 9,439 square feet of office space that commenced in September 2015. This office space serves as the Company’s principal executive offices, as well as the principal offices of the Company’s operating subsidiaries.

 

Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Generally, the implicit rate of interest in arrangements is not readily determinable and the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate is a hypothetical rate based on its understanding of what its credit rating would be. The operating lease ROU asset includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives.

 

The components of lease expense and supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the period are as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2021

 

Lease Cost

       

Operating lease cost (included in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations)

  $ 72,946  
         

Other Information

       

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the first quarter 2021

  $ 72,946  

Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases (in years)

 

1.08 years

 

Average discount rate – operating leases

    5.75 %

 

The supplemental balance sheet information related to leases for the period is as follows:

 

   

At March 31, 2021

   

At December 31, 2020

 

Operating leases

               

Long-term right-of-use assets

  $ 247,466     $ 309,282  

Short-term operating lease liabilities

  $ 230,676     $ 243,049  

Long-term operating lease liabilities

    16,790       66,233  

Total operating lease liabilities

  $ 247,466     $ 309,282  

 

Maturities of the Company’s lease liabilities are as follows:

 

Year Ending

 

Operating Leases

 

2021 (remaining 9 months)

  $ 188,025  

2022

    71,359  

Total lease payments

    259,384  

Less: Imputed interest/present value discount

    (11,918

)

Present value of lease liabilities

  $ 247,466  

 

Lease expenses were $72,946 and $70,582 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

 

NOTE 3 - PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM LOANS

 

In April and May 2020 Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc. (“PHCO”), Medex Managed Care, Inc. (“MMC”) and Medex Medical Management, Inc. (“MMM”) received loans pursuant to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act Paycheck Protection Program.

 

PHCO received a loan in the amount of $133,400 (the “PHCO PPP Loan”) from Pacific Western Bank which was scheduled to mature on April 21, 2022. The PHCO PPP Loan interest rate was 1% per annum with the full loan amount and interest eligible for forgiveness if forgiveness was applied for within the specified time.

 

MMM and MMC received loans of $267,700 and $59,600 respectively, from First Citizens Bank, (collectively the “Medex Companies PPP Loans”). The Medex Companies PPP Loans were scheduled to mature on April 30, 2022 and May 11, 2022, respectively. The Medex Companies PPP Loans interest rates were 1% per annum with the full loan amount and interest eligible for forgiveness if forgiveness was applied for within the specified time.

 

In February 2021 the principal and interest on the PHCO PPP Loan and the Medex Companies PPP Loans were forgiven in full. The total amount of the loan and interest forgiven for PHCO was $133,400 and $1,067, respectively. The total amount of the principal and interest forgiven for MMM was $267,700 and $2,142, respectively. The total amount of the principal and interest forgiven for MMC was $59,600 and $477, respectively.

 

The funds were used for qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act, namely payroll, rent, utilities and group health insurance benefits.

 

NOTE 4 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Economic Aid Act

 

On April 1, 2021, our subsidiary Medex Medical Management, Inc. (“MMM”) received a loan pursuant to section 311 of the Economic Aid Act Paycheck Protection Program Second Draw Loans in the amount of $218,900 (the “Second Draw PPP Loan”). The Second Draw PPP Loan bears an interest rate of 1.0% per annum and is payable monthly commencing on February 28, 2022, if loan forgiveness is not requested by that date. The loan funds are eligible for full forgiveness if used for qualifying expenses, such as payroll, group health benefits, rent and utilities.

 

In accordance with ASC 855-10 Company management reviewed all material events through the date of issuance of this report and, other than the Second Draw PPP Loan, there are no material subsequent events to report.

 

 

Item 2.          Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Statements and Results of Operations

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q (“quarterly report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”) that are based on management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to management. For this purpose any statement contained in this annual report that is not a statement of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking, including, but not limited to statements about future demand for the products and services we offer, changes in the composition of the products and services we offer, the impact of the loss of one or more major customers, our ability to add new customers to replace the loss of current customers, the regulatory environment in which we operate, future revenues, expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital resources or cash flows, or our actions, intentions, plans, strategies and objectives and other risks and uncertainties detailed elsewhere in this annual report. Without limiting the foregoing, words such as “believe,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “estimate,” “plan,” “objective,” “future,” “forecast,” “predict,” “may,” “will,” “likely,” “could,” “should,” or “anticipate” or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements by their nature involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements or the industry to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements or industry outcomes expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to:

 

 

the impact on our business of COVID-19, including the ability of our workforce to meet the needs of our customers while complying with federal and state social distancing, workplace restrictions and other mandates, as well as its impacts on the workers’ compensation industry, the businesses of our customers and on the economy generally;

 

 

cost reduction efforts by our existing and prospective customers;

 

 

competition within our industry, including competition from much larger competitors;

 

 

business combinations among our customers or competitors;

 

 

legislative and regulatory requirements or changes which could render our services less competitive or obsolete;

 

 

our failure to successfully develop new services and/or products either organically or through acquisition, or to anticipate current or prospective customers’ needs;

 

 

our ability to retain existing customers and to attract new customers;

 

 

price increases;

 

 

cybersecurity and software system failures and breaches;

 

 

reductions in worker’s compensation claims or the demand for our services, from whatever source; and

 

 

delays, reductions, non-payment or cancellations of contracts we have previously entered.

 

For more detailed information about particular risk factors related to us and our business, see Item 1A Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on March 31, 2021 (the “Annual Report”).

 

Forward-looking statements are predictions and not guarantees of future performance or events. Forward-looking statements are based on current industry, financial and economic information, which management has assessed but which by its nature, is dynamic and subject to rapid and possibly abrupt change. Our actual results could differ materially from those stated or implied by such forward-looking statements. We hereby qualify all our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report, unless otherwise indicated, and should not be unduly relied upon in making investment or voting decisions. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise (other than pursuant to reporting obligations imposed on registrants pursuant to the Exchange Act) to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes contained elsewhere in this report and in our other filings with the Commission.

 

 

Throughout this quarterly report, unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms, “we,” “us,” “our” or “the Company” refer to Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc., (“PHCO”) and our wholly owned subsidiaries Medex Healthcare, Inc. (“Medex”), Industrial Resolutions Coalition, Inc. (“IRC”), Medex Managed Care, Inc. (“MMC”), Medex Medical Management, Inc. (“MMM”), Medex Legal Support, Inc., (“MLS”) and Pacific Medical Holding Company, Inc. (“PMHC”).

 

Overview

 

We incorporated under the laws of the state of Utah in April 1970 under the name Clear Air, Inc.  We changed our name to Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc., in January 2001.  In February 2001 we acquired Medex Healthcare, Inc. (“Medex”), a California corporation organized in March 1994, in a share for share exchange.  Medex is in the business of managing and administering both Health Care Organizations (“HCOs”) and Medical Provider Networks (“MPNs”) in the state of California.  In August 2001 we formed Industrial Resolutions Coalition, Inc. (“IRC”), a California corporation, as a wholly owned subsidiary of PHCO.  IRC oversees and manages our Workers’ Compensation carve-outs services. In June 2010 we acquired Medex Legal Support, Inc. (“MLS”), a Nevada corporation incorporated in September 2009.  MLS offers lien representation services and Medicare Set-aside services (“MSA”).  In February 2012 we incorporated Medex Medical Management, Inc., (“MMM”) in the state of Nevada, as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.  MMM is responsible for overseeing and managing medical case management services. In March 2011 we incorporated Medex Managed Care, Inc. (“MMC”) in the state of Nevada, as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.  MMC oversees and manages the Company’s utilization review and bill review services. In October 2018 we incorporated Pacific Medical Holding Company, Inc. (“PMHC”) to act as a holding company for future potential acquisitions. In order to simplify business procedures, bookkeeping and administrative structure; and eliminate duplicative functions and reduce costs; we plan to terminate the existence of IRC, MLS and PMHC and wind up those subsidiaries during 2021. The business, assets and liabilities of those entities will be transferred to PHCO or its other subsidiaries.

 

Business of the Company

 

We offer an integrated and layered array of complimentary business solutions that enable our customers to better manage their employee workers’ compensation-related healthcare administration costs. We are constantly looking for ways to expand the suite of services we can provide our customers, either through strategic acquisitions or organic development.

 

Our business objective is to deliver value to our customers that reduces their workers’ compensation-related medical claims expense in a manner that will assure injured employees receive high quality healthcare that allows them to recover from injury and return to gainful employment without undue delay. According to studies conducted by auditing bodies on behalf of the California Division of Workers’ Compensation, (“DWC”) the two most significant cost drivers for workers’ compensation are claims frequency and medical treatment costs. Our services focus on containing medical treatment costs.

 

We offer our customers access to our health care organizations (“HCOs”) and our medical provider networks (“MPNs”). We also provide medical case management, utilization review, medical bill review, workers’ compensation carve-outs and Medicare set-aside services. Additionally, we offer lien representation and expert witness testimony, ancillary to our services. We provide our services as a bundled solution, as standalone services, or as add-on services.

 

Our core services focus on reducing medical treatment costs by enabling our customers to share control over the medical treatment process. This control is primarily obtained by participation in one of our medical treatment networks. We hold several valuable government-issued licenses to operate medical treatment networks. Through Medex we hold two of the total of seven licenses issued by the state of California to establish and manage HCOs within the state of California. We also hold approvals issued by the state of California to act as an MPN and currently administer 30 MPNs. Our HCO and MPN programs provide our customers with provider networks within which the customer has some ability to direct the administration of the claim. This is designed to decrease the incidence of fraudulent claims and disability awards and ensure injured employees receive the necessary back-to-work rehabilitation and training they need. Our medical bill and utilization review services provide oversight of medical billing and treatment requests, along with medical case management, which keeps medical treatment claims progressing to a resolution and assures treatment plans are aligned from a medical perspective.

 

 

Our customers include self-administered employers, insurers, third party administrators, municipalities, and others. Our principal customers are companies with operations located in the state of California where the high cost of workers’ compensation insurance is a critical problem for employers, though we have processed medical bill reviews in 17 states. Our provider networks, which are located only in California, are composed of providers experienced in treating worker injuries.

 

Our business generally has a long sales cycle, typically more than one year. Once we have established a customer relationship and enrolled employees of our customers, we anticipate our revenue to adjust with the growth or retraction of our customers’ managed headcount. Throughout the year, we expect new employees and customers to be added while others terminate for a variety of reasons.

 

Impact of COVID-19 on our Business

 

To date, we have been able to adapt our business operations to a primarily remote workforce, with no material interruptions in service, data breaches, technology failures, or ability to complete mission-critical functions. So far, we have been able to effectively maintain contact with employees, partners, clients, and other related parties using technological solutions such as virtual meetings, enhanced collaboration programs, and have developed policies and protocols to ensure department and employee performance quality is maintained despite the change in work setting. This has resulted in costs associated with maintaining a remote workforce, including reimbursing employees for internet, phone, and office supply expenses; costs of sanitizing and cleaning the office after potential COVID-19 exposure events; costs of cleaning and PPE supplies; additional computer hardware costs; and some administrative burdens in complying with California laws and regulations related to COVID-19 safety.

 

Revenue for our services is derived from our customers’ employee counts and workers’ workplace injuries. Several of our customers, including some of our largest customers, have had to suspend or significantly modify their operations during the pandemic. Until the impacts of COVID-19 on our customers’ businesses lessen, employees return to more normal workloads and the occurrence of workplace injuries returns to more traditional levels, we anticipate our revenues will continue to be negatively affected.

 

As of the date of this report, California’s modified state orders allow businesses, including businesses operated by our customers, to operate under COVID-19 restrictions, such as limited capacity. Under the California state orders, the determination of which businesses are affected will be on a county by county-basis as COVID-19 cases reach certain thresholds. Despite the modified state orders, we anticipate that our affected customers will continue to experience lower than normal business volume and employee counts due to the pandemic.

 

California has passed legislation to address employer liability in workers’ compensation for COVID-19 cases. At this time, the extent to which workers’ compensation will be used to address COVID-19 treatment in California is unclear.

 

On April 1, 2020, the Department of Labor issued regulations to implement the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (“FFCRA”) which provided employees paid leave for COVID-19 related illness for themselves and/or a family member and provided employers with tax credits. The FFRCA expired on December 31, 2020. On March 11, 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act (“ARPA”) was signed into law. The ARPA makes tax credits available to employers with fewer than 500 employees who voluntarily choose to grant employees paid leave under the FFCRA through September 30, 2021, and updates certain FFCRA leave provisions. We voluntarily chose to extend the FFCRA paid leave through September 30, 2021 to employees for qualifying reasons and take the tax credits.

 

On March 19, 2021, California passed its own COVID-19 Supplemental Paid Sick Leave law (“CA SPSL”). It provides employees paid leave for COVID-19 related reasons such as caring for themselves, family members, or for vaccine related appointments or illnesses caused by COVID-19 or the vaccine from January 1, 2021 through September 30, 2021. The CA SPSL allows for employees to retroactively request reimbursement for qualifying leave or to use it towards future requests through September 30, 2021.

 

 

On April 21, 2020, PHCO was granted a Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) loan for an amount of $133,400. On April 30, 2020 and May 11, 2020 subsidiaries MMM and MMC were granted PPP loans of $267,700 and $59,600, respectively. In the spirit of the PPP loan program policy of protecting the continued economic stability of employees, the majority of the PPP loan amounts went towards payroll and employee benefit expenses. In February 2021 PHCO, MMC, and MMM received full forgiveness of their PPP loans including interest. MMM was eligible for and received a Second Draw PPP Loan in the amount of $218,900 on April 1, 2021. This Second Draw PPP Loan can qualify for full loan forgiveness if the disbursements meet the required forgiveness criteria.

 

We have taken measures to ensure data security in our transition to remote work during the pandemic, but there is no guarantee that they will be completely effective, that our productivity will not be adversely impacted, or that we will not encounter some of the common risks associated with a remote workforce, including employees accessing company data and systems remotely. As discussed in greater detail in Item 1A Risk Factors of our Annual Report, our business has been and could continue to be materially and adversely affected by the potential interruptions to our business operations arising from the COVID-19 outbreak.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following represents selected components of our consolidated results of operations, for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, together with changes from period-to-period:

 

   

For three months ended

March 31,

     

Amount of Change

     

% Change

 
   

2021

   

2020

         
                                 

Revenues:

                               

HCO

  $ 291,254     $ 326,665     $ (35,411

)

    (11

%)

MPN

    131,878       120,749       11,129       9

%

Utilization review

    265,604       296,055       (30,451

)

    (10

%)

Medical bill review

    96,667       83,079       13,588       16

%

Medical case management

    484,433       677,212       (192,779

)

    (28

%)

Other

    54,526       49,149       5,377       11

%

Total revenues

    1,324,362       1,552,909       (228,547

)

    (15

%)

                                 

Expense:

                               

Depreciation

    12,619       17,231       (4,612

)

    (27

%)

Bad debt provision

    -       101       (101

)

    (100

%)

Consulting fees

    57,123       75,693       (18,570

)

    (25

%)

Salaries and wages

    694,618       745,989       (51,371

)

    (7

%)

Professional fees

    65,829       87,226       (21,397

)

    (25

%)

Insurance

    86,696       94,793       (8,097

)

    (9

%)

Outsource service fees

    101,803       106,114       (4,311

)

    (4

%)

Data maintenance

    13,296       39,728       (26,432

)

    (67

%)

General and administrative

    171,785       214,853       (43,068

)

    (20

%)

Total expenses

    1,203,769       1,381,728       (177,959

)

    (13

%)

                                 

Income from operations

    120,593       171,181       (50,588

)

    (30

%)

                                 

Other income (expense)

                               

Paycheck protection program loan forgiveness income

    464,386       -       464,386       100

%

Paycheck protection program loan interest income (expense)

    (3,686

)

    -       (3,686

)

    (100

%)

Total other income (expense)

    460,700       -       460,700       100

%

                                 

Income before taxes

    581,293       171,181       410,112       240

%

Income tax provision

    (74,008 )     (48,053

)

    (25,955

)

    54

%

                                 

 Net income

  $ 507,285     $ 123,128     $ 384,157       312

%

 

 

Revenue

 

HCO

 

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, HCO fee revenues were $291,254 and $326,665, respectively.  The 11% decrease in HCO revenue was primarily attributable to three HCO customers terminating HCO enrollment and fewer custom networks fees paid by customers to maintain custom provider lists. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in claims network fees, a fee to access our network for each worker injury claim, resulting from an increase in the number of worker injury claims from a customer. HCO revenue is generated largely from fees charged to our customers for access to our HCO networks, per claim fees, notification fees and fees for other services our HCO customers select. HCO notifications are mailed out annually and handed out by the employers for all their new hires during the month.

 

MPN

 

MPN fee revenue for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, was $131,878 and $120,749, respectively, an increase of 9% resulting from an increase in the number of claims reported by two customers. Like HCO revenue, MPN revenue is generated largely from fees charged to our customers for access to our MPN networks, per claim fees and fees for other services our MPN customers select. Unlike the HCO, MPNs do not require annual notifications. MPNs only require a notice be given to an injured worker at the time the employer is notified by the injured worker that an injury has occurred.

 

Utilization review

 

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, utilization review revenue was $265,604 and $296,055, respectively.  The decrease of 10% in the 2021 period was primarily attributable to the loss of one customer and decreased activity from several others due to COVID-19. These decreases were partially offset by the addition of a new customer and increased activities from another customer.

 

Our customers retain us to review proposals for medical treatment. Utilization review is the review of medical treatment requests by providers to provide a safeguard for employers and injured workers against unnecessary and inappropriate medical treatment from the perspective of medical necessity, quality of care, appropriateness of decision-making, and timeliness of treatment. Its purpose is to reduce employer liability for medical costs that are not medically appropriate or approved by the relevant medical and legal authorities and the payor.

 

Medical bill review

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, medical bill review revenue increased 16% to $96,667 from $83,079 during the same period a year earlier.  This increase was due to an increase in volume of hospital bills reviewed. The increase was partially offset by the loss of a customer.

 

Medical bill review involves analyzing medical provider services and equipment billing to ascertain proper reimbursement.  Such services include, but are not limited to, coding review and re-bundling, confirming that the services are customary and reasonable, fee schedule compliance, out-of-network bill review, pharmacy review, and preferred provider organization repricing arrangements.  Our medical bill review services can result in significant savings for our customers.

 

Medical case management

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, medical case management revenue was $484,433 and $677,212, respectively. The decrease was primarily the result of the loss of two customers and a decrease in the number and amount of time spent on claims managed with existing customers. The decrease was partially offset by the addition of a new customer.

 

 

Medical case management keeps medical treatment claims progressing to a resolution and assures treatment plans are aligned from a medical perspective. Medical oversight is a collaborative process that assesses, evaluates, coordinates, implements and monitors medical treatment plans and the options and services required to meet an injured worker’s health needs. A medical case manager acts as a liaison between the injured worker, claims adjuster, medical providers and attorneys to achieve optimal results for injured workers and customers. We work to manage the number of nurses in our program to maintain our ratio of claims per nurse at a level that ensures timely and appropriate medical care is given to the injured worker and facilitates faster claims closures for our customers.

 

Other

 

Other fees consist of revenue derived from network access, lien representation, legal support services, Medicare-set-aside and workers’ compensation carve-outs services.  Other fee revenue for three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, was $54,526 and $49,149, respectively. The increase was due to an increase in Medicare-set-asides processed and fewer claims accessing our network.

 

Expenses

 

Total expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, were $1,203,769 and $1,381,728, respectively.  The 13% decrease was primarily due to decreases in depreciation, bad debt provision, consulting fees, salaries and wages, professional fees, insurance, outsource service fees, data maintenance and general and administrative.

 

Depreciation

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, we recorded depreciation expense of $12,619 compared to $17,231 during the comparable 2020 period.  The decrease in depreciation was due to equipment that had fully depreciated prior to the quarter ended March 31, 2021.

 

Consulting fees

 

Consulting fees decreased from $75,693 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, to $57,123 during the three months ended March 31, 2021. This decrease was the result of terminating a consultant and fewer consultant fees to assist with our insurance company acquisition search.

 

Salaries and wages

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, salaries and wages decreased 7% to $694,618 compared to $745,989 during the same period in 2020.  Salaries and wages were lower during the first quarter 2021 because we had fewer full-time employees.

 

Professional fees

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we incurred professional fees of $65,829 compared to $87,226 during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in professional fees was mainly the result of fewer fees paid for outsourced medical case management services and lower fees paid to board members as a result of fewer board meetings being held during the three months ended March 31, 2021. These reductions were partially offset by increased professional fees paid for outsourced accounting services.

 

Insurance

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, we incurred insurance expenses of $86,696, a 9% decrease over the same three-month period in 2020.  The decrease in insurance expense was primarily attributable to decreases in our group health insurance premiums as we had fewer full-time employees in the first quarter of 2021. This decrease was partially offset by the increases in insurance expenses for business, director and officer liability, and workers’ compensation. We expect insurance fees to increase in May and August 2021, when our business insurances and current group health insurance plan are up for renewals, respectively.

 

 

Outsource service fees

 

Outsource service fees consist of costs incurred by our subsidiaries in outsourcing general administrative tasks, utilization review, medical bill review, medical case management and Medicare set-aside services, and typically tend to increase and decrease in correspondence with increases and decreases in demand for those services. We incurred $101,803 and $106,114 in outsource service fees during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decrease of $4,311 was the result of decreases in outsourced services fees due to several factors including timing differences on re-enrollment notice deliveries and changes in enrollment. We anticipate our outsource service fees will continue to move correspondingly with the levels of client claims.

 

Data maintenance

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, data maintenance fees were $13,296 and $39,728, respectively.  The decrease of 67% was primarily the result of recording the costs of notification associated with a customer’s annual HCO and MPN renotifications during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 when compared to the same period in 2020. Data maintenance fees tend to fluctuate from month to month depending on when new customers are enrolled, when the annual renewal of existing customer notification is due, and how many new employees our customers enroll in our HCO or MPN program.

 

General and administrative

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, general and administrative expenses decreased 20% compared to the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily attributable to decreases in dues and subscriptions, equipment and repairs, IT enhancements, licenses and permits, office supplies, parking, postage and delivery, rent expense – equipment, shareholders’ expenses, travel and entertainment, vacation, and miscellaneous expenses, partially offset by increases in auto expenses, bank charges, telephone, and rent. These changes in general and administrative expenses are largely the result of COVID-19-related changes to how we have conducted business since March 2020.

 

Income from Operations

 

Income from operations decreased 30% during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, when compared to the same period in 2020, as the result of the 15% decrease in revenue, which was only partially offset by the 13% decrease in expenses.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

In February 2021, the principal and interest on the PPP loans issued to PHCO, MMC and MMM in April and May 2020, were forgiven in full. As a result, we realized total other income of $460,700 during the quarter ended March 31, 2021. During the corresponding period ended March 31, 2020, we realized no other income (expense).

 

Income Tax Provision

 

We realized income before taxes of $581,293 and $171,181 during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The increase in income before taxes was the result of income realized from forgiveness of Paycheck Protection Program loans, which totaled $460,700, partially offset by lower income from operations. The 54% increase of income tax provision was the combination of decreases in federal and state taxes on operating income and no federal taxation on Paycheck Protection Program loan forgiveness income, partially offset by increases in state income tax provision as it applies to Paycheck Protection Program loan income.

 

Net Income

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, net income was $507,285 compared to $123,128 for the same period in 2020. This increase of $384,157, was the result of other income realized from the forgiveness of Paycheck Protection Program loans and interest in the amount of $464,386, partially offset by a $50,588 decrease in income from operations.

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had cash on hand of $9,909,751 compared to $9,498,457 as of December 31, 2020. The $411,294 increase was primarily the result of net cash provided by our operating activities, partially offset by cash used in investing activities. Net cash provided by our operating activities was the result of a decrease in income from operations coupled with increases in deferred rent asset, accounts payable, accrued expenses, income tax payable, and unearned revenue and decreases in accounts receivable, receivable – other, deferred rent expense and prepaid expense.

 

We used $3,234 in investing activities to purchase computers, furniture and equipment. 

 

In February 2021, we received full loan and interest forgiveness of the three Paycheck Protection Program loans received by PHCO, MMC and MMM in the amounts of $134,467, $60,077, and $269,842, respectively.

 

Since July 2020, we have not laid off or otherwise reduced our workforce because of COVID-19. As noted above, we have taken advantage of and may in the future avail ourselves of federal, state or local government programs to protect our workforce as management and our board of directors determine to be in the best interest of the Company and our shareholders.

 

Historically, we have generally realized positive cash flows from operating activities, which, coupled with positive reserves of cash on hand have been used to fund our operating expenses and obligations. Management currently believes that absent any unanticipated COVID-19 impact, including, but not limited to a significant longer-term downturn in the economy or the loss of several major customers within a condensed period, cash on hand and anticipated revenues from operations will be sufficient to cover our operating expenses over the next twelve months.

 

As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to play out in our industry and the broader economy, we believe our strong cash position, could allow us to identify and capitalize on potential opportunities to expand our current businesses or enter into new industries, such as the insurance industry. The opportunities are anticipated to emerge through the acquisition of existing businesses that may have insufficient resources to overcome the impacts of the pandemic or through the creation of new lines of business by the Company.  Depending upon the nature of the opportunities we identify, such acquisitions or expansion could require greater capital resources than we currently possess.  Should we need additional capital resources, we could seek to obtain such through debt and/or equity financing.  We do not currently possess an institutional source of financing and there is no assurance that we could be successful in obtaining equity or debt financing when needed on favorable terms, or at all.  We could also use shares of our capital stock as consideration for a business acquisition transaction, but there is also no assurance that there would be significant market interest in our capital stock.

 

Cash Flow

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, cash was primarily used to fund operations. We had a net increase in cash of $411,294 during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a net increase of $385,117 during the three months ended March 31, 2020. See below for additional information.

 

   

For the three months ended March 31,

 
   

2021

(unaudited)

   

2020

(unaudited)

 
                 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 414,528     $ 404,754  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (3,234

)

    (19,637

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

    -       -  
                 

Net increase in cash

  $ 411,294     $ 385,117  

 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, net cash provided by operating activities was $414,528 and $404,754, respectively. As discussed herein, we realized net income of $507,285 during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to net income of $123,128 during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase of $9,774 in cash flow from operating activities was primarily the result of a decrease in income from operations together with increases in deferred rent asset, accounts payable, accrued expenses, income tax payable, and unearned revenue and decreases in accounts receivable, receivable – other, deferred rent expense, and prepaid expenses.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $3,234 and $19,637 during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.  Net cash used in investing activities was lower by $16,403 during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, because of a decrease in expenditures for computers, furniture, and equipment.

 

Contractual Obligations and Contingencies

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide this information.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Financing Arrangements

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had no off-balance sheet financing arrangements.

 

Inflation

 

We experience pricing pressures in the form of competitive prices.  Insurance carriers and third-party administrators often try to take our clients by offering bundled claims administration services with their own managed care services at a lower rate. We are also impacted by rising costs for certain inflation-sensitive operating expenses such as labor and employee benefits and facility leases. We believe that these impacts are material to our revenues or net income. Some of our clients are public entities which contract with us at a fixed price for the term of the contract. Increases in labor and employee benefits can reduce our profit margin over the term of these contracts.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principle generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Application of these principles requires us to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We continually evaluate our accounting policies, estimates, and judgments and base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Because of the inherent uncertainty in making estimates and judgments, actual results could differ from our estimates and judgments. We consider (i) revenue recognition, (ii) leases, (iii) allowance for uncollectible accounts, and (iv) income taxes to be the most critical accounting policies because they relate to accounting areas that require the most subjective or complex judgments by us, and, as such, could be most subject to revision as new information becomes available.

 

Revenue Recognition: We recognize revenue when control of the promised services is transferred to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be entitled to in exchange for those services. As we complete our performance obligations which are identified below, we have an unconditional right to consideration as outlined in our contracts with our customers. Generally, our accounts receivables are expected to be collected in 30 days in accordance with the underlying payment terms.

 

We offer multiple services under our managed care and network solutions service lines, which the customer may choose to purchase. These services are billed individually as separate components to our customers. Revenue is recognized as the work is performed in accordance with our customer contracts. Based upon the nature of our products, bundled managed care elements are generally delivered in the same accounting period. Advance payments from subscribers and billings made in advance are recorded on the balance sheet as unearned revenue.

 

 

Leases: We determine if an arrangement includes a lease at inception. Right-of-use assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term; and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of the lease, renewal date of the lease or significant remodeling of the lease space based on the present value of the remaining future minimum lease payments. Leases with a term greater than one year are recognized on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets and short-term and long-term lease liabilities, as applicable.

 

Operating lease liabilities and their corresponding right-of-use assets are initially recorded based on the present value of lease payments over the expected remaining lease term. The interest rate implicit in lease contracts is typically not readily determinable. As a result, we utilize our incremental borrowing rate to discount lease payments, which reflects the fixed rate at which we could borrow on a collateralized basis the amount of the lease payments in the same currency, for a similar term, in a similar economic environment. Our leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease which are included in the lease term when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise any such options. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts: We determine our allowance for uncollectible accounts by considering a number of factors, including the length of time trade accounts receivables are past due, our previous loss history, the customers’ current ability to pay its obligation to us, and the condition of the general economy and the industry as a whole. We write off accounts receivables when they become uncollectible.

 

We must make significant judgments and estimates in determining contractual and bad debt allowances in any accounting period. One significant uncertainty inherent in our analysis is whether our past experience will be indicative of future periods. Although we consider future projections when estimating contractual and bad debt allowances, we ultimately make our decisions based on the best information available to us at the time the decision is made. Adverse changes in general economic conditions or trends in reimbursement amounts for our services could affect our contractual and bad debt allowance estimates, collection of accounts receivables, cash flows, and results of operations. Two customers accounted for 10% or more of accounts receivable at March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Accounting for Income Taxes: We record a tax provision for the anticipated tax consequences of our reported results of operations. The provision for income taxes is computed using the asset and liability method, under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates that apply to taxable income in effect for the years in which those tax assets are expected to be realized or settled. We record a valuation allowance, if necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized.

 

We recognize tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such positions are then measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement.

 

Management believes it is more likely than not that forecasted income, including income that may be generated as a result of certain tax planning strategies, together with future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, will be sufficient to fully recover the deferred tax assets. In the event we determine all, or part of the net deferred tax assets are not realizable in the future, we will make an adjustment to the valuation allowance that would be charged to earnings in the period such determination is made. In addition, the calculation of tax liabilities involves significant judgment in estimating the impact of uncertainties in the application of GAAP and complex tax laws. Resolution of these uncertainties in a manner inconsistent with management’s expectations could have a material impact on our financial condition and operating results. The significant assumptions and estimates described above are important contributors to our ultimate effective tax rate in each year.

 

 

Item 3.          Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

 

This information is not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 4.          Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms.  Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report.  Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021, the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2021, that materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II.   OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1A.       Risk Factors

 

Management does not believe there have been any material changes to the risk factors listed in Part I, “Item 1A, Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.  These risk factors should be carefully considered with the information provided elsewhere in this report, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 6.          Exhibits

 

Exhibits.  The following exhibits are filed or furnished, as applicable, as part of this report:

 

 

Exhibit Number

 

Title of Document

       
 

Exhibit 31.1

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

       
 

Exhibit 31.2

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

       
 

Exhibit 32.1

 

Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

       
 

Exhibit 101

 

The following materials from Pacific Health Care Organization, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2021, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (iv) Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

   

PACIFIC HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATION, INC.

       
       

Date:

May 17, 2021

/s/ Tom Kubota  
   

Tom Kubota

Chief Executive Officer

 

       

Date:

May 17, 2021

/s/ Kristina Kubota  
   

Kristina Kubota

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

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