UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

☒ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021

 

or

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________ to _________

 

000-55922

Commission file number

 

Nukkleus Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   38-3912845
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
525 Washington Boulevard, Jersey City, New Jersey   07310
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

212-791-4663

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Not applicable.        

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: Common Stock, par value $0.0001

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☐ Yes ☒ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ☒ Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $4,420,000 as of March 31, 2021, based upon the closing stock price $0.23 per share reported for such date.

 

State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class   Outstanding December 29, 2021
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share   332,024,371 shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Although our forward-looking statements reflect the good faith judgment of our management, these statements can be based only on facts and factors of which we are currently aware. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results and outcomes may differ materially from results and outcomes discussed in the forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “future,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” “predict,” “hope,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements under the captions “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis or Plan of Operation” and “Description of Business,” as well as other sections in this report. Such forward-looking statements are based on our management’s current plans and expectations and are subject to risks, uncertainties and changes in plans that may cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. You should be aware that, as a result of any of these factors materializing, the trading price of our common stock may decline. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  the availability and adequacy of capital to support and grow our business;
     
  economic, competitive, business and other conditions in our local and regional markets;
     
  actions taken or not taken by others, including competitors, as well as legislative, regulatory, judicial and other governmental authorities;
     
  competition in our industry;
     
  changes in our business and growth strategy, capital improvements or development plans;
     
  the availability of additional capital to support development; and
     
  other factors discussed elsewhere in this annual report.

 

The cautionary statements made in this annual report are intended to be applicable to all related forward-looking statements wherever they may appear in this report.

 

We urge you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward looking-statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

All references in this Form 10-K that refer to the “Company”, “Nukkleus”, “we,” “us” or “our” refer to Nukkleus Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Item 1. Business 1
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 5
     
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 11
     
Item 2. Properties 11
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 11
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 11
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 12
     
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 13
     
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 13
     
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 17
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 18
     
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 19
     
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 19
     
Item 9B. Other Information 19
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 20
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 22
     
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 23
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 24
     
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 26
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 27
     
SIGNATURES 29

 

i

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

Nukkleus Inc. (formerly known as, Compliance & Risk Management Solutions Inc.) (the “Company” or “Nukkleus”) was formed on July 29, 2013 in the State of Delaware as a for-profit Company and established a fiscal year end of September 30.

 

Overview

 

We are a financial technology company which is focused on providing software and technology solutions for the worldwide retail foreign exchange (“FX”) trading industry. We primarily provide our software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package to Triton Capital Markets Ltd. (“TCM”), formerly known as FXDD Malta Limited (“FXDD Malta”). The FXDD brand (e.g., see FXDD.com) is the brand utilized in the retail forex trading industry by TCM.

  

As part of the Assets acquired, we acquired ownership of FOREXWARE, the primary software suite and technology solution which powers the FXDD brand globally today. We also have ownership of the FOREXWARE brand name. We have also acquired ownership of the customer interface and other software trading solutions being used by FXDD.com. By virtue of our relationship with TCM and FXDirectDealer LLC (“FXDIRECT”), we provide turnkey software and technology solutions for FXDD.com. We offer the customers of FXDD 24 hour, five days a week direct access to the global over the counter (“OTC”) FX market, which is a decentralized market in which participants trade directly with one another, rather than through a central exchange.

 

In an FX trade, participants effectively buy one currency and simultaneously sell another currency, with the two currencies that make up the trade being referred to as a “currency pair”. Our software and technology solutions enable FXDD to present its customers with price quotations on over the counter tradeable instruments, including over the counter currency pairs, and also provide our customers the ability to trade FX derivative contracts on currency pairs through a product referred to as Contracts for Difference (“CFD”). Our software solutions also offer other CFD products, including CFDs on metals, such as gold, and on futures linked to other products.

 

In July 2018, the Company incorporated Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd., which is a wholly-owned subsidiary. In July 2018, Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd. incorporated Markets Direct Technology Group Ltd (“MDTG”), formerly known as Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. MDTG was exploring potentially obtaining a license to operate an electronic exchange whereby it would facilitate the buying and selling of various digital assets as well as traditional currency pairs used in FX Trading. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, management made the decision to exit the exchange business and to no longer pursue the regulatory licensing necessary to operate an exchange in Malta.

 

On August 27, 2020, the Company renamed Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. to Markets Direct Technology Group Ltd (“MDTG”). MDTG manages the technology and IP behind the Markets Direct brand (which is operated by TCM). MDTG holds all the IP addresses and all the software licenses in its name, and it holds all the IP rights to the brands such as Markets Direct and TCM. MDTG then leases out the rights to use these names/brands licenses to the appropriate entities.

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company and the shareholders of Match Financial Limited (the “Match Shareholders”), a private limited company formed in England and Wales (“Match”), entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Match Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company, on May 28, 2021, acquired 1,152 ordinary shares of Match representing 70% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match in consideration of 70,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Initial Transaction”). On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. Match is engaged in providing financial services to enable conversion of fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies and vice versa.

 

On October 20, 2021, the Company and the shareholders (the “Original Shareholders”) of Jacobi Asset Management Holdings Limited (“Jacobi”) entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Jacobi Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to acquire 5.0% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Jacobi in consideration of 20,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Transaction”). On December 15, 2021, the Company, the Original Shareholders and the shareholders of Jacobi that were assigned their interest in Jacobi by the Original Shareholders (the “New Jacobi Shareholders”) entered into an Amendment to Stock Purchase Agreement agreeing that the Transaction will be entered between the Company and the New Jacobi Shareholders. The Transaction closed on December 15, 2021. Jacobi is a company focused on digital asset management that has received regulatory approval to launch the world’s first tier one Bitcoin ETF. 

 

1

 

 

FXDD Agreements

 

On May 24, 2016, Nukkleus Limited entered into a General Service Agreement to provide its software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package to FML Malta Ltd. In December 2017, Nukkleus Limited, FML Malta Ltd. and TCM entered into a letter agreement providing that there was an error in drafting the General Service Agreement and acknowledging that the correct counter-party to Nukkleus Limited in the General Service Agreement is TCM. Accordingly, all references to FML Malta Ltd. have been replaced with TCM. TCM is a private limited liability company formed under the laws of Malta. The General Service Agreement entered with TCM provides that TCM will pay Nukkleus Limited at minimum $2,000,000 per month. On October 17, 2017, Nukkleus Limited entered into an amendment of the General Service Agreement with TCM. In accordance with the amendment, which was effective as of October 1, 2017, the minimum amount payable by TCM to Nukkleus Limited for services was reduced from $2,000,000 per month to $1,600,000 per month. Emil Assentato is also the majority member of Max Q Investments LLC (“Max Q”), which is managed by Derivative Marketing Associates Inc. (“DMA”). Mr. Assentato is the sole owner and manager of DMA. Max Q owns 79% of Currency Mountain Malta LLC, which in turn is the sole shareholder of TCM.

 

In addition, on May 24, 2016, in order to appropriately service TCM, Nukkleus Limited entered into a General Service Agreement with FXDIRECT, which provides that Nukkleus Limited will pay FXDIRECT a minimum of $1,975,000 per month in consideration of providing personnel engaged in operational and technical support, marketing, sales support, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. FXDIRECT may terminate this agreement upon providing 90 days’ written notice. On October 17, 2017, Nukkleus Limited entered into an amendment of the General Service Agreement with FXDIRECT. Pursuant to the amendment, which was effective as of October 1, 2017, the minimum amount payable by Nukkleus Limited to FXDIRECT for services was reduced from $1,975,000 per month to $1,575,000 per month. Currency Mountain Holdings LLC is the sole shareholder of FXDIRECT. Max Q is the majority shareholder of Currency Mountain Holdings LLC.

 

The Market Opportunity

 

The FX market is a global, decentralized market for the trading of currencies. FX trading involves the simultaneous buying and selling of a currency pair for the purposes of hedging currency risk or to generate a profit. The FX market, once limited to large financial institutions, has expanded and matured over the past decade, and now captures a wide range of participants, including central banks, commercial banks, non-bank corporations, hedge funds, brokers and individual investors / traders. The market’s expansion has helped lead to a significant increase in trading activity. In addition to the increase in the breadth of market participants, key factors driving higher trading volumes include the adoption of electronic and high frequency trading, tighter trading spreads, rising volatility among currencies and enhanced access to FX trading markets – primarily through online brokers, such as FXDD – for retail investors.

 

FX trading, initially utilized primarily for hedging purposes, has evolved as investor sophistication levels have risen, trading costs have fallen, and as currencies have become increasingly viewed as a viable investment asset class. FX’s low, (or even negative) correlation among certain other portfolio assets, namely equities and fixed income, may help investors reduce overall portfolio volatility. As such, we believe that currencies are often viewed as an important portfolio diversification tool.

 

Fueled by the growing adoption of the internet, the retail segment of the FX market began to emerge in the late 1990s. Developing online brokerage firms provided individual investors with direct access to the global FX markets. Prior to the development of these trading platforms, individual retail investors were effectively locked out of the FX market as minimum trade sizes were typically too high for individual retail investors. Online FX brokers lowered the minimum volume barriers and transactions costs for retail trading, allowing individuals to establish trading accounts with much lower initial deposits. We believe the retail FX segment now represents the fastest growing portion of the overall FX market. We believe this growth will be driven by a handful of key market trends, including:

 

Increased investor demand for exposure to currencies;

 

Increasing internet adoption across the globe;

 

Growing engagement of the “offline” market;

 

Development of emerging markets and the emergence of an affluent middle class; and

 

Increasing regulation resulting in greater confidence.

 

Participants in the retail FX market are geographically dispersed. Retail FX brokers, such as FXDD are seeking to expand their presence in projected high growth regional areas, such as Asia and the Middle East.

 

Systems and Services

 

Nukkleus provides its services in the following service categories:

 

Category One: Introducing Broker Dealer Network and the Introducing Broker Interface

 

Category Two: Chinese and Middle East customer desk support

 

2

 

 

Category Three: Bridging software to the Meta Trader (MT4 and MT 5) platforms

 

Category Four: Forex Market Liquidity Access

 

Category Five: Turnkey risk management support software and Risk Management Team

 

Category Six: Front End Software Retail Trading Platforms and Customer Application Systems

 

Category Seven: Back Office Systems management

 

Category One: Introducing Broker Dealer Network

 

Nukkleus, by arrangement pursuant to our services agreement with TCM and FXDIRECT, provides to TCM clients an introducing broker (IB) network spread across China, Japan and the Middle East. Our approach to the retail FX market is to focus on the development of relationships with independent local referring brokers who provide a recurring source of new customers. These referring brokers do not have an exclusive relationship with us, but are offered a competitive commission structure to deliver new customers to us. Our account managers primarily focus on building relationships with referring brokers, and master referring brokers (who refer other referring brokers to us), as well as with customers referred to us by referring brokers and acquired by us directly. We believe this approach, in contrast to retail FX brokers that focus solely or primarily on acquiring accounts through online marketing campaigns, has allowed us to provide services to TCM, which allows entities to achieve strong levels of net trading income, and accounts, as well as lower up front customer acquisition costs and greater customer satisfaction. Referring brokers are typically either individuals who are current or former FX traders or individuals or companies active in the area of FX trading and education and investment services advisory business.

 

The Introducing Broker (IB) Interface: The Introducing Broker (“IB”) interface empowers our partners to view real time account data such as payouts, customer activity and reports.

 

Category Two: Asia, including Chinese and Middle East Customer Desk Support

 

Nukkleus, by arrangement pursuant to our services agreement, provides to TCM customer desk support in multiple languages. A key element of the business strategy is the large, multi-lingual and multi-ethnic team of account managers at the headquarters in Jersey City, New Jersey, as well as in certain other locations such as Malta, Jakarta, Indonesia and Tokyo, Japan. We obtained the services of account managers by virtue of our services agreement with FXDIRECT. Account managers are compensated to a significant degree based on their performance, measured by net deposits inflows, new accounts funded and trading volume generated by customers. We believe that this compensation structure motivates our account managers and leads to more active communication with our referring brokers and customers, an improved customer trading experience, improved referring broker and customer retention and increased deposits.

 

Category Three: Bridging Software to the Meta Trader (MT4 and MT5) platforms

 

Meta Trader 4 Bridge: The MT4 Bridge is a middleware product that connects the Meta Trader server with the XW Trading System. The Bridge passes both market data (i.e. quotes) and trading data (i.e. trade executions) between MT4 and the XW servers. By seamlessly integrating the two, the Bridge allows for real time trade execution, reduced slippage, and access to liquidity through the XW Liquidity Matrix.

 

Category Four: Forex Market Liquidity Access

 

XWare Liquidity Matrix: Dealers need access to as much liquidity as possible. Forexware’s liquidity aggregation technology supports API from most of the world’s largest liquidity providers, including banks, hedge funds and electronic communication networks (ECN). Our aggregation technology integrates seamlessly with customers’ existing infrastructure, providing the power to optimize trading processes, manage accounts and revealing the most relevant information to make effective trading decisions.

 

The XWare Liquidity Bridge: With the XWare liquidity bridge, brokers can automatically submit trade requests to the liquidity provider of choice and receive confirmation prior to sending an accept or reject message to the broker’s client. The XWare Liquidity Bridge was developed to improve liquidity processes, risk and availability by providing a direct line of communication to vital backend processes. Brokers can create unique price streams from aggregated liquidity with sophisticated control over liquidity sources, pricing models, execution models and risk management.

 

XWare Live Rate Feed: The XWare Live Rate Feed provides customers with streaming liquidity and prices in real time that integrate seamlessly with existing trading platforms. The Quote Aggregator identifies outliers and bad ticks to ensure our clients capture accurate and reliable pricing to protect them from price fluctuations and anomalies that frequently occur with Liquidity Providers.

 

3

 

 

Category Five: Turnkey Risk Management Support Software, and Risk Management Team

 

Nukkleus, by arrangement pursuant to our services agreement with FXDIRECT, fields a risk management team of seasoned professionals who constantly monitor liquidity flows and manage the hedging of transactions on a 24 / 7 basis, with three eight-hour shifts. This service is provided both to the TCM clients, as well as to third party clients who request this service.

 

XWare Risk Monitor: The XWare Risk Manager is an essential component of the Forexware’s turnkey Xware suite, offered to new brokers entering the market, or existing brokers looking to replace their existing systems. Our management is of the belief that the Risk Manager software suite is the most vigorous and advanced risk management system available in the market today providing customers the power to customize risk management settings at their fingertips.

 

Category Six: Front End Software Retail Trading Platforms and Customer Application Systems

 

XWare Trader is a proprietary platform for retail and institutional traders. It offers fully customizable layouts including colors, layout manager and undocking of windows. Advanced charting, 1 click trading, and automated execution for Algo Traders are all embedded in a modern interface.

 

Swordfish Trader: Swordfish Trader is a proprietary platform for retail and institutional traders. It offers fully customizable layouts including colors, layout manager, and undocking of windows. Advanced charting, 1- click trading, and automated execution for Algo Traders are all embedded in a modern interface. Swordfish further offers risk management monitors unique from other trading platforms. Nukkleus has also acquired the right to apply for a US federal copyright in relation to Swordfish Trader.

 

Category Seven: Back Office Systems Management:

 

XWare Apptracker: Xware Apptracker is a data workflow system designed to automate and manage new customer applications and account information in a centralized location. Xware App Tracker provides customers easy to use tools that save time, organize and track customer application information and manage new customer contract details for fast and efficient review and approval.

 

Reporting System: This complex and proprietary application generates customized reports, with numerous data queries pre-loaded to run in addition to those a client to choose to customize. It is designed to pull any number of named, defined data fields from both local databases and those from third party run databases, such as Oracle Financials.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We have several registered trademarks and service marks (US and foreign) and software assets. We also intend to pursue additional foreign trademark registrations. Nukkleus has been assigned various registrations and trademarks relating to:

 

  Forexware
     
  MTXTREME
     
  Total Broker Solution
     
  Extreme Spreads
     
  When the News Breaks, Be there to Trade it
     
  Swordfish

 

Nukkleus has further acquired Patent Number 8799142 in relation to Forexware Patent. This relates to a method of displaying information associated with currency exchange transactions in real time.

 

Corporate Office

 

Our principal executive office is 525 Washington Blvd, 14th Floor, Jersey City, New Jersey 07310. Our main telephone number is 212-791-4663. Annual Reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC.

 

Employees

 

As of the date of this filing, we have 12 employees, among which, 11 employees work for Digital RFQ Ltd. and 1 employee works for Nukkleus Inc. Through our relationship with FXDIRECT, we have access to approximately 30 account managers who speak over 10 different languages, and FXDIRECT has contractual relationships with hundreds of referring brokers in at least twenty different countries. It also has contracts with various independent contractors and consultants to fulfill additional needs, including investor relations, exploration, development, permitting, and other administrative functions, and may staff further with employees as it expands activities and brings new projects online.

 

4

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Risks Relating to Our Company

 

Although we commenced operations in May 2016, we rely on TCM as our only customer, and the loss of such customer could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are a financial technology company which is focused on providing software and technology solutions for the worldwide retail FX trading industry. We primarily today provide our software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package to TCM, a related party, which provides that TCM pays us at minimum, $1,600,000 per month. The FXDD brand (e.g., see FXDD.com) is the brand utilized in the retail forex trading industry by TCM. We derive all of our revenues under our agreement with TCM. The loss of such customer, or our failure to replace such customer with other customers, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and our results of operations.

 

Although we commenced operations in May 2016, we rely on FXDIRECT as our primary vendor, and the loss of FXDIRECT would have a significant adverse impact on our business.

 

In order to appropriately service our only customer, TCM, we entered into a General Service Agreement with FXDIRECT, a related party, which provides that we pay FXDIRECT at minimum $1,575,000 per month in consideration of providing personnel engaged in operational and technical support, marketing, sales support, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. We derive all of our cost of revenues under our agreement with FXDIRECT. Loss of FXDIRECT could have a significant adverse impact on us.

 

Our principal client, TCM, has its net trading income and profitability influenced by, among other things, the general level of trading activity in the FX market and by currency volatility, both of which are beyond our control.

 

Like other financial services firms, our business and profitability are directly affected by factors that are beyond our control, such as economic and political conditions, broad trends in business and finance, changes in the volume of foreign currency transactions, changes in supply and demand for currencies, movements in currency exchange rates and interest rates, changes in the financial strength of market participants, legislative and regulatory changes, changes in the markets in which such transactions occur, changes in how such transactions are processed and disruptions due to terrorism, war or extreme weather events. In particular, the net trading income and operating results of our principal client, TCM, are influenced by the general level of trading activity in the FX market and by currency volatility and may vary significantly from period to period due to movements and trends in the world’s currency markets and to fluctuations in trading levels. We have generally experienced greater trading volume and higher net trading income in periods of volatile currency markets. Accordingly, a decline in currency volatility or lower levels of trading volume, whether or not attributable to any such decline, as well as any of the foregoing other external factors, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. As a result, period to period comparisons of our operating results may not be meaningful and our future operating results may be subject to significant fluctuations or declines.

 

Our limited operating history makes it difficult for us to evaluate our future business prospects and make decisions based on those estimates of our future performance.

 

Although the FXDD brand has been in existence since in 2006, we have not commenced operations under Nukkleus as a financial technology services company until May 2016. As a consequence, it is difficult, if not impossible, to forecast our future results based upon our historical data. Reliance on the historical results may not be representative of the results we will achieve, particularly in our combined form. Because of the uncertainties related to our lack of historical operations, we may be hindered in our ability to anticipate and timely adapt to increases or decreases in revenues or expenses. If we make poor budgetary decisions as a result of unreliable historical data, we could be less profitable or incur losses, which may result in a decline in our stock price.

 

Our business requires substantial capital, and if we are unable to maintain adequate financing sources our profitability and financial condition will suffer and jeopardize our ability to continue operations.

 

We require substantial capital to support our operations. If we are unable to maintain adequate financing or other sources of capital are not available, we could be forced to suspend, curtail or reduce our operations, which could harm our revenues, profitability, financial condition and business prospects.

 

We may not be able to protect our intellectual property rights or may be prevented from using intellectual property necessary for our business.

 

Our ability to implement our business plan successfully depends in part on our ability to further build brand recognition using our trademarks, service marks and other proprietary intellectual property, including our name and logos. We have registered or applied to register a number of our trademarks in many jurisdictions, some of which have been refused. We cannot be certain that our trademark applications will be approved. Further, third parties may copy or otherwise obtain and use our proprietary technology without authorization or otherwise infringe on our rights. We may also face claims of infringement that could interfere with our ability to use technology that is material to our business operations. In the future, we may have to rely on litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, protect our trade secrets, determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others or defend against claims of infringement or invalidity. Any such litigation, whether successful or unsuccessful, could result in substantial costs and the diversion of resources and the attention of management, any of which could negatively affect our business.

 

5

 

 

Our computer infrastructure may be vulnerable to security breaches. Any such problems could jeopardize confidential information transmitted over the Internet, cause interruptions in our operations or give rise to liabilities to third parties.

 

Our computer infrastructure is potentially vulnerable to physical or electronic computer break-ins, viruses, distributed denial-of-service attacks and similar disruptive problems and security breaches. Any such problems or security breaches could give rise to liabilities to one or more third parties, including our customers, and disrupt our operations. A party able to circumvent our security measures could misappropriate proprietary information or customer information, jeopardize the confidential nature of information we transmit over the Internet or cause interruptions in our operations. Concerns over the security of Internet transactions and the safeguarding of confidential personal information could also inhibit the use of our systems to conduct FX transactions over the Internet. To the extent that our activities involve the storage and transmission of proprietary information and personal financial information or other personally identifiable information, security breaches could expose us to a risk of financial loss, litigation, regulatory penalties, loss of customers and other liabilities. Our current insurance policies may not protect us against all such losses and liabilities. Any of these events, particularly if they result in a loss of confidence in our services, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

We rely on information technology to receive and properly process internal and external data. We may not be able to keep up with the rapidly changing technology, evolving industry standards and changing trading systems, practices and techniques that characterize the retail FX market.

 

We rely on technology to receive and properly process internal and external data. Any disruption for any reason in the proper functioning of our software or erroneous or corrupted data may cause us to make erroneous trades, accept customers from jurisdictions where we do not possess the proper licenses, authorizations or permits, or require us to suspend our services and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. For example, we rely on tools that we have developed in-house to monitor customer exposure and facilitate our ability to manage risk by transferring higher risk customers to agency accounts. In order to remain competitive, we continuously develop and refine our proprietary technology. In doing so, there is an ongoing risk that failures may occur and result in service interruptions or other negative consequences, such as slower trade execution, erroneous trades, or inaccurate risk management information. Moreover, if our competitors develop more advanced technologies, we may be required to devote additional resources to the development of more advanced technologies in order to remain competitive, which could adversely impact our profitability. We may not be able to keep up with the rapidly changing technology, evolving industry standards and changing trading systems, practices and techniques that characterize the retail FX market.

 

We rely on computer systems and services from third-party providers and licenses to third-party software.

 

We rely on computer systems and services from third-party providers and licenses to third-party trading platforms, back-office systems, Internet service providers and communications facilities. Any interruption in these third-party products or services, or deterioration in their performance or quality, could adversely affect our business. If our arrangement with any such third party is terminated, we may not be able to obtain alternative products or services on a timely basis or on commercially reasonable terms. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. For example, we and most of our customers access and make use of our FX trading and related online trading services through the MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5 trading platforms. The MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5 trading platforms are owned by MetaQuotes Software Corp. (“MetaQuotes”), an independent third party. Nukkleus pays fees to FXDIRECT, in part to access the Meta Quotes licenses and software which those companies possess and is indirectly made available to us. In the future, MetaQuotes could cease to license its trading platforms to us or may cease to adequately support such software on commercially reasonable terms or at all. Furthermore, in the future a superior trading platform may be developed by a competitor to us or a competitor to MetaQuotes and we may be unable to license any such trading platform. If we are unable to continue to use the MetaTrader 4 trading platform or if we are unable to use any superior trading platform that may be developed in the future, we may lose customers to our competitors, in which case our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be materially adversely affected.

 

System failures could cause interruptions in our services or decreases in the responsiveness of our services which could harm our business.

 

If our systems fail to perform, we could experience disruptions in operations, slower response times or decreased customer service and customer satisfaction. Our ability to facilitate transactions successfully and provide high quality customer service depends on the efficient and uninterrupted operation of our computer and communications hardware and software systems. Our systems also are vulnerable to damage or interruption from human error, natural disasters, power loss, telecommunication failures, break-ins, sabotage, hacker attacks, computer viruses, intentional acts of vandalism and similar events. Although we have multiple location redundancy, we do not have fully redundant capabilities. While we currently maintain a disaster recovery plan, which is intended to minimize service interruptions and secure data integrity, such plan may not work effectively during an emergency. Any system failure that causes an interruption in our services, decreases the responsiveness of our services or affects access to our services could impair our reputation, damage our brand, cause customers to stop using our services or materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

6

 

 

A systemic market event could impact the various market participants with whom we interact.

 

We may interact directly and indirectly with various market participants. If a systemic event in the financial system were to occur that were to result in a failure of any of our counterparties to be able continue to perform, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In the current environment facing financial services firms, a firm’s reputation is critically important. If our reputation is harmed, or the reputation of the online financial services industry as a whole or retail FX industry specifically is harmed, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be materially adversely affected.

 

Our ability to attract and retain customers and employees may be adversely affected if our reputation is damaged. If we fail, or appear to fail, to deal with issues that may give rise to reputation risk, our business prospects could be harmed. These issues include, but are not limited to, appropriately dealing with potential conflicts of interest, legal and regulatory requirements, ethical issues, money-laundering, privacy, customer data protection, record-keeping, solicitation, sales and trading practices, and the proper identification of the legal, credit, liquidity, operational and market risks inherent in our business. Failure to appropriately address these issues could also give rise to additional legal risk to us, which could, in turn, increase the size and number of claims and damages asserted against us or subject us to regulatory enforcement actions, fines and penalties. Any such sanction could materially adversely affect our reputation, thereby reducing our ability to attract and retain customers, referring brokers and employees.

 

In addition, our ability to attract and retain customers may be adversely affected if the reputation of the online financial services industry as a whole or retail FX industry is damaged. In recent years, a number of financial services firms have suffered significant damage to their reputations from highly publicized incidents that in turn resulted in significant and in some cases irreparable harm to their business. The perception of instability within the online financial services industry could materially adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers, referring brokers and employees.

 

Our client, TCM, has relationships with independent referring brokers who direct new customers to us, which is our principal source of new customers for TCM. Failure to maintain these relationships could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and, in turn, negatively impact our company.

 

Our only client, TCM, maintains relationships with independent referring brokers who direct new customers to us and provide marketing and other services to these customers. TCM relationships with referring brokers are non-exclusive and may be terminated by the brokers on short notice. A referring broker does not forfeit previously earned commissions upon termination. In addition, under its agreements with referring brokers, they have no obligation to provide TCM with new customers or minimum levels of transaction volume. Its failure to maintain its relationships with referring brokers, the failure of the referring brokers to provide TCM with customers or its failure to create new relationships with referring brokers could result in a loss of net trading income, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. To the extent any of its competitors offers more attractive compensation terms to any of its referring brokers, TCM could lose the referring broker’s services or be required to increase the compensation it pays to retain the referring broker. In addition, it may agree to set the compensation for one or more referring brokers at a level where, based on the transaction volume generated by customers directed to it by such brokers, it would have been more economically attractive to seek to acquire the customers directly rather than through the referring broker. To the extent it does not enter into economically attractive relationships with referring brokers, its referring brokers may terminate their relationship with TCM or its referring brokers fail to provide us with customers, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

 

Any regulation of referring brokers and their activities could disrupt our business model.

 

TCM depends on referring brokers to acquire most of our customers. If a jurisdiction were to impose regulations restricting referring brokers’ ability to solicit, acquire or interact with customers, we may be unable to continue to acquire customers or do business in that jurisdiction. Any such regulation could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The loss of members of our senior management could compromise our ability to effectively manage our business and pursue our growth strategy.

 

We rely on Mr. Emil Assentato, our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer to execute our existing business plans and to identify and pursue new opportunities. Our continued success is dependent upon the retention of Mr. Assentato, as well as the services provided by our trading staff, technology and programming specialists and a number of other key managerial, marketing, planning, financial, technical and operations personnel provided through our GSA with FXDIRECT. The loss of key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The regulatory environment in which we operate is subject to continual change. Adverse changes in the regulatory environment could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The legislative and regulatory environment in which we operate has undergone significant changes in the recent past and there may be future regulatory changes in our industry. The financial services industry in general has been subject to increasing regulatory oversight in recent years. The governmental bodies and self-regulatory organizations that regulate our business have proposed and may consider additional legislative and regulatory initiatives and may adopt new or revised laws and regulations. As a result, in the future, we may become subject to new regulations that may affect the way in which we conduct our business and may make our business less profitable. For example, a regulatory body may reduce the levels of leverage we are allowed to offer to our customers, which could significantly adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing laws and regulations by those entities may also adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

7

 

 

Providing online services to customers may require us to comply with the laws and regulations of each country in which such services are available. Failure to comply with such laws may negatively impact our financial results.

 

Because our services are available online in foreign countries and TCM has customers residing in foreign countries, foreign jurisdictions may require TCM or us to qualify to do business in such countries. We are required to comply with the laws and regulations of each country in which we conduct business, including laws and regulations currently in place or which may be enacted related to online services available to their citizens from service providers located elsewhere, including the laws and regulations of Japan and China. We are exposed to the risk that we are currently operating in non-compliance with local laws and regulations in certain of the jurisdictions where we accept customers. Any failure to develop effective compliance and reporting systems could result in regulatory penalties in the applicable jurisdiction, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The FX market has only been widely available to retail investors since 1996. Our limited operating history and the limited history of the industry may make our growth and future prospects uncertain and difficult to evaluate.

 

Furthermore, the FX market has only become accessible to retail investors relatively recently. Prior to 1996, retail investors generally did not directly trade in the FX market, and we believe most current retail FX traders only recently started viewing currency trading as a practical alternative investment class. We will continue to encounter risks and difficulties frequently experienced by companies and industries at a similar stage of development, including our potential inability to implement our business model and strategy and adapt and modify them as needed or to manage our expanding operations, including the integration of any future acquisitions.

 

We have not voluntarily implemented various corporate governance measures, in the absence of which, shareholders may have more limited protections against interested director transactions, conflicts of interest and similar matters.

 

Recent federal legislation, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, has resulted in the adoption of various corporate governance measures designed to promote the integrity of the corporate management and the securities markets. Some of these measures have been adopted in response to legal requirements. Others have been adopted by companies in response to the requirements of national securities exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange, NYSE American or NASDAQ, on which their securities are listed. Among the corporate governance measures that are required under the rules of national securities exchanges and NASDAQ are those that address board of directors’ independence, audit committee oversight and the adoption of a code of ethics. Our Board of Directors has not yet adopted any of the above mentioned corporate governance measures and, since our securities are not listed on a national securities exchange or NASDAQ, we are not required to do so. It is possible that if we were to adopt some or all of these corporate governance measures, shareholders would benefit from somewhat greater assurances that internal corporate decisions were being made by disinterested directors and that policies had been implemented to define responsible conduct. For example, in the absence of audit, nominating and compensation committees comprised of at least a majority of independent directors, decisions concerning matters such as compensation packages to our senior officers and recommendations for director nominees may be made by a majority of directors who have an interest in the outcome of the matters being decided. Prospective investors should bear in mind our current lack of corporate governance measures in formulating their investment decisions.

 

Difficulties we may encounter managing our growth could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

As our business needs expand, we may need to hire a significant number of employees. This expansion may place a significant strain on our managerial and financial resources. To manage the potential growth of our operations and personnel, we will be required to:

 

  improve existing, and implement new, operational, financial and management controls, reporting systems and procedures;
     
  install enhanced management information systems; and
     
  train, motivate and manage our employees.

 

We may not be able to install adequate management information and control systems in an efficient and timely manner, and our current or planned personnel, systems, procedures and controls may not be adequate to support our future operations. If we are unable to manage growth effectively, our business would be seriously harmed.

 

Any future acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses, integration and consolidation risks and we may be unable to profitably operate our combined company.

 

We may in the future selectively pursue acquisitions of other financial technology companies or retail FX brokers. Any future acquisitions may result in significant transaction expenses and present new risks in integrating the acquired companies and to the extent the acquired company operates in different markets or offers different products associated with entering additional markets. Because we have not historically made acquisitions, we do not have experience in successfully completing acquisitions. We may not have sufficient management, financial and other resources to integrate companies we acquire or to successfully operate new businesses and we may be unable to profitably operate our combined company. Additionally, any new businesses that we may acquire, once integrated with our existing operations, may not produce expected or intended results.

 

8

 

 

Risks Associated with Our Common Stock in General

 

Trading on the Over the Counter markets may be volatile and sporadic, which could depress the market price of our common stock and make it difficult for our stockholders to resell their shares.

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC PINK Current Marketplace owned and operated by the OTC Markets Group Inc. and the OTC Pink Sheet service of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) under the symbol NUKK. Trading in stock quoted on over the counter markets is often thin, volatile, and characterized by wide fluctuations in trading prices due to many factors that may have little to do with our operations or business prospects. This volatility could depress the market price of our common stock for reasons unrelated to operating performance. Moreover, the over the counter markets are not a stock exchange, and trading of securities on the over the counter markets is often more sporadic than the trading of securities listed on other stock exchanges such as the NASDAQ, New York Stock Exchange or NYSE American. Accordingly, our shareholders may have difficulty reselling any of their shares.

 

Our stock is a penny stock. Trading of our stock may be restricted by the SEC’s penny stock regulations and the FINRA’s sales practice requirements, which may limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our stock.

 

Our stock is a penny stock. The SEC has adopted Rule 15g-9 which generally defines penny stock to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our securities are covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. The term accredited investor refers generally to institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000 or individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000 or $300,000 jointly with their spouse. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the SEC which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer must also provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customers’ account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer’s confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules; the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules discourage broker-dealer and investor interest in, and limit the marketability of, our common stock.

 

Our common stock may be affected by limited trading volume and price fluctuation which could adversely impact the value of our common stock.

 

There has been limited trading in our common stock and there can be no assurance that an active trading market in our common stock will either develop or be maintained. Our common stock has experienced, and is likely to experience in the future, significant price and volume fluctuations which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock without regard to our operating performance. In addition, we believe that factors such as quarterly fluctuations in our financial results and changes in the overall economy or the condition of the financial markets could cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate substantially. These fluctuations may also cause short sellers to periodically enter the market in the belief that we will have poor results in the future. We cannot predict the actions of market participants and, therefore, can offer no assurances that the market for our common stock will be stable or appreciate over time.

 

FINRA sales practice requirements may also limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our stock.

 

In addition to the penny stock rules promulgated by the SEC, which are discussed in the immediately preceding risk factor, FINRA rules require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit the ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market value for our shares.

 

Because the SEC imposes additional sales practice requirements on brokers who deal in shares of penny stocks, some brokers may be unwilling to trade our securities. This means that you may have difficulty reselling your shares, which may cause the value of your investment to decline.

 

Our shares are classified as penny stocks and are covered by Section 15(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) which imposes additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell our securities in this offering or in the aftermarket. For sales of our securities, broker-dealers must make a special suitability determination and receive a written agreement prior from you to making a sale on your behalf. Because of the imposition of the foregoing additional sales practices, it is possible that broker-dealers will not want to make a market in our common stock. This could prevent you from reselling your shares and may cause the value of your investment to decline.

 

9

 

 

A decline in the price of our common stock could affect our ability to raise further working capital, it may adversely impact our ability to continue operations and we may go out of business.

 

A prolonged decline in the price of our common stock could result in a reduction in the liquidity of our common stock and a reduction in our ability to raise capital. Because we may attempt to acquire a significant portion of the funds we need in order to conduct our planned operations through the sale of equity securities, or convertible debt instruments, a decline in the price of our common stock could be detrimental to our liquidity and our operations because the decline may cause investors to not choose to invest in our stock. If we are unable to raise the funds we require for all our planned operations, we may be forced to reallocate funds from other planned uses and may suffer a significant negative effect on our business plan and operations, including our ability to develop new products and continue our current operations. As a result, our business may suffer, and not be successful and we may go out of business. We also might not be able to meet our financial obligations if we cannot raise enough funds through the sale of our common stock and we may be forced to go out of business.

 

Our stock price may be volatile.

 

The stock market in general has experienced volatility that often has been unrelated to the operating performance of any specific public company. The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

 

  changes in our industry;
     
  competitive pricing pressures;
     
  our ability to obtain working capital financing;
     
  additions or departures of key personnel;
     
  limited “public float” in the hands of a small number of persons who sales or lack of sales could result in positive or negative pricing pressure on the market prices of our common stock;
     
  sales of our common stock;
     
  our ability to execute our business plan;
     
  operating results that fall below expectations;
     
  loss of any strategic relationship;
     
  regulatory developments;
     
  economic and other external factors; and
     
  period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

 

In addition, the securities markets have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

We have never paid a cash dividend on our common stock and we do not anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future.

 

We have not paid a cash dividend on our common stock to date, and we do not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Our ability to pay dividends will depend on our ability to successfully develop one or more properties and generate revenue from operations. Notwithstanding, we will likely elect to retain any earnings, if any, to finance our growth. Future dividends may also be limited by bank loan agreements or other financing instruments that we may enter into in the future. The declaration and payment of dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors.

 

Future issuances of our common or preferred shares may cause a dilution in your shareholding.

 

We may raise additional funding to meet our working capital, capital expenditure requirements for our planned long-term capital needs, or to fund future acquisitions. If such funding is raised through issuance of new equity or equity-linked securities, it may cause a dilution in the percentage ownership of our then existing shareholders.

 

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of 900,000,000 shares of common stock and 15,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock without the need for shareholder approval. We may issue a substantial number of additional shares, which may significantly dilute the equity interests of our existing shareholders.

 

We cannot predict our future capital needs. As a result, we may need to raise significant amounts of additional capital. We may be unable to obtain any necessary capital if we need it on acceptable terms, if at all.

 

Our business requires adequate funding for operations. Historically, we have satisfied these needs from internally generated funds. We currently anticipate that our cash from operations will be sufficient to meet our presently anticipated working capital and capital expenditure requirements, including our current expansion plans, for at least the next 12 months. We may need to raise additional funds to, among other things:

 

  support more rapid expansion;

 

10

 

 

  develop new or enhanced services and products;
     
  respond to competitive pressures;
     
  address additional regulatory capital requirements;
     
  acquire complementary businesses, products or technologies; or
     
  respond to unanticipated requirements.

 

Additional financing may not be available when needed or may not be available on terms favorable to us. If funding requirements are met by way of additional debt financing, we may have restrictions placed on us through such debt financing arrangements which may:

 

  limit our ability to pay dividends or require us to seek consents for the payment of dividends;
     
  increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
     
  limit our ability to pursue our business strategies;
     
  require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to service our debt, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flow to fund capital expenditure, working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes; and
     
  limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and our industry.

 

Offers or availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.

 

If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market upon the expiration of any statutory holding period, under Rule 144, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” and in anticipation of which the market price of our common stock could fall. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could make more difficult our ability to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

The Company’s headquarters are located in Jersey City, New Jersey. The Company uses office space of FXDD, an affiliated company, free of rent, which is considered immaterial.

 

We believe our facilities are adequate for our current and planned business operations.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time, we are subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to our normal business operations. We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings, except as set forth below.

 

In April 16, 2020, the Company was named as a defendant in the Adversary Proceeding filed in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts (Case No. 15-10745-FJB; Adversary Proceeding No. 16-01178) titled In re: BT Prime Ltd (“BT Prime”). The Adversary Proceeding is brought by BT Prime against Boston Technologies Powered by Forexware LLC f/k/a Forexware LLC (“Forexware”), Currency Mountain Holdings LLC, Currency Mountain Holdings Limited f/k/a Forexware Malta Holdings Ltd., FXDirectDealer, LLC, FXDD Malta Ltd., Nukkleus Inc., Nukkleus Bermuda Limited and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Ltd. In the Amended Complaint, BT Prime is seeking, amongst other relief, a determination that the Company and the other defendants are liable for all of the debts of BT Prime stemming from its bankruptcy proceedings, and is seeking to recover certain amounts transferred to Forexware and FXDD Malta prior to the initiation of the bankruptcy case. In the sole claim asserted against the Company, BT Prime alleges that the Company operated as a single business enterprise with no separate existence outside of its collective business relationship with certain of the other Defendants, is a continuation of the business of Forexware and is a successor-in-interest to Forexware. Based on this theory, BT Prime alleges that the Company should be jointly and severally liable for any liability attributable to Forexware or the other Defendants, should the Court eventually find any such liability. The Company maintains that there is no basis for BT Prime’s claim against it and intends to vigorously defend against the claim at trial, the date for which has not yet been set.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable

 

11

 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market Information

 

LIMITED PUBLIC MARKET FOR COMMON STOCK

 

A symbol was assigned for our securities so that our securities may be quoted for trading on the OTC Pink Sheets under symbol “NUKK”. Minimal trading occurred through the date of this Annual Report based on a limited float. There can be no assurance that a liquid market for our securities will ever develop. Transfer of our common stock may also be restricted under the securities or blue-sky laws of various states and foreign jurisdictions. Consequently, investors may not be able to liquidate their investments and should be prepared to hold the common stock for an indefinite period of time.

 

Quarterly ended   Low Price     High Price  
December 31, 2019   $ 0.05     $ 0.12  
March 31, 2020   $ 0.02     $ 0.41  
June 30, 2020   $ 0.05     $ 0.10  
September 30, 2020   $ 0.05     $ 0.07  
December 31, 2020   $ 0.04     $ 0.09  
March 31, 2021   $ 0.04     $ 2.05  
June 30, 2021   $ 0.14     $ 0.51  
September 30, 2021   $ 0.06     $ 2.29  

 

Holders of Our Common Stock

 

As of December 29, 2021, there were 53 holders of record of our common stock. This number does not include shares held by brokerage clearing houses, depositories or others in unregistered form.

 

Stock Option Grants

 

The Company granted an option to acquire 1,000,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.50 per share to a consultant. The option’s life is five years.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent for our common stock is Issuer Direct Corporation, 500 Perimeter Park Drive, Suite D, Morrisville, NC 27560, telephone: (919) 481-4000.

 

Dividends

 

To date, we have not paid dividends on shares of our common stock and we do not expect to declare or pay dividends on shares of our common stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of any dividends will depend upon our future earnings, if any, our financial condition, and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

Except as set forth below, the Company has not sold unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 and through the date hereof.

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company and the shareholders of Match Financial Limited (the “Match Shareholders”), a private limited company formed in England and Wales (“Match”), entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Match Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company, on May 28, 2021, acquired 1,152 ordinary shares of Match representing 70% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match in consideration of 70,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Initial Transaction”). On May 28, 2021, the Company issued 100,000 shares of its common stock to Match Shareholders as consideration of an option commencing any time after the closing of the Initial Transaction to acquire from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company.

 

On June 7, 2021, the outstanding redeemable preferred stock of $250,000 and related accrued dividend of $37,854 were exchanged for 1,439,271 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

12

 

 

No underwriters were involved in the transactions described above. All of the securities issued in the foregoing transactions were issued by the Company in reliance upon the exemption from registration available under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, including Regulation D and Regulation S promulgated thereunder, in that the transactions involved the issuance and sale of the Company’s securities to financially sophisticated individuals or entities that were aware of the Company’s activities and business and financial condition and took the securities for investment purposes and understood the ramifications of their actions, or were non-U.S. persons. The Company did not engage in any form of general solicitation or general advertising in connection with the transactions. The individuals represented that they were each and “accredited investor” as defined in Regulation D or non-U.S. person as defined in Regulation S at the time of issuance of the securities, and that it was acquiring such securities for its own account and not for distribution. All certificates representing the securities issued have a legend imprinted on them stating that the shares have not been registered under the Securities Act and cannot be transferred until properly registered under the Securities Act or an exemption applies.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

As a smaller reporting company, the Company is not required to file selected financial data.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes to those consolidated financial statements that are included elsewhere in this report.

 

Certain matters discussed herein are forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:

 

our future operating results;

 

our business prospects;

 

any contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

the dependence of our future success on the general economy;

 

any possible financings; and

 

the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital.

 

Impact of COVID-19 on Our Operations

 

The ramifications of the outbreak of the novel strain of COVID-19, reported to have started in December 2019 and spread globally, are filled with uncertainty and changing quickly. Our operations have continued during the COVID-19 pandemic and we have not had significant disruption.

 

The Company is operating in a rapidly changing environment so the extent to which COVID-19 impacts its business, operations and financial results from this point forward will depend on numerous evolving factors that the Company cannot accurately predict. Those factors include the following: the duration and scope of the pandemic, and governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic.

 

Overview

 

We are a financial technology company which is focused on providing software and technology solutions for the worldwide retail foreign exchange (“FX”) trading industry. We primarily provide our software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package to TCM. The FXDD brand (e.g., see FXDD.com) is the brand utilized in the retail forex trading industry by TCM.

 

We have ownership of FOREXWARE, the primary software suite and technology solution which powers the FXDD brand globally today. We also have ownership of the FOREXWARE brand name. We have also acquired ownership of the customer interface and other software trading solutions being used by FXDD.com. By virtue of our relationship with TCM and FXDIRECT, we provide turnkey software and technology solutions for FXDD.com. We offer the customers of FXDD 24 hours, five days a week direct access to the global over the counter (“OTC”) FX market, which is a decentralized market in which participants trade directly with one another, rather than through a central exchange.

 

13

 

 

In an FX trade, participants effectively buy one currency and simultaneously sell another currency, with the two currencies that make up the trade being referred to as a “currency pair”. Our software and technology solutions enable FXDD to present its customers with price quotations on over the counter tradeable instruments, including over the counter currency pairs, and also provide our customers the ability to trade FX derivative contracts on currency pairs through a product referred to as Contracts for Difference (“CFD”). Our software solutions also offer other CFD products, including CFDs on metals, such as gold, and on futures linked to other products.

 

In July 2018, the Company incorporated Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd., which is a wholly-owned subsidiary. In July 2018, Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd. incorporated MDTG, formerly known as Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. MDTG was exploring potentially obtaining a license to operate an electronic exchange whereby it would facilitate the buying and selling of various digital assets as well as traditional currency pairs used in FX Trading. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, management made the decision to exit the exchange business and to no longer pursue the regulatory licensing necessary to operate an exchange in Malta.

 

On August 27, 2020, the Company renamed Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. to Markets Direct Technology Group Ltd (“MDTG”). MDTG manages the technology and IP behind the Markets Direct brand (which is operated by TCM). MDTG holds all the IP addresses and all the software licenses in its name, and it holds all the IP rights to the brands such as Markets Direct and TCM. MDTG then leases out the rights to use these names/brands licenses to the appropriate entities.

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company and the shareholders of Match Financial Limited (the “Match Shareholders”), a private limited company formed in England and Wales (“Match”), entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Match Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company, on May 28, 2021, acquired 1,152 ordinary shares of Match representing 70% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match in consideration of 70,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Initial Transaction”). On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. Match is engaged in providing financial services to enable conversion of fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies and vice versa.

 

On October 20, 2021, the Company and the shareholders (the “Original Shareholders”) of Jacobi Asset Management Holdings Limited (“Jacobi”) entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Jacobi Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to acquire 5.0% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Jacobi in consideration of 20,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Transaction”). On December 15, 2021, the Company, the Original Shareholders and the shareholders of Jacobi that were assigned their interest in Jacobi by the Original Shareholders (the “New Jacobi Shareholders”) entered into an Amendment to Stock Purchase Agreement agreeing that the Transaction will be entered between the Company and the New Jacobi Shareholders. The Transaction closed on December 15, 2021. Jacobi is a company focused on digital asset management that has received regulatory approval to launch the world’s first tier one Bitcoin ETF. 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expense, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. When making these estimates and assumptions, we consider our historical experience, our knowledge of economic and market factors and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Significant estimates during the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 include the initial valuation and useful life of intangible assets, assumptions used in assessing impairment of long-term assets, valuation of deferred tax assets and the associated valuation allowances, and valuation of stock-based compensation.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of license and banking infrastructure, which are being amortized on a straight-line method over the estimated useful life of 10 years.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, the Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, or at least annually. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. There were no triggering events requiring assessment of impairment as of September 30, 2021. For the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, no impairment of long-lived assets was recognized.

 

14

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company accounts for revenue under the provisions of ASC Topic 606.

 

The Company’s revenues are derived from providing:

 

General support services under a GSA to a related party. The transaction price is determined in accordance with the terms of the GSA and payments are due on a monthly basis. There are multiple services provided under the GSA and these performance obligations are combined into a single unit of accounting. Fees are recognized as revenue over time as the services are rendered under the terms of the GSA. Revenue is recorded at gross as the Company is deemed to be a principal in the transactions.

 

Financial services to its customers. Revenue related to its financial services offerings are recognized at a point in time when service is rendered.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation awards in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires all stock-based payments to employees and non-employees including grants of stock options, to be recognized as expense in the statements of operations based on their grant date fair values. The Company estimates the grant date fair value of each option award using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

Results of Operations

 

Summary of Key Results

 

For the year ended September 30, 2021 versus the year ended September 30, 2020

 

Revenues

 

For both of the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, we had revenue from general support services rendered to TCM under a GSA of $19,200,000.

 

We had revenue from financial services commencing in May 2021. For the year ended September 30, 2021, we had revenue from financial services of $86,964, which represented revenue from May 28, 2021 (the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Match) to September 30, 2021. We expect that our revenue from financial services will increase in the near future.

 

Costs of Revenues

 

For both of the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, our cost of general support services was $18,900,000, which represented amount incurred for services rendered by FXDIRECT under a GSA.

 

Cost of financial services include consulting costs, banking, and trading fees incurred associated with delivery of our services. 

 

Cost of financial services was $293,011 for the year ended September 30, 2021, which represented costs from May 28, 2021 (the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Match) to September 30, 2021. There was no comparable revenue nor cost of revenue from our financial services operations prior to the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Match.

 

Gross Profit (Loss)

 

For both of the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, our gross profit from general support services was $300,000, representing gross margin of 1.6%.

 

For the year ended September 30, 2021, our gross loss from financial services was $206,047, representing gross margin of (236.9)%.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses consisted of professional fees, amortization of intangible assets, and other general and administrative expenses.

 

Professional fees

 

Professional fees primarily consisted of accounting fees, audit fees, legal service fees, advisory fees. Professional fees for the year ended September 30, 2021 versus the year ended September 30, 2020, were $396,277 and $188,000, respectively. The increase was primarily attributable to the increase in professional service providers.

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

For the year ended September 30, 2021, our amortization of intangible assets amounted to $469,286, which represented amortization from May 28, 2021 (the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Match to September 30, 2021. There was no comparable amortization prior to the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Match.

 

15

 

 

Other general and administrative expenses

 

Other general and administrative expenses primarily consisted of compensation and related benefits and other miscellaneous items.

 

Total other general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2021 versus the year ended September 30, 2020, were $160,794 versus $225,115, respectively. The decrease was mainly due to a decrease in compensation and related benefits of approximately $114,000 resulting from the resignation of the director of crypto management on December 15, 2019, offset by an increase in other miscellaneous items of approximately $50,000.

 

Other (Expense) Income

 

Other (expense) income mainly included interest expense on redeemable preferred stock, amortization of debt discount, and gain recognized from investment – digital currency.

 

Other expense, net, totaled $4,442 for the year ended September 30, 2021, as compared to other income, net, of $12,553 for the year ended September 30, 2020, a change of $16,995. The change was primarily due to the gain recognized from digital currency asset.

 

Net Loss

 

As a result of the factors described above, our net loss was $936,846, or $0.00 per share (basic and diluted), for the year ended September 30, 2021, as compared with a net loss of $100,562, or $0.00 per share (basic and diluted), for the year ended September 30, 2020, a change of $836,284, or 831.6%.

 

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment

 

The reporting currency of the Company is U.S. Dollars. The functional currency of the parent company, Nukkleus Inc., Nukkleus Limited, Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd. and its subsidiaries, is the U.S. dollar and the functional currency of Match Financial Limited and its subsidiaries is the British Pound (“GBP”). The financial statements of our subsidiaries whose functional currency is the GBP are translated to U.S. dollars using period end rates of exchange for assets and liabilities, average rate of exchange for revenues, costs, and expenses and cash flows, and at historical exchange rates for equity. Net gains and losses resulting from foreign exchange transactions are included in the results of operations. As a result of foreign currency translations, which are a non-cash adjustment, we reported a foreign currency translation gain of $8,440 and $0 for the year ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This non-cash gain had the effect of decreasing our reported comprehensive loss.

  

Comprehensive Loss

 

As a result of our foreign currency translation adjustment, we had comprehensive loss of $928,406 and $100,562 for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. At September 30, 2021 and 2020, we had cash balances of $355,673 and $82,849, respectively. We had working capital deficit of $1,594,793 as of September 30, 2021.

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the management of expenses and our ability to obtain the necessary financing to meet our obligations and pay our liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due, and upon profitable operations.

 

We need to either borrow funds or raise additional capital through equity or debt financings. However, we cannot be certain that such capital (from our stockholders or third parties) will be available to us or whether such capital will be available on terms that are acceptable to us. Any such financing likely would be dilutive to existing stockholders and could result in significant financial operating covenants that would negatively impact our business. In the event that there are any unforeseen delays or obstacles in obtaining funds through the aforementioned sources, CMH has committed to inject capital into the Company in order to maintain the ongoing operations of the business.

 

Cash Flow for the Year Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to the Year Ended September 30, 2020

 

Net cash flow provided by operating activities was $295,887 for the year ended September 30, 2021. These included changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in acquisition, totaling approximately $721,000, and the non-cash items mainly consisting of amortization of intangible assets of approximately $469,000 and stock-based compensation of approximately $42,000, offset by consolidated net loss of approximately $937,000.

 

Net cash flow provided by operating activities was $59,335 for the year ended September 30, 2020. These included changes in operating assets and liabilities totaling approximately $176,000, offset by consolidated net loss of approximately $101,000 and the non-cash item mainly consisting of a gain on digital currency of approximately $19,000.

 

Net cash flow used in investing activities was $23,302 for the year ended September 30, 2021. During the year ended September 30, 2021, we made payments for acquisition of approximately $45,000, offset by cash acquired on acquisition of approximately $21,000.

 

16

 

 

There was no investing activity during the year ended September 30, 2020.

 

Our operations will require additional funding for the foreseeable future. Unless and until we are able to generate a sufficient amount of revenue and reduce our costs, we expect to finance future cash needs through public and/or private offerings of equity securities and/or debt financings. We do not currently have any committed future funding. To the extent we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, our stockholders could at that time experience substantial dilution. Any debt financing we are able to obtain may involve operating covenants that restrict our business. Our capital requirements for the next twelve months primarily relate to mergers, acquisitions and the development of business opportunities. In addition, we expect to use cash to pay fees related to professional services. The following trends are reasonably likely to result in a material decrease in our liquidity over the near to long term:

 

The working capital requirements to finance our current business;

 

The use of capital for mergers, acquisitions and the development of business opportunities;

 

Addition of personnel as the business grows; and

 

The cost of being a public company.

 

We need to either borrow funds or raise additional capital through equity or debt financings. However, we cannot be certain that such capital (from our stockholders or third parties) will be available to us or whether such capital will be available on terms that are acceptable to us. Any such financing likely would be dilutive to existing stockholders and could result in significant financial operating covenants that would negatively impact our business. If we are unable to raise sufficient additional capital on acceptable terms, we will have insufficient funds to operate our business or pursue our planned growth. However, CMH has committed to inject capital into the Company in order to maintain the ongoing operations of the business.

 

Consistent with Section 144 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, it is our current policy that all transactions between us and our officers, directors and their affiliates will be entered into only if such transactions are approved by a majority of the disinterested directors, are approved by vote of the stockholders, or are fair to us as a corporation as of the time it is authorized, approved or ratified by the board. We will conduct an appropriate review of all related party transactions on an ongoing basis. 

 

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Contractual Obligations

 

As of September 30, 2021, we had no material contractual obligations other than: FXDirectDealer LLC receives a minimum of $1,575,000 per month and such obligation may be terminated by the Company upon providing 90 days’ notice.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We had no outstanding derivative financial instruments, off-balance sheet guarantees, interest rate swap transactions or foreign currency contracts. We do not engage in trading activities involving non-exchange traded contracts.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

For information about recently issued accounting standards, refer to Note 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this report.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information required under this item.

  

17

 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

 

 

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

September 30, 2021 and 2020

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

September 30, 2021 and 2020

 

CONTENTS

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-2
     
Consolidated Financial Statements:    
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets - As of September 30, 2021 and 2020   F-3
     
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss - For the Years Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020   F-4
     
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) - For the Years Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020   F-5
     
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – For the Years Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020   F-6
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   F-7

 

F-1

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of

Nukkleus Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Nukkleus Inc. and Subsidiaries (the "Company") as of September 30, 2021 and 2020, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders' deficit and cash flows for each of the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Rotenberg Meril Solomon Bertiger & Guttilla, P.C.

 

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.

 

Saddle Brook, New Jersey

December 29, 2021 

 

F-2

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    As of September 30,  
    2021     2020  
ASSETS            
             
CURRENT ASSETS:            
Cash   $ 355,673     $ 82,849  
Accounts receivable     57,953      
-
 
Due from affiliates     2,617,873       3,709,772  
Prepaid expense and other current assets     12,221       7,010  
                 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS     3,043,720       3,799,631  
                 
NON-CURRENT ASSETS:                
Intangible assets, net     13,616,116      
-
 
                 
TOTAL NON-CURRENT ASSETS     13,616,116      
-
 
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 16,659,836     $ 3,799,631  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)                
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:                
Due to affiliates   $ 4,257,792     $ 4,732,977  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     380,721       212,406  
Series A redeemable preferred stock liability at $10 stated value; 200,000 shares authorized; 25,000 shares issued and outstanding ($250,000 less discount of $1,545) at September 30, 2020    
-
      248,455  
                 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES     4,638,513       5,193,838  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES     4,638,513       5,193,838  
                 
CONTINGENCY - (Note 12)    
 
     
 
 
                 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT):                
Preferred stock ($0.0001 par value; 14,800,000 shares authorized; 0 share issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and 2020)    
-
     
-
 
Common stock ($0.0001 par value; 900,000,000 shares authorized; 332,024,371 and 230,485,100 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively)     33,203       23,049  
Additional paid-in capital     14,474,839       141,057  
Accumulated deficit     (2,495,159 )     (1,558,313 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income - foreign currency translation adjustment     8,440      
-
 
                 
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)     12,021,323       (1,394,207 )
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)   $ 16,659,836     $ 3,799,631  

 

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

F-3

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

    For the Years Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020  
             
REVENUES            
Revenue - general support services - related party   $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  
Revenue - financial services     86,964      
-
 
Total revenues     19,286,964       19,200,000  
                 
COSTS OF REVENUES                
Cost of revenue - general support services - related party     18,900,000       18,900,000  
Cost of revenue - financial services     293,011      
-
 
Total costs of revenues     19,193,011       18,900,000  
                 
GROSS PROFIT (LOSS)                
Gross profit - general support services - related party     300,000       300,000  
Gross loss - financial services     (206,047 )    
-
 
Total gross profit     93,953       300,000  
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES:                
Professional fees     396,277       188,000  
Amortization of intangible assets     469,286      
-
 
Other general and administrative     160,794       225,115  
                 
Total operating expenses     1,026,357       413,115  
                 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS     (932,404 )     (113,115 )
                 
OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME:                
Interest expense on redeemable preferred stock     (2,625 )     (3,750 )
Amortization of debt discount     (1,545 )     (2,290 )
Gain on digital currency    
-
      18,593  
Other expense     (272 )    
-
 
                 
Total other (expense) income, net     (4,442 )     12,553  
                 
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES     (936,846 )     (100,562 )
                 
INCOME TAXES    
-
     
-
 
                 
NET LOSS   $ (936,846 )   $ (100,562 )
                 
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS:                
NET LOSS   $ (936,846 )   $ (100,562 )
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME                
Unrealized foreign currency translation gain     8,440      
-
 
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS     (928,406 )     (100,562 )
                 
NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE:                
Basic and diluted   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:                
Basic and diluted     257,771,553       230,485,100  

 

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

F-4

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

For the Years Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

 

                                        Accumulated     Total  
    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional           Other     Stockholders'  
    Number of           Number of           Paid-in     Accumulated     Comprehensive     Equity  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Income     (Deficit)  
                                                 
Balance as of October 1, 2019    
  -
    $
  -
      230,485,100     $ 23,049     $ 141,057     $ (1,457,751 )   $ -     $ (1,293,645 )
                                                                 
Net loss for the year     -      
-
      -      
-
     
-
      (100,562 )    
-
      (100,562 )
                                                                 
Balance as of September 30, 2020    
-
     
-
      230,485,100       23,049       141,057       (1,558,313 )    
-
      (1,394,207 )
                                                                 
Common stock issued in connection with acquisition     -      
-
      100,100,000       10,010       14,003,990      
-
     
-
      14,014,000  
                                                                 
Common stock issued for redeemable preferred stock conversion and related dividend     -      
-
      1,439,271       144       287,710      
-
     
-
      287,854  
                                                                 
Stock-based compensation     -      
-
     
-
     
-
      42,082      
-
     
-
      42,082  
                                                                 
Net loss for the year     -      
-
      -      
-
     
-
      (936,846 )    
-
      (936,846 )
                                                                 
Foreign currency translation adjustment     -      
-
      -      
-
     
-
     
-
      8,440       8,440  
                                                                 
Balance as of September 30, 2021    
-
    $
-
      332,024,371     $ 33,203     $ 14,474,839     $ (2,495,159 )   $ 8,440     $ 12,021,323  

 

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

F-5

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

    For the Years Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:            
Net loss   $ (936,846 )   $ (100,562 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash                
provided by operating activities:                
Amortization of debt discount     1,545       2,290  
Amortization of intangible assets     469,286      
-
 
Stock-based compensation     42,082      
-
 
Gain on digital currency    
-
      (18,593 )
Provision for bad debt     12      
-
 
Unrealized foreign currency exchange gain     (761 )    
-
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in acquisition:                
Accounts receivable     (12,972 )    
-
 
Prepaid expense and other current assets     (5,110 )     (334 )
Due from affiliates     1,091,899       (3,501,171 )
Due to affiliates     (466,959 )     3,672,793  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     113,711       14,912  
Accrued liabilities - related party    
-
      (10,000 )
                 
Net cash provided by operating activities     295,887       59,335  
                 
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Cash acquired on acquisition     21,371      
-
 
Payments for acquisition     (44,673 )    
-
 
                 
Net cash used in investing activities     (23,302 )    
-
 
                 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH     239      
-
 
                 
NET INCREASE IN CASH     272,824       59,335  
               
Cash - beginning of year     82,849       23,514  
                 
Cash - end of year   $ 355,673     $ 82,849  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:                
Cash paid for:                
Interest   $
-
    $
-
 
Income taxes   $
-
    $
-
 
                 
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Common stock issued in connection with acquisition   $ 14,014,000     $
-
 
Common stock issued for redeemable preferred stock conversion and related dividend   $ 287,854     $
-
 
Cost of acquisition in accrued liabilities   $ 16,098     $
-
 
Investment - digital currency received from affiliates   $
-
    $ 17,197  
Investment - digital currency transferred to affiliates   $
-
    $ 204,721  

 

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

F-6

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – THE COMPANY HISTORY AND NATURE OF THE BUSINESS 

 

Nukkleus Inc. (f/k/a Compliance & Risk Management Solutions Inc.) (“Nukkleus” or the “Company”) was formed on July 29, 2013 in the State of Delaware as a for-profit Company and established a fiscal year end of September 30.

 

The Company is a financial technology company which is focused on providing software and technology solutions for the worldwide retail foreign exchange (“FX”) trading industry. The Company primarily provides its software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package to Triton Capital Markets Ltd. (“TCM”), formerly known as FXDD Malta Limited (“FXDD Malta”). The FXDD brand (e.g., see FXDD.com) is the brand utilized in the retail forex trading industry by TCM.

 

Nukkleus Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, provides its software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package under a General Services Agreement (“GSA”) to TCM. TCM is a private limited liability company formed under the laws of Malta. The GSA provides that TCM will pay Nukkleus Limited at minimum $1,600,000 per month. Emil Assentato is also the majority member of Max Q Investments LLC (“Max Q”), which is managed by Derivative Marketing Associates Inc. (“DMA”). Mr. Assentato, who is our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) and chairman, is the sole owner and manager of DMA. Max Q owns 79% of Currency Mountain Malta LLC, which in turn is the sole shareholder of TCM.

 

In addition, in order to appropriately service TCM, Nukkleus Limited entered into a GSA with FXDirectDealer LLC (“FXDIRECT”), which provides that Nukkleus Limited will pay FXDIRECT a minimum of $1,575,000 per month in consideration of providing personnel engaged in operational and technical support, marketing, sales support, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. FXDIRECT may terminate this agreement upon providing 90 days’ written notice. Currency Mountain Holdings LLC is the sole shareholder of FXDIRECT. Max Q is the majority shareholder of Currency Mountain Holdings LLC.

 

In July 2018, the Company incorporated Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd., which is a wholly-owned subsidiary. In July 2018, Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd. incorporated Markets Direct Technology Group Ltd (“MDTG”), formerly known as Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. MDTG was exploring potentially obtaining a license to operate an electronic exchange whereby it would facilitate the buying and selling of various digital assets as well as traditional currency pairs used in FX Trading. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, management made the decision to exit the exchange business and to no longer pursue the regulatory licensing necessary to operate an exchange in Malta.

 

On August 27, 2020, the Company renamed Nukkleus Exchange Malta Ltd. to Markets Direct Technology Group Ltd (“MDTG”). MDTG manages the technology and IP behind the Markets Direct brand (which is operated by TCM). MDTG holds all the IP addresses and all the software licenses in its name, and it holds all the IP rights to the brands such as Markets Direct and TCM. MDTG then leases out the rights to use these names/brands licenses to the appropriate entities.

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company and the shareholders of Match Financial Limited (the “Match Shareholders”), a private limited company formed in England and Wales (“Match”), entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Match Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company, on May 28, 2021, acquired 1,152 ordinary shares of Match representing 70% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match in consideration of 70,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Initial Transaction”). On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. Match is engaged in providing financial services to enable conversion of fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies and vice versa.

 

On October 20, 2021, the Company and the shareholders (the “Original Shareholders”) of Jacobi Asset Management Holdings Limited (“Jacobi”) entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Jacobi Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to acquire 5.0% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Jacobi in consideration of 20,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Transaction”). On December 15, 2021, the Company, the Original Shareholders and the shareholders of Jacobi that were assigned their interest in Jacobi by the Original Shareholders (the “New Jacobi Shareholders”) entered into an Amendment to Stock Purchase Agreement agreeing that the Transaction will be entered between the Company and the New Jacobi Shareholders. The Transaction closed on December 15, 2021. Jacobi is a company focused on digital asset management that has received regulatory approval to launch the world's first tier one Bitcoin ETF. 

 

F-7

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – THE COMPANY HISTORY AND NATURE OF THE BUSINESS (continued) 

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable for a going concern, which assumes that the Company will realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the ordinary course of business. The Company incurred a net loss for the year ended September 30, 2021 of $936,846, and had a working capital deficit of $1,594,793 at September 30, 2021. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the management of expenses and ability to obtain necessary financing to meet its obligations and pay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due, and upon profitable operations.

 

We cannot be certain that such necessary capital through equity or debt financings will be available to us or whether such capital will be available on terms that are acceptable to us. Any such financing likely would be dilutive to existing stockholders and could result in significant financial operating covenants that would negatively impact our business. In the event that there are any unforeseen delays or obstacles in obtaining funds through the aforementioned sources, Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Limited (“CMH”), which is wholly-owned by an entity that is majority-owned by Mr. Assentato, has committed to inject capital into the Company in order to maintain the ongoing operations of the business.

 

The ramifications of the outbreak of the novel strain of COVID-19, reported to have started in December 2019 and spread globally, are filled with uncertainty and changing quickly. Our operations have continued during the COVID-19 pandemic and we have not had significant disruption.

 

The Company is operating in a rapidly changing environment so the extent to which COVID-19 impacts its business, operations and financial results from this point forward will depend on numerous evolving factors that the Company cannot accurately predict. Those factors include the following: the duration and scope of the pandemic; governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic.

 

NOTE 2 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission for financial information.

 

The Company’s consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. These accounts were prepared under the accrual basis of accounting. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Significant estimates during the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 include the initial valuation and useful life of intangible assets, assumptions used in assessing impairment of long-term assets, valuation of deferred tax assets and the associated valuation allowances, and valuation of stock-based compensation. 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company’s cash balances by geographic area were as follows:

 

Country:   September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
United States   $ 327,443       92.1 %   $ 82,675       99.8 %
England     28,056       7.9 %    
-
     
-
 
Malta     174       0.0 %     174       0.2 %
Total cash   $ 355,673       100.0 %   $ 82,849       100.0 %

 

F-8

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Cash and cash equivalents (continued)

 

For purposes of the consolidated statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid instruments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased and money market accounts to be cash equivalents. The Company had no cash equivalents at September 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Credit risk and uncertainties

 

The Company maintains a portion of its cash in bank and financial institution deposits within U.S. that at times may exceed federally-insured limits of $250,000. The Company manages this credit risk by concentrating its cash balances in high quality financial institutions and by periodically evaluating the credit quality of the primary financial institutions holding such deposits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such bank accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts. At September 30, 2021, the Company’s cash balances in United States bank accounts had approximately $77,000 in excess of the federally-insured limits.

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of trade accounts receivable. A portion of the Company’s sales are credit sales which is to the customer whose ability to pay is dependent upon the industry economics prevailing in these areas; however, concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts receivable is limited due to short-term payment terms. The Company also performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers to help further reduce credit risk.

 

Accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection.  

 

Management believes that the accounts receivable are fully collectable. Therefore, no allowance for doubtful accounts is deemed to be required on its accounts receivable at September 30, 2021. The Company historically has not experienced significant uncollectible accounts receivable.

 

Prepaid expense and other current assets

 

Prepaid expense and other current assets primarily consist of prepaid OTC Markets listing fees, which are recognized as expense over the related listing periods. As of September 30, 2021 and 2020, prepaid expense and other current assets amounted to $12,221 and $7,010, respectively.

 

Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets consist of license and banking infrastructure, which are being amortized on a straight-line method over the estimated useful life of 10 years.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, the Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, or at least annually. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. There were no triggering events requiring assessment of impairment as of September 30, 2021. For the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, no impairment of long-lived assets was recognized.

 

F-9

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company accounts for revenue under the provisions of ASC Topic 606.

 

The Company’s revenues are derived from providing:

 

General support services under a GSA to a related party. The transaction price is determined in accordance with the terms of the GSA and payments are due on a monthly basis. There are multiple services provided under the GSA and these performance obligations are combined into a single unit of accounting. Fees are recognized as revenue over time as the services are rendered under the terms of the GSA. Revenue is recorded at gross as the Company is deemed to be a principal in the transactions.

 

Financial services to its customers. Revenue related to its financial services offerings are recognized at a point in time when service is rendered. 

 

Disaggregation of revenues

 

The Company’s revenues stream detail are as follows:

 

Revenue Stream   Revenue Stream Detail
General support services   Providing software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package under a GSA to a related party
Financial services   Providing financial services to enable conversion of fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies and vice versa

 

In the following table, revenues are disaggregated by segment for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

    Years Ended
September 30,
 
Revenue Stream   2021     2020  
General support services   $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  
Financial services     86,964      
-
 
Total revenues   $ 19,286,964     $ 19,200,000  

 

Advertising costs

 

All costs related to advertising are expensed as incurred. For the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, advertising costs amounted to $17,874 and $0, respectively, which was included in other general and administrative expense on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

Stock-based compensation

 

The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation awards in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires all stock-based payments to employees and non-employees including grants of stock options, to be recognized as expense in the statements of operations based on their grant date fair values. The Company estimates the grant date fair value of each option award using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes pursuant to Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 740, Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between the bases of certain assets and liabilities for income tax and financial reporting purposes. The deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified according to the financial statement classification of the assets and liabilities generating the differences.

 

F-10

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Income taxes (continued)

 

The Company maintains a valuation allowance with respect to deferred tax assets. The Company establishes a valuation allowance based upon the potential likelihood of realizing the deferred tax asset and taking into consideration the Company’s financial position and results of operations for the current period. Future realization of the deferred tax benefit depends on the existence of sufficient taxable income within the carry-forward period under the Federal and foreign tax laws. Changes in circumstances, such as the Company generating taxable income, could cause a change in judgment about the realizability of the related deferred tax asset. Any change in the valuation allowance will be included in income in the year of the change in estimate.

 

The Company follows the provisions of FASB ASC 740-10 Uncertainty in Income Taxes (ASC 740-10). Certain recognition thresholds must be met before a tax position is recognized in the financial statements. An entity may only recognize or continue to recognize tax positions that meet a “more-likely-than-not” threshold. 

 

Foreign currency translation

 

The reporting currency of the Company is U.S. Dollars. The functional currency of the parent company, Nukkleus Inc., Nukkleus Limited, Nukkleus Malta Holding Ltd. and its subsidiaries, is the U.S. dollar and the functional currency of Match Financial Limited and its subsidiaries is the British Pound (“GBP”). Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the reporting currency are translated into the reporting currency at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Revenue and expenses are translated using average rates during each reporting period, and shareholders’ equity is translated at historical exchange rates. Cash flows are also translated at average translation rates for the periods, therefore, amounts reported on the statement of cash flows will not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the consolidated balance sheet. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income/loss.

 

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction dates. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date with any transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. Most of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency of the Company. The Company does not enter into any material transaction in foreign currencies. Transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company.

 

Asset and liability accounts at September 30, 2021 were translated at 0.7426 GBP to $1.00, respectively, which were the exchange rates on the balance sheet dates. Equity accounts were stated at their historical rates. The average translation rates applied to the statements of operations for the period from May 28, 2021 through September 30, 2021 was 0.7224 GBP to $1.00, respectively. Cash flows from the Company’s operations are calculated based upon the local currencies using the average translation rate.

 

Comprehensive loss

 

Comprehensive loss is comprised of net loss and all changes to the statements of equity, except those due to investments by stockholders, changes in paid-in capital and distributions to stockholders. For the Company, comprehensive loss for the year ended September 30, 2021 consisted of net loss and unrealized gain from foreign currency translation adjustment.

 

Segment reporting

 

The Company uses “the management approach” in determining reportable operating segments. The management approach considers the internal organization and reporting used by the Company’s chief operating decision maker for making operating decisions and assessing performance as the source for determining the Company’s reportable segments. The Company’s chief operating decision maker is its Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire company. The Company has determined that it has two reportable business segments: general support services segment, and financial services segment. These reportable segments offer different types of services and products, have different types of revenue, and are managed separately as each requires different operating strategies and management expertise.

 

F-11

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Per share data

 

ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share, requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) with a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation to the numerator and denominator of the diluted EPS computation. Basic EPS excludes dilution. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the earnings of the entity.

 

Basic net earnings per share are computed by dividing net earnings available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net earnings per share is computed by dividing net earnings applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock, common stock equivalents and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during each period. Potentially dilutive common shares consist of the common shares issuable upon the exercise of common stock options (using the treasury stock method) and the conversion of Series A preferred stock (using the if-converted method). Common stock equivalents are not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share if their effect would be anti-dilutive. In a period in which the Company has a net loss, all potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation of diluted shares outstanding as they would have had an anti-dilutive impact. The following table summarizes the securities that were excluded from the diluted per share calculation because the effect of including these potential shares was antidilutive:

 

    Years Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020  
Stock options     1,000,000      
-
 
Convertible preferred stock     1,250,000       1,250,000  
Potentially dilutive securities     2,250,000       1,250,000  

 

Reclassification

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on the previously reported financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (“Topic 326”). The ASU introduces a new accounting model, the Current Expected Credit Losses model (“CECL”), which requires earlier recognition of credit losses and additional disclosures related to credit risk. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual period beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods. The Company expects that the adoption will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements (“ASU 2018-13”), which aims to improve the overall usefulness of disclosures to financial statement users and reduce unnecessary costs to companies when preparing fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual and interim periods in the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. Retrospective adoption is required, except for certain disclosures, which will be required to be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. The adoption of this guidance as of October 1, 2020 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in the existing guidance for income taxes and making other minor improvements. The amendments in the ASU are effective for the Company on October 1, 2021. The adoption of this guidance as of October 1, 2020 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its consolidated financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.

 

F-12

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 4 - ACQUISITION

 

As described in Note 1, in fiscal year 2021, the Company completed its acquisition of Match in accordance with the terms of the Match Agreement. To determine the accounting for this transaction under ASU 2017-01, an assessment was made as to whether an integrated set of assets and activities should be accounted for as an acquisition of a business or an asset acquisition. The guidance requires an initial screen test to determine if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets. If that screen is met, the set is not a business. In connection with the acquisition, substantially all of the fair value is concentrated in license and banking infrastructure. As such, the acquisition has been treated as an acquisition of Match assets and an assumption of Match liabilities.  

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company and the shareholders of Match Financial Limited (the “Match Shareholders”), a private limited company formed in England and Wales (“Match”), entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Match Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company, on May 28, 2021, acquired 1,152 ordinary shares of Match representing 70% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match in consideration of 70,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Initial Transaction”). On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. The shares of common stock issued to the Match stockholders have been valued at $0.14 per share which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on May 28, 2021, the date the Initial Transaction closed.

 

The direct transaction costs have been classified as costs of acquisition.

 

The following summarizes total consideration transferred to the March Stockholders under the acquisition as well as the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed under the acquisition:

 

    May 28,
2021
 
Assets acquired:        
Cash   $ 21,370  
Accounts receivable     46,602  
Other current assets     142  
Intangible assets     14,010,631  
Total assets     14,078,745  
Liabilities assumed:        
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     78,745  
Total liabilities     78,745  
Purchase price   $ 14,000,000  

 

The fair values of the current assets acquired and the current liabilities assumed were estimated to be equal to the carrying value on the books of the acquired entity. The acquisition cost of all other assets and liabilities acquired were allocated to those individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based on their estimated relative fair values. Upon completion of a third party valuation report being prepared in connection with the acquisition, the Company may adjust the estimated allocation to reflect the results of that valuation if there are material differences between the third party valuation and the Company’s estimated allocation.

 

NOTE 5 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consist of the valuation of identifiable intangible assets acquired (See Note 4), representing license and banking infrastructure, was completed. The Company uses its best estimates and assumptions as part of the purchase price allocation process to accurately value the identifiable intangible assets at the acquisition date. The straight-line method of amortization represents the Company’s best estimate of the distribution of the economic value of the identifiable intangible assets. Furthermore, the Company is in the process of having a third-party valuation firm conduct a valuation of the acquisition. As such, the Company’s valuation is preliminary and subject to change pending the results of the third-party valuation report.

 

F-13

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 5 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS (continued)

 

At September 30, 2021, intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

    Useful Life   September 30, 2021  
License and banking infrastructure   10 Years   $ 14,085,402  
Less: accumulated amortization         (469,286 )
        $ 13,616,116  

 

For the year ended September 30, 2021, amortization expense amounted to $469,286, which represented amortization from May 28, 2021 (the date of acquisition) to September 30, 2021. There was no comparable amortization prior to the date of acquisition.

 

Amortization of intangible assets attributable to future periods is as follows:

 

For the twelve-month period ending September 30:   Amortization amount  
2022   $ 1,408,540  
2023     1,408,540  
2024     1,408,540  
2025     1,408,540  
2026 and thereafter     7,981,956  
    $ 13,616,116  

 

NOTE 6 – ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED LIABILITIES

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, accounts payable and accrued liabilities consisted of the following:

 

    September 30, 2021     September 30, 2020  
Directors’ compensation   $ 170,538     $ 130,537  
Professional fees     125,697       46,640  
Accounts payable     54,831      
-
 
Interest payable    
-
      35,229  
Other     29,655      
-
 
Total   $ 380,721     $ 212,406  

 

NOTE 7 – SHARE CAPITAL

 

Preferred stock

 

The Company’s Board of Directors is authorized to issue, at any time, without further stockholder approval, up to 15,000,000 shares of preferred stock. The Board of Directors has the authority to fix and determine the voting rights, rights of redemption and other rights and preferences of preferred stock.  

 

Common stock and Series A preferred stock sold for cash

 

On June 7, 2016, the Company sold to CMH 15,450,000 shares of common stock and 100,000 shares of Series A preferred stock for $1,000,000. The common stock was recorded as equity and the Series A preferred stock was recorded as a liability. On February 13, 2018, 75,000 of the preferred shares were redeemed and cancelled.

 

F-14

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 7 – SHARE CAPITAL (continued)

 

The Series A preferred stock has the following key terms:

 

1) A stated value of $10 per share;

 

2) The holder is entitled to receive cumulative dividends at the annual rate of 1.5% of stated value payable semi-annually on June 30 and December 31;

 

3) The preferred stock must be redeemed at the stated value plus any unpaid dividends in 5 years (on or before June 7, 2021);

 

4) The Series A preferred stock is non-voting. However, without the affirmative vote of the holders of the shares of the Series A preferred stock then outstanding, the Company may not alter or change adversely the powers, preferences or rights given to the Series A preferred stock or alter or amend the Certificate of Designation except to the extent that such vote relates to the amendment of the Certificate of Designation;

 

5) The holders of the Series A preferred stock are not entitled to receive any preference upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the business of the Company. Each holder of Series A preferred stock shall share ratably with the holders of the common stock of the Company.

 

The $1,000,000 of proceeds received was allocated to the common stock and Series A preferred stock according to their relative fair values determined at the time of issuance, and as a result, the Company recorded a total discount of $45,793 on the Series A preferred stock, which is being amortized to interest expense to the date of redemption. For the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, amortization of debt discount amounted to $1,545 and $2,290, respectively.

 

The terms of the Series A preferred stock issued represent mandatory redeemable shares, with a fixed redemption date (in 5 years) and the Company has a choice of redeeming the instrument either in cash or a variable number of shares of common stock based on a formula in the certificate of designation. The conversion price has a floor of $0.20 per share. As such, all dividends accrued and/or paid and any accretions are classified as part of interest expense. For the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, dividends on redeemable preferred stock amounted to $2,625 and $3,750, respectively.

 

On June 7, 2021, the outstanding redeemable preferred stock of $250,000 and related accrued dividend of $37,854 were exchanged for 1,439,271 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

Common stock issued for acquisition

 

On May 28, 2021, the Company issued 70,000,000 shares of its common stock to Match Shareholders for acquisition of 70% equity interest of Match. These shares were valued at $9,800,000, the fair market value on the grant date using the reported closing share price on the date of grant.

 

On May 28, 2021, the Company issued 100,000 shares of its common stock to Match Shareholders as consideration of an option commencing any time after the closing of the Initial Transaction to acquire from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. The 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were valued at $14,000, the fair market value on the grant date using the reported closing share price on the date of grant and were included in the costs of acquisition.

 

On August 30, 2021, the Company exercised its option, pursuant to which it acquired from the Match Shareholders the balance of 493 ordinary shares of Match representing 30% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Match for an additional 30,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company. These shares were valued at $4,200,000, the fair market value on the grant date using the reported closing share price on the date of grant.

 

F-15

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 7 – SHARE CAPITAL (continued)

 

Options

 

The Company did not have any options activity during the year ended September 30, 2020.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2021, in connection with a service agreement, the Company granted 1,000,000 stock options at a fixed exercise price of $2.50 to a service provider. The fair value of options granted to the service provider were estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions: volatility of 202.82%, risk-free rate of 0.83%, annual dividend yield of 0%, and expected life of 5.00 years. The fair value of the options granted was $1,514,982.

 

Stock-based compensation expense associated with stock options granted amounted to $42,082, which was recorded as professional fees for the year ended September 30, 2021.

 

The following table summarizes the shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon exercise of options outstanding at September 30, 2021:

 

Options Outstanding     Options Exercisable  
Exercise Price     Number Outstanding at September 30, 2021     Remaining Contractual Life (Years)     Number Exercisable at September 30, 2021     Exercise  Price  
$ 2.50       1,000,000       4.97      
-
    $
-
 

 

Stock option activities for the year ended September 30, 2021 were as follows:

 

    Number of Options     Exercise Price  
Outstanding at October 1, 2020    
-
    $
-
 
Granted     1,000,000       2.50  
Terminated / Exercised / Expired    
-
     
-
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2021     1,000,000     $ 2.50  
Options exercisable at September 30, 2021    
-
    $
-
 
Options expected to vest     1,000,000     $ 2.50  

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options outstanding at September 30, 2021 was $0.

 

A summary of the status of the Company’s nonvested stock options granted as of September 30, 2021 and changes during the year ended September 30, 2021 is presented below:

 

    Number of Options     Exercise Price  
Nonvested at October 1, 2020    
-
    $
-
 
Granted     1,000,000       2.50  
Vested    
-
     
-
 
Nonvested at September 30, 2021     1,000,000     $ 2.50  

 

F-16

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 – INCOME TAXES  

 

The components for net income (loss) for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

    Year Ended     Year Ended  
    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
United States   $ (620,481 )   $ 31,292  
Bermuda    
-
     
-
 
Malta     (26,102 )     (131,854 )
United Kingdom     (290,263 )    
-
 
Total   $ (936,846 )   $ (100,562 )

 

The components of income taxes expense (benefit) for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 consisted of the following:

 

    Year Ended     Year Ended  
    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
Current:            
Federal   $
-
    $
-
 
State    
-
     
-
 
Malta    
-
     
-
 
United Kingdom    
-
     
-
 
Total current income taxes expense   $
-
    $
-
 
Deferred:                
Federal   $ (201,703 )   $ 7,643  
State     (38,419 )     1,456  
Malta     (9,136 )     (46,149 )
United Kingdom     (55,150 )    
-
 
Total deferred income taxes (benefit)   $ (304,408 )   $ (37,050 )
Change in valuation allowance     304,408       37,050  
Total income taxes expense   $
-
    $
-
 

 

The reconciliations of the statutory income tax rate and the Company’s effective income tax rate were as follows:

 

    Year Ended     Year Ended  
    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
Statutory federal income tax rate     21.0 %     21.0 %
State tax     2.6 %     (1.5 )%
Non-U.S. income taxed at different rates     (0.2 )%     18.4 %
Permanent differences     (0.1 )%     (1.3 )%
Valuation allowance     (23.3 )%     (36.6 )%
Effective tax rate     0.0 %     0.0 %

 

F-17

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 – INCOME TAXES (continued)

 

The components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
Deferred tax assets (liabilities):                
Loss carry-forwards   $ 577,215     $ 293,328  
Accrued directors’ compensation     42,635       32,635  
Stock-based compensation     10,521      
-
 
Valuation allowance     (630,371 )     (325,963 )
Total net deferred tax assets   $
-
    $
-
 

 

The Company provided a valuation allowance equal to the deferred income tax assets for years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 because it is not presently known whether future taxable income will be sufficient to utilize the loss carry-forwards. The valuation allowance could be reduced or eliminated based on future earnings and future estimates of taxable income.

 

As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $1,373,304 in U.S. federal net operating loss carry-forwards that can be utilized in future periods to reduce taxable income. However, due to changes in stock ownership, the use of the U.S. federal net operating loss carry-forwards is limited under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. The Company has not performed a study to determine if the loss carryforwards are subject to these Section 382 limitations. $337,605 of the net operating loss carry-forwards will expire in fiscal years 2035 through 2038. The remaining net operating loss carry-forwards do not expire. In addition, the Company has net operating losses in Malta totaling $503,647 with no expiration date.

 

As of September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company did not identify any uncertain tax positions that would require either recognition or disclosure in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain income tax positions in other expense. However, no such interest and penalties were recorded as of September 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

The Company has a December 31 tax year-end. The federal, state and foreign income tax returns of the Company are subject to examination by various tax authorities, generally for three years after they are filed. The Company is not subject to income taxes in Bermuda. The Company’s 2018 through 2021 tax years are subject to examination.

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Services provided by related parties

 

The Company uses affiliate employees for various services such as the use of accountants to record the books and accounts of the Company at no charge to the Company, which are considered immaterial.

  

Office space from related parties

 

The Company uses office space of affiliate companies, free of rent, which is considered immaterial.

 

Revenue from related party and cost of revenue from related party

 

The Company’s general support services operate under a GSA with TCM providing personnel and technical support, marketing, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. The minimum monthly amount received is $1,600,000.

 

The Company’s general support services operate under a GSA with FXDIRECT receiving personnel and technical support, marketing, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. The minimum monthly amount payable is $1,575,000.

 

Both of the above entities are affiliates through common ownership.

 

F-18

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (continued)

 

Revenue from related party and cost of revenue from related party (continued)

 

During the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, general support services provided to the related party, which was recorded as revenue – general support services - related party on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss were as follows:

 

    Year Ended
September 30, 2021
    Year Ended
September 30, 2020
 
Service provided to:            
TCM   $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  
    $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  

 

During the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, services received from the related party, which was recorded as cost of revenue – general support services - related party on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss were as follows:

 

    Year Ended
September 30, 2021
    Year Ended
September 30, 2020
 
Service received from:            
FXDIRECT   $ 18,900,000     $ 18,900,000  
    $ 18,900,000     $ 18,900,000  

 

Due from affiliates

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, due from related parties consisted of the following:

 

    September 30, 2021     September 30, 2020  
NUKK Capital (*)   $ 144,696     $ 144,696  
TCM     2,473,177       3,565,076  
Total   $ 2,617,873     $ 3,709,772  

 

(*) An entity controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman.

 

The balances of due from NUKK Capital represent the Company’s prior investment in digital currency that was transferred to NUKK Capital in March 2019. The balance of due from TCM represent unsettled funds due related to the General Services Agreement and monies that the Company paid on behalf of TCM.

 

Management believes that the related parties’ receivables are fully collectable. Therefore, no allowance for doubtful account is deemed to be required on its due from related parties at September 30, 2021 and 2020. The Company historically has not experienced uncollectible receivable from the related parties.

 

Due to affiliates

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, due to related parties consisted of the following:

 

    September 30, 2021     September 30, 2020  
Forexware LLC (*)   $ 579,229     $ 579,229  
FXDIRECT     3,341,893       4,111,277  
CMH     42,000       42,000  
FXDD Trading (*)     294,670       471  
Total   $ 4,257,792     $ 4,732,977  

 

(*) Forexware LLC and FXDD Trading are both controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman.

 

F-19

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 9 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (continued)

 

Due to affiliates (continued)

 

The balances of due to related parties represent expenses paid by Forexware LLC, FXDIRECT, and FXDD Trading on behalf of the Company and advances from CMH. The balance due to FXDIRECT may also include unsettled funds due related to the General Service Agreement.

 

The related parties’ payables are short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and repayable on demand.

 

NOTE 10 – CONCENTRATIONS

 

Customers

 

The following table sets forth information as to each customer that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s revenues for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

    Years Ended
September 30,
 
Customer   2021     2020  
A – related party     99.5 %     100 %

 

One customer, whose outstanding receivable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable, and accounts receivable – related party (which is included in due from affiliates on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets) at September 30, 2021, accounted for 97.8% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable, and accounts receivable – related party at September 30, 2021.

 

One customer, whose outstanding receivable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable – related party (which is included in due from affiliates on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets) at September 30, 2020, accounted for 100.0% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable – related party at September 30, 2020.

 

Suppliers

 

The following table sets forth information as to each supplier that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s costs of revenues for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

    Years Ended
September 30,
 
Supplier   2021     2020  
A – related party     98.5 %     100 %

 

One supplier, whose outstanding payable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable, and accounts payable – related party (which is included in due to affiliates on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets) at September 30, 2021, accounted for 98.8% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable, and accounts payable – related party at September 30, 2021.

 

One supplier, whose outstanding payable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable – related party (which is included in due to affiliates on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets) at September 30, 2020, accounted for 100.0% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts payable – related party at September 30, 2020.

 

NOTE 11 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

For the year ended September 30, 2021, the Company operated in two reportable business segments - (1) the general support services segment, in which we provide software, technology, customer sales and marketing and risk management technology hardware and software solutions package under a GSA to a related party, and (2) the financial services segment, in which we provide financial services to enable conversion of fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies and vice versa. For the year ended September 30, 2020, the Company operated in one reportable business segment – the general support services segment. The Company’s reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different services and products. They are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations.

 

F-20

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 11 –SEGMENT INFORMATION (continued)

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

    Years Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020  
Revenues            
General support services   $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  
Financial services     86,964      
-
 
Total     19,286,964       19,200,000  
                 
Costs of revenues                
General support services     18,900,000       18,900,000  
Financial services     293,011      
-
 
Total     19,193,011       18,900,000  
                 
Gross profit (loss)                
General support services     300,000       300,000  
Financial services     (206,047 )    
-
 
Total     93,953       300,000  
                 
Operating expenses                
Financial services     553,230      
-
 
Corporate/Other     473,127       413,115  
Total     1,026,357       413,115  
                 
Other (expense) income                
Financial services     (272 )    
-
 
Corporate/Other     (4,170 )     12,553  
Total     (4,442 )     12,553  
                 
Net income (loss)                
General support services     300,000       300,000  
Financial services     (759,549 )    
-
 
Corporate/Other     (477,297 )     (400,562 )
Total     (936,846 )     (100,562 )
                 
Amortization                
Financial services     469,286      
-
 
Total   $ 469,286     $
-
 

 

Total assets at September 30, 2021 and 2020   September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
Financial services   $ 13,703,140     $
-
 
Corporate/Other     2,956,696       3,799,631  
Total   $ 16,659,836     $ 3,799,631  

 

F-21

 

 

NUKKLEUS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 12 – CONTINGENCY

 

In April 16, 2020, the Company was named as a defendant in the Adversary Proceeding filed in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts (Case No. 15-10745-FJB; Adversary Proceeding No. 16-01178) titled In re: BT Prime Ltd (“BT Prime”). The Adversary Proceeding is brought by BT Prime against Boston Technologies Powered by Forexware LLC f/k/a Forexware LLC (“Forexware”), Currency Mountain Holdings LLC, Currency Mountain Holdings Limited f/k/a Forexware Malta Holdings Ltd., FXDirectDealer, LLC, FXDD Malta Ltd., Nukkleus Inc., Nukkleus Bermuda Limited and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Ltd. In the Amended Complaint, BT Prime is seeking, amongst other relief, a determination that the Company and the other defendants are liable for all of the debts of BT Prime stemming from its bankruptcy proceedings, and is seeking to recover certain amounts transferred to Forexware and FXDD Malta prior to the initiation of the bankruptcy case. In the sole claim asserted against the Company, BT Prime alleges that the Company operated as a single business enterprise with no separate existence outside of its collective business relationship with certain of the other Defendants, is a continuation of the business of Forexware and is a successor-in-interest to Forexware. Based on this theory, BT Prime alleges that the Company should be jointly and severally liable for any liability attributable to Forexware or the other Defendants, should the Court eventually find any such liability. The Company maintains that there is no basis for BT Prime’s claim against it and intends to vigorously defend against the claim at trial, the date for which has not yet been set. 

 

NOTE 13 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On October 20, 2021, the Company and the shareholders (the “Original Shareholders”) of Jacobi Asset Management Holdings Limited (“Jacobi”) entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Jacobi Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to acquire 5.0% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Jacobi in consideration of 20,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company (the “Transaction”). On December 15, 2021, the Company, the Original Shareholders and the shareholders of Jacobi that were assigned their interest in Jacobi by the Original Shareholders (the “New Jacobi Shareholders”) entered into an Amendment to Stock Purchase Agreement agreeing that the Transaction will be entered between the Company and the New Jacobi Shareholders. The Transaction closed on December 15, 2021. Jacobi is a company focused on digital asset management that has received regulatory approval to launch the world's first tier one Bitcoin ETF.

 

F-22

 

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, who is the same person, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report. Based on such evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as required by Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Section 404(a). The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of the Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer and effected by the Company’s Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Due to its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

As of September 30, 2021, management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria set forth in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management concluded that, as of September 30, 2021, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth fiscal quarter of the year ended September 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. 

 

Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report by our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. As a smaller reporting company, our internal control over financial reporting was not subject to audit by our independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None

 

19

 

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

The following table sets forth the names and ages of the Companies officers and directors as of the date hereof. Our executive officers are elected annually by our board of directors. Our executive officers hold their offices until they resign, are removed by the Board, or his successor is elected and qualified.

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

Name   Age   Position
Emil Assentato   72   Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chairman
Craig Marshak   62   Director
Jamal “Jamie” Khurshid   45   Chief Operating Officer

 

Set forth below is a brief description of the background and business experience of our current executive officers or directors.

 

Emil Assentato was previously the Chief Executive Officer of Tradition North America, one of the leading inter-dealer brokers in the world, and a subsidiary of Compagnie Financiere Tradition, a leading global brand in inter-dealer broking listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange. He continues today as Chairman of Tradition North America. His career spans over 30 years of Wall Street leadership in Institutional Sales, Marketing and Senior Management. Mr. Assentato and his team were the founding shareholders of FXDD in 2002, and pioneered the brand in the early days of the retail forex industry. Having lead a management buyout of the brand from Tradition, and whilst keeping Tradition as a minority equity partner, Mr. Assentato in recent years, re-focused the brand strategy on Asian markets.

 

Craig Marshak has over twenty years of experience in financial services. From 2010 to 2014, he was a founding partner of Israel Venture Partners, and a Managing Director at Cross Point Capital Advisors. From 2007 to 2010, Mr. Marshak headed the London office of Trafalgar Capital, a $200 million mezzanine capital fund headquartered in Luxemburg. Prior to that, he was a managing director and co-head of Nomura merchant banking technology growth fund. Prior to that, he was a managing director at Robertson Stephens. Prior to that, he was an executive at Wertheim Schroder and its affiliates in New York and London. He commenced his Wall Street career at Morgan Stanley. He received his bachelor’s degree from Duke University, and a JD from Harvard Law School.

 

Jamal “Jamie” Khurshid was appointed as Chief Operating Officer of the Company on August 2, 2021. An investment banker for over 20 years at Goldman Sachs, Credit Suisse and Royal Bank of Scotland before joining Cinnober Financial Technology, the world’s leading independent exchange and clearing house technology provider, as a senior partner where Mr. Khurshid served from 2013 to 2018. In 2018, Mr. Khurshid co-founded digital RFQ, a leading digital asset execution service. From 2020 through 2021, Mr. Khurshid served as the COO of Droit Financial Technology, an enterprise technology firm. Since 2021, Mr. Khurshid has served as CEO of Jacobi Asset Management, Europe’s first Bitcoin ETF founded by Mr. Khurshid. In 1997, Mr. Khurshid graduated from the University of Reading with a Bachelor of Scient in Environmental Science. Mr. Khurshid was voted by financial news as one of the top 40 under 40 in European trading and technology (2014) and ranked in the ‘Exchange invest’ Top 1000 most influential people in global financial markets in 2017.

 

20

 

 

Board of Directors

 

The minimum number of directors we are authorized to have is one and the maximum is six. In no event may we have less than one director. Although we anticipate appointing additional directors in the future, as of the date hereof we have two directors.

 

Directors on our Board of Directors are elected for one-year terms and serve until the next annual security holders’ meeting or until their death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification, or until a successor has been elected and qualified. All officers are appointed annually by the Board of Directors and serve at the discretion of the Board. Currently, each director receives annual compensation of $20,000 for their services on our Board.

 

We reimburse our directors for expenses incurred in connection with attending directors’ meetings. We will consider applying for officers and directors’ liability insurance at such time when we have the resources to do so.

 

Committees of the Board of Directors

 

Concurrent with having sufficient members and resources, our Board of Directors intends to establish an audit committee and a compensation committee. The audit committee will review the results and scope of the audit and other services provided by the independent auditors and review and evaluate the system of internal controls. The compensation committee will review and recommend compensation arrangements for the officers and employees. No final determination has yet been made as to the memberships of these committees or when we will have sufficient members to establish committees. We believe that we will need a minimum of three independent directors to have effective committee systems.

 

As of the date hereof, we have not established any Board committees.

 

Family Relationships

 

No family relationship exists between any director, executive officer, or any person contemplated to become such.

 

Section 16(A) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance.

 

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, requires our directors, executive officers and persons who own more than 10% of our common stock to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of common stock and other of our equity securities. During the year ended September 30, 2021, our officers, directors and 10% stockholders made the required filings pursuant to Section 16(a).

 

Possible Potential Conflicts

 

Our shares are quoted on OTC Pink which does not currently have any director independence requirements.

 

No member of management will be required by us to work on a full time basis. Accordingly, certain conflicts of interest may arise between us and our officer(s) and director(s) in that they may have other business interests in the future to which they devote their attention, and they may be expected to continue to do so although management time must also be devoted to our business. As a result, conflicts of interest may arise that can be resolved only through their exercise of such judgment as is consistent with each officer’s understanding of his/her fiduciary duties to us.

 

We cannot provide assurances that our efforts to eliminate the potential impact of conflicts of interest will be effective.

 

21

 

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

None of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:

 

  had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;
     
  been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offences);
     
  been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities or banking activities;
     
  been found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;
     
  been subject or a party to or any other disclosable event required by Item 401(f) of Regulation S-K.

 

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

 

We currently do not have a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

Executive Officers’ Compensation

 

The following table sets forth information concerning the annual and long-term compensation earned by or paid to our Chief Executive Officer and to other persons who served as executive officers as at and/or during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 or who earned compensation exceeding $100,000 during fiscal year 2021 (the “named executive officers”), for services as executive officers for the last two fiscal years.

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

Name and principal
position
  Fiscal year   Salary     Bonus     Stock awards     Option awards     Nonequity incentive plan compensation     Nonqualified deferred compensation earnings     All other compensation     Total  
(a)   (b)   (c)     (d)     (e)     (f)     (g)     (h)     (i)     (j)  
        $     $     $     $     $     $     $     $  
Emil  Assentato   2021     20,000           -            -            -                -                  -               -       20,000  
CEO   2020     20,000       -       -       -       -       -       -       20,000  
                                                                     
Jamal “Jamie” Khurshid   2021     43,498       -       -       -       -       -       -       43,498  
COO   2020     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  

 

 

(*) Mr. Khurshid was appointed as our Chief Operating Officer on August 2, 2021.

 

Employment Agreements

 

On September 23, 2021, the Company entered into a Consultancy Agreement with Jamal “Jamie” Khurshid, the Company’s COO. Pursuant to the agreement, Mr. Khurshid is employed as Chief Operating Officer of the Company unless terminated pursuant to the terms of the agreement. During the term of the agreement, Mr. Khurshid is entitled to two hundred and fifteen thousand Euro (€215,000) annually.

 

22

 

 

Grants of Plan Based Awards

 

We did not grant any option to our Executive Officers in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021.

 

Option Exercises and Stock Vested

 

There were no options exercised by our executive officers or stock vested to our executive officers during the year ended September 30, 2021.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards

 

There were no outstanding equity awards as of September 30, 2021.

 

No Pension Benefits

 

The Company does not maintain any plan that provides for payments or other benefits to its executive officers at, following or in connection with retirement and including, without limitation, any tax-qualified defined benefit plans or supplemental executive retirement plans.

 

No Nonqualified Deferred Compensation

 

The Company does not maintain any defined contribution or other plan that provides for the deferral of compensation on a basis that is not tax-qualified.

 

Director Compensation

 

Director service fees earned by our current directors, both Mr. Assentato and Mr. Marshak, for the year ended September 30, 2021 amounted to $20,000, for a total of $40,000 in accordance with their letter agreements.

 

Agreement with Craig Marshak

 

On August 1, 2016, Mr. Craig Marshak entered into a letter agreement with us pursuant to which he was appointed as our director in consideration of an annual fee of $20,000.

 

Agreement with Emil Assentato

 

On August 1, 2016, Mr. Emil Assentato entered into a letter agreement with us pursuant to which he was appointed as our director in consideration of an annual fee of $20,000.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

The following table sets forth certain information as of December 27, 2021 with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common stock, the sole outstanding class of our voting securities, by (i) any person or group owning more than 5% of each class of voting securities, (ii) each director, (iii) each executive officer, and (iv) all executive officers and directors as a group. As of December 27, 2021, we had 332,024,371 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

23

 

 

Beneficial ownership is determined under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and generally includes voting or investment power over securities. Except in cases where community property laws apply or as indicated in the footnotes to this table, we believe that each stockholder identified in the table possesses sole voting and investment power over all shares of common stock shown as beneficially owned by the stockholder.

 

Shares of common stock subject to options or warrants that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of the date of this report are considered outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding the options for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of that person but are not treated as outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

 

    Beneficial Ownership  
Name of Beneficial Owner   Common
Shares
    Percentage  
Emil Assentato * (1)     212,224,411       63.7 %
Jamal Khurshid *     37,103,039       11.1 %
Craig Marshak *     482,080       **  
All officers and directors as a group (3 persons)     249,809,530       75.0 %
                 
5% or greater beneficial owners:                
Craig Iain Vallis     18,247,396       5.5 %
Oliver James Worsley     18,247,396       5.5 %
5% or greater beneficial owners as a group     36,494,792       11.0 %

 

* Officer and/or director of our company
** Less than 1%
(1) Represent 212,224,411 shares owned by Global Elite Holdings Ltd. which is wholly-owned by an entity that is majority-owned by Emil Assentato, our CEO, CFO and Chairman.

 

Except as otherwise indicated, the address of each beneficial owner is c/o Nukkleus Inc., 525 Washington Blvd., Jersey City 07310. 

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Services provided by related parties

 

The Company uses affiliate employees for various services such as the use of accountants to record the books and accounts of the Company at no charge to the Company, which are considered immaterial.

 

Office space from related parties

 

The Company uses office space of affiliate companies, free of rent, which is considered immaterial.

 

Revenue from related party and cost of revenue from related party

 

The Company’s general support services operate under a GSA with TCM providing personnel and technical support, marketing, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. The minimum monthly amount received is $1,600,000.

 

The Company’s general support services operate under a GSA with FXDIRECT receiving personnel and technical support, marketing, accounting, risk monitoring, documentation processing and customer care and support. The minimum monthly amount payable is $1,575,000.

 

24

 

 

Both of the above entities are affiliates through common ownership.

 

During the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, general support services provided to the related party, which was recorded as revenue – general support services - related party on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss were as follows:

 

    Year Ended
September 30,
2021
    Year Ended
September 30,
2020
 
Service provided to:            
TCM   $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  
    $ 19,200,000     $ 19,200,000  

 

During the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, services received from the related party, which was recorded as cost of revenue – general support services - related party on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss were as follows:

 

    Year Ended
September 30,
2021
    Year Ended
September 30,
2020
 
Service received from:            
FXDIRECT   $ 18,900,000     $ 18,900,000  
    $ 18,900,000     $ 18,900,000  

 

Due from affiliates

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, due from related parties consisted of the following:

 

    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
NUKK Capital (*)   $ 144,696     $ 144,696  
TCM     2,473,177       3,565,076  
Total   $ 2,617,873     $ 3,709,772  

 

(*) An entity controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman.

 

The balances of due from NUKK Capital represent the Company’s prior investment in digital currency that was transferred to NUKK Capital in March 2019. The balance of due from TCM represent unsettled funds due related to the General Services Agreement and monies that the Company paid on behalf of TCM.

 

Management believes that the related parties’ receivables are fully collectable. Therefore, no allowance for doubtful account is deemed to be required on its due from related parties at September 30, 2021 and 2020. The Company historically has not experienced uncollectible receivable from the related parties.

 

Due to affiliates

 

At September 30, 2021 and 2020, due to related parties consisted of the following:

 

    September 30,
2021
    September 30,
2020
 
Forexware LLC (*)   $ 579,229     $ 579,229  
FXDIRECT     3,341,893       4,111,277  
CMH     42,000       42,000  
FXDD Trading (*)     294,670       471  
Total   $ 4,257,792     $ 4,732,977  

 

(*) Forexware LLC and FXDD Trading are both controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman.

 

25

 

 

The balances of due to related parties represent expenses paid by Forexware LLC, FXDIRECT, and FXDD Trading on behalf of the Company and advances from CMH. The balance due to FXDIRECT may also include unsettled funds due related to the General Service Agreement.

 

The related parties’ payables are short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and repayable on demand.

 

Director Independence

 

We currently do not have any independent directors serving on our board of directors.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

We do not have an audit committee. Our Board of Directors pre-approves all services, including both audit and non-audit services, provided by our independent accountants. For audit services, each year the independent auditor provides our board of directors with an engagement letter outlining the scope of the audit services proposed to be performed during the year, which must be formally accepted by the board of directors before the audit commences.

 

The independent auditor also submits an audit services fee proposal, which also must be approved by the board of directors before the audit commences.

 

Rotenberg Meril Solomon Bertiger & Guttilla, P.C. served as our independent auditors for the years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The following table sets forth the fees billed by our principal independent accountants for each of our last two fiscal years for the categories of services indicated.

 

    Year Ended
September 30,
2021
    Year Ended
September 30,
2020
 
Audit Fees   $ 102,500     $ 92,000  
Audit Related Fees     -       -  
Tax Fees     5,500       5,800  
All Other Fees     -       -  
Total   $ 108,000     $ 97,800  

 

Audit fees. Consists of fees billed for the audit of our annual financial statements, review of our Form 10-K, review of our interim financial statements included in our Form 10-Q and services that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with year-end statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.

 

Audit-related fees. Consists of fees billed for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not reported under “Audit Fees”, review of our Forms 8-K filings and services that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with non-year-end statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.

 

Tax fees. Consists of professional services rendered by our accountants for tax compliance, tax advice, tax planning and the preparation of income tax returns.

 

Other fees. The services provided by our accountants within this category consisted of advice and other services relating to SEC matters, registration statement review, accounting issues and client conferences.

  

26

 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

The following exhibits are incorporated into this Form 10-K Annual Report:

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
3.1   Certificate of Amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation filed June 3, 2016 (2)
     
3.2   Statement of Designation, Powers, Preferences and Rights of Series A Preferred Stock (2)
     
3.3   Amended and Restated By-laws of Nukkleus Inc. (3)
     
4.1   Securities Purchase Agreement between Nukkleus Inc. and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Limited dated June 3, 2016 (2)
     
10.1   Asset Purchase Agreement dated May 24, 2016, by and between Nukkleus Inc., its majority shareholder Charms Investments Ltd., and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Nukkleus Limited and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Limited (1)
     
10.2   General Service Agreement between Nukkleus Limited and FML Malta Limited dated May 24, 2016 (4)
     
10.3   General Service Agreement between Nukkleus Limited and FXDirectDealer LLC dated May 24, 2016 (1)
     
10.4   Stock Purchase Agreement dated May 27, 2016 among Nukkleus Inc., IBIH Limited, the shareholders of IBIH Limited and Currency Mountain Holdings LLC (2)
     
10.5   Amendment No. 1 dated June 2, 2016 to the Asset Purchase Agreement by and between Nukkleus Inc., its majority shareholder Charms Investments Ltd., and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Nukkleus Limited and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Limited (2)
     
10.6   Amendment No. 1 dated June 3, 2016 to the General Service Agreement between Nukkleus Limited and FXDD Trading Limited (2)
     
10.7   Letter Agreement between Nukkleus Inc. and IBIH Limited dated June 3, 2016 (2)
     
10.8   Director Agreement by and between Nukkleus Inc. and Craig Marshak dated August 1, 2016 (3)
     
10.9   Amendment dated October 17, 2017 of that certain General Service Agreement between Nukkleus Limited and FML Malta Limited (5)
     
10.10   Amendment dated October 17, 2017 of that certain General Service Agreement between Nukkleus Limited and FXDirectDealer LLC (5)
     
10.11   Settlement Agreement and Mutual Release between Nukkleus Inc., IBIH Limited, Terra (FX) Offshore Limited, Ludico Investments Limited, Currency Mountain Holdings LLC and the IBIH Shareholders dated November 17, 2017 (6)
     
10.12   Letter Agreement entered between FML Malta Ltd., FXDD Malta Limited and Nukkleus Limited (7)
     
10.13   Stock Redemption Agreement dated February 13, 2018 between Nukkleus Inc. and Currency Mountain Holdings Bermuda, Limited (8)
     
10.14   Purchase and Sale Agreement by and between Nukkleus Inc. and Michael Stephen Greenacre, Nicholas Aaron Gregory, Jamal Khurshid, Travers David Lee, Azam Shah, Craig Iain Vallis, Bertram Bartholomew Worsley and Oliver James Worsley dated May 24, 2021 (9)
     
10.15     Stock Option Exercise Agreement by and between Nukkleus Inc. and Michael Stephen Greenacre, Nicholas Aaron Gregory, Jamal Khurshid, Travers David Lee, Azam Shah, Craig Iain Vallis, Bertram Bartholomew Worsley and Oliver James Worsley dated August 30, 2021 (10)

 

27

 

 

21.1*   List of Subsidiaries
     
31.1*   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive and Financial Officer
     
32.1*   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive and Financial Officer
     
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document.*
     
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.*
     
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.*
     
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.*
     
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.*
     
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.*
     
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).*

  

 

* Filed along with this document
(1) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on May 31, 2016.
(2) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on June 3, 2016.
(3) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on August 9, 2016.
(4) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on October 25, 2016.
(5) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on October 19, 2017.
(6) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on December 5, 2017.
(7) Incorporated by reference to the Form 10K Annual Report filed with the SEC on December 27, 2017.
(8) Incorporated by reference to the Form 10Q Quarterly Report filed with the SEC on February 13, 2018.
(9) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on May 29, 2021.
(10) Incorporated by reference to the Form 8K Current Report filed with the SEC on September 2, 2021.

 

28

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  NUKKLEUS INC.
     
Dated: December 29, 2021 By: /s/ Emil Assentato
    Emil Assentato
   

Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) and Chairman

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
         
/s/ Emil Assentato   Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer),   December 29, 2021
    Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer) and Chairman    
         
/s/ Jamal “Jamie” Khurshid   Chief Operating Officer   December 29, 2021
         
/s/ Craig Marshak   Director   December 29, 2021

 

 

29

 

 

An entity controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman. Forexware LLC and FXDD Trading are both controlled by Emil Assentato, the Company’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chairman. false 212 --09-30 FY 0001592782 791-4663 0001592782 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 2021-12-29 0001592782 2021-03-31 0001592782 2021-09-30 0001592782 2020-09-30 0001592782 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-09-30 0001592782 2019-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:ComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:ComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:ComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:ComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TritonCapitalMarketLtdMember nukk:GlobalServicesAgreement1Member 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TritonCapitalMarketLtdMember nukk:FXDirectDealerLLCMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:BusinessCombinationMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-24 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-24 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-24 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-08-30 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-08-01 2021-08-30 0001592782 nukk:JacobiAgreementMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-10-01 2021-10-20 0001592782 us-gaap:UseRightsMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:US 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:US 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:US 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:US 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:EnglandMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:EnglandMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:EnglandMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:EnglandMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember nukk:StockPurchaseAgreementMember 2021-05-28 0001592782 nukk:MatchAgreementMember nukk:StockPurchaseAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 2021-05-28 0001592782 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:LicenseAndBankingInfrastructureMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:LicenseAndBankingInfrastructureMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:BoardOfDirectorsMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:CMHBLLCMember 2016-06-01 2016-06-07 0001592782 2018-02-08 2018-02-13 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2021-06-01 2021-06-07 0001592782 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2021-06-07 0001592782 nukk:BusinessCombinationMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 nukk:BusinessCombinationMember nukk:MatchAgreementMember nukk:StockPurchaseAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-05-28 0001592782 2021-08-30 0001592782 nukk:OptionsOutstandingMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:OptionsOutstandingMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:OptionsExercisableMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:OfficeOfTheTaxCommissionerBermudaMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:OfficeOfTheTaxCommissionerBermudaMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:GB 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 country:GB 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember 2019-10-02 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:OfficeOfTheTaxCommissionerBermudaMember 2019-10-02 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:MT 2019-10-02 2020-09-30 0001592782 country:GB 2019-10-02 2020-09-30 0001592782 2019-10-02 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TritonCapitalMarketsLtdMember nukk:GSAMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDirectDealerLLCMember nukk:GSAMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TritonCapitalMarketsLtdMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TritonCapitalMarketsLtdMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDIRECTMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDIRECTMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:NUKKCapitalMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:NUKKCapitalMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TCMMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:TCMMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:ForexwareLLCMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:ForexwareLLCMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDIRECTMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDIRECTMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:CMHBLLCMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:CMHBLLCMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDDTradingMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FXDDTradingMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 srt:MaximumMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 srt:MinimumMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 srt:MinimumMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 srt:MaximumMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:SupplierMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:SupplierMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:CustomerMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:CustomerMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:SupplierConcentrationRiskMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:SupplierConcentrationRiskMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:GeneralSupportServicesMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:GeneralSupportServicesMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FinancialServicesMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 nukk:FinancialServicesMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2020-10-01 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2019-10-01 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:FinancialServiceMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:FinancialServiceMember 2020-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2021-09-30 0001592782 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2020-09-30 xbrli:shares iso4217:USD iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure
Nukkleus (PK) (USOTC:NUKK)
Historical Stock Chart
From May 2022 to Jun 2022 Click Here for more Nukkleus (PK) Charts.
Nukkleus (PK) (USOTC:NUKK)
Historical Stock Chart
From Jun 2021 to Jun 2022 Click Here for more Nukkleus (PK) Charts.