Pinduoduo Inc. (“Pinduoduo” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: PDD), China’s largest agriculture platform, today announced its unaudited financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2022.

First Quarter 2022 Highlights

  • Total revenues in the quarter were RMB23,793.7 million (US$13,753.4 million), an increase of 7% from RMB22,167.1 million in the same quarter of 2021.
  • Average monthly active users2 in the quarter was 751.3 million, an increase of 4% from 724.6 million in the same quarter of 2021.
  • Active buyers3 in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2022 was 881.9 million, an increase of 7% from 823.8 million in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2021.
  • Operating profit in the quarter was RMB2,154.4 million (US$339.8 million), compared with operating loss of RMB4,147.0 million in the same quarter of 2021. Non-GAAP4 operating profit in the quarter was RMB3,677.2 million (US$580.1 million), compared with non-GAAP operating loss of RMB3,174.1 million in the same quarter of 2021.
  • Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders in the quarter was RMB2,599.5 million (US$410.1 million), compared with net loss of RMB2,905.4 million in the same quarter of 2021. Non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders in the quarter was RMB4,200.4 million (US$662.6 million), compared with non-GAAP net loss of RMB1,890.3 million in the same quarter of 2021.

“We remain focused on making long-term investments in agriculture and abide by our philosophy of ‘Benefit All’, ‘People First’, and ‘More Open’,” said Mr. Lei Chen, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Pinduoduo.

“At this current scale, it is inevitable for us to see slower growth,” said Ms. Jun Liu, VP of Finance of Pinduoduo. “We need to continue to invest in R&D to serve our users better.”

________________________1 This announcement contains translations of certain Renminbi (RMB) amounts into U.S. dollars (US$) at a specified rate solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise noted, the translation of RMB into US$ has been made at RMB6.3393 to US$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect on March 31, 2022 as set forth in the H.10 Statistical Release of the Federal Reserve Board.2 “Monthly active users” refers to the number of user accounts that visited the Pinduoduo mobile app during a given month, which does not include those that accessed the platform through social networks and access points.3 “Active buyers” in a given period refers to the number of user accounts that placed one or more orders (i) on the Pinduoduo mobile app, and (ii) through social networks and access points in that period, regardless of whether the products and services are actually sold, delivered or returned.4 The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures exclude share-based compensation expenses, fair value change of long-term investments, and interest expenses related to the convertible bonds’ amortization to face value and gain or loss on extinguishment. See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures to The Most Directly Comparable GAAP Measures” set forth at the end of this press release.

First Quarter 2022 Unaudited Financial Results

Total revenues were RMB23,793.7 million (US$3,753.4 million), an increase of 7% from RMB22,167.1 million in the same quarter of 2021. The increase was primarily due to an increase in revenues from online marketing services and transaction services, offset by the decrease of revenues from merchandise sales.

  • Revenues from online marketing services and others were RMB18,158.4 million (US$2,864.4 million), an increase of 29% from RMB14,111.5 million in the same quarter of 2021.
  • Revenues from transaction services were RMB5,591.4 million (US$882.0 million), an increase of 91% from RMB2,931.5 million in the same quarter of 2021.
  • Revenues from merchandise sales were RMB43.9 million (US$6.9 million), a decrease of 99% from RMB5,124.1 million in the same quarter of 2021.

Total costs of revenues were RMB7,159.6 million (US$1,129.4 million), a decrease of 33% from RMB10,746.1 million in the same quarter of 2021. The decrease mainly came from the reduction of merchandise sales partially offset by increased fulfillment fees.

Total operating expenses were RMB14,479.7 million (US$2,284.1 million), compared with RMB15,568.0 million in the same quarter of 2021.

  • Sales and marketing expenses were RMB11,219.1 million (US$1,769.8 million), decreased by 14% from RMB12,997.4 million in the same quarter of 2021, mainly due to controlled spending in promotion and advertising activities.
  • General and administrative expenses were RMB592.1 million (US$93.4 million), an increase of 68% from RMB351.9 million in the same quarter of 2021, primarily due to an increase in staff related costs.
  • Research and development expenses were RMB2,668.5 million (US$420.9 million), an increase of 20% from RMB2,218.7 million in the same quarter of 2021. The increase was primarily due to an increase in headcount and the recruitment of more experienced R&D personnel.

Operating profit was RMB2,154.4 million (US$339.8 million), compared with operating loss of RMB4,147.0 million in the same quarter of 2021. Non-GAAP operating profit was RMB3,677.2 million (US$580.1 million), compared with non-GAAP operating loss of RMB3,174.1 million in the same quarter of 2021.

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders was RMB2,599.5 million (US$410.1 million), compared with net loss of RMB2,905.4 million in the same quarter of 2021. Non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders was RMB4,200.4 million (US$662.6 million), compared with non-GAAP net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of RMB1,890.3 million in the same quarter of 2021.

Basic earnings per ADS was RMB2.06 (US$0.33) and diluted earnings per ADS was RMB1.84 (US$0.29), compared with basic and diluted net loss per ADS of RMB2.33 in the same quarter of 2021. Non-GAAP diluted earnings per ADS was RMB2.95 (US$0.47), compared with non-GAAP diluted net loss per ADS of RMB1.52 in the same quarter of 2021.

Net cash used in operating activities was RMB9,068.1 million (US$1,430.5 million), compared with RMB3,724.5 million in the same quarter of 2021, mainly due to seasonality changes in working capitals offset by controlled cost and operating expenses spending.

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were RMB95.2 billion (US$15.0 billion) as of March 31, 2022, compared with RMB92.9 billion as of December 31, 2021.

Conference Call

The Company will host a conference call to discuss the earnings at 7:30 AM U.S. Eastern Time on Friday, May 27, 2022 (7:30 PM Beijing/Hong Kong Time on Friday, May 27, 2022).

The conference call will be webcast live at https://investor.pinduoduo.com/investor-events. The webcast will be available for replay at the same website following the conclusion of the call.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In evaluating the business, the Company considers and uses non-GAAP measures, such as non-GAAP operating profit or loss and non-GAAP net income or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders, as supplemental measures to review and assess operating performance. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures exclude share-based compensation expenses, fair value change of long-term investments, and interest expenses related to the convertible bonds’ amortization to face value and gain or loss on extinguishment.

The Company presents these non-GAAP financial measures because they are used by management to evaluate operating performance and formulate business plans. The Company believes that the non-GAAP financial measures help identify underlying trends in its business by excluding the impact of share-based compensation expenses, fair value change of long-term investments, and interest expenses related to the convertible bonds’ amortization to face value and gain or loss on extinguishment, which is a non-cash charge. The Company also believes that the non-GAAP financial measures could provide further information about the Company’s results of operations, and enhance the overall understanding of the Company’s past performance and future prospects.

The non-GAAP financial measures are not defined under U.S. GAAP and are not presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools. The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect all items of income and expenses that affect the Company’s operations and do not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore their comparability may be limited. The Company compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the nearest U.S. GAAP performance measure, all of which should be considered when evaluating performance. The Company encourages you to review the Company’s financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

For more information on the non-GAAP financial measures, please see the table captioned “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures to The Most Directly Comparable GAAP Measures” set forth at the end of this press release.

Safe Harbor Statements

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “confident,” “potential,” “continue” or other similar expressions. Among other things, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as Pinduoduo’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. Pinduoduo may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to fourth parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including but not limited to statements about Pinduoduo’s beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Pinduoduo’s growth strategies; its future business development, results of operations and financial condition; its ability to understand buyer needs and provide products and services to attract and retain buyers; its ability to maintain and enhance the recognition and reputation of its brand; its ability to rely on merchants and fourth-party logistics service providers to provide delivery services to buyers; its ability to maintain and improve quality control policies and measures; its ability to establish and maintain relationships with merchants; trends and competition in China’s e-commerce market; changes in its revenues and certain cost or expense items; the expected growth of China’s e-commerce market; PRC governmental policies and regulations relating to Pinduoduo’s industry, and general economic and business conditions globally and in China and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Pinduoduo’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of the date of this press release, and Pinduoduo undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.About Pinduoduo Inc.

Pinduoduo connects millions of agricultural producers with consumers across China. Pinduoduo aims to bring more businesses and people into the digital economy so that local communities can benefit from the increased productivity and convenience through new market opportunities.

For more information on Pinduoduo news and industry trends, please visit the content hub at https://stories.pinduoduo-global.com/.

PINDUODUO INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(Amounts in thousands of Renminbi (“RMB”) and U.S. dollars (“US$”))
 
    As of  
    December31, 2021   March 31, 2022  
    RMB   RMB   US$  
        (Unaudited)  
           
ASSETS              
Current assets              
Cash and cash equivalents   6,426,715   7,404,992   1,168,109  
Restricted cash   59,617,256   44,729,000   7,055,826  
Receivables from online payment platforms   673,737   600,527   94,731  
Short-term investments   86,516,618   87,815,868   13,852,613  
Amounts due from related parties   4,250,155   3,587,349   565,890  
Prepayments and other current assets   3,424,687   2,027,225   319,788  
Total current assets   160,909,168   146,164,961   23,056,957  
               
Non-current assets              
Property, equipment and software, net   2,203,323   1,746,746   275,542  
Intangible assets   701,220   556,760   87,827  
Right-of-use assets   938,537   831,826   131,217  
Deferred tax assets   31,504   23,143   3,651  
Other non-current assets   16,425,966   19,395,185   3,059,515  
Total non-current assets   20,300,550   22,553,660   3,557,752  
               
Total Assets   181,209,718   168,718,621   26,614,709  
PINDUODUO INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(Amounts in thousands of Renminbi (“RMB”) and U.S. dollars (“US$”))
 
    As of
    December31, 2021   March 31, 2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
        (Unaudited)
         
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY      
Current liabilities            
Amounts due to related parties   1,963,007     2,039,727     321,759  
Customer advances and deferred revenues   1,166,764     1,060,656     167,314  
Payable to merchants   62,509,714     47,166,443     7,440,324  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   14,085,513     12,882,178     2,032,113  
Merchant deposits   13,577,552     13,955,037     2,201,353  
Lease liabilities   427,164     418,356     65,994  
Total current liabilities   93,729,714     77,522,397     12,228,857  
             
Non-current liabilities            
Convertible bonds5   11,788,907     14,057,021     2,217,441  
Lease liabilities   544,263     453,621     71,557  
Deferred tax liabilities   31,291     32,069     5,059  
Other non-current liabilities   996     536     85  
Total non-current liabilities   12,365,457     14,543,247     2,294,142  
             
Total Liabilities   106,095,171     92,065,644     14,522,999  
             
             
Shareholders’ equity            
Ordinary shares   161     162     26  
Additional paid-in capital5   95,340,819     93,044,708     14,677,442  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss5   (2,519,900 )   (2,651,317 )   (418,235 )
Accumulated deficits5   (17,706,533 )   (13,740,576 )   (2,167,523 )
Total Shareholders’ Equity   75,114,547     76,652,977     12,091,710  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity   181,209,718     168,718,621     26,614,709  
             

________________________5 The Group adopted ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity on January 1, 2022, using the modified retrospective method with a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balances of convertible bonds, additional paid-in capital, accumulated other comprehensive loss and accumulated deficits. 

PINDUODUO INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME/ (LOSS) (Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$)
 
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021   2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Revenues   22,167,099     23,793,689     3,753,362  
Costs of revenues   (10,746,050 )   (7,159,595 )   (1,129,398 )
Gross profit   11,421,049     16,634,094     2,623,964  
             
Sales and marketing expenses   (12,997,407 )   (11,219,068 )   (1,769,764 )
General and administrative expenses   (351,855 )   (592,113 )   (93,404 )
Research and development expenses   (2,218,743 )   (2,668,507 )   (420,947 )
Total operating expenses   (15,568,005 )   (14,479,688 )   (2,284,115 )
             
Operating (loss)/ profit   (4,146,956 )   2,154,406     339,849  
             
Interest and investment income, net   970,477     796,261     125,607  
Interest expenses   (335,456 )   (12,640 )   (1,994 )
Foreign exchange (loss)/ gain   (10,374 )   20,084     3,168  
Other income, net   470,384     239,770     37,823  
(Loss)/ profit before income tax and share of results of equity investees   (3,051,925 )   3,197,881     504,453  
Share of results of equity investees   146,509     (33,616 )   (5,303 )
Income tax expenses   -     (564,814 )   (89,097 )
Net (loss)/ income   (2,905,416 )   2,599,451     410,053  
PINDUODUO INC.CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME/ (LOSS)(Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$, except for per share data)
 
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021   2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
             
Net (loss)/ income   (2,905,416 )   2,599,451   410,053
Net (loss)/ income attributable to ordinary shareholders   (2,905,416 )   2,599,451   410,053
             
(Loss)/ earnings per ordinary share:            
-Basic   (0.58 )   0.52   0.08
-Diluted   (0.58 )   0.46   0.07
             
(Loss)/ earnings per ADS (4 ordinary shares equals 1 ADS):            
-Basic   (2.33 )   2.06   0.33
-Diluted   (2.33 )   1.84   0.29
             
Weighted average number of outstanding ordinary shares (in thousands):            
-Basic   4,983,530     5,036,733   5,036,733
-Diluted   4,983,530     5,688,094   5,688,094
PINDUODUO INC.NOTES TO FINANCIAL INFORMATION(Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$)
     
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021   2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Revenues            
- Online marketing services and others   14,111,486   18,158,425   2,864,421
- Transaction services   2,931,475   5,591,407   882,023
- Merchandise sales   5,124,138   43,857   6,918
Total   22,167,099   23,793,689   3,753,362
PINDUODUO INC.NOTES TO FINANCIAL INFORMATION(Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$)
     
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021   2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Share-based compensation costs included in:            
Costs of revenues   4,364   9,181   1,448
Sales and marketing expenses   299,483   501,105   79,047
General and administrative expenses   191,170   383,296   60,463
Research and development expenses   477,792   629,168   99,250
Total   972,809   1,522,750   240,208
PINDUODUO INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$)
     
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021   2022
    RMB   RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Net cash used in operating activities   (3,724,547 )   (9,068,096 )   (1,430,457 )
Net cash used in investing activities   (5,621,047 )   (4,852,089 )   (765,398 )
Net cash (used in)/ generated from financing activities   (1,238,874 )   43     7  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   51,550     10,163     1,603  
             
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (10,532,918 )   (13,909,979 )   (2,194,245 )
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period   74,843,636     66,043,971     10,418,180  
             
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period   64,310,718     52,133,992     8,223,935  
PINDUODUO INC.RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE MOST DIRECTLY COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES(Amounts in thousands of RMB and US$, except for per share data)
     
    For the three months ended March 31,
    2021     2022  
    RMB     RMB   US$
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Operating (loss)/ profit   (4,146,956 )   2,154,406   339,849
Add: Share-based compensation   972,809     1,522,750   240,208
Non-GAAP operating (loss)/ profit   (3,174,147 )   3,677,156   580,057
               
Net (loss)/ income attributable to ordinary shareholders   (2,905,416 )   2,599,451   410,053
Add: Share-based compensation   972,809     1,522,750   240,208
Add: Interest expense related to convertible bonds’ amortization to face value and gain or loss on extinguishment, net   318,611     12,640   1,994
Add: (Gain)/ loss from fair value change of long-term investments   (276,336 )   65,600   10,348
Non-GAAP net (loss)/ income attributable to ordinary shareholders   (1,890,332 )   4,200,441   662,603
               
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding (in thousands)   4,983,530     5,688,094   5,688,094
               
Diluted (loss)/ earnings per ordinary share   (0.58 )   0.46   0.07
Add: Non-GAAP adjustments to (loss)/ earnings per ordinary share   0.20     0.28   0.04
Non-GAAP diluted (loss)/ earnings per ordinary share   (0.38 )   0.74   0.12
Non-GAAP diluted (loss)/ earnings per ADS   (1.52 )   2.95   0.47
For investor and media inquiries, please contact:

Pinduoduo Inc.
investor@pinduoduo.com
internationalmedia@pinduoduo.com
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