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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

 

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from             to             Commission File Number 001-34279

 

GULF ISLAND FABRICATION, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Louisiana

 

72-1147390

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

 

16225 Park Ten Place, Suite 300

Houston, Texas

 

77084

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip code)

(713) 714-6100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

GIFI

NASDAQ

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes       No   

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes     No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  

 

 

Accelerated filer  

Non-accelerated filer  

 

 

Smaller reporting company  

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No   

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant at June 30, 2020, was approximately $40,865,000.

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, no par value per share, outstanding as of March 29, 2021, was 15,517,243.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement prepared for use in connection with the registrant’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders have been incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 


 

 

GULF ISLAND FABRICATION, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR

THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

Glossary of Terms

ii

 

 

PART I

2

Items 1 and 2. Business and Properties

2

Item 1A Risk Factors

8

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

20

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

20

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

20

 

 

PART II

21

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

21

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

45

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

45

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

45

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

46

Item 9B. Other Information

46

 

 

PART III

47

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

47

Item 11. Executive Compensation

47

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters

47

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

47

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

47

 

 

PART IV

48

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

48

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

48

 

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

F-1

EXHIBIT INDEX

E-1

SIGNATURES

S-1

 

 

i


 

 

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

As used in this report filed on form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“2020 Annual Report” or “this Report”), the following abbreviations and terms have the meanings listed below. In addition, the terms “Gulf Island,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Gulf Island Fabrication, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Certain terms defined below may be redefined separately within this Report when we believe providing a definition upon the first use of the term will assist users of this Report. Unless and as otherwise stated, any references in this Report to any agreement means such agreement and all schedules, exhibits and attachments in each case as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified to the date of filing this Report.

 

ASU

Accounting Standards Update.

 

 

Balance Sheet

Our Consolidated Balance Sheets, as filed in this Report.

 

 

CARES Act

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act.

 

 

COVID-19

The ongoing global coronavirus pandemic.

 

 

contract assets

Costs and estimated earnings recognized to date in excess of cumulative billings.

 

 

contract liabilities

Cumulative billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings recognized to date and accrued contract losses.

 

 

Covered Period

The eight-week period following the date of the PPP Loan of April 17, 2020.

 

 

deck

The component of a platform on which drilling, production, separating, gathering, piping, compression, well support, crew quartering and other functions related to offshore oil and gas development are conducted.

 

 

labor hours

Hours worked by employees directly involved in the production of our products or delivery of our services.

 

 

DTA(s)

Deferred Tax Asset(s).

 

 

EPC

Engineering, procurement and construction phases of a complex project that requires project management and coordination of these significant activities.

 

 

ESG

Environmental, Social and Governance.

 

 

Exchange Act

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

 

Fabrication & Services

Our Fabrication & Services Division (also referred to herein as F&S).

 

 

FASB

Financial Accounting Standards Board.

 

 

Financial Statements

Our Consolidated Financial Statements, including comparative consolidated Balance Sheets, Statements of Operations, Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity and Statements of Cash Flows, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Flexibility Act

The Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020, which amended the CARES Act.

 

 

GAAP

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the U.S.

 

 

GOM

Gulf of Mexico.

 

 

Gulf Coast

Along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.

 

 

Houma Yards

Our Shipyard Division and Fabrication & Services Division facilities located in Houma, Louisiana.

 

 

Incentive Plans

Long-term incentive plans under which equity or cash-based awards may be made to eligible employees and non-employee directors.

 

 

inland

Typically, bays, lakes and marshy areas.

 

 

jacket

A component of a fixed platform consisting of a tubular steel, braced structure extending from the mudline of the seabed to a point above the water surface. The jacket is anchored with tubular steel pilings driven into the seabed. The jacket supports the deck structure located above the water.

 

 

Jennings Yard

Our Shipyard Division's facility located near Jennings, Louisiana.

 

 

Lake Charles Yard

Our Shipyard Division's facility located near Lake Charles, Louisiana.

 

 

LC Facility

Our $20.0 million letter of credit facility with Hancock Whitney Bank maturing June 30, 2023, as amended.

ii


 

 

 

LIBOR

London Inter-Bank Offered Rate.

 

 

LNG

Liquified Natural Gas.

 

 

modules

Fabricated structures that include structural steel, piping, valves, fittings, storage vessels and other equipment that are incorporated into a refining, petrochemical, LNG or industrial system. These modules are prefabricated at our facilities and then transported to the customer's location for final integration.

 

 

MPSV

Multi-Purpose Service Vessel.

 

 

NOL(s)

Net operating loss(es) that are available to offset future taxable income, subject to certain limitations.

 

 

offshore

In unprotected waters outside coastlines.

 

 

onshore

Inside the coastline on land.

 

 

OSV

Offshore Support Vessel.

 

 

OPEC

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

 

 

performance obligation

A contractual obligation to construct and transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. It is the unit of account in Topic 606. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied.

 

 

Permissible Expenses

Expenses which may be paid using proceeds from the PPP Loan. Such expenses are limited to payroll costs, rent, utilities, mortgage interest and interest on other pre-existing indebtedness.

 

 

piles

Rigid tubular pipes that are driven into the seabed to support platforms.

 

 

PPP

Paycheck Protection Program administered by the SBA under the CARES Act.

 

 

PPP Loan

Our $10.0 million loan from Whitney Bank issued pursuant to the PPP.

 

 

platform

A structure from which offshore oil and gas development drilling and production are conducted.

 

 

SBA

Small Business Administration.

 

 

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

 

Shipyard

Our Shipyard Division.

 

 

South Texas Properties

Our former Texas North Yard and Texas South Yard.

 

 

Spud barge

Construction barge rigged with vertical tubular or square lengths of steel pipes that are lowered to anchor the vessel.

 

 

Statement of Cash Flows

Our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Statement of Operations

Our Consolidated Statements of Operations, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Surety

A financial institution that issues bonds to customers on behalf of the Company for the purpose of providing third-party financial assurance related to the performance of our contracts.

 

 

T&M

Work performed and billed to the customer generally at contracted time and material rates, cost plus or other variable fee arrangements which can include a mark-up.

 

 

Texas North Yard

Our former fabrication yard, and certain related machinery and equipment, located in Aransas Pass, Texas, which was sold on November 15, 2018.

 

 

Texas South Yard

Our former fabrication yard, and certain related machinery and equipment, located in Ingleside, Texas, which was sold on April 20, 2018.

 

 

Topic 606

The revenue recognition criteria prescribed under ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

 

 

U.S.

The United States of America.

 

 

USL&H

United States Longshoreman and Harbor Workers Act.

 

 

VA(s)

Valuation Allowance(s).

 

 

Whitney Bank

Hancock Whitney Bank.

 

 

 

 

iii


 

 

Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information

This Report contains forward-looking statements in which we discuss our potential future performance. Forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are all statements other than statements of historical facts, such as projections or expectations relating to oil and gas prices, operating cash flows, capital expenditures, liquidity and tax rates. The words “anticipates,” “may,” “can,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “targets,” “intends,” “likely,” “will,” “should,” “to be,” “potential” and any similar expressions are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements.

We caution readers that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those anticipated, projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that can cause our actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements include: the duration and scope of, and uncertainties associated with, the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the corresponding weakened demand for, and volatility of prices of, oil and the impact thereof on our business and the global economy, which are evolving and beyond our control; the potential forgiveness of any portion of the PPP Loan; our ability to secure new project awards, including fabrication projects for refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities and offshore wind developments; our ability to improve project execution; the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry; competition; consolidation of our customers; timing and award of new contracts; reliance on significant customers; financial ability and credit worthiness of our customers; nature of our contract terms; competitive pricing and cost overruns on our projects; adjustments to previously reported profits or losses under the percentage-of-completion method; weather conditions; changes in backlog estimates; suspension or termination of projects; our ability to raise additional capital; our ability to amend or obtain new debt financing or credit facilities on favorable terms; our ability to generate sufficient cash flow; our ability to sell certain assets; any future asset impairments; utilization of facilities or closure or consolidation of facilities; customer or subcontractor disputes; our ability to resolve the dispute with a customer relating to the purported terminations of contracts to build two MPSVs; operating dangers and limits on insurance coverage; barriers to entry into new lines of business; our ability to employ skilled workers; loss of key personnel; performance of subcontractors and dependence on suppliers; changes in trade policies of the U.S. and other countries; compliance with regulatory and environmental laws; lack of navigability of canals and rivers; systems and information technology interruption or failure and data security breaches; performance of partners in any future joint ventures and other strategic alliances; shareholder activism; focus on environmental, social and governance factors by institutional investors; and other factors described in Item 1A “Risk Factors” in this Report as may be updated by subsequent filings with the SEC.

Investors are cautioned that many of the assumptions upon which our forward-looking statements are based are likely to change after the forward-looking statements are made, which we cannot control. Further, we may make changes to our business plans that could affect our results. We caution investors that we do not intend to update forward-looking statements more frequently than quarterly notwithstanding any changes in our assumptions, changes in business plans, actual experience or other changes, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

 

1


 

PART I

Items 1. and 2. Business and Properties

Certain terms are defined in the “Glossary of Terms” beginning on page ii.

Description of Operations

Gulf Island Fabrication, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Gulf Island,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our”) is a leading fabricator of complex steel structures, modules and marine vessels, and a provider of project management, hookup, commissioning, repair, maintenance and civil construction services. Our customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial, power and marine operators; EPC companies; and certain agencies of the U.S. government.

During 2019, we operated and managed our business through three operating divisions (“Fabrication,” “Shipyard” and “Services”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which represented our reportable segments. In the first quarter 2020, our Fabrication and Services Divisions were operationally combined to form an integrated new division called Fabrication & Services. As a result, we operate and manage our business through two operating divisions (“Shipyard” and “Fabrication & Services”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which represent our reportable segments. Accordingly, the segment results (including the effects of eliminations) for our Fabrication and Services Divisions for each of 2019 and 2018 were combined to conform to the presentation of our reportable segments for 2020.  In addition to the division combination, in the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects were transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division.  Accordingly, results for these projects for 2019 (the projects had no results for 2018) were reclassified from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to conform to the presentation of these projects for 2020. See Note 10 of our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”) in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

Our corporate headquarters is located in Houston, Texas and our operating facilities are located in Houma, Louisiana. In the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard within our Shipyard Division. See “Overview” section in Item 7 for discussion of our current business and outlook and Note 4 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our closure of the Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.

Shipyard Division Our Shipyard Division fabricates newbuild marine vessels, including OSVs, MPSVs, research vessels, tugboats, salvage vessels, towboats, barges, drydocks, anchor handling vessels and lift boats; provides marine repair and maintenance services, including steel repair, blasting and painting services, electrical systems repair, machinery and piping system repairs, and propeller, shaft, and rudder reconditioning; and performs conversion projects to lengthen vessels and modify vessels to permit their use for a different type of activity or enhance their capacity or functionality.

Fabrication & Services Division Our Fabrication & Services (“F&S”) Division fabricates modules, skids and piping systems for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities and offshore facilities; fabricates foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for alternative energy developments and coastal mooring facilities; fabricates offshore production platforms and associated structures, including jacket foundations, piles and topsides for fixed production and utility platforms, as well as hulls and topsides for floating production and utility platforms; fabricates other complex steel structures and components; provides services on offshore platforms, including welding, interconnect piping and other services required to connect production equipment and service modules and equipment; provides construction and maintenance services on inland platforms and structures and at industrial facilities; and performs municipal and drainage projects, including pump stations, levee reinforcement, bulkheads and other public works.

Corporate Division Our Corporate Division includes costs that do not directly relate to our two operating divisions. Such costs include, but are not limited to, costs of maintaining our corporate office, executive management salaries and incentives, board of directors’ fees, litigation related costs, and costs associated with overall corporate governance and being a publicly traded company. Costs incurred by our Corporate Division on behalf of our operating divisions are allocated to the operating divisions. Such costs include, but are not limited to, human resources, insurance, information technology and accounting.

Facilities and Equipment

Our Shipyard Division and Fabrication & Services Division operate from our owned facilities in Houma, Louisiana (“Houma Yards”), approximately 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. During the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.  

Shipyard Division Our Shipyard Division facility is located on 437 acres on the west bank of the Houma Navigation Canal, of which 283 acres is unimproved land that is available for expansion. The facility includes 18,000 square feet of administrative and operations facilities, 160,000 square feet of covered fabrication facilities and 20,000 square feet of warehouse facilities. It also has 6,750 linear feet of water frontage, including 2,350 feet of steel bulkheads.  

2


 

Fabrication & Services Division Our Fabrication & Services Division facility is located on 226 acres on the east bank of the Houma Navigation Canal and on a slip adjacent to the Houma Navigation Canal. The facility includes 102,000 square feet of administrative and operations facilities, 341,000 square feet of covered fabrication facilities, 103,000 square feet of warehouse facilities, and a 13,000 square foot blasting and coating facility. It also has 5,970 linear feet of water frontage, including 2,535 feet of steel bulkheads.

Facilities and Equipment Facilities and equipment that are significant to our Houma Yards include:

 

Large assembly buildings equipped with overhead cranes for modular section fabrication and various equipment for pipe fitting and welding;

 

Prefabrication shops equipped with overhead cranes, press brake for forming plate, cutting tables, coping machines, sub-arc welding stations, hydraulic iron workers, and various other equipment for fabricating steel structures and components;

 

Alloy and carbon steel pipe fabrication and spooling shops equipped with overhead cranes, pipe benders, pipe cutters, pipe spooling and welding stations, and various equipment for pipe fitting and welding;

 

Plate bending, rolling and assembly shop with the capability to roll steel and automatic weld process seams into tubular pipe sections;

 

Automated panel line shop equipped with overhead cranes, cutting table, one-sided plate welder with magnetic holding system, panel marking station, stiffener fitting and welding stations, and various equipment for fitting and welding;

 

Blast and coating shops that enable under roof blast and paint services;

 

Large warehouse buildings for storage;

 

Over 20 crawler cranes and 18 rubber-tired hydraulic modular transporters;

 

A 400’ x 160’ floating drydock with a 15,000-ton lift capacity used for repair and conversion of vessels;

 

A 200’ x 96’ floating drydock with a 4,000-ton lift capacity used for repair and conversion of vessels;

 

Deck barge for transporting equipment and fabricated products;

 

Truckable tug and spud barges with cranage for marine construction activities; and

 

Various civil construction equipment.

Materials and Supplies

The principal materials and supplies used in our operations across all our divisions include standard steel shapes, steel plate, steel pipe, welding gases, welding wire, fuel, oil, and paint, all of which are currently available from many sources. We do not depend upon any single supplier or source for our materials and supplies. We anticipate being able to obtain these materials for the foreseeable future; however, the pricing, availability and schedules offered by our suppliers may vary significantly from year to year due to various factors, including supplier consolidations, supplier raw material shortages, costs and surcharges, supplier capacity, customer demand, market conditions, and any duties and tariffs imposed on the materials or other import restrictions.

The majority of the steel used in our operations arrives at our facilities as steel plate, which is cut and rolled into the form needed or into tubular sections at our rolling mill. Tubular sections can be welded together in long straight tubes to become legs or into shorter tubes to become part of a network of bracing. Various cuts and welds in the fabrication process are performed by computer-controlled equipment. We procure steel from both domestic and foreign mills. Delivery from domestic steel mills can take weeks or months for as-rolled steel and longer for heat treated steel. Delivery from foreign steel mills, including transit time, can take several months. Additionally, the U.S. sometimes imposes tariffs on certain imported steel which can result in higher cost for foreign steel. To mitigate the risk of increasing cost of materials during the life of a contract, we often negotiate escalation clauses in our customer contracts for steel pricing adjustments tied to changes in relevant indexes.

In addition to the materials and supplies described above used in our fabrication process, we also use third-party manufacturers for engineered and manufactured equipment added to the structures, modules and vessels that we fabricate. Such manufactured equipment includes, but is not limited to valves, fittings, propulsion systems such as engines, cranes, pumps, electrical and communications systems and other technologically advanced equipment. To mitigate our risk of increasing costs, we often negotiate and purchase such equipment from the manufacturer at a fixed price.  Additionally, we may use subcontractors when their use enables us to meet customer requirements for resources, schedule, cost or technical expertise. Subcontractors may range from small local entities to companies with global capabilities, some of which may be utilized on a repetitive or preferred basis.

The pricing of materials and supplies and the ability of our suppliers and subcontractors to meet delivery schedules have been impacted by the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic (“COVID-19”) and may continue to be impacted by COVID-19 in the future.  See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our use of raw materials and supplies and the impact of COVID-19 on our operations.

3


 

Human Capital Management

Our employees are our most important assets and serve as the foundation for our ability to achieve our financial and strategic objectives.

Employee Statistics Our workforce varies based on our level of activity at any particular time. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had 875 and 944 employees, respectively, of which approximately 10 were part-time employees. In addition, we use independent contractors as necessary to supplement our workforce. None of our employees are employed pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement and we believe our relationship with our employees is good. Labor hours worked during 2020, 2019 and 2018, were 1.9 million, 2.4 million, and 1.9 million, respectively.

Recruitment, Training and Workforce Development Our success depends on our ability to attract, develop, motivate and retain a highly-skilled workforce that includes craft labor as well as supervision and various other salaried positions, including engineering, construction and project management, and project controls.  Specifically, during 2020, we began increasing our skilled workforce within our Shipyard Division to execute the division’s backlog. To support the development of our workforce, we offer supervision and other training programs to educate and elevate the skillsets of our front-line leaders. We also provide internal training programs for technical fitting and welding instruction to further develop our workforce and maintain high standards of quality. We have also created a succession plan for senior leadership positions.  

Employee Engagement During 2020, we launched an employee satisfaction survey to gather information from our employees regarding their perspectives on working at the Company and suggestions for improvements.  We gathered valuable insights and feedback and were able to implement positive changes within our organization.

Employee Benefits – Our compensation programs are designed to enable us to attract, motivate and retain our employees to achieve our objectives. We provide competitive base wages and salaries that are consistent with employee positions, skills and experience levels, and our geographic location. Employees are eligible to receive paid and unpaid leave and participate in our health insurance and life, disability and accident insurance programs. During 2020, we conducted an employee benefits survey to gain a deeper understanding of how our various benefit programs are valued by our employees, and feedback from this survey was used to enhance our employee benefit program offerings for 2021. We also offer retirement benefits through our 401(k) plan which includes discretionary Company-matching contributions.

Diversity and Inclusion Our commitment to diversity extends across every division and discipline of our business. We leverage multiple social media platforms, including veteran, diversity and industry sites to expand our reach for diverse talent. We intend to continue evaluating our use of human capital measures or objectives in managing our business, such as the factors we employ or seek to employ in the attraction, development and retention of personnel and the maintenance of diversity in our workforce.

See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our ability to attract and retain qualified employees.

Safety

We are committed to the safety and health of our employees and subcontractors and believe that a strong safety culture is a critical element of our success. We continue to improve and maintain a stringent safety assurance program designed to ensure the safety of our employees and subcontractors and allow us to remain in compliance with all applicable federal and state mandated safety regulations. We are committed to maintaining a well-trained workforce and providing timely instruction to ensure our employees have the knowledge and skills to perform their work safely while maintaining the highest standards of quality. We provide continuous safety education and training to employees and subcontractors to ensure they are ready for the challenges inherent in all our projects. Our employees commence training on their first day of employment with a comprehensive orientation class that addresses Company policies and procedures and provides clear expectations for working safely. We have a zero-tolerance policy for drugs and alcohol use in the workplace. We support this policy through the application of a comprehensive drug and alcohol screening program that includes initial screenings for all employees and periodic random screenings throughout employment. Additionally, we require our subcontractors to follow alcohol and drug screening policies substantially the same as ours.

Our employees are given opportunities to be a part of a dedicated safety committee which is comprised of peer-elected craft employees and members of management to assist in supporting our efforts to continuously improve safety performance. A safety component is also included in our annual incentive program guidelines for our executive officers and other key employees. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our safety.


4


 

 

We are continuing to take actions to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees and subcontractors. We have initiated measures that include ongoing communications with our leadership teams to anticipate and proactively address COVID-19 impacts, work-place distancing of employees (including allowing some employees to work remotely) and regular monitoring of office and yard personnel for compliance.  We are also monitoring employee and visitor temperatures prior to entering our facilities; have implemented employee and visitor wellness questionnaires; increased our monitoring of employee absenteeism and the reasons for such absences; and initiated protocols for employees returning from absences, including employees that have tested positive for COVID-19, or have come in contact with individuals that tested positive for COVID-19. In addition, we have installed hand sanitizing stations and taken additional actions to more frequently sanitize our facilities.  See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of the impact of COVID-19 on our operations.

Quality Assurance

We use modern welding and fabrication technology, and all of our fabrication projects are executed in accordance with industry standards, specifications and regulations, including those published by the American Petroleum Institute, the American Welding Society, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Bureau of Shipping, the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Navy and customer specifications. We maintain training programs for technical fitting and welding instruction in order to prepare and upgrade our skilled labor workforce and maintain high standards of quality. In addition, we maintain on-site facilities for the non-destructive testing of all welds, a process performed by an independent contractor.

Our quality management systems are certified as ISO 9001-2015 programs. ISO 9001-2015 is an internationally recognized verification system for quality management overseen by the International Standard Organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. The certification is based on a review of our programs and procedures designed to maintain and enhance quality production and is subject to annual review and full recertification every three years. Our last full recertification occurred in March 2020.

Customers

Our principal customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial, power and marine operators; EPC companies; and certain agencies of the U.S. government. A large portion of our revenue in any given year may be generated by only a few customers, although not necessarily the same customers from year to year.

 

For 2020, two customers accounted for 46% of our consolidated revenue, which related to the construction of three research vessels and five towing, salvage and rescue ships within our Shipyard Division;  

 

For 2019, four customers accounted for 54% of our consolidated revenue, which related to the construction of three research vessels and three towing, salvage and rescue ships for two customers within our Shipyard Division and the expansion of a paddle wheel riverboat and offshore hook-up and installation services for two customers within our Fabrication & Services Division; and  

 

For 2018, three customers accounted for 44% of our consolidated revenue, which related to the construction of harbor tug vessels for two customers within our Shipyard Division and offshore hook-up and installation services for a customer within our Fabrication & Services Division.

Certain of our customers have requested to renegotiate pricing and suspended contracts in our backlog, and bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been delayed or suspended as a result of COVID-19. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and “Overview” and “New Awards and Backlog” in Item 7 for further discussion of our backlog by significant customers and the impacts of COVID-19 on our customers.

Contracting

Our revenue is derived from customer contracts and agreements that are awarded on a competitively bid and negotiated basis using a range of contracting options, including fixed-price, unit-rate and T&M. Our contracts primarily relate to the fabrication of steel structures, modules and marine vessels, and certain service arrangements. Such contracts vary in duration depending on the size and complexity of the project.

Revenue for our fixed-price and unit-rate contracts is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method, based on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs. Contract costs include direct costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs attributable to contract activity.  Material costs that are significant to a contract and do not reflect an accurate measure of project completion are excluded from the determination of our contract progress. Revenue for such materials is only recognized to the extent of costs incurred.

Revenue for our T&M contracts is recognized at contracted rates when the work is performed, the costs are incurred and collection is reasonably assured. Our T&M contracts provide for labor and materials to be billed at rates specified within the contract. The consideration from the customer directly corresponds to the value of our performance completed at the time of invoicing.

5


 

Certain of our customers have requested to renegotiate pricing and suspended contracts in our backlog, and bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been delayed or suspended as a result of COVID-19 as discussed above.

See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A, “Critical Accounting Policies” in Item 7, and Note 1 and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our contracting and revenue recognition. See also “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of COVID-19 on our customers and operations.

New Awards and Backlog

New project awards represent expected revenue values of commitments received during a given period, including scope growth on existing commitments. A commitment represents authorization from our customer to begin work or purchase materials pursuant to a written agreement, letter of intent or other form of authorization. Backlog represents the unrecognized revenue for our new project awards and may differ from the value of future performance obligations for our contracts required to be disclosed under Topic 606 and presented in Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8. In general, a performance obligation is a contractual obligation to construct and/or transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. Backlog includes our performance obligations at December 31, 2020, plus signed contracts that are temporarily suspended or under protest that may not meet the criteria to be reported as future performance obligations under Topic 606 but represent future work that we believe will be performed. We believe that backlog, a non-GAAP financial measure, provides useful information to investors. New project awards and backlog may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of our major new contract commitments.

Projects in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or reduction in scope at the option of the customer, although the customer is required to pay us for work performed and materials purchased through the date of termination, suspension, or reduction in scope. Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination or increase or reduction in scope of any one contract could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized. See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for a reconciliation of our future performance obligations under Topic 606 (the most comparable GAAP measure) to our reported backlog.

At December 31, 2020, our backlog was $371.6 million, of which approximately 57% is anticipated to be recognized as revenue beyond 2021.  See “New Awards and Backlog” in Item 7 for further discussion of our new awards and backlog.

Seasonality

Our operations may be subject to seasonal variations due to weather conditions and available daylight hours. Although we have large, covered fabrication facilities, a significant amount of our construction activities take place outdoors, and accordingly, the number of labor hours worked may decline during the winter months due to unfavorable weather conditions and a decrease in daylight hours. In addition, the seasonality of oil and gas industry activity in the Gulf Coast region may also affect our operations.  Our offshore oil and gas customers often schedule the completion of their projects during the summer months in order to take advantage of more favorable weather during such months. Further, rainy weather, tropical storms, hurricanes and other storms prevalent in the GOM may also affect our operations.  See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of the seasonal impacts to our operations.

Competition

We operate within highly competitive markets which are significantly impacted by oil and gas prices and government spending. Declines in oil and gas prices and limits on government spending can create excess capacity and under-utilization of our competitor's facilities, resulting in more intense competition in the bidding process for new project awards. Further, there are numerous regional, national and global competitors that offer similar services to those offered by each of our operating divisions. These competitors may be larger than us with more resources and facilities in both the U.S. and abroad. Competition with foreign competitors can also be challenging as such competitors often have lower operating costs and lower wage rates, and foreign governments often use subsidies and incentives to create local jobs, impose import duties and fees on products and tax foreign operators. In addition, as a result of recent technological innovations, decreased transportation costs incurred by our customers when exporting structures from foreign locations to the GOM or Gulf Coast may hinder our ability to successfully bid against foreign competitors for large projects. Uncertainties with respect to tariffs on materials and fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar and other factors, may also impact our ability to compete effectively.

Although we believe price and the contractor’s ability to meet a customer’s delivery schedule and project requirements are principal factors in determining which contractor is awarded a project, customers also consider, among other things, a contractor’s past project experience, the availability of technically capable personnel, facility capacity and location, production efficiency, condition of equipment, reputation, safety record, customer relations and financial strength. We believe that our strategic location, competitive pricing, expertise in fabricating and servicing onshore and offshore structures and vessels, and the certification of our facilities as ISO 9001-2015 will enable us to continue to compete effectively for projects. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our competitive landscape.


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Government and Environmental Regulation

Our operations and properties are subject to a wide variety of increasingly complex and stringent foreign, federal, state and local environmental laws and other regulations, including those governing discharges into the air and water, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes, and the remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated by hazardous substances. Compliance with many of these laws is becoming increasingly complex, stringent and expensive. These laws may impose “strict liability” for damages to natural resources and threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for the environmental damage without regard to negligence or fault on the part of such party.  

Our operations are also governed by laws and regulations relating to the health and safety of our employees, primarily the Occupational Safety and Health Act and regulations promulgated thereunder. Various governmental and quasi-governmental agencies require certain permits, licenses and certificates with respect to our operations. We believe that we have all material permits, licenses and certificates necessary for the conduct of our existing business.

Our employees may engage in certain activities, including interconnect piping and other service activities conducted on offshore platforms, activities performed on spud barges owned or chartered by us, and marine vessel fabrication and repair activities performed at our facilities and barges owned by us, that are covered in either the provisions of the Jones Act or U.S.  Longshoreman and Harbor Workers Act (“USL&H”). These laws make the liability limits established under state workers’ compensation laws inapplicable to these employees and permit them or their representatives to pursue actions against us for damages or job-related injuries, with generally no limitations on our potential liability.

Many aspects of our operations and properties are materially affected by federal, state and local regulations, as well as certain international conventions and private industry organizations. The exploration and development of oil and gas properties located on the outer continental shelf of the U.S. is regulated primarily by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and Enforcement of the Department of Interior, which is responsible for the administration of federal regulations under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act requiring the construction of offshore platforms located on the outer continental shelf to meet stringent engineering and construction specifications. Violations of these regulations and related laws can result in substantial civil and criminal penalties as well as injunctions curtailing operations. We believe that our operations are in compliance with these and all other regulations affecting the fabrication of platforms for delivery to the outer continental shelf of the U.S. In addition, demand for our services from the oil and gas and marine industries can be affected by changes in taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations affecting these industries. It is also possible that the new Biden Administration will impose additional environmental regulations that will restrict federal oil and gas leasing, permitting or drilling practices on public lands. For example, President Biden has already issued orders temporarily suspending leasing or permitting of oil and gas activities on federal lands and waters, and the President has also proposed a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing on federal lands and waters. Offshore construction and drilling in certain areas has also been opposed by environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. To the extent laws are enacted or other governmental actions are taken that prohibit or restrict offshore construction and drilling or impose environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the offshore construction industry in particular, our business and prospects could be adversely affected. We cannot determine to what extent future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations.

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended and similar laws provide for responses to and liability for releases of hazardous substances into the environment. Additionally, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act, each as amended, and similar foreign, state or local counterparts to these federal laws, regulate air emissions, water discharges, hazardous substances and wastes, and require public disclosure related to the use of various hazardous substances. Compliance with such environmental laws and regulations may require the acquisition of permits or other authorizations for certain activities and compliance with various standards or procedural requirements. We believe that our facilities are in substantial compliance with current regulatory standards.

In addition, our operations are subject to extensive government regulation by the U.S. Coast Guard, as well as various private industry organizations such as the American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Welding Society and the American Bureau of Shipping.

Further, our operations have been impacted by national, state and local authorities recommending or mandating COVID-19 physical distancing and/or quarantine and isolation measures on large portions of the population, including mandatory business closures in the areas in which we operate.


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Our compliance with these laws and regulations has entailed certain additional expenses and changes in operating procedures; however, we believe that compliance efforts have not resulted in a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition. However, future events, such as changes in existing laws and regulations or their interpretation, more vigorous enforcement policies of regulatory agencies, or stricter or different interpretations of existing laws and regulations, may require additional expenditures by us. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of government and environmental regulations impacting our business.

Insurance

We maintain insurance for property damage caused by fire, flood, explosion and similar catastrophic events that may result in physical damage or destruction to our facilities. All policies are subject to deductibles and other coverage limitations. We also maintain builder’s risk, general liability and maritime employer’s liability insurance, which are also subject to deductibles and coverage limitations. We are further self-insured for workers’ compensation and USL&H claims through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions up to per occurrence threshold amounts. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our insurance.

Available Information

We make available our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports, free of charge through our Internet website at www.gulfisland.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are electronically filed with or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  The SEC also maintains an Internet website at www.sec.gov that contains periodic reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Report.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following discussion of risk factors contains forward-looking statements (see “Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information”). These risk factors are important to understanding other statements in this Report. The following information should be read in conjunction with Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” found elsewhere in this Report.

Our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results, cash flows and stock price may be affected materially and adversely, in whole or in part, by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described below, any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause our actual financial condition, operating results and cash flows to vary materially from historical results or those anticipated, projected or assumed in our forward-looking statements. Our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results, cash flows and stock price could also be affected by additional factors that apply to all companies generally which are not specifically mentioned below.

Business and Industry Risks

The ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and certain developments in the global oil markets have had and may continue to have, and any future pandemic, epidemic, endemic or similar public health threats and resulting negative impact on the global economy and financial markets could have, a negative impact on our operations, the duration and extent of which is highly uncertain and could be material.

COVID-19 is a widespread public health crisis that continues to adversely affect global economies and financial markets. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic and the U.S. President announced a national emergency relating to COVID-19.  National, state and local authorities recommended physical distancing and many authorities imposed quarantine and isolation measures on large portions of the population, including mandatory business closures. Authorities in some areas of the U.S. began to relax these restrictions in the second quarter 2020. However, the country, including areas where we have our headquarters and operating facilities, experienced several periods of resurgence in the spread of the virus in both the third and fourth quarters of 2020.  Authorities have reacted to these resurgences by deferring the phasing out of these restrictions and, in some instances, re-imposing quarantine and isolation measures during the fourth quarter 2020. The measures taken, while intended to protect human life, have had and are expected to continue to have a serious adverse impact on domestic and foreign economies of uncertain severity and duration. Moreover, governmental and commercial responses to COVID-19 have exacerbated the already weakened condition of the energy industry, further reducing the demand for oil, and further depressing and creating volatility in oil prices.  On June 8, 2020, the National Bureau of Economic Research indicated that the U.S. economy entered a recession in February 2020, and the duration and severity of this recession, which is ongoing, remains unclear at this time. Any prolonged period of economic slowdown or recession could have a significant adverse effect on our financial condition and financial condition of our customers, subcontractors and other counterparties. The longer-term effectiveness of economic stabilization efforts, including government payments to impacted citizens and industries, is uncertain.  Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has authorized three COVID-19 vaccines for emergency use, the overall supply of these vaccines may be limited or otherwise hampered by delivery issues, and distribution may therefore be delayed.  Even with widespread distribution and acceptance of these vaccines, their long-term efficacy is unknown.

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We operate in a critical infrastructure industry, as defined by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Consistent with federal guidelines and with state and local orders to date, we currently continue to operate across our footprint. Notwithstanding our continued operations, the progression of and global response to COVID-19, and related contraction in oil demand, combined with depressed and volatile crude oil prices have had and may continue to have negative impacts on our operations, which include but are not limited to:

 

Delays, Suspension or Termination of Backlog; Reduced Bidding Activity; Deterioration of Customer Financial Condition.  Certain of our customers have requested to renegotiate pricing and suspended contracts in our backlog and bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been suspended.  We may have additional delays, suspensions or terminations of contracts in our backlog and further reduced bidding activity for new project awards.  In addition, financial strain on our customers could impact their ability pay or otherwise perform on their obligations to us.  

 

Availability of Workforce. We have seen an increase in employee absenteeism and turnover, experienced challenges recruiting and hiring craft labor, and implemented COVID-19 related mitigation measures to ensure the safety and well-being of our employees and contractors, all of which have impacted our project execution.  The productivity of our workforce may be further impacted by COVID-19 (including, but not limited to, the temporary inability of the workforce to work due to illness, quarantine following illness, or absenteeism for fear of contracting COVID-19), which may further impact our progress on projects.

 

Potential Supply Disruptions; Performance by Subcontractors. COVID-19 has also had an impact on our suppliers and subcontractors.  Failure of suppliers and subcontractors, on which we rely, to deliver materials and provide services, or perform under their contracts on a timely basis or at all due to their own financial or operational difficulties or inability to fulfill their contractual obligations due to the reduced availability of their workforce, has had and may continue to have an adverse impact on our operations. For example, the impact of COVID-19 on our suppliers and subcontractors has resulted in and may continue to result in scheduling delays and higher costs for subcontracted services and materials. Further, certain deliverables from third-party engineering firms supporting our projects have been delayed. The inability of our suppliers or subcontractors to perform could result in the need to transition to alternative suppliers or subcontractors, which could result in significant incremental cost and delay, or the need for us to provide other supplemental means to support our existing suppliers and subcontractors.

The extent to which COVID-19 and the related contraction in oil demand and the resulting reduction and volatility in crude oil prices may adversely impact our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results and cash flows depends on future developments that are highly uncertain and unpredictable.  This current level of uncertainty means the ultimate business and financial impacts of COVID-19 and reduction and volatility in crude oil prices cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.  See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of COVID-19 and reductions and volatility in crude oil prices.

Our revenue and profitability may be impacted by the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry and other energy-related industries.

Our business is significantly dependent on the level of capital expenditures by (i) oil and gas producers, processors and their contractors, (ii) alternative energy companies and (iii) marine companies operating in the GOM and along the Gulf Coast. The level of activity by these companies can be volatile and is significantly impacted by fluctuations in oil and gas and associated commodity prices. Oil and gas prices continue to be depressed and have not increased to a level that supports a recovery in offshore exploration and production spending. In addition to the price of oil and gas, the levels of our customers’ capital expenditures are influenced by, among other things:

 

the cost of exploring for, producing and delivering oil and gas;

 

the ability of oil and gas companies to generate capital;

 

the sale and expiration dates of offshore leases in the U.S. and overseas;

 

the discovery rate, size and location of new oil and gas reserves;

 

demand for energy, including hydrocarbon production, which is affected by worldwide economic activity and population growth;

 

the ability of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) to set and maintain production levels for oil and the level of production by non-OPEC countries;

 

local, federal and international military, political and economic events and conditions, including regulatory changes under the Biden Administration, economic uncertainty, socio-political unrest, any government shutdown and instability or hostilities;

 

demand for, availability of and technological viability of, alternative sources of energy;

 

technological advances affecting energy exploration, production, transportation and consumption; and

 

uncertainty regarding the U.S. energy policy under the Biden Administration, particularly any revision, reinterpretation or creation of environmental and tax laws and regulations that would negatively impact the oil and gas industry.

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The above factors have suppressed capital spending by offshore oil and gas companies in recent years. The oil and gas industry has also experienced increased volatility beginning in the first quarter 2020 due to certain geopolitical developments in addition to COVID-19. Further, although a reduction in gas prices has benefited capital spending for petrochemical and other facilities, the timing of, and our ability to secure, new project awards for this end market continues to be uncertain.  As a result, there are fewer project awards in our traditional oil and gas markets to replace completed projects, and pricing of new contracts remains increasingly competitive. This creates challenges with respect to our ability to operate our fabrication facilities at desired utilization levels and may result in decreased revenue, lower margins, and losses during periods of lower capital spending. Should industry conditions not improve, we may continue to suffer such decreased revenue, lower margins, and losses in future quarters.  In addition, we believe that the downturn in the oil and gas industry has also adversely impacted many of our customers' businesses.

We are unable to predict future oil and gas prices or the level of oil and gas industry activity for the products and services we provide. Further, an increase in oil and gas prices may not necessarily translate into immediate or long- term increased activity, and even during periods of relatively high oil prices, our customers may cancel or curtail programs, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production. Advances in onshore exploration and development technologies, particularly with respect to large, onshore shale production areas, could result in our historical customers allocating a higher percentage of their capital expenditure budgets to onshore exploration and production activities and we may not be successful securing new project awards related to these onshore activities. An increase in gas prices could also negatively impact future investments in petrochemical and other facilities that benefit from lower gas prices. These factors could cause our revenue and margins to remain depressed and limit our future growth opportunities. See “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of reductions and volatility in crude oil prices.

We operate in an industry that is highly competitive.

The onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial fabrication industries, the offshore oil and gas fabrication industry and the marine fabrication industry are highly competitive and influenced by events largely outside of our control. Contracts for our services are often awarded on a competitively bid basis, and our customers consider many factors when awarding a project. These factors include price, ability to meet the customer’s schedule, the availability and capacity of equipment and facilities, and the reputation, experience, and safety record of the contractor. Although we believe we have an excellent reputation for safety and quality, we can provide no assurances that we will be able to maintain our competitive position. In addition, we often compete with companies that have greater resources, which may make them more competitive for certain projects.

Competition with foreign competitors can also be challenging as such competitors often have lower operating costs and lower wage rates, and foreign governments often use subsidies and incentives to create local jobs, impose import duties and fees on products, and tax foreign operators. In addition, as a result of technological innovations, decreased transportation costs incurred by our customers when exporting structures from foreign locations to the GOM and Gulf Coast may hinder our ability to successfully bid projects destined for the GOM and Gulf Coast against foreign competitors.  See “Competition” within Item 1 for further discussion of the competitive nature of our industry.

Certain of our customers are facing significant challenges and a period of consolidation within their industry.

The oil and gas industry is facing significant challenges due to a prolonged period of depressed and volatile oil and gas prices. This has also negatively impacted the marine industry that supports offshore exploration and production. Accordingly, many companies are unable to compete and, in some cases, are unable to pay their liabilities as they become due. This has resulted in many companies within the oil and gas and marine industries seeking bankruptcy protection or pursuing consolidation through mergers with, or acquisition by, other companies. During 2020, one of our customer’s filed for and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy; however, our dispute with the customer relating to the construction of two MPSVs is ongoing.  See “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the status of the dispute and the impact of the customer’s bankruptcy filing. We expect these trends to continue.

The consolidation of one or more of our primary customers, the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers by a company that is not a customer, or a primary customer’s acquisition of another company that provides services similar to those provided by us, could result in a reduction in such customers’ capital spending and a decrease in the demand for our products and services. In addition, the liquidation of one or more of our primary customers could decrease the demand for our products and services. We can provide no assurances that we will be able to maintain our level of revenue with a customer that has consolidated or replace lost revenue. We are unable to predict what effect consolidations in the industry may have on contract pricing, capital spending by our customers, our selling strategies, our competitive position, our ability to retain customers or our ability to negotiate favorable agreements with our customers.


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Financial and Operational Risks

We depend on the award of new contracts and the timing of those awards.

It is difficult to predict whether or when we will be awarded a new contract due to complex bidding and selection processes, changes in existing or forecast market conditions, governmental regulations, permitting and environmental matters. Bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been delayed or suspended as a result of COVID-19 and low and volatile oil and gas prices.  As these conditions continue, we may have further reduced bidding activity for new project opportunities during 2021 and beyond. In addition, political events within the U.S. have resulted, and may in the future result, in the shutdown of government services, which could impact inspections, regulatory review and certifications, grants or approvals.   Because our revenue is derived from new project awards, our results of operations and cash flows can fluctuate materially from period to period as contracts are typically awarded on a project-by-project basis.

The timing of new project awards may reduce our short-term profitability as we balance our current capacity with expectations of future project awards. If an expected new project award is delayed or not received, we may incur costs to maintain an idle workforce and facilities, or alternatively, we may determine that our long-term interests are best served by reducing our workforce and incurring increased costs associated with termination benefits. In recent years we have reduced our skilled workforce in response to decreases in the utilization of our facilities.  A further reduction in our workforce could also impact our results of operations if customers are hesitant to award new contracts based upon our staffing levels or if we are unable to adequately increase our labor force and staff projects that are awarded subsequent to workforce reductions. See the risk factor below titled “We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled personnel to execute our projects.”

We depend on significant customers for our revenue.

We derive a significant amount of our revenue from a small number of customers, including U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial, power, and marine operators; EPC companies; and certain agencies of the U.S. government. Because the level of services that we may provide to any customer depends, among other things, on the amount of that customer’s capital expenditure budget and our ability to meet the customer’s delivery schedule, customers that account for a significant portion of our revenue in one year may represent an immaterial portion of revenue in subsequent years. We define significant customers as those that individually comprise 10% or more of our consolidated revenue. For 2020, 2019 and 2018, two, four and three customers accounted for 46%, 54%, and 44%, respectively, of our consolidated revenue.  The loss of a significant customer in any given year for any reason, including a sustained decline in that customer’s capital expenditure budget or competitive factors, could result in a substantial loss of revenue. See “Customers” in Item 1 for further discussion of our customers.

We are exposed to the credit risks of our customers, including nonpayment and nonperformance by our customers.

The concentration of our customers in the oil and gas and marine industries may impact our overall exposure to credit risk as customers may be similarly affected by prolonged changes in economic and industry conditions. We believe certain of our customers finance their activities through cash flows from operations and debt or equity financing. Many of these customers are facing significant challenges in light of the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the current oil and gas market and are experiencing decreased cash flows, reductions in borrowing capacity, the inability to access capital or credit markets, and reductions in liquidity, which may impact their ability to pay or otherwise perform on their obligations to us. Accordingly, our operations could be impacted due to nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and do not generally require collateral in support of our trade receivables. While we maintain reserves for potential credit losses, we can provide no assurances that such reserves will be sufficient to cover uncollectible receivable amounts or that our losses from such receivables will be consistent with our expectations.

Furthermore, some of our customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks, which increases the risk that they may default on their obligations to us.  To the extent one or more of our key customers is in financial distress or commences bankruptcy proceedings, contracts with, or obligations from, these customers may be subject to renegotiation or rejection under applicable provisions of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and similar international laws. During 2020, one of our customer’s filed for and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy; however, our dispute with the customer relating to the construction of two MPSVs is ongoing.  See “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the status of the dispute and the impact of the customer’s bankruptcy filing.

The nature of our contracting terms for our contracts could adversely affect our operating results.

As is common in the fabrication and marine construction industries, a substantial number of our projects are performed on a fixed-price or unit-rate basis. Under fixed-price contracts, our contract price is fixed, and is generally only subject to adjustment for changes in scope by the customer. Accordingly, we retain cost savings realized on a project but are also responsible for cost overruns. Under unit rate contracts, material items or labor tasks are assigned unit rates of measure. The unit rates of measure will generally be a reimbursable value per ton, per foot or square foot or per item installed. A typical unit rate contract can contain hundreds to thousands of unit rates of measure. Profit margins are incorporated into the unit rates and, similar to a fixed-price contract, we retain cost savings realized on a project but are also responsible for cost overruns. In many cases, our fixed-price and unit rate contracts involve complex

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design and engineering, significant procurement of materials and equipment, and extensive project management. In addition, as projects increase or decrease in scope, the resulting changes in contract price or unit rates could be less than the actual costs incurred associated with such changes in scope. We employ our best efforts to properly estimate the costs to complete our projects; however, our actual costs incurred to complete our projects could materially exceed our estimates. The revenue, costs and profit realized on a contract will often vary from the estimated amounts on which such contract was originally estimated due to the following:

 

failure to properly estimate costs of engineering, materials, components, equipment, labor or subcontractors;

 

unanticipated changes in the costs of engineering, materials, components, equipment, labor or subcontractors;

 

failure to properly estimate the impact of engineering delays or errors on the construction of a project, including productivity, schedule and rework;

 

difficulties in engaging third-party subcontractors, equipment manufacturers or materials suppliers, or failures by third-party subcontractors, equipment manufacturers or materials suppliers to perform, resulting in project delays and additional costs;

 

late delivery of materials by our vendors or the inability of subcontractors to deliver contracted services on schedule or at the agreed upon price;

 

increased costs due to poor project execution or productivity and/or weather conditions;

 

unanticipated costs or claims, including costs for project modifications, delays, errors or changes in specifications or designs, regulatory changes or contract termination;

 

unrecoverable costs associated with customer changes in scope and schedule;

 

payment of liquidated damages due to a failure to meet contracted delivery dates;

 

changes in labor conditions, including the availability, wage and productivity of labor;

 

termination, temporary suspension or significant reduction in scope of our projects by our customers;

 

unanticipated technical problems with the structures, equipment or systems we supply;

 

under-utilization of our facilities and an idle labor force; and

 

changes in general economic conditions.

These variations and risks are inherent within our industry and may result in revenue and profit that differ from amounts originally estimated or result in losses on projects. Depending on the size of a project, variations from estimated contract performance can have a significant impact on our operating results. In addition, substantially all of our contracts require us to continue work in accordance with the contractually agreed schedule, and thus, continue to incur expenses for labor and materials, notwithstanding the occurrence of a disagreement with a customer over changes in scope, increased pricing and/or unresolved change orders or claims.

Competitive pricing common in the fabrication and marine construction industry could negatively impact our operating results.

Even when industry conditions are favorable, we operate in a very competitive industry, and as a result, we are not always successful in fully recovering our project costs or realizing a profit. Additionally, during periods of increased market demand, a significant amount of new service capacity may enter the market, which also places pressure on the pricing of our services. Furthermore, during periods of declining pricing for our services, we may not be able to reduce our costs accordingly, which could further affect our profitability.

Our method of accounting for revenue using the percentage-of-completion method could have a negative impact on our results of operations.

Revenue for our fixed-price and unit-rate contracts is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method, based on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs.  Contract costs include direct costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs attributable to contract activity.  Material costs that are significant to a contract and do not reflect an accurate measure of project completion are excluded from the determination of our contract progress. Revenue for such materials is only recognized to the extent of costs incurred.  Revenue and gross profit for contracts accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method can be significantly affected by changes in estimated cost to complete such contracts. Significant estimates impacting the cost to complete a contract include: forecast costs of engineering, materials, equipment and subcontracts; forecast costs of labor and labor productivity; schedule durations, including subcontractor and supplier progress; contract disputes, including claims; achievement of contractual performance requirements; and contingency, among others.  The cumulative impact of revisions in total cost estimates during the progress of work is reflected in the period in which these changes become known, including, to the extent required, the reversal of profit recognized in prior periods and the recognition of losses expected to be incurred on contracts. Due to the various estimates inherent in our contract accounting, actual results could differ from those estimates, which could result in material changes to our Financial Statements and related disclosures.

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We are susceptible to adverse weather conditions in our market areas.  

Our operations may be subject to seasonal variations due to weather conditions and daylight hours. Although we have large covered fabrication facilities, a significant amount of our construction activities continues to take place outdoors, and accordingly, the number of labor hours worked may decline during the winter months due to unfavorable weather conditions and a decrease in daylight hours. In addition, the seasonality of oil and gas industry activity in the Gulf Coast region also affects our operations. Our offshore oil and gas customers often schedule the completion of their projects during the summer months in order to take advantage of more favorable weather during such months.  Further, rainy weather, tropical storms, hurricanes and other storms prevalent in the GOM and along the Gulf Coast may also affect our operations.  For example, in the third quarter 2020 we experienced damage to our facilities in Lake Charles, Louisiana due to Hurricane Laura, which made landfall as a high-end Category 4 hurricane.  The impact of severe weather conditions or natural disasters may include disruption of our workforce, curtailment of services, weather-related damage to facilities and equipment, resulting in suspension of operations, inability to deliver equipment, personnel and products to job sites in accordance with contract schedules, and loss of productivity. Our suppliers and subcontractors are also subject to severe weather and natural or environmental disasters that could affect their ability to deliver products or services or otherwise perform under their contracts. Furthermore, our customers’ operations may be materially and adversely affected by severe weather and seasonal weather conditions, resulting in reduced demand for services.  Accordingly, our operating results may vary from quarter to quarter, depending on factors outside of our control. As a result, full year results are not likely to be a direct multiple of any quarter or combination of quarters. We believe that we maintain adequate insurance coverage related to potential damage from weather. See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of adverse weather conditions.

Our backlog is subject to change as a result of delay, suspension, termination or an increase or decrease in scope for projects currently in backlog.

New project awards represent expected revenue values of commitments received during a given period, including scope growth on existing commitments.  A commitment represents authorization from our customer to begin work or purchase materials pursuant to a written agreement, letter of intent or other form of authorization.  Backlog represents the unrecognized revenue for our new project awards and includes signed contracts that are temporarily suspended or under protest but represent future work that we believe will be performed.  The revenue projected in our backlog may not be realized or, if realized, may not be profitable.

Projects included in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or decrease in scope at the option of the customer; however, the customer is required to pay us for work performed and materials purchased through the date of termination, suspension, or decrease in scope. Certain of our customers have requested to renegotiate pricing, and in some cases temporarily suspended, contracts in our backlog as a result of COVID-19 and low and volatile oil and gas prices.  Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination, increase or decrease in scope of any project could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized.  Further, for certain projects we may be at greater risk of delays (or further delays, as applicable), suspensions and cancellations in light of the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the current low and volatile oil and gas price environment.  In addition, where a project proceeds as scheduled, it is possible that the customer may default by failing to pay amounts owed to us. Accordingly, our backlog as of any date is an uncertain indicator of future results of operations.

We may need to obtain debt financing or credit facilities or raise equity capital in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, contract commitments and/or acquisitions, and we may not be able to do so or do so on favorable terms, which would impair our ability to operate our business or execute our strategy.

Our primary sources of liquidity are our cash, cash equivalents and scheduled maturities of our short-term investments. If such amounts and cash flows from operating activities are not sufficient to fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, contract commitments, and/or acquisition opportunities, we would be required to reduce our capital expenditures and/or forego certain contracts and/or acquisition opportunities, or we would be required to fund such needs through debt or equity issuances or through other financing alternatives, including the sale of assets.

We may be required to make capital investments in our existing or new facilities and increase our working capital to support our backlog or new project awards. The capital outlays and working capital required by us to execute such projects could exceed our existing, cash, cash equivalents, scheduled maturities of our short-term investments and cash flows from operating activities, and we may not be able to obtain debt financing or credit facilities to fund any such capital investment or working capital requirements.

Our ability to successfully obtain debt financing or credit facilities or raise equity capital in the future will depend in part upon prevailing capital market conditions, as well as conditions in our business and our operating results, and those factors may affect our efforts to obtain additional capital on terms that are satisfactory to us. If adequate capital is not available, or not available on beneficial terms, we may not be able to make future investments, take advantage of acquisitions or other investment opportunities, or respond to competitive challenges. This could limit our ability to bid on new project opportunities, thereby limiting our potential growth and profitability.

 

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We may not be able to obtain debt financing, credit facilities or surety bonds if and when needed on favorable terms, if at all.

There are a number of potential negative consequences for the energy sector that may result if oil and gas prices remain depressed or decline or if oil and gas companies continue to de-prioritize investments in exploration, development and production, including the continued or worsening of outflow of credit and capital from the energy sector and/or energy focused companies, further efforts by lenders to reduce their exposure to the energy sector, the imposition of increased lending standards for the energy sector, higher borrowing costs and collateral requirements, or a refusal to extend new credit or amend existing credit facilities in the energy sector. These potential negative consequences may be exacerbated by the pressure exerted on financial institutions by regulatory agencies to respond quickly and decisively to credit risk that develops in distressed industries. All these factors may complicate our ability to achieve a favorable outcome in obtaining debt financing or credit facilities.

In order to secure debt financing or credit facilities with borrowing capacity, if available, we may be required to provide further collateral, pay higher interest rates and otherwise agree to more restrictive terms. Collateral requirements and higher borrowing costs may limit our long- and short-term financial flexibility, and any failure to secure debt financing or credit facilities on terms that are acceptable to us could jeopardize our ability to fund, among other things, capital expenditures and general working capital needs or meet our other financial commitments. In addition, we have provided one of our Sureties a letter of credit of $7.0 million as partial collateral in support of the performance bonds issued by the Surety in connection with our contracts for the construction of two MPSVs that are subject to purported termination by our customer. We could be required to provide additional collateral to the Surety in support of these performance bonds or other performance bonds issued by the Surety or other Sureties.    

Our LC Facility currently provides for letters of credit, which are subject to cash securitization. We provide our customers letters of credit under our LC Facility and surety bonds from financial institutions to secure advance payments or guarantee performance under our contracts, or in lieu of retention being withheld on our contracts.  With respect to a letter of credit under our LC Facility, any advance in the event of non-performance under a contract would become a direct obligation and reduction in our cash. With respect to a surety bond, any advance payment in the event of non-performance is subject to indemnification of the Surety by us, which may require us to use our cash, cash equivalents or short-term investments.  When a contract is complete, the contingent obligation terminates, and letters of credit or surety bonds are returned. It has been increasingly difficult to obtain letter of credit and bonding capacity and identify potential financing sources, due to, among other things, losses from our operations in recent years, including recent project charges, and given a majority of our backlog is at, or near, break-even or is in a loss position.  We can provide no assurances that necessary letters of credit or bonding capacity will be available to support future project requirements. See Note 5 and Note 8 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our LC Facility and surety bonds and Note 8 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash flow to meet our obligations.

Our ability to fund operations depends on our ability to generate future cash flows from operations. This, to a large extent, is subject to conditions in the oil and gas industry, including commodity prices, demand for our services and the prices we are able to charge for our services, general economic and financial conditions, competition in the markets in which we operate, the impact of legislative and regulatory actions on how we conduct our business and other factors, all of which are beyond our control.  During 2020, we experienced negative cash flows from operations, and this trend could continue if conditions in our industry continue or worsen or if we were to experience losses on our projects. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our business outlook.

In addition, On April 17, 2020, we entered into a $10.0 million PPP Loan with Whitney Bank. The PPP Loan, and accrued interest, may be forgiven partially or in full, if certain conditions are met.  On September 29, 2020, we submitted our application to Whitney Bank, requesting PPP Loan forgiveness of $8.9 million.  Whitney Bank approved our application for forgiveness on December 14, 2020, and our application was forwarded to the SBA for review.  As of the filing of this Report, we have not received an approval or denial of our application for forgiveness from the SBA; in the absence of such action and based on guidance we received from our external advisors, we have taken the position that the date for commencement of loan payments has not yet occurred, and we have made no loan payments. Because the amount borrowed exceeded $2.0 million, the PPP Loan and our loan forgiveness application is subject to audit by the SBA. Any portion of the PPP Loan that is not forgiven, together with accrued interest, will be repaid based on the terms and conditions of the PPP Loan and in accordance with the PPP, as amended by the Flexibility Act, unless the SBA were to determine that we were not eligible to participate in the PPP, in which case the SBA could seek immediate repayment of the PPP Loan. While we believe we are a qualifying business and have met the eligibility requirements for the PPP Loan, and believe we have used the loan proceeds only for Permissible Expenses, we can provide no assurances that we will be eligible for forgiveness of the PPP Loan, in whole or in part. See Note 5 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our PPP Loan and related loan forgiveness application.

If we do not receive forgiveness of the portion of the PPP Loan anticipated, it could have a significant impact on our operations, including requiring us to dedicate more of our cash balance and any cash flow from operations to payments on the PPP Loan, thereby reducing our liquidity and available cash flow to fund overhead costs and general corporate administrative expenses, working capital, capital expenditures, and initiatives to diversify and enhance our business.  

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Our strategy to monetize under-utilized assets, including the sale of assets held for sale, and rationalize under-utilized facilities to improve our facility utilization, could result in future losses or impairments and may not produce our desired results.

We are taking actions to monetize under-utilized assets.  At December 31, 2020, our assets held for sale totaled $8.2 million and primarily consisted of three 660-ton crawler cranes and two drydocks.  Further, our ongoing evaluation of under-utilized assets could result in the identification of additional assets for sale.  During 2020, we recorded impairments associated with our assets held for sale and assets classified as held for sale during the period. We can provide no assurances that we will successfully sell our assets held for sale, that we will be able to do so in accordance with our expected timeline or that we will recover the carrying value of the assets, which could result in additional impairments or losses.  Additionally, any decisions made regarding our deployment or use of any sales proceeds we receive in any sale involves risks and uncertainties. As a result, our decisions with respect to such proceeds may not lead to increased long-term shareholder value.  See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our assets held for sale.

We are also taking actions to relocate assets, consolidate operations and rationalize under-utilized facilities to improve our facility and personnel utilization.  Such actions may include the closure or consolidation of one or more of our facilities and the termination of facility employees. During the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard and relocated certain assets to our Houma Yards. We also relocated certain assets from our Shipyard Division to our Fabrication & Services Division, and we abandoned certain assets, within our Houma Yards to improve operational efficiency. In connection therewith, during 2020, we recorded impairments of certain assets associated with our Lake Charles Yard and Houma Yards.  See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our closure of the Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard. A facility closure or consolidation could result in future impairments of facility assets and other restructuring or exits costs, including retention, severance or other costs associated with terminated personnel.  Further, we can provide no assurances that any facility closure or consolidation will result in an improvement in our overall utilization or that the costs of doing so will not exceed the benefits expected to be gained from the closure or consolidation of a facility.

If we continue to be unable to maintain satisfactory utilization of our facilities or personnel, our results of operations and financial condition would be adversely affected.

In recent years we have experienced an under-utilization of our facilities and personnel and have not fully recovered our fixed overhead costs, due in part to the high fixed costs of our operations and the impact of the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and low and volatile oil and gas prices. This has resulted in losses from our operations.  If current or future facility and personnel capacity fails to match current or future customer demands for our services, our facilities would continue to be under-utilized, which could result in less profitable operations or ongoing losses from our operations.  

We may be unable to successfully defend against claims made against us by customers or subcontractors, or recover claims made by us against customers or subcontractors.

Our projects are generally complex, and we may encounter difficulties in design, engineering, schedule changes and other factors, some of which may be beyond our control, that affect our ability to complete projects in accordance with contracted delivery schedules or to otherwise meet contractual performance obligations. We may bring claims against customers for additional costs incurred by us as a result of customer-caused delays or changes in project scope initiated by our customers that are not part of the original contract scope. In addition, claims may be brought against us by customers relating to, among other things, alleged defective or incomplete work, breaches of warranty and/or late completion of work. We may also incur claims with our subcontractors that are similar to those described above. These claims may be subject to lengthy and/or expensive litigation or arbitration proceedings and may require us to invest significant working capital in projects to cover cost increases pending resolution of the claims. See “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of our ongoing dispute with a customer related to the construction of two MPSVs.

Our employees and subcontractors work on projects that are inherently dangerous. If we fail to maintain safe work sites, we can be exposed to significant financial losses and reputational harm.

We work on projects with large mechanized equipment, moving vehicles, and dangerous processes, which can place our employees and subcontractors in challenging environments.  We maintain a safety assurance program designed to ensure the safety of our employees and subcontractors and to ensure that we remain in compliance with all applicable federal and state mandated safety regulations. If our safety assurance program fails, our employees, subcontractors and others may become injured, disabled or lose their lives, and our projects may be delayed, causing exposure to litigation or investigations by regulators.

Unsafe conditions at project work sites also have the potential to increase employee turnover, increase project costs and increase our operating costs.  In addition, our customers often require that we meet certain safety criteria in order to be eligible to bid contracts.  Our failure to maintain adequate safety standards, could result in lost project awards and customers or preclude us from tendering future bids.

These risks may be greater should we acquire companies that have poor safety performance, requiring corrective actions during the integration process. This may result in liabilities before such corrective actions are implemented.

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The limits on our insurance coverage could expose us to potentially significant liability and costs.

The fabrication of structures and the services we provide involves operating hazards that can cause accidents resulting in personal injury or loss of life, severe damage to and destruction of property and equipment and suspension of operations.  In addition, due to the proximity to the GOM, our facilities are subject to the possibility of physical damage caused by hurricanes or flooding.

In addition, our employees may engage in certain activities, including interconnect piping and other service activities conducted on offshore platforms, activities performed on barges owned or chartered by us, and marine vessel fabrication and repair activities performed at our facilities, that are covered in either the provisions of the Jones Act or USL&H. These laws make the liability limits established under state workers’ compensation laws inapplicable to these employees and, instead, permit them or their representatives to pursue actions against us for damages or job-related injuries, with generally no limitations on our potential liability.  Our ownership and operation of vessels and our fabrication and repair of customer vessels can also give rise to large and varied liability risks, such as risks of collisions with other vessels or structures, sinking, fires and other marine casualties, which can result in significant claims for damages against both us and third parties. Litigation arising from any such occurrences may result in our being named as a defendant in lawsuits asserting large claims.

We may be exposed to future losses through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions for our exposures related to third party liability and workers' compensation.  We expect liabilities in excess of any deductible to be covered by insurance.  Although we believe that our insurance coverage is adequate, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain adequate insurance at rates we consider reasonable or that our insurance coverage will be adequate to cover claims that may arise. To the extent we are self-insured, reserves are recorded based upon our estimates, with input from legal and insurance advisors.  Changes in assumptions, as well as changes in actual experience, could cause these estimates to change.

Changes in the insurance industry have generally led to higher insurance costs and decreased availability of coverage. The availability of insurance that covers risks we typically insure against may decrease, and the insurance that we are able to obtain may have higher deductibles, higher premiums and more restrictive policy terms.

Our efforts to strategically reposition the Company to diversify our service offerings and customer base may not result in increased shareholder value.

Our operations have historically been focused on fabrication and services for the offshore oil and gas industry. We have diversified our business through the pursuit of onshore fabrication opportunities, the pursuit of marine vessel opportunities outside of the oil and gas industry and the pursuit of offshore wind opportunities and other projects that are not related to our traditional offshore oil and gas markets. We may pursue additional markets or lines of business to expand our service offerings and further diversify our customer base. Entry into, or further development of, new lines of business may expose us to risks that are different from those we have experienced historically. We may not be able to effectively manage these additional risks or implement successful business strategies. Additionally, our competitors in these expanded lines of business may possess greater operational knowledge, resources and experience than we do. These diversification initiatives may not increase shareholder value and could result in a reduction in shareholder value depending upon our required capital investment and success.

We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled personnel to execute our projects.

Our operations require personnel with specialized skills and experience. In recent years we have reduced our skilled workforce in response to decreases in the utilization of our facilities. Our productivity and profitability are significantly dependent upon our ability to attract and retain skilled construction supervisors and craft labor, primarily welders, pipe fitters and equipment operators. Reductions in our labor force may make it more difficult to increase our labor force to desirable levels during periods of expanding customer demand and increases in our backlog. During 2020, we began increasing our skilled workforce within our Shipyard Division to execute the division’s backlog, and in connection therewith, and in part due to COVID-19, we experienced an increase in employee absenteeism and turnover as well as challenges recruiting and hiring craft labor, which has impacted our productivity.     

In periods of increased demand for construction labor, the supply of skilled labor becomes increasingly limited resulting in higher costs of labor, including increases in wage rates and the costs of recruiting or training to attract and retain qualified employees. Further, during times of higher demand for our services, if skilled labor become scarce, it could also increase our use of contract labor, which may have a higher cost and lower levels of productivity.

If we are unable to hire and retain necessary skilled labor, we may be unable to win new project awards and expand our operations.  Further, any shortage of skilled labor or ongoing challenges hiring and retaining skilled labor could negatively affect the quality, safety, timeliness and profitability of our projects.


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Our success is dependent on key personnel.

Our success is dependent upon the abilities of our executives, management, and other key employees who have significant experience within our industry. Our success also depends on our ability to attract, retain and motivate highly-skilled personnel in various areas, including engineering, construction supervision, project management, procurement, project controls and finance. The loss of one or more key personnel or our inability to attract, retain and motivate necessary personnel could impact our operations. In addition, we may not be able to retain key employees assumed in an acquisition, which may impact our ability to successfully integrate or operate the business acquired.

We depend on third parties to provide services to perform our contractual obligations and supply raw materials.

We rely on third parties to provide raw materials, and major components and to perform certain services required by our contracts. Disruptions and performance problems caused by our suppliers and subcontractors, or a misalignment between our contractual obligations to our customers and our agreements with our subcontractors and suppliers, could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers. Our ability to perform our obligations on a timely basis could be adversely affected if one or more of our suppliers or subcontractors are unable to provide the agreed-upon products or materials or perform the agreed-upon services in a timely, compliant and cost-effective manner or otherwise fail to satisfy contractual requirements. The inability of our suppliers or subcontractors to perform could also result in the need to transition to alternate suppliers or subcontractors, which could result in significant incremental cost and delay, or the need for us to provide other supplemental means to support our existing suppliers and subcontractors.

We depend upon subcontractors for a variety of reasons, including: (i) to perform work we would otherwise perform with our employees but are unable to do so as a result of scheduling demands; (ii) to supervise and/or perform certain aspects of the contract more efficiently considering the conditions of the contract; and (iii) to perform certain services that we are unable to do or which we believe can be performed at a lower cost by subcontractors.

We work closely with these subcontractors to monitor progress and address our customer requirements. However, the inability of our subcontractors to perform under the terms of their contracts could cause us to incur additional costs that reduce profitability or result in losses on projects.

We may be protected from increases in material costs through cost escalation provisions in some of our contracts. However, the difference between our actual material costs and these escalation provisions may expose us to cost uncertainty. In addition, we may experience significant delays in deliveries of key raw materials, which may occur as a result of availability or price.

Systems and information technology interruption or failure and data security breaches could adversely impact our ability to operate or expose us to significant financial losses and reputational harm.

We rely heavily on computer information, communications technology and related systems in order to properly operate our business. From time to time, we experience occasional system interruptions and delays. In the event we are unable to deploy software and hardware, effectively upgrade our systems and network infrastructure, and take other steps to maintain or improve the efficiency and efficacy of our systems, the operation of such systems could be interrupted or result in the loss, corruption or release of data. In addition, our computer and communications systems and operations could be damaged or interrupted by natural disasters, force majeure events, telecommunications failures, power loss, acts of war or terrorism, physical or electronic security breaches, intentional or inadvertent user misuse or error, or similar events or disruptions. Any of these or other events could cause interruptions, delays, loss of critical and/or sensitive data or similar effects.

In addition, we face the threat to our computer systems of unauthorized access, computer hackers, computer viruses, malicious code, organized cyber-attacks and other security problems and system disruptions.  If we were to be subject to a cyber incident or attack, it could result in the disclosure of confidential or proprietary customer information, theft, loss, corruption or misappropriation of intellectual property, damage to our reputation with our customers and the market, failure to meet customer requirements or customer dissatisfaction, theft, exposure to litigation, damage to equipment and other financial costs and losses. We rely on industry accepted security measures and technology to securely maintain all confidential and proprietary information on our computer systems, but these systems are still vulnerable to these threats. In addition, as cybersecurity threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend significant resources to protect against the threat of these system disruptions and security breaches or to alleviate problems caused by these disruptions and breaches.


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We may conduct a portion of our operations through joint ventures and strategic alliances over which we may have limited control, and our partners in such arrangements may not perform.

We may conduct a portion of our operations through joint ventures and strategic alliances with business partners. In any such arrangement, differences in views among the participants may result in delayed decisions or in failures to reach agreement on certain matters, or to do so in a timely manner. In any joint venture or strategic alliance in which we hold a non-controlling interest, we may have limited control over many decisions relating to joint venture operations and internal controls relating to operations. We also cannot control the actions of our partners, including any non-performance, default, or bankruptcy of our partners, and we would likely share liability or have joint and/or several liability with our partners for joint venture matters.

Actions of activist shareholders could create uncertainty about our future strategic direction, be costly and divert the attention of our management and board.  In addition, some institutional investors may be discouraged from investing in the industries that we service.

In recent years, activist shareholders have placed increasing pressure on publicly-traded companies to effect changes to corporate governance practices, executive compensation practices or social and environmental practices or to undertake certain corporate actions or reorganizations. There can be no assurances that activist shareholders will not publicly advocate for us to make additional corporate governance changes or engage in certain corporate actions. Responding to challenges from activist shareholders, such as proxy contests, media campaigns or other public or private means, could be costly and time consuming and could have an adverse effect on our reputation and divert the attention and resources of management and our board, which could have an adverse effect on our business and operational results. Additionally, shareholder activism could create uncertainty about our leadership or our future strategic direction, resulting in loss of future business opportunities, which could adversely affect our business, future operations, profitability and our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel.  As of December 31, 2020, based on our review of public filings with the SEC, we believe over half of our stock is held by a combination of institutional investors, pooled investment funds, and certain other investors with a history of shareholder activism. One such investor has a Schedule 13D on file with the SEC that reserves that investor’s rights to pursue corporate governance changes, board structure changes, changes to capitalization, potential business combinations or dispositions involving the Company or certain of its businesses, or suggestions for improving the Company’s financial and/or operational performance. We have a Cooperation Agreement in place with our largest shareholder that is set to expire at the 2021 annual meeting, if not terminated sooner.

In addition to risks associated with activist shareholders, some institutional investors are increasingly focused on environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors when allocating their capital. These investors may be seeking enhanced ESG disclosures or may implement policies that discourage investment in certain of the industries that we service. To the extent that certain institutional investors implement policies that discourage investments in industries that we service, it could have an adverse effect our financing costs and access to sources of capital.

Legal and Regulatory Risks

Any changes in U.S. trade policies and retaliatory responses from other countries may significantly increase the costs or limit supplies of materials and products used in our fabrication projects.

The federal government has imposed new or increased tariffs or duties on an array of imported materials and goods that are used in connection with our fabrication business, including steel, raising our costs for these items (or products made with them), and has threatened to impose further tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions on imports. Foreign governments, including China and Canada, and trading blocs, such as the European Union, have responded by imposing or increasing tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions on U.S. goods, and are reportedly considering other measures. These trading conflicts and related escalating governmental actions that result in additional tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions could increase our costs, cause disruptions or shortages in our supply chains and/or negatively impact the U.S., regional or local economies.

The nature of our industry subjects us to compliance with regulatory and environmental laws.

Our operations and properties are subject to a wide variety of existing foreign, federal, state and local laws and other regulations, including those governing discharges into the air and water, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes, the remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated by hazardous substances and the health and safety of employees. In addition, we could be affected by future laws or regulations, including those imposed in response to concerns over climate change, other aspects of the environment, or natural resources. For example, because of concerns that carbon dioxide, methane and certain other greenhouse gases may produce climate changes that have significant impacts on public health and the environment, various governmental authorities have considered and are continuing to consider the adoption of regulatory strategies and controls designed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases resulting from regulated activities, which if adopted in areas where we conduct business, could require us or our customers to incur additional compliance costs, may result in delays in pursuit of regulated activities and could adversely affect demand for the oil and natural gas that some of our customers produce, thereby potentially limiting demand for our services.


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Compliance with many of these laws is becoming increasingly complex, stringent and expensive. These laws may impose “strict liability” for damages to natural resources or threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for the environmental damage without regard to its negligence or fault. Certain environmental laws provide for strict, joint and several liability for remediation of spills and other releases of hazardous substances, as well as damage to natural resources. In addition, we could be subject to claims alleging personal injury or property damage as a result of alleged exposure to hazardous substances. Such laws and regulations may also expose us to liability for the conduct of others or conditions caused by others, or acts for which we were in compliance with applicable laws at the time such acts were performed. We believe that our present operations materially comply with applicable federal and state pollution control and environmental protection laws and regulations. We also believe that compliance with such laws has not resulted in a material adverse effect on our operations. However, such environmental laws are changed frequently. Sanctions for noncompliance may include revocation of permits, corrective action orders, administrative or civil penalties and criminal prosecution. It is also possible that the new Biden Administration will impose additional environmental regulations that will restrict federal oil and gas leasing, permitting or drilling practices on public lands, which could result in more stringent or costly restrictions, delays or cancellations to our operations. For example, President Biden has already issued orders temporarily suspending leasing or permitting of oil and gas activities on federal lands and waters, and the President has also proposed a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing on federal lands and waters. We are currently unable to predict whether these and other environmental regulations will have a material adverse effect on our future operations and financial results. See “Government and Environmental Regulation” in Item 1 for further discussion.

The demand for our services is also affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations related to the oil and gas, chemicals, commodities, marine and alternative energy industries. We may not be able to pass any potential increases in taxes on to our customers.

Offshore construction and drilling in certain areas is opposed by many environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. To the extent laws are enacted or other governmental actions are taken that prohibit or restrict offshore construction and drilling or impose environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the offshore construction industry, our business and prospects could be adversely affected. We cannot determine to what extent future operations and results of operations may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations.

Our business is highly dependent on our ability to utilize the navigation canals adjacent to our facilities.

Our facilities in Houma, Louisiana are located on the Houma Navigation Canal approximately 30 miles from the GOM and on a slip adjacent to the Houma Navigation Canal.  The Houma Navigation Canal provides the shortest and least restrictive means of access from our facilities to open waters. These waterways are navigable waterways of the U.S. and, as such, are protected by federal law from unauthorized obstructions that would hinder water-borne traffic. Federal law also authorizes maintenance of these waterways by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. These waterways are dredged from time to time to maintain water depth and, while federal funding for dredging has historically been provided, there is no assurance that Congressional appropriations sufficient for adequate dredging and other maintenance of these waterways will be continued. If funding were not appropriated for that purpose, some or all of these waterways could become impassable by barges or other vessels required to transport many of our products.


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Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

We are subject to various routine legal proceedings in the normal conduct of our business, primarily involving commercial disputes and claims, workers’ compensation claims, and claims for personal injury under general maritime laws of the U.S. and the Jones Act. While the outcome of these lawsuits, legal proceedings and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that the outcome of any such proceedings, even if determined adversely, would not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

On October 2, 2018, we filed a lawsuit against our customer to enforce our rights and remedies under the applicable construction contracts for two MPSVs. The lawsuit was filed in the Twenty-Second Judicial District Court for the Parish of St. Tammany, State of Louisiana and is styled Gulf Island Shipyards, LLC v. Hornbeck Offshore Services, LLC. The customer responded to our lawsuit denying many of the allegations in the lawsuit and asserting a counterclaim against us.  We filed a response to the counterclaim denying all of the customer’s claims.  The customer subsequently filed an amendment to its counterclaim to add claims by the customer against the Surety. The customer also filed a motion for partial summary judgment with the trial court seeking, among other things, to obtain possession of the vessels. A hearing on the motion was held on May 28, 2019, and the customer's request to obtain possession of the vessels was denied by the trial court.  The customer subsequently filed a second motion for partial summary judgment re-urging its previously denied request to obtain possession of the vessels.  A hearing on the second motion was held on November 5, 2019, and the customer’s request to obtain possession of the vessels was again denied by the trial court.  Thereafter, the customer requested that the appellate court exercise its discretion and review and reverse the trial court’s denial of the customer’s second motion.  We opposed the discretionary appellate review request of the customer, and that review, as well as the pending lawsuit, were stayed during the pendency of the customer’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy case that is referenced below.  However, the customer’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy plan was confirmed, and accordingly, the appellate matter and the lawsuit are no longer stayed.  The appellate court has since denied the customer’s appellate review request and the lawsuit will proceed in the ordinary course.  Discovery in connection with that lawsuit is ongoing and no trial date or other deadlines have been scheduled in connection with that lawsuit.  

On May 19, 2020, the customer filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code. The customer’s prepackaged Chapter 11 plan of reorganization was subsequently confirmed by the bankruptcy court and that plan of reorganization is effective. In connection with its bankruptcy case, on June 3, 2020, the customer filed a separate bankruptcy adversary proceeding against us in which it again sought to obtain possession of the vessels.  In response, we filed a motion to dismiss the adversary proceeding and to allow the dispute regarding the vessels and the construction contracts to continue in state court where our lawsuit against the customer is currently pending.  On September 1, 2020, a hearing was held in connection with the motion to dismiss; however, the bankruptcy court’s decision was delayed to allow the parties an opportunity to mediate their dispute. The parties engaged in mediation until January 26, 2021 when the customer unilaterally and voluntarily dismissed its adversary proceeding seeking possession of the vessels.  The mediation between the parties was not successful.

See Note 8 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of this litigation.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

20


 

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, under the symbol “GIFI.” At February 23, 2021, there were 2,640 holders of our common stock (including 86 registered holders on the books and records of our transfer agent (excluding CEDE & Co.) and 2,554 accounts of banks, brokers, trustees or other nominees participating in the DTC system that hold shares of our common stock beneficially owned by others).

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

We had no repurchases of securities during the fourth quarter 2020. Information as to the securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans is incorporated herein by reference to Item 12.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Not applicable.

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” is provided to assist readers in understanding our financial performance during the periods presented and significant trends that may impact our future performance. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our Financial Statements and the related notes thereto. Certain terms are defined in the “Glossary of Terms” beginning on page ii.

Overview

We are a leading fabricator of complex steel structures, modules and marine vessels, and a provider of project management, hookup, commissioning, repair, maintenance and civil construction services. Our customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial, power, and marine operators; EPC companies; and certain agencies of the U.S. Government.

During 2019, we operated and managed our business through three operating divisions (“Fabrication,” “Shipyard” and “Services”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which represented our reportable segments. In the first quarter 2020, our Fabrication and Services Divisions were operationally combined to form an integrated new division called Fabrication & Services. As a result, we operate and manage our business through two operating divisions (“Shipyard” and “Fabrication & Services”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which represent our reportable segments. Accordingly, the segment results (including the effects of eliminations) for our Fabrication and Services Divisions for each of 2019 and 2018 were combined to conform to the presentation of our reportable segments for 2020.  In addition to the division combination, in the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects were transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division.  Accordingly, results for these projects for 2019 (the projects had no results for 2018) were reclassified from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to conform to the presentation of these projects for 2020. See Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

Our corporate headquarters is located in Houston, Texas, with operating facilities located in Houma, Louisiana. In the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard within our Shipyard Division. See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and below for further discussion of our closure of the Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.

Since 2014, the price of oil has been at depressed levels, resulting in a significant and sustained reduction in capital spending and drilling activities from our traditional offshore oil and gas customer base. Consequently, our operating results and cash flows were negatively impacted as we experienced reductions in revenue, lower margins due to competitive pricing, significant under-utilization of our operating facilities and losses on certain projects.  

During the first quarter 2020, oil prices declined even further to historical lows due to a decline in demand for oil resulting in part from an unprecedented global health crisis caused by COVID-19. On June 8, 2020, the National Bureau of Economic Research indicated that the U.S. economy entered a recession in February 2020, and the duration and severity of this recession, which is ongoing, remains unclear at this time.  We operate in a critical infrastructure industry, as defined by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Consistent with federal guidelines and with state and local orders to date, we have continued to operate across our footprint. However, the progression of and global response to COVID-19, and related contraction in oil demand, combined with depressed and volatile crude oil prices have had and may continue to have negative impacts on our operations. The extent to which COVID-19 and the related contraction in oil demand and the resulting reduction and volatility in crude oil prices may adversely impact our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results and cash flows depends on future developments that are highly uncertain and unpredictable. This current level of uncertainty means the ultimate business and financial impacts of COVID-19 and the related contraction in oil demand and the depressed crude oil prices cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

During 2020, COVID-19 significantly impacted our operations.  Specifically, as we have ramped up our workforce to support our longer duration projects, we have been impacted by physical distancing measures, higher employee absenteeism and turnover, as well as challenges recruiting and hiring craft labor, particularly within our Shipyard Division. Further, certain deliverables from third-party engineering firms supporting our projects have been delayed and our suppliers and subcontractors are being impacted by COVID-19, resulting in schedule delays and higher cost estimates for subcontracted services and materials. The more significant impacts to our projects associated with COVID-19 during 2020 are summarized below:

 

Towing, salvage and rescue ship projects – The cumulative effect of COVID-19 related impacts has resulted in disruptions, inefficiencies and lower than anticipated productivity and progress on our five towing, salvage and rescue ship projects, which are expected to have compounding effects over the duration of the projects and result in extensions of schedules and the re-sequencing of construction activities on the projects.  The re-sequencing of construction activities will require us to perform construction activities on a concurrent basis, which is less efficient and reduces our ability to incorporate the benefits of previous experience into each follow-on vessel.  These impacts have resulted in forecast cost increases on the projects. We have submitted a request for equitable adjustment to our customer, the U.S. Navy, to extend our project schedules and recover the increased forecast costs associated with the impacts of COVID-19; however, we can provide no assurances that we will be successful in recovering these costs.

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Research Vessel Projects – Construction activities for our three research vessel projects have been delayed until production engineering achieves a satisfactory level of completion to limit impacts on construction, including disruption and rework.  These construction delays are expected to continue in the near term due to production engineering delays experienced by our customer’s engineering subcontractor as a result of COVID-19.  We are working with the customer to collectively assess the execution and schedule impacts to the projects due to these production engineering delays.

 

Harbor Tug Projects – Physical distancing measures associated with COVID-19 resulted in lower than anticipated productivity and progress on our final two harbor tug projects, resulting in extensions of schedules and forecast cost increases on the projects.  The final two projects were completed in October 2020 and January 2021, respectively. 

 

Seventy-Vehicle Ferry Project and Two Forty-Vehicle Ferry Projects – The cumulative effect of COVID-19 related impacts has resulted in disruptions, inefficiencies and lower than anticipated productivity and progress on our seventy-vehicle ferry project and two forty-vehicle ferry projects, resulting in extensions of schedules and forecast cost increases on the projects.  Although we have received extensions of the project schedules, we have been unable to recover the cost impacts of COVID-19 on the projects.

While we believe it is likely that there will continue to be an impact from COVID-19 for the foreseeable future, as discussed above, we are unable to estimate the ultimate impacts on our productivity, schedules and costs on our projects over the longer-term if mitigation measures, employee absenteeism and turnover, craft labor hiring challenges, engineering delays and supplier and subcontractor disruptions continue as a result of COVID-19. See Note 2 of our Financials in Item 8 for further discussion of the impacts of the aforementioned on our projects, and “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of the impacts of COVID-19 and reductions and volatility in crude oil prices.

In addition to the impacts of COVID-19 during 2020, our projects and operations were further impacted by the following:

 

Hurricanes – During the third quarter 2020, Hurricane Laura made landfall near our Lake Charles Yard as a high-end Category 4 hurricane, damaging primarily drydocks, warehouses, bulkheads and our ninth harbor tug project at our Lake Charles Yard.  In the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Lake Charles Yard.  See Note 2 of our Financials in Item 8 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricane Laura on our operations.

 

Overhead Crane Incident – During the third quarter 2020, our first forty-vehicle ferry project was damaged by an overhead crane, which disengaged from its tracks, and landed on the hull that was under construction.  See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of the crane incident and the impact on our first forty-vehicle ferry project.

We continue to address these operational, market and economic challenges through a strategy focused on the following initiatives to:

 

Mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, employees and contractors;

 

Improve and maintain our liquidity through cost reduction efforts and the sale of under-utilized assets;

 

Improve our resource utilization and centralize key project resources through the rationalization and integration of our facilities and operations;

 

Improve our competitiveness and project execution by enhancing our proposal, estimating and operations resources, processes and procedures; and

 

Reduce our reliance on the fabrication of structures and marine vessels associated with the offshore oil and gas sector by repositioning the Company to:

 

Fabricate modules, piping systems and other structures for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities;

 

Fabricate newbuild marine vessels for the government and other customers unrelated to the offshore oil and gas sector;

 

Fabricate foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for offshore wind developments; and

 

Fabricate structures in support of our customers as they make energy transitions away from fossil fuels.

See below for further discussion of these initiatives.

Progress on our Initiatives

Efforts to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, employees and contractors – We are continuing to take actions to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees and contractors.  

 

COVID-19 measures – We have initiated measures that include ongoing communications with our leadership teams to anticipate and proactively address COVID-19 impacts, work-place distancing of employees (including allowing some employees to work remotely) and regular monitoring of office and yard personnel for compliance.  We are also monitoring employee and visitor temperatures prior to entering our facilities, implemented employee and visitor wellness questionnaires, increased monitoring of employee absenteeism and the reasons for such absences, and initiated protocols for employees returning from absences, including employees that have tested positive for COVID-19, or have come in contact with

23


 

 

individuals that tested positive for COVID-19. In addition, we have installed hand sanitizing stations and taken additional actions to more frequently sanitize our facilities.  

 

Pursuit of force majeure – We are providing appropriate notices to our customers and making the appropriate claims for extensions of schedule for our projects which have been impacted by COVID-19.

 

Loan agreement In April 2020, we entered into a loan agreement for proceeds of $10.0 million (“PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”).  The proceeds were used for payroll costs, rent and utilities, of which approximately 93% was used for payroll costs. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below and Note 5 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of the PPP Loan.  

Efforts to preserve and improve our liquidity – We continue to take actions to preserve and improve our liquidity, and at December 31, 2020, our cash and short-term investments totaled $51.2 million. To preserve our liquidity position, we have undertaken cost reduction initiatives (including reducing the compensation of our directors and executive officers and reducing the size of our board), monetized under-utilized assets and facilities and are maintaining an ongoing focus on project cash flow management. During 2020, we received proceeds of $1.7 million from the sale of assets held for sale, and at December 31, 2020, our assets held for sale totaled $8.2 million.  Further, as discussed above, we received the PPP Loan in the second quarter 2020, which provided funding necessary to offset the immediate and anticipated impacts of COVID-19.  It also provided us important additional liquidity as a strong balance sheet is required to execute our backlog and compete for new project awards, and we experience significant monthly fluctuations in our working capital.    

Efforts to improve our resource utilization and centralize our key project resources – We are improving our resource utilization and centralizing our key project resources through the rationalization and integration of our facilities and operations.

 

Closure of Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard During the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.  The closures will consolidate our marine vessel construction and repair and maintenance activities in our Houma Yards, enabling us to maximize the utilization of our facilities and resources (including reducing overhead costs), combine our management and supervision talent in a single location, and improve our project execution.  See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our closure of the Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.

 

Combination of our Fabrication Division and Services Division and Realignment of Projects – As discussed above, in the first quarter 2020, we combined our Fabrication and Services Divisions to form an integrated new division called Fabrication & Services.  The integration will enable us to capitalize on the best practices and execution experience of the former divisions, conform processes and procedures, maximize the utilization of our resources (including reducing overhead costs) and improve project execution. In addition, as discussed above, in the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects was transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to better align the supervision and construction of these vessels with the capabilities and expertise of our Shipyard Division.      

Efforts to improve our competitiveness and project execution – We have taken, and continue to take, actions to improve our competitiveness and project execution by enhancing our proposal, estimating and operations resources, processes and procedures.  Our actions include strategic changes in management and key personnel, the addition of functional expertise, project management training, development of a formal “lessons learned” program to incorporate experiences gained from previous projects into current and future projects, and other measures designed to strengthen our personnel, processes and procedures.  Further, we are taking a disciplined approach to pursuing and bidding project opportunities, putting more rigor around our bid estimates to provide greater confidence that our estimates are achievable, increasing accountability and providing incentives for the execution of projects in line with our original estimates and subsequent forecasts, and incorporating previous experience into the bidding and execution of future projects.  

Efforts to reduce our reliance on the offshore oil and gas sector – We are pursuing several initiatives to reduce our reliance on the fabrication of structures and marine vessels associated with the offshore oil and gas sector.

 

Fabrication of onshore modules, piping systems and structures – We continue to focus our business development efforts on the fabrication of modules, piping systems and other structures for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities. We have experienced success with several smaller project opportunities, and our volume of bidding activity for onshore modules, piping systems and structures is increasing; however, our pursuit of large project opportunities has been impacted by the timing and delay of certain opportunities due in part to COVID-19, volatile oil prices and an ongoing competitive market environment. We also continue to believe that our strategic location in Houma, Louisiana and track record of quality and on-time completion of onshore modules position us well to compete in the onshore fabrication market. However, we do not expect large project opportunities to be awarded by customers until late 2021 or 2022. This timing may be impacted by ongoing uncertainty created by the volatility of oil prices and COVID-19. In the interim, we continue to strengthen our relationships with key customers and strategic partners and enhance our resources as discussed above.  


24


 

 

 

Fabrication of newbuild marine vessels for the government and other non-oil and gas related customers – We continue to pursue newbuild marine vessel opportunities for customers unrelated to the offshore oil and gas sector.  During the first quarter 2020, the U.S. Navy exercised its options for the construction of two additional towing, salvage and rescue ships. At December 31, 2020, nearly all of the backlog within our Shipyard Division was attributable to government and other customers unrelated to the offshore oil and gas sector, including the construction of three research vessels, five towing, salvage and rescue ships and three vehicle ferries.  During 2020, we also made capital improvements to our facilities associated primarily with erection sites and warehouse storage to support our backlog and future new project awards.

 

Fabrication of offshore wind foundations, secondary steel components and support structures – We continue to believe that current initiatives, and potential future requirements, to provide electricity from renewable and green sources will result in growth of offshore wind projects.  Furthermore, we believe that we possess the expertise to fabricate foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for this emerging market. This is demonstrated by our previous fabrication of wind turbine foundations for the first offshore wind project in the U.S. and the fabrication of a meteorological tower and platform for an offshore wind project. While we believe we have the capability to participate in this emerging market, we do not expect meaningful opportunities in the near term.

 

Fabricate structures in support of our customers as they make energy transitions away from fossil fuels We believe that our expertise and capabilities provide us with the necessary foundation to fabricate steel structures in support of our customers as they transition away from fossil fuels to green energy end markets.  Examples of these opportunities involve refiners who are looking to process biofuels and customers looking to embrace the growing hydrogen economy.  

Operating Outlook

Our focus remains on securing profitable new project awards and backlog in the near-term and generating operating income and cash flows in the longer-term while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees and contractors, which has been further challenged due to COVID-19. Our success, including achieving the aforementioned initiatives, will be determined by, among other things:

 

Oil and gas prices and the level of volatility in such prices, including the impact of environmental regulations that restrict the oil and gas industry under the Biden Administration;

 

COVID-19, for which the ultimate business and financial impacts cannot be reasonably estimated at this time;

 

The level of fabrication opportunities in our traditional offshore markets and the new markets we are pursuing, including refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities, offshore wind developments and green energy;

 

The level of new build marine vessel activity within, and outside of, the oil and gas sector;

 

Our ability to secure new project awards through competitive bidding and/or alliance and partnering arrangements;

 

Our ability to execute projects within our cost estimates and successfully manage them through completion;

 

Our ability to hire, motivate and retain key personnel and craft labor to execute our projects;  

 

The successful integration of our Fabrication Division and Services Division; and

 

Our ability to resolve our dispute with a customer related to the construction of two MPSVs. See Note 8 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the dispute.  

In addition, in the near-term: (i) the utilization of our Shipyard Division will be adversely affected by temporary delays in construction activities for our three research vessel projects until engineering achieves further completion, (ii) the utilization of our Fabrication & Services Division will be impacted by the delay in timing of new project awards, and (iii) the utilization of both divisions and our projects will be impacted by inefficiencies and disruptions associated with COVID-19 related health and safety mitigation measures, employee absenteeism and turnover, craft labor hiring challenges, engineering delays, and supplier and subcontractor disruptions. Our near-term results may also be adversely affected by costs associated with investments in key personnel and process improvement efforts to support our aforementioned initiatives. In addition, our gross profit for both divisions will be impacted in the near-term as certain projects within our backlog are in a loss position and a majority of our remaining backlog is at, or near, break-even gross profit.  Specifically, due to previous new project awards bid at competitive pricing (including the option exercises by our customer in the first quarter 2020 for two additional towing, salvage and rescue ships) and recent and previous project charges, approximately 30% of our backlog is in a loss position, 65% of our backlog is at, or near, break-even, and a majority of our remaining backlog is at a low gross profit margin.  Accordingly, this backlog will result in future revenue with low or no gross profit; however, we continue to focus on improvements to our personnel, processes and procedures to improve project gross profit.  Further, we have submitted a request for equitable adjustment to our customer, the U.S. Navy, to extend our project schedules and recover increased forecast costs associated with the impacts of COVID-19 on our five towing, salvage and rescue ship projects; however, we can provide no assurances that we will be successful in recovering these costs. Lastly, as discussed further within “New Awards and Backlog” below, during the first quarter 2021, the U.S. Navy determined it would not exercise the three remaining options under our contract, and accordingly, future new project awards are required to replace the previously anticipated U.S. Navy options for our Shipyard Division. See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Results of Operations” below for further discussion of our project charges and losses on projects.

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New Awards and Backlog

New project awards represent expected revenue values of commitments received during a given period, including scope growth on existing commitments. A commitment represents authorization from our customer to begin work or purchase materials pursuant to a written agreement, letter of intent or other form of authorization. Backlog represents the unrecognized revenue for our new project awards and may differ from the value of future performance obligations for our contracts required to be disclosed under Topic 606 and presented in Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8. In general, a performance obligation is a contractual obligation to construct and/or transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. We believe that backlog, a non-GAAP financial measure, provides useful information to investors as it represents work that we are contractually obligated to perform under our current contracts. New project awards and backlog may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of our major new contract commitments.

Projects in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or decrease in scope at the option of the customer; however, the customer is required to pay us for work performed and materials purchased through the date of termination, suspension, or decrease in scope. Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination or increase or reduction in scope of any one contract could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized. New project awards by Division for 2020 and 2019, are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

Division

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Shipyard

 

$

140,428

 

 

$

251,424

 

Fabrication & Services

 

 

66,654

 

 

 

132,659

 

 Total New Awards

 

$

207,082

 

 

$

384,083

 

 

Backlog by Division at December 31, 2020 and 2019, is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019(2)

 

Division

 

Amount

 

 

Labor hours

 

 

Amount

 

 

Labor hours

 

Shipyard

 

$

352,181

 

 

 

2,784

 

 

$

373,969

 

 

 

2,507

 

Fabrication & Services

 

 

19,381

 

 

 

236

 

 

 

63,357

 

 

 

630

 

Total Backlog (1), (3)

 

$

371,562

 

 

 

3,020

 

 

$

437,326

 

 

 

3,137

 

 

Backlog at December 31, 2020, is expected to be recognized as revenue in the following periods (in thousands):

 

Year (4)

 

Total

 

 

Percentage

 

2021

 

$

161,370

 

 

 

43.4

%

2022

 

 

140,018

 

 

 

37.7

%

Thereafter

 

 

70,174

 

 

 

18.9

%

Total Backlog (1), (3)

 

$

371,562

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

(1)

At December 31, 2020, seven customers represented approximately 98% of our backlog and at December 31, 2019, eleven customers represented approximately 96% of our backlog. At December 31, 2020, backlog from the seven customers consisted of:

 

(i)

Construction of three regional class research vessels within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the vessels in 2022 and 2023, subject to potential schedule impacts discussed further in “Overview” above and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8;

 

(ii)

Construction of five towing, salvage and rescue ships within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the vessels in 2022, 2023 and 2024, subject to the potential schedule impacts discussed further in “Overview” above and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8;

 

(iii)

Construction of two forty-vehicle ferries within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the vessels in 2021 and 2022, subject to the potential schedule impacts discussed further in “Overview” above and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8;

 

(iv)

Construction of a seventy-vehicle ferry within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the vessel in 2021;

 

(v)

Fabrication of modules for an offshore facility within our F&S Division. We estimate completion of the project in 2021;

 

(vi)

Material supply for an offshore jacket and deck within our F&S Division. We estimate completion of the project in 2021; and

 

(vii)

Fabrication of marine docking structures within our F&S Division. We estimate completion of the project in 2021.


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(2)

In the first quarter 2020, our Fabrication and Services Divisions were operationally combined to form a new division called Fabrication & Services. Accordingly, backlog as of December 31, 2019 for our former Fabrication and Services Divisions has been combined to conform to the presentation of our reportable segments for 2020. In addition, in the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects were transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division.  Accordingly, $13.4 million of backlog and 0.1 million labor hours associated with these projects as of December 31, 2019 were reclassified from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to conform to the presentation of these projects for 2020.  See “Description of Operations” in Item 1 and Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

 

(3)

Backlog at December 31, 2019 for our Shipyard Division was $21.9 million higher than our remaining performance obligations under Topic 606 (the most comparable GAAP measure as presented in Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8), as it included contracts for the construction of two MPSVs that are subject to purported notices of termination by our customer. We dispute the purported terminations and disagree with the customer’s reasons for the same. However, given the prolonged nature of the dispute we have removed the contracts from our backlog at December 31, 2020, and accordingly, backlog at December 31, 2020 is comparable to our performance obligations under Topic 606. See Note 8 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the dispute.

 

(4)

The timing of recognition of the revenue presented in our backlog is based on our current estimates to complete the projects. Certain factors and circumstances could cause changes in the amounts ultimately recognized and the timing of recognition of revenue from our backlog. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our backlog.

Our contract for the construction of five towing, salvage and rescue ships contains options which grant our customer, the U.S. Navy, the right, if exercised, for the construction of three additional vessels at contracted prices. During the first quarter 2021, the U.S. Navy determined it would not exercise the three remaining options under our contract.  In connection therewith, we agreed to a change order with our customer to facilitate the transfer of technology, plans and know-how to the U.S. Navy to enable it to contract with other contractors for the construction of additional vessels.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”) which require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our estimates and judgments based on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.  We also discuss the development and selection of our critical accounting policies with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.  We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our Financial Statements.

Revenue Recognition

General – Our revenue is derived from customer contracts and agreements that are awarded on a competitively bid and negotiated basis using a range of contracting options, including fixed-price, unit-rate and T&M. Our contracts primarily relate to the fabrication and construction of steel structures, modules and marine vessels, and project management services and other service arrangements. We recognize revenue for our contracts in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Topic 606 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”

Fixed-Price and Unit-Rate Contracts Revenue for our fixed-price and unit-rate contracts is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method (an input method), based on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs.  Contract costs include direct costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs attributable to contract activity.  Material costs that are significant to a contract and do not reflect an accurate measure of project completion are excluded from the determination of our contract progress. Revenue for such materials is only recognized to the extent of costs incurred.  Revenue and gross profit for contracts accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method can be significantly affected by changes in estimated cost to complete such contracts. Significant estimates impacting the cost to complete a contract include: forecast costs of engineering, materials, equipment and subcontracts; forecast costs of labor and labor productivity; schedule durations, including subcontractor and supplier progress; contract disputes, including claims achievement of contractual performance requirements, and contingency, among others.  Although our customers retain the right and ability to change, modify or discontinue further work at any stage of a contract, in the event our customers discontinue work, they are required to compensate us for the work performed to date. The cumulative impact of revisions in total cost estimates during the progress of work is reflected in the period in which these changes become known, including, to the extent required, the reversal of profit recognized in prior periods and the recognition of losses expected to be incurred on contracts. Due to the various estimates inherent in our contract accounting, actual results could differ from those estimates, which could result in material changes to our Financial Statements and related disclosures.  See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for discussion of projects with significant changes in estimated margins during 2020, 2019 and 2018.

T&M Contracts – Revenue for our T&M contracts is recognized at contracted rates when the work is performed, the costs are incurred and collection is reasonably assured. Our T&M contracts provide for labor and materials to be billed at rates specified within the contract. The consideration from the customer directly corresponds to the value of our performance completed at the time of invoicing.

27


 

Variable Consideration Revenue and gross profit for contracts can be significantly affected by variable consideration, which can be in the form of unapproved change orders, claims, incentives, and liquidated damages that may not be resolved until the later stages of the contract or after the contract has been completed. We estimate variable consideration based on the amount we expect to be entitled and include estimated amounts in transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur or when we conclude that any significant uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved.

See Note 1 and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our revenue recognition policy.

Long-Lived Assets

Property, plant and equipment are depreciated on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives ranging from three to 25 years. Long-lived assets, which include property, plant and equipment and our lease assets included within other noncurrent assets, are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.  If a recoverability assessment is required, we compare the estimated future undiscounted cash flow associated with the asset or asset group to its carrying amount to determine if an impairment exists. An asset group constitutes the minimum level for which identifiable cash flows are principally independent of the cash flows of other assets or asset groups. An impairment loss is measured by comparing the fair value of the asset or asset group to its carrying amount and the excess of the carrying amount of the asset or asset group over its fair value is recorded as an impairment charge. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flows, appraised values or third-party indications of value, as appropriate.  See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for discussion of impairments of our long-lived assets.

Assets Held for Sale

Assets held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for discussion of impairments of our assets held for sale.

Income Taxes

Income taxes have been provided using the liability method. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes using enacted rates expected to be in effect during the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Due to changing tax laws, significant judgment is required to estimate the effective tax rate expected to apply to tax differences that are expected to reverse in the future.

A valuation allowance is provided to reserve for deferred tax assets (“DTA(s)”) if, based upon the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the DTAs will not be realized. The realization of our DTAs depends on our ability to generate sufficient taxable income of the appropriate character and in the appropriate jurisdictions.

Reserves for uncertain tax positions are recognized when we consider it more likely than not that additional tax will be due in excess of amounts reflected in our income tax returns, irrespective of whether or not we have received tax assessments.  Interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions are recorded within income tax expense. See Note 6 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our income taxes, DTAs, and valuation allowance.

Stock-Based Compensation

Awards under our stock-based compensation plans are calculated using a fair value-based measurement method. We use the straight-line method to recognize share-based compensation expense over the requisite service period of the award. We recognize the excess tax benefit or tax deficiency resulting from the difference between the deduction we receive for tax purposes and the stock-based compensation expense we recognize for financial reporting purposes created when common stock vests, as an income tax benefit or expense in our Statement of Operations. See Note 7 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our stock-based and other compensation plans.

Insurance

We maintain insurance coverage for various aspects of our business and operations. However, we may be exposed to future losses through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions for our exposures related to third party liability and workers’ compensation claims.  We expect liabilities in excess of any deductibles and self-insured retentions to be covered by insurance.  To the extent we are self-insured, reserves are recorded based upon our estimates, with input from legal and insurance advisors.  Changes in assumptions, as well as changes in actual experience, could cause these estimates to change. See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for discussion of insurance deductibles incurred during 2020 associated with damage caused by Hurricane Laura.

28


 

Fair Value Measurements

Our fair value determinations for financial assets and liabilities are based on the particular facts and circumstances. Financial instruments are required to be categorized within a valuation hierarchy based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  The three levels of the valuation hierarchy are as follows:

 

Level 1 – inputs are based upon quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.

 

Level 2 – inputs are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.

 

Level 3 – inputs are based upon model-based valuation techniques for which significant assumptions are generally not observable in the market and typically reflect estimates and assumptions that we believe market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. These include discounted cash flow models and similar valuation techniques.

See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our fair value measurements.

Results of Operations

Comparison of 2020 and 2019 (in thousands, except for percentages):

In the comparative tables below, percentage changes that are not considered meaningful are shown below as “nm” (generally when the prior period amount is immaterial or when the percentage change is significantly greater than 100%).

Consolidated

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable (Unfavorable)

Change

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent

 

New Awards

 

$

207,082

 

 

$

384,083

 

 

$

(177,001

)

 

 

(46.1

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

250,959

 

 

$

303,308

 

 

$

(52,349

)

 

 

(17.3

)%

Cost of revenue

 

 

268,710

 

 

 

320,307

 

 

 

51,597

 

 

 

16.1

%

Gross loss

 

 

(17,751

)

 

 

(16,999

)

 

 

(752

)

 

 

(4.4

)%

Gross loss percentage

 

 

(7.1

)%

 

 

(5.6

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

13,858

 

 

 

15,628

 

 

 

1,770

 

 

 

11.3

%

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale

 

 

4,130

 

 

 

17,528

 

 

 

13,398

 

 

nm

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

(8,580

)

 

 

(134

)

 

 

8,446

 

 

nm

 

Operating loss

 

 

(27,159

)

 

 

(50,021

)

 

 

22,862

 

 

 

45.7

%

Interest (expense) income, net

 

 

(268

)

 

 

531

 

 

 

(799

)

 

nm

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(27,427

)

 

 

(49,490

)

 

 

22,063

 

 

 

44.6

%

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

 

52

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

(44

)

 

 

(45.8

)%

Net loss

 

$

(27,375

)

 

$

(49,394

)

 

$

22,019

 

 

 

44.6

%

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2020 and 2019 were $207.1 million and $384.1 million, respectively.  Significant new project awards for 2020 include:

 

The exercise of options by the U.S. Navy for a fourth and fifth towing, salvage and rescue ship in the first quarter 2020 within our Shipyard Division,  

 

Additional scopes of work for our research vessel projects in the fourth quarter 2020 within our Shipyard Division, and

 

A marine docking structures project and additional scopes of work for our offshore jacket and deck project in the second quarter 2020 within our Fabrication & Services Division.  

Significant new project awards for 2019 include:

 

The exercise of options by the U.S. Navy for a second and third towing, salvage and rescue ship in the second quarter 2019 within our Shipyard Division,

 

The exercise of an option by Oregon State University for a third research vessel in the second quarter 2019 within our Shipyard Division,

 

A seventy-vehicle ferry in the third quarter 2019 within our Shipyard Division,

 

An offshore jacket and deck project and subsea components project in the first quarter 2019 within our Fabrication & Services Division,

29


 

 

Additional scopes of work for an onshore maintenance project in the third quarter 2019 within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

A material supply project and offshore modules project in the fourth quarter 2019 within our Fabrication & Services Division.  

  

Revenue – Revenue for 2020 and 2019 was $251.0 million and $303.3 million, respectively, representing a decrease of $52.3 million. The decrease was primarily due to:

Decreased revenue for our Fabrication & Services Division of $37.7 million, primarily attributable to:

 

Lower revenue for our paddlewheel river boat and subsea components projects that were completed in the first quarter 2020, and

 

Reduced offshore services activity and small fabrication project activity, offset partially by,

 

Higher revenue for our offshore jacket and deck project, and

 

Higher revenue for our marine docking structures project, material supply project and offshore modules project.

Decreased revenue for our Shipyard Division of $14.8 million, primarily attributable to:

 

Lower revenue for our harbor tug projects as we had fewer vessels under construction,

 

Lower revenue for our ice-breaker tug project which was completed in the second quarter 2020 and towboat projects which were completed in 2019,

 

Lower revenue for our research vessel projects due to construction delays associated with the previously disclosed temporary suspension of construction activities on the projects until engineering achieves further completion, and

 

Lower revenue associated with less repair and maintenance activity, offset partially by,

 

Higher revenue for our towing, salvage and rescue ship projects associated with increased construction activities and procurement progress on engineered equipment, and

 

Higher revenue for our seventy-vehicle ferry project associated with increased construction activities and procurement progress on engineered equipment.

 

Gross loss – Gross loss for 2020 and 2019 was $17.8 million (7.1% of revenue) and $17.0 million (5.6% of revenue), respectively. The gross loss for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

Project charges of $16.6 million for our Shipyard Division,

 

A low margin backlog for our Shipyard Division and low revenue for our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

The partial under-recovery of overhead costs, primarily associated with the under-utilization of our facilities and resources within our Fabrication & Services Division, and to a lesser extent within our Shipyard Division, including:

 

Costs associated with retaining salaried overhead and hourly craft employees to perform process improvements, special projects and facility maintenance and repairs, and

 

Lower utilization of our facilities and resources due to, and costs incurred to prepare for, Hurricane Laura, Hurricane Marco and Hurricane Sally in the third quarter 2020.

 

Holding costs of $0.7 million related to the two MPSV vessels which remain in our possession and are subject to dispute, and

 

Incremental direct costs associated with work-place monitoring, enhanced sanitization efforts and other measures related to COVID-19, offset partially by,

 

Project improvements of $2.7 million for our Fabrication & Services Division.

The increase in gross loss for 2020 relative to 2019 was primarily due to:

 

The aforementioned project charges of $16.6 million for 2020 for our Shipyard Division,

 

Lower revenue and an increase in the under-recovery of overhead costs for our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

A lower margin mix (excluding the aforementioned project charges) for our Shipyard Division, offset partially by,

 

Project charges of $12.3 million and $4.9 million for 2019 for our Shipyard Division and Fabrication & Services Division, respectively,

 

The aforementioned project improvements of $2.7 million for 2020 for our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

A higher margin mix (excluding the aforementioned project improvements) for our Fabrication & Services Division.

See “Operating Segments” below and Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our project impacts.

 


30


 

 

General and administrative expense – General and administrative expense for 2020 and 2019 was $13.9 million (5.5% of revenue) and $15.6 million (5.2% of revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 11.3%. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

Cost reduction initiatives including combining our former Fabrication and Services Divisions,

 

Reduced professional fees associated with the evaluation of strategic alternatives, and

 

Other costs savings including reductions in board size and the salaries of our executives, offset partially by,

 

Higher incentive plan costs (due primarily to the 2019 period benefiting from the partial reversal of long-term incentives that were accrued in periods prior to 2019 but ultimately not earned), and

 

Higher legal and advisory fees and insurance costs.

General and administrative expense includes legal and advisory fees related to a contract dispute for a completed project that was settled during the first quarter 2020 and a contract dispute associated with our MPSV projects which are subject to purported termination and for which construction has been suspended.  Legal and advisory fees related to such disputes totaled $1.3 million and $1.4 million for 2020 and 2019, respectively, and are reflected within our Corporate Division. See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute and Note 8 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.  

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale – Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale for 2020 and 2019 was loss of $4.1 million and $17.5 million, respectively. The loss for 2020 was primarily due to:  

 

Impairments of $1.4 million associated with assets held for sale within our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Impairments of $0.9 million for certain fixed assets associated with the relocation and consolidation of such assets to improve operational efficiency within our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Impairments of $1.0 million for lease assets and fixed assets (primarily drydocks) attributable to the closure of our Lake Charles Yard in the fourth quarter 2020 within our Shipyard Division,

 

Costs of $0.6 million primarily associated with the closures of our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard in the fourth quarter 2020 within our Shipyard Division, and

 

A loss of $0.2 million on the sale of a barge and other assets held for sale within our Fabrication & Services Division.

The loss for 2019 was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $9.3 million for assets held for sale, assets removed from held for sale and inventory within our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Impairments of $4.6 million for lease assets and fixed assets attributable to our Jennings Yard within our Shipyard Division,

 

Impairments of $3.0 million for lease assets and fixed assets (primarily drydocks) attributable to our Lake Charles Yard within our Shipyard Division, and

 

An impairment of $0.3 million for an asset that was held for sale and sold within our Shipyard Division, offset partially by,

 

A gain of $0.4 million from the sale of assets held for sale within our Fabrication & Services Division.

See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our impairments and assets held for sale and closures of the Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard.

 

Other (income) expense, net  Other (income) expense, net for 2020 and 2019 was income of $8.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Other (income) expense, net generally represents recoveries or provisions for bad debts, gains or losses associated with the sale or disposition of property and equipment other than assets held for sale, and income or expense associated with certain nonrecurring items. Other income for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

A gain of $10.0 million associated with the settlement of a contract dispute for a project completed in 2015. See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute.  The gain was offset partially by,

 

Charges of $1.3 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Laura to our drydocks, warehouses, bulkheads and ninth harbor tug project at our Lake Charles Yard in the third quarter 2020. The charges relate to deductibles associated with our insurance coverages and our estimates of cost associated with uninsurable damage.  See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricane Laura.

Other income for 2019 was primarily due to net gains on the sales of equipment.

 

Interest (expense) income, net – Interest (expense) income, net for 2020 and 2019 was expense of $0.3 million and income $0.5 million, respectively. Interest (expense) income, net consists of interest earned on our cash and short-term investment balances, interest incurred on our PPP Loan and the unused portion of our LC Facility, and interest amortization associated with our long-term lease liability. The expense for 2020 relative to income for 2019 was primarily due to interest on our PPP Loan and lower interest rates and lower average cash and short-term investment balances for the 2020 period.

31


 

Income tax (expense) benefit  Income tax (expense) benefit for 2020 and 2019 was a benefit of $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively. The tax benefits for 2020 and 2019 represent state income taxes. No federal income tax benefit was recorded for losses during 2020 or 2019 as a full valuation allowance was recorded against our net deferred tax assets generated during the periods. See Note 6 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our NOLs, deferred tax assets and valuation allowance.

Operating Segments

Shipyard Division(1)

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable (Unfavorable)

Change

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent

 

New Awards

 

$

140,428

 

 

$

251,424

 

 

$

(110,996

)

 

 

(44.1

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

153,698

 

 

$

168,466

 

 

$

(14,768

)

 

 

(8.8

)%

Gross loss

 

 

(19,274

)

 

 

(16,025

)

 

 

(3,249

)

 

 

(20.3

)%

Gross loss percentage

 

 

(12.5

)%

 

 

(9.5

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

1,980

 

 

 

2,445

 

 

 

465

 

 

 

19.0

%

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale

 

 

1,639

 

 

 

7,920

 

 

 

6,281

 

 

nm

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

1,450

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

(1,412

)

 

nm

 

Operating loss

 

 

(24,343

)

 

 

(26,428

)

 

 

2,085

 

 

 

7.9

%

 

 

(1)

In the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects was transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division. Accordingly, revenue of $9.2 million and gross loss and operating loss of $5.1 million associated with these projects for 2019 were reclassified from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to conform to the presentation of these projects for 2020.  See Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2020 and 2019 were $140.4 million and $251.4 million, respectively.  Significant new project awards for 2020 include:

 

The exercise of options by the U.S. Navy for a fourth and fifth towing, salvage and rescue ship in the first quarter 2020, and

 

Additional scopes of work for our research vessel projects in the fourth quarter 2020.

Significant new project awards for 2019 include:

 

The exercise of options by the U.S. Navy for a second and third towing, salvage and rescue ship in the second quarter 2019,

 

The exercise of an option by Oregon State University for a third research vessel in the second quarter 2019, and

 

A seventy-vehicle ferry in the third quarter 2019.  

 

Revenue – Revenue for 2020 and 2019 was $153.7 million and $168.5 million, respectively, representing a decrease of $14.8 million. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

Lower revenue for our harbor tug projects as we had fewer vessels under construction,

 

Lower revenue for our ice-breaker tug project which was completed in the second quarter 2020 and towboat projects which were completed in 2019,

 

Lower revenue for our research vessel projects due to construction delays associated with the previously disclosed temporary suspension of construction activities on the projects until engineering achieves further completion, and

 

Lower revenue associated with less repair and maintenance activity, offset partially by,

 

Higher revenue for our towing, salvage and rescue ship projects associated with increased construction activities and procurement progress on engineered equipment, and

 

Higher revenue for our seventy-vehicle ferry project associated with increased construction activities and procurement progress on engineered equipment.

 

Gross loss  Gross loss for 2020 and 2019 was $19.3 million (12.5% of revenue) and $16.0 million (9.5% of revenue), respectively. The gross loss for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

Project charges of $7.3 million related to forecast cost increases on our towing, salvage and rescue ship projects,

 

Project charges of $7.2 million related to forecast cost increases and liquidated damages on our two forty-vehicle ferry projects,

 

Project charges of $1.0 million related to forecast cost increases on our final two harbor tug projects,

 

Project charges of $1.1 million related to forecast cost increases on our seventy-vehicle ferry project,

32


 

 

 

A low margin backlog as all of our Shipyard Division’s backlog is at, or near, break-even or is in a loss position, and accordingly, results in revenue with low or no gross profit,

 

The partial under-recovery of overhead costs primarily due to:

 

The under-utilization of our facilities and resources due to construction delays for our three research vessel projects,

 

The under-utilization of our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard which were closed in the fourth quarter 2020, and

 

Lower utilization of our facilities and resources due to, and costs incurred to prepare for, Hurricane Laura, Hurricane Marco and Hurricane Sally in the third quarter 2020.

 

Holding costs of $0.7 million related to the two MPSV vessels which remain in our possession and are subject to dispute.

The increase in gross loss for 2020 relative to 2019 was primarily due to:

 

The aforementioned project charges of $16.6 million for 2020, and

 

A lower margin mix (excluding the aforementioned project charges), offset partially by,

 

Project charges of $12.3 million for 2019 on our forty-vehicle ferry projects, harbor tug projects, ice-breaker tug project and research vessel projects.

 

  

See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our project impacts.

 

General and administrative expense – General and administrative expense for 2020 and 2019 was $2.0 million (1.3% of revenue) and $2.4 million (1.5% of revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 19.0%. The decrease was primarily due to our cost reduction initiatives.

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale for 2020 and 2019 was a loss of $1.6 million and $7.9 million respectively.  The loss for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $1.0 million for lease assets and fixed assets (primarily drydocks) attributable to the closure of our Lake Charles Yard in the fourth quarter 2020, and

 

Costs of $0.6 million primarily associated with the closures of our Jennings Yard and Lake Charles Yard in the fourth quarter 2020.

The loss for 2019 was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $4.6 million for lease assets and fixed assets attributable to our Jennings Yard,

 

Impairments of $3.0 million for lease assets and fixed assets (primarily drydocks) attributable to our Lake Charles Yard, and

 

An impairment of $0.3 million for an asset that was held for sale and sold.

See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our impairments and assets held for sale.

 

Other (income) expense, net Other (income) expense, net for 2020 was expense of $1.5 million, primarily due to charges of $1.3 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Laura to our drydocks, warehouses, bulkheads and ninth harbor tug project at our Lake Charles Yard in the third quarter 2020. The charges relate to deductibles associated with our insurance coverages and our estimates of cost associated with uninsurable damage.  See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricane Laura.


33


 

 

Fabrication & Services Division(1)

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable (Unfavorable)

Change

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent

 

New Awards

 

$

66,654

 

 

$

132,659

 

 

$

(66,005

)

 

 

(49.8

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

99,485

 

 

$

137,169

 

 

$

(37,684

)

 

 

(27.5

)%

Gross profit (loss)

 

 

1,523

 

 

 

(657

)

 

 

2,180

 

 

nm

 

Gross profit (loss) percentage

 

 

1.5

%

 

 

(0.5

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

3,172

 

 

 

4,308

 

 

 

1,136

 

 

 

26.4

%

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale

 

 

2,491

 

 

 

8,933

 

 

 

6,442

 

 

nm

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

(10,033

)

 

 

(202

)

 

 

9,831

 

 

nm

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

5,893

 

 

 

(13,696

)

 

 

19,589

 

 

nm

 

 

 

(1)

In the first quarter 2020, our Fabrication and Services Divisions were operationally combined to form a new division called Fabrication & Services. Accordingly, segment results (including the effects of eliminations) for our Fabrication and Services Divisions for 2019 have been combined to conform to the presentation of our reportable segments for 2020.  In addition, in the first quarter 2020, management and project execution responsibility for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects was transferred from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division.  Accordingly, revenue of $9.2 million and gross loss and operating loss of $5.1 million associated with these projects for 2019 were reclassified from our former Fabrication Division to our Shipyard Division to conform to the presentation of these projects for 2020. See Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2020 and 2019 were $66.7 million and $132.7 million, respectively.  Significant new project awards for 2020 include:

 

A marine docking structures project in the second quarter 2020, and

 

Additional scopes of work for our offshore jacket and deck project in the second quarter 2020.

Significant new project awards for 2019 include:

 

An offshore jacket and deck project in the first quarter 2019,

 

A subsea components project in the first quarter 2019,

 

Additional scopes of work for an onshore maintenance project in the third quarter 2019, and

 

A material supply project and offshore modules project in the fourth quarter 2019.  

 

Revenue – Revenue for 2020 and 2019 was $99.5 million and $137.2 million, respectively, representing a decrease of $37.7 million. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

Lower revenue for our paddlewheel river boat and subsea components projects that were completed in the first quarter 2020, and

 

Reduced offshore services activity and small fabrication project activity, offset partially by,

 

Higher revenue for our offshore jacket and deck project, and

 

Higher revenue for our marine docking structures project, material supply project and offshore modules project.

 

Gross profit (loss) – Gross profit for 2020 was $1.5 million (1.5% of revenue) and gross loss for 2019 was $0.7 million (0.5% of revenue), respectively. Gross profit for 2020 was primarily impacted by:

 

Project improvements of $1.2 million related to cost decreases, earned project incentives and the favorable resolution of change orders on our offshore jacket and deck project, and

 

Project improvements of $1.5 million related to cost decreases and the favorable resolution of change orders on our paddlewheel riverboat and subsea components projects, offset partially by,

 

Low revenue due to low backlog levels, and

 

The partial under-recovery of overhead costs primarily due to:

 

The under-utilization of our facilities and resources due to low workhours,

 

Higher overhead costs associated with retaining salaried overhead and hourly craft employees to perform process improvements, special projects and facility maintenance and repairs, and

 

Lower utilization of our facilities and resources due to, and costs incurred to prepare for, Hurricane Laura, Hurricane Marco and Hurricane Sally.

34


 

Our Fabrication & Services Division utilization for 2020 and 2019 benefited by $1.2 million and $0.9 million, respectively, from providing resources and facilities to our Shipyard Division for our seventy-vehicle ferry project and two forty-vehicle ferry projects.  

The gross profit for 2020 relative to the gross loss for 2019 was primarily due to:

 

The aforementioned project improvements of $2.7 million for 2020,

 

A higher margin mix (excluding the aforementioned project improvements), and

 

Project charges of $4.9 million for 2019 on our offshore jacket and deck project, subsea components project and paddlewheel riverboat project, offset partially by,

 

Lower revenue and an increase in the under-recovery of overhead costs due to lower activity.

See Note 2 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our project impacts.

 

General and administrative expense – General and administrative expense for 2020 and 2019 was $3.2 million (3.2% of revenue) and $4.3 million (3.1% of revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 26.4%. The decrease was primarily due to our cost reduction initiatives including combining our former Fabrication and Services Divisions.

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale – Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale for 2020 and 2019 was a loss of $2.5 million and $8.9 million, respectively.  The loss for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $1.4 million associated with assets held for sale,

 

Impairments of $0.9 million for certain fixed assets associated with the relocation and consolidation of such assets to improve operational efficiency, and

 

A loss of $0.2 million on the sale of a barge and other assets held for sale.

The loss for 2019 was primarily due:

 

Impairments of $9.3 million for assets held for sale, assets removed from held for sale and inventory, offset partially by,

 

A gain of $0.4 million from the sale of assets held for sale.

See Note 3 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our impairments and assets held for sale.

 

Other (income) expense, net – Other (income) expense, net for 2020 and 2019 was income of $10.0 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Other income for 2020 was primarily due to a gain of $10.0 million associated with the settlement of a contract dispute for a project completed in 2015. See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute. Other income for 2019 was primarily due to net gains on the sales of equipment.

Corporate Division

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable (Unfavorable)

Change

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent

 

Revenue (eliminations)

 

$

(2,224

)

 

$

(2,327

)

 

$

103

 

 

 

4.4

%

Gross loss

 

 

 

 

 

(317

)

 

 

317

 

 

nm

 

Gross loss percentage

 

n/a

 

 

n/a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

8,706

 

 

 

8,875

 

 

 

169

 

 

 

1.9

%

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

675

 

 

 

675

 

 

nm

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

3

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

27

 

 

nm

 

Operating loss

 

 

(8,709

)

 

 

(9,897

)

 

 

1,188

 

 

 

12.0

%

 

 

(1)

In the first quarter 2020, our Fabrication and Services Divisions were operationally combined to form a new division called Fabrication & Services. Accordingly, the effects of related eliminations on our Corporate Division for 2019 have been conformed to the presentation of our reportable segments for 2020. See Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our realigned operating divisions.

 

Gross loss  Gross loss for 2019 was $0.3 million and represents costs incurred by the Corporate Division to support our operating divisions.  Such costs are reflected within the operating divisions in 2020.

 


35


 

 

General and administrative expense  General and administrative expense for 2020 and 2019 was $8.7 million (3.5% of consolidated revenue) and $8.9 million (2.9% of consolidated revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 1.9%. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

Reduced professional fees associated with the evaluation of strategic alternatives, and

 

Other cost savings including reductions in board size and the salaries of our executives, offset partially by,

 

Higher incentive plan costs (due primarily to the 2019 period benefiting from the partial reversal of long-term incentives that were accrued in periods prior to 2019 but ultimately not earned), and

 

Higher legal and advisory fees and insurance costs.

General and administrative expense includes legal and advisory fees related to a contract dispute for a completed project that was settled during the first quarter 2020 and a contract dispute associated with our MPSV projects which are subject to purported termination and for which construction has been suspended.  Legal and advisory fees related to such disputes totaled $1.3 million and $1.4 million for 2020 and 2019, respectively. See Note 1 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute and Note 8 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.

Comparison of 2019 and 2018 (in thousands, except for percentages):

In the comparative tables below, percentage changes that are not considered meaningful are shown below as “nm” (generally when the prior period amount is immaterial or when the percentage change is significantly greater than 100%).

Consolidated

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable (Unfavorable)

Change

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent

 

New Awards

 

$

384,083

 

 

$

355,090

 

 

$

28,993

 

 

 

8.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue