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0000352955ckx:MajorCustomers5Member2021-01-012021-03-31
 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

Commission File Number 1-31905

 

CKX Lands, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Louisiana

 

72-0144530

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

     
     

2417 Shell Beach Drive

   

Lake Charles, LA

 

70601

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

     
 

(337) 493-2399

 
 

(Registrant’s telephone number)

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock with no par value

CKX

NYSE American

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒     No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  ☒     No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

       

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

       
   

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes ☐     No  ☒

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 1,942,495 shares of common stock are issued and outstanding as of May 6, 2022.

 

 

 
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

   

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
     

ITEM 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 
 

BALANCE SHEETS AS OF MARCH 31, 2022 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2021

 
 

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 AND 2021 (UNAUDITED)

 
 

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 AND 2021 (UNAUDITED)

 
 

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 AND 2021 (UNAUDITED)

 
 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AS OF MARCH 31, 2022 (UNAUDITED)

1

     

ITEM 2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

5

     

ITEM 3.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

8

     

ITEM 4.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

8

     

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

 
     

ITEM 1

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

9

     

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

9

     

ITEM 2.

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

9

     

ITEM 3.

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

9

     

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

9

     

ITEM 5.

OTHER INFORMATION

9

     

ITEM 6.

EXHIBITS

9

     

SIGNATURES

10

 

 

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CKX LANDS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

March 31,

   

December 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

ASSETS

 

(unaudited)

         

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 7,357,204     $ 7,409,873  

Equity investment in mutual funds

    502,365       502,832  

Accounts receivable

    48,178       50,739  

Prepaid expense and other assets

    94,054       35,405  

Total current assets

    8,001,801       7,998,849  

Property and equipment, net

    9,060,098       9,056,238  

Total assets

  $ 17,061,899     $ 17,055,087  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               
                 

Current liabilities:

               

Trade payables and accrued expenses

  $ 115,126     $ 111,123  

Unearned revenue

    148,182       150,113  

Total current liabilities

    263,308       261,236  

Deferred income tax payable

    187,664       187,664  

Total liabilities

    450,972       448,900  
                 

Stockholders' equity:

               

Common stock, 3,000,000 shares authorized, no par value, 1,942,495 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

    59,335       59,335  

Retained earnings

    16,551,592       16,546,852  

Total stockholders' equity

    16,610,927       16,606,187  

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

  $ 17,061,899     $ 17,055,087  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

 

 

 
 

 

CKX LANDS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 
                 

Revenues:

               

Oil and gas

  $ 82,429     $ 50,145  

Timber sales

    21,743       53,527  

Surface revenue

    68,163       41,621  

Surface revenue - related party

    9,583       9,583  

Total revenue

    181,918       154,876  

Costs, expenses and (gains):

               

Oil and gas costs

    5,736       8,221  

Timber costs

    234       958  

Surface costs

    5,129       -  

General and administrative expense

    172,349       103,083  

Depreciation expense

    507       507  

Gain on sale of land

    -       (406,220 )

Total costs, expenses and (gains)

    183,955       (293,451 )

Income (loss) from operations

    (2,037 )     448,327  
                 

Interest income

    2,607       4,666  

Miscellaneous income

    3,023       -  

Income before income taxes

    3,593       452,993  

Federal and state income tax expense:

               

Current

    (1,147 )     26,186  

Total income taxes

    (1,147 )     26,186  

Net income

  $ 4,740     $ 426,807  
                 

Earnings per share, basic and diluted

  $ 0.00     $ 0.22  
                 

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

    1,942,495       1,942,495  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

CKX LANDS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 AND 2021

(Unaudited)

 

   

Common Stock

   

Retained

   

Total

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Earnings

   

Equity

 

Balances, December 31, 2021

    1,942,495     $ 59,335     $ 16,546,852     $ 16,606,187  

Net income

    -       -       4,740       4,740  

Balances, March 31, 2022

    1,942,495     $ 59,335     $ 16,551,592     $ 16,610,927  

 

   

Common Stock

   

Retained

   

Total

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Earnings

   

Equity

 

Balances, December 31, 2020

    1,942,495     $ 59,335     $ 15,727,503     $ 15,786,838  

Net income

    -       -       426,807       426,807  

Balances, March 31, 2021

    1,942,495     $ 59,335     $ 16,154,310     $ 16,213,645  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

 

 

 
 

 

CKX LANDS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended

 
   

March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

               

Net income

  $ 4,740     $ 426,807  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

               

Depreciation expense

    507       507  

Depletion expense

    138       77  

Gain on sale of land

    -       (406,220 )

Unrealized loss on equity investment in mutual funds

    504       -  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

               

(Increase) decrease in current assets

    (56,088 )     (125,141 )

Increase (decrease) in current liabilities

    2,072       (47,005 )

Net cash used in operating activities

    (48,127 )     (150,975 )
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

               

Purchases of mutual funds

    (37 )     (124 )

Costs of reforesting timber

    (4,505 )     (14,114 )

Proceeds from the sale of fixed assets

    -       537,360  

Net cash (used on) provided by investing activities

    (4,542 )     523,122  
                 

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    (52,669 )     372,147  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period

    7,409,873       6,463,255  

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period

  $ 7,357,204     $ 6,835,402  
                 

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

               

Cash paid for interest

  $ -     $ -  

Cash paid for income taxes

  $ -     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

 

 

 
 

 

CKX LANDS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our,” refer to CKX Lands, Inc.

 

 

 

Note 1:      Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include normal recurring adjustments that are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full fiscal year or any other periods.

 

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make a number of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, expenses, and related disclosures. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic. While the Company did not incur significant disruptions to its operations during 2021 and in 2022 to date from COVID-19, it is unable at this time to predict the impact that COVID-19 or new variants of the novel coronavirus will have on its business, financial position and operating results in future periods due to numerous uncertainties and is closely monitoring the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of its business.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company maintains its cash balances in seven financial institutions. At times, cash balances may exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s insured limit of $250,000. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and management believes the Company is not exposed to any significant credit risk on its cash balances.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets, such as land, timber and property, buildings, and equipment, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If events or circumstances arise that require a long-lived asset to be tested for potential impairment, the Company first compares undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset to its carrying value. If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, an impairment charge is recognized to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the fair value. Fair value may be determined through various valuation techniques including quoted market prices, third-party independent appraisals and discounted cash flow models. During the year ended  December 31, 2021, the Company performed a step zero impairment analysis on furniture and fixtures and land improvements and determined there were no qualitative factors that would indicate impairment. No impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

 

Basic and Diluted Earnings per share

 

Net earnings per share is provided in accordance with FASB ASC 260-10, "Earnings per Share". Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing earnings available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per share gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive income per share excludes all potential common shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. As of March 31, 2022, and 2021 there were no dilutive shares outstanding.

 

1

 

Dividends

 

The Company does not currently pay dividends on a regular basis.  In determining whether to declare a dividend, the Board of Directors takes into account the Company’s prior fiscal year’s cash flows from operations and the current economic conditions, among other information deemed relevant. Dividends paid per common stock are based on the weighted average number of common stock shares outstanding during the period. No dividends were declared during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

 

Pursuant to a dividend reversion clause in the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, dividends not claimed within one year after the dividend becomes payable will expire and revert in full ownership to the Company and the Company’s obligation to pay such dividend will cease. Any dividend reversions are recorded in equity upon receipt.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

There are various updates recently issued to the accounting literature and these are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

 

Note 2:      Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

ASC 820 Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”), defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. It defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities that are not active; and model-driven valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable. Valuations may be obtained from, or corroborated by, third-party pricing services.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs to measure fair value of assets and liabilities for which there is little, if any market activity at the measurement date, using reasonable inputs and assumptions based upon the best information at the time, to the extent that inputs are available without undue cost and effort.

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it was practical to estimate that value:

 

Class

 Methods and/or Assumptions

   

Cash and cash equivalents:

 Carrying value approximates fair value due to its readily convertible characteristic.

   

Equity Investment in mutual funds:

 Carrying value adjusted to and presented at fair market value.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company's financial instruments are as follows:

 

           

March 31, 2022

   

December 31, 2021

 

Financial Assets:

 

Level

   

Carrying Value

   

Fair Value

   

Carrying Value

   

Fair Value

 
                                         

Cash and cash equivalents

    1     $ 7,357,204     $ 7,357,204     $ 7,409,873     $ 7,409,873  

Equity investment in mutual funds

    1       504,643       502,365       504,606       502,832  

Total

          $ 7,861,847     $ 7,859,569     $ 7,914,479     $ 7,912,705  

 

2

 
 

 

 

Note 3:      Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following:

 

   

March 31,

   

December 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 
                 

Land

  $ 6,815,147     $ 6,815,147  

Timber

    2,219,352       2,214,985  

Equipment

    108,602       108,602  
      9,143,101       9,138,734  

Accumulated depreciation

    (83,003 )     (82,496 )

Total

  $ 9,060,098     $ 9,056,238  

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had a gain on sale of land of $0 and $406,220, respectively.

 

Depreciation expense was $507 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

 

Depletion expense was $138 and $77 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

 

Note 4:      Segment Reporting

 

The Company’s operations are classified into three principal operating segments that are all located in the United States: oil and gas, timber and surface. The Company’s reportable business segments are strategic business units that offer income from different products. They are managed separately due to the unique aspects of each area.

 

The tables below present financial information for the Company’s three operating business segments:

 

   

Three Months Ended
March 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

Identifiable Assets, net of accumulated depreciation

               

Timber

  $ 2,219,352     $ 2,214,985  

General corporate assets

    14,842,547       14,840,102  

Total

    17,061,899       17,055,087  
                 

Capital expenditures:

               

Timber

  $ 4,505     $ 18,606  

Surface

    -       4,063  

General corporate assets

    -       -  

Total segment costs and expenses

  $ 4,505     $ 22,669  
                 

Depreciation and depletion

               

Oil and gas

  $ -     $ -  

Timber

    138       563  

General corporate assets

    507       2,027  

Total

  $ 645     $ 2,590  

 

3

 
 
   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

Revenues:

               

Oil and gas

  $ 82,429     $ 50,145  

Timber sales

    21,743       53,527  

Surface revenue

    77,746       51,204  

Total segment revenues

    181,918       154,876  
                 

Cost and expenses:

               

Oil and gas costs

  $ 5,736     $ 8,221  

Timber costs

    234       958  

Surface costs

    5,129       -  

Total segment costs and expenses

    11,099       9,179  
                 

Net income from operations:

               

Oil and gas

  $ 76,693     $ 41,924  

Timber

    21,509       52,569  

Surface

    72,617       51,204  

Total segment net income from operations

    170,819       145,697  

Unallocated other income (expense) before income taxes

    (167,226 )     307,296  

Income before income taxes

  $ 3,593     $ 452,993  

 

There are no intersegment sales reported in the accompanying statements of operations. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The Company evaluates performance based on income or loss from operations before income taxes excluding any nonrecurring gains and losses. Income before income tax represents net revenues less costs and expenses less other income and expenses of a general corporate nature. Identifiable assets by segment are those assets used solely in the Company's operations within that segment.

 

 

Note 5:      Income Taxes

 

In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company has analyzed its filing positions in federal and state income tax returns for the tax returns that remain subject to examination. Generally, returns are subject to examination for three years after filing. The Company believes that all filing positions are highly certain and that all income tax filing positions and deductions would be sustained upon a taxing jurisdiction’s audit. Therefore, no reserve for uncertain tax positions is required. No interest or penalties have been levied against the Company and none are anticipated. 

 

 

Note 6:      Related Party Transactions

 

The Company and Stream Wetlands Services, LLC (“Stream Wetlands”) were parties to an option to lease agreement dated April 17, 2017 (the “OTL”). The OTL provided Stream Wetlands an option to lease certain lands from the Company, subject to the negotiation and execution of a mutually acceptable lease form. On February 28, 2022, the Company exercised the OTL and entered into a lease in exchange for a payment by Stream Wetlands of $38,333. William Gray Stream, the President and Treasurer and a director of the Company, is the president of Stream Wetlands.

 

The Company’s President and Treasurer is also the President of Matilda Stream Management, Inc. Matilda Stream Management provides administrative and accounting services to the Company for no compensation.

 

Surface revenue-related party was $9,583 for each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. All of this amount was attributable to the OTL with Stream Wetlands described above.

 

4

 

 

Note 7:      Concentrations

 

Revenue from the Company's five largest customers for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively were:

 

     

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Count

   

2022

   

2021

 
1     $ 21,743     $ 54,300  
2       19,307       13,990  
3       18,855       11,359  
4       18,650       10,563  
5       14,936       9,583  

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 and the related Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, filed on March 28, 2022.

 

Cautionary Statement

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis includes a number of forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are often identified by words like “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “project,” “will,” “predicts,” “seeks,” “may,” “would,” “could,” “potential,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “should” and similar expressions, or words which, by their nature, refer to future events. You should not place undue certainty on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or from our predictions, including those risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, this Form 10-Q and in our other public filings. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events, or otherwise.

 

Overview

 

CKX Lands, Inc., a Louisiana corporation, began operations in 1930 under the name Calcasieu Real Estate & Oil Co., Inc. It was originally organized as a spin-off by a bank operating in southwest Louisiana. The purpose of the spin-off was to form an entity to hold non-producing mineral interests which regulatory authorities required the bank to charge off. Over the years, as some of the mineral interests began producing, the Company used part of the proceeds to acquire land. In 1990, the Company made its largest acquisition when it was one of four purchasers who bought a fifty percent undivided interest in approximately 35,575 acres in southwest Louisiana.

 

Today the Company’s income is derived from mineral royalties, timber sales and surface payments from its lands. CKX receives income from royalty interests and mineral leases related to oil and gas production, timber sales, land sales and surface rents. Although CKX is active in the management of its land and planting and harvesting its timber, CKX is passive in the production of income from oil and gas production in that CKX does not explore for oil and gas or operate wells. These oil and gas activities are performed by unrelated third parties.

 

CKX leases its property to oil and gas operators and collects income through its land ownership in the form of oil and gas royalties and lease rentals and geophysical revenues. The Company’s oil and gas income fluctuates as new oil and gas production is discovered on Company land and then ultimately depletes or becomes commercially uneconomical to produce. The volatility in the daily commodity pricing of a barrel of oil or a thousand cubic feet, or “MCF,” of gas will also cause fluctuations in the Company’s oil and gas income. These commodity prices are affected by numerous factors and uncertainties external to CKX’s business and over which it has no control, including the global supply and demand for oil and gas, the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and government responses to the pandemic on supply and demand, geopolitical conditions and domestic and global economic conditions, among other factors.

 

CKX has small royalty interests in 20 different producing oil and gas fields. The size of each royalty interest is determined by the Company’s net ownership in the acreage unit for the well. CKX’s royalty interests range from 0.0045% for the smallest to 7.62% for the largest. As the Company does not own or operate the wells, it does not have access to any reserve information. Eventually, the oil and gas reserves under the Company’s current land holdings will be depleted.

 

5

 

Timber income is derived from sales of timber on Company lands. The Company’s timber income will fluctuate depending on our ability to secure stumpage agreements in the regional markets, timber stand age, and/or stumpage commodity prices. Timber is a renewable resource that the Company actively manages.

 

Surface income is earned from various recurring and non-recurring sources. Recurring surface income is earned from lease arrangements for farming, recreational and commercial uses. Non-recurring surface income can include such activities as pipeline right of ways, and temporary worksite rentals.

 

In managing its lands, the Company relies on and has established relationships with real estate, forestry, environmental and agriculture consultants as well as attorneys with legal expertise in general corporate matters, real estate, and minerals.

 

The Company actively searches for additional real estate for purchase in Louisiana with a focus on southwest Louisiana and on timberland and agricultural land. When evaluating unimproved real estate for purchase, the Company will consider numerous characteristics including but not limited to, timber fitness, agriculture fitness, future development opportunities and/or mineral potential. When evaluating improved real estate for purchase, the Company will consider characteristics including, but not limited to, geographic location, quality of existing revenue streams, and/or quality of the improvements.

 

The Company’s Board of Directors regularly evaluates a range of strategic alternatives that could increase shareholder value, and the Board and management conduct due diligence activities in connection with such alternatives. These include opportunities for growth though the acquisitions of land or other assets, business combinations, dispositions of assets and reinvestment of the proceeds, and other alternatives. We cannot assure you that the Board’s evaluations or the Company’s due diligence activities will result in any transaction or other course of action.

 

Recent Developments

 

In the first quarter of 2019, the Company began developing several ranchette-style subdivisions on certain of its lands in Calcasieu and Beauregard Parishes using existing road rights of way.  The Company has identified demand in those areas for ranchette-style lots, which consist of more than three acres each, and the Board of Directors and management believe this project will allow the Company to realize a return on its investment in the applicable lands after payment of expenses.  The Company has completed and recorded plats for three subdivisions.  The three subdivisions are located on approximately 415 acres in Calcasieu Parish and approximately 160 acres in Beauregard Parish, and contain an aggregate of 39 lots.  As of March 31, 2022, the Company has closed on the sale of 21 of the 39 lots. As of the date of this report no sales were pending, and the Company is actively marketing the remaining lots

 

The Company is working to identify additional undeveloped acres owned by the Company in Southwest Louisiana that would likewise be suitable for residential subdivisions.

 

Results of Operations

 

Summary of Results

 

The Company’s results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were driven primarily by an increase in oil and gas and surface revenues partially offset by a decrease in timber revenues and an increase in general and administrative expenses. The increase in general and administrative expenses is primarily due to an increase in audit fees, legal fees and commissions partially offset by a decrease in property taxes and transfer agent fees.

 

RevenueThree Months Ended March 31, 2022

 

Total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were $181,918, an increase of approximately 17.5% when compared with the same period in 2021. Total revenue consists of oil and gas, timber, and surface revenues. Components of revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to 2021, are as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

                 
   

2022

   

2021

   

Change from
Prior Year

   

Percent Change
from Prior Year

 

Revenues:

                               

Oil and gas

  $ 82,429     $ 50,145     $ 32,284       64.4 %

Timber sales

    21,743       53,527       (31,784 )     (59.4 )%

Surface revenue

    77,746       51,204       26,542       51.8 %

Total revenues

  $ 181,918     $ 154,876     $ 27,042       17.5 %

 

6

 

Oil and Gas

 

Oil and gas revenues were 45% and 32% of total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. A breakdown of oil and gas revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

                 
   

2022

   

2021

   

Change from
Prior Year

   

Percent Change
from Prior Year

 

Oil

  $ 66,935     $ 36,479     $ 30,456       83.5 %

Gas

    13,782       12,921       861       6.7 %

Lease and geophysical

    1,712       745       967       129.8 %

Total revenues

  $ 82,429     $ 50,145     $ 32,284       64.4 %

 

CKX received oil and/or gas revenues from 62 and 64 wells during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

The following schedule summarizes barrels and MCF produced and average price per barrel and per MCF for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

 

   

Three Months Ended

 
   

March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

Net oil produced (Bbl)(2)

    847       753  

Average oil sales price (per Bbl)(1,2)

  $ 79.00     $ 48.43  

Net gas produced (MCF)

    2,801       4,456  

Average gas sales price (per MCF)(1)

  $ 4.92     $ 2.90  

 

(1) Before deduction of production costs and severance taxes

(2) Excludes plant products

 

Oil revenues increased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, by $30,456. Gas revenues increased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021, by $861. As indicated from the schedule above, the increase in oil revenues was due to an increase in the net oil produced and an increase in the average oil sales price per barrel. The increase in gas revenues was due to an increase in average gas sales price per MCF partially offset by a decrease net gas produced.

 

Lease and geophysical revenues increased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, by $967. These revenues are dependent on oil and gas producers’ activities, are not predictable and can vary significantly from year to year.

 

Timber

 

Timber revenue was $21,743 and $53,527 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease in timber revenues was due to normal business variations in timber customers’ harvesting.

 

Surface

 

Surface revenues increased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, by $26,542. This increase is due a one-time oil and gas delay rental from an operator to postpose commencement of drilling operations during the primary term of the lease.

 

Costs and ExpensesThree months Ended March 31, 2022

 

Oil and gas costs decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021 by $2,485. This variance is due to the normal variations in year to year costs.

 

Timber costs decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, by $724. Timber costs are related to timber revenue.

 

General and administrative expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, by $69,266. This is primarily due to an increase in audit fees, legal fees and commissions partially offset by a decrease in property taxes and transfer agent fees.

 

7

 

Gain on Sale of LandThree months Ended March 31, 2022

 

Gain on sale of land was $0 and $406,220 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Sources of Liquidity

 

Current assets totaled $8,001,801 and current liabilities equaled $263,308 at March 31, 2022.

 

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no outstanding debt.

 

In the opinion of management, cash and cash equivalents are adequate for projected operations and possible land acquisitions.

 

The Company’s Board of Directors regularly evaluates a range of strategic alternatives that could increase shareholder value, and the Board and management conduct due diligence activities in connection with such alternatives. These include opportunities for growth though the acquisitions of land or other assets or business combinations, dispositions of assets and reinvestment of the proceeds, and other alternatives. The cost and terms of any financing to be raised in conjunction with any growth opportunity, including the Company’s ability to raise debt or equity capital on terms and at costs satisfactory to the Company, and the effect of such opportunities on the Company’s balance sheet, are critical considerations in any such evaluation.

 

Analysis of Cash Flows

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $48,127 and $150,975 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, respectively. The change was attributable primarily to a decrease in net income attributable to a decrease in gain on sale of land and increase in prepaid assets.

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities was ($4,542) and $523,122 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.  For the three months ended March 31, 2022, this primarily resulted from purchases of mutual funds of $37 and costs of reforesting timber of $4,505. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, this primarily resulted from proceeds from the sale of fixed assets of $537,360, offset by purchases of mutual funds of $124 and costs of reforesting timber of $14,114.

 

Significant Accounting Polices and Estimates

 

There were no changes in our significant accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2022 from those set forth in “Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 1, Basis of Presentation and Recent Accounting Pronouncements, to our condensed financial statements included in this report for information regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements that may impact our financial statements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, financings, or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons, also known as “special purpose entities” (SPEs).

 

ITEM 3. NOT APPLICABLE

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) and Rule 15d-15(b) under the Exchange Act, the Company’s principal executive and financial officer carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rule 13a-15(e) or Rule 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Report. Disclosure controls and procedures mean controls and other procedures of an issuer that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on its evaluation, management concluded that as of March 31, 2022, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

8

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

ITEMS 15.  NOT APPLICABLE

 

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

 

 

3.1

Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Form 10-K (File No. 001-31905) for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed on March 21, 2019).

     
 

3.2

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Form 10-K (File No. 001-31905) for the year ended December 31, 2003 filed on March 19, 2004).

     
 

3.3

Articles of Amendment to the Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to Form 10-K (File No. 001-31905) for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed on March 21, 2019).

     
 

3.4

Amended and Restated By-Laws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Form 8-K (File No. 001-31905) filed on August 9, 2019).

     
  10.1+ Second Amendment to Employment Agreement effective as of March 24, 2022 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K (File No. 001-31905) filed on March 29, 2022).
     
 

31*

Certification of W. Gray Stream, President and Treasurer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

     
 

32**

Certification of W. Gray Stream, President and Treasurer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

     
 

101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance

     
 

101.SCH

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

     
 

101.CAL

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

     
 

101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition

     
 

101.LAB

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels

     
 

101.PRE

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

     
 

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

     
 

*

Filed herewith

 

**

Furnished herewith

  + Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement

 

9

 

Signature

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: May 6, 2022

 

CKX LANDS, INC.

 
   

By:

 
   

/s/ W. Gray Stream

 

W. Gray Stream

 

President and Treasurer

 

(Principal executive and financial officer)

 

 

10
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