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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

or

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________

Commission File Number: 001-39942

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware 85-3774438
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1400 Shoals Way Portland Tennessee 37148
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) (615) 451-1400

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.00001 Par Value SHLS Nasdaq Global Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes ☒ No

As of August 6, 2021, the registrant had 103,947,650 shares of Class A common stock and 62,664,521 shares of Class B common stock issued and outstanding.

i


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ITEM PAGE
PART I
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
1
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
PART II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
SIGNATURES


ii

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains forward-looking statements that are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations, business strategies, technology developments, financing and investment plans, dividend policy, competitive position, industry and regulatory environment, potential growth opportunities and the effects of competition. Forward-looking statements include statements that are not historical facts and can be identified by terms such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” "seek," “should,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions and the negatives of those terms.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Also, forward-looking statements represent our management’s beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this report. You should read this report with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.

Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are included in Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors.”

Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
iii

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited).

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except shares)
June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 13,171  $ 10,073 
Accounts receivable, net 42,977  27,004 
Unbilled receivables 6,797  3,794 
Inventory, net 21,272  15,121 
Other current assets 7,292  155 
Total Current Assets 91,509  56,147 
Property, plant and equipment, net 13,622  12,763 
Goodwill 50,176  50,176 
Other intangible assets, net 67,996  71,988 
Deferred tax asset 49,573  — 
Other assets 840  4,236 
Total Assets $ 273,716  $ 195,310 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit / Members’ Deficit
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable $ 14,224  $ 14,634 
Accrued expenses 9,499  5,967 
Long-term debt—current portion 3,500  3,500 
Total Current Liabilities 27,223  24,101 
Revolving line of credit 49,000  20,000 
Long-term debt, less current portion 188,859  335,332 
Payable Pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement 43,356  — 
Total Liabilities 308,438  379,433 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 12)
Stockholders’ Deficit / Members’ Deficit
Members’ deficit —  (184,123)
Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value - 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021
—  — 
Class A common stock, $0.00001 par value - 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 93,545,564 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021
— 
Class B common stock, $0.00001 par value - 195,000,000 shares authorized; 73,066,607 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021
— 
Additional paid-in capital 78,883  — 
Accumulated deficit (93,782) — 
Total stockholders’ deficit attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. / members' deficit (14,897) (184,123)
Non-controlling interests (19,825) — 
Total stockholders’ deficit / members’ deficit (34,722) (184,123)
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit / Members’ Deficit $ 273,716  $ 195,310 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenue $ 59,722  $ 43,427  $ 105,326  $ 84,167 
Cost of revenue 33,543  26,598  60,373  53,152 
Gross profit 26,179  16,829  44,953  31,015 
Operating Expenses
General and administrative expenses 10,018  9,317  16,834  11,875 
Depreciation and amortization 2,062  2,064  4,130  4,125 
Total Operating Expenses 12,080  11,381  20,964  16,000 
Income from Operations 14,099  5,448  23,989  15,015 
Interest expense, net (3,620) (225) (7,329) (497)
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment (1,664) —  (1,664) — 
Loss on debt repayment —  —  (15,990) — 
Income (loss) before income taxes 8,815  5,223  (994) 14,518 
Income tax benefit 339  —  1,814  — 
Net income 9,154  5,223  820  14,518 
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 4,596  —  (879) — 
Net income attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. $ 4,558  $ 5,223  $ 1,699  $ 14,518 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Period from January 27, 2021
to June 30, 2021
Earnings per share of Class A common stock:
Basic $ 0.05  $ (0.01)
Diluted $ 0.05  $ (0.01)
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock outstanding:
Basic 93,544  93,542 
Diluted 166,827  93,542 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members’ / Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except shares)
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021
Members' Deficit Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In Capital Accumulated Deficit Non-Controlling Interest Total Members'/Stockholders Deficit
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at
December 31, 2020
$ (184,123) —  $ —  —  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ (184,123)
Net income prior to the Organizational Transactions 2,675  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  2,675 
Effect of Organizational Transactions 181,448  81,977,751  78,300,817  —  (92,806) (88,644) — 
Issuance of Class A common stock sold in IPO, net of underwriting discounts and commissions and offering costs —  11,550,000  —  (5,234,210) —  70,188  —  70,976  141,164 
Net loss subsequent to the Organizational Transactions —  —  —  —  —  —  (5,534) (5,475) (11,009)
Equity-based compensation recognized subsequent to the Organizational Transactions —  —  —  —  —  1,392  —  —  1,392 
Activity under stock compensation plan —  11,941  —  —  —  (687) —  550  (137)
Deferred tax adjustment related to Tax Receivable Agreement —  —  —  —  —  7,180  —  —  7,180 
Balance at
March 31, 2021
—  93,539,692  73,066,607  78,073  (98,340) (22,593) (42,858)
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  4,558  4,596  9,154 
Equity-based compensation —  —  —  —  —  1,955  —  —  1,955 
Activity under stock compensation plan —  5,872  —  —  —  (857) —  857  — 
Distributions to Non-controlling interest —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (2,973) (2,973)
Reallocation of non-controlling interest
—  —  —  —  —  (288) —  288  — 
Balance at
June 30, 2021
$ —  93,545,564  $ 73,066,607  $ $ 78,883  $ (93,782) $ (19,825) $ (34,722)



3

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members’ / Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) (Unaudited) (continued)
(in thousands, except shares)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020
Members' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2019 $ 149,906 
Member distributions (214)
Equity-based compensation — 
Net income 9,295 
Balance at March 31, 2020 158,987 
Member distributions — 
Equity-based compensation 6,704 
Net income 5,223 
Balance at June 30, 2020 $ 170,914 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(in thousands)

Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net income $ 820  $ 14,518 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 4,808  4,656 
Amortization/write off of deferred financing costs 5,415  21 
Equity-based compensation 4,172  6,704 
Deferred taxes (524) — 
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment 1,664  — 
Gain on sale of assets 61  — 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (15,973) 21 
Unbilled receivables (3,003) (4,970)
Inventory (6,151) (3,356)
Other assets (4,631) 515 
Accounts payable (410) (1,494)
Accrued expenses (362) 2,313 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities (14,114) 18,928 
Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (1,736) (1,345)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities (1,736) (1,345)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Member / non-controlling interest distributions (2,973) (214)
Employee withholding taxes related to net settled equity awards (137) — 
Deferred financing costs (94) — 
Payments on term loan facility (151,750) — 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 34,000  — 
Repayments of revolving credit facility (5,000) — 
Payments on senior debt - term loan —  (1,747)
Payments on senior debt - revolving line of credit —  (8,400)
Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock sold in an IPO, net of underwriting discounts and commissions 154,521  — 
Deferred offering costs (9,619) — 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities 18,948  (10,361)
Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents 3,098  7,222 
Cash and Cash Equivalents—Beginning of Period 10,073  7,082 
Cash and Cash Equivalents—End of Period $ 13,171  $ 14,304 




5

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) (continued)
(in thousands)

Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Supplemental Cash Flows Information:
Cash paid for interest $ 5,634  $ 476 
Cash paid for taxes $ 1,120  $ — 
Non-cash financing activities:
Reclassification of deferred offering costs to additional paid-in capital $ 3,736  $ — 
Initial establishment of deferred tax assets $ 49,049  $ — 
Initial establishment of amounts payable under tax receivable agreement $ 41,692  $ — 
Capital contribution related to tax receivable agreement $ 7,178  $ — 
Income tax receivable from merger due to former owner $ 3,069  $ — 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1.    Organization and Business

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. (the “Company”) was formed as a Delaware corporation on November 4, 2020 for the purpose of facilitating an initial public offering ("IPO") and other related organizational transactions to carry on the business of Shoals Parent LLC and its subsidiaries (“Shoals Parent”).

Shoals Parent is a Delaware limited liability company formed on May 9, 2017. The Company is headquartered in Portland, Tennessee and is a manufacturer of electrical balance of systems (“EBOS”) solutions and components related to solar fields selling to customers across the United States and internationally. Shoals Parent, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Shoals Intermediate Holdings LLC (“Intermediate”) and Shoals Holdings LLC (“Holdings”) owns four other subsidiaries through which it conducts substantially all operations: Shoals Technologies, LLC, Shoals Technologies Group, LLC, Solon, LLC, and Shoals Structures, LLC (collectively “Shoals”). Shoals Parent acquired Shoals on May 25, 2017.

Initial Public Offering
On January 29, 2021, the Company closed an IPO of 11,550,000 shares of Class A common stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, including shares issued pursuant to the underwriters' over-allotment option. The Company received $278.8 million in proceeds, net of underwriting discounts and commissions of $9.9 million, which was used to purchase 6,315,790 newly-issued membership interests (the “LLC Interests”) from Shoals Parent and 5,234,210 LLC Interests from the founder and Class B unit holder in Shoals Parent at a price per interest equal to the IPO price of $25.00 per share. Subsequent to the IPO and related organizational transactions that occurred in connection with the IPO, the Company is the sole managing member of, and had a 56.14% economic interest in, Shoals Parent.

Organizational Transactions
In connection with the IPO, the Company and Shoals Parent completed a series of transactions (the "Organizational Transactions") including the following:
the limited liability company agreement of Shoals Parent was amended and restated to, among other things, (i) provide for a new single class of common membership interests or the LLC Interests in Shoals Parent, (ii) exchange all of the then existing membership interests of the holders of Shoals Parent membership interests for LLC Interests and (iii) appoint the Company as the sole managing member of Shoals Parent;
the Company's certificate of incorporation was amended and restated to, among other things, (i) provide for Class A common stock with voting and economic rights (ii) provide for Class B common stock with voting rights but no economic rights and (iii) issue 78,300,817 shares of Class B common stock to the former Class B and Class C members of Shoals Parent (the “Continuing Equity Owners”) on a one-to-one basis with the number of LLC Interests they own;
the acquisition, by merger, of Shoals Investment CTB or the former Class A member of Shoals Parent (the "Class A Shoals Equity Owners"), for which the Company issued 81,977,751 shares Class A common stock as merger consideration (the "Merger").
Immediately following the completion of the IPO and Organizational Transactions, the Company owned 56.14% of Shoals Parent. The Continuing Equity Owners owned the remaining 43.86% of Shoals Parent.

2.    Summary of Accounting Policies
7



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Basis of Accounting and Presentation
The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Non-controlling Interest
The non-controlling interest on the condensed consolidated statement of operations represents the portion of earnings or loss attributable to the economic interest in the Company's subsidiary, Shoals Parent, held by the Continuing Equity Owners. Non-controlling interest on the condensed consolidated balance sheet represents the portion of net assets of the Company attributable to the Continuing Equity Owners, based on the portion of the LLC Interests owned by such unit holders. As of June 30, 2021, the non-controlling interest was 43.86%.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit / members’ deficit and cash flows for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited. The unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited annual financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2021 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The financial data and other information disclosed in these notes related to the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are also unaudited. The results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021, any other interim periods, or any future year or period. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 included herein was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, useful lives of property, plant and equipment and other intangible assets, impairment of long-lived assets, the reserve for excess and obsolete inventory, the tax receivable agreement, and valuation of deferred tax assets.

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
8



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The global health crisis caused by the novel coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic and its resurgences has and may continue to negatively impact global economic activity, which, despite progress in vaccination efforts, remains uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. In addition, a new Delta variant of COVID-19, which appears to be the most transmissible variant to date, has begun to spread globally.

To date, the Company has maintained uninterrupted business operations with normal turnaround times for its delivery of solar EBOS solutions and components. The Company has implemented adjustments to its operations designed to keep employees safe and comply with federal, state and local guidelines, including those regarding social distancing. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company incurred $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, in COVID-19 related costs (disinfecting and reconfiguration of facilities, medical professionals to conduct daily screening of employees and direct legal costs associated with the pandemic) which is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

The impact of the Delta variant cannot be predicted at this time, and could depend on numerous factors, including vaccination rates among the population, the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines against the Delta variant and the response by governmental bodies and regulators. Given the ongoing and dynamic nature of the circumstances, it is difficult to predict the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.

Customer Concentrations
The Company had the following accounts receivable concentrations as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and revenue concentrations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
2021 2020
Revenue % Accounts
Receivable %
Revenue % Accounts
Receivable %
Customer A 25.5  % 41.3  % 21.4  % 16.7  %
Customer B 13.2  % 4.2  % 23.9  % 14.2  %
Customer C 3.9  % 2.2  % 12.1  % 12.0  %
Customer D 6.5  % 8.7  % 12.3  % 12.5  %
Customer E 0.1  % 0.3  % 10.4  % 0.0  %

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Adopted
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU No. 2019-12”), which is intended to simplify various aspects of the accounting for income taxes. ASU No. 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. The Company adopted ASU No. 2019-12 as of January 1, 2021 and it did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 (Topic 842) “Leases” which supersedes the lease recognition requirements in ASC Topic 840, “Leases.” Under ASU No. 2016-02, lessees are required to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for most leases and provide enhanced disclosures.
9



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Leases will continue to be classified as either finance or operating. For companies that are not emerging growth companies (“EGCs”), the ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. For EGCs, the ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company plans to adopt the new standard using the modified retrospective method, under which the Company will apply Topic 842 to existing and new leases as of January 1, 2022, but prior periods will not be restated and will continue to be reported under Topic 840 guidance in effect during those periods. The Company anticipates that the adoption will not have a material impact on its statements of operations or its statements of cash flows but expects to recognize right-of-use assets and liabilities for lease obligations associated with its operating leases.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-19 and ASU No. 2019-10, and which requires the measurement of expected credit losses for financial instruments carried at amortized cost held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable forecasts. The updated guidance also amends the current other-than-temporary impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities by requiring the recognition of impairments relating to credit losses through an allowance account and limits the amount of credit loss to the difference between a security’s amortized cost basis and its fair value. In addition, the length of time a security has been in an unrealized loss position will no longer impact the determination of whether a credit loss exists. The main objective of this ASU is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. For EGC’s, the standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company will continue to assess the possible impact of this standard, but currently does not expect the adoption of this standard will have a significant impact on its financial statements and its limited history of bad debt expense relating to trade accounts receivable.

3.    Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable consists of the following (in thousands):
June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Accounts receivable $ 43,179  $ 27,206 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts (202) (202)
Accounts receivable, net $ 42,977  $ 27,004 


4.    Inventory

Inventory consists of the following (in thousands):
June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Raw materials $ 23,274  $ 17,390 
Allowance for slow-moving inventory (2,002) (2,269)
Inventory, net $ 21,272  $ 15,121 


10



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
5.    Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant, and equipment, net consists of the following (in thousands):
    Estimated Useful Lives (Years)
June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Land N/A $ 840  $ 840 
Building and land improvements
5-40
5,992  5,621 
Machinery and equipment
3-5
10,323  9,028 
Furniture and fixtures
3-7
1,090  1,025 
Vehicles
5
104  318 
18,349  16,832 
Less: accumulated depreciation (4,727) (4,069)
Property, plant and equipment, net $ 13,622  $ 12,763 

Depreciation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively. During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of depreciation expense was allocated to cost of revenue. During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively, of depreciation expense was allocated to operating expenses.

Depreciation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $0.8 million and $0.7 million, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $0.7 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of depreciation expense was allocated to cost of revenue. During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of depreciation expense was allocated to operating expenses.

6.    Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill
Goodwill relates to the acquisition of Shoals. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, goodwill totaled $50.2 million.

Other Intangible Assets
Other intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
11



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Estimated Useful Lives (Years) June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Amortizable:
Costs:
Customer relationships
13
$ 52,600  $ 52,600 
Developed technology
13
34,600  34,600 
Trade names
13
11,400  11,400 
Noncompete agreements
5
2,000  2,000 
Total amortizable intangibles 100,600  100,600 
Accumulated amortization:
Customer relationships 16,522  14,499 
Developed technology 10,868  9,537 
Trade names 3,581  3,142 
Noncompete agreements 1,633  1,434 
Total accumulated amortization 32,604  28,612 
Total amortizable intangibles, net $ 67,996  $ 71,988 

Amortization expense related to intangible assets amounted to $2.0 million and $2.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and $4.0 million and $4.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

7.    Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following (in thousands):
June 30,
2021
December 31, 2020
Term Loan Facility $ 198,250  $ 350,000 
Revolving Credit Facility 49,000  20,000 
Senior Debt—term loan —  — 
Less: deferred financing costs (5,891) (11,168)
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs 241,359  358,832 
Less: current portion (3,500) (3,500)
Long-term debt, net current portion $ 237,859  $ 355,332 

Senior Secured Credit Agreement
On November 25, 2020 Shoals Holdings, entered into that certain credit agreement with the lenders party thereto from time to time and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as administrative agent and collateral agent (the “Senior Secured Credit Agreement”), consisting of (i) a $350.0 million senior secured six-year term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”), (ii) a $30.0 million senior secured delayed draw term loan facility, which matures concurrently with the six-year Term Loan Facility (the “Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility”) and (iii) an uncommitted super senior first out revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”). The proceeds of the Term Loan Facility and a $10.0 million draw under the Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility were used to (i) make certain distributions from Shoals Holdings to Shoals Intermediate Holdings and from
12



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
there to certain of the Company’s direct or indirect equity holders, (ii) pay transaction expenses, (iii) repay and terminate all outstanding commitments under the Senior Debt (as defined herein) and (iv) finance working capital and general corporate purposes.

In December 2020, Shoals Holdings entered into two amendments to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement in order to obtain a $100.0 million increase (the “Revolver Upsize”) to the Revolving Credit Facility and modify the terms of the interest rate and prepayment premium. As part of the first amendment the Company repaid and terminated all outstanding commitments under the Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility.

On January 29, 2021, the Company used proceeds from the IPO to repay $150.0 million of outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility. The repayment of a portion of the borrowings under the Term Loan Facility resulted in a $16.0 million loss on debt repayment as the result of the $11.3 million prepayment premium and $4.7 million write-off of a portion of the deferred financing costs.

As of June 30, 2021, interest rates on the Term Loan facility and the Revolving credit facility were 4.25% and 3.75%, respectively and the Company had $51.0 million of availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.

The Senior Secured Credit Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that restrict the Company’s incurrence of indebtedness, incurrence of liens, dispositions, investments, acquisitions, restricted payments, and transactions with affiliates. The Senior Secured Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, including the occurrence of a change of control. As of June 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all the required covenants.

Senior Debt
Intermediate and subsidiaries were party to a credit agreement (the “Senior Debt Agreement” and obligations thereunder, the “Senior Debt”) under which Holdings and its subsidiaries were borrowers and Intermediate was a guarantor. The Senior Debt was collateralized by all of the assets of the guarantor and borrowers. The amended agreement provided a term loan of $35 million and a revolving line of credit of $25 million.

On October 8, 2020, the Company paid the outstanding amount due on the term loan and settled all obligations with respect to the Senior Debt.

The Senior Debt provided for an interest rate to equal the Base Rate plus margin. The Base Rate charged was the highest rate of three defined methods as follows: 1) Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, 2) Fifth Third Bank N.A. Rate or 3) LIBOR Rate plus 1%. The Base Rate ranged from 1% to 2.5% depending on the EBITDA Rate calculation as defined in the Senior Debt Agreement (the “EBITDA Rate calculation”) for the Federal Funds Rate. The Base Rate for the LIBOR Rate ranged from 2% to 3.5% depending on the EBITDA Rate calculation.

8.    Earnings (loss) per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per share of Class A Common Stock is computed by dividing net loss attributable to the Company's losses by the weighted average number of shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share of Class A Common Stock is computed similarly to basic net loss
13



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
per share except the weighted average shares outstanding are increased to include additional shares from the redemption of Class B Common Stock under the if-converted method and the assumed exercise of any common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method, if dilutive. The Company’s restricted stock units are considered common stock equivalents for this purpose.

All earnings prior to and up to January 26, 2021, the date of the IPO, were entirely allocable to non-controlling interest and, as a result, earnings (loss) per share information is not applicable for reporting periods prior to this date. Consequently, only the net loss allocable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. from the period subsequent to January 26, 2021 is included in the net loss attributable to the stockholders of Class A Common Stock for the periods ended June 30, 2021. Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class A Common Stock from January 27, 2021 to June 30, 2021 have been computed as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Period from January 27, 2021 to June 30, 2021
Numerator:
Net income (loss) attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. - basic $ 4,558  $ (976)
Reallocation of net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests from the assumed conversion of class B common stock 4,596  — 
Net income (loss) attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. - diluted $ 9,154  $ (976)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock outstanding - basic 93,544  93,542 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Restricted Stock Units 216  — 
Class B Common Stock 73,067  — 
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock outstanding - diluted 166,827  93,542 
Earnings (loss) per share of Class A common stock - basic $ 0.05  $ (0.01)
Earnings (loss) per share of Class A common stock - diluted $ 0.05  $ (0.01)

For the period from January 27, 2021 to June 30, 2021, 1,169,601 restricted stock units and 73,066,607 Class B common stock shares were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share of Class A common stock because the effect would have been anti-dilutive as we recorded a net loss for the period.

9.    Equity-Based Compensation

On January 26, 2021, the Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. 2021 Long-Term incentive Plan (the “2021 Incentive Plan”) became effective. The 2021 Incentive Plan authorized 8,768,124 new shares, subject to adjustment pursuant to the 2021 Incentive Plan.

14



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Since January 26, 2021, the Company has granted 1,196,770 restricted stock units (“RSUs") to certain employees, officers and directors of the Company. The RSUs were granted at varying prices ranging from $25.00 to $29.57 per unit and generally vest ratably over 4 years, except for some of the director grants which vest over 1 year.

The following table summarizes the restricted stock unit activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021 (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Restricted
Stock Units
Weighted Average Price
Outstanding at beginning of period —  $ — 
Granted 1,196,770  $ 26.02 
Forfeited (5,297) $ 29.57 
Vested (21,872) $ 27.58 
Outstanding at end of period 1,169,601  $ 25.98 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized $2.8 million and $4.2 million, respectively, in equity-based compensation. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had $27.8 million of unrecognized compensation costs which is expected to be recognized over a period of 3.6 years.


10.    Stockholders' Deficit
         
Amendment and Restatement of Certificate of Incorporation
As discussed in Note 1, on January 26, 2021, the Company's certificate of incorporation was amended and restated to, among other things, provide for the (i) authorization of 1,000,000,000 shares of Class A common stock with a par value of $0.00001 per share; (ii) authorization of 195,000,000 shares of Class B common stock with a par value of $0.00001 per share; (iii) authorization of 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock that may be issued from time to time by the Company's Board of Directors in one or more series; and (iv) establishment of a classified board of directors, divided into three classes, the members of which will serve for staggered terms.

Holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock are entitled to one vote per share and, except as otherwise required, will vote together as a single class on all matters on which stockholders generally are entitled to vote. Holders of Class B common stock are not entitled to receive dividends and will not be entitled to receive any distributions upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company. Shares of Class B common stock may only be issued to the extent necessary to maintain the one-to-one ratio between the number of LLC Interests held by the Continuing Equity Owners and the number of shares of Class B common stock held by the Continuing Equity Owners. Shares of Class B common stock are transferable only together with an equal number of LLC Interests. Shares of Class B common stock will be canceled on a one-for-one basis if the Company, at the election of a Continuing Equity Owner, redeem or exchange LLC Interests.

The Company must, at all times, maintain a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of Class A common stock issued by the Company and the number of LLC Interests owned by the Company (subject to certain exceptions for treasury shares and shares underlying certain convertible or exchangeable securities).

Initial Public Offering
15



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
As discussed in Note 1, on January 29, 2021, the Company closed an IPO of 11,550,000 shares of the Class A common stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share. The Company received $278.8 million in proceeds, net of underwriting discounts and commissions, which was used to purchase 6,315,790 LLC Interests from Shoals Parent and 5,234,210 LLC Interests from the founder and Class B unit holder in Shoals Parent at a price per interest equal to the IPO price of the Class A common stock of $25.00.

Shoals Parent Recapitalization
As noted above, in connection with the IPO, the limited liability company agreement of Shoals Parent was amended and restated to, among other things, (i) provide for a new single class of common membership interests in Shoals Parent, or the LLC Interests; (ii) exchange all of the then existing membership interests of the Continuing Equity Owners for LLC Interests (iii) exchange all the then existing membership interest of the Class A Shoals Equity Owners for LLC Interests and (iv) appoint the Company as the sole managing member of Shoals Parent. The Company has a majority economic interest in, is the sole managing member of, has the sole voting power in, and controls the management of Shoals Parent.

The amendment also requires that Shoals Parent, at all times, maintain (i) a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of Class A common stock issued by the Company and the number of LLC Interests owned by the Company and (ii) a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of Class B common stock owned by the Continuing Equity Owners and the number of LLC Interests owned by the Continuing Equity Owners.

Acquisition of Former Shoals Equity Owners
On January 26, 2021, the Company acquired, by merger, an entity that was a member of Shoals Parent, or the Class A Shoals Equity Owners, for which the Company issued 81,977,751 shares of Class A common stock as merger consideration. The only assets held by the Class A Shoals Equity Owners were 81,977,751 LLC Interests. Upon consummation of the Merger, the Company recognized the LLC Interests at carrying value, as the Merger is considered to be a transaction between entities under common control.

11.    Non-Controlling Interests

On January 26, 2021, the Company used net proceeds from the IPO to purchase 6,315,790 LLC Interests from Shoals Parent and 5,234,210 LLC Interests from the founder and Class B unit holder in Shoals Parent. In addition, the Company issued 81,977,751 Class A common stock for the same number of LLC Interests as Merger consideration. Following the completion of the Organizational Transactions and as of June 30, 2021, the Company owned 56.14% of Shoals Parent.

The following table summarizes the effects of the changes in ownership in Shoals Parent on equity:
16



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Period from January 27, 2021 to June 30, 2021
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest $ 4,596  $ (879)
Transfers to non-controlling interests
Increase in accumulated deficit as a result of the Organizational Transactions —  (88,644)
Decrease in accumulated deficit as a result of newly issued LLC Interests in IPO —  70,976 
Decrease in accumulated deficit as a result of activity under stock compensation plan 857  1,407 
Distributions to non-controlling interest (2,973) (2,973)
Reallocation of non-controlling interest 288  288 
Change from net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest and transfers to non-controlling interest $ 2,768  $ (19,825)

Issuance of Additional LLC Interests
Under the first amended and restated limited liability company agreement of Shoals Parent, as amended (the "LLC Agreement'), the Company is required to cause Shoals Parent to issue additional LLC Interests to the Company when the Company issues additional shares of Class A Common Stock. Other than as it relates to the issuance of Class A Common Stock in connection with an equity incentive program, the Company must contribute to Shoals Parent net proceeds and property, if any, received by the Company with respect to the issuance of such additional shares of Class A Common Stock. The Company must cause Shoals Parent to issue a number of LLC Interests equal to the number of shares of Class A Common Stock issued such that, at all times, the number of LLC Interests held by the Company equals the number of outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company caused Shoals Parent to issue to the Company a total of 6,315,790 LLC Interests in connection with the issuance of Class A common stock in the IPO and 17,813 LLC Interests for the vesting of awards granted under the Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. 2021 Long-Term Incentive Plan.

Distributions for Taxes
As a limited liability company (treated as a partnership for income tax purposes), Shoals Parent does not incur significant federal, state or local income taxes, as these taxes are primarily the obligations of its members. As authorized by the LLC Agreement, Shoals Parent is required to distribute cash, to the extent that Shoals Parent has cash available, on a pro rata basis, to its members to the extent necessary to cover the members’ tax liabilities, if any, with respect to each member’s share of Shoals Parent taxable earnings. Shoals Parent makes such tax distributions to its members quarterly, based on an estimated tax rate and projected year-to-date taxable income, with a final accounting once actual taxable income or loss has been determined. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, tax distributions to non-controlling LLC Interests holders was $3.0 million.

12.    Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation
17



Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The Company is from time to time subject to legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the normal course of its business. In the opinion of management and legal counsel, the amount of losses that may be sustained, if any, would not have a material effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

Surety Bonds
The Company provides surety bonds to various parties as required for certain transactions initiated during the ordinary course of business to guarantee the Company’s performance in accordance with contractual or legal obligations. As of June 30, 2021, the maximum potential payment obligation with regard to surety bonds was $11.8 million.

13.    Income Taxes

The Company is taxed as a subchapter C corporation and is subject to federal and state income taxes. The Company’s sole material asset is Shoals Parent, which is a limited liability company that is taxed as a partnership for US federal and certain state and local income tax purposes. Shoals Parent’s net taxable income and related tax credits, if any, are passed through to its members and included in the member’s tax returns. Shoals Parent is subject to and reports an entity level tax in Tennessee and Texas. The income tax burden on the earnings taxed to the noncontrolling interest holders is not reported by the Company in its consolidated financial statements under U.S. GAAP. As a result, the Company’s effective tax rate differs materially from the statutory rate. The Company’s income tax provision was a benefit of $0.3 million and $1.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and the effective tax rate is primarily impacted by the allocation of income taxes to the noncontrolling interest, benefit of the foreign derived intangible income and changes in our valuation allowance. The tax benefit for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 includes $2.0 million of deferred income tax benefit resulting from an increase in the blended state income tax rate.

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had recorded a deferred tax asset related to the partnership basis differences in Shoals Parent of $49.6 million net of a $6.3 million valuation allowance. The Company also recorded an income tax receivable of $5.4 million of which the Company estimates $3.1 million is owed to the prior owner related to taxes paid prior to the IPO transaction.

In calculating the provision for interim income taxes, in accordance with ASC Topic 740, an estimated annual effective tax rate is applied to year-to-date ordinary income. At the end of each interim period, the Company estimates the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year. This differs from the method utilized at the end of an annual period.

For annual periods, the Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more-likely-than-not that the deferred tax assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated by applying existing tax laws and the rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in the year of the enacted rate change.

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Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a recognition and measurement threshold for tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return, which are subject to examination by federal and state taxing authorities. The tax benefit from an uncertain tax position is recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the position. The amount of the tax benefit recognized is the largest amount of the benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The effective tax rate and the tax basis of assets and liabilities reflect management’s estimates of the ultimate outcome of various tax uncertainties. The Company recognizes penalties and interest related to uncertain tax positions within the provision (benefit) for income taxes line in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of the quarter ended June 30, 2021, no uncertain tax positions have been recorded. The Company will continue to monitor this position each interim period.

The Company files U.S. federal and certain state income tax returns. The income tax returns of the Company are subject to examination by U.S. federal and state taxing authorities for various time periods, depending on those jurisdictions’ rules, generally after the income tax returns are filed.

14. Tax Receivable Agreement
In connection with the Organization Transactions and the IPO, the Company entered into a tax receivable agreement (the “TRA”) with the founder and former equity owners of Shoals Investment CTB (the “TRA Owners”). The TRA provides for the payment from time to time by the Company to the TRA Owners of 85% of the amount of the benefits, if any, that the Company has deemed to realize as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from the purchase or exchange of LLC Interests and other qualifying transactions. These payment obligations are obligations of the Company and not of Shoals Parent. For purposes of the TRA, the benefit deemed realized by the Company will generally be computed by comparing the actual income tax liability of the Company (calculated with certain assumptions) to the amount of such taxes that the Company would have been required to pay had there been no increase to the tax basis of the assets of Shoals Parent as a result of the purchases or exchanges, and had the Company not entered into the TRA.

The TRA further provides that, upon certain mergers, asset sales or other forms of business combinations or other changes of control, the Company (or its successor) would owe to the TRA Owners a lump-sum payment equal to the present value of all forecasted future payments that would have otherwise been made under the TRA that would be based on certain assumptions, including a deemed exchange of Shoals Parent LLC Interests and that the Company would have sufficient taxable income to fully utilize the deductions arising from the increased tax basis and other tax benefits related to entering into the TRA. The Company also is entitled to terminate the TRA, which, if terminated, would obligate the Company to make early termination payments to the TRA Owners.

On January 26, 2021, the Company acquired 5,234,210 LLC Interests from the founder. This acquisition triggered a tax basis increase subject to the provisions of the TRA. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company recognized (i) a deferred tax asset in the amount of $32.1 million, (ii) a corresponding liability of $27.2 million, representing 85% of the tax benefits to the TRA Owners and (iii) $4.9 million of additional paid-in capital.

On January 26, 2021, in connection with the merger with Shoals Investment CTB, the Company distributed 85% of the value in the tax basis from the original acquisition of Shoals Parent by Shoals investment CTB in 2017 to the holders of the TRA. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company
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Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
recognized (i) a deferred tax asset of $16.9 million, (ii) a corresponding liability of $14.4 million representing 85% of the tax benefits to the TRA Owners and (iii) $2.5 million of additional paid-in capital.

During the second quarter, the TRA liability was increased by $1.7 million resulting from an estimated increase in the Company’s blended state income tax rate. As a result of the adjustment to the Tax Receivable Agreement liability, the Company recorded approximately $1.7 million of other expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, the amount of Tax Receivable Agreement payments due under the Tax Receivable Agreement was $43.4 million.

15.    Revenue by Product

Based on Topic 606 provisions, the Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers between system solutions and components. System solutions are contracts under which the Company provides multiple products typically in connection with the design and specification of an entire EBOS system. Components represents sales of individual solar components.

The following table presents the Company’s revenue disaggregated by system solutions and solar components which are recorded over time as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
System solutions $ 51,242  $ 31,626  $ 84,611  $ 54,419 
Solar components 8,480  11,801  20,715  29,748 
Total revenue $ 59,722  $ 43,427  $ 105,326  $ 84,167 


16.    Subsequent Events

Follow On Offering / Tax Receivable Agreement
In July 2021, the Company completed a follow-on offering consisting of 4,989,692 shares of Class A common stock offered by the selling shareholders and 10,402,086 shares of Class A common stock offered by the Company. The Company used the proceeds of the sale of Class A common stock to purchase an equal number of LLC Interests and Class B common stock corresponding to such number of LLC Interests from our founder and management. The Company obtains an increase in its share of the tax basis of the assets of Shoals Parent when LLC Interests and Class B common stock corresponding to such number of LLC Interests are redeemed or exchanged. This increase in tax basis may have the effect of reducing the amounts that the Company would otherwise pay in the future to various tax authorities. The increase in tax basis may also decrease gains (or increase losses) on future dispositions of certain capital assets to the extent tax basis is allocated to those capital assets. The exchange of 10,402,086 LLC Interests and shares of Class B common stock corresponding to such number of LLC Interests triggered a tax basis increase subject to the provisions of the Tax Receivable Agreement. In the third quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company will recognize a deferred tax asset in the amount of approximately $71.8 million, a corresponding increase in the tax receivable agreement liability of $61.1 million, representing 85% of the tax benefits and approximately $10.7 million of additional-paid-in capital.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“2020 Form 10-K”) and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion and analysis contain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. For this purpose, any statements contained in this Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate” or “continue” or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Our actual results and timing of selected events may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those discussed under the sections of our 10-K and this Form 10-Q captioned “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”.

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contain the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income, which are not presented in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income are being presented because they provide the Company and readers of this Form 10-Q with additional insight into our operational performance relative to earlier periods and relative to our competitors. We do not intend Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income to be substitutes for any GAAP financial information. Readers of this Form 10-Q should use Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income only in conjunction with Net Income, the most comparable GAAP financial measure. Reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income to Net Income, the most comparable GAAP measure to each, are provided in “—Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Overview
We are a leading provider of electrical balance of system or “EBOS” solutions for solar energy projects in the United States. EBOS encompasses all of the components that are necessary to carry the electric current produced by solar panels to an inverter and ultimately to the power grid. EBOS components are mission-critical products that have a high consequence of failure, including lost revenue, equipment damage, fire damage, and even serious injury or death. As a result, we believe customers prioritize reliability and safety over price when selecting EBOS solutions.

EBOS components that we produce include cable assemblies, inline fuses, combiners, disconnects, recombiners, wireless monitoring systems, junction boxes, transition enclosures and splice boxes. We derive the majority of our revenue from selling “system solutions” which are complete EBOS systems that include several of our products, many of which are customized for the customer’s project. We believe our system solutions are unique in our industry because they integrate design and engineering support, proprietary components and innovative installation methods into a single offering that would otherwise be challenging for a customer to obtain from a single provider or at all.

We sell our products principally to engineering, procurement and construction firms ("EPCs”) that build solar energy projects. However, given the mission critical nature of EBOS, the decision to use our products typically involves input from both the EPC and the owner of the solar energy project. The custom nature of our system solutions and the long development cycle for solar energy projects typically gives us 12 months or more of lead time to quote, engineer, produce and ship each order we receive, and we do not stock large amounts of finished goods.

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We derived approximately 80% of our revenue from the sale of system solutions for the six months ended June 30, 2021. For the same period, we derived substantially all of our revenue from customers in the U.S. We had $200.5 million of backlog and awarded orders, backlog represents signed purchase orders or contractual minimum purchase commitments with take-or-pay provisions and awarded orders are orders we are in the process of documenting a contract but for which a contract has not yet been signed, as of June 30, 2021, representing a 63% and 11% increase relative to the same date last year and March 31, 2021, respectively.

We have maintained focus on our growth strategy throughout the quarter including developments in converting customers to our combine-as-you-go system and developing products for the rapidly growing electric vehicle charging infrastructure market. We believe that eight of the top 10 solar EPCs as reported by Solar Power World Magazine use our combine-as-you-go system on a majority of their projects and we are currently in the process of transitioning an additional 11 EPCs and developers to our system. Additionally, we are currently developing four new product families for the EV charging market: skid solutions that package the key components required for an EV charging station in the factory with the objective of reducing the amount of labor required in the field; raceways that allow wire to be run above ground rather than in underground conduit; EV-Big Lead Assembly (“BLA”) that eliminates homeruns from each dispenser and offers benefits similar to our solar BLA, including a 75% reduction in wire runs; and quad chargers that are prefabricated dispensers with four charge points. We expect to introduce our first offerings for this rapidly growing market in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Initial Public Offering
On January 29, 2021, the Company closed an IPO of 11,550,000 shares of Class A common stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, including shares issued pursuant to the underwriters' over-allotment option. The Company received $278.8 million in proceeds, net of underwriting discounts and commissions, which was used to purchase 6,315,790 LLC Interests from Shoals Parent and 5,234,210 LLC Interests from the founder and Class B unit holder in Shoals Parent at a price per interest equal to the IPO price of $25.00 per share. Subsequent to the IPO and related organizational transactions that occurred in connection with the IPO, the Company is the sole managing member of, and had a 56.14% economic interest in, Shoals Parent.

Organizational Transactions
See Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements of Shoals, included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information about the above-mentioned transactions as well as the other transactions completed in connection with the IPO.

Following the completion of the Organizational Transactions, the Company owned 56.14% of Shoals Parent. The Continuing Equity Owners owned the remaining 43.86% of Shoals Parent.

As the Organization Transactions were considered transactions between entities under common control, the condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods prior to the IPO and Organizational Transactions have been adjusted to combine the previously separate entities for presentation purposes.

Impact of COVID-19
The global health crisis caused by the novel coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic and its resurgences has and may continue to negatively impact global economic activity, which, despite progress in vaccination efforts, remains uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. In addition, a new Delta variant of COVID-19, which appears to be the most transmissible variant to date, has begun to spread globally. The impact of the Delta variant cannot be predicted at this time, and could depend on numerous factors, including vaccination
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rates among the population, the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines against the Delta variant and the response by governmental bodies and regulators. Given the ongoing and dynamic nature of the circumstances, it is difficult to predict the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.

Many countries around the world have continued to impose quarantines and restrictions on travel and mass gatherings to slow the spread of the virus. Accordingly, our ability to continue to operate our business may also be limited. Such events may result in a period of business, supply and manufacturing disruptions, and in reduced operations, any of which could materially affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

A continuation or worsening of the levels of market disruption and volatility seen in the recent past could have an adverse effect on our ability to access capital, which could in the future negatively affect our liquidity. In addition, a recession or market correction resulting from the spread of COVID-19 could materially affect our business and the value of our common stock.

We continue to monitor the impacts of COVID-19 on the global economy and on our business operations. Although we expect the vaccinations for COVID-19 will continue to improve conditions, the ultimate impact from COVID-19 on our business operations and financial results during 2021 will depend on, among other things, the ultimate severity and scope of the pandemic, including the new variants of the virus, the pace at which governmental and private travel restrictions and public concerns about public gatherings will ease, the rate at which historically large increases in unemployment rates will decrease, if at all, and whether, and the speed with which, the economy recovers. We are not able to fully quantify the impact that these factors will have on our financial results during 2021 and beyond, but developments related to COVID-19 may materially affect us in 2021.

Key Components of Our Results of Operations
The following discussion describes certain line items in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Revenue
We generate revenue from the sale of EBOS systems and components for homerun and combine-as-you-go architectures. Our customers include EPCs, utilities, solar developers, independent power producers and solar module manufacturers. We derive the majority of our revenue from selling system solutions. When we sell a system solution, we enter into a contract with our customers covering the price, specifications, delivery dates and warranty for the products being purchased, among other things. Our contractual delivery period for system solutions can vary from one to three months whereas manufacturing typically requires a shorter time frame. Contracts for system solutions can range in value from several hundred thousand to several million dollars.

Our revenue is affected by changes in the price, volume and mix of products purchased by our customers. The price and volume of our products is driven by the demand for our products, changes in product mix between homerun and combine-as-you-go EBOS, geographic mix of our customers, strength of competitors’ product offerings, and availability of government incentives to the end-users of our products.

Our revenue growth is dependent on continued growth in the amount of solar energy projects constructed each year and our ability to increase our share of demand in the geographies where we currently compete and plan to compete in the future as well as our ability to continue to develop and commercialize new and innovative products that address the changing technology and performance requirements of our customers.

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Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Cost of revenue consists primarily of product costs, including purchased materials and components, as well as costs related to shipping, customer support, product warranty, personnel and depreciation of manufacturing and testing equipment. Personnel costs in cost of revenue include both direct labor costs as well as costs attributable to any individuals whose activities relate to the transformation of raw materials or component parts into finished goods or the transportation of materials to the customer. Our product costs are affected by the underlying cost of raw materials, including copper and aluminum; component costs, including fuses, resin, enclosures, and cable; technological innovation; economies of scale resulting in lower component costs; and improvements in production processes and automation. We do not currently hedge against changes in the price of raw materials. Some of these costs, primarily personnel and depreciation of manufacturing and testing equipment, are not directly affected by sales volume. Gross profit may vary from year to year and is primarily affected by our sales volume, product prices, product costs, product mix, customer mix, geographical mix, shipping method, warranty costs and seasonality.

Operating Expenses
Operating expenses consist of general and administrative costs as well as depreciation and amortization expense. Personnel-related costs are the most significant component of our operating expenses and include salaries, equity-based compensation, benefits, payroll taxes and commissions. The number of full-time employees in our general and administrative departments increased from 42 to 68 from June 30, 2020 to June 30, 2021, and we expect to hire new employees in the future to support our growth. The timing of these additional hires could materially affect our operating expenses in any particular period, both in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue. We expect to invest in additional resources to support our growth which will increase our operating expenses.

General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, equity-based compensation expense, employee benefits and payroll taxes related to our executives, and our sales, finance, human resources, information technology, engineering and legal organizations, travel expenses, facilities costs, marketing expenses, bad debt expense and fees for professional services. Professional services consist of audit, legal, tax, insurance, information technology and other costs. We expect to increase our sales and marketing personnel as we expand into new geographic markets. Substantially all of our sales in 2020 were in the U.S. We currently have a sales presence in the U.S., Australia and Spain. We intend to expand our sales presence and marketing efforts to additional countries in the future. We also expect that as a result of our recent IPO, we will incur additional audit, tax, accounting, legal and other costs related to compliance with applicable securities and other regulations, as well as additional insurance, investor relations and other costs associated with being a public company.

Depreciation
Depreciation in our operating expenses consists of costs associated with property, plant and equipment (“PP&E”) not used in manufacturing our products. We expect that as we increase both our revenue and the number of our general and administrative personnel, we will invest in additional PP&E to support our growth resulting in additional depreciation expense.

Amortization
Amortization of intangibles consists of customer relationships, developed technology, trade names and non-compete agreements over their expected period of use.

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Non-operating Expenses
Interest Expense
Interest expense consists of interest and other charges paid in connection with our current Senior Secured Credit Agreement (as defined below) and our former Senior Debt which included a revolving line of credit and term loan, which was fully repaid on October 8, 2020.

Tax Receivable Agreement Liability Adjustment
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment consists of changes to our effective interest rate since the initial recording of the liability related to our tax receivable agreement with our founder and former Class A Shoals Equity Owners of Shoals Parent.

Loss on Debt Repayment
Loss on debt repayment consists of prepayment premiums and the write-off off a portion of the deferred financing costs from the prepayment of outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility.

Income Tax Expense
Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. is subject to U.S. federal and state income tax in multiple jurisdictions with respect to our allocable share of any net taxable income of Shoals Parent. Shoals Parent is a pass-through entity for federal income tax purposes but incurs income tax in certain state jurisdictions.

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Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our results of operations (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / (Decrease) Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / (Decrease)
2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenue $ 59,722  $ 43,427  $ 16,295  38  % $ 105,326  $ 84,167  $ 21,159  25  %
Cost of revenue 33,543  26,598  6,945  26  % 60,373  53,152  7,221  14  %
Gross profit 26,179  16,829  9,350  56  % 44,953  31,015  13,938  45  %
Operating Expenses
General and administrative expenses 10,018  9,317  701  % 16,834  11,875  4,959  42  %
Depreciation and amortization 2,062  2,064  (2) —  % 4,130  4,125  —  %
Total Operating Expenses 12,080  11,381  699  % 20,964  16,000  4,964  31  %
Income from Operations 14,099  5,448  8,651  159  % 23,989  15,015  8,974  60  %
Interest expense, net (3,620) (225) (3,395) 1509  % (7,329) (497) (6,832) 1375  %
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment (1,664) —  (1,664) 100  % (1,664) —  (1,664) 100  %
Loss on debt repayment —  —  —  —  % (15,990) —  (15,990) 100  %
Income (loss) before income taxes 8,815  5,223  3,592  69  % (994) 14,518  (15,512) (107) %
Income tax benefit 339  —  339  100  % 1,814  —  1,814  100  %
Net income 9,154  5,223  3,931  75  % 820  14,518  (13,698) (94) %
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 4,596  —  4,596  100  % (879) —  (879) 100  %
Net income attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. $ 4,558  $ 5,223  $ (665) (13) % $ 1,699  $ 14,518  $ (12,819) (88) %

Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Revenue
Revenue increased by $16.3 million, or 38%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, driven by an increase in demand for solar EBOS generally and our combine-as-you-go system solutions specifically. Our total number of customers increased in 2021 as compared to 2020. We believe customer recognition of the benefits of our combine-as-you-go system is resulting in increased demand for our products.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
Cost of revenue increased by $6.9 million, or 26%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in production volumes. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased from 38.8% in 2020 to 43.8% in 2021 in part due to purchasing efficiencies from increased volumes, improved material planning which reduced logistics costs,
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enhancements to product design that lowered manufacturing costs and other manufacturing efficiencies resulting from higher production volumes. Changes in product mix also contributed to the increase in margin as sales of system solutions for combine-as-you-go EBOS, which have higher margin than our other products, increased as a percentage of our total revenue.

Operating Expenses
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses increased $0.7 million, or 8%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily the result of an increase in professional fees of $1.9 million related to preparation for our public offerings, wages and related taxes of $1.6 million related to increased head count and year-end bonuses, and an insurance expense of $0.8 million primarily related to increased costs for our directors and officers policy, offset by a decrease in equity-based compensation of $4.1 million.

Depreciation and Amortization
There was no significant change in depreciation and amortization expense during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest Expense
Interest expense, net increased by $3.4 million or 1509%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, due to increased borrowings and related deferred financing costs under our Senior Secured Credit Facility entered into on November 25, 2020. We expect interest expense to increase in 2021 as a result of our higher average borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facility (see description under “Debt Obligations”).

Tax Receivable Agreement Liability Adjustment
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment totaled $1.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The adjustment resulted from an estimated increase in the Company’s blended state income tax rate.

Income Tax Benefit
Income tax benefit totaled $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The Company did not incur income tax expense prior to the Organizational Transactions, or during the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Revenue
Revenue increased by $21.2 million, or 25%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, driven by an increase in demand for solar EBOS generally and our combine-as-you-go system solutions specifically. Our total number of customers increased in 2021 as compared to 2020. We believe customer recognition of the benefits of our combine-as-you-go system is resulting in increased demand for our products.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit
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Cost of revenue increased by $7.2 million, or 14%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in production volumes. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased from 36.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 to 42.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2021 in part due to purchasing efficiencies from increased volumes, improved material planning which reduced logistics costs, enhancements to product design that lowered manufacturing costs and other manufacturing efficiencies resulting from higher production volumes. Changes in product mix also contributed to the increase in margin as sales of system solutions for combine-as-you-go EBOS, which have higher margin than our other products, increased as a percentage of our total revenue.

Operating Expenses
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses increased by $5.0 million, or 42%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily the result of an increase in professional fees of $2.5 million related to preparation for our public offerings, wages and related taxes of $2.8 million related to increased head count and year-end bonuses, an insurance expense of $1.5 million primarily related to increased costs for our directors and officers policy and franchise and other related taxes of $0.3 million, offset by a decrease in equity-based compensation of $2.8 million and a decrease in travel and trade shows of $0.2 million as a result of COVID-19.

Depreciation and Amortization
There was no significant change in depreciation and amortization expense during the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest Expense
Interest expense, net increased by $6.8 million or 1375%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, due to increased borrowings and related deferred financing costs under our Senior Secured Credit Facility entered into on November 25, 2020. We expect interest expense to increase in 2021 as a result of our higher average borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facility (see description under “Debt Obligations”).

Tax Receivable Agreement Liability Adjustment
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment totaled $1.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The adjustment resulted from an estimated increase in the Company’s blended state income tax rate.

Loss on Debt Repayment
Loss on debt repayment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 consists of $11.3 million of prepayment premium and $4.7 million in write-off off a portion of the deferred financing costs related to a prepayment of $150.0 million of outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility.

Income Tax Benefit
Income tax benefit totaled $1.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The Company did not incur income tax expense prior to the Organizational Transactions, or during the six months ended June 30, 2020.


Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS
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We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus (i) interest expense, (ii) income taxes, (iii) depreciation expense, (iv) amortization of intangibles, (v) tax receivable agreement liability adjustment, (vi) loss on debt repayment, (vii) equity-based compensation, (viii) COVID-19 expenses and (ix) non-recurring and other expenses. We define Adjusted Net Income as net income (loss) plus (i) amortization of intangibles, (ii) tax receivable agreement liability adjustment, (iii) loss on debt repayment, (iv) amortization of deferred financing costs, (v) equity-based compensation, (vi) COVID-19 expenses and (vii) non-recurring and other expenses, all net of applicable income taxes. We define Adjusted Diluted EPS as Adjusted Net Income divided by the diluted weighted average shares of Class A common shares outstanding for the applicable period, which assumes the pro forma exchange of all outstanding Class B common shares for Class A common shares.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS are intended as supplemental measures of performance that are neither required by, nor presented in accordance with, GAAP. We present Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS because we believe they assist investors and analysts in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance. In addition, we use Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS: (i) as factors in evaluating management’s performance when determining incentive compensation; (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies; and (iii) because our credit agreement uses measures similar to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS to measure our compliance with certain covenants.

Among other limitations, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS do not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments; do not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of our ongoing operations; in the case of Adjusted EBITDA, does not reflect income tax expense or benefit for periods prior to the reorganization; and may be calculated by other companies in our industry differently than we do or not at all, which may limit their usefulness as comparative measures.

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. You should review the reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS below and not rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income $ 9,154  $ 5,223  $ 820  $ 14,518 
Interest expense 3,620  225  7,329  497 
Income tax benefit (339) —  (1,814) — 
Depreciation expense 411  338  816  664 
Amortization of intangibles 1,996  1,996  3,992  3,992 
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment(a)
1,664  —  1,664  — 
Loss on debt repayment —  —  15,990  — 
Equity-based compensation 2,780  6,704  4,172  6,704 
COVID-19 expenses(b)
106  806  161  806 
Non-recurring and other expenses(c)
1,239  112  1,578  294 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 20,631  $ 15,404  $ 34,708  $ 27,475 

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(a)    Represents an adjustment to eliminate the remeasurement of the Tax Receivable Agreement.
(b)    Represents costs incurred as a direct impact from the COVID-19 pandemic, disinfecting and reconfiguration of facilities, medical professionals to conduct daily screenings of employees, premium pay during the pandemic to hourly workers in 2020 and direct legal costs associated with the pandemic.
(c) Represents certain costs associated with non-recurring professional services, Oaktree’s expenses and other costs.

Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. to Adjusted Net Income (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income attributable to Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. $ 4,558  $ 5,223  $ 1,699  $ 14,518 
Net income (loss) impact from pro forma conversion of Class B common stock to Class A common stock (a)
4,596  —  (879) — 
Adjustment to the provision for income tax (b)
(942) (1,133) 192  (3,150)
Tax effected net income 8,212  4,090  1,012  11,368 
Amortization of intangibles 1,996  1,996  3,992  3,992 
Amortization of deferred financing costs 305  12  675  21 
Tax receivable agreement liability adjustment(c)
1,664  —  1,664  — 
Loss on debt repayment —  —  15,990  — 
Equity-based compensation 2,780  6,704  4,172  6,704 
COVID-19 expenses (d)
106  806  161  806 
Non-recurring and other expenses (e)
1,239  112  1,578  294 
Tax impact of adjustments (f)
(1,635) (635) (5,806) (1,110)
Adjusted Net Income $ 14,667  $ 13,085  $ 23,438  $ 22,075 
(a)    Reflects net income (loss) to Class A common shares from pro forma exchange of corresponding shares of our Class B common shares held by our founder and management.
(b)    Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. is subject to U.S. Federal income taxes, in addition to state and local taxes with respect to its allocable share of any net taxable income of Shoals Parent LLC. The adjustment to the provision for income tax reflects the effective tax rates below, assuming Shoals Technologies Group, Inc. owns 100% of the units in Shoals Parent LLC.
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Statutory U.S. Federal income tax rate 21.0  % 21.0  % 21.0  % 21.0  %
State and local taxes (net of federal benefit) 2.0  % 0.7  % 2.0  % 0.7  %
Permanent items, including valuation adjustment (2.5) % —  % (1.1) % —  %
Effective income tax rate for Adjusted Net Income 20.5  % 21.7  % 21.9  % 21.7  %

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(c)    Represents an adjustment to eliminate the remeasurement of the Tax Receivable Agreement.
(d)    Represents costs incurred as a direct impact from the COVID-19 pandemic, disinfecting and reconfiguration of facilities, medical professionals to conduct daily screenings of employees, premium pay during the pandemic to hourly workers in 2020 and direct legal costs associated with the pandemic.
(e) Represents certain costs associated with non-recurring professional services, Oaktree’s expenses and other costs.
(f)    Represents the estimated tax impact of all Adjusted Net Income add-backs, excluding those which represent permanent differences between book versus tax.

Reconciliation of Diluted Weighted Average Shares Outstanding to Adjusted Diluted Weighted Average Shares Outstanding (in thousands, except per share):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Diluted weighted average shares of Class A common shares outstanding, excluding Class B common shares 93,760 
N/A (b)
93,650 
N/A (b)
Assumed pro forma conversion of Class B common shares to Class A common shares 73,067 
N/A (b)
73,067 
N/A (b)
Adjusted diluted weighted average shares outstanding 166,827 
N/A (b)
166,717 
N/A (b)
Adjusted Net Income (a)
$ 14,667 
N/A (b)
$ 23,438 
N/A (b)
Adjusted Diluted EPS $ 0.09 
N/A (b)
$ 0.14 
N/A (b)

(a) Represents Adjusted Net Income for the full period presented.

(b) This Non-GAAP measure is not applicable for this period, as the reorganization transactions had not yet occurred.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
$ (14,114) $ 18,928 
Net cash used in investing activities
(1,736) (1,345)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
18,948  (10,361)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
$ 3,098  $ 7,222 

We finance our operations primarily with operating cash flows and short and long-term borrowings. Our ability to generate positive cash flow from operations is dependent on the strength of our gross margins as well as our ability to quickly turn our working capital. Based on our past performance and current expectations, we believe that operating cash flows and availability under our Revolving Credit Facility will be sufficient to meet our near term future cash needs.

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We used cash from operating activities of $14.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to cash generated from operating activities of $18.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2021, our cash and cash equivalents were $13.2 million and we had outstanding borrowings of $247.3 million. We also had $51.0 million available for additional borrowings under our $100.0 million Revolving Credit Facility.

Operating Activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, cash used in operating activities was $14.1 million, primarily due to operating results that included $0.8 million of net income which was reduced by $15.6 million, net of non-cash expenses, an increase of $6.2 million in inventory, $19.0 million in receivables, $4.6 million in other current assets and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $0.8 million.

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, cash provided by operating activities was $18.9 million, primarily due to operating results that included $14.5 million of net income which was reduced by $11.4 million, net of non-cash expenses, an increase of $5.0 million in receivables, an increase of $3.4 million in inventory and an increase of $0.8 million in accounts payable and accrued expenses.

Investing Activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $1.7 million, attributable to the purchase of property and equipment.

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, net cash used in investing activities was $1.3 million, attributable to the purchase of property and equipment.

Financing Activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities was $18.9 million, including $144.9 million in net proceeds from the IPO and $29.0 million in borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility offset by $151.8 million of payments on term loan facility.

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, net cash used in financing activities was $10.4 million. We made $8.4 million in payments on our senior debt – revolving credit facility, tax distributions of $0.2 million and payments on our senior debt-term loan of $1.7 million.

From time to time, we may seek to retire or purchase the Company’s outstanding debt or equity securities through cash purchases and/or exchanges for other debt or equity securities in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions, or otherwise, that may be made pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 or otherwise. Such repurchases or exchanges, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, the Company’s liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors.

Debt Obligations
Senior Secured Credit Agreement
On November 25, 2020 Shoals Holdings, entered into that certain credit agreement with the lenders party thereto from time to time and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as administrative agent and collateral agent (the “Senior Secured Credit Agreement”), consisting of (i) a $350.0 million senior secured six-year term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”), (ii) a $30.0 million senior secured delayed draw term loan facility, which matures concurrently with the six-year Term Loan Facility (the “Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility”) and (iii) an uncommitted super senior first out revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”).
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The proceeds of the Term Loan Facility and a $10.0 million draw under the Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility were used to (i) make certain distributions from Shoals Holdings to Shoals Intermediate Holdings and from there to certain of our direct or indirect equity holders, (ii) pay transaction expenses, (iii) repay and terminate all outstanding commitments under the Senior Debt (as defined herein) and (iv) finance working capital and general corporate purposes. An additional $10.0 million draw under the Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility funded on December 14, 2020.

In December 2020, Shoals Holdings entered into two amendments to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement in order to obtain a $100.0 million increase (the “Revolver Upsize”) to the Revolving Credit Facility and modify the terms of the interest rate and prepayment premium. As part of the first amendment we repaid and terminated all outstanding commitments under the Delayed Draw Term Loan Facility.

As of June 30, 2021, interest rates on the Term Loan facility and the Revolving credit facility were 4.25% and 3.75%, respectively and we had $51.0 million of availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.

The Senior Secured Credit Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that restrict our incurrence of indebtedness, incurrence of liens, dispositions, investments, acquisitions, restricted payments, and transactions with affiliates. The Senior Secured Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, including the occurrence of a change of control. As of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with all the required covenants.

Senior Debt
Intermediate and subsidiaries were party to the Senior Debt Agreement under which Holdings and its subsidiaries were borrowers and Intermediate was a guarantor. The Senior Debt was collateralized by all of the assets of the guarantor and borrowers. The amended agreement provided a term loan of $35 million and a revolving line of credit of $25 million.

On October 8, 2020, we paid the outstanding amount due on the term loan and settled all obligations with respect to the Senior Debt.

The Senior Debt provided for an interest rate to equal the Base Rate plus margin. The Base Rate charged was the highest rate of three defined methods as follows: 1) Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, 2) Fifth Third Bank N.A. Rate or 3) LIBOR Rate plus 1%. The Base Rate ranged from 1% to 2.5% depending on the EBITDA Rate calculation as defined in the Senior Debt (the “EBITDA Rate calculation”) for the Federal Funds Rate. The Base Rate for the LIBOR Rate ranged from 2% to 3.5% depending on the EBITDA Rate calculation.

Surety Bonds
We provide surety bonds to various parties as required for certain transactions initiated during the ordinary course of business to guarantee our performance in accordance with contractual or legal obligations. As of June 30, 2021, the maximum potential payment obligation with regard to surety bonds was $11.8 million.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Management Estimates
Income Taxes
We record valuation allowances against our deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. In making such determination, we consider all available evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and results of operation. We routinely evaluate the realizability of our deferred tax assets by assessing the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered based on all available positive and
33


negative evidence. Estimating future taxable income is inherently uncertain and requires judgment. In projecting future taxable income, we consider our historical results and incorporate certain assumptions, including revenue growth and operating margins, among others. As of June 30, 2021, we had $49.6 million of deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowances. We expect to realize future tax benefits related to the utilization of these assets. If we determine in the future that we will not be able to fully utilize all or part of these deferred tax assets, we would record a valuation allowance through earnings in the period the determination was made, which would have an adverse effect on our results of operations and earnings in future periods.

Liabilities Under Tax Receivable Agreement
As described in Note 14 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, we are a party to the TRA under which we are contractually committed to pay the TRA Owners 85% of the amount of any tax benefits that we actually realize, or in some cases are deemed to realize, as a result of certain transactions. Amounts payable under the TRA are contingent upon, among other things, (i) generation of future taxable income over the term of the TRA and (ii) future changes in tax laws. If we do not generate sufficient taxable income in the aggregate over the term of the TRA to utilize the tax benefits, then we generally would not be required to make the related TRA payments. Therefore, we will only recognize a liability for TRA payments if we determine it is probable that we will generate sufficient future taxable income over the term of the TRA to utilize the related tax benefits. Estimating future taxable income is inherently uncertain and requires judgment. In projecting future taxable income, we consider our historical results and incorporate certain assumptions, including revenue growth, and operating margins, among others. As of June 30, 2021, we recognized $43.4 million of liabilities relating to our obligations under the TRA, after concluding that it was probable that we would have sufficient future taxable income to utilize the related tax benefits. There were no transactions subject to the TRA for which we did not recognize the related liability, as we concluded that we would have sufficient future taxable income to utilize all of the related tax benefits generated by all transactions that occurred in connection with the IPO. If we determine in the future that we will not be able to fully utilize all or part of the related tax benefits, we would de-recognize the portion of the liability related the benefits not expected to be utilized.

Additionally, we estimate the amount of TRA payments expected to be paid within the next 12 months and classify this amount as current on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. This determination is based on our estimate of taxable income for the next fiscal year. To the extent our estimate differs from actual results, we may be required to reclassify portions of our liabilities under the TRA between current and non-current.

As of June 30, 2021, there were no other significant changes in the application of our critical accounting policies or estimation procedures from those presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no material changes with respect to our market risk disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief
34


Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of such date. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we may be involved in litigation relating to claims that arise out of our operations and businesses and that cover a wide range of matters, including, among others, intellectual property matters, contract and employment claims, personal injury claims, product liability claims and warranty claims. Currently, there are no claims or proceedings against us that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. However, the results of any current or future litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, and regardless of the outcome, we may incur significant costs and experience a diversion of management resources as a result of litigation.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes with respect to our risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Item 2. Unregistered Sale of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities
None

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

Item 6. Exhibits

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Incorporated by Reference
Number Description of Document Form Filing Date Exhibit No.
3.1

8-K 1/29/2021 3.1
3.2

8-K 1/29/2021 3.2
31.1*

31.2*

32.1*

101.INS XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page interactive data file does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
________
* Filed herewith
† Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan.


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Shoals Technologies Group, Inc.
By: /s/ Jason Whitaker Date: August 10, 2021
Name:   Jason Whitaker
Title: Chief Executive Officer
By: /s/ Philip Garton Date: August 10, 2021
Name: Philip Garton
Title: Chief Financial Officer




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