false2020Q3000154908412-31.06731P5D0.067five years, six months5.5six months, one day00015490842020-01-012020-09-30xbrli:shares00015490842020-10-26iso4217:USD00015490842020-09-3000015490842019-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00015490842020-07-012020-09-3000015490842019-07-012019-09-3000015490842019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-03-3100015490842020-01-012020-03-310001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-03-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-012020-03-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-03-310001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-03-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-03-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-03-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-03-3100015490842020-03-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-04-012020-06-3000015490842020-04-012020-06-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-04-012020-06-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-04-012020-06-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-04-012020-06-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-06-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-06-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-06-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-06-3000015490842020-06-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-3100015490842018-12-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-01-012019-03-3100015490842019-01-012019-03-310001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-012019-03-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-01-012019-03-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-03-310001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-03-310001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-03-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-03-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-03-3100015490842019-03-310001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-04-012019-06-3000015490842019-04-012019-06-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-04-012019-06-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-04-012019-06-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-04-012019-06-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-06-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-06-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-06-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-06-3000015490842019-06-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-09-300001549084us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-09-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-09-300001549084us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-09-3000015490842019-09-30xbrli:pure0001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:LoanAgreementMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-08-012020-08-3000015490842020-03-242020-03-240001549084srt:MinimumMemberekso:EksoHealthMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-09-3000015490842019-01-310001549084ekso:CustomerAMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:CustomerBMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084ekso:CustomerBMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-01-012019-09-3000015490842020-05-012020-05-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:ContingentSuccessFeeMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:ContingentSuccessFeeMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:ContingentSuccessFeeMember2020-09-3000015490842020-10-012020-09-3000015490842021-01-012020-09-3000015490842022-01-012020-09-300001549084srt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084srt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ServiceMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoHealthMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoWorksMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ServiceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoHealthMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoWorksMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ServiceMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoHealthMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoWorksMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ServiceMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoHealthMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMemberekso:EksoWorksMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:RentalsMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberus-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ProductAndServiceOtherMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMemberekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:CollaborativeArrangementsMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoHealthMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:EksoWorksMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:ExoskeletonIntelligentRoboticsCo.LimitedMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:WarrantyMember2020-06-300001549084ekso:WarrantyMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:WarrantyMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:WarrantyMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:WarrantyMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:LoanAgreementMember2016-12-310001549084ekso:LoanAgreementMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2016-12-012016-12-310001549084ekso:LoanAgreementMember2020-04-292020-04-290001549084ekso:LoanAgreementMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-08-310001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberus-gaap:PrimeRateMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-08-012020-08-300001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084ekso:PWBLoanAgreementMemberekso:TermLoanMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2020-04-200001549084us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2020-04-202020-04-200001549084us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:RichmondCaliforniaMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:RichmondCaliforniaMember2020-06-012020-06-300001549084ekso:HamburgGermanyMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-06-012020-06-300001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMember2020-06-012020-06-300001549084ekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-06-012020-06-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMemberekso:June2020WarrantsMember2020-06-012020-06-300001549084us-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberekso:AtTheMarketOfferingMember2020-10-012020-10-290001549084us-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberekso:AtTheMarketOfferingMember2020-10-290001549084ekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:InformationAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:InformationAgentWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:InformationAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:Pre2014WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084srt:MinimumMemberekso:Pre2014WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:Pre2014WarrantsMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:Pre2014WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:Pre2014WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-06-102020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberekso:June2020InvestorWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-06-012019-06-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-06-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2020-06-102020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-06-100001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:June2020PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2020-06-100001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:December2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:December2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019WarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:December2019PlacementAgentWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-05-310001549084ekso:DirectOfferingMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberekso:A2019WarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:InformationAgentWarrantsMember2017-09-300001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2015-12-012015-12-310001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputConversionPriceMember2019-01-012019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:TwothousandFifteenWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2019-12-310001549084ekso:June2020WarrantsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2020-03-012020-03-310001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2020-09-300001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2019-12-310001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-12-310001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2019-01-012019-09-30ekso:license_agreement0001549084us-gaap:RoyaltyAgreementTermsMember2020-09-300001549084ekso:SalesRevenueGoodsNetExcludingGovernmentSalesMemberus-gaap:RoyaltyAgreementTermsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:LicenseRevenueMemberus-gaap:RoyaltyAgreementTermsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:SublicenseeSalesRevenueGoodsNetExcludingGovernmentSalesMemberus-gaap:RoyaltyAgreementTermsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:WarrantMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:WarrantMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:WarrantMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:WarrantMember2019-01-012019-09-30ekso:segment0001549084country:US2020-07-012020-09-300001549084country:US2019-07-012019-09-300001549084country:US2020-01-012020-09-300001549084country:US2019-01-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-07-012019-09-300001549084us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-01-012019-09-300001549084ekso:AngelPondCapitalLlcMember2020-01-012020-09-300001549084ekso:AngelPondCapitalLlcMember2019-01-012019-09-30

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q 
____________________________________________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______ 
Commission File Number: 001-37854 
____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Nevada   99-0367049
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
1414 Harbour Way South, Suite 1201
Richmond, CA
  94804
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
 
(510) 984-1761
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
________________________________
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
____________________________________________________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Title of each class Trading Name of each exchange on which registered:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share EKSO
Nasdaq Capital Market


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x     No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.


Large accelerated filer ¨
  Accelerated filer
     
Non-accelerated filer ¨
  Smaller reporting company
   
Emerging growth company 
 


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No x
 
The number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding as of October 26, 2020 was 8,316,308.



 Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
 
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q 

Table of Contents
  
  Page No.
   
     
4
     
 
4
     
 
5
     
6
 
8
     
 
     
     
     
     
   
     
     
Item 5.
Other Information
36
     
 

3

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value)
 
  September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
  (unaudited) (Note 2)
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash $ 14,549  $ 10,872 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $20 and $121, respectively
4,450  5,208 
Inventories, net 2,180  2,489 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 370  238 
Total current assets 21,549  18,807 
Property and equipment, net 1,033  1,657 
Right-of-use assets 786  1,084 
Goodwill —  189 
Other assets 118  178 
Total assets $ 23,486  $ 21,915 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 1,813  $ 1,903 
Accrued liabilities 1,566  1,683 
Deferred revenues, current 1,448  1,492 
Notes payable, net, current —  2,333 
Lease liabilities, current 406  421 
Total current liabilities 5,233  7,832 
Deferred revenues 1,810  1,789 
Notes payable, net 3,079  407 
Lease liabilities 373  711 
Warrant liabilities 4,560  4,307 
Other non-current liabilities 30  72 
Total liabilities 15,085  15,118 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
Stockholders’ equity:
Convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
—  — 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 141,429 shares authorized; 8,316 and 5,795 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
Additional paid-in capital 203,905  190,019 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income (385) 50 
Accumulated deficit (195,127) (183,278)
Total stockholders’ equity 8,401  6,797 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 23,486  $ 21,915 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements
4

Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Revenue $ 2,897  $ 3,319  $ 6,628  $ 10,197 
Cost of revenue 1,084  1,569  2,919  5,288 
Gross profit 1,813  1,750  3,709  4,909 
Operating expenses:
Sales and marketing 1,740  2,818  5,972  8,666 
Research and development 599  1,149  1,762  4,032 
General and administrative 1,706  1,573  5,836  6,011 
Impairment of goodwill 189  —  189  — 
Restructuring —  —  244 
Total operating expenses 4,234  5,540  14,003  18,709 
Loss from operations (2,421) (3,790) (10,294) (13,800)
Other income (expense), net:
Interest expense (23) (88) (113) (316)
Gain (loss) on revaluation of warrant liabilities 4,476  4,430  (1,579) 6,045 
Loss on modification of warrant —  —  —  (257)
Warrant issuance expense —  —  (329) (706)
Other income (expense), net 420  (346) 466  (377)
Total other income (expense), net 4,873  3,996  (1,555) 4,389 
Net income (loss) $ 2,452  $ 206  $ (11,849) $ (9,411)
Other comprehensive (loss) income (415) 324  (435) 366 
Comprehensive income (loss) $ 2,037  $ 530  $ (12,284) $ (9,045)
Basic net income (loss) per share applicable to common shareholders $ 0.30  $ 0.04  $ (1.75) $ (2.01)
Diluted net (loss) income per share applicable to common shareholders $ (0.01) $ 0.04  $ (1.78) $ (2.01)
Weighted average number of shares outstanding, basic 8,236  4,996  6,772  4,684 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding, diluted 8,379  4,997  6,829  4,684 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements
5

Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Convertible Preferred Stock Common Stock Additional Paid-in Capital Accumulated Other Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Accumulated Deficit Total Stockholders’
(Deficit) Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at December 31, 2019 —  $ —  5,795  $ $ 190,019  $ 50  $ (183,278) $ 6,797 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (2,534) (2,534)
Issuance of common stock under:
Matching contribution to 401(k) plan —  —  26  —  155  —  —  155 
In lieu of cash compensation —  —  —  50  —  —  50 
Shares issued as a result of rounding due to reverse-stock split —  —  13  —  —  —  —  — 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  587  —  —  587 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  173  —  173 
Balance at March 31, 2020 —  —  5,843  190,811  223  (185,812) 5,228 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (11,767) (11,767)
Issuance of common stock under:
Equity financing, net —  —  1,748  7,080  —  —  7,082 
Exercise of warrants —  —  223  —  1,436  —  —  1,436 
Issuance of warrants —  —  —  —  (2,322) —  —  (2,322)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  508  —  —  508 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  (193) —  (193)
Balance at June 30, 2020 —  —  7,814  197,513  30  (197,579) (28)
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  2,452  2,452 
Issuance of common stock under: — 
Equity incentive plan —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Exercise of warrants —  —  500  —  5,875  —  —  5,875 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  517  —  —  517 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  (415) —  (415)
Balance at September 30, 2020 —  $ —  8,316  $ $ 203,905  $ (385) $ (195,127) $ 8,401 

6

Convertible Preferred Stock Common Stock Additional Paid-in Capital Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Accumulated Deficit Total Stockholders’ Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at December 31, 2018 —  $ —  4,198  $ $ 173,962  $ (92) $ (171,146) $ 2,728 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (6,551) (6,551)
Issuance of common stock under:
Equity financing, net —  —  291  —  7,305  —  —  7,305 
Equipois sales earn-out —  —  —  22  —  —  22 
Equity incentive plan —  —  —  55  —  —  55 
Matching contribution to 401(k) plan —  —  —  191  —  —  191 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  636  —  —  636 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  148  —  148 
Balance at March 31, 2019 —  —  4,502  182,171  56  (177,697) 4,534 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  (3,066) (3,066)
Issuance of common stock under:
Equity financing, net —  —  444  —  2,393  —  —  2,393 
Equipois sales earn-out —  —  —  173  —  —  173 
Equity incentive plan —  —  37  —  919  —  —  919 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  557  —  —  557 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  (106) —  (106)
Balance at June 30, 2019 —  —  4,992  186,213  (50) (180,763) 5,404 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  206  206 
Issuance of common stock under: —  —  — 
Equity incentive plan —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  487  —  —  487 
Foreign currency translation adjustments —  —  —  —  —  324  —  324 
Balance at September 30, 2019 —  $ —  4,996  $ $ 186,700  $ 274  $ (180,557) $ 6,421 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

7

Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020 2019
Operating activities:    
Net loss $ (11,849) $ (9,411)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities
Depreciation and amortization 465  519 
Provision for excess and obsolete inventories 101  29 
Changes in allowance for doubtful accounts 43  63 
Loss of impairment of goodwill 189  — 
Loss (gain) on revaluation of warrant liabilities 1,579  (6,045)
Finance cost attributable to issuance of warrants 329  706 
Stock-based compensation expense 1,612  1,680 
Amortization of debt discount, change in contingent liability and accretion of final payment fee 27  56 
Gain on modification of operating lease liabilities (38) — 
Loss on investment of unconsolidated affiliate 66  — 
Common stock contribution to 401(k) plan 155  113 
Loss on modification of warrants —  257 
Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign currency transactions (424) 384 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable 715  (1,608)
Inventories 368  195 
Prepaid expenses, operating lease right-of-use assets, and other assets current and noncurrent 169  95 
Accounts payable (90) (1,772)
Accrued and lease liabilities (409) (185)
Deferred revenues (23) 647 
Net cash used in operating activities (7,015) (14,277)
Investing activities:
Acquisition of property and equipment —  (60)
Net cash used in investing activities —  (60)
Financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants, net 7,082  16,325 
Principal payments on note payable (1,278) (1,783)
Payment of remaining balance of long-term debt (1,512) — 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net 3,078  — 
Proceeds from exercise of warrants, net 3,334  — 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options —  228 
Net cash provided by financing activities 10,704  14,770 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash (12) (30)
Net increase in cash 3,677  403 
Cash at beginning of period 10,872  7,655 
Cash at end of period $ 14,549  $ 8,058 
8

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow activities
Cash paid for interest $ 86  $ 255 
Cash paid for income taxes
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activities
Initial recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets $ —  $ 1,454 
Initial recognition of operating lease liabilities —  1,498 
Transfer of inventory to property and equipment (160) (195)
Share issuance for common stock contribution to 401(k) plan 155  191 
Share issuance in lieu of cash compensation 50  919 
Equipois sales earn-out —  22 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements
9


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

1.    Organization
 
Description of Business
 
The “Company”, “we”, “its” and “our” refers to Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. The Company designs, develops, sells, and rents exoskeleton technology to augment human strength, endurance and mobility. The Company’s exoskeleton technology serves multiple markets and can be used both by able-bodied users as well as by persons with physical disabilities. The Company has sold and rented devices that (i) enable individuals with neurological conditions affecting gait (stroke and spinal cord injury) to rehabilitate and to walk again, (ii) assist individuals with a broad range of upper extremity impairments, and (iii) allow industrial workers to perform difficult repetitive work for extended periods. Founded in 2005, the Company is headquartered in the San Francisco Bay area and listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “EKSO”.

All common stock share and per share amounts have been adjusted to reflect the one-for-fifteen reverse stock split effected on March 24, 2020. See Note 13, Capitalization and Equity Structure – Reverse Stock Split.
 
Liquidity and Going Concern
 
As of September 30, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $195,127.  Largely as a result of significant research and development activities related to the development of the Company’s advanced technology and commercialization of such technology into its medical device business, the Company has incurred significant operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since inception. In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company used $7,015 of cash in its operations and had cash on hand of $14,549 as of September 30, 2020.
 
In 2020, management has taken several actions to alleviate the substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern that existed as of the date of issuance of the December 31, 2019 consolidated financial statements, including, but not limited to, the following:

streamlined the Company's operations and reduced its workforce by approximately 35% to lower operating expenses and reduce cash burn;
conducted a registered direct offering for net proceeds of $7,082;
paid off the entire amount of $1,512 of the Company's indebtedness to Western Alliance Bank with proceeds from a new loan of $2,000 from Pacific Western Bank. The terms of the new loan agreement include monthly interest-only payments over the next three years.
invested in the development and reliability of its products;
restructured the Company's commercial organization and strategy which is showing continued adoption; and
received clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") for Acquired Brain Injury ("ABI") to market the Company's product to a larger patient population increasing the value proposition to its customers.

The Company also received proceeds of $3,334 from warrant exercises in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

As described in Note 11, Notes payable, net, borrowings under the Company’s new secured term loan agreement with Pacific Western Bank have a liquidity covenant requiring minimum cash on hand equivalent to the current outstanding principal balance. As of September 30, 2020, $2,000 of cash must remain as restricted. After considering cash restrictions, effective unrestricted cash as of September 30, 2020 is estimated to be $12,549. With this unrestricted cash balance and the impact of management's actions described above, the Company believes that it currently has sufficient cash to fund its operations beyond the look forward period of one year from the issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
The Company’s actual capital requirements may vary significantly and will depend on many factors. The Company plans to continue its investments in its (i) sales initiatives to accelerate adoption of the Ekso robotic exoskeleton in the rehabilitation market, (ii) research, development and commercialization activities with respect to exoskeletons for rehabilitation, and (iii) development and commercialization of able-bodied exoskeletons for industrial use. Consequently, the Company may require significant additional financing in the future, which the Company intends to raise through corporate collaborations, public or private equity offerings, debt financings, or warrant solicitations. Sales of additional equity securities by the Company could
10


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
result in the dilution of the interests of existing stockholders. There can be no assurance that financing will be available when required in sufficient amounts, on acceptable terms or at all. In the event that the necessary additional financing is not obtained, the Company may be required to further reduce its discretionary overhead costs substantially, including research and development, general and administrative, and sales and marketing expenses or otherwise curtail operations.
 
2.    Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a consistent basis with the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, which included an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern in the report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, and include all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state the information set forth herein.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the amounts in prior periods to conform to the current period’s presentation.

The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire fiscal year or any future periods.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the balance sheet, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. For the Company, these estimates include, but are not limited to, revenue recognition, deferred revenue and the deferral of the associated costs, the valuation of warrants and employee stock options, future warranty costs, accounting for leases, useful lives assigned to long-lived assets, valuation of inventory, realizability of deferred tax assets, and contingencies. The estimates are based upon various factors including current and historical trends, as well as other pertinent industry and regulatory authority information, including the potential future effects of COVID-19. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management regularly evaluates this information to determine if it is necessary to update the basis for its estimates and to adjust for known changes.

Foreign Currency

The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries and equity investments, where the local currency is the functional currency, are translated from their respective functional currencies into U.S. dollars at the rates in effect at the balance sheet date, and revenue and expense amounts are translated at average rates during the period, with resulting foreign currency translation adjustments recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income as a component of stockholders’ (deficit) equity. Gains and losses from the re-measurement of balances denominated in currencies other than the entities' functional currencies, are recorded in other expense, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
 
Inventory
 
Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is computed using the standard cost method, which approximates actual cost on a first-in, first-out basis. Materials from vendors are received and recorded as raw material. Once the raw materials are incorporated in the fabrication of the product, the related value of the component is recorded as work in
11


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
progress ("WIP"). Direct and indirect labor and applicable overhead costs are also allocated and recorded to WIP inventory. Finished goods are comprised of completed products that are ready for customer shipment. The Company periodically evaluates the carrying value of inventory on hand for potential excess amounts over sales and forecasted demand. Excess and obsolete inventories identified, if any, are recorded as an inventory impairment charge within the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The Company's estimate of write-downs for excess and obsolete inventory is based on a detailed analysis which includes on-hand inventory and purchase commitments in excess of forecasted demand. Subsequent disposals of inventories are recorded as a reduction of an inventory reserve.

Impairment of Goodwill

Impairment of goodwill is calculated using the simplified method, whereby the Company compares the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of its net assets, goodwill is not considered impaired. If the carrying value of net assets exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then goodwill is considered impaired and an impairment charge equal to that difference is recorded.

Leases

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”), No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), to enhance the transparency and comparability of financial reporting related to leasing arrangements. The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2019.

At the inception of an arrangement, the Company determines whether the arrangement is or contains a lease based on the unique facts and circumstances present. Operating lease liabilities and their corresponding right-of-use assets are recorded based on the present value of lease payments over the expected lease term. The interest rate implicit in lease contracts is typically not readily determinable. As such, the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate, which is the rate incurred to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. Certain adjustments to the right-of-use asset may be required for items, such as initial direct costs paid or incentives received.

Lease expense is recognized over the expected lease term on a straight-line basis. Operating leases are recognized on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets, lease liabilities current and lease liabilities non-current. As a result, the Company no longer recognizes deferred rent on the balance sheet.

Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. The Company recognizes the lease expense for such leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those products or services. The Company enters into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, which when capable of being distinct, are accounted for as separate performance obligations.

The Company’s medical device segment (EksoHealth) revenue is primarily generated through the sale and rental of the EksoNR and EksoGT, associated software (SmartAssist and VariableAssist), the sale and rental of the EksoUE, the sale of accessories, and the sale of support and maintenance contracts (Ekso Care). Revenue from medical device product sales is recognized at the point in time when control of the product transfers to the customer. Transfer of control generally occurs upon shipment from the Company’s facility for sales of the EksoNR or EksoGT, software and accessories. Ekso Care support and maintenance contracts extend coverage beyond the Company’s standard warranty agreements. The separately priced Ekso Care contracts range from 12 to 48 months. The Company receives payment at the inception of the contract and recognizes revenue over the term of the agreement. Revenue from medical device rentals is recognized over the rental term, typically over 12 months.

The Company’s industrial device segment (EksoWorks) revenue is generated through the sale and rental of the upper body exoskeleton (EksoVest) and the support arm (EksoZeroG). Revenue from industrial device sales is recognized at the point in
12


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
time when control of the product transfers to the customer. Transfer of control generally occurs upon shipment from the Company’s facility. Revenue from industrial device rentals is recognized over the rental term, typically over 12 months.
 
Refer to Note 8, Revenue Recognition for further information, including revenue disaggregated by source.
 
Government Grants

The Company accounts for nonreciprocal government grants by applying the contributions received guidance in ASC Topic 958-605 by analogy. To determine if a grant is non-reciprocal or reciprocal and whether the application of ASC 606 is required, the Company considers whether the transfer of resources is one in which commensurate value is exchanged. If commensurate value is not exchanged for the goods or services provided, the Company assesses whether the grant is conditional or unconditional.  Grants that contain both a barrier and right to return are considered conditional and revenue is deferred until such conditions are satisfied. In January 2019, the Company received a government grant from the Singapore Economic Development Board (“SEDB”) in the amount of approximately $1,500. The receipt of the funds is conditional upon certain operational milestones that must be met and maintained through December 31, 2021. Therefore, the Company has not recognized revenue related to the government grant from the SEBD nor received cash from the SEBD during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and prior periods. The Company does not expect to recognize revenue until December 31, 2021.

Going Concern
 
The Company assesses its ability to continue as a going concern at every interim and annual period in accordance with ASC 205-40. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk and Other Risks and Uncertainties
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash accounts in excess of federally insured limits. However, the Company believes it is not exposed to significant credit risk due to the financial position of the depository institutions in which these deposits are held. The Company extends credit to customers, most of which are hospitals or other large nationally recognizable institutions, in the normal course of business. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable exist to the full extent of amounts presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company does not require collateral from its customers to secure accounts receivable.
 
Accounts receivable are derived from the sale of products shipped to and services performed for customers. Invoices are aged based on contractual terms with the customer. The Company reviews accounts receivable for collectability and records an allowance for credit losses, as needed. The Company has not experienced any material losses related to accounts receivable as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
 
Many of the sales contracts with customers outside of the U.S. are settled in a foreign currency. The Company does not enter into any foreign currency hedging agreements and is susceptible to gains and losses from foreign currency fluctuations. To date, the Company has not experienced significant gains or losses upon settling foreign currency denominated accounts receivable.
 
At September 30, 2020, the Company had two customers with an accounts receivable balance totaling 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts receivable (10% and 15%), as compared with one customer at December 31, 2019 (11%).
 
During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had one customer with sales of 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue (13%), as compared with one customer in the three months ended September 30, 2019 (12%).

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had no customers with sales of 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue, as compared with one customer in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 (19%).
 



13


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments and subsequent amendments to the initial guidance under ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05 and ASU 2019-10, which amends the current approach to estimate credit losses on certain financial assets, including trade and other receivables. Generally, this amendment requires entities to establish a valuation allowance for the expected lifetime losses of these certain financial assets. Upon the initial recognition of such assets, which will be based on, among other things, historical information, current conditions, and reasonable supportable forecasts. Subsequent changes in the valuation allowance are recorded in current earnings and reversal of previous losses are permitted. Currently, U.S. GAAP requires entities to write down credit losses only when losses are probable and loss reversals are not permitted. The update will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2023. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments. ASU 2020-06 eliminates certain models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features, in certain cases. Additionally, among other changes, the guidance eliminates certain of the conditions for equity classification for contracts in an entity’s own equity. The guidance also requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, except for certain liability-classified share-based payment awards. This guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of 2022 and must be applied using either a modified or full retrospective approach. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted in 2020

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminates the computation of the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record a goodwill impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value. The guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the new guidance as of January 1, 2020, which reduced the complexity surrounding the evaluation of goodwill for impairment. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The standard modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820 by removing the requirement to disclose the reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and the policy for timing of such transfers. The standard expands the disclosure requirements for Level 3 fair value measurement, primarily focused on changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income. The amendments in this update became effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2020. The Company adopted ASU 2018-03 as of January 1, 2020. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

3.     Restructuring

In May of 2020, the Company streamlined its operations and reduced its workforce by approximately 35% to lower operating expenses and reduce cash burn. The restructuring plan was completed by the end of the second quarter of 2020.

The Company recorded restructuring expense of $244 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 comprised of employee severance payments. As of September 30, 2020, there was no accrued restructuring cost remaining on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

14


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
4.     Goodwill

The Company previously maintained a goodwill balance as a result of a prior acquisition of intangible assets from Equipois, LLC in December 2015 consisting of mechanical balance and support arms technologies, including the rights to the ZeroG product.

As a result of declining sales and gross margin and overall uncertainty about the future of the ZeroG product line, the Company performed an impairment assessment of goodwill utilizing the simplified method, which lead to in an impairment of goodwill of $189 reducing the goodwill balance to zero. In estimating the fair value, the Company utilized a discount cash flow model, which is dependent on a number of assumptions, most significantly forecasted revenues and operation profit margins. The following table sets forth the changes to goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:

  Goodwill
Balance at December 31, 2019 $ 189 
Loss on impairment of goodwill (189)
Balance at September 30, 2020 $ — 

5.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The following table sets forth the changes to accumulated comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, by component for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
  Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2019 $ 50 
Net unrealized loss on foreign currency translation (435)
Balance at September 30, 2020 $ (385)
 
6.    Fair Value Measurements
 
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, may be used to measure fair value which are the following:
 
Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. The Company considers a market to be active when transactions for the asset occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
Level 2—Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. The valuation of Level 3 investments requires the use of significant management judgments or estimation.

15


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
The Company’s fair value hierarchies for its financial assets and liabilities, which require fair value measurement, are as follows:
  Total Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
September 30, 2020        
Liabilities        
Warrant liabilities $ 4,560  $ —  $ —  $ 4,560 
December 31, 2019
Liabilities
Warrant liabilities $ 4,307  $ —  $ —  $ 4,307 
Contingent success fee liability $ $ —  $ —  $
 
The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, which were measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
  Warrant Liability Contingent Success
Fee Liability
Balance at December 31, 2019 $ 4,307  $
Initial valuation of warrants in connection with June 2020 financing 2,650  — 
Loss on revaluation of warrants issued in connection with the June 2020, December 2019, May 2019, and December 2015 equity financings 1,579  — 
Gain on revaluation of contingent liability —  (6)
Reclassification of warrant liability to equity upon exercise of warrants (3,976) — 
Balance at September 30, 2020 $ 4,560  $ — 
 
Refer to Note 13. Capitalization and Equity Structure – Warrants for additional information regarding the valuation of warrants.
 
7.    Inventories, net
 
Inventories consisted of the following:
  September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Raw materials $ 2,020  $ 2,208 
Work in progress —  29 
Finished goods 160  252 
Inventories, net $ 2,180  $ 2,489 

8.    Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those products or services. The Company enters into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, which when capable of being distinct, are accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue recognition is evaluated based on the following five steps: (i) identification of the contract with the customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as a performance obligation is satisfied.
 
16


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
For multiple-element arrangements, revenue is allocated to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. Standalone selling prices are determined based on observable prices at which the Company separately sells its products or services. If a standalone selling price is not directly observable, the Company estimates the selling price based on market conditions and entity-specific factors including features and functionality of the product and/or services, the geography of the Company’s customers, type of the Company’s markets. Any discounts or other reductions to the transaction price are allocated proportionately to all performance obligations within the multiple-element arrangement.
 
Contract Balances
 
Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers and receipt of payment. For the sale of its products, the Company generally recognizes revenue at a point in time through the ship-and-bill performance obligations. For the rental of its products, the Company generally recognizes revenue over the rental term commencing upon the completion of customer training. For service agreements, the Company generally invoices customers at the beginning of the coverage period and records revenue related to the billed amounts over time, equivalent to the coverage period of the maintenance and support contract.
 
Deferred revenue is comprised mainly of unearned revenue related to extended support and maintenance contracts (Ekso Care) but also includes other offerings for which the Company has been paid in advance and earns revenue when the Company transfers control of the product or service.
 
Deferred revenue consisted of the following:
September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Deferred extended maintenance and support $ 2,823  $ 2,837 
Deferred royalties 282  290 
Deferred device and rental revenues 146  131 
Customer deposits and advances 23 
Total deferred revenues 3,258  3,281 
Less current portion (1,448) (1,492)
Deferred revenues, non-current $ 1,810  $ 1,789 
 
Deferred revenue activity consisted of the following for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Beginning balance $ 3,281 
Deferral of revenue 1,256 
Recognition of deferred revenue (1,279)
Ending balance $ 3,258 
 
As of September 30, 2020, the Company’s deferred revenue was $3,258. Excluding customer deposits, the Company expects to recognize approximately $507 of the deferred revenue during the remainder of 2020, $1,244 in 2021, and $1,507 thereafter.

In addition to deferred revenue, the Company has non-cancellable backlog of $504 related to its contracts for rental units with its customers. These rental contracts are classified as operating leases, typically with 12-month lease terms, and rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
 
As of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, were $4,450 and $5,208, respectively, and are included in current assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects the Company’s best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. The Company determines the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within 30 to 90 days.
17


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Disaggregation of revenue
 
The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue by major source for the three months ended September 30, 2020:
  EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Device sales $ 2,018  $ 127  $ 2,145 
Service and support 455  —  455 
Rentals 178  185 
Parts and other 32  24  56 
Collaborative arrangements 56  —  56 
  $ 2,739  $ 158  $ 2,897 

The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue by major source for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
  EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Device sales $ 3,706  $ 543  $ 4,249 
Service and support 1,170  —  1,170 
Rentals 656  10  666 
Parts and other 255  60  315 
Collaborative arrangements 228  —  228 
  $ 6,015  $ 613  $ 6,628 

The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue by major source for the three months ended September 30, 2019:

  EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Device sales $ 2,449  $ 289  $ 2,738 
Service and support 67  —  67 
Rentals 208  —  208 
Parts and other 257  31  288 
Collaborative arrangements 18  —  18
  $ 2,999  $ 320  $ 3,319 

The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue by major source for the nine months ended September 30, 2019:

  EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Device sales $ 6,688  $ 1,365  $ 8,053 
Service and support 911  —  911 
Rentals 739  —  739 
Parts and other 297  171  468 
Collaborative arrangements 26  —  26
  $ 8,661  $ 1,536  $ 10,197 

9.    Investment in Unconsolidated Affiliate

In May 2020, the Company, Zhejiang Youchuang Venture Capital Investment Co., Ltd and another partner (collectively, the “JV Partners”) received notice from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (“CFIUS”) in connection with
18


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
its review of the Company’s and the JV Partners’ investment in Exoskeleton Intelligent Robotics Co. Limited (the “China JV”). The notice stated that CFIUS’s prior national security concerns regarding the China JV could not be mitigated. In connection with such determination, on July 13, 2020, the Company and the JV Partners entered into a National Security Agreement (“NSA”), which, among other things, requires the termination of the agreements underlying the China JV and prohibits the Company from providing technology or services to the China JV. On August 12, 2020, the Company and the JV Partners agreed to terminate the agreements underlying the China JV.

In accordance with the above, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recorded a $66 loss on investment in unconsolidated affiliate in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss related to the write-off of previously recorded direct costs related to establishing the China JV.


10.    Accrued Liabilities
 
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Salaries, benefits and related expenses $ 1,162  $ 1,098 
Device warranty 206  285 
Other 198  300 
Total $ 1,566  $ 1,683 
 
The current portion of the warranty liability is classified as a component of accrued liabilities, while the long-term portion of the warranty liability is classified as a component of other non-current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. A reconciliation of the changes in the device warranty liability is as follows:
Three months ended Nine months ended
  September 30, 2020
Balance at beginning of period $ 229  $ 350 
Additions for estimated future expense 83  156 
Incurred costs (76) (270)
Balance at end of period $ 236  $ 236 
Balance as of September 30, 2020
Current portion $ 206 
Long-term portion 30 
Total $ 236 
 
11.    Notes Payable, net
 
PWB Term Loan

In December 2016, the Company entered into a loan agreement with Western Alliance Bank ("WAB loan") and received a loan in the principal amount of $7,000 that bears interest on the outstanding daily balance at a floating per annum rate equal to the 30-day U.S. LIBOR plus 5.41%. The Company was required to pay accrued interest on the current loan on the first day of each month through and including January 1, 2018. Commencing on February 1, 2018, the Company was required to make equal monthly payments of principal, together with accrued and unpaid interest maturing in January 2021. On April 29, 2020 the Company entered into a second amendment to the December 2016 loan agreement to defer principal payments for three months beginning in May 2020 and be re-amortized when principal payments resume on August 1, 2020. During the three-month deferral period the Company was required to make interest only payments.
19


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

The final payment fee, debt issuance costs, and the initial fair value of the success fee combined with the stated interest resulted in an effective interest rate for the WAB loan of 7.55% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 8.49% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The final payment fee, initial fair value of the success fee and debt issuance costs were accreted/amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the life of the loan.

In August 2020, the Company entered into a new loan agreement (the "PWB Loan Agreement") with a different lender, Pacific Western Bank, and received a loan in the principal amount of $2,000 (the "PWB Term Loan") that bears interest on the outstanding daily balance at a rate equal to the greater of: (a) 0.50% above the variable rate of interest announced by the lender as its “prime rate” then in effect; or (b) 4.50%. The PWB Loan Agreement created a first priority security interest with respect to substantially all assets of the Company, including proceeds of intellectual property, but expressly excluding intellectual property itself.

The proceeds of the PWB Term Loan were used to pay off the entire amount of the Company's indebtedness to Western Alliance Bank which amounted to $1,512. Pursuant to the PWB Loan Agreement, the remainder of the PWB Term Loan proceeds may be used for general corporate purposes which totaled $480.

The Company is required to pay accrued interest on the current loan on the 13th day of each month through and including August 13, 2023. The principal balance of the PWB Term Loan matures on August 13, 2023, at which time all unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest shall be due and payable in full. The interest rate of the PWB Term Loan is subject to increase in the event of late payments and after occurrence of and during the continuation of an event of default. Upon maturity, all unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest shall be due and payable in full. The Company may elect to prepay the PWB Term Loan at any time, in whole or in part, without penalty or premium.

The PWB Loan Agreement contains a liquidity covenant, which requires that the Company maintain unrestricted cash and cash equivalents in accounts of the lender or subject to control agreements in favor of the lender in an amount equal to at least the outstanding balance of the PWB Term Loan, which was $2,000 as of September 30, 2020. On September 30, 2020, with cash on hand of $14,549, the Company was compliant with this liquidity covenant.

The debt issuance costs and debt discounts combined with the stated interest resulted in an effective interest rate of 4.620% for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The debt issuance costs will be amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the life of the loan.

The following table presents scheduled principal payments of the Company’s note payable as of September 30, 2020:
Period Amount
2020 - 2022 $ — 
2023 2,000 
Total principal payments 2,000 
Less debt discounts and issuance costs
Note payable, net $ 1,993 

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

On April 20, 2020, the Company received an unsecured loan in the principal amount of $1,086 under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration, or the SBA, pursuant to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), or the PPP loan. The terms of the PPP Loan were subsequently revised in accordance with the provisions of the Paycheck Protection Flexibility Act of 2020, or the PPP Flexibility Act, which was enacted on June 5, 2020. The PPP loan provides for an interest rate of 1.00% per year, and matures two years after the date of initial disbursement, with initial principal and interest payments coming due late in fiscal 2021. The PPP loan may be used for payroll costs, costs related to certain group health care benefits and insurance premiums, rent payments, utility payments, mortgage interest payments and interest payments on any other debt obligation that were incurred before February 15, 2020. Under the terms of the CARES Act and the PPP Flexibility Act, the Company may apply for and be granted forgiveness for all or a portion of loan granted under the PPP loan, with such forgiveness to be determined, subject to limitations (including where
20


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
employees of the Company have been terminated and not re-hired by a certain date), based on the use of the loan proceeds for payment of payroll costs and any payments of mortgage interest, rent, and utilities. The terms of any forgiveness may also be subject to further requirements in regulations and guidelines adopted by the SBA. While the Company currently believes that the majority of the use of the PPP loan proceeds will meet the conditions for forgiveness under the PPP, no assurance is provided that the Company will obtain partial forgiveness of the loan.

The follow table presents the scheduled principal payments of the Company's PPP loan note payable as of September 30, 2020, shown if the loan is not forgiven:

Period Amount
Remainder - 2020 $ — 
2021 — 
2022 530 
2023 556 
Total principal payments $ 1,086 
Current portion $ — 
Long-term portion 1,086 
Note payable, net $ 1,086 


12.    Lease Obligations

The Company's five-year operating lease agreement for its headquarters and manufacturing facility in Richmond, California, or the Richmond Lease, expires in May 2022, with no further options to extend or terminate. The lease includes non-lease components (i.e. common area maintenance costs) that are paid separately from rent based on actual costs incurred. In June 2020, the Company entered into an amendment to the Richmond Lease to make a one-time payment of $300 to cover its remaining lease obligations for the remainder of 2020, resulting in a $48 abatement and a lease payment deferral of $79 to be paid in equal monthly installments in 2021.

The Company's five-year operating lease agreement for its European operations office in Hamburg, Germany expires in July 2022. It has an option to extend for another five-year term.
 
The Company’s future lease payments as of September 30, 2020 are as follows, which are presented as lease liabilities, current and lease liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets:
Period Operating Leases
Remainder of 2020 $ 26 
2021 593 
2022 235 
Total lease payments 854 
Less: imputed interest (75)
Present value of lease liabilities $ 779 
Lease liabilities, current $ 406 
Lease liabilities, noncurrent 373 
Total lease liabilities $ 779 
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years) 1.69
Weighted-average discount rate 10.5  %
21


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Lease expense under the Company’s operating leases was $132 and $134 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $405 and $404 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Practical Expedients

Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. The Company recognizes the lease expense for such leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

As part of the transition to ASC 842, the Company elected to use the modified retrospective transition method with the new standard being applied as of the January 1, 2019 adoption date. Additionally, the Company has elected, as of the adoption date, not to reassess whether expired or existing contracts contain leases under the new definition of a lease; the lease classification for expired or existing leases; or whether previously capitalized initial direct costs would qualify for capitalization under ASC 842.

13.    Capitalization and Equity Structure

Reverse Stock Split

After the close of the stock market on March 24, 2020, the Company effected a 1-for-15 reverse split of its common stock. As a result, all common stock share amounts included in this filing have been retroactively reduced by a factor of fifteen, rounded up to the nearest whole share, and all common stock per share amounts have been increased by a factor of fifteen, with the exception of the Company's common stock par value and the Company's authorized shares. Amounts affected include common stock outstanding, restricted stock units, common stock underlying stock options and warrants.

Summary
 
The Company’s authorized capital stock at September 30, 2020 consisted of 141,429 shares of common stock and 10,000 shares of preferred stock. As of September 30, 2020, there were 8,316 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding.

Common Stock

June 2020 Common Stock and Warrants to Purchase Common Stock Offering

In June 2020, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement, or the June 2020 Purchase Agreement, with certain purchasers. Pursuant to the June 2020 Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to sell in a registered direct offering, or the June 2020 Offering, an aggregate of 1,748 shares of its common stock. Pursuant to such agreement, the Company also agreed to sell, in a concurrent private placement offering, warrants to purchase 874 shares of its common stock, or the June 2020 Investor Warrants. The gross proceeds of the June 2020 Offering and the concurrent private placement offering were $7,890, the June 2020 Gross Proceeds. Each June 2020 Investor Warrant has an exercise price of $5.18 per share, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and is exercisable immediately and will expire five and one-half years from issuance, or on December 10, 2025.

As compensation for services provided by the placement agent for the June 2020 Offering, or the Placement Agent, the Company paid a cash fee equal to 7.0% of the June 2020 Gross Proceeds ($552) and a management fee equal to 1.0% of the June 2020 Gross Proceeds ($79), and issued, in a concurrent private placement offering, warrants to purchase shares of the Company's common stock, or the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants, in an amount equal to up to 7.0% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock sold in the June 2020 Offering, or 122 shares in the aggregate, in substantially the same form as the June 2020 Investor Warrants, except that the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants will expire five years from the effective date of the June 2020 Offering, or on June 7, 2025, and have an exercise price per share equal to $5.64. In connection with the June 2020 Offering, the Company also incurred $98 in other expenses of the Placement Agent paid for or reimbursed by the Company.

22


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Of the $7,890 in proceeds, $2,650 was allocated to the June 2020 Investor Warrants and June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants, or, collectively, the June 2020 Warrants, based on the fair value method, with the remaining proceeds of $5,240 allocated to the common stock shares sold in the June 2020 Offering. In connection with the June 2020 Offering and concurrent private placement offerings, the Company incurred approximately $1,117 in direct financing costs, including a fair value of $309 of June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants. Financing costs of $808, excluding the fair value of the June 2020 Placement Agents Warrants, were allocated on the fair value basis between the common stock shares sold in the June 2020 Offering and the June 2020 Warrants, as follows: $329 was allocated to the June 2020 Warrants and expensed immediately in other income (expense), net in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) and $479 was allocated to the common stock shares sold in the June 2020 Offering and recorded as a reduction to additional paid in capital. The direct financing cost of $309 associated with the June 2020 Placement Agent warrants was also allocated to the common stock shares sold in the June 2020 Offering and recorded as a reduction to additional paid in capital.

At-the-Market Offering

Subsequent to quarter-end, in October 2020, the Company entered into an At-The-Market Offering Agreement (the "ATM Agreement") with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (the "Agent"), under which the Company may issue and sell shares of its common stock, from time to time, to or through the Agent. Offers and sales of shares of common stock by the Company through the Agent may be made by any method deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined under SEC Rule 415 or in privately negotiated transactions, subject to certain conditions. Such shares may be offered pursuant to the registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-239203) (the “Registration Statement”), which was declared effective by the SEC on June 26, 2020, and a related prospectus supplement filed with the SEC on October 9, 2020 (the “ATM Prospectus”). Pursuant to the Registration Statement and the ATM Prospectus, shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $7,500 may be offered and sold, subject to certain SEC rules limiting the amount of shares of the Company’s common stock that may be sold by the Company under the Registration Statement. Under the ATM Agreement, shares of the Company's common stock may not be sold for a price lower than $6.75 per share.

In August 2018, the Company entered into a Controlled Equity OfferingSM Sales Agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. (the "Cantor Agreement"). Prior to entering into the ATM Agreement, the Company terminated the Cantor Agreement in September 2020.

The Company did not sell any shares of common stock under the Cantor Agreement during nine months ended September 30, 2020, nor did the Company sell shares of common stock under the ATM Agreement during the fourth quarter through October 26, 2020.

Warrants
 
Warrant shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2020 were as follows:  
Source Exercise
Price
Term
(Years)
December 31, 2019 Issued Exercised Expired September 30, 2020
June 2020 Investor Warrants $ 5.18  5.5 —  874  (477) —  397 
June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants $ 5.64  5 —  122  —  —  122 
December 2019 Warrants $ 8.10  5 556  —  —  —  556 
December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants $ 8.44  5 52  —  —  —  52 
May 2019 Warrants $ 3.52  5 444  —  (246) —  198 
2017 Information Agent Warrants $ 22.50  3 13  —  —  (13) — 
2015 Warrants $ 41.25  5 107  —  —  —  107 
Pre-2014 warrants $ 144.90 
9-10
—  —  (6) — 
  1,178  996  (723) (19) 1,432 

23


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
June 2020 Investor Warrants

In June 2020, the Company issued the June 2020 Investor Warrants, exercisable for up to 874 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $5.18 per share. The June 2020 Warrants were issued as exercisable immediately, and will expire five and one-half years from the date of issuance, or on December 10, 2025.

In addition, the June 2020 Investor Warrants contain a cashless exercise provision, whereby, if, at the time a holder exercises its June 2020 Investor Warrants, a registration statement registering the issuance or the resale of the shares of common stock underlying the June 2020 Investor Warrants under the Securities Act is not then effective or available for the issuance of such shares, then in lieu of making the cash payment otherwise contemplated to be made to the Company upon such exercise in payment of the aggregate exercise price, the holder may elect to instead receive, upon such exercise (either in whole or in part), the net number of shares of the Company’s common stock determined according to a formula set forth in the June 2020 Investor Warrant. The June 2020 Investor Warrants will be automatically exercised on a cashless basis on their expiration date.
The June 2020 Investor Warrants could also require payment of liquidated damages by the Company in the form of cash payments in the event of a failure by the Company to timely deliver shares of common stock upon exercise of such warrants.

The June 2020 Investor Warrants also contain a put option, under which, if the Company enters into a Fundamental Transaction, as defined in the June 2020 Investor Warrants, as defined in the June 2020 Investor Warrants, the holders of the June 2020 Investor Warrants will be entitled to receive upon exercise of the June 2020 Investor Warrants the kind and amount of securities, cash or other property that the holders would have received had they exercised the June 2020 Investor Warrants immediately prior to such fundamental transaction. Alternatively, the Company or any successor entity will, at the option of a holder of a June 2020 Investor Warrant, exercisable concurrently with or at any time within 30 days after the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, purchase such holder’s June 2020 Investor Warrant by paying to such holder an amount of cash equal to the Black-Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of such holder’s June 2020 Investor Warrant. Because of this put-option provision, the June 2020 Investor Warrants are classified as a liability and are marked to market at each reporting date.

The warrant liability related to the June 2020 Investor Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes Model to measure the fair value of the June 2020 Investor Warrants:

September 30, 2020 June 10, 2020
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 3.81 
Conversion price $ 5.18  $ 5.18 
Risk-free interest rate 0.26  % 0.39  %
Expected term (years) 5.19 5.5
Volatility of stock 104.12  % 96.4  %


June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants

In June 2020, the Company issued the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants, exercisable for up to 122 shares of the Company’s common stock, to the placement agent for such offering. The June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same form as the June 2020 Investor Warrants, including the put option described above, except that they have an exercise price per share equal to $5.64, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and will expire on June 7, 2025.

Because of the put-option provision in the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants, these warrants are classified as a liability and are marked to market at each reporting date.

The warrant liability related to the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes Model to measure the fair value of the June 2020 Placement Agent Warrants:
24


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
September 30, 2020 June 10, 2020
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 3.81 
Conversion price $ 5.64  $ 5.64 
Risk-free interest rate 0.26  % 0.33  %
Expected term (years) 4.69 5
Volatility of stock 106.83  % 96.3  %

December 2019 Warrants

In December 2019, pursuant to a securities purchase agreement (the "December 2019 Offering"), the Company issued warrants (the "December 2019 Warrants") to purchase 556 shares of common stock. The December 2019 Warrants have an exercise price of $8.10 per share and will be exercisable six months and one day from their issuance date, or from and after June 21, 2020, and will expire five years from the date they initially became exercisable, or on June 21, 2025. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, 477 shares of the December 2019 Warrants were exercised.

The December 2019 Warrants also contain a put option, under which, if the Company enters into a Fundamental Transaction, as defined in the December 2019 Warrants, the Company or any successor entity will, at the option of a holder of a December 2019 Warrant, exercisable concurrently with or at any time within 30 days after the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, purchase such holder’s December 2019 Warrant by paying to such holder an amount of cash equal to the Black-Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of such holder’s December 2019 Warrant within five trading days after the notice of exercise by the holder of the put option. Because of this put-option provision, the December 2019 Warrants are classified as a liability and are marked to market at each reporting date.

The warrant liability related to the December 2019 Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes Model to measure the fair value of the December 2019 Warrants:

September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 5.86 
Conversion price $ 8.10  $ 8.10 
Risk-free interest rate 0.26  % 1.73  %
Expected term (years) 4.72 5.5
Volatility of stock 106.84  % 95.7  %

December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants
In December 2019, in connection with the December 2019 Offering, the Company issued warrants to purchase 52 shares of the Company’s common stock to the placement agent for such offering (the "December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants"). The December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same form as the December 2019 Warrants, except that they have an exercise price per share equal to $8.44, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and will expire on December 18, 2025.

The warrant liability related to the December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes Model to measure the fair value of the December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants:
25


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 5.86 
Conversion price $ 8.44  $ 8.44 
Risk-free interest rate 0.23  % 1.69  %
Expected term (years) 4.22 5.0
Volatility of stock 109.79  % 93.1  %

Management has assessed that the likelihood of a Change of Control (as defined in the December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants) occurring during the term of the December 2019 Placement Agent Warrants is low, and that if such an event were to occur, the difference between the cashless exercise value and the warrants fair value is nominal.

May 2019 Warrants

In May 2019, pursuant to an underwriting agreement, (the "May 2019 Offering"), the Company issued the warrants (the "May 2019 Warrants") to purchase 444 shares of common stock. The May 2019 Warrants currently have an exercise price of $3.52 per share and will expire five years from the date of their issuance, or on May 24, 2024. The May 2019 Warrants contain a price protection feature, pursuant to which, subject to certain exceptions, if shares of common stock are sold or issued in the future, or securities convertible or exercisable for shares of the Company’s common stock are sold or issued in the future, for consideration, or with an exercise price or conversion price, as applicable, per share less than the exercise price per share then in effect for the May 2019 Warrants, the exercise price of the May 2019 Warrants is reduced to the consideration paid for, or the exercise price or conversion price of, as the case may be, the securities issued in such offering. Pursuant to this provision, in connection with the June 2020 Offering, the exercise price of the May 2019 Warrants was reduced to $3.52 per share, being the amount that is equal to the lower of (x) the consideration paid for the securities issued in the June 2020 Offering, or $4.51 per share, (y) the lowest exercise price of the June 2020 Warrants, or $5.18, and (z) the lowest one-day volume-weighted average price of the Company’s Common Stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market as measured each day during the five trading day period starting on June 8, 2020, rounded to the nearest share, or $3.52. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, 246 shares of the May 2019 warrants were exercised.

In addition, if the Company effects or enters into any issuance of common stock or options or convertible securities exercisable for or convertible into common stock at a price which varies or may vary with the market price of the shares of the Company's common stock, subject to certain exceptions, a May 2019 Warrant holder may, at the time of exercise of the holder’s warrant, elect to exercise the warrant at such variable price.

The May 2019 Warrants include a put option, whereby while the May 2019 Warrants are outstanding, if the Company enters into a Change of Control, as defined in the May 2019 Warrants, the Company or any successor entity will, at the option of a 2019 Warrant holder exercise within 90 days after the public disclosure of the Change of Control transaction, purchase such holder’s May 2019 Warrants by paying to such holder an amount of cash equal to the Black-Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of such warrants on the later date of consummation of the Change of Control transaction or two trading days after the notice of such request. Because of this put option provision, the May 2019 Warrants are classified as a liability and are marked to market at each reporting date.

The warrant liability related to the May 2019 Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in a combination of the Black-Scholes Model and the Lattice Model to measure the fair value of the May 2019 Warrants:
September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 5.86 
Conversion price $ 3.52  $ 5.70 
Risk-free interest rate 0.2  % 1.67  %
Expected term (years) 3.6 4.4
Volatility of stock 113.3  % 93.9  %
26


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Management has assessed that the likelihood of a Change of Control occurring during the term of the warrants is low, and that if such an event were to occur, the difference between the cashless exercise value and the May 2019 Warrants fair value is nominal.

2017 Information Agent Warrants
 
In September 2017, in connection with a rights offering in August 2017, the Company issued warrants (the "2017 Information Agent Warrants") to purchase 13 shares of the Company’s common stock to an information agent. The 2017 Information Agent Warrants have an exercise price of $22.50 per share, and became exercisable immediately upon issuance and will remain exercisable until September 13, 2020. These warrants were recorded in stockholders’ (deficit) equity on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. These warrants expired during the three months ended September 30, 2020.
 
2015 Warrants

In December 2015, the Company issued warrants (the "2015 Warrants") to purchase 141 shares. The 2015 Warrants have an exercise price of $41.25 per share, are immediately exercisable and will remain exercisable until December 23, 2020. The 2015 Warrants contain a put-option provision. Under this provision, while the 2015 Warrants are outstanding, if the Company enters into a Fundamental Transaction, as defined in the 2015 Warrants as a merger, consolidation or similar transaction, the Company or any successor entity shall, at the option of each warrant holder, exercisable at any time concurrently with or within 30 days after the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction, purchase the warrant from the holder exercising such option by paying to the holder an amount of cash equal to the Black-Scholes value of the remaining unexercised portion of such holder’s warrant on the date of the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction. Because of this put-option provision, the 2015 Warrants are classified as a liability and are marked to market at each reporting date. Through December 31, 2019, 35 shares of the 2015 Warrants were exercised. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, none of the 2015 Warrants were exercised.
 
On March 8, 2019, in connection with an amendment to a securities purchase agreement, which retroactively removed a provision from such securities purchase agreement that prohibited the Company from effecting or entering into an agreement to effect any issuance by the Company of its common stock at a price determined based on the trading price of the Company’s common stock or otherwise at a future determined price, the Company entered into an amendment to the 2015 Warrants to reduce the exercise price of each such warrant from $56.10 per share to $41.25 per share, subject to further adjustments pursuant to the existing terms of such warrant. In the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded a $257 loss on the modification of these warrants.
 
The warrant liability related to the 2015 Warrants is measured at fair value at each reporting date using certain estimated inputs, which are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model to measure the fair value of the 2015 Warrants as of:

September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Current share price $ 4.75  $ 5.86 
Conversion price $ 41.25  $ 41.25 
Risk-free interest rate 0.1  % 1.59  %
Expected term (years) 0.24 0.99
Volatility of stock 110.52  % 98.46  %

Pre-2014 Merger Warrants

As a result of the May 2019 Offering, which was a firm commitment underwritten public offering, warrants to purchase 6 shares of the Company's common stock, which were converted from warrants to purchase preferred stock of Ekso Bionics, Inc. at the time of the merger, expired in accordance with their terms.


27


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
14.    Stock-based Compensation
 
See Note 13, Capitalization and Equity Structure – Reverse Stock Split.

In March 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to the Company’s Amended and Restated 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”), to increase the number of shares available for grant by 333 shares.  As of September 30, 2020, the total shares authorized for grant under the 2014 Plan was 1,174, of which 321 were available for future grants.
 
Stock Options
 
The following table summarizes information about the Company’s stock options outstanding as of September 30, 2020, and activity during the nine months then ended:
Stock
Awards
Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Balance as of December 31, 2019 494  $ 36.64 
Options granted 90  5.65 
Options exercised —  — 
Options forfeited (24) 26.49 
Options cancelled (28) 42.38 
Balance as of September 30, 2020 532  $ 31.57  7.61 $ — 
Vested and expected to vest at September 30, 2020 532  $ 31.57  7.61 $ — 
Exercisable as of September 30, 2020 317  $ 42.26  6.85 $ — 
 
As of September 30, 2020, total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options was $2,572. This amount is expected to be recognized as stock-based compensation expense in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss over the remaining weighted average vesting period of 2.23 years.
 
The per-share fair value of each stock option was determined on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes Model using the following assumptions:
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2020(1)
2019(1)
2020 2019
Dividend yield N/A N/A —  — 
Risk-free interest rate N/A N/A 1.58  % 2.12  %
Expected term (in years) N/A N/A 5.6 6
Volatility N/A N/A 102  % 102  %
(1) Black-Scholes option pricing model assumptions are not applicable for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, as there were no stock options granted during these periods.

 Restricted Stock Units
 
Each restricted stock unit (RSU) issued to employees and members of the board of directors represents the right to receive one share of the Company’s common stock upon vesting and subsequent settlement. The fair value of RSUs is determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.
 
RSU activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 is summarized below:
28


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
  Number of
Shares
Weighted-
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
Unvested as of December 31, 2019 89  $ 10.77 
Granted 135  4.45 
Vested (16) 8.06 
Forfeited (28) 11.03 
Unvested at September 30, 2020 180  $ 6.21 
 
As of September 30, 2020, $900 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested RSUs was expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.35 years.
   
Compensation Expense
 
Total stock-based compensation expense related to options and RSUs granted to employees and non-employees is included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as follows:
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Sales and marketing $ 103  $ 137  $ 339  $ 516 
Research and development 49  57  161  175 
General and administrative 365  293  1,112  989 
  $ 517  $ 487  $ 1,612  $ 1,680 
 
401(k) Plan Share Match
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 26 shares of common stock to eligible employees’ deferral accounts for the 401(k) Plan matching contribution representing 50% of each eligible employee’s elected deferral (up to the statutory limit) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The expense related to the 2020 contribution was $155 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
  
15.    Income Taxes

There were no material changes to the unrecognized tax benefits in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, and the Company does not expect significant changes to unrecognized tax benefits through the end of the fiscal year. Because of the Company’s history of tax losses, all years remain open to tax examination.
 
16.    Commitments and Contingencies

Material Contracts
 
The Company enters various license, research collaboration and development agreements, which provide for payments to the Company primarily for technology transfer and license fees, and royalty payments on sales.
 
The Company has two license agreements with the Regents of the University of California to maintain exclusive rights to certain patents. Pursuant to those license agreements, the Company is required to pay 1% of net sales of products sold to entities other than the U.S. government and, in the event of a sub-license, the Company owes 21% of license fees and must pass through 1% of the sub-licensee’s net sales of products sold to entities other than the U.S. government. The agreements also stipulate minimum annual royalties of $50.
 
In connection with acquisition of Equipois, LLC ("Equipois"), the Company assumed the rights and obligations of Equipois under a license agreement with the developer of certain intellectual property related to mechanical balance and support arm
29


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
technologies, which grants the Company an exclusive license with respect to the technology and patent rights for certain fields of use. Pursuant to the terms of the license agreement, the Company pays the developer a single-digit royalty on net receipts, subject to a $50 annual minimum royalty requirement.
 
The Company purchases components from a variety of suppliers and uses contract manufacturers to provide manufacturing services for its products. Purchase obligations are defined as agreements that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction. The Company had purchase obligations primarily for purchases of inventory and manufacturing related service contracts totaling $302 as of September 30, 2020, which is expected to be paid within a year. Timing of payments and actual amounts paid may be different depending on the time of receipt of goods or services or changes to agreed-upon amounts for some obligations.
 
Contingencies
 
In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to various legal matters. In the opinion of management, the resolution of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
17.    Net Income (Loss) Per Share
 
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share:
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Numerator:        
Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders $ 2,452  $ 206  $ (11,849) $ (9,411)
Adjustment for gain on fair value of "in the money" warrants (2,545) —  (294) — 
Adjusted net income (loss) used for dilution calculation $ (93) $ 206  $ (12,143) $ (9,411)
Denominator:
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding 8,236  4,996  6,772  4,684 
Effect of dilutive shares:
"In the money" warrants for common stock 143  —  57  — 
Equity awards —  —  — 
Dilutive weighted-average number of shares outstanding 8,379  4,997  6,829  4,684 
Net income (loss) per share applicable to common shareholders
Basic $ 0.30  $ 0.04  $ (1.75) $ (2.01)
Diluted $ (0.01) $ 0.04  $ (1.78) $ (2.01)
 
30


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
The following table sets forth potential shares of common stock that are not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive as of the end of each period presented:
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Options to purchase common stock 532  395  532  396 
Restricted stock units 180  180 
Warrants for common stock 715  571  1,234  571 
Total common stock equivalents 1,427  975  1,946  976 

18.    Segment Disclosures
 
The Company has two reportable segments: EksoHealth (also referred to as the medical devices segment) and EksoWorks (also referred to as the industrial devices segment). The EksoHealth segment designs, engineers, manufactures, sells, and rents exoskeletons for applications in the medical markets. The EksoWorks segment designs, engineers, manufactures, sells, and rents exoskeleton devices to allow able-bodied users to perform difficult repetitive work for extended periods. The reportable segments are each managed separately because they serve distinct markets.
 
The Company evaluates performance and allocates resources based on segment gross profit margin. The Company does not consider net assets as a segment measure and, accordingly, assets are not allocated.
 
Segment reporting information is as follows:
  EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Three months ended September 30, 2020      
Revenue $ 2,739  $ 158  $ 2,897 
Cost of revenue 989  95  1,084 
Gross profit $ 1,750  $ 63  $ 1,813 
Three months ended September 30, 2019      
Revenue $ 2,999  $ 320  $ 3,319 
Cost of revenue 1,297  272  1,569 
Gross profit $ 1,702  $ 48  $ 1,750 


EksoHealth EksoWorks Total
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Revenue $ 6,015  $ 613  $ 6,628 
Cost of revenue 2,466  453  2,919 
Gross profit $ 3,549  $ 160  $ 3,709 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
Revenue $ 8,661  $ 1,536  $ 10,197 
Cost of revenue 3,932  1,356  5,288 
Gross profit $ 4,729  $ 180  $ 4,909 


31


Ekso Bionics Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Geographic information for revenue based on location of customers is as follows:
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
United States $ 1,926  $ 1,941  $ 4,813  $ 6,669 
All Other 971  1,378  1,815  3,528 
  $ 2,897  $ 3,319  $ 6,628  $ 10,197 

19.    Related Party Transactions

One of the Company’s directors, Dr. Ted Wang, is the founder, general partner and Chief Investment Officer of Puissance Capital Management LP (“Puissance Capital”), which is an affiliate of Puissance Cross-Border Opportunities II LLC, one of the Company’s largest stockholders. Prior to Dr. Wang’s appointment to the Board in September 2017, the Company entered into a one-year consulting agreement with Angel Pond Capital LLC (“Angel Pond”), an entity solely owned and managed by Dr. Wang and affiliated with Puissance Capital. Angel Pond provides consulting services to the Company with respect to strategic positioning in the Asia Pacific region, including introduction to potential strategic partners and the development of strategic partnerships for the sale and manufacture of the Company’s products in that market. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, Angel Pond provided consulting services amounting to $30, which was expensed in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company sold EksoVest raw material inventory and tooling to the China JV for $45.

32


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operation should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 (this “Quarterly Report”) and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 (the “Annual Report”).
 
This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include statements other than statements of historical facts contained or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report, including statements regarding (i) the plans and objectives of management for future operations, including those relating to the design, development and commercialization of exoskeleton products for humans, (ii) a projection of income (including income/loss), earnings (including earnings/loss) per share, capital expenditures, dividends, capital structure or other financial items, (iii) our future financial performance, including any such statement contained in a discussion and analysis of financial condition by management or in the results of operations included pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, (iv) our beliefs regarding the potential for commercial opportunities for exoskeleton technology in general and our exoskeleton products in particular, (v) our beliefs regarding potential clinical and other health benefits of our medical devices, and (vi) the assumptions underlying or relating to any statement described in points (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) above. The words “may,” “might,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “project,” “estimate,” “pro-forma,” “predict,” “potential,” “strategy,” “anticipate,” “attempt,” “develop,” “plan,” “help,” “believe,” “continue,” “intend,” “expect,” “future,” and similar expressions (including the negative of any of the foregoing) are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

The following factors, among others, including those described in the section titled “Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report, as updated and supplemented in this Quarterly Report under the heading “Part II – Item 1A. Risk Factors,” could cause our future results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking information:
 
our ability to obtain adequate financing to fund operations and to develop or enhance our technology;
scope, scale and duration of the impact of outbreaks of a pandemic disease, such as COVID-19 (coronavirus);
our ability to obtain or maintain regulatory approval to market our medical devices;
our ability to complete clinical trials on a timely basis and that completed clinical trials will be sufficient to support commercialization of our products;
the anticipated timing, cost and progress of the development and commercialization of new products or services, and improvements to our existing products, and related impacts on our profitability and cash position;
our ability to effectively market and sell our products and expand our business, both in unit sales and product diversification;
our ability to achieve broad customer adoption of our products and services;
existing or increased competition;
rapid changes in technological solutions available to our markets;
volatility with our business, including long and variable sales cycles, which could have a negative impact on our results of operations for any given quarter;
changes to our domestic or international sales and operations;
our ability to obtain or maintain patent protection for our intellectual property;
the scope, validity and enforceability of our and third-party intellectual property rights;
significant government regulation of medical devices and the healthcare industry;
our ability to receive regulatory clearance from certain government authorities, such as CFIUS (as defined below), including any conditions, limitations or restrictions placed on such approvals;
outbreaks of a pandemic disease, such as COVID-19 (coronavirus);
our customers’ ability to get third-party reimbursement for our products and services associated with them;
our failure to implement our business plan or strategies;
our early termination of leases, difficulty filling vacancies or negotiating improved lease terms;
our ability to retain or attract key employees;
stock volatility or illiquidity;
our ability to maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting; and
overall economic and market conditions.

Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements and forward-looking information contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore, such statements and information
33

included in this Quarterly Report may not prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements and forward-looking information included herein, the inclusion of such statements and information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements and information or that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements.
 
Overview

We design, develop and sell exoskeleton technology to augment human strength, endurance and mobility. Our exoskeleton technology serves multiple markets and can be used both by able-bodied persons as well as by persons with physical disabilities. We have sold or rented devices that (i) enable individuals with neurological conditions affecting gait (stroke and spinal cord injury) to rehabilitate, and in some cases, to walk again, (ii) assist individuals with a broad range of upper extremity impairments, and (iii) allow industrial workers to perform difficult repetitive work for extended periods.

We believe that the commercial opportunity for exoskeleton technology adoption is accelerating as a result of recent advancements in material technologies, electronic and electrical engineering, control technologies, and sensor and software development. Taken individually, many of these advancements have become ubiquitous in peoples’ everyday lives. We believe that we have learned how to integrate these existing technologies and wrap the result around a human being efficiently, elegantly and safely, supported by an industry leading intellectual property portfolio. We further believe that we can do so across a broad spectrum of applications, from persons with lower limb paralysis to able-bodied users.

EksoHealth
 
EksoHealth is our business unit that focuses on developing, marketing, and selling exoskeletons for medical applications. Our leading product in EksoHealth is EksoNR, which is a robotic exoskeleton used to provide physical therapy for patients with lower extremity impairment. EksoNR, which in 2019 superseded our EksoGT product in this segment, includes unique features designed specifically to assist physical therapists and other clinicians to teach patients to walk again after suffering a neurological impairment. Typical conditions that can be treated with the assistance of EksoNR include acquired brain injuries (ABI), such as stroke and traumatic brain injuries (TBI), as well as spinal cord injuries and others. The benefits of using EksoNR for rehabilitation can include earlier mobilization of patients, longer and more intense rehab sessions, and better quality of sessions compared to alternative therapies. The product is most typically used in a clinical setting, with the most common among those being inpatient rehab facilities (IRF) and stroke centers.

EksoUE is a wearable upper body exoskeleton that is also used as a tool during rehabilitation. EksoUE is designed to assists patients with a broad range of upper extremity impairments and aims to provide them with a wider active range of motion and increased endurance for rehabilitation sessions of higher intensity.

 
EksoWorks

EksoWorks is our business unit that focuses on developing, marketing, and selling exoskeletons and other assistive tools for industrial applications. The target users for these devices are generally able-bodied, and as such the goal of these products is to reduce fatigue for workers. The benefits of fatigue reduction can include reduced rates of injuries, higher productivity, higher worker morale, and lower turnover. Currently, we sell these products primarily directly to companies that deploy them for use in their operations.

Within EksoWorks we have two main categories of products. Our wearable exoskeleton products include EksoVest and the new EVO, both of which support the weight of a worker’s arms and tools, reducing the fatigue associated with working at or above shoulder height for extended periods. These products are currently targeted at end markets in Manufacturing, Aerospace, Construction, and Food Processing.

EksoZeroG is a tool holder that can mount on aerial lift platform or scaffolding. This effectively reduces the weight of heavy tools as felt by the operator. EksoZeroG has been sold primarily through rental companies into the construction market.

In addition to our current product lineup, we believe that there is additional mid-to-long-term potential in the industrial markets, and accordingly, we will continue our development efforts to expand our EksoWorks product offerings.


34

Third Quarter 2020 Highlights
Reported revenue of $2.9 million in the third quarter of 2020
Record quarterly gross margins of approximately 63% in the third quarter of 2020, compared to 53% in the same period of 2019
Launched EVOTM, an endurance-boosting assistive upper body exoskeleton designed for industrial use
Received proceeds of $3.3 million from the exercise of warrants
Reduced use of cash for operating activities to lowest levels in Company history

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a global pandemic. In response to this pandemic, public health officials and governments across the world have recommended and mandated actions to curb the spread of the virus. The COVID-19 pandemic and the related responses to the pandemic have caused a significant adverse impact on the global economy, including disruptions to supply chains, sharp increases in unemployment and overall economic uncertainty.
This pandemic has negatively impacted our business, including our employees, suppliers, customers and other business partners. We have seen demand for our exoskeleton products decrease in the current business environment, as many inpatient rehabilitation facilities temporarily shift priorities and delay capital expenditures. We have seen that the clinical need has not diminished as more data is coming out about the increase prevalence of strokes during this pandemic. As such, we continue to engage with our current and prospective customers through video conferencing, virtual training events and online education demos to offer our support and showcase the value of our Ekso devices. Although market uncertainties related to the pandemic make it difficult for us to project the full impact on our business and customers, we believe that we are well-positioned to serve our customers when business conditions begin to normalize.

We continue to instruct the majority of our employees to work from home, restrict non-critical business travel and have enhanced the use of personal protective equipment in our facilities.

To align our cost structure to the current business environment, we initially furloughed and subsequently laid-off a portion of our workforce in the second quarter of 2020.

Management continues to actively monitor the global situation and its effects on our financial position and operations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Our estimates form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
 
An accounting policy is considered to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made, and if different estimates that reasonably could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, could materially impact the condensed consolidated financial statements. We believe that our critical accounting policies reflect the more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

35

Results of Operations
 
The following table presents our results of operations (in thousands, except percentages):
  Three months ended September 30,    
  2020 2019 Change % Change
       
Revenue $ 2,897  $ 3,319  $ (422) (13) %
Cost of revenue 1,084  1,569  (485) (31) %
Gross profit 1,813  1,750  63  %
Operating expenses:        
Sales and marketing 1,740  2,818  (1,078) (38) %
Research and development 599  1,149  (550) (48) %
General and administrative 1,706  1,573  133  %
Impairment of goodwill 189  —  189 
n/m1
Total operating expenses