UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


  

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

 

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-32830

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG001.GIF

 

INDIA GLOBALIZATION CAPITAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

20-2760393

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

10224 Falls Road, Potomac, Maryland

(Address of principal executive offices)

20854 

(Zip Code)

 

(301) 983-0998

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share

 

IGC

 

NYSE American LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☑   Yes   ☐ No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☑   Yes   ☐   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

 

Accelerated filer ☐

Non-accelerated filer ☑

 

Smaller reporting company ☑

 

 

Emerging growth company☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐   Yes   ☑   No 

 

41,304,365 shares of our common stock were outstanding as of November 11, 2020.

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

 

 

INDIA GLOBALIZATION CAPITAL, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholder’s Equity

6

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

7

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

27

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

34

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

34

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

35

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

36

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

36

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

36

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

36

Item 5.

Other Information

36

Item 6.

Exhibits

37

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

38

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain “forward-looking statements.” Additionally, we, or our representatives, may, from time to time, make other written or verbal forward-looking statements and discuss plans, expectations, and objectives regarding our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Without limiting the foregoing, statements that are in the future tense, and all statements accompanied by terms such as “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “trend,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “assume,” “intend,” “plan,” “target,” “anticipate,” “outlook,” “preliminary,” “will likely result,” “will continue” and variations of them and similar terms are intended to be “forward-looking statements” as defined by federal securities laws. Such statements are based on currently available information, which management has assessed but which is dynamic and subject to rapid change due to risks and uncertainties that affect our business.

 

For the next several years, our success is highly correlated with improvement in the Hong Kong and Indian economies, particularly their recovery from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and with the successful outcome of our clinical trials and secondarily on the sale of our products and services. The Company may not be able to complete human trials on our investigational drug candidates, or, once conducted, the results of human trials may not be favorable or as anticipated. Precautions including social distancing, travel restrictions, among others, surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic could lead to delays and expenses greater than anticipated or projected. A lack of efficacy in humans and or animals could have a material adverse effect on our business, future results of operations, our stock price, and our financial condition. This document also contains statements that are not approved by the Food & Drug Administration (“FDA”), including statements on hemp and hemp extracts and their potential efficacy on humans and animals. While these statements and claims are intended to be in compliance with federal and state laws, we cannot guarantee such compliance.

 

Our projections and investments anticipate certain regulatory changes and stable pricing, which may not hold out over the next several years. We may not be able to protect our intellectual property adequately or receive patents. We may not receive regulatory approval for our products, or trials. An additional risk factor worth highlighting specifically related to the patent licensing described herein is that the patent applications we have licensed may not be granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”), even if the Company is in full compliance with USPTO requirements. We may not have adequate resources including financial resources, to successfully conduct all requisite clinical trials, to bring a product based on the above-referenced patented formulations to market, or to pay applicable maintenance fees over time. We may not be able to successfully commercialize our products even if they are successful and receive regulatory approval. Failure or delay with respect to any of the factors above could have a material adverse effect on our business, future results of operations, our stock price, and our financial condition.

 

We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which are based upon assumptions, expectations, plans and projections subject to risks and uncertainties, including those identified in the “Risk Factors” set forth in this report and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on July 13, 2020, in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended June 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on August 19, 2020, and in the documents incorporated by reference that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date when they are made. Except as required by federal securities law, we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events, circumstances, changes in expectations, or the occurrence of unanticipated events after the date of those statements.

 

 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.    Financial Statements

 

India Globalization Capital, Inc. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited) 

 

   

September 30,

2020

(Unaudited)

($)

   

March 31,

2020

(Audited)

($)

 

ASSETS

               

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

    1,151       7,258  

Marketable securities

    3,850       5,081  

Accounts receivable, net

    241       133  

Inventory

    6,684       4,245  

Deposits and advances

    1,761       1,040  

Total current assets

    13,687       17,757  
                 

Intangible assets, net

    344       252  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    10,906       9,780  

Non-Marketable securities

    261       11  

Claims and advances

    616       610  

Operating lease asset

    532       574  

Total long-term assets

    12,659       11,227  

Total assets

    26,346       28,984  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

Current liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

    975       762  

Accrued liabilities and others

    727       1,134  

Short-term loans

    196       50  

Total current liabilities

    1,898       1,946  
                 

Long-term loans

    384       -  

Other liabilities

    16       16  

Operating lease liability

    450       485  

Total non-current liabilities

    850       501  

Total liabilities

    2,748       2,447  
                 

Commitments and Contingencies – See Note 12

               
                 

Stockholders' equity:

               

Preferred stock, $0.0001 per value: authorized 1,000,000 shares, no shares issued or outstanding as of September 30, 2020 or March 31, 2020.

    -       -  

Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $0.0001 par value: 150,000,000 shares authorized; 41,304,365 and 39,320,116 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

    95,270       94,754  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (2,766 )     (2,850

)

Accumulated deficit

    (68,906 )     (65,367

)

Total stockholders' equity

    23,598       26,537  

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

    26,346       28,984  

 

The accompanying notes should be read in connection with these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

India Globalization Capital, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands, except loss per share)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three months ended September 30,

   

Six months ended September 30,

 
   

2020

   

2019

   

2020

   

2019

 
   

($)

    ($)     ($)     ($)  
                                 

Revenue

    125       1,821       709       3,470  

Cost of revenue

    (99 )     (1,793

)

    (637 )     (3,401

)

Gross Profit

    26       28       72       69  

General and administrative expenses

    (1,483 )     (1,094

)

    (3,238 )     (2,343

)

Research and development expenses

    (219 )     (222

)

    (441 )     (469

)

Operating loss

    (1,676 )     (1,288

)

    (3,607 )     (2,743

)

Other income, net

    19       109       68       185  

Loss before income taxes

    (1,657 )     (1,179

)

    (3,539 )     (2,558

)

Income tax expense/benefit

    -       -       -       -  

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

    (1,657 )     (1,179

)

    (3,539 )     (2,558

)

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    142       (143

)

    84       (124

)

Comprehensive loss

    (1,515 )     (1,322

)

    (3,455 )     (2,682

)

                                 

Loss per share attributable to common stockholders:

                               

Basic & Diluted

  $ (0.04

)

    (0.03

)

    (0.09 )     (0.06

)

Weighted-average number of shares used in computing loss per share amounts:

    41,244       39,551       40,720       39,529  

 

 

The accompanying notes should be read in connection with these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

India Globalization Capital, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands)

(Unaudited) 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

Number of

Common Shares

   

Common Stock and

Additional Paid in

Capital

($)

   

Accumulated

Deficit

($)

   

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Loss

($)

   

Total Stockholders'

Equity

($)

 

Balances as of June 30, 2019

    39,512       94,251       (59,431

)

    (2,400

)

    32,420  

Common stock-based compensation & expenses, net

    60       144       -       -       144  

Net loss

    -       -       (1,179 )     -       (1,179 )

Loss on foreign currency translation

    -       -       -       (143 )     (143 )

Balances as of September 30, 2019

    39,572       94,395       (60,610 )     (2,543 )     31,242  
                                         

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

                                       

Balances as of June 30, 2020

    41,196       95,020       (67,249

)

    (2,908

)

    24,863  

Common stock-based compensation & expenses, net

    108       250       -       -       250  

Net loss

    -       -       (1,657 )     -       (1,657 )

Loss on foreign currency translation

    -       -       -       142       142  

Balances as of September 30, 2020

    41,304       95,270       (68,906 )     (2,766 )     23,598  

 

 

Six months ended September 30, 2019

 

Number of

Common Shares

   

Common Stock and

Additional Paid in

Capital

($)

   

Accumulated

Deficit

($)

   

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Loss

($)

   

Total Stockholders'

Equity

($)

 

Balances as of March 31, 2019

    39,502       94,043       (58,052

)

    (2,419

)

    33,572  

Common stock-based compensation & expenses, net

    70       352       -       -       352  

Net loss

    -       -       (2,558 )     -       (2,558 )

Loss on foreign currency translation

    -       -       -       (124 )     (124 )

Balances as of September 30, 2019

    39,572       94,395       (60,610 )     (2,543 )     31,242  
                                         

Six months ended September 30, 2020

                                       

Balances as of March 31, 2020

    39,320       94,754       (65,367

)

    (2,850

)

    26,537  

Common stock-based compensation & expenses, net

    1,884       416       -       -       416  

Common stock issued for investment

    100       100       -       -       100  

Net loss

    -       -       (3,539 )     -       (3,539 )

Loss on foreign currency translation

    -       -               84       84  

Balances as of September 30, 2020

    41,304       95,270       (68,906 )     (2,766 )     23,598  

 

The accompanying notes should be read in connection with these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

India Globalization Capital, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Six months ended

September 30,

 
   

2020

($)
   

2019

($)
 

Operating activities:

               

Net loss

    (3,539 )     (2,558 )

Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    185       45  

Common stock-based compensation and expenses, net

    365       361  
                 

Changes in:

               

Accounts receivables

    (134 )     (160 )

Inventory

    (2,439 )     (2,860 )

Deposits and advances

    (871 )     3  

Claims and advances

    35       -  

Accounts payable

    239       555  

Accrued and other liabilities

    (291 )     170  

Net cash used in operating activities

    (6,450 )     (4,444 )
                 

Investing activities:

               

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

    (1,229 )     (2,049 )

Proceed from /Investment in marketable securities

    1,231       (5,039 )

Investment in non-marketable securities

    (149 )     -  

Acquisition and filing cost of patents and rights

    (48 )     (23 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (195 )     (7,111 )
                 

Financing activities:

               

Issuance of equity stock (net of expenses)

    -       18  

Proceeds from long- term loan

    530          

Net cash provided by financing activities

    530       18  
                 

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

    8       (10 )

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

    (6,107 )     (11,547 )

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

    7,258       25,610  

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

    1,151       14,063  
                 

Supplementary information:

               

Cash paid for interest

    -       4  

Non-cash items:

               

Common stock issued/granted including ESOP, consultancy

    365       361  

Common stock issued/granted other than ESOP, consultancy

    51       -  

 

The accompanying notes should be read in connection with these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

India Globalization Capital, Inc. 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(in thousands, except for share data and loss per share, unaudited) 

 

Unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this report to “IGC,” “the Company, “we,” “our” and/or “us” refer to India Globalization Capital, Inc., together with our subsidiaries and beneficially owned subsidiary. Our filings are available on www.sec.gov. The information contained on our websites, including www.igcinc.us, is not incorporated by reference in this report, and you should not consider such information to be a part of this report. We exclude our investments and minority non-controlling interests, and any information provided by them is not incorporated by reference in this report, and you should not consider such information to be a part of this report.

 

NOTE 1 – BUSINESS DESCRIPTION

 

Business

 

IGC has two segments: Infrastructure and Life Sciences. The Company’s Infrastructure Business, managed from India, involves: (a) the execution of construction contracts, (b) the purchase and resale of physical commodities used in infrastructure, and (c) the rental of heavy construction equipment. The Company’s revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2019 was primarily derived from this segment.

 

The Company’s Life Sciences segment, managed from the United States (“U.S.”), involves: (a) the development of potential new drugs, subject to applicable regulatory approvals, (b) several hemp-based and non-hemp-based products and brands in various stages of development, for sale online and through stores, including tinctures, creams for pain relief, a beverage, and hand sanitizers, among others, (c) wholesale of hemp extracts including hemp crude extract and hemp isolate, among others, (d) hemp growing and processing facilities, (e) white labeling of hemp-based products and (f) the offering of tolling services like extraction and distillation to hemp farmers. The Company’s revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily derived from this segment.

  

The Company’s principal office is located in the U.S. in Maryland. Additionally, the Company has a facility in Washington and offices in Colombia, Hong Kong, and India.

 

Business updates

 

The current SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) pandemic and its impact on certain aspects of the economy has severely impacted our revenue and increased our expenses. In the past 6 months, our ability to provide services and distribute our products has been impacted due to store closures and abandoned harvests of hemp. Our facility on the West Coast and our Delhi office have had COVID-19 outbreaks that have led to closures, delays and expenses.

 

In response, we began decreasing our staff, delayed and may ultimately terminate the Evolve I, Inc. acquisition, and have reoriented our sales focus to online. In addition, we have begun our Phase 1 human trial on IGC-AD1. IGC remains committed to its Infrastructure business line and intends to continue pursuing the execution of construction contracts, the purchase and resale of physical commodities used in infrastructure, and the rental of heavy construction equipment as the COVID-19 pandemic allows.

 

Investigational Drug Candidate (“IDC”), IGC-AD1:

 

 

Subsequent to September 30, 2020, the Company received an approval from the Institutional Review Board (“IRB”), engaged a Principal Investigator, engaged a study site, and began enrolling participants for a Phase 1 trial on its IDC.

 

Background: As previously reported, on July 30, 2020, IGC received notice from the FDA to proceed with a 12-subject Phase 1 human clinical trial (“removal of full clinical hold”) on its Investigational New Drug Application (“INDA”), IGC-AD1, submitted under Section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In order to get an investigational drug approved as a pharmaceutical drug, the Sponsor, in this case IGC Pharma, LLC, a subsidiary of IGC, must conduct several trials and gather data. These typically start with pre-clinical trials that involve testing the IDC on cells outside of a living organism (in vitro), followed by animal testing. In our case, the in vitro data along with animal data was previously disclosed.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Based on promising evidence, we decided to pursue human trials for which the FDA must give permission before the IDC can be tested on humans. In 2018, we began the process of submitting an Investigational New Drug Application (INDA) to the FDA. This involves presenting among others, the results of in vitro and animal studies, safety data, the protocol outlining how a potential trial will be run, how data will be collected, how patient data will be protected, how the IDC will be made, who will make it, what is in it, how stable the IDC is, as well as details on the Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls (CMC) that will be followed. In addition, we committed to getting an Informed Consent Form (ICF) from participants, that the ICF would be reviewed and approved by an IRB, and that the Sponsor will follow all the rules required for studying IDCs, including those surrounding COVID-19.

 

There are several stages, or phases, of trials that build on previous phases. Phase zero, not a requirement, is typically in small doses to small groups to gather anecdotal evidence of efficacy and safety. We gathered anecdotal unscientific evidence mostly to ascertain safety and get feedback from patients through 2018 and 2019. Phase 1 studies are conducted to find the highest dose that a patient can tolerate without severe side effects. Phase 2 clinical trials are conducted to ascertain if the IDC has the expected efficacy, that is it does what is expected, and phase 3 studies are conducted to measure responses against existing drugs or treatments.

 

Our Phase 1 study is a placebo-controlled study. IGC-AD1 will be administered for three 14-day periods with the dose escalated in each period. The participants will be monitored daily, certain data will be collected, and while safety is the main concern, we will also, for research purposes, collect data beyond safety. For example, we expect to collect data on how fast the IDC is absorbed through the body, how long it lasts, and whether different individuals process it differently (polymorphisms of P4502C9 on pharmacokinetics). In addition, we will monitor certain behavioral aspects of the patient that can help us in the next phases of the study. The patients that we sign up for the study are individuals suffering from mild to severe dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease.

 

Other updates:

 

 

On July 17, 2020, the Company filed a provisional patent application with the USPTO for its IGC-511 formulation for a Cannabidiol based composition and method for treating pain.

 

On August 5, 2020, the USPTO issued the Company a patent (#10751300) for the Company’s cannabinoid formulation (IGC-502) for the treatment of seizures in humans and veterinary animals. 

 

The Company is executing a road building contract in Kerala, India valued at approximately $1.2 million. The Company estimates that it will take between 12 and 15 months to complete the work. Work on this project had been temporarily delayed due to COVID-19 and was partially resumed during the three months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Business Organization

  

As of September 30, 2020, the Company had the following direct operating subsidiaries: Techni Bharathi Private Limited (“TBL”), IGCare, LLC (“IGCare"), Holi Hemp, LLC (“Holi Hemp”), IGC Pharma, LLC (“IGC Pharma”), SAN Holdings, LLC (“SAN Holdings”), Sunday Seltzer, LLC (“Sunday Seltzer”) and Colombia-based beneficially owned subsidiary Hamsa Biochem SAS (“Hamsa”). The Company’s fiscal year is the 52- or 53-week period that ends on March 31. The Company is a Maryland corporation established in 2005. The Company’s filings are available on www.sec.gov.

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (“interim statements”) of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) as determined by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) within its Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and under the rules and regulations of the Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of Management, all adjustments and disclosures necessary for a fair presentation of these interim statements have been included. The results reported in these interim statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be reported for the entire year. These interim statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 (“Fiscal 2020”) contained in the Company’s Form 10-K for Fiscal 2020, filed with the SEC on July 13, 2020, specifically in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Principles of consolidation

 

The interim statements include the consolidated accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. In the opinion of the Management, the interim statements reflect all adjustments, which are normal and recurring in nature, necessary for fair financial statement presentation. 

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Management believes that the estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Significant estimates and assumptions are generally used for, but not limited to: allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable; sales returns; normal loss during production; future obligations under employee benefit plans; the useful lives of property, plant, equipment; intangible assets; valuations; impairment of goodwill and investments; recoverability of advances; the valuation of options granted and warrants issued; and income tax and deferred tax valuation allowances, if any. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Critical accounting estimates could change from period to period and could have a material impact on IGC’s results, operations, financial position, and cash flows. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

  

Presentation and functional currencies

 

IGC operates in India, U.S., Colombia and Hong Kong and a substantial portion of the Company’s financials are denominated in the Indian Rupee (INR), the Hong Kong Dollar (HKD) or the Colombian Peso (COP). As a result, changes in the relative values of the U.S. Dollar (USD), the INR, the HKD or the COP affect financial statements.

 

The accompanying financial statements are reported in USD. The INR, HKD and COP are the functional currencies for certain subsidiaries of the Company. The translation of the functional currencies into U.S. dollars is performed for assets and liabilities using the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for revenues and expenses using average exchange rates prevailing during the reporting periods. Adjustments resulting from the translation of functional currency financial statements to reporting currency are accumulated and reported as other comprehensive income/(loss), a separate component of shareholders’ equity. Transactions in currencies other than the functional currency during the year are converted into the functional currency at the applicable rates of exchange prevailing when the transactions occurred. Transaction gains and losses are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. 

 

Impairment of long – lived assets

 

The Company reviews its long-lived assets, with finite lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be fully recoverable. Such circumstances include, though are not limited to, significant or sustained declines in revenues or earnings, future anticipated cash flows, business plans and material adverse changes in the economic climate, such as changes in operating environment, competitive information and impact of changes in government policies. For assets that the Company intends to hold for use, if the total of the expected future undiscounted cash flows produced by the assets or subsidiary company is less than the carrying amount of the assets, a loss is recognized for the difference between the fair value and carrying value of the assets. For assets, the Company intends to dispose of by sale, a loss is recognized for the amount by which the estimated fair value less cost to sell is less than the carrying value of the assets. Fair value is determined based on quoted market prices, if available, or other valuation techniques including discounted future net cash flows. Unlike goodwill, long-lived assets are assessed for impairment only where there are any specific indicators for impairment.

 

No impairment has been recorded for the six months ended September 30, 2020, and 2019. 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Short-term and long-term investments

 

Our policy for short-term and long-term investments is to establish a high-quality portfolio that preserves principal, meets liquidity needs, avoids inappropriate concentrations, and delivers an appropriate yield in relationship to our investment guidelines and market conditions. Short-term and long-term investments consist of corporate, various government agency and municipal debt securities, as well as certificates of deposit that have maturity dates that are greater than 90 days. Certificates of deposit and commercial paper are carried at cost which approximates fair value. Available-for-sale securities: Investments in debt securities that are classified as available for sale shall be measured subsequently at fair value in the statement of financial position.

 

Investments are initially measured at cost, which is the fair value of the consideration given for them, including transaction costs. Where the Company’s ownership interest is in excess of 20% and the Company has a significant influence, the Company has accounted for the investment based on the equity method in accordance with ASC Topic 323, “Investments – Equity method and Joint Ventures”. Under the equity method, the Company’s share of the post-acquisition profits or losses of the equity investee is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations and its share of post-acquisition movements in accumulated other comprehensive income / (loss) is recognized in other comprehensive income / (loss). Where the Company does not have significant influence, the Company has accounted for the investment in accordance with ASC Topic 321, “Investments-Equity Securities”.

 

As of September 30, 2020, investment in marketable securities is valued at fair value and investment in non-marketable securities with ownership less than 20% is valued at cost as per ASC Topic 321, “Investments-Equity Securities”.

 

Stock – Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation to employees and non-employees in conformity with the provisions of ASC Topic 718, “Stock-Based Compensation”. The Company expenses stock-based compensation to employees over the requisite vesting period based on the estimated grant-date fair value of the awards. The Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur. Stock-based awards are recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite vesting period. For stock-based employee compensation cost recognized at any date will be at least equal to the amount attributable to the share-based compensation that is vested at that date. The Company estimates the fair value of stock option grants using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock-based awards represent Management’s best estimates. Generally, the closing share price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant is considered the fair-value of the share. The volatility factor is determined based on the Company’s historical stock prices. The expected term represents the period that our stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding. The Company has never declared or paid any cash dividends.

 

Accounts receivable

 

We make estimates of the collectability of our accounts receivable by analyzing historical payment patterns, customer concentrations, customer creditworthiness, and current economic trends. If the financial condition of a customer deteriorates, additional allowances may be required. We had $241 thousand of accounts receivable, net of provision for doubtful debt of $10 thousand as of September 30, 2020, as compared to $133 thousand of accounts receivable, net of provision for doubtful debt of $9 thousand as of March 31, 2020.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, which is defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation.

 

Inventory consists of raw materials, finished goods related to wellness products, hand sanitizers, finished hemp-based products, beverages, among others as well as work-in-progress such as extracted crude oil, hemp-based isolate, growing crops, and herbal oils, among others. Work-in-progress also includes product manufacturing in process, costs of growing hemp, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations including but not limited to labor, utilities, fertilizers and irrigation. Inventory is primarily accounted for using the weighted average cost method. Primary costs include raw materials, packaging, direct labor, overhead, shipping and the depreciation of manufacturing equipment. Manufacturing overhead and related expenses include salaries, wages, employee benefits, utilities, maintenance, and property taxes.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Harvested crops are measured at net realizable value, with changes recognized in profit or loss only when the harvested crop:

 

-     has a reliable, readily determinable, and realizable market value;

-     has relatively insignificant and predictable costs of disposal; and

-     is available for immediate delivery.

 

The Company believes its harvested crops do not have a readily available market. Hence, the Company values its harvested crops at cost. Please refer to Note 3 – “Inventory”, for further information.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurement” defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. It also establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

Level 2: Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instrument includes cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, approximate their fair values due to the nature of the items. Please refer to Note 16 - “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”, for further information.

 

Loss per Share

 

The computation of basic loss per share for the six months ended September 30, 2020, excludes potentially dilutive securities of approximately 3.3 million shares which includes share options, unvested shares such as restricted shares and restricted share units, granted to employees and advisors, warrants, and shares from the conversion of outstanding units, if any, because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 

The weighted average number of shares outstanding for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, used for the computation of basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is 40,719,548 and 39,529,440, respectively. Due to the loss incurred during the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, all the potential equity shares are anti-dilutive and accordingly, the fully diluted EPS is equal to the basic EPS. 

 

Cybersecurity

 

We have a cybersecurity policy in place and tighter cybersecurity measures to safeguard against hackers. In the six months ended September 30, 2020, there were no impactful breaches in cybersecurity.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company's intangible assets consist of trademarks and other intellectual property, all of which are accounted for in accordance with ASC Topic 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. The Company employs the non-amortization approach to account for purchased intangible assets having indefinite lives. Under the non-amortization approach, intangible assets having indefinite lives are not amortized into the results of operations, but instead are reviewed annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets might be impaired, to assess whether their fair value exceeds their carrying value. We perform an impairment analysis on March 1 annually on the indefinite-lived intangible assets following the steps laid out in ASC 350-30-35-18. Our annual impairment analysis includes a qualitative assessment to determine if it is necessary to perform the quantitative impairment test. In performing a qualitative assessment, we review events and circumstances that could affect the significant inputs used to determine if the fair value is less than the carrying value of the intangible assets. If a quantitative analysis is necessary, we would analyze various aspects including revenues from the business, associated with the intangible assets. In addition, intangible assets will be tested on an interim basis if an event or circumstance indicates that it is more likely than not that an impairment loss has been incurred. The Company has analyzed a variety of factors in light of the known impact to date of the COVID-19 pandemic on its business to determine if a circumstance could trigger an impairment loss, and, at this time and based on the information presently known, does not believe it is more likely that an impairment loss has been incurred. 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit. In accordance with ASC 360-10-35-21, definite lived intangibles are reviewed annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets might be impaired, to assess whether their fair value exceeds their carrying value.

  

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606). The core principle of this standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

 

ASC 606 prescribes a 5-step process to achieve its core principle. The Company recognizes revenue from trading, rental, or product sales as follows:

I.    Identify the contract with the customer

II.   Identify the contractual performance obligations

III.  Determine the amount of consideration/price for the transaction

IV.  Allocate the determined amount of consideration/price to the performance obligations

V.   Recognize revenue when or as the performing party satisfies performance obligations.

 

The consideration/price for the transaction (performance obligation(s)) is determined as per the agreement or invoice (contract) for the services and products in the Infrastructure and Life Sciences segment.

 

Revenue in the Infrastructure Business is recognized for the renting business when the equipment is rented, and terms of the agreement have been fulfilled during the period. The revenue from the purchase and resale of physical infrastructure commodities is recognized once the bill of lading along with the invoice have been transferred to the customer.  Revenue from the execution of infrastructure contracts is recognized on the basis of the output method as and when part of the performance obligation has been completed and approval from the contracting agency has been obtained after survey of the performance completion as of that date. In the Life Sciences segment, the revenue from the wellness and lifestyle business is recognized once goods have been sold to the customer and the performance obligation has been completed. In retail sales, we offer consumer products through our online and physical stores. Revenue is recognized when control of the goods is transferred to the customer. This generally occurs upon our delivery to a third-party carrier or, to the customer directly. Revenue from tolling services is recognized when the performance obligation, such as processing of the material, has been completed and output material has been transferred to the customer. We license our products to processors. The royalty income from licensing is recognized once goods have been sold by the processor to its customers. 

 

Net sales disaggregated by significant products and services for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:

 

   

(in thousands)

Six months ended September 30,

 
   

2020

($)

   

2019

($)

 

Infrastructure segment

               

Rental income (1)

    -       2  

Construction contracts (2)

    67       -  

Purchase and resale of physical commodities (3)

    -       3,089  
                 

Life Sciences segment

               

Wellness and Lifestyle (4)

    619       379  

Tolling/White labeling service (5)

    23       -  

Total

    709       3,470  

 

(1) Rental income consists of income from rental of heavy construction equipment.

(2) Construction income consists of the execution of contracts directly or through subcontractors. The Company expects to complete the project within 12 to15 months, depending on the status of the COVID-19 pandemic.

(3) Relates to the income from purchase and resale of physical commodities used in infrastructure, like steel, wooden doors, marble, and tiles.

(4) Relates to revenue from Life Sciences segment such as sale of hand sanitizer, bath bombs, gummies, hemp crude extract, hemp isolate, and hemp distillate and royalty income from the sale of Hyalolex™, now named Hyalolex™ Drops of Clarity™.

(5) Relates to income from tolling and white label services.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Leases

 

Lessor Accounting 

 

Under the current ASU guidance, contract consideration will be allocated to its lease components and non-lease components (such as maintenance). For the Company as a lessor, any non-lease components will be accounted for under ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, unless the Company elects a lessor practical expedient to not separate the non-lease components from the associated lease component. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 also provide lessors with a practical expedient, by class of underlying asset, to not separate non-lease components from the associated lease component and, instead, to account for those components as a single component if the non-lease components otherwise would be accounted for under the new revenue guidance (“Topic 606”). To elect the practical expedient, the timing and pattern of transfer of the lease and non-lease components must be the same and the lease component must meet the criteria to be classified as an operating lease if accounted for separately. If these criteria are met, the single component will be accounted for under either Topic 842 or Topic 606 depending on which component(s) are predominant. The lessor practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the associated component must be elected for all existing and new leases.

 

As lessor, the Company expects that post-adoption substantially all existing leases will have no change in the timing of revenue recognition until their expiration or termination. The Company expects to elect the lessor practical expedient to not separate non-lease components such as maintenance from the associated lease for all existing and new leases and to account for the combined component as a single lease component. The timing of revenue recognition is expected to be the same for the majority of the Company’s new leases as compared to similar existing leases; however, certain categories of new leases could have different revenue recognition patterns as compared to similar existing leases.

 

For leases that are accounted for as operating leases, income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease contract. Generally, when a lease is more than 180 days delinquent (where more than three monthly payments are owed), the lease is classified as being on nonaccrual and the Company stops recognizing leasing income on that date. Payments received on leases in nonaccrual status generally reduce the lease receivable. Leases on nonaccrual status remain classified as such until there is sustained payment performance that, in the Company’s judgment, would indicate that all contractual amounts will be collected in full.

 

Lessee Accounting

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective April 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. The standard establishes a right-of-use model (“ROU”) that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement. In connection with the adoption, the Company will elect to utilize the modified retrospective presentation whereby the Company will continue to present prior period financial statements and disclosures under ASC Topic 840. In addition, the Company will elect the transition package of three practical expedients permitted within the standard, which eliminates the requirements to reassess prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. Further, the Company will adopt a short-term lease exception policy, permitting us to not apply the recognition requirements of this standard to short-term leases (i.e., leases with terms of 12 months or less), and an accounting policy to account for lease and non-lease components as a single component for certain classes of assets. 

 

Under ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842), lessees are required to recognize the following for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) on the commencement date: (i) lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and (ii) right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term.

 

At the commencement date, the Company recognizes the lease liability at the present value of the lease payments not yet paid, discounted using the interest rate implicit in the lease or, if that rate cannot be readily determined, the Company’s incremental borrowing rate for the same term as the underlying lease. The right-of-use asset is recognized initially at cost, which primarily comprises the initial amount of the lease liability, plus any initial direct costs incurred, consisting mainly of brokerage commissions, less any lease incentives received. All right-of-use assets are reviewed for impairment. There was no impairment for right-of-use lease assets as of September 30, 2020.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

The Company categorizes leases at their inception as either operating or finance leases. On certain lease agreements, the Company may receive rent holidays and other incentives. The Company recognizes lease costs on a straight-line basis without regard to deferred payment terms, such as rent holidays, that defer the commencement date of required payments. Please refer “Note 9 - Leases”, for further information.

 

Changes to U.S. GAAP are established by the FASB in the form of accounting standards updates (ASUs) to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification. The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. Newly issued ASUs not listed below are expected to have no impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations, because either the ASU is not applicable, or the impact is expected to be immaterial.

 

NOTE 3 – INVENTORY

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31, 2020

($)

 

Raw Materials

    1,782       227  

Work-in-Progress

    3,941       3,713  

Finished Goods

    961       305  

Total

    6,684       4,245  

 

Inventory in the form of work-in-progress as of September 30, 2020, is comprised of, but not limited to, various hemp-based extracts such as crude oil, hemp distillate, and hemp isolate. The Company accounts all hemp extracts as Work-in-Progress until they are in the processing facility. Inventory also includes cost related to growing crops like seeds, fertilizer, other raw materials, labor, farm related overheads and the depreciation of farming equipment, hand sanitizers, beverages, personal protection equipment, among others.

 

NOTE 4 – DEPOSITS AND ADVANCES

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31, 2020

($)

 

Advances to suppliers and consultants

    1,434       558  

Other advances

    23       16  

Advances for Property, Plant and Equipment

    26       259  

Statutory advances

    29       27  

Prepaid expense and other current assets

    249       180  

Total

    1,761       1,040  

 

The Advances to suppliers and consultants primarily relate to advances to suppliers in our Life Sciences and Infrastructure segment. Advances for Property, Plant and Equipment include an advance paid for equipment for our processing facility.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

NOTE 5 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Amortized intangible assets

 

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31, 2020

($)

 

Patents

    151       125  

Other intangibles

    20       20  

Accumulated amortization

    (16

)

    (10

)

Total amortized intangible assets

    155       135  
                 

Unamortized intangible assets

               

Patents

    158       107  

Trademarks

    19       10  

Other intangibles

    12       -  

Total unamortized intangible assets

    189       117  

Total Intangible assets

    344       252  

 

The value of intangible assets includes the cost of acquiring patent rights, supporting data, and the expense associated with filing approximately 11 patents and 35 trademarks. It also includes acquisition costs related to brands and domains.

 

The amortization of patent and patent rights with finite life is up to 20 years, commencing from the date of grant. The amortization expense in the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, amounted to approximately $3 thousand and $4 thousand, respectively, whereas the amortization expense in the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, amounted to approximately $6 thousand and $4 thousand, respectively.

 

The Company regularly reviews its intangible assets to determine if any intangible asset is other-than-temporarily impaired, which would require the Company to record an impairment charge in the period and concluded that, as of September 30, 2020, there was no impairment.

 

Estimated amortization expense

 

(in thousands)

($)

 

For the year ended 2021

 

 

11

 

For the year ended 2022

 

 

13

 

For the year ended 2023

 

 

16

 

For the year ended 2024

 

 

19

 

For the year ended 2025

 

 

22

 

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

   

(in thousands, except useful life)

 
   

Useful Life (years)

   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31, 2020

($)

 

Land

    N/A       4,581       4,508  

Buildings & facilities

    25       3,807       2,540  

Plant and machinery

    5-20       4,507       3,867  

Computer equipment

    3       209       194  

Office equipment

    5       110       106  

Furniture and fixtures

    5       126       104  

Vehicles

    5       121       120  

Construction in progress

    N/A       -       768  

Total Gross Value

            13,461       12,207  

Less: Accumulated depreciation

            (2,555

)

    (2,427

)

Total Property, plant and equipment, net

            10,906       9,780  

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

The depreciation expense in the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, amounted to approximately $104 thousand and 24, respectively, whereas depreciation expense in the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, amounted to approximately $178 thousand and $41 thousand, respectively. The net increase in total Property, Plant & Equipment is primarily due to the set-up of product manufacturing, processing, and packaging facilities, in the U.S. subsidiaries. The net increase in land and accumulated depreciation is primarily due to foreign exchange translations because of a decline in value of foreign currencies. The construction in progress relates to the Washington facility under construction. For more information, please refer to Note 18 – Segment Information for the non-current assets other than financial instruments held in the country of domicile and foreign countries.

 

NOTE 7 – INVESTMENTS IN NON-MARKETABLE SECURITIES

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31,

2020

($)

 

Investment in equity shares of unlisted company

    12       11  

Investment in Evolve I (i)

    249       -  

Total

    261       11  

 

(i)

On May 12, 2020, the Company completed an investment under the terms of the Share Subscription Agreement (“SSA”) with Evolve I, Inc., a Washington corporation (“Evolve”), by transferring part of the consideration to Evolve. As of September 30, 2020, the Company owns approximately 19.8% interest in Evolve.

 

The Company regularly reviews its investment portfolio to determine if any security is other-than-temporarily impaired, which would require the Company to record an impairment charge in the period.

 

NOTE 8 – CLAIMS AND ADVANCES

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31,

2020

($)

 

Claims receivable (1)

    380       374  

Non-current deposits

    25       24  

Non-current advances (2)

    211       212  

Total

    616       610  

 

(1)

The claims receivable is due from the Cochin International Airport (“CIA”) that is partially owned by the State Government of Kerala. As of September 30, 2020, the receivable is due for over one year. The Company continues to carry the full value of the receivables without interest and without any impairment, because it believes that there is minimal risk that CIA will become insolvent and unable to make the payment. While the Company has initiated collection proceedings, it believes it will be difficult to receive the amount in the next 12 months because of the time required for legal collection proceedings. The increase in claims receivable was mainly due to foreign exchange translation as a result of a decline in value of Indian Rupee. 

 

 

(2)

Includes a loan of $200 thousand to one of our manufacturers for the purchase of equipment, at an annual interest rate of three percent (3%), due on April 1, 2021.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

NOTE 9 – LEASES

 

The Company has short-term leases primarily consisting of spaces with the remaining lease term being less than or equal to 12 months. The total short-term lease expense and cash paid for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are approximately $129 thousand and $80 thousand, respectively. The Company also has an operating lease as of September 30, 2020.

 

In November 2019, the Company entered into an office lease agreement with a lease term of less than 12 months. This lease was amended in March 2020, with a new lease term from March 1, 2020 to November 30, 2025. The annual lease expense is approximately $127 thousand. The lease contract does not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. The remaining lease term for the operating lease is 5.17 year with a discount rate of 7%. The lease does not provide a readily determinable implicit rate. Therefore, the Company discounts lease payments based on an estimate of its incremental borrowing rate.

 

   

(in thousands)

Three months ended

September 30, 2020

($)

   

(in thousands)

Six months ended

September 30, 2020

($)

 

Operating lease costs

    31       62  

Short term lease costs

    67       129  

Variable lease costs

    -       -  

Total lease costs

    98       191  

 

Right of use assets and lease liabilities for our operating leases were recorded in the consolidated balance sheet as follows:

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

 

Assets

       

Operating lease asset

    532  

Total lease assets

    532  
         

Liabilities

       

Current liabilities:

       

Accrued liabilities and others (current portion – operating lease liability)

    86  

Noncurrent liabilities:

       

Operating lease liability (non-current portion – operating lease liability)

    450  

Total lease liability

    536  

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

   

(in thousands)

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

 

Supplemental cash flow and non-cash information related to leases is as follows:

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

       

– Operating cash flows from operating leases

    19  

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations

    539  

 

As of September 30, 2020, the following table summarizes the maturity of our lease liabilities:

 
         

Sep-21

    118  

Sep-22

    120  

Sep-23

    123  

Sep-24

    126  

Sep-25

    130  

Sep-26

    22  

Less: Present value discount

    (103

)

Total Lease liabilities

    536  

 

NOTE 10 – ACCRUED AND OTHER LIABILITIES  

 

   

(in thousands)

 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31,

2020

($)

 

Compensation and other contributions

    413       424  

Provision for expenses

    104       412  

Other current liability

    210       298  

Total

    727       1,134  

 

Salaries and other contribution related liabilities consist of accrued salaries to employees. Provision for expenses include provision for legal, professional, and marketing expenses. Other current liability also includes $86 thousand and $89 thousand of current operating lease liability and statutory payables of approximately $42 thousand and $27 thousand as of September 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

NOTE 11 – LOANS AND OTHER LIABILITIES

 

Short-term and Long -term loans:

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repaid a secured loan of $50 thousand. As of September 30, 2020, the Company has the following loans:

 

 

a)

On May 3, 2020, the Company signed the Paycheck Protection Program Promissory Note (the “PPP Note”) and Agreement for a loan of approximately $430 thousand. The Loan is established pursuant to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) and administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). The PPP Note matures after 2 years on May 3, 2022, with monthly repayments of approximately $18 thousand commencing November 1, 2020. Interest will accrue on the outstanding principal balance at an annual fixed rate of 1.00%.

 

The CARES Act and the PPP Note provide a mechanism for forgiveness of up to the full amount borrowed. Under the PPP Note, the Company may apply for and be granted forgiveness for all or part of the PPP Note. The amount of loan proceeds eligible for forgiveness is based on a formula that takes into account a number of factors, including the amount of loan proceeds used by the Company during the eight or twenty-four week period after the loan origination for certain purposes including payroll costs, rent payments on certain leases, and certain qualified utility payments, provided that at least 60% of the loan amount is used for eligible payroll costs; the employer maintaining or rehiring employees and maintaining salaries at certain levels; and other factors. Subject to the other requirements and limitations on loan forgiveness, only loan proceeds spent on payroll and other eligible costs during the covered eight or twenty-four-week period will qualify for forgiveness. Forgiveness of the loan is dependent on the Company having initially qualified for the loan and qualifying for the forgiveness of such loan based on future adherence to the forgiveness criteria. The Company intends to use the entire loan amount for qualifying expense, though no assurance is provided that the Company will obtain forgiveness of the PPP Note in whole or in part.

 

 

b)

On June 11, 2020, the Company also received an Economic Injury Disaster Loan for approximately $150 thousand at an annual interest rate of 3.75%. The Company must pay principal and interest payments of $731 every month beginning June 5, 2021. SBA will apply each installment payment first to pay interest accrued to the day SBA receives the payment and will then apply any remaining balance to reduce principal. All remaining principal and accrued interest is due and payable in 30 years from the date of the loan. 

 

Other Liability:

 

Other liability consists of a gratuity reserve for employees in our subsidiaries in India and was $16 thousand and $16 thousand as of September 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

 

NOTE 12 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company may be involved in legal proceedings, claims and assessments arising in the ordinary course of business. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties, and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. There are no such matters that are deemed material to the condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020, except as disclosed below.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

As of September 30, 2020, several law firms have filed shareholder lawsuits, two of which have been consolidated, citing, among other things, the Company’s NYSE American delisting proceedings initiated in October 2018 (and overturned in February 2019) and subsequent fall in share price. The Company filed a motion to dismiss on October 11, 2019 seeking to dismiss the consolidated suit in its entirety. The motion to dismiss remains pending before the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. The Company anticipates that a decision may be issued by March 31, 2021, although it can provide no assurances of the same.

 

In the U.S., we provide health insurance, life insurance, and a 401(k) plan wherein the Company matches up to 6% of the employee’s pre-tax contribution up to a maximum annual amount determined by the IRS. In accordance with applicable Indian laws, the Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan (“Gratuity Plan”) covering certain categories of employees. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees, at retirement or termination of employment, an amount based on the respective employee’s last drawn salary and the years of employment with the Company. In addition, employees receive benefits from a provident fund, a defined contribution plan. The employee and employer each make monthly contributions to the plan equal to 12% of the covered employee’s salary. The contribution is made to the Indian Government’s provident fund.

 

NOTE 13 – SECURITIES

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company was authorized to issue up to 150,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 41,304,365 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding. The Company is also authorized to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and no preferred shares were issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020. The Company has 11,672,178 outstanding public warrants (IGC: IW) to purchase 1,167,217 shares of common stock by surrendering 10 warrants and a payment of $5.00 in exchange for each share of common stock. We have 91,472 units outstanding that can be separated into 9,147 shares of common stock and 182,944 warrants to purchase 18,294 shares of common stock.

 

We have one security listed on the NYSE American: common stock, $.0001 par value (ticker symbol: IGC). This security also trades on the Frankfurt, Stuttgart, and Berlin stock exchanges (ticker symbol: IGS1). We have redeemable warrants quoted on the OTC Markets (ticker symbol: IGC.IW, CUSIP number 45408X118 expiring on March 8, 2021) to purchase common stock. The units are not listed on an exchange or market. Ten units may be separated into one share of common stock and 20 warrants (IGC: IW) which effectively allows the holder to exercise the warrants into two shares of common stock.

 

NOTE 14 – INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

 

 

NOTE 15 – STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

As of September 30, 2020, under both the Company’s previous 2008 and current 2018 Omnibus Incentive Plans, a total of 8,327,627 shares of common stock have been issued to employees and advisors. 1.9 million restricted share units fair valued at $789 thousand with a weighted average value of $0.42 per share, have been granted but not yet issued from different Incentive Plans and Grants. Additionally, options held by advisors to purchase 210,000 shares of common stock fair valued at $96 thousand with a weighted average of $0.46 per share, that have been granted but are to be issued over a vesting period, between Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2024. Options granted and issued before the vesting period are expensed when issued.

 

The options are fair valued using a Black-Scholes Pricing Model with the following assumptions:

 

   

Granted in Fiscal 2021

   

Granted in Fiscal 2020

 

Expected life of options

 

5 years

   

5 years

 

Vested options

    100

%

    100

%

Risk free interest rate

    0.68

%

    2.57

%

Expected volatility

    249

%

    249

%

Expected dividend yield

 

Nil

   

Nil

 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

The expense associated with share-based payments to employees, directors, advisors, and contractors is allocated over the vesting or service period and recognized in the selling, general and administrative expenses (including research and development). For the six months ended September 30, 2020, the Company’s share-based expense and option-based expense shown in selling, general and administrative expenses (including research and development) was $305 thousand and $60 thousand, respectively.

 

The expense associated with share-based payments to employees, directors, advisors and contractors is allocated over the vesting or service period and recognized in the Common Stock and Additional Paid in Capital. For the six months ended September 30, 2019, the Company’s share-based expense and option-based expense shown in selling, general and administrative expenses (including research and development) was $349 thousand and $12 thousand respectively. 

 

Non-vested shares

 

Shares

(in thousands)

(#)

   

Weighted average

grant date fair value

($)

 

Non-vested shares as of March 31, 2020

    1,851       0.40  

Granted

    30       1.30  

Vested

    (70

)

    0.45  

Cancelled/Forfeited

    -       -  

Non-vested shares as of September 30, 2020

    1,811       0.42  

 

Options

 

Shares

(in thousands)

(#)

   

Weighted average

grant date fair value

($)

   

Weighted average

exercise price

($)

 

Options outstanding as of March 31, 2020

    160       0.40       0.39  

Granted

    150       0.64       0.30  

Exercised

    (100 )     0.64       0.30  

Cancelled/Forfeited

    -       -       -  

Options outstanding as of September 30, 2020

    210       0.46       0.36  

 

There was a combined unrecognized expense of $426 thousand related to non-vested shares and share options that the Company expects to be recognized over weighted average life of 0.9 years.

 

NOTE 16 – FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company’s marketable securities consist of liquid funds, which have been classified as Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because they have been valued using quoted prices in active markets. The decrease in value of marketable securities is due to realization of approximately $1.25 million and increase due to dividend income of approximately $13 thousand and approximately $6 thousand unrealized gain during the six months ended September 30, 2020. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents have also been classified as Level 1 on the same principle. Financial instruments are classified as current if they are expected to be liquidated within the next twelve months. The Company’s remaining investments have been classified as Level 3 instruments as there is little or no market data. Level 3 investments are valued using cost-method. For further information refer Note 7 – Investments in Non-Marketable Securities.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

The following table presents information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques the Company used to determine such fair value:

 

(in thousands)

 

   

Level 1

($)

   

Level 2

($)

   

Level 3

($)

   

Total

($)

 

September 30, 2020

                               
                                 

Cash and cash equivalents:

    1,151       -       -       1,151  

Total cash and cash equivalents

    1,151       -       -       1,151  
                                 

Investments:

                               

-Marketable securities

    3,850       -       -       3,850  

-Non-marketable securities

    -       -       261       261  

Total Investments

    3,850       -       261       4,111  

 

   

Level 1

($)

   

Level 2

($)

   

Level 3

($)

   

Total

($)

 

March 31, 2020

                               
                                 

Cash and cash equivalents:

    7,258       -       -       7,258  

Total cash and cash equivalents

    7,258       -       -       7,258  
                                 

Investments:

                               

-Marketable securities

    5,081       -       -       5,081  

-Non-marketable securities

    -       -       11       11  

Total Investment

    5,081       -       11       5,092  

 

NOTE 17 – INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

NOTE 18 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

FASB ASC No. 280, “Segment Reporting” establishes standards for reporting information about reportable segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group (“CODM”), in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The CODM evaluates revenues and gross profits based on product lines and routes to market. Based on our integration and Management strategies, we operate in two reportable segments: (i) Infrastructure segment and (ii) Life Sciences segment.

 

The Company’s CODM is the Company’s chief executive officer (“CEO”). The CEO reviews financial information presented on an operating segment basis for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing financial performance. Therefore, and before our Life Sciences segment started, the Company had determined that it operated in a single operating and reportable segment. As of the date of this report and in preparation for the new and different source of revenue, the Company has determined that it operates in two operating and reportable segments: (a) Infrastructure Business and (b) Life Sciences segment. The Company does not include intercompany transfers between segments for Management reporting purposes.

 

The following provides information required by ASC 280-10-50-38 “Entity-wide Information”:

 

1)     The table below shows revenue reported by segment:

 

Product & Service

  

   

(in thousands)

 

Segments

 

Six months ended

September 30, 2020

($)

   

Percentage of

Total Revenue

(%)

 
                 

Infrastructure segment

    67       10

%

Life Sciences segment

    642       90

%

Total

    709       100

%

 

   

(in thousands)

 

Segments

 

Six months ended

September 30, 2019

($)

   

Percentage of

Total Revenue

(%)

 
                 

Infrastructure segment

    3,091       89

%

Life Sciences segment

    379       11

%

Total

    3,470       100

%

 

For information for revenue by product and service, refer Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

2)     The table below shows the revenue attributed to the country of domicile (U.S.) and foreign countries. Revenue is generally attributed to the geographic location of customers: 

 

       

(in thousands)

 

Segments

 

Country

 

Six months ended

September 30, 2020

($)

   

Percentage of

Total Revenue

(%)

 
                     

Asia

 

(1) India

    67       10-

%

   

(2) Hong Kong

    -       -

%

North America

 

U.S.

    642       90

%

Total

    709       100

%

 

       

(in thousands)

 

Segments

 

Country

 

Six months ended

September 30, 2019

($)

   

Percentage of

Total Revenue

(%)

 
                     

Asia

 

(1) India

    2       -

%

   

(2) Hong Kong

    3,089       89

%

North America

 

U.S.

    379       11

%

Total

    3,470       100

%

 

3) The table below shows the non-current assets other than financial instruments held in the country of domicile and foreign countries.

 

   

(in thousands)

 

Nature of Assets

 

USA

(Country of Domicile)

($)

   

Foreign Countries

(India, Hong Kong, and Colombia)

($)

   

Total as of

September 30, 2020

($)

 

Intangible assets, net

    344       -       344  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    6,269       4,637       10,906  

Non- marketable securities

    250       11       261  

Claims and advances

    199       417       616  

Operating lease asset

    532       -       532  

Total non-current assets

    7,594       5,065       12,659  

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

   

(in thousands)

 

Nature of Assets

 

USA (Country of Domicile)

($)

   

Foreign Countries

(India Hong Kong and Colombia)

($)

   

Total as of March 31, 2020

($)

 

Intangible assets, net

    252       -       252  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    5,216       4,564       9,780  

Non- marketable securities

    -       11       11  

Claims and advances

    200       410       610  

Operating lease asset

    574       -       574  

Total non-current assets

    6,242       4,985       11,227  

 

NOTE 19 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company received an approval from the Institutional Review Board (“IRB”) , engaged a Principal Investigator, engaged a study site, and began enrolling participants for a Phase 1 trial on its Investigational Drug Candidate (“IDC”).

 

The Company was informed of a theft incident related to $1.73 million of inventory held with a processor. The processor’s insurance is expected to cover the Company inventory and has assured delivery of complete inventory as per the agreement. 

 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The purpose of this Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is to provide an understanding of the Company's consolidated financial condition, and results of operations and cash flows, and should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed financial statements and related notes that appear elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months and the six months ended September 30, 2020, and the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on July 13, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”). The Company’s actual results could differ materially from those discussed here. Factors that could cause differences include those discussed in the “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” sections, as well as discussed elsewhere in this report. The risks and uncertainties can cause actual results to differ significantly from those in our forward-looking statements or implied in historical results and trends. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements made by us, which speak only as of the date they are made. We disclaim any obligation, except as specifically required by law and the rules of the SEC, to publicly update or revise any such statements to reflect any change in our expectations or in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statements may be based, or that may affect the likelihood that actual results will differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

 

Company Background

 

At IGC, our aim is to pioneer the future of pharmaceuticals and wellness products through groundbreaking, innovative research in cannabinoid sciences. Devastating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Epilepsy, and chronic pain collectively affect over a billion people worldwide. We believe life-altering solutions are within reach by combining creative concepts, dedicated research and development, with a passion for community, and wellness empowerment.

 

We believe that wellness and access to affordable naturally derived medicine is a human right. Since 2014, our team has been committed to researching the application of cannabinoid-based therapies as viable alternatives to many current medications. Early anecdotal evidence suggests cannabinoid and hemp sciences may open doors to the discovery and development of novel treatments for numerous diseases currently believed to be incurable.

 

Driven by cutting edge research and technology, we are committed to our goal to make cannabinoid-based formulations accessible to the masses and to continue to change the dialogue and current stigmas around cannabis so that cannabis-based products, including medicines, can be made more widely available to the people who need them most.

 

We are also committed to our business operations in Asia, including (a) the execution of construction contracts, (b) the purchase and resale of physical commodities used in infrastructure, and (c) the rental of heavy construction equipment.. Although COVID-19 continues to impact this business line, IGC looks forward to increasing these operations as the COVID-19 pandemic allows.

 

COVID-19 Update

 

We continue to monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and from restrictions imposed by governmental entities related thereto, on our financial condition, liquidity, operations, suppliers, industry, and workforce. Revenue from the infrastructure segment continues to be adversely affected as we are unable to fully deploy our workforce. In response to the evolving circumstances, we supplemented our facilities to manufacture, label, and distribute FDA-registered alcohol-based hand sanitizers and hand rubs. While there is a general lack of visibility, we anticipate drastically reduced revenue from Infrastructure, and also unpredictable revenue from the Life Sciences segment as the world economy remains impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. During the six months ended September 30, 2020:

 

 

1.

Our revenue from the infrastructure business remains adversely affected with increased expenses. However, in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, we have commenced limited operations for the completion of the road building contract that we have been awarded.

 

2.

A majority of our hemp processing and distillation equipment is sourced from China. While we took delivery of the equipment, the commissioning and certification of the equipment continues to be delayed. The commissioning of our large-scale processing and distillation equipment is delayed.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q 

 

Overview

 

While our primary source of revenue for the three months and the six months ended September 30, 2019, is from our Infrastructure segment, our primary source of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2020 is from our Infrastructure segment and for the six months ended September 30, 2020, is from our Life Sciences segment, which produced wellness products, including alcohol-based hand sanitizers, among others.

 

The Company operates both segments in compliance with applicable state, national, and local laws and regulations and only in locations and regions where it is legal to do so. Further information on the Company highlights in the six months ended September 30, 2020, can be found in Part I, Item 1, Note 1 - Business Description, “Business updates”.

 

Expanding Sales Strategy

 

In the Life Sciences segment, we view our desire to be vertically integrated in the hemp industry as providing us with several profit opportunities that we expect to focus on throughout the rest of Fiscal 2021. The Company has been working on branded products, under the Herbo™, Hyalolex™, Holief™ and Sunday Seltzer™ product lines, and expects to launch online sales during Fiscal 2021 or early Fiscal 2022.

 

Our strategy for the Infrastructure segment is to continue investing in and competitively bidding on construction contracts, for example to build roads, bridges, and other civil works in Kerala, India, and to opportunistically buy and sell infrastructure and other commodities.

 

FDA Clinical Trials

 

On July 30, 2020, IGC received a notice from the FDA to proceed with a 12-subject Phase 1 human clinical trial (“removal of full clinical hold”) on its INDA, submitted under Section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, for IGC-AD1. The Phase 1 trial is proposed to involve a randomized placebo-controlled MAD study to evaluate safety and tolerability of IGC-AD1 in subjects with mild to severe dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, the study will evaluate PK and collect data on other factors. The Company’s IGC-AD1 formulation is based on a patent filed by the USF that uses a cannabinoid as one of the active ingredients. The Company has exclusive rights to the patent filing. The Company’s flagship product Hyalolex Drops of Clarity™, currently available in select dispensaries in Puerto Rico, is modeled around this formulation. For further information on the FDA trial process, please refer the Item 1, Business in Part I of the 2020 Form 10-K.

 

Alzheimer’s disease

 

According to the National Institute of Health’s National Institute on Aging (NIA), Alzheimer’s is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that destroys memory and thinking skills, and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. Symptoms, for most people, may first appear for individuals in their mid-60s. Some experts believe that Alzheimer’s is the third leading cause of death just behind heart disease and cancer. Alzheimer’s is believed to cause about 70% of dementia, which is the loss of cognitive functioning that includes thinking, remembering, reasoning, and behavioral abilities.2 Alzheimer’s is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, who, in 1906, based on a histopathological study, found that the brain tissue of a women who died of unusual mental illness had abnormal clumps and tangled bundles of fiber. Her symptoms included memory loss, language problems and unpredictable behavior. The clumps are now called beta-amyloid plaques (plaques) and the bundles are now called neurofibrillary or tau tangles (tangles). These plaques and tangles are considered the main features, or hallmarks, of Alzheimer’s disease, another being the loss of connection between nerve cells.3

 


1 https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet

2 https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dementia

3 https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

While some researchers view Alzheimer’s as a spectrum disease, the NIA categorizes Alzheimer’s in three stages: mild, moderate, and severe. Broadly, in mild Alzheimer’s, problems can include wandering, getting lost, not remembering the way home for example, trouble handling money and paying bills, repeating questions, and personality and behavior changes. In moderate Alzheimer’s there is damage to the areas of the brain that control language, reasoning, sensory processing, and conscious thought. Problems can include carrying out multistep tasks such as dancing, getting dressed, and more behavior changes including hallucinations, delusions, paranoia and impulsive behavior. By the time severe Alzheimer’s sets in, plaques and tangles spread throughout the brain, and the brain shrinks significantly. People with severe Alzheimer’s are completely dependent on others for care, they cannot communicate, and, near the end, the body shuts down.4

 

Plaques are believed to be caused by an unhealthy brain’s inability to clear a protein called beta amyloid (® amyloid, “A®”) that is cleaved, as part of a normal cycle, from a larger protein called Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP).5 These cleaved smaller-length proteins are cleared in healthy brains. However, in Alzheimer’s brains, they accumulate, sticking to each other, becoming sticky plaques that are deposited between neurons, affecting neuronal connections and leading, for example, to memory loss. Inside a neuron there are microtubules, analogous to highways, that help transport nutrients from one part of the nerve cell to another. Tau protein helps bind and stabilize the microtubule structures. In Alzheimer’s patients, tau detaches from the microtubules and stick together, forming threads that eventually join to form tangles inside the neurons, leading to neuronal death. Essentially, plaques deposit between neurons, and tangles kill neurons from the inside.6 It may be characterized as a near perfect assault on the brain with devastating consequences. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease.7

 

Alzheimer’s patients manifest Behavior and Psychological Symptoms caused by Dementia (BPSD) that include, among others, depression, agitation, aggression, sleep disturbance (sundown syndrome), delusions, hallucinations, anxiety. These symptoms put a burden on caregivers that leads to caregiver distress.8

 

IGC-AD1

 

In 2017, IGC acquired rights to a patent filed by USF on treating Alzheimer’s disease using a cannabinoid in combination with another naturally occurring molecule. The research on which the patent application is based showed that in Alzheimer’s cell lines, various combinations of the formulation blocked the production of A®, blocked the formation of A® oligomers (plaques), inhibited the hyperphosphorylation of tau, which leads to the destabilization of microtubules, and increases mitochondrial activity, among others. The research also showed improvement in the memory of Alzheimer’s induced transgenic mice. Based on this and other data, IGC acquired the patent rights from USF, formulated a liquid investigational medication, and filed an INDA with the FDA. The investigational drug, IGC-AD1, is ready for human trials, which is expected to begin with a Phase 1 MAD, PK trial.

 

 

 


4 https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet

5 https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-happens-brain-alzheimers-disease#:~:text=Amyloid%20Plaques&text=In%20the%20Alzheimer's%20brain%2C%20abnormal,of%20beta-amyloid%20influence%20Alzheimer's.

6 https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-happens-brain-alzheimers-disease#:~:text=In%20Alzheimer's%20disease%2C%20however%2C%20abnormal,the%20synaptic%20communication%20between%20neurons.

7 https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/treatments

8 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5550537/

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended

 

September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019

 

The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period. The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019:

 

Statement of Operations (in thousands, unaudited)

 

   

Three months ended September 30,

                 
   

2020

($)

   

2019

($)

   

Change

($)

   

Percent

Change

 

Revenue

    125       1,821       (1,696 )     (93

%)

Cost of revenue

    (99 )     (1,793 )     1,694       (94

%)

Gross Profit

    26       28       (2 )     7

%

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    (1,483 )     (1,094 )     (389 )     36

%

Research and development expenses

    (219 )     (222 )     3       (1

%)

Operating loss

    (1,676 )     (1,288 )     (388 )     30

%

Other income, net

    19       109       (90 )     (83

%)

Loss before income taxes

    (1,657 )     (1,179 )     (478 )     41

%

Tax expense

    -       -       -       -

%

Net Loss

    (1,657 )     (1,179 )     (478 )     41

%

 

Revenue – Revenue in the quarter ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, were $125 thousand and $1,821 thousand respectively. The decrease in revenue is primarily due to restrictions imposed by the COVID pandemic.

 

Revenue in the Infrastructure segment was approximately $67 thousand and $1,547 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 respectively. The revenue is from the execution of construction contract and sales of infrastructure related physical commodities.

 

Revenue in the Life Sciences segment for the three months ended September 30, 2020, was $58 thousand as compared to $274 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2019, albeit with a change in product mix. Primarily due to COVID-19, we have limited visibility on when either of our segments will stabilize and become predictable. We expect volatility in both segments in the foreseeable future. We expect to be opportunistic in providing personal protection equipment as the country reopens from the pandemic. 

 

Cost of revenue – Cost of revenue amounted to approximately $99 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $1,793 thousand in the three months ended September 30, 2019. The cost of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2020, is primarily attributable to raw materials that are required to produce our products.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses – Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee-related expenses, sales commission, professional fees, legal fees, marketing, other corporate expenses, allocated general overhead and provisions, depreciation and write-offs relating to doubtful accounts and advances, if any. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $389 thousand or 36% to $1,483 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2020, from $1,094 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase of approximately $0.4 million is attributed to a one-time settlement expense of approximately $50 thousand, compensation expenses attributed to increased head count and associated employee-related expenses, marketing expense related to expansion of brands and depreciation expense related to increase in Property, Plant and Equipment. We expect general and administrative expenses to decrease as one-time legal and other one-time expenses continue to abate over the rest of this year.

 

Research and Development expenses – R&D expenses were attributed to our Life Sciences segment. The R&D expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020, is approximately $219 thousand and approximately $222 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The cost associated with this work is mostly research comprising of plant extracts that could be productized and data to support the efficacy of the extracts, including preparing for potential FDA trials, product research, designing, formulating and market analysis. We expect R&D expenses to increase with Phase 1 trials on IGC-AD1. All research and development costs are expensed in the quarter in which they are incurred. 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Other Income, net – Other net income decreased by approximately $90 thousand or 83% during the three months ended September 30, 2020. The total other income for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 is approximately $19 thousand and $109 thousand, respectively. Other income includes interest income, rental income, dividend income and unrealized gain from marketable securities, net, and income from sale of scrap, among others.

 

Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended

 

September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019

 

The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period. The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019:

 

Statement of Operations (in thousands, unaudited)

 

   

Six months ended September 30,

                 
   

2020

($)

   

2019

($)

   

Change

($)

   

Percent

Change

 

Revenue

    709       3,470       (2,761 )     (80

%)

Cost of revenue

    (637 )     (3,401 )     2,764       (81

%)

Gross Profit

    72       69       3       4

%

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    (3,238 )     (2,343 )     (895 )     38

%

Research and development expenses

    (441 )     (469 )     28       (6

%)

Operating loss

    (3,607 )     (2,743 )     (864 )     31

%

Other income, net

    68       185       (117 )     (63

%)

Loss before income taxes

    (3,539 )     (2,558 )     (981 )     38

%

Tax expense

    -       -       -       -

%

Net Loss

    (3,539 )     (2,558 )     (981 )     38

%

 

Revenue – Revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2020, was primarily derived from our Life Sciences segment, which involved sales of products such as alcohol-based hand sanitizers, among others. In the six months ended September 30, 2019, our revenue was primarily derived from the infrastructure segment. Revenue was approximately $709 thousand and $3,470 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Revenue in the Life Sciences segment in the six months ended September 30, 2019, was $379 thousand as compared to $642 thousand in the six months ended September 30, 2020, albeit with a change in product mix. At the same time, revenue in our Infrastructure segment for the six months ended September 30, 2019, was $3,091 thousand and $67 thousand in the six months ended September 30, 2020, relating to sales of infrastructure related physical commodities and execution of construction contract respectively. Primarily due to COVID-19, we have limited visibility on when either of our segments will stabilize and become predictable. We expect volatility in both segments in the foreseeable future. We expect to be opportunistic in providing personal protection equipment, including hand sanitizers, as the country reopens from the pandemic. 

 

Cost of revenue – Cost of revenue amounted to approximately $637 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $3,401 thousand in the six months ended September 30, 2019. The cost of revenue in the six months ended September 30, 2020, is primarily attributable to raw materials that are required to produce our products.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses – Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee-related expenses, sales commission, professional fees, legal fees, marketing, other corporate expenses, allocated general overhead and provisions, depreciation and write-offs relating to doubtful accounts and advances, if any. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $895 thousand or 38% to $3,238 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2020, from $2,343 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2019. The increase of approximately $0.9 million is attributed to a one-time settlement expense of approximately $50 thousand, a payroll accrual of approximately $200 thousand, compensation expenses attributed to increased head count and associated employee-related expenses, marketing expense related to expansion of brands and depreciation expense related to increase in Property, Plant and Equipment. We expect general and administrative expenses to decrease as one-time legal and other one-time expenses continue to abate over the rest of this year.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Research and Development expenses – R&D expenses were attributed to our Life Sciences segment. The R&D expenses for the six months ended September 30, 2020, is approximately $441 thousand and approximately $469 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2019. The cost associated with this work is mostly research comprising of plant extracts that could be productized and data to support the efficacy of the extracts, including preparing for potential FDA trials, product research, designing, formulating and market analysis. We expect R&D expenses to increase with Phase 1 trials on IGC-AD1. All research and development costs are expensed in the quarter in which they are incurred. 

 

Other Income, net – Other net income decreased by approximately $117 thousand or 63% during the six months ended September 30, 2020. The total other income for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 is approximately $68 thousand and $185 thousand, respectively. Other income includes interest income, rental income, dividend income and unrealized gain from marketable securities, net, and income from sale of scrap, among others.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources  

 

Our sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents, cash flows from operations, short-term borrowings, and short-term liquidity arrangements. The Company continues to evaluate various financing sources and options to raise working capital to help fund current research and development programs and operations. The Company does not have any material long-term debt, capital lease obligations or other long-term liabilities, except as disclosed in this report. Please refer to Note 12, “Commitments and Contingencies” and Note 9, “Leases” in Item I of this report for further information on Company commitments and contractual obligations.

 

While, the Company believes its existing balances of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities and other short-term liquidity arrangements, will be sufficient to satisfy its working capital needs, capital asset purchases, share repurchases, debt repayments, investments and other liquidity requirements, if any, associated with its existing operations over the next 12 months, it expects to raise money when it is able to do so.

 

Management is actively monitoring the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s financial condition, liquidity, operations, suppliers, industry, legal expenses, and workforce.

 

This liquidity and capital resources discussion compares the unaudited consolidated Company financials.

 

   

(in thousands, unaudited)

                 
                                 
   

As of

September 30, 2020

($)

   

As of

March 31, 2020

($)

   

Change

   

Percent Change

 

Cash and cash equivalents

    1,151       7,258       (6,107

)

    (84

)%

Working capital

    11,789       15,811       (4,022

)

    (25

)%

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents decreased by approximately $6,107 thousand to $1,151 thousand in the six months ended September 30, 2020, from $7,258 thousand as of March 31, 2020, a decrease of approximately 84%.

 

A major decrease in our cash and cash equivalents in the six months ended September 30, 2020, was due to $1,229 thousand used in purchase of property, plant, and equipment and a $2,439 thousand investment in inventory. In addition, cash and cash equivalents decreased as a result of our net losses of approximately $3,539 thousand during the six months ended September 30, 2020. 

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q 

 

Summary of Cash flows

 

   

(in thousands, unaudited)

                 
                                 
   

Six months ended September 30,

                 
   

2020

   

2019

   

Change

   

Percent Change

 

Cash (used in) operating activities

    (6,450 )     (4,444 )     (2,006 )     45

%

Cash (used in) investing activities

    (195 )     (7,111 )     6,916       (97

%)

Cash provided by financing activities

    530       18       512       2,844

%

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

    8       (10 )     18       (180

%)

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    (6,107 )     (11,547 )     5,440       (47 %)

Cash and Cash Equivalents at the beginning of period

    7,258       25,610       (18,352 )     (72

%)

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

    1,151       14,063       (12,912 )     (92 %)

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the six months ended September 30, 2020, was approximately $6 million. This consists of a net loss of approximately $3.5 million and non-cash items totaling approximately $550 thousand, which in turn consist of an amortization/depreciation charge of approximately $185 thousand and stock-based expenses totaling approximately $365 thousand. Changes in operating assets and liabilities had a negative impact of approximately $3.5 million on cash, of which approximately $2.4 million was due to an increase in inventory..

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the six months ended September 30, 2019 was $4.4 million. Cash was consumed from continuing operations, with the net loss of $2.6 million, non-cash items totaling $406 thousand, consisting of a depreciation charge of $45 thousand and stock-based expenses totaling $361 thousand and changes in working capital accounts had a negative impact of $2.3 million on cash. 

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended September 30, 2020, was $195 thousand, which is comprised of approximately $48 thousand for the acquisition and filing expenses related to patents and trademarks, purchase of property, plant and equipment of $1.2 million and investments of approximately $149 thousand in non-marketable securities and proceeds of $1.2 million from marketable securities.

 

Net cash used in investing activities during the six months ended September 30, 2019 was $7.1 million which is comprised of approximately $2 million for the purchase of office space, plant and equipment among others, $5 million for investment in a marketable securities and $23 thousand for the acquisition and filing of patents.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $530 thousand for the six months ended September 30, 2020, which is comprised of proceeds from loans. Please refer Note 11, “Loans and Other Liabilities” for further information.

 

Cash provided by financing activities of approximately $18 thousand during the six months ended September 30, 2019 consisted of share options previously issued to advisor.   

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any outstanding derivative financial instruments, off-balance sheet guarantees, interest rate swap transactions or foreign currency forward contracts. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or that engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us. 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

While all accounting policies impact the financial statements, certain policies may be viewed as critical. Critical accounting policies are those that are both most important to the portrayal of financial condition and results of operations and that require Management’s most subjective or complex judgments and estimates. Our Management believes the policies that fall within this category are the policies on revenue recognition, inventory, accounts receivable, foreign currency translation, impairment of long-lived assets and investments, stock-based compensation, and cybersecurity. We have a cybersecurity policy in place and tighter cybersecurity measures to safeguard against hackers. There were no impactful breaches in cybersecurity during the six months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Please see our disclosures in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this report, in the Notes to the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements in the 2020 Form 10-K, as well as Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the 2020 Form 10-K, for a discussion of all our critical and significant accounting policies.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

The recent accounting pronouncements are discussed in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this report and in the Notes to the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on July 13, 2020.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Item 3 does not apply to us because we are a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our Management maintains disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is processed, recorded, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to Management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer (our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively), as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Our Management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed in the reports filed or submitted by us under the Exchange Act was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the requisite time periods and that such information was accumulated and communicated to our Management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. 

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our Management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, evaluated our “internal control over financial reporting” as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) to determine whether any changes in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2020, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

The Company may be involved in legal proceedings, claims, and assessments arising in the ordinary course of business. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties, and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. There are no such matters that are deemed material to the consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020.

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company was a party to two shareholder lawsuits, as described below.

 

Shareholder Class Action Litigation

 

Tchatchou v. India Globalization Capital, Inc., et al., Civil Action No. 8:18-cv-03396 (U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland). On November 2, 2018, IGC shareholder Alde-Binet Tchatchou instituted a shareholder class action complaint on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. IGC, Ram Mukunda, Richard Prins, and Sudhakar Shenoy were named as defendants. On May 13, 2019, the plaintiff in the Tchatchou litigation filed an amended complaint against IGC, Mukunda, and Claudia Grimaldi, (collectively, the “Class Action Defendants”), thereby removing Prins and Shenoy as defendants. The plaintiff in Tchatchou alleges that the Class Action Defendants violated Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act, SEC Rule 10b-5, and Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act and made false and misleading statements to the public by issuing a September 25, 2018, press release entitled “IGC to Enter the Hemp/CBD-Infused Energy Drink Space” and related disclosures, in which IGC announced it had “executed a distribution and partnership agreement” for the sugar-free energy drink named Nitro G, as well as through related public statements. The plaintiff in Tchatchou has not publicly disclosed the amount of damages they seek. On February 28, 2019, all pending shareholder class actions were consolidated, and the Tchatchou litigation was designated as the lead case.

 

On October 11, 2019, Company and the other the Class Action Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the consolidated shareholder class action litigation on a number of grounds, including that the Class Action Defendants did not make any false or misleading statements or any materially false or misleading statements to the public; the Class Action Defendants did not act with any intent to deceive the public, nor did they recklessly do so; and that the Class Action Defendants’ alleged conduct did not cause any loss allegedly suffered by the class action plaintiffs. The motion to dismiss remains pending before the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, and the Company anticipates that a decision may be issued by March 31, 2021, although it can provide no assurances of the same.

 

Harris-Carr v. India Globalization Capital, Inc., et al., Civil Action No. 8:18-cv-03408 (U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland). On November 2, 2018, IGC shareholder Gabe Harris-Carr instituted a shareholder class action complaint on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. IGC, Ram Mukunda, and Claudia Grimaldi were named as defendants. On February 28, 2019, all pending shareholder class actions, including the Harris-Carr litigation, were consolidated, and the Tchatchou litigation, described above, was designated as the lead case. On May 13, 2019, the plaintiff in the Tchatchou litigation filed an amended complaint, which becomes the operative complaint for the consolidated matter and supersedes the Harris-Carr complaint.

 

 

INDIAGLOB20200930_10QIMG002.JPG | September 30, 2020 Form 10-Q

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the Risk Factors reported herein, you should carefully consider the risk factors identified in the Company’s 2020 annual report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on July 13, 2020, the Risk Factors identified in our Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 19, 2020, together with all other information included in this report in evaluating our company and our common stock. If any of the following risks and uncertainties develops into actual events, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In that case, the trading price of our common stock and other securities also could be adversely affected. We make various statements in this section, which constitute “forward-looking statements.” See “Forward-Looking Statements.”

 

The Company incorporates by reference as if fully set forth and restated herein all Risk Factors identified in our 2020 Form 10-K and the Risk Factors identified in our Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 19, 2020. Additionally, risks and uncertainty of which we are unaware or which currently we deem immaterial also may become important factor that affects us. The additional risk factor has been mentioned below: 

 

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) interim final rule related to statutory amendments to the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) made by the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (AIA), regarding the scope of regulatory controls over marihuana, tetrahydrocannabinols, and other related constituents may have an adverse impact on the Company.

 

From August 21, 2020, the interim rule to align DEA regulations in response to hemp legalization under the 2018 Farm Bill became effective. In order to meet the AIA's definition of hemp,