TIDMVCP

RNS Number : 7925F

Victoria PLC

20 July 2021

 
 For Immediate Release   20 July 2021 
 

Victoria PLC

('Victoria', the 'Company', or the 'Group')

Preliminary Results

for the year ended 3 April 2021

Record Revenues and Operating Profits

Victoria PLC (LSE: VCP) the international designers, manufacturers and distributors of innovative floorcoverings, is pleased to announce its preliminary results for the year ended 3 April 2021.

Financial and Operational highlights

 
                                       Year ended       Year ended     Change on 
 Continuing operations               3 April 2021    28 March 2020    prior year 
 
 Revenue                                GBP662.3m        GBP621.5m         +6.6% 
 Underlying EBITDA(1)                   GBP127.4m        GBP118.1m         +7.9% 
 Underlying operating profit(1)          GBP79.8m         GBP77.1m         +3.5% 
 Operating profit / (loss)               GBP45.9m        GBP(8.5)m             - 
 Underlying profit before tax(1)         GBP50.1m         GBP48.0m         +4.4% 
 Net profit / (loss) after                GBP2.8m       GBP(71.8)m             - 
  tax 
 Underlying free cash flow(2)            GBP38.8m         GBP39.2m             - 
 Net debt(3)                            GBP345.7m        GBP365.9m             - 
 Net debt / EBITDA(4)                       3.10x            3.04x             - 
 Earnings / (loss) per share: 
 - Basic                                     2.30         (57.22)p             - 
 - Diluted adjusted(1)                     28.66p           28.42p         +0.8% 
 

-- 2021 was the eighth consecutive record year for Victoria - despite challenging operational conditions due to the pandemic.

-- Record revenues of GBP662.3 million were achieved, despite very material (as much as 80%) revenue declines in Q1 due to Covid-19 lockdowns.

-- Record underlying EBITDA of GBP127.4 million (FY2020 GBP118.1m) and margin of 19.2% (FY2020: 19.0%).

-- Strong cash generation continues with GBP38.8 million of underlying free cash flow, which equated to a 49% conversion from underlying operating profit.

   --    Year-end leverage was 3.1x, in accordance with the Group's stated financial policy. 

-- The Group successfully refinanced all of its outstanding debt plus raised additional capital for acquisitions, reducing the coupon by c.150bps and extending the duration so that the earliest of the Group's senior debt does not now fall due until August 2026, and approximately one-third of the total will not be due until March 2028.

-- Five further earnings-enhancing acquisitions completed post-year end at very attractive valuations. Victoria continues to have substantial amounts of capital to deploy. We are in active discussions with additional high-quality opportunities to grow our business.

   --    Formal earnings guidance is today being reinstated. 

(1) Underlying performance is stated before exceptional and non-underlying items. In addition, underlying profit before tax and adjusted EPS are stated before non-underlying items within finance costs. FY20 underlying figures are stated before an increase in credit loss provision of GBP2.8m at the start of the Covid-19 pandemic; FY21 is stated after all credit losses in the ordinary course.

(2) Underlying free cash flow represents cash flow after interest, tax and replacement capital expenditure, but before investment in growth, financing activities and exceptional items.

(3) Net debt shown before right-of-use lease liabilities, preferred equity, bond issue premia and the deduction of prepaid finance costs.

(4) Leverage shown consistent with the measure used by our lending banks

Geoff Wilding, Executive Chairman of Victoria PLC commented:

"I want to pay credit to all Victoria's management team, who, when it really mattered, delivered an extraordinary outcome for shareholders in a challenging operational environment. The result of their efforts is that the Group is in an enviable operational and financial position to take advantage of opportunities to continue to create wealth for shareholders."

Sell-side analyst presentation:

A conference call for analysts will be held at 10.00am BST today. If you would like to join the call, please contact Buchanan for details at victoriaplc@buchanan.uk.com .

There will be a separate meeting for bond holders at 11.30am. Please contact tsan.wu@credit-suisse.com or tim.oliver.cornelius@hsbc.com.

For more information contact:

 
Victoria PLC 
 Geoff Wilding, Executive Chairman 
 Philippe Hamers, Group Chief Executive 
 Michael Scott, Group Finance Director        +44 (0) 1562 749 610 
 
  Singer Capital Markets (Nominated Adviser 
  and Joint Broker) 
  Rick Thompson, Phil Davies, Alex Bond         +44 (0) 207 496 3095 
Berenberg (Joint Broker) 
 Ben Wright, Mark Whitmore, Tejas Padalkar 
 
 Peel Hunt (Joint Broker) 
 Adrian Trimmings, Andrew Clark               +44 (0) 203 207 7800 
 
 Buchanan Communications (Financial PR)        +44 (0) 207 418 8900 
 Charles Ryland, Chris Lane, Vicky Hayns, 
 Tilly Abraham                                 +44 (0) 20 7466 5000 
 

Chairman and CEO's Review

INTRODUCTION

Victoria has been manufacturing and selling flooring for 125 years. It is a remarkably resilient business, having ultimately prospered through two world wars, three global pandemics, and numerous economic recessions. We are delighted to say, thanks to the remarkable efforts of our operational managers, Victoria has not only survived the extraordinary events of this past year, but produced record operating profits and cash generation. As set out in previous Annual Reports, the historical progression of some KPIs has been summarised in the table below:

 
           Underlying        Underlying       Diluted      Underlying       EBITDA by geography(1) 
              EBITDA       EBITDA margin(1)   adjusted    operatingcash 
          per share(1,2)                       EPS(2)       flow per 
                                                            share(2) 
 Year          GBP                %            Pence          GBP          UK %      Aus %    Eur % 
        ----------------  -----------------  ---------  ---------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 FY15         0.27              12.5%          10.47          0.30         79.5%     20.5%      - 
 FY16         0.39              12.6%          16.32          0.40         79.3%     20.7%      - 
 FY17         0.50              13.8%          24.42          0.48         75.1%     23.6%     1.3% 
 FY18         0.64              15.2%          30.61          0.64         48.3%     22.0%    29.7% 
 FY19         0.78              16.8%          35.25          0.86         25.8%     9.7%     64.5% 
 FY20         0.86              17.3%          28.42          0.78         26.9%     7.5%     65.6% 
 FY21         0.91              16.9%          30.21          0.77         33.6%     13.0%    53.4% 
        ----------------  -----------------  ---------  ---------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 

The KPIs in the table above are alternative performance measures used by management along with other figures to measure performance. Full financial commentary is provided in the Financial Review below.

The business is a lot less cyclical than is often thought. Aside from acquisitive growth, revenues have consistently grown organically over the last 15 years - a period which includes the 2008 financial crisis and, of course, the Covid-19 pandemic. Together with the inherent low operational gearing of the business (just 10% of the total cost base is truly fixed) and the high cash conversion of earnings, this has important positive implications for the risk profile of Victoria, which is possibly not always fully appreciated by investors.

One of the objectives of this review is help investors better understand the business and, perhaps, better appreciate some of its unique characteristics that the Board believes makes it an attractive investment.

[1] In this review, underlying EBITDA in FY20 and FY21 is stated before the impact of IFRS 16 for consistency of comparison with earlier years. FY20 is stated before the exceptional increase in credit loss provision at the year-end following the start of the Covid-19 pandemic; all other years including FY21 are shown after any credit loss expense

2 Number of shares based on diluted, weighted-average calculation consistent with diluted EPS. FY15 adjusted for 5-for-1 share split; FY16 and FY20 figures for continuing operations. FY21 adjusted to remove dilution impact of unutilised preferred equity funding at the year-end (employed for post-year end acquisitions).

FY2021 OPERATIONAL REVIEW

Overview

What matters most for business performance - outside of talent - is culture. A strong corporate culture means people know what is expected of them even a completely new situation. It means the company does not have to suffer the inefficiencies of excessive formal rules and procedures, nor management waiting for orders before reacting. A rule book tells people what they can't do; a culture tells people what they should do. Victoria's culture begins with our mission statement, "To create wealth for shareholders", and it meant that during the pandemic crisis of the last year, right across the Group, people knew how to act - that their decisions and actions needed to reflect the outcome required by the mission statement. Accordingly, unlike previous years, where we have commented on specific managers' actions, in this extraordinary year, we want to give credit to all Victoria's management team, who, when it really mattered, delivered an extraordinary outcome for shareholders.

The legendary CEO of Intel, Andy Grove once said, "Bad companies are destroyed by crisis. Good companies survive them. Great companies are improved by them." The brilliant performance of our operational managers gave us the opportunity to strengthen the business during FY2021, improving its market position, sustainably improving productivity and margins, and taking advantage of some unique acquisition opportunities from motivated sellers.

However, before commenting specifically on each of the different operating divisions, there were three Group-wide events that we think are worth highlighting.

Bond Refinancing

In previous Annual Reports we have observed that not all debt is created equal (shareholders may recall the pastry chef versus rugby forward analogy) and simplistic analysis can be misleading. Whilst Victoria's board is comfortable deploying debt due to the Group's strong cash generation, it has given careful consideration to the structure of that debt to ensure the robust financial stability of the Group.

The advantages of the Group's financing structure were stark in 2021 and ensured shareholders were protected from value-destroying discounted equity issuance. The long duration and covenant-lite features of our debt, coupled with ample cash reserves and committed credit-lines meant the Group maintained more than adequate liquidity throughout the year. (In fact, negative operating cash flow was just GBP6 million in Q1, during the total lockdown in all our main markets).

Having demonstrated the unquestionable resilience of its business during the year, Victoria took advantage of strong bond markets in early calendar 2021 to refinance all its outstanding debt plus raise additional capital for acquisitions. This action has three significant benefits for Victoria:

(i) We were able to reduce the coupon rate, saving the Group c.GBP7 million of annual interest cost versus the original 2024 senior notes;

(ii) The earliest of the Group's senior debt does not now fall due until August 2026, and approximately one-third of the total will not be due until March 2028; and

(iii) The additional capital raised, alongside the preferred equity funding from Koch Equity Development (see further below), enables us to move quickly on potential acquisitions in the short-term. Indeed, we have already managed to conclude five acquisitions since the year-end.

The bond offers were heavily oversubscribed, demonstrating the credit market's support of Victoria, and we are pleased to note that the bonds have consistently traded at a premium since their issue (at the time of writing the yield is just 3.3%).

It is the Board's view that these long-dated bonds, in conjunction with the Group's strong cash generation, maintains Victoria's robust financial position.

Koch Equity Investment

One of the significant events of this year was the commitment by Koch Equity Development, a division of US$115 billion (revenues) Koch Industries, to invest GBP175 million into Victoria via convertible preferred equity, alongside the purchase of 12.5 million ordinary shares from an existing institutional shareholder.

The commercial terms of this October 2020 investment are detailed in Note 6 to the accounts and we do not propose to repeat them here. However, part of Koch's investment return on their preferred equity is expected to come from attached ordinary share warrants and we thought it would be helpful for shareholders to update the table provided in the Interim Report illustrating the maximum number of ordinary shares that can be issued, if the warrants are exercised:

 
               Number of ordinary shares issued on exercise of warrants 
 Share Price at       GBP10.00   GBP12.00   GBP14.00   GBP16.00   GBP18.00   GBP20.00 
  exercise date 
                     ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 GBP75m preferred 
  shares*             1.01m      0.84m      0.72m      0.63m      0.56m      0.50m 
                     ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 % of shares on 
  issue               0.9%       0.7%       0.6%       0.5%       0.5%       0.4% 
                     ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 
 GBP175m preferred 
  shares*             5.11m      4.26m      3.65m      3.19m      2.84m      2.56m 
                     ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 % of shares on 
  issue               4.4%       3.6%       3.1%       2.7%       2.4%       2.2% 
                     ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 

*Assuming the follow-on GBP100m preferred equity is either cancelled or drawn in July 2021, respectively,

and the warrants are exercised 36 months after the initial funds were received and net settled

Koch have proven to be excellent partners - going far beyond their contractual obligations to help build value at Victoria. For example, they have saved us money by sharing their deep knowledge of the petro-chemical markets, which has allowed us to base our raw material purchases and hedging on their insights alongside hard data. Separately, they have actively helped Victoria source growth opportunities in the US, and then rolled their sleeves up and helped with diligence and negotiations. We are delighted to have them as shareholders.

200bps Margin Growth

FY2021 was a year in which we completed no major acquisitions and therefore the record trading results, including the c.200bps expansion in underlying EBITDA margin following the end of the first national lockdowns in May-June 2020, were driven by organic performance (further details provided in the Financial Review section).

Previous Annual Reports have set out in detail the productivity and operational initiatives we have undertaken to drive our margin. These projects were all completed on time and on budget during FY2020, but the impact was masked by the Covid crisis in the final quarter of that year. However, they have delivered exactly as planned and have driven meaningful and sustainable margin expansion post lockdown. The Group's H2 underlying EBITDA margin exceeded 20%, delivering a full year margin of 19.2%.

The Group's management has firm plans to further grow the operating margin, but shareholders should note that many even well-run businesses that are potential acquisitions have operating margins of less than 20%. Therefore, until the businesses are fully integrated and synergies realised, some acquisitions could be margin dilutive - albeit given the likely difference in size between Victoria and the acquired business, the impact will likely be small.

The second function of the reorganisation and capex projects was to enhance Victoria's service proposition to retailers (our customers) and, by making us a more attractive supplier, grow our share of wallet. This has succeeded beyond the Board's expectations. Despite divisional revenues declining by as much as 80% in the first two months of the financial year due to the lockdowns, the Group grew revenues in FY2021 by more than GBP40 million (+6.6%).

UK & Europe Soft Flooring - record underlying EBITDA margin of 17.5%

 
                                 FY21               FY20         Growth 
 Revenue                   GBP280.4 million   GBP282.0 million    -0.6% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA         GBP49.0 million    GBP41.3 million    +18.7% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA 
  margin                        17.5%              14.6%         +290bps 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT           GBP28.7 million    GBP21.7 million    +32.3% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT margin         10.2%               7.7%         +250bps 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 

The UK & Europe Soft Flooring division delivered an extraordinarily strong performance, wholly due to organic growth:

   --    Revenues in the second half were nearly GBP155 million, 

-- Despite lockdown for the first 10 weeks of FY2021 during which UK revenues fell by more than 80%, underlying EBITDA for the full year was higher than that of the prior year at GBP49.0 million,

-- Underlying EBITDA margin for the full year was a record 17.5%, 290bps higher than that of the previous year, with post-lockdown EBITDA margin some 470bps higher on a like-for-like basis(3) .

3 UK & Europe Soft Flooring profits in the period include GBP6.5 million received under the UK Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, of which the majority was received during the first national lockdown in April and May 2020, reducing losses in that period and enabling the company to avoid taking more significant cost cutting actions.

There were three reasons for this very pleasing result, which led Victoria's carpet and underlay divisions outperforming all our key competitors - domestic and overseas - in the market:

(i) The successful execution of a thorough capex and reorganisation plan (set out in detail in previous shareholder communications) over the last two years, which have delivered precisely as planned and sustainably improved our logistics efficiency and factory productivity - driving both market share growth and meaningful margin expansion.

(ii) Management actions taken during the pandemic to minimise the impact of lockdowns and ensure rapid recovery once manufacturing was again permitted.

(iii) Strong post-lockdown demand from consumers.

Carpet and underlay Manufacturing

-- There was a continued focus on margin and removal of margin dilutive products. Also, strong consumer demand for carpet meant the focus across the business was on production - servicing the existing best-selling SKU's - and we limited the launch of new products during FY2021. We will be catching up in the current financial year to continue to drive profitable growth.

-- During Q4 of FY2021, the global market for synthetic yarns experienced meaningful price inflation driven by short-term supply constraints, as well as inflation in global shipping prices. However, Victoria was able to mitigate the impact of this through competitive supplier negotiations and immediate increases in selling prices.

-- The Group invested in brand new production facilities in Dewsbury, Yorkshire for its prestigious Westex brand during FY2021 and closed the old factory at nearby Cleckheaton. The significantly improved productivity at the new site has lifted operating margins, and a full payback on the capital cost is expected in less than three years.

-- Given our objective of constantly increasing factory productivity and reducing working capital, the Group installed carpet-tufters on beams, which have enabled the efficient manufacture of smaller production runs.

-- Over the year we worked to develop "RENU", a sustainable carpet underlay made from 98% recycled materials and is itself 100% recyclable at end-of-life (this includes the use of bio-film made from sugar cane by-product and PU derived from post-consumer waste).

Logistics

-- The investment in our logistics capacity has proven to be the perfect strategy to differentiate Victoria from the continental carpet suppliers by meaningfully enhancing our service proposition. On-Time-Delivery for available stock across the country within three days further increased to 94%, resulting in retailers favouring Victoria Group products over those from competitors with slower and less certain delivery.

-- The productivity of the three distribution centres also jumped as the impact of our investment in FY19 and FY20 arrived. We are now cutting and delivering 52% more orders with 33% fewer employees.

   --    We have increased the capacity of the fleet to 270 vehicles to meet demand. 

-- The reorganisation and productivity enhancements have also delivered more spare capacity - allowing for future growth of more than 15% without further capex investment required.

UK & Europe Ceramic Tiles - revenue growth of 15.8%

 
                                 FY21               FY20         Growth 
 Revenue                   GBP282.4 million   GBP243.9 million   +15.8% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA         GBP63.1 million    GBP68.3 million     -7.7% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA 
  margin                        22.3%              28.0%         -570bps 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT           GBP40.4 million    GBP51.5 million    -21.4% 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT margin         14.3%              21.1%         -680bps 
                          -----------------  -----------------  -------- 
 

The Group's ceramic tile division delivered strong revenues following the first national lockdowns in May-June 2020.

With regard to margin performance, it is important to note that the main reason for the difference between FY2020 and FY2021 is the pro-forma effect of acquisitions. We acquired two ceramic tile businesses in the prior year (Ibero in August 2019 and Ascot in March 2020), and one in the current year (Keradom in December 2020), all of which were producing lower margins than the incumbent businesses in this division. In particular, Ascot was acquired right at the end of FY2020 (so had little impact on that year) and, at the time (before integration and synergies), had an EBITDA margin of less than 5%.

Furthermore, like-for-like average margin performance during FY2021 was impacted by three factors:

-- Firstly, there is a higher degree of operational leverage inherent in the ceramic tile manufacturing process compared to soft flooring (for example, kilns operating at volcano-type temperatures cannot just be turned off and on at will) and together with nominal government support during the different lockdowns, margins suffered.

-- Secondly, although the acquisition of Italian ceramics factory Ascot in March 2020 delivered immediate production capacity (as detailed below), full integration was delayed by several months due to the lockdowns, which resulted in duplicated costs for part of the year.

-- Finally, during the second phase of national lockdowns across Europe in the first quarter of calendar 2021 (Q4 of FY2021), consumers based in Europe were more adversely affected than their UK counterparts, and this had a much greater impact on our ceramic tiles business than it did our soft flooring business, the significant majority of which is a UK business.

Italy

-- Following the successful integration of the factory and assets we acquired from a neighbouring business (Ascot Gruppo Ceramiche) in March 2020, substantial production capacity was added to our Italian business, Ceramiche Serra, which enabled it to more than double output - adding 1.2m m(2) of red body tiles and 0.7m m(2) of porcelain tiles - whilst reducing employee numbers from 368 to 250 FTE across the businesses.

-- All the additional production was sold, and with DIY customer demand still increasing and some manufacturing again being outsourced, we recently (post year-end) repeated the move of adding capacity by acquiring the factory and assets of a nearby business facing closure (Ceramica Santa Maria).

-- This is a highly efficient way of adding production capacity as it provides more-or-less instantaneous increase in capacity versus the 18-24 months it would take to build a factory, instal the plant, and acquire emission rights.

Spain

-- Extended lockdown durations and nominal government support meant our Spanish businesses were more significantly adversely affected by Covid-19 lockdown than our Italian ceramics factories.

-- In order to be able to quickly restart operations when permitted to do so, we decided not to take certain short-term operational actions to cut costs that would have been slow to reverse (for example shutting down kilns take several days to shut down and then restart carefully).

-- Nonetheless, a strong recovery in consumer demand post-lockdowns delivered a very good second half to the year, once inventory shortages were overcome, which has flowed into the current financial year.

Due to the nature of its raw materials, the Group's ceramics businesses have seen little inflation in raw material prices or disruption to the supply chain.

Australia - underlying EBITDA margin growth +590bps

 
                                FY21              FY20         Growth 
 Revenue                   GBP99.6 million   GBP95.6 million    +4.1% 
                          ----------------  ----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA         GBP16.6 million   GBP10.3 million   +60.7% 
                          ----------------  ----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA 
  margin                        16.7%             10.8%        +590bps 
                          ----------------  ----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT           GBP11.9 million   GBP5.8 million    +105.4% 
                          ----------------  ----------------  -------- 
 Underlying EBIT margin         12.0%             6.1%         +590bps 
                          ----------------  ----------------  -------- 
 

Our Australian management had to cope with a particularly uncertain operating environment during FY2021, with numerous short-term, yet highly disruptive, local lockdowns being imposed throughout the period. Nonetheless, with the support of loyal retailers (the Victoria brand is particularly strong in Australia), new products across our various brands in carpet, underlay and LVT sustained the post-lockdown momentum seen in the interim results. Also, the previously announced consolidation of underlay production into a new factory to Sydney was completed during the year, which contributed to the margin uplift.

The result was revenues that exceeded the previous year alongside an extraordinary increase in underlying operating margins. As with the Group's other divisions, this great result was purely organic.

ACQUISITIONS

Given the importance of acquisitions to the development of our business and the creation of shareholder wealth, we thought we would spend a little more time on it in this review to shareholders.

Criteria

We meet with dozens of possible acquisition opportunities each year, seeking to find businesses that generate free cash and with definable synergy opportunities - whether that be in productivity, capacity, or distribution. As and when we find a business that meet the key criteria set out below, we will endeavour to acquire it, subject to a sensible valuation. This list is not exhaustive and sometimes we will not acquire a business despite it meeting all our criteria because of some indefinable factor that makes us uncomfortable with proceeding.

1. We never buy failing turnarounds. The time and energy expended on a standalone turnaround is rarely worth it and the outcome is always sufficiently uncertain to make it too risky for us;

2. Modern, well-equipped factories. As a company, Victoria is extremely focussed on cash generation. It is free cash that enables us to pay down debt, fund growth, whether acquisitions or organic, and in due course progressively return capital to shareholders through dividends or share buybacks. So, the last thing we want to have to do after buying a business is spend all the cash it generates bringing the factory up to standard;

3. Committed, talented, and honest management. Any fool can lease a factory and buy the machinery to make flooring (and quite a few have!). The difference between the average business and the extraordinary businesses Victoria acquires is the quality of their management;

4. Broad distribution channels. Victoria's sales are overwhelmingly made to literally thousands of retailers. We like the security this diversity provides; and pay close attention to customer concentration when considering a potential acquisition;

5. A fair price. In many ways, Victoria's Board is in the same position as equity investors in that we must carefully choose the companies we acquire in order to optimise our return on the capital we invest. Although shareholders can have confidence that we will never overpay, quality businesses are rarely 'cheap' and we are mindful of the observation of Buffett's partner, Charlie Munger, that,

"Over the long term, it's hard for a stock to earn a much better return than the business which underlies it earns. If the business earns 6% on capital over 40 years and you hold it for that 40 years, you're not going to make much different than a 6% return - even if you originally buy it at a huge discount. Conversely, if a business earns 18% on capital over 20 or 30 years, even if you pay an expensive-looking price, you'll end up with one hell of a result."

If one plans to hold a share for the long term (and Victoria obviously plans to own the shares of companies it buys indefinitely), the rate of return on capital the business generates - after synergies - is far more important than the headline multiple one buys or sells at.

Finally, one thing we don't do. We are investing - building a business - for the long term. Therefore, when assessing an acquisition, we do not spend inordinate time on short-term cycles in top-down factors like monetary policy, macro-economic outlook, consumer confidence, durable goods orders, and market sentiment.

Valuation Multiples

We are frequently asked about the multiples we pay for acquisitions. It is conventional to announce acquisition valuations as a multiple of EBITDA and, rightly or wrongly, we do the same.

However, this is not the methodology we use internally to assess value. Victoria's board strongly believes shareholder value is best created over time by consistently growing underlying free cash flow per share and this is the key metric used in capital allocation decisions - including acquisitions. Consequently, the cash return (earnings after capex, after tax, after working capital movements, etc.) on capital - which is what matters in terms of wealth creation - may lead to significantly different EBITDA multiples being announced, although the cash return will be similar.

Other factors that influence what we are prepared to pay include opportunities for cost synergies, growth rates, risk, etc. And, of course, ultimately, the price paid will also reflect the negotiation process.

Victoria is also a fan of Benjamin Graham's famous 'margin of safety'. Having arrived at a view of what a particular business is worth to us, we ensure that the price we pay is a sufficient discount to this value to provide us with a margin of safety if future trading isn't what we expect it to be.

Of course, this means we miss out on some potential acquisitions. This is where the size of the market opportunity and our active prospecting becomes invaluable - we never feel pressured to do a particular deal - there is always another one. As one of our colleagues is fond of reminding us, "The opportunity of a lifetime comes along about twice a year".

Origination

Almost all our potential acquisition opportunities result from cold-calling business owners. Victoria has a very good reputation in the industry as a reliable and honourable buyer and we spend time building a one-to-one relationship with successful owners. Sometimes we are able to conclude a deal immediately, at other times the timing isn't right for the owner. However, the effort invested in getting to know a business and its owner is rarely wasted, as we build a virtual 'bank' of future opportunities.

The reasons owners decide to sell are almost as numerous as there are deals. However, many owners are facing succession issues and Victoria represents an opportunity to sell at a fair price to a friendly buyer, who is known to treat the business and employees well, post-completion. Together with the opportunity to keep working in the business for as long as they wish, Victoria's characteristics can be compelling to owners - many of whom established the business, perhaps 30 years previously, and feel a strong emotional connection to it. On more than one occasion, Victoria's offer has not been the highest, and yet owners have chosen to sell to us. Our reputation is important and valuable.

Scale of opportunity

Victoria has grown a lot in the last eight years and we are increasingly asked if we will shortly run out of acquisition opportunities. So let us reassure shareholders that this is a low (extremely low!) probability risk factor. The global flooring market is US$226 billion(4) . Restricting it to the markets in which we are already active, it is as follows:

-- North America: US$34 billion(4)

-- UK/Europe: US$35 billion(4)

-- Australasia: US$4 billion(5)

Collectively, our existing markets are some 65x larger than Victoria's current size. It is highly likely we can maintain our growth rate for many years to come.

Return on Tangible Assets

Finally, whilst on the subject of acquisitions, it is worth highlighting that, because we focus on buying high quality flooring businesses, the return on tangible assets (such as working capital and plant and machinery) is invariably excellent. The 'trade-off' is that a significant proportion of the purchase price is invariably goodwill and other intangible assets.

This is of more than academic interest. It is important to understand that the higher the return achieved on tangible assets, the better it is for wealth creation. This is for two related reasons: firstly, the goodwill 'cost' never needs to be replaced whereas plant and machinery wears out and needs to be replaced, consuming cash; and, secondly, as revenues grow, less cash needs to be invested into working capital and less cash is consumed in adding new fixed assets to manufacture the increased sales. (This advantage becomes even more acute in times of sustained inflation). Consequently, businesses achieving a high return on tangible assets generate more free cash, which is then available to further grow the value of the business.

So, what does this mean in practice for Victoria's shareholders? Below is a table setting out Victoria's Return on Tangible Assets for the last five years. This shows the ability of the company to generate consistent returns in excess of 20% - despite a very substantial increase in the capital base - over the long term, producing cash that we can continue to deploy to grow the value of the company.

 
 (GBPmillions)     Pro-forma    Net tangible assets   RoTA 
                   underlying 
                      EBIT 
    FY 2016          28.2              83.4           33.9% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
    FY 2017          40.3              102.6          39.3% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
    FY 2018          76.7              228.1          33.6% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
    FY 2019          76.9              280.3          27.4% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
    FY 2020          82.0              309.4          26.5% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
    FY 2021          84.9              324.4          26.2% 
                 ------------  --------------------  ------ 
 

4 Freedonia 2021 Global Flooring Report; 5Company estimates

DIVIDS

It is our view that, in a desperate search for yield, in recent years some investors are failing to see the wood for the trees. Investors should be trying to maximise their total returns (share appreciation plus dividends), rather than focussing excessively on dividend return alone.

Since October 2012, when the current board was appointed, every GBP1,000 invested in Victoria(5) has become GBP66,060.54, a compounded annual gain of 61.7% per annum. Had a shareholder instead sold shares each year to produce a 'dividend yield' of 4%(6) (a yield comfortably in excess of the average FTSE250 yield over the same period), then as at today, that shareholder would have received a total income of GBP6,125.13 and still have shares worth GBP49,634.17, compared with the FTSE250 investor, who would have received an income of GBP362.68 and have shares worth GBP1,910.23. (This is even before taking into account the more advantageous taxation of capital gains on share sales rather than taxation of dividends, which has been discussed in a previous Annual Report). Furthermore, following that policy, that same shareholder would today be receiving an annual 'income' greater than their original total investment.

It remains the Board's view (as it has been for the last eight years) that it can continue to deploy capital to optimise the creation of wealth for shareholders and therefore it has again resolved not to pay a final dividend for FY2021.

ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS

The environment matters.

In the last couple of years many annual reports have been awash with a plethora of pious platitudes about environmental sustainability or aspirations to the same. Objectively, many of the vacuous commitments are unsustainable, unmeasurable, and ultimately meaningless.

Victoria's approach is different. We take our obligations seriously and to ensure our commitments are sustainable, we seek ways to meet those obligations that also deliver on our mission statement, "To create wealth for shareholders" by lowering production and distribution costs or enhancing our product offering.

For example, we actively seek opportunities to incorporate recycled raw materials or consumer waste in our product. A significant proportion of our ceramic tiles use patented technology (Victoria owns the patents) to incorporate recycled bricks and tiles, and we manufacture our own tile glaze from discarded computer and television screens. We recycle mattress components and sneaker soles in our underlay production and recycled soft drink bottles in our artificial grass, which is itself 100% recyclable. "RENU", our new sustainable carpet underlay is made from 98% recycled materials (including the use of bio-film made from sugar cane) and is itself is 100% recyclable at end-of-life.

Waste heat from our ceramic kilns is used to drive turbines in co-generation plants - making the factories largely self-sufficient in electricity (in fact we sell surplus generation back to the national grid). We capture and recycle waste water in our factories. 85% of the delivery fleet (270 vehicles) is now 'EURO 6' compliant and we are trialling HVO-fuelled vehicles (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil made from 100% renewable raw materials such as fat, waste vegetables and other oils).

These actions (and numerous others) may not be as flashy as some of the more headline-grabbing announcements we have observed, but, because all these changes improve our earnings and return on capital, there is no risk of backsliding or quietly dropping them in the future.

5 Assumes that the dividends declared on 20 December 2012 and 3 October 2013 and the special dividend declared on 25 June 2014 were re-invested in Victoria plc shares on the respective dates.

6 Calculated on the gross value of shares held at the end of each calendar year.

OUTLOOK

Operations

The foreseeable outlook for the existing business is encouraging. Demand remains strong and traditional leading indicators suggest this demand will be sustained:

-- Home price appreciation, savings rates, and consumer confidence are key for stable and growing residential spending on flooring. Residential renovation and maintenance spending is strongly correlated with these factors - in other words the ability and willingness of home owners to access cash to purchase flooring. Across our key markets home prices are increasing and consumer savings rates are at record levels. Therefore, continued growth in residential renovation and repair spending is likely in the years ahead.

-- Increased wear and tear. Not surprisingly, with more people spending more time at home, flooring has suffered from increased use. Also, the more time people spend at home, the more house proud they become and consequently, the more aware of faults they become.

-- Housing transactions are a longer-term guide to residential flooring demand. Home owners frequently replace the flooring in their new (to them) home 12-18 months post-purchase. Whether driven by concerns around hygiene or style preferences, the correlation is remarkable and, given the high levels of housing sales in many of our markets, demand is likely to hold up for the medium term.

-- Anecdotally, we understand consumers are buying better quality flooring than normal, which fits Victoria's product profile.

Acquisitions

Victoria has completed several high-quality acquisitions since the end of FY2021. Our operational management team are fully engaged in integrating them into our business and it is expected they will have a meaningful impact on Victoria's cash flow and operating profits this financial year.

Nonetheless, we continue to look at additional opportunities. We have highlighted earlier in this review the size of the market in which we operate and our way of identifying potential acquisitions. We are very confident we will be able to continue to make value-creating acquisitions in the years ahead.

CONCLUSION

Victoria does not have detailed five- or 10-year plans. We have a mission ("To create wealth for shareholders") and a fundamental strategy to deliver on it : to use acquisitions to build manufacturing and distribution scale, and leverage that scale to deliver operating synergies and generate cash. Outside of that we avoid the straitjacket of detailed long-term plans.

Truth be known, we think precise forecasts and excessive planning are of very limited use. Prussian military theorist, Carl Von Clausewitz, argued that plans do not survive contact with the enemy (or, as Mike Tyson, so memorably expressed it, "Everyone has a plan until they get punched in the mouth"). Therefore, Victoria focuses on its objective, whilst retaining the necessary flexibility to adapt to conditions and opportunities.

As part of our mission, we strive for ways to manage risk - our financing is long-dated and covenant lite, acquisitions incorporate contingent earnouts, our focus is on the less cyclical residential repair and redecorating market, we maintain low operational gearing, our customer base is highly diversified, we outsource a portion of our manufacturing to create a buffer in demand downturns, we are geographically diversified, managers are empowered to take meaningful decisions so they can react quickly to changing circumstances, the list is almost endless. Yet, this risk management approach, which is an integral part of our business model, stood us in good stead during the tumult of 2020 - and shareholders have benefitted.

Ultimately, we believe Victoria is a good business because it earns a very good return on capital and, just as importantly, with its business model, has the opportunity to continue to deploy the capital it generates at these excellent returns. As a Board and management team we strive to thoughtfully invest the capital generated by operations to maximise the long-term value of the business. Einstein once remarked that compounding return was the eighth wonder of the world and it is a mathematical certainty that, if we are able to continue to do this, the effect on shareholder wealth over time will be remarkable.

   Geoffrey Wilding                                                            Philippe Hamers 
   Executive Chairman                                                        Chief Executive Officer 

20 July 2021

Strategic Report

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

Victoria PLC is a designer, manufacturer and distributor of innovative flooring products. The Group is headquartered in the UK, with operations across the UK, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Australia, employing approximately 3,500 people at more than 20 sites.

The Group designs and manufactures a wide range of wool and synthetic broadloom carpets, ceramic tiles, flooring underlay, LVT (luxury vinyl tile) and hardwood flooring products, artificial grass, carpet tiles and flooring accessories.

A review of the performance of the business is provided within the Financial Review.

BUSINESS MODEL

Victoria's business model is underpinned by five integrated pillars:

   1.         Superior customer offering 

Offering a range of leading quality and complementary flooring products across a number of different brands, styles and price points, focused on the mid-to-upper end of the market or specialist products, as well as providing market-leading customer service.

   2.         Sales driven 

Highly motivated, independent and appropriately incentivised sales teams across each brand and product range, ensuring delivery of a premium service and driving profitable growth.

   3.         Flexible cost base 

Multiple production sites with the flexibility, capacity and cost structure to vary production levels as appropriate, in order to maintain a low level of operational gearing and maximise overall efficiency.

   4.         Focused investment 

Appropriate investment to ensure long-term quality and sustainability, whilst maintaining a focus on cost of capital and return on investment.

   5.         Entrepreneurial leadership 

A flat and transparent management structure, with income statement 'ownership' and linked incentivisation, operating within a framework that promoted close links with each other and with the PLC Board to plan and implement the short and medium-term strategy.

STRATEGY

The Group's successful strategy in creating wealth for its shareholders has not changed and continues to be to deliver profitable and sustainable growth, both from acquisitions and organic drivers.

In terms of acquisitions, the Group continues to seek and monitor good opportunities in key target markets that will complement the overall commercial offering and help to drive further improvement in our KPIs. Funding of acquisitions is primarily sought from debt finance to maintain an efficient capital structure, insofar as a comfortable level of facility and covenant headroom is maintained.

Organic growth is fundamentally driven by the five pillars of the business model highlighted above. In addition, the Group continues to seek and deliver synergies and transfer best operating practice between acquired businesses, both in terms of commercial upside, and cost and efficiency benefits to drive like-for-like margin improvement.

KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

The KPIs monitored by the Board and the Group's performance against these are set out in the table below and further commented upon in the Chairman and CEO Review and the Financial Review.

 
                                                        2021     2020 
                                                       GBP'm    GBP'm 
--------------------------------------------------   -------  ------- 
 Revenue                                               662.3    621.5 
 % growth at constant currency                          7.4%    10.2% 
---------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 Underlying EBITDA(1)                                  127.4    118.1 
 % margin(1)                                           19.2%    19.0% 
 
 Underlying operating profit                            79.8     77.1 
 % margin                                              12.0%    12.4% 
 
 Operating cash flow(2)                                 93.9     97.6 
 % conversion against underlying EBITDA(1)               83%      92% 
 
 Free cash flow(3)                                      38.8     39.2 
 % conversion against underlying operating profit        49%      51% 
                                                     -------  ------- 
 Underlying EBITDA per share(1,4)                     91.21p   85.52p 
 Earnings per share (diluted, adjusted)(4)            30.21p   28.42p 
 Operating cash flow per share(2,4)                   76.59p   77.78p 
---------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 Adjusted net debt / EBITDA(5)                         3.10x    3.04x 
---------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

(1) FY20 EBITDA is stated before the extraordinary increase in credit loss provision at the start of the Covid pandemic (GBP2.8m); FY21 stated after credit losses. EBITDA per share shown on a pre-IFRS 16 basis for consistency with pre 2020 periods.

(2) Operating cash flow shown before interest, tax and exceptional items.

(3) Free cash flow shown before investment in growth capex, acquisitions and exceptional items.

(4) The number shares applied does not include dilution impact of unutilised preferred equity funding at the year-end (employed for post-year end acquisitions).

(5) Applying our banks' adjusted measure of financial leverage.

SECTION 172(1) STATEMENT

Section 172 of the Companies Act 2006 requires a Director of a company to act in the way they consider, in good faith would be most likely to promote the success of the company for the benefit of the members as a whole. In doing this, section 172 requires a Director to have regard, among other matters, to:

   --    The likely consequences of any decisions in the long-term; 
   --    The interests of the company's employees; 
   --    The need to foster the company's business relationships with suppliers, customers and others; 
   --    The impact of the company's operations on the community and the environment; 

-- The desirability of the company maintaining a reputation for high standards of business and conduct; and

   --    The need to act fairly between shareholders of the company. 

During the year ended 3 April 2021 the Directors consider they have, individually and collectively, acted in a way that is most likely to promote the success of the Company for the benefit of its shareholders as a whole and have given due consideration to each of the above matters in discharging their duties under section 172. The stakeholders we consider in this regard are our employees, our shareholders, bondholders and other investors, and our customers and suppliers. The Board recognises the importance of the relationships with our stakeholders in supporting the delivery of our strategy and operating the business in a sustainable manner.

When considering key corporate decisions, such as material acquisitions or financing arrangements the Board considers the interests and objectives of the Company's stakeholders, in particular its shareholders. In doing so, the potential risk and rewards of these transactions are carefully balanced. A careful and consistent financial policy is employed, in particular focusing on maintaining a level of financial leverage that the Board consider to be sustainable through economic cycles, and long-dated and flexible financing terms in relation to covenants and restrictions. Where there are potential material financial costs or redemption requirements within financing arrangements, for example the make-whole provisions in the Company's senior notes and preferred equity, or the change in control provisions in the preferred equity, the Board considers the likelihood of these scenarios and any potential mitigating actions.

Directors are briefed on their duties as part of their induction and they can access professional advice on these from an independent advisor throughout the period a director holds office. The directors fulfil their duties partly through a governance framework; the Board has adopted the Quoted Companies Alliance ("QCA") Code and the Group's application of this code is detailed on the Group's website.

The Board recognises the importance of building and maintaining relationships with all of its key stakeholders in order to achieve long-term success.

Further details on the Company's strategy and long-term decisions are set out in the Chairman and CEO's Review.

PRINCIPAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

The Board and senior management team of Victoria identifies and monitors principal risks and uncertainties on an ongoing basis. These include:

Covid-19 - The issues surrounding Covid-19 have the capacity to impact companies' earnings by interrupting supply chains, workforce sustainability, and demand. Unquestionably a decline in demand is the most relevant risk to Victoria.

The Group is well positioned to manage this short-term risk and uncertainty; the key reasons being:

   1.    Victoria enjoys comparatively low operational gearing across its businesses; 

2. The Group's supply chain is highly diversified and invariably localised to the key manufacturing plants. Our access to raw materials remains secure and we will be able to meet demand as it arises;

3. The Group have a highly experienced and motivated operational management team with a track record of successfully navigating through deep economic downturns;

4. The wide geographic spread of both our manufacturing operations and, more importantly, our customers means that the virus's impact on Group revenue (and its subsequent recovery) is likely to occur at varying times and not simultaneously;

5. Victoria currently has EUR750 million of Senior Secured Notes ("bonds") in issue, of which EUR500m falls due in August 2026 and EUR250m falls due in March 2028. These bonds carry no maintenance financial covenants;

6. Victoria has a strong balance sheet with sufficient cash on hand to support the business in even the most severe scenarios we have modelled. Victoria has not accessed any government credit-line schemes and does not foresee any current need to raise capital for normal operating activities.

Competition - the Group operates in mature and highly competitive markets, resulting in pressure on pricing and margins. Management regularly review competitor activity to devise strategies to protect the Group's position as far as possible.

Economic conditions - the operating and financial performance of the Group is influenced by specific economic conditions within the geographic areas within which it operates, in particular the Eurozone, the UK and Australia. Economic risks in any one region is mitigated by the independence of the Group's three divisions. The Group remains focused on driving efficiency improvements, cost reductions and ongoing product development to adapt to the current market conditions.

Key input prices - material adverse changes in certain raw material prices - in particular wool and synthetic yarn, polyurethane foam, and clay - could affect the Group's profitability. A proportion of these costs are denominated in US Dollars, a currency in which the Group has no income. Key input prices are closely monitored and the Group has a sufficiently broad base of suppliers to remove arbitrage risk, as well as being of such a scale that it is able to benefit from certain economies arising from this. Whilst there is some foreign exchange risk beyond the short-term hedging arrangements that are put in place, the Group experiences a natural hedge from multi-currency income as the vast majority of the Group's cost base remains in domestic currency (Euros, Sterling and Australian Dollars).

Acquisitions - acquisition-led growth is a key part of the Group's ongoing strategy, and risks exist around the future performance of any potential acquisitions, unforeseen liabilities, or difficulty in integrating into the wider Group. The Board carefully reviews all potential acquisitions and, before completing, carries out appropriate due diligence to mitigate the financial, tax, operational, legal and regulatory risks. Risks are further mitigated through the retention and appropriate incentivisation of acquisition targets' senior management. Where appropriate the consideration is structured to include deferred and contingent elements which are dependent on financial performance for a number of years following completion of the acquisition.

Other operational risks - in common with many businesses, sustainability of the Group's performance is subject to a number of operational risks, including Health & Safety, major incidents that may interrupt planned production, cyber security breaches and the recruitment and retention of key employees. These risks are monitored by the Board and senior management team and appropriate mitigating actions taken.

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY

Victoria PLC is committed to being an equal opportunities employer and is focused on hiring and developing talented people.

The health and safety of our employees, and other individuals impacted by our business, is taken very seriously and is reviewed by the Board on an ongoing basis.

A Company statement regarding the Modern Slavery Act 2015 is available on the Company's website at www.victoriaplc.com.

As a manufacturing and distribution business, there is a risk that some of the Group's activities could have an adverse impact on the local environment. Policies are in place to mitigate these risks, and all of the businesses within the Group are committed to full compliance with all relevant health and safety and environmental regulations.

On behalf of the Board

Geoffrey Wilding

Executive Chairman

20 July 2021

Financial Review

HIGHLIGHTS

The financial year to March 2021 was characterised by the Covid-19 pandemic, the resultant social and economic lockdowns in various countries, and Victoria's reaction to this in terms of operations and sales. It was a year where the Company demonstrated its financial robustness in the face of a one-off significant decline in sales (which occurred during the initial lockdown in March to June 2020) and its operational flexibility to react quickly in unpredictable conditions to meet changing customer needs, fulfil spikes in demand, and conserve cash. It was also a year where the significant benefits of past restructuring and synergy-driven investment were clearly apparent.

Victoria is primarily focused on the residential end-market across all of its product categories. Global residential markets have proven to me much more resilient than commercial markets through the pandemic, as household consumers adjusted quickly to a new way of working and living and have continued to invest in home improvement, whereas commercial investment decision making - particularly property-related - stalled. Furthermore, Victoria operates across numerous geographical end-markets and all of the key residential distribution channels within these markets. This diversity has helped the business to remain robust by minimising individual country, channel and customer risk.

As a result, despite the adverse impact of Covid lockdowns, Victoria had an extremely strong year in FY21 in terms of operational and financial performance, delivering higher revenue, underlying EBITDA and operating profit than in the previous financial year. This involved a huge, co-ordinated effort from everyone in the business, across commercial, operational, finance and administrative teams.

 
                                            2021         2020      Growth 
                                           GBP'm        GBP'm 
--------------------------------------  -----------  -----------  ------- 
 
 Revenue                                 GBP662.3m    GBP621.5m    +6.6% 
 
 Gross Profit                            GBP234.9m    GBP226.4m    +3.7% 
 Margin %                                  35.5%        36.4% 
 
 Operating Profit                         GBP45.9m    (GBP8.5m)      - 
 Margin %                                   6.9%        -1.4% 
 
 
 Exceptional and non-underlying 
  EBITDA items                           (GBP7.1m)    (GBP57.8m)   -97.6% 
 
 Amortisation of acquired intangibles    (GBP26.8m)   (GBP25.0m)     - 
 
 
 Underlying EBITDA                       GBP127.4m    GBP118.1m    +7.9% 
 Margin %                                  19.2%        19.0% 
 
 
 Underlying Operating Profit              GBP79.8m     GBP77.1m    +3.5% 
 Margin %                                  12.0%        12.4% 
 
 
 Free cash flow(7)                        GBP38.8m     GBP39.2m      - 
 
 % conversion against underlying 
  operating profit                          49%          51%         - 
 
 

The underlying EBITDA and operating profit figures shown above are inclusive of charges relating to credit losses (bad debts). These amounted to 0.23% of revenue in FY21 (FY20: 0.45%, due to some Covid-specific additional provisions), which is a normal level for the business. This strong performance reflects the very low customer concentration of the Group, the financial resilience of our customers, and the additional efforts from our credit control teams in the past year to work constructively with them.

Non-underlying items in the year - other than non-cash amortisation of acquired intangibles recognised on the balance sheet (primarily brands and customer relationships), which in any case are below EBITDA - totalled GBP7.1 million (FY20: GBP57.8 million). Further details are provided below.

Cash conversion from underlying operating profit to free cash flow(7) was 49% (FY20: 51%). This small reduction was driven by increased interest payments (including due to a change in timing of payments at the point of the bond refinancing shortly before year-end, and therefore payments in the period reflecting more than 12 months' worth of interest) and a slightly larger than usual adverse swing in working capital due to Covid-related timing differences, offset by lower capital expenditure and lower corporation tax. Further details and provided below.

7 Cash flow after interest, tax and net replacement capex, but before exceptional items and investment in growth capital projects and acquisitions.

PERFORMANCE THROUGH THE YEAR - COVID IMPACT

March to May 2020 - First UK and Europe national lockdowns

During the first two months of the financial year, there was significant global uncertainty in the face of a new pandemic with unknown consequences. Our business saw varying impacts in different territories - whilst in the UK it was a sharp reduction in demand (as retailers, our customers, were forced to shut), in Europe it was a mixture of demand and, at times, limited ability to manufacture as both our Spanish and Italian operations went through periods of mandatory closure enforced by local governments on their entire respective regions. Conversely, the Australia division saw a far smaller impact from Covid during this period.

A set of emergency operational and treasury measures were implemented across the Group designed to conserve cash and maximise liquidity. These measures included:

-- Cancellation of all non-essential and uncommitted capital expenditure;

-- Cancellation of all non-essential expenditure relating to sales, marketing and administration;

-- Selective shutting down of manufacturing and distribution operations - continuing to operate only where and when profitable and safe to do so;

-- Postponing of raw material purchases;

-- Reduction in direct labour costs - through removal of overtime, reduction in the number of shifts and removal of agency staff, whilst avoiding any longer-term redundancies;

-- Reduction in manager and senior manager salaries;

-- Implementation of enhanced credit control - working with our customers to understand their cash flow situation, collect cash where possible and support struggling customers where appropriate;

-- Close collaboration with suppliers and credit insurers to ensure understanding of our strong financial standing and agreed continuation of payment terms;

-- More frequent, daily monitoring at Group level of overdue debtor and creditor balances in addition to other regular treasury data;

-- Full draw of the Group's GBP75 million bank revolving credit facility (in mid-March 2020) for six months, as at that time we didn't know if a liquidity-squeeze would follow - this was repaid in September 2020 and the Group incurred some exceptional interest costs for that period;

-- Increases where available in local working capital facility limits for the operating businesses across the Group.

The primary objective of these measures was focused on cash and not profit. Whilst cash and profit are positively correlated in the medium-to-long term, they are often inversely correlated in the very short-term. For example, maximising profit within the period would have involved continuing to manufacture throughout in order to avoid adverse variances taking production overheads directly to the income statement (as long as one expects to sell the resulting stock in the future at above cost), whereas this would have clearly been detrimental to cash.

Nevertheless, whilst revenues during this two-month period saw a temporary significant drop - in line with the rest of the industry and many other industries - of approximately 50%, the Group's ability to quickly implement the above measures and its resultant low operational gearing meant that EBITDA over this period remained positive. To give a simple illustrative example for context, mathematically a business that normally delivers a c. 20% margin would break-even when falling to 50% revenue if 25% of its costs were fixed and 75% of its costs were fully variable with revenue - so this provides some colour as to the level of operational flexibility that we retain in the Group, being far higher than in many businesses and industries.

Covid employment support schemes

The Group did benefit in the year from certain government-backed schemes designed to support employment, in particular the UK Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. It received a total of GBP6.9m, of which GBP6.5m in the UK, the majority of which related to the first national lockdown. It is important to note that as a result of this scheme the Group thankfully did not have to consider any Covid-related restructuring of its UK operations during that period in order to further reduce costs. Since that time - as discussed further below - trading has picked up significantly in all key geographies and government-backed Covid grants or similar schemes are no longer required or utilised.

Remainder of H1 - Summer 2020

After the conservation of cash, the secondary objective of the Group's emergency Covid measures described above was to ensure maximum flexibility to re-start sales quickly in response to a return of the market, both operationally and financially. This took the form of, for example, supporting the Group's staff and avoiding any structural changes that may have cut costs further but would have been more difficult to reverse, ensuring that a minimum operational team were available even when manufacturing and distribution sites were fully closed, and supporting our customers and suppliers with a conservative yet sustainable working capital policy.

Indeed, June 2020 saw rapid change in Victoria's UK and European markets as retailers started to adjust and re-open and consumers very quickly ramped-up demand for our products. The Group wholly capitalised on this change as a result of the initiatives noted above, leading the industry in reaction time and therefore positioning itself optimally to service retailers in generating new sales as early as possible.

Group revenue outside of lockdown during the following four months to September 2020 was almost 10% up on the prior year on a like-for-like basis(8) , driven in particular by very strong growth in the UK. In Australia, due to different timings and severity of the spread of the pandemic compared to Europe, a national Covid lockdown was in place much later, from late August and through September resulting in lower overall revenue in the period for that segment. Albeit prior to this lockdown, Australia divisional revenue was up by a similar amount on the prior year.

 
 June to Sep FY21 
 UK & Europe Soft Flooring 
                      Jun to Sep   Jun to Sep      Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue               GBP116.1m     GBP90.9m      +27.8% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  ---------- 
 Underlying EBITDA      GBP21.5m     GBP11.8m 
                                                 +500 bps 
 Margin %                  18.5%        13.0%         LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  ---------- 
 
 
 UK & Europe Ceramics 
                      Jun to Sep   Jun to Sep     Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue               GBP100.5m     GBP78.9m     +27.4% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 Underlying EBITDA      GBP24.3m     GBP21.5m 
                                                +150 bps 
 Margin %                  24.2%        27.3%        LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 
 
 Australia 
                      Jun to Sep   Jun to Sep     Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue                GBP32.3m     GBP33.1m      -2.4% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 Underlying EBITDA       GBP4.5m      GBP3.3m 
                                                +260 bps 
 Margin %                  14.0%        10.1%        LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 

Margins delivered during this period were at all-time record highs, with underlying EBITDA margin in excess of 20%, a circa 300bps improvement over the same period in the prior year on a LFL basis(9) . The margin of the UK & Europe Ceramic Tiles division is not directly comparable due to the margin-dilutive full-year effect of prior year acquisitions (being Ibero, which was acquired in August 2019 and was a circa 13% EBITDA margin business prior to acquisition and synergies, and Ascot, which was acquired in March 2020 and was a circa 3% EBITDA margin business prior to acquisition and synergies).

Margin improvement was delivered across all divisions, enabled by the 2018-19 investments in manufacturing and distribution synergy projects. In fact, not only did these investments drive improved margins, they also allowed for the increased capacity and efficiency required to deliver the level of sales seen post-lockdown.

8 Like-for-like revenue growth on a constant-currency basis, after removing the impact of prior year acquisitions, and the extra trading week in the current year

9 Like-for-like margin variance assessed after removing the impact of prior year acquisitions

H2 - Regional lockdowns in Q3, followed by second national lockdowns in Q4

From October 2020 onwards, the UK and European governments started to implement new regional-based lockdown systems. However this did not have a major impact on the sales and financial performance of the business given, by this time, retailers had developed their sales approach to consumers, with a greater focus on:

-- Mailing of samples (which until this year was less common at the higher-end of the market and with soft flooring);

-- Online or over-the-phone collation of order information regarding room sizes and required product characteristics;

-- Appointment-based sales (whether at home or in store, subject to the rules);

-- Where appropriate, a full e-commerce model.

 
 H2 FY21 
 UK & Europe Soft Flooring 
                      Oct to Mar   Oct to Mar     Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue               GBP154.4m    GBP137.8m     +12.0% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 Underlying EBITDA      GBP29.9m     GBP21.0m 
                                                +420 bps 
 Margin %                  19.3%        15.2%        LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 
 
 UK & Europe Ceramics 
                      Oct to Mar   Oct to Mar    Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue               GBP149.9m    GBP121.8m    +23.1% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  -------- 
 Underlying EBITDA      GBP35.4m     GBP33.0m 
                                                +40 bps 
 Margin %                  23.6%        27.1%       LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  -------- 
 
 
 Australia 
                      Oct to Mar   Oct to Mar     Growth 
                            FY21         FY20 
 
 Revenue                GBP52.6m     GBP45.9m     +14.4% 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 Underlying EBITDA      GBP10.4m      GBP5.1m 
                                                +870 bps 
 Margin %                  19.8%        11.1%        LFL 
-------------------  -----------  -----------  --------- 
 

Strong Group revenue performance continued throughout the second half of the year, with overall LFL growth in excess of 5% over the prior year. Continued high growth was seen in the UK in particular as the business' product, manufacturing and logistics strategies all came together to provide customers with an optimised offering. This dynamic continued through the second full lockdown in the UK, starting in January 2021, which didn't have a substantive effect on the Group's UK sales. Revenues in Australia also remained robust throughout the period. European markets, mainly relevant to the Group's UK & Europe Ceramic Tiles division, were the most adversely impacted in H2 by ongoing lockdowns across various countries, with the slower decline in Covid cases (and potentially slower uptake of vaccination) having an impact.

Margin performance in H2 followed a similar story to revenue. Covid lockdown challenges in Europe meant that the full benefits of previous Ceramic Tile synergy projects could not yet be seen, and in addition the integration of Ascot into the incumbent Italian ceramic tile business was delayed versus the original plan, hence full margin benefits of these initiatives will not be apparent until sometime during the current year, FY22. As a result, UK & Europe Ceramic Tile margins in H2 fell back to prior year levels on a like-for-like basis(10) . On the other hand, the UK & Europe Soft Flooring and Australia divisions continued to improve their margins on the H1 post-lockdown period and deliver incredibly strong results.

(10) Like-for-like margin performance in H2 was analysed by removing the impact of current year acquisitions, but including a full year effect of prior year acquisitions in the comparative figures due to ongoing integration making disaggregation of prior year acquisitions challenging.

ACQUISITIONS

FY21 was not significantly impacted by new acquisitions.

The Group made only two small acquisitions, both late in the financial year - Keradom in December 2020, an Italian ceramic tiles manufacturer making approximately EUR3.2 million (GBP2.8 million) of underlying operating profit on an annual basis, and Hanover in January 2021, a UK-based flooring distributor making approximately GBP2.2 million of operating profit on an annual basis. Total operating profit contribution from these acquisition in FY21 was GBP0.7 million.

Following the year-end, the Group has also acquired two small ceramic tile distributors based in Italy, one small ceramic tile manufacturer based in Italy, a manufacturer of artificial grass based in the Netherlands and a distributor of hard flooring wood and vinyl products in the US. Material synergy benefits are expected to be delivered from the integration of all of these acquisitions into the existing business and operations of the Group.

Further details of these acquisitions are provided in Note 8 to the accounts.

RESTATEMENT OF ACQUISITION ACCOUNTING

A decision has been made to change the accounting treatment of contingent earn-out consideration payable in certain circumstances. This change has no impact on the underlying results, the cash flow or the tax position of the Group.

Earn-outs are deferred elements of consideration, typically paid in cash over a three to four-year period following acquisition, that are contingent on the financial performance of the target business meeting pre-determined targets over that period. Whilst these form part of the purchase price that is negotiated with each respective seller and are contractually payments in exchange for the shares or assets of a business, on review of guidance regarding interpretation of the relevant standard, IFRS 3 (business combinations), the accounting treatment has been remedied where leaver provisions exist that result in the earn-out effectively being contingent on the continued employment of the seller(s) following the acquisition.

Such leaver provisions are included in our acquisitions in order to protect the goodwill being acquired over the first few years of ownership. However, in accordance with the interpretation noted above, in such circumstances the relevant earn-outs are now being treating as non-underlying remuneration costs, accrued over the earn-out period. Previously they were fully recognised at fair value at the point of acquisition, thereby forming part of goodwill. We have restated our prior year accounts accordingly, as shown in the comparative numbers within the financial statements.

Further details are provided in Note 10 to the accounts.

FINANCING - PREFERRED EQUITY

On 22 October 2020, the Company announced the issuance of convertible preferred equity to Koch Equity Development, LLC ('KED'), initially for GBP75 million but with the ability to increase this to GBP175 million at the Company's option. This financing is for the sole purpose of funding acquisitions.

At the time, with a depressed share price due to the Covid pandemic, it was not attractive to the Board to issue new ordinary equity, hence the issuance of preferred equity was an ideal solution to raising funds for acquisitions whilst not breaching the Board's financial policy, around leverage in particular. In addition, KED is an ideal financing and strategic partner for the Group, given Koch Industries' scale and firepower, broader industry experience and existing interests in the flooring sector (in the US). At the same time as receiving the preferred equity, KED also acquired a meaningful stake in the ordinary equity of the Company on the secondary market.

As part of the preferred equity financing, KED was also issued with ordinary equity warrants vesting after three years with an exercise price of GBP3.50 (the share price at the time of issue). Whilst technically these allow a subscription of up to a maximum of 12.402 million shares, the maximum number of shares that will be issued depends on the share price at the time and, in any case, is much lower. This is due to two factors: the Company's ability to net settle the warrants (which is the current intention), and a built-in cap mechanism limiting the overall returns available to KED. For example, the number of shares that would be issued if exercised after three years and if the share price at the time is the same as the year-end (GBP8.46) would be 1.19 million.

This preferred equity is legally structured as an equity instrument and, whilst it ranks ahead of ordinary equity, it has many equity-like features, including:

-- Being a perpetual instrument - the Company never has to repay (ultimately KED's protection is that they are convertible into ordinary equity after six years);

-- No enforced cash servicing - the Company can choose whether to settle the preferred dividends in cash (9.35% per annum) or by way of a Payment In Kind ('PIK') issuance of further preferred shares (9.85% per annum, PIK every quarter);

-- Ranking behind debt, with no ability for the Company to default, or for the preferred shares to accelerate a claim alongside any debt instruments.

Despite the above, the preferred equity is classed as a financial instrument under IFRS 9 rather than equity on the balance sheet, one of the key reasons being that the conversion price into ordinary shares (convertible after six years) is based on the prevailing share price at the time, rather than being fixed at the outset. Whilst this reduces any potential dilution of ordinary equity in the future as the share price grows, from an accounting perspective it means that the instrument cannot be classified as equity in accordance with the standards, given that it results in a variable number of converted ordinary shares for a fixed number of preferred shares.

As required under IFRS 9, the preferred equity is being accounted for as a host contract (net of pre-paid fees), carried in the balance sheet at amortised cost, along with a number of separate 'non-closely related' embedded derivatives. There are two embedded derivatives that have been deemed, from an accounting perspective, to have to be valued separately from the host:

(1) the ability of the Company to cash redeem the preferred equity at any time (for a premium), held at fair value through profit and loss; and

(2) the ability of KED to convert the preferred equity into ordinary equity after six years or longer, however this is valued at GBPnil.

Separately, financial instruments have also been recognised for:

(1) the ability of the Company to issue an additional GBP100m of preferred equity to KED for a period of 18 months, held at amortised cost; and

(2) the ordinary equity warrants described above, held at fair value through profit and loss.

Further details are provided in Note 6 to the accounts.

FINANCING - BONDS

On 23 February 2021 and 9 March 2021, the Company announced two new bond issuances of EUR500 million maturing in August 2026, and EUR250 million maturing in March 2028, respectively. The proceeds from these bonds were for two purposes: (1) the refinance of the previous EUR500 million 2024 bonds (including payment of the associated early redemption premium), and (2) to hold on balance sheet alongside the preferred equity proceeds for short-term future anticipated acquisitions (as it happens, since that time several acquisitions have been made).

Whilst the previous bonds did not mature until 2024, the reason for refinancing at that time was the materially improved terms that the Company was able to achieve. These deliver significant benefits to the Company over the medium-term despite it having to pay an early redemption premium. Hence the Company made an opportunistic approach to the market. The new coupon rates are 3.625% and 3.75% on the 2026 and 2028 bonds, respectively. This compares to 5.25% on the previous bonds that have now been redeemed. As a result, the Company is now paying additional annualised cash interest on the bonds of only EUR1.25 million (GBP1.1 million) whilst having additional financing of EUR250 million (+50%) in gross terms.

Under IFRS 9, as with the previous bonds last year, the new bonds are accounted for with a separately-identified embedded derivative asset, being the ability of the Company to redeem at any time (for a premium). The underlying bond instruments are carried in the balance sheet at amortised cost, whilst the embedded derivatives are carried in the balance sheet at fair value (with fair value differences at each reporting date going through the income statement as an income or expense, depending on the movement). Further details are provided in Note 6 to the accounts.

EXCEPTIONAL AND NON-UNDERLYING ITEMS

This section of the Financial Review runs through all of items classified as exceptional or non-underlying in the financial statements. The nature of these items is, in many cases, the same as the prior year as the financial policy around these items has remain unchanged, for consistency. Hence, whilst the quantum of these items are all slightly different to FY20, many of the explanations below are identical to those given previously.

Exceptional costs relate entirely to third-party expenditure. Victoria does not treat any recurring internal costs (such as employee time spent on restructuring or acquisition projects) as exceptional, given these resources are recurring.

The Group incurred GBP7.8 million of exceptional costs during the year (FY20: GBP49.9 million). Exceptional items are one-offs that will not continue or repeat in the future, for example the legal and due diligence costs for a business acquisition, as whilst further such costs might arise if new acquisitions are undertaken, they will not arise again on the same business and would disappear if the Group adopted a purely organic strategy.

These main reason for the significant year-on-year decrease was a GBP50 million goodwill impairment recognised in the prior year following the start of the Covid pandemic. No further goodwill impairment was recognised in FY21 as the market outlook is now significantly different compared to during the first national lockdown last year.

 
                                                             2021     2020 
                                                            GBP'm    GBP'm 
--------------------------------------------------------   ------  ------- 
 Exceptional items 
 Acquisition and disposal related costs                     (3.0)    (2.2) 
 Reorganisation costs                                       (5.5)    (3.5) 
 Negative goodwill arising on acquisition                     6.5      5.8 
 Contingent consideration linked to positive tax ruling     (5.7)        - 
 Exceptional goodwill impairment                                -   (50.0) 
 Total exceptional items                                    (7.8)   (49.9) 
---------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------- 
 

Other than the prior-year goodwill impairment, exceptional costs in FY21 were GBP7.9 million higher than in FY20, primarily due to a one-off charge in the year reflecting the final instalment of contingent consideration on the acquisition of Keraben, which was linked to a positive ruling over the tax deductibility of certain pre-acquisition costs.

In addition, exceptional reorganisation costs were GBP2.0 million higher than in FY20. During the year, there was a significant restructuring project in the UK relating to the amalgamation of the Westex and G Tuft carpet manufacturing operations, involving significant redundancy costs. Furthermore, the delivery of synergies between Ascot's manufacturing site and the Group's incumbent operations in Italy (albeit delayed versus the original timeline due to Covid as noted above) involved redundancy and other operational restructuring costs.

Non-underlying items are ones that do continue or repeat, but which are not deemed to fairly represent the underlying business. Typically, they are non-cash in nature and / or will only continue for a finite period of time. There were three non-underlying items in the year:

-- Acquisition-related performance plan charge - this represents the accrual of contingent earn-out liabilities on historical acquisitions where those earn-outs are linked to the ongoing employment of the seller(s), resulting from an accounting restatement implemented this year, as described above.

-- Non-cash share incentive plan charge - the charge under IFRS 2 relating to the pre-determined fair value of existing senior management share incentive schemes, including the share options plan announced on 26 June 2020. This charge is non-cash as these schemes cannot be settled in cash. The charge in FY21 was significantly lower than the prior year due to FY20 containing an 'accelerated' accounting charge under IFRS 2 resulting from certain participants exiting a historical scheme.

-- Amortisation of acquired intangibles - the amortisation over a finite period of time of the fair value attributed to, primarily, brands and customer relationships on all historical acquisitions under IFRS. It is important to note that these charges are non-cash items and that the associated intangible assets do not need to be replaced on the balance sheet once fully written-down. Therefore, this cost will ultimately disappear from the Group income statement. The charge has increased in FY21 due to additional acquisitions having been completed (coupled with the fact that the intangible assets from the original acquisitions starting in 2013 are not yet fully written-down).

 
                                                   2021     2020 
                                                  GBP'm    GBP'm 
---------------------------------------------   -------  ------- 
 Other non-underlying operating items 
 Acquisition-related performance plan charge        1.7    (2.0) 
 Non-cash share incentive plan charge             (1.0)    (5.9) 
 Amortisation of acquired intangibles            (26.8)   (25.0) 
                                                 (26.1)   (32.9) 
 ---------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Further details of exceptional and non-underlying operating items are provided in Note 2 to the accounts.

In addition to the above operating items, there were a number of non-underlying financial items in the year.

 
                                                                                 2021    2020 
                                                                                GBP'm   GBP'm 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------   ------  ------ 
 Non-underlying financial costs 
 Release of prepaid finance costs                                                 7.3     4.4 
 Net cost of redemption premium on refinancing of previous senior notes           6.3       - 
 Underwriting fees and costs relating to previous bank facilities                   -     6.5 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------ 
 One-off refinancing related                                                     13.6    10.9 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------ 
 Finance items related to preferred equity                                       13.1       - 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------   ------  ------ 
 Acquisition related items                                                        2.1     3.0 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------ 
 Interest on short-term draw of Group Revolving credit facility                   1.4       - 
 Fair value adjustment to notes redemption option                               (4.6)     7.3 
 Unsecured loan redemption premium charge / (credit)                              0.2   (0.2) 
 Mark to market adjustments and gains on foreign exchange forward contracts       4.2   (3.2) 
 Translation difference on foreign currency loans                               (6.3)    13.0 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------ 
 Other non-underlying                                                           (5.1)    16.9 
                                                                                 23.7    30.8 
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ------ 
 

The significant items are described below:

-- Release of prepaid finance costs - when any new debt funding is raised, we account for the attributable one-off, up-front costs (e.g. bank or bookrunner fees, legal costs, accounting and rating fees) as a prepayment that is amortised over the expected life of the debt. If that debt is then refinanced earlier than originally expected, any remaining prepayment is 'released' in one go as a financial cost in the income statement. This 'release' is a non-cash item, as the associated costs were already paid at the time of the new funding. Whilst a refinancing occurred in FY20 and therefore was not expected at that time to re-occur for a number of years, a further refinancing was undertaken in March 2021 to capitalise on strong credit markets and highly-positive credit sentiment towards Victoria. Whilst this resulted in a short-term subsequent release of prepaid finance costs as shown in the table, this was deemed to be worth the significant upside of a reduction in coupon of more than 160bps as well as extended maturity.

-- Net cost of redemption premium on refinancing of previous senior notes - as described above, in March 2021 the Group refinanced its 2024 senior secured notes with new 2026 and 2028 notes due to materially improved pricing and maturity, which outweighed the cost of early redemption. This charge represents the redemption premium on the 2024 notes, offset in part by the release of the liability premia attached to the host debt, which were extinguished.

-- Preferred equity finance charge - the preferred equity issued in November 2020 is treated under IFRS 9 as a financial instrument with a number of associated embedded derivatives (as discussed above). There are a number of resulting financial items taken to the income statement in each period, including the cost of the underlying host contract, amortisation of pre-paid costs and fees, and the income or expense related to the fair-valuation of the warrants and embedded derivatives. However, the preferred equity is legally structed as equity and is also equity-like in nature (see further details above), including the fact that it never has to be serviced in cash.

-- Acquisition related items - costs that relate to value adjustments to deferred consideration and contingent earn-outs on historical acquisitions (including acquisition-related performance plans under the new accounting treatment described above), comprising the unwinding of present value discounts and adjustments in relation to forecast performance against earn-out targets.

-- Interest charge on exceptional RCF draw-down - as noted above, in March 2020 the Company fully drew its GBP75 million bank revolving credit facility for a period of six months, as a one-off Covid-related emergency treasury measure at the start of the pandemic. This cash sat untouched on the balance sheet for the duration and was repaid in September 2020.

-- Fair value adjustment to notes redemption option - the corporate bonds originally issued in FY20 matured in FY25, and the two tranches of bonds subsequently issued in FY21 mature in FY27 and FY28, respectively. However, the company can choose to repay early if it pays a redemption premium, the level of which varies over time (a very high cost within the first two to three years, followed by comparatively lower costs, stepping-down over the remaining term). Under IFRS 9, this 'embedded call option' must be separately disclosed as a financial asset on the balance sheet and fair-valued at each reporting date. The income or charge resulting from this revaluation exercise at each reporting is a non-cash item.

-- Mark to market adjustments on foreign exchange forward contracts - across the group we analyse our upcoming currency requirements (for raw material purchases) and offset the exchange rate risk via a fixed, diminishing profile of forward contracts out to 12 months. This non-cash cost represents the mark-to-market movement in the value of these contracts as exchange rates fluctuate.

-- Translation difference on foreign currency loans - this represents the impact of exchange rate movements in the translation of non-Sterling denominated debt into the Group accounts. The key items in this regard are the Euro-denominated EUR500m 2026 corporate bonds, and EUR250m 2028 corporate bonds.

Further details of non-underlying finance items are provided in Note 3 to the accounts.

OPERATING PROFIT AND PBT

The table below summarises the underlying and reported profit of the Group, further to the commentary above on underlying performance and non-underlying items.

 
 Operating profit and PBT                                  2021     2020 
                                                          GBP'm    GBP'm 
-----------------------------------------------------    ------  ------- 
 
 Underlying operating profit                               79.8     77.1 
 
 Reported operating profit (after exceptional items)       45.9    (8.5) 
 
 
 Underlying profit before tax                              50.1     48.0 
 Reported loss before tax (after exceptional items)       (7.5)   (65.6) 
 
 

Reported operating profit (earnings before interest and taxation) increased to GBP45.9 million (FY20: loss of GBP8.5 million), driven by strong operating and financial performance as described above. In addition, the prior year was impacted by a one-off GBP50 million impairment of goodwill following the start of the Covid pandemic. After removing the exceptional and non-underlying items described above, underlying operating profit was GBP79.8 million, representing a 3.5% increase over the prior year.

TAXATION

The reported tax credit in the year of GBP10.3 million was distorted by the impact of the exceptional and non-underlying costs, many of which have been treated as non-deductible for tax purposes. On an underlying basis, the tax charge for the year was GBP13.0 million against adjusted profit before tax of GBP50.1 million, implying an underlying effective tax rate of 25.9%.

EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Group delivered basic earnings per share of 2.30p (FY20: loss per share of 57.22p). However, adjusted earnings per share (before non-underlying and exceptional items) on a fully-diluted basis was 30.21p (FY20: 28.42p). This figure does not include the diluted impact of unutilised preferred equity funding, which was deployed for acquisitions post year-end. This represents a 6.3% increase in earnings over the prior year.

 
 Earnings per share                                                                                2021       2020 
 
 
 Basic earnings / (loss) per share                                                                2.30p   (57.22p) 
 
 Diluted adjusted earnings per share                                                             28.66p     28.42p 
 Diluted adjusted earnings per share (excluding dilution impact of unutilised preferred equity 
  funding at year end)                                                                           30.21p     28.42p 
 
 

OPERATING CASH FLOW

Cash flow from operating activities before interest, tax and exceptional items was GBP93.9 million which represents a conversion of 83% of underlying EBITDA (pre-IFRS 16).

 
 Operating and free cash flow                                                    2021     2020 
                                                                                GBP'm    GBP'm 
 
 
 Underlying operating profit                                                     79.8     77.1 
 
 Add back: underlying depreciation & amortisation                                47.6     41.0 
 
 
 Underlying EBITDA                                                              127.4    118.1 
 
 Payments under right-of-use lease obligations                                 (14.4)   (11.6) 
 
 Non-cash items                                                                 (0.8)    (0.8) 
 
 Underlying movement in working capital                                        (18.3)    (8.0) 
 
 
 Operating cash flow before interest, tax and exceptional items                  93.9     97.6 
 
 
 % conversion against underlying operating profit                                118%     127% 
 % conversion against underlying EBITDA (pre-IFRS 16)                             83%      92% 
 
 
 Interest paid                                                                 (30.4)   (25.0) 
 
 Corporation tax paid                                                           (5.0)    (8.6) 
 
 Capital expenditure - replacement / maintenance of existing capabilities      (20.9)   (25.4) 
 
 Proceeds from fixed asset disposals                                              1.2      0.7 
 
 
 Free cash flow before exceptional items                                         38.8     39.2 
 
 
 % conversion against underlying operating profit                                 49%      51% 
 % conversion against underlying EBITDA (pre-IFRS 16)                             34%      37% 
 
 

Pre-exceptional free cash flow of the Group - after interest, tax and net replacement capex - was GBP38.8 million. Compared with underlying operating profit (i.e. post-depreciation), this represents a conversion ratio of 49%. The difference in free cash flow conversion versus the prior year is primarily due to slightly larger adverse working capital absorption in the year due to Covid (which is ultimately expected to unwind) and higher interest cash payments, in part resulting from the timing of refinancing meaning that more than 12 months' worth of interest was paid in the year.

A full reported statement of cash flows, including exceptional and non-underlying items, is provided in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

NET DEBT

As at 3 April 2021, the Group's net debt position (excluding IFRS 16 right-of-use leases and preferred equity) was GBP20.2 million lower than at the prior year-end. Free cash flow of GBP38.8 million was generated in the year, of which GBP13.1 million was invested in organic growth / synergy initiatives and GBP12.7 million in acquisition-related expenditure (including debts assumed on acquisition). In terms of financing activities, net cash proceeds from the preferred equity (after fees) were GBP65.3 million, and GBP30.0 million was spent on the share buy-back that immediately followed as part of that transaction. The redemption premium on refinancing of the bonds, plus other associated fees, totalled a further GBP17.6 million.

Applying our banks' adjusted measure of financial leverage, the Group's year end net debt to EBITDA ratio was 3.10x (FY20: 3.04x).

Current leverage is consistent with our financial strategy to use a sensible but cautious level of debt in the overall funding structure of the Group.

 
 Free cash flow to movement in net debt                             2021      2020 
                                                                   GBP'm     GBP'm 
 
 
 Free cash flow before exceptional items (see above)                38.8      39.2 
 
 
 Capital expenditure - growth                                      (7.6)     (8.4) 
 
 Exceptional reorganisation cash cost                              (5.5)     (3.5) 
 
 
 Investment in organic growth / synergy projects                  (13.1)    (11.8) 
 
 
 Acquisitions of subsidiaries                                      (2.8)    (11.0) 
 
 
 Total debt acquired or refinanced                                 (9.9)     (1.5) 
 
 Deferred and contingent consideration payments                   (21.3)    (12.1) 
 
 Exceptional M&A costs                                             (3.0)     (2.2) 
 Proceeds from discontinued operations                                 -       1.0 
 
 
 Acquisition-related expenditure                                  (37.0)    (25.8) 
 
 
 
 Buy back of ordinary shares                                      (30.0)         - 
 Preferred equity                                                   65.3         - 
 Refinanced bonds - redemption premia                             (17.6)         - 
 
 Net refinancing cash flow                                          17.7         - 
 
 Other debt items including prepaid finance costs                  (6.8)     (2.8) 
 
 Translation differences on foreign currency cash and loans         20.6    (24.8) 
 
 
 Other exceptional items                                            13.8    (27.6) 
 
 
 
 Total movement in net debt                                         20.2    (26.0) 
 
 
 Opening net debt                                                (365.9)   (339.9) 
 
 
 Closing net debt                                                (345.7)   (365.9) 
 
 
 
 Net debt                                                                      2021      2020 
                                                                              GBP'm     GBP'm 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------    --------  -------- 
 
 Net cash and cash equivalents                                                344.8     174.7 
 Senior secured debt (at par)                                               (637.7)   (523.4) 
 Unsecured loans                                                             (51.7)    (15.6) 
 Finance leases and hire purchase arrangements (pre IFRS 16)                  (1.1)     (1.6) 
 
 
 Net debt before obligations under right-of-use leases                      (345.7)   (365.9) 
 
 
 Adjusted net debt / EBITDA                                                   3.10x     3.04x 
 
 
 
 Bond embedded redemption option                                                9.0         - 
 
 Bond issue premium - cash                                                        -     (7.5) 
 
 Bond issue premium - non-cash (related to embedded redemption option)        (4.3)     (6.8) 
 
 Pre paid finance costs on senior debt                                         10.9       9.9 
 
 Preferred equity, associated warrants and embedded derivatives              (76.2)         - 
 
 Obligations under right-of-use leases (incremental)                         (86.0)    (78.2) 
 
 
 Statutory net debt (net of prepaid finance costs)                          (492.2)   (448.5) 
 
 

Michael Scott

Group Finance Director

20 July 2021

 
 Consolidated 
 Income 
 Statement 
 For the 53 
 weeks ended 3 
 April 2021 
 
                                       53 weeks ended 3 April                  52 weeks ended 28 March 
                                       2021                                    2020 
                                                                               (restated) 
                                                             Non-                                    Non- 
                                        Underlying     underlying   Reported    Underlying     underlying   Reported 
                                       performance          items    numbers   performance          items    numbers 
                               Notes          GBPm           GBPm       GBPm          GBPm           GBPm       GBPm 
----------------  ----------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 Continuing 
 Operations 
 Revenue                           1         662.3              -      662.3         621.5              -      621.5 
 Cost of Sales                             (427.4)              -    (427.4)       (395.1)              -    (395.1) 
 Gross profit                                234.9              -      234.9         226.4              -      226.4 
 
 Distribution costs                         (74.8)              -     (74.8)        (73.2)              -     (73.2) 
 Administrative expenses                    (84.2)         (33.9)    (118.1)        (82.9)         (82.8)    (165.7) 
 Other operating income                        3.9              -        3.9           4.0            0.0        4.0 
----------------------------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 
 Operating profit / (loss)                    79.8         (33.9)       45.9          74.3         (82.8)      (8.5) 
 Comprising: 
 Operating profit before 
  credit losses, 
  non-underlying and 
  exceptional items                           81.3              -       81.3          77.1              -       77.1 
 Increase in credit loss 
  provision                                  (1.5)              -      (1.5)         (2.8)              -      (2.8) 
 Amortisation of acquired 
  intangibles                    1,2             -         (26.8)     (26.8)             -         (25.0)     (25.0) 
 Other non-underlying items      1,2             -            0.7        0.7             -          (7.9)      (7.9) 
 Exceptional goodwill 
  impairment                     1,2             -              -          -             -         (50.0)     (50.0) 
 Other exceptional items         1,2             -          (7.8)      (7.8)             -            0.1        0.1 
----------------------------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 
 
 Finance costs                     3        (29.7)         (23.7)     (53.4)        (26.3)         (30.8)     (57.1) 
 Comprising: 
 Interest on loans and notes       3        (23.9)          (1.4)     (25.3)        (21.5)              -     (21.5) 
 Amortisation of prepaid 
  finance costs and accrued 
  interest                         3         (2.6)          (7.3)      (9.9)         (2.1)          (4.4)      (6.5) 
 Unwinding of discount on 
  right-of-use lease 
  liabilities                      3         (3.0)              -      (3.0)         (2.6)              -      (2.6) 
 Preferred equity items            3             -         (13.1)     (13.1)             -              -          - 
 Other finance items               3         (0.2)          (1.9)      (2.1)         (0.1)         (26.4)     (26.5) 
----------------------------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 
 Profit / (loss) before tax                   50.1         (57.6)      (7.5)          48.0        (113.6)     (65.6) 
 Taxation (charge) / credit                 (13.0)           23.3       10.3        (12.4)            8.2      (4.2) 
 Profit / (loss) for the 
  period from continuing 
  operations                                  37.1         (34.3)        2.8          35.6        (105.4)     (69.8) 
 Loss from discontinued 
  operations                                     -              -          -             -          (2.0)      (2.0) 
 Profit / (loss) for the 
  period                                      37.1         (34.3)        2.8          35.6        (107.4)     (71.8) 
----------------------------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 Earnings / 
  (loss) per 
  share - pence    basic           4                                    2.30                                 (57.22) 
  diluted                          4                                    2.29                                 (57.22) 
 ---------------------------  ------  ------------  -------------  ---------  ------------  -------------  --------- 
 
 
 Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income 
 For the 53 weeks ended 3 April 2021 
 
                                                                                   53 weeks ended   52 weeks ended 
                                                                                     3 April 2021    28 March 2020 
                                                                                                        (restated) 
                                                                            Note             GBPm             GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 Profit / (loss) for the period                                                               2.8           (71.8) 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 Other comprehensive income / (expense) 
 Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss: 
 Actuarial (loss) / gain on defined benefit pension scheme                     7            (0.1)              1.4 
 Decrease in deferred tax asset relating to pension scheme liability                            -            (0.1) 
 Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss                                      (0.1)              1.3 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss: 
 Retranslation of overseas subsidiaries                                                     (6.1)              3.1 
 Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss                              (6.1)              3.1 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 Other comprehensive (expense) / income                                                     (6.2)              4.4 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 Total comprehensive expense for the period attributable to the owners of 
  the parent                                                                                (3.4)           (67.4) 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 
 
 Consolidated Balance Sheet 
 As at 3 April 2021 
 
                                                                                   Group 
                                                                3 April 2021   28 March 2020   30 March 2019 
                                                                                  (restated)      (restated) 
                                                        Notes           GBPm            GBPm            GBPm 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Non-current assets 
 Goodwill                                                              164.8           172.6           203.7 
 Intangible assets other than goodwill                                 224.2           244.3           241.4 
 Property, plant and equipment                                         202.1           211.6           190.6 
 Right-of-use lease assets                                              82.6            78.5               - 
 Investment property                                                     0.2             0.2             0.2 
 Investments in subsidiaries                                               -               -               - 
 Trade and other non-current receivables                                   -               -               - 
 Deferred tax assets                                                    17.2             6.4             5.8 
 Total non-current assets                                              691.1           713.6           641.7 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Current assets 
 Inventories                                                           164.4           165.4           140.5 
 Trade and other receivables                                           150.1           144.1           116.0 
 Cash and cash equivalents                                             348.8           176.8            66.4 
 Total current assets                                                  663.3           486.3           322.9 
                                                               -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Total assets                                                        1,354.4         1,199.9           964.6 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other current payables                                      213.8           241.2           168.4 
 Current tax liabilities                                                 5.1               -               - 
 Obligations under right-of-use leases - current                        13.0            11.8               - 
 Other financial liabilities                                            30.2             4.9            10.4 
 Total current liabilities                                             262.1           257.9           178.8 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Trade and other non-current payables                                   17.0            16.6            17.5 
 Obligations under right-of-use leases - non-current                    74.0            68.0               - 
 Other non-current financial liabilities                               647.5           540.6           392.3 
 Preferred equity                                                       70.1               -               - 
 Preferred equity - contractually-linked warrants                        6.1               -               - 
 Deferred tax liabilities                                               62.9            69.9            66.1 
 Retirement benefit obligations                             7            6.5             6.3             7.8 
 Total non-current liabilities                                         884.1           701.4           483.7 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Total Liabilities                                                   1,146.2           959.3           662.6 
                                                               -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Net Assets                                                            208.2           240.6           302.1 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Equity 
 Share capital                                                           6.3             6.3             6.3 
 Share premium                                                             -           288.7           288.7 
 Retained earnings                                                     198.7          (62.7)             2.5 
 Foreign exchange reserve                                              (0.4)             5.7             2.6 
 Other reserves                                                          3.6             2.6             2.0 
 Total equity                                                          208.2           240.6           302.1 
-----------------------------------------------------  ------  -------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 
 Consolidated Statement of Changes in 
 Equity 
 For the 53 weeks ended 3 
 April 2021 
 
                                     Share      Share    Retained                                  Other     Total 
                                   capital    premium    earnings   Foreign exchange reserve    reserves    equity 
                                      GBPm       GBPm        GBPm                       GBPm        GBPm      GBPm 
-----------------------------    ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 At 30 March 2019 on previous 
  basis                                6.3      288.7        20.6                        2.3         2.0     319.9 
 Impact of restatement (Note 
  10)                                    -          -      (18.1)                        0.3           -    (17.8) 
 At 30 March 2019 (restated)           6.3      288.7         2.5                        2.6         2.0     302.1 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 Loss for the period to 28 
  March 2020                             -          -      (71.8)                          -           -    (71.8) 
 Other comprehensive income for 
  the period                             -          -         1.3                          -           -       1.3 
 Retranslation of overseas 
  subsidiaries                           -          -           -                        3.1           -       3.1 
 Total comprehensive loss                -          -      (70.5)                        3.1           -    (67.4) 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 Issue of Share capital                  -          -           -                          -           -         - 
 Transfer between reserves               -          -         5.3                          -       (5.3)         - 
 Share-based payment charge              -          -           -                          -         5.9       5.9 
 Transactions with owners                -          -         5.3                          -         0.6       5.9 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 At 28 March 2020 (restated)           6.3      288.7      (62.7)                        5.7         2.6     240.6 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 
 At 28 March 2020 on previous 
  basis                                6.3      288.7      (42.9)                        5.9         2.6     260.6 
 Impact of restatement (Note 
  10)                                    -          -      (19.8)                      (0.2)           -    (20.0) 
 At 28 March 2020 (restated)           6.3      288.7      (62.7)                        5.7         2.6     240.6 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 Profit for the period to 3 
  April 2021                             -          -         2.8                          -           -       2.8 
 Other comprehensive loss for 
  the period                             -          -       (0.1)                          -           -     (0.1) 
 Retranslation of overseas 
  subsidiaries                           -          -           -                      (6.1)           -     (6.1) 
 Total comprehensive 
  profit/(loss)                          -          -         2.7                      (6.1)           -     (3.4) 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 Cancellation of share premium 
  account                                -    (288.7)       288.7                          -           -         - 
 Buy back of ordinary shares             -          -      (30.0)                          -           -    (30.0) 
 Share-based payment charge              -          -           -                          -         1.0       1.0 
 Transactions with owners                -    (288.7)       258.7                          -         1.0    (28.9) 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 At 3 April 2021                       6.3          -       198.7                      (0.4)         3.6     208.2 
-------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ----------  -------------------------  ----------  -------- 
 
 
 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 
 For the 53 weeks ended 3 April 2021 
 
                                                                                                Group 
                                                                                   53 weeks ended   52 weeks ended 
                                                                                     3 April 2021    28 March 2020 
                                                                                                        (restated) 
                                                                                             GBPm             GBPm 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------    ---------------  --------------- 
 Cash flows from operating activities 
 Operating profit / (loss)                                                                   45.9            (8.5) 
 Adjustments For: 
 Depreciation and amortisation of IT software                                                47.7             40.9 
 Amortisation of acquired intangibles                                                        26.8             25.0 
 Negative goodwill arising on acquisition                                                   (6.5)            (5.8) 
 Goodwill impairment                                                                            -             50.0 
 Amortisation of government grants                                                          (0.5)            (0.5) 
 Profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment                                        (0.1)            (0.2) 
 Share incentive plan charge                                                                  1.0              5.9 
 Defined benefit pension                                                                    (0.1)            (0.1) 
 Net cash flow from operating activities before movements in working capital, 
  tax and interest 
  payments                                                                                  114.2            106.7 
 Change in inventories                                                                        7.6            (4.4) 
 Change in trade and other receivables                                                      (0.3)           (10.8) 
 Change in trade and other payables                                                        (25.6)              9.9 
 Cash generated by continuing operations before tax and interest payments                    95.9            101.4 
 Interest paid on loans and notes                                                          (30.4)           (25.0) 
 Interest relating to right-of-use lease assets                                             (3.0)            (2.6) 
 Income taxes paid                                                                          (5.0)            (8.6) 
 Net cash flow from discontinued operations                                                     -              0.1 
 Net cash inflow from operating activities                                                   57.5             65.3 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 Investing activities 
 Purchases of property, plant and equipment                                                (27.6)           (32.7) 
 Purchases of intangible assets                                                             (0.9)            (1.1) 
 Loan to subsidiary companies                                                                   -                - 
 Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment                                        1.2              0.7 
 Deferred consideration and earn-out payments                                              (15.6)           (10.0) 
 Acquisition of subsidiaries net of cash acquired                                           (2.8)           (11.0) 
 Proceeds from disposal of subsidiaries                                                         -              0.9 
 Net cash used in investing activities                                                     (45.7)           (53.2) 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 Financing activities 
 Increase in new borrowings, net of refinancing costs                                       303.7            109.0 
 Repayment of borrowings                                                                  (164.7)                - 
 Issue of preferred equity, net of refinancing costs                                         65.3                - 
 Buy back of ordinary shares                                                               (30.0)                - 
 Payments under right-of-use lease obligations                                             (11.3)            (9.0) 
 Net cash generated in financing activities                                                 163.0            100.0 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 Net increase in cash and cash equivalents                                                  174.8            112.1 
 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period                                           174.7             60.2 
 Effect of foreign exchange rate changes                                                    (4.7)              2.4 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period                                                 344.8            174.7 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 Comprising: 
 Cash and cash equivalents                                                                  348.8            176.8 
 Bank overdrafts                                                                            (4.0)            (2.1) 
                                                                                            344.8            174.7 
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 
 
 1. Segmental 
 information 
 
 The Group is organised into three operating segments: soft flooring products in UK & Europe; 
  ceramic tiles in UK & Europe; and flooring products in Australia. The Executive Board (which 
  is collectively the Chief Operating Decision Maker) regularly reviews financial information 
  for each of these operating segments in order to assess their performance and make decisions 
  around strategy and resource allocation at this level. 
 
 The UK & Europe Soft Flooring segment comprises legal entities in the UK, Republic of Ireland, 
  the Netherlands and Belgium, whose operations involve the manufacture and distribution of 
  carpets, flooring underlay, artificial grass, LVT, and associated accessories. The UK & Europe 
  Ceramic Tiles segment comprises legal entities primarily in Spain and Italy, whose operations 
  involve the manufacture and distribution of wall and floor ceramic tiles. The Australia segment 
  comprises legal entities in Australia, whose operations involve the manufacture and distribution 
  of carpets, flooring underlay and LVT. 
 
  Whilst additional information has been provided in the operational review on sub-segment activities, 
  discrete financial information on these activities is not regularly reported to the CODM for 
  assessing performance or allocating resources. 
 
  No operating segments have been aggregated into reportable segments. 
 Both underlying operating profit and reported operating profit are reported to the Executive 
  Board on a segmental basis. 
 Transactions between the reportable segments are made on an arm length's basis. The reportable 
  segments exclude the results of non revenue generating holding companies, including Victoria 
  PLC. These entities' results have been included as unallocated central expenses in the tables 
  below. 
 
 Income statement 
                                                                                                         52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                                             53 weeks ended 3 April 2021                                          (restated) 
                        UK &      UK &                                              UK &      UK & 
                      Europe    Europe               Unallocated                  Europe    Europe                    Unallocated 
                        Soft   Ceramic                   central                    Soft   Ceramic                        central 
                    Flooring     Tiles   Australia      expenses       Total    Flooring     Tiles       Australia       expenses    Total 
                        GBPm      GBPm        GBPm          GBPm        GBPm        GBPm      GBPm            GBPm           GBPm     GBPm 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------------  -------------  ------- 
 Income statement 
 Revenue               280.4     282.4        99.6             -       662.3       282.0     243.9            95.6              -    621.5 
 Underlying 
  operating 
  profit                28.7      40.4        11.9         (1.3)        79.8        20.0      50.5             5.7          (1.9)     74.3 
 Non-underlying 
  operating items      (5.0)    (18.9)       (1.7)         (0.5)      (26.1)       (5.8)    (18.8)           (1.7)          (6.6)   (32.9) 
 Exceptional 
  goodwill 
  impairment               -         -           -             -           -           -    (50.0)               -              -   (50.0) 
 Other 
  exceptional 
  operating items        0.1     (4.3)           -         (3.6)       (7.8)       (1.0)       3.7           (0.7)          (1.9)      0.1 
 Operating profit 
  / (loss)              23.8      17.2        10.2         (5.4)        45.9        13.2    (14.6)             3.3         (10.4)    (8.5) 
 Underlying net 
  finance costs                                                       (29.7)                                                        (26.3) 
 Non-underlying 
  finance costs                                                       (23.7)                                                        (30.8) 
 Loss before tax                                                       (7.5)                                                        (65.6) 
 Tax                                                                    10.3                                                         (4.2) 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------------  -------------  ------- 
 Loss from 
  discontinued 
  operations                                                               -                                                         (2.0) 
 Profit / (loss) 
  for the period                                                         2.8                                                        (71.8) 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------------  -------------  ------- 
 
 During the year, no single customer accounted for 10% or more of the Group's revenue. 
 Inter-segment 
 sales in the year and in the prior year were immaterial. 
 
 
 All revenue generated across each operating segment was from the sale of flooring products 
  recognised at a point in time in accordance with IFRS 15. The flooring products sold across 
  each operating segment have similar production processes, classes of customers and economic 
  characteristics such as similar rates of profitability, similar degrees of risk, and similar 
  opportunities for growth. 
 
  The Group's revenue for the period was split geographically (by origin) as follows: 
                                              2021                      2020 
                                              GBPm                      GBPm 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------------------ 
 Revenue 
 United Kingdom                              243.4                     259.5 
 Spain                                       197.2                     209.3 
 Italy                                        85.2                      34.6 
 Netherlands                                  36.9                      22.5 
 Australia                                    99.6                      95.6 
                                             662.3                     621.5 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------------------ 
 
 Balance sheet 
                                        53 weeks ended 3 April 2021                            52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 (restated) 
 
                        UK &      UK &                                              UK &      UK & 
                      Europe    Europe                                            Europe    Europe 
                        Soft   Ceramic                                              Soft   Ceramic 
                    Flooring     Tiles   Australia       Central       Total    Flooring     Tiles       Australia        Central    Total 
                        GBPm      GBPm        GBPm          GBPm        GBPm        GBPm      GBPm            GBPm           GBPm     GBPm 
-----------------  ---------  --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------------  -------------  ------- 
 
 Total Assets          274.5     692.2        91.7         296.0     1,354.4       265.5     703.3            78.2          152.9  1,199.9 
 Total 
  Liabilities        (136.7)   (246.4)      (32.4)       (730.6)   (1,146.2)     (122.5)   (254.0)          (26.3)        (556.5)  (959.3) 
Net Assets             137.7     445.8        59.3       (434.6)       208.2       143.0     449.3            51.9        (403.6)    240.6 
 
 
The Group's non-current assets (net of deferred 
tax) as at 3 April 2021 were split geographically 
as follows: 
                                                            2021        2020 
                                                            GBPm        GBPm 
-----------------  --------- 
Non-current 
assets (net of 
deferred tax) 
 United Kingdom                                            171.9       167.4 
Spain                                                      389.1       430.9 
Italy                                                       72.3        70.7 
Netherlands                                                  0.9         0.2 
Australia                                                   39.7        38.0 
                                                           673.9       707.2 
 
 
 
 
 
Other segmental 
information 
                                     53 weeks ended 3 April 2021                       52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                              UK &     UK &                                      UK &     UK & 
                            Europe   Europe              Unallocated           Europe   Europe             Unallocated 
                              Soft  Ceramic                  central             Soft  Ceramic                 central 
                          Flooring    Tiles   Australia     expenses  Total  Flooring    Tiles  Australia     expenses  Total 
                              GBPm     GBPm        GBPm         GBPm   GBPm      GBPm     GBPm       GBPm         GBPm   GBPm 
 
Depreciation and 
 amortisation of IT 
 software (including 
 depreciation of 
 right-of-use lease 
 assets)                      20.3     22.6         4.7            -   47.6      19.6     16.8        4.5            -   40.9 
Amortisation of acquired 
 intangibles                   4.9     20.2         1.7            -   26.8       4.7     18.6        1.7            -   25.0 
                              25.2     42.9         6.4            -   74.4      24.3     35.4        6.2            -   65.9 
 
 
                                     53 weeks ended 3 April 2021                       52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                              UK &     UK &                                      UK &     UK & 
                            Europe   Europe                                    Europe   Europe 
                              Soft  Ceramic                                      Soft  Ceramic 
                          Flooring    Tiles   Australia      Central  Total  Flooring    Tiles  Australia      Central  Total 
                              GBPm     GBPm        GBPm         GBPm   GBPm      GBPm     GBPm       GBPm         GBPm   GBPm 
 
Capex - PPE (incl. 
 finance lease / HP)          12.7     12.7         2.2            -   27.6      13.1     16.8        2.7            -   32.7 
Disposals of property, 
 plant and equipment         (0.9)    (0.2)           -            -  (1.1)     (0.5)    (0.1)      (0.1)            -  (0.7) 
Capex - intangibles 
 (incl. finance lease / 
 HP)                           0.1      0.8           -            -    0.9       0.3      0.7          -          0.1    1.1 
Total capital 
 expenditure (cashflow)       11.9     13.3         2.2            -   27.4      12.9     17.5        2.6          0.1   33.1 
 
 
2. Exceptional and non-underlying items 
 
                                                                2021        2020 
                                                                      (restated) 
                                                                GBPm        GBPm 
Exceptional items 
(a) Acquisition and disposal related costs                     (3.0)       (2.2) 
(b) Reorganisation and Covid-related exceptional costs         (5.5)       (3.5) 
(c) Negative goodwill arising on acquisition                     6.5         5.8 
(d) Contingent consideration linked to positive tax ruling     (5.7)           - 
(e) Exceptional goodwill impairment                                -      (50.0) 
Total exceptional items                                       ( 7.8)      (49.9) 
Non-underlying operating items 
(f) Acquisition-related performance plans                        1.7       (2.0) 
(g) Non-cash share incentive plan charge                       (1.0)       (5.9) 
(h) Amortisation of acquired intangibles                      (26.8)      (25.0) 
                                                              (26.1)      (32.9) 
 
 
 
All exceptional items are classified within administrative expenses. 
 
 (a) One- off third-party professional fees in connection with prospecting and completing specific 
 acquisitions during the period. The prior year also includes costs associated with disposals. 
 
(b) One-off costs relating to a few small efficiency projects during the year, of which the 
 majority were redundancy costs, plus one-off expenditure relating to precautionary measures 
 for health and safety in light of Covid-19. Other than redundancy payments these items relate 
 entirely to exceptional third-party purchases and fees, and do not include any allocation 
 of internal resources. The largest of the new efficiency projects were the merger of our Westex 
 manufacturing operations into one of the other UK factories, and the integration of Ascot 
 (acquired in March 2020) with our incumbent Italian business, Serra. Prior year costs relate 
 to synergy projects and performance improvement programmes. 
(c) Negative goodwill arising on consolidation of subsidiaries acquired during the prior year, 
 achieved through favourable bilateral negotiations. 
 
(d) One-off charge in the year reflecting the final instalment of contingent consideration 
 on the acquisition of Keraben, which was linked to a positive ruling over the tax deductibility 
 of certain pre-acquisition costs. 
 
 (e) One-off goodwill impairment charge during the prior year. 
 
(f) Credit/(charge) relating to the accrual of expected liability under acquisition-related 
 performance plans. 
 
(g) Non-cash, IFRS2 share-based payment charge in relation to the long-term management incentive 
 plans. 
 
(h) Amortisation of intangible assets, primarily brands and customer relationships, recognised 
 on consolidation as a result of business combinations. 
 
 
3. Finance costs 
 
                                                              2021        2020 
                                                                    (restated) 
                                                              GBPm        GBPm 
Underlying finance items 
Interest on bank facilities and notes                         23.1        20.7 
Interest on unsecured loans                                    0.8         0.8 
Total interest on loans and notes                             23.9        21.5 
Amortisation of prepaid finance costs on loans and 
 notes                                                         2.6         2.1 
Unwinding of discount on right-of-use lease liabilities        3.0         2.6 
Net interest expense on defined benefit pensions               0.2         0.1 
                                                              29.7        26.3 
 
 
Non-underlying finance items 
(a) Release of prepaid finance costs                           7.3         4.4 
(b) Net cost of redemption premium on refinancing 
 of previous senior notes                                      6.3           - 
(c) Underwriting fees and costs relating to previous 
 bank facilities                                                 -         6.5 
One-off refinancing related                                   13.6        10.9 
(d) Finance items related to preferred equity                 13.1           - 
Preferred equity related                                      13.1           - 
(e) Unwinding of present value of deferred and contingent 
 earn-out liabilities                                          0.3         0.8 
(f) Other adjustments to present value of contingent 
 earn-out liabilities                                          0.7         0.9 
(g) Unwinding of present value of deferred and contingent 
 earn-out liabilities                                          1.1         1.3 
Acquisitions related                                           2.1         3.1 
(h) Interest on short term-term draw of Group revolving 
 credit facility                                               1.4           - 
(i) Fair value adjustment to notes redemption option         (4.6)         7.3 
(j) Unsecured loan redemption premium charge / (credit)        0.2       (0.2) 
(k) Mark to market adjustments and gains on foreign 
 exchange forward contracts                                    4.2       (3.2) 
(l) Translation differences on foreign currency loans        (6.3)        13.0 
Other non-underlying                                         (5.1)        16.9 
 
                                                              23.7        30.8 
 
 
(a) Non-cash charge relating to the release of prepaid costs on previous bank facilities on 
 refinancing. In light of positive market conditions, the company opportunistically approached 
 the bond market in March 2021 to refinance its 2024 senior secured notes despite only having 
 issued these notes during the prior year, securing a reduction in coupon from 5.25% to 3.625%. 
 Hence why a charge has occurred in both the current and prior periods. 
(b) Cost of early redemption in relation to the refinancing of the 2024 senior secured notes, 
 offset in part by the release of the liability premium relating to the embedded derivatives 
 attached to the host debt. 
(c) One off fees paid in the prior year in relation to underwritten bank facilities obtained 
 to provide certainty around the company's inaugural refinancing processes, plus deferred costs 
 relating to previous 2018 bank facilities. 
 
(d) The net impact of non-cash items relating to preferred equity issued to Koch Equity Development 
 during the year. This comprises: i) accrual of preferred dividends and other value movements 
 of the host contract (GBP3.4m); ii) fair value adjustment to embedded derivative representing 
 a cash settlement option (GBP5.2m); iii) amortisation of associated instrument representing 
 the option to issue additional preferred equity (GBP0.7m); iv) fair value adjustment to contractually-linked 
 warrants (GBP1.6m); and iv) 6% ticking fee on option to issue GBP100.0m additional preferred 
 equity (GBP2.2m) . 
 
 (e) Non-cash costs relating to the unwinding of present value discounts applied to deferred 
  consideration and contingent earn-outs on historical business acquisitions. Deferred consideration 
  is measured at amortised cost, while contingent consideration is measured under IFRS 3 at 
  fair value. Both are discounted for the time value of money. 
 
(f) Non-cash items relating to changes in contingent earn-out consideration arising from the 
 evolution of actual and forecast financial performance of the relevant acquisitions. 
 
(g) Non-cash cost relating to unwinding of the present value discount on acquisition-related 
 performance plans. 
(h) Interest cost associated with the drawing of the Group's GBP75m revolving credit facility 
 in March, as a precautionary measure in response to the Coronavirus pandemic. This has subsequently 
 been repaid. 
(i) Fair value adjustment to embedded derivative representing the early redemption option 
 within the terms of the senior secured notes. See Note 6 for further details. 
 
(j) Unsecured loan redemption premium charge / credit - Non-cash item relating to the GBP2.1 
 million redemption premium on the BGF loan. During the prior year it was agreed with the BGF 
 to defer payment from December 2019 to December 2021, resulting in a one off credit to the 
 income statement. 
 
(k) Non-cash fair value adjustments on foreign exchange forward contracts. In the period this 
 was offset by a realised cash gain on certain FX contracts (GBP0.5m). 
 
(l) Net impact of exchange rate movements on third party and intercompany loans. 
 
See Financial Review for further details of these items. 
 
 
4. Earnings per share 
 
The calculation of the basic, adjusted and diluted earnings / loss per share is 
based on the 
following data: 
 
                                                        53 weeks ended 3 April 2021    52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                                                             Basic          Adjusted           Basic        Adjusted 
                                                                                          (restated)      (restated) 
                                                              GBPm              GBPm            GBPm            GBPm 
Earnings / (loss) attributable to ordinary equity 
 holders of the parent entity                                  2.8               2.8          (69.8)          (69.8) 
Exceptional and non-underlying items: 
Income statement impact of preferred equity                      -              13.1               -               - 
Amortisation of acquired intangibles                             -              26.8               -            25.0 
Other non-underlying items                                       -             (0.7)               -             7.9 
Exceptional goodwill impairment                                  -                 -               -            50.0 
Other exceptional items                                          -               2.1               -           (0.1) 
Interest on short -term draw of Group revolving 
 credit facility                                                 -               1.4               -               - 
Amortisation of prepaid finance costs                            -               7.3               -             4.4 
Fair value adjustment to notes redemption option                 -             (4.6)               -             7.3 
Translation difference on foreign currency loans                 -             (6.4)               -            13.0 
Other non-underlying finance items                               -              18.6               -             6.1 
Tax effect on adjusted items where applicable                    -            (23.3)               -           (8.2) 
Earnings / (loss) for the purpose of basic and 
 adjusted earnings per share from continuing 
 operations                                                    2.8              37.1          (69.8)            35.6 
Loss attributable to ordinary equity holders of the 
 parent entity from discontinued operations                      -                 -           (2.0)               - 
Earnings / (loss) for the purpose of basic and 
 adjusted earnings per share                                   2.8              37.1          (71.8)            35.6 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares 
                                                                                                2021            2020 
                                                                                              Number          Number 
                                                                                           of shares       of shares 
                                                                                             (000's)         (000's) 
Weighted average number of shares for the purpose of basic and adjusted earnings per 
 share                                                                                       122,257         125,398 
Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares: 
   Share options                                                                                 530               - 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purposes of diluted earnings per 
 share                                                                                       122,787         125,398 
   Preferred equity and contractually-linked warrants                                          6,625               - 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purposes of diluted adjusted 
 earnings per 
 share                                                                                       129,412         125,398 
 
The potential dilutive effect of the share options has been calculated in accordance with 
 IAS 33 using the average share price in the period. 
 
The Group's earnings / loss per share are as 
follows: 
                                                                                                2021            2020 
                                                                                                          (restated) 
                                                                                               Pence           Pence 
Earnings / loss per share from continuing operations 
Basic earnings / (loss) per share                                                               2.30         (55.63) 
Diluted earnings / (loss) per share                                                             2.29         (55.63) 
Basic adjusted earnings per share                                                              30.34           28.42 
Diluted adjusted earnings per share                                                            28.66           28.42 
Loss per share from discontinued operations 
Basic loss per share                                                                               -          (1.60) 
Diluted loss per share                                                                             -          (1.60) 
Earnings / loss per share 
Basic earnings / (loss) per share                                                               2.30         (57.22) 
Diluted earnings / (loss) per share                                                             2.29         (57.22) 
Basic adjusted earnings per share                                                              30.34           28.42 
Diluted adjusted earnings per share                                                            28.66           28.42 
 

Diluted earnings per share for the period is not adjusted for the impact of the potential future conversion of preferred equity or potential future exercise of contractually linked warrants (see Note 6) due to these instruments having an anti-dilutive effect, whereby the positive impact of adding back the associated financial costs to earnings outweighs the dilutive impact of conversion/exercise. Diluted adjusted earnings per share does take into account the impact of these instruments as shown in the table above setting out the weighted average number of shares.

 
5. Rates of exchange 
 
                         2021               2020 
                        Average  Year end  Average  Year end 
 
Australia - A$           1.8392    1.8172   1.8685    2.0202 
Europe - EUR             1.1244    1.1761   1.1442    1.1152 
 
 
6. Net Debt 
 
Analysis of net debt 
 
Reconciliation of 
movements in the 
Group's net debt 
position: 
                              At 29                                           Other                At 3 
                              March                 Capital                non-cash  Exchange     April 
Group                          2020  Cash flow  expenditure  Acquisitions   changes  movement      2021 
                               GBPm       GBPm         GBPm          GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm 
 
Cash and cash 
 equivalents                  176.8      172.9            -           3.8         -     (4.7)     348.8 
Bank overdraft                (2.1)      (1.9)            -             -         -         -     (4.0) 
 
Net cash and cash 
 equivalents                  174.7      171.1            -           3.8         -     (4.7)     344.8 
 
Senior secured debt 
(gross of prepaid 
finance costs): 
 - Senior notes 
  redeemed in the 
  period - due in 
  more than one year        (463.3)       88.7            -             -     355.9      18.6         - 
- Senior notes 
 issued in the 
 period - due in 
 more than one year               -    (287.4)            -             -   (353.7)       8.2   (633.0) 
 - Revolving credit 
  facility - due in 
  more than one year         (74.4)       76.0            -             -         -     (1.5)         - 
Unsecured loans: 
 - due in less than 
  one year                    (2.8)     (27.1)            -         (2.4)       6.1         -    (26.2) 
 - due in more than 
  one year                   (12.8)          -            -         (7.5)     (5.1)         -    (25.5) 
 
Net debt                    (378.6)       21.2            -         (6.2)       3.1      20.6   (339.9) 
 
Obligations under 
right-of-use leases: 
 - due in less than 
  one year                   (11.8)       11.3        (1.7)         (0.1)    (10.8)         -    (13.0) 
 - due in more than 
  one year                   (68.0)          -        (9.9)         (6.7)      10.2       0.4    (74.0) 
Preferred equity 
 (gross of prepaid 
 finance costs)                   -     (66.3)            -             -    (10.9)         -    (77.1) 
Prepaid finance 
costs: 
 - In relation to 
  preferred equity                -        0.9            -             -         -         -       0.9 
 - In relation to 
  senior debt                   9.9       10.8            -             -    (10.0)       0.2      10.9 
 
Net debt including 
 right-of-use lease 
 liabilities, issue 
 premia, preferred 
 equity and prepaid 
 finance costs              (448.5)     (22.0)       (11.6)        (13.0)    (18.3)      21.2   (492.2) 
 
The cashflows therein included represent the physical cash inflows received by the Group as 
 a result of the refinancing exercise in the period, the majority of which was directly paid 
 by the new debt holders to the existing debt holders, with the remainder of the cash being 
 held by the Company. The Group determined that the financial institution that handled the 
 transactions with bond holders acted in their capacity as principal. 
 
  Senior debt 
 
  Senior debt as at 3 April 2021 relates to EUR750m of senior secured notes, split between 
  two tranches: EUR500m 3.625% notes maturing in 2026; and EUR250m 3.75% notes maturing in 2028. 
  The coupon on the notes is paid bi-annually. These notes were issued in March 2021, at which 
  time the previous EUR500m 5.25% notes were refinanced. One-off early redemption costs were 
  incurred in relation to the refinanced notes (see Note 3). The additional funds raised of 
  EUR250m less redemption and financing costs were held on balance sheet at the year end for 
  the purpose of funding future acquisitions. 
Attached to both sets of notes are early repayment options, which have been identified as 
 embedded derivative assets, separately valued from the host contracts. Changes in the Group's 
 credit rating and market pricing of the notes would have an impact on the value of the options. 
 The redemption price of the repayment option on the EUR500m 2026 notes is the par value of 
 the notes plus any accrued interest, plus the following premia: within the first two years 
 1.813% plus a make-whole of the present value of interest that would otherwise have been payable 
 in that period; in the third year 1.813%; in the fourth year 0.906%; in the fifth year 0%. 
 The redemption price of the repayment option on the EUR250m 2028 notes is the par value of 
 the notes plus any accrued interest, plus the following premia: within the first three years 
 1.875% plus a make-whole of the present value of interest that would otherwise have been payable 
 in that period; in the fourth year 1.875%; in the fifth year 0.938%; in the final two years 
 0%. 
 
 These options have been valued based on the contractual redemption terms and measuring the 
 Group's forward assessment of the notes' market value based on an option pricing model. The 
 fair value of the derivative assets at inception of the first and second tranches of the notes 
 was GBP4.3m in aggregate. The value of the senior debt liabilities recognised were increased 
 by a corresponding amount at initial recognition, which then reduces to par at maturity using 
 an effective interest rate method. The fair value of the derivative asset at the year end 
 was GBP9.0m, and therefore an associated non-cash credit was recognised through the income 
 statement for the period of GBP4.6m. 
 
 Prepaid legal and professional fees associated with the issue of the new notes totalling 
 GBP10.8m (1.7% of gross debt raised) is offset against the senior debt liability and is amortised 
 over its life (GBP0.1m in the year). 
 
 As a result, as at 3 April 2021 there is a total liability recognised of GBP622.1m in relation 
 to notes with a par value of GBP637.7m (EUR750m). 
Additionally, the Group has a variable rate GBP75m multi-currency revolving credit facility 
 maturing in 2024, which at the year end was undrawn. 
 
  Unsecured loans 
 
  Unsecured loans comprises the GBP11.9m loan from the BGF maturing in December 2021 and a 
  number of smaller local loans and credit lines utilised by the Group's operating subsidiaries 
  for working capital purposes. During the year a number of additional unsecured loans and facilities 
  were drawn as part of the special treasury measures put in place at the start of the Covid-19 
  pandemic. 
 
  Preferred equity 
 
  Background and key terms 
 
  On 30th October 2020 the company entered into an agreement whereby Koch Equity Development, 
  LLC. (via its affiliate KED Victoria Investments, LLC) committed to invest a total of GBP175m 
  by way of convertible preferred equity to be issued by the Company. As part of this agreement, 
  GBP75m of preferred equity was issued immediately, on 16 November 2020. A structuring discount 
  of 5% was payable at the outset. 
 
  The balance of up to GBP100m can be issued at any time during the following 18 months at 
  the Company's option. A 'ticking' fee of 6% is payable on the unissued commitment during this 
  period, although the Company can ask KED to cancel the commitment at any time. 
 
  The preferred equity attracts a dividend of 9.35% if cash settled, or 9.85% if Paid In Kind 
  by way of issue of additional preferred shares (such PIK occurring quarterly). Starting in 
  year five, the dividend moves from a fixed rate to a spread over three-month LIBOR. The spread 
  starts at 9.35% and 9.85% (for cash and PIK settlement respectively) and increases by 1% in 
  each subsequent year up to year nine, after which it remains flat. 
The preferred equity is a perpetual instrument, albeit the Company can choose to redeem it 
 in cash at any time, subject to a redemption premium. The redemption price of this repayment 
 option is the face value of the preferred shares plus any accrued dividends, plus the following 
 premia: within the first three years 6.0% plus a make-whole of the present value of dividends 
 that would otherwise have accrued in that period; in the fourth year 6.0%; in the fifth year 
 3.0%; and after the fifth anniversary 0%. There are two scenarios in which mandatory cash 
 redemption of the preferred equity can occur outside of the Company's control, both of which 
 are highly unlikely in management's view: (i) if the Group becomes insolvent (being bankruptcy, 
 placing into receivership or similar events), or (ii) a change in control of the Company where 
 the offer for the ordinary shares is not all-cash and, at the same time, the offeror (on an 
 enlarged pro-forma basis) is deemed to be sub-investment grade. 
 
 After the sixth anniversary, KED can elect to convert the outstanding preferred equity and 
 PIK'd dividends into ordinary shares, with the conversion price being the prevailing 30 business 
 day VWAP of the Company's ordinary shares. 
In the event of a change of control of the Company (for example a tender offer, merger or 
 scheme of arrangement in relation to the ordinary shares of the Company), the terms of the 
 preferred equity envisage three scenarios: (i) where an all-cash offer is made and accepted, 
 the preferred equity and any PIK'd dividends will convert into ordinary shares which are then 
 subject to the same offer price per share made to other shareholders and acquired by the offeror; 
 (ii) where an offer is made and accepted that is not all-cash and the offeror (on an enlarged 
 pro-forma basis) is deemed to be investment grade, the preferred equity and any PIK'd dividends 
 plus a material penalty fee will convert into ordinary shares which are then subject to the 
 same offer price per share made to other shareholders and acquired by the offeror (such penalty 
 fee having the effect of doubling the number of ordinary shares that KED would otherwise receive 
 on conversion that would then be subject to the offer price per share; this being designed 
 to incentivise the offeror to consider agreeing to fund redemption of the preferred equity 
 rather than conversion); and (iii) where an offer is made and accepted that is not all-cash 
 and the offeror (on an enlarged pro-forma basis) is deemed to be sub-investment grade, the 
 preferred equity will be subject to mandatory redemption as described above. 
 
 Attached to the preferred equity are warrants issued to KED over a maximum of 12.402m ordinary 
 shares. These warrants are only exercisable following the third anniversary (unless the preferred 
 shares have been cash redeemed or there has been a change in control of the Company) at an 
 exercise price of GBP3.50. The terms include a total maximum return for KED, across both the 
 preferred equity and the warrants, of the greater of 1.73x money multiple or 20% IRR. If this 
 limit is exceeded at the point of exercising the warrants (calculated as if the preferred 
 equity was being redeemed at the same time), then the number of shares receivable on exercise 
 is reduced until the returns equal the limit. 
 
  Accounting recognition 
 
  Whilst the preferred equity is legally structured as an equity instrument through the Company's 
  articles of association and have many equity-like features, they must be accounted for as 
  a financial instrument under IFRS. This primarily relates to the fact that the conversion 
  option is based on the prevailing share price, and therefore it fails the 'fixed-for-fixed' 
  criteria as prescribed in the standard. 
 
  Based on the terms of the preferred equity, the underlying host instrument was identified 
  alongside a number of embedded derivatives and other associated instruments. Furthermore the 
  embedded derivatives were assessed to identify those that are deemed to be closely-related 
  to the host instrument and those that are not, the latter of which are required to be separately 
  valued in the balance sheet. The underlying host instrument is held at amortised cost and 
  valued into perpetuity on the assumption of PIK'd dividends for the first ten years and then 
  a terminal value assuming cash dividends thereafter. This has been valued using a binomial 
  option pricing model, which uses standard option pricing techniques to calculate the optimal 
  time to exercise the respective options, taking into account the specific contractual details 
  of the instruments and their interconnectedness. The 5% structuring discount is accounted 
  for within this valuation. On this basis it was valued at GBP69.3m at initial recognition, 
  which is net of GBP0.9m of prepaid advisory fees. At each reporting date the terminal value 
  is re-assessed based on long-term LIBOR curves and a revised accrued value of the instrument 
  is calculated at that date using an effective interest rate method, with the increase in value 
  taken to the income statement as a financial charge. The value as at the year end was GBP72.6m. 
 
  The KED commitment to invest in up to GBP100m additional preferred equity at Victoria's election 
  was identified as an associated financial instrument. This asset was fair valued at GBP2.8m 
  at initial recognition and is subsequently amortised over the 18 month period of the commitment, 
  with a value of GBP2.1m as at the year end. As the terms of the preference shares are fixed, 
  issuance of more of these shares may become advantageous relative to market financing rates 
  in the future. The initial valuation has been determined by calibrating the valuation of the 
  various elements of the financing package to the transaction price. This asset has been netted 
  off against the preferred equity host instrument. 
 
  Two non closely-related embedded derivatives were identified: 
 
  i) the Victoria option to cash redeem (rather than the instrument running into perpetuity 
  or conversion, see below) - asset valued at GBP5.7m at initial recognition, fair valued at 
  each subsequent reporting date through the income statement, with a value of GBP0.5m as at 
  the year end. This option has been valued based on the contractual redemption terms and the 
  Group's forward assessment of the preferred equity value based on an option pricing model. 
 
 
  ii) the KED option to convert into ordinary shares - this was valued at GBPnil. The model 
  uses standard option pricing techniques to calculate the optimal time to exercise the respective 
  options. As such, the valuation technique assumes that all interest will be accrued and rolled 
  into the preference share balance and that there will be no conversion of the preference shares 
  into ordinary shares due to their coupon and enhanced liquidity preference. As a result, nil 
  value has been attributed to this feature. 
 
  Finally, the KED ordinary equity warrants have been separately identified. This financial 
  instrument was recognised as a liability of GBP4.5m at initial recognition and is subsequently 
  fair valued at each reporting date through the income statement, with a value of GBP6.1m as 
  at the year end. These warrants have been valued using a binomial option pricing model. The 
  model uses standard option pricing techniques to calculate the optimal time to exercise the 
  respective options, taking into account the specific contractual details of the instruments 
  and their interconnectedness. 
7. Retirement 
benefit 
obligations 
 
Defined 
contribution 
schemes 
 
The Group operates a number of defined contribution pension schemes. The companies 
and the 
employees contribute towards the schemes. 
 
Contributions are charged to the Income Statement as incurred and amounted to GBP4,634,000 
 (2020: GBP3,877,000), of which GBP2,350,000 (2020: GBP2,245,000) relates to the UK schemes. 
 The total contributions outstanding at year-end were GBPnil (2020: GBPnil). 
 
Defined benefit 
schemes 
 
The Group has two defined benefit 
schemes, both of which relate to 
Interfloor Limited. 
 
 
 Interfloor Limited sponsors the Final Salary Scheme ("the Main Scheme") and the Interfloor 
  Limited Executive Scheme ("the Executive Scheme") which are both defined benefit arrangements. 
  The defined benefit schemes are administered by a separate fund that is legally separated 
  from the Group. The trustees of the pension fund are required by law to act in the interest 
  of the fund and of all relevant stakeholders in the scheme. The trustees of the pension fund 
  are responsible for the investment policy with regard to the assets of the fund. 
 
The last full actuarial valuations of these 
schemes were carried out by a qualified 
independent 
actuary as at 31 July 2018. 
 
The contributions made by the employer over the financial period were GBP136,000 (2020: 
GBP136,000) 
in respect of the Main Scheme and GBPnil (2020: GBPnil) in respect of the Executive Scheme. 
 
Contributions to the Executive and Main Schemes are made in accordance with the Schedule of 
 Contributions. Future contributions are expected to be an annual premium of GBP136,000 in 
 respect of the Main Scheme and GBPnil contributions payable to the Executive Scheme. These 
 payments are in line with the certified Schedules of Contributions until they are reviewed 
 on completion of the triennial valuations of the schemes as at 1 August 2021. 
 
As both schemes are closed to 
future accrual there will be no 
current service cost in future 
years. 
 
The defined benefit schemes typically expose the Company to actuarial 
risks such as: investment 
risk, interest rate risk and longevity risk. 
 
                               2021       2020 
                               GBPm       GBPm 
Net interest expense            0.1        0.1 
Curtailments / 
 Settlements                      -      (0.1) 
Past service cost                 -          - 
 
Components of defined 
 benefit costs 
 recognised in profit or 
 loss                           0.1          - 
 
The net interest expense has been included within finance costs. The remeasurement of the 
 net defined benefit liability is included in the statement of comprehensive income. 
 
Amounts recognised in the 
Consolidated Statement of 
Comprehensive Income are as 
follows: 
 
                               2021       2020 
                               GBPm       GBPm 
The return on plan 
 assets (excluding 
 amounts included in net 
 interest expense)              3.6      (1.5) 
Actuarial gains 
 arising from 
 changes in 
 demographic 
 assumptions                  (0.4)          - 
Actuarial (losses) / 
 gains arising from 
 changes in financial 
 assumptions                  (3.2)        2.9 
Actuarial gains 
arising from 
experience 
adjustments                       -          - 
Remeasurement of the net 
 defined benefit 
 liability                    (0.1)        1.4 
 
The amount included in the Consolidated Balance Sheet arising from the Group's 
obligations 
in respect of its defined benefit retirement benefit schemes is as follows: 
 
                               2021       2020 
                               GBPm       GBPm 
Present value of defined 
 benefit obligations         (31.2)     (28.4) 
Fair value of plan 
 assets                        24.7       22.1 
Net liability arising 
 from defined benefit 
 obligation                   (6.5)      (6.3) 
Deferred tax applied to 
 net obligation                 1.2        1.2 
 
The Group expects to make a contribution of GBP136,000 (2020: GBP136,000) 
 to the defined benefit 
 schemes during the next financial period 
 
 
 
8. Acquisition of subsidiaries 
 
(a) Keradom S.R.L. 
 
 
On 17th December 2020, the Group acquired 100% equity of Keradom S.R.L., a specialist manufacturer 
 of decorative porcelain floor tiles and special pieces. Operating in Sassuolo, Italy, Keradom 
 is located close to the existing Victoria Italy ceramics operations. 
The total consideration is EUR14.1m (GBP13.3m(1) ), with an initial cash consideration of 
 EUR6.1m (GBP5.5m(1) ) and contingent consideration of up to EUR8m (GBP7.8m(1) ) depending 
 on future EBITDA performance over a four-year period. 
 
 Due to a change in accounting treatment (see Note 10), the contingent consideration is not 
 being classed as consideration for the purpose of accounting for business combinations and 
 is therefore not recognised at fair value on acquisition. Instead, this will be accrued over 
 the four-year period as an acquisition-related performance plan liability, with a corresponding 
 non-underlying remuneration cost going through the income statement. This accounting treatment 
 for contingent consideration has resulted in negative goodwill arising from acquisition, driving 
 a gain on bargain purchase shown as non-underlying in the income statement. 
 
 The Group results for the 53 weeks ended 3 April 2021 include contribution from Keradom of 
  EUR6.0m (GBP5.4m(2) ) of revenue and EUR0.7m (GBP0.6m(2) ) of profit before tax (before amortisation 
  of acquired intangibles and acquisition costs). If the acquisition had been completed on the 
  first day of the financial year, Group revenue and profit before tax would have been higher 
  by EUR16.7m (GBP15.0m(2) ) and EUR2.5m (GBP2.2m(2) ) respectively. 
 
(1) Applying the GBP to EUR exchange rate at the date of acquisition of 1.1031 
 
 (2) Applying the average exchange rate over the financial year of 1.1244 
(b) Hanover Flooring Limited 
 
 On 26 January 2021 the Group acquired the business and assets of Hanover Flooring Limited. 
  Hanover is a distributor of soft flooring products for both the residential and contract markets. 
  It sells to wholesalers, retail groups, and independent stores throughout the UK. 
 
  The Group results for the 53 weeks ended 3 April 2021 include contribution from Hanover of 
  GBP0.9m of revenue and GBP0.1m of profit before tax (before amortisation of acquired intangibles 
  and acquisition costs). If the acquisition had been completed on the first day of the financial 
  year Group revenue and profit before tax would have been higher by GBP13.2m and GBP2.1m respectively. 
The total consideration is GBP25m, with an initial cash consideration of GBP1.0m (subject 
 to working capital normalisation), deferred consideration of up to GBP11.5m payable over three 
 to four years, and contingent consideration of up to GBP12.5m depending on future EBITDA performance 
 over a four-year period. 
 
 Due to a change in accounting treatment (see Note 10), the contingent consideration is not 
 being classed as consideration for the purpose of accounting for business combinations and 
 is therefore not recognised at fair value on acquisition. Instead, this will be accrued over 
 the four-year period as an acquisition-related performance plan liability, with a corresponding 
 non-underlying remuneration cost going through the income statement. 
9. Post balance sheet events 
 
Acquisitions of Italian Businesses 
On 21 April 2021 the Group completed the purchase of the business and assets of ceramic tile 
 distributors, Ceramica Colli and Vallelunga. The Group also acquired 100% of the equity of 
 ceramic tile manufacturer, Ceramiche Santa Maria. 
 
 Located near Victoria's existing Italian operations, these successful, growing brands also 
 bring significant additional spare production capacity. As a result, they will not only provide 
 an immediate earnings contribution to the Group in their own right, but will enable continued 
 profitable growth at Victoria's already established Italian business through the utilisation 
 of that spare production capacity. 
 
The total cash consideration was EUR35m (GBP30.2m(1) ) 
 
 (1) Applying the GBP to EUR exchange rate at the date of acquisition of 1.1573. 
 
  At the time when the financial statements were authorised for issue, the determination of 
  the fair values of the assets and liabilities acquired had not been finalised, because the 
  independent valuations had not been concluded. It was also not possible to provide detailed 
  information about each class of acquired receivables and any contingent liabilities of the 
  acquired entity. 
 Acquisition of Edel Group BV 
On 4 May 2021 the Group acquired 100% of the equity of Edel Group BV ("Edel"), Netherlands-based 
 designers, manufacturers, and distributers of artificial grass and carpets. 
 
 Established in 1918, Edel primarily supplies artificial grass for domestic and landscaping 
 purposes across Europe, a market in which Victoria already has a strong presence following 
 its February 2017 acquisitions of Avalon and GrassInc. 
 
The consideration of EUR49.4m (GBP42.9m(2) ) was paid in cash on completion. 
 
 (2) Applying the GBP to EUR exchange rate at the date of acquisition of 1.1500. 
At the time when the financial statements were authorised for issue, the determination of 
 the fair values of the assets and liabilities acquired had not been finalised, because the 
 independent valuations had not been concluded. It was also not possible to provide detailed 
 information about each class of acquired receivables and any contingent liabilities of the 
 acquired entity. 
 Acquisition of Cali Bamboo Holdings Inc 
 On 23 June 2021 the Group acquired 100% of the equity of Cali Bamboo Holdings Inc. ("Cali"). 
 
  Cali is an exceptionally high-growth US-based business that has achieved an organic CAGR 
  of 17% for the past five years via its online B2C customer acquisition model, data-driven 
  analytics, a high-touch consultative sales team, and direct delivery capability, alongside 
  B2B channels. 
 
The consideration of US$76.1m (GBP55.1m(3) ) was paid in cash on completion. 
 
 (3) Applying the GBP to USD exchange rate at the date of acquisition of 1.3800 
 At the time when the financial statements were authorised for issue, the determination of 
  the fair values of the assets and liabilities acquired had not been finalised, because the 
  independent valuations had not been concluded. It was also not possible to provide detailed 
  information about each class of acquired receivables and any contingent liabilities of the 
  acquired entity. 
 
 
 
10. Restatement of acquisition accounting 
 
Impact on the consolidated financial results and position of the Group 
 The prior period income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement and related other statements 
 and notes have been re-stated to reflect a change in accounting treatment of the contingent earn-out 
 consideration payable on certain historical acquisitions. Earn-outs are deferred elements of 
 consideration, typically paid in cash over a three to four-year period following acquisition, 
 that are contingent on the financial performance of the target business meeting certain pre-determined 
 targets over that period. 
 
 This accounting change has no impact on the underlying results, the cash flow or the tax position 
 of the Group. 
 
 Whilst earn-outs form part of the purchase price that was negotiated in the past with each respective 
 seller, and are contractually payments in exchange for the shares or assets of a business, on 
 review of developing and developed guidance regarding interpretation of the relevant standards 
 (including revisiting our assessment of IFRS Interpretations Committee decision "IFRS 3 Business 
 Combinations-Continuing employment") the Group has remedied the accounting treatment of these 
 items where leaver provisions exist that result in the earn-out effectively being contingent 
 on the continued employment of the seller(s) following the acquisition. This is relevant where 
 the leaver provisions included in the acquisition agreement result in a "good leaver" scenario 
 being highly unlikely or outside the control of the seller (a good leaver scenario is where the 
 seller is able to leave employment but still retain all or a proportion of their unpaid earn-out). 
 
 Such leaver provisions are included in our acquisitions in order to protect the goodwill being 
 acquired over the first few years of ownership. However, in accordance with the IFRS interpretation 
 noted above, in such circumstances the relevant earn-outs are now being treating as non-underlying 
 remuneration costs, accrued over the earn-out period (i.e. the period over which the effective 
 employment condition is applicable). Previously they were fully recognised at fair value at the 
 point of acquisition, thereby forming part of goodwill. 
 
 Consequently, the FY20 results, including the March 2019 opening balance sheet, have been restated 
 in these financial statements to reflect a decrease in goodwill corresponding to the fair value 
 initially recognised for the relevant earn-outs on these acquisitions (subject to subsequent 
 exchange rate movements where applicable), being GBP21.8m as at 28 March 2020 (2019: GBP20.0m). 
 
 For those historical acquisitions where the relevant earn-outs had been fully paid by 28 March 
 2020 - being Westex, Abingdon, Whitestone and Avalon - the only other impact of this accounting 
 restatement in the Group FY20 balance sheet, and all subsequent Group financial accounts, is 
 a corresponding reduction in retained earnings (subject to subsequent exchange rate movements 
 where applicable going to the foreign exchange reserve). For those acquisitions where the relevant 
 earn-outs periods have not ended by 28 March 2020, the restated FY20 balance sheet includes the 
 removal of all related earn-out liabilities, with fair values totalling GBP22.0m as at 28 March 
 2020 (2019: GBP20.1m), and the inclusion instead of an 'acquisition-related performance plan 
 liability' which represents the outstanding balance of the above-mentioned accrued non-underlying 
 remuneration costs, being GBP20.2m as at 28 March 2020 (2019: GBP17.9m). 
 Group Balance 
 Sheet 
                           As at 28 March 2020               As at 30 March 2019 
                     Previous     Impact of            Previous     Impact of 
                        basis   restatement  Restated     basis   restatement  Restated 
                         GBPm          GBPm      GBPm      GBPm          GBPm      GBPm 
 
 Goodwill            194.4           (21.8)  172.6        223.7        (20.0)  203.7 
 Other non-current 
  assets             541.0                   541.0        438.0             -     438.0 
 Total non-current 
  assets             735.4           (21.8)  713.6        661.7        (20.0)  641.7 
 
 Current assets         486.3             -     486.3     322.9             -     322.9 
 
 Trade and other 
  current 
  payables              242.0         (0.8)     241.2     168.6         (0.2)     168.4 
 Other current 
  liabilities            16.7             -  16.7          10.4             -      10.4 
 Total current 
  liabilities           258.7         (0.8)     257.9     179.0         (0.2)     178.8 
 
 
 Trade and other 
  non-current 
  payables               17.5         (0.9)      16.6      19.5         (2.0)      17.5 
 Other non-current 
  liabilities           684.8             -     684.8     466.2             -     466.2 
 Total non-current 
  liabilities           702.3         (0.9)     701.4     485.7         (2.0)     483.7 
 
 Net assets             260.7        (20.1)     240.6     319.9        (17.8)     302.1 
 
 Share capital            6.3             -       6.3       6.3             -       6.3 
 Share premium          288.7             -     288.7     288.7             -     288.7 
 Retained earnings     (42.8)        (19.9)    (62.7)      20.6        (18.1)       2.5 
 Foreign exchange 
  reserve                 5.9         (0.2)       5.7       2.3           0.3       2.6 
 Other reserves           2.6             -       2.6       2.0             -       2.0 
 Total equity           260.7        (20.1)     240.6     319.9        (17.8)     302.1 
 
 
 The impact on the FY20 income statement is the removal of a net financial cost representing the 
 fair value adjustments to the previously recognised earn-out liabilities, including the unwinding 
 of present value discounting, totalling GBP1.7m, the inclusion of the above mentioned non-underlying 
 remuneration costs, totalling GBP2.0m, and the inclusion of an adjustment to the non-current 
 portion of the new 'acquisition-related performance plan liability', totalling GBP1.3m, which 
 represents the unwinding of present value discounting on that item. 
 Group Income Statement 
 
                                        52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                                      Previous     Impact of 
                                         basis   restatement  Restated 
                                          GBPm          GBPm      GBPm 
 
 Revenue                                 621.5             -     621.5 
 Underlying operating profit              74.3             -      74.3 
 Non-underlying operating items         (30.9)         (2.0)    (32.9) 
 Other exceptional operating items      (49.9)             -    (49.9) 
 Operating loss                          (6.5)         (2.0)     (8.5) 
 Interest on loans and notes            (21.5)             -    (21.5) 
 Other finance costs                     (4.8)                   (4.8) 
 Other non-underlying finance 
  items                                 (31.2)           0.4    (30.8) 
 Loss before tax                        (64.0)         (1.6)    (65.6) 
 Taxation                                (4.2)             -     (4.2) 
 Loss after tax from continuing 
  operations                            (68.2)         (1.6)    (69.8) 
 Loss from discontinued operations       (2.0)             -     (2.0) 
 Loss for the period                    (70.2)         (1.6)    (71.8) 
 
 
 The resultant impact of the restatement on the earnings per share of the Group are summarised 
 below. 
 Earnings Per Share 
                               52 weeks ended 28 March 2020 
                                         Impact of 
                                            change 
                                                in 
                             Previous   accounting 
                                basis       policy  Re-stated 
 
 
 Earnings/ loss per share 
 Basic loss per share        (55.97p)      (1.25p)   (57.22p) 
 Diluted loss per share      (55.97p)      (1.25p)   (57.22p) 
 Basic adjusted earnings 
  per share                    28.42p            -     28.42p 
 Diluted adjusted earnings 
  per share                    28.42p            -     28.42p 
 
 The restatement has no impact on capital expenditure, depreciation or amortisation. 
 
 The restatement has an impact on the cash flow statement whereby the GBP2.0m increase in operating 
 loss at the top of the reconciliation is offset by a GBP2.1m reduction in 'investing activities' 
 outflow (representing earn-out payments on the old basis) and a GBP0.1m decrease in movements 
 in 'trade and other payables' (representing the difference between the new accrued 'acquisition-related 
 performance plan' liability and the amount paid in the year). 
 
 
11. Basis of preparation 
 
The consolidated financial statements for the Group have been prepared on a going-concern 
 basis. The Group's business activities, together with the factors likely to affect its future 
 development, performance and position, are set out in the Chairman and CEO Statement, the 
 Strategic Report and the Financial Review. 
 
 The Board remains satisfied with the group's funding and liquidity position. During the year 
 ended 3 April 2021 there has been no period where financial covenant tests applied. The Group's 
 cash position as at the year ended 3 April 2021 was GBP348.8m, compared with GBP176.8m as 
 at 28 March 2020. The Group expects to continue to generate positive operating cash flows 
 in the forecast period to Mar-23. During the year the Group refinanced its existing EUR500m 
 of Senior Secured Notes ("bonds") due in 2024, with EUR500m of bonds maturing in August 2026 
 as well as raising an additional EUR250m of bonds with a maturity in March 2028. The bonds, 
 in themselves, carry no maintenance financial covenants. The Group also has access to a GBP75m 
 multi-currency revolving credit facility ('RCF') maturing in 2024, which was undrawn as at 
 year end. 
 
 The Directors are therefore of the view that the Group is well placed to manage its business 
 risks. Accordingly, the Directors continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the 
 Annual Report and Accounts. 
 
 The results have been extracted from the audited financial statements of the Group for the 
 53 weeks ended 3 April 2021. The results do not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning 
 of Section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. Whilst the financial information included in this 
 announcement has been computed in accordance with the principles of international accounting 
 standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006, this announcement 
 does not itself contain sufficient information to comply with international accounting standards. 
 The Group will publish full financial statements that comply with international accounting 
 standards. The audited financial statements incorporate an unqualified audit report. The Auditor's 
 report on these accounts did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did 
 not contain statements under S498(2) or (3) Companies Act 2006. 
 
Statutory accounts for the 52 weeks ended 28 March 2020, which incorporated an unqualified 
 auditor's report, have been filed with the Registrar of Companies. The Auditor's report on 
 these accounts did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not contain 
 statements under S498(2) or (3) Companies Act 2006. With the exception of the change in accounting 
 treatment referred to in Note 10, the accounting policies applied are consistent with those 
 described in the Annual Report & Accounts for the 52 weeks ended 28 March 2020. 
 
The Annual Report & Accounts will be posted to shareholders in due course. Further copies 
 will be available from the Company's Registered Office: Worcester Road, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, 
 DY10 1JR or via the website: www.victoriaplc.com. 
 

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