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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
________________________________________
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission File Number: 001-39252
________________________________________
Clover Health Investments, Corp.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
________________________________________
Delaware 98-1515192
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
725 Cool Springs Boulevard, Suite 320
Franklin, Tennessee
37067
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (201) 432-2133
________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share CLOV The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Redeemable Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 CLOVW The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company
x
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  o    No  x
As of August 6, 2021, the registrant had 235,874,471 shares of Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 174,738,155 shares of Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share, issued and outstanding.
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As used in this report, “Corporation,” “Clover Health,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Clover Health Investments, Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise noted or the context otherwise requires.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements contained in this document other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations, financial position, market size and opportunity, our business strategy and plans, the factors affecting our performance and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “can,” “expect,” “project,” “outlook,” “forecast,” “objective,” “plan,” “potential,” “seek,” “grow,” “target,” “if,” and the negative or plural of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives and financial needs. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in the section titled “Risk Factors” set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as supplemented by the “Risk Factors” section in this document, and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this document may not occur, and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements contained in this document involve a number of judgments, risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, risks related to:

our expectations regarding results of operations, financial condition and cash flows;
our ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination (as defined below), which may be affected by, among other things, competition and our ability to manage our growth following the Business Combination;
our ability to obtain or maintain the listing of our Class A common stock and our public warrants on Nasdaq following the Business Combination;
our public securities’ potential liquidity and trading;
the anticipated benefits associated with the use of the Clover Assistant platform, including our ability to utilize the platform to manage medical costs of our members;
our expectations regarding the development and expansion of our business;
our ability to successfully enter new service markets and manage our operations;
our ability to expand our member base and provider network;
our ability to increase adoption and use of the Clover Assistant;
anticipated trends and challenges in our business and in the markets in which we operate;
our ability to develop new features and functionality that meet market needs and achieve market acceptance;
our ability to retain and hire necessary employees and staff our operations appropriately;
the timing and amount of certain investments in growth;
the effect of uncertainties related to the global COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, and financial condition;
the outcome of any known and unknown litigation and regulatory proceedings;
any current, pending or future legislation or regulation that could have a negative effect on our revenue and businesses, including rules and regulations relating to healthcare and Medicare;
our ability to maintain, protect and enhance our intellectual property; and
general economic conditions, including the societal and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and geopolitical uncertainty and instability.

We caution you that the foregoing list of judgments, risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements may not be complete. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by law, we do not intend to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this document or to conform these statements to actual results or revised expectations.





You should read this document with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity, performance and events and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect. This document contains estimates, projections and other information concerning our industry, our business and the markets for our products. We obtained the industry, market and similar data set forth in this document from our own internal estimates and research and from industry research, publications, surveys and studies conducted by third parties, including governmental agencies. Information that is based on estimates, forecasts, projections, market research or similar methodologies is inherently subject to uncertainties, and actual events or circumstances may differ materially from events and circumstances that are assumed in this information. While we believe that the data we use from third parties are reliable, we have not separately verified these data. You are cautioned not to give undue weight to any such information, projections and estimates.

As a result of a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including without limitation, the important factors described in Part I. Item 1A “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as supplemented by the “Risk Factors” section in this document, our actual results or performance may be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

Additional Information

Our website address is www.cloverhealth.com. We use the investor relations page of our website for purposes of compliance with Regulation FD and as a routine channel for distribution of important information, including news releases, analyst presentations, financial information and corporate governance practices. Our filings with the SEC are posted on our website and available free of charge as soon as reasonably practical after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The SEC’s website, www.sec.gov, contains reports, proxy statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. The content on any website referred to in this document is not incorporated by reference in this document unless expressly noted. Further, the Company’s references to website URLs are intended to be inactive textual references only.


Channels for Disclosure of Information

Investors and others should note that we routinely announce material information to investors and the marketplace using filings with the SEC, press releases, public conference calls, presentations, webcasts and our investor relations website. We also intend to use certain social media channels as a means of disclosing information about the Company and our products to our customers, investors and the public (e.g., @Clover_Health and #CloverHealth on Twitter). The information posted on social media channels is not incorporated by reference in this report or in any other report or document we file with the SEC. While not all of the information that we post to our investor relations website or to social media accounts is of a material nature, some information could be deemed to be material. Accordingly, we encourage investors, the media, and others interested in our company to review the information that we share at the “Investors” link located at the bottom of our webpage at https://investors.cloverhealth.com/investor-relations and to sign up for and regularly follow our social media accounts. Users may automatically receive email alerts and other information about our company when enrolling an email address by visiting “Email Alerts” in the “Investor Resources” section of our website at https://investors.cloverhealth.com/investor-relations.



PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)


June 30, 2021 (Unaudited)
December 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 485,747  $ 92,348 
Short-term investments 104,361  4,098 
Investment securities, available-for sale (Amortized cost: 2021: $1,151; 2020: $0)
1,154  — 
Investment securities, held-to-maturity (Fair value: 2021: $310; 2020: $266)
305  265 
Accrued retrospective premiums 37,219  34,829 
Other receivables 23,657  11,368 
Healthcare receivable 31,858  38,745 
Surety bonds and deposits 15,578  — 
Prepaid expenses 14,535  7,830 
Other assets, current 3,300  299 
Total current assets 717,714  189,782 
Direct Contracting performance year receivable 436,334  — 
Investment securities, available-for sale (Amortized cost: 2021: $38,710; 2020: $53,953)
38,294  53,963 
Investment securities, held-to-maturity (Fair value: 2021: $419; 2020: $471)
390  429 
Property and equipment, net 2,101  2,078 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 6,356  7,882 
Goodwill and other intangible assets 4,233  4,233 
Other assets, non-current 10,475  8,885 
Total assets $ 1,215,897  $ 267,252 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements




1


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)


June 30, 2021 (Unaudited)
December 31, 2020
Liabilities, Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity
Liabilities
Current liabilities
Unpaid claims $ 132,552  $ 103,976 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 20,844  30,671 
Accrued salaries and benefits 10,250  3,978 
Operating lease liabilities 4,346  4,795 
Current portion of notes and securities payable —  20,803 
Premium deficiency reserve 27,900  — 
Other liabilities, current
Total current liabilities 195,897  164,228 
Direct Contracting performance year obligation 455,143  — 
Notes and securities payable, net of discounts and deferred issuance costs 19,852  106,413 
Derivative liabilities —  44,810 
Warrants payable 196,520  97,782 
Long-term operating lease liabilities 4,938  6,349 
Other liabilities, non-current 28,692  13,116 
Total liabilities 901,042  432,698 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 18)
Convertible Preferred stock (Series Seed A, A-1, B, C, and D), $0.0001 par value; 0 and 155,387,025 shares authorized as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; 0 and 139,444,346 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; aggregate liquidation preference of $0 and $470,256 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively (1)
—  447,747 
Stockholders' equity
Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value; 2,500,000,000 and 0 shares authorized as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively; 148,560,977 and 0 issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively
15  — 
Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value; 500,000,000 and 351,572,668 shares authorized; 259,744,474 and 89,206,266 issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively (1)
26 
Additional paid-in capital 1,706,334  411,867 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income (413) 10 
Accumulated deficit (1,395,010) (1,028,982)
Clover stockholders’ equity (deficit) 310,952  (617,096)
Noncontrolling interest 3,903  3,903 
Total stockholders' equity (deficit) 314,855  (613,193)
Total liabilities, convertible preferred stock and stockholders' equity $ 1,215,897  $ 267,252 
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information.



2


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share and share amounts)

Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenues:
Premiums earned, net (Net of ceded premiums of $126 and $128 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively; net of ceded premiums of $250 and $257 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively)
$ 195,357  $ 170,315  $ 394,733  $ 334,025 
Direct Contracting revenue 216,373  —  216,373  — 
Other income 742  1,766  1,691  3,561 
Total revenues 412,472  172,081  612,797  337,586 
Operating expenses:
Net medical claims incurred 458,521  119,366  672,953  265,694 
Salaries and benefits 62,167  19,227  128,191  40,711 
General and administrative expenses 45,628  21,468  84,234  49,951 
Premium deficiency reserve expense (benefit) 27,900  (11,303) 27,900  (15,585)
Depreciation and amortization 118  153  278  275 
Other expense —  —  191  — 
Total operating expenses 594,334  148,911  913,747  341,046 
(Loss) income from operations (181,862) 23,170  (300,950) (3,460)
Change in fair value of warrants payable 134,512  9,637  49,006  11,874 
Interest expense 1,229  8,477  2,404  16,292 
Amortization of notes and securities discounts 4,815  13,668  10,527 
Gain on derivative —  (5,162) —  (19,394)
Net (loss) income $ (317,611) $ 5,403  $ (366,028) $ (22,759)
Per share data:
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders – basic (1)
$ (0.78) $ 0.02  $ (0.93) $ (0.26)
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders – diluted (1)
(0.78) 0.01  (0.93) (0.26)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
Basic weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (1)
408,156,682  88,607,537  395,422,849  88,478,171 
Diluted weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (1)
408,156,682  242,625,338  395,422,849  88,478,171 
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments $ 70  $ (394) $ (423) $ 1,329 
Comprehensive (loss) income $ (317,541) $ 5,009  $ (366,451) $ (21,430)
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information. Because the Corporation had a net loss in the second quarter and first half of 2021, and a net loss in the first half of 2020, the Corporation’s potentially dilutive securities, which include stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock and warrants to purchase shares of common stock and preferred stock, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as the effect would be anti-dilutive.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)
Convertible Preferred stock Class A Common Stock Class B Common Stock Additional paid-in capital Accumulated
deficit
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
Noncontrolling
interest
Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
Shares (1)
Amount Shares Amount
Shares (1)
Amount
Balance, March 31, 2020 139,444,346  $ 447,747  —  $ —  88,353,707  $ $ 405,173  $ (919,795) $ 1,769  $ 3,903  $ (508,941)
Stock issuance for exercise of stock options, net of early exercise liability —  —  —  —  433,005  —  471  —  —  —  471 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  —  —  1,471  —  —  —  1,471 
Unrealized holdings loss on investment securities, available-for-sale —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (394) —  (394)
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  —  5,403  —  —  5,403 
Balance, June 30, 2020
139,444,346  $ 447,747  —  $ —  88,786,712  $ $ 407,115  $ (914,392) $ 1,375  $ 3,903  $ (501,990)
Balance, March 31, 2021 —  —  148,279,247  $ 15  259,821,838  $ 26  $ 1,662,873  $ (1,077,399) $ (483) $ 3,903  $ 588,935 
Stock issuance for exercise of stock options, net of early exercise liability —  —  204,366  —  —  —  435  —  —  —  435 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  —  —  43,026  —  —  —  43,026 
Buyback and subsequent cancellation of common stock —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Unrealized holdings gain on investment securities, available-for-sale —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  70  —  70 
Conversion from Class B Common Stock to Class A Common Stock —  —  77,364  —  (77,364) —  —  —  —  —  — 
Acquisition of Public and Private Placement Warrants —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  — 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (317,611) —  —  (317,611)
Balance, June 30, 2021
—  $ —  148,560,977  $ 15  259,744,474  $ 26  $ 1,706,334  $ (1,395,010) $ (413) $ 3,903  $ 314,855 
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for details.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)
Convertible Preferred stock Class A Common Stock Class B Common Stock Additional paid-in capital Accumulated
deficit
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
Noncontrolling
interest
Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
Shares (1)
Amount Shares Amount
Shares (1)
Amount
Balance, December 31, 2019
139,444,346  $ 447,747  —  $ —  88,279,119  $ $ 403,041  $ (891,633) $ 46  $ —  $ (488,537)
Stock issuance for exercise of stock options, net of early exercise liability —  —  —  —  507,593  —  626  —  —  —  626 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  —  —  3,448  —  —  —  3,448 
Unrealized holdings gain on investment securities, available-for-sale —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  1,329  —  1,329 
Interests issued —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  3,903  3,903 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (22,759) —  —  (22,759)
Balance, June 30, 2020
139,444,346  $ 447,747  —  $ —  88,786,712  $ $ 407,115  $ (914,392) $ 1,375  $ 3,903  $ (501,990)
Balance, December 31, 2020
139,444,346  $ 447,747  —  $ —  89,206,266  $ $ 411,867  $ (1,028,982) $ 10  $ 3,903  $ (613,193)
Stock issuance for exercise of stock options, net of early exercise liability —  —  965,846  —  —  —  1,717  —  —  —  1,717 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  —  —  85,739  —  —  —  85,739 
Unrealized holdings loss on investment securities, available-for-sale —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (423) —  (423)
Preferred stock conversion (139,444,346) (447,747) —  —  139,444,346  14  447,733  —  —  —  447,747 
Common stock issued related to warrants exercised —  —  —  —  7,205,490  97,781  —  —  97,782 
Convertible debt conversion and other issuances —  —  —  —  75,084,703  16,052  —  —  —  16,059 
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with Business Combination and PIPE offering —  —  146,373,904  15  (49,975,104) (5) 666,232  —  —  —  666,242 
Conversion from Class B Common Stock to Class A Common Stock —  —  1,221,227  —  (1,221,227) —  —  —  —  —  — 
Capital contribution for extinguishment of debt —  —  —  —  —  —  126,795  —  —  —  126,795 
Acquisition of Public and Private Placement Warrants —  —  —  —  —  —  (147,582) —  —  —  (147,582)
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  —  —  (366,028) —  —  (366,028)
Balance, June 30, 2021
—  $ —  148,560,977  $ 15  259,744,474  $ 26  $ 1,706,334  $ (1,395,010) $ (413) $ 3,903  $ 314,855 
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for details.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss $ (366,028) $ (22,759)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense 278  275 
Amortization of notes and securities discounts 13,657  10,476 
Stock-based compensation expense 85,739  3,448 
Paid-in-kind interest —  12,527 
Change in fair value of warrants payable 48,937  11,752 
Change in derivative liabilities —  (19,394)
Accretion, net of amortization 87  (442)
Net realized losses on investment securities 63  84 
Amortization of warrants 69  122 
Amortization of debt issuance costs 11  51 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accrued retrospective premiums (2,390) (13,261)
Other receivables (12,289) (4,455)
Performance year receivable (436,334) — 
Surety bonds and deposits (15,578) — 
Prepaid expenses (6,705) (599)
Other assets (4,582) (29)
Healthcare receivables 6,887  (3,357)
Operating lease right-of-use assets 1,720  1,613 
Unpaid claims 28,576  17,344 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (1,978) (4,833)
Accrued salaries and benefits 6,272  451 
Premium deficiency reserve 27,900  (15,585)
Other liabilities 15,576  4,445 
Performance year obligation 455,143  — 
Operating lease liabilities (2,055) (1,818)
Net cash used in operating activities (157,024) (23,944)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of short-term investments and available-for-sale securities (323,451) (73,266)
Proceeds from sales of short-term investments and available-for-sale securities 36,865  94,975 
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments and available-for-sale securities 200,265  47,101 
Purchases of property and equipment (290) (463)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities (86,611) 68,347 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Payment of notes payable principal (30,925) (9,118)
Issuance of common stock, net of early exercise liability 1,717  626 
Proceeds from reverse recapitalization, net of transaction costs 666,242  — 
Acquisition of noncontrolling interest —  3,903 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 637,034  (4,589)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 393,399  39,814 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 92,348  67,598 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 485,747  $ 107,412 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures
Cash paid during the period for interest $ 1,677  $ 2,480 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
Conversion of preferred stock to common stock $ 447,747  $ — 
Issuance of common stock related to convertible debt 16,059  — 
Capital contribution for extinguishment of debt 126,795  — 
Issuance of common stock related to warrants exercised 97,782  — 
Acquisition of Public and Private Warrants 147,582  — 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities 204  — 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


CLOVER HEALTH INVESTMENTS, CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Organization and Operations
Clover Health Investments, Corp. (collectively with its affiliates and subsidiaries, "Clover" or the "Corporation") is singularly focused on creating great, sustainable healthcare to improve every life. Clover has centered its strategy on building and deploying technology that it believes will enable it to solve a significant data problem while avoiding the limitations of legacy approaches. Clover leverages its flagship software platform, the Clover Assistant, to help America’s seniors receive better care at lower costs.
Clover provides affordable, high-quality Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, including Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) and Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) plans through its regulated insurance subsidiaries. The Corporation's regulated insurance subsidiaries consist of Clover Insurance Company and Clover HMO of New Jersey Inc., which operate the Corporation's PPO and HMO health plans, respectively. On April 8, 2021, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, announced that the Corporation's subsidiary Clover Health Partners, LLC, began participating as a Direct Contracting Entity (DCE) in the CMS's Global and Professional Direct Contracting Model (DC Model) on April 1, 2021. Medical Service Professionals of NJ, LLC, houses Clover's employed physicians and the related support staff for Clover's in-home care program. Clover's administrative functions and insurance operations are primarily operated by its Clover Health, LLC and Clover Health Labs, LLC subsidiaries.
Clover's approach is to combine technology, data analytics, and preventive care to lower costs and increase the quality of health and life of Medicare beneficiaries. Clover's technology platform uses machine learning-powered systems to deliver data and insights to physicians at the point of care in order to improve outcomes for beneficiaries and drive down costs. Clover's MA plans generally provide access to a wide network of primary care physicians, specialists, and hospitals, enabling its members to see any doctor participating in Medicare willing to accept them. Clover focuses on minimizing members' out-of-pocket costs and offers many plans that allow members to pay the same co-pays for physician visits regardless of whether their physician is in- or out-of-network. Clover's DCE, which assumes full risk (i.e., 100.0% shared savings and shared losses) for the total cost of care of aligned Original Medicare beneficiaries (DCE Beneficiaries), focuses on its technology platform to enhance healthcare delivery, reduce expenditures, and improve care for DCE Beneficiaries.
Clover was originally incorporated as a Cayman Islands exempted company on October 18, 2020, as a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) under the name Social Capital Hedosophia Holdings Corp. III (SCH). On October 5, 2020, SCH entered into a Merger Agreement (the "Merger Agreement") with Clover Health Investments, Inc., a corporation originally incorporated on July 17, 2014, in the state of Delaware (Legacy Clover). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, and a favorable vote of SCH's stockholders on January 6, 2021, Asclepius Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a newly formed, wholly owned subsidiary of SCH (Merger Sub), was merged with and into Legacy Clover. Upon consummation of the business combination, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub ceased, the Corporation survived and merged with and into SCH, with SCH as the surviving corporation, and SCH was redomesticated as a Delaware corporation and renamed Clover Health Investments, Corp. (the "Business Combination"). The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). Under the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 805, Legacy Clover is treated as the "acquirer" for financial reporting purposes. Legacy Clover is deemed the accounting predecessor of the combined business, and Clover, as the parent company of the combined business, is the successor SEC registrant, meaning that Legacy Clover's financial statements for previous periods will be disclosed in the registrant's periodic reports filed with the SEC. As a result of the Business Combination, there were simultaneous changes to Legacy Clover's convertible securities, warrants, and convertible preferred stock. See Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable), Note 10 (Warrants Payable), and Note 14 (Convertible Preferred Stock) for additional information regarding these changes. See also Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information related to the Business Combination.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of presentation
The Corporation's interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with GAAP and include the accounts of the Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiaries. In the opinion of management, the Corporation has made all necessary adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of its financial position and its results of operations for the interim periods presented. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidating these financial statements. These interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 included in Exhibit 99.5 of Amendment No. 1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (the "Form 8-K/A") filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on April 1, 2021.
7


Reclassifications

To conform to the current period presentation, prepaid expenses, which was previously included in other assets, current, was reclassified as its own line item in the prior year’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Certain amounts in the prior year period’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows have been reclassified to conform to the current year period’s presentation, primarily related to the amortization of warrants, amortization of debt issuance costs, and paid-in-kind interest. These reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported Consolidated Financial Statements.

Use of estimates
The preparation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes.
The areas involving the most significant use of estimates are the amounts of incurred but not reported claims. Many factors can cause actual outcomes to deviate from these assumptions and estimates, such as changes in economic conditions, changes in government healthcare policy, advances in medical technology, changes in treatment patterns, and changes in average lifespan. Accordingly, the Corporation cannot determine with precision the ultimate amounts that it will pay for, or the timing of payment of actual claims, or whether the assets supporting the liabilities will grow to the level the Corporation assumes prior to payment of claims. If the Corporation's actual experience is different from its assumptions or estimates, the Corporation's reserves may prove inadequate. As a result, the Corporation would incur a charge to operations in the period in which it determines such a shortfall exists, which could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation's business, results of operations, and financial condition. Other areas involving significant estimates include risk adjustment provisions related to Medicare contracts and the valuation of the Corporation's investment securities, goodwill and other intangible assets, warrants, the embedded derivative related to the convertible securities, stock-based compensation, recoveries from third parties for coordination of benefits, the Direct Contracting benchmark specifically cost trend and and risk score estimates that can develop over time, and final determination of medical cost adjustment pools.
Performance guarantees

Certain of the Corporation’s arrangements with third-party providers require it to guarantee the performance of its care network to CMS. As a result of the Corporation’s participation in the DC Model, the Corporation determined that it was making a performance guarantee with respect to providers of DCE Beneficiaries that should be recognized in the financial statements. Accordingly, a liability for the performance guarantee was recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Each month, as the performance guarantee is fulfilled, the guarantee is amortized on a straight-line basis for the amount that represents the completed performance. With respect to each performance year in which the DCE is a participant, the final consideration due to the DCE by CMS (shared savings) or the consideration due to CMS by the DCE (shared loss) is reconciled in the subsequent years following the performance year. The shared savings or loss is measured periodically and will be applied to the Direct Contracting performance obligation if the Corporation is in a probable loss position. Direct Contracting revenue is also known in the DC Model as performance year expenditures and is the primary component used to calculate shared savings or shared loss versus the performance year benchmark. Direct Contracting revenue is representative of CMS’s total expenditures incurred for medical services provided on behalf of DCE Beneficiaries during months in which those beneficiaries were alignment-eligible and aligned to the DCE. Direct Contracting revenue is calculated by taking the sum of the capitation payments made to the Corporation for services within the scope of the Corporation’s capitation arrangement and fee-for-service (FFS) payments made to providers directly from CMS.
Capitalized software development costs - cloud computing arrangements
The Corporation's cloud computing arrangements primarily comprise hosting arrangements which are service contracts, whereby the Corporation gains remote access to use enterprise software hosted by the vendor or another third party on an as-needed basis for a period of time in exchange for a subscription fee. Implementation costs for cloud computing arrangements are capitalized if certain criteria are met and consist of internal and external costs directly attributable to developing and configuring cloud computing software for its intended use. These capitalized implementation costs are presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in other assets, and are generally amortized over the fixed, non-cancelable term of the associated hosting arrangement on a straight-line basis.

Acquisition costs
Acquisition costs directly related to the successful acquisition of new business, which is primarily made up of commissions costs, are deferred and subsequently amortized. Deferred acquisition costs are recorded as other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and are amortized over the estimated life of the related contracts. The amortization of deferred acquisition costs is recorded in general and administrative expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. As of June 30, 2021, there were no deferred acquisition costs as a result of the acceleration of amortization for deferred acquisition costs due to the
8


recognition of a premium deficiency reserve during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, amortization expense of deferred acquisition costs of $6.7 million and $8.5 million, respectively, were recognized in general and administrative expenses. There was no amortization expense of deferred acquisition costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
To the extent that a premium deficiency is identified after writing down unamortized deferred acquisition costs, a liability for premium deficiency reserve is established and reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
COVID-19
The societal and economic impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is continuing to evolve, and the ultimate impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows is uncertain and difficult to predict. The global pandemic has severely impacted businesses worldwide, including many in the health insurance sector. In response to the pandemic, the Corporation has implemented additional steps related to our care delivery, our member support, and our internal policies and operations.
Recent accounting pronouncements
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements
Emerging Growth Company
The Corporation currently qualifies as an "emerging growth company" under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the "JOBS Act"). Accordingly, the Corporation has the option to adopt new or revised accounting guidance either (i) within the same periods as those otherwise applicable to non-emerging growth companies or (ii) within the same time periods applicable to private companies. The Corporation has elected to adopt new or revised accounting guidance within the same time period as private companies, unless, as indicated below, management determines it is preferable to take advantage of early adoption provisions offered within the applicable guidance.
Fair value measurements
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update (ASU) 2018-13, Changes to Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements, the purpose of which is to improve the effectiveness of disclosure requirements for recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The standard removes, modifies, and adds certain disclosure requirements and is in effect for all entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. This standard became effective for the Corporation on January 1, 2020, and did not have a material impact on the Corporation's disclosures.
Cloud computing arrangements
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) – Internal Use Software: Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. This update changes the accounting guidance for cloud computing arrangements. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a license to internal-use software, the software license is accounted for by the customer by recognizing an asset for the software license and, to the extent that the payments attributable to the software license are made over time, recognizing a corresponding liability. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the entity should account for the arrangement as a service contract and should expense any fees associated with the hosting element (service) of the arrangement as incurred. ASU 2018-15 is effective for nonpublic entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Corporation adopted ASU 2018-15 on January 1, 2021, on a prospective basis. The Corporation's cloud computing arrangements relate to the set-up of various platforms, including but not limited to clinical data repositories and other system integrations. The capitalized implementation costs are presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet in other assets, current and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the underlying cloud computing hosting contract, which is the noncancelable term of the arrangement plus any reasonably certain renewal periods. As of June 30, 2021, $2.6 million was recorded in other assets, current, as deferred implementation costs. No amortization expense associated with the Corporation's cloud computing arrangements has been recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. No impairment has been recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, as there were no events or changes in circumstances to indicate that the carrying amount of the Corporation's cloud computing arrangements may not be recoverable.
9


Accounting pronouncements effective in future periods
Credit losses
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which was subsequently modified by several ASUs issued in 2018 and 2019. This standard introduces a new current expected credit loss (CECL) model for measuring expected credit losses for certain types of financial instruments measured at amortized cost and replaces the incurred loss model. The CECL model requires an entity to recognize an allowance for credit losses for the difference between the amortized cost basis of a financial instrument and the amount the entity expects to collect over the instrument's contractual life after consideration of historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This standard also introduces targeted changes to the available-for-sale debt securities impairment model. It eliminates the concept of other-than-temporary impairment and requires an entity to determine whether any impairment is the result of a credit loss or other factors. ASU 2016-13 is effective for nonpublic entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and public entities beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Corporation has evaluated the impact of ASU 2016-13 on the Consolidated Financial Statements and expects the impact to be immaterial.
Goodwill and other intangible assets
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This update removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test under current guidance, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. The new guidance requires an impairment charge to be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. Upon adoption, the guidance is to be applied prospectively. ASU 2017-04 is effective for nonpublic entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and public entities beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2017-04 on the Consolidated Financial Statements, but does not expect for this to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Income taxes
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The amendments in ASU 2019-12 remove certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC Topic 740. The amendments also clarify and amend existing guidance to improve consistent application. The amendments are effective for nonpublic entities in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and public entities beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The transition method (retrospective, modified retrospective, or prospective basis) related to the amendments depends on the applicable guidance, and all amendments for which there is no transition guidance specified are to be applied on a prospective basis. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2019-12 on the Consolidated Financial Statements, but does not expect for this to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Accounting for convertible instruments and contracts in an entity's own equity
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40). The amendments in ASU 2020-06 simplify the accounting for convertible instruments by removing certain separation models for convertible instruments. Under the amendments in ASU 2020-06, the embedded conversion features no longer are separated from the host contract for convertible instruments with conversion features that are not required to be accounted for as derivatives, or that do not result in substantial premiums accounted for as paid-in capital. Consequently, a convertible debt instrument will be accounted for as a single liability measured at its amortized cost, and a convertible preferred stock will be accounted for as a single equity instrument measured at its historical cost, as long as no other features require bifurcation and recognition as derivatives. ASU 2020-06 is effective for nonpublic entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and public entities beginning after December 15, 2021. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2020-06 on the Consolidated Financial Statements, but does not expect for this to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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3. Business Combination
On October 5, 2020, Legacy Clover entered into a Merger Agreement with SCH, a SPAC, and Merger Sub. On January 7, 2021, as contemplated by the Merger Agreement and following approval by SCH's shareholders at an extraordinary general meeting held January 6, 2021 (the "Special Meeting"):
SCH filed a notice of deregistration with the Cayman Islands Registrar of Companies, together with the necessary accompanying documents, and filed a certificate of incorporation and a certificate of corporate domestication with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, under which SCH was domesticated and continued as a Delaware corporation (the "Domestication"); and
Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy Clover, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub ceased and Legacy Clover became the surviving corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of SCH (the "First Merger") and Legacy Clover merged with and into SCH, the separate corporate existence of Legacy Clover ceased and SCH became the surviving corporation, changing its name to "Clover Health Investments, Corp." (together with the First Merger, the "Mergers," and collectively with the Domestication, the Business Combination).

As a result of the Mergers, among other things, (i) all outstanding shares of common stock of Legacy Clover immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger were canceled in exchange for the right to receive, at the election of the holders thereof (except with respect to the shares held by entities controlled by Vivek Garipalli and the holders of convertible securities previously issued by Legacy Clover to certain holders who received only shares of Class B Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of Clover (Class B Common Stock), which are entitled to 10 votes per share, an amount in cash, shares of Class B Common Stock, or a combination thereof, as adjusted in accordance with the Merger Agreement, which equaled in the aggregate $499.8 million in cash and 260,965,701 shares of Class B Common Stock (at a deemed value of $10.00 per share); (ii) shares of Legacy Clover held by entities controlled by Vivek Garipalli and the holders of the convertible securities immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger were canceled in exchange for the right to receive shares of Class B Common Stock based on an Exchange Ratio (as defined in the Merger Agreement) of approximately 2.0681; and (iii) all shares of common stock of Legacy Clover reserved in respect of Legacy Clover stock options and restricted stock units (RSUs) outstanding as of immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger, were converted, based on the Exchange Ratio, into awards based on shares of Class B Common Stock. The consideration that a Clover stockholder received was subject to pro rata adjustment depending on the election made by such stockholder, if any, in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement. The pro rata adjustments were made based on an Actual Cash/Stock Ratio (as defined in the Merger Agreement) of 32.3%.
In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination (the "Closing"), (i) each issued and outstanding Class A ordinary share, par value $0.0001 per share, of SCH ("SCH Class A ordinary shares") converted automatically, on a one-for-one basis, into a share of Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of Clover (the "Class A Common Stock," and together with the Class B Common Stock, the "Common Stock"), which will be entitled to one vote per share, (ii) each of the issued and outstanding Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of SCH, converted automatically, on a one-for-one basis, into a share of Class A Common Stock, (iii) each issued and outstanding warrant of SCH converted automatically into a warrant to acquire one share of Class A Common Stock ("Warrant"), pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, dated April 21, 2020, between SCH and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent, and (iv) each issued and outstanding unit of SCH ("SCH unit") that has not been previously separated into the underlying Class A ordinary share and underlying warrant of SCH upon the request of the holder thereof, was canceled and the holder thereof is entitled to one share of Class A Common Stock and one-third of one Warrant. As of January 7, 2021, there were public Warrants outstanding to purchase an aggregate of 27,599,938 shares of Class A Common Stock (the "Public Warrants") and private placement Warrants outstanding to purchase an aggregate of 10,933,333 shares of Class A Common Stock (the "Private Placement Warrants"). Each whole Warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one whole share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment at any time commencing on April 24, 2021, which is 12 months from the closing of SCH's initial public offering.
Pursuant to the subscription agreements (the "Subscription Agreements") entered into on October 5, 2020, by and among SCH and certain investors (collectively, the "PIPE Investors"), Clover issued and sold to the PIPE Investors (substantially concurrently with the consummation of the Mergers) an aggregate of 40,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price equal to $400.0 million (the "PIPE Investment"), of which 15,200,000 shares were purchased by affiliates of SCH Sponsor III LLC (the "Sponsor," and collectively, the "Sponsor Related PIPE Investors").

The Business Combination and PIPE Investment were approved by the SCH shareholders at the Special Meeting. Prior to and in connection with the Special Meeting, holders of 24,892 shares of SCH Class A ordinary shares (including those that underlie the SCH units) that were registered pursuant to the Registration Statements on Form S-1 (333-236776 and 333-237777) and the shares of Class A Common Stock issued as a matter of law upon the conversion thereof on the effective date of the Domestication (the "Public
11


Shares") exercised their right to redeem those shares for cash at a price of $10.00 per share, for an aggregate of $0.2 million. The per share redemption price of $10.00 for public shareholders electing redemption was paid out of the SCH Trust Account, which after taking into account the redemptions, had a balance immediately prior to the Closing of $827.9 million, which cash balance was used to pay the $499.8 million cash component of the merger consideration.
Immediately after giving effect to the Business Combination and the PIPE Investment, there were 143,475,108 shares of Class A Common Stock, 260,965,701 shares of Class B Common Stock and 38,533,271 Warrants outstanding, equaling 404,440,809 total shares of common stock outstanding and 38,553,271 Warrants outstanding.
The Corporation is authorized to issue 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock having a par value of $0.0001 per share, and the Corporation's board of directors has the authority to determine the rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions, including voting rights, of those shares. As of June 30, 2021, there were no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding.
The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with GAAP. Under the guidance in ASC 805, Legacy Clover is treated as the "acquirer" for financial reporting purposes. As such, Legacy Clover is deemed the accounting predecessor of the combined business, and Clover, as the parent company of the combined business, is the successor SEC registrant, meaning that Legacy Clover's financial statements for previous periods will be disclosed in the registrant's periodic reports filed with the SEC from here forward. The Business Combination will have a significant impact on the Corporation's future reported financial position and results as a consequence of the reverse recapitalization. The most significant change in Clover's future reported financial position and results is an estimated net increase in cash (as compared to the Corporation's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2020) of approximately $670.0 million. The redemption included approximately $400.0 million in proceeds from the PIPE Investment that was consummated substantially simultaneously with the Business Combination, offset by additional transaction costs incurred in connection with the Business Combination. The estimated transaction costs for the Business Combination were approximately $61.0 million, of which $29.0 million represents deferred underwriter fees related to SCH's initial public offering.
The transaction closed on January 7, 2021, and on the following day the Corporation's Class A Common Stock and Public Warrants were listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (Nasdaq) under the symbols "CLOV" and "CLOVW," respectively, for trading in the public market.
See also Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable), Note 10 (Warrants Payable), and Note 14 (Convertible Preferred Stock) for additional information regarding changes to the instruments as a result of the Business Combination.


4. Investment Securities
The following tables present cost or amortized cost and fair values of investments as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively:
June 30, 2021
Amortized cost
Gross unrealized gains
Gross unrealized losses
Fair value
(in thousands)
Investment securities, held-to-maturity
U.S. government and government agencies and authorities
$ 695  $ 43  $ (9) $ 729 
Investment securities, available-for-sale
U.S. government and government agencies and authorities
39,861  19  (432) 39,448 
Total investment securities
$ 40,556  $ 62  $ (441) $ 40,177 

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December 31, 2020
Amortized cost
Gross unrealized gains
Gross unrealized losses
Fair value
(in thousands)
Investment securities, held-to-maturity
U.S. government and government agencies and authorities
$ 694  $ 43  $ —  $ 737 
Investment securities, available-for-sale
U.S. government and government agencies and authorities
53,953  51  (41) 53,963 
Total investment securities
$ 54,647  $ 94  $ (41) $ 54,700 
The following table presents the amortized cost and fair value of debt securities as of June 30, 2021, by contractual maturity:
June 30, 2021 Held-to-maturity Available-for-sale
Amortized cost Fair value Amortized cost Fair value
(in thousands)
Due within one year $ 305  $ 310  $ 1,151  $ 1,154 
Due after one year through five years 15  16  35,971  35,634 
Due after five years through ten years 265  256  2,739  2,660 
Due after ten years 110  147  —  — 
Total $ 695  $ 729  $ 39,861  $ 39,448 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, net investment income, which is included within other income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss, was derived from the following sources:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents $ —  $ 18  $ —  $ 107 
Short-term investments 40  170  77  622 
Investment securities 37  314  84  674 
Investment income, net $ 77  $ 502  $ 161  $ 1,403 
Gross unrealized losses and fair values aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position were as follows at June 30, 2021:
June 30, 2021 Less than 12 months Greater than 12 months Total
Fair value Unrealized loss Fair value Unrealized loss Fair value Unrealized loss
(in thousands, except number of positions)
U.S. government and government agencies $ —  $ —  $ 34,169  $ (441) $ 34,169  $ (441)
Total $ —  $ —  $ 34,169  $ (441) $ 34,169  $ (441)
Number of positions — 
As of June 30, 2021, all securities were investment grade, with credit ratings of AA+ or higher by S&P. Unrealized losses on investment grade securities are principally related to changes in interest rates or changes in issuer or sector related credit spreads since the securities were acquired. The gross unrealized investment losses as of June 30, 2021, were deemed to be temporary, based on, among other things:
The duration of time and the relative magnitude to which fair values of these securities have been below their amortized cost was not indicative of an other-than-temporary impairment loss;
The absence of compelling evidence that would cause the Corporation to call into question the financial condition or near-term prospects of the issuer of the applicable security; and
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The Corporation's ability and intent to hold the applicable security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery.
The Corporation may ultimately record a realized loss after having originally concluded that the decline in value was temporary. Risks and uncertainties are inherent in the methodology the Corporation uses to assess other-than-temporary declines in value. Risks and uncertainties could include, but are not limited to, incorrect assumptions about financial condition, liquidity or future prospects, inadequacy of any underlying collateral, and unfavorable changes in economic conditions or social trends, interest rates or credit ratings.
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investment securities, inclusive of short-term investments, and related gross realized gains (losses) which are included within other income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss, were as follows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
(in thousands)
Proceeds from sales of investment securities $ 19,598  $ 24,998  $ 36,865  $ 94,975 
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities 200,000  15,000  200,265  47,101 
Gross realized gains 29  17  36 
Gross realized losses —  —  (77) — 
Net realized gains (losses) $ $ 29  $ (60) $ 36 
As of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Corporation had $11.2 million and $7.5 million, respectively, in deposits with various states and regulatory bodies that are included as part of the Corporation's investment balances.

5. Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents a summary of fair value measurements for items as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively:
June 30, 2021 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Total fair
value
(in thousands)
U.S. government and government agencies $ —  $ 39,448  $ —  $ 39,448 
Total assets at fair value $ —  $ 39,448  $ —  $ 39,448 
Public Warrants $ 140,760  $ —  $ —  $ 140,760 
Private Placement Warrants —  55,760  —  55,760 
Total liabilities at fair value $ 140,760  $ 55,760  $ —  $ 196,520 
December 31, 2020 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Total fair
value
(in thousands)
U.S. government and government agencies $ —  $ 53,963  $ —  $ 53,963 
Total assets at fair value $ —  $ 53,963  $ —  $ 53,963 
Derivative liabilities $ —  $ —  $ 44,810  $ 44,810 
Warrants payable —  —  97,782  97,782 
Total liabilities at fair value $ —  $ —  $ 142,592  $ 142,592 
See Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable), Note 10 (Warrants Payable), and Note 11 (Derivative Liabilities) for additional information regarding liabilities.
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The fair value of the convertible securities is based on Level 3 inputs. There was no fair value associated with convertible securities at June 30, 2021, due to the conversion of the securities to shares of the Corporation’s common stock due to the completion of the Business Combination, and the estimated fair value of convertible securities was $949.6 million at December 31, 2020. The estimated fair value of the convertible securities and derivative liabilities at December 31, 2020, was calculated as the product of (i) the number of conversion shares at the valuation date and (ii) the marketable value per common share at the valuation date.
The significant unobservable inputs used in the Black-Scholes model to measure the warrants payable that are categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, as of the year ended December 31, 2020, are as follows:
December 31, 2020 Preferred stock purchase warrants Common stock purchase warrants
Beginning stock price N/A $ 30.14 
Strike price N/A 1.04 
Expected volatility N/A 56.0  %
Expected term N/A 0.02 years
Risk-free interest rate N/A 0.09  %
Discount factor N/A 13.0 

There were no changes in balances of Level 3 financial liabilities during the three months ended June 30, 2021. The changes in balances of Level 3 financial liabilities during the three months ended June 30, 2020, and the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, are as follows:
Convertible securities Derivative liabilities Warrants payable Total
(in thousands)
Balance, March 31, 2020
$ 272,701  $ 124,329  $ 19,845  $ 416,875 
Issuances —  —  —  — 
Settlements —  —  —  — 
Transfers in —  —  —  — 
Transfers out —  —  —  — 
Total realized losses (gains) 12,465  (5,162) 9,579  16,882 
Balance, June 30, 2020
$ 285,166  $ 119,167  $ 29,424  $ 433,757 
Convertible securities Derivative liabilities Warrants payable Total
(in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2020
$ 949,553  $ 44,810  $ 97,782  $ 1,092,145 
Issuances —  —  —  — 
Settlements (949,553) (44,810) (97,782) (1,092,145)
Transfers in —  —  —  — 
Transfers out —  —  —  — 
Total realized losses (gains) —  —  —  — 
Balance, June 30, 2021
$ —  $ —  $ —  $ — 
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Convertible securities Derivative liabilities Warrants payable Total
(in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2019
$ 251,885  $ 138,561  $ 17,672  $ 408,118 
Issuances —  —  —  — 
Settlements —  —  —  — 
Transfers in —  —  —  — 
Transfers out —  —  —  — 
Total realized losses (gains) 33,281  (19,394) 11,752  25,639 
Balance, June 30, 2020
$ 285,166  $ 119,167  $ 29,424  $ 433,757 

In addition to the Level 3 financial liabilities in the table above, on September 25, 2020, the Corporation issued the 2020 Convertible Note with the carrying value approximating the fair value of $20.0 million. For additional information, see Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable). As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, both the carrying values, which includes accrued interest, and the fair values of the 2020 Convertible Note were $21.1 million and $20.4 million, respectively, and these were considered Level 3 financial liabilities.
There were no transfers in or out of Level 3 financial assets or liabilities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 or 2020.
Warrants
The Warrants are accounted for as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815-40 and are presented within warrants payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The warrant liabilities were measured at fair value at inception and are measured on a recurring basis, with changes in fair value presented within change in fair value of warrants payable in the Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.

Liability Measurement
The Warrants are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The measurement of the Warrants as of June 30, 2021, was $196.5 million. The Corporation has classified the Warrants as a liability due to certain settlement terms and provisions related to certain tender offers and indexation characteristics following a business combination and has accounted for them as liability instruments in accordance with ASC 815, adjusting the fair value at the end of each reporting period. Additionally, the Corporation has determined that the Public Warrants are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy as the fair value is equal to the publicly traded price of the Public Warrants, and the Private Placement Warrants are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as the fair value is estimated using the price of the Public Warrants.
The following table presents the changes in the fair value of warrants payable:
June 30, 2021 Public and Private Placement Warrants
Initial measurement, January 7, 2021
$ 147,582 
Mark-to-market adjustment 48,938 
Warrants payable balance, June 30, 2021
$ 196,520 

6. Healthcare Receivables
Included within healthcare receivables are pharmaceutical rebates which are accrued as they are earned and estimated based on contracted rebate rates, eligible amounts submitted to the manufacturers by the Corporation's pharmacy manager, pharmacy utilization volume and historical collection patterns. As of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Corporation recognized rebate receivables of approximately $30.8 million and $26.6 million, respectively. In addition to pharmaceutical rebates, Medicare Part D settlement receivables, member premium receivables and other CMS receivables included in healthcare receivables totaled $1.1 million and $12.1 million at June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively.

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7. Related Party Transactions
Related party agreements
The Corporation has various contracts with IJKG Opco LLC (d/b/a CarePoint Health - Bayonne Medical Center), Hudson Hospital Opco LLC (d/b/a CarePoint Health - Christ Hospital) and Hoboken University Medical Center Opco LLC (d/b/a CarePoint Health - Hoboken University Medical Center), which collectively do business as the CarePoint Health System (CarePoint Health). CarePoint Health is ultimately held and controlled by Mr. Vivek Garipalli, the Chief Executive Officer and stockholder of the Corporation. The Corporation contracts with CarePoint Health for the provision of inpatient and hospital-based outpatient services. Expenses and fees incurred related to these contracts, recorded in net medical claims incurred, were $3.5 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $6.7 million and $3.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
The Corporation has contracted with Rogue Trading, LLC (Rogue), a marketing services provider. The Corporation’s President and Chief Technology Officer, Andrew Toy, is related to the Chief Executive Officer of Rogue. Expenses and fees related to these contracts were $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. There were no expenses related to these contracts during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Securities payable to related parties
The Corporation has entered into various securities payable with certain related parties as further discussed in Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable).

8. Unpaid Claims
Activity in the liability for unpaid claims, including claims adjustment expenses, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, is summarized as follows:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 2020
(in thousands)
Gross and net balance, beginning of period $ 103,976  $ 77,886 
Incurred related to:
Current year 669,900  279,442 
Prior years 3,053  (13,748)
Total incurred 672,953  265,694 
Paid related to:
Current year 555,649  192,519 
Prior years 88,728  55,831 
Total paid 644,377  248,350 
Gross and net balance, end of period $ 132,552  $ 95,230 
Unpaid claims as of June 30, 2021, were $132.6 million. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, $644.4 million was paid for incurred claims attributable to insured events of prior years. An unfavorable development of $3.1 million was recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2021, resulting from the Corporation's claims experience, likely due to provider administrative challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic. A favorable development of $13.7 million was recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2020, resulting from the actualization of fee-for-service claims. Original estimates are increased or decreased, as additional information becomes known regarding individual claims. The ratio of current year medical claims paid as a percentage of current year net medical claims incurred was 82.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and 68.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2020. This ratio serves as an indicator of claims processing speed, indicating that claims were processed at a faster rate during the six months ended June 30, 2021, than during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Beginning in second quarter 2021, the Corporation began participating in the DC Model, which accounted for approximately 35.9% of the Corporation’s total incurred claims as of June 30, 2021.
The Corporation uses a variety of standard actuarial techniques to establish unpaid claims reserves. Management estimates are supported by the Corporation's annual actuarial analysis. The Corporation utilizes an internal actuary to review the adequacy of unpaid
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claim and unpaid claim adjustment expense. The estimation of claim costs is inherently difficult and requires significant judgement. The estimation has considerable inherent variability and can vary significantly depending upon several factors, including medical cost trends and claim payment patterns, general economic conditions and regulatory changes. The time value of money is not taken into account for the purposes of calculating the liability for unpaid claims. Management believes that the current reserves are adequate based on currently available information.


9. Notes and Securities Payable
Non-convertible Notes
On March 21, 2017, the Corporation entered into a loan facility (the "Loan Facility") for an aggregate principal amount of $60.0 million with the proceeds used to pay all obligations under a $30.0 million 2015 senior secured note, and to provide additional working capital for the Corporation's subsidiaries. The Loan Facility was secured by the assets of the Corporation. The initial obligation of $40.0 million had a maturity date of March 1, 2022, and was subject to an interest rate of 11.0%, payable monthly, with the majority of principal payments commencing 36 months prior to the maturity date. The additional $20.0 million obligation had a maturity date of October 1, 2022, and was subject to an interest rate of 11.3%, payable monthly, with the majority of principal payments commencing 36 months prior to the maturity date. In conjunction with the Loan Facility, the Corporation issued warrants. See Note 10 (Warrants Payable) for additional information.
On June 29, 2021, the Corporation voluntarily paid the remaining principal of $20.7 million and interest of $0.2 million, thereby terminating the Loan Facility.
Interest expense was approximately $0.6 million and $1.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $1.4 million and $2.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective interest rate was 11.8% during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.
Convertible Securities
Pursuant to that certain Convertible Agreement, dated December 27, 2018, between the Corporation and certain qualified institutional buyers, including entities affiliated with the Corporation, for an aggregate principal amount of up to $500.0 million (the "Convertible Agreement"), the Corporation issued convertible securities during 2019 in multiple tranches. On October 5, 2020, the Corporation entered into the Merger Agreement with SCH and simultaneously amended the Convertible Agreement, pursuant to which the convertible securities of Legacy Clover converted into Class Z common stock in connection with the Business Combination. All Class Z common stock converted into Class B Common Stock as of the Closing. Additionally, the conversion incurred a 9.4% charge to account for dilution after the Business Combination to convert the securities as if they had been converted under the mandatory qualified public offering conversion. On January 7, 2021, the Business Combination was completed and the convertible securities were redeemed or converted into a total of 36,117,708 shares of Class Z common stock depending on whether each tranche's conversion price was a conversion or share-settled redemption feature as follows:
Redemption: The February, March, and May 2019 tranches were redeemed for 34,806,921 shares of Class Z common stock pursuant to the share-settled redemption feature. The redemption of the convertible securities was accounted for as a debt extinguishment as they contained a beneficial conversion feature (BCF), and were redeemed prior to the stated maturity date. As the extinguishment date intrinsic value of the BCF was in excess of the fair value of the shares issued to settle the convertible securities, the full amount of the settlement consideration was treated as the price of reacquiring the BCF. As there was no remaining consideration available to allocate to the reacquisition of the convertible securities, the extinguishment resulted in a gain equal to the full carrying value of the convertible securities of $126.8 million. This gain was treated as a capital contribution and was recorded as an increase in additional paid in capital as the convertible securities were issued to affiliates of the Corporation. The $126.8 million is comprised of: (a) the carrying value of the tranches of $74.6 million, (b) accrued interest of $7.4 million, and (c) the fair value of the embedded derivative of $44.8 million.
Conversion: The August 2019 tranche converted into 1,310,787 shares of Class Z common stock pursuant to the conversion feature. Prior to the conversion, the carrying value of the tranche was $2.6 million and accrued interest was $0.4 million. As the converted securities contained a BCF, the $13.0 million unamortized debt discount remaining at the date of conversion was recognized in amortization of notes and securities discount in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
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After giving effect to the Exchange Ratio, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, these shares of Class Z common stock were converted into 74,694,107 shares of Class B Common Stock upon the closing of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information on the Business Combination.
The convertible securities bore a yield ("interest") at the increasing rates noted below which compounded semi-annually, and would mature April 1, 2023, unless earlier converted, repurchased, or extended. The interest rate and embedded feature discount factor varied based on the length of time elapsed from the issue date of the securities. The interest rates began at 6.5% for the first twelve-month period through the first anniversary of the security issue date, increasing ratably on a semi-annual basis, to 13.5% at the third anniversary of the security issue date until the convertible securities ceased to be outstanding. The embedded feature discount factors began at 75.0% for the first twelve-month period through the first anniversary of the security issue date, decreasing ratably on a semi-annual basis, to 55.0% at the forty-two month anniversary of the security issue date until the convertible securities ceased to be outstanding.
The carrying amount of the convertible securities was $76.5 million at December 31, 2020. The unamortized discount was $337.3 million at December 31, 2020. Amortization of the debt discount was approximately $10.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2020. Interest expense on the convertible securities was $13.8 million during the six months ended 2020. The effective interest rate, inclusive of amortization of the discount and the contractual rate, was in excess of 100.0% during the six months ended June 30, 2020, as a result of the convertible securities having a carrying value at inception of $0. The results presented as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2021, above, reflect the impact of the conversion of the convertible securities into common stock in connection with the Business Combination.
Seek Convertible Note
On September 25, 2020, Seek Insurance Services, Inc. (Seek), a field marketing organization and an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Corporation, entered into a note purchase agreement (the "Seek Convertible Note Agreement") with a third-party investor, and issued a note for a principal amount of $20.0 million. The principal borrowed as of September 30, 2020, was $20.0 million. The note bears simple interest at an annual rate of 8.0% and matures on September 25, 2023, unless earlier accelerated, converted, or paid in full, as discussed below.
The outstanding principal and any accrued but unpaid interest will become immediately due and payable at the election of the note holder upon the occurrence of any event of default as defined in the note.
The outstanding principal and accrued but unpaid interest will convert into an equity interest in Seek if prior to maturity, repayment or conversion of the note: (1) the note holder elects to convert the note, (2) upon the closing of Seek's next equity financing; or (3) upon consummation of an initial public offering of Seek's common stock or a SPAC or reverse merger transaction with Seek.
The Corporation analyzed the embedded features for derivative accounting consideration and determined that the features are clearly and closely related to the debt host and do not require separate accounting as a derivative.
The carrying amount of the note was $19.9 million at each June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020. The Corporation capitalized $0.1 million of issuance costs which are being amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the note. Unamortized debt issuance costs were $0.1 million at both June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020. Amortization of the debt issuance costs and interest expense on the note was $0.4 million and $0.8 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.
The effective interest rate was 8.2% and 8.1% during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.
The Corporation was in compliance with all applicable financial and non-financial covenants under its financing arrangements for all periods presented.

10. Warrants Payable
In conjunction with the Loan Facility effective March 21, 2017, the Corporation issued warrants to purchase 1,266,284 shares of the Corporation's Series D preferred stock at an exercise price of $9.38 per share, which were set to expire on September 30, 2027. The warrants were exercisable at any time up to the expiration date. Per the original terms, in the event of an automatic conversion of the preferred stock prior to the exercise of the warrants, the warrants would be exercisable in common stock. On October 5, 2020, the Corporation entered into the Merger Agreement with SCH and simultaneously amended the warrants to be automatically exercisable for common stock in connection with the Business Combination. Additionally, the original strike price of the warrants changed from $9.38 per share to $0.
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The warrants were accounted for as derivative instruments and the initial fair value of approximately $1.2 million, which was calculated using a Black-Scholes based valuation model, was recorded as a discount to the carrying amount of the Loan Facility. This discount was being amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the Loan Facility. The warrants were recorded as liabilities and were being marked to market at each reporting period.
In September 2015, the Corporation issued warrants to purchase 2,100,000 shares of the Corporation's common stock at an exercise price of $1.04 per share which expire on September 2, 2022. The warrants were exercisable at any time up to the expiration date. The warrants were also contingently exercisable for an additional 2,100,000 shares based proportionally on the aggregate principal amounts of additional notes borrowed by the Corporation.
Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, the warrants automatically converted into 3,484,154 shares of Legacy Clover common stock and, after giving effect to the Exchange Ratio converted into 7,205,490 shares of Class B Common Stock upon the closing of the Business Combination.
Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants
As a result of the Business Combination, the Corporation assumed, as of January 7, 2021, Public Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 27,599,938 shares of the Corporation's Class A Common Stock and Private Placement Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 10,933,333 shares of the Corporation's Class A Common Stock. Each whole Warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one whole share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share, at any time commencing on April 24, 2021.
Redemption of Warrants for Cash
The Corporation may call the Public Warrants for redemption:
in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per Public Warrant;
upon not less than 30 days' prior written notice of redemption to each warrant holder; and
if, and only if, the last reported sale price of the Class A Common Stock for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Corporation sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for share splits, share dividends, rights issuances, subdivisions, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like).
If and when the Public Warrants become redeemable, the Corporation may exercise the redemption right even if the Corporation is unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities laws.
“Cashless” Redemption of Warrants
The Corporation may redeem the outstanding Public Warrants:
in whole and not in part;
at $0.10 per warrant upon a minimum of 30 days' prior written notice of redemption provided that holders will be able to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis prior to redemption and receive a number of shares based on the redemption date and the "fair market value" of the Corporation's Class A Common Stock;
if, and only if, the value equals or exceeds $10.00 per share (as adjusted for share splits, share dividends, rights issuances, subdivisions, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like); and
if the Reference Value (closing stock price for 20 out of 30 trading days) is less than $18.00 per share (as adjusted for share splits, share dividends, rights issuances, subdivisions, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like), the Private Placement Warrants must also be concurrently called for redemption on the same terms as the outstanding Public Warrants, as described above.

The Private Placement Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants except that the Private Placement Warrants will be exercisable on a cashless basis and be non-redeemable except as described above so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted
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transferees. If the Private Placement Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, the Private Placement Warrants will be redeemable by the Corporation and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants. Except as described above, if holders of the Private Placement Warrants elect to exercise them on a cashless basis, they would pay the exercise price by surrendering the warrants for that number of shares of Class A Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing the product of the number of shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the warrants multiplied by the excess of the “historical fair market value” (defined below) less the exercise price of the warrants, by the historical fair market value (a “Make-Whole Exercise”). For these purposes, the “historical fair market value” shall mean the average last reported sale price of the Class A Common Stock for the 10 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of warrant exercise is sent to the warrant agent.
As of June 30, 2021, the aggregate values of the Public Warrants and the Private Placement Warrants were $140.8 million and $55.8 million, respectively, representing Warrants outstanding to purchase 27,599,938 shares and 10,933,333 shares, respectively, of the Corporation's Class A Common Stock. The Warrants are accounted for as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815-40 and are presented within warrants payable on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The warrant liabilities are measured at fair value at inception and on a recurring basis, with changes in fair value presented within change in fair value of warrants payable in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. See Note 5 (Fair Value Measurements) for additional information.

On July 22, 2021, the Corporation announced that it is redeeming, at 5:00 p.m. New York City time on August 23, 2021 (the "Redemption Date"), all of the Public Warrants and all of the Private Placement Warrants for a redemption price of $0.10 per Warrant. The Warrants may be exercised by the holders thereof until 5:00 p.m. New York City time on the Redemption Date to purchase fully paid and non-assessable shares of Class A Common Stock underlying such Warrants. Payment upon exercise of the Warrants may be made either (i) in cash, at an exercise price of $11.50 per share of Class A Common Stock or (ii) on a "cashless basis" in which the exercising holder will receive 0.249 shares of Class A Common Stock per Warrant shares of Class A Common Stock. If any holder of Warrants would, after taking into account all of such holder's Warrants exercised at one time, be entitled to receive a fractional interest in a share of Class A Common Stock, the number of shares the holder will be entitled to receive will be rounded down to the nearest whole number of shares.

11. Derivative Liabilities
In connection with the $373.8 million of convertible securities issued in 2019, the Corporation determined that certain of the conversion and redemption features were embedded derivatives and were bifurcated from the host instrument and accounted for as embedded derivative instruments. In connection with the convertible securities, the Corporation recognized a capital contribution of $44.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021. This capital contribution of $44.8 million was recorded as an increase in additional paid in capital as the notes were issued to affiliates of the Corporation. The Corporation recognized a gain of $5.2 million and $19.4 million from activity related to derivative liabilities in connection with the convertible securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, which was recognized in gain on derivative in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Upon the completion of the Business Combination with SCH on January 7, 2021, the derivative balance was extinguished as of January 7, 2021. See Note 3 (Business Combination), Note 5 (Fair Value Measurements), and Note 9 (Notes and Securities Payable) for additional information.

12. Letter of Credit
On April 19, 2018, the Corporation entered into a secured letter of credit agreement (the “Letter”) for up to an aggregate amount of $2.5 million with a commercial lender that renews on an annual basis. The Letter bears an interest rate of 0.75%. There was an unused balance of $2.5 million at both June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.


13. Leases
Operating Leases
The Corporation leases office space in New Jersey, Minnesota, Tennessee, and San Francisco under non-cancelable operating leases, further described below. For each lease the Corporation recorded a right-of-use (ROU) asset and lease liability at the earlier of the ASC 842 effective date or lease commencement date. The Corporation utilizes the straight-line method of recognizing lease expense. However, the Corporation is required to pay certain variable executory costs including common area maintenance, real estate taxes, and insurance that are expensed as incurred. These variable costs are excluded from the measurement of leases. Certain of our leases
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include options to renew, with renewal terms that can extend the lease term. The exercise of lease renewal options is at our sole discretion. The Corporation is not reasonably certain that it will exercise the renewal options described in the individual lease descriptions below. Therefore, these options are not recognized as part of the ROU asset and lease liability.
The Corporation subleases certain of its leases to third parties for which it receives rental income to manage occupancy costs. These subleases are classified as operating leases.

Certain of the Corporation’s leases are being considered for subletting.
Montgomery Lease:
From May 2020 through April 9, 2021, the Corporation was in default with respect to its agreement to lease office space in Jersey City, New Jersey (the "Montgomery Lease"), for not paying rent owed to the lessor. The Corporation accrued for all interest owed and began reducing its security deposit asset in lieu of recording rental payments. On April 9, 2021, the Corporation replenished its security deposit. Therefore, as of April 9, 2021, the Corporation was no longer in default with respect to the Montgomery Lease.
Summary of Lease Costs Recognized Under ASC 842:
The following table contains a summary of the lease costs recognized under ASC 842 and other information pertaining to the Corporation's operating leases for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
(in thousands)
Operating lease cost $ 1,090 
Variable lease cost 116 
Short-term lease cost 15 
Sublease income (650)
Total lease cost $ 571 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
(in thousands)
Operating lease cost $ 2,225 
Variable lease cost 268 
Short-term lease cost 30 
Sublease income (1,426)
Total lease cost $ 1,097 
Other information
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities $ 2,559 
Weighted-average remaining lease term 4.4 years
Weighted-average discount rate 10.28  %
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Pursuant to the terms of the Corporation's non-cancelable lease agreements in effect at December 31, 2020, the following table summarizes the Corporation's maturities of lease liabilities as of June 30, 2021:
(in thousands)
2021 $ 2,544 
2022 2,790 
2023 1,451 
2024 1,132 
2025 1,133 
Thereafter 2,641 
Total lease payments 11,691 
Less: imputed interest (2,407)
Total $ 9,284 

14. Convertible Preferred Stock
Each share of Legacy Clover's preferred stock was convertible at the option of the holder, at any time and from time to time, and without the payment of additional consideration by the holder thereof, into a number of fully paid and non-assessable shares of common stock as is determined by dividing the applicable original issue price by the applicable conversion price as described in Note 17 (Preferred Stock) to financial statements in the Form 8-K/A) in effect at the time of conversion.
Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, all outstanding shares of Legacy Clover's preferred stock automatically converted into 139,444,346 shares of Class B Common Stock after giving effect to the Exchange Ratio upon the closing of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information on the Business Combination.

15. Employee Benefit Plans
Employee Savings Plan
The Corporation has a defined contribution retirement savings plan (the “401(k) Plan”) covering eligible employees, which includes matching contributions based on the amount of employees' contributions to this plan. The Corporation contributes to the 401(k) Plan annually 100.0% of the first 4.0% compensation that is contributed by the employee up to 4.0% of eligible annual compensation. The Corporation's service contributions to the 401(k) Plan amounted to approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and are included in salaries and benefits on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. The Corporation's cash match is invested pursuant to the participant's contribution direction. Employer contributions are immediately 100.0% vested.

Stock-based Compensation
The Corporation's 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2020 Plan"), 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2014 Plan"), and the 2020 Management Incentive Plan (collectively with the 2020 Plan and the 2014 Plan, the "Plan"), provide for grants to acquire shares of the Corporation's common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, to employees, directors, officers, and consultants of the Corporation. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Corporation approved the 2020 Plan and the 2020 Management Incentive Plan.
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The maximum number of shares of the Corporation's common stock reserved for issuance over the term of the Plan, shares outstanding, and shares remaining under the Plan, after giving effect to the Exchange Ratio, as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, were as follows:
June 30, 2021 Shares Authorized Under Plan Shares Outstanding Under Plan Shares Remaining Under Plan
2014 Plan
54,402,264  45,896,586  N/A
2020 Plan
30,641,401  1,794,857  28,846,544 
2020 Management Incentive Plan
33,426,983  33,426,983  — 
December 31, 2020 Shares Authorized Under Plan Shares Outstanding Under Plan Shares Remaining Under Plan
2014 Plan
54,402,264  36,557,759  17,844,505 
Effective as of the closing of the Business Combination, the 2014 Plan terminated at which time the outstanding awards previously granted thereunder were assumed by the Corporation, and no new awards are available for grant under the 2014 Plan. Shares that are expired, terminated, surrendered or canceled under the Plan without having been fully exercised will be available for future awards under the 2020 Plan. Shares may be issued from authorized but unissued Corporation stock.
The Plan is administered by the Board. The options are subject to the terms and conditions applicable to options granted under the Plan, as described in the Plan and the applicable stock option grant agreement. The exercise prices, vesting and other restrictions are determined at the discretion of the Board, except that the exercise price per share of incentive stock options may not be less than 100.0% of the fair value of a share of common stock on the date of grant. Stock options awarded under the Plan expire 10 years after the grant date. Incentive stock options and non-statutory options granted to employees, directors, officers and consultants of the Corporation typically vest over four years. The fair value of each restricted stock award is determined based on the fair value of the Corporation's common shares on the date of grant. The total estimated fair value is amortized as an expense over the requisite service period as approved by the Board.
The Corporation granted options to purchase 1,937,968 shares of common stock during the six months ended June 30, 2021. The Corporation recorded stock-based compensation expense for options, RSUs, and performance restricted stock units (PRSUs) granted of $43.0 million and $85.7 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, presented in salaries and benefits in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Compensation cost presented in salaries and benefits in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss were as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 2020
(in thousands)
Stock options $ 1,375  $ 1,471 
RSUs 14,277  — 
PRSUs 27,374  — 
Total compensation cost recognized for stock-based compensation plans $ 43,026  $ 1,471 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 2020
(in thousands)
Stock options $ 5,069  $ 3,448 
RSUs 28,329  — 
PRSUs 52,341  — 
Total compensation cost recognized for stock-based compensation plans $ 85,739  $ 3,448 
As of June 30, 2021, there was approximately $481.8 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options, RSUs, and PRSUs, estimated to be recognized over a period of 4.52 years. As of December 31, 2020, there was approximately $14.9 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options.
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Stock Options
The assumptions that the Corporation used in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the grant-date fair value of stock options granted for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were as follows:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 2020
Weighted-average risk-free interest rate 1.06  % 1.26  %
Expected term (in years) 6.06 6.29
Expected volatility 37.74  % 30.38  %
Expected dividend yield —  — 
A summary of option activity under the 2020 Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows:
Number of options Weighted-average exercise price
Outstanding, January 1, 2021
—  $ — 
Granted during 2021
1,937,968  8.88 
Exercised — 
Forfeited (143,111) 8.87 
Outstanding, June 30, 2021
1,794,857  $ 8.88 
A summary of option activity under the 2014 Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows:
Number of options Weighted-average exercise price
Outstanding, January 1, 2021
36,513,193  $ 2.26 
Granted during 2021
—  — 
Exercised (975,768) 1.71 
Forfeited (387,711) 2.54 
Outstanding, June 30, 2021
35,149,714  $ 2.27 
The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the stock options and the fair value of the Corporation's common stock for those stock options that had exercise prices lower than the fair value of the Corporation's common stock.
The weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $3.36 per share and $1.83 per share, respectively.
As of June 30, 2021, outstanding stock options, substantially all of which are expected to vest, had an aggregate intrinsic value of $396.1 million, and a weighted-average remaining contractual term of 7.10 years. As of June 30, 2021, there were 22,820,428 options exercisable under the Plan, with an aggregate intrinsic value of $255.8 million, a weighted-average exercise price of $2.11 per share, and a weighted-average remaining contractual term of 6.31 years. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $8.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Cash received from stock option exercises during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 totaled $1.6 million and $0.7 million, respectively.
Pursuant to the Plan agreement, employees may exercise options at any time while maintaining the original vesting period. The proceeds from exercise of unvested options are recorded as a liability until the option vests at which time the liability is reclassified to equity. If the employee terminates or otherwise forfeits an unvested option that has been exercised, the Corporation must redeem those shares at the original exercise price and remit payment of the forfeited portion of shares back to the employee.
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Restricted Stock Units
A summary of total RSU activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021, is presented below:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Granted 18,091,714 
Exercised (95,834)
Outstanding, June 30, 2021
17,995,880 
The weighted-average grant date fair value of the RSUs was $15.69 per underlying share.
Performance Restricted Stock Units
The Corporation has granted PRSUs which become eligible to vest if prior to the vesting date the average closing price of one share of the Corporation's common stock for ninety consecutive days equals or exceeds a specified price (the "Market PRSUs"). The grant date fair value of the Market PRSUs is recognized as expense over the vesting period under the accelerated attribution method and is not adjusted in future periods for the success or failure to achieve the specified market condition.

The weighted-average grant date fair value of Market PRSUs granted during the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $9.59 per underlying share. There were no Market PRSUs granted prior to 2021. The grant date fair value of Market PRSUs was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation model that incorporated multiple valuation assumptions, including the probability of achieving the specified market condition and the following assumptions:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Expected volatility (1)
40.70  %
Risk-free interest rate (2)
0.50 
Dividend yield (3)
— 
(1) Expected volatility is based on a blend of peer group company historical data adjusted for the Corporation's leverage.
(2) Risk-free interest rate based on U.S. Treasury yields with a term equal to the remaining Performance Period as of the grant date.
(3) Dividend yield was assumed to be zero as the Corporation does not anticipate paying dividends.

A summary of total PRSU activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021, is presented below:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Granted 27,460,364 
Non-vested at June 30, 2021
27,460,364 
As of June 30, 2021, there was $210.9 million of unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to PRSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a period of 4.52 years.
Equity warrants
In November 2016 and December 2017, the Corporation issued warrants to purchase 139,629 shares of the Corporation's common stock at an exercise price of $2.61 per share, and 122,052 shares of the Corporation's common stock at an exercise price of $3.45 per share, respectively, as part of payment to certain providers for services provided to the Corporation. These warrants were automatically exercised in connection with the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for additional information. The total fair value of warrants vested during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, was $0.0 million and $2.0 million, respectively.

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A summary of activity relating to the warrants of the service providers during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, is as follows:
Number of warrants Weighted-average exercise price
Outstanding, December 31, 2019
261,681  $ 3.00 
Granted during 2020
—  — 
Exercised —  — 
Forfeited —  — 
Outstanding, June 30, 2020
261,681  $ 3.00 
Outstanding, December 31, 2020
261,681  $ 3.00 
Granted during 2021
—  — 
Exercised (261,681) 3.00 
Forfeited —  — 
Outstanding, June 30, 2021
—  $ — 

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Corporation began planning the launch of an Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP), which is tentatively expected to be offered beginning in third quarter 2021. The ESPP will provide a means by which eligible employees and/or eligible service providers of either our Corporation or designated-related corporations and affiliates may be given an opportunity to purchase shares of our Class A common stock at a 15.0% discount from the fair market value of the common stock as determined on a specific date at six-month intervals. At the time of filing this report, no shares of the Corporation’s common stock have been purchased or distributed pursuant to the ESPP.

16. Income Taxes
The consolidated effective tax rate of the Corporation for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, was (0.0%) and (0.0%), respectively. The consolidated effective tax rate of the Corporation for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, was (0.0%) and (0.0%), respectively. The Corporation continues to be in a net operating loss and net deferred tax asset position. As a result, and in accordance with accounting standards, the Corporation recorded a valuation allowance to reduce the value of the net deferred tax assets to zero. The Corporation believes that as of June 30, 2021, it had no material uncertain tax positions. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax expense (benefits) are recognized in income tax expense, when applicable.
There were no material liabilities for interest and penalties accrued as of June 30, 2021 and 2020.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was signed into law in the U.S. to provide certain relief in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, governments around the world have enacted or implemented various forms of tax relief measures in response to the economic conditions in the wake of COVID-19. On December 27, 2020, the "Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021" was signed into law in the U.S. to amend or extend several significant COVID related relief provisions of the CARES Act. The Corporation has determined that neither the CARES Act and Consolidated Appropriations Act nor changes to income tax laws or regulations in other jurisdictions had a significant impact on our effective tax rate.



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17. Net (Loss) Income Per Share
Net (Loss) Income Per Share
Basic and diluted net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders was calculated as follows:
(dollars in thousands, except per share data) Three Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Net (loss) income $ (317,611) $ 5,403 
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders (317,611) 2,099 
Basic weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (1)
408,156,682  88,607,537 
Diluted weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (1)
408,156,682  242,625,338 
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders—basic $ (0.78) $ 0.02 
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders—diluted $ (0.78) $ 0.01 
(dollars in thousands, except per share data) Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Net loss $ (366,028) $ (22,759)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders (366,028) (22,759)
Basic and diluted weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding(1)
395,422,849  88,478,171 
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted $ (0.93) $ (0.26)
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for details.

Because the Corporation had a net loss in second quarter and first half of 2021 and a net loss in the first half of 2020, the Corporation’s potentially dilutive securities, which include stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock and warrants to purchase shares of common stock and preferred stock, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as the effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, during these periods, the diluted common shares outstanding equals the average common shares outstanding. The Corporation excluded the following potential common shares, presented based on amounts outstanding at each period end, from the computation of diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders for the periods indicated because including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect:
Three Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Options to purchase common stock (1)
36,944,571  — 
RSUs 17,524,474  — 
Convertible preferred stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
—  — 
Warrants to purchase common stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
38,533,271  4,884,132 
Warrants to purchase convertible preferred stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
—  2,618,770 
93,002,316  7,502,902 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2021 2020
Options to purchase common stock (1)
36,944,571  36,676,749 
RSUs 17,524,474  — 
Convertible preferred stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
—  139,444,346 
Warrants to purchase common stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
38,533,271  4,884,132 
Warrants to purchase convertible preferred stock (as converted to common stock) (1)
—  2,618,770 
93,002,316  183,623,997 
(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the exchange of Legacy Clover's common stock for Clover Class B Common Stock at an exchange ratio of approximately 2.0681 in January 2021 as a result of the Business Combination. See Note 3 (Business Combination) for details.
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18. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Actions
Various lawsuits against the Corporation may arise in the ordinary course of the Corporation's business. Contingent liabilities arising from ordinary course litigation, income taxes and other matters are not expected to be material in relation to the financial position of the Corporation. At June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively, there were no material known contingent liabilities arising outside the normal course of business.
Securities Class Actions and Derivative Litigation
In February 2021, the Corporation and certain of our directors and officers were named as defendants in putative class actions filed in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee: Bond v. Clover Health Investments, Corp. et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00096 (M.D. Tenn.); Kaul v. Clover Health Investments, Corp., et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00101 (M.D. Tenn.); Yaniv v. Clover Health Investments, Corp., et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00109 (M.D. Tenn.); and Tremblay v. Clover Health Investments, Corp., et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00138 (M.D. Tenn.). The complaints assert violations of sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated under the Exchange Act. The Kaul action asserts additional claims under sections 11 and 15 of the Securities Act.
The complaints generally relate to allegations published in an article issued on February 4, 2021, by Hindenburg Research LLC (the “Hindenburg Article”). The complaints seek unspecified damages on behalf of all persons and entities who purchased or acquired Clover securities during the proposed class period (which begins on October 6, 2020, and, depending on the complaint, ends on February 3, 2021, or February 4, 2021), as well as certain other costs.

In April 2021, the Middle District of Tennessee class actions described above were consolidated under Bond v. Clover Health Investments, Corp., et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00096 (M.D. Tenn.) as lead case. The court appointed a lead plaintiff, approved a lead counsel and a liaison counsel, and approved the parties' proposed schedule for filing an amended complaint and the defendants' responses. In June 2021, the lead plaintiff and a named plaintiff filed the amended complaint, asserting violations of sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated under the Exchange Act. The amended complaint names Clover and certain of its officers and directors as defendants and removes certain defendants named in the initial complaints. The amended complaint generally relates to allegations published in the Hindenburg Article and seeks unspecified damages on behalf of all persons and entities other than the defendants who purchased or acquired Clover securities during the proposed class period (which begins on October 6, 2020, and ends on February 3, 2021), as well as certain other costs. Pursuant to the court’s briefing schedule, the defendants’ response to the amended complaint is due in August 2021.
Parallel shareholder derivative actions have also been filed, naming Clover as a nominal defendant. The first action was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware and is captioned Furman v. Garipalli, et al., Case No. 1:21-cv-00191 (D. Del.). The complaint asserts violations of sections 10(b) and 21D of the Exchange Act, breach of fiduciary duty, and waste of corporate assets against certain of our directors. It seeks unspecified damages and an order requiring Clover to take certain actions to enhance Clover's corporate governance policies, and procedures. The second and third actions were filed in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee and are captioned Sun v. Garipalli, et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00311 (M.D. Tenn.), and Luthra v. Garipalli, et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00320 (M.D. Tenn.). The complaints assert violations of section 14(a) of the Exchange Act, breach of fiduciary duty, and aiding and abetting a breach of fiduciary duty. The Sun action also asserts unjust enrichment, abuse of control, gross mismanagement, waste of corporate assets, and contribution under section 11(f) of the Securities Act, and sections 10(b) and 21D of the Exchange Act. The complaints name certain current and former officers and directors as defendants. They seek unspecified damages and an order requiring Clover to take certain actions to enhance Clover's corporate governance policies and procedures.
The fourth action was filed in the United States District of Delaware and is captioned Wiegand v. Garipalli, et al., Case No. 1:21-cv-01053 (D. Del.). The complaint asserts violations of sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act, breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate assets. The complaint names certain current and former officers and directors as defendants. It seeks, among other things, unspecified damages and an order requiring Clover to take certain actions to improve Clover’s corporate governance and internal procedures.

On May 10, 2021, the Middle District of Tennessee shareholder derivative actions described above were consolidated under Sun v. Garipalli, et al., Case No. 3:21-cv-00311 (M.D. Tenn.) as lead case. The court designated co-lead counsel and liaison counsel and ordered the parties to submit a proposed schedule for the initial stage of the case. In June 2021, the parties in the Sun and Furman actions submitted joint stipulations and proposed orders to stay both actions. Soon thereafter, the courts in both actions approved the
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stipulations, thereby staying all proceedings and deadlines in the Sun and Furman actions pending a final decision on a motion to dismiss in the Middle District of Tennessee class actions consolidated under the Bond action.
All of these cases remain in the preliminary stages. Given the inherent uncertainty of litigation and the legal standards that must be met, including class certification and success on the merits, the Corporation has determined that it is not probable or estimable that an unfavorable outcome or potential loss will occur. Clover intends to vigorously defend itself against the claims asserted against it.
Guaranty Assessments
Under state guaranty assessment laws, including those related to state cooperative failures in the industry, the Corporation may be assessed, up to prescribed limits, for certain obligations to the policyholders and claimants of insolvent insurance companies that write the same line or lines of business as the Corporation.


19. Direct Contracting

In April 2021, the Corporation began participating in the DC Model, which utilizes a structured model intended to reduce expenditures and preserve or enhance quality of care for beneficiaries in Medicare FFS. As a participating entity in the DC Model with a global risk arrangement, the Corporation assumes the responsibility of guaranteeing the performance of its care network. The DC Model is intended to reduce the administrative burden, support a focus on complex, chronically ill patients, and encourage physician organizations that have not typically participated in Medicare FFS to serve beneficiaries in Medicare FFS.

Key components of the financial agreement for Direct Contracting include:

Performance Year Benchmark The target amount for Medicare expenditures on covered items and services (Medicare Part A and B) furnished to a DCE’s aligned beneficiaries during a performance year. The Performance Year Benchmark will be compared to the DCE’s performance year expenditures. This comparison will be used to calculate shared savings and shared losses. The Performance Year Benchmark is established at the beginning of the performance year utilizing prospective trend estimates and is subject to retrospective trend adjustments, if warranted, before the Financial Reconciliation.

Performance Year A calendar year except for the commencement year, which began on April 1, 2021, and will end on December 31, 2021.

Risk-Sharing Arrangements Used in determining the percent of savings and losses that DCEs are eligible to receive as shared savings or may be required to repay as shared losses.

Financial Reconciliation The process by which CMS determines shared savings or shared losses by comparing the calculated total benchmark expenditure for a given DCE’s aligned population to the actual expenditures of that DCE’s aligned beneficiaries over the course of a performance year that includes various risk-mitigation options such as stop-loss reinsurance and risk corridors.

Risk-Mitigation Options DCEs may elect a “stop-loss arrangement” each performance year, which is designed to reduce the financial uncertainty associated with high-cost expenditures of individual beneficiaries. The Corporation has elected participation in the program for the current performance year. Additionally, CMS has created a mandatory risk corridor program that allocates the DCE’s shared savings and losses in bands of percentage thresholds, after a deviation of greater than 25.0% of the Performance Year Benchmark.

Performance Guarantees

Certain of the Corporation’s arrangements with third-party providers require it to guarantee the performance of its care network to CMS, which if not obtained, could potentially result in payment to CMS during the financial reconciliation period. As a result of the DC agreement, the Corporation determined that there was a performance guarantee with the providers of DCE Beneficiaries that should be recognized in the financial statements. The Direct Contracting performance year obligation and receivable were initially measured as the target amount for Medicare expenditures on covered items and services. The obligation and receivable were subsequently amortized on a straight-line basis for the amount that represented the completed performance. The DCE is entitled to all of the consideration under the arrangement for all aligned beneficiaries and in the performance year in which the DCE is a participant, the final consideration due to the DCE by CMS (shared savings) or the consideration due to CMS by the DCE (shared loss) is reconciled in the subsequent years following the performance year. The shared savings or loss is measured periodically and will be applied to the Direct Contracting performance obligation if the Corporation is in a probable loss position. The Corporation is unable to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments under the guarantee as the stop-loss arrangement contains corridors (tiered levels), a certain percentage of which the Corporation will still be responsible for paying at various levels as well as a number of
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additional variables that are not reasonable for the Corporation to estimate such as risk ratings and benchmark trends that have an inestimable impact on the estimate of future payments.


The tables below include the financial statement impacts of the performance guarantee:

(in thousands) June 30, 2021
Direct Contracting performance year receivable $ 436,334 
Direct Contracting performance year obligation (1)
455,143 
(1) This obligation represents the consideration due to providers, net of the shared savings or loss for the period and amortization of the liability.
(in thousands) Three and Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Amortization of the Direct Contracting performance year receivable (218,167)
Amortization of the Direct Contracting performance year obligation 218,167 
Direct Contracting revenue 216,373 



20. Operating Segments

The Corporation manages operations based on two reportable segments: Medicare Advantage and Direct Contracting. The reportable segments are distinguished based on the healthcare delivery business model. Its Medicare Advantage segment is an insurance business model that focuses on leveraging the Clover Assistant at the point of care. Its Direct Contracting segment is similar to a cost management and care coordination model accounted for as a performance guarantee, where Clover is responsible for coordinating care, managing costs, and providing support to providers and their DCE Beneficiaries through the use of Clover Assistant. These segment groupings are consistent with information used by our Chief Executive Officer, the Corporation’s chief operating decision maker, to assess performance and allocate resources. There are certain revenues and expenses that are attributable to our clinical services and our corporate overhead; these amounts are reported separately from our reportable segments in the tables presenting segment results below.

The operations in which the Company holds interests comprise the following segments:

Medicare Advantage Segment MA plans that generally provide access to a wide network of primary care physicians, specialists, and hospitals.

Direct Contracting Segment DC Model with CMS, which provides options aimed at reducing expenditures and preserving or enhancing quality of care for beneficiaries.

Corporate/Other Other clinical services not included in Medicare Advantage and Direct Contracting and all other corporate overhead. Clinical services is comprised of Clover Home Care and other clinical services that are offered to our health plan members.

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The table below summarizes the Corporation’s results by operating segment:

(in thousands) Medicare
Advantage
Direct Contracting Corporate/Other Eliminations Consolidated Total
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Premiums earned, (Net of ceded premiums of $126)
$ 195,357  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ 195,357 
Direct Contracting revenue —  216,373  —  —  216,373 
Other income 41  —  31,400  (30,699) 742 
Intersegment revenues —  —  16,509  (16,509) — 
Net medical claims incurred 216,785  241,912  1,909  (2,085) 458,521 
Gross (loss) profit $ (21,387) $ (25,539) $ 46,000  $ (45,123) $ (46,049)
Total assets $ 274,714  $ 463,966  $ 954,539  $ (477,322) $ 1,215,897 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Premiums earned, (Net of ceded premiums of $250)
$ 394,733  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ 394,733 
Direct Contracting revenue —  216,373  —  —  216,373 
Other income 28  —