Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 05/09/2019 @ 9:58PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : eMagin Corporation (EMAN)
Quote : 0.4257  0.0057 (1.36%) @ 12:59AM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20549 

 

 

Form 10-Q 

 





(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

  or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

  For the transition period from  to

 

Commission file number 001-15751 

 

eMAGIN CORPORATION 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 





 

Delaware

56-1764501

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

700 South Drive, Suite 201, Hopewell Junction, NY  12533

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(845) 838-7900 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 



 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

 

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $.001 Par Value Per Share

 

EMAN

 

NYSE American



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days .    Yes       No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes       No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.   

 

Large accelerated filer                 Accelerated filer                 Non-accelerated filer                 Smaller reporting company   



Emerging growth company   



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes       No 



Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:  [ 49,161,273] shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, were outstanding as of May 1, 2019 .




 

eMagin Corporation 

Form 10-Q

For the Quarter ended March 31, 2019

 

Table of Contents



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

Statement Regarding Forward Looking Information

 

PART I   FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 (unaudited) and December 31, 2018

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (unaudited)

6

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Three Months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (unaudited)

7

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (unaudited)

8

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

9

Item 2

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

Item 3

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk  

28

Item 4

Controls and Procedures

28

 

 

PART II   OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1

Legal Proceedings

28

Item 1A

Risk Factors

28

Item 2

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

28

Item 3

Defaults Upon Senior Securities 

28

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

28

Item 5

Other Information

29

Item 6

Exhibits

29

 SIGNATURES

 

CERTIFICATIONS – see Exhibits

 

 



  



2  


 

STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION  



This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or Report, contains forward-looking statements that are based on our management’s belief and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, these statements relate to future events or our future financial performance, and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.



In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which are, in some cases, beyond our control and which could materially affect our results. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations include, among other things, those listed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December

31, 2018 and elsewhere in this Report. If one or more of these risks or uncertainties occur, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual events or results may vary significantly from those implied or projected by the forward-looking statements. No forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance. You should read this Report and the documents that we reference in this Report and have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, as exhibits to this Report, completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from any future results expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.



In particular, forward-looking statements in this Report include statements about:

·

our ability to generate sufficient cash flows and obtain the additional financing we need in order to continue as a going concern;

·

our ability to generate additional revenue or secure additional external financing when, or if, required, in order to continue our current operations;

·

our ability to meet our obligations as they become due over the next twelve months;

·

our needs for additional financing, as well as our ability to obtain such additional financing on reasonable terms and the interest rate and expense we incur on any debt financing;

·

our anticipated cash needs and our estimates regarding our capital requirements;

·

our ability to manufacture our products on a timely basis and at a competitive cost;

·

our ability to protect our intellectual property;

·

our ability to successfully develop and market our products to customers;

·

our ability to generate customer demand for our products in our target markets;

·

the development of our target markets and market opportunities, including the consumer market;

·

technological developments in our target markets and the development of alternate, competing technologies in them;

·

the rate of acceptance of AR/VR systems and products in the consumer and commercial marketplace;

·

our potential exposure to product liability claims;

·

our ability to meet customers’ delivery schedules;

·

our ability to successfully remediate manufacturing issues that have resulted in production delays and successfully integrate new equipment on our manufacturing line;

·

market pricing for our products and for competing products;

·

the concentration of a significant ownership percentage in our Company in a relatively small number of stockholders and the ability of one or more of such stockholders to exert substantial control over our affairs;

·

changes in demand by OEM customers for advanced microdisplays, limited availability of suppliers and foundries, high costs of raw materials, pricing pressure brought by the marketplace or governmental customers and other factors that impact the commercial, military and consumer markets in which we operate;

·

increasing competition;

·

provisions in certain of our organizational documents, commercial agreements and our military contracts that may prevent or delay an acquisition of, partnership with, or investment in, our Company and our ability to develop original equipment manufacturer and mass production partnerships; and

·

our efforts to sell or otherwise dispose of our consumer night vision business.



The forward-looking statements in this Report represent our views as of the date of this Report. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change. However, while we may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we have no current intention of doing so except to the extent required by applicable law. Therefore, these forward-looking statements do not represent our views as of any date other than the date of this Report.



3  


 

In this Report, references to “eMagin Corporation,” “eMagin,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our company” refer to eMagin Corporation and our wholly owned subsidiary, Virtual Vision, Inc. References to “Consumer Night Vision Business” refers to our consumer night vision products business.



eMagin® is a registered trademark of eMagin Corporation. dPd TM is an unregistered trademark of eMagin. All rights reserved. All other trademarks used in this Report are the property of their respective owners.

4  


 



  ITEM 1.  Condensed Consolidated Fin ancial Statements 



eMAGIN CORPORATION 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS 

(In thousands, except share data)







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

3,457 

 

$

3,359 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

3,696 

 

 

3,186 

Unbilled accounts receivable

 

 

69 

 

 

224 

Inventories

 

 

8,827 

 

 

8,582 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

795 

 

 

875 

Total current assets

 

 

16,844 

 

 

16,226 

Equipment, furniture and leasehold improvements, net

 

 

8,630 

 

 

8,921 

Operating lease  right- of- use assets

 

 

4,112 

 

 

 —

Intangibles and other assets

 

 

209 

 

 

269 

Total assets

 

$

29,795 

 

$

25,416 



 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

1,974 

 

$

2,024 

Accrued compensation

 

 

1,502 

 

 

1,634 

Revolving credit facility, net

 

 

2,535 

 

 

 —

Common stock warrant liability

 

 

703 

 

 

1,497 

Other accrued expenses

 

 

1,703 

 

 

1,827 

Deferred revenue

 

 

95 

 

 

38 

Operating lease liability - current portion

 

 

675 

 

 

 —

Other current liabilities

 

 

323 

 

 

427 

Total current liabilities

 

 

9,510 

 

 

7,447 

Operating lease liability-long term

 

 

3,562 

 

 

 —

Total liabilities

 

$

13,072 

 

$

7,447 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies  (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.001 par value: authorized 10,000,000 shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series B Convertible Preferred stock, (liquidation preference of $5,659 ) stated value $1,000 per share, $.001 par value:  10,000 shares designated and 5,659 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Common stock, $.001 par value: authorized 200,000,000 shares, issued 45,323,339 shares, outstanding 45,161,273 shares as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

 

45 

 

 

45 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

254,929 

 

 

254,736 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(237,751)

 

 

(236,312)

Treasury stock, 162,066 shares as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

 

(500)

 

 

(500)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

16,723 

 

 

17,969 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

29,795 

 

$

25,416 



See notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5  


 

eMAGIN CORPORATION 

CON DENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS 

(In thousands, except share and per share data) 

(unaudited) 





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

$

5,507 

 

$

5,863 

Contract

 

 

605 

 

 

1,004 

Total revenues, net

 

 

6,112 

 

 

6,867 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

 

4,426 

 

 

4,359 

Contract

 

 

350 

 

 

528 

Total cost of revenues

 

 

4,776 

 

 

4,887 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

 

1,336 

 

 

1,980 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

1,597 

 

 

1,631 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

1,939 

 

 

2,912 

Total operating expenses

 

 

3,536 

 

 

4,543 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(2,200)

 

 

(2,563)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability

 

 

794 

 

 

503 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(33)

 

 

(42)

Other income, net

 

 

 —

 

 

21 

Total other income

 

 

761 

 

 

482 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(1,439)

 

 

(2,081)

(Provision) benefit for income taxes

 

 

 —

 

 

 —



 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,439)

 

$

(2,081)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.03)

 

$

(0.05)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

 

45,161,273 

 

 

42,255,189 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



6  


 

eMAGIN CORPORATION 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY

(In thousands, except share and per share data) 

(unaudited) 











 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Month Period Ended March 31, 2019



 

Preferred
Shares

 

Preferred
Stock

 

Common
Shares

 

Common Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Treasury
Stock

 

Total
Shareholders’
Equity

Balance, December 31, 2018

 

 

5,659 

 

$

 —

 

 

45,323,339 

 

$

45 

 

$

254,736 

 

$

(236,312)

 

$

(500)

 

$

17,969 

Stock based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

193 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

193 

Net loss

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,439)

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,439)

Balance, March 31, 2019

 

 

5,659 

 

$

 —

 

 

45,323,339 

 

$

45 

 

$

254,929 

 

$

(237,751)

 

$

(500)

 

$

16,723 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Month Period Ended March 31, 2018



 

Preferred
Shares

 

Preferred
Stock

 

Common
Shares

 

Common Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Treasury
Stock

 

Total
Shareholders’
Equity

Balance, December 31, 2017

 

 

5,659 

 

$

 —

 

 

35,182,589 

 

$

35 

 

$

244,726 

 

$

(226,769)

 

$

(500)

 

$

17,492 

Exercise of common stock options

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

49,937 

 

 

 

 

62 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

62 

Exercise of common stock warrants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,000 

 

 

 

 

46 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47 

Public offering of common shares, net of offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,010,813 

 

 

10 

 

 

9,264 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,274 

Stock based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

205 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

205 

Net loss

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(2,081)

 

 

 —

 

 

(2,081)

Balance, March 31, 2018

 

 

5,659 

 

$

 —

 

 

45,273,339 

 

$

45 

 

$

254,304 

 

$

(228,850)

 

$

(500)

 

$

24,999 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 







See notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



7  


 

eMAGIN CORPORATION 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 

(In thousands) 

(unaudited)







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,439)

 

$

(2,081)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

510 

 

 

489 

Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability

 

 

(794)

 

 

(503)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

193 

 

 

205 

Amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

155 

 

 

 —

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(510)

 

 

390 

Unbilled accounts receivable

 

 

155 

 

 

(120)

Inventories

 

 

(245)

 

 

(307)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

29 

 

 

213 

Deferred revenues

 

 

57 

 

 

(577)

Change in operating lease liabilities

 

 

(159)

 

 

 —

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other current liabilities

 

 

(263)

 

 

135 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(2,311)

 

 

(2,156)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of equipment

 

 

(188)

 

 

(51)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(188)

 

 

(51)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings (repayments)  under revolving line of credit, net

 

 

2,597 

 

 

(3,808)

Proceeds from public offering, net

 

 

 —

 

 

12,180 

Proceeds from warrant exercise, net

 

 

 —

 

 

48 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

 —

 

 

63 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

2,597 

 

 

8,483 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

98 

 

 

6,276 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

3,359 

 

 

3,526 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

3,457 

 

$

9,802 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

32 

 

$

21 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

 —

 

$

 —







 

See notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

8  


 

eMAGIN CORPORATION  

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

 (unaudited) 

 

Note 1:   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies 



The Business 



eMagin Corporation (the “Company”) designs, develops, manufactures and markets OLED (organic light emitting diode)–on-silicon microdisplays and virtual imaging products which utilize OLED microdisplays. The Company’s products are sold mainly in North America, Asia, and Europe. 



Basis of Presentation 



In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of eMagin Corporation and its subsidiary reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation.  All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  Certain information and footnote disclosure normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to instructions, rules and regulations prescribed by the SEC.  The Company believes that the disclosures provided herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading when these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.  The results of operations for the period ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.  The consolidated condensed financial statements as of December 31, 2018 are derived from audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. 



Use of estimates 



In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management utilizes certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates and judgments related to, among others, allowance for doubtful accounts, warranty reserves, inventory reserves, stock-based compensation expense, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, litigation and other loss contingencies. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates. 



Reclassifications



Certain immaterial prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current period presentatio n with no impact on previously reported net income, assets or shareholders’ equity.



Intangible Assets – Patents



Acquired patents are recorded at purchase price as of the date acquired and amortized over the expected useful life which is generally the remaining life of the patent.   



The total intangible amortization expense was approximately $9  thousand and $14  thousand for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 



Product warranty



The Company generally offers a one -year product replacement warranty. The standard policy is to repair or replace the defective products. The Company accrues for estimated returns of defective products at the time revenue is recognized based on historical activity as well as for specific known product issues. The determination of these accruals requires the Company to make estimates of the frequency and extent of warranty activity and estimate future costs to replace the products under warranty. If the actual warranty activity and/or repair and replacement costs differ significantly from these estimates, adjustments to cost of revenue may be required in future periods.



9  


 

The following table provides a summary of the activity related to the Company's warranty liability included in other current liabilities, (in thousands):  





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

 

(unaudited)

Beginning balance

 

$

423 

 

$

468 

Warranty accruals and adjustments

 

 

(78)

 

 

(72)

Warranty claims

 

 

(24)

 

 

(34)

Ending balance

 

$

321 

 

$

362 



Net Loss per Common Share   



Basic loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, and excludes any dilutive effects of common stock equivalent shares such as stock options, warrants, and convertible preferred stock. Diluted loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive common stock equivalent shares outstanding during the period. Common stock equivalent shares are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. 



The Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred stock (“Preferred Stock – Series B”) is considered a participating security as the preferred stock participates in dividends with the common stock, which requires the use of the two-class method when computing basic and diluted earnings per share.  The Preferred Stock – Series B is not required to absorb any net loss. Although the Company paid a one-time special dividend in 2012, the Company does not expect to pay dividends on its common or preferred stock in the near future.   



The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands, except per share and share data):







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

(unaudited)

Net Loss

 

$

(1,439)

 

$

(2,081)



 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding
  - Basic

 

 

45,161,273 

 

 

42,255,189 

Dilutive effect of stock options

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Weighted average common shares outstanding
  - Diluted

 

 

45,161,273 

 

 

42,255,189 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Basic

 

$

(0.03)

 

$

(0.05)

   Diluted

 

$

(0.03)

 

$

(0.05)



10  


 

The following table sets forth the potentially dilutive common stock equivalents for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 that were not included in diluted EPS as their effect would be anti-dilutive:







 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

(unaudited)

Options

 

5,160,445 

 

4,911,801 

Warrants

 

9,055,773 

 

9,055,773 

Convertible preferred stock

 

7,545,333 

 

7,545,333 

Total potentially dilutive common stock equivalents

 

21,761,551 

 

21,512,907 



Fair Value of Financial Instruments



Cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, short-term investments and accounts payable are stated at cost, which approximates fair value, due to the short-term nature of these instruments.  The revolving credit facility is also stated at cost, which approximates fair value because the interest rate is based on a market based rate plus a margin. 



We have categorized our assets and liabilities that are valued at fair value on a recurring basis into a three-level fair value hierarchy in accordance with GAAP. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities (Level 1) and lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3).

 

Assets and liabilities recorded in the balance sheets at fair value are categorized based on a hierarchy of inputs as follows:

 

Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets of identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 – Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability,   either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.



The common stock warrant liability is currently the only financial asset or liability recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, and is considered a Level 3 liability. The fair value of the common stock warrant liability is included in current liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as the warrants are currently exercisable.



The following table shows the reconciliation of the Level 3 warrant liability measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, using significant unobservable inputs (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

Estimated
Fair Value



 

(unaudited)

Balance as of January 1, 2019

 

$

1,497 

Change in fair value of warrant liability, net

 

 

(794)

Balance as of March 31, 2019

 

$

703 



The fair value of the liability for common stock purchase warrants at issuance and at March 31, 2019 was estimated using the Black Scholes option pricing model based on the market value of the underlying common stock at the measurement date, the remaining contractual term of the warrants from 3.2 to 3.8 years, risk-free interest rates of 2.37% ,   no expected dividends and expected volatility of the price of the underlying common stock ranging from 40.5% to 41.8% .



Concentrations



The Company purchases principally all of its silicon wafers, which are a key ingredient in its OLED production process, from two suppliers located in Taiwan and Korea.



11  


 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, one customer accounted for 11% of net revenues.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, there were no other customers individually accounting for over 10% of net revenues. As of March 31, 2019 ,   two customers accounted for 13% and 11% , respectively of the Company’s consolidated accounts receivable balance and no other single customer accounted for over 10% of the consolidated accounts receivable. 



For the three months ended March 31, 2018, one customer accounted for 11% of net revenues and there were no other single customers accounting for over 10% of net revenues.



Liquidity and Going Concern   



The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the going concern basis, which assumes that the Company will continue to operate as a going concern and which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019 the Company incurred a net loss of $1.4  million and used cash in operating activities of $2.3  million.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $3.5  million of cash, $2.5  million of outstanding debt, and borrowing availability under our ABL Facility of $0.8  million.     For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company incurred a net loss of $9.5  million and used cash in operating activities of $6.4  million.  The Company conducted an equity raise in April 2019 that generated $3.6  million in net proceeds.   



Due to continuing losses, the Company’s financial position, and uncertainty regarding the Company’s ability to borrow under its ABL Facility, the Company may not be able to meet its financial obligations as they become due without additional financing or sources of capital.   Management is prepared to reduce expenses and raise additional capital, but there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in sufficiently reducing expenses or raising capital to meet its operating needs.



The Company’s ABL Facility expires on December 31, 2019 and, while relations with the lender are positive, there is no assurance the lender will renew or extend this facility, or continue to make funds available during 2019 and beyond at present availability levels, or at all.   Therefore, in accordance with applicable accounting guidance, and based on the Company’s current financial condition and availability of funds, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern through twelve months from the date these financial statements were issued.



Based on the Company’s current projections and the availability of the ABL Facility, the Company estimates it will have sufficient liquidity through the end of the second quarter of 2020.  However, there can be no assurance projected results will be achieved or funds will be available under our ABL Facility.  If actual results are less than projected or additional needs for liquidity arise, the Company may be able to raise additional debt or equity financing and is prepared to reduce expenses or enter into a strategic transaction.  However, the Company can make no assurance that it will be able to reduce expenses sufficiently, raise additional capital, or enter into a strategic transaction on terms acceptable to the Company, or at all.



12  


 

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements



The Company's accounting policies are the same as those described in Note 1 to the Company's consolidated financial statements in its 2018 Form 10-K with the exception of the accounting policies related to leases.



In August 2018, the SEC adopted the final rule under SEC Release No. 33-10532,  Disclosure Update and Simplification , amending certain disclosure requirements that were redundant, duplicative, overlapping, outdated or superseded. In addition, the amendments expanded the disclosure requirements on the analysis of stockholders' equity for interim financial statements. Under the amendments, an analysis of changes in each caption of stockholders' equity presented in the balance sheet must be provided in a note or separate statement. The analysis should present a reconciliation of the beginning balance to the ending balance of each period for which a statement of comprehensive income is required to be filed. This final rule was effective on November 5, 2018. The Company adopted the guidance on January 1, 2019, and such adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements.



In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance which requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term and, a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases).  Under the new guidance, leases previously defined as operating leases will be presented on the balance sheet. As a result, these leases will be recorded as an asset and a corresponding liability at the present value of the total lease payments. The asset will be decremented over the life of the lease on a pro-rata basis resulting in lease expense while the liability will be decremented using the interest method (i.e. principal and interest).  The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2019. The Company elected the transition package of three practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance and elected the optional transition method that allows for a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period of adoption, without a restatement of prior periods. Further, the Company elected a short-term lease exception policy, permitting the Company to not apply the recognition requirements of this standard to short-term leases (i.e. leases with terms of 12 months or less) and an accounting policy to account for lease and non-lease components as a single component for certain classes of assets. As a result of the adoption, the Company adjusted its beginning balance for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 by recording operating lease ROU assets and liabilities through a cumulative-effect adjustment. The adoption impacted the accompanying condensed balance sheet, but did not have an impact on the condensed statements of operations and comprehensive loss.



At the inception of a contractual arrangement, the Company determines whether the contract contains a lease by assessing whether there is an identified asset and whether the contract conveys the right to control the use of the identified asset in exchange for consideration over a period of time. If both criteria are met, the Company calculates the associated lease liability and corresponding ROU assets upon lease commencement using a discount rate based on a credit-adjusted secured borrowing rate commensurate with the term of the lease. The Company records lease liabilities within current or noncurrent liabilities based upon the length of time associated with the lease payments. The operating lease ROU assets includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred, if any, and are recorded as noncurrent assets. Lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. There are no finance leases as of March 31, 2019.



Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the accompanying condensed balance sheet. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.



The impact of the adoption of ASC 842 on the accompanying condensed balance sheet as of January 1, 2019 was as follows (in thousands. 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

December 31,
2018

 

 

Adjustments
Due to the
Adoption of
ASC 842

 

 

January 1,
2019

Right of Use Assets (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease - right of use asset

 

$

 —

 

$

4,267 

 

 

$

4,267 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

$

 —

 

$

964 

 

 

$

964 

Noncurrent

 

$

 —

 

$

3,432 

 

 

$

3,432 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Operating lease right-of-use assets includes deferred rent of $129 thousand



13  


 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements



In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance which adds, amends and removes certain disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements.  Among other changes, this standard requires certain additional disclosure surrounding Level 3 assets, including changes in unrealized gains or losses in other comprehensive income and certain inputs in those measurements.  This new guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019.  Certain amended or eliminated disclosures in this standard may be adopted early, while certain additional disclosure requirements in this standard can be adopted on its effective date.  In addition, certain changes in the standard require retrospective adoption, while other changes must be adopted prospectively.  The Company is currently evaluating this new standard and its impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 2:  Revenue Recognition 



All of the Company’s revenues are earned from contracts with customers and are classified as either Product or Contract revenues.  Contracts include written agreements and purchase orders, as well as arrangements that are implied by customary practices or law.



Product revenue is generated primarily from contracts to produce, ship and deliver OLED microdisplays.  eMagin’s performance obligations are satisfied, control of our products is transferred, and revenue is recognized at a single point in time when control transfers to our customer for product shipped. Our customary terms are FOB our factory and control is deemed to transfer upon shipment. The Company has elected to treat shipping and other transportation costs charged to customers as fulfillment activities and are recorded in both revenue and cost of sales at the time control is transferred to the customer.  As customers are invoiced at the time control transfers and the right to consideration is unconditional at that time, the Company does not maintain contract asset balances for product revenue. Additionally, the Company does not maintain contract liability balances for product revenues, as performance obligations are satisfied prior to customer payment for product. The Company generally offers a one -year product warranty, for replacement of product only, and does not allow returns.  The Company offers industry standard payment terms that typically require payment from our customers from 30 to 60 days after title transfers.



The Company also recognizes revenues under the over time method from certain research and development (“R&D”) activities (contract revenues) under both firm fixed-price contracts and cost-type contracts.  Progress and revenues from research and development activities relating to firm fixed-price contracts and cost-type contracts are generally recognized on an input method of accounting as costs are incurred. Under the input method, revenue is recognized based on efforts expended to date (e.g., the costs of resources consumed or labor hours worked, or machine hours used) relative to total efforts intended to be expended .  Contract costs include all direct material, labor and subcontractor costs and an allocation of allowable indirect costs as defined by each contract, as periodically adjusted to reflect revised agreed upon rates.  These rates are subject to audit by the other party.  Any changes in estimate related to contract accounting are accounted for prospectively over the remaining life of the contract.   Under the over time method, billings may not correlate directly to the revenue recognized. Based upon the terms of the specific contract, billings may be in excess of the revenue recognized, in which case the amounts are included in deferred revenues as a liability on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Likewise, revenue recognized may exceed customer billings in which case the amounts are reported as unbilled receivables. Unbilled revenues are expected to be billed and collected within one year.  The incidental costs related to obtaining product sales contracts are non-recoverable from customers and, accordingly, are expensed as incurred.



The Company adopted the provisions of ASC No. 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and related amendments (“ASC 606”) on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective adoption method with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application.  During 2017, the Company analyzed its revenue recognition policies under ASC 606 and then current revenue recognition policies and determined that the performance obligations, transaction price, allocation of transaction price, recognition of contract costs and timing of revenue recognition would not be materially impacted by adopting ASC 606.  Accordingly, there was no modified retrospective adoption adjustment necessary as of January 1, 2018



14  


 

Disaggregation of Revenue



The Company's sells its products directly to original equipment manufacturers or OEM’s and military contractors in a diverse range of industries encompassing the military, industrial, medical, and consumer market sectors .  R&D activities are performed for both military customers and U.S. Government defense related agencies. Product and Contract revenues are disclosed on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.  Additional disaggregated revenue information for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 



March 31,

 



2019

 

 

2018

 



(unaudited)

 

North and South America

$

3,398 

 

 

$

2,948 

 

Europe, Middle East, and Africa

 

2,327 

 

 

 

2,444 

 

Asia Pacific

 

387 

 

 

 

1,475 

 

Total

$

6,112 

 

 

$

6,867 

 







 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended

 



March 31,

 



2019

 

 

2018

 



(unaudited)

 

Military

 

69 

%

 

 

72 

%

Commercial, including industrial and medical

 

%

 

 

%

Consumer

 

%

 

 

11 

%

Multiple

 

19 

%

 

 

10 

%



 

100 

 

 

 

100 

 



Accounts Receivable from Customers Accounts receivable, net of allowances, associated with revenue from customers were approximately $3.7  million and $3.2  million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.



Contract Assets and Liabilities

Unbilled Accounts Receivables (Contract Assets) - Pursuant to the over time revenue recognition model, revenue may be recognized prior to the customer being invoiced. An unbilled accounts receivable is recorded to reflect revenue that is recognized when the proportional performance method is applied and such revenue exceeds the amount invoiced to the customer. Unbilled receivables are disclosed on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2019.



Customer Advances and Deposits (Contract Liabilities)

The Company recognizes a contract liability when it has billed and received consideration from the customer pursuant to the terms of a contract but has not yet recognized the related revenue.  These billings in excess of revenue are classified as deferred revenue on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.



Total contract assets and liabilities consisted of the following amounts (in thousands):



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 



2019

 

 

2018

 



(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Unbilled Receivables (contract assets)

$

69 

 

 

$

224 

 

Deferred Revenue (contract liabilities)

 

(95)

 

 

 

(38)

 

Net contract asset (liability)

$

(26)

 

 

$

186 

 



15  


 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company recognized revenue of $38  thousand related to its contract liabilities that existed at December 31, 2018.  In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company recognized revenue of $762  thousand, related to its contract liabilities that existed at December 31, 2017.



Remaining Performance Obligations . The Company has elected the practical expedient, which allows disclosure of remaining performance obligations only for contracts with an original duration of greater than one year. Such remaining performance obligations primarily relate to engineering and design services.  As of March 31, 2019, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $864  thousand. The Company expects to recognize revenue on all of its remaining performance obligations over the next 12 months .

 

Note 3:  Accounts Receivable, net 



The majority of the Company’s commercial accounts receivable are due from OEM’s. Credit is extended based on an evaluation of a customer’s financial condition and, generally, collateral is not required.  



Accounts receivable consisted of the following (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

(unaudited)

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

$

3,835 

 

$

3,325 

Less allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

(139)

 

 

(139)

Accounts receivable, net

 

$

3,696 

 

$

3,186 

 

Note 4:  Inventories, net 



The components of inventories are as follows (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

(unaudited)

 

 

Raw materials 

 

$

3,672 

 

$

3,701 

Work in process

 

 

1,704 

 

 

1,033 

Finished goods 

 

 

4,306 

 

 

4,888 

Total inventories

 

 

9,682 

 

 

9,622 

Less inventory reserve

 

 

(855)

 

 

(1,040)

Total inventories, net

 

$

8,827 

 

$

8,582 

 

Note 5:  Line of Credit 



On December 21, 2016, the Company entered into a revolving credit asset based lending facility, (the “ABL facility”) with a lender that provides for up to a maximum amount of $5 million based on a borrowing base equivalent to 85% of eligible accounts receivable plus the lesser of $2 million or 50% of eligible inventory. The interest on the ABL facility is equal to the Prime Rate plus 3% but may not be less than 6.5% with a minimum monthly interest payment of $2  thousand. The Company is also obligated to pay the lender a monthly administrative fee of $1  thousand and an annual facility fee equal to 1% of the maximum amount borrowable under the facility. The ABL facility will automatically renew on December 31, 2019 for a one -year term unless written notice to terminate the agreement is provided by either party. In conjunction with entering into the financing, the Company incurred $228  thousand of debt issuance costs including lender and legal costs that will be amortized over the life of the ABL facility.  In accordance with recently issued accounting guidance, any revolving credit facility balances outstanding are presented net of these unamortized debt issuance costs on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.



The ABL facility is secured by a lien on all receivables, property and the proceeds thereof, credit insurance policies and other insurance relating to the collateral, books, records and other general intangibles, inventory and equipment, proceeds of the collateral and accounts, instruments, chattel paper, and documents.  Collections received on accounts receivable are directly used to pay down the outstanding borrowings on the credit facility.



16  


 

The ABL facility contains customary representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants and events of default.  The Company is required to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of $13  million and a minimum working capital balance of $4  million at all times.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $2.5  million in borrowings outstanding, had unused borrowing availability of $0.8  million and was in compliance with all financial debt covenants.



For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 interest expense includes interest paid, capitalized or accrued of $52  thousand, and $42  thousand, respectively, on outstanding debt.  Interest expense for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 includes the amortization of debt issuance costs of $21  thousand.

 

Note 6:  Stock-based Compensation 



The Company uses the fair value method of accounting for share-based compensation arrangements. The fair value of stock options is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model.  Stock-based compensation expense is reduced for estimated forfeitures and is amortized over the vesting period using the straight-line method. 



The following table summarizes the allocation of non-cash stock-based compensation to our expense categories for the three and nine month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands): 







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018



 

 

(unaudited)

Cost of revenues

 

$

 

$

15 

Research and development

 

 

24 

 

 

22 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

161 

 

 

168 

Total stock compensation expense

 

$

193 

 

$

205 



At March 31, 2019, total unrecognized compensation costs related to stock options was approximately $0.5  million, net of estimated forfeitures.  Total unrecognized compensation cost will be adjusted for future changes in estimated forfeitures and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3 years.   



The following key assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options granted: 







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended



March 31,



2019

 

2018



(unaudited)

Dividend yield

 

 %

 

 %

Risk free interest rates

 

2.48 

 %

 

2.16-2.59

 %

Expected volatility

 

41.7 to 49.2

 %

 

46.4 to 50.0

 %

Expected term (in years)

 

3.5 to 4.0

 

 

3.5 to 4.75

 



The Company does not expect to pay dividends in the near future.  Therefore, the Company used an expected dividend yield of 0% .  The risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model is based on applicable yield available at the date of the option grant on U.S. Treasury securities with an equivalent term.  Expected volatility is based on the weighted average historical volatility of the Company’s common stock for the equivalent term.  The expected term of the options represents the period that the Company’s stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding and was determined based on historical experience and vesting schedules of similar awards. 



17  


 

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is presented in the following table (unaudited):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

 

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (In Years)

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

Outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

 

4,678,420 

 

$

2.81 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options granted

 

 

515,558 

 

 

0.92 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercised

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options forfeited

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options cancelled or expired

 

 

(33,533)

 

 

9.98 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2019

 

 

5,160,445 

 

$

2.62 

 

 

4.37 

 

$

4,875 

Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2019

 

 

5,156,680 

 

$

2.63 

 

 

4.37 

 

$

4,875 

Exercisable at March 31, 2019

 

 

4,972,266 

 

$

3.03 

 

 

4.33 

 

$

4,875 



(1)

The expected to vest options are the result of applying the pre-vesting forfeiture rate assumptions to total unvested options.



The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the difference between the exercise price of the underlying options and the quoted price of the Company’s common stock.  There were no stock option exercises during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The Company issues new shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options.

 

Note 7:  Income Taxes 



The Company’s effective tax rate is calculated quarterly based upon current assumptions relating to the full year’s estimated operating results and various tax-related items. The Company’s effective tax rate for the three month period ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was 0% .   The difference between the effective tax rate of 0% and the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was primarily due to recognizing a full valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.



As of March 31, 2019, the Company determined that, based on all available evidence, both positive and negative, including the Company’s latest forecasts and cumulative losses in recent years, it was more likely than not that none of its deferred tax assets would be realized and therefore it continued to record a full valuation allowance. 



The Company’s net operating loss carryforward amounts expire through 2037 and are subject to certain limitations that may occur due to a change in the ownership provisions under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code and similar state provisions.



Due to the Company’s operating loss carryforwards, all tax years remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject. In the event that the Company is assessed interest or penalties at some point in the future, it will be classified in the financial statements as tax expense.

 

18  


 

Note 8:  Commitments and Contingencies 



Equipment Purchase Commitments 



The Company has committed to equipment purchases of approximately $0.8  million at March 31, 2019.



Litigation



From time to time, we may become subject to various legal proceedings that are incidental to the ordinary conduct of our business.  In March 2019, we received a demand letter seeking payment of $0.9  million of outstanding invoices relating to purchased inventory from Suga Electronics Limited, or Suga, a contract manufacturer located in China, which manufactured product sold by our consumer night vision business. We have responded to the demand letter, and requested that Suga provide substantiation of purchased inventory. As disclosed in the financial statements of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, during the quarter ended June 30, 2018, we made a decision to exit the consumer night vision business and accrued approximately $1.0  million related to invoices received for inventory purchased by Suga in anticipation of future production.  While we believe that we have adequately accrued for the losses and are in discussions to resolve related claims by the contract manufacturers, there is the risk that additional losses or litigation related expenses may be incurred above the amounts accrued for as of March 31, 2019, if we fail to resolve these claims in a timely and/or favorable manner

 

Note 9:  Common Stock Warrant Liability 



We account for common stock warrants pursuant to applicable accounting guidance contained in ASC 815, "Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity" and make a determination as to their treatment as either equity instruments or a warrant liability based on an analysis of the underlying warrant agreements.



During January 2018, in conjunction with a registered equity offering and a concurrent private placement that closed in February 2018 , the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 4,004,324 common shares at an exercise price of $1.55 .  As of March 31, 2019, related warrants to purchase 3,974,324 shares of common stock remain outstanding.  The warrants have alternative settlement provisions that, at the option of the holder, provide for physical settlement or if, at the time of settlement there is no effective registration statement, a cashless exercise as defined in the warrant agreement. 



Based on analysis of the underlying warrant agreement and applicable accounting guidance, the Company concluded that these registered warrants require the issuance of registered securities upon exercise and do not sufficiently preclude an implied right to net cash settlement.  Accordingly, these warrants were classified on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as a current liability upon issuance and will be revalued at each subsequent balance sheet date.



The fair value of the liability for common stock purchase warrants is estimated using the Black Scholes option pricing model based on the market value of the underlying common stock at the measurement date, the contractual term of the warrant, risk-free interest rates, expected dividends and expected volatility of the price of the underlying common stock.



We determined that, based on the Black Sholes methodology, the liability for the January and February 2018 common stock warrants had a fair value as of March 31, 2019 of $0.6  million.  In addition, warrants the company issued during 2017 that were classified as liabilities had a fair value of $0.1  million as of March 31, 2019.  The combined changes in fair value as of March 31, 2019 was reflected as income from change in the fair market value of common stock warrant liability of $0.8  million in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three month period ended March 31, 2019.

 

Note 10:  Leases 



The Company leases office and manufacturing facilities in Hopewell Junction, NY under a non-cancelable operating lease agreement. The lease for these facilities, as amended, expires in May 2024 and does not contain a renewal option.  The lease agreement does not contain any residual value guarantees, or material restrictive covenants.  



The Company also leases an office facility for its design group in Santa Clara, California, that expires on October 31, 2019 .  Because the remaining term is less than one year, the Company has elected not to apply the recognition requirement of the new leasing standard to this lease.



19  


 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the components of operating lease expense were as follows:









 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31, 2019

Operating lease cost

 

$

246 

Short-term lease cost

 

 

14 

Total Lease Cost

 

$

260 



The Company's leases generally do not provide an implicit rate, and therefore the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate when measuring operating lease liabilities. The incremental borrowing rate represents an estimate of the interest rate the Company would incur at lease commencement to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over the term of a lease within a particular currency environment.  The Company used incremental borrowing rates as of January 1, 2019 for operating leases that commenced prior to that date.



The Company's weighted average remaining lease term and weighted average discount rate for operating leases as of March 31, 2019 are:









 

 

 



 

March 31, 2019

Weighted average remaining lease terms

 

 

5.17 Years

Weighted average discount rate

 

 

8.50%



The table below reconciles the undiscounted future minimum lease payments (displayed by year and in the aggregate) under noncancelable operating leases with terms of more than one year to the total operating lease liabilities recognized on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019:









 

 

 

April 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019

 

$

752 

2020

 

 

1,002 

2021

 

 

1,002 

2022

 

 

1,014 

2023

 

 

1,022 

Thereafter

 

 

426 

Total undiscounted future minimum lease payments

 

 

5,218 

Less: Difference between undiscounted lease payments and discounted operating lease liabilities

 

 

981 

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$

4,237 



Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities were $250  thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and this amount is included in operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

 

Note 11:  Subsequent Events



April 2019 Equity Raises



On April 9, 2019, the Company closed a registered direct offering of 4 million shares of Company common stock at a purchase price per share of $0.50 , for gross proceeds of approximately $2.0  million before deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses. The Company also issued unregistered warrants to the investor to purchase up to 3  million shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.78 per share. The warrants are exercisable six months following issuance and will expire five and one-half years from the issuance date.



On April 9, 2019, the Company closed an additional $2.0  million registered direct offering consisting of immediately exercisable pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 4  million shares of Company common stock at a purchase price of $0.49 per warrant and an exercise price of $0.01 per share. In a concurrent private placement, the Company issued to the investor in the registered direct offering unregistered warrants to purchase up to 3  million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.78 per share. The unregistered warrants are exercisable six months following issuance and will expire five and one-half years from the issuance date.



The Company intends to use the net proceeds from these offerings for working capital and other general corporate purposes.

20  


 

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 

 

Business



The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto. Our fiscal year ends December 31. This document contains certain forward ‑looking statements including, among others, anticipated trends in our financial condition and results of operations and our business strategy. These forward ‑looking statements are based largely on our current expectations and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. See Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors".  Actual results could differ materially from these forward ‑looking statements. Important factors to consider in evaluating such forward ‑looking statements include changes in external factors or in our internal budgeting process which might impact trends in our results of operations, unanticipated working capital or other cash requirements, changes in our business strategy or an inability to execute our strategy due to unanticipated changes in the industries in which we operate, and various competitive market factors that may prevent us from competing successfully in the marketplace.

Business



We believe that we will maintain our leadership position in our core military and commercial (including industrial and medical) markets by continuing to improve both product performance and manufacturing processes.  We believe that our technology roadmap should enable us to maintain our competitive advantage as we believe that our focus on high brightness aligns well with the performance requirements of current and future military ground and aviation programs in the U.S. and U.S allied countries across the globe.  Key growth opportunities for us include the consumer electronic and enterprise OEM markets where, we believe, our direct patterned  technology or dPd, is a key differentiator for enabling next generation AR/VR hardware because of its brightness and pixel density.  In order to achieve growth in the consumer and enterprise OEM markets, we believe we will need to partner with industry leaders in consumer electronics who can help us capitalize on our technology to meet the needs of end users from both a cost and performance standpoint.   Our strategy for these markets is to license our dPd technology and to partner with established high volume manufacturers in the mass production of microdisplays.



During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we made progress towards our goals of securing new U.S. military programs, broadening our presence in foreign military applications, and in commercial, including industrial and medical, markets. We continue to participate in government discussions on microdisplay development for future defense aviation/mounted/dismounted programs and to position our displays as a key component of the future Soldier System 2030 technology suite for enhanced soldier performance and accelerated decision making.  As the only U.S. based manufacturer of OLED microdisplays, we are also working to secure additional government funding to ensure the advancement of our manufacturing capabilities in support of defense programs that may benefit from our standard and high brightness OLED microdisplays including those incorporating our dPd technology.



We continue to work towards our strategic shift from being solely a component provider to offering our customers a more complete solution.  We have developed a prism optic, which we shipped during the quarter to a major military customer for evaluation.  We also developed a fiber optic taper that will enable our displays to be incorporated into products which are being retrofitted or otherwise designed for a different sized microdisplay.  In addition, a new assembly process was developed and validated that allows additional optical elements to be attached to our microdisplays, providing for a broader range of applications by the customer with less up-front engineering design work.



Our technology development efforts continue to focus on advancing and enhancing our leading dPd display technology.  During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we continued to improve the performance and availability of our dPd displays by incorporating in the manufacturing process equipment that improves production yields and expands throughput and that  increases  the maximum brightness, and lowers their power consumption.  Our goal is to achieve at least 10,000 nits by year-end 2019. Additionally, such efficient and high brightness displays lead to longer battery life and longer device lifetime for a given brightness. We believe that our high luminance OLED-on-silicon technology is gaining greater attention in the AR/VR industry, which requires high brightness and has contributed to our signing agreements with multiple Tier One consumer product and electronics companies.



Operationally, we furthered our progress on our multi-year yield improvement initiative as we continued to increase production resources, make key technical hires, and install new, advanced production equipment.  This initiative is expected to position us to increase production capacity, lower unit costs and achieve greater operating efficiencies which we believe will enable us to meet growing customer demand and achieve higher gross profits.  As part of our yield improvement initiative, we also qualified for production capital equipment acquisitions made over the past several quarters.  We expect that these additions will increase production reliability by reducing our dependency on critical equipment at key stages of the production process while providing greater operating flexibility and permitting us to address the increasingly demanding needs of our customers without compromising throughput volumes or unit profitability.  



21  


 

Production activities during the first quarter were negatively impacted by manufacturing challenges which arose in the fourth quarter of 2018.  During the fourth quarter, delays in the process qualification of a product type on our higher volume deposition tool along with an equipment issue led to a loss of production and lower yields.  Although remedial measures were implemented and yields and production volumes began to recover, delays continued in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and, as a result, shipments for the quarter were less than originally planned. The equipment purchases, installations, and qualifications mentioned above should reduce the probability of future reoccurrences.





New Business



We are seeing growing demand for our products, particularly under U.S. military and aviation programs and with new and existing international customers. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we sold to over 70 customers and supplied products for over 20 new programs.  The increased demand is leading to more orders and the requested acceleration of existing orders.   As of March 31, 2019, our backlog of products scheduled for delivery through March 31, 2020, was $10.7 million an increase of approximately $100 thousand over the backlog of $10.6 million at December 31, 2018. Variations in the magnitude and duration of purchase orders and customer delivery requirements may result in substantial fluctuations in backlog from period to period.  Many of our purchase orders allow for rescheduling or cancellation by the customer with no or limited penalties.



Among our successes during the first quarter were:



·

We processed the initial 4K x 4K wafers that we designed and which we received in December. Results of the initial tests validated the base functionality of the 4K x 4K display and confirmed our ability to develop large area silicon microdisplay with no visible non-uniformities. Validation at the individual display level is expected to be completed during the second quarter with full color prototype development using our dPd technology completed in the third quarter.

·

We continued to deliver displays for the F-35 Lightning II helmet throughout the first quarter while concurrently working closely with the Collins Aerospace team to further improve the display in preparation for Low Rate Initial Production.

·

We continued to expand our penetration of the medical device market.  During the quarter, we received an order from a new customer, an innovative developer and manufacturer of diagnostic and ophthalmic surgical equipment.  Our applications engineering team has been working closely with the customer on the development of their next generation diagnostic equipment.

·

We received a follow-on order of $239 thousand in April 2019 in support of the Javelin Missile program Command Launch Unit. This order is in addition to the order we received totaling $560 thousand in 2018. 

·

We continue to support full rate production for the US ARMY Enhanced Night Vision Goggle (ENVG) III program. We also continue our support to both prime contractors with display deliveries and engineering support for pre-production units for the ENVG Binocular program.  This program is anticipated to commence production in late 2019/early 2020 with an overall acquisition objective by the US Army of 190,000 systems. 

·

In April, we received a $627 thousand order for the ENVG II program, which the Company has been supporting since 2013.  This order speaks to the ongoing revenue opportunities of the many programs we are on during their sustainment production mode.

·

Ground and flight tests were successfully completed in fourth quarter of 2018 for a major US Army helicopter helmet upgrade program to retrofit high brightness microdisplays into the current fielded helmet.

·

During 2018, we received $830 thousand from the US Army for OLED display production and yield improvement projects and $150 thousand in the first quarter of 2019.  An additional $900 thousand of projects are under consideration with this successful program, of which $120 thousand has already been confirmed during 2019. 

·

We were informed that our microdisplay has been selected for a US rotary wing helmet program for which procurement is expected beginning in 2020. We expect more information volumes and delivery dates on this multi-year program later in 2019.

22  


 

New Technology Development



Our technology development centers on advancing our industry-leading high brightness full-color microdisplays incorporating our color filter and proprietary dPd technology. We believe our dPd 2K x 2K displays demonstrate the best combination of high brightness and resolution in the global market today.  We have designed these displays to incorporate the attributes that consumer electronics companies demand for their next generation products including variable persistence and global illumination.  We view the continued development and demonstration of the advantages of our dPd technology as integral to driving our growth in the enterprise and consumer AR/VR markets, and to accelerate our discussions with mass production partners.



Recent improvements in our manufacturing processes have led to the production of microdisplays with brightness levels that surpass the 5,000 nits threshold requirements of Tier One companies for their AR/VR applications and put us on track to exceed the future brightness levels required by the military. We developed microdisplays that achieved a measured brightness of 7,500 nits in 2018 and are targeting a brightness of 10,000 nits in full color by the end of 2019, consistent with our goal of achieving over 25,000 nits by the end of 2021.  This compares to brightness levels of our standard full color products in the range of 150 to 1,500 nits.



We have also made proprietary architectural improvements and incorporated superior performing OLED materials that have led to demonstrated improvements in the efficiency and lifetime of our displays.  In concert with these initiatives, we are upgrading our existing direct patterning equipment which we expect will significantly extend the lifetime of our dPd displays and improve production yields and volumes.  The equipment upgrade is scheduled to be completed and qualified during the second quarter of 2019 with dPd display production commencing in the third quarter of 2019.



We have also demonstrated a high efficiency OLED stack that can deliver maximum brightness levels in the range of 2,500 - 3,000 nits using our core white OLED with color filter technology. This level of brightness is well suited for many of our customers whose products require higher brightness than our OLED-XLS platform. We expect to optimize this process and qualify it by the end of the fourth quarter of 2019.



New Product Development



Our next generation AR/VR 4K x 4K microdisplay design was successfully evaluated at wafer level this past quarter, validating both foundry and eMagin processes as suitable for large area microdisplay on silicon applications. Component level evaluation is being performed during the second quarter, with the expected completion of full color prototype using our dPd technology completed during the third quarter of 2019.



We continue our initiative to move from providing simply a component to offering a more comprehensive solution to our customers.  A new assembly process was developed and validated that allows additional optical elements to be attached to our microdisplays. The validation was conducted over a larger than typical temperature range, demonstrating a solid robustness for multiple ground and airborne environments.  We delivered to a major foreign customer the prism optic we are developing for our SXGA 096 display.  Customer feedback is expected during the second quarter, which could lead to the development of production tooling for the optical elements.  We believe these efforts have the potential to generate sizeable revenues. 



We also developed a fiber optic taper that will enable our displays to be incorporated into products which are being retrofitted or otherwise designed for a different sized microdisplay.  This will enable the customer to do so more efficiently and at a lower cost than would be associated with a major redesign to accommodate the original sized display.  With existing end-use products being upgraded and the increasing demand for higher performance displays, this can give us significant opportunities for growth in new business and garner market share from other display companies which offer competing, and oftentimes inferior, display technologies.  The fiber optic taper is currently being evaluated by one major prime defense contractor with interest expressed by other defense contractors.  



Employees



At March 31, 2019, we had 106 employees, of whom 104 were full-time employees, as compared to 105 employees, of whom 103 were full-time employees, at December 31, 2018.   



A detailed discussion of our business and operations may be found in Part I, “Business,” of our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, and as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2019. 



23  


 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES 



Please refer to the information provided under the heading "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2019, for a discussion of our critical accounting policies. There were no material changes to such policies in the first three months of 2019.  New accounting policies adopted during the quarter are described in Note 1, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this report.





RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2019 COMPARED TO THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2018



Revenues 







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018

 

Change



 

(in thousands)

Product

 

$

5,507 

 

$

5,863 

 

$

(356)

Contract

 

$

605 

 

$

1,004 

 

$

(399)

Total revenue, net

 

$

6,112 

 

$

6,867 

 

$

(755)



Revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were $6.1 million and $6.9 million, respectively. Product revenue is comprised primarily of sales of displays as well as sales of other hardware.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, product revenue decreased by $0.4 million, as compared to revenue of $5.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease in display revenues in the first quarter of 2019 was primarily due to the effects of certain fourth quarter 2018 production issues which continued into the first quarter and resulted lower than planned shipments.



Contract revenue is comprised of revenue from research and development (“R&D”), commercial contracts and non-recurring engineering (“NRE”) contracts.  For the three  months ended March 31, 2019, contract revenue decreased by $0.4 million compared to the same period last year.  The decrease in contract revenue for the three months ended March 31 2019 was primarily due to timing of development work on a consumer contract.



Cost of Revenues





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2019

 

2018

 

Change



 

(in thousands)

Product

 

$

4,426 

 

$

4,359 

 

$

67 

Contract

 

$

350 

 

$

528 

 

$

(178)

Total cost of revenues

 

$

4,776 

 

$

4,887 

 

$

(111)



Total cost of revenues is comprised of costs of product and contract revenues.  Cost of product revenue includes materials, labor and manufacturing overhead, warranty costs and depreciation related to our products. Total cost of revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased by $0.1 million, compared to the prior year’s period primarily due to decreases in contract costs.



24  


 

The following table outlines product and contract total gross profit and related gross margins for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (dollars in thousands): 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended



March 31,



2019

 

2018



($ in thousands)

Product revenues gross profit

$

1,081 

 

 

$

1,504 

 

Product revenues gross margin

 

20 

%

 

 

26 

Contract revenues gross profit

$

255 

  

 

$

476 

 

Contract revenues gross margin

 

42