Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 05/09/2019 @ 9:57PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Acme United Corp (ACU)
Quote : 19.8473  -0.0227 (-0.11%) @ 6:11PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2019
   
  or
   
[_] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  For the transition period from: ___________ to ___________
  Commission file number: 01-07698

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Connecticut   06-0236700
State or Other Jurisdiction of   I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
Incorporation or Organization    
     
55 Walls Drive, Fairfield, Connecticut   06824
Address of Principal Executive Offices   Zip Code

 

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (203) 254-6060

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (l) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  [X]     No  [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (sec. 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  [X]     No  [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one).

 

Large accelerated filer [_] Accelerated filer [X]
   
Non-accelerated filer [_] Smaller Reporting Company [X]
   
Emerging growth company [_]  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(s) of the Exchange Act [_] 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) . Yes  [_]     No  [X]

 

Registrant had 3,352,130 shares of its $2.50 par value Common Stock outstanding as of May 3, 2019.

 

  1  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

INDEX

    Page Number
   
Part I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION:  
Item 1: Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 3
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

5
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

6
 

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

7
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 8
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 9
Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 15
Item 3:  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 19
Item 4:  Controls and Procedures 19
     
Part II — OTHER INFORMATION:  
Item 1:    Legal Proceedings 19
Item 1A: Risk Factors 19
Item 2:    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 19
Item 3:    Defaults Upon Senior Securities 19
Item 4:    Mine Safety Disclosures 19
Item 5:    Other Information 19
Item 6:   Exhibits 19
Signatures 20

 

 

  2  

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1: Financial Statements

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(all amounts in thousands)

       

 

    March 31,   December 31,
    2019   2018
    (unaudited)   (Note 1)
         
ASSETS                
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 3,798     $ 4,409  
Accounts receivable, less allowance     25,228       25,102  
Inventories, net     40,570       41,332  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     2,281       2,149  
Total current assets     71,877       72,992  
Property, plant and equipment:                
Land     1,420       1,423  
Buildings     10,267       10,144  
Machinery and equipment     18,550       18,244  
      30,237       29,811  
Less: accumulated depreciation     15,814       15,268  
      14,423       14,543  
                 
Operating lease right-of-use asset     2,674       —    
Goodwill     4,696       4,696  
Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization     16,736       17,044  
Other assets     209       203  
Total assets   $ 110,615     $ 109,478  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  3  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (continued)

(all amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

       

 

    March 31,   December 31,
    2019   2018
    (unaudited)   (Note 1)
         
LIABILITIES                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 5,672     $ 7,983  
Lease liability - current portion     1,030       —    
Current portion of mortgage payable     267       267  
Other accrued liabilities     4,374       5,115  
Total current liabilities     11,343       13,365  
Long-term debt     41,340       40,283  
Mortgage payable, net of current portion     3,378       3,444  
Lease liability - non current portion     1,650       —    
Other accrued liabilities - non current     36       53  
Total liabilities     57,747       57,145  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies                
                 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY                
Common stock, par value $2.50:                
authorized 8,000,000 shares;                
issued - 4,838,071 shares in 2019 and 2018,                
including treasury stock     12,094       12,094  
Additional paid-in capital     9,114       8,982  
Retained earnings     48,074       47,550  
Treasury stock, at cost - 1,487,238 shares in 2019 and 2018     (14,235 )     (14,235 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss:                
Minimum pension liability     (661 )     (539 )
Translation adjustment     (1,518 )     (1,519 )
      (2,179 )     (2,058 )
Total stockholders’ equity     52,868       52,333  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 110,615     $ 109,478  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  4  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

       

 

    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
    2019   2018
Net sales   $ 31,370     $ 31,709  
Cost of goods sold     19,568       19,585  
                 
Gross profit     11,802       12,124  
                 
Selling, general and administrative expenses     10,268       10,759  
Operating income     1,534       1,365  
                 
Non-operating items:                
Interest:                
Interest expense     510       412  
Interest income     (9 )     (7 )
Interest expense, net     501       405  
Other income, net     (2 )     (13 )
Total other expense, net     499       392  
Income before income tax expense     1,035       973  
Income tax expense     228       209  
Net income   $ 807     $ 764  
                 
Basic earnings per share   $ 0.24     $ 0.23  
                 
Diluted earnings per share   $ 0.24     $ 0.21  
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding                
denominator used for basic per share computations     3,351       3,374  
Weighted average number of dilutive stock options outstanding     41       288  
Denominator used for diluted per share computations     3,392       3,662  
                 
Dividends declared per share   $ 0.12     $ 0.11  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  5  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands)

       

 

    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
    2019   2018
         
Net income   $ 807     $ 764  
Other comprehensive income:                
Foreign currency translation adjustment     1       18  
Comprehensive income   $ 808     $ 782  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  6  

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

               

 

    Outstanding Shares of Common Stock   Common Stock   Treasury
 Stock
  Additional Paid-In Capital   Accumulated
 Other Comprehensive Loss
  Retained Earnings   Total
Balances, December 31, 2017     3,374,061     $ 12,094     $ (13,870 )   $ 8,881     $ (1,634 )   $ 44,467     $ 49,938  
                                                         
Net income                                             764       764  
Other comprehensive gain                                     18               18  
Stock compensation expense                             168                       168  
Distributions to shareholders                                             (371 )     (371 )
Cash settlement of stock options                             (25 )                     (25 )
Balances, March 31, 2018     3,374,061     $ 12,094     $ (13,870 )   $ 9,024     $ (1,616 )   $ 44,860     $ 50,492  
                                                         
                                                         
Balances, December 31, 2018     3,350,833     $ 12,094     $ (14,235 )   $ 8,982     $ (2,058 )   $ 47,550     $ 52,332  
                                                         
Net income                                             807       807  
Other comprehensive gain                                     1         1  
Adoption of ASU 2018-02                                     (122 )     122       -  
Stock compensation expense                             212                       212  
Distributions to shareholders                                             (405 )     (405 )
Cash settlement of stock options                             (80 )                     (80 )
Balances, March 31, 2019     3,350,833     $ 12,094     $ (14,235 )   $ 9,114     $ (2,179 )   $ 48,074     $ 52,868  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.            

  7  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands)

 

    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
    2019   2018
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net income   $ 807     $ 764  
Adjustments to reconcile net income                
to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation     551       475  
Amortization of intangible assets     308       306  
Amortization of right of use assets     248          
Stock compensation expense     212       168  
Accounts receivable     (132 )     1,501  
Inventories     770       (1,774 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (70 )     (623 )
Accounts payable     (2,544 )     (3,645 )
Other accrued liabilities     (833 )     (1,747 )
Total adjustments     (1,490 )     (5,339 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (683 )     (4,575 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchase of property, plant and equipment     (438 )     (897 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (438 )     (897 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Net borrowings (repayments) of long-term debt     1,057       (2,350 )
Cash settlement of stock options     (80 )     (45 )
Repayments on mortgage     (67 )     (67 )
Distributions to shareholders     (405 )     (371 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     505       (2,833 )
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents     5       32  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents     (611 )     (8,273 )
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     4,409       9,338  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 3,798     $ 1,065  
                 
Supplemental cash flow information:                
Cash paid for income taxes   $ 170     $ 297  
Cash paid for interest   $ 487     $ 404  

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  8  

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

Notes to CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED Financial Statements

(UNAUDITED)

1. Basis of Presentation

In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Acme United Corporation (the “Company”). These adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. However, the financial statements do not include all of the disclosures normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America or those normally made in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K. Please refer to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for such disclosures. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions subsequent to March 31, 2019 and through the date these condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.

 

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), associated with lease accounting. There have been further amendments, including practical expedients, with the issuance of ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, in July 2018, and ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic 842) Narrow Scope Improvements for Lessors, in December 2018. The amended guidance requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases with terms in excess of 12 months and currently classified as operating leases. Disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements are also required. We elected the optional transition method which allows entities to continue to apply historical accounting guidance in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption.

 

At transition, lessees and lessors may elect to apply a package of practical expedients permitting entities not to reassess: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases; (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (iii) whether initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases qualify for capitalization under the amended guidance. These practical expedients must be elected as a package and consistently applied. We have elected to apply the package of practical expedients upon adoption. The most significant effects of adoption relate to the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on our balance sheet for operating leases and providing new disclosures about leasing activities. Upon adoption, the Company booked a right-of-use asset of $2.9 million and a corresponding lease liability. See note 9 for additional information.

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income . ASU No. 2018-02 provides companies with an option to reclassify stranded tax effects within accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) to retained earnings in each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (or portion thereof) is recorded. ASU No. 2018-02 also requires disclosure of a description of the accounting policy for releasing income tax effects from AOCI and whether an election was made to reclassify the stranded income tax effects from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. ASU No. 2018-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Companies can adopt the provisions of ASU No. 2018-02 in either the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. The Company adopted, this ASU effective January 1, 2019 and this resulted in a reclassification between retained earnings and AOCI. The impact from this ASU increased retained earnings by approximately $0.1 million, with an offsetting increase to accumulated other comprehensive loss for the same amount .

 

  9  

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting . ASU 2018-07 aligns the accounting for share-based payment awards issued to employees and non-employees. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2019 did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow of the Company.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20), Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosures Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) . This ASU removes disclosures that no longer are considered cost beneficial, clarifies the specific requirements of disclosures, and adds disclosure requirements identified as relevant. ASU 2018-14 is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-14 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

2. Contingencies

 

There are no pending material legal proceedings to which the Company is a party, or, to the actual knowledge of the Company, contemplated by any governmental authority.

 

3. Pension

 

In December 1995, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amendment to the Company’s United States pension plan that terminated all future benefit accruals as of February 1, 1996, without terminating the pension plan.

 

Components of net periodic benefit cost are as follows (in thousands):

    Three Months Ended March 31,
    2019   2018
         
Service cost   $ 9     $ 9  
                 
Interest cost   $ 9     $ 10  
Expected return on plan assets     (14 )     (17 )
Amortization of actuarial loss     22       22  
     Total non-service cost   $ 17     $ 15  
                 
Net periodic pension cost   $ 26     $ 24  

 

The Company’s funding policy with respect to its qualified plan is to contribute at least the minimum amount required by applicable laws and regulations. In 2019, the Company is not required to contribute to the plan. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had not made any contributions to the plan.

 

4 . Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers , using the modified retrospective method. The new revenue standard requires recognition of revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

 

Nature of Goods and Services

 

The Company recognizes revenue from the sales of a broad line of products that are grouped into two main categories: (i) cutting, sharpening and other; and (ii) first aid and safety. The cutting, sharpening and other category includes scissors, knives, paper trimmers, pencil sharpeners and other sharpening tools. The first aid and safety category includes first aid kits and refills, over-the-counter medications and a variety of safety products. Revenue recognition is evaluated through the following five steps: (i) identification of the contract or contracts with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as a performance obligation is satisfied.

 

  10  

 

When Performance Obligations Are Satisfied

 

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer.  A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. Revenue is generated by the sale of the Company’s products to its customers.  Sales contracts (purchase orders) generally have a single performance obligation that is satisfied at a point in time, with shipment or delivery, depending on the terms of the underlying contract. Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in the contract. The amount of consideration we receive and revenue we recognize is impacted by incentives ("customer rebates"), including sales rebates, which are generally tied to sales volume levels, in-store promotional allowances, shared media and customer catalog allowances and other cooperative advertising arrangements; freight allowance programs offered to our customers; and allowance for returns and discounts. We generally recognize customer rebate costs as a deduction to gross sales at the time that the associated revenue is recognized.

 

Significant Payment Terms

 

Payment terms for each customer are dependent on the agreed upon contractual repayment terms. Payment terms typically are between 30 and 90 days, they vary dependent on the size of the customer and its risk profile to the Company. Some customers receive discounts for early payment.

 

Product Returns

 

The Company accepts product returns in the normal course of business. The Company estimates reserves for returns and the related refunds to customers based on historical experience. Reserves for returned merchandise are included as a component of “Accounts receivable” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Practical Expedient Usage and Accounting Policy Elections

 

The Company has determined to utilize the modified retrospective approach which requires cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the current year. This opening adjustment is determined based on the impact of the new revenue standard’s application on contracts that were not completed as of January 1, 2018, the date of initial application of the standard. This election did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

For the Company’s contracts that have an original duration of one year or less, the Company uses the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-32-18 applicable to such contracts and does not consider the time value of money in relation to significant financing components.  The effect of applying this practical expedient election did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

Per ASC 606-10-25-18B, the Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer has obtained control as a fulfillment activity instead of a performance obligation. Furthermore, shipping and handling activities performed before transfer of control of the product also do not constitute a separate and distinct performance obligation.

 

The Company has elected to exclude from the transaction price those amounts which relate to sales and other taxes that are assessed by governmental authorities and that are imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from a customer.

 

Applying the practical expedient in ASC 340-40-25-4, Other Assets and Deferred Costs, the Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred. These costs are included in “Selling, general and administrative expenses.” The effect of applying this practical expedient did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Disaggregation of Revenues

 

The following table represents external net sales disaggregated by product category:

 

  11  

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019

(amounts in 000's)                

 

    U.S.   Canada   Europe   Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other   $ 13 ,172     $ 1,413     $ 2,518     $ 17,103  
First Aid and Safety     14,267       —         —         14,267  
                                 
Total Net Sales   $ 27,439     $ 1,413     $ 2,518     $ 31,370  

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018

(amounts in 000's)                

 

    U.S.   Canada   Europe   Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other   $ 12,496     $ 1,552     $ 2,380     $ 16,428  
First Aid and Safety     15,281       —         —         15,281  
                                 
Total Net Sales   $ 27,777     $ 1,552     $ 2,380     $ 31,709  

 

 

5. Debt and Shareholders’ Equity

 

On May 24, 2018, the Company amended its revolving loan agreement with HSBC Bank, N.A. The amendment lowered the interest rate to LIBOR plus 1.75%; interest is payable monthly. In addition, the expiration date of the credit facility was extended to May 24, 2023. The prior interest rate was LIBOR plus 2%. The amount available for borrowing remains unchanged at $50 million. The Company must pay a facility fee, payable quarterly, in an amount equal to two tenths of one percent (.20%) per annum of the average daily unused portion of the revolving credit line. The facility is intended to provide liquidity for growth, share repurchases, dividends, acquisitions, and other business activities. Under the revolving loan agreement, the Company is required to maintain specific amounts of tangible net worth, a specified debt to net worth ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio and must have annual net income greater than zero, measured as of the end of each fiscal year. At March 31, 2019, the Company was in compliance with the covenants of the loan agreement.

 

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding borrowings of $41,340,000 and $40,283,000, respectively, under the Company’s revolving loan agreement with HSBC.

 

On October 26, 2017, the Company exercised its option to purchase its First Aid Only manufacturing and distribution center in Vancouver, WA for $4.0 million. The property consists of 53,000 square feet of office, manufacturing, and warehouse space on 2.86 acres. The purchase was financed by a variable rate mortgage with HSBC Bank, N.A. at an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.5%. Commencing on December 1, 2017, principal payments of $22,222 are due monthly, with all amounts outstanding due on maturity on October 31, 2024.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company paid approximately $79,800 to optionees who had elected a net cash settlement of their respective options.

 

6. Segment Information

 

The Company reports financial information based on the organizational structure used by the Company’s chief operating decision makers for making operating and investment decisions and for assessing performance. The Company’s reportable business segments consist of: (1) United States; (2) Canada; and (3) Europe. As described below, the activities of the Company’s Asian operations are closely linked to those of the U.S. operations; accordingly, the Company’s chief operating decision makers review the financial results of both on a consolidated basis, and the results of the Asian operations have been aggregated with the results of the United States operations to form one reportable segment called the “United States segment” or “U.S. segment”. Each reportable segment derives its revenue from the sales of cutting devices, measuring instruments and safety products for school, office, home, hardware, sporting and industrial use.

 

  12  

 

Domestic sales orders are filled primarily from the Company’s distribution centers in North Carolina, Washington, Massachusetts, Tennessee and California. The Company is responsible for the costs of shipping, insurance, customs clearance, duties, storage and distribution related to such products. Orders filled from the Company’s inventory are generally for less than container-sized lots.

 

Direct import sales are products sold by the Company’s Asian subsidiary, directly to major U.S. retailers, who take ownership of the products in Asia. These sales are completed by delivering product to the customers’ common carriers at the shipping points in Asia. Direct import sales are made in larger quantities than domestic sales, typically full containers. Direct import sales represented approximately 8% of the Company’s total net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 7% for the comparable period in 2018.

 

The Chief Operating Decision Maker evaluates the performance of each operating segment based on segment revenues and operating income. Segment revenues are defined as total revenues, including both external customer revenue and inter-segment revenue. Segment operating earnings are defined as segment revenues, less cost of goods sold and operating expenses. Identifiable assets by segment are those assets used in the respective reportable segment’s operations. Inter-segment amounts are eliminated to arrive at consolidated financial results.

 

The following table sets forth certain financial data by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

Financial data by segment:

(in thousands)

    Three months ended
March 31,
Sales to external customers: 2019   2018
United States   $ 27,439     $ 27,777  
Canada     1,413       1,552  
Europe     2,518       2,380  
Consolidated   $ 31,370     $ 31,709  
                 
Operating income:                
United States   $ 1,257     $ 1,116  
Canada     135       139  
Europe     142       110  
Consolidated   $ 1,534     $ 1,365  
                 
Interest expense, net     501       405  
Other income, net     (2 )     (13 )
Consolidated income before income taxes   $ 1,035     $ 973  

 

 

Assets by segment:        
    March 31,   December 31,
    2019   2018
United States   $ 100,450     $ 99,721  
Canada     4,294       3,839  
Europe     5,871       5,918  
Consolidated   $ 110,615     $ 109,478  

7. Stock Based Compensation

The Company recognizes share-based compensation at the fair value of the equity instrument on the grant date. Compensation expense is recognized over the required service period. Share-based compensation expenses were $211,759 and $168,351 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2019, there was a total of $1,948,937 of unrecognized compensation cost, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, related to non-vested share-based payments granted to the Company’s employees. As of that date, the remaining unamortized expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately three years.

 

  13  

 

8. Fair Value Measurements

 

The carrying value of the Company’s bank debt is a reasonable estimate of fair value because of the nature of its payment terms and maturity.

 

9. Leases

 

The Company has operating leases for office and warehouse space and equipment under various arrangements which provide the right to use the underlying asset and require lease payments for the lease term. The Company’s lease portfolio consists of operating leases which expire at various dates through 2024.

 

Certain of the Company’s lease arrangements contain renewal provisions, exercisable at the Company's option. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is an operating lease at inception. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. All other leases are recorded on the balance sheet with right-of-use (“ROU”) assets representing the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities representing the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.

 

ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term and include options to extend or terminate the lease when they are reasonably certain to be exercised. The present value of lease payments is determined primarily using our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date. Lease agreements with lease and non-lease components are generally accounted for as a single lease component. The Company’s operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Operating lease expense was $0.3 million for the period ending March 31, 2019 of which $0.1 million is included in cost of goods sold and $0.2 million is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Information related to leases:

 

Operating lease cost   $ 290  
Operating lease - cash flow   $ 284  
Weighted-average remaining lease term     3.3 years  
Weighted-average discount rate     5 %

 

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases as of March 31, 2019 (in 000’s):

 

2019 (remaining)   $ 819  
2020     928  
2021     573  
2022     279  
2023     255  
Thereafter     64  
         
Total future minimum lease payments   $ 2,918  
Less: imputed interest     (238 )
Present value of lease liabilities   $ 2,680  

 

As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on information available at the lease commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments.

 

  14  

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF

FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Information

 

The Company may from time to time make written or oral “forward-looking statements” including statements contained in this report and in other communications by the Company, which are made in good faith pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements are based on our beliefs as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to us. When used in this document, words like “may,” “might,” “will,” “except,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “potential,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from our current expectations.

 

Forward-looking statements in this report, including without limitation, statements related to the Company’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions and adequacy of resources, are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including, without limitation, the following: (i) changes in the Company’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations and intentions, which may be made at any time at the discretion of the Company; (ii) the impact of uncertainties in global economic conditions, including the impact on the Company’s suppliers and customers; (iii) changes in client needs and consumer spending habits; (iv) the impact of competition and technological changes on the Company; (v) the Company’s ability to manage its growth effectively, including its ability to successfully integrate any business it might acquire; (vi) currency fluctuations; (vii) increases in the cost of borrowings resulting from rising interest rates; (viii) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; and (ix) other risks and uncertainties indicated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

For a more detailed discussion of these and other factors affecting the Company, see the Risk Factors described in Item 1A included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 and below under “Financial Condition”. All forward-looking statements in this report are based upon information available to the Company on the date of this report. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Other than the adoption of the new lease guidance as described below , there were no other material changes in our critical accounting policies since the end of fiscal year 2018.

 

Results of Operations

 

Traditionally, the Company’s sales are stronger in the second and third quarters and weaker in the first and fourth quarters of the fiscal year, due to the seasonal nature of the back-to-school market.

 

Net sales

 

Consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were $31,370,000 compared with $31,709,000 in the same period in 2018, a 1% decrease. Net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 in the U.S. segment decreased 1%, compared with the same period in 2018. Sales in the U.S. for the three month period decreased compared to the same period last year, primarily due to initial shipments of first aid products to a major distributor to the food service industry that took place in the first quarter of 2018.

 

  15  

 

Net sales in Canada for the three months ended March 31, 2019 decreased 9% in U.S. dollars and 5% in local currency, compared with the same period in 2018. The decrease in sales is primarily due to a large initial order from a new customer in the first quarter 2018 that did not repeat in the first quarter of 2019.

 

European net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased 6% in U.S. dollars and 14% in local currency, compared with the same period in 2018. The increase in net sales for the three months was primarily due to new customers in the office products channel and growth of DMT sharpening products.

 

Gross profit

 

Gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $11,802,000 (37.6% of net sales) compared to $12,124,000 (38.2% of net sales) for the same period in 2018. The lower gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is primarily due to an unfavorable product mix compared to the same period in 2018.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were $10,268,000 (32.7% of net sales) compared with $10,759,000 (33.9% of net sales) for the same period of 2018, a decrease of $491,000. The decrease in SG&A expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to the same period in 2018 was primarily due to lower commissions and shipping costs related to lower sales, as well as the result of the Company’s strategy to reduce expenses this year, which commenced in the second half of 2018.

 

Operating income

 

Operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $1,534,000 compared with $1,365,000 in the same period of 2018. Operating income in the U.S. segment increased by $141,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to the same period in 2018.

 

Operating income in the Canadian segment decreased by $4,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018.

 

Operating income in the European segment increased by $32,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018.

 

Interest expense, net

 

Interest expense, net for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $501,000, compared with $405,000 for the same period of 2018, a $96,000 increase. The increase in interest expense resulted from a higher average interest rate under the Company’s revolving credit facility during the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared the same period in 2018.

 

Other income, net

 

Other income, net was $2,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to other income, net of $13,000 in the same period of 2018. The decrease in other income, net for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was primarily due to higher loses from foreign currency transactions.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company’s effective tax rate for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was 22%.

 

  16  

 

Financial Condition

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

During the first three months of 2019, working capital increased approximately $0.9 million compared to December 31, 2018. Inventory decreased approximately $0.8 million at March 31, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018. Inventory turnover calculated using a twelve-month average inventory balance, was 2.2 at March 31, 2019 compared to 2.1 at December 31, 2018. Receivables increased by approximately $0.1 million at March 31, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018. The average number of days sales outstanding in accounts receivable was 65 days at March 31, 2019 compared to 66 days at December 31, 2018. Accounts payable and other current liabilities decreased by approximately $2.0 million at March 31, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018.

 

The Company's working capital, current ratio and long-term debt to equity ratio are as follows:

 

    March 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
               
Working capital   $ 60,534     $ 59,627  
Current ratio     6.34       5.46  
Long term debt to equity ratio     78.2 %     77.0 %

     

During the first three months of 2019, total debt outstanding under the Company’s revolving credit facility increased by approximately $1.1 million, compared to total debt thereunder at December 31, 2018. As of March 31, 2019, $41,340,000 was outstanding and $8,660,000 was available for borrowing under the Company’s credit facility

 

On May 24, 2018, the Company amended its revolving loan agreement with HSBC Bank, N.A. The amendment lowered the interest rate to LIBOR plus 1.75%; interest is payable monthly. In addition, the expiration date of the credit facility was extended to May 24, 2023. The prior interest rate was LIBOR plus 2%. The amount available for borrowing remains unchanged at $50 million. The Company must pay a facility fee, payable quarterly, in an amount equal to two tenths of one percent (.20%) per annum of the average daily unused portion of the revolving credit line. The facility is intended to provide liquidity for growth, share repurchases, dividends, acquisitions, and other business activities. Under the revolving loan agreement, the Company is required to maintain specific amounts of tangible net worth, a specified debt to net worth ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio and must have annual net income greater than zero, measured as of the end of each fiscal year. At March 31, 2019, the Company was in compliance with the covenants of the loan agreement.

 

On October 26, 2017, the Company exercised its option to purchase its First Aid Only manufacturing and distribution center in Vancouver, WA for $4.0 million. The property consists of 53,000 square feet of office, manufacturing, and warehouse space on 2.86 acres. The purchase was financed by a variable rate mortgage with HSBC Bank, N.A. at an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.5%. Commencing on December 1, 2017, principal payments of $22,222 are due monthly, with all amounts outstanding due on maturity on October 31, 2024.

 

The Company believes that cash expected to be generated from operating activities, together with funds available under its revolving credit facility, will, under current conditions, be sufficient to finance the Company’s planned operations over the next twelve months from the filing of this report.

 

Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4: Controls and Procedures

 

(a) Evaluation of Internal Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

  17  

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

  18  

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1 — Legal Proceedings

 

There are no pending material legal proceedings to which the registrant is a party, or, to the actual knowledge of the Company, contemplated by any governmental authority.

 

Item 1A — Risk Factors

 

See Risk Factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Item 2 — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None.

 

Item 3 — Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4 — Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5 — Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6 — Exhibits

 

Documents filed as part of this report:

 

Exhibit 31.1 Certification of Walter C. Johnsen pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 31.2 Certification of Paul G. Driscoll pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 32.1 Certification of Walter C. Johnsen pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 32.2 Certification Paul G. Driscoll pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

  19  

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION  
   
   
 By /s/ Walter C. Johnsen  
 

Walter C. Johnsen
Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer

 
     
Dated:  May 9, 2019  

 

 

   
 By /s/ Paul G. Driscoll  
  Paul G. Driscoll
Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
 
     
Dated:  May 9, 2019  

 

 

20

Acme United (AMEX:ACU)
Historical Stock Chart

1 Year : From Oct 2018 to Oct 2019

Click Here for more Acme United Charts.

Acme United (AMEX:ACU)
Intraday Stock Chart

Today : Tuesday 15 October 2019

Click Here for more Acme United Charts.

Latest ACU Messages

{{bbMessage.M_Alias}} {{bbMessage.MSG_Date}} {{bbMessage.HowLongAgo}} {{bbMessage.MSG_ID}} {{bbMessage.MSG_Subject}}

Loading Messages....


No posts yet, be the first! No {{symbol}} Message Board. Create One! See More Posts on {{symbol}} Message Board See More Message Board Posts


Your Recent History
LSE
GKP
Gulf Keyst..
LSE
QPP
Quindell
FTSE
UKX
FTSE 100
LSE
IOF
Iofina
FX
GBPUSD
UK Sterlin..
Stocks you've viewed will appear in this box, letting you easily return to quotes you've seen previously.

Register now to create your own custom streaming stock watchlist.


NYSE, AMEX, and ASX quotes are delayed by at least 20 minutes.
All other quotes are delayed by at least 15 minutes unless otherwise stated.