Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 03/13/2017 @ 12:56PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Mmex Resources Corporation (PC) (MMEX)
Quote : 0.0055  0.0002 (3.77%) @ 4:00PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2016

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

 

Commission file number: 333-152608

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

(Exact name of Issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

26-1749145

(State or other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

3616 Far West Blvd. #117-321

Austin, Texas 78731

 

855-880-0400

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(Issuer’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

Smaller reporting company

x

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

Applicable only to issuers involved in bankruptcy proceedings during the preceding five years:

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ¨ No ¨

   

Applicable only to corporate issuers:

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of March 13, 2017 there were 2,473,923,522 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, issued and outstanding.

 

 
 
 
 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

QUARTER ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2016

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

 

3

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

20

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

 

27

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

 

29

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

 

29

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

 

29

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

 

29

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

 

29

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

 

29

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

 

30

 

 

 
2
 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of MMEX Resources Corporation and subsidiaries (the “Company”) are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.

 

In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company for the interim periods presented.

 

Operating results and cash flows for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or the full fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2016 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

 

 
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MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

October 31,
2016

 

 

April 30,
2016

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$ 209

 

 

$ 1,030

 

Total current assets

 

 

209

 

 

 

1,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

-

 

 

 

386

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$ 209

 

 

$ 1,416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$ 737,194

 

 

$ 651,188

 

Accounts payable – related party

 

 

4,760

 

 

 

-

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

1,053,217

 

 

 

984,387

 

Accrued expenses – related party

 

 

67,545

 

 

 

64,420

 

Notes payable, currently in default

 

 

375,000

 

 

 

375,000

 

Convertible notes payable, currently in default

 

 

195,001

 

 

 

195,001

 

Convertible preferred stock, currently in default

 

 

137,500

 

 

 

137,500

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

362,511

 

 

 

395,619

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

2,932,728

 

 

 

2,803,115

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock; $0.001 par value, 3,000,000,000 shares authorized, 383,528,409

and 180,432,013 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2016 and

April 30, 2016, respectively

 

 

383,529

 

 

 

180,434

 

Common stock payable

 

 

505,821

 

 

 

3,395,483

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

26,920,335

 

 

 

24,154,130

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

(377,534 )

 

 

(376,619 )

Accumulated (deficit)

 

 

(30,364,670 )

 

 

(30,155,127 )

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

 

(2,932,519 )

 

 

(2,801,699 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$ 209

 

 

$ 1,416

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
October 31,

 

 

Six Months Ended
October 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

102,651

 

 

 

32,743

 

 

 

126,241

 

 

 

134,087

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

62

 

 

 

375

 

 

 

386

 

 

 

1,261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

102,713

 

 

 

33,118

 

 

 

126,627

 

 

 

135,348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(102,713 )

 

 

(33,118 )

 

 

(126,627 )

 

 

(135,348 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(80,700 )

 

 

(36,107 )

 

 

(116,939 )

 

 

(456,997 )

Gain (loss) on derivative liabilities

 

 

(52,587 )

 

 

(970,938 )

 

 

33,108

 

 

 

(1,274,768 )

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

 

 

-

 

 

 

48,050

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,365,521 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other (expense)

 

 

(133,287 )

 

 

(958,995 )

 

 

(83,831 )

 

 

(3,097,286 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(236,000 )

 

 

(992,113 )

 

 

(210,458 )

 

 

(3,232,634 )

Provision for income taxes

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(236,000 )

 

 

(992,113 )

 

 

(210,458 )

 

 

(3,232,634 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries

 

 

453

 

 

 

461

 

 

 

915

 

 

 

924

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to the Company

 

$ (235,547 )

 

$ (991,652 )

 

$ (209,543 )

 

$ (3,231,710 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted

 

 

376,528,409

 

 

 

57,148,313

 

 

 

373,973,860

 

 

 

57,168,313

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share – basic and diluted

 

$ (0.00 )

 

$ (0.02 )

 

$ (0.00 )

 

$ (0.06 )

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
October 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to the Company

 

$ (209,543 )

 

$ (3,231,710 )

Non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries

 

 

(915 )

 

 

(924 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

386

 

 

 

1,261

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

47,254

 

 

 

-

 

(Gain) loss on derivative liabilities

 

 

(33,108 )

 

 

1,274,768

 

Amortization of debt discount

 

 

-

 

 

 

375,617

 

Amortization of deferred loan costs

 

 

-

 

 

 

8,822

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,365,521

 

Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

90,766

 

 

 

(9,268 )

Accrued expenses

 

 

71,955

 

 

 

168,173

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(33,205 )

 

 

(47,740 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease in deposits

 

 

-

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

-

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from common stock payable

 

 

32,384

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

32,384

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

 

 

(821 )

 

 

2,260

 

Cash at the beginning of the period

 

 

1,030

 

 

 

141

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash at the end of the period

 

$ 209

 

 

$ 2,401

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

Income taxes paid

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock for common stock payable

 

 

196,095

 

 

 

-

 

Additional paid-in capital for common stock payable

 

 

2,738,905

 

 

 

-

 

Adjustment to common stock and additional paid-in capital

 

 

-

 

 

 

(39 )

Accrued expenses contributed to capital

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,063,468

 

Preferred stock and accrued dividends converted to common stock payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,410,685 )

Notes payable converted to common stock payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,950,000

 

Notes payable – related party contributed to capital

 

 

-

 

 

 

149,253

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Six Months Ended October 31, 2016
(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – BACKGROUND, ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

MMEX Resources Corporation (the “Company” or “MMEX”) was formed in the State of Nevada on May 19, 2005 as Inkie Entertainment Group, Inc. Subsequently, the Company amended its articles of incorporation to change its name to MMEX Resources Corporation and to authorize the Company to issue up to 3,000,000,000 common shares and 10,000,000 preferred shares. The changes in the number of authorized shares of the Company have been given retroactive effect in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

The Board of Directors of the Company has decided to focus efforts on the oil, gas, refining and electric power business in the United States and Latin America.

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the following entities, all of which the Company maintains control through a majority ownership:

 


Name of Entity

 


%

 

Form
of Entity

 

State of
Incorporation

 


Relationship

 

 

 

 

 

MMEX Resources Corporation (“MMEX”)

 

-

 

Corporation

 

Nevada

 

Parent

MCC Merger, Inc. (“MCCM”)

 

100%

 

Corporation

 

Delaware

 

Holding Subsidiary

Maple Carpenter Creek Holdings, Inc. (“MCCH”)

 

100%

 

Corporation

 

Delaware

 

Subsidiary

Maple Carpenter Creek, LLC (“MCC”)

 

80%

 

LLC

 

Nevada

 

Subsidiary

Carpenter Creek, LLC (“CC”)

 

95%

 

LLC

 

Delaware

 

Subsidiary

Armadillo Holdings Group Corp. (“AHGC”)

 

100%

 

Corporation

 

British Virgin Isles

 

Subsidiary

Armadillo Mining Corp. (“AMC”)

 

98.6%

 

Corporation

 

British Virgin Isles

 

Subsidiary

 

As of April 13, 2016, the Company assigned AMC to an irrevocable trust (the “Trust”), whose beneficiaries are the existing shareholders of MMEX. The accounts of AMC are included in the consolidated financial statements due to the common ownership. AMC through the Trust controls the Hunza coal interest previously owned by the Company.

 

On September 1, 2016, the Company entered into a stock assignment agreement with LatAm Services, LLC (“LatAm”) pursuant to which it assigned MCCH to LatAm. With the assignment of MCCH to LatAm, the Company has exited the Hunza coal project to focus on energy related projects under its new business plan.

 

All significant inter-company transactions have been eliminated in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.

 

These financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, which in the opinion of management are necessary for a fair presentation of the information contained therein.

 

The Company has adopted a fiscal year end of April 30.

 

 
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NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2016 filed with the SEC on January 13, 2017.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Derivative liabilities

 

In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management's judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, and ASC 825, Financial Instruments, the FASB establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company's financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes reported on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

 

An entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value using a hierarchy based on the level of independent, objective evidence surrounding the inputs used to measure fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy prioritized the inputs into three levels that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

 
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Level 3

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Our derivative liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and estimated as follows:

 

October 31, 2016

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 362,511

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 362,511

 

 

April 30, 2016

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 395,619

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 395,619

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per share

 

Basic net income or loss per share is calculated by dividing net income or loss (available to common stockholders) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted income or loss per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock, such as stock options, warrants, convertible debt and convertible preferred stock, were exercised or converted into common stock. For the three months and six months ended October 31, 2016, potential dilutive shares had an anti-dilutive effect and were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per common share; therefore, basic net loss per share is the same as diluted net loss per share.

 

Issuance of shares for non-cash consideration

 

The Company accounts for the issuance of equity instruments to acquire goods and/or services based on the fair value of the goods and services or the fair value of the equity instrument at the time of issuance, whichever is more reliably determinable. The Company's accounting policy for equity instruments issued to consultants and vendors in exchange for goods and services follows the provisions of the standards issued by the FASB. The measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued is determined as the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance by the consultant or vendor is reached or (ii) the date at which the consultant or vendor's performance is complete. In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is recognized over the term of the consulting agreement.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the consolidated financial statements for prior year periods have been reclassified to conform with the current year periods presentation.

 

 
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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-4, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.” This update simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Instead, under the amendments in this update, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. An entity should apply the amendments in this update on a prospective basis. An entity is required to disclose the nature of and reason for the change in accounting principle upon transition. That disclosure should be provided in the first annual period and in the interim period within the first annual period when the entity initially adopts the amendments in this update. A public business entity that is an SEC filer should adopt the amendments in this Update for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently unable to determine the impact on its consolidated financial statements of the adoption of this new accounting pronouncement.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-1, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business.” The amendments in this update clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. The amendments of this ASU are effective for public business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments in this Update are to be applied prospectively on or after the effective date. The Company is currently unable to determine the impact on its consolidated financial statements of the adoption of this new accounting pronouncement.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Interests Held Through Related Parties That are Under Common Control.” This update amends the consolidation guidance on how a reporting entity that is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) should treat indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity when determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of that VIE. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is the reporting entity that has a controlling financial interest in a VIE and, therefore, consolidates the VIE. A reporting entity has an indirect interest in a VIE if it has a direct interest in a related party that, in turn, has a direct interest in the VIE. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The Company is currently unable to determine the impact on its consolidated financial statements of the adoption of this new accounting pronouncement.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” This ASU addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently unable to determine the impact on its consolidated financial statements of the adoption of this new accounting pronouncement.

 

Although there are several other new accounting pronouncements issued or proposed by the FASB, which the Company has adopted or will adopt, as applicable, the Company does not believe any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

 
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NOTE 3 – GOING CONCERN

 

Our financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable to a going concern, which contemplate the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. We have incurred continuous losses from operations, have an accumulated deficit of $30,364,670 and a total stockholders’ deficit of $2,932,519 at October 31, 2016, and have reported negative cash flows from operations since inception. In addition, we do not currently have the cash resources to meet our operating commitments for the next twelve months, and we expect to have ongoing requirements for capital investment to implement our business plan. Finally, our ability to continue as a going concern must be considered in light of the problems, expenses and complications frequently encountered by entrance into established markets and the competitive environment in which we operate.

 

Since inception, our operations have primarily been funded through private debt and equity financing, as well as capital contributions by our subsidiaries' partners, and we expect to continue to seek additional funding through private or public equity and debt financing.

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations to meet our cash needs and/or to raise funds to finance ongoing operations and repay debt. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to raise additional debt or equity capital and/or that our cash generated by our operations will be adequate to meet our needs. These factors, among others, indicate that we may be unable to continue as a going concern for a reasonable period of time.

 

The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of any uncertainty as to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements also do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts, or amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

NOTE 4 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

During the past few years, Tydus Richards, the former Chairman of our board of directors and shareholder, made certain payments on behalf of the Company. The Company has partially reimbursed Mr. Richards for these advances. As of October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, a remaining balance payable of $31,633 is included in accrued expenses – related party.

 

On October 9, 2014, convertible notes payable in default to an accredited investor of $1,650,000, $120,000 and $180,000 were assigned to The Maple Gas Corporation, a related party owned by Mr. Jack W. Hanks, a director and officer of the Company. On May 8, 2015, The Maple Gas Corporation converted the notes into 194,999,999 common shares of the Company at $0.01 per share, which resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $975,000. The issuance of the common shares to Maple Structure Holdings was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors Resolution dated May 18, 2015, and the shares were issued on May 2, 2016. At April 30, 2016, common stock payable included an obligation of $2,925,000 for the issuance of the shares.

 

Accounts payable to related parties, comprised of amounts payable to The Maple Gas Corporation, totaled $4,760 and $0 at October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, respectively.

 

Accrued expenses (see Note 6) to related parties totaled $67,545 and $64,420 as of October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, respectively.

 

 
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NOTE 5 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,
2016

 

 

April 30,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computer software and hardware

 

$ 25,023

 

 

$ 25,023

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(25,023 )

 

 

(24,637 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 386

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense totaled $62 and $375 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $386 and $1,261 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

NOTE 6 – ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,
2016

 

 

April 30,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued payroll

 

$ 240,059

 

 

$ 240,309

 

Accrued consulting

 

 

75,633

 

 

 

75,633

 

Accrued interest

 

 

742,529

 

 

 

670,324

 

Other

 

 

62,541

 

 

 

62,541

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ 1,120,762

 

 

$ 1,048,807

 

 
 
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NOTE 7 – NOTES PAYABLE

 

Notes payable, currently in default, consist of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,
2016

 

 

April 30,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing July 15, 2010, with interest at 10%

 

$ 300,000

 

 

$ 300,000

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing December 31, 2010, with interest at 10%

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

25,000

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing January 27, 2012, with interest at 25%

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ 375,000

 

 

$ 375,000

 

 

Accrued interest payable on notes payable, currently in default, totaled $297,102 and $276,477 at October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, respectively.

 

Convertible notes payable, currently in default, consist of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,
2016

 

 

April 30,
2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing March 1, 2013, with interest at 1.87% per month, secured with 900,000 common shares of the Company owned by the president and CEO of the Company

 

$ 120,000

 

 

$ 120,000

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing March 18, 2014, with interest at 10%

 

 

75,001

 

 

 

75,001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$ 195,001

 

 

$ 195,001

 

 

Accrued interest payable on convertible notes payable, currently in default, totaled $129,272 and $112,058 at October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, respectively.

 

On January 2, 2013, the Company closed a note purchase agreement with an accredited investor pursuant to which the Company sold a $120,000 note in a private placement transaction. The note was due and payable on March 1, 2013, is currently in default and carries a monthly interest rate of 1.87%. The note purchase agreement included the issuance of 300,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The note is secured with 900,000 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by Jack W. Hanks, the Company’s President and CEO. The 300,000 shares were valued at $0.10 per share, the closing price of the Company’s common stock on January 2, 2013, and recorded as a $30,000 increase to debt discount and an increase to common stock payable.

 

The Company allocated the proceeds from the issuance of the notes to the warrants when applicable and to the notes based on their estimated fair market values at the date of issuance using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The debt discount resulting from interest and the value of warrants computed at the inception of the notes payable was amortized as additional interest expense over the term of the notes.

 

 
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NOTE 8 – CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

 

Convertible Preferred Stock, Currently in Default

 

On June 30, 2011, the Company issued 360,000 shares of Armadillo Mining Corporation Preferred Stock to five unrelated parties in exchange for an investment of $360,000. The Preferred Stock carry a 25% cumulative dividend and have a mandatory redemption feature on December 31, 2011 at a price of $1.25 per share. In addition, the Company issued 360,000 warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.60 per share on or before three years from the repayment or conversion date.

 

On January 6, 2012, three unrelated parties converted their Preferred Stock and accrued dividends of $312,500 into 2,983,293 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $.10475 per share. As the conversion took place at below the market price and not within the terms of the agreement on the date of conversion, a loss of $75,328 was recorded. As of October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, the remaining face value of the Preferred Stock was $137,500. Accrued dividends on the Preferred Stock totaled $316,165 and $281,789 as of October 31, 2016 and April 30, 2016, respectively.

 

The Company recorded interest expense, which included amortization of debt discount on certain debt in prior years, totaling $80,700 and $36,107 for the three months ended October 31, 2016, respectively, and $116,939 and $456,997 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

NOTE 9 – DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives.

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2016, we had the following activity in our derivative liabilities:

 

Balance, April 30, 2016

 

$ 395,619

 

Change in fair value of derivative liabilities

 

 

(33,108 )

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, October 31, 2016

 

$ 362,511

 

 

The Company calculated the fair value of the derivatives using a multinomial lattice model simulation. The model is based on a probability weighted discounted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes.

 

Key inputs and assumptions used in valuing the Company’s derivative liabilities are as follows for issuances of warrants:

 

 

· Stock prices on all measurement dates were based on the fair market value

 

· Risk-free interest rates ranging from 1.03% – 2.49%

 

· The probability of future financing was estimated at 100%

 

· Computed volatility ranging from 103% to 249%

  

These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management's judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

 
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NOTE 10 – STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

Authorized Shares

 

As of April 6, 2016, the Company amended its articles of incorporation to increase its authorized shares to 1,000,000,000 common shares and 10,000,000 preferred shares, and subsequently increased its authorized common shares to 3,000,000 shares (Note 14). The increase in authorized shares has been given retroactive effect in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for all periods presented.

 

Stock Issuances

 

On May 2, 2016, the Company issued 194,999,999 shares of its common stock to a related party pursuant to the conversion of notes payable in default (see Note 4), reducing stock subscriptions payable by $2,925,000.

 

As part of a private placement to qualified investors, the Company issued 1,096,397 shares of its common stock on July 12, 2016 to an investor for stock subscriptions payable of $10,000.

 

On October 31, 2016, the Company issued 7,000,000 shares of its common stock as a settlement fee valued at $34,300 to an institution lender pursuant to a Settlement Agreement and Stipulation (see Note 11).

 

Common Stock Payable

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2016, the Company completed subscription agreements for common stock and warrants with qualified investors in a private placement for cash of $32,384. The shares of common stock were issued subsequent to October 31, 2016, and common stock payable included $32,384 at October 31, 2016 related to these transactions. The attached warrants were identified as derivatives, resulting in their inclusion in the derivative liabilities of $362,511 at October 31, 2016 (see Note 9).

 

Stock Options

 

On March 7, 2012, the Company issued a total of 2,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.35 per share for a period of ten years from the date of grant. The Company did not grant any stock options during the six months ended October 31, 2016.

 

 
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A summary of stock option activity during the six months ended October 31, 2016 is presented below:

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted Average

Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, April 30, 2016

 

 

2,000,000

 

 

$ 0.35

 

 

 

5.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled / Expired

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, October 31, 2016

 

 

2,000,000

 

 

$ 0.35

 

 

 

5.35

 

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the grant date fair value of its stock options, which value is amortized to stock-based compensation expense over the vesting period of the options. No stock-based compensation expense was recorded during the three months and six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015 related to stock option grants. There was no unrecognized stock option expense at October 31, 2016.

 

Warrants

 

The Company has issued warrants to qualified investors in a private placement, for debt discounts or other stock-based compensation. These warrants generally vest upon grant and are valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model or multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes.

 

A summary of warrant activity during the six months ended October 31, 2016 is presented below:

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted Average

Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, April 30, 2016

 

 

14,811,362

 

 

$ 0.01

 

 

 

5.84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

2,518,445

 

 

$ 0.01

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled / Expired

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, October 31, 2016

 

 

17,329,807

 

 

$ 0.01

 

 

 

5.33

 

 

Common Stock Reserved

 

At October 31, 2016, 17,329,807 shares of the Company’s common stock were reserved for issuance of outstanding warrants.

 

 
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NOTE 11 – SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT AND STIPULATION

 

Settlement Agreement and Stipulation

 

On October 28, 2016, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement and Stipulation (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Rockwell Capital Partners, Inc. (“RCP”). Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, as amended, RCP has purchased certain outstanding payables between the Company and designated vendors totaling $109,391 (the “Payables” or “Claims”) and will exchange the portion of such Payables assigned for a Settlement Amount payable in common shares of the Company.

 

In settlement of the Claims, the Company shall issue and deliver to RCP, in one or more tranches as necessary, shares of the Company’s common stock (“Common Stock”), subject to adjustment and ownership limitations as set forth in the Settlement Agreement, sufficient to satisfy the Claims amount at a 50% discount to market based on the market price during the valuation period as defined in the Settlement Agreement. The Company also issued 7,000,000 shares of Common Stock as a settlement fee on October 31, 2016.

 

On October 28, 2016, a circuit court in Florida issued an order confirming the fairness of the terms of the Settlement Agreement within the meaning of exemption from registration provided by Section 3(a) (10) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

Subsequent to October 31, 2016, a total of 452,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued to the RCP (see Note 14).

 

NOTE 12 – NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS

 

On September 23, 2010, the Company, through a reverse merger, acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Maple Carpenter Creek Holdings, Inc., ("MCCH"), a holding Company, with an 80% interest in Maple Carpenter Creek, LLC ("MCC"), which in turn owned a 95% interest in the subsidiary, Carpenter Creek, LLC ("CC"), and a 98.12% interest in Armadillo Holdings Group Corp. ("AHGC"), which in turn owned an 80% interest in Armadillo Mining Corp. ("AMC"). The non-controlling interest of 1.88% in AHGC was acquired by MCCH on December 21, 2010 in exchange for 31,334 shares of the Company’s common stock resulting in 100% ownership of AHGC. On March 22, 2011, AHGC acquired 14.6% of AMC and on April 30, 2012, an additional 4% interest for a total of 98.6% based upon agreement with the minority interest holder to reduce their interest based upon proportionate share of additional capital contributed to AMC.

 

As of April 13, 2016, the Company assigned AMC to an irrevocable trust (the "Trust"), whose beneficiaries are the existing shareholders of MMEX. AMC through the Trust controls the Hunza coal interest previously owned by the Company.

 

On September 1, 2016, the Company entered into a stock assignment agreement with LatAm Services, LLC (“LatAm”) pursuant to which it assigned MCCH to LatAm. With the assignment of MCCH to LatAm, the Company has exited the Hunza coal project to focus on energy related projects under its new business plan.

 

 
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NOTE 13 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Legal

There were no legal proceedings against the Company.

 

Operating Lease Commitments

 

The Company acquired the Bolzer Lease pursuant to a September 23, 2010 merger. Subsequently, notice of termination on this lease effective April 26, 2010 was provided by previous management. The Company has recorded an accrued expense for the minimum lease payment of $62,541 for the January 2010 payment.

 

NOTE 14 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In accordance with ASC 855-10, all subsequent events have been reported through the filing date as set forth below.

 

Refinery Transaction

 

On March 4, 2017, MMEX Resources Corporation (the “Company”) entered into an agreement with Maple Resources Corporation (“Maple”), a related party, to acquire all of Maple’s right, title and interest (the “Rights”) in plans to build a $450 million, 50,000 barrels per day capacity crude oil refinery in Pecos County, Texas (the “Refinery Transaction” or the “Project”). Pursuant to the Refinery Transaction, the Company agreed to acquire the Rights in exchange for the issuance of 7,000,000,000 new common shares (the “Purchased Shares”).

 

The Refinery Transaction provides for the Company to issue the Purchased Shares in two tranches, of which the First Tranche of 1,500,000,000 shares was issued on March 4, 2017. The Second Tranche of 5,500,000,000 shares is to be issued once the Company’s Articles of Incorporation are amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock, as more particularly described below. In addition, the Second Tranche amount of shares will be adjusted (up or down) subject to valuation of the Refinery Transaction by a third party outside consultant.

 

Completion of the Project is subject to the receipt of required governmental permits and completion of required debt and equity financing.

 

Amendments of Articles of Incorporation

 

As of November 29, 2016, the Company amended its articles of incorporation to increase its authorized common shares to 3,000,000,000 shares.

 

On March 7, 2017, the holders of more than 50.1% of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company executed their written consent in lieu of special meeting approving an amendment and restatement of the articles of incorporation to provide for an increase in the authorized shares of common stock from 3,000,000,000 to 10,000,000,000 shares. In addition, the articles of incorporation will be amended to provide for two classes of common shares: (i) Class A Shares, having one vote per share, and (ii) Class B Shares, with 10 votes per share. All of the currently outstanding shares of common stock will be reclassified as Class A Shares, except that all of the Purchased Shares issued or to be issued in the Refinery transaction will be Class B Shares. Other than the provisions of the voting rights, the two classes of shares of common stock will have equal terms and conditions.

 

 
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Private Placement

 

As the Company continues to expand its business and implement its business strategy, its current monthly cash flow requirements will exceed its near term cash flow from operations. In order to fund its development costs, the Company initiated in fiscal year 2016 a private placement to qualified investors for cash and services. Through the date of the filing of this report, $118,230 cash and $60,000 in services had been received, including $49,200 cash from related parties, for a total of 41,784,320 common shares of the Company and a total of 43,025,313 warrants. The warrants entitle the investors to purchase common shares at exercise prices of $0.0001 and $0.01 per share through March 1, 2022. Of the common shares issued, 1,096,397 shares were issued in July 2016 and a total of 40,687,923 shares were issued in December 2016 and January 2017.

 

Settlement Agreement

 

As discussed in Note 11, on October 28, 2016, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement) with RCP. Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, as amended, RCP has purchased certain outstanding payables from the Company for shares of common stock of the Company.

 

The Company’s creditors received a total of $84,782 pursuant to the Settlement Agreement. Beginning in November 2016, we have issued a cumulative total of 489,000,000 common shares pursuant to the Settlement Agreement and, as of March 9, 2017, have terminated any further obligation to issue shares. Our creditors will not receive further funding from the Settlement Agreement.

 

Other Issuances of Common Stock

 

On January 24, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with a former employee to issue 2,082,190 shares of the Company’s common stock in settlement of accrued salaries of $208,219.

 

On January 24, 2017, the Company issued 28,625,000 shares of its common stock to a consultant in payment of services valued at $5,725.

 

Subsequent to October 31, 2016, the Company issued a total of 30,000,000 shares of its common stock to investors for cash of $6,000.

 

 
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ITEM 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis constitutes forward-looking statements for purposes of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and as such involves known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The words "expect", "estimate", "anticipate", "predict", "believes", "plan", "seek", "objective" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements or elsewhere in this report. Important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievement to differ materially from our expectations are discussed in detail in Item 1 above. All written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified in their entirety by such factors. We undertake no obligation to publicly release the result of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not entitled to rely on the safe harbor for forward looking statements under 27A of the Securities Act or 21E of the Exchange Act as long as our stock is classified as a penny stock within the meaning of Rule 3a51-1 of the Exchange Act. A penny stock is generally defined to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined in Rule 3a51-1) of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes thereto.

 

Overview

 

New Business Plan

 

The MMEX Board of Directors has made the decision to focus the Company efforts into the oil, gas, refining and electric power business in the U.S. and in Latin America. The principal reasons are the following:

 

 

·

MMEX principal shareholders and directors are also principals in a privately held U.S. oil and gas company, Maple Resources Corporation ('Maple") based in Austin, Texas.

 

·

The MMEX management team has over 30 years of experience in natural resource project development and project financing in North and South America and the U.K.

 

·

MMEX directors and principal shareholders with oil, gas, refining and electric power experience will bring this expertise into the Company.

 

Management Expertise in Oil, Gas, Refining and Electric Power Project Development and Project Finance Development

 

MMEX principals formed Maple Resources Corporation ("Maple Resources") in 1986. Maple Resources is a privately held corporation, registered in Delaware, with its principal operating offices in Austin, Texas. It is engaged in the evaluation, acquisition and development of oil & gas, refining, power generation, natural gas transmission and processing energy projects in the western United States and Latin America. Maple Resources was established in 1986 in Dallas, Texas USA. Maple Resources engaged in a number of oil and gas acquisitions and dispositions and ultimately acquired assets that included 10 gas processing plants and approximately 770 miles of natural gas gathering lines and transmission infrastructure. In 1992, Maple Resources Dallas sold substantially all of its existing US-based assets and began to pursue energy projects in Latin America. Maple Resources went to Peru in 1992 and managed its Peru business through The Maple Gas Corporation del Peru Ltd ("Maple Peru"). In 1993, Maple Peru began developing the Aguaytía Project, an integrated natural gas and electric power generation and transmission project. This US$ 273 million project involved the first commercial development of a natural gas field in Peru, as well as the construction and operation of approximately 175 miles of hydrocarbon pipelines, a gas processing plant, a fractionation facility, a 153 MW power plant and the related 392 km of electricity transmission lines. The Aguaytía Project began commercial operation in 1998. Maple Peru also acquired a 4,000 barrel per day refinery in Pucallpa along with 3 producing oil fields. In 2007, Maple Peru was registered on the London Stock Market AIM under the name of Maple Energy, plc. In October 2015, Maple Resources along with its partners took Maple Gas del Peru private with the acquisition of the company from Maple Energy, plc, the publicly listed company.

 

 
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Development Strategy

 

The new development strategy is to focus on the acquisition, development and financing of oil, gas, refining and electric power projects in Texas, Peru and other countries in Central and Latin America.

 

As we continue to expand our business and implement our business strategy, our current monthly cash flow requirements will exceed our near term cash flow from operations. Our available cash resources and anticipated cash flow from operations are insufficient to satisfy our anticipated costs associated with new project development. There can be no assurance that we will be able to generate sufficient cash from operations in future periods to satisfy our capital requirements. Therefore, we will have to continue to rely on external financing activities, including the sale of our equity securities, to satisfy our capital requirements for the foreseeable future. Due, in part, to our lack of historical earnings, our prior success in attracting additional funding has been limited to transactions in which our equity is used as currency. In light of the availability of this type of financing, and the lack of alternative proposals, our board of directors has determined that the continued use of our equity for these purposes may be necessary if we are to sustain operations. Equity financings of the type we have been required to pursue are dilutive to our stockholders and may adversely impact the market price for our shares. We recently completed a private placement financing with certain accredited investors, including our two executive officers and directors. However, we have no commitments for borrowings or additional sales of equity, the precise terms upon which we may be able to attract additional funding is not known at this time, and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in consummating any such future financing transactions on terms satisfactory to us, or at all.

 

Refinery Transaction

 

On March 4, 2017, MMEX Resources Corporation (the “Company”) entered into an agreement with Maple Resources Corporation (“Maple”), a related party, to acquire all of Maple’s right, title and interest (the “Rights”) in plans to build a $450 million, 50,000 barrels per day capacity crude oil refinery in Pecos County, Texas (the “Refinery Transaction” or the “Project”). Pursuant to the Refinery Transaction, the Company agreed to acquire the Rights in exchange for the issuance of 7,000,000,000 new common shares (the “Purchased Shares”).

 

The Refinery Transaction provides for the Company to issue the Purchased Shares in two tranches, of which the First Tranche of 1,500,000,000 shares was issued on March 4, 2017. The Second Tranche of 5,500,000,000 shares is to be issued once the Company’s Articles of Incorporation are amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock, as more particularly described below. In addition, the Second Tranche amount of shares will be adjusted (up or down) subject to valuation of the Refinery Transaction by a third party outside consultant.

 

Completion of the Project is subject to the receipt of required governmental permits and completion of required debt and equity financing.

   

Results of Operations

 

 We recorded net losses of $210,458, or $(0.00) per share, and $3,232,634, or $(0.06) per share, for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

 
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Revenues

 

We have not yet begun to generate revenues.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses increased $69,908 to $102,651 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 from $32,743 for the three months ended October 31, 2015. The increase is due to increased professional fees in the current fiscal year. Our selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $7,846 to $126,241 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 from $134,087 for the six months ended October 31, 2015. The decrease is due to reduced payroll and operating expenses as we have focused on our new development strategy, partially offset by increased professional fees in the current fiscal year.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

 

Our depreciation and administrative expenses are not currently material to our operations. Depreciation and administrative expenses were $62 and $375 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $386 and $1,261 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Our interest expense increased $44,593 to $80,700 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 from $36,107 for the three months ended October 31, 2015 due primarily to the fees incurred on the Settlement Agreement in the current fiscal year. Our interest expense decreased $340,058 to $116,939 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 from $456,997 for the six months ended October 31, 2015 to a reduction in our interest-bearing indebtedness and because all debt discount recorded for convertible debt was fully amortized in the prior fiscal year. This decrease on a year-to-date basis in the current fiscal year is partially offset by the fees incurred on the Settlement Agreement.

 

We reported a loss on derivative liabilities of $52,587 and $970,938 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. We reported a gain on derivative liabilities of $33,108 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and a loss on derivative liabilities of $1,274,768 for the six months ended October 31, 2015. In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management's judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

   

We had no gain or loss on extinguishment of debt for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2016. We reported a gain on extinguishment of debt of $48,050 for the three months ended October 31, 2015 and a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1,365,521 for the six months ended October 31, 2015 resulting primarily from the conversion of preferred stock and accrued dividends and convertible notes payable to shares of our common stock. We record the value of the shares issued at the current market price, which may be either lower or higher than the conversion price per share, resulting in a gain or loss on conversion.

 

 
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Net Income (Loss)

 

As a result of the above, we reported net losses of $236,000 and $992,113 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and net losses of $210,458 and $3,232,634 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Non-Controlling Interest in Loss of Consolidated Subsidiaries

 

Non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries was $453 and $461for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $915 and $924 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Net Loss Attributable to the Company

 

Net loss attributable to the Company was $235,547 and $991,652 for the three months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $209,543 and $3,231,710 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Introduction

 

As of October 31, 2016, we had current assets of $209, comprised of cash, and current liabilities of $2,932,728, resulting in a working capital deficit and a total stockholders’ deficit of $2,932,519. Included in our current liabilities as of October 31, 2016 are derivative liabilities of $362,511, which we do not anticipate will require the payment of cash.

 

Because of our continuing operating losses, we have not generated positive operating cash flows. As a result, we have significant short-term cash needs. Our principal source of operating capital has been provided from private sales of our common stock and warrants and debt financing.

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2016, financing of $32,384 was provided by common stock and warrant subscriptions in a private placement.

 

 
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Private Placement

 

We have initiated a private placement of common stock and warrants to qualified investors for cash and services. Through the date of the filing of this report, $118,230 cash and $60,000 in services had been received, including $49,200 cash from related parties, for a total of 41,784,320 common shares of the Company and a total of 43,025,313 warrants. The warrants entitle the investors to purchase common shares at exercise prices of $0.0001 and $0.01 per share through March 1, 2022. Of the common shares issued, 1,096,397 shares were issued in July 2016, 27,740,123 shares were issued in December 2016 and 12,947,500 shares were issued in January 2017.

 

Settlement Agreement and Stipulation

 

On October 28, 2016, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement and Stipulation (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Rockwell Capital Partners, Inc. (“RCP”). Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, as amended, RCP has purchased certain outstanding payables between the Company and designated vendors totaling $109,391 (the “Payables” or “Claims”) and will exchange the portion of such Payables assigned for a Settlement Amount payable in common shares of the Company.

 

In settlement of the Claims, the Company shall issue and deliver to RCP, in one or more tranches as necessary, shares of the Company’s common stock (“Common Stock”), subject to adjustment and ownership limitations as set forth in the Settlement Agreement, sufficient to satisfy the Claims amount at a 50% discount to market based on the market price during the valuation period as defined in the Settlement Agreement. The Company also issued 7,000,000 shares of Common Stock as a settlement fee on October 31, 2016.

 

On October 28, 2016, a circuit court in Florida issued an order confirming the fairness of the terms of the Settlement Agreement within the meaning of exemption from registration provided by Section 3(a) (10) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

Through the date of filing of this report, the Company’s creditors have received a total of $84,782 and the Company has repaid $56,100 through the issuance of the following shares of its common stock to RCP: 10,000,000 shares on November 3, 2016, 15,000,000 shares on November 4, 2016, 18,000,000 shares on November 10, 2016, 18,000,000 shares on November 16, 2016, 14,000,000 shares on November 21, 2016, 22,000,000 shares on November 28, 2016, 22,000,000 shares on November 30, 2016, 25,000,000 shares on December 5, 2016, 25,000,000 shares on December 7, 2016, 27,000,000 shares on January 4, 2017, 28,000,000 shares on January 6, 2017, 29,000,000 shares on January 10, 2017, 30,000,000 shares on January 11, 2017, 31,000,000 shares on January 12, 2017, 33,000,000 shares on January 18, 2017, 34,000,000 shares on January 23, 2017, 35,000,000 shares on January 25, 2017 and 36,000,000 shares on January 26, 2017.

 

We do not anticipate receiving further funding from the Settlement Agreement and Stipulation.

 

 
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Future Financing Needs

 

As we attempt to expand exploration activities and develop our international operations, we expect to continue to experience net negative cash flows from operations in amounts not now determinable, and will be required to obtain additional financing to fund operations through common stock offerings, preferred stock offerings, and debt borrowings to the extent necessary to provide working capital. We have and expect to continue to have substantial capital expenditure and working capital needs. We recently completed a private placement We do not now have funds sufficient to fund our operations at their current level for the next twelve months. We need to raise additional cash to fund our operations and implement our business plan. We expect that the additional financing will (if available) take the form of a private placement of equity, although we may be constrained to obtain additional debt financing in lieu thereof. We are maintaining an on-going effort to locate sources of additional funding, without which we will not be able to remain a viable entity. No financing arrangements are currently under contract, and there are no assurances that we will be able to obtain adequate financing. If we are able to obtain the financing required to remain in business, eventually achieving operating profits will require commencement of operations to generate revenues or drastically reducing expenses from their current levels or both. If we are able to obtain the required financing to remain in business, future operating results depend upon a number of factors that are outside of our control.

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

We used net cash of $33,205 in operating activities for the six months ended October 31, 2016 as a result of net loss attributable to the Company of $209,543, non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries of $915 and non-cash gain of $33,108, partially offset by non-cash expenses totaling $47,640 and increases in accounts payable of $90,766 and accrued expenses of $71,955.

 

By comparison, we used net cash of $47,740 in operating activities for the six months ended October 31, 2015 as a result of net loss attributable to the Company of $3,231,710, non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries of $924 and decrease in accounts payable of $9,268, partially offset by non-cash expenses totaling of $3,025,989 and increase in accrued expenses of $168,173.

 

We had no net cash provided by or used in investing activities for the six months ended October 31, 2016. We had net cash provided by investing activities of $10,000 for the six months ended October 31, 2015, comprised of decrease in deposits.

 

We had net cash provided by financing activities of $32,384 and $40,000 for the six months ended October 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, from proceeds from common stock payable.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.

 

 
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Critical Accounting Policies

 

For further information on our significant accounting policies see the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this filing. Other than accounting policies for derivatives and related fair value disclosures that were added in the current fiscal year, there have been no changes to our significant accounting policies.

 

Derivative liabilities

 

In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management's judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, and ASC 825, Financial Instruments, the FASB establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company's financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes reported on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

 

An entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value using a hierarchy based on the level of independent, objective evidence surrounding the inputs used to measure fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy prioritized the inputs into three levels that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

 
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Level 3

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Our derivative liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and estimated as follows:

 

October 31, 2016

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 362,511

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 362,511

 

 

April 30, 2016

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 395,619

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 395,619

 

 

The following describes the general application of accounting principles that impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Our results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to inventories, investments, intangible assets, income taxes, financing operations, and contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

ITEM 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 4 Controls and Procedures

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined) in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(c) and 15d – 15(e). Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered in this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Securities Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the required time periods and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

 
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Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all error or fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Due to the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. To address the material weaknesses, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures in an effort to ensure our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly report have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes that the financial statements included in this report fairly present in all material respects our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act, as amended. Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2016. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO") in Internal Control-Integrated Framework. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company's annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We have identified the following material weaknesses:

 

 

· As of October 31, 2016, we did not maintain effective controls over the control environment. Specifically, the Board of Directors does not currently have any independent members and no director qualifies as an audit committee financial expert as defined in Item 407(d)(5)(ii) of Regulation S-B. Since these entity level programs have a pervasive effect across the organization, management has determined that these circumstances constitute a material weakness.

 

 

 

 

· As of October 31, 2016, we did not maintain effective controls over financial statement disclosure. Specifically, controls were not designed and in place to ensure that all disclosures required were originally addressed in our financial statements. Accordingly, management has determined that this control deficiency constitutes a material weakness.

 

Because of these material weaknesses, management has concluded that the Company did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2016, based on the criteria established in "Internal Control-Integrated Framework" issued by the COSO.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 
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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1 Legal Proceedings

 

We are not a party to or otherwise involved in any legal proceedings.

 

In the ordinary course of business, we are from time to time involved in various pending or threatened legal actions. The litigation process is inherently uncertain and it is possible that the resolution of such matters might have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition and/or results of operations. However, in the opinion of our management, other than as set forth herein, matters currently pending or threatened against us are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A Risk Factors

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On October 31, 2016, the Company issued 7,000,000 shares of its common stock as a settlement fee valued at $34,300 to an institution lender pursuant to a Settlement Agreement and Stipulation.

 

ITEM 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

ITEM 4 Mine Safety Disclosures

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

ITEM 5 Other Information

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

 
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ITEM 6 Exhibits

  

31.1*

 

Certification by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)

 

 

 

32.1*

 

Certification by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INS**

 

 XBRL Instance Document

 

101.SCH** 

 

 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101.CAL** 

 

 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101.DEF**

 

 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101.LAB**

 

 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

101.PRE**

 

 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

______________

*

Filed herewith.

 

**

Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability.

 
 
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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

MMEX Resources Corporation

 

 

 

Dated: March 13, 2017

By:

/s/ Jack W. Hanks

 

 

 

Jack W. Hanks

 

 

Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer), President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

31

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