Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 01/14/2019 @ 4:15PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory Inc (RMCF)
Quote : 8.74  0.0 (0.00%) @ 11:01PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

 

Table of Contents

  UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended November 30, 2018

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ________to________

 

Commission file number: 001-36865

 

 

Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

47-1535633

(State or other jurisdiction of

Incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

265 Turner Drive, Durango, CO 81303

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(970) 259-0554

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. :

 

  Large accelerated filer      ☐ Accelerated filer           ☐
     
  Non-accelerated filer      ☐ Smaller reporting company ☒
    Emerging growth company ☐

              

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

On January 10, 2019, the registrant had outstanding 5,948,660 shares of its common stock, $.001 par value.

 

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

     

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

3

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

4

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

26

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

26

     

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

27

     

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

27

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

27

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

27

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

27

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

27

Item 5.

Other Information

27

Item 6.

Exhibits

28

     

Signatures

29

 

 

 

PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.     Financial Statements

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Revenues

                               

Sales

  $ 7,583,327     $ 8,351,583     $ 19,901,695     $ 21,621,903  

Franchise and royalty fees

    1,366,420       1,609,989       5,214,225       5,952,807  

Total Revenue

    8,949,747       9,961,572       25,115,920       27,574,710  
                                 

Costs and Expenses

                               

Cost of sales

    5,700,352       6,040,004       14,249,478       14,907,440  

Franchise costs

    463,056       515,149       1,539,104       1,588,348  

Sales and marketing

    519,176       593,033       1,672,638       1,785,416  

General and administrative

    860,916       827,215       2,588,751       2,932,568  

Retail operating

    446,058       584,771       1,507,386       1,774,522  

Depreciation and amortization, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense of $139,971, $134,350, $414,689 and $387,849, respectively, included in cost of sales

    281,815       201,939       879,552       591,863  

Restructuring charges

    -       -       176,981       -  

Total costs and expenses

    8,271,373       8,762,111       22,613,890       23,580,157  
                                 

Income from Operations

    678,374       1,199,461       2,502,030       3,994,553  
                                 

Other Income (Expense)

                               

Interest Expense

    (16,032 )     (28,661 )     (58,089 )     (95,938 )

Interest Income

    4,758       6,396       13,962       19,827  

Other expense, net

    (11,274 )     (22,265 )     (44,127 )     (76,111 )
                                 

Income Before Income Taxes

    667,100       1,177,196       2,457,903       3,918,442  
                                 

Income Tax Provision

    141,739       426,140       604,783       1,425,430  
                                 

Consolidated Net Income

  $ 525,361     $ 751,056     $ 1,853,120     $ 2,493,012  
                                 

Basic Earnings per Common Share

  $ 0.09     $ 0.13     $ 0.31     $ 0.42  

Diluted Earnings per Common Share

  $ 0.09     $ 0.13     $ 0.31     $ 0.42  
                                 

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

    5,948,660       5,903,436       5,925,725       5,878,086  

Dilutive Effect of Employee Stock Awards

    34,170       78,029       57,165       102,145  

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

    5,982,830       5,981,465       5,982,890       5,980,231  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

November 30,

   

February 28,

 
   

2018

   

2018

 

 

 

(unaudited)

         
Assets                

Current Assets

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 4,211,939     $ 6,072,984  

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $567,585 and $479,472, respectively

    4,902,276       3,897,334  

Notes receivable, current portion, less current portion of the valuation allowance of $14,400 and $9,000, respectively

    94,101       105,540  

Refundable income taxes

    25,070       342,863  

Inventories, less reserve for slow moving inventory of $320,293 and $357,706, respectively

    5,677,946       4,842,474  

Other

    420,546       310,173  

Total current assets

    15,331,878       15,571,368  
                 

Property and Equipment, Net

    5,886,321       6,166,240  
                 

Other Assets

               

Notes receivable, less current portion and valuation allowance of $12,100 and $17,500, respectively

    230,298       235,983  

Goodwill, net

    1,046,944       1,046,944  

Franchise rights, net

    3,867,673       4,433,927  

Intangible assets, net

    519,772       587,377  

Deferred income taxes

    627,697       835,463  

Other

    56,576       63,333  

Total other assets

    6,348,960       7,203,027  
                 

Total Assets

  $ 27,567,159     $ 28,940,635  
                 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

               

Current Liabilities

               

Current maturities of long term debt

  $ 1,391,854     $ 1,352,893  

Accounts payable

    1,504,321       1,647,991  

Accrued salaries and wages

    862,074       644,005  

Gift card liabilities

    696,578       3,057,131  

Other accrued expenses

    274,854       325,034  

Dividend payable

    713,839       708,652  

Deferred revenue

    296,868       471,910  
                 

Total current liabilities

    5,740,388       8,207,616  
                 

Long-Term Debt, Less Current Maturities

    127,515       1,176,416  

Deferred Revenue, Less Current Portion

    1,116,280       -  
                 

Commitments and Contingencies

               
                 

Stockholders' Equity

               

Preferred stock, $.001 par value per share; 250,000 authorized; -0- shares issued and outstanding

               

Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock, authorized 50,000 shares

    -       -  

Undesignated series, authorized 200,000 shares

    -       -  

Common stock, $.001 par value, 46,000,000 shares authorized, 5,948,660 shares and 5,903,436 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

    5,949       5,903  

Additional paid-in capital

    6,514,756       6,131,147  

Retained earnings

    14,062,271       13,419,553  
                 

Total stockholders' equity

    20,582,976       19,556,603  
                 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

  $ 27,567,159     $ 28,940,635  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

 

   

Nine Months Ended

 
   

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

               

Net Income

  $ 1,853,120     $ 2,493,012  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                

Depreciation and amortization

    1,294,241       979,712  

Provision for obsolete inventory

    85,207       82,738  

Provision for loss on accounts and notes receivable

    88,200       88,200  

Asset impairment and store closure losses

    67,822       -  

Loss on sale or disposal of property and equipment

    28,813       20,630  

Expense recorded for stock compensation

    383,655       458,275  

Deferred income taxes

    (94,328 )     (444,747 )

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

               

Accounts receivable

    (1,136,471 )     (1,307,149 )

Refundable income taxes

    317,793       42,808  

Inventories

    (1,471,361 )     (990,398 )

Other current assets

    (110,645 )     (26,641 )

Accounts payable

    407,012       (135,269 )

Accrued liabilities

    58,079       362,718  

Deferred income

    (72,084 )     23,769  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,699,053       1,647,658  
                 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

               

Addition to notes receivable

    -       (14,292 )

Proceeds received on notes receivable

    73,880       194,646  

Purchase of intangible assets

    -       (8,508 )

Proceeds from (cost of) sale or distribution of assets

    13,498       (7,926 )

Purchases of property and equipment

    (498,252 )     (446,935 )

(Increase) decrease in other assets

    (8,140 )     8,963  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (419,014 )     (274,052 )
                 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

               

Payments on long-term debt

    (1,009,940 )     (972,421 )

Dividends paid

    (2,131,144 )     (2,113,462 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (3,141,084 )     (3,085,883 )
                 

Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents

    (1,861,045 )     (1,712,277 )
                 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period

    6,072,984       5,779,195  
                 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period

  $ 4,211,939     $ 4,066,918  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Nature of Operations

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc., a Delaware corporation, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc., a Colorado corporation (“RMCF”), Aspen Leaf Yogurt, LLC, a Colorado limited liability company (“ALY”), U-Swirl International, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“U-Swirl”), and its 46%-owned subsidiary, U-Swirl, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“SWRL”) of which, RMCF had financial control until February 29, 2016 (collectively, the “Company”). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The Company is an international franchisor, confectionery manufacturer and retail operator. Founded in 1981, the Company is headquartered in Durango, Colorado and manufactures an extensive line of premium chocolate candies and other confectionery products. U-Swirl franchises and operates soft-serve frozen yogurt cafés. The Company also sells its candy outside of its system of retail stores and licenses the use of its brand with certain consumer products.

 

In January 2013, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including ALY, the Company entered into two agreements to sell all of the assets of its ALY frozen yogurt stores, along with its interest in the self-serve frozen yogurt franchises and retail units branded as “Yogurtini” which the Company also acquired in January 2013, to SWRL, in exchange for a 60% controlling equity interest in SWRL, which has been subsequently diluted down to 46% as of November 30, 2018 following various issuances of common stock of SWRL. Until February 29, 2016, U-Swirl was a wholly-owned subsidiary of SWRL, and was the operating subsidiary for all of SWRL’s operations. The SWRL Board of Directors is composed solely of Board members also serving on the Company’s Board of Directors.

 

In fiscal year (“FY”) 2014, SWRL acquired the franchise rights and certain other assets of self-serve frozen yogurt concepts under the names “CherryBerry,” “Yogli Mogli Frozen Yogurt” and “Fuzzy Peach Frozen Yogurt.” In connection with these acquisitions, the Company entered into a credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. used to finance the acquisitions by SWRL, and in turn, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement with SWRL to cover the purchase price and other costs associated with the acquisitions (the “SWRL Loan Agreement”). Borrowings under the SWRL Loan Agreement were secured by all of the assets of SWRL, including all of the outstanding stock of its wholly-owned subsidiary, U-Swirl. As a result of certain defaults under the SWRL Loan Agreement, the Company issued a demand for payment of all obligations under the SWRL Loan Agreement. SWRL was unable to repay the obligations under the SWRL Loan Agreement, and as a result, the Company foreclosed on all of the outstanding stock of U-Swirl on February 29, 2016 in full satisfaction of the amounts owed under the SWRL Loan Agreement. This resulted in U-Swirl becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company as of February 29, 2016, and concurrently the Company ceased to have financial control of SWRL as of February 29, 2016. As of November 30, 2018, SWRL had no operating assets.

 

U-Swirl operates self-serve frozen yogurt cafés under the names “U-Swirl,” “Yogurtini,” “CherryBerry,” “Yogli Mogli Frozen Yogurt,” “Fuzzy Peach Frozen Yogurt,” “Let’s Yo!” and “Aspen Leaf Yogurt”.

 

The Company’s revenues are currently derived from three principal sources: sales to franchisees and others of chocolates and other confectionery products manufactured by the Company; the collection of initial franchise fees and royalties from franchisees’ sales of both confectionary products and frozen yogurt; and sales at Company-owned stores of chocolates, frozen yogurt, and other confectionery products.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table summarizes the number of stores operating under the Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory brand and frozen yogurt cafés as of November 30, 2018:

 

   

Sold, Not Yet

Open

   

Open

   

Total

 

Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory

                       

Company-owned stores

    -       2       2  

Franchise stores - Domestic stores and kiosks

    7       182       189  

International license stores

    1       66       67  

Cold Stone Creamery - co-branded

    10       91       101  

U-Swirl (Including all associated brands)

                    -  

Company-owned stores

    -       1       1  

Company-owned stores - co-branded

    -       3       3  

Franchise stores - Domestic stores*

    *       90       90  

Franchise stores - Domestic - co-branded*

    *       11       11  

International license stores

    -       1       1  

Total

    18       447       465  

 

*U-Swirl cafés and the brands franchised by U-Swirl have historically utilized a development area sales model. The result is that many areas are under development, and the rights to open cafés within the development areas have been established, but there is no assurance that any individual development area will result in a determinable number of café openings.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company, without audit, and reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting and Securities and Exchange Commission regulations. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (of a normal and recurring nature) which are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire fiscal year.

 

These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2018.

 

Subsequent Events

 

Management evaluated all activity of the Company through the issue date of the financial statements and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition or disclosure in the financial statements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements 

 

In August 2018, the SEC adopted amendments to certain disclosure requirements in Securities Act Release No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification. These amendments eliminate, modify, or integrate into other SEC requirements certain disclosure rules. Among the amendments is the requirement to present an analysis of changes in stockholders’ equity in the interim financial statements included in quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. The analysis, which can be presented as a footnote or separate statement, is required for the current and comparative quarter and year-to-date interim periods. The amendments are effective for all filings made on or after November 5, 2018. In light of the anticipated timing of effectiveness of the amendments and expected proximity of effectiveness to the filing date for most filers’ quarterly reports, the SEC’s Division of Corporate Finance issued a Compliance and Disclosure Interpretation related to Exchange Act Forms, (“CDI – Question 105.09”), that provides transition guidance related to this disclosure requirement. CDI – Question 105.09 states that the SEC would not object if the filer’s first presentation of the changes in shareholders’ equity is included in its Form 10-Q for the quarter that begins after the effective date of the amendments. As such, the Company adopted these SEC amendments on November 30, 2018 and will present the analysis of changes in stockholders’ equity in its interim financial statements in its May 31, 2019 Form 10-Q. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of these SEC amendments will have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, cash flows or stockholders’ equity.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 significantly changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. ASU 2016-13 will require immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur over the remaining life of many financial assets, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for credit losses on loans and other financial instruments. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company's fiscal year beginning March 1, 2020 and subsequent interim periods. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2016-13 will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

  

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet by lessees for those leases currently classified as operating leases under ASC 840 “Leases.” These amendments also require qualitative disclosures along with specific quantitative disclosures. These amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted. The Company can elect to record a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the beginning of the year of adoption or apply a modified retrospective transition approach. The Company expects that substantially all of its operating lease commitments will be subject to the new guidance and will be recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption. The Company anticipates ASU 2016-02 will have a material impact on the consolidated balance sheet. The impact of ASU 2016-02 is non-cash in nature, as such, it will not affect the Company’s cash flows. The cumulative adjustment to be recorded as right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities, upon adoption, is expected to be approximately 10% of the Company's consolidated total assets.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). This guidance, as amended by subsequent ASUs on the topic, supersedes current guidance on revenue recognition in ASC 605 “Revenue Recognition.” ASC 606 provides that revenues are to be recognized when control of promised goods or services is transferred to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received for those goods or services. This new standard does not impact the Company's recognition of revenue from sales of confectionary items to our franchisees and others, or in Company-owned stores as those sales are recognized at the time of the underlying sale and are presented net of sales taxes and discounts. The standard also did not change the recognition of royalties and marketing fees from franchised or licensed locations, which are based on a percent of sales and recognized at the time the sales occur. The standard changed the timing in which the Company recognizes initial fees from franchisees and licensees for new franchise locations and renewals that impact the term of the franchise agreement. The Company's policy for recognizing initial franchise and renewal fees through February 28, 2018, was to recognize initial franchise fees upon new store opening and renewals that impact the term of the franchise agreement upon renewal. In accordance with the new guidance, the initial franchise services are not distinct from the continuing rights or services offered during the term of the franchise agreement, and will be treated as a single performance obligation. Beginning March 1, 2018, initial franchise fees are being recognized as the Company satisfies the performance obligation over the term of the franchise agreement, which is generally 10-15 years.

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 as of March 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method. This method allows the new standard to be applied retrospectively through a cumulative catch up adjustment recognized upon adoption. As a result, comparative information in the Company’s financial statements has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. See Note 12 to these financial statements for additional details regarding the adjustments recorded upon adoption of this standard.

 

 

NOTE 2 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings per share is calculated using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur from common shares issuable through the settlement of restricted stock units. Restricted stock units become dilutive within the period granted and remain dilutive until the units vest and are issued as common stock.

 

 

NOTE 3 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

   

November 30, 2018

   

February 28, 2018

 

Ingredients and supplies

  $ 3,090,255     $ 2,764,727  

Finished candy

    2,846,499       2,371,610  

U-Swirl food and packaging

    61,485       63,843  

Reserve for slow moving inventory

    (320,293 )     (357,706 )

Total inventories

  $ 5,677,946     $ 4,842,474  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

NOTE 4 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment at November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018 consists of the following:

 

   

November 30, 2018

   

February 28, 2018

 

Land

  $ 513,618     $ 513,618  

Building

    4,823,225       4,905,103  

Machinery and equipment

    10,382,898       10,686,631  

Furniture and fixtures

    878,452       1,067,788  

Leasehold improvements

    1,131,659       1,568,260  

Transportation equipment

    422,458       434,091  

Asset impairment

    (30,000 )     (62,891 )
      18,122,310       19,112,600  
                 

Less accumulated depreciation

    (12,235,989 )     (12,946,360 )

Property and equipment, net

  $ 5,886,321     $ 6,166,240  

 

 

NOTE 5 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Cash Dividend

 

The Company paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per common share on March 16, 2018 to stockholders of record on March 6, 2018. The Company paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock on June 15, 2018 to stockholders of record on June 5, 2018. The Company paid a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock on September 14, 2018 to stockholders of record on September 4, 2018. The Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock on November 13, 2018, which was paid on December 7, 2018 to stockholders of record on November 23, 2018.

 

Future declaration of dividends will depend on, among other things, the Company's results of operations, capital requirements, financial condition and on such other factors as the Board of Directors may in its discretion consider relevant and in the best long-term interest of the Company’s stockholders. The Company is subject to various financial covenants related to its line of credit and other long-term debt, however, those covenants do not restrict the Board of Director’s discretion on the future declaration of cash dividends.

 

Stock Repurchases

 

On July 15, 2014, the Company publicly announced a plan to repurchase up to $3.0 million of its common stock in the open market or in private transactions, whenever deemed appropriate by management. On January 13, 2015, the Company announced a plan to purchase up to an additional $2,058,000 of its common stock under the repurchase plan, and on May 21, 2015, the Company announced a further increase to the repurchase plan by authorizing the purchase of up to an additional $2,090,000 of its common stock under the repurchase plan. The Company did not repurchase any shares during the three and nine months ended November 30, 2018. As of November 30, 2018, approximately $638,000 remains available under the repurchase plan for further stock repurchases.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Under the Company’s 2007 Equity Incentive Plan (as amended and restated) (the “2007 Plan”), the Company may authorize and grant stock awards to employees, non-employee directors and certain other eligible participants, including stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units.

 

The Company recognized $102,927 and $383,655 of stock-based compensation expense during the three and nine-month periods ended November 30, 2018, respectively, compared to $133,795 and $458,275 during the three and nine-month periods ended November 30, 2017, respectively. Compensation costs related to stock-based compensation are generally amortized over the vesting period of the stock awards.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table summarizes restricted stock unit activity during the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017:

 

   

Nine Months Ended

 
   

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Outstanding non-vested restricted stock units as of February 28:

    77,594       123,658  

Granted

    -       -  

Vested

    (43,224 )     (44,064 )

Cancelled/forfeited

    (200 )     (1,700 )

Outstanding non-vested restricted stock units as of November 30:

    34,170       77,894  
                 

Weighted average grant date fair value

  $ 12.05     $ 12.17  

Weighted average remaining vesting period (in years)

    0.63       1.52  

 

The Company granted 2,000 fully vested, unrestricted shares of common stock to each non-employee director during the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to no shares granted during the nine months ended November 30, 2017. In connection with these non-employee director stock grants, the Company recognized $24,480 and $0 of stock-based compensation expense during the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

During the nine months ended November 30, 2017, the Company granted 5,000 shares of unrestricted common stock under the Company’s 2007 Plan to an independent contractor providing information technology consulting services to the Company. These shares were granted as a part of the compensation for services rendered to the Company by the contractor. In connection with this stock award, the Company recognized $59,100 in stock-based compensation expense during the nine months ended November 30, 2017. No comparable shares of common stock were granted to employees or contractors, and no related stock-based compensation expense was recorded in the nine months ended November 30, 2018.

 

During the three and nine-month periods ended November 30, 2018, the Company recognized $102,927 and $359,175, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock unit grants to employees. The restricted stock unit grants generally vest between 17% and 20% annually over a period of five to six years. During the nine-month periods ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, 43,224 and 44,064 restricted stock units vested and were issued as common stock, respectively. Total unrecognized compensation expense of non-vested, non-forfeited restricted stock units granted as of November 30, 2018 was $258,978, which is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average period of 0.6 years.

 

The Company has no outstanding stock options as of November 30, 2018.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

NOTE 6 – SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

   

Nine Months Ended

 
   

November 30,

 

Cash paid for:

 

2018

   

2017

 

Interest, net

  $ 44,971     $ 76,291  

Income taxes

    381,318       1,827,369  

Non-cash Operating Activities

               

Accrued Inventory

    292,435       334,853  

Non-cash Financing Activities

               

Dividend payable

  $ 713,839     $ 708,412  

 

 

 

NOTE 7 – OPERATING SEGMENTS

 

The Company classifies its business interests into five reportable segments: Franchising, Manufacturing, Retail Stores, U-Swirl operations and Other. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 1 to these consolidated financial statements and Note 1 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2018. The Company evaluates performance and allocates resources based on operating contribution, which excludes unallocated corporate general and administrative costs and income tax expense or benefit. The Company’s reportable segments are strategic businesses that utilize common merchandising, distribution and marketing functions, as well as common information systems and corporate administration. All inter-segment sales prices are market based. Each segment is managed separately because of the differences in required infrastructure and the difference in products and services:

 

Three Months Ended

November 30, 2018

 

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Other

   

Total

 

Total revenues

  $ 1,062,942     $ 7,193,761     $ 282,023     $ 743,647     $ -     $ 9,282,373  

Intersegment revenues

    (865 )     (331,761 )     -       -       -       (332,626 )

Revenue from external customers

    1,062,077       6,862,000       282,023       743,647       -       8,949,747  

Segment profit (loss)

    344,945       1,324,220       (13,732 )     (174,089 )     (814,244 )     667,100  

Total assets

    1,067,265       14,713,087       1,029,203       5,463,340       5,294,264       27,567,159  

Capital expenditures

    -       243,043       3,796       1,631       3,327       251,797  

Total depreciation & amortization

  $ 11,617     $ 144,436     $ 5,631     $ 235,446     $ 24,656     $ 421,786  

 

Three Months Ended

November 30, 2017

 

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Other

   

Total

 

Total revenues

  $ 1,242,855     $ 7,948,925     $ 366,049     $ 842,554     $ -     $ 10,400,383  

Intersegment revenues

    (1,228 )     (437,583 )     -       -       -       (438,811 )

Revenue from external customers

    1,241,627       7,511,342       366,049       842,554       -       9,961,572  

Segment profit (loss)

    423,213       1,664,643       (86,741 )     (14,587 )     (809,332 )     1,177,196  

Total assets

    1,106,155       14,748,965       1,236,501       8,202,628       4,038,968       29,333,217  

Capital expenditures

    881       124,312       15,182       4,967       17,605       162,947  

Total depreciation & amortization

  $ 11,644     $ 138,618     $ 10,543     $ 143,304     $ 32,180     $ 336,289  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Nine Months Ended

November 30, 2018

 

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Other

   

Total

 

Total revenues

  $ 3,846,633     $ 18,097,063     $ 941,817     $ 3,127,806     $ -     $ 26,013,319  

Intersegment revenues

    (3,632 )     (893,767 )     -       -       -       (897,399 )

Revenue from external customers

    3,843,001       17,203,296       941,817       3,127,806       -       25,115,920  

Segment profit (loss)

    1,527,599       3,564,168       (117,488 )     190,884       (2,707,260 )     2,457,903  

Total assets

    1,067,265       14,713,087       1,029,203       5,463,340       5,294,264       27,567,159  

Capital expenditures

    3,535       415,960       7,601       14,935       56,221       498,252  

Total depreciation & amortization

  $ 35,173     $ 428,161     $ 29,485     $ 720,530     $ 80,892     $ 1,294,241  

 

Nine Months Ended

November 30, 2017

 

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Other

   

Total

 

Total revenues

  $ 4,342,013     $ 19,659,108     $ 1,213,039     $ 3,446,543     $ -     $ 28,660,703  

Intersegment revenues

    (3,643 )     (1,082,350 )     -       -       -       (1,085,993 )

Revenue from external customers

    4,338,370       18,576,758       1,213,039       3,446,543       -       27,574,710  

Segment profit (loss)

    1,853,604       4,361,150       (90,674 )     639,251       (2,844,889 )     3,918,442  

Total assets

    1,106,155       14,748,965       1,236,501       8,202,628       4,038,968       29,333,217  

Capital expenditures

    6,517       342,910       31,518       10,791       55,199       446,935  

Total depreciation & amortization

  $ 34,590     $ 400,624     $ 18,202     $ 429,582     $ 96,714     $ 979,712  

 

Revenue from one customer of the Company’s Manufacturing segment represented approximately $1.8 million, or 7.1 percent, of the Company’s revenues from external customers during the nine months ended November 30, 2018, compared to $2.8 million, or 10.3 percent, of the Company’s revenues from external customers during the nine months ended November 30, 2017.

 

 

NOTE 8 – GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

               

November 30, 2018

   

February 28, 2018

 
   

Amortization Period

(in years)

   

Gross Carrying

Value

   

Accumulated

Amortization

   

Gross Carrying

Value

   

Accumulated

Amortization

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization

                                           

Store design

      10       $ 220,778     $ 213,778     $ 220,778     $ 212,653  

Packaging licenses

    3 - 5       120,830       120,830       120,830       120,830  

Packaging design

      10         430,973       430,973       430,973       430,973  

Trademark/Non-competition agreements

    5 - 20       715,339       202,567       715,339       136,087  

Franchise rights

      20         5,979,637       2,111,964       5,979,637       1,545,710  

Total

                7,467,557       3,080,112       7,467,557       2,446,253  
Intangible assets not subject to amortization                                            

Franchising segment-

                                           

Company stores goodwill

              $ 1,099,328     $ 267,020     $ 1,099,328     $ 267,020  

Franchising goodwill

                295,000       197,682       295,000       197,682  

Manufacturing segment-goodwill

                295,000       197,682       295,000       197,682  

Trademark

                20,000       -       20,000       -  

Total goodwill

                1,709,328       662,384       1,709,328       662,384  
                                             

Total Intangible Assets

              $ 9,176,885     $ 3,742,496     $ 9,176,885     $ 3,108,637  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Effective March 1, 2002, under ASC 350, all goodwill with indefinite lives is no longer subject to amortization. Accumulated amortization related to intangible assets not subject to amortization is a result of amortization expense related to indefinite life goodwill incurred prior to March 1, 2002.

 

Amortization expense related to intangible assets totaled $634,131 and $332,100 during the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

At November 30, 2018, annual amortization of intangible assets, based upon our existing intangible assets and current useful lives, is estimated to be the following:

 

2019

  $ 210,187  

2020

    706,177  

2021

    594,229  

2022

    490,060  

2023

    411,607  

Thereafter

    1,975,185  

Total

  $ 4,387,445  

 

 

NOTE 9 – RESTRUCTURING AND ACQUISITION RELATED CHARGES

 

Restructuring charges incurred were the result of closing certain underperforming Company-owned locations during the nine months ended November 30, 2018. Restructuring charges of $0 and $176,981 were incurred during the three and the nine months ended November 30, 2018, respectively.

 

The Company did not record any restructuring charges in the three and nine months ended November 30, 2017.

 

 

NOTE 10 – SALE OR DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS

 

During the nine months ended November 30, 2017, the Company acquired two franchise stores in satisfaction of certain receivables due by the franchisees to the Company. The Company subsequently sold one of the stores and is operating the other store as a Company-owned store. Associated with these asset disposal activities, the Company recorded the following in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017 relating to these transactions:

 

   

2018

   

2017

 

Notes receivable

  $ -     $ 56,610  

 

 

NOTE 11 – NOTE PAYABLE

 

The Company’s long-term debt is comprised of a promissory note, the proceeds of which were loaned to SWRL and used to finance SWRL’s business acquisitions.

 

As of November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, notes payable consisted of the following:

 

   

November 30, 2018

   

February 28, 2018

 

Promissory note

  $ 1,519,369     $ 2,529,309  

Less: current maturities

    (1,391,854 )     (1,352,893 )

Long-term obligations

  $ 127,515     $ 1,176,416  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table summarizes annual maturities of our notes payable as of November 30, 2018:

 

   

Amount

 

2019

  $ 342,905  

2020

    1,176,464  
         

Total minimum payments

    1,519,369  

Less: current maturities

    (1,391,854 )
         

Long-term obligations

  $ 127,515  

 

 

NOTE 12 – ADOPTION OF ASU 2014-09, “REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS” (“ASC 606”)

 

As described in Note 1, effective March 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606. ASC 606 provides that revenues are to be recognized when control of promised goods or services is transferred to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received for those goods or services. This new standard does not impact the Company's recognition of revenue from sales of confectionary items to our franchisees and others, or in our Company-owned stores as those sales are recognized at the time of the underlying sale and are presented net of sales taxes and discounts. The standard also does not change the recognition of royalties and marketing fees from franchised or licensed locations, which are based on a percent of sales and recognized at the time the sales occur. The standard does change the timing in which the Company recognizes initial fees from franchisees and licensees for new franchise locations and renewals that affect the term of the franchise agreement.

 

Initial Franchise Fees, License Fees, Transfer Fees and Renewal Fees

 

The Company's policy for recognizing initial franchise and renewal fees through February 28, 2018, was to recognize initial franchise fees upon new store openings and renewals that impact the term of the franchise agreement upon renewal. In accordance with the new guidance, the initial franchise services are not distinct from the continuing rights or services offered during the term of the franchise agreement, and will be treated as a single performance obligation. Beginning March 1, 2018, initial franchise fees are being recognized as the Company satisfies the performance obligation over the term of the franchise agreement, which is generally 10-15 years.

 

Gift Cards

 

The Company’s franchisees sell gift cards which do not have either expiration dates, or non-usage fees. The proceeds from the sale of gift cards by the franchisees are accumulated by the Company and paid out to the franchisees upon customer redemption. The Company has historically accumulated gift card liabilities and has not recognized breakage associated with the gift card liability. The adoption of ASC 606 requires the use of the “proportionate” method for recognizing breakage, which the Company has not historically utilized. Upon adoption of ASC 606 the Company began recognizing breakage from gift cards when the gift card is redeemed by the customer or the Company determines the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed by the customer is remote (“gift card breakage”). The determination of the gift card breakage rate is based upon Company-specific historical redemption patterns.

 

Impact to Prior Periods

 

The cumulative adjustment recorded upon adoption of ASC 606 consisted of net contract liabilities of approximately $1,022,720, a reduction in gift card liability of $2,250,743 and approximately $302,094 of associated adjustments to the deferred tax balances which are recorded in deferred income taxes. The Company did not record any contract assets. The following table outlines the adjustments to the consolidated financial statements made upon adoption of ASC 606 on March 1, 2018:

 

   

Amount

 

Increase in deferred revenue

  $ (1,022,720 )

Reduction in gift card liabilities

    2,250,743  

Adjustment to deferred income tax assets

    (302,094 )
         

Cumulative increase to retained earnings

  $ 925,929  

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 as of March 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method. This method allows the new standard to be applied retrospectively through a cumulative catch up adjustment recognized upon adoption. As a result, comparative information in the Company’s financial statements has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The adoption of ASC 606 impacted the Company’s previously reported financial statements as follows:

 

   

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 
   

AS OF FEBRUARY 28, 2018

 
   

Previously

Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Restated

 

Assets

                       

Current Assets

                       

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 6,072,984     $ -     $ 6,072,984  

Accounts receivable, net

    3,897,334       -       3,897,334  

Notes receivable, current portion, net

    105,540       -       105,540  

Refundable income taxes

    342,863       -       342,863  

Inventories, net

    4,842,474       -       4,842,474  

Other

    310,173       -       310,173  

Total current assets

    15,571,368       -       15,571,368  
                         

Property and Equipment, Net

    6,166,240       -       6,166,240  
                         

Other Assets

                       

Notes receivable, less current portion, net

    235,983       -       235,983  

Goodwill, net

    1,046,944       -       1,046,944  

Franchise rights, net

    4,433,927       -       4,433,927  

Intangible assets, net

    587,377       -       587,377  

Deferred income taxes

    835,463       (302,094 )     533,369  

Other

    63,333       -       63,333  

Total other assets

    7,203,027       (302,094 )     6,900,933  

Total Assets

  $ 28,940,635     $ (302,094 )   $ 28,638,541  
                         

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

                       

Current Liabilities

                       

Current maturities of long-term debt

  $ 1,352,893       -     $ 1,352,893  

Accounts payable

    1,647,991       -       1,647,991  

Accrued salaries and wages

    644,005       -       644,005  

Gift card liabilities

    3,057,131       (2,250,743 )     806,388  

Other accrued expenses

    325,034       -       325,034  

Dividend payable

    708,652       -       708,652  

Deferred revenue

    471,910       (143,445 )     328,465  

Total current liabilities

    8,207,616       (2,394,188 )     5,813,428  
                         

Long-Term Debt, Less Current Maturities

    1,176,416       -       1,176,416  

Deferred Revenue, Less Current Portion

    -       1,166,165       1,166,165  
                         

Commitments and Contingencies

                       
                         

Stockholders' Equity

                       

Preferred stock

                       

Common stock

    5,903       -       5,903  

Additional paid-in capital

    6,131,147       -       6,131,147  

Retained earnings

    13,419,553       925,929       14,345,482  

Total stockholders' equity

    19,556,603       925,929       20,482,532  
                         

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

  $ 28,940,635     $ (302,094 )   $ 28,638,541  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table contains a reconciliation of revenue reported for the current period and revenue had the Company reported under the prior method for revenue recognition:

 

   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Franchise Fees contained within the Statement of Income:

  $ 61,662     $ 150,900     $ 262,335     $ 563,000  

Adjustment required to conform revenue to prior period method:

    (9,162 )     -       (19,335 )     -  

Comparable franchise fees:

  $ 52,500     $ 150,900     $ 243,000     $ 563,000  

 

On November 30, 2018, annual revenue expected to be recognized in the future, related to performance obligations that are not yet fully satisfied, are estimated to be the following:

 

2019

  $ 65,420  

2020

    256,120  

2021

    203,398  

2022

    189,850  

2023

    175,721  

Thereafter

    522,639  

Total

  $ 1,413,148  

 

 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN CHOCOLATE FACTORY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM (UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

NOTE 13 – DISAGGREGATION OF REVENUE

 

The following table presents disaggregated revenue by the method of recognition and segment:

 

Three Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Revenues recognized over time under ASC 606:

 

   

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Total

 
                                         

Franchise fees

  $ 44,172     $ -     $ -     $ 17,490     $ 61,662  

 

Revenues recognized at a point in time:

   

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Total

 

Factory sales

    -       6,862,000       -       -       6,862,000  

Retail sales

    -       -       282,023       439,304       721,327  

Royalty and marketing fees

    1,017,905       -       -       286,853       1,304,758  

Total

  $ 1,062,077     $ 6,862,000     $ 282,023     $ 743,647     $ 8,949,747  

 

Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Revenues recognized over time under ASC 606:

 

   

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Total

 
Revenues recognized over time under ASC 606:                                        

Franchise fees

  $ 154,693     $ -     $ -     $ 107,642     $ 262,335  

 

Revenues recognized at a point in time:

   

Franchising

   

Manufacturing

   

Retail

   

U-Swirl

   

Total

 

Factory sales

    -       17,203,296       -       -       17,203,296  

Retail sales

    -       -       941,817       1,756,582       2,698,399  

Royalty and marketing fees

    3,688,308       -       -       1,263,582       4,951,890  

Total

  $ 3,843,001     $ 17,203,296     $ 941,817     $ 3,127,806     $ 25,115,920  

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) includes statements of our expectations, intentions, plans and beliefs that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are intended to come within the safe harbor protection provided by those sections. These forward-looking statements involve various risks and uncertainties. The nature of our operations and the environment in which we operate subject us to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. The statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Quarterly Report are forward-looking statements. Many of the forward-looking statements contained in this document may be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as "will," "intend," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "should," "plan," "estimate," "potential," or similar expressions. Factors which could cause results to differ include, but are not limited to: changes in the confectionery business environment, seasonality, consumer interest in our products, general economic conditions, the success of our frozen yogurt business , receptiveness of our products internationally, consumer and retail trends, costs and availability of raw materials, competition, the success of our co-branding strategy, the success of international expansion efforts and the effect of government regulations. Government regulations which we and our franchisees either are or may be subject to and which could cause results to differ from forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: local, state and federal laws regarding health, sanitation, safety, building and fire codes, franchising, employment, manufacturing, packaging and distribution of food products and motor carriers. For a detailed discussion of the risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements contained herein, please see the “Risk Factors” contained in Item 1A. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2 8 , 201 8 . These forward-looking statements apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. As such they should not be unduly relied upon for more current circumstances. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to release publicly any revisions to these forward-looking statements that might reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Quarterly Report or those that might reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

Unless otherwise specified, the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refers to Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries .

 

Overview

 

We are an international franchisor, confectionery manufacturer and retail operator. Founded in 1981, we are headquartered in Durango, Colorado and manufacture an extensive line of premium chocolate candies and other confectionery products. Our subsidiary, U-Swirl International, Inc. (“U-Swirl”), franchises and operates self-serve frozen yogurt cafés. Our revenues and profitability are derived principally from our franchised/license system of retail stores that feature chocolate, frozen yogurt and other confectionary products. We also sell our candy outside of our system of retail stores and license the use of our brand with certain consumer products. As of November 30, 2018, there were two Company-owned, 91 licensee-owned and 248 franchised Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory stores operating in 38 states, Canada, South Korea, Panama, and the Philippines. As of November 30, 2018, U-Swirl operated four Company-owned cafés and 102 franchised cafés located in 27 states and Qatar. U-Swirl operates self-serve frozen yogurt cafés under the names “U-Swirl,” “Yogurtini,” “CherryBerry,” “Yogli Mogli Frozen Yogurt,” “Fuzzy Peach Frozen Yogurt,” “Let’s Yo!” and “Aspen Leaf Yogurt”.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended November 30, 201 8 Compared to the Three Months Ended November 30, 201 7

 

Results Summary

 

Basic earnings per share decreased 30.8% from $0.13 in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to $0.09 in the three months ended November 30, 2018. Revenues decreased 10.2% from $10.0 million in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to $8.9 million in the three months ended November 30, 2018. Operating income decreased 43.4% from $1.2 million in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to $0.7 million in the three months ended November 30, 2018. Net income decreased 30.1% from $751,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to $525,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2018. The decrease in operating income was due primarily to lower revenue in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

 

Revenues

 

   

Three Months Ended

                 

($'s in thousands)

 

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 

Factory sales

  $ 6,862.0     $ 7,511.3     $ (649.3 )     (8.6 )%

Retail sales

    721.3       840.2       (118.9 )     (14.2 )%

Franchise fees

    61.7       150.9       (89.2 )     (59.1 )%

Royalty and marketing fees

    1,304.8       1,459.1       (154.3 )     (10.6 )%

Total

  $ 8,949.8     $ 9,961.5     $ (1,011.7 )     (10.2 )%

 

Factory Sales

 

The decrease in factory sales for the three months ended November 30, 2018 versus the three months ended November 30, 2017 was primarily due to an 18.8% decrease in shipments of product to customers outside our network of franchise retail locations and a 3.0% decrease in purchases by our network of franchised and licensed stores. This change was primarily the result of a decrease in purchases by the Company’s largest customer during the three months ended November 30, 2018, with revenue from such customer decreasing to approximately $374,000, or 4.2% of the Company’s revenues during the three months ended November 30, 2018, compared to $682,000, or 6.8% of the Company’s revenues during the three months ended November 30, 2017 for this same customer. The Company believes the decrease in orders is due to lower sales of its customer. If future purchases from this customer decrease or remain at current levels, our sales could continue to decline, and there is no assurance that sales to such customer will return to historical levels.

 

Same-store pounds purchased by domestic Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory franchise and license locations decreased 1.9% in the three months ended November 30, 2018, compared with the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Retail Sales

 

The decrease in retail sales was primarily due to changes in retail units in operation resulting from the sale of certain Company-owned locations and the closure of certain underperforming Company-owned locations. Same-store sales at all Company-owned stores and cafés increased 8.6% in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Royalties, Marketing Fees and Franchise Fees

 

The decrease in royalties and marketing fees from the three months ended November 30, 2017 to the three months ended November 30, 2018 was primarily due to an 8.7% decrease in domestic franchise units in operation. The average number of total domestic franchise stores in operation decreased from 312 in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to 285 during the three months ended November 30, 2018. This decrease is the result of domestic store closures exceeding domestic store openings. Same-store sales at total franchise stores and cafés in operation increased 0.7% during the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017. Franchise fee revenues decreased as a result of a decrease in domestic store openings and the fees recognized during the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

 

Costs and Expenses

 

Cost of Sales

 

   

Three Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Cost of sales - factory

  $ 5,419.8     $ 5,703.4     $ (283.6 )     (5.0 )%

Cost of sales - retail

    280.5       336.6       (56.1 )     (16.7 )%

Franchise costs

    463.1       515.1       (52.0 )     (10.1 )%

Sales and marketing

    519.2       593.0       (73.8 )     (12.4 )%

General and administrative

    860.9       827.2       33.7       4.1 %

Retail operating

    446.1       584.8       (138.7 )     (23.7 )%

Total

  $ 7,989.6     $ 8,560.1     $ (570.5 )     (6.7 )%

 

Gross Margin

 

   

Three Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Factory gross margin

  $ 1,442.2     $ 1,807.9     $ (365.7 )     (20.2 )%

Retail gross margin

    440.8       503.6       (62.8 )     (12.5 )%

Total

  $ 1,883.0     $ 2,311.5     $ (428.5 )     (18.5 )%

 

   

Three Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

%

   

%

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 

(Percent)

                               

Factory gross margin

    21.0 %     24.1 %     (3.1 )%     (12.7 )%

Retail gross margin

    61.1 %     59.9 %     1.2 %     2.0 %

Total

    24.8 %     27.7 %     (2.8 )%     (10.3 )%

 

Adjusted Gross Margin

 

   

Three Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Factory gross margin

  $ 1,442.2     $ 1,807.9     $ (365.7 )     (20.2 )%

Plus: depreciation and amortization

    140.0       134.3       5.7       4.2 %

Factory adjusted gross margin

    1,582.2       1,942.2       (360.0 )     (18.5 )%

Retail gross margin

    440.8       503.6       (62.8 )     (12.5 )%

Total Adjusted Gross Margin

  $ 2,023.0     $ 2,445.8     $ (422.8 )     (17.3 )%
                                 

Factory adjusted gross margin

    23.1 %     25.9 %     (2.8 )%     (10.8 )%

Retail gross margin

    61.1 %     59.9 %     1.2 %     2.0 %

Total Adjusted Gross Margin

    26.7 %     29.3 %     (2.6 )%     (8.9 )%

 

 

Adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are non-GAAP measures. Adjusted gross margin is equal to the sum of our factory adjusted gross margin plus our retail gross margin calculated in accordance with GAAP. Factory adjusted gross margin is equal to factory gross margin plus depreciation and amortization expense. We believe adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are helpful in understanding our past performance as a supplement to gross margin, factory gross margin and other performance measures calculated in conformity with GAAP. We believe that adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are useful to investors because they provide a measure of operating performance and our ability to generate cash that is unaffected by non-cash accounting measures. Additionally, we use adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin rather than gross margin and factory gross margin to make incremental pricing decisions. Adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin have limitations as analytical tools because they exclude the impact of depreciation and amortization expense and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for any measure reported under GAAP. Our use of capital assets makes depreciation and amortization expense a necessary element of our costs and our ability to generate income. Due to these limitations, we use adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin as measures of performance only in conjunction with GAAP measures of performance such as gross margin and factory gross margin.

 

Cost of Sales and Gross Margin

 

Factory margins decreased 310 basis points in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017 due primarily to lower efficiencies associated with a 17.0% decrease in production volume and an increase in transportation fuel and equipment costs in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017. The increase in Company-owned store margin is due primarily to a change in units in operation during the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the prior year.

 

Franchise Costs

 

The decrease in franchise costs in the three months ended November 30, 2018 versus the three months ended November 30, 2017 is due primarily to a decrease in legal and professional expense in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017. As a percentage of total royalty and marketing fees and franchise fee revenue, franchise costs increased to 33.9% in the three months ended November 30, 2018 from 32.0% in the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

The decrease in sales and marketing costs for the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017 is primarily due to lower marketing-related costs associated with U-Swirl franchise locations as a result of fewer units in operation.     

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative costs increased 4.1% in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017. This increase was primarily the result of an increase in legal costs. As a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 9.6% in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to 8.3% in the three months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Retail Operating Expenses

 

The decrease in retail operating expenses for the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended November 30, 2017 was due primarily to changes in units in operation as a result of the closure of certain underperforming Company-owned units. Retail operating expenses, as a percentage of retail sales, decreased from 69.6% in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to 61.8% in the three months ended November 30, 2018. This decrease is primarily the result of the change in units in operation from the prior year.

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

Depreciation and amortization, exclusive of depreciation and amortization included in cost of sales, was $282,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2018, an increase of 39.6% from $202,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2017. This increase was the result of a change in management’s estimates related to the future value of U-Swirl intangibles and the associated acceleration of amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization included in cost of sales increased 4.2% from $134,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2017 to $140,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2018. This increase was the result of an increase in production assets in service.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Net interest expense was $11,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to net interest expense of $22,000 incurred in the three months ended November 30, 2017. This decrease in interest expense is due to lower average outstanding promissory note balances for the three months ended November 30, 2018.

 

Income Tax Expense

 

Our effective income tax rate for the three months ended November 30, 2018 was 21.2%, compared to 36.2% for the three months ended November 30, 2017. The decrease of 14.7% is primarily due to the lower enacted U.S. corporate tax rate of 21% under the recent Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

 

 

Nine Months Ended November 30, 201 8 Compared to the Nine Months Ended November 30, 201 7

 

Results Summary

 

Basic earnings per share decreased 26.2% to $0.31 for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to $0.42 for the nine months ended November 30, 2017. Revenues decreased 8.9% to $25.1 million for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to $27.6 million in the nine months ended November 30, 2017. Operating income decreased 36.0% from $4.0 million in the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to $2.5 million in the nine months ended November 30, 2018. Net income decreased 25.7% from $2.5 million in the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to $1.9 million in the nine months ended November 30, 2018. The decrease in operating income and net income was due primarily to lower revenue and lower margins partially offset by a decrease in operating expenses and a lower effective income tax rate.

 

Revenues

 

   

Nine Months Ended

                 

($'s in thousands)

 

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 

Factory sales

  $ 17,203.3     $ 18,576.8     $ (1,373.5 )     (7.4 )%

Retail sales

    2,698.4       3,045.1       (346.7 )     (11.4 )%

Franchise fees

    262.3       563.0       (300.7 )     (53.4 )%

Royalty and marketing fees

    4,951.9       5,389.8       (437.9 )     (8.1 )%

Total

  $ 25,115.9     $ 27,574.7       (2,458.8 )     (8.9 )%

 

Factory Sales

 

The decrease in factory sales for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 versus the nine months ended November 30, 2017 was primarily due to a 22.5% decrease in shipments of product to customers outside our network of franchise retail locations. This change was primarily the result of a decrease in purchases by the Company’s largest customer during the nine months ended November 30, 2018, with revenue from such customer decreasing to approximately $1.8 million, or 7.1%, of the Company’s revenues during the nine months ended November 30, 2018, compared to $2.9 million, or 10.3% of the Company’s revenues during the nine months ended November 30, 2017 for this same customer. The Company believes the decrease in orders is due to lower sales of its customer. If future purchases from this customer decrease or remain at current levels, our sales could continue to decline, and there is no assurance that sales to such customer will return to historical levels

 

Same-store pounds purchased by domestic Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory franchise and license locations decreased 1.5% in the nine months ended November 30, 2018, compared with the nine months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Retail Sales

 

The decrease in retail sales was primarily due to changes in retail units in operation as a result of the closure of certain underperforming Company-owned locations. Same-store sales at all Company-owned stores and cafés increased 2.1% in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Royalties, Marketing Fees and Franchise Fees

 

The decrease in royalties and marketing fees from the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to the nine months ended November 30, 2018 was primarily due to a 9.9% decrease in domestic franchise units in operation. The average number of total domestic franchise stores in operation decreased from 322 in the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to 290 during the nine months ended November 30, 2018. This decrease is the result of domestic store closures exceeding domestic store openings. Same-store sales at total franchise stores and cafés in operation were approximately unchanged during the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017. Franchise fee revenues decreased as a result of international license fees recognized during the nine months ended November 30, 2017 with no comparable international fees recognized during the nine months ended November 30, 2018. During the nine months ended November 30, 2017, U-Swirl entered into a master license agreement covering the State of Qatar and Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory entered into master license agreements covering the countries of Vietnam and Panama. There were no international license agreements entered into during the nine months ended November 30, 2018.

 

 

Costs and Expenses

 

Cost of Sales

 

   

Nine Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Cost of sales - factory

  $ 13,266.0     $ 13,823.2     $ (557.2 )     (4.0 )%

Cost of sales - retail

    983.5       1,084.2       (100.7 )     (9.3 )%

Franchise costs

    1,539.1       1,588.3       (49.2 )     (3.1 )%

Sales and marketing

    1,672.6       1,785.4       (112.8 )     (6.3 )%

General and administrative

    2,588.8       2,932.6       (343.8 )     (11.7 )%

Retail operating

    1,507.4       1,774.5       (267.1 )     (15.1 )%

Total

  $ 21,557.4     $ 22,988.2     $ (1,430.8 )     (6.2 )%

 

Gross Margin

 

   

Nine Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Factory gross margin

  $ 3,937.3     $ 4,753.6     $ (816.3 )     (17.2 )%

Retail gross margin

    1,714.9       1,960.9       (246.0 )     (12.5 )%

Total

  $ 5,652.2     $ 6,714.5     $ (1,062.3 )     (15.8 )%

 

 

   

Nine Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

%

   

%

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Factory gross margin

    22.9 %     25.6 %     (2.7 )%     (10.6 )%

Retail gross margin

    63.6 %     64.4 %     (0.8 )%     (1.3 )%

Total

    28.4 %     31.1 %     (2.7 )%     (8.5 )%

 

Adjusted Gross Margin

 

   

Nine Months Ended

                 
   

November 30,

   

$

   

%

 

($'s in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Change

   

Change

 
                                 

Factory gross margin

  $ 3,937.3     $ 4,753.6     $ (816.3 )     (17.2 )%

Plus: depreciation and amortization

    414.7       387.8       26.9       6.9 %

Factory adjusted gross margin

    4,352.0       5,141.4       (789.4 )     (15.4 )%

Retail gross margin

    1,714.9       1,960.9       (246.0 )     (12.5 )%

Total Adjusted Gross Margin

  $ 6,066.9     $ 7,102.3     $ (1,035.4 )     (14.6 )%
                                 

Factory adjusted gross margin

    25.3 %     27.7 %     (2.4 )%     (8.6 )%

Retail gross margin

    63.6 %     64.4 %     (0.8 )%     (1.3 )%

Total Adjusted Gross Margin

    30.5 %     32.8 %     (2.4 )%     (7.2 )%

 

Adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are non-GAAP measures. Adjusted gross margin is equal to the sum of our factory adjusted gross margin plus our retail gross margin calculated in accordance with GAAP. Factory adjusted gross margin is equal to factory gross margin plus depreciation and amortization expense. We believe adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are helpful in understanding our past performance as a supplement to gross margin, factory gross margin and other performance measures calculated in conformity with GAAP. We believe that adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin are useful to investors because they provide a measure of operating performance and our ability to generate cash that is unaffected by non-cash accounting measures. Additionally, we use adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin rather than gross margin and factory gross margin to make incremental pricing decisions. Adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin have limitations as analytical tools because they exclude the impact of depreciation and amortization expense and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for any measure reported under GAAP. Our use of capital assets makes depreciation and amortization expense a necessary element of our costs and our ability to generate income. Due to these limitations, we use adjusted gross margin and factory adjusted gross margin as measures of performance only in conjunction with GAAP measures of performance such as gross margin and factory gross margin.

 

 

Cost of Sales and Gross Margin

 

Factory margins decreased 270 basis points in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017 due primarily to lower efficiencies associated with a 13.4% decrease in production volume in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017. The decrease in retail gross margins was primarily the result of sales discounts prior to closing certain underperforming Company-owned locations.

 

Fr anchise Costs

 

The decrease in franchise costs in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 versus the nine months ended November 30, 2017 is due primarily to a decrease in legal and professional expenses. As a percentage of total royalty and marketing fees and franchise fee revenue, franchise costs increased to 29.5% in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 from 26.7% in the nine months ended November 30, 2017. This increase as a percentage of royalty, marketing and franchise fees is primarily a result of lower franchise revenues.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

The decrease in sales and marketing costs for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017 is primarily due to lower marketing-related costs associated with U-Swirl franchise locations.

 

General and Administrative

 

The decrease in general and administrative costs for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017 is primarily due to a decrease in legal and professional expenses. As a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses decreased to 10.3% in the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to 10.6% in the nine months ended November 30, 2017.

 

Retail Operating Expenses

 

The decrease in retail operating expenses for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended November 30, 2017 was due primarily to changes in units in operation, as a result of the closure of certain underperforming Company-owned units. Retail operating expenses, as a percentage of retail sales, decreased from 58.3% in the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to 55.9% in the nine months ended November 30, 2018. This decrease is primarily the result of the change in units in operation from the prior year.

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

Depreciation and amortization, exclusive of depreciation and amortization included in cost of sales, was $880,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2018, an increase of 48.6% from $592,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2017. This increase was the result of a change in management’s estimates related to the future value of U-Swirl intangibles and the associated acceleration of amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization included in cost of sales increased 6.9% from $388,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to $415,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2018. This increase was the result of an increase in production assets in service.

 

Restructuring charges

 

There were no restructuring and acquisition related charges during the nine months ended November 30, 2017 compared to $177,000 during the nine months ended November 30, 2018. The increase in restructuring costs was the result of charges related to closing certain underperforming Company-owned locations.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Net interest expense was $44,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2018, a decrease of 42.0% compared to net interest expense of $76,000 in the nine months ended November 30, 2017. This decrease in interest expense is due to lower average outstanding promissory note balances for the nine months ended November 30, 2018.

 

 

Income Tax Expense

 

Our effective income tax rate for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 was 24.6%, compared to 36.4% for the nine months ended November 30, 2017. The decrease of 11.8% is primarily due to the lower enacted U.S. corporate tax rate of 21% under the recent Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of November 30, 2018, working capital was $9.6 million, compared with $7.4 million as of February 28, 2018, an increase of $2.2 million. The increase in working capital was primarily due to the impact of the adoption of certain recent accounting pronouncements and positive operating results partially offset by the payment of dividends.

 

Cash and cash equivalent balances declined approximately $1.9 million to $4.2 million as of November 30, 2018 compared to $6.1 million as of February 28, 2018 as a result of cash flow used by financing activities, including repayment of debt and payment of dividends exceeding cash flow generated by operating activities. Our current ratio was 2.7 to 1.0 at November 30, 2018 compared to 1.9 to 1.0 at February 28, 2018. We monitor current and anticipated future levels of cash and cash equivalents in relation to anticipated operating, financing and investing requirements.

 

During the nine months ended November 30, 2018, we had net income of $1,853,120 . Operating activities provided cash of $1,699,053 , with the principal adjustment to reconcile the net income to net cash provided by operating activities being depreciation and amortization of $1,294,241 and the increase in inventory of $1,471,361. During the comparable 2017 period, we had net income of $2,493,012, and operating activities provided cash of $1,647,658. The principal adjustment to reconcile the net income to net cash provided by operating activities was depreciation and amortization of $979,712 and the increase in accounts receivable of $1,307,149.

 

During the nine months ended November 30, 2018, investing activities used cash of $419,014, primarily due to the purchases of property and equipment of $498,252. In comparison, investing activities used cash of $274,052 during the nine months ended November 30, 2017 primarily due to the purchase of property and equipment of $446,935.

 

Financing activities used cash of $3,141,084 for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and used cash of $3,085,883 during the prior year period. The Company’s financing activities consist primarily of payments on long-term debt and declared dividends.

 

We have a $5.0 million ($5.0 million available as of November 30, 2018) working capital line of credit collateralized by substantially all of our assets with the exception of our retail store assets. Additionally, the line of credit is subject to various financial ratio and leverage covenants. As of November 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all such covenants. The line of credit is subject to renewal in September 2019. As of November 30, 2018, no amount was outstanding under this line of credit.

 

Our outstanding long-term debt is comprised of a promissory note used to finance business acquisitions of SWRL (unpaid balance as of November 30, 2018 of $1.5 million). The promissory note allowed us to borrow up to a maximum of $7.0 million to finance business acquisitions and bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 3.75%. Additionally, the promissory note is subject to various financial ratio and leverage covenants. As of November 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all such covenants.

 

On July 15, 2014, we publicly announced a plan to repurchase up to $3.0 million of our common stock in the open market or in private transactions, whenever deemed appropriate by management. On January 13, 2015, we announced a plan to purchase up to an additional $2,058,000 of our common stock under the repurchase plan, and on May 21, 2015, we announced a further increase to the repurchase plan by authorizing the purchase of up to an additional $2,090,000 of our common stock under the repurchase plan. We did not repurchase any shares during the three and nine months ended November 30, 2018. As of November 30, 2018, approximately $638,000 remains available under the repurchase plan for further stock repurchases.

 

We believe cash flows generated by operating activities and available financing will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next twelve months. If necessary, the Company has an available bank line of credit to help meet these requirements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Operating leases: Our Company-owned stores are occupied pursuant to non-cancelable leases of five to ten years having varying expiration dates, some of which contain optional renewal rights. We also lease warehouse facilities to support our manufacturing operations and we lease most of our transportation equipment. We do not deem any individual lease to be significant in relation to our overall operations.

 

Purchase obligations: As of November 30, 2018, we had purchase obligations of approximately $1.4 million. These purchase obligations primarily consist of contractual obligations for future purchases of commodities for use in our manufacturing.

 

 

Impact of Inflation

 

Inflationary factors such as increases in the costs of ingredients and labor directly affect our operations. Most of our leases provide for cost-of-living adjustments and require us to pay taxes, insurance and maintenance expenses, all of which are subject to inflation. Additionally, our future lease costs for new facilities may include potentially escalating costs of real estate and construction. There is no assurance that we will be able to pass on increased costs to our customers.

 

Depreciation expense is based on the historical cost to us of our fixed assets, and is therefore potentially less than it would be if it were based on current replacement cost. While property and equipment acquired in prior years will ultimately have to be replaced at higher prices, it is expected that replacement will be a gradual process over many years.

 

Seasonality

 

We are subject to seasonal fluctuations in sales, which cause fluctuations in quarterly results of operations. Historically, the strongest sales of our products have occurred during key holidays and the summer vacation season. In addition, quarterly results have been, and in the future are likely to be, affected by the timing of new store openings and sales of franchises. Because of the seasonality of our business and the impact of new store openings and sales of franchises, results for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of results that may be achieved in other quarters or for a full fiscal year.

 

Item 3.     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

We do not engage in commodity futures trading or hedging activities and do not enter into derivative financial instrument transactions for trading or other speculative purposes. We also do not engage in transactions in foreign currencies or in interest rate swap transactions that could expose us to market risk. However, we are exposed to some commodity price and interest rate risks.

 

We frequently enter into purchase contracts of between six to eighteen months for chocolate and certain nuts. These contracts permit us to purchase the specified commodity at a fixed price on an as-needed basis during the term of the contract. Because prices for these products may fluctuate, we may benefit if prices rise during the terms of these contracts, but we may be required to pay above-market prices if prices fall and we are unable to renegotiate the terms of the contract. As of November 30, 2018, based on future contractual obligations for ingredients, we estimate that a 10.0% change in the prices of contracted ingredients would result in a $141,000 favorable or unfavorable price benefit or cost, respectively, resulting from our contracts.

 

We have a $5 million bank line of credit that bears interest at a variable rate. As of November 30, 2018, no amount was outstanding under the line of credit. We do not believe that we are exposed to any material interest rate risk related to this line of credit.

 

We also entered into a $7.0 million promissory note with interest at a fixed rate of 3.75% annually that was used to finance the previous acquisitions by SWRL. As of November 30, 2018, $1.5 million was outstanding under this promissory note. We do not believe that we are exposed to any material interest rate risk related to this promissory note.

 

Item 4.       Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the “Exchange Act”) that are designed to ensure that material information relating to us is made known to the officers who certify as to our financial reports and to other members of senior management and the Board of Directors. These disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports that are filed or submitted under the Exchange Act, are recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of November 30, 2018.

 

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended November 30, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II.