0001157075 false 2022 Q1 04/30 5 0001157075 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 2021-09-14 0001157075 2021-07-31 0001157075 2021-04-30 0001157075 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-04-30 0001157075 2020-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-07-31 0001157075 2020-07-31 0001157075 2021-07-11 0001157075 2021-07-12 0001157075 pmcb:SGAustriaMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:CellInABoxMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:DiabetesLicenseMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-08-01 2021-08-09 0001157075 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-08-10 2021-08-19 0001157075 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-09-13 0001157075 pmcb:DAndOInsuranceMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:DAndOInsuranceMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:DAndOInsuranceMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 2020-03-27 0001157075 2020-03-01 2020-03-27 0001157075 2021-04-01 2021-04-28 0001157075 2021-04-28 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourNonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2019-05-01 2020-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourNonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourNonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourNonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourNonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2020Member 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2020Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2020Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2020Member 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:NonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:NonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:NonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:NonemployeeMembersMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:FourConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:AConsultantMember pmcb:MedicalAndScientificAdvisoryBoardMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:AConsultantMember pmcb:MedicalAndScientificAdvisoryBoardMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:AConsultantMember pmcb:MedicalAndScientificAdvisoryBoardMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2021Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:OfficersMember pmcb:CompensationAgrmt2021Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:ThreeNonemployeeMemberMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:ThreeNonemployeeMemberMember pmcb:DirectorLetterAgreementMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:TwoConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:CommonStockMember pmcb:TwoConsultantsMember pmcb:ConsultingAgreementsMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:ShelfOfferingMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:ShelfOfferingMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember pmcb:EmployeesMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember pmcb:EmployeesMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:EmployeeOptionsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:EmployeeOptionsMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember pmcb:NonEmployeesMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember pmcb:NonEmployeesMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:UnvestedStockOptionsMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 pmcb:UnvestedStockOptionsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:UnvestedStockOptionsMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember pmcb:EmployeesMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:NonEmployeeOptionsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:NonEmployeeOptionsMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price1Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price1Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price2Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price2Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price3Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price3Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price4Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price4Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price5Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price5Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price6Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price6Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price7Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price7Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price8Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price8Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price9Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price9Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price10Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price10Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price11Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price11Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price12Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price12Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price13Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price13Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price14Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price14Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price15Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price15Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price16Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price16Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price17Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price17Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price18Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price18Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price19Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price19Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price20Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price20Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price21Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price21Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price22Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price22Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price23Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Price23Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-04-30 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant1Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant1Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant2Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant2Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant3Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant3Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant4Member 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:Warrant4Member 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:SGAustriaMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:SGAustriaMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:VinDeBonaMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:VinDeBonaMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:VinDeBonaMember pmcb:SalmonsMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 pmcb:VinDeBonaMember pmcb:SalmonsMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:StockOptionMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2021-05-01 2021-07-31 0001157075 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2020-05-01 2020-07-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure

 

 

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2021

or

 

o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

        

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission file number 001-40699

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada 62-1772151
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

23046 Avenida de la Carlota, Suite 600, Laguna Hills, CA 92653

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(917) 595-2850

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001 Per Share   PMCB   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (Nasdaq Capital Market)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer  ☐ Accelerated filer  ☐
  Non-accelerated filer  ☒ Smaller reporting company 
  Emerging growth company   

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of September 14, 2021, the registrant had 20,715,078 outstanding shares of common stock, with a par value of $0.0001 per share.

 

 

     

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JULY 31, 2021

 

    Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 3
     
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 3
 
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) 3
 
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 5
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 6
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 7
 
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 8
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 23
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 29
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 30
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION 32
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 32
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 32
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 32
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 32
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 32
     
Item 5. Other Information 32
     
Item 6. Exhibits 33
     
  Signatures 34

 

 

 

 

 

  2  

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

             
    July 31,
2021
    April 30,
2021
 
ASSETS                
Current assets:                
Cash   $ 959,270     $ 2,202,106  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     549,094       73,131  
Total current assets     1,508,364       2,275,237  
                 
Other assets:                
Intangibles     3,549,427       3,549,427  
Investment in SG Austria     1,572,193       1,572,193  
Other assets     7,372       7,372  
Total other assets     5,128,992       5,128,992  
                 
Total Assets   $ 6,637,356     $ 7,404,229  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 394,775     $ 172,261  
Accrued expenses     530,199       552,517  
Total current liabilities     924,974       724,778  
                 
Total Liabilities     924,974       724,778  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 7 and 9)            
                 
Stockholders' equity:                
Common stock, authorized: 33,333,334 shares, $0.0001 par value; 1,611,671 and 1,590,084 shares issued and outstanding as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, respectively     161       159  
Additional paid-in capital     114,169,131       114,109,169  
Accumulated deficit     (108,434,913 )     (107,409,495 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (21,997 )     (20,382 )
Total stockholders' equity     5,712,382       6,679,451  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity   $ 6,637,356     $ 7,404,229  

 

 See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

  3  

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

             
    Three Months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
             
Revenue   $     $  
                 
Operating expenses:                
Research and development costs     143,613       270,574  
Compensation expense     268,885       278,970  
Director fees     63,159       72,024  
Legal and professional     185,748       141,756  
General and administrative     361,946       118,352  
Total operating expenses     1,023,351       881,676  
                 
Loss from operations     (1,023,351 )     (881,676 )
                 
Other expense:                
Interest expense     (467 )     (388 )
Other expense     (1,600 )     (1,880 )
Total other expenses     (2,067 )     (2,268 )
                 
Net loss   $ (1,025,418 )   $ (883,944 )
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share   $ (0.64 )   $ (0.79 )
Weighted average shares outstanding basic and diluted     1,591,306       1,119,048  

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

  4  

 

 

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(UNAUDITED)

 

             
    Three Months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
             
Net loss   $ (1,025,418 )   $ (883,944 )
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
Foreign currency translation adjustment     (1,615 )     2,677  
Other comprehensive income (loss)     (1,615 )     2,677  
Comprehensive loss   $ (1,027,033 )   $ (881,267 )

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

  5  

 

 

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

THREE MONTHS ENDED JULY 31, 2021 AND 2020 

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

                                     
    Common Stock     Additional Paid-in     Accumulated     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
    Total
Stockholders’
 
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Loss     Equity  
                                     
Balance, April 30, 2021     1,590,084     $ 159     $ 114,109,169     $ (107,409,495 )   $ (20,382 )   $ 6,679,451  
                                                 
Stock issued for compensation                 11,055                   11,055  
Stock issued for services     1,336             24,765                   24,765  
Stock issued fractions shares -reverse stock split 1 for 1,500     20,251       2       (2 )                  
Stock-based compensation options                 24,144                   24,144  
Foreign currency translation adjustment                             (1,615 )     (1,615 )
Net loss                       (1,025,418 )           (1,025,418 )
Balance, July 31, 2021     1,611,671     $ 161     $ 114,169,131     $ (108,434,913 )   $ (21,997 )   $ 5,712,382  
                                                 
Balance, April 30, 2020     1,092,425     $ 109     $ 108,968,817     $ (103,858,259 )   $ (21,709 )   $ 5,088,958  
                                                 
Stock issued for compensation                 67,320                   67,320  
Stock issued for services     1,667             40,550                   40,550  
Stock issued for cash, net of issuance costs of $194,150     156,004       16       1,857,381                   1,857,397  
Stock-based compensation options                 72,317                   72,317  
Foreign currency translation adjustment                             2,677       2,677  
Net loss                       (883,944 )           (883,944 )
Balance, July 31, 2020     1,250,096     $ 125     $ 111,006,385     $ (104,742,203 )   $ (19,032 )   $ 6,245,275  

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

  6  

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

                 
    Three Months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (1,025,418 )   $ (883,944 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Stock issued for services     24,765       40,550  
Stock issued for compensation     11,055       67,320  
Stock-based compensation – options     24,144       72,317  
Change in assets and liabilities:                
(Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets     (246,930 )     6,248  
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable     (6,519     198,990  
Decrease in accrued expenses     (22,318 )     (52,483 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (1,241,221 )     (551,002 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities            
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Use of funds for payment of insurance financing loan           (37,337 )
Proceeds from sale of common stock, net of issuance costs           1,857,397  
Net cash provided by financing activities           1,820,060  
                 
Effect of currency rate exchange on cash     (1,615 )     2,677  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     (1,242,836 )     1,271,735  
                 
Cash at beginning of the period     2,202,106       894,861  
Cash at end of the period   $ 959,270     $ 2,166,596  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flows information:                
Cash paid during the periods for income taxes   $ 1,600     $ 800  
Cash paid during the periods for interest   $ 467     $ 388  
                 
Supplemental information of non-cash activities:                

Prepaid expenses included in accounts payable

  $

229,033

    $  

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

  7  

 

 

PHARMACYTE BIOTECH, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 1 – NATURE OF BUSINESS

 

PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc. (“Company”) is a biotechnology company focused on developing cellular therapies for cancer and diabetes based upon a proprietary cellulose-based live cell encapsulation technology known as “Cell-in-a-Box®”. The Cell-in-a-Box® technology is intended to be used as a platform upon which therapies for several types of cancer, including locally advanced, inoperable, non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (“LAPC”) will be developed. The current generation of the Company’s product candidate is referred to as “CypCaps™”. On September 1, 2020, the Company submitted an Investigational New Drug Application (“IND”) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for a planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC. On October 1, 2020, the Company received notice from the FDA that it had placed the IND on clinical hold. On October 30, 2020, the FDA sent a letter to the Company setting forth the reasons for the clinical hold and specific guidance on what the Company must do to have the clinical hold lifted. To lift the clinical hold, the FDA has informed the Company that it needs to conduct several additional preclinical studies and assays. The FDA also requested additional information regarding several topics, including DNA sequencing data, manufacturing information and product release specifications. The Company is also in the process of conducting these studies and assays and gathering additional information to submit to the FDA. See “Our Investigational New Drug Application and the Clinical Hold” below.

 

The Cell-in-a-Box® encapsulation technology potentially enables genetically engineered live human cells to be used as a means to produce various biologically active molecules. The technology is intended to result in the formation of pinhead sized cellulose-based porous capsules in which genetically modified live human cells can be encapsulated and maintained. In a laboratory setting, this proprietary live cell encapsulation technology has been shown to create a micro-environment in which encapsulated cells survive and flourish. They are protected from environmental challenges, such as the sheer forces associated with bioreactors and passage through catheters and needles, which we believe enables greater growth and production. The capsules are largely composed of cellulose (cotton) and are bio inert.

 

The Company is developing therapies for pancreatic and other solid cancerous tumors by using genetically engineered live human cells that we believe are capable of converting a cancer prodrug into its cancer-killing form. The Company encapsulate those cells using the Cell-in-a-Box® technology and place those capsules in the body as close as possible to the tumor. In this way, the Company believes that when a cancer prodrug is administered to a patient with a particular type of cancer that may be affected by the prodrug, the killing of the patient’s cancerous tumor may be optimized.

 

In addition, the Company has been exploring ways to delay the production and accumulation of malignant ascites fluid that results from many types of abdominal cancerous tumors. Malignant ascites fluid is secreted by abdominal cancerous tumors into the abdomen after the tumors have reached a certain stage of growth. This fluid contains cancer cells that can seed and form new tumors throughout the abdomen. This fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity, causing swelling of the abdomen, severe breathing difficulties and extreme pain.

 

The Company has also been developing a potential therapy for Type 1 diabetes and insulin-dependent Type 2 diabetes. The Company’s product candidate for the treatment of diabetes consists of encapsulated genetically modified insulin-producing cells. The encapsulation will be done using the Cell-in-a-Box® technology. Implanting these cells in the body is designed to function as a bio-artificial pancreas for purposes of insulin production.

 

The Company has also been considering ways to exploit the benefits of the Cell-in-a-Box® technology to develop therapies for cancer that involve prodrugs based upon certain constituents of the Cannabis plant (“Cannabis Program”); these constituents are of the class of compounds known as “cannabinoids”.

 

Until: (i) the FDA allows the Company to commence a clinical trial in LAPC described in its IND for which the FDA has placed a clinical hold; and (ii) the Company validates its Cell-in-a-Box® encapsulation technology in its planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC, the Company is not spending any further resources developing the Cannabis Program.

 

 

 

  8  

 

 

Clinical Hold

 

On September 1, 2020, the Company submitted an IND to the FDA for a planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC. Shortly thereafter, the Company received Information Requests from the FDA related to the IND. The Company timely responded to all information requests.

  

On October 1, 2020, the Company received notice that the FDA had placed the IND on clinical hold.

 

On October 30, 2020, the FDA sent a letter to the Company setting forth the reasons for the clinical hold and specific guidance on what the Company must do to have the clinical hold lifted.

 

In order to lift the clinical hold, the FDA has informed the Company that it needs to conduct several additional preclinical studies. The FDA also requested additional information regarding several topics, including sequencing data, manufacturing information and product release specifications.

 

In addition, the FDA requested that several items not related to the clinical hold be addressed through the submission of an IND amendment. Specifically, the FDA requested that the Company perform qualification studies for the drug substance filling step to ensure that the product remains sterile and stable during the filling process. The FDA also requested additional information, discussion and clarification on several other topics.

 

Since October 30, 2020, there has been no further communication with the FDA regarding the clinical hold.

 

The Company has assembled a scientific team to address the FDA requests related to the clinical hold. That team is working through an extensive list of items that the FDA requested. Among other things, the Company has successfully completed a 9-month product stability study, commenced physical parameter testing for CypCaps™ and commenced additional studies for the sequence of DNA encoding of its encapsulated cells. The Company has also designed the biocompatibility tests for cytotoxicity, sensitization, irritation, acute systemic toxicity, material-mediated pyrogenicity, subacute/subchronic toxicity, genotoxicity and implantation. In addition, the Company has begun a compression and swelling study of CypCaps™, designed a study to determine if CypCaps™ are adversely affected by contrast medium and designed a study to show the catheters used to implant CypCaps™ do not adversely impact the encapsulated cells.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Company’s Operations

 

The coronavirus SARS-Cov2 pandemic (“COVID-19”) is causing significant, industry-wide delays in clinical trials. Although the Company is not yet in a clinical trial, the Company has filed an IND with the FDA to commence a clinical trial in LAPC. While the IND has been placed on clinical hold by the FDA, the Company has assessed the impact of COVID-19 on its operations. Currently, many clinical trials are being delayed due to COVID-19. There are numerous reasons for these delays. For example, patients have shown a reluctance to enroll or continue in a clinical trial due to fear of exposure to COVID-19 when they are in a hospital or doctor’s office. There are local, regional and state-wide orders and regulations restricting usual normal activity by people. These discourage and interfere with patient visits to a doctor’s office if the visit is not COVID-19 related. Healthcare providers and health systems are shifting their resources away from clinical trials toward the care of COVID-19 patients. The FDA and other healthcare providers are making product candidates for the treatment of COVID-19 a priority over product candidates unrelated to COVID-19. As of the date of the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and related footnotes on Form 10-Q (“Report”), the COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact upon the Company’s operations, although the Company believes that impact is not material. The impact primarily relates to delays in tasks associated with the preparation of the Company’s responses to the clinical hold, including all requested preclinical studies. There may be further delays in generating responses to the requests from the FDA related to the clinical hold.

 

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, commencement of the Company’s planned clinical trial to treat LAPC may be delayed beyond the lifting of the clinical hold should that occur. Also, enrollment may be difficult for the reasons discussed above. In addition, after enrollment in the trial, if patients contract COVID-19 during their participation in the trial or are subject to isolation or shelter in place restrictions, this may cause them to drop out of our clinical trial, miss scheduled therapy appointments or follow-up visits or otherwise fail to follow the clinical trial protocol. If patients are unable to follow the clinical trial protocol or if the trial results are otherwise affected by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on patient participation or actions taken to mitigate COVID-19 spread, the integrity of data from the clinical trial may be compromised or not be accepted by the FDA. This could further adversely impact or delay the Company’s clinical development program.

 

 

 

  9  

 

  

It is highly speculative in projecting the effects of COVID-19 on the Company’s clinical development program and the Company generally. The effects of COVID-19 quickly and dramatically change over time. Its evolution is difficult to predict, and no one is able to say with certainty when the pandemic will subside.

 

Company Background

 

The Company is a Nevada corporation incorporated in 1996. In 2013, the Company restructured its operations to focus on biotechnology. The restructuring resulted in the Company focusing all its efforts upon the development of a novel, effective and safe way to treat cancer and diabetes. In January 2015, the Company changed its name from Nuvilex, Inc. to PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc. to reflect the nature of its current business.

 

Increase in Authorized Shares and Reverse Stock Split

 

On July 2, 2021, pursuant to stockholder approval at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders, the Company filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada a Certificate of Amendment to its Articles of Incorporation, as amended, to increase the number of authorized shares to fifty billion ten million (50,010,000,000) shares, of which fifty billion (50,000,000,000) shares, with a par value of $0.0001 per share are designated as common stock and of which ten million (10,000,000) shares, with a par value of $0.0001 per share, are designated as preferred stock.

 

Effective July 12, 2021, pursuant to the approval by the Board of Directors, the Company filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada a Certificate of Change to the Articles of Incorporation, to effect a 1-for-1,500 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock. The reverse stock split decreased the number of authorized shares of common stock from fifty billion (50,000,000,000) shares to thirty-three million three hundred thirty-three thousand three hundred thirty-four (33,333,334) shares, with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Any fractional shares resulting from the reverse stock split were rounded up to the next whole share. Except as otherwise indicated, all share and per share information in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related footnotes gives effect to the reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock.

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company operates independently and through four wholly owned subsidiaries: (i) Bio Blue Bird; (ii) PharmaCyte Biotech Europe Limited; (iii) PharmaCyte Biotech Australia Pty. Ltd.; and (iv) Viridis Biotech, Inc. and are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and the rules and regulations of the Commission. Upon consolidation, intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated. The Company’s 14.5% investment in SG Austria is presented on the cost method of accounting.

 

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities known to exist as of the date the financial statements are published and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Uncertainties with respect to such estimates and assumptions are inherent in the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements; accordingly, it is possible that the actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions, which could have a material effect on the reported amounts of the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations. The severity, magnitude and duration, as well as the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, are uncertain, rapidly changing and difficult to predict. Therefore, the Company’s accounting estimates and assumptions may change over time in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and may change materially in future periods.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) standard on goodwill and other intangible assets prescribes a two-step process for impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles, which is performed annually, as well as when an event triggering impairment may have occurred. The first step tests for impairment, while the second step, if necessary, measures the impairment. The Company has elected to perform its annual analysis at the end of its reporting year.

 

The Company’s intangible assets are licensing agreements related to the Cell-in-a-Box® technology for $1,549,427 and diabetes license for $2,000,000 for an aggregate total of $3,549,427.

 

 

 

  10  

 

 

These intangible assets have an indefinite life; therefore, they are not amortizable.

 

The Company concluded that there was no impairment of the carrying value of the intangible assets for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be fully recoverable. If the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) from the use of an asset are less than carrying value, a write-down would be recorded to reduce the related asset to its estimated fair value. No impairment was identified or recorded for three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

For certain of the Company’s non-derivative financial instruments, including cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses, the carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

 

Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments,” defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for current liabilities qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:

 

  Level 1. Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

 

  Level 2. Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and

 

  Level 3. Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred taxes are calculated using the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards, and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more-likely-than-not that some portion or all the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.

 

A valuation allowance is provided for deferred income tax assets when, in management’s judgment, based upon currently available information and other factors, it is more likely than not that all or a portion of such deferred income tax assets will not be realized. The determination of the need for a valuation allowance is based on an on-going evaluation of current information including, among other things, historical operating results, estimates of future earnings in different taxing jurisdictions and the expected timing of the reversals of temporary differences. The Company believes the determination to record a valuation allowance to reduce a deferred income tax asset is a significant accounting estimate because it is based on, among other things, an estimate of future taxable income in the U.S. and certain other jurisdictions, which is susceptible to change and may or may not occur, and because the impact of adjusting a valuation allowance may be material. In determining when to release the valuation allowance established against the Company’s net deferred income tax assets, the Company considers all available evidence, both positive and negative. Consistent with the Company’s policy, and because of the Company’s history of operating losses, the Company does not currently recognize the benefit of all its deferred tax assets, including tax loss carry forwards, which may be used to offset future taxable income. The Company continually assesses its ability to generate sufficient taxable income during future periods in which deferred tax assets may be realized. When the Company believes it is more likely than not that it will recover its deferred tax assets, the Company will reverse the valuation allowance as an income tax benefit in the statements of operations.

 

 

 

  11  

 

 

The U.S. GAAP method of accounting for uncertain tax positions utilizes a two-step approach to evaluate tax positions. Step one, recognition, requires evaluation of the tax position to determine if based solely on technical merits it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination. Step two, measurement, is addressed only if a position is more likely than not to be sustained. In step two, the tax benefit is measured as the largest amount of benefit, determined on a cumulative probability basis, which is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement with tax authorities. If a position does not meet the more likely than not threshold for recognition in step one, no benefit is recorded until the first subsequent period in which the more likely than not standard is met, the issue is resolved with the taxing authorities or the statute of limitations expires. Positions previously recognized are derecognized when the Company subsequently determines the position no longer is more likely than not to be sustained. Evaluation of tax positions, their technical merits and measurements using cumulative probability are highly subjective management estimates. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.

 

On March 27, 2020, Congress enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security ("CARES") Act to provide certain relief as a result of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 outbreak. The Company maintains a full valuation allowance on its U.S. net deferred tax assets. Deferred tax asset remeasurement (tax expense) was offset by a net decrease in valuation allowance, that resulted in no impact on the Company's income tax expense. Therefore, the Company does not expect the provisions in the CARES Act will impact the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

On March 11, 2021, Congress enacted the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021. The Company does not expect the provisions of this act will impact the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and Development (“R&D”) expenses consist of costs incurred for direct and overhead-related research expenses and are expensed as incurred. Costs to acquire technologies, including licenses, that are utilized in research and development and that have no alternative future use are expensed when incurred. Technology developed for use in the Company’s product candidates is expensed as incurred until technological feasibility has been established.

 

R&D expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $143,613 and $270,574, respectively.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense for only those awards ultimately expected to vest on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using a Black-Scholes-Merton valuation model. This model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option's expected term and stock price volatility. In addition, judgment is also required in estimating the number of stock-based awards that are expected to be forfeited. Forfeitures are estimated based on historical experience at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of share-based payment awards represent management's best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management's judgment. Thus, if factors change and the Company uses different assumptions, the stock-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company has no significant off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, options contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. The Company maintains most of its cash balance at a financial institution located in California. Accounts at this institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000. Uninsured balances aggregated approximately $679,000 at July 31, 2021 and $1,921,000 at April 30, 2021. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts. Management believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash. See Note 13 – Subsequent Events.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company translates the financial statements of its foreign subsidiaries from the local (functional) currencies to U.S. dollars in accordance with FASB ASC 830, Foreign Currency Matters. All assets and liabilities of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are translated at year-end exchange rates, while revenue and expenses are translated at average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Adjustments for foreign currency translation fluctuations are excluded from net loss and are included in other comprehensive income (loss). Gains and losses on short-term intercompany foreign currency transactions are recognized as incurred.

 

 

  12  

 

 

Liquidity

 

As of July 31, 2021, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $108,434,913 and incurred a net loss for the period ended July 31, 2021 of $1,025,418. The Company requires substantial additional capital to finance its planned business operations and expects to incur operating losses in future periods due to the expenses related to the Company’s core businesses. The Company has not realized any revenue since it commenced doing business in the biotechnology sector, and there can be no assurance that it will be successful in generating revenues in the future in this sector. The Company has spent and expects to continue to spend, a substantial amount of funds in connection with implementing its business strategy.

 

On August 9, 2021, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement to offer and sell shares of common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase common stock and warrants to purchase common stock in a public offering (“First Offering”). The gross proceeds of the First Offering were $15 million, before deduction of underwriting discounts, commissions and estimated offering expenses. See Note 13- Subsequent Events.

 

On August 19, 2021, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (“Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional investors (“Purchasers”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell in a registered direct offering (“Registered Direct Offering”), shares of the Company’s common stock and pre-funded warrants to purchase shares of common stock. Further, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, in a concurrent private placement (together with the Registered Direct Offering, “Second Offering”), the Company also agreed to issue to the Purchasers unregistered warrants (“Series A Warrants”) to purchase shares of common stock. The Company received gross proceeds from the Second Offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $70 million. See Note 13- Subsequent Events.

 

The Company believes the cash on hand at July 31, 2021 and the proceeds from the First and Second offerings and warrant exercises provide sufficient capital to meet the Company’s capital requirements through at least one year from the issuance date of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

As of September 13, 2021, the Company had cash on hand of approximately $88 million.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), was issued in June 2016. Under ASU 2016-13, existing guidance on reporting credit losses for trade and other receivables and available for sale debt securities will be replaced with a new forward-looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. The Company’s adoption of ASU 2016-13 during the quarter ended July 31, 2020 did not result in an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. As part of the Company’s continuing assessment of the adequacy of ASU 2016-13, there are no factors to be considered at this time since the Company does not have an allowance for credit losses.

 

ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”), was issued in December 2019. Under ASU 2019-12, the accounting for income taxes is simplified by eliminating certain exceptions and implementing additional requirements which result in a more consistent application of ASC 740. The Company’s adoption of ASU 2019-12 during the quarter ended July 31, 2021 did not result in an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

  

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”) and also issued subsequent amendments to the initial guidance (collectively, “Topic 848”). Topic 848 is effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022 and provides optional guidance for contract modifications and certain hedging relationships associated with the transition from reference rates that are expected to be discontinued. The Company will adopt Topic 848 when relevant contracts are modified upon transition to alternative reference rates. The Company does not expect the adoption of Topic 848 to have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 – ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses at July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 are summarized below: 

           
    July 31, 2021     April 30, 2021  
Payroll related costs   $ 509,793     $ 490,904  
Director and Officer insurance     12,786       50,805  
Other     7,620       10,808  
Total   $ 530,199     $ 552,517  

 

The Company financed the Director and Officer insurance policy. The term of the policy is from March 8, 2021 through September 8, 2021. The financing agreement has an interest rate of 4.85% per annum and requires eight monthly payments of $12,829. The unpaid balances as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 of $12,786 and $50,805, respectively, are included in accrued expenses.

 

 

 

  13  

 

 

NOTE 4 – SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION – PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM

 

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted to provide financial aid to family and businesses impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.  The Company participated in the CARES Act, and on April 15, 2020, the Company entered into a note payable with a bank under the Small Business Administration (“SBA”), Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) in the amount of $75,200. This PPP loan matured on April 15, 2022 with a fixed interest rate of 1% per annum with interest deferred for six months. The PPP loan had an initial term of two years, was unsecured and guaranteed by the SBA. Under the terms of the PPP loan, the Company may apply for forgiveness of the amount due on the PPP loan. The Company used the proceeds from the PPP loan for qualifying expenses as defined in the PPP. The Company applied for forgiveness of the PPP loan in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act. The SBA issued a notice of PPP loan forgiveness with an effective date of April 28, 2021, forgiving the entire principal of $75,200 and the accrued interest of $779. The Company recognized the forgiveness of the PPP loan and accrued interest as Gain on forgiveness of Paycheck Protection Program loan in the fiscal year ended April 30, 2021.

 

NOTE 5 – COMMON STOCK TRANSACTIONS

 

A summary of the Company’s compensatory stock activity and related weighted average grant date fair value information for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows: 

 

During the year ended April 30, 2020, four non-employee members of the Board were issued 1,333 shares of common stock pursuant to their respective Director Letter Agreement (“DLAs”) and relating to their services for the prior year. The shares were fully vested upon issuance. The Company recorded a non-cash expense of $0 and $7,356 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There were zero unvested shares of common stock remaining related to these DLAs as of July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

In January 2020, the Company awarded 4,400 shares of common stock to the executive officers of the Company as part of their compensation agreements for 2020. These shares vest monthly over a twelve-month period and are subject to them continuing service under the agreements. During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded a non-cash compensation expense in the amount of $0 and $67,320, respectively. There were zero and 1,833 unvested shares as of July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2020, three non-employee members of the Board were issued 1,000 shares of common stock pursuant to their DLAs in respect of their service during that year. The shares were fully vested upon issuance. The Company recorded a non-cash expense of $3,371 and $7,029 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There were zero unvested shares remaining related to such DLAs as of July 31, 2021.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2020, four consultants were issued 667 shares of common stock pursuant to their consulting agreements with the Company. The shares vest monthly over a twelve-month period and are subject to the consultants continuing to provide services under their consulting agreements. The Company recorded a non-cash consulting expense in the amount of $0 and $4,199 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There were zero and 500 unvested shares remaining related to these consulting agreements as of July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

In September 2020, a consultant was issued 333 shares of common stock in respect of his services as the Chairman of the Company’s Medical and Scientific Advisory Board with vesting subject to the consultant continuing to provide services to the Company. The Company recorded a non-cash consulting expense in the amount of $2,125 and $0 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There were zero unvested shares remaining related to his compensation arrangement as of July 31, 2021.

 

In January 2021, the Company awarded 4,400 shares of common stock to the executive officers of the Company as part of their compensation agreements for 2021. These shares vest monthly over a twelve-month period and are subject to the executive officers continuing to provide service under their compensation agreements. During the three months ended July 31, 2021, the Company recorded a non-cash compensation expense in the amount of $11,055. There were 1,833 unvested shares as of July 31, 2021.

 

 

 

  14  

 

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2021, three non-employee members of the Board were issued 1,002 shares of common stock pursuant to their DLAs in respect of their service during that year. The shares were fully vested upon issuance. The Company recorded a non-cash expense of $4,885 for the three months ended July 31, 2021. There were zero unvested shares remaining related to such DLAs as of July 31, 2021.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2021, two consultants were issued 334 shares of common stock pursuant to their consulting agreements with the Company. The shares vest monthly over a twelve-month period and are subject to the consultants continuing to provide services under their consulting agreements. The Company recorded a non-cash consulting expense in the amount of $1,620 for the three months ended July 31, 2021. There were 251 unvested shares remaining related to these consulting agreements as of July 31, 2021.

  

All shares were issued without registration under the Securities Act in reliance upon the exemption afforded by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

  

On September 28, 2017, a S-3 registration statement was declared effective by the Commission for the Company to sell from time to time in one or more public offerings of up to $50 million of its securities on a “shelf offering” basis. During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company sold and issued approximately 0 and 156,000 shares of common stock, respectively, at prices ranging from approximately $15 to $45 per share. Net of underwriting discounts, legal, accounting and other offering expenses, the Company received proceeds of approximately $0 and $1.9 million from the sale of these shares for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. On April 9, 2021, the Third S-3 (“Third S-3”) was declared effective by the Commission for a public offering of up to $100 million on a “shelf offering” basis.

 

A summary of the Company’s non-vested restricted stock activity and related weighted average grant date fair value information for the three months ended July 31, 2021 are as follows: 

           
    Shares     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
             
Unvested, at April 30, 2021     2,933       10.05  
Granted     1,336       23.96  
Vested     (2,185 )     16.66  
Forfeited            
                 
Unvested, at July 31, 2021     2,084       12.03  

 

NOTE 6 – STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

 

Stock Options

 

As of July 31, 2021, the Company had 42,333 outstanding stock options to its directors and officers (collectively, “Employee Options”) and consultants (“Non-Employee Options”).

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company granted 1,000 and 1,000 Employee Options, respectively.

 

The fair value of the Employee Options at the date of grant was estimated using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, based on the following weighted average assumptions: 

           
    Three Months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
Risk-free interest rate     0.87%       0.3%  
Expected volatility     113%       91%  
Expected lives (years)     2.5       2.5  
Expected dividend yield     0.00%       0.00%  

 

 

 

  15  

 

 

The Company’s computation of expected volatility is based on the historical daily volatility of its publicly traded stock. For stock option grants issued during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company used a calculated volatility for each grant. The Company lacks adequate information about the exercise behavior now and has determined the expected term assumption under the simplified method provided for under ASC 718, which averages the contractual term of the Company’s stock options of five years with the average vesting term of two and one-half years for an average of three years. The dividend yield assumption of zero is based upon the fact the Company has never paid cash dividends and presently has no intention of paying cash dividends. The risk-free interest rate used for each grant is equal to the U.S. Treasury rates in effect at the time of the grant for instruments with a similar expected life.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company granted no Non-Employee Options.

 

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity and related information for the three months ended July 31, 2021 are shown below: 

                 
    Options     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
    Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
per Share
 
                   
Outstanding, April 30, 2021     41,333     $ 79.97     $ 79.97  
Issued     1,000       23.10       23.10  
Forfeited                  
Exercised                  
Outstanding, July 31, 2021     42,333     $ 78.63     $ 78.63  
Exercisable, July 31, 2021     39,833     $ 82.93     $  
Vested and expected to vest     42,333     $ 78.63     $  

  

A summary of the activity for unvested stock options during the years ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows: 

           
    Options     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
per Share
 
             
Unvested, April 30, 2021     4,000     $ 10.05  
Granted     1,000       23.10  
Vested     (2,500 )      
Forfeited            
Unvested, July 31, 2021     2,500     $ 10.05  

 

The Company recorded $24,144 and $72,317 of stock-based compensation related to the issuance of Employee Options to certain officers and directors in exchange for services during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. At July 31, 2021, there remained $15,976 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested Employee Options granted to officers and directors, to be recognized as expense over a weighted-average period of the remaining five months in the calendar year. The unvested options vest at 500 shares per month and are expected to be fully vested on December 31, 2021.

 

The Company recorded no stock-based compensation related to the issuance of Non-Employee Options in exchange for services during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

 

 

  16  

 

 

The following table summarizes the outstanding stock options by exercise price at July 31, 2021: 

                               
Exercise Price     Number of
Options
Outstanding
    Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(Years) of
Outstanding
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercisable
Price Per Share
    Number of
Options
Exercisable
    Weighted Average
Exercise Price
of Exercisable
Options
 
$ 156.00       6,967       0.39     $ 156.00       6,967     $ 156.00  
$ 87.00       1,634       0.69     $ 87.00       1,634     $ 87.00  
$ 110.10       800       0.75     $ 110.10       800     $ 110.10  
$ 109.35       1,200       0.94     $ 109.35       1,200     $ 109.35  
$ 133.50       800       0.96     $ 133.50       800     $ 133.50  
$ 82.95       333       0.60     $ 82.95       333     $ 82.95  
$ 83.70       6,000       0.85     $ 83.70       6,000     $ 83.70  
$ 80.10       800       2.10     $ 80.10       800     $ 80.10  
$ 80.85       667       0.88     $ 80.85       667     $ 80.85  
$ 102.45       333       0.96     $ 102.45       333     $ 102.45  
$ 97.35       333       1.10     $ 97.35       333     $ 97.35  
$ 74.25       6,000       1.58     $ 74.25       6,000     $ 74.25  
$ 57.00       800       3.15     $ 57.00       800     $ 57.00  
$ 60.60       667       1.38     $ 60.60       667     $ 60.60  
$ 55.50       333       1.46     $ 55.50       333     $ 55.50  
$ 51.00       333       1.6     $ 51.00       333     $ 51.00  
$ 61.20       6,000       2.06     $ 61.20       6,000     $ 61.20  
$ 36.00       667       1.88     $ 36.00       667     $ 36.00  
$ 37.05       333       1.96     $ 37.05       333     $ 37.05  
$ 15.75       333       2.10     $ 15.70       333     $ 15.70  
$ 10.05       6,000       2.65     $ 10.05       3,500     $ 10.05  
$ 26.55       667       2.38     $ 26.55       667     $ 26.55  
$ 16.20       333       2.46     $ 16.20       333     $ 16.20  
  Total       42,333       1.44     $ 78.63       39,833     $ 82.93  

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of outstanding options as of July 31, 2021 was $6,860. This represents options whose exercise price was less than the closing fair market value of the Company’s common stock on July 31, 2021 of approximately $12.01 per share.

 

Warrants

 

The warrants issued by the Company are equity-classified. The fair value of the warrants was recorded as additional paid-in-capital, and no further adjustments are made.

 

For stock warrants paid in consideration of services rendered by non-employees, the Company recognizes consulting expense in accordance with the requirements of ASC 505.

 

 

 

  17  

 

 

A summary of the Company’s warrant activity and related information for the three months ended July 31, 2021 are shown below: 

           
    Warrants    

Weighted
Average
Exercise Price

Per Share

 
Outstanding, April 30, 2021     2,981     $ 58.70  
Issued            
Exercised            
Expired            
Outstanding, July 31, 2021     2,981        
Exercisable, July 31, 2021     2,981     $ 58.70  

  

The following table summarizes additional information concerning warrants outstanding and exercisable at July 31, 2021: 

                 
Exercise Prices   Number of
Warrant Shares
Exercisable at
July 31, 2021
    Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life Years
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
Per Share
 
                   
$97.50     513       0.39          
$86.25     580       0.68          
$37.50     1,333       0.99          
$45.00     555       0.81          
      2,981       0.79     $ 58.70  

 

 

NOTE 7 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

There is no material litigation currently pending against the Company or any of its subsidiaries or to which any of the subsidiaries’ property is subject. To the Company’s knowledge, there is no material litigation against any of its officers or directors in their capacity as such, and no such litigation is contemplated by any governmental authorities.

 

NOTE 8 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company had the following related party transactions during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The Company owns 14.5% of the equity in SG Austria Pte. Ltd. (“SG Austria”) and is reported on the cost method of accounting. SG Austria has two subsidiaries: (i) Austrianova Singapore Pte. Ltd. (“Austrianova”); and (ii) Austrianova Thailand Co., Ltd. The Company purchased products and services from these companies in the approximate amounts of $58,000 and $64,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

In April 2014, the Company entered a Consulting Agreement with Vin-de-Bona Trading Company, Pte. Ltd. (“Vin-de Bona”) pursuant to which it agreed to provide professional consulting services to the Company. Vin-de-Bona is owned by Prof. Walter H. Günzburg (“Prof. Günzburg”) and Dr. Brian Salmons (“Dr. Salmons”), both of whom are involved in numerous aspects of the Company’s scientific endeavors relating to cancer and diabetes (Prof. Gunzburg is the Chairman of Austrianova, and Dr. Salmons is the Chief Executive Officer and President of Austrianova). The term of the agreement is for 12 months, automatically renewable for successive 12-month terms. After the initial term, either party can terminate the agreement by giving the other party 30 days’ written notice before the effective date of termination. The agreement has been automatically renewed annually. The amounts incurred for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were approximately $32,000 and $23,000, respectively. In addition, during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 the Company issued 0 and 167 shares of common stock, respectively, to Dr. Salmons. The Company recorded a noncash consulting expense of approximately $0 and $8,000 relating to these share issuances for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

 

 

  18  

 

 

NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company acquires assets still in development and enters R&D arrangements with third parties that often require milestone and royalty payments to the third-party contingent upon the occurrence of certain future events linked to the success of the asset in development. Milestone payments may be required, contingent upon the successful achievement of an important point in the development lifecycle of the pharmaceutical product (e.g., approval of the product for marketing by a regulatory agency). If required by the license agreements, the Company may have to make royalty payments based upon a percentage of the sales of the pharmaceutical products if regulatory approval for marketing is obtained.

 

Office Lease

 

In May 2019, the Company entered into a lease for its office space in California for a one-year lease for the leased premises. The term of the lease expired on August 31, 2020.

 

On May 28, 2020, the Company entered into an additional six-month lease of the office space, commencing on September 1, 2020. The term of the new lease expired on February 28, 2021.

 

On May 24, 2021, the Company entered into an additional six-month lease of the office space, commencing on September 1, 2021 which expires on February 28, 2022.

 

Rent expenses for the office for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $3,738 and $7,152, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s aggregate future minimum lease payments required under the operating lease as of:

     
Period Ending April 30, 2022   Amount  
    $ 8,673  
    $ 8,673  

 

Compensation Agreements

 

The Company entered into executive compensation agreements with its three executive officers in March 2015, each of which was amended in December 2015 and March 2017. Each agreement has a term of two years with annual extensions thereafter unless the Company or the officer provides written notification of termination at least ninety days prior to the end of the term or subsequent extensions. The Company also entered a compensation agreement with a Board member in April 2015 which continued in effect until amended in May 2017.

 

In May 2017, the Company amended the compensation agreement with the Board members and the terms continue in effect until a member is no longer on the Board.

 

The Company has four independent directors. Each director receives the same compensation: (i) $12,500 in cash for each calendar quarter of service on the Board; (ii) 333 fully paid, non-assessable shares of the Company’s restricted common stock (“Shares”) annually; and (iii) a five-year option to purchase 333 Shares annually at an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Shares on the date of grant. The Shares and the option Shares fully vest on the date of the grants.

 

NOTE 10 - INCOME TAXES

 

The Company had no income tax expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had a net operating loss (“NOL”) for each period which generated deferred tax assets for NOL carryforwards. The Company provided valuation allowances against the net deferred tax assets including the deferred tax assets for NOL carryforwards. Valuation allowances provided for the net deferred tax asset increased by approximately $295,000 and $98,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

 

 

  19  

 

 

There was no material difference between the effective tax rate and the projected blended statutory tax rate for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Current tax laws limit the amount of loss available to be offset against future taxable income when a substantial change in ownership occurs. Therefore, the amount available to offset future taxable income may be limited. Based on the assessment of all available evidence including, but not limited to, the Company’s limited operating history in its core business and lack of profitability, uncertainties of the commercial viability of its technology, the impact of government regulations and healthcare reform initiatives and other risks normally associated with biotechnology companies, the Company has concluded that is more-likely-than-not that these operating loss carryforwards will not be realized. Accordingly, 100% of the deferred tax valuation allowance has been recorded against these assets at July 31, 2021.

 

The Company’s policy is to recognize any interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. As of the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had no accrued interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions.

 

See Note 10 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2021 for additional information regarding income taxes.

 

NOTE 11 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing earnings available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares and potentially dilutive shares of common stock outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would be outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potential shares of common stock outstanding principally include stock options and warrants. During the periods ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company incurred losses. Accordingly, the effect of any common stock equivalent would be anti-dilutive during those periods and are not included in the calculation of diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding.

 

The table below sets forth the basic loss per share calculations: 

           
    Three months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
Net loss   $ (1,025,418 )   $ (883,944 )
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding     1,591,306       1,119,048  
Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding     1,591,306       1,119,048  
Basic and diluted loss per share   $ (0.64 )   $ (0.79 )

 

The table below sets forth these potentially dilutive securities: 

           
    Three months Ended July 31,  
    2021     2020  
Excluded options     42,333       45,800  
Excluded warrants     2,981       39,549  
Total excluded options and warrants     45,314       85,349  

 

 

 

  20  

 

 

NOTE 12 – PREFERRED STOCK

 

The Company has authorized 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, with a par value of $0.0001, of which one share has been designated as "Series A Preferred Stock". The one share of Series A Preferred Stock was issued on October 30, 2019 and repurchased by the Company on December 3, 2019. As of July 31, 2021, there are no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding.

 

The description of the Series A Preferred Stock below is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, as amended.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock has the following features:

 

  There is one share of preferred stock designated as Series A Preferred Stock;
     
  The Series A Preferred Stock has a number of votes at any time equal to the number of votes then held by all other shareholders of the Company having a right to vote on any matter plus one.  The Certificate of Designations that designated the terms of the Series A Preferred Stock cannot be amended without the consent of the holder of the Series A Preferred Stock;
     
  The Company may redeem the Series A Preferred Stock at any time for a redemption price of $1.00 paid to the holder of the share of Series A Preferred Stock; and
     
  The Series A Preferred Stock has no rights of transfer, conversion, dividends, preferences upon liquidation or participation in any distributions to shareholders.

 

NOTE 13 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Nasdaq Listing

 

Our common stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on August 10, 2021, under the symbol “PMCB.” Prior to that, our common stock was quoted on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “PMCB,” and following the reverse stock split of our common stock effective as of July 12, 2021, and until August 6, 2021, the OTCQB Market Symbol for our common stock had temporarily been PMCBD.

 

August 2021 Underwritten Offering

 

On August 9, 2021, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement with H.C. Wainwright & Co. LLC (“Wainwright”) with respect to a public offering of 2,630,385 shares (“Shares”) of common stock, with a par value of $0.0001, 899,027 Pre-funded warrants (“Pre-funded Warrants”) to purchase common stock and common stock warrants (“Common Warrants”) to purchase 3,529,412 shares of common stock. The total gross proceeds of the offering before deduction of underwriting discounts, commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by the Company was approximately $15 million pursuant to the Third S-3. Each share of common stock (or pre-funded warrant in lieu thereof) was sold together with one warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an effective combined public offering price of $4.25 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant, less underwriting discounts and commissions. The Common Warrants have an exercise price of $4.25 per share, are exercisable immediately, and will expire five years following the date of issuance. The Pre-funded Warrants have an exercise price of $0.001 per share, are exercisable immediately, and do not have an expiration date. In addition, the Company granted the Underwriter a 30-day option to purchase up to 529,411 Shares and/or Common Warrants at the public offering price, less underwriting discounts and commissions, which the underwriter has partially exercised for Common Warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 499,116 shares of common stock.

 

August 2021 Registered Direct Offering and Concurrent Private Placement

 

On August 19, 2021, the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement with certain institutional investors. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to sell in a Registered Direct Offering 8,430,000 shares (“Shares”) of the Company’s Common Stock, with a par value of $0.0001, and Pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 5,570,000 shares of Common Stock. The Pre-Funded Warrants have an exercise price of $0.001 per share and are immediately exercisable and can be exercised at any time after their original issuance until such Pre-Funded Warrants are exercised in full. Each Share was sold at an offering price of $5.00 and each Pre-Funded Warrant was sold at an offering price of $4.999 (equal to the purchase price per Share minus the exercise price of the Pre-Funded Warrant). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, in a concurrent private placement (together with the Registered Direct Offering, the “August 19 Offerings”), the Company also agreed to issue to the Purchasers unregistered warrants (“Series A Warrants”) to purchase up to 7,000,000 shares of Common Stock. Each Series A Warrant has an exercise price of $5.00 per share, is exercisable immediately, and will expire five years following the date of issuance. The Company receives gross proceeds from the August 19 Offerings, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $70 million.

 

 

 

  21  

 

 

In addition, the Company issued to Wainwright or its designees upon closing of the August 19 Offerings warrants (“Placement Agent Warrants”) to purchase 1,050,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $6.25 per share (which represents 125% of the offering price per Share in the August 19 Offerings). The Placement Agent Warrants will terminate five years after the date of commencement of sales in the Offerings.

 

August 2021 Warrant Exercises

 

As of August 18, 2021, all 899,027 of the Pre-funded Warrants issued in the August 2021 underwritten offering have been exercised.

 

As of August 31, 2021, 2,522,387 of the Common Warrants issued in the August 2021 underwritten offering have been exercised, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $10,720,145.

 

As of August 31, 2021, 4,620,000 of the Pre-funded Warrants issued in the August 19, 2021 Offerings have been exercised, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $4,620.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  22  

 

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of this Report, including any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items, any statements regarding the plans and objectives of management for future operations, any statements concerning proposed new products or services, any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance, any statements regarding expected benefits from any transactions and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by use of terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “believes,” “intends,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “goal,” “aim,” “potential” or “continue,” or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained in this Report are reasonable, there can be no assurance that such expectations or any of the forward-looking statements will prove to be correct, and actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Thus, investors should refer to and carefully review information in future documents we file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”). Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to inherent risk and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risk factors set forth in “Part I, Item 1A – Risk Factors” set forth in this Report and for the reasons described elsewhere in this Report. Among others, these include our estimates regarding expenses, future revenues, capital requirements and needs for additional financing; whether the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approves our Investigational New Drug Application (“IND”) after we submit a response to the FDA’s clinical hold, so that we can commence our planned clinical trial involving locally advanced, inoperable, non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (“LAPC”); the success and timing of our preclinical studies and clinical trials; the potential that results of preclinical studies and clinical trials may indicate that any of our technologies and product candidates are unsafe or ineffective; our dependence on third parties in the conduct of our preclinical studies and clinical trials; the difficulties and expenses associated with obtaining and maintaining regulatory approval of our product candidates; the material adverse impact that the coronavirus pandemic may have on our business, including our planned clinical trial involving LAPC, which could materially affect our operations as well as the business or operations of third parties with whom we conduct business; and whether the FDA will approve our product candidates after our clinical trials are completed, assuming the FDA allows our clinical trials to proceed after submission and review of our response to the FDA’s clinical hold. All forward- looking statements and reasons why results may differ included in this Report are made as of the date hereof, and we do not intend to update any forward-looking statements except as required by law or applicable regulations. Except where the context otherwise requires, in this Report, the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and, where appropriate, its subsidiaries.

 

Overview of Business

 

We are a biotechnology company focused on developing cellular therapies for cancer and diabetes based upon a proprietary cellulose-based live cell encapsulation technology known as “Cell-in-a-Box®.”. The Cell-in-a-Box® technology is intended to be used as a platform upon which therapies for several types of cancer, including locally advanced, inoperable, non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (“LAPC”) will be developed. The current generation of our product candidate is referred to as “CypCaps™”. On September 1, 2020, we submitted an Investigational New Drug Application (“IND”) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for a planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC. On October 1, 2020, the Company received notice from the FDA that it had placed the IND on clinical hold. On October 30, 2020, the FDA sent a letter to us setting forth the reasons for the clinical hold and specific guidance on what we must do to have the clinical hold lifted. To lift the clinical hold, the FDA has informed us that we need to conduct several additional preclinical studies and assays. The FDA also requested additional information regarding several topics, including DNA sequencing data, manufacturing information and product release specifications. We are in the process of conducting these studies and assays and gathering additional information to submit to the FDA. See “Our Investigational New Drug Application and the Clinical Hold” below.

 

The Cell-in-a-Box® encapsulation technology potentially enables genetically engineered live human cells to be used as a means to produce various biologically active molecules. The technology is intended to result in the formation of pinhead sized cellulose-based porous capsules in which genetically modified live human cells can be encapsulated and maintained. In a laboratory setting, this proprietary live cell encapsulation technology has been shown to create a micro-environment in which encapsulated cells survive and flourish. They are protected from environmental challenges, such as the sheer forces associated with bioreactors and passage through catheters and needles, which we believe enables greater growth and production. The capsules are largely composed of cellulose (cotton) and are bio inert.

 

 

 

  23  

 

 

We are developing therapies for pancreatic and other solid cancerous tumors by using genetically engineered live human cells that we believe are capable of converting a cancer prodrug into its cancer-killing form. We encapsulate those cells using the Cell-in-a-Box® technology and place those capsules in the body as close as possible to the tumor. In this way, we believe that when a cancer prodrug is administered to a patient with a particular type of cancer that may be affected by the prodrug, the killing of the patient’s cancerous tumor may be optimized.

 

In addition, we have been exploring ways to delay the production and accumulation of malignant ascites fluid that results from many types of abdominal cancerous tumors. Malignant ascites fluid is secreted by abdominal cancerous tumors into the abdomen after the tumors have reached a certain stage of growth. This fluid contains cancer cells that can seed and form new tumors throughout the abdomen. This fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity, causing swelling of the abdomen, severe breathing difficulties and extreme pain.

 

We have also been developing a potential therapy for Type 1 diabetes and insulin-dependent Type 2 diabetes. Our product candidate for the treatment of diabetes consists of encapsulated genetically modified insulin-producing cells. The encapsulation will be done using the Cell-in-a-Box® technology. Implanting these cells in the body is designed to function as a bio-artificial pancreas for purposes of insulin production.

 

We have also been considering ways to exploit the benefits of the Cell-in-a-Box® technology to develop therapies for cancer that involve prodrugs based upon certain constituents of the Cannabis plant (“Cannabis Program”); these constituents are of the class of compounds known as “cannabinoids”.

 

Until: (i) the FDA allows us to commence a clinical trial in LAPC described in our IND for which the FDA has placed a clinical hold; and (ii) we validate our Cell-in-a-Box® encapsulation technology in our planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC, we are not spending any further resources developing the Cannabis Program.

 

Our Investigational New Drug Application and the Clinical Hold

 

On September 1, 2020, we submitted an IND to the FDA for a planned Phase 2b clinical trial in LAPC. Shortly thereafter, we received Information Requests from the FDA related to the IND. We timely responded to all Information Requests.

 

On October 1, 2020, we received notice that the FDA had placed our IND on clinical hold.

 

On October 30, 2020, the FDA sent a letter to us setting forth the reasons for the clinical hold and providing specific guidance on what we must do to have the clinical hold lifted.

 

In order to address the clinical hold, the FDA has requested that we:

 

  · Provide additional sequencing data and genetic stability studies;

 

  · Conduct a stability study on the final formulated drug product as well as the cells from our Master Cell Bank;

 

  · Evaluate the compatibility of the delivery devices (the prefilled syringe and the microcatheter used to implant the CypCaps) with our drug product candidate;

 

  · Provide additional detailed description of the manufacturing process;

 

  · Provide additional product release specifications for our encapsulated cells;

 

 

 

  24  

 

 

  · Demonstrate comparability between the 1st and 2nd generation products and ensure adequate and consistent product performance and safety between the two generations of product;

 

  · Conduct a biocompatibility assessment using the final finished capsules after the entire drug product manufacturing process (but without cells);

 

  · Address insufficiencies in Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls information in the cross-referenced Drug Master File;

 

  · Conduct an additional nonclinical study in a large animal (such as a pig) to assess the safety, activity and distribution of the drug product candidate; and

 

  · Revise the Investigators Brochure to include any additional preclinical studies conducted in response to the clinical hold and remove any statements not supported by the data.

 

The FDA also requested that we address the following issues as an amendment to the IND:

 

  · Provide a Certificate of Analysis for pc3/2B1 plasmid that includes tests for assessing purity, safety, and potency;

 

  · Perform qualification studies for the drug substance filling step to ensure that the product remains sterile and stable during the filling process;

 

  · Submit an updated batch analysis for the drug product for the specific lot that will be used for manufacturing all future drug product;

 

  · Provide additional details for the methodology for the Resorufin (CYP2B1) potency and the PrestoBlue cell metabolic assays;

 

  · Provide a few examples of common microcatheters that fit the specifications in our Angiography Procedure Manual;

 

  · Clarify the language in the Pharmacy Manual regarding proper use of the syringe fill with the drug product; and

 

  · Provide a discussion with data for trial of the potential for cellular and humoral immune reactivity against the heterologous rat CYP2B1 protein and potential for induction of autoimmune-mediated toxicities in our study population in the LAPC.

 

We have assembled a scientific and regulatory team of experts to address the FDA requests. That team is working to complete the items requested by the FDA. We are in varying stages of addressing the studies and acquiring the information requested by the FDA.

 

The following provides a summary of the activities in which we are engaged to have the clinical hold lifted:

 

  · We have completed a 3, 6, 9, and 12-month product stability study of our clinical trial product (CypCaps), including container closure integrity testing for certain timepoints; the next time point in this ongoing study will be at 18 months of product stability.

 

  · We have designed and commenced various additional studies required by the FDA. These include (i) a stability study on the cells from our Master Cell Bank (“MCB”) used to make the CypCaps, which are already at the 3-year stability timepoint; (ii) further sequence analysis of the DNA encoding of the Cyp2B1 gene in the cells in the CypCaps; and (iii) collated existing information on the reproducibility and quality of the filling of the MCB cells into vials ready for CypCaps manufacturing.

 

  · We have designed and commenced biocompatibility studies such as (i) a Subchronic and Chronic Toxicity study; (ii) a Skin Sensitization study; (iii) an Acute Systematic Toxicity study; (iv) an Ames test (Genotoxicity Bacteria and Reverse Mutation tests); (v) an Intracutaneous test; (vi) a Complement Activation test; (vii) a Hemolysis test; (viii) an In Vitro Cytotoxicity test; and (ix) an In Vivo Micronucleus assay. Some of the data being generated by these studies will also be used to demonstrate comparability with the CypCaps that were successfully used in the two earlier German clinical trials over twenty years ago for pancreatic cancer discussed below.

 

 

 

  25  

 

 

  · To enable the biocompatibility studies to be performed, we had Austrianova manufacture and deliver an additional 400 syringes of empty capsules.

 

  · We designed and commenced studies designed to show that CypCaps are not in any way adversely affected by the catheters used by interventional radiologists to deliver them, nor by the contract media used to visualize the blood vessels during implantation of the CypCaps.

 

  · We designed and commenced studies to demonstrate how robust the CypCaps are during delivery and use as well as to document that the syringes used to deliver the CypCaps will allow delivery consistently, smoothly and safely.

 

  · With our support, Austrianova will provide additional detailed confidential information to the FDA on the manufacturing process, including information on the improvements made to the live cell encapsulated product since the last clinical trials with respect to reproducibility and safety of the CypCaps.

 

  · We are in the process of updating our IND submission documents to include: (i) more pre-clinical data as discussed above, (ii) some additional parameters for release of the CypCaps, (iii) a recommendation of the catheters and contrast medium to be used to deliver the CypCaps; and (iv) an extensive discussion of the potential for cellular and humoral immune reactivity against the heterologous rat CYP2B1 protein and potential for induction of autoimmune-mediated toxicities in our study population in the LAPC .

 

  · We have designed an abbreviated study in pigs to address biocompatibility and long-term implantation of the capsules. This animal study will complement the positive data already available from the previous human clinical trials conducted by Bavarian Nordic showing the safety of CypCaps implantation for up to two years in humans.

 

COVID-19 Potential Impact on the Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The coronavirus SARS-Cov2 pandemic (“COVID-19”) is causing significant, industry-wide delays in clinical trials. Although we are not yet in a clinical trial, we have filed an IND with the FDA to commence a clinical trial in LAPC. While the IND has been placed on clinical hold by the FDA, we have assessed the impact of COVID-19 on our operations. As of the date of this Report, we believe the COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact upon our operations, primarily relating to delays in tasks associated with the preparation of the Company’s responses to the FDA’s clinical hold, including the requested preclinical studies and assays. There may be further delays in generating responses to the requests from the FDA related to the clinical hold. Many of these delays are due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in foreign countries where we are conducting these preclinical studies and assays, including India, Europe, Singapore and Thailand. There have also been supply chain interruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Further, many clinical trials have been delayed due to COVID-19. There are numerous reasons for these delays. For example, patients have shown a reluctance to enroll or continue in a clinical trial due to fear of exposure to COVID-19 when they are in a hospital or doctor’s office. There are local, regional and state-wide orders and regulations restricting usual normal activity by people. These discourage and interfere with patient visits to a doctor’s office if the visit is not COVID-19 related. Healthcare providers and health systems have shifted their resources away from clinical trials toward the care of COVID-19 patients. The FDA and other healthcare providers are making product candidates for the treatment of COVID-19 a priority over product candidates unrelated to COVID-19.

 

As a result of COVID-19 and the mitigation efforts to address it, we may experience additional disruptions that could adversely impact our business and clinical trial, including: (i) delays or difficulties in enrolling patients in our Phase 2b clinical trial if the FDA allows us to go forward with the trial; (ii) delays or difficulties in clinical site activation, including difficulties in recruiting clinical site investigators and clinical site personnel; (iii) delays in clinical sites receiving the supplies and materials needed to conduct our clinical trial, including interruption in global shipping that may affect the transport of our clinical trial product; (iv) changes in local regulations as part of a response to the COVID-19 pandemic which may require us to change the ways in which our clinical trial is to be conducted, which may result in unexpected costs, or to discontinue the clinical trial altogether; (v) diversion of healthcare resources away from the conduct of clinical trials, including the diversion of hospitals serving as our clinical trial sites and hospital staff supporting the conduct of our clinical trial; (vi) interruption of key clinical trial activities, such as clinical trial site monitoring, due to limitations on travel imposed or recommended by federal or state governments, employers and others, or interruption of clinical trial subject visits and study procedures, the occurrence of which could affect the integrity of clinical trial data; (vii) risk that participants enrolled in our clinical trials will acquire COVID-19 while the clinical trial is ongoing, which could impact the results of the clinical trial, including by increasing the number of observed adverse events; (viii) delays in necessary interactions with local regulators, ethics committees, and other important agencies and contractors due to limitations in employee resources or forced furlough of government employees; (ix) limitations in employee resources that would otherwise be focused on the conduct of our clinical trial because of sickness of employees or their families or the desire of employees to avoid contact with large groups of people; (x) refusal of the FDA to accept data from clinical trials in affected geographies; and (xi) interruption or delays to our clinical trial activities.

 

 

 

  26  

 

 

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, commencement of our planned clinical trial to treat LAPC may be delayed beyond the lifting of the clinical hold by the FDA should that occur. Also, enrollment may be difficult for the reasons discussed above. In addition, after enrollment in the trial, if patients contract COVID-19 during their participation in the trial or are subject to isolation or shelter in place restrictions, this may cause them to drop out of our clinical trial, miss scheduled therapy appointments or follow-up visits or otherwise fail to follow the clinical trial protocol. If patients are unable to follow the clinical trial protocol or if the trial results are otherwise affected by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on patient participation or actions taken to mitigate COVID-19 spread, the integrity of data from the clinical trial may be compromised or not be accepted by the FDA. This could further adversely impact or delay our clinical development program if the FDA allows it to proceed.

 

It is highly speculative in projecting the effects of COVID-19 on our proposed clinical development program and the Company generally. Moreover, the various precautionary measures taken by many governmental authorities around the world in order to limit the spread of COVID-19 has had and may continue to have an adverse effect on the global markets and global economy, including on the availability and pricing of employees, resources, materials, manufacturing and delivery efforts and other aspects of the global economy. The continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic could materially disrupt our business and operations, hamper our ability to raise additional funds or sell or securities, continue to slow down the overall economy, curtail consumer spending, interrupt our sources of supply, and make it hard to adequately staff our operations. The effects of COVID-19 quickly and dramatically change over time. Its evolution is difficult to predict, and no one is able to say with certainty when the pandemic will cease to have an impact on our operations.

 

Performance Indicators

 

Non-financial performance indicators used by management to manage and assess how the business is progressing will include, but are not limited to, the ability to: (i) acquire appropriate funding for all aspects of our operations; (ii) acquire and complete necessary contracts; (iii) complete activities for producing genetically modified human cells and having them encapsulated for our preclinical studies and the planned clinical trial in LAPC; (iv) have regulatory work completed to enable studies and trials to be submitted to regulatory agencies; (v) complete all required tests and studies on the cells and capsules we plan to use in our clinical trial in patients with LAPC; and (vi) ensure completion of the production of encapsulated cells according to cGMP regulations to use in our planned clinical trial involving LAPC.

 

There are numerous items required to be completed successfully to ensure our final product candidate is ready for use in our planned clinical trial involving LAPC. The effects of material transactions with related parties, and certain other parties to the extent necessary for such an undertaking, may have substantial effects on both the timeliness and success of our current and prospective financial position and operating results. Nonetheless, we are actively working to ensure strong ties and interactions to minimize the inherent risks regarding success. We do not believe there are factors which will cause materially different amounts to be reported than those presented in this Report. We aim to assess this regularly to provide accurate information to our shareholders.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three months ended July 31, 2021 compared to three months ended July 31, 2020

 

Revenue

 

We had no revenues for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Operating Expenses and Loss from Operations

 

The following table summarizes our operating expenses and loss from operations for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively:

  

Three Months Ended July 31,  
2021     2020  
$ 1,023,351     $ 881,676  

 

 

 

  27  

 

 

The total operating expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2021 increased by $141,675 from the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase is attributable to an increase in general and administrative (“G&A”) expenses of $243,594, an increase in legal and professional expense of $43,992 net of a decrease in director fees of $8,865, a decrease in compensation expense of $10,085, and a decrease in R&D expense of $126,961. The increase in G&A expenses were mainly attributable to increases in consulting fees, filing fees and expenses related to the annual shareholders’ meeting.

 

Other expense

 

The following table sets forth our other expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

Three Months Ended July 31,  
2021     2020  
$ 2,067     $ 2,268  

 

Total other expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 decreased by the amount of $201 from the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase/decrease is attributable to the increase of interest expense in the amount of $79, an increase in income taxes of $800 and a decrease in foreign exchange losses of $1,080.

 

Discussion of Operating, Investing and Financing Activities

 

The following table presents a summary of our sources and uses of cash for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively:

 

    Three Months Ended  
    July 31, 2021     July 31, 2020  
Net cash used in operating activities:   $ (1,241,221 )   $ (551,002 )
Net cash used in investing activities:            
Net cash provided by financing activities:           1,820,060  
Effect of currency rate exchange     (1,615 )     2,677  
Net increase (decrease) in cash   $ (1,242,836 )   $ 1,271,735  

 

 

Operating Activities:

 

The net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended July 31, 2021 is a result of our net losses, increases in accounts payable, an increase in prepaid expenses and an increase in securities issued for services and compensation, net of a decrease in accrued expenses. The cash used in operating activities for the three months ended July 31, 2020 is a result of our net losses, increase in accounts payable offset by an increase in stock issued, decreases to prepaid expenses and accrued expenses. See Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows on page 7.

 

Investing Activities:

 

There were no investing activities in the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Financing Activities:

 

The cash provided from financing activities is mainly attributable to the proceeds from the sale of our common stock net of the use of funds for payment of insurance financing for the three months ended July 31, 2020.

 

 

 

  28  

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of July 31, 2021, our cash totaled approximately $959,000, compared to approximately $2,167,000 at July 31, 2020. Working capital was approximately $583,000 at July 31, 2021 and approximately $1,116,000 at July 31, 2020. The decrease in cash is attributable to a lower beginning cash balance, no proceeds from the sale of our common stock and an increase in our operating expenses. As a result of the proceeds of the First and Second Offerings and resulting warrant exercises, as of September 13, 2021, our cash totaled approximately $88 million.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2021, no funding was provided by investors to maintain and expand our operations and R&D. Sales of our common stock were consummated using the Third S-3 and a private placement in August 2021. During the three months ended July 31, 2020, we continued to acquire funds through our Second S-3 pursuant to Block Trades transactions in a program which is structured to provide up to $25 million dollars to us less certain commissions.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Except as described below, we have no off-balance sheet arrangements that could have a material current effect or that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Service Agreements

 

We entered into several service agreements, with both independent and related parties, pursuant to which services will be provided over the next twelve months related to the clinical hold on our IND submission involving LAPC. The services include developing studies and strategies relating to clearing the clinical hold. They also cover a 24-month stability study, which includes the container closure integrity testing, of the clinical trial product syringes. The total cost is estimated to be approximately $250,000, of which the related party portion will be approximately $162,000.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

For a discussion of all recently adopted and recently issued but not yet adopted accounting pronouncements, see Note 2 “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of the Notes to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contained in this Report.

 

Available Information

 

Our website is located at www.PharmaCyte.com. In addition, all our filings submitted to the Commission, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and all our other reports and statements filed with the Commission are available on the Commission’s web site at www.sec.gov. Such filings are also available for download free of charge on our website. The contents of the website are not, and are not intended to be, incorporated by reference into this Report or any other report or document filed with the Commission or furnished by us, and any reference to the websites are intended to be inactive textual references only.

 

 

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

The information called for by Item 3 is not required for a smaller reporting company.

 

 

 

  29  

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our Chief Executive Officer, President and General Counsel, as our principal executive officer (“Chief Executive Officer”), and our Chief Financial Officer, as our principal financial officer (“Chief Financial Officer”), evaluated the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures,” as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit to the Commission pursuant to the Exchange Act are recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the period specified by the Commission’s rules and forms and are accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of July 31, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting, below described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Also, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is also based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events. There can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal controls over financial reporting as that term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Our internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal controls over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected in a timely basis.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of July 31, 2021 based on the criteria outlined in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) and identified the following material weaknesses in internal controls over financial reporting:

 

  · Insufficient segregation of duties of the Chief Financial Officer. We have delegated some of the duties of our Chief Financial Officer to other personnel within the Company and have added review and approval processes performed by the Chief Executive Officer. However, we have determined that we still have insufficient segregation of the duties of our Chief Financial Officer and will continue to review these procedures to determine ways to further improve them given our limited staff.
     
  · Insufficient information technology controls and documentation. We currently use accounting software which we have determined is inadequate to provide the level of controls required by COSO. We are in the process of initiating a review process to fully evaluate the deficiencies in our technology controls and documentation. Based upon the results of this review process, we intend to implement the required remediation measures when it is reasonable to do so.

 

Because of these material weaknesses, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of July 31, 2021, our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective based on the COSO criteria.

 

 

 

  30  

 

 

We are in the process of investigating new procedures and controls for fiscal year 2022. We plan to make changes to our procedures and controls that we believe are reasonably likely to strengthen and materially affect our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Prior to the remediation of these material weaknesses, there remains risk that the processes and procedures on which we currently rely will fail to be sufficiently effective, which could result in material misstatement of our financial position or results of operations and require a restatement. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls - even where we conclude the controls are operating effectively - can provide absolute assurance that all control issues, including instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty, and breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of a person, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events; accordingly, there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, our control systems, as we develop them, may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected and could be material to our financial statements.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

The Certifications of our Principal Executive and Principal Financial Officer required in accordance with Rule 13a-14(a) under the Exchange Act and Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Certifications”) are attached to this Report. The disclosures set forth in this Item 4 contain information concerning: (i) the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, and changes in internal control over financial reporting, referred to in paragraph 4 of the Certifications; and (ii) material weaknesses in the design or operation of our internal control over financial reporting, referred to in paragraph 5 of the Certifications. The Certifications should be read in conjunction with this Item 4 for a more complete understanding of the matters covered by the Certifications.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  31  

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.

 

There is no material litigation currently pending against us or any of our subsidiaries or to which any of our or our subsidiaries’ property is subject. To our knowledge, there is no material litigation against any of our officers or directors in their capacity as such, and no such litigation is contemplated by any governmental authorities.

 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

 

The information called for by Item 1A is not required for a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

During the three-months ended July 31, 2021, we issued an aggregate of 1,002 unregistered shares of common stock to three of our directors pursuant to their DLAs. The non-cash expense for these share issuances totaled $4,885.

 

During the three-months ended July 31, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 1,000 stock options to three of our directors pursuant to their DLAs. The non-cash expense for stock options totaled $14,558.

 

During the three-months ended July 31, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 334 unregistered shares of common stock to two independent contractors pursuant to their professional services agreements. The non-cash expense for these share issuances totaled $1,620.

 

All such securities were issued without registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, in reliance upon the exemption afforded by Section 4(a)(2) of that Act.

 

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosure.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.  Other Information.

 

None.

  

 

 

 

 

 

  32  

 

 

Item 6.  Exhibits.

 

Exhibit No.   Description   Location

 

Exhibit No.   Description   Location
3.1   Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation, as previously filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K on July 6, 2021   Incorporated by reference to the designated exhibit of the Company’s Current Report on Form 10-K filed on August 10, 2021
         
3.2   Certificate of Change to Articles of Incorporation, as previously filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K on July 13, 2021   Incorporated by reference to the designated exhibit of the Company’s Current Report on Form 10-K filed on August 10, 2021
         
3.3   Amendment No. 3 to PharmaCyte’s Bylaws, as previously filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K on June 4, 2021   Incorporated by reference to the designated exhibit of the Company’s Current Report on Form 10-K filed on August 10, 2021
         
3.4   Amendment No. 4 to PharmaCyte’s Bylaws, as previously filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K on July 6, 2021   Incorporated by reference to the designated exhibit of the Company’s Current Report on Form 10-K filed on August 10, 2021
         
31.1   Principal Executive Officer Certification required by Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002   Filed herewith
         
31.2   Principal Executive Officer Certification required by Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002   Filed herewith
         
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002   Furnished herewith
         
32.2   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002   Furnished herewith

 

 

101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in IXBRL, and included in exhibit 101).

 

 

 

 

  33  

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc.

 

September 14, 2021 By: /s/ Kenneth L. Waggoner                           
  Kenneth L. Waggoner
  Chief Executive Officer
  (Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Executive Officer)
   
   
September 14, 2021 By: /s/ Carlos A. Trujillo                                   
  Carlos A. Trujillo
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

  34  

PharmaCyte Biotech (NASDAQ:PMCB)
Historical Stock Chart
From Oct 2021 to Nov 2021 Click Here for more PharmaCyte Biotech Charts.
PharmaCyte Biotech (NASDAQ:PMCB)
Historical Stock Chart
From Nov 2020 to Nov 2021 Click Here for more PharmaCyte Biotech Charts.