UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

or

o  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

Commission file number: 000-25919

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Minnesota   41-1793975

State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization

  I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
     
10400 Yellow Circle Drive, Ste. 102 Minnetonka, MN   55343
Address of Principal Executive Offices   Zip Code

(952) 945-9455

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share N/A N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☒ Smaller reporting company ☒
Emerging growth company ☐    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes ☐ No ☒

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

    Outstanding at March 31, 2020
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share   1,677,798 shares

Our Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value per share, has traded on the over-the-counter market Pink Sheets at certain isolated times under the symbol “ACMC.PK”

Documents Incorporated by Reference

 

Portions of the Company’s Proxy Statement to be delivered to its stockholders in connection with the Company’s 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which the Company plans to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year covered by this report, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14).

 

 
 
  INDEX  
   

Page

No.

  PART 1  
     
Item 1. Business 4
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 12
     
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 19
     
Item 2. Properties 19
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 19
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 19
     
  PART II  
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 20
     
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 21
     
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 22
     
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 28
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 28
     
  Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
  Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-2
  Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-4
 

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended

December 31, 2019 and 2018

F-5
  Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-6
  Notes to Financial Statements F-8
     
Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With

Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

28
     
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 28
     
Item 9B. Other Information 29
     
  PART III  
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 29
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 29
     
Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and

Management and Related Stockholder Matters

29
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence 29
     
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 29
     
  PART IV  
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 30
     
Item 16 Form 10-K Summary 31
     
Signatures 31
 
 

 

PART I

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

In connection with the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, readers of this document and any document incorporated by reference herein, are advised that this document and documents incorporated by reference into this document contain both statements of historical facts and forward-looking statements. Forward looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements. Examples of forward looking statements include, but are not limited to (i) projections of revenues, income or loss, earning or loss per share, capital expenditures, dividends, capital structure and other financial items; (ii) statements of plans and objectives of ours or our management or Board of Directors, including any public sale of our securities, or estimates or predictions of actions by borrowers, competitors or regulatory authorities; (iii) statements of future economic performance; and (iv) statements of assumptions underlying other statements and statements about our business.

 

This document and documents incorporated by reference herein also identify important factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, among other things, interest rate fluctuations as they affect the relative yield of our loan portfolio and our ability to compete in making loans to borrowers; payment default on loans made or bonds purchased by us, which could adversely affect our ability to make distributions to our stockholders or payments due on our secured investor certificates; the actions of competitors; the effects of government regulation; competition, risks related to uncertainty and disruption in global economic markets as a result of COVID-19 (commonly referred to as the coronavirus) and other factors which are described herein and/or in documents incorporated by reference herein, including the risks described in Item 1A.

 

The cautionary statements made pursuant to the Private Litigation Securities Reform Act of 1995 above and elsewhere by us should not be construed as exhaustive or as any admission regarding the adequacy of disclosures made by us prior to the effective date of such Act. Matters which are the subject of forward-looking statements are beyond our ability to control and in many cases we cannot predict what factors would cause results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward looking statements.

 

 

Item 1. Business.

 

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has adversely affected many industries in general and resulted in orders preventing congregation which impacts the ability of churches and other non-profit religious organizations normal methods of worship. The actual and threatened spread of coronavirus globally or in the regions in which we operate or future widespread outbreak of infectious or contagious disease, can continue to reduce the ability of persons to worship in groups in general.

 

The extent to which our business may be affected by the coronavirus will largely depend on future developments which we cannot accurately predict, and its impact on churches and other non-profit religious organizations,  including the duration of the outbreak, the continued spread and treatment of the coronavirus, and new information and developments that may emerge concerning the severity of the coronavirus and the actions to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, among others. To the extent that churches and other non-profit organizations operations in the U.S. are materially and adversely affected by the coronavirus, business and financial results of this industry, and thus our business and financial results, could be materially and adversely impacted.

 

In early April 2020, prior to the filing of this report, similar to the conditions affecting many industries as a whole, we experienced declines in payments due from our borrowers and missed bond payments on the bonds owned by us which will require us to adjust our business operations, and will have impact on our operating income and may potentially impact future distributions and our ability to make payments due on our certificates.

 

General

 

We are a Minnesota corporation incorporated on May 27, 1994. We operate as a Real Estate Investment Trust (“REIT”) and are engaged in the business of making mortgage loans to churches and other non-profit religious organizations throughout the United States. The principal amount of loans we offer ranges from $100,000 to $2,000,000. We may also invest up to 30% of our Average Invested Assets in mortgage secured debt securities (bonds) issued by churches and other non-profit religious organizations. Between the date upon which we began active business operations (April 15, 1996) and December 31, 2019, we have made 199 loans to 169 churches totaling $108,465,509, with the average principal amount of such loans being $545,000. Of the 196 loans we have made, 125 loans totaling $71,239,209 have been repaid early by the borrowing churches. We also own, as of December 31, 2019, approximately $16,714,000 principal amount of Church Bonds (hereinafter defined). At no time have we paid a premium for any of the bonds in our portfolio. Subject to the supervision of our Board of Directors, our day to day business operations are managed by Church Loan Advisors, Inc. (the “Advisor”), which provides investment advisory and administrative services to us. The principals of the Advisor include principals of American Investors Group, Inc., (“American”) a FINRA member broker-dealer, which has served as underwriter of the public offerings of our common stock, as well as our public offerings of secured investor certificates.

 

The Company’s Business Activities

 

Our business is managed by the Advisor. We have no employees but we do have two executive officers. The Advisor's affiliate, American has been engaged since 1987 in the business of underwriting first mortgage bonds for churches throughout the United States. In underwriting church bonds, American reviews financing proposals, analyzes prospective borrowers’ financial capability, and structures, markets and sells, mortgage-backed securities which are debt obligations (bonds) of such borrowers to the investing general public. Since its inception, American has underwritten approximately 318 church bond financings, in which approximately $576,039,000 in first mortgage bonds have been sold to public investors. The average size of single church bond financings underwritten by American since its inception is approximately $1,811,000.

 

In the course of its business, American identified a demand from potential borrowers for smaller loans of $100,000 to $2,000,000. Because of the regulatory, administrative expenses and complexity normally associated with the bond financing business, American determined that the economic feasibility of bond financing diminished for financings under $1,000,000. As a result, we believe that many churches are forced to either forego the project for which their financing request was made, fund their project from cash flow over a period of time and at greater expense, or seek bank financing at terms that are not always favorable or available to them, due to the historic reluctance of banks to lend to churches for other than economic reasons. Our objective is to provide a lending source to this segment of the industry by capitalizing on the human resources and experience available at American and the Advisor, and taking advantage of the marketing, advertising and general goodwill of American.

 

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Financing Business

 

Our primary business is to make first mortgage loans in amounts ranging from $100,000 to $2,000,000, to churches and other non-profit religious organizations, and selecting and investing in mortgage-secured debt instruments ("Church Bonds") issued by churches and other non-profit religious organizations throughout the United States. All of our loans belong to one portfolio segment. We attempt to apply our working capital (after adequate reserves determined by the Advisor) toward making mortgage loans and investing in Church Bonds. We seek to enhance returns on investments on such loans by:

 

· offering terms of up to 30 years, generating the highest yields possible under current market conditions;

 

 

· seeking origination fees (i.e. "points") from the borrower at the outset of a loan and upon any renewal of a loan;

 

· making a limited amount of higher-interest rate second mortgage loans to qualified borrowers; and

 

· purchasing mortgage-secured debt securities having various maturities issued by churches and other non-profit religious organizations.

 

Our policies limit the amount of second mortgage loans to 20% of the Company's Average Invested Assets (hereinafter defined) on the date any second mortgage loan is closed and limit the amount of mortgage-secured debt securities to 30% of Average Invested Assets on the date of their purchase.

 

“Average Invested Assets” for any period is defined as the average of the aggregated book value of the assets of the corporation invested, directly or indirectly, in loans (or interests in loans) secured by real estate, and first mortgage bonds, before reserves for depreciation or bad debts or other similar non-cash reserves computed by taking the average of such values at the end of each calendar month during such period.

 

All other mortgage loans made by us (or Church Bonds purchased for investment) will be secured by a first mortgage (or deed of trust) lien in favor of us. Although we attempt to make mortgage loans for various terms typically ranging from one to thirty years, we may determine to emphasize longer-term fixed-rate loans in our discretion, in order to reduce the risk to us of downward interest rate fluctuations.

 

Our lending and investing operations, including determination of a prospective borrower's or church bond issuer's financial credit worthiness, are made on our behalf by the Advisor. Employees and agents of the Advisor conduct all aspects of our business, including (i) marketing and advertising; (ii) communication with prospective borrowers; (iii) processing loan applications; (iv) closing the loans; (v) servicing the loans; (vi) enforcing the terms of our loans; (vii) shareholder relations and (viii) administering our day-to-day business. For its services, the Advisor is entitled to receive a management fee equal to 1.25% annually of the Company's Average Invested Assets, plus one-half of any origination fee charged to borrowers on mortgage loans we make. The management fee is reduced to 1% on assets from $35 million to $50 million and to .75% on assets over $50 million. The Advisor’s management fees are computed and payable monthly.

 

 

Current First Mortgage Loan Terms

 

We offer prospective borrowers a selection of loan types, which include a choice of fixed or variable rates of interest indexed to the prime rate, the U.S. Treasury 10-Year Notes, or another generally recognized reference index, and having various terms to maturity, origination fees and other terms and conditions. The terms of loans we offer may be changed by our Advisor as a result of such factors as (i) the credit quality and experience of the borrowers; (ii) the terms of loans in our portfolio; (iii) competition from other lenders; (iv) anticipated need to increase the overall yield on our mortgage loan portfolio; (v) local and national economic factors; and (vi) actual experience in borrowers’ demand for the loans. We currently offer the loan types described in the table below. This table describes certain material terms of loans available from us. The table does not purport to identify all possible terms, rates, and fees we may offer. We may modify the terms identified below or offer loan terms different than those identified below at any time. Many loans are individually negotiated and differ from the terms described below.

 

Loan Type Interest Rate (1) Origination Fee (2)
25/30 Year Term (3) Fixed @ 8.75%/8.95% respectively 3.5%
20 Year Term (3) Variable Annually @ Prime + 2.50% 3.5%
3 Year Renewable Term (4) Fixed @ 8.25% 3.0%
Construction 1 Year Term Fixed @ 9.00% 2.0%

 

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(1) “Prime” means the prime rate of interest charged to preferred customers, as published by a federally chartered bank chosen by us. We may also tie our offered interest rates to other indices.
(2) These are “target” fees and negotiation of these fees with borrowers can occur. Origination fees are generally based on the original principal amount of the loan and are collected from the borrower at the origination and renewal of loans, one-half of which is payable directly to our Advisor.
(3) Fully amortized repayment term. Amortization terms may vary, as may other loan terms, depending on individual loan negotiations and competitive forces.
(4) Renewable term loans are repaid based on a 25-year amortization schedule and are renewable at the conclusion of their initial term for additional like terms up to an aggregated maximum of 25 years. We charge a fee of 1% upon the date of each renewal. If renewed by the borrower, the interest rate is adjusted upon renewal to Prime plus a specified percentage “spread.”

 

Mortgage Loan Processing and Underwriting

 

Mortgage loan applications are prepared and verified by our Advisor's personnel in our Loan Origination and Underwriting Department. Verification procedures are designed to assure a borrower's qualification under our Financing Policies which are specifically identified herein and include, among other things, obtaining:

 

· applications containing key information concerning the prospective borrowers;

 

· project description;

 

· financial statements in accordance with our Financing Policies;

 

· corporate records and other organizational documents of the borrower;

 

· preliminary title report or commitment for mortgagee title insurance; and

 

· a real estate appraisal in accordance with the Financing Policies.

 

All appraisals are prepared by independent third-party professionals who we approve based on their experience, reputation and education. All financial statements are prepared by independent third-party professionals or a qualified accountant that we hire that is independent of the borrower. Completed loan applications, together with a written summary are then presented to our Underwriting Committee. Our loan Underwriting Committee is comprised of the Advisor's President and Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer and certain members of its staff. Our Advisor may arrange for the provision of mortgage title insurance and for the services of professional independent third-party accountants and appraisers on behalf of borrowers in order to achieve pricing efficiencies on their behalf and to assure the efficient delivery of title commitments, preliminary title reports and title policies, and financial statements and appraisals that meet our underwriting criteria. Our Advisor may arrange for the direct payment for such professional services and for the direct reimbursement to it of such expenditures by borrowers and prospective borrowers. Upon closing and funding of mortgage loans, an origination fee based on the original principal amount of each loan may be charged, of which one-half is payable by the borrower to our Advisor, and the other one-half to us.

 

Loan Commitments

 

Subsequent to approval by our Underwriting Committee, and prior to funding a loan, we may issue a loan commitment to qualified applicants. A loan commitment deposit may be required from the borrowing church to commence the loan preparation procedure. These deposits are directly applied by the Advisor to engage accountants and appraisers to prepare their respective reports on the church. Commitments may indicate, among other things, the loan amount, origination fees, closing costs, underwriting expenses (if any), funding conditions, approval expiration dates and interest rate and other terms. Commitments generally set forth a "prevailing" interest rate that is subject to change in accordance with market interest rate fluctuations until the final loan closing documents are prepared, at which time we commit to a stated interest rate. In certain cases we may establish ("lock in") interest rate commitments up to sixty (60) days from the commitment to closing; however, interest rate commitments beyond sixty days will not normally be issued unless we receive an appropriate fee premium based upon our assessment of the risk associated with a longer period.

 

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Loan Portfolio Management

 

Our portfolio of mortgage loans and Church Bonds is managed and serviced by our Advisor in accordance with the Advisory Agreement. The Advisor is responsible for all aspects of our mortgage loan business, including closing and recording of mortgage loans; collecting payments of principal and interest regularly and upon the maturity of a loan; enforcing loan payments and other lender's requirements; periodic review of each mortgage loan file and determination of its reserve classification; and exercising our remedies in connection with any defaulted or non-performing loans. Fees and costs of attorneys, insurance, bonds and other direct expenses incurred in connection with the exercise of such remedies are our responsibility. We may, however, recoup these expenses from the borrower in the process of pursuing our remedies. The Advisor will not receive any additional compensation for services rendered in connection with loan portfolio management or exercising remedies on our behalf in the event of a loan default.

 

Loan Funding and Bank Borrowing

 

Our mortgage loans (and our purchases of Church Bonds) are funded with available cash.

 

We have established a $4 million-dollar line of credit with a local bank with a current outstanding balance of $1,445,000 for at December 31, 2019. In addition, we may borrow up to 300% of our stockholders’ equity (in the absence of a satisfactory showing that a higher level of borrowing is appropriate; any excess in borrowing over such 300% level must be approved by a majority of the Independent Directors and disclosed to stockholders in the next quarterly report along with justification for such excess) to make loans regardless of our capacity to (i) sell our securities on a continuing basis, or to (ii) reposition assets from the maturity or early repayment of mortgage loans in our secured investor certificates, minus reserves for operating expenses, and bad-debt reserves, as determined by the Advisor. Cash resources available to us for lending purposes include, in addition to the net proceeds from any future sales of our common stock, secured investor certificates (if any) or other debt securities, (i) principal repayments from borrowers on loans made by us and (ii) funds borrowed under any line of credit arrangement.

 

Public Offerings - Secured Investor Certificates

 

In September 2017, we filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer $10,000,000 worth of Series E secured investor certificates. The offering was declared effective by the SEC on November 6, 2017. The certificates are being offered in multiples of $1,000 with interest rates ranging from 4.00% to 6.50%, subject to changing market rates, and maturities from 5 to 15 years. The certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable and church bonds of approximately the same value. At December 31, 2019, we have sold 3,562 Series E Secured Investor Certificates totaling $3,562,000.

 

In July 2014, we filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer $10,000,000 worth of Series D secured investor certificates. The offering was declared effective by the SEC on August 12, 2014. The offering was renewed with an effective date of September 23, 2016. The certificates were offered in multiples of $1,000 with interest rates ranging from 4.00% to 6.50%, subject to changing market rates, and maturities from 5 and 7 to 15 years. The certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable and church bonds of approximately the same value. At December 31, 2019, approximately 8,109 Series D certificates had been issued and were outstanding for $8,109,000. The offering terminated in August 2017.

 

Previously, we offered Series A, Series B and Series C secured investor certificates, at various maturities and interest rates. The weighted average interest rate on all outstanding certificates was 6.33% at both December 31, 2019 and 2018. Holders of the secured investor certificates may renew certificates at the current rates and terms upon maturity at the Company’s discretion. Renewals upon maturity are considered neither proceeds from nor issuance of secured investor certificates. Renewals of secured investor certificates totaled approximately $793,000 and $1,671,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. There were no Series A secured investor certificates outstanding as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. There were $8,855,000 and $9,880,000 representing 8,855 and 9,880 in outstanding Series B secured investor certificates as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively and there were $6,324,000 and $6,464,000 representing 6,324 and 6,464 in outstanding Series C secured investor certificates at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. All secured investor certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable or secured church bonds of approximately the same stated value as the certificates. In addition, the secured investor certificates have certain financial and non-financial covenants, as set forth in each Series’ respective trust indenture.

 

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The Advisory Agreement

 

We have entered into a contract with the Advisor (the “Advisory Agreement”) under which the Advisor furnishes advice and recommendations concerning our business affairs, provides administrative services to us and manages our day-to-day operations. We have no employees but we do have two executive officers. All our personnel needs are met through the personnel and expertise of the Advisor and its affiliates. Among other things, the Advisor:

 

  • serves as our mortgage loan underwriter and advisor in connection with our primary business of making loans to churches;

 

· advises and selects Church Bonds to be purchased and held for investment by us;

 

· services all mortgage loans we make;

 

· provides marketing and advertising and generates loan leads directly and through its affiliates;

 

· deals with regulatory agencies, borrowers, lenders, banks, consultants, accountants, brokers, attorneys, appraisers, insurers and others;

 

· supervises the preparation, filing and distribution of tax returns and reports to governmental agencies and to stockholders and acts on our behalf in connection with shareholder relations;

 

· provides office space and personnel as required for the performance of the foregoing services; and

 

· as requested by us, makes reports to us of its performance of the foregoing services and furnishes advice and recommendations with respect to other aspects of our business.

 

In performing its services under the Advisory Agreement, the Advisor may use facilities, personnel and support services of its affiliates. Expenses such as legal and accounting fees, stock transfer agent, registrar and paying agent fees and proxy solicitation expenses are direct expenses of ours and are not provided for by the Advisor as part of its services.

 

The Advisory Agreement is renewable annually by us for one-year periods, subject to our determination, including a majority of the Independent Directors, that the Advisor's performance has been satisfactory and that the compensation paid the Advisor has been reasonable. The Advisory Agreement was last approved by the Board of Directors (including a majority of the Independent Directors) as of January 16, 2020. We may terminate the Advisory Agreement with or without cause upon 60 days written notice to the Advisor. Upon termination of the Advisory Agreement by either party, the Advisor may require us to change our name to a name that does not contain the word "American," "America" or the name of the Advisor or any approximation or abbreviation thereof, and that is sufficiently dissimilar to the word "America" or "American" or the name of the Advisor as to be unlikely to cause confusion or identification with either the Advisor or any person or entity using the word "American" or "America" in its name. Our Board of Directors shall determine that any successor Advisor possesses sufficient qualifications to perform the advisory function for us and justify the compensation provided for in its contract with us.

 

 

 

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Advisor is required to pay all of the expenses it incurs in providing services to us, including, but not limited to, personnel expenses, rental and other office expenses, expenses of officers and employees of the Advisor, including travel and all of its overhead and miscellaneous administrative expenses relating to performance of its functions under the Advisory Agreement. We are required to pay all other expenses we incur in the daily operations of our business–such as the costs and expenses of reporting to various governmental agencies and stockholders; the general conduct of our operations as a mortgage lender; fees and expenses of appraisers, directors, auditors, outside legal counsel and transfer agents; directors and officers liability insurance premiums; unreimbursed costs directly relating to closing of loan transactions; and costs relating to the enforcement of loan agreements and/or foreclosure proceedings.

 

In the event that our Total Operating Expenses exceed in any calendar year the greater of (a) 2% of our Average Invested Assets or (b) 25% of our net income, the Advisor is obligated to reimburse us, to the extent of its fees for such calendar year, for the amount by which the aggregate annual operating expenses paid or incurred by us exceed the limitation. Total operating expenses as defined in the Advisory Agreement exclude expenses of raising capital, interest payments, taxes, non-cash expenditures (including, but not limited to, depreciation, amortization and bad debt reserves), incentive fees and property operation and disposition costs. The Independent Directors may, upon a finding of unusual and non-recurring factors which they deem sufficient, determine that a higher level of expenses is justified in any given year.

 

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Our bylaws provide that the Independent Directors are to determine at least annually the reasonableness of the compensation we pay to our Advisor. The Advisory Agreement was renewed for a one-year period as of January 16, 2020 and the reasonableness of our Advisor’s compensation was reviewed as of this date as well. Factors to be considered in reviewing the Advisory Fee include the size of the fees of the Advisor in relation to the size, composition and profitability of our loan portfolio, the rates charged by other advisors performing comparable services, the success of the Advisor in generating opportunities that meet our investment objectives, the amount of additional revenues realized by the Advisor for other services performed for us, the quality and extent of service and advice furnished by the Advisor, the quality of our investments in relation to investments generated by the Advisor for its own account, if any, and the performance of our investments.

 

The Advisory Agreement provides for indemnification by us of the Advisor and each of its directors, officers and employees against expense or liability arising out of such person's activities in rendering services to us, provided that the conduct against which the claim is made was determined by such person, in good faith, to be in our best interests and was not the result of negligence or misconduct.

 

Financing Policies

 

Our business of mortgage lending to churches and other non-profit religious organizations is managed in accordance with and subject to the policies, guidelines, restrictions and limitations identified herein (collectively, the "Financing Policy"). The intent of the Financing Policy is to identify for our stockholders not only the general business in which we are involved, but the parameters of our lending business. These policies may not be changed (except in certain immaterial respects by majority approval of the Board of Directors) without the approval of a majority of the Independent Directors, and the holders of a majority of our outstanding shares at a duly held meeting for that purpose:

 

(i) Loans made by us will be limited to churches and other non-profit religious organizations, and will be secured by mortgages. The total principal amount of all second mortgage loans that we fund is limited to 20% of Average Invested Assets. All other loans will be first mortgage loans.

 

(ii) The total principal amount of mortgage-secured debt securities we purchase from churches and other non-profit religious organizations is limited to 30% of our Average Invested Assets.

 

(iii) The loan amount cannot exceed 75% of the value of the real estate and improvements securing each loan, such value being determined based on a written appraisal prepared by an appraiser acceptable to the Advisor. On all loans, we will require a written appraisal certified by a member of the Appraisal Institute ("MAI"), or a state-certified appraiser.

 

(iv) An ALTA (American Land Title Association) or equivalent Mortgage Title Policy must be furnished to us by the borrower insuring our mortgage interest.

 

(v) The borrower's long-term debt (including the proposed loan) cannot exceed four times their gross income for the previous twelve (12) months.

 

(vi) The borrower must furnish us with financial statements (balance sheet and income and expense statement) for its last three (3) complete fiscal years and current financial statements for the period within ninety (90) days of the loan closing date. A borrower must have the last complete fiscal year financial statements reviewed by a certified public accountant (CPA) engaged by the borrower and who is independent of the borrower. On loans in excess of $500,000 our Advisor may require the last complete fiscal year be audited by a CPA engaged by the borrower and who is independent of the borrower. In lieu of the above requirement, we or our Advisor may employ a qualified accountant. The qualified accountant we employ would be required to be independent of the borrower. Our employed qualified accountant would not be independent of us. Compiled financial statements of the borrower are acceptable from our employed qualified accountant. Along with the compiled financial statements of the borrower, our employed qualified accountant would perform partial and targeted review examination procedures for borrowers. On loans in excess of $500,000, the Advisor may require partial and targeted audit examination procedures for borrowers.

 

(vii) Borrowers in existence for less than three (3) fiscal years must provide financial statements since their inception. No loan will be extended to a borrower in operation less than two (2) calendar years absent express approval by our Board of Directors.

 

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(viii) The Advisor typically requires the borrower to arrange for automatic electronic payment or drafting of monthly payments.

 

(ix) The Advisor may require (i) key-man life insurance on the life of the senior pastor of a church; (ii) personal guarantees of church members and/or affiliates; and (iii) other security enhancements for our benefit.

 

(x) The borrower must agree to provide to us annual reports (including financial statements) within 120 days of each fiscal year end beginning with the fiscal year end next following the funding of the loan.

 

(xi) The Advisor may require the borrower to grant to us a security interest in all personal property located and to be located upon the mortgaged premises (excluding property leased by the borrower).

 

(xii) We require borrowers to maintain a general perils and liability coverage insurance policy naming us as the loss-payee in connection with damage or destruction to the property of the borrower which typically includes weather-related damage, fire, vandalism and theft. Our Advisor may require the borrower to provide flood, earthquake and/or other special coverage.

 

These Financing Policies are in addition to the prohibited investments and activities identified below and which are set forth in our Bylaws.

 

Prohibited Investments and Activities

 

Our Bylaws impose certain prohibitions and restrictions on our investment practices and lending activities, including prohibitions against:

 

(i) Investing more than 10% of our total assets in unimproved real property or mortgage loans on unimproved real property;

 

(ii) Investing in commodities or commodity futures contracts other than "interest rate futures" contracts intended only for hedging purposes;

 

(iii) Investing in mortgage loans (including construction loans) on any one property which in the aggregate with all other mortgage loans on the property would exceed 75% of the appraised value of the property unless substantial justification exists because of the presence of other underwriting criteria;

 

(iv) Investing in mortgage loans that are subordinate to any mortgage or equity interest of the Advisor or the Directors or any of their affiliates;

 

(v)       Investing in equity securities;

 

(vi)       Engaging in any short sales of securities or in trading, as distinguished from investment activities;

 

(vii)       Issuing redeemable equity securities;

 

(viii)       Engaging in underwriting or the agency distribution of securities issued by others;

 

(ix) Issuing options or warrants to purchase our shares at an exercise price less than the fair market value of the shares on the date of the issuance or if the issuance thereof would exceed 10% in the aggregate of our outstanding shares;

 

(x) The aggregate borrowings of the corporation, secured and unsecured, must be reasonable in relation to the Stockholders’ Equity of the corporation and must be reviewed by the Independent Directors at least quarterly. The maximum amount of such borrowings cannot exceed 300% of stockholders’ equity. Any excess in borrowing over such 300% level must be approved by a majority of Independent Directors and disclosed to stockholders in the next quarterly report along with justification for such excess;

 

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(xi) Investing in real estate contracts of sale unless such contracts are in recordable form and are appropriately recorded in the chain of title;

 

(xii) Selling or leasing to the Advisor, a Director or any affiliate thereof unless approved by a majority of our Directors (including a majority of our Independent Directors), who are not otherwise interested in such transaction, as being fair and reasonable to us;

 

(xiii) Acquiring property from any Advisor or Director, or any affiliate thereof, unless a majority of our Directors (including a majority of our Independent Directors) who are not otherwise interested in such transaction approve the transaction as being fair and reasonable and at a price to us which is no greater than the cost of the asset to such Advisor, Director or any affiliate thereof, or if the price to us is in excess of such cost, that substantial justification for such excess exists and such excess is reasonable. In no event shall the cost of such asset exceed its current appraised value;

 

(xiv) Investing or making mortgage loans unless a mortgagee's or owner's title insurance policy or commitment as to the priority of the mortgage or condition of title is obtained; or

 

(xv) Issuing shares on a deferred payment basis or other similar arrangement.

 

We do not invest in the securities of other issuers for the purpose of exercising control, engage in the purchase and sale of investments other than as described in this Report, offer securities in exchange for property unless deemed prudent by a majority of the Directors, or make loans to other persons except in the ordinary course of our business as described herein.

 

We will not make loans to or borrow from, or enter into any contract, joint venture or transaction with, any of our Directors or officers, the Advisor or any affiliate of any of the foregoing unless a majority of our Directors, including a majority of our Independent Directors, approves the transaction as fair and reasonable to us and the transaction is on terms and conditions no less favorable to us than those available from unaffiliated third parties. Any investment by us in any property, mortgage or other real estate interest pursuant to a transaction with the Advisor or any Directors or officers thereof will be based upon an appraisal of the underlying property from an independent qualified appraiser selected by the Independent Directors and will not be made at a price greater than fair market value as determined by such appraisal.

 

Under Performing and Non-Performing Loans

 

As of December 31, 2019, we had ten first mortgage loans totaling approximately $4,074,000 that are three or more monthly payments in arrears. We may incur a loss if these borrowers are unable to bring their payments current and we are compelled to foreclose on their properties. We may be unable to dispose of the foreclosed properties on terms that enable us to recoup our expenses and outstanding balances.

 

As of December 31, 2019, we held title to one property located in Bethel, Ohio through a 2018 foreclosure process with an outstanding balance of $114,632. The property remains listed for sale through a local realtor. We also hold title to another property located in Pine Bluff, Arkansas via deed in lieu of foreclosure, with an outstanding loan balance totaling $237,760. The Church is still occupying this property and paying rent while trying to either sell the building or obtain refinancing. We foreclosed on another property located in Atlanta, Georgia which we are currently owed $551,062. We have obtained title to the property but have not taken possession due to court proceedings in which the previous owner has filed numerous appeals regarding our foreclosure.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had eleven first mortgage loans totaling approximately $4,351,000 that were three or more monthly payments in arrears. In addition, we took possession of the Pine Bluff, Arkansas property via deed in lieu of foreclosure, with a loan balance outstanding totaling $225,872 and acquired the property located in Bethel.

 

Competition

 

The business of making loans to churches and other non-profit religious organizations is highly competitive. We compete with a wide variety of investors and other lenders, including banks, insurance companies, pension funds and fraternal organizations which may have investment objectives similar to our own. A number of these competitors have greater financial resources, larger staffs and longer operating histories than we do. We compete principally by limiting our business "niche" to lending to churches and other non-profit religious organizations, offering loans with competitive and flexible terms, and

 

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emphasizing our expertise in the specialized industry segment of lending to churches and other religious organizations. Our competitive “specialty” is in offering fixed-rate, long-term loans, which few of our competitors make available to churches.

 

Employees

 

We have no employees but we have two executive officers: Philip J. Myers, our Chief Executive Officer and President, and Scott J. Marquis, our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer. Our daily operations and other material aspects of our business are managed by Church Loan Advisors, Inc. (the “Advisor”) on a “turn-key” basis using employees of the Advisor and/or its Affiliates. At present, certain officers and directors of the Advisor are providing services to us at no charge and which will not be reimbursed to them. These services include, among others, legal and analytic services relating to the execution of our business plan, development and preparation of reports to be filed under the Securities Exchange Act, and utilization of proprietary forms and documents utilized by the Advisor in connection with our business operations.

 

Subject to the supervision of the Board of Directors, our business is managed by the Advisor, which provides us investment advisory and administrative services. Philip J. Myers, our Chief Executive Officer, President and a Director, is President of the Advisor and President of American Investors Group, Inc., the underwriter of our past public offerings. The Company utilizes two employees of the Advisor on a full-time basis and one member of its staff on a part-time or other basis. The Company does not presently expect to directly employ anyone in the foreseeable future, since all of our administrative functions and operations are contracted through the Advisor. However, legal, accounting and certain other services are provided to us by outside professionals and paid by us directly.

 

Operations

 

Our operations currently are located in the 1,500 square foot offices of the Advisor’s affiliate, American Investors Group, Inc., 10400 Yellow Circle Drive, Ste. 102, Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343. These facilities are being leased by American Investors Group, Inc. The lease expires November 30, 2020. We are not separately charged any rent for our use of these facilities, or for our use of computers, copying services, telephones, facsimile machines, postage service, office supplies or employee services, since these costs are covered by the advisory fee paid to the Advisor. However, we do pay postage service for costs associated with the distribution of dividends and proxy materials to our stockholders.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Risks Related to Mortgage Lending

 

The Outbreak of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has Adversely Affected the Operations of Churches and Other Non-Profit Religious Organizations Operations in general. The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has reduced the ability of people to congregate and has adversely affected the operations of churches and other non-profit religious organizations in general. The actual and threatened spread of coronavirus globally or in the regions in which we operate, or future widespread outbreak of infectious or contagious disease, such as influenza, coronavirus, measles, mumps, zika virus, or similar viruses, can continue to adversely affect the operations of our borrowers in general.

 

The extent to which our business may be affected by the coronavirus will largely depend on future developments which we cannot accurately predict, and its impact on our borrowers,  including the duration of the outbreak, the continued spread and treatment of the coronavirus, and new information and developments that may emerge concerning the severity of the coronavirus

 

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and the actions to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, among others. To the extent that churches and other non-profit religious organizations operations in the U.S. are materially and adversely affected by the coronavirus, our business and financial results could be materially and adversely impacted.

In early April 2020, prior to the filing of this report, similar to the conditions affecting many industries as a whole, we experienced declines in payments due from our borrowers and missed bond payments on the bonds owned by us which will require us to adjust our business operations, and will have impact on our operating income and may potentially impact future distributions and our ability to make payments due on our certificates.

 

A Recession Could have a Material Adverse Effect on the Mortgage Lending Industry and Our Results of Operations.  The performance of the mortgage lending industry usually follows the general economy.  During the recession of 2008 and 2009, mortgage lending was reduced and borrowers’ ability to remain current on loans was severely strained, which had a significant effect on our results of operations.  A stall in the economic recovery or a resurgent recession could have a material adverse effect on the mortgage lending and church bond industry and, thus, on our results of operations.

 

We Are Subject to the Risks Generally Associated with Mortgage Lending. Mortgage lending involves various risks, many of which are unpredictable and beyond our control and foresight. It is not possible to identify all potential risks associated with mortgage lending. Some of the more common risks encountered may be summarized as follows:

 

 

·         low demand for mortgage loans

·         interest rate and real estate valuation fluctuations

·         changes in the level of consumer confidence

·         availability of credit-worthy borrowers

·         national and local economic conditions

·         demographic and population patterns

·         zoning regulations

·         taxes and tax law changes

·         availability of alternative financing and competitive conditions

·         factors affecting specific borrowers

·         losses associated with default, foreclosure of a mortgage, and sale of the mortgaged property

·         state and federal laws and regulations

·         bankruptcy or insolvency of a borrower

·         borrower’s misrepresentation(s) and/or fraud

 

 

Losses Associated with Default, Foreclosure of a Mortgage and Sale of Mortgaged Property Pose Additional Risks. We have experienced losses associated with default, foreclosure of mortgages, and sales of mortgaged properties. The time frame to foreclose on a property varies from state to state, and delays can occur due to backlog in court dockets; we have experienced delays from 12 to 48 months. Such delays have and can cause the value of the mortgaged property to further deteriorate due to lack of maintenance. Theft and vandalism have also occurred on certain of our foreclosed properties. Some borrowers have removed fixtures and furnishings including sound systems, chairs, pulpits, appliances, mechanical and electrical systems prior to vacating the facility which further reduces the value of our collateral. The properties also incur operating expenses pending their sale (resale marketing, property insurance, security, repairs and maintenance) and these expenses could be substantial if we cannot readily dispose of the property. Expenses related to the foregoing and diminution in value could prevent us from recovering the full value of a loan in the event of foreclosure, which shortfall would decrease the value of assets held by the Company and could negatively impact the Company’s ability to pay interest on its outstanding secured investor certificates or dividends to stockholders.

 

Real Estate Taxes Resulting from a Foreclosure May Prevent Us from Recovering the Full Value of a Loan. If we foreclose on a mortgage and take legal title to a church’s real estate, real estate taxes could be levied and assessed against the property since the property would no longer be owned by a non-profit entity. These expenses would be our financial responsibility, and could be substantial in relation to our prior loan if we cannot readily dispose of the property. Such expenses could prevent us from recovering the full value of a loan in the event of foreclosure, which shortfall would decrease the value of assets held by the Company.

 

Second Mortgage Loans Pose Additional Risks. Our financing policies allow us to make second mortgage loans. The principal amount of such loans may not exceed 20% of our Average Invested Assets. Second mortgage loans entail more risk than first mortgage loans, as foreclosure of senior indebtedness or liens could require us to pay the senior debt or risk losing our mortgage, or reduced collateral value may reduce or eliminate our security.

 

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Fixed and Variable-Rate Debt Can Result in Yield Fluctuations. Fixed and variable-rate debt obligations carry certain risks. A general rise in interest rates could make the yield on a particular mortgage loan lower than prevailing rates. This could negatively affect our value and consequently the value of our shares and certificates. Neither we nor our Advisor can predict changes in interest rates. We will attempt to reduce this risk by maintaining medium and longer-term mortgage loans and through offering adjustable rate loans to borrowers. We do not intend to borrow funds or sell certificates if the cost of such borrowing exceeds the income we believe we can earn from lending the funds. The current average holding period of our debt is approximately seven and a half years, which has mitigated this risk in yield fluctuations.

 

The Mortgage Banking Industry Is Highly Competitive. We compete with a wide variety of lenders, including banks, credit unions, insurance companies, pension funds and fraternal organizations for mortgage loans. Many competitors have greater financial resources, larger staffs and longer operating histories than we have, and thus may be a more attractive lender to potential borrowers. We intend to compete by limiting our business “niche” to lending to churches and other non-profit religious organizations, offering loans with competitive and flexible terms, and emphasizing our expertise in the specialized industry segment of lending to churches and other non-profit religious organizations.

 

Fluctuations in Interest Rates May Affect Our Ability to Generate New Loans. Prevailing market interest rates impact borrower decisions to obtain new loans or to refinance existing loans, possibly having a negative effect upon our ability to originate mortgage loans. If interest rates decrease and the economic advantages of refinancing mortgage loans increase, then prepayments of higher interest mortgage loans in our portfolio would likely reduce our portfolio’s overall rate of return (yield).

 

We Are Subject to the Risks Associated with Fluctuations in National and Local Economic Conditions. The mortgage lending industry is subject to increased credit risks and foreclosure rates during economic downturns. In addition, because we provide mortgages to churches and other religious organizations who generally receive financing through charitable contributions, our financial results are subject to fluctuations based on a lack of consumer confidence or a severe or prolonged national or regional recession. As a result of these and other circumstances, our potential borrowers may decide to defer or terminate plans for financing their properties. In addition, during such economic times we may be unable to locate as many credit-worthy borrowers. In addition, we believe the risks associated with our business are more severe during periods of economic slowdown or recession if these periods are accompanied by declining values in real estate. For example, declining real estate values would likely reduce the level of new loan originations, since borrowers often use increases in the value of their existing properties to support the purchase of or investment in additional properties. Borrowers may also be less able to pay principal and interest on our loans if the real estate economy is weak, which could result in higher default rates. Higher default rates could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations, which could negatively impact the Company’s ability to pay interest on the certificates and dividends to stockholders. Further, declining real estate values significantly increase the likelihood that we will incur losses in the event of default because the value of our collateral may be insufficient to cover our basis in the investment.

 

The Company Faces Certain Risks and Uncertainties Related to Financing and Liquidity, and These Volatilities Could Have an Impact on Its Operations and Its Ability to Maintain its Long-term Capital Needs and/or Secure Additional Financing. The Company faces certain risks and uncertainties, particularly during volatile market conditions. In addition, liquidity, during such time periods, can be tight in all financial markets, including the debt and equity markets. These volatilities could have an impact on operations to the extent that the Company experiences slower maturities or repayment of mortgage loans, illiquid markets for our bond portfolio, or a higher redemption rate on our secured investor certificates than has been the case historically.

 

Our Business May Be Adversely Affected if Our Borrowers Become Insolvent or Bankrupt. If any of our borrowers become insolvent or bankrupt, the borrower’s mortgage payments will be delayed and may cease entirely. Because our borrowers are churches and other religious organizations who generally receive financing through charitable contributions, if their members experience a decrease in pay or lose their jobs and are unable to secure new ones, they may make fewer or no contributions to our borrowers, which could result in the borrower’s inability to make mortgage payments or make them on time. In those situations, we may be forced to foreclose on the mortgage and take legal title to the real estate and incur expenses related to the foreclosure and disposition of the property. Such increased expenses paired with possible lower real estate values (having been reduced by the foregoing expenses) could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.

 

We Have Fluctuating Earnings. As a mortgage lender, we make provision for losses relating to our loan portfolio and sometimes take impairment charges due to our borrowers defaulting or declaring bankruptcy. Increases in the occurrence of such events resulted in greater fluctuation of our earnings, which reduced our net income. Our earnings are also impacted by non-performing assets and the carrying cost of maintaining such assets (taxes, insurance and maintenance). Inconsistent earnings could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Risks Related to Mortgage Lending to Churches

 

Churches Rely on Member Contributions to Repay Our Loans. Churches typically rely on member contributions for their primary source of income. As such, member contributions are the primary source used to repay our loans. The membership of a church or the per capita contributions of its members may not increase or remain constant after a loan is funded. A decrease in a church’s income could result in its temporary or continued inability to pay its obligation to us, which may affect our ability to pay dividends on our common stock or pay interest or principal due on certificates. We have no control over the financial performance of a borrowing church after a loan is funded.

 

Churches Depend Upon Their Senior Pastors. A church’s senior pastor usually plays an important role in the management, leadership and continued viability of that church. A senior pastor’s absence, resignation or death could have a negative impact on a church’s operations, and thus its continued ability to generate revenues sufficient to service its obligations to us.

 

The Limited Use Nature of Church Facilities Can Limit the Resale Value of Our Mortgage Collateral. Our loans are secured principally by first mortgages upon the real estate and improvements owned or to be owned by borrowing churches. Although we will require an appraisal of the premises as a pre-condition to making a loan, the appraised value of the premises cannot be relied upon as being the actual amount which might be obtained in the event we need to foreclose after a default by the borrower. The actual liquidation value of a church, school or other institutional premises could be adversely affected by, among other factors: (i) its limited use nature; (ii) the availability on the market of similar properties; (iii) the availability and cost of financing, rehabilitation or renovation to prospective buyers; (iv) the length of time the seller is willing to hold the property on the market; or (v) the availability in the area of the mortgaged property of congregations or other buyers willing to pay the fair value for a church facility. These factors may influence our decision to restructure the terms of a non-performing loan rather than foreclose on a church property which may decrease the amount of the loan we recover.

 

Expenses of Foreclosure May Prevent Us From Recovering the Full Value of a Loan. If we foreclose on a mortgage and take legal title to a church’s real estate, real estate taxes could be levied and assessed against the property until sold since the property would no longer be owned by a non-profit entity. The property may also incur operating expenses pending its sale, such as resale marketing, property insurance, utilities, security, repairs and maintenance. These expenses would be our financial responsibility, and could be substantial in relation to our prior loan if we cannot readily dispose of the property. Such expenses could prevent us from recovering the full value of a loan in the event of foreclosure.

 

Risks Related to Us

 

Our Failure to Qualify as a Real Estate Investment Trust Could Reduce the Funds We Have Available For Investment. We operate as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”). As a REIT, we are allowed a deduction for dividends paid to our stockholders in computing our taxable income. Thus, only our stockholders are taxed on our taxable income that we distribute. This treatment substantially eliminates the “double taxation” of earnings to which most corporations and their stockholders are subject. Qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex Internal Revenue Code provisions.

 

To qualify and maintain our status as a REIT, we must meet certain share ownership, income, asset and distribution tests on a continuing basis. No assurance can be given that we will satisfy these tests at all times. Further, the requirements for a REIT may substantially affect day-to-day decision-making by our Advisor. Our Advisor may be forced to take action it would not otherwise take or refrain from action which might otherwise be desirable in order to maintain our REIT status.

 

If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, then we would be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates and not be allowed a deduction for distributions to stockholders. We would be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year of losing our REIT status. We intend to continue to operate as a REIT. However, future economic, market, legal, tax or other consequences may cause our Board of Directors to revoke the REIT election. The payment of taxes resulting from our disqualification as a REIT or revocation of REIT status would reduce the funds available for distribution to stockholders or for investment.

 

Consistent with our qualification as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we do not file state income tax returns in all states in which the collateral securing our loans is located. Since our inception, no state has ever asserted a claim for income taxes on any amount of our earnings or any aspect of our operations. Although we believe our position as it relates to state income taxes is appropriate, there can be no assurance that in the future any state tax jurisdiction will not pursue payment of some amount of state income taxes.

 

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Conflicts of Interest Arise From Our Relationship with Our Advisor. The terms of transactions involving our formation and the formation of our Advisor, and our contractual relationship with our Advisor, were not negotiated at arm’s-length. Our non-independent directors and officers may have conflicts of interest in enforcing agreements between us and our Advisor. Future business arrangements and agreements between us and our Advisor and their affiliates must be approved by our Board of Directors, including a majority of our Independent Directors.

 

Risks Related to the Shares

 

Lack of Liquidity and Inconsistent Public Market Price. Our common stock is not currently listed or traded on any exchange. “Pink Sheet” price quotations for our stock under the symbol “ACMC” were made at certain isolated times during 2019 by other broker-dealers at prices as low as $1.83 per share and as high as $2.65 per share. In addition, the market for REIT securities historically has been less liquid than non-real estate types of publicly-traded equity securities. Because of such illiquidity and the fact that the shares would be valued by market-makers (if a material market develops) based on market forces which consider various factors beyond our control, there can be no assurance that the market value of the shares at any given time would be the same or higher than the public purchase price of our shares. In addition, the market price, if a material market develops, could decline if the yields from other competitive investments exceed the actual dividends paid by us on our shares.

 

There Are Restrictions on Certain Transfers of Our Shares. Our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws prohibit a transfer of shares to any person who, as a result, would beneficially own shares in excess of 9.8% of the outstanding capital stock and allow us to redeem shares held by any person in excess of 9.8% of the outstanding capital stock. These provisions may reduce market activity for the shares and the opportunity for stockholders to receive a premium for their shares.

 

Fluctuations in Interest Rates May Cause the Value of Our Shares to Fluctuate. Prevailing market interest rates impact borrower decisions to obtain new loans or to refinance existing loans, possibly having a negative effect upon our ability to originate mortgage loans. Fluctuations in interest rates may cause the value of the shares to fluctuate unpredictably. If interest rates increase and we are unable to deploy funds into higher yielding mortgage loans, the dividends we pay may be less than other organizations which may have investment objectives similar to our own.

 

Interest Payments to Certificate Holders May Reduce Dividend Payments on Our Shares. We attempt to deploy our capital into new loans at rates that provide a positive interest rate spread. This spread, however, may be materially and adversely affected by changes in prevailing interest rates which would reduce our net income. If this occurs, we may not have sufficient net income after paying interest on the certificates to maintain dividends to stockholders at the levels paid in the past or even to pay dividends at all. In addition, because dividends are directly affected by the yields generated on the Company’s portfolio of loans and bonds, stockholders dividends can be expected to fluctuate significantly with interest rates generally.

 

Risks Related to the Indebtedness/Certificates

 

We May Be Unable to Generate Sufficient Cash Flow to Service Our Debt Obligations. Our ability to make payments on our indebtedness and to fund our operations depends on our ability to generate cash in the future. Our ability to generate future cash is subject to general economic, industry, financial, competitive, operating, legislative, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. As such, we cannot assure you that our business will generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available to us under a credit arrangement in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay amounts due on our indebtedness or to fund our other liquidity needs.

 

Our ability to obtain additional financing, if needed, will depend on, among other things: (i) our financial condition at the time; (ii) restrictions on outstanding indebtedness; and (iii) other factors, including the condition of the financial markets or the real estate and real estate lending markets. If we do not generate sufficient cash flow from operations, and additional borrowings or proceeds of asset sales are not available to us, we may not have sufficient cash to enable us to meet all of our obligations, which could affect our tax status as a REIT.

 

We May Incur More Indebtedness. We may incur additional indebtedness in the future. We may assign or pledge some of our mortgage-secured promissory notes or other collateral in connection with incurring any additional indebtedness. Under our Bylaws, as amended, we may incur indebtedness up to 300% of our shareholder’s equity, the level permitted under North American Securities Administrators Association (“NASAA”) guidelines, in the absence of a satisfactory showing that a higher level of borrowing is appropriate; any excess in borrowing over such 300% level must be approved by a majority of the Independent Directors and disclosed to stockholders in the next quarterly report along with justification for such excess.

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There Are Potential Adverse Effects Associated with Lending Borrowed Funds. In the past, we have deployed the proceeds from the sale of secured investor certificates into loans to, and bonds issued by, churches and other non-profit religious organizations. We have also used a credit facility from time to time to fund loans and purchase bonds. Lending borrowed funds is subject to greater risks than in unleveraged lending. The profit we realize from lending borrowed funds is largely determined by the difference, or “spread,” between the interest rates we pay on the borrowed funds and the interest rates that our borrowers pay us. Our spread may be materially and adversely affected by changes in prevailing interest rates. Furthermore, the financing costs associated with lending borrowed funds could decrease the effective spread in lending borrowed funds, which could adversely affect our ability to pay interest on and repay the certificates as they mature.

 

There Is No Public Market for the Secured Investor Certificates. There is no market for the secured investor certificates. It is unlikely that a market will develop. There are no current plans to list the secured investor certificates on any exchange or for a broker-dealer to make a market in the secured investor certificates. In addition, the market for REIT securities historically has been less liquid than the markets for other types of publicly-traded securities.

 

There Is No Sinking Fund, Insurance or Guarantee Associated With the Secured Investor Certificates. We do not contribute funds to a separate account, commonly known as a sinking fund, to repay principal or interest on the secured investor certificates upon maturity or default. Our secured investor certificates are not certificates of deposit or similar obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Further, no governmental or other entity insures or guarantees payment on the secured investor certificates if we do not have enough funds to make principal or interest payments. Therefore, holders of our secured investor certificates have to rely on our revenue from operations, along with the security provided by the collateral for the secured investor certificates, for repayment of principal and interest on them.

 

The Collateral for the Secured Investor Certificates May Not Be Adequate If We Default. The secured investor certificates must at all times be secured by mortgage-secured promissory notes and church bonds having an outstanding principal balance equal to at least 100% of the outstanding principal balance of the secured investor certificates. If we default in the repayment of the secured investor certificates, or another event of default occurs, the trustee will not be able to foreclose on the mortgages securing the promissory notes and bonds in order to obtain funds to repay certificate holders. Rather, the trustee will need to look to the revenue stream associated with our borrowers’ payments on or repayment of the promissory notes and bonds or revenue derived from sale of the promissory notes or bonds to repay certificate holders. If the trustee chooses to rely on revenues received from our borrowers, certificate holders may face a delay in payment on certificates in the event of default, as borrowers will repay their obligations to us in accordance with amortization schedules associated with their promissory notes or bonds. If the trustee chooses to sell promissory notes or bonds in the event of our default, the proceeds from the sales may not be sufficient to repay our obligations on all outstanding or defaulted secured investor certificates.

 

The Secured Investor Certificates Are Not Negotiable Instruments and Are Subject to Restrictions on Transfer. The secured investor certificates are not negotiable debt instruments. Rights of record ownership of the secured investor certificates may be transferred only with our Advisor’s prior written consent. Certificate holders are not able to freely transfer the secured investor certificates.

 

We Are Obligated To Redeem Secured Investor Certificates Only In Limited Circumstances. Certificate holders have no right to require us to prepay or redeem any certificate prior to its maturity date, except in the case of death or if we replace our current Advisor. Further, even in the event of death, we will not be required to redeem secured investor certificates if we have redeemed at least $25,000 of principal amount of certificates for the benefit of estates during the calendar quarter. There is no present intention to redeem secured investor certificates prior to maturity except in the case of death of a certificate holder.

 

We May Not Have Sufficient Available Cash to Redeem Secured Investor Certificates If We Terminate Our Advisory Agreement with Our Current Advisor. We will be required to offer to redeem all outstanding secured investor certificates if we terminate our advisory agreement with Church Loan Advisors, Inc., our Advisor, for any reason. If the holders of a significant principal amount of secured investor certificates request that we redeem their certificates, we may be required to sell a portion of our mortgage loan and church bond portfolio to satisfy the redemption requests. Any such sale could be at a discount to the recorded value of the mortgage loans and bonds being sold. Further, if we are unable to sell loans or church bonds in our portfolio, we may be unable to satisfy the redemption obligations.

 

The Indenture Contains Limited Protection For Holders of Secured Investor Certificates. The indenture governing the secured investor certificates contains only limited events of default other than our failure to pay principal and interest on the certificates on time. Further, the indenture provides for only limited protection for holders of certificates upon a consolidation or merger between us and another entity or the sale or transfer of all or substantially all of our assets. If we default in the

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repayment of the secured investor certificates under the indenture, certificate holders will have to rely on the trustee to exercise any remedies on their behalf. Certificate holders will not be able to seek remedies against us directly.

 

Risks Related to Management

 

We Are Dependent Upon Our Advisor. Our Advisor, Church Loan Advisors, Inc., has managed us since commencement of active business operations in 1996 and selects our investments subject to general supervision by our Board of Directors and compliance with our lending policies. We depend upon our Advisor and its personnel for most aspects of our business operations. Our success depends on the success of our Advisor in locating borrowers and negotiating loans upon terms favorable to us. Among others, our Advisor performs the following services for us:

 

·         mortgage loan marketing and procurement

·         bond portfolio selection and investment

·         mortgage loan underwriting

·         mortgage loan servicing

·         money management

·         developing and maintaining business relationships

·         maintaining “goodwill”

 

·         managing relationships with our accountants and attorneys

·         corporate management

·         bookkeeping

·         reporting to state, federal, tax and other regulatory authorities

·         reports to stockholders and shareholder relations

·         loan enforcement and collections

 

Our stockholders’ right to participate in management is generally limited to the election of directors. Certificate holders have no right to participate in our management or the election of directors. Certificate holders must be willing to entrust our management to our Advisor and our Board of Directors.

 

We Have Conflicts of Interest with Our Advisor and Affiliates. Affiliations and conflicts of interests exist among our officers and directors and the owner and officers and directors of our Advisor and affiliates. Our Advisor and affiliates are controlled by our Chief Executive Officer and President, Philip J. Myers. Our President and the officers and directors of our Advisor are involved in the church financing business through their affiliations with American Investors Group, Inc. (“American”). American originates, offers and sells first mortgage bonds for churches. We may purchase first mortgage bonds issued by churches through American in its capacity as underwriter for the issuing church, or as broker or dealer on the secondary market. In such event, American would receive commissions (paid by the issuing church) on original issue bonds, or “mark-ups” in connection with any secondary transactions. If we sell church bonds in our portfolio, the bonds will be sold through American. We would pay American commissions in connection with such transactions, but in no event, in excess of those normally charged to customers.

 

Our Bylaws limit the amount of all commissions, mark-downs or mark-ups paid to American. Our business dealings with our Advisor and its affiliates outside of the ordinary course of our activities are subject to approval by a majority of our Board of Directors, including a majority of our Independent Directors.

 

Generally, mortgage loans we originate are smaller than the bond financings originated by American. However, there may be circumstances where our Advisor and American could recommend either type of financing to a prospective borrower. The decisions of our Advisor and American could affect the credit quality of our portfolio.

 

Redemption Obligations Relating to the Secured Investor Certificates May Affect Our Ability to Replace Our Advisor. We will be required to offer to redeem all outstanding secured investor certificates if we terminate our Advisory Agreement with Church Loan Advisors, Inc. Our Independent Directors are required to review and approve the advisory agreement with our Advisor on an annual basis. The redemption provision relating to the secured investor certificates may have the effect of reducing our ability to replace our current Advisor.

 

Risks Related to Environmental Laws

 

We May Face Liability Under Environmental Laws. Under federal, state and local laws and regulations, a secured lender (like us) may be liable, under certain limited circumstances, for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances and other costs (including government fines and injuries to persons and adjacent property). Liability may be imposed whether or not the owner or lender knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of hazardous or toxic substances. The costs of remediation or removal of hazardous or toxic substances, or of fines for personal or property damages, may be substantial and material to our business operations. The presence of hazardous or toxic substances, or the failure to promptly remediate such substances, may adversely affect our ability to resell real estate collateral after foreclosure or could cause us to forego foreclosure. This is a changing area of the law. The courts have found both in favor and against lender liability in this area under various factual scenarios.

 

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The Collateral For Our Loans and Our Lenders May Be Subject to Environmental Claims. If there are environmental problems associated with the real estate securing any of our loans, the associated remediation or removal requirements imposed by federal, state and local laws could affect our ability to realize value on our collateral or our borrowers’ ability to repay their loans.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Our operations are located in the leased offices of American Investors Group, Inc., in Minnetonka, Minnesota. It is expected that for the foreseeable future our operations will continue to be housed in these or similar leased premises along with American's operations and those of the Advisor. We are not directly charged for rent, nor do we incur other costs relating to such leased space, because our Advisor includes these expenses in the Advisory Fee.

 

Real Estate Held for Sale/Description of Properties Acquired through Foreclosure

 

As of December 31, 2019, we owned three properties which we acquired through the foreclosure process. The first property, located in Atlanta, Georgia had a carrying value of approximately $321,000. We have obtained title to the property but have not taken possession due to court proceedings in which the previous owner has filed numerous appeals regarding our foreclosure. The second property located in Bethel, Ohio had an outstanding loan balance of approximately $114,632 and has been listed for sale through a local realtor. The current listing price of the property is $139,900. The third property we own, located in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was acquired via deed in lieu of foreclosure and is available for sale, however it is currently not listed as we have allowed the church to either obtain financing from another source or list the property for sale. The Church is paying rent while trying to either sell the building or obtain refinancing. This property is being carried at the fair value which is approximately $226,000 as of December 31, 2019. The situation with respect to each property is reviewed periodically. The general competitive conditions surrounding the potential sale of our properties are tied, in large part, to the fact that they are special-use properties with variable zoning restrictions. We principally lend to churches, which are commonly exempt from zoning restrictions. However, while a church property may be exempt from zoning restrictions, if it is located in a residential area, it still may only be used as a church, thereby limiting the pool of potential buyers. On the other hand, a church or other property that is zoned for commercial use generally experiences higher demand, as potential buyers can convert the property to their own business use. As such, our properties located in residential areas typically experience less demand than those zoned for commercial use. Both the Pine Bluff, Arkansas and Atlanta, Georgia properties are in a residential area. The property located in Bethel, Ohio is in a rural area and not subject to typical zoning requirements.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

There are presently no legal actions against us, pending or threatened.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Outstanding Securities

 

As of December 31, 2019, 1,677,798 shares of our common stock and $26,850,000 in aggregate principal amount of secured investor certificates were issued and outstanding.

 

Lack of Liquidity and Absence of Public Market Price.

 

There is virtually no market for our common shares. It is not expected that a material market for the shares will develop any time soon. In addition, the market for REIT securities historically has been less liquid than non-real estate types of publicly-traded equity securities. Because of such illiquidity and the fact that the shares would be valued by market-makers (if a market develops) based on market forces which consider various factors beyond our control, there can be no assurance that the market value of the shares would reflect the value of our assets or business and no assurance that at any given time would be the same or higher than the public purchase price of our shares. In addition, the market price, if a market develops, could decline if the yields from other competitive investments exceed the actual dividends paid by us on our shares. Our common stock is not currently listed or traded on any exchange or market.

 

Our Common Stock, $.01 par value per share, occasionally trades on the over-the-counter market Pink Sheets under the symbol “ACMC.PK”. The following table sets forth the high bid quotation and the low bid quotation as quoted by the Pink Sheets in 2019 and 2018. Such over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions. We did not purchase or sell any common stock shares in 2019.

 

  High Low
Calendar Year 2019    
First Quarter $2.65 $2.05
Second Quarter $2.65 $2.02
Third Quarter $2.59 $1.85
Fourth Quarter $2.34 $1.83
     
Calendar Year 2018    
First Quarter $2.94 $2.48
Second Quarter $2.94 $2.34
Third Quarter $2.85 $2.00
Fourth Quarter $2.50 $2.00

 

Holders of Our Common Shares

 

As of December 31, 2019, we had 537 record holders of our common stock, $.01 par value per share (excluding stockholders for whom shares are held in a “nominee” or “street” name).

 

We paid dividends on our common stock for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 as follows:

 

 

For Quarter Ended:

Dollar Amount Distributed

Per Share:

Annualized Yield Per $10

Share Represented:

  2019 2018 2019 2018
March 31 $.055 $.070 2.20% 2.80%
June 30 $.060 $.020 2.40% 0.80%
September 30 $.100 $.040 4.00% 1.60%

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  2019 2018 2019 2018
December 31 $.075 $.085 3.00% 3.40%
Totals: $.290 $.215 2.90% 2.15%

 

As a Real Estate Investment Trust, we make regular quarterly distributions to stockholders. The amount of distributions to our stockholders must equal at least 90% of our “real estate investment trust taxable income” in order for us to retain REIT status. Shareholder distributions are estimated for our first three quarters of each fiscal year and adjusted annually based upon our final year-end financial report. Cash available for distribution to our stockholders is derived primarily from the interest portion of monthly mortgage payments we receive from churches borrowing money from us, from origination and other fees paid to us by borrowers in connection with loans we make, interest income from mortgage-backed securities issued by churches and other non-profit religious organizations purchased and held by us for investment purposes, and earnings on any permitted temporary investments made by us. All dividends are paid by us at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon our earnings and financial condition, maintenance of REIT status, funds available for distribution, results of operations, economic conditions, and such other factors as our Board of Directors deems relevant.

 

From time to time we offer the sale of shares of our common stock or secured investor certificates, the proceeds of which are typically used to fund loans to be made by us. Until we have fully invested such funds into loans, the relative yield generated by sales of our shares, and thus, dividends (if any) to stockholders, could be less than expected. We seek to address this issue by (i) collecting from borrowers an origination fee at the time a loan is made, (ii) timing our lending activities to coincide as much as possible with sales of our securities, and (iii) investing our un-deployed capital in permitted temporary investments that offer the highest yields together with safety and liquidity. However, there can be no assurance that these strategies will improve current yields to our stockholders. In order to qualify for the beneficial tax treatment afforded real estate investment trusts by the Internal Revenue Code, we are required to pay dividends to holders of our shares in annual amounts which are equal to at least 90% of our “real estate investment trust taxable income.” For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, we distributed 100% of our taxable income to our stockholders in the form of quarterly dividends. We intend to continue distributing virtually all of such income to our stockholders on a quarterly basis, subject to (i) limitations imposed by applicable state law, and (ii) the factors identified above. The portion of any dividend that exceeds our earnings and profits will be considered a return of capital and will not currently be subject to federal income tax to the extent that such dividends do not exceed a shareholder's basis in their shares. 100% of the dividends paid to stockholders for the tax year 2019 were non-dividend distributions due to the realized (carry-forward) loss totaling approximately $2,574,000 in 2019. We expect dividends paid in 2020 to be 100% non-dividend distributions due to the realized (carry-forward) loss totaling approximately $1,935,000.

 

Funds available to us from the repayment of principal (whether at maturity or otherwise) of loans made by us, or from sale or other disposition of any properties or any of our other investments, may be reinvested in additional loans to churches, invested in mortgage-backed securities issued by churches or other non-profit organizations, or in permitted temporary investments, rather than distributed to the stockholders. We can pass through the capital gain character of any income generated by computing its net capital gains and designating a like amount of our distribution to our stockholders as “capital gain dividends.” The distribution requirement to maintain qualification as a real estate investment trust does not require distribution of net capital gains, if generated. However, if we decide to distribute any such gains, undistributed net capital gains (if any) will be taxable to us. The Board of Directors, including a majority of our Independent Directors, will determine whether and to what extent the proceeds of any disposition of property will be distributed to our stockholders.

 

Equity Compensation Plans

 

We do not have any equity compensation plans under which equity securities of the Company are authorized for issuance.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), we are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

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Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion regarding our financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in this Annual Report beginning at page F-1 and our forward-looking statement disclosure at the beginning of Part I to this Annual Report.

 

Financial Condition

 

Our total assets decreased from $40,023,626 at December 31, 2018 to $37,942,640 at December 31, 2019. The primary reason for the decrease in total assets from December 31, 2018 through December 31, 2019 was a decrease in our cash position. Stockholders’ equity decreased from $10,776,548 at December 31, 2018 to $8,782,464 at December 31, 2019. This was primarily due to distributions in the form of dividends in aggregate, totaling approximately $487,000. Our primary liabilities at December 31, 2019 and 2018 were our secured investor certificates, which were $26,850,000 and $29,386,000, respectively. We also had dividends declared as of the end of the period reported on, but which are not paid before the 30th day of the ensuing month. We anticipate that funds from maturing loans along with proceeds from the sale of our current secured investor certificate offering will equal or exceed obligations due on our certificates during 2020. To the extent necessary, we will seek short-term financing or a new working capital facility, including our line of credit with a local bank, to meet any short-term cash requirements. We expect to use any extra cash available to us to fund new loans or purchase church bonds.

 

Comparison of the Fiscal Years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

The following table shows the results of our operations for fiscal 2019 and 2018:

 

  For the Year Ended December 31,    
           
Statement of Operations Data 2019   2018    
           
Interest and other income $2,808,534   $2,689,405    
Interest expense 1,882,290   1,970,986    
Net interest income 926,244   718,419    
Total provision for losses on mortgage loans and bonds 87,727   254,310    
Net interest income after provision for mortgage and bonds losses 838,517   464,109    
Operating expenses 780,731   514,291    
Net (loss) income   $57,786   $(50,182)    
Basic and diluted (loss) income per share $0.03   $(0.03)    

 

Results of Operations

 

Since we began active business operations on April 15, 1996, we have paid 96 consecutive quarterly dividend payments to stockholders. These dividend payments have resulted in an average annual return of 5.354% to stockholders who purchased shares at $10 per share in our public offerings of stock. Each loan funded during the quarter generates origination income of which one-half is due and payable to stockholders as taxable income even though origination income is not recognized in its entirety for the period under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The other one-half of any origination income generated is due to our Advisor. We anticipate distributing all of our taxable income in the form of dividends to our stockholders in the foreseeable future to maintain our REIT status and to provide income to our stockholders.

 

Net income for our year ended December 31, 2019 was $57,786 on total interest and other income of $2,808,534 compared to net (loss) of $(50,182) on total interest and other income of $2,689,405 for the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase in net income was primarily due to the increase in interest income from our loan portfolio.

 

Net interest income earned on the Company's portfolio of loans was $926,244 for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $718,419 for December 31, 2018. The increase in net interest income was due to the increase in loans outstanding in our loan portfolio.

 

Our operating expenses for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 were $780,731 compared to $514,291 for our year ended December 31, 2018. The increase in operating expenses was primarily a result of an increase in the impairment reserve on our bond portfolio.

 

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Our Board of Directors declared dividends of $.055 for each share of record on April 29, 2019, $.060 for each share of record on July 29, 2019, $.100 for each shares of record on October 29, 2019 and $.075 for each shares of record on January 28, 2020. Based on the quarters ended March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019, September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2019 and assuming a share purchase price of $10.00, the dividends paid represented a 2.90% annual yield in 2019. 100% of the dividends paid to stockholders for the tax year 2019 were non-dividend distributions due to the realized (carry-forward) loss of approximately $2,574,000. We expect dividends paid in 2020 to be 100% non-dividend distributions due to the realized (carry-forward) losses totaling approximately $1,935,000 for the period ended December 31, 2020.

 

We choose to distribute income from ongoing operations in the form of dividends to stockholders. As a Real Estate Investment Trust we are required to distribute up to 90% of our taxable income. The table below reflects taxable income, net income from operations, dividend distributions and the effect of the distributions to stockholders for the periods ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Any amount distributed to stockholders in excess of income from ongoing operations is deemed to be return of principal which results in a reduction of our shareholder equity.

 

    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
         
Net Taxable Income   $ 152,233     $ 191,319  
Net Income From Operations (EBITA)   $ 485,011     $ 301,026  
Total Dividend Distributions   $ 486,562     $ 360,727  
Principal Distribution   $ 1,551     $ 59,701  
Number of Shares Outstanding     1,667,798       1,667,798  
Amount of Principal Distributed per Share   $ 0.00     $ 0.04  

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our revenue is derived principally from interest income, and secondarily, from origination fees and renewal fees generated by mortgage loans that we make. We also earn income through interest on funds that are invested pending their use in funding mortgage loans or distributions of dividends to our stockholders, and on income generated on church bonds we may purchase and own. We generate revenue through (i) permitted temporary investments of cash, and (ii) making mortgage loans to churches and other non-profit religious organizations. Our principal expenses are interest on our secured investor certificates, advisory fees, legal and auditing fees, communications costs with our stockholders, and the expenses of our transfer agent and registrar.

 

Our loan portfolio consists primarily of long-term fixed rate loans. However, we currently have three short-term fixed rate “bridge-loans” we have financed. Bridge loans provide a short term (usually less than one year) financing to a Church. Historically, loans in our portfolio are outstanding for an average of approximately seven and a half years. Our borrowers are typically small independent churches with little or no borrowing history. Once a church establishes a payment history with us, they often look to re-finance their loan with a local bank, credit union or other financial institution that is willing to provide financing since the borrower has established a payment history and has demonstrated they can meet their mortgage debt obligations.

 

Currently, our bond portfolio comprises 40% of our assets under management. The total principal amount of mortgage- secured debt securities we purchase from churches and other non-profit religious organizations is limited to 40% of our Average Invested Assets. Excluded from this ratio of 40% for the year ended December 31, 2019 are bonds issued of which we hold 100% of the total bonds outstanding. The total principal amount outstanding is approximately $16,688,000 as of December 31, 2019 and was approximately $15,848,000 as of December 31, 2018. We earned approximately $1,054,000 on our bond portfolio in 2019 and approximately $977,000 in 2018.

 

In addition, we are able to borrow funds in an amount up to 300% of shareholder’s equity (in the absence of a satisfactory showing that a higher level of borrowing is appropriate; any excess in borrowing over such 300% level must be approved by a majority of the Independent Directors and disclosed to stockholders in the next quarterly report along with justification for such excess) in order to increase our lending capacity.

 

In September 2017, we filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer $10,000,000 worth of Series E secured investor certificates. The offering was declared effective by the SEC on November 6, 2017. We have sold 3,562 Series E secured investor certificates for a total of $3,562,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

In July 2014, we filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer $10,000,000 worth of Series D secured investor certificates. The offering was declared effective by the SEC on August 12, 2014. The offering was

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renewed with an effective date of September 23, 2016. The certificates were offered in multiples of $1,000 with interest rates ranging from 4.00% to 6.50%, subject to changing market rates, and maturities from 5 and 7 to 15 years. The certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable and church bonds of approximately the same value. At December 31, 2018, approximately 8,234 Series D certificates had been issued and were outstanding for $8,234,000. The offering terminated in August 2017.

 

We anticipate that funds from maturing loans along with proceeds from the sale of our current secured investor certificate offering will equal or exceed obligations due on our certificates during 2020. To the extent necessary, we will seek short-term financing or a new working capital facility, including establishing a line of credit with a local bank, to meet any short-term cash requirements.

 

The table below shows the principal amount of loans and bonds to be paid during 2020 and the number of secured investor certificates maturing in 2020. We may need to obtain additional funds from other sources to meet our certificate maturity obligations. One source is the potential sale of bonds in our portfolio. In addition, at December 31, 2019 we held $191,987 in cash and cash equivalents and currently have a $4,000,000 working line of credit with a local bank of which $2,555,000 was available to us for the year ended December 31, 2019. This facility expires July 22, 2020 and we are working with the lender to extend the term.

 

      Fiscal Year 2020  
         
Contractual maturity schedule mortgage loans   $ 4,051,798  
Contractual maturity schedule bond portfolio     205,000  
Total   $ 4,256,798  
         
Contractual maturity schedule secured investor certificates     4,117,000  

 

 

Holders of our secured investor certificates may renew certificates at the current rates and terms upon maturity at our discretion. Renewals upon maturity are considered neither proceeds from nor issuance of secured investor certificates. Renewals totaled approximately $793,000 and $1,671,000 during 2019 and 2018, respectively. These renewals represent 38% and 41% of the maturing certificates for the period ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We believe that renewals we offer to maturing certificate holders will reduce the amount of cash needed to pay maturing certificates in fiscal year 2020.

 

Loan Loss Reserve Policy

 

We follow a loan loss reserve policy on our portfolio of loans outstanding. This critical policy requires complex judgments and estimates. We record mortgage loans receivable at their estimated net realizable value, which is the unpaid principal balance less the allowance for mortgage loans. Our loan policy provides an allowance for estimated uncollectible loans based on an evaluation of the current status of the loan portfolio. This policy reserves for principal amounts outstanding on a particular loan if cumulative interruptions occur in the normal payment schedule of a loan. Our policy will reserve for the outstanding principal amount of a loan in our portfolio if the amount is in doubt of being collected. Additionally, no interest income is recognized on impaired loans that are declared to be in default and are in the foreclosure process.

 

The Company will declare a loan to be in default and will place the loan on non-accrual status when the following thresholds have been met: (i) the borrower has missed three consecutive mortgage payments; (ii) the borrower has not communicated to the Company any legitimate reason for delinquency in its payments to the Company and has not arranged for the re-continuance of payments; (iii) lines of communication to the borrower have broken down such that any reasonable prospect of rehabilitating the loan and return of regular payments is gone.

 

The Company’s policies on payments received and interest accrued on non-accrual loans are as follows: (i) The Company will accept payments on loans that are currently on non-accrual status when a borrower has communicated to us that they intend to meet their mortgage obligations. A payment made on a non-accrual loan is considered a good faith deposit as to the intent to resume their mortgage payment obligation. This good faith deposit is credited back to interest first then principal as stated in the mortgage loan documentation. (ii) A letter outlining the re-payment terms or the restructure terms (if any) of the loan is provided to the borrower. This letter will be signed by the Senior Pastor and all board members of the borrower. This letter resumes the obligation to make payments on non-accrual loans. (iii) The borrower must meet all its payment obligations for the next 120 days without interruption in order to be removed from non-accrual status.

 

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When a loan is declared in default according to the Company’s policy or deemed to be doubtful of collection, the loan committee of the Advisor to the Company will direct the staff to charge-off uncollectable receivables.

 

At December 31, 2019, we reserved $1,429,487 against fourteen mortgage loans, of which ten churches were three or more mortgage payments in arrears of which three are declared to be in default. At December 31, 2018, we reserved $1,672,003 against seventeen mortgage loans, of which eleven churches were three or more mortgage payments in arrears, three were declared to be in default and two were in the foreclosure process.

 

The total value of impaired loans, which are loans that are in the foreclosure process or are declared to be in default, was approximately $810,000 and $1,498,000 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We believe that the total amount of non-performing loans is adequately secured by the underlying collateral and the allowance for mortgage loans.

 

Of the ten loans which were three or more payments in arrears, the first impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $543,822. This loan has been declared in default. The church is located in Detroit, Michigan and is located in an area suffering from urban blight and high crime. We are continually assessing our options with a local realtor. This church is located in a commercial area. Therefore, the facility can be converted and used other than as a church.

 

The second impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $221,683. This loan has been declared in default. The church is located in Leslie, Georgia and is located in a commercial area. The Church is still occupying the property and has made all payments under a loan modification agreement since November 2018.

 

The third impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $44,965. The church is located in Chicago, Illinois. We have a second mortgage loan. We have been made aware that the church defaulted on its first mortgage loan as well. We will wait to see what the outcome with the first mortgage holder will be.

 

The fourth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $310,126. The church is located in Raleigh, North Carolina. The church has missed five mortgage payments since the loan was re-structured in June 2008, the church has missed two payments in 2019. We are working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

The fifth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $295,454. The church is located in Seagoville, Texas. The church has missed seven payments since the loan was funded in August 2006, three payments were missed in 2019. We are working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

The sixth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $678,511. The church is located in Dallas, Texas. The church has missed five payments since the loan was funded in September 2008, two payment were missed in 2019. We are working with the church to bring its payments current. This is a commercial property.

 

The seventh impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $654,751. The church is located in Linton, Indiana. The church has missed three payments since the loan was funded in September 2007. However, the church did not miss any payments in 2019. We are working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

The eighth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $699,742. The church is located in Richmond Hills, Texas. The church has missed numerous payments since the loan was funded in November 2004. However, the church has been making regular payments which are being applied to the arrearage. We are continually working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

The ninth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $226,957. The church is located in Kirbyville, Texas. The church has missed three payments since the loan was funded in June 2003. However, the church did not miss any payments in 2019. We are working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

The tenth impaired loan has an outstanding balance of $397,951. The church is located in Waterbury, Connecticut. The church has missed four payments (all in 2019) since the loan was re-structured in the April 2015. We are working with the church to bring its payments current.

 

 

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We presently expect our allowance for mortgage loans to be adequate to cover all losses incurred and probable. Listed below is our current loan loss reserve policy:

 

Incident Percentage of Loan Reserved Status of Loan
1. None Loan is current, no interruption in payments during history of the loan, (“interruption” means receipt by us more than 30 days after scheduled payment date).
2. None Loan current, previous interruptions experienced, but none in the last six month period.  Applies to restructured loans or loans given forbearance.
3. None Loan current, previous interruptions experienced, but none in the last 90 day period.
4. 1.00% Loan serviced regularly, but 2 or 3 payments cumulative in arrears.  Delinquency notice has been sent.
5. 5.00% Loan serviced regularly, but 4 or 5 payments cumulative in arrears. Repayment plan requested.
6. 10.00% Loan is declared to be in default.  Legal counsel engaged to begin foreclosure.  Additional accrual of overdue payments and penalties ceased.
7. The greater of: (i) accumulated reserve during default period equal to principal loan balance in excess of 65% of original collateral value; or (ii) 1% of the remaining principal balance each quarter during which the default remains in effect. Foreclosure proceeding underway.  Accrual of all overdue interest and principal payments including penalties to be expensed.  Reserve amount dependent on value of collateral.  All expenses related to enforcing loan agreements are expensed.

 

The Company’s Advisor, on an ongoing basis, reviews reserve amounts under the policy stated above and determines the need, if any, to reserve amounts in excess of its current policy. Any additional reserve amounts will be equal to or greater than its current reserve policy. Allowance for mortgage loans are calculated on the remaining principal balance on the date of calculation and recorded on a quarterly basis.

 

Our borrowers are typically small independent churches with little or no borrowing history. Small independent churches have limited resources to pay missed mortgage payments. We continually monitor these missed payments and determine on a case by case basis if a restructure of the current loan terms will help the church recover from its payment issues or by communication with the church, or lack thereof, if we should foreclose on the property. We did not see a substantial increase in delinquent payments in 2019. We contribute this to a more stable economy and lower unemployment. However, we can provide no assurance that delinquent loan payments will be paid or a restructure of the loan will result in the borrowing church meeting their payment obligations.

 

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has recently affected global markets, supply chains, employees of companies, and the communities of our borrowers. Specific to the Company, COVID-19 may impact various parts of its 2020 operations and financial results including potential reduced revenue caused by new public health mandates including shelter in place orders, material supply chain interruption, economic hardships effecting our borrowers and effects on the Company’s workforce. Management believes the Company is taking appropriate actions to mitigate the negative impact. However, the full impact of COVID-19 is unknown and cannot be reasonably estimated as the date of this report.

 

Our loan loss reserve policy requires removal of a borrower from accrual status if the borrowing church misses three payments over a twenty-four month period.

 

 

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Bond Loss Policy

 

Other than the temporary impairment, the impairment on bonds is estimated by management and is determined by reviewing: (i) payment history, (ii) our experience with defaulted bond issues, (iii) the issuer’s payment history as well as (iv) historical trends.

 

We currently own $529,000 First Mortgage Bonds and $497,000 Second Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church located in Orlando, Florida. The total principal amount of First Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape is $7,200,000, and the total principal amount of Second Mortgage Bonds issued is $715,000. Agape defaulted on its payment obligations to bondholders in September 2010. The church subsequently commenced a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization proceeding regarding the property that secures the First Mortgage Bonds in December 2010. In October 2014, the bondholders of Agape agreed to a modification in the terms of their bonds which resulted in the temporary resumption of both principal and interest payments to both the first and second mortgage bond holders. Both the First Mortgage Bonds and Second Mortgage Bonds were modified to a fully amortized fixed rate, quarterly interest payment of 6.25% with a new maturity date of September 2037 for all the issued and outstanding bonds. The Company, along with all other bondholders, has a superior lien over all other creditors. The Church subsequently defaulted on their modification agreement in 2016 and no interest payments were made to bondholders during the year ended December 31, 2019. However, the trustee made a distribution to bondholders during 2017 of $18.75 per $1,000 bond as a repayment of principal only, effectively reducing the outstanding balance of each $1,000 bond to approximately $826. The trustee again initiated foreclosure action against the Church and prevailed in its pursuit to foreclose on the Church’s property on November 1, 2019. However, on the eve of the foreclosure sale, the Church again filed for bankruptcy protection. The trustee is monitoring the bankruptcy proceedings and will keep the bondholder informed when a material event transpires.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Preparation of our financial statements requires estimates and judgments to be made that affect the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported. Such decisions include the selection of the appropriate accounting principles to be applied and the assumptions on which to base accounting estimates. We evaluate these estimates based on assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.

 

The difficulty in applying these policies arises from the assumptions, estimates and judgments that have to be made currently about matters that are inherently uncertain, such as future economic conditions, operating results and valuations as well as management intentions. As the difficulty increases, the level of precision decreases, meaning that actual results can and probably will be different from those currently estimated.

 

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most sensitive estimates relate to the realizability of the mortgage loans receivable and the valuation of the bond portfolio and real estate held for sale. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates could change in the near term and that the effect of the change, if any, may be material to the financial statements.

 

We estimate the value of real estate we hold pending re-sale based on a number of factors. We look at the current condition of the property as well as current market conditions in determining a fair value, which will determine the listing price of each property. Each property is valued based on its current listing price less any anticipated selling costs, including for example, realtor commissions. Since churches are single use facilities the listing price of the property may be lower than the total amount owed to us. Attorney fees, taxes, utilities along with real estate commission fees will also reduce the amount we collect from the sale of a property we have acquired through foreclosure. The fair value of the real estate held for sale includes estimates of expenses related to the sale of the real estate.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements, that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect that is material to investors on our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital resources or capital expenditures.

 

  27  

 

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), we are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

Financial Statements required by this item can be found at pages F-1 through F-21 of this Form 10-K and are deemed incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain a set of disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Section 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports filed by us under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective as a result of limited resources such that financial information required to be disclosed in our Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) reports (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms; and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. More specifically, the Company has limited number of personnel performing finance and accounting functions. Were there a larger staff, it would be possible to provide for enhanced disclosure of financial reporting matters. Management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Management recognizes this is a material weakness.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f).  Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only with proper authorizations; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Our management, under the supervision of and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019 based on criteria for effective control over financial reporting set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in “Internal Control—Integrated Framework.” Based on this assessment, our management concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, we did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as a result of the material weakness

  28  

 

 

described above. We continue to evaluate internal control improvements, particularly related to financial reporting for ongoing changes to our operations and segregation of duties, to provide greater segregation and improve overall internal control.

 

Internal control over financial reporting cannot provide absolute assurance of achieving financial reporting objectives because of its inherent limitations. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and is subject to lapses in judgment or breakdowns resulting from human failures. Internal control over financial reporting also can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of such limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. However, these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process. Therefore, it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.

 

This Annual Report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this Annual Report.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting, that occurred during the last fiscal quarter of the period covered by this report that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

The information required by Item 10 will be included in the Company’s definitive proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders to be held on or about June 26, 2020, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

The information required by Item 11 will be included in the Company’s definitive proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders to be held on or about June 26, 2020, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

The information required by Item 12 will be included in the Company’s definitive proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders to be held on or about June 26, 2020, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

The information required by Item 13 will be included in the Company’s definitive proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders to be held on or about June 26, 2020, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

The information required by Item 14 will be included in the Company’s definitive proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders to be held on or about June 26, 2020, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

  29  

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

Exhibit

No.

 

Title

 
3.1 Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation 1
3.2 Third Amended and Restated Bylaws 2
3.3 Bylaw Interpretation dated July 2, 2019 12
4.1 Description of Common Stock 9
4.3 Supplemental Trust Indenture between the Company and The Herring National Bank dated September 28, 2004 3
4.5 First Supplemental Indenture to 2004 Indenture dated July 2, 2007 2
4.6 Trust Indenture between the Company and Herring Bank dated April 1, 2009 4
4.7 Trust Indenture between the Company and Herring Bank dated August 12, 2014 5
4.8 Trust Indenture between the Company and Herring Bank dated November 6, 2017 10
10.1 Amended and Restated REIT Advisory Agreement with Church Loan Advisors, Inc. dated January 22, 2004 7
10.3 Supplemental Security Agreement between the Company and The Herring National Bank, as Trustee dated September 28, 2004 3
10.4 Security Agreement between the Company and the Herring National Bank, as Trustee dated April 1, 2009 8
10.5 Security Agreement between the Company and Herring Bank, as Trustee dated August 12, 2014 6
10.5 Security Agreement between the Company and Herring Bank, as Trustee dated November 6, 2017 11
31.1 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 9
31.2 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 9
32.1 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 19 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 9
32.2 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 19 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 9
101

 

The following financial information from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended on 2019 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 22, 2020, is formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) the Balance Sheets at December 31, 2019 and 2018; (ii) Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018; (iii) the Statements of Cash Flows for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018; and (iv) the Notes to Financial Statements.

9

 

(1) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 8-A (File No. 000-25919), filed April 30, 1999.
(2) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed July 3, 2007.
(3) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-11/A (File No. 333-116919), filed September 29, 2004.
(4) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Prospectus Supplement (filed April 1, 2009) to Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-154831), filed October 30, 2008.
(5) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-197326), filed August 12, 2014.
(6) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-197326), filed August 12, 2014.
(7) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A, filed August 1, 2007.
(8) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Company’s Prospectus Supplement (filed April 1, 2009) to Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-154831), filed October 30, 2008.
(9) Filed herewith
(10) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-220531).
(11) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-11 (File No. 333-220531).
(12) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed July 2, 2019.

 

  30  

 

 

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

 

Not applicable

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant has caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated:  April 22, 2020 AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
  By: /s/ Philip J. Myers         
    Philip J. Myers
    (Chief Executive Officer and President)
     
  By: /s/ Scott J. Marquis
    Scott J. Marquis
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated.

 

By: /s/ Philip J. Myers Date: 04/22/2020
  Philip J. Myers    
  Chief Financial Officer, President and Director    
       
By: /s/ Dennis J. Doyle Date: 04/22/2020
  Dennis J. Doyle, Director    
       
By: /s/ Michael G. Holmquist Date: 04/22/2020
  Michael G. Holmquist, Director    
       
By: /s/ Kirbyjon H. Caldwell Date: 04/22/2020
  Kirbyjon H. Caldwell, Director    
  31  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Minnetonka, Minnesota

 

Financial Statements

 

As of for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors

American Church Mortgage Company

Minnetonka, Minnesota

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheet of American Church Mortgage Company (the "Company") as of December 31, 2019, the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of American Church Mortgage Company as of December 31, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

 

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.

April 22, 2020

St. Paul, Minnesota

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Balance Sheets
       
  As of December 31,
ASSETS 2019   2018
       
Assets      
    Cash and cash equivalents  $              191,987    $           2,183,441
    Accounts receivable                  125,539                    251,535
    Interest receivable                  185,190                    184,869
    Investments                      2,410                        2,410
    Prepaid expenses                    13,121                        7,166
            Total current assets                  518,247                 2,629,421
       
       
Mortgage Loans Receivable, net of allowance of      
    $1,429,487 and $1,672,003 and deferred origination fees of      
    $278,633 and $271,913 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively             20,717,058               21,663,739
       
Bond Portfolio             16,055,937               15,389,807
       
Real Estate Held for Sale                  651,398                    340,659
            Total Assets  $         37,942,640    $         40,023,626
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.      

 

 

  F- 2  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Balance Sheets
       
  As of December 31,
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                          2019   2018
       
Liabilities      
    Accounts payable                    12,311                    577,175
    Management fee payable                    27,255                      27,701
    Line of Credit               1,445,000                              -   
    Dividends payable                  125,835                    142,613
       
Secured Investor Certificates, Series B               8,855,000               11,742,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series C               6,324,000                 6,541,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series D               8,109,000                 8,317,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series E               3,562,000                 2,786,000
       
(Less) Deferred Offering Costs, net of accumulated amortization      
    of  $956,811 and $1,059,702 at December 31, 2019 and       
    2018, respectively                 (865,533)                   (886,411)
           Total liabilities             27,594,868               29,247,078
       
Stockholders’ Equity      
    Common stock, par value $.01 per share       
        authorized, 30,000,000 shares,      
        issued and outstanding, 1,677,798 shares at December 31, 2019 and      
        and 2018, respectively                    16,778                      16,778
    Additional paid-in capital             19,113,458               19,113,458
    Accumulated deficit              (8,782,464)                (8,353,688)
            Total stockholders’ equity             10,347,772               10,776,548
       
            Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $         37,942,640    $         40,023,626
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.      

 

  F- 3  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Statements of Operations
       
  Years Ended December 31,
  2019   2018
       
       
Interest and Other Income  $            2,808,534    $            2,689,405
       
Interest Expense                1,882,290                  1,970,986
       
Net Interest Income                   926,244                     718,419
       
Provision for losses on mortgage loans receivable                     87,727                     254,310
       
Net Interest Income after Provision for Mortgage Loans Receivable                   838,517                     464,109
       
Operating Expenses      
Other than temporary impairment on bond portfolio                   200,000                                 -
  Other operating expenses                   580,731                     514,291
                    780,731                     514,291
       
Net Income (Loss)                     57,786                      (50,182)
       
Basic and Diluted Income (Loss) Per Share  $                     0.03    $                    (0.03)
       
Dividends Declared Per Share  $                     0.29    $                     0.22
       
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding -      
    Basic and Diluted                1,677,798                  1,677,798
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.      

 

  F- 4  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
                     
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
                     
Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018
                     
            Additional        
    Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated    
    Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Totals
                     
Balance, December 31, 2017     1,677,798     $ 16,778     $ 19,113,458     $ (7,942,779 )   $ 11,187,457  
                                         
    Net (loss)     —         —         —         (50,182 )     (50,182 )
                                         
    Dividends declared     —         —         —         (360,727 )     (360,727 )
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2018     1,677,798       16,778       19,113,458       (8,353,688 )   $ 10,776,548  
                                         
    Net Income     —         —         —         57,786       57,786  
                                         
    Dividends declared     —         —         —         (486,562 )     (486,562 )
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2019     1,677,798     $ 16,778     $ 19,113,458     $ (8,782,464 )   $ 10,347,772  
                                         
                                         
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.                

 

  F- 5  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
         
Statements of Cash Flows
         
    Years Ended December 31,
    2019   2018
         
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                
    Net income (loss)   $ 57,786     $ (50,182 )
    Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash                
        from operating activities:                
    Net loss on sales and impairment on real estate held for sale     10,617       (12,734 )
        Provision for losses on mortgage loans receivable     87,727       254,310  
        Other than temporary impairment on bond portfolio     200,000       —    
        Amortization of loan origination discounts     6,721       (13,621 )
        Amortization of deferred offering costs     110,223       110,519  
        Change in assets and liabilities                
            Accounts receivable     125,996       9,250  
            Interest receivable     (321 )     (8,504 )
            Prepaid expenses     (5,955 )     (4,568 )
            Accounts payable     (564,864 )     546,959  
            Management fee payable     (446 )     1,070  
            Net cash (used for) provided by operating activities     27,484       832,499  
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
    Net decrease in loans     470,376       438,618  
    Investment in bonds     (1,934,000 )     (1,883,052 )
    Proceeds from bonds     1,067,870       723,000  
    Proceeds from real estate held for sale     60,501       —    
            Net cash (used for) investing activities     (335,253 )     (721,434 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                
    Net increase (decrease) in secured investor certificates     (2,536,000 )     2,063,000  
    Payments for deferred costs     (89,345 )     (157,554 )
    Net change in short term borrowings     1,445,000       —    
    Dividends paid     (503,340 )     (335,560 )
            Net cash (used for) provided by financing activities     (1,683,685 )     1,569,886  
                 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents     (1,991,454 )     1,680,951  
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Year     2,183,441       502,490  
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Year   $ 191,987     $ 2,183,441  
                 
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.                

 

 

  F- 6  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
         
Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
         
    Years Ended December 31,
    2019   2018
         
Supplemental Cash Flow Information                
                 
    Interest paid   $ 1,772,067     $ 1,384,399  
                 
    Loans transferred to real estate held for sale   $ 321,356     $ 112,515  
                 
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.                

 

  F- 7  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying audited financial statements of American Church Mortgage Company, (the “Company”) were prepared in accordance with instructions for Form 10-K and Regulation S-X and include information or footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial condition, results of operations, changes in equity and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements have been included.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Nature of Business

 

American Church Mortgage Company, a Minnesota corporation, was incorporated on May 27, 1994. The Company is engaged primarily in the business of making mortgage loans to churches and other nonprofit religious organizations throughout the United States, on terms established for individual organizations.

 

Accounting Estimates

 

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most sensitive estimates relate to the realizability of the mortgage loans receivable, the valuation of the bond portfolio and the valuation of real estate held for sale. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates could change in the near term and that the effect of the change, if any, may be material to the financial statements.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company's loans have been granted to churches and other non-profit religious organizations. The ability of the Company’s debtors to honor their contracts is dependent on member contributions and the involvement in the church or organization of its senior pastor.

 

  F- 8  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

The Company maintains accounts primarily at two financial institutions. At times throughout the year, the Company’s cash and equivalents balances may exceed amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Cash in money market funds is not federally insured. Management believes these financial institutions have strong credit ratings and that the credit related to these deposits is minimal. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.

 

Bond Portfolio

 

The Company accounts for the bond portfolio under the Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 320, Investments-Debt and Equity Securities. The Company classifies the bond portfolio as “available-for sale” and measures the portfolio at fair value. While the bonds are generally held until contractual maturity, the Company classifies them as available for sale as the bonds may be used to repay secured investor certificates or provide additional liquidity or working capital in the short term.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses on Mortgage Loans Receivable

 

The Company records mortgage loans receivable at estimated net realizable value, which is the unpaid principal balances of the mortgage loans receivable, less the allowance for loan losses on mortgage loans receivable and less deferred loan origination fees. The Company’s loan policy provides an allowance for estimated uncollectible loans based on an evaluation of the current status of the loan portfolio with application of reserve percentages to specific loans based on payment status. This policy reserves for principal amounts outstanding on a specific loan if cumulative interruptions occur in the normal payment schedule of the loan, therefore, the Company recognizes a provision for losses and an allowance for the outstanding principal amount of the loan in the Company’s portfolio if the amount is in doubt of collection. Additionally, no interest income is recognized on impaired loans that are declared to be in default and are in the foreclosure process. At December 31, 2019, the Company reserved $1,429,487 for fourteen mortgage loans. Ten of these loans are three or more mortgage payments in arrears of which three are declared to be in default. The total principal amount of these fourteen loans totaled approximately $5,987 ,000 at December 31, 2019. At December 31, 2018, the Company reserved $1,672,003 for seventeen mortgage loans. Eleven of these loans are three or more mortgage payments in arrears of which three are declared to be in default and two are in the foreclosure process. The total principal amount of these seventeen loans totaled approximately $6,893 ,000 at December 31, 2018.

  F- 9  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

A summary of transactions in the allowance for mortgage loans for the years ended December 31 is as follows:

 

    2019   2018
Balance at beginning of year   $ 1,672,003     $ 1,428,155  
Provisions for loan losses     87,727       254,310  
Loan charge-offs     (330,243 )     (10,462 )
Balance at end of year   $ 1,429,487     $ 1,672,003  

 

The total impaired loans, which are loans that are in the foreclosure process or are declared to be in default, were approximately $810,000 and $1,498,000 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which the Company believes are adequately secured by the underlying collateral and the allowance for mortgage loans. Approximately $555,000 of the Company’s allowance for mortgage loans was allocated to these loans for the year ended December 31, 2019. Approximately $833,000 of the Company’s allowance for mortgage loans was allocated to impaired loans for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The Company will declare a loan to be in default and will place the loan on non-accrual status when the following thresholds have been met: (i) the borrower has missed three consecutive mortgage payments; (ii) the borrower has not communicated to the Company any legitimate reason for delinquency in its payments to the Company and has not arranged for the re-continuance of payments; (iii) lines of communication to the borrower have broken down such that any reasonable prospect of rehabilitating the loan and return of regular payments is gone.

 

The Company’s policies on payments received and interest accrued on non-accrual loans are as follows: (i) The Company will accept payments on loans that are currently on non-accrual status when a borrower has communicated to us that they intend to meet their mortgage obligations. The accrual of interest on a loan is discontinued when the loan becomes 90 consecutive days delinquent or whenever management believes the borrower will be unable to make payments as they become due. The interest on these loans is subsequently accounted for on the cash basis or using the cost-recovery method until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current or restructured and future payments are reasonably assured. No interest income was recognized on non-accrual loans for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

When a loan is declared in default according to the Company’s policy or deemed to be doubtful of collection, the loan committee of the Advisor to the Company will direct the staff to charge-off the uncollectable receivables.

  F- 10  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

Loans totaling approximately $3,263,000 and $2,853,000 exceeded 90 days past due but continued to accrue interest for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company believes that continued interest accruals are appropriate because the loans are well secured, not deemed to be in technical default and the Company is actively pursuing collection of past due payments.

 

Real Estate Held for Sale

 

The Company records real estate held for sale at the estimated fair value, which is net of the expected expenses related to the sale of the real estate.  The fair value of our real estate held for sale, which represents the carrying value, totaled $651,398 and $340,659 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Carrying Value of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed of significantly before the end of the estimated useful life.

 

Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset compared to the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount is deemed not recoverable and exceeds fair value as determined through various valuation techniques including, but not limited to, discounted cash flow models, quoted market values, and third party independent appraisals.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Interest income on mortgage loans receivable and the bond portfolio is recognized as earned per the terms of the specific asset. Other income included with interest represents cash received for loan origination fees, which are recognized over the life of the loan as an adjustment to the yield on the loan.

 

Gain Losses on Real Estate Held For Sale

 

The Company records a gain or loss from real estate held for sale when control of the property transfers to the buyer, which generally occurs at the time of an executed deed. When the Company finances real estate held for sale to the buyer, the Company assesses whether the buyer is committed to perform their obligations under the contract and whether collectability of the transaction price is probable. Once these criteria are met, real estate held for sale is derecognized and the gain or loss on sale is recorded upon the

 

  F- 11  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

transfer of control of the property to the buyer. In determining the gain or loss on the sale, the Company adjusts the transaction prices and related gain (loss) on sale if a significant financing component is present.

 

Deferred Financing Costs

 

The Company defers the costs related to obtaining financing. These costs are amortized over the life of the financing using the straight line method, which approximates the effective interest method.

 

Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

There were no dilutive shares for both years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” ASU 2016-13 is intended to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit. For public entities, ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has not yet fully evaluated the potential effects of adopting ASU 2016-13 on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company elected to be taxed as a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). Accordingly, the Company is not subject to Federal income tax to the extent of distributions to its shareholders if the Company meets all the requirements under the REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

The Company evaluated its recognition of income tax benefits using a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring tax benefits when realization of the benefits is uncertain. The first step is to determine whether the benefit meets the more-likely-than-not condition for recognition and the second step is to determine the amount to be recognized based on the cumulative probability that exceeds 50%. Primarily due to the Company’s tax status as a REIT, the Company does not have any significant tax uncertainties that would require recognition or disclosure.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions through the date the financial statements were available to be issued. No material events or transactions occurred in the time period referenced above requiring adjustment to or disclosure in the April 22, 2020 financial statements.

  F- 12  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

Reclassifications

 

The Company made certain reclassifications to the 2018 financial statements to conform to the 2019 financial statement presentation, which include presenting an unclassified balance sheet and revising the impaired loan classifications to correspond with presentation for 2019.  Consistent with industry practice and the practice of other similar industries, such as financial institutions and broker dealers, ASC 210-10 and Article 5 of Regulation S-X both contemplate situations and industries in which balance sheet classification is not required or appropriate.  With respect to impaired loan balances, 2018 was revised to include any loan that had a specific reserve.  These reclassifications had no effect on net income or stockholders’ equity.

 

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

 

The Company measures certain financial instruments at fair value in our balance sheets. The fair value of these instruments is based on valuations that include inputs that can be classified within one of the three levels of a hierarchy. Level 1 inputs include quoted market prices in an active market for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are market data, other than Level 1, that are observable either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted market prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted market prices in an inactive market, and other observable information that can be corroborated by market data. Level 3 inputs are unobservable and corroborated by little or no market data.

 

Except for the bond portfolio, which is required by authoritative accounting guidance to be recorded at fair value in our balance sheets, the Company elected not to record any other financial assets or liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. We recorded an aggregate other than temporary impairment for losses on our Agape bonds (Note 4), which totaled $658,000 and $458,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

    Fair Value Measurement
December 31, 2019 Fair Value Level 3
     
Bond portfolio $16,055,937 $16,055,937

 

    Fair Value Measurement
December 31, 2018 Fair Value Level 3
     
Bond portfolio $15,389,807 $15,389,807

 

We determine the fair value of the bond portfolio shown in the table above by comparing it with similar instruments in inactive markets. The analysis reflects the contractual terms of the bonds, which are callable at par by the issuer at any time, and the anticipated cash flows of the bonds and uses observable and unobservable market-based inputs. Unobservable inputs include our internal credit rating and selection of similar bonds for valuation.

 

  F- 13  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

The change in Level 3 assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis is summarized as follows:

    2019     2018  
Balance at beginning of year   $ 15,389,807     $ 14,229,755  
Other than temporary impairment losses on bond portfolio     (200,000 )     —    
Purchases     1,934,000       1,883,052  
Proceeds     (1,067,870 )     (723,000 )
Balance at end of year   $ 16,055,937     $ 15,389,807  

 

Real estate held for sale and impaired loans are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. The fair value of real estate held for sale was based upon the listed sales price less expected selling costs, which is a Level 3 input. The resulting impairment charges were $0 and $114,787 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:

    December 31, 2019
    Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value at December 31,
2019
Impaired Loans   $ —       $ —       $ 4,557,326     $ 4,557,326  
Real estate held for resale     —         —         651,398       651,398  
Totals   $ —       $ —       $ 5,464,521     $ 5,464,521  

 

 

    December 31, 2018
    Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value at December 31,
2018
Impaired Loans   $ —       $ —       $ 5,220,502     $ 5,220,502  
Real estate held for resale     —         —         340,659       340,659  
Totals   $ —       $ —       $ 5,561,161     $ 5,561,161  

 

  F- 14  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

Loans with a carrying amount of $5,986,813 were considered impaired and written down to their fair market value of $4,557,326 as of December 31, 2019. As a result, the Company recognized a specific valuation allowance against these impaired loans totaling $1,429,487 as of December 31, 2019. Loans with a carrying amount of $6,892,505 were considered impaired and written down to their fair market value of $5,220,502 as of December 31, 2018. As a result, the Company recognized a specific valuation allowance against these impaired loans totaling $1,672,003 as of December 31, 2018.

 

The Company held real estate for sale which was acquired through foreclosure or via deed in lieu of foreclosure with a fair value less costs to sell of $651,398 and $340,659 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

    Fair Value   Valuation Technique   Significant Unobservable Inputs(s)   Range/Weighted
                 
December 31, 2019                        
Impaired Loans   $ 4,557,326     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
Real Estate Held for Sale   $ 651,398     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
                         
December 31, 2018                        
Impaired Loans   $ 5,220,502     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
Real Estate Held for Sale   $ 340,659     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  

 

The fair value of impaired loans referenced above was determined by obtaining independent third-party appraisals and/or internally developed collateral valuations to support the Company’s estimates and judgments in determining the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting impaired loans.

 

The fair value of real estate held for resale referenced above was determined by obtaining market price valuations from independent third parties wherever such quotes were available for the other collateral owned. The Company utilized independent third party appraisal to support the Company’s estimates and judgments in determining fair value for other real estate owned.

 

4. MORTGAGE LOANS RECEIVABLE AND BOND PORTFOLIO

 

At December 31, 2019, the Company had first mortgage loans receivable totaling $22,425,178. The loans bear interest ranging from 0% to 10.25% with a weighted average of approximately 7.86% at December 31, 2019. At December 31, 2018, the Company had first mortgage loans receivable totaling $23,607,655. The loans bear interest ranging from 0% to 10.25% with a weighted average of approximately 8.15% at December 31, 2018.

 

The Company has a portfolio of secured church bonds at December 31, 2019 and 2018, which are carried at fair value. The bonds pay either semi-annual or quarterly interest ranging from 3.75% to 9.75%. The aggregate par value of secured church bonds equaled approximately $16,713,937 at December 31, 2019 with a weighted average interest rate of 6.43% and approximately $15,847,807 at December 31, 2018 with a weighted average interest rate of 6.80%. These bonds are due at various maturity dates through February 2047. The Company has recorded an aggregate other than temporary impairment of $658,000

 

  F- 15  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

and $458,000 for December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively for the First Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church. This bond series in the aggregate constitute approximately 6.13% and 6.47% of the bond portfolio at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company had maturities and redemptions of bonds of approximately $1,137,000 and $723,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The contractual maturity schedule for mortgage loans receivable and the bond portfolio as of December 31, 2019, is as follows:

 

  Mortgage Loans Bond Portfolio
     
2020 $     4,051,798 $      205,000
2021 669,613 222,000
2022 1,466,289 135,000
2023 825,714 243,000
2024 1,762,413 409,000
Thereafter 13,649,350 15,499,937
             22,425,177  16,713,937
Less loan loss and other than temporary impairment on bonds allowance (1,429,487)   (658,000)
Less deferred origination fees     (278,633) ___-____
            Totals $20,717,057 $16,055,937

 

The Company currently owns $529,000 First Mortgage Bonds and $497,000 Second Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church located in Orlando, Florida. The total principal amount of First Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape is $7,200,000, and the total principal amount of Second Mortgage Bonds issued is $715,000. Agape defaulted on its payment obligations to bondholders in September 2010. The church subsequently commenced a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization proceeding regarding the property that secures the First Mortgage Bonds in December 2010. In October 2014, the bondholders of Agape agreed to a modification in the terms of their bonds which resulted in the temporary resumption of both principal and interest payments to both the first and second mortgage bond holders. Both the First Mortgage Bonds and Second Mortgage Bonds were modified to a fully amortized fixed rate, quarterly interest payment of 6.25% with a new maturity date of September 2037 for all the issued and outstanding bonds. The Company, along with all other bondholders, has a superior lien over all other creditors. The Church subsequently defaulted on their modification agreement in 2016 and no interest payments were made to bondholders during the year ended December 31, 2019. However, the trustee made a distribution to bondholders during 2017 of $18.54 per $1,000 bond as a repayment of principal only, effectively reducing the outstanding balance of each $1,000 bond to approximately $826. The trustee again initiated foreclosure action against the Church and prevailed in its pursuit to foreclose on the Church’s property on November 1, 2019. However, on the eve of the foreclosure sale, the Church again filed for bankruptcy protection. The trustee is monitoring the bankruptcy proceedings and will keep the bondholder informed when a material event transpires.

 

  F- 16  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

The Company has an aggregate other than temporary impairment of $658,000 and $458,000 for the First and Second Mortgage Bonds at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which effectively reduces the bonds to the fair value amount management believes will be recovered.

 

The Company restructured two mortgage loans during the year ended December 31, 2018. The first restructured loan was a $669,544 first mortgage loan located in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Church was unable to meet its monthly debt obligations. The Company reduced the Church’s monthly mortgage obligation to interest only payments for a period of three years. After the initial three-year period, the Church will resume its regular monthly mortgage payments. The Church accepted the restructured loan terms. The modification had no effect on the Company’s financial statements.

 

The second restructured loan was a $470,000 first mortgage loan located in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Church was unable to meet its monthly debt obligations. The Company reduced the Church’s monthly mortgage obligation to interest only for a period of three years which included a reduction in their interest rate. After the initial three-year term, the rate of interest will increase for an additional three-year period. At the end of the sixth year, the Church will resume its regular monthly mortgage payments at the original rate of interest. The Church accepted the restructured loan terms. The modification had no effect on the Company’s financial statements.

 

The Company did not restructure any loans during the year ended December 31, 2019. A summary of loans re-structured or modified for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 are shown below. All of the loans, except one, shown are currently performing under the terms of the modifications for their mortgage obligations. The one loan that is not performing under the modification agreement is a second mortgage loan with a current unpaid principal balance of approximately $45,000. This loan has been declared to be in default. One restructured loan paid-off in 2019.

 

  December 31, 2019
           
Type of Loan Number of Loans Original Principal Balance Original Average Interest Rate Unpaid Principal Balance Modified Average Interest Rate
First Mortgage Loan 6 $4,100,544 7.892% $3,185,720 5.58%

 

  December 31, 2018
           
Type of Loan Number of Loans Original Principal Balance Original Average Interest Rate Unpaid Principal Balance Modified Average Interest Rate
First Mortgage Loan 7 $4,415,544 8.014% $3,838,819 6.03%
           

 

  F- 17  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

5. SECURED INVESTOR CERTIFICATES

 

Secured investor certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable or secured church bonds of approximately the same value as the certificates. The weighted average interest rate on the certificates was 6.33% and 6.35% for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Holders of the secured investor certificates may renew certificates at the current rates and terms upon maturity at the Company’s discretion. Renewals upon maturity are considered neither proceeds from nor issuance of secured investor certificates. Renewals totaled approximately $793,000 and $1,671,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The secured investor certificates have certain financial and non-financial covenants identified in the respective series’ trust indentures.

 

The estimated maturity schedule for the secured investor certificates at December 31, 2019 is as follows:

 

2020 $  4,117,000  
2021 2,168,000  
2022 1,042,000  
2023 3,383,000  
2024 1,335,000  
Thereafter  14,805,000  
  $26,850,000  
Less deferred offering costs (865,533)  
           Totals $25,984,467  

 

6. TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES

 

The Company has an Advisory Agreement with Church Loan Advisors, Inc. (the “Advisor”). The Advisor is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Company and provides office space and administrative services. The Advisor and the Company are related through common ownership and common management. For its services, the Advisor is entitled to receive a management fee equal to 1.25% annually of the Company's Average Invested Assets, plus one-half of any origination fee charged to borrowers on mortgage loans made by the Company. A majority of the independent board members approve the Advisory Agreement on an annual basis. The Company paid the Advisor management and origination fees of approximately $323,000 and $322,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

7. LINE OF CREDIT

On April 9, 2018, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Alerus Financial, N.A., as lender (the “Lender”), and a Revolving Note (the “Note”) evidencing a $4,000,000 revolving loan (the “Revolving Loan”). The Lender agrees to make loans to the Company from time to time and after the date of the loan agreement and the Company may repay and re-borrow pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Revolving Loan as long as no borrowing causes that dollar

 

  F- 18  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

limit to be exceeded and the Company is not otherwise in default on the Revolving Loan. The Revolving Loan is secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets other than collateral pledged to secure the Company’s secured investor certificates, both those currently issued and any potentially issued in the future. The Company borrowed against the line of credit and has an outstanding balance of $1,445,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The original maturity date of the Note was April 9, 2019 and the interest rate is the prevailing London Interbank Offering Rate (LIBOR) plus 2.70% adjusted monthly. On July 22, 2019 the revolving loan was extended for an additional year to July 22, 2020.

 

8. INCOME TAXES

 

As discussed in Note 1, a REIT is subject to taxation to the extent that taxable income exceeds dividend distributions to shareholders. In order to maintain status as a REIT, the Company is required to distribute at least 90% of its taxable income. In 2019, the Company had pretax income of $57,766 and distributions to shareholders in the form of dividends during the tax year of $486,562. In 2018, the Company had pretax loss of $(50,182) and distributions to shareholders in the form of dividends during the tax year of $360,727. The Company paid out 100% of taxable income in dividends in 2019 and 2018.

 

The Company has federal and Minnesota net operating loss carryforwards of $2,600,000. The federal losses start to expire in 2034 and the Minnesota losses start to expire in 2029. The carrying amounts of some assets differ for tax basis than book basis. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the cumulative tax basis in the Company’s assets and liabilities exceeded book basis by $1,960,000 and $1,966,000, respectively. The Company has no deferred tax assets or liabilities on its balance sheet.

 

9. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The Company is required to disclose the fair value information about financial instruments, where it is practicable to estimate that value. Because assumptions used in these valuation techniques are inherently subjective in nature, the estimated fair values cannot always be substantiated by comparison to independent market quotes and, in many cases, the estimated fair values could not necessarily be realized in an immediate sale or settlement of the instrument.

 

The fair value estimates presented herein are based on relevant information available to management for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Management is not aware of any factors that would significantly affect these estimated fair value amounts. As these reporting requirements exclude certain financial instruments and all non-financial instruments, the aggregate fair value amounts presented herein do not represent management’s estimate of the underlying value of the Company.

  F- 19  

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments, none of which are held for trading purposes, are as follows:

 

    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
    Carrying   Fair   Carrying   Fair
    Amount   Value   Amount   Value
                 
Cash and equivalents   $ 191,987     $ 191,987     $ 2,183,441     $ 2,183,441  
Accounts receivable     125,539       125,539       251,535       251,535  
Interest receivable     185,190       185,190       184,869       184,869  
Mortgage loans receivable     22,425,177       24,573,176       23,607,655       23,905,564  
Bond portfolio     16,055,937       16,055,937       15,389,807       15,389,807  
Secured investor certificates     26,850,000       32,389,253       29,386,000       34,099,540  

 

  F- 20  

 

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