Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 08/07/2019 @ 8:32PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : PDL BioPharma Inc (PDLI)
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Quarterly Report (10-q)



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
  (Mark One)
ý
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019
OR
¨
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For transition period from               to            
Commission File Number: 000-19756
 
PDLLOGOA22.JPG
PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
94-3023969
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
932 Southwood Boulevard
Incline Village, Nevada 89451
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)

(775) 832-8500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each class
Trading symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
PDLI
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer ý
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicated by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes   ¨     No   ý
As of July 30, 2019 , there were 114,202,671 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.




  PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
2019 Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
 
Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
 
 
SIGNATURES
We own or have rights to certain trademarks, trade names, copyrights and other intellectual property used in our business, including PDL BioPharma and the PDL logo, each of which is considered a trademark. All other company names, product names, trade names and trademarks included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are trademarks, registered trademarks or trade names of their respective owners.

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 ITEM  1.         FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenue, net
 
$
17,837

 
$
31,761

 
$
44,523

 
$
55,085

Royalty rights - change in fair value
 
(40,399
)
 
12,842

 
(28,142
)
 
23,933

Royalties from Queen et al. patents
 
6

 
1,218

 
9

 
4,001

Interest revenue
 

 
751

 

 
1,500

License and other
 
30

 
3

 
(3
)
 
574

Total revenues
 
(22,526
)
 
46,575

 
16,387

 
85,093

Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cost of product revenue (excluding intangible asset amortization and impairment)
 
12,348

 
14,524

 
25,158

 
25,090

Amortization of intangible assets
 
1,598

 
6,384

 
3,170

 
12,677

General and administrative
 
10,483

 
14,529

 
20,945

 
26,190

Sales and marketing
 
2,073

 
5,385

 
4,803

 
10,898

Research and development
 
886

 
684

 
1,755

 
1,477

Impairment of intangible assets
 

 
152,330

 

 
152,330

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 

 
(22,135
)
 

 
(22,735
)
Total operating expenses
 
27,388

 
171,701

 
55,831

 
205,927

Operating loss
 
(49,914
)
 
(125,126
)
 
(39,444
)
 
(120,834
)
Non-operating income (expense), net
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest and other income, net
 
1,650

 
1,376

 
3,524

 
3,290

Interest expense
 
(2,984
)
 
(2,811
)
 
(5,939
)
 
(6,396
)
Equity affiliate - change in fair value
 
45,487

 

 
45,487

 

Total non-operating income (expense), net
 
44,153

 
(1,435
)
 
43,072

 
(3,106
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
 
(5,761
)
 
(126,561
)
 
3,628

 
(123,940
)
Income tax (benefit) expense
 
(1,247
)
 
(14,265
)
 
1,525

 
(13,246
)
Net (loss) income
 
(4,514
)
 
(112,296
)
 
2,103

 
(110,694
)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(95
)
 

 
(158
)
 

Net (loss) income attributable to PDL’s shareholders
 
$
(4,419
)
 
$
(112,296
)
 
$
2,261

 
$
(110,694
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income per share
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.76
)
 
$
0.02

 
$
(0.74
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.76
)
 
$
0.02

 
$
(0.74
)
Weighted-average shares outstanding
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
118,285

 
146,923

 
123,484

 
149,186

Diluted
 
118,285

 
146,923

 
124,040

 
149,186

 
See accompanying notes.

3



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
 
$
(4,514
)
 
$
(112,296
)
 
$
2,103

 
$
(110,694
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on investments in available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of investments in available-for-sale securities, net of tax
 

 

 

 
(578
)
 
Adjustment for net gains realized and included in net loss, net of tax
 

 

 

 
(603
)
 
Total change in unrealized gains on investments in available-for-sale securities, net of tax
 

 

 

 
(1,181
)
(a)  
Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 

 

 

 
(1,181
)
 
Comprehensive (loss) income
 
(4,514
)
 
(112,296
)
 
2,103

 
(111,875
)
 
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(95
)
 

 
(158
)
 

 
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to PDL’s shareholders
 
$
(4,419
)
 
$
(112,296
)
 
$
2,261

 
$
(111,875
)
 
 ______________________________________________
(a) Net of tax of $314 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 .


See accompanying notes.

4



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(Note 1)
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
284,941

 
$
394,590

Accounts receivable, net
17,872

 
21,648

Notes receivable
63,280

 
63,042

Inventory
16,263

 
18,942

Prepaid and other current assets
17,347

 
18,995

Total current assets
399,703

 
517,217

Property and equipment, net
6,914

 
7,387

Royalty rights - at fair value
315,642

 
376,510

Investment in equity affiliate
88,533

 

Notes receivables, long-term
547

 
771

Intangible assets, net
50,449

 
51,319

Other assets
28,673

 
10,532

Total assets
$
890,461

 
$
963,736

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
14,812

 
$
13,142

Accrued liabilities
23,499

 
39,312

Accrued income taxes
25

 
16

Total current liabilities
38,336

 
52,470

Convertible notes payable
128,520

 
124,644

Other long-term liabilities
58,181

 
56,843

Total liabilities
225,037

 
233,957

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 10,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 350,000 shares authorized; 115,669 and 136,513 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
1,157

 
1,365

Additional paid-in capital
(94,465
)
 
(98,030
)
Treasury stock, at cost; 179 and 750 shares held at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
(546
)
 
(2,103
)
Retained earnings
759,080

 
828,547

Total PDL stockholders’ equity
665,226

 
729,779

Noncontrolling interests
198

 

Total stockholders’ equity
665,424

 
729,779

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
890,461

 
$
963,736


See accompanying notes.

5



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)

 
PDL Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
 Income (Loss)
 
Non-controlling Interest
 
Total
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
136,512,522

 
$
1,365

 
$
(2,103
)
 
$
(98,030
)
 
$
828,547

 
$

 
$

 
$
729,779

 Issuance of common stock, net of forfeitures
764,785

 
8

 

 
(8
)
 

 

 

 

 Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
1,169

 

 

 

 
1,169

Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(13,460,164
)
 
(135
)
 
613

 

 
(44,831
)
 

 

 
(44,353
)
Transfer of subsidiary shares to non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 
572

 
572

 Comprehensive income:


 


 
 
 


 


 


 


 
 
 Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 
6,680

 

 
(63
)
 
6,617

 Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
6,617

Balance at March 31, 2019
123,817,143

 
1,238

 
(1,490
)
 
(96,869
)
 
790,396

 

 
509

 
693,784

 Issuance of common stock, net of forfeitures
37,996

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
2,175

 

 

 

 
2,175

Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(8,185,970
)
 
(81
)
 
944

 

 
(26,897
)
 

 

 
(26,034
)
Transfer of subsidiary shares to non-controlling interest

 

 

 
229

 

 

 
(216
)
 
13

 Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss

 

 

 

 
(4,419
)
 

 
(95
)
 
(4,514
)
Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(4,514
)
Balance at June 30, 2019
115,669,169

 
$
1,157

 
$
(546
)
 
$
(94,465
)
 
$
759,080

 
$

 
$
198

 
$
665,424


 
PDL Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
 Income (Loss)
 
Non-controlling Interest
 
Total
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
153,774,756

 
$
1,538

 
$

 
$
(102,443
)
 
$
945,614

 
$
1,181

 
$

 
$
845,890

 Issuance of common stock
37,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
957

 

 

 

 
957

Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(1,000,000
)
 
(10
)
 
(1,188
)
 

 
(2,961
)
 

 

 
(4,159
)
 Comprehensive income:


 


 


 


 


 


 


 
 
Net income

 

 

 

 
1,602

 

 

 
1,602

Change in unrealized gains on investments in available-for-sale securities, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
(1,181
)
 

 
(1,181
)
Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
421

Balance at March 31, 2018
152,812,256

 
1,528

 
(1,188
)
 
(101,486
)
 
944,255

 

 

 
843,109

 Issuance of common stock, net of forfeitures
324,591

 
4

 

 
(3
)
 
3

 

 

 
4

 Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 
1,260

 

 

 

 
1,260

Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(7,165,415
)
 
(72
)
 
1,188

 

 
(20,565
)
 

 

 
(19,449
)
 Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Net loss

 

 

 

 
(112,296
)
 

 

 
(112,296
)
Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(112,296
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
145,971,432

 
$
1,460

 
$

 
$
(100,229
)
 
$
811,397

 
$

 
$

 
$
712,628


See accompanying notes.

6



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
2,103

 
$
(110,694
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
 

 
 

Amortization of convertible notes
3,876

 
3,911

Amortization of intangible assets
3,170

 
12,677

Amortization of right-of-use assets
441

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 
152,330

Change in fair value of royalty rights - at fair value
28,142

 
(23,933
)
Change in fair value of equity affiliate
(37,907
)
 

Change in fair value of derivative assets
(7,577
)
 
(74
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 
(22,735
)
Other amortization and depreciation
1,649

 
2,028

Gain on sale of available-for-sale securities

 
(764
)
Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 
66

Provision for bad debts
(7
)
 
43

Stock-based compensation expense
3,344

 
2,218

Deferred income taxes
(125
)
 
(11,276
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
3,546

 
11,709

Prepaid and other current assets
1,647

 
(6,816
)
Accrued interest on notes receivable

 
(150
)
Inventory
1,857

 
(5,834
)
Other assets
476

 
(1,531
)
Accounts payable
1,670

 
(8,679
)
Accrued liabilities
(14,656
)
 
(11,759
)
Accrued income taxes
9

 
(1,159
)
Other long-term liabilities
167

 
666

Net cash used in operating activities
(8,175
)
 
(19,756
)
Cash flows from investing activities
 

 
 

Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities

 
4,116

Proceeds from royalty rights - at fair value
32,726

 
37,993

Purchase of intangible asset
(1,700
)
 

Investment in equity affiliate
(60,000
)
 

Purchase of property and equipment
(163
)
 
(3,915
)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
(29,137
)
 
38,194

Cash flows from financing activities
 

 
 

Repayment of convertible notes

 
(126,447
)
Payment of contingent consideration
(1,071
)
 

Repurchase of Company common stock
(71,266
)
 
(23,604
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(72,337
)
 
(150,051
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(109,649
)
 
(131,613
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period
394,590

 
527,266

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
284,941

 
$
395,653

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information
 

 
 

Cash (refunded) paid for income taxes
$
(2,693
)
 
$
3,980

Cash paid for interest
$
2,063

 
$
4,591

 
 
 
 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities
 
 
 
Assets held for sale reclassified from other assets to intangible assets
$

 
$
1,811

See accompanying notes.

7

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of PDL Biopharma, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “PDL”) have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (United States) (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. The financial statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments), that management of the Company believes are necessary for a fair presentation of the periods presented. These interim financial results are not necessarily indicative of results expected for the full fiscal year.
 
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2018 , included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 15, 2019. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018 , included herein, has been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements at that date, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The accounting estimates that require management’s most significant, difficult and subjective judgments include the valuation of royalty rights - at fair value, product revenue recognition and allowance for customer rebates and allowances, the valuation of notes receivable and inventory, the assessment of recoverability of intangible assets and their estimated useful lives, the valuation and recognition of stock-based compensation, the recognition and measurement of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, and the valuation of warrants to acquire shares of common stock. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Based on the nature of the Company’s existing investments and how they are managed, the Company structured its operations in four segments designated as Pharmaceutical, Medical Devices, Strategic Positions and Income Generating Assets. During the second quarter of 2019 the Company made an investment in Evofem Biosciences, Inc. (“Evofem”) and added a new segment designated as Strategic Positions. This had no impact on its prior segment reporting structure.
The Company’s Pharmaceutical segment consists of revenue derived from branded prescription medicine products sold under the name Tekturna ® and Tekturna HCT ® in the United States and Rasilez ® and Rasilez HCT ® in the rest of the world and an authorized generic form of Tekturna sold in the United States (collectively, the “Noden Products”). The branded prescription Noden Products were acquired from Novartis in July 2016 (the “Noden Transaction”) by the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Noden Pharma DAC (“Noden DAC”). The Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Noden Pharma USA Inc. (“Noden USA”) launched its authorized generic form of Tekturna in the United States in March 2019.
The Company’s Medical Devices segment consists of revenue derived from the LENSAR ® Laser System sales made by the Company’s subsidiary, LENSAR, Inc. (“LENSAR”), which may include equipment, Patient Interface Devices (“PIDs” or “consumables”), procedure licenses, training, installation, warranty and maintenance agreements.
The Company’s Strategic Positions segment consists of an investment in Evofem. The Company’s investment includes shares of common stock and warrants to purchase additional shares of common stock. Evofem is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to developing and commercializing innovative products to address unmet needs in women's sexual and reproductive health. Evofem is leveraging its proprietary Multipurpose Vaginal pH Regulator (MVP-R™) platform to develop Amphora® (L-lactic acid, citric acid and potassium bitartrate) for hormone-free birth control.
The Company’s Income Generating Assets segment consists of revenue derived from (i) royalty rights - at fair value, (ii) notes and other long-term receivables, (iii) equity investments and (iv) royalties from issued patents in the United States and elsewhere covering the humanization of antibodies (“Queen et al. patents”).


8

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Significant Accounting Policies

The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Summarized below and in Note 2, Investment in Evofem Biosciences, Inc., are the accounting pronouncements and policies adopted subsequent to December 31, 2018.

Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Leases

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases, that supersedes Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840, Leases . Subsequently, the FASB issued several updates to ASU No. 2016-02, codified in ASC Topic 842 (“ASC 842”). The Company adopted ASC 842, Leases, on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective method for all leases not substantially completed as of the date of adoption. The reported results for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2019 reflect the application of ASC 842 guidance while the reported results for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2018 were prepared under the guidance of ASC 840, which is also referred to herein as “legacy GAAP” or the “previous guidance”. The cumulative impact of the adoption of ASC 842 was not material, therefore, the Company did not record any adjustments to retained earnings. As a result of adopting ASC 842, the Company recorded operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets of $2.1 million and operating lease liabilities of $2.1 million , primarily related to corporate office leases, based on the present value of the future lease payments on the date of adoption. Changes to lessor accounting focused on conforming with certain changes made to lessee accounting and the recently adopted revenue recognition guidance. The adoption of ASC 842 did not materially change how the Company accounts for lessor arrangements.
Policy Elections and Practical Expedients Taken
For leases that commenced before the effective date of ASC 842, the Company elected the practical expedients to not reassess the following: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases; (ii) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (iii) initial direct costs for any existing leases.
The Company adopted a policy of expensing short-term leases, defined as 12 months or less, as incurred.
The Company has a policy to exclude from the consideration in a lessor contract all taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific lease revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from a lessee.
General
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease or contains an embedded lease at inception. The Company has lease arrangements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for separately.
Lessee arrangements
Lessee operating leases are included in Other assets, Accrued liabilities, and Other long-term liabilities in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company does not have lessee financing leases.
Operating lease ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent its obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses the implicit rate when readily determinable at lease inception. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company’s remaining lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis as operating expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations over the lease term.
Lessor arrangements
The Company leases medical device equipment to customers in both operating lease and sales-type lease arrangements generated from its Medical Devices segment.

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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


For sales-type leases, the Company derecognizes the carrying amount of the underlying asset and capitalizes the net investment in the lease, which consists of the total minimum lease payments receivable from the lessee, at lease inception. The Company does not estimate an unguaranteed residual value of the equipment at lease termination because the equipment transfers to the lessee upon completion of the lease. Selling profit or loss is recognized at lease inception. Initial direct costs are recognized as an expense, unless there is no selling profit or loss. If there is no selling profit or loss, initial direct costs are deferred and recognized over the lease term. The Company recognizes interest income from the lease receivable over the lease term in Interest and other income, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
For operating leases, rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The cost of customer-leased equipment is recorded within Property and equipment, net in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and depreciated over the equipment’s estimated useful life. Depreciation expense associated with the leased equipment under operating lease arrangements is reflected in Cost of product revenue in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Some of the Company’s operating leases include a purchase option for the customer to purchase the leased asset at the end of the lease arrangement. The Company manages its risk on its investment in the equipment through pricing and the term of the leases. Lessees do not provide residual value guarantees on leased equipment. Equipment returned to the Company may be leased or sold to other customers. Initial direct costs are deferred and recognized over the lease term.

Leases are generally not cancellable until after an initial term and may or may not require the customer to purchase a minimum number of procedures and consumables throughout the contract term.

For lease arrangements with lease and non-lease components where the Company is the lessor, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to the lease and non-lease components on a relative standalone selling price basis using the Company’s best estimate of the standalone selling price of each distinct product or service in the contract. Allocation of the transaction price is determined at the inception of the lease arrangement. The Company’s leases primarily consist of leases with fixed lease payments. For those leases with variable lease payments, the variable lease payment is typically based upon use of the leased equipment or the purchase of procedure licenses and consumables used with the leased equipment. Non-lease components are accounted for under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. For additional information regarding ASC 606, see Note 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
Intangibles-Goodwill and Other
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment , to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test. Under the amendments, an entity will recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value. The amendments are effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019 on a prospective basis and early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the requirements of ASU No. 2017-04 on January 1, 2019. The adoption did not have an effect on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements on the adoption date.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13,  Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments . The new guidance amends the impairment model to utilize an expected loss methodology in place of the currently used incurred loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of losses. ASU No. 2016-13 has an effective date of the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its Consolidated Financial Statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13,  Fair Value Measurement . The new guidance modifies disclosure requirements related to fair value measurement. The amendments in ASU No. 2018-13 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Implementation on a prospective or retrospective basis varies by specific disclosure requirement. Early adoption is permitted. The standard also allows for early adoption of any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of ASU No. 2018-13 while delaying adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the its Consolidated Financial Statement disclosures.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15,  Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software . The new guidance reduces complexity for the accounting for costs of implementing a cloud computing service arrangement and aligns the

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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal use software license). For public companies, the amendments in ASU No. 2018-15 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Implementation should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

2. Investment in Evofem Biosciences, Inc.

Equity Investment in Evofem Biosciences, Inc.

On April 10, 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with Evofem and two other purchasers, pursuant to which the Company purchased $60.0 million of Evofem securities in a private placement. The transaction was structured in two tranches.

The first tranche closed on April 11, 2019, pursuant to which the Company invested $30.0 million to purchase 6,666,667 shares of Evofem common stock at $4.50 per share and was also issued warrants to purchase up to 1,666,667 shares of Evofem common stock exercisable for seven years beginning six months after the issuance date at an exercise price of $6.38 per share.

The second tranche closed on June 10, 2019, pursuant to which the Company invested an additional $30.0 million to purchase an additional 6,666,667 shares of Evofem common stock at $4.50 per share and was also issued warrants to purchase up to an additional 1,666,667 shares of Evofem common stock with the same terms as the warrants issued in the first tranche. Following the closing of the second tranche, the Company appointed one member to Evofem’s Board of Directors and has a limited right to have one board observer participate in Evofem board meetings.

The Company has registration rights on customary terms for all Evofem shares issued under the securities purchase agreement, including the shares underlying the warrants.

As of June 30, 2019, the Company owned approximately 29% of Evofem’s common stock. The Company’s investment in Evofem qualifies for equity method accounting given its percentage ownership in Evofem and the ability to exercise significant influence. The Company elected the fair value method to account for its investment in Evofem as it believes it better reflects economic reality, the financial reporting of the investment and the current value of the asset. Changes in fair value of the Evofem equity investment are presented in Non-operating income (expense), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Because the mark to market valuation will occur at the end of each quarterly reporting period, changes in fair value will vary based upon the volatility of the stock price. The Evofem equity investment is presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as an Investment in equity affiliate and reflects the fair value of the equity investment at the end of the reporting period.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company has recognized an unrealized gain of $45.5 million, of which $37.9 million was related to Evofem common stock and $7.6 million was related to Evofem warrants.

Following are condensed consolidated balance sheet data for Evofem as of June 30, 2019:
(in thousands)
 
June 30, 2019
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
52,849

Non-current assets
 
$
1,566

Current liabilities
 
$
18,623

Non-current liabilities
 
$

Total stockholders’ equity
 
$
35,792



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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Following are condensed consolidated statements of operations data for Evofem for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 :
 
Three months ended
 
Six months ended
(in thousands)
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Revenues
$

 
$

Operating loss
$
(11,941
)
 
$
(25,573
)
Net loss
$
(35,450
)
 
$
(53,518
)

3. Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 the Company had invested its excess cash balances primarily in money market funds. The fair values of cash equivalents approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of such financial instruments.

The following table summarizes the Company’s cash and cash equivalents by significant investment category as of  June 30, 2019 and  December 31, 2018 :
(in thousands)
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
55,987

 
$
167,871

Money market funds
 
228,954

 
226,719

Total
 
$
284,941

 
$
394,590


The Company recognized zero and $0.8 million of gains on sales of available-for-sale securities in the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , respectively. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 the Company had no available-for-sale securities.

4. Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Raw materials
 
$
6,023

 
$
6,214

Work in process
 
2,629

 
549

Finished goods
 
7,611

 
12,179

Total inventory
 
$
16,263

 
$
18,942


As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , the Company deferred approximately $0.1 million and $0.5 million , respectively, of costs associated with inventory transfers made under the Company’s third party logistic provider service arrangement. These costs have been recorded as Prepaid and other current assets on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 . The Company will recognize the cost of product sold as inventory is transferred from its third-party logistics provider to the Company’s customers.

5. Fair Value Measurements

The fair value of the Company’s financial instruments are estimates of the amounts that would be received if the Company were to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date or exit price. The assets and liabilities are categorized and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

Level 1 – based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
 

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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
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(Unaudited)


Level 2 – based on observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
 
Level 3 – based on unobservable inputs using management’s best estimate and assumptions when inputs are unavailable.

Assets/Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table presents the fair value of the Company’s financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the valuation hierarchy:
 
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in thousands)
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
228,954

 
$

 
$

 
$
228,954

 
$
226,719

 
$

 
$

 
$
226,719

Corporate securities (1)
 
88,533

 

 

 
88,533

 

 

 

 

Warrants (2)
 

 
17,013

 

 
17,013

 

 
62

 

 
62

Royalty rights - at fair value
 

 

 
315,642

 
315,642

 

 

 
376,510

 
376,510

Total
 
$
317,487

 
$
17,013

 
$
315,642

 
$
650,142

 
$
226,719

 
$
62

 
$
376,510

 
$
603,291

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

Contingent consideration, current (3)
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,071

 
$
1,071

Total
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,071

 
$
1,071

___________________
(1)  
Corporate securities are classified as “Investment in equity affiliate” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(2)  
Warrants are included in “Other assets” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(3)  
Contingent consideration, current is classified as “Accrued liabilities” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

There have been no transfers between levels during the periods presented in the table above. The Company recognizes transfers between levels on the date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer.

Money Market Funds - The fair values of cash equivalents approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of such financial instruments.

Corporate Securities - Corporate securities consists of common stock shares of Evofem, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company listed on Nasdaq. For additional information on the Evofem investment, see Note 2, Investment in Evofem .

Warrants - Warrants consist of rights to purchase shares of common stock in Evofem and CareView Communications, Inc. (“CareView”), see Note 2, Investment in Evofem , and Note 6, Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables. The fair value of the warrants is estimated using recently quoted market prices of the underlying equity security and the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Royalty Rights - At Fair Value

Assertio (Depomed) Royalty Agreement

On October 18, 2013, the Company entered into the Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Assertio Royalty Agreement”) with Assertio Therapeutics, Inc. (formerly known as Depomed, Inc.), and Depo DR Sub, LLC (together, “Assertio”), whereby the Company acquired the rights to receive royalties and milestones payable on sales of five Type 2 diabetes products licensed

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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


by Assertio in exchange for a $240.5 million cash payment. Total consideration was $241.3 million , which was comprised of the $240.5 million cash payment to Assertio and $0.8 million in transaction costs.

The rights acquired include Assertio’s royalty and milestone payments accruing from and after October 1, 2013: (a) from Santarus, Inc. (“Santarus”), which was subsequently acquired by Salix Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Salix”), which itself was acquired by Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (“Valeant”), which, in July 2018, changed its name to Bausch Health Companies Inc. (“Bausch Health”) with respect to sales of Glumetza (metformin HCL extended-release tablets) in the United States; (b) from Merck & Co., Inc. with respect to sales of Janumet ® XR (sitagliptin and metformin HCL extended-release tablets); (c) from Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. with respect to potential future development milestones and sales of its approved fixed-dose combination of Invokana ® (canagliflozin, a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor) and extended-release metformin tablets, marketed as Invokamet XR ® ; (d) from Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly and Company with respect to potential future development milestones and sales of the investigational fixed-dose combinations of drugs and extended-release metformin subject to Assertio’s license agreement with Boehringer Ingelheim, including its approved products, Jentadueto XR ® and Synjardy XR ® ; and (e) from LG Life Sciences and Bausch Health for sales of extended-release metformin tablets in Korea and Canada, respectively.

In February 2013, a generic equivalent to Glumetza was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and in August 2016, two additional generic equivalents to Glumetza were approved by the FDA. In February 2016, Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., in August 2017, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., and in July 2018, Sun Pharmaceutical, Inc. (“Sun”) each launched a generic equivalent approved product. In May 2017, the Company received notification that a subsidiary of Valeant had launched an authorized generic equivalent product in February 2017, and the Company received royalties on such authorized generic equivalent product under the same terms as the branded Glumetza product, retroactive to February 2017. The Company continues to monitor whether the generic competition further affects sales of Glumetza and thus royalties on such sales paid to the Company, and the impact of the launched authorized generic equivalent. Due to the uncertainty around Bausch Health’s marketing and pricing strategy, as well as Sun’s recently launched generic product and limited historical demand data after generic market entrance, the Company may need to further evaluate future cash flows in the event of more rapid reduction or increase in market share of Glumetza and its authorized generic equivalent product and/or a further erosion in net pricing.

The Company determined that its royalty purchase interest in Depo DR Sub, LLC represented a variable interest in a variable interest entity. However, the Company did not have the power to direct the activities of Depo DR Sub, LLC that most significantly impact Depo DR Sub, LLC’s economic performance and was not the primary beneficiary of Depo DR Sub, LLC; therefore, Depo DR Sub, LLC was not subject to consolidation by the Company.

On August 2, 2018, PDL Investment Holding, LLC (“PDLIH”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and assignee from the Company under the Assertio Royalty Agreement, entered into an amendment to the Assertio Royalty Agreement with Assertio. Pursuant to the amendment, PDLIH purchased all of Assertio’s remaining interests in royalty and milestone payments payable on sales of Type 2 diabetes products licensed by Assertio for $20.0 million . Prior to the amendment, the Assertio Royalty Agreement provided that the Company would have received all royalty and milestone payments due under license agreements between Assertio and its licensees until the Company received payments equal to two times the cash payment it made to Assertio, or approximately $481.0 million , after which all net payments received by Assertio would have been shared equally between the Company and Assertio. Following the amendment, the Assertio Royalty Agreement provides that the Company will receive all royalty and milestone payments due under the license agreements between Assertio and its licensees. The Company has elected to continue to follow the fair value option and carry the financial asset at fair value.

The Assertio Royalty Agreement terminates on the third anniversary following the date upon which the later of the following occurs: (a) October 25, 2021, or (b) at such time as no royalty payments remain payable under any license agreement and each of the license agreements has expired by its terms.

As of December 31, 2018, in conjunction with the amendment described above, the Company was provided the power to direct the activities of Depo DR Sub, LLC and is the primary beneficiary of Depo DR Sub, LLC; therefore, Depo DR Sub, LLC is subject to consolidation by the Company. As of June 30, 2019 , Depo DR Sub, LLC did not have any assets or liabilities of value for consolidation with the Company.


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PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


In October 2018, PDL submitted notice of its intent to exercise its audit right under the Assertio Royalty Agreement with respect to Glumetza royalties for the period beginning January 1, 2016 and ending December 31, 2018. No material adjustments were identified in connection with this audit.

The financial asset acquired represents a single unit of accounting. This financial asset is classified as a Level 3 asset within the fair value hierarchy, as the Company’s valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future commercialization for products not yet approved by regulatory agencies outside of the United States. The estimated fair value of the financial asset acquired was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be generated by each licensed product. The discounted cash flows are based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed products over approximately an eight -year period. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from the Company’s estimates. The Company periodically assesses the expected future cash flows and to the extent such payments are greater or less than its initial estimates, or the timing of such payments is materially different than the original estimates, the Company will adjust the estimated fair value of the asset. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could increase or decrease by $6.6 million , respectively. Significant judgment is required in selecting appropriate discount rates. The discount rates utilized range from 10% to 24% . Should these discount rates increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could decrease by $22.2 million or increase by $26.3 million , respectively.

As of June 30, 2019 , the Company’s discounted cash flow analysis reflects its expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows up to the valuation date for the above described royalty streams.

As of June 30, 2019 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $263.9 million and the maximum loss exposure was $263.9 million .

Viscogliosi Brothers Royalty Agreement

On June 26, 2014, the Company entered into a Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “VB Royalty Agreement”) with Viscogliosi Brothers, LLC (“VB”), whereby VB conveyed to the Company the right to receive royalties payable on sales of a spinal implant that has received pre-market approval from the FDA held by VB and commercialized by Paradigm Spine, LLC (“Paradigm Spine”), in exchange for a $15.5 million cash payment, less fees. Paradigm Spine was acquired in March 2019 by RTI Surgical Holdings, Inc.

The royalty rights acquired include royalties accruing from and after April 1, 2014. Under the terms of the VB Royalty Agreement, the Company receives all royalty payments due to VB pursuant to certain technology transfer agreements between VB and Paradigm Spine until the Company has received payments equal to 2.3 times the cash payment made to VB, after which all rights to receive royalties will be returned to VB. VB’s ability to repurchase the royalty right for a specified amount expired on June 26, 2018.

The estimated fair value of the royalty rights at June 30, 2019 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as the Company’s valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over approximately a nine -year period. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from the Company’s estimates. The Company periodically assesses the expected future cash flows and to the extent such payments are greater or less than its initial estimates, or the timing of such payments is materially different than the original estimates, the Company will adjust the estimated fair value of the asset. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could increase or decrease by $0.4 million , respectively. Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. The discount rate utilized was 15.0% . Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of this asset could decrease by $1.3 million or increase by $1.5 million , respectively.

As of June 30, 2019, the Company’s discounted cash flow analysis reflects its expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows up to the valuation date.


15

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


As of June 30, 2019 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $14.4 million and the maximum loss exposure was $14.4 million .

University of Michigan Royalty Agreement

On November 6, 2014, the Company acquired a portion of all royalty payments of the Regents of the University of Michigan’s (“U-M”) worldwide royalty interest in Cerdelga ® (eliglustat) for $65.6 million pursuant to the Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement with U-M (the “U-M Royalty Agreement”). Under the terms of the U-M Royalty Agreement, the Company receives 75% of all royalty payments due under U-M’s license agreement with Genzyme Corporation, a Sanofi company (“Genzyme”) until expiration of the licensed patents, excluding any patent term extension. Cerdelga, an oral therapy for adult patients with Gaucher disease type 1, was developed by Genzyme. Cerdelga was approved in the United States in August 2014, in the European Union in January 2015, and in Japan in March 2015. In addition, marketing applications for Cerdelga are under review by other regulatory authorities. While marketing applications have been approved in the United States, the European Union and Japan, national pricing and reimbursement decisions are delayed in some countries.

The estimated fair value of the royalty right at June 30, 2019 was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as the Company’s valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over approximately a three -year period. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from the Company’s estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rate utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could increase or decrease by $0.6 million , respectively. Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. The discount rate utilized was approximately 12.8% . Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of this asset could decrease by $0.9 million or increase by $1.0 million , respectively.

As of June 30, 2019 , the Company’s discounted cash flow analysis reflects its expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows.

As of June 30, 2019 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $24.3 million and the maximum loss exposure was $24.3 million .

AcelRx Royalty Agreement

On September 18, 2015, the Company entered into a royalty interest assignment agreement (the “AcelRx Royalty Agreement”) with ARPI LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“AcelRx”), whereby the Company acquired the rights to receive a portion of the royalties and certain milestone payments on sales of Zalviso ® (sufentanil sublingual tablet system) in the European Union, Switzerland and Australia by AcelRx’s commercial partner, Grünenthal, in exchange for a $65.0 million cash payment. Under the terms of the AcelRx Royalty Agreement, the Company receives 75% of all royalty payments and 80% of the first four commercial milestone payments due under AcelRx’s license agreement with Grünenthal until the earlier to occur of (i) receipt by the Company of payments equal to three times the cash payments made to AcelRx and (ii) the expiration of the licensed patents. Zalviso received marketing approval by the European Commission in September 2015. Grünenthal launched Zalviso in the second quarter of 2016 and the Company started to receive royalties in the third quarter of 2016.

As of June 30, 2019 , and December 31, 2018 , the Company determined that its royalty rights under the AcelRx Royalty Agreement represented a variable interest in a variable interest entity. However, the Company does not have the power to direct the activities of ARPI LLC that most significantly impact ARPI LLC’s economic performance and is not the primary beneficiary of ARPI LLC; therefore, ARPI LLC is not subject to consolidation by the Company.

Due to the slower than expected adoption of the product since its initial launch relative to the Company’s estimates and the increased variance noted between the Company’s forecast model and actual results in the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company utilized a third-party expert in the second quarter of 2019 to reassess the market and expectations for the Zalviso product. Key findings from the third-party study included: the post-surgical PCA (Patient-Controlled Analgesia) market being smaller than previously forecasted; the higher price of the product relative to alternative therapies, the product not being used as

16

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


a replacement for systemic opioids and the design of the delivery device, which is pre-filled for up to three days of treatment, which restricts its use for shorter recovery time procedures. Based on this analysis and the impact to the projected sales-based royalties and milestones, the Company wrote down the fair value of the royalty asset by $60.0 million in the second quarter of 2019.

The estimated fair value of the royalty right at June 30, 2019 was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as the Company’s valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over approximately a fourteen -year period. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from the Company’s estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rate utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market valuation is performed for each reporting period. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could increase or decrease by less than $0.3 million , respectively. Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. The discount rate utilized was approximately 13.4% . Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of this asset could decrease by $1.2 million or increase by $1.5 million , respectively.

As of June 30, 2019 , the Company’s discounted cash flow analysis reflects its expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows up to the valuation date.

As of June 30, 2019 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $12.5 million and the maximum loss exposure was $12.5 million .

Kybella Royalty Agreement

On July 8, 2016, the Company entered into a royalty purchase and sales agreement with an individual, whereby the Company acquired that individual’s rights to receive certain royalties on sales of KYBELLA ® by Allergan plc in exchange for a $9.5 million cash payment and up to $1.0 million in future milestone payments based upon product sales targets. The Company started to receive royalty payments during the third quarter of 2016.

The estimated fair value of the royalty right at June 30, 2019 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as the Company’s valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of a licensed product over approximately a six -year period. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from the Company’s estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rate utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of the asset could increase or decrease by less than $0.1 million , respectively. Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. The discount rate utilized was approximately 14.4% . Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5% , the fair value of this asset could decrease or increase by less than $0.1 million , respectively.

As of June 30, 2019, the Company’s discounted cash flow analysis reflects its expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows up to the valuation date.

As of June 30, 2019 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $0.6 million and the maximum loss exposure was $0.6 million .


17

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The following tables summarize the changes in Level 3 Royalty Right Assets and the gains and losses included in earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2019 :
Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) - Royalty Rights Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Royalty Rights -
At Fair Value
Fair value as of December 31, 2018
 
 
 
$
376,510

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total net change in fair value for the period
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of royalty rights - at fair value
 
$
(28,142
)
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from royalty rights - at fair value
 
$
(32,726
)
 
 
 
 
Total net change in fair value for the period
 
 
 
(60,868
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value as of June 30, 2019
 


 
$
315,642


Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) - Royalty Rights Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value as of
 
Royalty Rights -
 
Fair Value as of
(in thousands)
 
December 31, 2018
 
Change in Fair Value
 
June 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assertio (formerly Depomed)
 
$
264,371

 
$
(459
)
 
$
263,912

VB
 
14,108

 
265

 
14,373

U-M
 
25,595

 
(1,316
)
 
24,279

AcelRx
 
70,380

 
(57,886
)
 
12,494

KYBELLA
 
2,056

 
(1,472
)
 
584

 
 
$
376,510

 
$
(60,868
)
 
$
315,642



18

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the changes in Level 3 Liabilities and the gains and losses included in earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2019 :
Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) - Liabilities
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Contingent Consideration
Fair value as of December 31, 2018
 
$
(1,071
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Settlement of financial instrument (1)
 
1,071

 
 
 
 
 
Fair value as of June 30, 2019
 
$

______________
(1)  
Represents the final conversion consideration and earn out liability for the LENSAR acquisition of assets from Precision Eye Services.

Gains and losses from changes in Level 3 assets included in earnings for each period are presented in “Royalty rights - change in fair value” and gains and losses from changes in Level 3 liabilities included in earnings for each period are presented in “Change in fair value of anniversary payment and contingent consideration” as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total change in fair value for the period included in earnings for royalty right assets held at the end of the reporting period
 
$
(40,399
)
 
$
12,842

 
$
(28,142
)
 
$
23,933

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total change in fair value for the period included in earnings for liabilities held at the end of the reporting period
 
$

 
$
22,135

 
$

 
$
22,735


Assets/Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The Company remeasures the fair value of certain assets and liabilities upon the occurrence of certain events. Such assets consist of long-lived assets, including property and equipment and intangible assets and the shares of Alphaeon Class A common stock, received in connection with loans made to LENSAR by the Company prior to its acquisition of LENSAR. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $152.3 million for the Noden intangible assets related to the increased probability of a generic form of aliskiren being launched in the United States. As a result of this impairment charge, which was based on the estimated fair value of the assets, the remaining carrying value of these intangible assets was determined to be $40.1 million . The fair value calculation included level 3 inputs. The Company’s carrying value of the investment in Alphaeon as of both June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is $6.6 million based on an estimated per share value of $3.84 , which was established by a valuation performed when the 1.7 million shares were acquired. The value of the Company’s investment in Alphaeon is not readily determinable as Alphaeon’s shares are not publicly traded. The Company evaluates the fair value of this investment by performing a qualitative assessment each reporting period. If the results of this qualitative assessment indicate that the fair value is less than the carrying value, the investment is written down to its fair value. There have been no such write downs since the Company acquired these shares. This investment is included in Other long-term assets. For additional information on the Alphaeon investment, see Note 6, Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables .


19

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Assets/Liabilities Not Subject to Fair Value Recognition

The following tables present the fair value of assets and liabilities not subject to fair value recognition by level within the valuation hierarchy:
 
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in thousands)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Fair Value
Level 3
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Fair Value
Level 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wellstat Diagnostics note receivable
 
$
50,191

 
$

 
$
59,240

 
$
50,191

 
$

 
$
57,322

Hyperion note receivable
 
1,200

 

 
1,200

 
1,200

 

 
1,200

CareView note receivable
 
11,458

 

 
11,458

 
11,458

 

 
11,458

Total
 
$
62,849

 
$

 
$
71,898

 
$
62,849

 
$

 
$
69,980

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

December 2021 Notes
 
$
128,520

 
$
157,017

 
$

 
$
124,644

 
$
151,356

 
$

Total
 
$
128,520

 
$
157,017

 
$

 
$
124,644

 
$
151,356

 
$


During the year ended December 31, 2018 the Company recorded an impairment loss of $8.2 million to the note receivable with CareView Communications, Inc. (“CareView”). There were no impairment losses on notes receivable in the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2019 .

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , the estimated fair values of the Hyperion Catalysis International, Inc. (“Hyperion”) note receivable, and CareView note receivable were determined using discounted cash flow models, incorporating expected principal and interest payments. In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2018, the fair value of the CareView note receivable also considered the recoverability of the note receivable balance utilizing third-party revenue multiples for small cap healthcare technology companies. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , the estimated fair value of the Wellstat Diagnostics note receivable was determined by using an asset approach and discounted cash flow model related to the underlying collateral and adjusted to consider estimated costs to sell the assets.

The Company determined its notes receivable assets are Level 3 assets as the Company’s valuations utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates of future revenues, discount rates, expectations about settlement, terminal values, required yield and the value of underlying collateral. The Company engages a third-party valuation expert when deemed necessary to assist in evaluating its investments and the related inputs needed to estimate the fair value of certain investments.

The CareView note receivable is secured by substantially all assets of, and equity interests in CareView. The Wellstat Diagnostics note receivable is secured by substantially all assets of Wellstat Diagnostics and is supported by a guaranty from the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors (as defined in Note 6, Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables ).

On June 30, 2019 , the carrying value of one of the Company’s notes receivable assets differed from its estimated fair value. This is the result of inputs used in estimating the fair value of the collateral, including appraisals, projected cash flows of collateral assets and discount rates used when performing a discounted cash flow analysis.

The fair values of the Company’s convertible senior notes were determined using quoted market pricing.


20

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The following table represents significant unobservable inputs used in determining the estimated fair value of impaired notes receivable investments:
Asset
 
Valuation
Technique
 
Unobservable
Input
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wellstat Diagnostics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wellstat Guarantors intellectual property
 
Income Approach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discount rate
 
12%
 
12%
 
 
 
 
Royalty amount
 
$21 million
 
$21 million
Settlement Amount
 
Income Approach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discount rate
 
15%
 
15%
 
 
 
 
Settlement amount
 
$34 million
 
$34 million
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real Estate Property
 
Market Approach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Annual appreciation rate
 
4%
 
4%
 
 
 
 
Estimated realtor fee
 
6%
 
6%
 
 
 
 
Estimated disposal date
 
9/30/2019
 
9/30/2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CareView
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note receivable cash flows
 
Income Approach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discount rate
 
30%
 
30%

6. Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables

Notes and other long-term receivables included the following significant agreements:

Wellstat Diagnostics Note Receivable and Credit Agreement and Related Litigation

On November 2, 2012, the Company and Wellstat Diagnostics entered into a $40.0 million credit agreement pursuant to which the Company was to accrue quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, the Company was to receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double-digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics’ net revenues, generated by the sale, distribution or other use of Wellstat Diagnostics’ products, if any, commencing upon the commercialization of its products. A portion of the proceeds of the $40.0 million credit agreement were used to repay certain notes receivable which Wellstat Diagnostics entered into in March 2012.

In January 2013, the Company was informed that, as of December 31, 2012, Wellstat Diagnostics had used funds contrary to the terms of the credit agreement and breached Sections 2.1.2 and 7 of the credit agreement. The Company sent Wellstat Diagnostics a notice of default on January 22, 2013, and accelerated the amounts owed under the credit agreement. In connection with the notice of default, the Company exercised one of its available remedies and transferred approximately $8.1 million of available cash from a bank account of Wellstat Diagnostics to the Company and applied the funds to amounts due under the credit agreement. On February 28, 2013, the parties entered into a forbearance agreement whereby the Company agreed to refrain from exercising additional remedies for 120 days. During such forbearance period, the Company provided approximately $1.3 million to Wellstat Diagnostics to fund ongoing operations of the business. During the year ended December 31, 2013, approximately $8.7 million was advanced pursuant to the forbearance agreement.

On August 15, 2013, the Company entered into an amended and restated credit agreement with Wellstat Diagnostics. The Company determined that the new agreement should be accounted for as a modification of the existing agreement.

Except as otherwise described herein, the material terms of the amended and restated credit agreement are substantially the same as those of the original credit agreement, including quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, the Company was to continue to receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double-digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics’ net revenues. However, pursuant to the amended and restated credit agreement: (i) the

21

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


principal amount was reset to approximately $44.1 million , which was comprised of approximately $33.7 million original loan principal and interest, $1.3 million term loan principal and interest and $9.1 million forbearance principal and interest; (ii) the specified internal rates of return increased; (iii) the default interest rate was increased; (iv) Wellstat Diagnostics’ obligation to provide certain financial information increased in frequency to monthly; (v) internal financial controls were strengthened by requiring Wellstat Diagnostics to maintain an independent, third-party financial professional with control over fund disbursements; (vi) the Company waived the existing events of default; and (vii) the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics were required to contribute additional capital to Wellstat Diagnostics upon the sale of an affiliate entity. The amended and restated credit agreement had an ultimate maturity date of December 31, 2021 (but has subsequently been accelerated as described below).

In June 2014, the Company received information from Wellstat Diagnostics showing that it was generally unable to pay its debts as they became due, constituting an event of default under the amended and restated credit agreement.

On August 5, 2014, the Company delivered a notice of default (the “Wellstat Diagnostics Borrower Notice”) to Wellstat Diagnostics, which accelerated all obligations under the amended and restated credit agreement and demanded immediate payment in full in an amount equal to approximately $53.9 million , (which amount, in accordance with the terms of the amended and restated credit agreement, included an amount that, together with interest and royalty payments already made to the Company, would generate a specified internal rate of return to the Company), plus accruing fees, costs and interest, and demanded that Wellstat Diagnostics protect and preserve all collateral securing its obligations.

On August 7, 2014, the Company delivered a notice (the “Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor Notice”) to each of the guarantors of Wellstat Diagnostics’ obligations to the Company (collectively, the “Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors”) under the credit agreement, which included a demand that the guarantors remit payment to the Company in the amount of the outstanding obligations. The guarantors include certain affiliates and related companies of Wellstat Diagnostics, including Wellstat Therapeutics and Wellstat Diagnostics’ stockholders.

On September 24, 2014, the Company filed an ex-parte petition for appointment of receiver with the Circuit Court of Montgomery County, Maryland (the “Wellstat Diagnostics Petition”), which was granted on the same day. Wellstat Diagnostics remained in operation during the period of the receivership with incremental additional funding from the Company. On May 24, 2017, Wellstat Diagnostics transferred substantially all of its assets to the Company pursuant to a credit bid. The credit bid reduced the outstanding balance of the loan by an immaterial amount.

On September 4, 2015, the Company filed in the Supreme Court of New York a motion for summary judgment in lieu of complaint which requested that the court enter judgment against certain of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors for the total amount due on the Wellstat Diagnostics debt, plus all costs and expenses including lawyers’ fees incurred by the Company in enforcement of the related guarantees. On September 23, 2015, the Company filed in the same court an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order and order of attachment of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor defendants’ assets. Although the court denied the Company’s request for a temporary restraining order at a hearing on September 24, 2015, it ordered that assets of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor defendants should be held in status quo ante and only used in the normal course of business.

On July 29, 2016, the Supreme Court of New York granted the Company’s motion for summary judgment and held that the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor defendants are liable for all “Obligations” owed by Wellstat Diagnostics to the Company. After appeal by the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor defendants on February 14, 2017, the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York reversed on procedural grounds a portion of the Memorandum of Decision granting the Company summary judgment in lieu of complaint, but affirmed the portion of the Memorandum of Decision denying the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor defendants’ motion for summary judgment in which they sought a determination that the guarantees had been released. As a result, the litigation has been remanded to the Supreme Court of New York to proceed on the Company’s claims as a plenary action. On June 21, 2017, the Supreme Court of New York ordered the Company to file a Complaint, which was filed by the Company on July 20, 2017. The Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors filed their answer on August 9, 2017, including counterclaims against the Company alleging breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, and tortious interference with prospective economic advantage. This case is currently pending and in the pre-trial phase.

On October 14, 2016, the Company sent a notice of default and reference to foreclosure proceedings to certain of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors which are not defendants in the New York action, but which are owners of real estate assets over which a deed of trust in favor of the Company securing the guarantee of the loan to Wellstat Diagnostics had been executed. On March

22

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


2, 2017, the Company sent a second notice to foreclose on the real estate assets, and noticed the sale for March 29, 2017. The sale was taken off the calendar by the trustee under the deed of trust and has not been re-scheduled yet. On March 6, 2017, the Company sent a letter to the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors seeking information in preparation for a UCC Article 9 sale of some or all of the intellectual property-related collateral of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors. The Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors did not respond to the Company’s letter, but on March 17, 2017, filed an order to show cause with the Supreme Court of New York to enjoin the Company’s sale of the real estate or enforcing its security interests in the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors’ intellectual property during the pendency of any action involving the guarantees at issue. On February 6, 2018, the Supreme Court of New York issued an order from the bench which enjoins the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors from selling, encumbering, removing, transferring or altering the collateral pending the outcome of the proceedings before it. The Supreme Court of New York also issued an order precluding the Company from foreclosing on certain of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors’ collateral pending the outcome of the proceedings before it. In September of 2018, discovery in the New York action was completed. Summary judgment motions were filed by Wellstat Diagnostics and the Company in 2018 and a hearing was held on May 22, 2019. The court has not yet issued a decision on the motions.

In an unrelated litigation, Wellstat Therapeutics filed a lawsuit against BTG International, Inc. for breach of contract (the “BTG Litigation”). In September 2017, the Delaware Chancery Court found in favor of Wellstat Therapeutics and awarded a judgment of $55.8 million in damages, plus interest. In October 2017, the Company filed a motion with the Supreme Court of New York requesting a pre-judgement attachment of the award. In June 2018, the Delaware Supreme Court largely affirmed the September 2017 decision of the Delaware Chancery Court, including the $55.8 million awarded in judgment. In August of 2018, in a letter to the Company’s counsel, Wellstat Guarantors’ counsel confirmed that the Wellstat Guarantors are preserving the BTG Litigation judgment award proceeds consistent with the New York Court’s prior directions.

On October 22, 2015, certain of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors filed a separate complaint against the Company in the Supreme Court of New York seeking a declaratory judgment that certain contractual arrangements entered into between the parties subsequent to Wellstat Diagnostics’ default, and which relate to a split of proceeds in the event that the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors voluntarily monetize any assets that are the Company’s collateral, is of no force or effect. This case has been joined for all purposes, including discovery and trial, and consolidated with the pending case filed by the Company. The Wellstat Diagnostic Guarantors filed a summary judgment motion with regard to this case, which was also heard by the court at the hearing on May 22, 2019. The court has not yet issued a decision on this motion.

Effective April 1, 2014, and as a result of the event of default, the Company determined the loan to be impaired and it ceased to accrue interest revenue. At that time and as of June 30, 2019 , it has been determined that an allowance on the carrying value of the note was not necessary, as the Company believes the value of the collateral securing Wellstat Diagnostics’ obligations exceeds the carrying value of the asset and is sufficient to enable the Company to recover the current carrying value of $50.2 million . The Company continues to closely monitor the timing and expected recovery of amounts due, including litigation and other matters related to Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors’ assets. There can be no assurance that an allowance on the carrying value of the notes receivable investment will not be necessary in a future period depending on future developments.

Hyperion Agreement

On January 27, 2012, the Company and Hyperion (which is also a Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor) entered into an agreement whereby Hyperion sold to the Company the royalty streams accruing from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013 due from Showa Denko K.K. (“SDK”) related to a certain patent license agreement between Hyperion and SDK dated December 31, 2008. In exchange for the lump sum payment to Hyperion of $2.3 million , in addition to any royalties from SDK, the Company was to receive two equal payments of $1.2 million on March 5, 2013 and March 5, 2014. The first payment of $1.2 million was paid on March 5, 2013, but the second payment that was due on March 5, 2014 has not been made by Hyperion. Effective as of such date and as a result of the event of default, the Company ceased to accrue interest revenue. As of June 30, 2019 , the estimated fair value of the collateral was determined to be in excess of the carrying value. There can be no assurance of realizing value from such collateral in the event of the Company’s foreclosure on the collateral.

Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement

On April 18, 2013, the Company entered into a credit agreement with Avinger, Inc. (the “Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement”). Under the terms of the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement, the Company received a low, single-digit royalty on Avinger’s net revenues until April 2018. Commencing in October 2015, after Avinger repaid $21.4 million pursuant to its note payable to the Company prior to its maturity date, the royalty on Avinger’s net revenues was reduced by 50% , subject to

23

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


certain minimum payments from the prepayment date until April 18, 2018. The Company accounted for the royalty rights in accordance with the fair value option. As of April 18, 2018, there were no further obligations owed to the Company.

CareView Credit Agreement

On June 26, 2015, the Company entered into a credit agreement with CareView, under which the Company made available to CareView up to $40.0 million in loans comprised of two tranches of $20.0 million each, subject to CareView’s attainment of specified milestones relating to the placement of CareView Systems. On October 7, 2015, the Company and CareView entered into an amendment of the credit agreement to modify certain definitions related to the first and second tranche milestones and the Company funded the first tranche of $20.0 million , net of fees, based on CareView’s attainment of the first milestone, as amended. The second $20.0 million tranche was not funded due to CareView’s failure to achieve the related funding milestones and there is no additional funding obligation due from the Company. Outstanding borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the rate of 13.5% per annum and are payable quarterly in arrears.

As part of the original credit agreement, the Company received a warrant to purchase approximately 4.4 million shares of common stock of CareView at an exercise price of $0.45 per share. The Company has accounted for the warrant as derivative asset with an offsetting credit as debt discount. At each reporting period the warrant is marked to market for changes in fair value.

In connection with the October 2015 amendment of the credit agreement, the Company and CareView also agreed to amend the warrant to purchase common stock agreement by reducing the warrant’s exercise price from $0.45 to $0.40 per share.

In February 2018, the Company entered into a modification agreement with CareView (the “February 2018 Modification Agreement”) whereby the Company agreed, effective December 28, 2017, to modify the credit agreement before remedies could otherwise have become available to the Company under the credit agreement in relation to certain obligations of CareView that would potentially not be met, including the requirement to make principal payments. Under the February 2018 Modification Agreement, the Company agreed that (i) a lower liquidity covenant would be applicable and (ii) principal repayment would be delayed until December 31, 2018. In exchange for agreeing to these modifications, among other things, the exercise price of the Company’s warrants to purchase 4.4 million shares of common stock of CareView was repriced from $0.40 to $0.03 per share and, subject to the occurrence of certain events, CareView agreed to grant the Company additional equity interests. As a result of the February 2018 Modification Agreement, the Company determined the loan to be impaired and it ceased to accrue interest revenue effective October 1, 2017.

In September 2018, the Company entered into an amendment to the February 2018 Modification Agreement with CareView whereby the Company agreed, effective as of September 28, 2018, that a lower liquidity covenant would be applicable. In December 2018, the Company further modified the loan by agreeing that (i) a lower liquidity covenant would be applicable, (ii) the first principal payment would be deferred until January 31, 2019, and (iii) the scheduled interest payment due December 31, 2018 would be deferred until January 31, 2019. In December 2018, and in consideration of the further modification to the credit agreement, the Company completed an impairment analysis and determined that the note was impaired and recorded an impairment loss of $8.2 million . For additional information see Note 5, Fair Value Measurements . As of March 31, 2019, the principal repayment and interest payments were deferred until April 30, 2019. The principal repayment and interest payment were subsequently deferred until May 15, 2019. In May 2019, and in consideration of additional capital raised by CareView, the Company further modified the loan by agreeing that (i) the first principal and interest payments would be deferred until September 30, 2019 and (ii) the remaining liquidity covenant would be removed. As of June 30, 2019, the Company performed an analysis and determined that no additional impairment was required and estimated the fair value of the warrants to be less than $0.1 million .

7. Leases

Lessee arrangements

The Company has operating leases for corporate offices and certain equipment. The Company’s operating leases have remaining lease terms ranging from one to eight years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to five years, and some of which include options to terminate the leases within three years.


24

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The components of lease expense are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
O