UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM  10-Q

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

or

[   ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

000-56090

Commission File Number

PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada

  

98-0491567

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

2987 Blackbear Court, Coquitlam, British Columbia

 V3E 3A2

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

702-803-9404

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  

(X)Yes (_) No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

(_)Yes (_) No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer

q

Non-accelerated filer

q

Accelerated filer

q

Smaller reporting company

x

 

 

Emerging Growth

x

 If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act (X)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

(  ) Yes (X) No

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

(  ) Yes (  ) No





APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:


Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of May 18, 2020, we had 83,145,003 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.




TABLE of CONTENTS



PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

2

Item 1. Financial Statements.

2

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

17

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

20

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.

20

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

21

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

21

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

21

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Securities and Use of Proceeds.

21

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

21

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure.

21

Item 5. Other Information.

21

Item 6. Exhibits.

22

SIGNATURES

23





1




PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION


Item 1. Financial Statements.















PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.


Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2020


(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)


(unaudited)







2






PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

 

March 31,

2020

September 30,

2019

 

$

$

 

(unaudited)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

37,105

62,682

Amounts receivable

899

10,639

Prepaid expenses and deposits

355,071

115,856

 

 

 

Total current assets

393,075

189,177

 

 

 

Property and equipment (Note 3)

411,425

441,095

 

 

 

Total assets

804,500

630,272

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Notes 4 and 8)

549,387

855,766

Advances from Alliance Growers Corp. (Note 9(a))

52,824

56,634

Due to related parties (Note 8)

351,038

475,666

Promissory note (Note 5)

40,000

Convertible notes – current portion, net of unamortized discount of $566,191 and $2,895, respectively (Note 6)

134,709

75,105

Derivative liabilities (Note 7)

678,104

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

1,806,062

1,463,171

 

 

 

Convertible notes, net of unamortized discount of $26,504 and $27,321, respectively (Note 6)

2,417

1,599

 

 

 

Total liabilities

1,808,479

1,464,770

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

Authorized: 500,000,000 shares, $0.001 par value;

75,724,899 and 75,646,835 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

75,725

75,647

Additional paid-in capital

3,793,780

3,772,781

Accumulated other comprehensive income

66,950

47,824

Deficit

(4,939,007)

(4,729,476)

 

 

 

Total Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. stockholders’ deficit

(1,002,552)

(833,224)

 

 

 

Non-controlling interest

(1,427)

(1,274)

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ deficit

(1,003,979)

(834,498)

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

804,500

630,272

 

 

 

Nature of business and continuance of operations (Note 1)

 

 

Commitments (Note 10)

 

 

Subsequent events (Note 11)

 

 




(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements)


3






PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)


 

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

$

Three months ended

March 31,

2019

$

Six months ended

March 31,

2020

$

Six months ended

March 31,

2019

$

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consulting fees (Note 8)

53,075

46,806

123,891

102,308

Foreign exchange loss (gain)

31,596

(7,992)

21,849

35,195

General and administrative

37,186

23,488

62,082

50,758

License application fees

(7)

(7)

902

1,925

Professional fees

24,217

19,805

49,847

63,365

Research and development

6,888

36,604

Salaries and wages

4,535

4,579

9,147

8,749

 

 

 

 

 

Total expenses

150,602

93,567

267,718

298,904

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss before other income (expenses)

(150,602)

(93,567)

(267,718)

(298,904)

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of discount on convertible notes (Note 6)

(16,366)

(298)

(23,012)

(659)

Finance costs

(45,000)

(187,245)

Loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities (Note 7)

(122,703)

(159,998)

Loss on settlement on convertible notes

(6,513)

(6,513)

Write-off of accounts payable (Note 4)

292,557

292,557

 

 

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

146,975

(298)

58,034

(187,904)

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

(3,627)

(93,865)

(209,684)

(486,808)

 

 

 

 

 

Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

117

782

153

782

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

(3,510)

(93,083)

(209,531)

(486,026)

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain (loss)

31,525

(46,067)

19,126

52,703

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

28,015

(139,150)

(190,405)

(433,323)

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. stockholders

(0.01)

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding used in the calculation of net loss per share attributable to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.  

75,652,840

74,316,289

75,649,821

73,235,221




(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements)


4






PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)


 

Common stock

Additional paid-in capital

$

Accumulated

other

comprehensive income (loss)

$

Deficit

$

Non-controlling

interest

$

Total stockholders’

deficit

$

 

Number of shares

Amount

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 30, 2018

71,620,100

71,620

2,464,136

38,722

(3,961,939)

(1,387,461)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to conversion of convertible notes

2,000,000

2,000

(1,800)

200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for services

51,725

52

187,193

187,245

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

98,770

98,770

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

(392,943)

(392,943)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2018

73,671,825

73,672

2,649,529

137,492

(4,354,882)

(1,494,189)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to conversion of convertible notes

1,000,000

1,000

(900)

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock of 1155097 BC Ltd.

1,018,228

1,018,228

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

(46,067)

(46,067)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

(93,083)

(782)

(93,865)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2019

74,671,825

74,672

3,666,857

91,425

(4,447,965)

(782)

(615,793)


Balance, September 30, 2019

75,646,835

75,647

3,772,781

47,824

(4,729,476)

(1,274)

(834,498)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

(12,399)

(12,399)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

(206,021)

(36)

(206,057)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2019

75,646,835

75,647

3,772,781

35,425

(4,935,497)

(1,310)

(1,052,954)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to the conversion of convertible notes

78,064

78

20,999

21,077

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

31,525

31,525

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

(3,510)

(117)

(3,627)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2020

75,724,899

75,725

3,793,780

66,950

(4,939,007)

(1,427)

(1,003,979)



(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements)


5






PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)

 

Six months

ended

March 31,

2020

Six months

ended

March 31,

2019

 

$

$

 

 

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

(209,684)

(486,808)

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

Accretion of discount on convertible notes

23,012

659

Financing fees

45,000

Loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities

159,998

Loss on settlement of convertible note

6,513

Shares issued for services

187,245

Write-off of accounts payable

(292,557)

 

 

 

Changes in non-cash operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

Accounts receivable and other receivables

9,740

(4,341)

Prepaid expenses and deposits

(239,215)

474

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

27,340

40,769

Due to related parties

(4,352)

(42,391)

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

(474,205)

(304,393)

 

 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of property and equipment

(31,382)

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

(31,382)

 

 

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes

570,080

Proceeds from advances from Alliance Growers Corp.

170,032

Repayment of loans from related parties

(120,276)

Financing costs

(5,000)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

444,804

170,032

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

3,824

23,267

 

 

 

Change in cash

(25,577)

(142,476)

 

 

 

Cash, beginning of period

62,682

151,869

 

 

 

Cash, end of period

37,105

9,393

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Original issue discount on convertible notes

532,594

Issuance of common stock pursuant to conversion of convertible notes

78

300

Issuance of equity in 1155097 B.C. Ltd in exchange for advances payable

1,018,229

Issuance of promissory note as a financing fee

40,000

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

Income taxes paid



(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements)


6




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)


1.

Nature of Business and Continuance of Operations

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (“the Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada, U.S. on November 26, 2007, under the name Azure International, Inc.  On October 30, 2008, and effective as of the same date, the Company filed Articles of Merger (“Articles”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada, to effect a merger by and between Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation and Azure International, Inc.  As a result of the merger, the Company changed its name to Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc.  The Company was previously in the business of providing technical advisory and appraisals to the aircraft and aviation business as well as providing sourcing for aircraft leases and parts. Pursuant to a Share Exchange Agreement with WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (“WFS”) on May 2, 2018, the Company changed its name to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. and changed its principal business to the construction of a biotech complex in Deroche, British Columbia, Canada, for the purpose of producing a variety of starter plantlets for the Canadian and international high CBD hemp and medical cannabis industries through the application of the proprietary plant tissue culture in vitro process called “Chibafreen”. This proprietary process will produce plantlets that will be genetically identical and free of pests and disease free with consistent and certifiable constituent properties.

Going Concern

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the going concern basis, which assumes that the Company will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business. As at March 31, 2020, the Company has not earned any revenues from operations, has a working capital deficit of $1,412,987, and has an accumulated deficit of $4,939,007. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company incurred a net loss of $209,684 and used cash flows for operations of $474,205.  These factors raise substantial doubt upon the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. These condensed consolidated financial statements do not reflect any adjustments that may be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.   

The recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, which was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020, has led to adverse impacts on the U.S. and global economies, disruptions of financial markets, and created uncertainty regarding potential impacts to the Company’s supply chain, operations, and customer demand. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and could further impact the Company’s operations and the operations of the Company’s suppliers and vendors as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to the duration, spread, severity, and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s customers, suppliers, and vendors and the remedial actions and stimulus measures adopted by local and federal governments, and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. The management team is closely following the progression of COVID-19 and its potential impact on the Company.  Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, the Company may experience adverse impacts to its business as a result of any economic recession or depression that has occurred or may occur in the future. Therefore, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the impact at this time our business, liquidity, capital resources and financial results.

2.

Significant Accounting Policies

(a)

Interim Financial Statements

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.

(b)

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and are expressed in U.S. dollars. These condensed interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc. (“WFS”), and its 89.7% owned subsidiary 1155097 BC Ltd. (“115BC”), companies incorporated in British Columbia, Canada. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The Company’s fiscal year-end is September 30.



7




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)


2.

Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 (c)  Use of Estimates and Judgments

The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to the allowance for doubtful accounts, the recoverability of property and equipment, the equity component of convertible notes, fair value of derivative liabilities, fair value of stock-based payments, and deferred income tax asset valuation allowances. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience, and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.

(d)

Loss Per Share

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, "Earnings per Share" which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. As at March 31, 2020, there were 373,968,308 (September 30, 2019 – 364,850,535) potentially dilutive shares outstanding.

(e)  Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, which simplifies the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions. The amendments specify that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The standard became effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, Topic 842, Leases, was issued to replace the leases requirements in Topic 840, Leases. The main difference between previous GAAP and Topic 842 is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. A lessee should recognize in the balance sheet a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense for such leases generally on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The accounting applied by a lessor is largely unchanged from that applied under previous GAAP. The standard became effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.  

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its condensed consolidated financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.




8




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



3.

Property and Equipment

 




Cost

$



Accumulated depreciation

$

Net carrying

value as at

March 31,

2020

$

Net carrying

value as at

September 30,

2019

$

 

 

 

 

 

Construction in progress

411,425

411,425

441,095

As at March 31, 2020, and September 30, 2019, costs related to the construction of cannabis production complex were capitalized as construction in progress and not depreciated. Depreciation will commence when construction is completed, and the facility is available for its intended use.


4.

Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consists of the following:

 

March 31,

2020

$

September 30,

2019

$

 

 

 

Accounts payable

502,964

829,942

Accrued interest payable

46,423

25,824

 

 

 

 

549,387

855,766

During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized a write-off of accounts payable of $292,557 (2019 - $nil) related to professional fees that are no longer owing.


5.

Promissory Note

On November 22, 2019, the Company entered into a promissory note with an unrelated party for $40,000 in connection with an equity purchase agreement (Refer to Note 10(b)). The promissory note is unsecured, due on November 30, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum. During the period ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accrued interest of $995 (2019 - $426).


6.

Convertible Notes

(a)

On April 4, 2018, the amount of $32,485 owed to related parties was converted to Series A convertible notes, which are unsecured, non-interest bearing, and due on April 4, 2023.  These notes are convertible in whole or in part, at any time until maturity, to common shares of the Company at $0.0001 per share. The outstanding balance remaining at maturity shall bear interest at 12% per annum until fully paid. The Company evaluated the convertible notes for a beneficial conversion feature in accordance with ASC 470-20 Debt with Conversion and Other Options. The Company determined that the conversion price was below the closing stock price on the commitment date, and the convertible notes contained a beneficial conversion feature. The Company recognized the intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $32,485 as additional paid-in capital and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $nil. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible notes up to their face value of $32,485.

During the year ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 31,745,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $3,175 of Series A convertible notes, which included 18,000,000 common shares to the President of the Company and 5,320,000 common shares to family members of the President of the Company. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $3,112 as accretion expense.

During the year ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued 3,900,000 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $390 of Series A convertible notes. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $375 as accretion expense.



9




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



6.

Convertible Notes (continued)

As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible notes was $2,417 (September 30, 2019 - $1,599) and had an unamortized discount of $26,504 (September 30, 2019 - $27,321). During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded accretion expense of $812 (2019 - $659).

(b)

On September 17, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $75,000. The note is due on September 20, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. Due to this provision, the Company considered whether the embedded conversion option qualifies for derivative accounting under ASC 815-15 Derivatives and Hedging. As the note was not convertible until 180 days following issuance, no derivative liability was initially recognized.

The convertible note became convertible on March 15, 2020. The Company evaluated the convertible note for a beneficial conversion feature in accordance with ASC 470-20 Debt with Conversion and Other Options. The Company determined that the conversion price was below the closing stock price on the measurement date, and the convertible note contained a beneficial conversion feature. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $82,631. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $76,019 and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $75,000.

During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 78,064 shares of common stock upon the conversion of $10,000 of the convertible note. Upon conversion, the Company immediately recognized the related remaining debt discount of $9,924 as accretion expense.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $1,845 (2019 - $nil). As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $854 (September 30, 2019 - $75,105), net of an unamortized discount of $77,146 (September 30, 2019 - $2,895).

(c)

On October 1, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,255 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $74,745. The note is due on October 1, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 10-trading day period prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $70,744. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $74,245 and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,000.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $12,281. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $12,781, net of an unamortized discount of $65,219.

.



10




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



6.

Convertible Notes (continued)

(d)

On October 17, 2019, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $63,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $60,000. The note is due on October 17, 2020, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In December 2019, the conversion price was amended to 46%. Due to this provision, the Company considered whether the embedded conversion option qualifies for derivative accounting under ASC 815-15 Derivatives and Hedging. As the note isn’t convertible until 180 days following issuance, no derivative liability was recognized as of March 31, 2020.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $1,343. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $61,343, net of an unamortized discount of $1,657.

(e)

On January 2, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $53,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $50,000. The note is due on January 2, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 22% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after 180 days of the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 61% of the average 2 lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. Due to this provision, the Company considered whether the embedded conversion option qualifies for derivative accounting under ASC 815-15 Derivatives and Hedging. As the note isn’t convertible until 180 days following issuance, no derivative liability was recognized as of March 31, 2020.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $714. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $50,714, net of an unamortized discount of $2,286.

(f)

On January 14, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,000, of which $3,000 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $75,000. The note is due on January 14, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 12% per annum, which increases to 15% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $76,330. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $74,500, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $1,830, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,000.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $1,778. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $2,278, net of an unamortized discount of $75,722.



11




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



6.

Convertible Notes (continued)

(g)

On January 15, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $61,000, of which $7,400 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs. The convertible note has a purchase price of $58,000, with an original issue discount of $3,000, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $50,600. The note is due on January 15, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $67,846. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $50,100, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $17,746, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $61,000.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $903. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $1,403, net of an unamortized discount of $59,597.

(h)

On January 15, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $55,000, of which $2,500 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $52,500. The note is due on January 15, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20 consecutive trading day period on which at least 100 shares of common stock were traded prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $61,173. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $52,000, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $9,173, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $55,000.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $871. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $1,371, net of an unamortized discount of $53,629.



12




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



6.

Convertible Notes (continued)

(i)

On January 21, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $66,150, of which $7,800 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs. The convertible note has a purchase price of $63,000, with an original issue discount of $3,150, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $55,200. The note is due on January 21, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 8% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal 60% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $71,278. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $54,700, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $16,578, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $66,150.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $840. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $1,340, net of an unamortized discount of $64,810.

(j)

On January 22, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $78,750, of which $9,750 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $69,000. The note is due on January 22, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 10% per annum, payable in common stock, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to 65% of the lowest trading price during the 20-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $75,179. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $68,500, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $6,679, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $78,750.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $875. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $1,375, net of an unamortized discount of $77,375.



13




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



6.

Convertible Notes (continued)

(k)

On February 4, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible note with an unrelated party for $100,000, of which $16,970 was paid directly to third parties for financing costs, resulting in proceeds to the Company of $83,030. The note is due on February 4, 2021, and bears interest on the unpaid principal balance at a rate of 12% per annum, which increases to 24% per annum upon default of the note. The note may be converted at any time after the date of issuance into shares of Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to lower of: (i) the lowest trading price during the 10-trading day period ending on the latest complete trading day prior to the issuance date; or (ii) 60% of the average of the two lowest trading prices during the 10-trading day period prior to the conversion date. In connection with the issuance of the above convertible note, the Company evaluated the conversion option for derivative treatment under ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging, and determined the note and conversion feature qualified as derivatives. The Company classified the conversion feature as a derivative liability at fair value. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was determined to be $125,640. The Company recognized the maximum intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature of $82,530, resulting in a loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $43,110, and reduced the carrying value of the convertible note to $500. The carrying value will be accreted over the term of the convertible note up to its face value of $100,000.

The financing costs were netted against the convertible note and are being amortized over the term using the effective interest rate method. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized accretion expense of $750. As at March 31, 2020, the carrying value of the convertible note was $1,250, net of an unamortized discount of $98,750.


7.

Derivative Liabilities

The embedded conversion option of the Company’s convertible notes described in Note 6 contain a conversion feature that qualifies for embedded derivative classification.  The fair value of this liability will be re-measured at the end of every reporting period and the change in fair value will be reported in the statement of operations as a gain or loss on change in fair value of derivative liabilities. The table below sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities:

 

Balance

$

 


Balance, September 30, 2019

 

 

Addition of new derivative liabilities

630,821

Conversion of convertible notes

(14,488)

Change in fair value of embedded conversion option

61,771

 


Balance, March 31, 2020

678,104

The Company uses Level 3 inputs for its valuation methodology for the embedded conversion option liabilities as their fair values were determined by using a binomial model based on various assumptions. Significant changes in any of these inputs in isolation would result in a significant change in the fair value measurement. As required, these are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following table shows the assumptions used in the calculations:

 

Expected
volatility

Risk-free
interest rate

Expected
dividend yield

Expected life
(in years)

 

 

 

 

 

As at date of issuance

123.84% to 192.74%

0.38% to 1.73%

0%

0.51 to 1.00

As at March 31, 2020

164.47% to 208.15%

0.15% to 0.17%

0%

0.46 to 0.84



14




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



8.

Related Party Transactions

(a)

As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $299,272 (Cdn$424,904) (September 30, 2019 - $372,799 (Cdn$493,694)) to the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $48,841 (2019 - $45,288) to the President of the Company.

(b)

As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $nil (September 30, 2019 - $47,367 (Cdn$62,730)) to a company controlled by the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

(c)

As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $51,766 (Cdn$73,500) (September 30, 2019 - $55,500 (Cdn$73,500)) to the father of the President of the Company, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

(d)

As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $24,087 (Cdn$34,200) (September 30, 2019 - $25,825 (Cdn$34,200)) to a Company owned by the father of the President of the Company, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

(e)

As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $302,502 (Cdn$429,507) (September 30, 2019 – $291,504 (Cdn$386,039)) to a company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The amount due is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company incurred consulting fees of $48,841 (2019 - $45,288) to the company controlled by the Chief Financial Officer of WFS.

9.

Common Stock

On March 24, 2020, the Company issued 78,064 shares of common stock with a fair value of $21,077 pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).

10.

Commitments

(a)

Effective December 11, 2017, the Company entered into a binding Letter of Intent (“LOI”) with Alliance Growers Corp. (“Alliance”), whereby the Company will build a new cannabis biotech complex located in Deroche, British Columbia, through their subsidiary, 115BC. On January 25, 2019, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries WFS and 115BC entered into an option agreement with Alliance, which superseded the LOI entered into on December 11, 2017. The option agreement grants an option to Alliance to purchase 10% equity interest in 115BC for Cdn$1,350,000 and previously granted a second option to purchase an additional 20% equity interest in 115BC for funding of 30% of the total construction and equipment costs for the biotech complex less Cdn$1,350,000. On January 25, 2019, 115BC issued 8 shares of common stock to Alliance upon exercise of the first option for consideration of $1,018,182 (Cdn$1,350,008), which was recognized as additional paid-in capital. As at March 31, 2020, the Company received advances of $52,823 (Cdn$75,000) (September 30, 2019 - $56,634 (Cdn$75,000)) from Alliance, which is unsecured, non-interest bearing, and due on demand.

(b)

On November 22, 2019, the Company entered into an equity purchase agreement with an unrelated party, whereby the third party is to purchase up to $10,000,000 of the Company’s common stock. The equity purchase agreement is effective for a term of 2 years from the effective date of the registration statement. The purchase price would be 85% of the market price. In return, the Company issued a promissory note of $40,000 (Refer to Note 5). In addition, the third party is required to pay an additional commitment fee of $10,000, of which $5,000 was paid upon signing the term sheet and the remaining $5,000 is due upon completion of the first tranche of the financing.




15




PHARMAGREEN BIOTECH INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(unaudited)



11.

Subsequent Events

(a)

On April 1, 2020, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $600 of a convertible note (Note 6(a)).

(b)

On April 2, 2020, the Company issued 136,612 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).

(c)

On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 351,288 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).

(d)

On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 423,729 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).

(e)

On May 4, 2020, the Company issued 508,475 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $18,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).









16






Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.


Forward-Looking Statements


This section of the Form 10-Q includes a number of forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are often identified by words like believe, expect, estimate, anticipate, intend, project and similar expressions, or words which, by their nature, refer to future events. You should not place undue certainty on these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our predictions.


Company History Overview


Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (“the Company”) was incorporated under the laws of Nevada, U.S. on November 26, 2007 under the name Azure International, Inc. On October 30, 2008 and effective as of the same date, the Company filed Articles of Merger with the Secretary of the State of Nevada, to effect a merger by and between Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation incorporated on October 16, 2008, and Azure International, Inc. As a result of the merger, the Company changed its name to Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc.


Air Transport Group Holdings, Inc. was originally set up to be in the business of acquiring aviation, travel and leisure companies.  During February 2018, change of control of the Company was effected and on February 21, 2018 new management took over.


On April 12, 2018, the Company entered into a share exchange agreement with WFS Pharmagreen Inc., a private company incorporated under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, whereby the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of WFS Pharmagreen Inc. in exchange for 37,704,500 shares of common stock of the Company. Upon completion of this transaction, the shareholders of WFS Pharmagreen hold 95.5% of voting control of the Company.


Immediately prior to closing of the Agreement, the majority shareholder of the Company was also the majority shareholder of WFS. As a result of the common ownership upon closing of the transaction, the acquisition was considered a common-control transaction and was outside the scope of the business combination guidance in ASC 805-50. The entities are deemed to be under common control as of February 27, 2018, which was the date that the majority shareholder acquired control of the Company and, therefore, held control over both companies. On May 2, 2018, the Share Exchange Agreement was effected. In connection with this transaction, the Company changed its name on May 8, 2018 to Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. and changed its year end from April 30th to September 30th.


Our principal executive offices are temporarily located at 2987 Blackbear Court, Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada. Our telephone number is (702-803-9404). Our internet address is www.pharmagreen.ca.


We expect to continue to incur losses for at least the next 12 months. We do not expect to generate revenue that is sufficient to cover our expenses, and we do not have sufficient cash and cash equivalents to execute our plan of operations for at least the next twelve months. We will need to obtain additional financing, through equity security sales, debt instruments and private financing, to conduct our day-to-day operations, and to fully execute our business plan. We plan to raise the capital necessary to fund our business through the sale of equity securities, debt instruments or private financing.


Our Current Business


Pharmagreen Biotech Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on November 26, 2007. The Company is headquartered in Coquitlam, British Columbia.  The Company’s mission is to advance the technology of tissue culture science and to provide the highest quality 100% germ free, disease free and all genetically the same plantlets of high CBD hemp and other flora and offering full spectrum DNA testing for plant identification, live genetics preservation using  low temperature storage for various cannabis and horticulture plants; extraction of botanical oils mainly CBD oil, and to deliver laboratory based services to the North American high CBD hemp, Cannabis and agriculture sectors.




17






Management cannot provide assurance that the Company will ultimately achieve profitable operations or become cash flow positive, or raise additional debt and/or equity capital. However, if the Company is unable to raise additional capital in the near future, due to the Company’s liquidity problems, management expects that the Company will need to curtail operations, liquidate assets, seek additional capital on less favorable terms and/or pursue other remedial measures. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.


Its immediate focus will be on producing tissue cultured high CBD hemp starter plantlets.  In the early part of 2018, the Company’s wholly owned Canadian subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc., applied to Health Canada for a license to produce and sell tissue culture plantlets and cannabis oil.  On February 7, 2019, The Company’s, wholly owned Canadian subsidiary, WFS Pharmagreen Inc., received notification from Health Canada that its cannabis licensing application under the Cannabis Act and the Cannabis Regulations to obtain a license at the proposed site in Deroche, British Columbia, Canada has advanced from the first stage, “Intake and Screening” to the second stage, “Detailed Review and Initiation of Security Clearance Process,” of a three stage approval process. On May 10, 2019, the Company received confirmation from Health Canada that the second stage review was completed and that the Company can proceed to the third and final stage, construction of the biotech complex for final inspection and licensing.


Detailed Review and Initiation of Security Clearance Process means applications are reviewed against the licensing and personnel security requirements of the regulations.


The third stage is Confirmation of Readiness: Confirmation is provided to the applicant that the application substantively meets the requirements and asks for confirmation that the site is ready for licensing or inspection. This stage will be dependent on the timing of completing the development of its site.in Deroche, British Columbia Canada. The Company does not anticipate any additional costs related to this stage.


The Company is currently completing its engineering stage and has begun site development work for the building process of a 63,000 square foot biotech complex.


Capital Resources and Liquidity


Our auditors have issued a “going concern” opinion for our year ended September 30, 2019, meaning that there is substantial doubt if we can continue as an on-going business unless we obtain additional capital. No substantial revenues from our planned business model are anticipated until we have completed financing the Company. As at March 31, 2020, the Company has a working capital deficit of $1,412,987 and an accumulated deficit of $4,939,007. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.


We need to seek capital from resources such as the sale of private placements in the Company’s common stock or debt financing, which may not even be available to the Company. However, if such financing were available, because we are a, early stage company with no or limited operations to date, it would likely have to pay additional costs associated with such financing and in the case of high risk loans be subject to an above market interest rate. At such time these funds are required, management would evaluate the terms of such financing. If the company cannot raise additional proceeds via such financing, it may be required to cease business operations.


As of March 31, 2020, we had $37,105 in cash, accounts receivable and other receivables of $899 and prepaid expenses and deposits of $355,071 as compared to $62,682 in cash, accounts receivable and other receivables of $10,639 and prepaid expenses and deposits of $115,856 as of September 30, 2019.  Overall, our cash position is lower and our prepaid expenses and deposits are higher as we have spent more funding on the planned build-out of our biotech complex, of which $98,406 was prepaid as at March 31, 2020. Prepaid expenses and deposits also include deferred financing costs of $250,000 associated with the Company’s plan to issue an Exchange Traded Note on the Vienna Stock Exchange. As of the date of this Form 10-Q, the current funds available to the Company will not be sufficient to fund the expenses related to maintaining our planned operations. We are in the process of seeking additional equity financing in the form of private placements, loans and registration statements to fund our intended business operations.


Management believes that if subsequent private placements are successful or we are successful in raising funds from registered securities, we will generate sales revenue within twelve months thereof. However, additional



18






equity financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all, and thus we could fail to satisfy our future cash requirements.


We do not anticipate researching any further products nor the purchase or sale of any significant equipment. We also do not expect any significant additions to the number of employees.


Results of Operations


Three Months Ended March 31, 2020


We had $nil in revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.  


Total expenses in the three months ended March 31, 2020 were $150,602 as compared to total expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 of $93,567. The net increase in expenses during the current period is mainly due to a change in foreign exchange gain/loss from a gain of $7,992 in 2019 to a loss of $31,596 in 2020, due to fluctuations in the Canadian dollar exchange rate and changes in the Company’s Canadian dollar assets and liabilities, an increase in consulting fees from $46,806 in 2019 to $53,075 in 2020, and an increase in professional fees from $19,805 in 2019 to $24,217 in 2020, which were higher due to indirect costs associated with the issuance of convertible notes during the period. The increase in overall expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was reduced by the decrease in research and development from $6,888 in 2019 to $nil in 2020.  


We incurred a comprehensive income of $28,015 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to a comprehensive loss of $139,150 during the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The increase in comprehensive income was mainly attributable to a gain on write-off of accounts payable of $292,557 relating to professional fees that are no longer outstanding. In addition to operating expenses, we incurred accretion expenses of $16,366 and a loss on change in fair value of derivative liability of $122,703 related to the Company’s convertible notes.


During the three months ended March 31, 2020, and 2019, we incurred a net loss of $0.00 per share.


Six Months Ended March 31, 2020


We had $nil in revenue for the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.  


Total expenses in the six months ended March 31, 2020 were $267,718 as compared to total expenses for the six months ended March 31, 2019 of $298,904. The net decrease in expenses during the current period is mainly due to a decrease in professional fees from $63,365 in 2019 to $49,847 in 2020, which were due to higher audit and accounting costs in 2019 in connection with the S-1 registration process. The decrease was also attributable to a decrease in research and development costs of $36,604 related to the Company’s planned biotech complex. The decrease in overall expenses during the period was reduced by the increase in consulting fees of $21,583 from $102,308 in 2019 to $123,891 in 2020.  This increase is due to engagement of advisory services with unrelated parties.


We incurred a comprehensive loss of $190,405 during the six months ended March 31, 2020, compared to a comprehensive loss of $433,323 during the six months ended March 31, 2019.  In addition to operating expenses, we incurred finance costs of $45,000 relating to commitment fees paid pursuant to an Equity Purchase Agreement dated November 22, 2019, with Oscaleta Partners LLC. The term of the Equity Purchase Agreement is for a period that expires 2 years after the effective date of the related registration statement. The Company also incurred accretion expenses of $23,012 and a loss on change in fair value of derivative liability of $159,998 related to the Company’s convertible notes, offset by a gain on write-off of accounts payable of $292,557 relating to professional fees that are no longer outstanding. For the six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company incurred finance costs of $187,245 relating to the fair value of common stock issued as commitment fees related to an Equity Purchase Agreement entered into on November 9, 2018, with L2 Capital LLC.


During the six months ended March 31, 2020, and 2019, we incurred a net loss of $0.00 and $0.01 per share, respectively.






19






Off-balance Sheet Arrangements


The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect or change on the company’s financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors. The term “off-balance sheet arrangement” generally means any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement to which an entity unconsolidated with the company is a party, under which the company has (i) any obligation arising under a guarantee contract, derivative instrument or variable interest; or (ii) a retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to such entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support for such assets.


Subsequent Events


On April 1, 2020, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $600 of a convertible note.


On April 2, 2020, the Company issued 136,612 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $10,000 of a convertible note.


On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 351,288 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note.


On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 423,729 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $15,000 of a convertible note.


On May 4, 2020, the Company issued 508,475 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $18,000 of a convertible note (Note 6(b)).


Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.


We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information required under this item.


Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures


Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the SEC's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.


In connection with this quarterly report, as required by Rule 15d-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, we have carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our company's disclosure controls and procedures. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our company's management, including our company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer. Based upon that evaluation, our company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that as of March 31, 2020 our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the existence of material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting.


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting


There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f)) during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.




20







PART II—OTHER INFORMATION


Item 1. Legal Proceedings.


There are no pending legal proceedings to which the Company is a party or in which any director, officer or affiliate of the Company, any owner of record or beneficially of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of the Company, or stockholder is a party adverse to the Company or has a material interest adverse to the Company.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.


As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this Item.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Securities and Use of Proceeds.


None


Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.


None

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure.


N/A

Item 5. Other Information.


None



21







Item 6. Exhibits.

The following documents are filed as a part of this report or are incorporated by reference to previous filings, if so indicated:


Exhibit
Number

 

Description

 

 

 

2.1

 

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws dated November 26, 2007 as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019

 

 

 

2.2

 

Articles of Merger dated, October 30, 2008 (Azure International, Inc./ Air Transport Group Holding, Inc. as previously filed with the SEC on March 20, 2019

 

 

 

2.10

 

Equity Purchase Agreement with Oscaleta Partners LLC as previously filed with the SEC on December 2, 2019

 

 

 

2.11

 

Registration Rights Agreement with Oscaleta Partners LLC as previously filed with the SEC on December 2, 2019

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934*

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a–14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934**

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 1350 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.2

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer under Section 1350 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002**

 

 

 

*     Included in Exhibit 31.1

**   Included in Exhibit 32.1



22







SIGNATURES*


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


  

Pharmagreen Biotech Inc.

 

 

 

By:

/s/  Peter Wojcik

 

 

Peter Wojcik

 

 

President and Director

Principal Executive Officer


 

 

 

By:

/s/  Terry Kwan

 

 

Terry Kwan

 

 

Principal Accounting Officer


Dated May 18, 2020



23



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