UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2023
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from          to          
Commission File Number: 1-7884
MESA ROYALTY TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Texas
(State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
76-6284806
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
The Bank of New York Mellon
Trust Company, N.A., Trustee
601 Travis Street, Floor 16
Houston, Texas
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)



77002
(Zip Code)
1-713-483-6020
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Units of Beneficial Interest
MTR
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☐ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   ☐ Accelerated filer   ☐ Non-accelerated filer   ☒
Smaller reporting company   ☒
Emerging growth company   ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of August 14, 2023 — 1,863,590 Units of Beneficial Interest were outstanding in Mesa Royalty Trust.

DISCLOSURES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Form 10-Q includes “forward-looking statements” about Mesa Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) and other matters discussed herein that are subject to risks and uncertainties that are intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this document, including, without limitation, statements under “Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” including the Trust’s or any Working Interest Owner’s (as defined in “Note 1 — Trust Organization and Provisions”) future financial position, status in any insolvency proceeding, business strategy, budgets, projected costs, political and regulatory matters, such as tax and environmental policy, expected market conditions and commodity pricing, prices received by Working Interest Owners, plans and objectives, oil and natural gas prices, information relating to future distributions, statements regarding reconciliation and adjustment of estimated versus actual revenue and expense amounts, statements pertaining to future exploration and development activities and costs, estimates regarding production costs and expenses, estimates of cash flows, statements regarding the number of wells to be drilled and producing in future periods, and estimates regarding production and reserves, are forward-looking statements. Actual outcomes and results, which are substantially all outside of the Trust’s control, may differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “future,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “potential,” “possibly,” “could,” “may,” “can,” “foresee,” “plan,” “goal,” “forecast,” “assume,” “target,” “should,” “intend” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. These statements are based on certain assumptions made by the Trust in light of its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors the Trustee believes are appropriate under the circumstances. The Trustee (as defined herein) relies on the Working Interest Owners for information regarding the Subject Interests (as defined in “Note 1 — Trust Organization and Provisions”), the Royalty (as defined in “Note 1 — Trust Organization and Provisions”), and the Working Interest Owners themselves.
Although the information provided by the Working Interest Owners provides a reasonable basis for the forward-looking statements contained herein, no assurance can be given that such expectations will prove to be correct. The Working Interest Owners alone control historical operating data, and handle receipt and payment of funds relating to the royalty properties and payments to the Trust for the related royalty. The Trustee cannot assure that errors or adjustments or expenses accrued by the Working Interest Owners, whether historical or future, will not affect future royalty income and distributions by the Trust. However, whether actual results and developments will conform with such expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the risk factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, and those set forth from time to time in the Trust’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which could affect the future results of the energy industry in general, and the Trust and Working Interest Owners in particular, and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. The actual results or developments anticipated may not be realized or, even if substantially realized, they may not have the expected consequences to or effects on the Working Interest Owners’ businesses and the Trust. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements. The Trust undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable law.
 
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.   Financial Statements.
MESA ROYALTY TRUST
STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
Royalty and other income
$ 1,779,455 $ 1,036,950 $ 2,624,872 $ 1,769,844
Interest income
22,936 1,026 43,023 1,055
General and administrative expense
(54,275) (64,707) (120,349) (122,158)
Income available for distribution prior to cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
1,748,116 973,269 2,547,546 1,648,741
Cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
(150,000) (37,500) (225,000) (109,500)
Distributable income
$ 1,598,116 $ 935,769 $ 2,322,546 $ 1,539,241
Distributable income per unit
$ 0.8575 $ 0.5021 $ 1.2463 $ 0.8260
Units outstanding
1,863,590 1,863,590 1,863,590 1,863,590
STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Cash and short-term investments
$ 3,155,822 $ 2,356,010
Net overriding royalty interest in oil and gas properties
42,498,034 42,498,034
Accumulated amortization
(41,154,156) (41,104,737)
Total assets
$ 4,499,700 $ 3,749,307
LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS
Distributions payable
$ 1,605,642 $ 1,058,842
Trust corpus (1,863,590 units of beneficial interest authorized, issued and outstanding)
2,894,058 2,690,465
Total liabilities and trust corpus
$ 4,499,700 $ 3,749,307
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.)
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MESA ROYALTY TRUST
STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
Trust corpus, beginning of period
$ 2,770,445 $ 2,562,512 $ 2,690,465 $ 2,496,917
Cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
150,000 37,500 225,000 109,500
Distributable income
1,598,116 935,769 2,322,546 1,539,241
Distributions to unitholders
(1,605,642) (934,644) (2,294,534) (1,538,473)
Amortization of net overriding royalty interest
(18,861) (26,670) (49,419) (32,718)
Trust corpus, end of period
$ 2,894,058 $ 2,574,467 $ 2,894,058 $ 2,574,467
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.)
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MESA ROYALTY TRUST
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1 — Trust Organization and Provisions
The Mesa Royalty Trust (the “Trust”), created under the laws of the State of Texas, maintains its offices at the office of the Trustee, The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., (the “Trustee”), 601 Travis Street, Floor 16, Houston, Texas 77002. The telephone number of the Trust is 713-483-6020. The Trust has no employees. Administrative functions of the Trust are performed by the Trustee. The Trustee maintains a website for the Trust that makes available, free of charge, filings by the Trust with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and other information. Any reports filed with the SEC are accessible through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after the Trustee electronically files such material with, or furnishes it to, the SEC. The Trust’s website is http://mtr.q4web.com/home/default.aspx.
Trust Corpus Description.   The Trust was created on November 1, 1979 and is now governed by the Mesa Royalty Trust Indenture (as amended, the “Trust Indenture”). Through a series of conveyances, assignments, and acquisitions, the Trust currently owns an overriding royalty interest (the “Royalty”) equal to 11.44% of 90% of the Net Proceeds (as defined in the Conveyance and described below) attributable to the specified interest in certain producing oil and gas properties located in the:

Hugoton field of Kansas (the “Hugoton Royalty Properties”);

San Juan Basin field of New Mexico (the “San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties”); and

San Juan Basin field of Colorado (the “San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties”, and together with the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties, the “San Juan Basin Royalty Properties”, and together with the Hugoton Royalty Properties, the “Royalty Properties”).
Trust Corpus Conveyance History.   On November 1, 1979, Mesa Petroleum Co., predecessor to Mesa Limited Partnership (“MLP”), which was the predecessor to MESA Inc., conveyed to the Trust the Royalty equal to 90% of the Net Proceeds (as defined in the Conveyance and described below) attributable to the specified interests in properties conveyed by the assignor on that date (the “Subject Interests”). The Subject Interests consisted of interests in the Royalty Properties described above. The Royalty is evidenced by counterparts of an Overriding Royalty Conveyance, dated as of November 1, 1979 (the “Conveyance”). In 1985, the Trust Indenture was amended, and the Trust conveyed to an affiliate of Mesa Petroleum Co. 88.5571% of the original Royalty (such transfer, the “1985 Assignment”). The effect of the 1985 Assignment was an overall reduction of approximately 88.56% in the size of the Trust. As a result, the Trust is now entitled to receive 11.44% of 90% of the Net Proceeds attributable to the Royalty Properties each month.
Hugoton Royalty Properties.   On November 22, 2019, Riviera Resources, Inc. completed the sale of its interest in its remaining properties located in the Hugoton Basin to Scout Energy Group V, LP (“Scout”). Since November 23, 2019, Scout has operated the Hugoton Royalty Properties.
San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties.   On April 30, 1991, MLP sold to Conoco, Inc. (“ConocoPhillips”) its interests in the San Juan Basin Royalty Properties (the “San Juan Basin Sale”). The Trust’s interest in the San Juan Basin Royalty Properties was conveyed from Pioneer Natural Resources’ working interest in 31,328 net producing acres in northwestern New Mexico and southwestern Colorado. ConocoPhillips sold the portion of its interests in the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties to MarkWest Energy Partners, Ltd. (effective January 1, 1993) and Red Willow Production Company (“Red Willow”)
 
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(effective April 1, 1992). On October 26, 1994, MarkWest Energy Partners, Ltd. sold substantially all of its interest in the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties to BP Amoco Company (“BP”), a subsidiary of BP p.l.c. On February 28, 2020, BP completed the sale of all of its interest in the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties to SIMCOE LLC, (“Simcoe”), an affiliate of IKAV Energy Inc. BP, under a transition services agreement with Simcoe, operated the properties until December 1, 2020. Simcoe and Red Willow currently operate the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties.
Following Simcoe’s acquisition of BP’s interest in the San Juan Basin-Colorado Properties, there was a transition period to transfer historical information, knowledge and processes from one owner to the other. During the transition period, Net Proceeds were received by the Trust from BP through the Trust month of January 2021.
Simcoe informed the Trustee that the amount paid to the Trust in the month of May 2021 included adjusted proceeds for prior periods. There was unusually high pricing due to extreme winter weather in early 2021, and income for subsequent periods was reduced as pricing declined. Simcoe also informed the Trustee that the amounts paid to the Trust in the months of May and June 2021 were subject to further adjustment in future periods for certain expenses that Simcoe asserts it was entitled to deduct under the Conveyance. Simcoe is recovering such expense amounts by withholding the Net Proceeds that would otherwise be payable to the Trust. In March 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that Simcoe performed a true-up of its production for the periods of 2020 through 2022, and a true up report was received by the Trustee. Net Proceeds from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Simcoe were received by the Trust in the first quarter of 2023, indicating that the Trust was no longer in a deficit position with Simcoe at that time. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that the true-up previously performed by Simcoe included revenues only and did not include any true-up for joint interest billing amounts. The result is that the Trust remains in a deficit position with Simcoe as of the quarter ended June 30, 2023 and no Royalty income was received by the Trust from Simcoe for the three months ended June 2023.
San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties.   Starting from the date of the San Juan Basin Sale and ending on July 31, 2017, ConocoPhillips operated substantially all of the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties, except a small number of properties that had been assigned to XTO Energy, Inc. (“XTO”) effective January 1, 2005. On July 31, 2017, ConocoPhillips sold its San Juan Basin assets to Hilcorp San Juan LP (“Hilcorp”), an affiliate of Hilcorp Energy Company. On March 29, 2018, XTO sold to Hilcorp its interests in the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties. Hilcorp currently operates all of the San Juan Basin —  New Mexico Properties.
In past periods, Hilcorp used estimates for revenues and expenses and made payments to the Trust based on those estimates. Hilcorp subsequently performed true-up reconciliations of those revenue and expense amounts which resulted in either charges to or credits for the Trust. The Trust recognized these amounts in accordance with the Trust’s modified cash basis of accounting. With the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust is conducting a review of the reconciliation calculations by Hilcorp and the amount of Net Proceeds calculated and paid and expects to conclude this review in 2023.
As used in this report, Scout refers to the current operator of the Hugoton Royalty Properties, Hilcorp refers to the current operator of the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties, and Simcoe and Red Willow refer to the current co-operators of certain tracts of land included in the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties, unless otherwise indicated. Scout, Simcoe, Red Willow and Hilcorp are each individually referred to herein as “Working Interest Owner” or collectively as the “Working Interest Owners.”
 
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The Royalty Properties are required to be operated by the Working Interest Owners in accordance with reasonable and prudent business judgment and good oil and gas field practices. Each Working Interest Owner has the right to abandon any well or lease if, in its opinion, such well or lease ceases to produce or is not capable of producing oil, gas or other minerals in commercial quantities. Each Working Interest Owner markets the production on terms deemed by it to be the best reasonably obtainable in the circumstances. See “Contracts” under Part I, Item 1 of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. The Trustee has no power or authority to exercise any control over the operation of the Royalty Properties or the marketing of production therefrom. In addition, the Trust does not undertake or control any capital projects or make capital expenditures related to any of the Royalty Properties.
Trustee and Terms of Trust Indenture.   The Trust is a passive entity whose purposes are limited to: (1) converting the Royalty to cash, either by retaining it and collecting the proceeds of production (until production has ceased or the Royalty is otherwise terminated) or by selling or otherwise disposing of the Royalties; and (2) distributing such cash, net of amounts for payments of liabilities to the Trust, to the unitholders. The Trust has no sources of liquidity or capital resources other than the revenues, if any, attributable to the Royalties and interest on cash held by the Trustee as a reserve for liabilities or for distribution. The terms of the Trust Indenture and agreements with the Working Interest Owners provide, among other things, that:
(a)   the Trust cannot engage in any business or investment activity or purchase any assets;
(b)   the Royalty can be sold in part or in total for cash upon approval by the unitholders;
(c)   the Trustee can establish cash reserves and borrow funds to pay liabilities of the Trust and can pledge assets of the Trust to secure payment of the borrowings;
(d)   the Trustee will make cash distributions to the unitholders in January, April, July and October each year as discussed more fully in “Note 2 — Basis of Presentation”;
(e)   the Trust will terminate upon the first to occur of the following events: (i) at such time as the Trust’s Royalty income for two successive years is less than $250,000 per year or (ii) a vote by the unitholders in favor of termination. Upon termination of the Trust, the Trustee will sell for cash all the assets held in the Trust estate and make a final distribution to unitholders of any funds remaining after all Trust liabilities have been satisfied; and
(f)   Scout, Hilcorp, and Simcoe will reimburse the Trust for 59.34%, 27.45% and 1.77%, respectively, of general and administrative expenses of the Trust.
Trustee’s Fees.   Pursuant to the Trust Indenture, the Trust pays the Trustee fees for its services each quarter. The net amount of these reimbursements is included in the general and administrative expenses of the Trust. For the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee was due $118,750 for its services. The Trust paid $108,288 of this amount to the Trustee, and $10,462 was allocated to offset against interest due to the Trust under the Trust Indenture. The Trustee was due $237,500 for its services for the six months ended June 30, 2023. The Trust paid $216,576 of this amount to the Trustee and $20,924 was allocated to offset against interest due to the Trust under the Trust Indenture. The Trust Indenture requires that cash being held by the Trustee earn interest at 1.5% below the prime rate, which would have yielded the Trust a 6.00% annualized return from January 1, 2023 through February 1, 2023, a 6.25% annualized return from February 2, 2023 through March 22, 2023, a 6.50% annualized return from March 23, 2023 through May 3, 2023 and a 6.75% annualized return from May 4, 2023 through June 30, 2023. However, due to the current interest rate environment, the Trustee was unable to obtain an account in which such an interest rate was
 
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available. In the event such an interest rate is unavailable in the future, the Trustee intends to allocate certain of its fees due to the Trust to meet the minimum interest rate payable under the Trust Indenture. In future periods, the Trustee will continue to allocate a portion of the fees earned for its services to the Trust until all remaining interest due to the Trust is fully offset.
The Working Interest Owners partially reimburse the Trust each quarter for amounts paid in connection with the Trustee’s services. For the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee’s fees were $108,288 and the Working Interest Owners reimbursed a sum of $95,897 to the Trustee, which was the same amount reimbursed for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee’s fees were $216,576 and the Working Interest Owners reimbursed a sum of $191,794 to the Trustee, which was the same amount reimbursed for the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Discussion of Net Proceeds.   The Conveyance provides for a monthly computation of Net Proceeds. Net Proceeds is defined in the Conveyance as the “Gross Proceeds” received by the Working Interest Owners during a particular period, minus certain production and capital costs for such period. “Gross Proceeds” is defined in the Conveyance as the amount received by the Working Interest Owners from the sale of “Subject Minerals”, subject to certain adjustments. “Subject Minerals” means all oil, gas and other minerals, whether similar or dissimilar, in and under, and which may be produced, saved and sold from, and which accrue and are attributable to, the Subject Interests from and after November 1, 1979. “Production costs” means, generally, costs incurred on an accrual basis by the Working Interest Owners in operating the Royalty Properties, including capital and non-capital costs. If production and capital costs exceed Gross Proceeds for any month, the excess, plus interest thereon at 120% of the prime rate of Bank of America, is recovered out of future Gross Proceeds prior to the making of further payment to the Trust. The Trust, however, is generally not liable for any operating costs or other costs or liabilities attributable to the Royalty Properties or minerals produced therefrom. The Trust is not obligated to return any Royalty income received in any period.
The Working Interest Owners are required to maintain books and records sufficient to determine the amounts payable under the Royalty. Additionally, in the event of a controversy between a Working Interest Owner and any purchaser as to the correct sales price for any production, amounts received by such Working Interest Owner and promptly deposited by it with an escrow agent are not considered to have been received by such Working Interest Owner, and, therefore, are not subject to being payable with respect to the Royalty until the controversy is resolved; but all amounts thereafter paid to such Working Interest Owner by the escrow agent will be considered amounts received from the sale of production. Similarly, operating costs include any amounts a Working Interest Owner is required to pay whether as a refund, interest or penalty to any purchaser because the amount initially received by such Working Interest Owner as the sales price was in excess of that permitted by the terms of any applicable contract, statute, regulation, order, decree or other obligation. Within 30 days following the close of each calendar quarter, the Working Interest Owners are required to deliver to the Trustee a statement of the computation of Net Proceeds attributable to such quarter.
The brief discussions of the Trust Indenture and the Conveyance contained herein are qualified in their entirety by reference to the Trust Indenture and the Conveyance themselves, which are exhibits to the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and are available upon request from the Trustee.
Note 2 — Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited financial information has been prepared by the Trustee in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q. The preparation of the financial statements requires estimates and
 
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assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Trustee believes such information includes all the disclosures necessary to make the information presented not misleading. The information furnished reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. The financial information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. The Trust considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Subsequent events were evaluated through the issuance date of the financial statements.
In accordance with the Conveyance, the Working Interest Owners are obligated to calculate and pay the Trust each month an amount equal to 11.44% of 90% of the Net Proceeds (as defined in the Conveyance) attributable to the month.
The net overriding royalty interest is reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. If circumstances require the net overriding royalty interest to be tested for possible impairment, the Trust first compares undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the net overriding royalty interest to its carrying value. If the carrying value of the net overriding royalty interest is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, an impairment is recognized to the extent that the carrying value exceeds its fair value. The fair value of the net overriding royalty interest is measured using valuation techniques consistent with the income approach, converting future cash flows to a single discounted amount.
The financial statements of the Trust are prepared on the following modified cash basis of accounting:
(a)   Royalty income recorded for a month is the amount computed and paid by the Working Interest Owners to the Trustee for such month rather than either the value of a portion of the oil and gas produced by the Working Interest Owners for such month or the amount subsequently determined to be the Trust’s proportionate share of the Net Proceeds for such month;
(b)   Interest income, interest receivable and distributions payable to unitholders include interest to be earned on short-term investments from the financial statement date through the next date of distribution;
(c)   Trust general and administrative expenses, net of reimbursements, are recorded in the month they are included in the calculation of the monthly distribution amount;
(d)   Amortization of the Royalty is computed on a unit-of-production basis and is charged directly to trust corpus because such amount does not affect distributable income; and
(e)   Distributions payable are determined on a monthly basis and are payable to unitholders of record as of the last business day of each month or such later date as the Trustee determines is required to comply with applicable law or stock exchange requirements. However, cash distributions are made quarterly in January, April, July and October, and include interest earned from the monthly record dates to the date of distribution.
This basis for reporting distributable income is considered to be the most meaningful because distributions to the unitholders for a month are based on net cash receipts for such month. However, these statements differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America because, under such principles, Royalty income for a month
 
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would be based on Net Proceeds from production for such month without regard to when calculated or received, general and administrative expenses would be recorded in the month they accrue, and interest income for a month would be calculated only through the end of such month.
Note 3 — Legal Proceedings
There are no pending legal proceedings to which the Trust is a named party. The Trustee has been advised by the Working Interest Owners that the Trust may be subject to litigation in the ordinary course of business for certain matters that include the Royalty Properties. While each of the Working Interest Owners has advised the Trustee that it does not currently believe any of the pending litigation will have a material adverse effect net to the Trust, in the event such matters were adjudicated or settled in a material amount and charges were made against Royalty income, such charges could have a material impact on future Royalty income.
Note 4 — Income Tax Matters
In a technical advice memorandum dated February 26, 1982, the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) advised the Dallas District Director that the Trust is classifiable as a grantor trust and not as an association taxable as a corporation. As a grantor trust, the Trust incurs no federal income tax liability and each unitholder is subject to tax on the unitholder’s pro rata share of the income and expense of the Trust as if the unitholder were the direct owner of a pro rata share of the Trust’s assets. In addition, there is no state tax liability for the period.
Individuals, estates, and trusts with income above certain thresholds are subject under Section 1411 of the Code to an additional 3.8% tax — also known as the Net Investment Income Tax (“NIIT”) — on their net investment income. Grantor trusts such as the Trust are not subject to the NIIT; however, the unitholders may be subject to the tax. For these purposes, investment income would generally include certain income derived from investments, such as the royalty income derived from the units and gain realized by a unitholder from a sale of units.
The Trustee assumes that some Trust units are held by a middleman, as such term is broadly defined in U.S. Treasury Regulations (and includes custodians, nominees, certain joint owners, and brokers holding an interest for a custodian in street name). Therefore, the Trustee considers the Trust to be a non-mortgage widely held fixed investment trust (“WHFIT”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., 601 Travis Street, Floor 16, Houston, Texas 77002, telephone number 713-483-6020, is the representative of the Trust that will provide tax information in accordance with applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations governing the information reporting requirements of the Trust as a WHFIT.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the middlemen holding units on behalf of unitholders, and not the Trustee of the Trust, are solely responsible for complying with the information reporting requirements under the Treasury Regulations with respect to such units, including the issuance of IRS Forms 1099 and certain written tax statements. Unitholders whose units are held by middlemen should consult with such middlemen regarding the information that will be reported to them by the middlemen with respect to the units.
The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) was signed into law on August 16, 2022, and included a number of tax-related provisions. The IRA did not have any significant impact on the Trust’s financial position or results of operations.
Each unitholder should consult its own tax advisor with respect to its particular circumstances.
 
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Note 5 — Excess Production Costs
As of
June 30, 2023
As of
December 31, 2022
Hugoton Properties
$ 149,341 $
San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties – Simcoe
93,378 206,432
San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties – Red Willow
3,990 2,884
San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties – Hilcorp
Total
$ 246,709 $ 209,316
Excess production costs result when costs, charges, and expenses attributable to a Royalty Property exceed the revenue received from the sale of oil, gas, and other hydrocarbons produced from such property. The excess production costs are recoverable by the Working Interest Owners before any distribution of Royalty income from the properties will be made to the Trust. As a result of excess production costs incurred in one monthly operating period and then recovered in a subsequent monthly operating period, the Royalty income paid to the Trust may not agree to the Trust’s royalty interest in the Net Proceeds (as defined in the Conveyance). Excess production costs are reported by the Working Interest Owners for prior production months and may be based upon estimates that are subject to adjustment in future periods.
Note 6 — Distributable Income Per Unit
The Trust’s Royalty income from the Royalty Properties and its distributions to unitholders are heavily influenced by commodity prices received by Working Interest Owners. Commodity prices may fluctuate widely in response to (i) relatively minor changes in the supply of and demand for oil and natural gas, (ii) market uncertainty and (iii) a variety of additional factors that are beyond the Trustee’s control. Royalty income may be based upon spot market prices or on prices determined by contract.
The Trustee, acting pursuant to the Trust Indenture, may withhold Royalty income for future unknown contingent liabilities and expenses (such cumulative withholding being the “Contingent Reserve”). The Trustee reserves the right to determine whether or not to release cash reserves in future periods with respect to any reimbursement expenses. At any given time, the Contingent Reserve is included in cash and short-term investments. The Trustee utilizes the Contingent Reserve in its discretion in accordance with the Conveyance, and adjusts the balance of the Contingent Reserve as necessary when funds are added or removed. The net effects of such adjustments for the three months ended June 30, 2023 resulted in the balance of the Contingent Reserve being equal to $1,135,268 as of June 30, 2022 and equal to $1,550,180 as of June 30, 2023.
The effect on distributable income per unit of adjustments to the Contingent Reserve is as follows:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
Distributable income before reserve for contingent liabilities and expenses
$ 1,748,116 $ 973,269 $ 2,547,546 $ 1,648,741
Increase in the Contingent Reserve
(1,802,391) (1,038,357) (2,667,895) (1,770,899)
Withdrawal from the Contingent Reserve
1,659,917 999,732 2,414,883 1,660,631
Distributable income available for distribution
$ 1,605,642 $ 934,644 $ 2,294,534 $ 1,538,473
Distributable income available for distribution per
unit
$ 0.8616 $ 0.5015 $ 1.2312 $ 0.8255
Units outstanding
1,863,590 1,863,590 1,863,590 1,863,590
 
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Item 2.   Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following review of the financial condition and results of operations of Mesa Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto. The discussion of net production attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties and San Juan Basin Royalty Properties (as each is defined below) represents production volumes that are to a large extent hypothetical as the Trust does not own and is not entitled to any specific production volumes. Any discussion of “actual” production volumes represents the hydrocarbons that were produced from the properties in which the Trust has an overriding royalty interest. See Note 7 to the financial statements in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.
The Trust was created on November 1, 1979 and is now governed by the Mesa Royalty Trust Indenture (as amended, the “Trust Indenture”). Through a series of conveyances, assignments, and acquisitions, the Trust currently owns an overriding royalty interest (the “Royalty”) equal to 11.44% of 90% of the Net Proceeds (as defined and described in an Overriding Royalty Conveyance dated as of November 1, 1979 (the “Conveyance”)) attributable to the specified interest in certain producing oil and gas properties located in the:

Hugoton field of Kansas (the “Hugoton Royalty Properties”);

San Juan Basin field of New Mexico (the “San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties”); and

San Juan Basin field of Colorado (the “San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties”, and together with the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties, the “San Juan Basin Royalty Properties”, and together with the Hugoton Royalty Properties, the “Royalty Properties”).
Pursuant to past conveyances, Scout, Hilcorp, Simcoe and Red Willow are the operators of certain portions of the Hugoton Royalty Properties and San Juan Basin Royalty Properties (each of Scout, Hilcorp, Simcoe and Red Willow being a “Working Interest Owner”, and together, the “Working Interest Owners”). As used in this report, Scout refers to the current operator of the Hugoton Royalty Properties, Hilcorp refers to the current operator of the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties, and Simcoe and Red Willow refer to the current co-operators of certain tracts of land included in the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties, unless otherwise indicated.
The Trust is a passive entity whose purposes are limited to: (1) converting the Royalties to cash, either by retaining them and collecting the proceeds of production (until production has ceased or the Royalties are otherwise terminated) or by selling or otherwise disposing of the Royalties; and (2) distributing such cash, net of amounts for payments of liabilities to the Trust, to the unitholders. The Trust has no sources of liquidity or capital resources other than the revenues, if any, attributable to the Royalties and interest on cash held by the Trustee as a reserve for liabilities or for distribution. The Trust does not undertake or control any capital projects or make capital expenditures. While the Trust’s Royalty income is net of capital expenditures, these capital expenditures are controlled and paid by the Working Interests Owners, and the Trust receives Royalty income net of these expenses. In addition, the Trust does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements or other contingent obligations.
Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Form 10-Q includes “forward-looking statements” about the Trust and other matters discussed herein that are subject to risks and uncertainties that are intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this
 
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document, including, without limitation, statements under “Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” including the Trust’s or any Working Interest Owner’s future financial position, status in any insolvency proceeding, business strategy, budgets, projected costs, political and regulatory matters, such as tax and environmental policy, expected market conditions and commodity pricing, prices received by Working Interest Owners, plans and objectives, oil and natural gas prices, information relating to future distributions, statements regarding reconciliation and adjustment of estimated versus actual revenue and expense amounts, statements pertaining to future exploration and development activities and costs, estimates regarding production costs and expenses, estimates of cash flows, statements regarding the number of wells to be drilled and producing in future periods, and estimates regarding production and reserves, are forward-looking statements. Actual outcomes and results, which are substantially all outside of the Trust’s control, may differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “future,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “potential,” “possibly,” “could,” “may,” “can,” “foresee,” “plan,” “goal,” “forecast,” “assume,” “target,” “should,” “intend” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. These statements are based on certain assumptions made by the Trust in light of its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors the Trustee believes are appropriate under the circumstances. The Trustee relies on the Working Interest Owners for information regarding the Subject Interests (as defined herein in “Note 1 — Trust Organization and Provisions”), the Royalty, and the Working Interest Owners themselves.
Although the information provided by the Working Interest Owners provides a reasonable basis for the forward-looking statements contained herein, no assurance can be given that such expectations will prove to be correct. The Working Interest Owners alone control historical operating data, and handle receipt and payment of funds relating to the royalty properties and payments to the Trust for the related royalty. The Trustee cannot assure that errors or adjustments or expenses accrued by the working interest owners, whether historical or future, will not affect future royalty income and distributions by the Trust. However, whether actual results and developments will conform with such expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the risk factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, and those set forth from time to time in the Trust’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which could affect the future results of the energy industry in general, and the Trust and Working Interest Owners in particular, and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. The actual results or developments anticipated may not be realized or, even if substantially realized, they may not have the expected consequences to or effects on the Working Interest Owners’ businesses and the Trust. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements. The Trust undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable law.
 
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SUMMARY OF ROYALTY INCOME, PRODUCTION AND AVERAGE PRICES
(Unaudited)
Royalty income is computed after deducting the Trust’s proportionate share of capital costs, operating costs and interest on any cost carryforward from the Trust’s proportionate share of “Gross Proceeds,” as defined in the Conveyance.
The Trust’s Royalty income from the Royalty Properties and its distributions to unitholders are heavily influenced by commodity prices received by Working Interest Owners. Commodity prices may fluctuate widely in response to (i) relatively minor changes in the supply of and demand for oil and natural gas, (ii) market uncertainty and (iii) a variety of additional factors that are beyond the Trustee’s control. Royalty income may be based upon spot market prices or on prices determined by contract.
The following summary illustrates the net effect of the components of the actual Royalty computation for the periods indicated.
Three Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
The Trust’s proportionate share of Gross proceeds(1)(5)
$ 2,212,594 $ 342,431 $ 7,825 $ 1,058,674 $ 495,401 $ 22,330
Less the Trust’s proportionate share of:
Capital costs recovered
(40,147) (14,457) (48) (3,503) (1,727) (82)
Operating costs
(634,631) (144,826) (1,313) (527,860) (217,148) (5,949)
Net proceeds(2)
$ 1,537,816 $ 183,148 $ 6,464 $ 527,311 $ 276,526 $ 16,299
Royalty income(2)
$ 1,572,236 $ 200,755 $ 6,464 $ 704,237 $ 316,794 $ 16,299
Average sales price
$ 14.03 $ 30.02 $ 65.35 $ 5.10 $ 33.10 $ 85.69
Average production costs(3)
$ 6.02 $ 23.82 $ 13.76 $ 3.85 $ 22.87 $ 31.70
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Net production volumes attributable
to the Royalty paid(4)
112,092 6,687 99 137,963 9,572 190
 
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Six Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
The Trust’s proportionate share of
Gross proceeds(1)(5)
$ 3,636,984 $ 697,989 $ 28,858 $ 2,430,381 $ 1,096,262 $ 60,469
Less the Trust’s proportionate share of:
Capital costs recovered
(94,152) (25,666) (403) (63,852) (29,318) (2,309)
Operating costs
(1,368,928) (303,036) (6,772) (1,104,851) (469,733) (21,018)
Net proceeds(2)
$ 2,173,904 $ 369,287 $ 21,683 $ 1,261,678 $ 597,211 $ 37,142
Royalty income(2)
$ 2,206,442 $ 396,747 $ 21,683 $ 1,143,880 $ 590,381 $ 35,583
Average sales price
$ 7.21 $ 29.73 $ 70.86 $ 6.79 $ 51.07 $ 88.09
Average production costs(3)
$ 4.78 $ 24.63 $ 23.45 $ 6.93 $ 43.17 $ 57.75
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Net production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid(4)
305,983 13,343 306 168,545 11,560 404
(1)
Gross Proceeds from natural gas liquids attributable to each of the Hugoton Royalty Properties and San Juan Basin Royalty Properties are reported by the Working Interest Owners net of a volumetric in-kind processing fee retained by Scout and Hilcorp, respectively.
(2)
Royalty income is computed after deducting the Trust’s proportionate share of capital costs, operating costs and interest on any cost carryforward from the Trust’s proportionate share of Gross Proceeds. As a result of excess production costs incurred in one monthly operating period and then recovered in a subsequent monthly operating period, the Royalty income paid to the Trust may not agree to the Trust’s Royalty interest in the Net Proceeds (as defined in the Conveyance). The excess production costs are recoverable by the Working Interest Owners before any distribution of Royalty income will be made to the Trust. See “Note 5 — Excess Production Costs” in the Notes to Financial Statements contained in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.
Also, as a result of Royalty income reported by the Working Interest Owners in one quarterly operating period and received by the Trustee in a subsequent quarterly operating period, the Royalty income paid to the Trust may not agree to the Trust’s Royalty interest in the Net Proceeds.
(3)
Average production costs attributable to the Royalty are calculated as stated capital costs plus operating costs, divided by stated net production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid. As noted above in footnote (2), production costs may be incurred in one operating period and then recovered in a subsequent operating period, which may cause Royalty income paid to the Trust not to agree to the Trust’s Royalty interest in the Net Proceeds.
(4)
Net production volumes attributable to the Royalty are determined by dividing Royalty income by the average sales price received. Any differences noted are due to rounding.
(5)
Subject to adjustments to actual current production and costs to account for historical monthly
 
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reconciliations as they are completed. See Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Operational Overview — San Juan Basin Royalty Properties of this Form 10-Q.
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022
Financial Review
Three Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty and other income
$ 1,779,455 $ 1,036,950
Interest income
22,936 1,026
General and administrative expense
(54,275) (64,707)
Income available for distribution prior to cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
1,748,116 973,269
Cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
(150,000) (37,500)
Distributable income
$ 1,598,116 $ 935,769
Distributable income per unit
$ 0.8575 $ 0.5021
Units outstanding
1,863,590 1,863,590
Royalty and Interest Income.   The Trust’s Royalty and other income was $1,779,455 for the quarter ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $1,036,950 for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. The majority of the Royalty income received in the quarters ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was from Hilcorp. A portion of the Royalty income received in the quarter ended June 30, 2023 was from Red Willow and a portion of the Royalty income received in the quarter ended June 30, 2022 was from Scout but was attributable to the quarter ended March 30, 2022. The increase in Royalty income was primarily a result of increases in pricing and net production volumes for natural gas for Hilcorp, partially offset by increases in capital and operating expense for natural gas for Hilcorp, along with timing of the 2022 receipt of Royalty income from Scout, in the quarter ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2022.
The Trust’s interest income for the quarters ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was $22,936 and $1,026, respectively. In accordance with the Trust Indenture and as explained below, interest on cash on hand was paid at a rate equivalent to a 6.00% annualized return from January 1, 2023 through February 1, 2023, a 6.25% annualized return from February 2, 2023 through March 22, 2023, a 6.50% annualized return from March 23, 2023 through May 3, 2023 and a 6.75% annualized return from May 4, 2023 through June 30, 2023.
General and Administrative Expense.   General and administrative expense was $54,275 and $64,707 for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Trustee’s fees are included in general and administrative expense.
For the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee was due $118,750 for its services. The Trust paid $108,288 of this amount to the Trustee, and $10,462 was allocated to offset against interest due to the Trust under the Trust Indenture. The Trust Indenture requires that cash being held by the Trustee earn interest at 1.5% below the prime rate, which would have yielded the Trust a 6.00% annualized return from January 1, 2023 through February 1, 2023, a 6.25% annualized return from February 2, 2023 through March 22,
 
15

2023, a 6.50% annualized return from March 23, 2023 through May 3, 2023 and a 6.75% annualized return from May 4, 2023 through June 30, 2023. However, due to the current interest rate environment, the Trustee was unable to obtain an account in which such an interest rate was available. In the event such an interest rate is unavailable in the future, the Trustee intends to allocate certain of its fees due to the Trust to meet the minimum interest rate payable under the Trust Indenture. In future periods, the Trustee will continue to allocate a portion of the fees earned for its services to the Trust until all remaining interest due to the Trust is fully offset.
Unreimbursed Expenses and the Contingent Reserve.   The Working Interest Owners partially reimburse the Trust each quarter for amounts paid in connection with the Trustee’s services. For the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee’s fees were $108,288 and the Working Interest Owners reimbursed a sum of $95,897 to the Trustee, which was the same amount reimbursed for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. As of June 30, 2023 and 2022, there were $0 and $0, respectively, of unreimbursed expenses.
The terms of the Trust Indenture provide, among other things, that the Trustee may establish cash reserves and borrow funds to pay liabilities of the Trust, and may pledge assets of the Trust to secure payment of the borrowings in accordance with the Trust Indenture. At any given time, the amount reserved for such future unknown contingent liabilities and expenses (such cumulative withholding being the “Contingent Reserve”) is included in cash and short-term investments. The Trustee utilizes the Contingent Reserve in its discretion in accordance with the Conveyance, and adjusts the balance of the Contingent Reserve as necessary when funds are added or removed. The net effects of such adjustments for the three months ended June 30, 2023 resulted in the balance of the Contingent Reserve being equal to $1,135,268 as of June 30, 2022 and equal to $1,550,180 as of June 30, 2023. The Trustee intends to increase the Contingent Reserve to a total of $2.0 million.
Distributable Income Available for Distribution.   The portion of the Trust’s distributable income available for distribution each period includes the Royalty income received from the Working Interest Owners during such period, plus interest income earned to the date of distribution (if any) and increases or withdrawals from the Contingent Reserve (if any). Distributable income available for distribution for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 was $1,605,642, representing $0.8616 per unit, as compared to $934,644, representing $0.5015 per unit, for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. Based on 1,863,590 units outstanding for the quarters ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, the per unit distributions for each month in such periods were as follows:
2023
2022
April
$ 0.2379 $ 0.1015
May
0.4875 0.2504
June
0.1362 0.1496
$ 0.8616 $ 0.5015
Operational Review
Global Oil Market Impact in 2023
Ongoing uncertainty around production from Russia and actions of OPEC create volatility that continues to affect the oil and gas industry and market prices. Average oil and gas prices during the first and second quarters of 2023 generally declined compared to quarterly average prices during 2022. Oil prices have been impacted by certain actions by OPEC+, uneven global supply and demand trends, and Russia’s
 
16

invasion into Ukraine, among other factors. Global and domestic natural gas markets have experienced volatility due to macroeconomic conditions, infrastructure and logistical constraints, weather, and geopolitical issues, among other factors. If commodity prices for crude oil and natural gas fall or remain volatile, monthly distributions to unitholders could be substantially reduced or there may be no distributions in future periods. Additionally, inflation remains high and continues to increase the cost of labor and supplies. Changes in economic conditions, including rising interest rates and lower global economic activity, could result in additional shifts in demand and supply for future periods. The sharp increases in inflation and interest rates coupled with supply chain disruptions are expected to increase expenses for Working Interest Owners and are expected to have an adverse impact on Royalty income during 2023.
Hugoton Royalty Properties
Natural gas and natural gas liquids production attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties accounted for none of the Royalty income of the Trust during the second quarter of 2023.
Three Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ 0 $ 345,326
Operating costs attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ 378,147 $ 468,742
Capital expenditures attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ 41,393 $ 1,760
Royalty Income.   Royalty income attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties decreased to $0 in the second quarter of 2023 from $345,326 in the second quarter of 2022. The decrease was primarily a result of actual expenses being greater than actual revenues as reported by Scout. The Trustee is in ongoing discussions with Scout regarding financial and operational information required to be delivered to the Trustee for purposes of timely disclosures by the Trust. In addition, with the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust has requested information and is reviewing certain of Scout’s financial and operational statements and the Net Proceeds payable by Scout to the Trust.
Operating Costs and Capital Expenditures.   Operating costs were $378,147 in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to $468,742 in the second quarter of 2022. The decrease of approximately 19% in the quarter ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to the timing of receipt of expenses for May and June 2023, with not all expenses received to date, as compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2023. Capital expenditures attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties were $41,393 in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to $1,760 in the second quarter of 2022. The increase of $39,633 in the quarter ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2022 was primarily due to the costs associated with preparing bypassed hydrocarbon bearing zones in wells and producing natural gas and natural gas liquids from these wells.
 
17

Three Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural Gas
Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural Gas
Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price
$ 3.47 $ 14.62 $  — $ 5.91 $ 27.64 $  —
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to
the Royalty paid for Hugoton Royalty
Properties
73,781 6,644  — 75,519 4,699  —
Net production volumes attributable to the
Royalty paid for Hugoton Royalty
Properties
47,806 2,267
Average Sales Price.   Average sales prices per thousand cubic feet (“Mcf”) of natural gas and barrel (“Bbl”) for natural gas liquids for the Hugoton Royalty Properties are directly dependent on the prices Scout realizes for natural gas sold under short-term and multi-month contracts at market clearing prices to multiple purchasers. Overall market prices received for natural gas from Hugoton Royalty Properties were lower for the three months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2022.
San Juan Basin Royalty Properties
Royalty income from the San Juan Basin Royalty Properties is calculated and paid to the Trust on a state-by-state basis depending upon whether the property is located in Colorado or New Mexico. A majority of the Royalty income from the San Juan Basin Royalty Properties is attributable to the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties.
San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties
Three Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
$ 7,590 $
Operating costs attributable to San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
$ 25,198 $ 3,655
Royalty Income.   Royalty income from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Royalty Properties was $7,590 during the second quarter of 2023, as compared to $0 during the second quarter of 2022. The increase was a result of revenue received from Red Willow in the three months ended June 30, 2023. No Royalty income was received from Simcoe in the three months ended June 30, 2023 or in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The lack of Royalty income for the three months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily a result of prior period adjustments reported by Simcoe in 2021 that were recovered by Simcoe by withholding the Net Proceeds that would otherwise be payable to the Trust in the quarter ended June 30, 2022. In March 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that Simcoe performed a true-up of its production for the periods of 2020 through 2022, and a true-up report was received by the Trustee. Net Proceeds from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Simcoe were received by the Trust in the first quarter of 2023, indicating that the Trust was no longer in a deficit position with Simcoe at that time. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that the true-up previously performed by Simcoe included revenues only and
 
18

did not include any true-up for joint interest billing amounts. The result is that the Trust remains in a deficit position with Simcoe as of the quarter ended June 30, 2023. Because of these adjustments, the amounts of Net Proceeds reported during the three months ended June 30, 2023 for the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Simcoe may not be representative of Net Proceeds that will be received in future quarters. In addition, with the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust will commence a review of certain of Simcoe’s financial and operational statements and the Net Proceeds payable by Simcoe to the Trust.
Operating Costs.   Operating costs on these properties were $25,198 in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to $3,655 in the second quarter of 2022. The low operating costs in the second quarter of 2022 were primarily the result of updates Simcoe made to prior period adjustments reported by Simcoe in 2021, that Simcoe asserted it was entitled to deduct under the Conveyance. Simcoe’s operator statement for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 shows overpayment corrections which reduced Simcoe’s operating expenses to approximately $0 for the second quarter of 2022. The 2022 operating costs shown above of $3,655 are primarily attributable to the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Red Willow. If not for the reductions, operating costs would have been $24,882 for the three months ended June 30, 2022.
Capital expenditures attributable to the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties were $0 in both the second quarter of 2023 and in the second quarter of 2022.
Three Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price(1)
$ 0.71 $ 0.75 $  — $ 0.31 $ 0.77 $  —
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
64,648 1,042  — 83,529 400  —
Net production volumes attributable to the
Royalty paid for San Juan
Basin – Colorado Properties
2,147
(1)
Per information provided by Simcoe, Simcoe pays Working Interest owners on the same blended Weighted Average Sales Price (“WASP”) (fixed plus market) that Simcoe receives from their purchaser. WASP is defined as: for each delivery point, a price per MMBtu for each month equal to gas proceeds less transportation costs, divided by the total number of first of month baseload MMBtus of gas sold at such delivery point. Sales prices received by Simcoe may be lower than current market prices which may result in less than current market average gas prices received by the Trust.
 
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San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties
Three Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 1,771,865 $ 692,004
Operating costs attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 377,425 $ 278,560
Capital expenditures attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 13,259 $ 3,552
Royalty Income.   Royalty income from the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties was $1,771,865 during the second quarter of 2023, as compared to Royalty income of $692,004 during the second quarter of 2022, an increase of $1,079,861. The increase in Royalty income was primarily a result of increases in pricing and net production for natural gas offset in part by increases in operating costs and capital expenditures and by decreases in pricing for natural gas liquids and oil and condensate in the three months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2022.
Operating Costs and Capital Expenditures.   Operating costs were $377,425 in the second quarter of 2023, an increase of approximately 35%, as compared to $278,560 in the second quarter of 2022. The increase was primarily a result of an increase in severance tax due to increases in pricing for natural gas in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to the second quarter of 2022.
Capital expenditures on these properties were $13,259 in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to $3,552 in the second quarter of 2022.
Three Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price
$ 14.23 $ 30.02 $ 65.35 $ 4.68 $ 34.79 $ 85.69
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
134,228 8,144 120 125,445 10,498 261
Net production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
109,944 6,687 99 90,158 7,305 190
In past periods, Hilcorp used estimates for revenues and expenses and made payments to the Trust based on those estimates. Hilcorp subsequently performed true-up reconciliations of those revenue and expense amounts which resulted in either charges to or credits for the Trust. The Trust recognized these amounts in accordance with the Trust’s modified cash basis of accounting. With the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust is conducting a review of the reconciliation calculations by Hilcorp and the amount of Net Proceeds calculated and paid and expects to conclude this review in 2023.
Pursuant to the Trust Indenture, the Trust is not required to pay to Hilcorp any amounts that could be owed if the estimated revenue exceeded actual revenue amounts or estimated expenses were less than actual
 
20

expense amounts in past periods. However, Hilcorp may recover such amounts by withholding a portion or all of the Net Proceeds that would otherwise be payable to the Trust in subsequent periods. This could result in a decrease in Net Proceeds paid to the Trust and could result in future material reductions in distributions to the Trust’s unitholders.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022
Financial Review
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income
$ 2,624,872 $ 1,769,844
Interest income
43,023 1,055
General and administrative expense
(120,349) (122,158)
Income available for distribution prior to cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
2,547,546 1,648,741
Cash reserves withheld for Trust expenses
(225,000) (109,500)
Distributable income
$ 2,322,546 $ 1,539,241
Distributable income per unit
$ 1.2463 $ 0.8260
Units outstanding
1,863,590 1,863,590
Royalty and Interest Income.   The Trust’s Royalty income was $2,624,872 for the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $1,769,844 for the six months ended June 30, 2022. The majority of the Royalty income received in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was from Hilcorp. The increase in Royalty income was primarily a result of increases in pricing for natural gas, increases in net production for natural gas and natural gas liquids, decreases in capital expenditures for natural gas, natural gas liquids and oil and condensate and decreases in operating expense for natural gas liquids and oil and condensate for Hilcorp, offset in part by decreases in pricing for natural gas liquids and oil and condensate and increases in operating expense for natural gas for Hilcorp, in the six months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2022.
The Trust’s interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was $43,023 and $1,055, respectively. The increase in interest income received by the Trust was primarily a result of increases to the United States Prime Rate in the six months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2022. In accordance with the Trust Indenture and as explained below, interest on cash on hand was paid at a rate equivalent to a 6.00% annualized return from January 1, 2023 through February 1, 2023, a 6.25% annualized return from February 2, 2023 through March 22, 2023, a 6.50% annualized return from March 23, 2023 through May 3, 2023 and a 6.75% annualized return from May 4, 2023 through June 30, 2023.
General and Administrative Expense.   General and administrative expense was $120,349 and $122,158 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Trustee’s fees are included in general and administrative expense.
For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee was due $237,500 for its services. The Trust paid $216,576 of this amount to the Trustee, and $20,924 was allocated to offset against interest due to the Trust
 
21

under the Trust Indenture. The Trust Indenture requires that cash being held by the Trustee earn interest at 1.5% below the prime rate, which would have yielded the Trust a 6.00% annualized return from January 1, 2023 through February 1, 2023, a 6.25% annualized return from February 2, 2023 through March 22, 2023, a 6.50% annualized return from March 23, 2023 through May 3 2023 and a 6.75% annualized return from May 4, 2023 through June 30, 2023. However, due to the current interest rate environment, the Trustee was unable to obtain an account in which such an interest rate was available. In the event such an interest rate is unavailable in the future, the Trustee intends to allocate certain of its fees due to the Trust to meet the minimum interest rate payable under the Trust Indenture. In future periods, the Trustee will continue to allocate a portion of the fees earned for its services to the Trust until all remaining interest due to the Trust is fully offset.
Unreimbursed Expenses and the Contingent Reserve.   The Working Interest Owners partially reimburse the Trust each quarter for amounts paid in connection with the Trustee’s services. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Trustee’s fees were $216,576 and the Working Interest Owners reimbursed a sum of $191,794 to the Trustee, which was the same amount reimbursed for the six months ended June 30, 2022. As of each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, there were $0 of unreimbursed expenses.
The terms of the Trust Indenture provide, among other things, that the Trustee may establish cash reserves and borrow funds to pay liabilities of the Trust, and may pledge assets of the Trust to secure payment of the borrowings in accordance with the Trust Indenture. At any given time, the amount reserved for such future unknown contingent liabilities and expenses (such cumulative withholding being the “Contingent Reserve”) is included in cash and short-term investments. The Trustee utilizes the Contingent Reserve in its discretion in accordance with the Conveyance, and adjusts the balance of the Contingent Reserve as necessary when funds are added or removed. The net effects of such adjustments for the six months ended June 30, 2023 resulted in the balance of the Contingent Reserve being equal to $1,135,268 as of June 30, 2022 and equal to $1,550,180 as of June 30, 2023. The Trustee intends to increase the Contingent Reserve to a total of $2.0 million.
Distributable Income Available for Distribution.   The portion of the Trust’s distributable income available for distribution each period includes the Royalty income received from the Working Interest Owners during such period, plus interest income earned to the date of distribution (if any) and increases or withdrawals from the Contingent Reserve (if any). Distributable income available for distribution for the six months ended June 30, 2023 was $2,294,534, representing $1.2312 per unit, as compared to $1,538,473, representing $0.8255 per unit, for the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Operational Review
Global Oil Market Impact in 2023
Ongoing uncertainty around production from Russia and actions of OPEC create volatility that continues to affect the oil and gas industry and market prices. Average oil and gas prices during the first and second quarters of 2023 generally declined compared to quarterly average prices during 2022. Oil prices have been impacted by certain actions by OPEC+, uneven global supply and demand trends, and Russia’s invasion into Ukraine, among other factors. Global and domestic natural gas markets have experienced volatility due to macroeconomic conditions, infrastructure and logistical constraints, weather, and geopolitical issues, among other factors. If commodity prices for crude oil and natural gas fall or remain volatile, monthly distributions to unitholders could be substantially reduced or there may be no distributions in future periods. Additionally, inflation remains high and continues to increase the cost of labor and supplies. Changes in economic conditions, including rising interest rates and lower global economic activity, could
 
22

result in additional shifts in demand and supply for future periods. The sharp increases in inflation and interest rates coupled with supply chain disruptions are expected to increase expenses for Working Interest Owners and are expected to have an adverse impact on Royalty income during 2023.
Hugoton Royalty Properties
Natural gas and natural gas liquids production attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties accounted for none of the Royalty income of the Trust during the six months ended June 30, 2023.
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ $ 345,326
Operating costs attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ 942,303 $ 852,917
Capital expenditures attributable to Hugoton Royalty Properties
$ 88,150 $ 31,958
Royalty Income.   Royalty income attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties decreased to $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 from $345,326 for the same period in 2022. The decrease was primarily a result of actual expenses being greater than actual revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2023, as reported by Scout. The Trustee is in ongoing discussions with Scout regarding financial and operational information required to be delivered to the Trustee for purposes of timely disclosures by the Trust. In addition, with the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust has requested information and is reviewing certain of Scout’s financial and operational statements and the Net Proceeds payable by Scout to the Trust.
Operating Costs and Capital Expenditures.   Operating costs on these properties were $942,303 during the six months ended June 30, 2023, an increase of approximately 10%, as compared to $852,917 during the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase was primarily due to the overall expense increase related to general inflation and higher commodity pricing driving up service and material costs. Capital expenditures attributable to the Hugoton Royalty Properties were $88,150 during the six months ended June 30, 2023, an increase of $56,192, as compared to $31,958 during the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase was primarily due to the costs associated with preparing bypassed hydrocarbon bearing zones in wells and producing natural gas and natural gas liquids from these wells.
Six Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price
$ 4.73 $ 16.47 $  — $ 5.13 $ 24.87 $  —
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for Hugoton Royalty Properties
151,467 10,018  — 193,508 9,862  —
Net production volumes attributable to
the Royalty paid for Hugoton Royalty
Properties
55,092 2,519
 
23

San Juan Basin Royalty Properties
San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
$ 65,082 $
Operating costs attributable to San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
$ 50,570 $ 4,894
Royalty Income.   Royalty income from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Royalty Properties was $65,082 for the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $0 during the same period in 2022. The lack of Royalty income for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily a result of prior period adjustments reported by Simcoe in 2021 that were recovered by Simcoe by withholding the Net Proceeds that would otherwise be payable to the Trust in the six months ended June 30, 2022. In March 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that Simcoe performed a true-up of its production for the periods of 2020 through 2022, and a true-up report was received by the Trustee. Net Proceeds from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Simcoe were received by the Trust, indicating that the Trust was no longer in a deficit position with Simcoe at that time. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, Simcoe informed the Trustee that the true-up previously performed by Simcoe included revenues only and did not include any true-up for joint interest billing amounts. The result is that the Trust remains in a deficit position with Simcoe as of the six months ended June 30, 2023. Of the total Net Proceeds received from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties for the six months ended June 30, 2023, $41,876 was received from the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Red Willow. Because of the adjustments reported by Simcoe, the amounts of Net Proceeds reported during the six months ended June 30, 2023 for the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties operated by Simcoe may not be representative of Net Proceeds that will be received in future quarters. In addition, with the assistance of a third party consultant, the Trust will commence a review of certain of Simcoe’s financial and operational statements and the Net Proceeds payable by Simcoe to the Trust.
Operating Costs.   Operating costs on these properties were $50,570 during the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $4,894 during the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase in the six months ended June 30, 2023 was primarily the result of updates Simcoe made in 2022 to prior period adjustments that Simcoe asserted it was entitled to deduct under the Conveyance. If not for the updates Simcoe made in 2022 to prior period adjustments, Simcoe’s operating costs for the six months ended June 30, 2022 would have been $82,753 as compared to $39,286 for the six months ended June 30, 2023. The decrease in the six months ended June 30, 2023 was primarily due to the timing of the billing for water included in the joint interest billing in the six months ended June 30, 2022. Of the $50,570 operating costs for the San Juan Basin — Colorado Properties for the six months ended June 30, 2023, $11,284 is attributable to the properties operated by Red Willow. The 2022 operating costs shown above of $4,894 are attributable to the properties operated by Red Willow.
 
24

Six Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price(1)
$ 0.35 $ 0.83 $  — $ 0.65 $ 0.63 $  —
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
575,326 3,594  — 161,615 1,247  —
Net production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – Colorado Properties
94,182
(1)
Per information provided by Simcoe, Simcoe pays Working Interest owners on the same blended Weighted Average Sales Price (“WASP”) (fixed plus market) that Simcoe receives from their purchaser. WASP is defined as: for each delivery point, a price per MMBtu for each month equal to gas proceeds less transportation costs, divided by the total number of first of month baseload MMBtus of gas sold at such delivery point. Sales prices received by Simcoe may be lower than current market prices which may result in less than current market average gas prices received by the Trust.
San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023
2022
Royalty income attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 2,559,790 $ 1,424,518
Operating costs attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 685,863 $ 737,791
Capital expenditures attributable to San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
$ 32,071 $ 63,521
Royalty Income.   Royalty income from the San Juan Basin — New Mexico Properties was $2,559,790 for the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $1,424,518 during the same period in 2022, an increase of approximately 79.7%. The increase in Royalty income was primarily a result of increases in pricing for natural gas, increases in net production for natural gas and natural gas liquids, decreases in capital expenditures for natural gas, natural gas liquids and oil and condensate and decreases in operating expense for natural gas liquids and oil and condensate, offset in part by decreases in pricing for natural gas liquids and oil and condensate and increases in operating expense for natural gas, in the six months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Operating Costs and Capital Expenditures.   Operating costs were $685,863 during the six months ended June 30, 2023, a decrease of approximately 7%, as compared to $737,791 during the six months ended June 30, 2022.
 
25

Capital expenditures on these properties were $32,071 during the six months ended June 30, 2023, a decrease of approximately 50%, as compared to $63,521 during the six months ended June 30, 2022. The decrease was due primarily to a true-up performed by Hilcorp in January 2022 which increased capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Six Months Ended June 30,
2023
2022
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Natural
Gas
Natural
Gas Liquids
Oil and
Condensate
Average sales price
$ 10.11 $ 29.73 $ 70.86 $ 7.59 $ 58.37 $ 88.09
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
(Mcf)
(Bbls)
(Bbls)
Actual production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
268,919 17,826 407 175,521 14,565 686
Net production volumes attributable to the Royalty paid for San Juan Basin – New Mexico Properties
211,801 13,343 306 113,453 9,041 404
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Trustee, acting pursuant to the Trust Indenture, may withhold Royalty income for future unknown contingent liabilities and expenses, such cumulative withholding referred to as the Contingent Reserve. The Trustee reserves the right to determine whether or not to increase or release cash reserves in future periods with respect to any reimbursement expenses. At any given time, the Contingent Reserve is included in cash and short-term investments.
The Trustee may establish and increase cash reserves as permitted by the Trust Indenture. The Trustee has evaluated the adequacy of the Contingent Reserve based on the likelihood of future regular receipts of Royalty income from the Royalty Properties, volatility in commodity prices and other market conditions affecting Royalty income, and the anticipated costs and expenses related to the future termination of the Trust. On the basis of this evaluation, the Trustee intends to increase the Contingent Reserve to a total of $2.0 million, which will reduce Net Proceeds available to the Trust and distributions to Trust unitholders. The amount and timing of the addition to the Contingent Reserve will be determined by the Trustee on a monthly basis and is expected to vary in future periods depending on circumstances at the time. The Trustee intends to continue to evaluate the adequacy of the Contingent Reserve and may at any time, without notice to the unitholders, increase or decrease the amount of the Contingent Reserve based on this ongoing evaluation. Future filings by the Trust with the SEC will include information regarding the Trustee’s evaluation of cash reserves and funding of the Contingent Reserve.
In recent periods, substantial accumulated excess production costs have decreased Trust income and distributions, and in some months resulted in no Trust distributions. There can be no assurance that the Trust will receive additional Royalty income adequate to fund the Contingent Reserve and to provide sufficient liquidity for the Trust.
The Trust may be unable to pay future distributions to unitholders if future Royalty income is less than the amount required to fund the increase in the Contingent Reserve. Even if the Trust receives payments for
 
26

the Royalty during the remainder of 2023 and beyond, unitholders may not receive any material distributions during such periods, because the Trust would need to withhold funds to first add to the cash reserve before making distributions to unitholders.
See Note 6 to the Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1 for a discussion of the Contingent Reserve.
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Not applicable.
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.   The Trustee maintains disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and regulations. Disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated by the Working Interest Owners to The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee of the Trust, and its employees who participate in the preparation of the Trust’s periodic reports as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Trust officer acting on behalf of the Trustee responsible for the administration of the Trust conducted an evaluation of the Trustee’s disclosure controls and procedures. The officer acting on behalf of the Trustee concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective with respect to the Trustee and its employees.
Due to the contractual arrangements of (i) the Trust Indenture and (ii) the rights of the Trust under the Conveyance regarding information furnished by the Working Interest Owners, the Trustee relies on information provided by the Working Interest Owners, including (i) the status of litigation, (ii) historical operating data, plans for future operating and capital expenditures and reserve information, (iii) information relating to projected production, and (iv) conclusions regarding reserves by their internal reserve engineers or other experts in good faith. See Part II Item 1A. “Other Information — Risk Factors — Trust unitholders and the Trustee have no control over the operation or development of the Royalty Properties” and “The Trustee relies upon the Working Interest Owners for information regarding the Royalty Properties” in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 for a description of certain risks relating to these arrangements and reliance, including filings such as this filing outside the time periods specified notwithstanding effective disclosure controls and procedures, of the Trustee regarding information under its control.
The officer acting on behalf of the Trustee has not conducted a separate evaluation of the disclosure controls and procedures with respect to information furnished by the Working Interest Owners. The Trustee notes that it is conducting an ongoing review of certain information and calculations by the Working Interest Owners, along with an outside joint venture auditor. See “Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources” under Part II, Item 7 of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 for information concerning controls and procedures with respect to the Royalty and information related to the Trustee’s review of certain information and calculations by the Working Interest Owners.
 
27

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.   In connection with the evaluation by the Trustee of changes in internal control over financial reporting of the Trust that occurred during the Trust’s last fiscal quarter, no change in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting was identified that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting. The Trustee notes for purposes of clarification that it has no authority over, has not evaluated and makes no statement concerning the internal control over financial reporting of the Working Interest Owners.
 
28

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings.
There are no pending legal proceedings to which the Trust is a named party. The Trustee has been advised by each of the Working Interest Owners that the Trust may be subject to litigation in the ordinary course of business for certain matters that include the Royalty Properties. While each of the Working Interest Owners has advised the Trustee that it does not currently believe any of the pending litigation will have a material adverse effect net to the Trust, in the event such matters were adjudicated or settled in a material amount and charges were made against Royalty income, such charges could have a material impact on future Royalty income.
Item 1A.   Risk Factors.
For a discussion of the Trust’s potential risks and uncertainties, please see “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. During the quarter ended June 30, 2023, there was no material change in such risk factors.
Item 6.   Exhibits.
Exhibit
Number
SEC File or
Registration
Number
Exhibit
Number
4(a)*
Mesa Royalty Trust Indenture between Mesa Petroleum Co. and Texas Commerce Bank National Association, as Trustee, dated November 1, 1979
2-65217
1(a)
4(b)*
Form of Overriding Royalty Conveyance between Mesa Petroleum Co. and Texas Commerce Bank, as Trustee, dated November 1, 1979
2-65217
1(b)
4(c)*
First Amendment to the Mesa Royalty Trust Indenture dated as of March 14, 1985 (Exhibit 4(c) to Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 1984 of Mesa Royalty Trust)
 1-7884
4(c)
4(d)*
Form of Assignment of Overriding Royalty Interest, effective April 1, 1985, from Texas Commerce Bank National Association, as Trustee, to MTR Holding Co. (Exhibit 4(d) to Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 1984 of Mesa Royalty Trust)
 1-7884
4(d)
4(e)*
Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated March 25, 1991, by and among Mesa Limited Partnership, Mesa Operating Limited Partnership and ConocoPhillips, as amended on April 30, 1991 (Exhibit 4(e) to Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 1991 of Mesa Royalty Trust)
 1-7884
4(e)
31
32
*
Previously filed in paper format with the Securities and Exchange Commission and incorporated herein by reference.
 
29

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Mesa Royalty Trust
By: The Bank of New York Mellon Trust
Company, N.A., as Trustee
By:
/s/ Elaina Rodgers
Elaina Rodgers
Vice President & Trust Officer
Date: August 14, 2023
The Registrant, Mesa Royalty Trust, has no principal executive officer, principal financial officer, board of directors or persons performing similar functions. Accordingly, no additional signatures are available and none have been provided.
 
30

 

EXHIBIT 31

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Elaina Rodgers, certify that:

 

1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Mesa Royalty Trust, for which The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., acts as Trustee;

 

2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, distributable income and changes in trust corpus of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.I am responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)), or for causing such controls and procedures to be established and maintained, for the registrant and I have:

 

(a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with the basis of accounting described in Note 2;

 

(c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors:

 

(a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves any persons who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

In giving the foregoing certifications in paragraphs 4 and 5, I have relied to the extent I consider reasonable on information provided to me by the Working Interest Owners.

 

Date: August 14, 2023 /s/ Elaina Rodgers
  Elaina Rodgers,
  Vice President and Trust Officer
  The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A.

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 32

 

August 14, 2023

Via EDGAR

Securities and Exchange Commission

Judiciary Plaza

450 Fifth Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Re: Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Mesa Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2023 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned, not in her individual capacity but solely as the trustee of the Trust, certifies pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to her knowledge:

 

(1)            The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

(2)            The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Trust at the dates and for the periods presented.

 

The above certification is furnished solely pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350) and is not being filed as part of the Form 10-Q or as a separate disclosure document.

 

  THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A.
   
  Trustee For Mesa Royalty Trust
   
  By: /s/ Elaina Rodgers
    Elaina Rodgers
    Vice President and Trust Officer

 

 

 


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