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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023

 

Or

 

  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________ to _________

 

Commission File Number 000-22182

 

MOSAIC IMMUNOENGINEERING, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

84-1070278

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

9114 Adams Ave., #202, Huntington Beach, California

(Address of principal executive offices)

92646

(Zip Code)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code): (657) 208-0890

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol   Name of each exchange on which registered
None   None   None

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐   No

 

On November 2, 2023, 7,242,137 shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, were outstanding.

 

 

 

   

 

 

INDEX

 

 

  Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
   
Item 1.    Financial Statements 4
Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 21
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 27
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures 27
   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

   
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings 28
Item 1A. Risk Factors 28
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 46
Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities 46
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures 46
Item 5.    Other Information 46
Item 6.    Exhibits 46
   
SIGNATURES 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 i 

 

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “Mosaic,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refer to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Report” or Quarterly Report”), including all documents incorporated by reference herein, includes certain statements constituting “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, Section 21E of the Exchange Act and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements concerning our beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations, estimates, intentions, operations, future results and prospects, and we rely on the “safe harbor” provisions in those laws. We are including this statement for the express purpose of availing ourselves of the protections of such safe harbors with respect to all such forward-looking statements. In this Report, the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “future,” “estimates,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “will,” “shall,” “propose,” “continue,” “predict,” “plan” or the negative versions of these terms and other similar expressions are generally intended to identify certain of these forward-looking statements.

 

These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed in “Risk Factors,” in Part II, Item 1A of this Report as well as information provided elsewhere in this Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) on March 2, 2023. You should carefully consider that information before you make an investment decision.

 

You should not place undue reliance on these types of forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date that they were made. These forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of the Company’s management based on information currently available to management and should be considered in connection with any written or oral forward-looking statements that the Company may issue in the future as well as other cautionary statements the Company has made and may make. Except as required by law, the Company does not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to these forward-looking statements after completion of the filing of this Report to reflect later events or circumstances or the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

The discussion of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes thereto included in this Report.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1 

 

 

RISK FACTOR SUMMARY

 

Below is a summary of material factors that make an investment in our common stock speculative or risky. Importantly, this summary does not address all of the risks and uncertainties that we face. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider this section to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties that may substantially impact our business. Additional discussion of the risks and uncertainties summarized in this risk factor summary, as well as other risks and uncertainties that we face, can be found under “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report. Moreover, we operate in a competitive and rapidly changing environment. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible to predict the impact of all of these factors on our business, financial condition or results of operations. The below summary is qualified in its entirety by that more complete discussion of such risks and uncertainties. You should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described under “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report as part of your evaluation of an investment in our common stock.

 

Risks Related to Our Operations

 

·While the Company’s financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, we do not currently have sufficient working capital to fund our existing liabilities and planned operations for the next twelve months and we may be required to cease our operations altogether if we are unable to secure sufficient funding.
·We currently do not have sufficient capital to pay all amounts owed under our License Agreement with Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”) in the amount of approximately $396,000 and if we fail to raise sufficient capital in the near term to pay for past due patent fees, we could lose the rights to develop our lead product candidate, MIE-101, which is the product upon which our business depends.
·If we are able to raise sufficient capital, we expect that we will incur significant losses over the next several years and may never achieve or maintain profitability.
·We are early in our development efforts and our product candidates are in preclinical development.
·Our short operating history may make it difficult to evaluate the success of our business to date and to assess our future viability.
·The Company and its subsidiaries have limited insurance for their operations and are subject to various risks of loss.
·Drug development involves a lengthy and expensive process with an uncertain outcome, including failure to demonstrate safety and efficacy to the satisfaction of the FDA or similar regulatory authorities outside the United States. We may incur additional costs or experience delays in completing, or ultimately be unable to complete, the product manufacturing of our product candidates.
·If serious adverse events or unacceptable side effects are identified during the development of our product candidates, we may need to abandon or limit our development of some of our product candidates.
·If we fail to establish and maintain proper and effective internal control over financial reporting, our operating results and our ability to operate our business could be harmed.

 

Risks Related to Our Financial Position and Need for Additional Capital

 

·We need substantial additional funding. If we are unable to secure sufficient capital in the near term, we may be required to further reduce or eliminate product development and potentially cease operations.
·Raising capital will cause dilution to our stockholders, restrict our operations, or require us to relinquish rights to our technologies or product candidates.

 

Risks Related to the Commercialization of Our Product Candidates

 

·We face substantial competition, which may result in others discovering, developing or commercializing competing products before or more successfully than we do.
·Product liability lawsuits against us could cause us to incur substantial liabilities and to limit commercialization of any products that we may develop.

 

 

 

 2 

 

 

Risks Related to Our Dependence on Third Parties

 

·Future development collaborations may be important to us. If we are unable to enter into or maintain these collaborations, or if these collaborations are not successful, our business could be adversely affected.
·We may contract with third parties for the manufacture of our product candidates for preclinical and clinical studies and may expect to continue to do so for commercialization. This potential reliance on third parties increases the risk that we will not have sufficient quantities of our product candidates or products at an acceptable cost and quality, which could delay, prevent or impair our development or commercialization efforts.
·Data provided by collaborators and other parties upon which we rely have not been independently verified and could turn out to be inaccurate, misleading, or incomplete.

 

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

 

·If we or Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”) are unable to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for technology and products under the License Agreement or if the scope of the intellectual property protection obtained by CWRU is not sufficiently broad, our competitors could develop and commercialize technology and products similar or identical to ours, and our ability to successfully commercialize our technology and products may be impaired.
·If we fail to comply with our obligations under the License Agreement with CWRU or other agreements under which we may license intellectual property and other rights from third parties or otherwise experience disruptions to our business relationships with our future licensors, we could lose those rights or other rights, which are the products upon which our business depends.
·We may become involved in lawsuits to protect or enforce our patents or other intellectual property, which could be expensive, time consuming and unsuccessful.
·We may need to license certain intellectual property from third parties, and such licenses may not be available or may not be available on commercially reasonable terms.
·Third parties may initiate legal proceedings alleging that we are infringing their intellectual property rights, the outcome of which would be uncertain and could have a material adverse effect on the success of our business.
·If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our trade secrets, our business and competitive position would be harmed.

 

Risks Related to Our Employee Matters, Managing Growth and Macroeconomic Conditions

 

·Our future success depends on our ability to attract, hire, retain and motivate executives, key employees, and our general workforce.
·We expect to expand our research and development function, as well as our corporate operations, and as a result, we may encounter difficulties in managing our growth, which could disrupt our operations.
·We may face risks related to securities litigation that could result in significant legal expenses and settlement or damage awards.

 

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

·There is a substantial lack of liquidity of our common stock and volatility risks, and because there is no active public trading market for our common stock, you may not be able to resell your common stock.
·The market for our common stock is subject to rules relating to low-priced stock (“Penny Stock”) which may limit our ability to raise capital.
·Future sales of shares by existing stockholders could cause the Company’s stock price to decline.
·We expect our stock price to be volatile, and the market price of our common stock may drop unexpectedly.
·We may issue preferred stock, and the terms of such preferred stock may reduce the value of our common stock.
·Our executive officers, directors and principal stockholders, if they choose to act together, will have the ability to control all matters submitted to stockholders for approval.
·Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws provides that state or federal court located within the state of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit its stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees.
·Anti-takeover provisions contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt.

 

 

 

 3 

 

 

PART I- FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

   

September 30,

2023

   

December 31,

2022

 
      unaudited          
ASSETS                
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 252,898     $ 220,645  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     32,630       40,632  
Total current assets     285,528       261,277  
Total assets   $ 285,528     $ 261,277  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 116,421     $ 133,464  
Derivative liability           46,700  
Accrued compensation     2,993,793       2,399,132  
Accrued consulting     809,528       753,570  
Accrued expenses and other     649,225       584,808  
Total current liabilities     4,568,967       3,917,674  
                 
Convertible notes, net     1,297,590       1,228,361  
                 
Total liabilities     5,866,557       5,146,035  
                 
Commitments and contingencies            
                 
Stockholders’ deficit:                
Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized:                
Series A Convertible Voting Preferred Stock; 630,000 shares designated; no shares issued and outstanding            
Series B Convertible Voting Preferred Stock; 70,000 shares designated; 70,000 shares issued and outstanding     1       1  
Common stock, $0.00001 par value: 100,000,000 shares authorized: 7,242,137 shares issued and outstanding     72       72  
Additional paid-in capital     2,039,677       2,023,271  
Accumulated deficit     (7,620,779 )     (6,908,102 )
Total stockholders’ deficit     (5,581,029     (4,884,758 )
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit   $ 285,528     $ 261,277  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 4 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

                             
   Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
                 
Operating expenses:                    
Research and development  $84,927   $211,082   $385,460   $841,435 
General and administrative   226,944    306,124    738,690    1,288,533 
Total operating expenses   311,871    517,206    1,124,150    2,129,968 
                     
Loss from operations   (311,871)   (517,206)   (1,124,150)   (2,129,968)
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Gain on redemption of preferred stock of Holocom       343,000    433,000    343,000 
Interest income   16    11    3,402    25 
Change in valuation of derivative liability       56,700    46,700    58,000 
Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes   (18,484)   (18,484)   (54,849)   (51,254)
Accretion to redemption value on convertible notes   (2,907)   (17,673)   (14,380)   (64,171)
Total other income (expense), net   (21,375)   363,554    413,873    285,600 
                     
Loss before income taxes   (333,246)   (153,652)   (710,277)   (1,844,368)
                     
Provision for income taxes           2,400    2,400 
                     
Net loss  $(333,246)  $(153,652)  $(712,677)  $(1,846,768)
                     
Basic and diluted loss per common share  $(0.05)  $(0.02)  $(0.10)  $(0.26)
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted   7,236,447    7,235,447    7,236,447    7,235,447 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 5 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit

(Unaudited)

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2023

 

                                                       
   Series A
Convertible Voting Preferred Stock
  

Series B

Convertible Voting Preferred Stock

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in  

 

 

Accumulated

  

 

Total

Stockholders'

 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balances, June 30, 2023      $    70,000   $1    7,242,137   $72   $2,034,148   $(7,287,533)  $(5,253,312)
                                              
Share-based compensation                           5,529        5,529 
                                              
Net loss                               (333,246)   (333,246)
                                              
Balances, September 30, 2023      $    70,000   $1    7,242,137   $72   $2,039,677   $(7,620,779)  $(5,581,029)

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022

                                              
   Series A
Convertible Voting Preferred Stock
  

Series B

Convertible Voting Preferred Stock

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in  

 

 

Accumulated

  

 

Total

Stockholders'

 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balances, June 30, 2022      $    70,000   $1    7,241,137   $72   $1,965,150   $(6,220,348)  $(4,255,125)
                                              
Share-based compensation                           51,592        51,592 
                                              
Net loss                               (153,652)   (153,652)
                                              
Balances, September 30, 2022      $    70,000   $1    7,241,137   $72   $2,016,742   $(6,374,000)  $(4,357,185)

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023

                                              
   Series A
Convertible Voting Preferred Stock
  

Series B

Convertible Voting Preferred Stock

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in  

 

 

Accumulated

  

 

Total

Stockholders'

 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balances, January 1, 2023      $    70,000   $1    7,242,137   $72   $2,023,271   $(6,908,102)  $(4,884,758)
                                              
Share-based compensation                           16,406        16,406 
                                              
Net loss                               (712,677)   (712,677)
                                              
Balances, September 30, 2023      $    70,000   $1    7,242,137   $72   $2,039,677   $(7,620,779)  $(5,581,029)

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022

                                              
   Series A
Convertible Voting Preferred Stock
  

Series B

Convertible Voting Preferred Stock

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in  

 

 

Accumulated

  

 

Total

Stockholders'

 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balances, January 1, 2022      $    70,000   $1    7,241,137   $72   $1,728,148   $(4,527,232)  $(2,799,011)
                                              
Share-based compensation                           288,594        288,594 
                                              
Net loss                               (1,846,768)   (1,846,768)
                                              
Balances, September 30, 2022      $    70,000   $1    7,241,137   $72   $2,016,742   $(6,374,000)  $(4,357,185)

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 6 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

               
   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2023   2022 
Operating activities:          
Net loss  $(712,677)  $(1,846,768)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Gain on redemption of preferred stock of Holocom   (433,000)   (343,000)
Share-based compensation   16,406    288,594 
Change in fair value of derivative liability   (46,700)   (58,000)
Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes   54,849    51,254 
Accretion to redemption value on convertible notes   14,380    64,171 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   8,002    (5,438)
Accounts payable   (17,043)   7,770 
Accrued compensation   594,661    753,932 
Accrued consulting   55,958    234,900 
Accrued expenses and other   64,417    325,948 
Net cash used in operating activities   (400,747)   (526,637)
           
Investing activities:          
Proceeds from redemption of preferred stock of Holocom   433,000    343,000 
Net cash provided by investing activities   433,000    343,000 
           
Financing activities:          
Proceeds from the issuance of convertible notes       341,632 
Net cash provided by financing activities       341,632 
           
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   32,253    157,995 
           
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   220,645    226,142 
           
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $252,898   $384,137 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Cash paid for income taxes  $2,400   $2,400 
Cash paid for interest  $   $ 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 7 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “Mosaic,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Report" or “Quarterly Report”) refer to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

1. Organization and Business

 

Organization

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. (the “Company,” “Mosaic,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), formerly known as Patriot Scientific Corporation, is a corporation organized under Delaware law on March 24, 1992. We are a development-stage biotechnology company focused on advancing and eventually commercializing our proprietary immunotherapy platform technology. Our lead immunotherapy product candidate, MIE-101, is based on a naturally occurring plant virus known as Cowpea mosaic virus (or CPMV) which is believed to be non-infectious in humans and animals. However, because of its virus structure and genetic composition, CPMV elicits a strong immune response when delivered directly into tumors as shown in our preclinical studies. Data from numerous mouse cancer models and in companion dogs with naturally occurring tumors show the ability of intratumoral (“IT”) administration of CPMV to result in anti-tumor effects in treated tumors and systemically at other sites of disease through immune activation. MIE-101 is currently in late-stage preclinical development and our goal is to advance MIE-101 into veterinary studies and into Phase I clinical trials within 18 to 24 months from the date we are able to raise sufficient funding.

 

The Company has two inactive wholly owned subsidiaries: Mosaic ImmunoEngineering Development Company, a corporation organized under Delaware law on March 30, 2020 and Patriot Data Solutions Group, Inc.

 

Going Concern and Management’s Plans

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. At September 30, 2023, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $252,898 and has not yet generated any revenues. Therefore, our ability to continue our operations is highly dependent on our ability to raise capital to fund future operations. We anticipate, based on currently proposed plans and assumptions that our cash and cash equivalents on hand will not satisfy our operational and capital requirements through twelve months from the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

There are a number of uncertainties associated with our ability to raise additional capital and we have no current arrangements with respect to any additional financing. Consequently, there can be no assurance that any additional financing on commercially reasonable terms, or at all, will be available when needed. The inability to obtain additional capital will delay our ability to conduct our business operations and may require us to cease our operations altogether. In addition, any additional equity financing may involve substantial dilution to our then existing stockholders. The above matters raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

 

 

 8 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

2. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should therefore be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. In the opinion of management, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim period presented.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

There have been no new accounting pronouncements adopted by the Company or new accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the recent accounting pronouncements described in Note 2 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, that the Company believes are of significance or potential significance to the Company.

 

3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company’s financial instruments consist of money market funds as well as an anti-dilution issuance rights liability pursuant to the License Option Agreement with Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”) (see Note 6). The anti-dilution issuance rights met the definition of a derivative under ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, and the liability was carried at fair value until the Capital Threshold (see Note 6) was met during June 2023, at which point the anti-dilutions rights were extinguished.

 

Under this authoritative guidance, we are required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. We determine fair value based on quoted prices when available or through the use of alternative approaches, such as discounting the expected cash flows using market interest rates commensurate with the credit quality and duration of the investment or valuations by third-party professionals. The three levels of inputs that we may use to measure fair value are:

 

·Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
·Level 2: Quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
·Level 3: Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).

 

 

 

 9 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

The following tables set forth the fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities by level within the fair value hierarchy at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022:

Schedule of financial assets and liabilities                          
       Fair Value Measurements at September 30, 2023 Using 
  

Fair Value at
September 30,

2023

   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents  $252,898   $252,898   $   $ 
Total assets  $252,898   $252,898   $   $ 

 

 

 

       Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2022 Using 
   Fair Value at
December 31,
2022
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents  $220,645   $220,645   $   $ 
Total assets  $220,645   $220,645   $   $ 
                     
Liabilities:                    
Anti-dilution issuance rights derivative liability  $46,700   $   $   $46,700 
Total liabilities  $46,700   $   $   $46,700 

 

 

 

 10 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

Anti-Dilution Issuance Rights Derivative Liability

 

Pursuant to the Series B Preferred Certificate of Designation, the Series B Preferred includes certain anti-dilution issuance rights, whereby the holder will continue to maintain equity ownership equal to 10% of the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding, calculated on an as converted basis, including all other convertible securities outstanding and reserved for issuance (and excluding stock options issued and outstanding and reserved for issuance under a Board approved employee stock option plan reserving for issuance no more than ten percent (10%) of the outstanding common stock of the Company) until we raise the Capital Threshold under the License Agreement (see Note 6). As of June 2023, we received life-to-date aggregate proceeds in excess of the Capital Threshold and therefore, we recorded no derivative liability as of September 30, 2023. As of December 31, 2022, the remaining Capital Threshold was $283,000.

  

To determine the estimated fair value of the anti-dilution issuance rights liability, the Company used a Monte Carlo simulation methodology, which models the future movement of stock prices based on several key variables. At December 31, 2022, the estimated fair value of the anti-dilution issuance rights was $46,700. We initially recorded the fair value as a derivative liability with a corresponding charge to research and development expense and we marked-to-market at each reporting period, with changes in fair value recognized in other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations at each period-end while this derivative instrument was outstanding.

 

The primary inputs used in valuing the anti-dilution issuance rights liability at December 31, 2022 were as follows:

Schedule of assumptions used    
Fair value of common stock (per share)   $ 0.99
Estimated additional shares of common stock     71,511
Expected volatility     130%
Expected term (years)     0.25
Risk-free interest rate     4.42%

 

The fair value of the common stock was determined by management with the assistance of an independent third-party specialist. The computation of expected volatility was estimated using available information about the historical volatility of stocks of similar publicly traded companies for a period matching the expected term assumption. In addition, the Company incorporated the estimated number of shares, timing, and probability of future equity financings in the calculation of the anti-dilution issuance rights liability.

 

4. Investment in Affiliated Companies

 

Holocom, Inc.

 

In February 2007, we invested an aggregate of $370,000 in Holocom in exchange for 2,100,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, which represented an approximate 46% ownership interest in Holocom, on an as-converted basis. Pursuant to the articles of incorporation of Holocom, the Series A Preferred Stock is convertible at our option into shares of Holocom’s common stock on a one-to-one basis or is redeemable at any time after May 31, 2007 at a redemption price equal to $0.40 per share or $840,000 in aggregate, provided Holocom has sufficient funding to redeem our shares of Series A Preferred Stock.

 

 

 

 11 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

On July 6, 2022, we entered into the Redemption Agreement with Holocom, pursuant to which we requested full redemption of our Series A Preferred Stock. Pursuant to the Redemption Agreement, we received cash proceeds in the amount of $336,000 upon the redemption of 840,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock in July 2022 with the remaining shares of Series A Preferred Stock were to be redeemed over a period of thirty (30) months beginning August 1, 2022 based on the following redemption schedule:

Schedule of series A preferred stock to be redeemed over a period        

Period

 

Shares of Series A

Preferred Stock to be

Redeemed each Month

 

Monthly Redemption

Proceeds to the Company

Months 1-12   35,000   $14,000
Months 13-24   43,750   $17,500
Months 25-30   52,500   $21,000

 

We recognized the initial and monthly redemption of shares of Series A Preferred Stock using a cash basis of accounting rather than an accrual method as we were unable to assert that collection of amounts due under the redemption agreement was probable, regardless of the terms of the Redemption Agreement. Any amounts not paid within fifteen (15) days of its respective due date accrued interest at a rate of 8% per annum until fully paid and retroactively adjusted to 12% per annum from its original due date for amounts not paid within 90 days of its original due date.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, of the 175,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed under the aforementioned redemption schedule, Holocom redeemed 17,500 shares of Series A Preferred Stock in exchange for proceeds of $7,000. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, 192,500 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were redeemed in exchange for proceeds of $77,000, including redemption amounts that were past due as of December 31, 2022. On June 21, 2023, we entered into an amendment to the Redemption Agreement (“Amendment No. 1”) to redeem the remaining 910,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding in exchange for a lump sum payment of $300,000 (in lieu of monthly payments), representing a redemption price of approximately $0.33 per share. As of June 30, 2023, we redeemed in aggregate, 2,100,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, in exchange for aggregate net proceeds received by us of $776,000 as follows:

Schedule of exchange for aggregate net proceeds received        
  

Six Months

Ended

June 30,

2023

  

Year

Ended

December 31,

2022

 
Proceeds received  $433,000   $343,000 
Shares of Series A Preferred Stock redeemed   1,242,500    857,500 

 

As of June 30, 2023, Holocom had no further obligations to us under the Redemption Agreement or any other arrangement.

 

 

 

 12 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

5. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:

Schedule of accrued expenses        
   September 30, 2023   December 31, 2022 
Crossflo acquisition liability  $177,244   $177,244 
Accrued patent expenses   420,144    382,207 
Other accrued expenses   51,837    25,357 
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities  $649,225   $584,808 

 

In September 2008, we acquired Patriot Data Solutions Group, Inc. (“PDSG”), formerly known as Crossflo Systems, Inc. In connection with the acquisition of Crossflo Systems, Inc., we have accrued $177,244 that could be payable to Crossflo investors.

 

6. License Agreements

 

License Option Agreement and License Agreement with CWRU

 

On July 1, 2020, we signed a License Option Agreement with CWRU, granting the Company the exclusive right to license certain technology covering an immunotherapy platform technology to treat and prevent cancer in humans and for veterinary use, including MIE-101, our lead clinical candidate. Under the License Option Agreement, CWRU granted the Company the exclusive option for a period of two (2) years to negotiate and enter into a license agreement with CWRU, provided that we meet certain diligence milestones.

 

Under the License Option Agreement, we issued CWRU 70,000 shares of Class B Common Stock at the fair market value of $7 on the date of issuance. On August 21, 2020, the Class B Stock was exchanged for shares of Series B Preferred, which included certain anti-dilution rights. Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation, the Series B Preferred holder will continue to maintain ownership equal to 10% of the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding of the Company, including for such purposes all other convertible securities outstanding and reserved for issuance except stock options issued and outstanding and reserved for issuance under a board approved employee stock option plans reserving for issuance no more than ten percent (10%) of the outstanding common stock of the Company then outstanding, until we raise at least $1 million from the sale of either preferred, common stock, or from the net working capital acquired under the reverse merger in August 2020, or any combination thereof (“Capital Threshold”). The anti-dilution issuance rights under the License Option Agreement meet the definition of a derivative instrument under ASC Topic 815 (see Note 3). Initially, the net working capital acquired under the reverse merger in August 2020 of approximately $374,000 was applied against the Capital Threshold. Subsequent to the closing date of the reverse merger, we received additional net working capital under the reverse merger through aggregate payments received from the redemption of Holocom preferred stock (see Note 4) in the amount of $776,000 since such investment existed as of closing date of the reverse merger in August 2020 and was not included in net working capital as of the closing date. Therefore, as of June 2023, we received in excess of $1 million in net working capital under the reverse merger and have met the Capital Threshold. As such, there is no remaining derivative liability as of June 2023.

 

 

 

 13 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

On May 4, 2022, we exercised our rights under the License Option Agreement and entered into a license agreement with CWRU (“License Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the License Agreement, we agreed to pay CWRU for each licensed product used in human applications (i) development milestones of up to $1.8 million in aggregate dependent upon the progress of clinical trials, regulatory approvals, and initiation of product launch, (ii) tiered royalty on net sales beginning in the mid-single digits, (iii) annual minimum royalty of $10,000 beginning on the second anniversary date of the Agreement with the minimum amount rising based on net sales of the licensed product, and (iv) a declining percentage of all non-royalty sublicensing income based on the escalating stage of development upon a sublicensing event, if applicable. In addition, we agreed to pay CWRU for each licensed product used in veterinarian applications (i) a tiered royalty on net sales beginning in the low single digits and (ii) a declining percentage of all non-royalty sublicensing income based on the escalating stage of development upon a sublicensing event, if applicable.

 

In addition, we are responsible for the reimbursement of all past, current and future patent fees incurred by CWRU under the License Agreement. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, we incurred $5,559 and $31,737, respectively, in patent legal fees associated with the License Agreement, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we incurred $17,549 and $299,361, respectively, in patent legal fees associated with the License Agreement, which amounts are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations.

  

Furthermore, we agreed to reimburse CWRU for all intellectual property fees incurred since inception of the portfolio through the date of the License Agreement in the amount of approximately $303,000 (included in Accrued expenses and other in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets) in four (4) equal quarterly installments beginning upon the sooner of (i) August 31, 2021 or (ii) upon the Company closing a financing in the amount of $5 million or more. Due to our limited cash position, as of September 30, 2023, we have not paid any amounts owed to CWRU and we continue to seek additional time to raise sufficient capital in order to pay amounts due to CWRU. While CWRU has previously provided us additional time to pay amounts due under the License Agreement beyond the initial August 31, 2021 due date, there can be no guarantees that CWRU will grant us any additional extension of time to pay amounts due under the License Agreement. If we fail to comply with our obligations under the License Agreement, including the payment of all amounts due under the License Agreement, we may lose the rights to develop and potentially commercialize our technology, and CWRU may have the right to terminate the License Agreement or restrict our rights, in which event we would not be able to develop or market products covered by the License Agreement, which are the products upon which our business depends. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we have accrued $396,244 and $364,507, respectively, in accrued patent fees under the License Agreement.

 

The License Agreement will remain in effect until the later of (i) twenty (20) years from the date of the License Agreement, (ii) on the expiration date of the last-to-expire patent under the License Agreement or (iii) at the expiry of all Market Exclusivity Periods for a licensed product.

 

License Agreements with University of California San Diego (“UC San Diego”)

 

During July 2021, we licensed the exclusive rights from UC San Diego to develop and commercialize technology that involves the loading of immuno-stimulatory molecules into plant virus protein nanoparticles, including the ability to load these molecules into MIE-101, our lead product candidate. These plant virus protein nanoparticles can be loaded with other TLR agonists to further tailor specific immune response parameters. Under the licensing agreement, we are obligated to pay (i) a nominal upfront license access fee, (ii) all patent costs incurred prior to the effective date of the license agreement, (iii) annual license maintenance fees beginning on the second anniversary date of the agreement, (iv) aggregate future milestone payments based on potential clinical development and regulatory milestones of up to $165,000 through Phase III development plus additional milestones upon regulatory approval in the U.S. and other countries, (v) potential sales milestones upon achieving certain sales levels, and (vi) a low single digit royalty on net sales and/or a percentage of sublicense income.

 

 

 

 14 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

During September 2021, we licensed the exclusive rights to develop and commercialize several novel vaccine candidates, including SARS-CoV-2 and other infectious disease applications from UC San Diego. Under the licensing agreement, we are obligated to pay (i) a nominal upfront license access fee, (ii) all patent costs incurred prior to the effective date of the license agreement, (iii) annual license maintenance fees beginning on the second anniversary date of the agreement, (iv) aggregate future milestone payments based on potential clinical development and regulatory milestones of up to $1,250,000 through Phase III development plus additional milestones upon regulatory approval in the U.S. and other countries, and (v) a low single digit royalty on net sales and/or a percentage of sublicense income. On July 12, 2023, we provided notice to UC San Diego to terminate the September 2021 license agreement based on our evaluation of our licensed technology portfolio and our focus on advancing our lead oncology candidate, MIE-101.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, we expensed $6,000 and $6,200, respectively, in intellectual property costs associated with the aforementioned license agreements with UC San Diego, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we expensed $400 and $23,325, respectively, which amounts are included in general and administrative expense in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we have accrued $23,900 and $17,700, respectively, in accrued patent fees under the license agreements with UC San Diego.

 

7. Convertible Notes

 

On May 7, 2021, we entered into a convertible note purchase agreement (“May Note Agreement”) with five (5) accredited investors, including three (3) members of our Board of Directors (“Board”) that participated on the same terms as other accredited investors. Pursuant to the Note Agreement, we received $525,003 in proceeds in addition to $49,997 in accrued payable to founder that was invested in convertible notes, and the Company issued unsecured convertible promissory notes (“May Convertible Notes”) in the aggregate principal amount of $575,000.

 

On February 18, 2022, we entered into additional convertible note purchase agreements (“February Note Agreement”) with sixteen (16) accredited investors, including five (5) members of our Board that participated on the same terms as other accredited investors. Pursuant to the February Note Agreement, we received $341,632 in proceeds and issued unsecured convertible promissory notes (“February Convertible Notes”) in the aggregate principal amount of $341,632. The February Convertible Notes were issued as part of a convertible note offering authorized by the Company’s Board (the “Convertible Notes Offering”) for raising up to $5 million from the issuance of convertible notes.

 

The May and February Convertible Notes (collectively, the “Convertible Notes”) have no stated maturity date; bear interest at a simple rate equal to eight percent (8.0%) per annum until converted; and automatically convert into the same equity securities issued for cash in the Qualified Financing (as described below), or at the option of the holder, into the same equity securities issued for cash in a Smaller Financing (as described below). Interest on the Convertible Notes is accreted and added to the unpaid principal balance prior to conversion of the Convertible Notes. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded non-cash interest expense on the Convertible Notes in the amount of $18,484 and $54,849, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded non-cash interest expense on the Convertible Notes in the amount of $18,484 and $51,254, respectively.

 

 

 

 15 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

The Convertible Notes will convert into the same equity securities offered in the Qualified Financing or Smaller Financing (“Conversion Shares”), as described below, at a conversion price equal to the lower of (i) the product equal to 80% times the lowest per unit purchase price of the equity securities issued for cash in the Qualified Financing or Smaller Financing, or (ii) $2.377 for the May Convertible Notes (“May Conversion Price”) or $1.00 for the February Convertible Notes (“February Conversion Price”). Pursuant to the February Note Agreement, for each holder of the May Convertible Notes that purchased a February Convertible Note in the amount of (a) $50,000 or (b) an amount equivalent to the principal amount of their May Convertible Note, the conversion price of the May Convertible Notes was adjusted to the February Conversion Price. As of September 30, 2023, the principal amount of Convertible Notes that may be converted at the February Conversion Price was $866,632. In addition, the conversion price may be reduced or increased proportionately as a result of stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalizations, reorganizations, and similar transactions. Upon any conversion of the Convertible Notes in connection with a Qualified Financing or a Smaller Financing, as applicable, the Convertible Notes shall convert immediately prior to the closing thereof, such that the investors paying cash in such Qualified Financing or Smaller Financing, as applicable, are not diluted by the conversion of the Convertible Notes.

 

Pursuant to the Convertible Notes, a Qualified Financing represents a single transaction or series of transactions whereby the Company receives aggregate gross proceeds of at least $5 million from the sale of equity securities following the issuance date (excluding proceeds from the issuance of any future convertible notes). A Smaller Financing represents any sale of equity securities whereby the aggregate gross proceeds are less than $5 million (excluding proceeds from the issuance of any future convertible notes).

 

In addition, in the event of a corporate transaction covering the sale of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets, or merger or consolidation with or into another entity, or change in ownership of at least 50% in voting securities of the Company, the holder of the Convertible Note may elect that either: (a) the Company pay the holder of such Convertible Note an amount equal to the sum of (i) all accrued and unpaid interest due on such Convertible Note and (ii) one and one-half (1.5) times the outstanding principal balance of such Convertible Note; or (b) such Convertible Note will convert into that number of conversion shares equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (i) the outstanding principal balance and unpaid accrued interest of such Convertible Note on the date of conversion by (ii) the May or February Conversion Price, as applicable.

 

Pursuant to ASC Topic 835-30, “Imputation of Interest”, the Convertible Notes were initially recorded at their amortized cost of $916,632 and are being accreted to their redemption value of $1,145,790 over the estimated conversion period ending December 31, 2023 using the effective interest method. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded $2,907 and $14,380, respectively, in accretion to redemption value on the Convertible Notes. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded $17,673 and $64,171, respectively, in accretion to redemption value on the Convertible Notes.

 

8. Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) and Share-Based Compensation

 

Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

The Company’s authorized capital consists of 100,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.00001 per share (“Preferred Stock”). We have designated and issued 630,000 shares of Series A Convertible Voting Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”) and 70,000 shares of Series B Convertible Voting Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred”). As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there are no shares of Series A Preferred outstanding and 70,000 shares of Series B outstanding.

 

 

 

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Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

Series B Preferred

 

On August 21, 2020, the Company issued 70,000 shares of Series B Preferred (classified as permanent equity), in exchange for 70,000 shares of Class B Common Stock in connection with the reverse merger in August 2020. Each share of Series B Preferred has a par value of $0.00001 per share, no dividend rate, a stated value of $6.50 per share, and each share of Series B Preferred initially converts into 11.46837 shares of common stock of the Company (“Series B Conversion Number”). In addition, the Series B Preferred possesses full voting rights, on an as-converted basis, as the common stock of the Company, as defined in the Series B Certificate of Designation. Furthermore, the Series B Preferred does not have any mandatory conversion rights and only converts upon written notice from the holder.

 

The Series B Preferred also includes certain anti-dilution rights (“anti-dilution issuance rights”), whereby the holder of Series B Preferred will continue to maintain ownership equal to 10% of the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding, including for such purposes all other convertible securities outstanding and reserved for issuance except equity awards issued and outstanding and reserved for issuance under a board approved equity compensation plan reserving for issuance no more than ten percent (10%) of the outstanding common stock of the Company then outstanding, until the Capital Threshold is met. The anti-dilution issuance rights meet the definition of a derivative instrument under FASB’s ASC Topic 815 (see Note 3). As of June 2023, the $1 million dollar Capital Threshold was achieved and therefore, there is no remaining derivative liability (see Note 6).

 

In the event of any Liquidation Event, the Holders of Series B Preferred shall be entitled to receive, prior and in preference to any distribution of any of the assets or surplus funds of the Company to the holders of common stock, an amount per share in cash equal to the greater of (x) the stated value of $6.50 for each share of Series B Preferred then held by the holder or (y) the amount payable per share of common stock which such holder of Series B Preferred would have received if such Holder had converted to common stock immediately prior to the Liquidation Event.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan

 

On October 21, 2020, we adopted our 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) and on October 22, 2020, the 2020 Plan was approved by our stockholders. The 2020 Plan was adopted to promote our long-term success and the creation of stockholder value by motivating participants, through equity incentive awards, to achieve long-term success in our business. The 2020 Plan permits the discretionary award of stock options, restricted stock, RSUs, and other equity awards to selected participants. On October 21, 2021, the first anniversary date from the adoption date of the 2020 Plan, the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan increased to 20% of the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding, including shares of common stock reserved for issuance under convertible securities. As of September 30, 2023, we have reserved 1,661,966 shares of common stock for issuance under the 2020 Plan, of which 541,957 were subject to outstanding RSUs and 1,105,965 shares were available for future grants of share-based awards.

 

 

 

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Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

The cost of all share-based awards will be recognized in the consolidated financial statements based on the fair value of the awards. The fair value of stock option awards will be determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model on the date of grant. The fair value of restricted stock awards and RSUs will be equal to the closing market price of our common stock on the date of grant. The Company will generally recognize share-based compensation expense over the period of vesting or period that services will be provided for all time-based awards. Share-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 was comprised of the following:

Schedule of share-based compensation                    
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
  

September 30,

2023

  

September 30,

2022

  

September 30,

2023

  

September 30,

2022

 
Research and development  $5,529   $15,579   $16,406   $117,123 
General and administrative       36,013        171,471 
Total  $5,529   $51,592   $16,406   $288,594 

 

The following summarizes our transaction activity related to RSUs for the nine months ended September 30, 2023:

 

  

 

Shares

  

Weighted Average

Grant Date

Fair Value

 
Nonvested and outstanding at January 1, 2023   541,957   $3.01 
Granted        
Vested        
Forfeited        
Nonvested and outstanding at September 30, 2023   541,957   $3.01 

 

As of September 30, 2023, the total estimated unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested RSUs was approximately $10,000. This cost is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted average vesting period of 0.47 years. As of September 30, 2023, 14,044 RSUs have vested under the 2020 Plan since its adoption.

 

9. Basic and Diluted Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed by dividing our net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the potential dilutive effects of unvested RSUs and shares of common stock expected to be issued under our Convertible Notes and Series B Preferred during the period.

 

 

 

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Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

The potential dilutive effect of unvested RSUs outstanding during the period are calculated in accordance with the treasury stock method, but are excluded if their effect is anti-dilutive. The potential dilutive effect of our Convertible Notes and Series B Preferred outstanding during the period is calculated using the if-converted method assuming the conversion of Convertible Notes and Series B Preferred as of the earliest period reported or at the date of issuance, if later, but are excluded if their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, weighted average diluted shares outstanding exclude the dilutive effect of unvested RSUs and shares of common stock expected to be issued under our Convertible Notes and Series B Preferred as the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive during periods of net loss.

 

10. Commitments and Contingencies

 

Legal Matters

 

While the Company is not involved in any litigation as of September 30, 2023, the Company may be involved in various lawsuits and claims arising in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to intellectual property, employment, and contractual matters. Any litigation could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, and/or cash flows in the period in which the unfavorable outcome occurs or becomes probable, and potentially in future periods.

 

Indemnification

 

We have made certain guarantees and indemnities, under which we may be required to make payments to a guaranteed or indemnified party. We indemnify our directors, officers, employees, and agents to the maximum extent permitted under the laws of the State of Delaware. The duration of the guarantees and indemnities varies, and in many cases is indefinite. These guarantees and indemnities do not provide for any limitation of the maximum potential future payments we could be obligated to make. Historically, we have not been obligated to make any payments for these obligations and no liabilities have been recorded for these guarantees and indemnities in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Escrow Shares

 

On August 31, 2009, we gave notice to the former shareholders of Crossflo and Union Bank of California (the “Escrow Agent”) under Section 2.5 of the Agreement and Plan of Merger between us and Crossflo (the “Agreement”), outlining damages incurred by us in conjunction with the acquisition of Crossflo, and seeking the return of 5,690 shares of our common stock held by the Escrow Agent. Subsequently, former shareholders of Crossflo, representing a majority of the escrowed shares responded in protest to our claim, delaying the release of the escrowed shares until a formal resolution is reached. In the event we fail to prevail in our claim against the escrowed shares, we may be obligated to deposit into escrow approximately $256,000 of cash consideration due to the decline in our average stock price over the one-year escrow period calculated in accordance with the agreement. We have evaluated the potential for loss regarding our claim and believe that it is probable that the resolution of this issue will not result in a material obligation to the Company, although there is no assurance of this. Accordingly, we have not recorded any liability for this matter.

 

 

 

 19 

 

 

Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 (continued)

 

 

Operating Lease

 

We have no lease obligations as of September 30, 2023 and there was no rent expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022. Employees work from home offices at no cost to the Company.

 

11. Related Parties

 

During April 2021, we entered into consulting agreements (retroactive to September 1, 2020) with Nicole Steinmetz, Ph.D., former acting Chief Scientific Officer and former member of the Board of Directors, Jonathan Pokorski, Ph.D. (Dr. Steinmetz’s spouse), and Steve Fiering, Ph.D., each a co-founder of the company acquired in the reverse merger and greater than 5% shareholder of the Company (“Related Parties”), for their scientific contributions towards advancing the technology platforms. On May 2, 2023, Dr. Steinmetz resigned from the Board of Directors and her role as acting Chief Scientific Officer.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2023, we did not incur any related party consulting expenses for Dr. Steinmetz or Dr. Pokorski. During the three months ended September 30, 2023, we incurred related party consulting expenses for Dr. Fiering in the aggregate amount of $7,500, included in research and development expenses in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Pursuant to the consulting agreements, Dr. Steinmetz, Dr. Pokorski, and Dr. Fiering are initially paid 15% of their monthly amounts up and until the Company is able to raise at least $4 million in new funding. In exchange for the deferral of consulting payments, the Company agreed to grant each of the Related Parties RSU’s with a fair market value equal to 20% of their deferred cash compensation as of the closing date of the financing (the “20% Deferral”). The number of RSU’s to be granted will be calculated based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the closing date of the financing and will vest one-year from the date of grant. There was no share-based compensation expense recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 pertaining to the 20% Deferral as the terms are unknown and are based on a future performance trigger. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we have accrued $286,375 and $238,000, respectively, in accrued consulting fees provided by the Related Parties, which amounts are included in accrued consulting in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

In addition, on May 7, 2021, we entered into convertible note purchase agreements with five (5) accredited investors, including three (3) members of our Board of Directors that participated on the same terms as other accredited investors, in the aggregate principal amount of $575,000. Of such amount, the three members of our Board of Directors invested $225,000 in aggregate (see Note 7).

 

Moreover, on February 18, 2022, we entered into convertible note purchase agreements with sixteen (16) accredited investors, including five (5) members of our Board that participated on the same terms as other accredited investors, in the aggregate principal amount of $341,632. Of such amount, the five (5) members of our Board invested $155,000 in aggregate (see Note 7).

 

12. Subsequent Events

 

We have evaluated subsequent events after the consolidated balance sheet date and through the filing date of this Quarterly Report, and based on our evaluation, management has determined that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosure in the notes thereto other than as disclosed herein and in the accompanying notes.

 

 

 

 20 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of our operations should be read together with the financial statements and related notes of Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. included in Part I Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “Mosaic,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this Quarterly Report refer to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, strategy and plans, and our expectations for future operations, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology.

 

In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Please see Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors for a discussion of certain risk factors applicable to our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Operating results are not necessarily indicative of results that may occur for the full year or any other future period.

 

Any forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report reflect our views and assumptions only as of the date that this Quarterly Report. Future events or our future financial performance involves known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available in the future.

 

We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. In addition, with respect to all of our forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

 

About Mosaic

 

We are a development-stage biotechnology company focused on advancing and eventually commercializing our proprietary immunotherapy platform technology. Our lead immunotherapy product candidate, MIE-101, is based on a naturally occurring plant virus known as Cowpea mosaic virus (or CPMV) which is believed to be non-infectious in humans and animals. However, because of its virus structure and genetic composition, CPMV elicits a strong immune response when delivered directly into tumors as shown in our preclinical studies. Data from numerous mouse cancer models and in companion dogs with naturally occurring tumors show the ability of intratumoral administration of CPMV to result in anti-tumor effects in treated tumors and systemically at other sites of disease through immune activation. MIE-101 is currently in late-stage preclinical development and our goal is to advance MIE-101 into veterinary studies and into Phase I clinical trials within 18 to 24 months from the date we are able to raise sufficient funding.

 

 

 

 21 

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, which require us to make estimates and judgments that significantly affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could affect the results of operations reported in future periods. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, there have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as compared to the significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Results of Operation

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022:

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses of approximately $85,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 are primarily related to salaries and related costs for personnel in research and development functions and related consulting fees, including approximately $6,000 in share-based compensation. The decrease in research and development expenses of approximately $126,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to the same prior year period was primarily due to a (i) decrease in payroll and related costs of approximately $85,000 due to a reduced time commitment by certain employees, (ii) a decrease in share-based compensation expense of approximately $10,000 as the majority of share-based awards have been fully expensed in prior periods, (iii) a decrease in consulting fees of approximately $39,000 due to a lower time commitment by our independent contractors, and (iv) a decrease in other expenses of approximately $2,000, which amounts were offset by an increase in technology license maintenance fees of $10,000. We believe our research and development expenses will increase significantly over time if we are able to raise sufficient capital to advance our programs.

 

Research and development expenses of approximately $211,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022 are primarily related to salaries and related costs for personnel in research and development functions and related consulting fees associated with advancing the platform technologies, including approximately $16,000 in share-based compensation.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses of approximately $227,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 consist principally of salaries and related costs for personnel and consultants in executive and administrative functions of approximately $182,000, accounting and filing fees of approximately $17,000, director and officer insurance of approximately $10,000, legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $12,000, and other corporate expenses of approximately $6,000. The decrease in general and administrative expenses of approximately $79,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to the same prior year period was primarily due to (i) decrease in payroll and related costs of approximately $39,000 due to a reduced time commitment by certain employees, (ii) a decrease in share-based compensation expense of approximately $36,000 as all outstanding share-based awards have been fully expensed in prior periods (iii) a decrease in legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $6,000, and (iv) a net decrease in other expenses of approximately $6,000, which amounts were offset by a net increase in accounting and filing fees of approximately $8,000 due to the timing of the filing of the Company’s tax returns. We believe our general and administrative expenses will increase over time as we hire new employees to support key administrative functions and the planned expansion of research and development personnel, provided we are able to raise sufficient capital.

 

 

 

 22 

 

 

General and administrative expenses of approximately $306,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022 consist principally of salaries and related costs for personnel and consultants in executive and administrative functions of approximately $257,000, including approximately $36,000 in share-based compensation expense, legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $18,000 primarily related to the license agreement with Case Western Reserve University, accounting and filing fees of approximately $9,000, director and officer insurance of approximately $11,000, investor and public relation fees of approximately $5,000, and other fees and expenses of approximately $6,000.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Gain on Redemption of Holocom Preferred Stock

 

On July 6, 2022, we entered into a Redemption Agreement with Holocom, as amended on June 21, 2023, pursuant to which we requested full redemption of our 2,100,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock of Holocom. All shares were redeemed as of June 2023. During the three months ended September 30, 2022, we received cash proceeds in the amount of $343,000 upon the redemption of 857,500 shares of Series A Preferred Stock (see Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Change in Valuation of Derivative Liability

 

The change in valuation of the derivative liability of approximately $57,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022 pertains to a decrease in the estimated fair value of the anti-dilution issuance rights provided under the Series B Preferred (see Note 3 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Non-Cash Interest Expense and Accretion to Redemption Value on Convertible Notes

 

Non-cash interest expense of approximately $18,000 and $18,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, represents interest expense on convertible notes (see Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Accretion to redemption value on convertible notes of approximately $3,000 and $18,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, pertains to the accretion of the convertible notes to their redemption value of $1,145,790 over the estimated conversion period using the effective interest method (see Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022:

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses of approximately $385,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 are primarily related to salaries and related costs for personnel in research and development functions and related consulting fees, including approximately $16,000 in share-based compensation. The decrease in research and development expenses of approximately $456,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to the same prior year period was primarily due to a (i) decrease in payroll and related costs of approximately $167,000 due to a reduced time commitment by certain employees, (ii) a decrease in share-based compensation expense of approximately $101,000 as the majority of share-based awards have been fully expensed in prior periods, (iii) a decrease in consulting fees of approximately $192,000 due to a lower time commitment by our independent contractors, and (iv) a decrease in other expenses of approximately $6,000, which amounts were offset by an increase in technology license maintenance fees of $10,000.

 

Research and development expenses of approximately $841,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 are primarily related to salaries and related costs for personnel in research and development functions and related consulting fees associated with advancing the platform technologies, including approximately $117,000 in share-based compensation.

 

 

 

 23 

 

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses of approximately $739,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 consist principally of salaries and related costs for personnel and consultants in executive and administrative functions of approximately $594,000, accounting and filing fees of approximately $49,000, legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $38,000, director and officer insurance of approximately $34,000, investor and public relation fees of approximately $12,000, and other expenses of approximately $12,000. The decrease in general and administrative expenses of approximately $550,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to the same prior year period was primarily due to (i) a decrease in legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $285,000 primarily related to the license agreement with Case Western Reserve University executed in the same prior year period, (ii) a decrease in share-based compensation expense of approximately $171,000 as all outstanding share-based awards have been fully expensed in prior periods, (iii) a decrease in legal fees of approximately $20,000, (iv) a decrease in payroll and consulting fees of approximately $63,000 due to a reduced time commitment by certain employees and consultants, (v) a decrease in accounting and filing fees of approximately $6,000 due to fewer filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and (vi) a decrease in other expenses of approximately $5,000.

 

General and administrative expenses of approximately $1,289,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 consist principally of salaries and related costs for personnel and consultants in executive and administrative functions of approximately $828,000, including approximately $171,000 in share-based compensation expense, fees for outside legal counsel of approximately $20,000, legal fees related to intellectual property rights of approximately $323,000, audit, tax, accounting and filing fees of approximately $55,000, director and officer insurance of approximately $34,000, investor and public relation fees of approximately $16,000, and other fees and expenses of approximately $13,000.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Gain on Redemption of Holocom Preferred Stock

 

On July 6, 2022, we entered into a Redemption Agreement with Holocom, as amended on June 21, 2023, pursuant to which we requested full redemption of our 2,100,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock of Holocom. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, we received cash proceeds of $433,000 upon the redemption of 1,242,500 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we received cash proceeds in the amount of $343,000 upon the redemption of 857,500 shares of Series A Preferred Stock (see Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Interest Income

 

Interest income of approximately $3,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily related to interest earned and received on monthly past due redemption installments from Holocom under the Redemption Agreement (see Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Change in Valuation of Derivative Liability

 

The change in valuation of the derivative liability of approximately $47,000 and $58,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, pertains to a decrease in the estimated fair value of the anti-dilution issuance rights pursuant to the Series B Preferred (see Note 3 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

 

 

 24 

 

 

Non-Cash Interest Expense and Accretion to Redemption Value on Convertible Notes

 

Non-cash interest expense of approximately $55,000 and $51,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, represents interest expense on convertible notes (see Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Accretion to redemption value on convertible notes of approximately $14,000 and $64,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, pertains to the accretion of the convertible notes to their redemption value of $1,145,790 over the estimated conversion period using the effective interest method (see Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

On August 21, 2020, we completed a reverse merger with Patriot Scientific Corporation, which provided us with $605,215 in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash. During May 2021, we raised $575,000 from the issuance of convertible notes, which included $49,997 of accrued payable to founder that was invested in convertible notes. During February 2022, we raised an additional $341,632 from the issuance of convertible notes. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and year ended December 31, 2022, we received proceeds of $433,000 and $343,000, respectively, from the redemption of Holocom Series A Preferred Stock (see Note 4 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements). As of September 30, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents of $252,898. Our ability to continue our operations is highly dependent on our ability to raise capital to fund future operations. We anticipate, based on currently proposed plans and assumptions that our cash on hand will not satisfy our operational and capital requirements through twelve months from the filing date of this Quarterly Report.

 

Our primary uses of capital to date are primarily related to payroll, consulting and related costs, public company expenses, fees associated with license agreements, including patent related expenses, and costs of the reverse merger. On a go forward basis, we will need significant additional capital to support our research and development efforts, compensation and related expenses, and hiring additional staff (including clinical, scientific, operational, financial, and management personnel) and to reduce our accrued liabilities. We expect to incur substantial expenditures in the foreseeable future for the development and potential commercialization of our product candidates, provided we are able to raise sufficient capital to advance our technologies.

 

We plan to continue to fund losses from operations and future funding needs through our cash on hand and future equity and/or debt offerings, as well as potential collaborations or licensing arrangements with other companies.

 

There are a number of uncertainties associated with our ability to raise additional capital and we have no current arrangements with respect to any additional financing. If we raise funds from the issuance of equity securities (which will be challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), substantial dilution to our existing stockholders would likely result. If we raise additional funds by incurring debt financing (also challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), the terms of the debt may involve significant cash payment obligations as well as covenants and specific financial ratios that may restrict our ability to operate our business. Further, any contracts or license arrangements we enter into to raise funds may require us to relinquish our rights to our products or technology, and we may not be able to enter into any such contracts or license arrangements on favorable terms, or at all. Since the closing date of the reverse merger, our limited cash position has required us to perform only limited development activities and to delay and scale back our development programs and other activities to remain afloat. If we continue to have insufficient funds, we may be required to cease our operations altogether.

 

In addition, the continuation of disruptions caused by COVID-19, broad-based inflation, and various economic indicators that the United States economy may be entering a recession in upcoming quarters may cause investors to slow down or delay their decision to deploy capital which will adversely impact our ability to fund future operations. Consequently, there can be no assurance that any additional financing on commercially reasonable terms, or at all, will be available when needed. If we are unable to raise additional capital and continue to have insufficient funds, we may be required to cease our operations altogether. The above matters raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

 

 

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Cash Flow Summary

 

The following table provides a summary of our net cash flow activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022:

 

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(400,747)  $(526,637)
Net cash provided by investing activities   433,000    343,000 
Net cash provided by financing activities       341,632 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents  $32,253   $157,995 

 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 consisted of our net loss of $712,677 combined with a decrease in the fair value of the derivative liability of $46,700 and a gain on redemption of preferred stock of Holocom of $433,000, which amounts were offset by (i) non-cash share-based compensation expense of $16,406, (ii) non-cash interest expense of $54,849, (iii) the accretion to redemption value on convertible notes of $14,380, and (iv) a net change in operating assets and liabilities of $705,995 primarily due to an increase in accrued compensation, accrued consulting, and other accrued expenses of $715,036, in aggregate.

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 consisted of our net loss of $1,846,768 combined with a decrease in the fair value of the derivative liability of $58,000 and a gain on redemption of preferred stock of Holocom of $343,000, which amounts were offset by (i) non-cash share-based compensation expense of $288,594, (ii) non-cash interest expense of $51,254, (iii) the accretion to redemption value on convertible notes of $64,171 and (iv) a net change in operating assets and liabilities of $1,317,112 primarily due to an increase in accrued compensation, accrued consulting, and other accrued expenses of $1,314,780, in aggregate.

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities

 

Net cash provided by investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 consisted of proceeds received from our redemption of Holocom’s Series A Preferred Stock of $433,000 and $343,000, respectively (see Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 consisted of net proceeds received from the issuance of convertible notes of $341,632 (see Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

There have been no new accounting pronouncements adopted by the Company or new accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the recent accounting pronouncements described in Note 2 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, that the Company believes are of significance or potential significance to the Company.

 

 

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act, as of September 30, 2023, the end of the period to which this quarterly report relates, we have carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer and our EVP, Chief Financial Officer.

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including the President and Chief Executive Officer and the EVP, Chief Financial Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.  Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2023, our management, with the participation of our President and Chief Executive Officer and our EVP, Chief Financial Officer, concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no significant changes to our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during our most recently completed quarter that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PART II- OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Pro0ceedings

 

Information pertaining to legal proceedings is provided in Note 10, Commitments and Contingencies, to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q (“Report” or “Quarterly Report”) before making a decision to invest in our securities. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or that we currently believe are not material, also may become important factors that affect us and impair our business operations. The occurrence of any of the events or developments discussed in the risk factors below could have a material and adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and, in such case, our future prospects would likely be materially and adversely affected.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “Mosaic,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this Quarterly Report refer to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and its subsidiaries (formerly known as Patriot Scientific Corporation). References to “PTSC” and “Private Mosaic” refer to Patriot Scientific Corporation and privately held Mosaic ImmunoEngineering Inc., respectively, prior to the completion of a reverse merger in August 2020.

 

Risks Related to Our Operations

 

While the Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, we do not currently have sufficient working capital to fund our planned operations for the next twelve months and we may be required to cease our operations altogether if we are unable to secure sufficient funding.

 

There is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, as we currently do not have adequate financial resources to fund our forecasted operating costs for at least twelve months from the filing of this Report. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had incurred operating losses since inception, and continues to generate losses from operations, and has an accumulated deficit of $7,620,779. As a result, our existing cash resources are not sufficient to meet our anticipated needs over the next twelve months from the date hereof and we would need to raise additional capital to continue our operations and to implement our business plan, which capital is unlikely to be available on favorable terms or at all. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

If we raise funds from the issuance of equity securities (which will be challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), substantial dilution to our existing stockholders would likely result. If we raise additional funds by incurring debt financing (also challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), the terms of the debt may involve significant cash payment obligations as well as covenants and specific financial ratios that may restrict our ability to operate our business. Further, any contracts or license arrangements we enter into to raise funds may require us to relinquish our rights to our products or technology, and we may not be able to enter into any such contracts or license arrangements on favorable terms, or at all. Since the closing date of the reverse merger, our limited cash position has required us to perform only limited development activities and to delay and scale back our development programs and other activities to remain afloat. If we continue to have insufficient funds, we may be required to cease our operations altogether.

 

Our ability to pursue the research and development activities and other initiatives discussed in the following risk factors and elsewhere in this Report will require significant funding, which may not be available to us in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development.

 

The consolidated financial statements included in this Report do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset amounts or the classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

 

 

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We currently do not have sufficient capital to pay all amounts owed under our License Agreement with Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”) in the amount of approximately $396,000 and if we fail to raise sufficient capital in the near term to pay for past due patent fees, we could lose the rights to develop our lead product candidate, MIE-101, which is the product upon which our business depends.

 

On May 4, 2022, we entered into a License Agreement with CWRU allowing us to develop and commercialize our lead product candidate, MIE-101. If we fail to comply with our obligations under the License Agreement, including the payment of all amounts due under the License Agreement, we may lose the rights to developed and potentially commercialize our lead product candidate, MIE-101, which is the product upon which our business depends. As of September 30, 2023, we have accrued approximately $396,000 in accrued patent fees payable to CWRU under the License Agreement and we currently do not have sufficient capital to pay all amounts due under the License Agreement. While CWRU has historically agreed to defer certain amounts due under the License Agreement, there can no guarantee that CWRU will grant us any additional time to pay our obligations and CWRU may terminate the License Agreement with us (see Note 6 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements) if we are unable to raise sufficient capital to pay these past due amounts. In addition, there are many risks associated with our financial position and need for additional capital, as further described below under the section titled “RISKS RELATED TO OUR FINANCIAL POSITION AND NEED FOR ADDITIONAL CAPITAL”.

 

If we are able to raise sufficient capital, we expect that we will incur significant losses over the next several years and may never achieve or maintain profitability.

 

We have a limited operating history since the reverse merger in August 2020. We have not raised any capital other than $575,000 and $341,632 from the issuance of our convertible notes in May 2021 and February 2022, respectively. Due to our limited cash, our historical results do not reflect the significant costs required to develop our product candidates. In addition, our products are in preclinical development and therefore, we anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially over the next several years, if and as we:

 

·develop product manufacturing processes under the Food and Drug Administration's (“FDA’s”) current Good Manufacturing Practice regulations (“cGMP”) for each of our product candidates and enter into manufacturing supply agreements to support toxicology studies and our planned Phase I clinical trials;
·contract preclinical toxicology studies to support the safety of our product candidates prior to starting any human trial;
·continue preclinical research and translational studies to enhance our understanding of the mechanism of action of the product candidates;
·enter into collaboration arrangements with regards to product discovery and product development;
·operate under the licensing agreement with Case Western Reserve University and acquire rights to other technologies;
·prepare regulatory filings, such as filing IND applications with the FDA that are required prior to starting any human clinical trial;
·plan, initiate, enroll, and complete clinical trials;
·maintain, expand and protect our intellectual property portfolio; and
·hire additional personnel to support our research, development, and administrative efforts.

 

We expect that it will be several years, if ever, before we have a product candidate ready for commercialization. If we are unable to advance our product candidates and begin to generate clinical data, we may have greater difficulty raising capital on favorable terms, or at all. In addition, there are many risks associated with our financial position and need for additional capital, as further described below under the section titled “RISKS RELATED TO OUR FINANCIAL POSITION AND NEED FOR ADDITIONAL CAPITAL”.

 

If we are able to raise sufficient capital, we expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increasing operating losses for the foreseeable future. The net losses that we incur may fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year.

 

To become and remain profitable, we or a potential partner must develop and eventually commercialize a product or products with significant market potential. This will require us to be successful in a range of challenging activities, including completing all phases of clinical trials of our product candidates, obtaining marketing approval for these product candidates and manufacturing, marketing and selling those products for which we obtain marketing approval. We or a potential partner may never succeed in these activities and, even if we do, may never generate revenues that are significant or large enough to achieve profitability. If we do achieve profitability, we may not be able to sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis. Our development efforts will take several years and will require significant capital that will dilute the ownership interest of common stockholders. A decline in the value of the Company could also cause stockholders to lose all or part of their investment.

 

 

 

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We are early in our development efforts and our product candidates are in preclinical development.

 

We currently do not have any products that have gained regulatory approval. Our ability to generate product revenues, which we do not expect will occur for several years, if ever, will depend heavily on the successful development and eventual commercialization of our product candidates. As a result, our business is substantially dependent on our ability to successfully complete the development of and obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates.

 

We have not yet demonstrated an ability to successfully overcome many of the risks and uncertainties frequently encountered by companies in new and rapidly evolving fields, particularly in the nanotechnology area. If we are unsuccessful in accomplishing the numerous and complex objectives in developing our product candidates, we may not be able to successfully develop and commercialize our two product candidates, and our business will suffer.

 

Our short operating history may make it difficult to evaluate the success of our business to date and to assess our future viability.

 

We are an early development stage biotechnology company formed on March 30, 2020. Our ongoing operations to date have been limited to organizing the Company, business planning, acquiring rights to license the technology, identifying potential product candidates, and undertaking preclinical studies in collaboration with our external researchers under university approved grants. In addition, we have limited human resources to help us achieve our goals. Consequently, any predictions made about our future success or viability based on our short operating history to date may not be as accurate as they could be if we had a longer and more established operating history. In addition, as an early-stage business, we may encounter unforeseen expenses, difficulties, complications, delays and other known and unknown factors.

  

Business interruptions resulting from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak or similar public health crises could cause a disruption of the development of our product candidates and adversely impact our business.

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic. To limit the spread of COVID-19, governments have taken various actions including the issuance of stay-at-home orders and physical distancing guidelines. Accordingly, businesses have adjusted, reduced or suspended operating activities. We may experience disruptions as a result of COVID-19 (or any new potential variant) or any other pandemic that could severely impact our business and planned clinical trials, including:

 

·delays or difficulties in planned clinical site initiation, including difficulties in recruiting clinical site investigators and clinical site staff;
·delays or difficulties in enrolling patients in our planned clinical trials and further incurrence of additional costs as a result of preclinical study and clinical trial delays and adjustments;
·challenges related to ongoing and increased operational expenses related to the COVID-19 pandemic or any other pandemic;
·delays, difficulties or increased costs to comply with COVID-19 protocols or any other pandemic protocols;
·diversion of healthcare resources away from the conduct of clinical trials, including the diversion of hospitals serving as our clinical trial sites and hospital staff supporting the conduct of clinical trials;
·interruption of key clinical trial activities, such as clinical trial site monitoring, due to limitations on travel imposed or recommended by federal or state governments, employers and others;
·limitations in resources that would otherwise be focused on the conduct of our business or our clinical trials, including because of sickness or the desire to avoid contact with large groups of people or as a result of government-imposed “Stay-at-Home” orders or similar working restrictions;
·delays in receiving approval from local regulatory authorities to initiate our planned clinical trials;
·delays in preclinical and clinical sites receiving the supplies and materials needed to conduct our planned clinical trials;
·interruption in global shipping that may affect the transport of clinical trial materials, such as investigational drug product used in our planned clinical trials;
·changes in regulations as part of a response to the COVID-19 pandemic or any other pandemic which may require us to change the ways in which our planned clinical trials may be conducted, or which may result in unexpected costs;
·delays in necessary interactions with regulators, ethics committees and other important agencies and contractors due to limitations in employee resources or forced furlough of government or contractor personnel; and
·increased competition for contract research organizations (“CROs”), suppliers and vendors.

 

 

 

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We will continue to assess the impact that COVID-19 may have on our ability to effectively conduct our business operations as planned and there can be no assurance that we will be able to avoid a material impact on our business from the spread of COVID-19 or its consequences, including disruption to our business and downturns in business sentiment generally or in our industry. Should COVID-19 cases in USA increase or any other pandemic, the country or states may institute stricter social distancing protocols.

 

Additionally, third parties that we may engage, including our collaborators, contract organizations, third-party manufacturers, suppliers, clinical trial sites, regulators and other third parties with whom we conduct business are similarly adjusting their operations and assessing their capacity in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. If these third parties experience shutdowns or continued business disruptions, our ability to conduct our business in the manner and on the timelines presently planned could be materially and negatively impacted. It is likely that the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on hospitals and clinical sites will have an impact on recruitment and retention for our planned clinical trials. In addition, our future clinical trial sites could experience delays in collecting, receiving and analyzing data from patients enrolled in our planned clinical trial due to limited staff at such sites, limitation or suspension of on-site visits by patients, or patients’ reluctance to visit the clinical trial sites during the pandemic. As a result, research and development expenses and general and administrative expenses may vary significantly if there is an increased impact from COVID-19 on the costs and timing associated with the conduct of our panned clinical trial and other related business activities.

 

As we continue to actively advance our clinical programs and discovery and research programs, we are assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on each of our programs, expected timelines and costs on an ongoing basis. In light of ongoing developments relating to the COVID-19 pandemic, the focus of healthcare providers and hospitals on fighting the virus, and consistent with the FDA’s industry guidance for conducting clinical trials issued in March 2020, as updated subsequently. We and our CROs have also made certain adjustments to the operation of such trials in an effort to ensure the monitoring and safety of patients and minimize risks to trial integrity during the pandemic in accordance with the guidance issued by the FDA on June 19, 2020 on good manufacturing practice considerations for responding to COVID-19 infection in employees in biopharmaceutical products manufacturing and generally and may need to make further adjustments in the future. Other COVID-related guidance recently released by FDA that apply to us and our third-party manufacturers include guidance addressing cGMP considerations for responding to COVID-19 infections in employees and statistical considerations for clinical trials during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Many of these adjustments are new and untested, may not be effective, and may have unforeseen effects on the enrollment, progress and completion of these trials and the findings from these trials. While we are currently continuing our clinical trial and seeking to add new clinical trial sites, we may not be successful in adding trial sites, may experience delays in patient enrollment or in the progression of our clinical trial, may need to suspend our clinical trial, and may encounter other negative impacts to our trials, due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

The global outbreak of COVID-19 continues to rapidly evolve. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business will depend on future developments such as the rate of the spread of the disease, travel restrictions and social distancing in the United States and other countries, business closures or business disruptions and the effectiveness of actions taken in the United States and other countries to contain and treat the disease and to address its impact, including on financial markets or otherwise. Further, a lack of coordinated response on risk mitigation and vaccination deployment with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic on a local or federal level could result in significant increases to the duration and severity of the pandemic in the United States as compared to the rest of the world and could have a corresponding negative impact on our business. While the extent of the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results is uncertain, a continued and prolonged public health crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic or any other pandemic could have a material negative impact on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic or any other pandemic adversely affects our business, financial condition and operating results, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the risks described in this “Risk Factors” section.

 

 

 

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The Company and its subsidiaries have limited insurance for their operations and are subject to various risks of loss.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries carry limited directors’ and officers’ insurance. In addition, we do not carry general business liability insurance or other insurance applicable to our business. Successful claims against the Company would likely render us insolvent. The Company has not reserved any amounts in connection with self-insuring against any potential claims against the Company or its subsidiaries. Once we are able to raise sufficient funding to advance our business, we plan to secure additional insurance coverage to better protect our business. There can be no assurance that we will obtain sufficient insurance coverage to cover all possible risks and potential related losses.

 

Drug development involves a lengthy and expensive process with an uncertain outcome, including failure to demonstrate safety and efficacy to the satisfaction of the FDA or similar regulatory authorities outside the United States. We may incur additional costs or experience delays in completing, or ultimately be unable to complete, the product manufacturing of our product candidates.

 

Given the early stage of our product candidates, the risk of failure for our product candidates is high. Before obtaining marketing approval from regulatory authorities for the sale of any product candidate, we must complete formulation development for our products, conduct nonclinical trials, and then conduct extensive clinical trials to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of our product candidates in humans. In addition, product manufacturing and process development along with preclinical and clinical testing are all expensive activities, difficult to design and implement, and can take several years to complete. The outcome of preclinical and clinical trials is inherently uncertain. Failure can occur at any time during the development program, including during the clinical trial process. Further, the results of preclinical studies and early clinical trials of our product candidates, may not be predictive of the results of later-stage clinical trials. Moreover, preclinical and clinical data are often susceptible to varying interpretations and analyses, and many companies that have believed their product candidates performed satisfactorily in preclinical and clinical trials have nonetheless failed to obtain marketing approval of their products. It is impossible to predict when or if any of our product candidates will prove effective and safe in humans or will receive regulatory approval.

 

We may experience delays in our planned clinical trials, and we do not know whether planned clinical trials will begin or enroll subjects on time, need to be redesigned or be completed on schedule, if at all. There can be no assurance that the FDA or any other foreign regulatory body will not put any of our product candidates on clinical hold in the future. We may experience numerous unforeseen events during, or as a result of, clinical trials that could delay or prevent our ability to receive marketing approval or commercialize our product candidates. Planned clinical trials may be delayed, suspended or prematurely terminated for a variety of reasons, such as:

 

·delay or failure in reaching agreement with the FDA, European Medicines Agency (“EMA”), or a comparable foreign regulatory authority on a trial design that we want to execute;
·delay or failure in obtaining authorization to commence a trial or inability to comply with conditions imposed by a regulatory authority regarding the scope or design of a clinical study;
·delays in reaching, or failure to reach, agreement on acceptable clinical trial contracts or clinical trial protocols with prospective trial sites;
·inability, delay, or failure in identifying and maintaining a sufficient number of trial sites, many of which may already be engaged in other clinical programs;
·delay or failure in recruiting and enrolling suitable subjects to participate in a trial;
·delay or failure in having subjects complete a trial or return for post-treatment follow-up;
·clinical sites and investigators deviating from trial protocol, failing to conduct the trial in accordance with regulatory requirements, or dropping out of a trial;
·lack of adequate funding to continue the clinical trial, including the incurrence of unforeseen costs due to enrollment delays, requirements to conduct additional clinical studies and increased expenses associated with the services of our contract research organizations (“CROs”) and other third parties;
·clinical trials of our product candidates may produce negative or inconclusive results, and we may decide, or regulators may require us, to conduct additional clinical trials or abandon product development programs;
·the number of patients required for clinical trials of our product candidates may be larger than we anticipate, enrollment in these clinical trials may be slower than we anticipate, or participants may drop out of these clinical trials at a higher rate than we anticipate;
·we may experience delays or difficulties in the enrollment of patients that our product candidates are designed to target based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria;
·our third-party contractors may fail to comply with regulatory requirements or meet their contractual obligations to us in a timely manner, or at all;
·we may have difficulty partnering with experienced Clinical Research Organization and study sites that can identify patients that our product candidates are designed to target and run our clinical trials effectively;
·regulators or institutional review boards (“IRBs”) may require that we or our investigators suspend or terminate clinical research for various reasons, including noncompliance with regulatory requirements or a finding that the participants are being exposed to unacceptable health risks;
·the supply or quality of our product candidates or other materials necessary to conduct clinical trials of our product candidates may be insufficient or inadequate; or
·there may be changes in governmental regulations or administrative actions.

 

 

 

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If we are required to conduct additional clinical trials or other testing of our product candidates beyond those that we currently contemplate, or if we are unable to successfully complete clinical trials of our product candidates or other testing, or if the results of these trials or tests are not positive or are only modestly positive, or if there are safety concerns, we may:

 

·be delayed in obtaining marketing approval for our product candidates, if ever;
·obtain approval for indications or patient populations that are not as broad as intended or desired;
·obtain approval with labeling that includes significant use or distribution restrictions or safety warnings that would reduce the potential market for our products or inhibit our ability to successfully commercialize our product candidates;
·be subject to additional post-marketing restrictions and/or testing requirements; or
·have the product removed from the market after obtaining marketing approval.

 

Product development costs will also increase if we experience delays in testing or marketing approvals. We do not know whether any of our preclinical studies or clinical trials will need to be restructured or will be completed on schedule, or at all. Significant preclinical or clinical trial delays also could shorten any periods during which we may have the exclusive right to commercialize our product candidates or may allow our competitors to bring products to market before we do and impair our ability to successfully commercialize our product candidates and may harm our business and results of operations. In addition, enrollment delays in our clinical trials may result in increased development costs for our product candidates, which would cause the value of the Company to decline and limit our ability to obtain additional financing.

 

If serious adverse events or unacceptable side effects are identified during the development of our product candidates, we may need to abandon or limit our development of some of our product candidates.

 

If our product candidates are associated with undesirable effects in preclinical or clinical trials or have characteristics that are unexpected, we may need to interrupt, delay or abandon their development or limit development to more narrow uses or subpopulations in which the undesirable side effects or other characteristics are less prevalent, less severe or more acceptable from a risk-benefit perspective. Currently unknown, drug-related side effects may be identified in our planned clinical studies and, as such, these possible drug-related side effects could affect patient recruitment, the ability of enrolled subjects to complete the trial, or result in potential product liability claims. Reported serious adverse events may arise and the occurrence, whatever the cause, may impact the conduct of any ongoing or future clinical trial. To date, our product candidates have not been evaluated in any human clinical studies. Any occurrence of clinically significant adverse events may harm our business, financial condition and prospects significantly.

 

Our business and operations would suffer in the event of computer system failures, cyber-attacks or deficiencies in our or third parties’ cyber security.

 

Given our limited operating history, we are still in the process of implementing our internal security measures. Our internal computer systems and those of current and future third parties on which we rely may fail and are vulnerable to damage from computer viruses and unauthorized access. Our information technology and other planned internal infrastructure systems, including corporate firewalls, servers, connection to the Internet, face the risk of systemic failure that could disrupt our operations. If such an event were to occur and cause interruptions in our operations, it could result in a material disruption of our development programs and our business operations. To the extent that any disruption or security breach were to result in a loss of, or damage to, our data or applications, or inappropriate disclosure of confidential or proprietary information, we could incur liability, our competitive position could be harmed and the further development and commercialization of our product candidates or any future product candidates could be hindered or delayed. In addition, due to limited corporate infrastructure, our entire workforce is currently working remotely. This could increase our cyber security risk, create data accessibility concerns, and make us more susceptible to communication disruptions.

 

We do not presently maintain insurance coverage to protect against cybersecurity risks. If we procure such coverage in the future, we cannot ensure that it will be sufficient to cover any loss we may experience as a result of such cyberattacks. Any cyber incident could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

 

 

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If we fail to establish and maintain proper and effective internal control over financial reporting, our operating results and our ability to operate our business could be harmed.

 

Ensuring that we will have adequate internal financial and accounting controls and procedures in place so that we can produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis is a costly and time-consuming effort that needs to be re-evaluated frequently. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or GAAP.

 

In addition, we are required to be compliant with public company internal control requirements mandated under Section 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If we are unable to successfully maintain internal controls over financial reporting, the accuracy and timing of our financial reporting, and our stock price, may be adversely affected.

 

Risks Related to Our Financial Position and Need for Additional Capital

 

We will need substantial additional funding. If we are unable to secure sufficient capital in the near term, we may be required to further reduce or eliminate product development and potentially cease operations.

 

As of September 30, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents of $252,898 and current liabilities of $4,568,967. Since the closing date of the reverse merger, we have been unable to raise sufficient capital to advance our lead product candidate, MIE-101, from preclinical development into clinical development. Moreover, our existing cash resources are not sufficient to meet our anticipated needs over the next twelve months from the date hereof. We will need to raise additional capital to continue our operations and to implement our business plan, which capital is unlikely to be available on favorable terms or at all. In addition, we expect our expenses to significantly increase if and when we are able to initiate product manufacturing to support preclinical and clinical testing, perform preclinical studies, including toxicology studies, initiate clinical development, and eventually, if successful, seek marketing approval for, our product candidates. Since the closing date of the reverse merger, our limited cash position has slowed our product development and other activities to remain afloat. If we are unable to raise additional capital when needed, we would be forced to further delay our preclinical and clinical development programs and potentially cease our operations altogether.

  

If we are able to raise additional capital, our funding needs may fluctuate significantly based on several factors, including, but not limited to:

 

·the scope, progress, results and costs of product development and manufacture of drug product to support preclinical and clinical development of our product candidates;
·the extent to which we enter into additional collaboration arrangements regarding product discovery or development;
·the costs, timing and outcome of regulatory review of our product candidates;
·our ability to establish additional collaborations with favorable terms, if at all;
·the costs of future commercialization activities, including product sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution, for any of our product candidates for which we receive marketing approval;
·the costs of preparing, filing and prosecuting patent applications, maintaining and enforcing our intellectual property rights and defending intellectual property-related claims;
·The costs to in-license our product candidates from Case Western Reserve University, and others if we acquire or in-license other products or technologies; and
·revenue, if any, received from commercial sales of our product candidates, should any of our product candidates receive marketing approval.

 

 

 

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Identifying potential product candidates and conducting manufacturing and process development, preclinical testing and clinical trials is a time-consuming, expensive and uncertain process that takes years to complete, and we may never generate the necessary data or results required to obtain marketing approval and achieve product sales. In addition, our product candidates, if approved, may not achieve commercial success. Our commercial revenues, if any, will be derived from sales of products that we do not expect to be commercially available for several years, if at all. Accordingly, we will need to continue to rely on additional financing to achieve our business objectives. Adequate additional capital is unlikely to be available on favorable terms or at all.

 

Raising capital will cause dilution to our stockholders, restrict our operations, or require us to relinquish rights to our technologies or product candidates.

 

Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial product revenues, we expect to finance our cash needs through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings, and/or licensing arrangements. While we do not have any committed external source of funds, if we raise funds from the issuance of equity securities (which will be challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), substantial dilution to our existing stockholders would likely result. If we raise additional funds by incurring debt financing (also challenging in light of current market conditions combined with our early stage of development), the terms of the debt may involve significant cash payment obligations as well as covenants and specific financial ratios that may restrict our ability to operate our business. Further, any contracts or license arrangements we enter into to raise funds may require us to relinquish our rights to our products or technology, and we may not be able to enter into any such contracts or license arrangements on favorable terms, or at all.

 

We cannot be certain that additional funding will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to raise additional funds when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate product development and potentially cease our operations altogether.

 

Because the reverse merger resulted in an ownership change under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code for PTSC, PTSC’s pre-merger net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be subject to limitations.

 

If a corporation undergoes an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 of the Code, the corporation’s net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes arising from before the ownership change are subject to limitations on use after the ownership change. In general, an ownership change occurs if there is a cumulative change in the corporation’s equity ownership by certain stockholders that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. Similar rules may apply under state tax laws. The reverse merger resulted in an ownership change for PTSC and, accordingly, PTSC’s net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be subject to limitations (or disallowance) on their use after the reverse merger. Additional ownership changes in the future could result in additional limitations on the Company’s post-merger net operating loss carryforwards. Consequently, even if the Company achieves profitability, it may not be able to utilize a material portion of PTSC’s, or the post-merger Company’s net operating loss carryforwards and other tax attributes, which could have a material adverse effect on cash flow and results of operations.

 

Risks Related to the Commercialization of Our Product Candidates

 

We face substantial competition, which may result in others discovering, developing or commercializing competing products before or more successfully than we do.

 

The development and commercialization of new drug products is highly competitive. We face competition with respect to our current product candidates, and will face competition with respect to any product candidates that we may seek to develop or commercialize in the future, from major pharmaceutical companies, specialty pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology companies worldwide. There are a number of large pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies that currently market and sell products or are pursuing the development of products for the treatment of the disease indications for which we are developing our product candidates. Some of these competitive products and therapies are based on scientific approaches in immuno-oncology that are similar to our approach, and others are based on entirely different approaches. Potential competitors also include academic institutions, government agencies and other public and private research organizations that conduct research, seek patent protection and establish collaborative arrangements for research, development, manufacturing and commercialization.

 

 

 

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Our commercial opportunity could be reduced or eliminated if our competitors develop and commercialize products that are safer, more effective, have fewer or less severe side effects, are more convenient or are less expensive than any products that we may develop. In addition, our ability to compete may be affected in many cases by insurers or other third-party payers seeking to encourage the use of biosimilar or generic products.

 

Many of the companies against which we are competing or against which we may compete in the future have significantly greater financial resources and expertise in research and development, manufacturing, conducting preclinical studies, conducting clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals and marketing approved products than we do. Mergers and acquisitions in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries may result in even more resources being concentrated among a smaller number of our competitors. Smaller and other early-stage companies may also prove to be significant competitors, particularly through collaborative arrangements with large and established companies. These third parties compete with us in recruiting and retaining qualified scientific and management personnel, establishing clinical trial sites and patient registration for clinical trials, as well as in acquiring technologies complementary to, or necessary for, our programs.

 

Product liability lawsuits against us could cause us to incur substantial liabilities and to limit commercialization of any products that we may develop.

 

We will face an inherent risk of product liability exposure related to the testing of our product candidates in human clinical trials and will face an even greater risk if we commercially sell any products that we may develop. If we cannot successfully defend against claims that our product candidates or products caused injuries, we will incur substantial liabilities. Regardless of merit or eventual outcome, liability claims may result in:

 

·decreased demand for any product candidates or products that we may develop, if approved;
·injury to our reputation and significant negative media attention;
·withdrawal of clinical trial participants;
·significant costs to defend the related litigation;
·substantial monetary awards to trial participants or patients;
·loss of revenue, if approved;
·reduced resources of our management to pursue our business strategy; and
·the inability to commercialize any products that we may develop.

 

We currently have no product liability insurance coverage as our product candidates are not ready for clinical testing in patients. If we secure product liability insurance, it may not be adequate to cover all liabilities that we may incur. We may need to increase our insurance coverage as we expand our clinical trials or if we commence commercialization of our product candidates. Insurance coverage is increasingly expensive. We may not be able to maintain insurance coverage at a reasonable cost or in an amount adequate to satisfy any liability that may arise.

 

 

 

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Risks Related to Our Dependence on Third Parties

 

Future development collaborations may be important to us. If we are unable to enter into or maintain these collaborations, or if these collaborations are not successful, our business could be adversely affected.

 

For any of our product candidates, we may in the future determine to seek to collaborate with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies for the development of our product candidates. We face significant competition in seeking appropriate collaborators. Our ability to reach a definitive agreement for any collaboration will depend, among other things, upon our assessment of the collaborator’s resources and expertise, the terms and conditions of the proposed collaboration and the proposed collaborator’s evaluation of a number of factors. If we are unable to reach agreements with suitable collaborators on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all, we may have to curtail the development of a product candidate, reduce or delay its development program or one or more of our other potential development programs, delay its potential development schedule or reduce the scope of research activities, or increase our expenditures and all development activities at our own expense. If we fail to enter into collaborations and do not have sufficient funds or expertise to undertake the necessary development activities, we may not be able to further develop our product candidates or continue to develop our product candidates, and our business may be materially and adversely affected.

 

If any future collaboration does not result in the successful development of products or product candidates, product candidates could be delayed, and we may need additional resources to develop product candidates. All of the risks relating to product development, regulatory approval and commercialization described in this periodic report also apply to the activities of our collaborators.

 

We may contract with third parties for the manufacture of our product candidates for preclinical and clinical studies and may expect to continue to do so for commercialization. This potential reliance on third parties increases the risk that we will not have sufficient quantities of our product candidates or products at an acceptable cost and quality, which could delay, prevent or impair our development or commercialization efforts.

 

Due to our limited operations and no existing manufacturing infrastructure or capabilities, we may utilize third parties to formulate, manufacture, package, and distribute preclinical and clinical supplies of our product candidates. In addition, these materials are custom-made and available from only a limited number of sources. Despite drug substance and product risk management, this reliance on third parties presents a risk that we will not have sufficient quantities of our product candidates or products or such quantities at an acceptable cost or quality, which could delay, prevent or impair our development or commercialization efforts. Any performance failure on the part of our future manufacturers of drug substance or drug products could delay clinical development or potential marketing approval.

 

We also expect to rely on other third parties to label, store, and distribute drug supplies for our clinical trials. Any performance failure on the part of our distributors could delay clinical development or marketing approval of our product candidates or commercialization of our products, producing additional losses and depriving us of potential product revenue.

 

We may be unable to establish any agreements with third-party manufacturers or to do so on acceptable terms. Even if we can establish agreements with third-party manufacturers, reliance on third-party manufacturers entails additional risks, including:

 

·reliance on the third party for regulatory compliance and quality assurance;
·the possible breach of the manufacturing agreement by the third party;
·the possible misappropriation of our proprietary information, including our trade secrets and know-how; and
·the possible termination or nonrenewal of the agreement by the third party at a time that is costly or inconvenient for us.

 

 

 

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The third parties we may rely on for manufacturing and packaging are also subject to regulatory review, and any regulatory compliance problems with these third parties could significantly delay or disrupt our clinical or commercialization activities. Third-party manufacturers may not be able to comply with cGMP regulations or similar regulatory requirements outside the United States. Our failure, or the failure of our third-party manufacturers, to comply with applicable regulations could result in sanctions being imposed on us, including clinical holds, fines, injunctions, civil penalties, delays, suspension or withdrawal of approvals, license revocation, seizures or recalls of product candidates or products, operating restrictions and criminal prosecutions, any of which could significantly and adversely affect supplies of our products. Additionally, macro-economic conditions may adversely affect these third parties, causing them to suffer liquidity or operational problems. If a key third-party vendor becomes insolvent or is forced to lay off workers assisting with our projects, our results and development timing could suffer.

 

In addition, our product candidate, and any products that we may develop may compete with other product candidates and products for access to manufacturing facilities. There are a limited number of manufacturers that operate under cGMP regulations that may be capable of manufacturing for us. Our anticipated future dependence upon others for the manufacture of our product candidates or products may adversely affect our future profit margins and our ability to commercialize any products that receive marketing approval on a timely and competitive basis.

 

Data provided by collaborators and other parties upon which we rely have not been independently verified and could turn out to be inaccurate, misleading, or incomplete.

 

We rely and intend to rely on third-party vendors, scientists, and collaborators to provide us with significant data and other information related to our projects, clinical trials, and business. We do not independently verify or audit all of such data (including possibly material portions thereof). As a result, such data may be inaccurate, misleading, or incomplete.

 

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

 

If we or CWRU are unable to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for technology and products under the License Agreement or if the scope of the intellectual property protection obtained by CWRU is not sufficiently broad, our competitors could develop and commercialize technology and products similar or identical to ours, and our ability to successfully commercialize our technology and products may be impaired.

 

Our success depends in large part on our ability and CWRU’s ability to obtain and maintain patent protection in the United States, the European Union, and other countries with respect to our proprietary technology and products. We or CWRU have and will seek to protect our proprietary position by filing patent applications in the United States and internationally that are related to our novel technologies and product candidates. We currently heavily rely on CWRU to assist with protecting the underlying patents and patent applications under the License Agreement.

 

The patent prosecution process is expensive and time-consuming, and we may not be able to file and prosecute all necessary or desirable patent applications at a reasonable cost or in a timely manner. We or CWRU may choose not to seek patent protection for certain innovations and may choose not to pursue patent protection in certain jurisdictions, and under the laws of certain jurisdictions, patents or other intellectual property rights may be unavailable or limited in scope. It is also possible that we or CWRU will fail to identify patentable aspects of our discovery and preclinical development output before it is too late to obtain patent protection. Moreover, in some circumstances, we may not have the right to control the preparation, filing and prosecution of patent applications, or to maintain the patents, covering technology that we license from third parties. Therefore, these patents and applications may not be prosecuted and enforced in a manner consistent with the best interests of our business.

 

 

 

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The patent position of biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies generally is highly uncertain, involves complex legal and factual questions and has in recent years been the subject of much litigation. In addition, the laws of foreign countries may not protect our rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. Publications of discoveries in the scientific literature often lag behind the actual discoveries, and patent applications in the United States and other jurisdictions are typically not published until 18 months after filing, or in limited cases not at all. Therefore, we cannot know with certainty whether we were the first to make the inventions claimed in our owned or licensed patents or pending patent applications, or that we were the first to file for patent protection of such inventions. Also, an examination is often lengthy and can involve numerous challenges to the claims sought. As a result, the issuance, scope, validity, enforceability and commercial value of our patent rights are highly uncertain. Pending and future patent applications may not result in patents being issued which protect our technology or products, in whole or in part, or which effectively prevent others from commercializing competitive technologies and products. Changes in either the patent laws or interpretation of the patent laws in the United States, the European Union, and other countries may diminish the value of the underlying patents under our License Agreement or narrow the scope of our patent protection.

 

Any inability by us or CWRU to adequately protect the underlying intellectual property covered by the License Agreement may have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial position.

 

If we fail to comply with our obligations under the License Agreement with CWRU or other agreements under which we may license intellectual property and other rights from third parties or otherwise experience disruptions to our business relationships with our future licensors, we could lose those rights or other rights, which are the products upon which our business depends.

 

On July 1, 2020, we signed a License Option Agreement with CWRU, granting us the exclusive right to license technology and patent portfolios concerning certain immunostimulatory nanotechnology-based therapeutics and formulations to treat cancer and diseases in humans and for veterinary use. On May 4, 2022, we exercised our right to license the technology from CWRU and entered into a License Agreement. If we fail to comply with our obligations under the License Agreement, or any other future agreement, including the payment of all amounts due under the License Agreement, we may lose the rights to developed and potentially commercialize our technology, and CWRU may have the right to terminate the License Agreement or restrict our rights, in which event we would not be able to develop or market products covered by the License Agreement, which are the products upon which our business depends. As of September 30, 2023, we have accrued approximately $396,000 in accrued patent fees payable to CWRU under the License Agreement and we currently do not have sufficient capital to pay all amounts due under the License Agreement. While CWRU has historically agreed to defer certain amounts due under the License Agreement, there can no guarantee that CWRU will grant us any additional time to pay our obligations (see Note 6 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements). Additionally, all milestones and other payments associated with this License Agreement will make it less profitable for us to develop our drug candidates than if we had developed the licensed technology internally.

 

Also, patent prosecution under the License Agreement is controlled by CWRU. If CWRU fails to obtain and maintain patent or other protection for the proprietary intellectual property we plan to license from them, we could lose our rights to the intellectual property or our exclusivity with respect to those rights, and our competitors could market competing products using the intellectual property. If disputes over intellectual property and other rights that we have licensed or plan to license prevent or impair our ability to maintain our current licensing arrangements on acceptable terms, we may be unable to successfully develop and commercialize the affected product candidates.

  

 

 

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We may become involved in lawsuits to protect or enforce our patents or other intellectual property, which could be expensive, time consuming and unsuccessful.

 

Because competition in our industry is intense, competitors may infringe or otherwise violate our rights to patents of our licensors or other intellectual property. To counter infringement or unauthorized use, we or CWRU may be required to file infringement claims, which can be expensive and time-consuming. Any claims we assert against perceived infringers could provoke these parties to assert counterclaims against us alleging that we infringe their patents. In addition, in a patent infringement proceeding, a court may decide that a patent of ours or CWRU is invalid or unenforceable, in whole or in part, construe the patent’s claims narrowly, or refuse to stop the other party from using the technology at issue on the grounds that our patents do not cover the technology in question. An adverse result in any litigation proceeding could put one or more of our patents at risk of being invalidated or interpreted narrowly. We may also elect to enter into license agreements in order to settle patent infringement claims or to resolve disputes prior to litigation, and any such license agreement may require us to pay royalties and other fees that could be significant. Furthermore, because of the substantial amount of discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of our confidential information could be compromised by disclosure.

 

We may need to license certain intellectual property from third parties, and such licenses may not be available or may not be available on commercially reasonable terms.

 

A third party may hold intellectual property, including patent rights that are important or necessary to the development of our products. It may be necessary for us to use the patented or proprietary technology of third parties to commercialize our products, in which case, we would be required to obtain a license from these third parties on commercially reasonable terms, or our business could be harmed, possibly materially. If we were not able to obtain a license, or we are not able to obtain a license on commercially reasonable terms, our business could be harmed, possibly materially.

 

Third parties may initiate legal proceedings alleging that we are infringing their intellectual property rights, the outcome of which would be uncertain and could have a material adverse effect on the success of our business.

 

Our commercial success depends upon our ability, and the ability of our licensors and collaborators, to develop, manufacture, market and sell our product candidates and use our proprietary technologies without infringing the proprietary rights of third parties. There is considerable intellectual property litigation in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. We may become party to, or threatened with, future adversarial proceedings or litigation regarding intellectual property rights with respect to our products and technology, including proceedings challenging validity before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) and/or European Patent Office (“EPO”). Third parties may assert infringement claims against us or CWRU based on existing patents or patents that may be granted in the future.

 

If we are found to infringe a third party’s intellectual property rights, we could be required to obtain a license from such third party to continue developing and marketing our products and technology. However, we may not be able to obtain any required license on commercially reasonable terms or at all. Even if we were able to obtain a license, it could be non-exclusive, thereby giving our competitors access to the same technologies licensed to us. We could be forced, including by court order, to cease commercializing any infringing technology or product. In addition, we could be found liable for monetary damages, including treble damages and attorneys’ fees if we are found to have willfully infringed a patent. A finding of infringement could prevent us from commercializing our product candidates or force us to cease some of our business operations, which could materially harm our business. Claims that we have misappropriated the confidential information or trade secrets of third parties could have a similar negative impact on our business.

 

If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our trade secrets, our business and competitive position would be harmed.

 

In addition to seeking patents for some of our technology and product candidates, we also plan to rely on trade secrets, including unpatented know-how, technology and other proprietary information, to maintain our competitive position. Any NDAs or similar agreements entered into by the Company may not be with all relevant parties, or adequately protect the confidentiality of our trade secrets. Moreover, to the extent we enter into such agreements, any of these parties may breach the agreements and disclose our proprietary information, including our trade secrets, and we may not be able to obtain adequate remedies for such breaches. Enforcing a claim that a party illegally disclosed or misappropriated a trade secret is difficult, expensive and time-consuming, and the outcome is unpredictable. In addition, some courts inside and outside the United States are less willing or unwilling to protect trade secrets. If any of our trade secrets were to be lawfully obtained or independently developed by a competitor, we would have no right to prevent them from sharing such trade secrets or from using that technology or information to compete with us. If any of our trade secrets were to be disclosed to or independently developed by a competitor, our competitive position would be harmed.

  

 

 

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Risks Related to Our Employee Matters, Managing Growth and Macroeconomic Conditions

 

Our future success depends on our ability to attract, hire, retain and motivate executives, key employees, and our general workforce.

 

We are highly dependent on the product development, clinical and business development expertise of the principal members of our management, scientific and clinical teams. Although we have entered into offer letters with our executives and employees, each of them may terminate their employment with us at any time. We do not maintain “key person” insurance for any of our executives or other employees.

 

In addition, our business plan relies significantly on the continued services of our President and Chief Executive Officer, Steven King. If we were to lose his services, including through death or disability, our ability to continue to execute our business plan would be materially impaired. The Company has not entered into an employment agreement with Mr. King, or any other officer of the Company.

 

Recruiting and retaining qualified scientific, clinical, regulatory, and manufacturing personnel is critical to our success. Due to the small size of the Company and the limited number of employees, each of our executives and key employees serves a critical role. The loss of the services of our executive officers or other key employees could impede the achievement of our development objectives and seriously harm our ability to successfully implement our business strategy. Furthermore, replacing executive officers and key employees may be difficult and may take an extended period of time because of the limited number of individuals in our industry with the breadth of skills and experience required to successfully develop, gain regulatory approval of, and commercialize products. Competition to hire from this limited pool is intense, and we may be unable to hire, train, retain or motivate these key personnel on acceptable terms given the competition among numerous pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies for similar personnel. We also may experience competition for the hiring of scientific and clinical personnel from universities and research institutions. In addition, we rely on consultants and advisors, including scientific and clinical advisors, to assist us in product manufacturing, preclinical development, clinical development, regulatory strategy, and commercial strategy. Our consultants and advisors may be employed by employers other than us and may have commitments under consulting or advisory contracts with other entities that may limit their availability to provide services to us. If we are unable to continue to attract and retain high quality personnel, our ability to pursue our development strategy will be limited.

 

We expect to expand our research and development function, as well as our corporate operations, and as a result, we may encounter difficulties in managing our growth, which could disrupt our operations.

 

We expect to experience significant growth in the number of our employees and the scope of our operations, particularly in the areas of product manufacturing, preclinical research, clinical development, and regulatory affairs, as capital resources become available. To manage our anticipated future growth, we must also implement and improve our managerial, operational and financial systems, identify new facilities and continue to recruit and train additional qualified personnel. Due to our limited financial resources, we may not be able to effectively manage the expansion of our operations or recruit and train additional qualified personnel. The expansion of our operations may lead to significant costs and may divert our management and business development resources. Any inability to manage growth could delay the execution of our business plans or disrupt our operations.

 

We may face risks related to securities litigation that could result in significant legal expenses and settlement or damage awards.

 

We may in the future become subject to claims and litigation alleging violations of the securities laws or other related claims, which could harm our business and require us to incur significant costs. We are generally obliged, to the extent permitted by law, to indemnify our current and former directors and officers who are named as defendants in these types of lawsuits. Regardless of the outcome, litigation may require significant attention from management and could result in significant legal expenses, settlement costs or damage awards that could have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

 

 

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Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

There is a substantial lack of liquidity of our common stock and volatility risks, and because there is no active public trading market for our common stock, you may not be able to resell your common stock.

 

Our common stock is not listed on any securities exchange and is quoted on the OTC Pink Open Market (“OTC Pink”) under the symbol “CPMV.” The trading volume of our common stock historically has been limited and sporadic, and the stock prices have been volatile. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future or that stockholders will be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price that reflects the value of the business. As a result, our stockholders may not find purchasers for our securities should they desire to sell them. We cannot give you any assurance that a broader or more active public trading market for our common stock will develop or be sustained. In addition, if our shares of common stock cease to be quoted, holders would find it more difficult to dispose of or to obtain accurate quotation as to the market value of our common stock, and as a result, the market value of our common stock likely would decline.

 

The market for our common stock is subject to rules relating to low-priced stock (“Penny Stock”) which may limit our ability to raise capital.

 

Our common stock is currently subject to the “penny stock rules” adopted pursuant to Section 15(g) of the Exchange Act. In general, the penny stock rules apply to non-Nasdaq or non-national stock exchange companies whose common stock trades at less than $5.00 per share or which have tangible net worth of less than $5,000,000 ($2,000,000 if the company has been operating for three or more years). Such rules require, among other things, that brokers who trade “penny stock” on behalf of persons other than “established customers” complete certain documentation, make suitability inquiries of investors and provide investors with certain information concerning trading in the security, including a risk disclosure document, quote information, broker’s commission information and rights and remedies available to investors in penny stocks. Many brokers have decided not to trade “penny stock” because of the requirements of the penny stock rules, and as a result, the number of broker-dealers willing to act as market makers in such securities is limited. The “penny stock rules,” therefore, may have an adverse impact on the market for our common stock and may affect our ability to raise additional capital.

 

FINRA sales practice requirements may limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our common stock.

 

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA, has adopted rules requiring that, in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative or low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA has indicated its belief that there is a high probability that speculative or low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. If these FINRA requirements are applicable to us or our securities, they may make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that at least some of their customers buy our common stock, which may limit the ability of our stockholders to buy and sell our common stock and could have an adverse effect on the market for and price of our common stock.

 

Future sales of shares by existing stockholders could cause the Company’s stock price to decline.

 

If existing stockholders of the Company sell, or indicate an intention to sell, substantial amounts of the Company’s common stock in the public market, the trading price of the common stock could decline significantly. After the reverse merger, shareholders of Private Mosaic currently own a majority of the fully diluted shares of common stock outstanding, on an as-converted basis. In addition, our shareholders are not restricted in the price at which they can sell their shares. Shares sold at a price below the current market price at which our common stock is trading may cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

 

 

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We expect our stock price to be volatile, and the market price of our common stock may drop unexpectedly.

 

The market price of our common stock could be subject to significant fluctuations. For instance, during the year ended December 31, 2022, the low and high trading prices of our common stock ranged from $0.50 to $3.00 per share, and during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the low and high trading prices of our common stock ranged from $0.52 to $1.25 per share. Market prices for securities of early-stage pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical, and other life sciences companies have historically been particularly volatile.

 

Some of the factors that may cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate include:

 

·results from preclinical testing and clinical trial results, and our ability to obtain regulatory approvals for our product candidates, and delays or failures to obtain such approvals;
·issues in manufacturing our product candidates;
·the entry into, or termination of, key agreements, including our License Agreement with CWRU and any future license agreement;
·the initiation of, material developments in, or conclusion of litigation to enforce or defend any of the underlying intellectual property rights under the License Agreement or defend against the intellectual property rights of others;
·announcements by competitors of new commercial products, clinical progress or the lack thereof, significant contracts, or commercial relationships;
·the introduction of technological innovations or new therapies that compete with our potential products;
·the loss of key employees;
·general and industry-specific economic conditions that may affect our research and development expenditures;
·changes in the structure of healthcare payment systems;
·issuance of new shares of common stock from raising additional capital, which may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all; and
·period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

 

Moreover, the stock markets in general have experienced substantial volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of individual companies. These broad market fluctuations may also adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.

 

In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, stockholders have often instituted class action securities litigation against those companies. Such litigation, if instituted, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and resources, which could significantly harm our financial position.

 

Our share price could decline as a result of short sales.

 

When an investor sells stock that he does not own, it is known as a short sale. The seller, anticipating that the price of the stock will go down, intends to buy stock to cover his/her sale at a later date. If the price of the stock goes down, the seller will profit to the extent of the difference between the price at which he originally sold it less his later purchase price. Short sales enable the seller to profit in a down market. Short sales could place significant downward pressure on the price of our common stock. Penny stocks which do not trade on an exchange, such as our common stock, are particularly susceptible to short sales.

  

 

 

 43 

 

 

We may issue preferred stock, and the terms of such preferred stock may reduce the value of our common stock.

 

We are authorized to issue up to a total of 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series, of which, 4,300,000 have been undesignated as of September 30, 2023. Our Board of Directors may determine whether to issue shares of preferred stock without further action by holders of our common stock. If we issue shares of preferred stock, it could affect the rights or reduce the value of our common stock. In particular, specific rights granted to future holders of preferred stock could be used to restrict our ability to merge with or sell our assets to a third party. These terms may include voting rights, preferences as to dividends and liquidation, conversion and redemption rights, and sinking fund provisions. As we seek capital for our business, such capital may be raised through the issuance of preferred stock.

 

Our executive officers, directors and principal stockholders, if they choose to act together, will have the ability to control all matters submitted to stockholders for approval.

 

Shareholders of Private Mosaic beneficially own shares representing a majority of our capital stock outstanding as of September 30, 2023, on an as-converted basis. As a result, if these stockholders were to choose to act together, they would be able to control all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, as well as our management and affairs. For example, these persons, if they choose to act together, would control the election of directors and approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets. This concentration of ownership control may:

 

·delay, defer or prevent a change in control;
·entrench our management and the board of directors; or
·impede a merger, consolidation, takeover or other business combination involving the Company that other stockholders may desire.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws provides that state or federal court located within the state of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit its stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees.

 

Section XIV of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that “Unless the Corporation consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, be the sole and exclusive forum for any stockholder (including a beneficial owner) to bring (A) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Corporation, (B) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation to the Corporation or the Corporation’s stockholders, (C) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation, its directors, officers or employees or agents arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL, this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation or the Corporation’s bylaws, or (D) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation, its directors, officers or employees or agents governed by the internal affairs doctrine, except as to each of (A) through (D) above, for any claim as to which the Court of Chancery determines that there is an indispensable party not subject to the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery (and the indispensable party does not consent to the personal jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery within ten days following such determination), which is vested in the exclusive jurisdiction of a court or forum other than the Court of Chancery, or over which the Court of Chancery does not have subject matter jurisdiction. To the fullest extent permitted by law, any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of capital stock of the Corporation shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the provisions of this Article XIV.”

 

 

 

 44 

 

 

The exclusive forum provision in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws will not relieve us of our duty to comply with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder, and shareholders will not be deemed to have waived our compliance with these laws, rules and regulations. This exclusive forum provision may limit a shareholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum of their choosing for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage lawsuits against us or our directors, officers or other employees. In addition, shareholders who do bring a claim in the state or federal court in the State of Delaware could face additional litigation costs in pursuing any such claim, particularly if they do not reside in or near Delaware. The state or federal court of the State of Delaware may also reach different judgments or results than would other courts, including courts where a shareholder would otherwise choose to bring the action, and such judgments or results may be more favorable to us than to our shareholders. However, the enforceability of similar exclusive forum provisions in other companies’ certificates of incorporation have been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that a court could find this type of provision to be inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings. If a court were to find the exclusive forum provision contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we might incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions.

 

Anti-takeover provisions contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt.

 

The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that could have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control or changes in our management without the consent of our board of directors.

 

These provisions include:

 

·providing that our directors may be removed only for cause by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75% of the voting power of our then outstanding shares of common stock entitled to vote generally for the election of directors;
·providing that any action required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders must be effected at a duly called annual or special meeting of stockholders and may not be effected by any consent in writing in lieu of a meeting of such stockholders, subject to the rights of the holders of any series of preferred stock with respect to such series, if any;
·providing that special meetings of our stockholders may only be called by the board of directors pursuant to a resolution adopted by the affirmative vote of a majority of the board of directors;
·providing that our board of directors can be divided into three classes of directors, with each class as nearly equal in number as possible, serving staggered three year terms, other than directors which may be elected by holders of preferred stock, if any. This system of electing and removing directors may tend to discourage a third party from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us, because it could have the effect of increasing the length of time necessary to change the composition of a majority of the board of directors. In general, at least two annual meetings of stockholders will be necessary for stockholders to effect a change in a majority of the members of the board of directors;
·providing that all board vacancies, including newly created directorships, may, except as otherwise required by law, be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of directors then in office, even if less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director and shall not be filled by the stockholders;
·providing that our amended and restated bylaws may only be amended by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds of our then outstanding common stock;
·providing the ability of our board of directors to determine whether to issue shares of our preferred stock and to determine the price and other terms of those shares, including preferences and voting rights, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer; and
·limiting the liability of, and providing indemnification to, our directors and officers.

 

 

 

 45 

 

 

These provisions, alone or together, could delay hostile takeovers and changes in control of the Company or changes in our board of directors and management.

 

Any provision of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or amended and restated bylaws or Delaware law that has the effect of delaying or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for our security holders to receive a premium for their securities and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for our securities.

 

We do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

We expect to retain our future earnings, if any, to fund the development and growth of our business. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our common stock will be the sole source of gain, if any, for any stockholders for the foreseeable future.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

The exhibits filed or furnished as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are set forth below.

 

 

Exhibit No.   Description
   
31.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
31.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
32.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS*   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*   XBRL Schema Document
101.CAL*   XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*   XBRL Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*   XBRL Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*   XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document
     

 

 *   Filed herewith.

 

 

 

 46 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

Dated:  November 2, 2023

MOSAIC IMMUNOENGINEERING, INC.

 

/s/ Steven King

 

Steven King. President and Chief Executive Officer, Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dated:  November 2, 2023

MOSAIC IMMUNOENGINEERING, INC.

 

 

/s/ Paul Lytle

 

Paul Lytle. EVP, Chief Financial Officer, Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 47 

Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Steven King, President and Chief Executive Officer of the registrant, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2023 of Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Registrant”);

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:

 

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the Registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the Registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Registrant's most recent quarter (the Registrant's fourth quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the Registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 2, 2023   /s/ Steven King
   

Steven King

President and Chief Executive Officer, Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

  

 

Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Paul Lytle, EVP, Chief Financial Officer of the registrant, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2023 of Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Registrant”);

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:

 

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the Registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the Registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Registrant's most recent quarter (the Registrant's fourth quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the Registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

   

 Date: November 2, 2023   /s/ Paul Lytle
   

Paul Lytle

EVP, Chief Financial Officer, Director 

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

   

 

Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) for the quarter ended September 30, 2023, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 2, 2023 (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Title 18 of the United States Code Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to his knowledge:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 2, 2023

 

 

    /s/ Steven King    
   

Steven King

President and Chief Executive Officer, Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

   

 

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and will be retained by Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

This Certification is being furnished pursuant to Rule 15(d) and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78r), or otherwise subject to the liability of that section. This Certification shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 32.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) for the quarter ended September 30, 2023, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 2, 2023 (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Title 18 of the United States Code Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to his knowledge:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 2, 2023

 

 

    /s/ Paul Lytle    
   

Paul Lytle

EVP, Chief Financial Officer, Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

   

 

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and will be retained by Mosaic ImmunoEngineering, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

This Certification is being furnished pursuant to Rule 15(d) and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78r), or otherwise subject to the liability of that section. This Certification shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference

 

v3.23.3
Cover - shares
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
Nov. 02, 2023
Cover [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Quarterly Report true  
Document Transition Report false  
Document Period End Date Sep. 30, 2023  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q3  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2023  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity File Number 000-22182  
Entity Registrant Name MOSAIC IMMUNOENGINEERING, INC.  
Entity Central Index Key 0000836564  
Entity Tax Identification Number 84-1070278  
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE  
Entity Address, Address Line One 9114 Adams Ave., #202  
Entity Address, City or Town Huntington Beach  
Entity Address, State or Province CA  
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 92646  
City Area Code 657  
Local Phone Number 208-0890  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business true  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Shell Company false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   7,242,137
v3.23.3
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) - USD ($)
Sep. 30, 2023
Dec. 31, 2022
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 252,898 $ 220,645
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 32,630 40,632
Total current assets 285,528 261,277
Total assets 285,528 261,277
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable 116,421 133,464
Derivative liability 0 46,700
Accrued compensation 2,993,793 2,399,132
Accrued consulting 809,528 753,570
Accrued expenses and other 649,225 584,808
Total current liabilities 4,568,967 3,917,674
Convertible notes, net 1,297,590 1,228,361
Total liabilities 5,866,557 5,146,035
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ deficit:    
Common stock, $0.00001 par value: 100,000,000 shares authorized: 7,242,137 shares issued and outstanding 72 72
Additional paid-in capital 2,039,677 2,023,271
Accumulated deficit (7,620,779) (6,908,102)
Total stockholders’ deficit (5,581,029) (4,884,758)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit 285,528 261,277
Series A Preferred Stock [Member]    
Stockholders’ deficit:    
Preferred stock, value 0 0
Series B Preferred Stock [Member]    
Stockholders’ deficit:    
Preferred stock, value $ 1 $ 1
v3.23.3
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
Sep. 30, 2023
Dec. 31, 2022
Preferred Stock, Par or Stated Value Per Share $ 0.00001 $ 0.00001
Preferred Stock, Shares Authorized 5,000,000 5,000,000
Common Stock, Par or Stated Value Per Share $ 0.00001 $ 0.00001
Common Stock, Shares Authorized 100,000,000 100,000,000
Common Stock, Shares, Issued 7,242,137 7,242,137
Common Stock, Shares, Outstanding 7,242,137 7,242,137
Series A Preferred Stock [Member]    
Preferred Stock, Shares Authorized 630,000 630,000
Preferred Stock, Shares Issued 0 0
Preferred Stock, Shares Outstanding 0 0
Series B Preferred Stock [Member]    
Preferred Stock, Shares Authorized 70,000 70,000
Preferred Stock, Shares Issued 70,000 70,000
Preferred Stock, Shares Outstanding 70,000 70,000
v3.23.3
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) - USD ($)
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
Sep. 30, 2022
Sep. 30, 2023
Sep. 30, 2022
Operating expenses:        
Research and development $ 84,927 $ 211,082 $ 385,460 $ 841,435
General and administrative 226,944 306,124 738,690 1,288,533
Total operating expenses 311,871 517,206 1,124,150 2,129,968
Loss from operations (311,871) (517,206) (1,124,150) (2,129,968)
Other income (expense):        
Gain on redemption of preferred stock of Holocom 0 343,000 433,000 343,000
Interest income 16 11 3,402 25
Change in valuation of derivative liability 0 56,700 46,700 58,000
Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes (18,484) (18,484) (54,849) (51,254)
Accretion to redemption value on convertible notes (2,907) (17,673) (14,380) (64,171)
Total other income (expense), net (21,375) 363,554 413,873 285,600
Loss before income taxes (333,246) (153,652) (710,277) (1,844,368)
Provision for income taxes 0 0 2,400