By Will Horner and Paul Vigna 

U.S. stocks fell amid concerns about Covid-19 vaccine distribution and the pace of the economic recovery, while investors also parsed a bumper day of earnings reports.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 424 points, or 1.4%, and the S&P 500 dropped 1.8%. The Nasdaq Composite lost 1.6%.

Delays in the rollout of Covid-19 vaccines, coupled with lingering lockdown measures, marked a "double whammy" of bad news for investors, said Hani Redha, a portfolio manager at PineBridge Investments.

"I think the market expected that by now we would be talking about loosening, not tightening restrictions," he said. "On the vaccine rollout, this is very problematic for the near term. It is very critical for shaping the growth bounce back, and these issues are just adding more delay to that."

AstraZeneca rebutted reports Wednesday that it had pulled out of a meeting with European Union officials, as a spat between the two groups regarding a vaccine shortfall deepened.

The Biden administration said Tuesday it would purchase enough additional coronavirus shots to vaccinate most of the U.S. with a two-dose regimen by the end of summer.

While questions about the pace of vaccine rollout and the economic recovery are real, they aren't new issues for investors, said Victoria Fernandez, the chief market strategist at Crossmark Global Investments. Given the market's run to new highs, it's not surprising that investors are a bit worn out.

"I really think it's a hodgepodge of different things and the market is saying, you know what, we're taking a breather," she said.

On Wednesday, investors parsed results from AT&T, Blackstone and Boeing, with earnings from Apple, Facebook and Tesla due just after the market closes. Investors are eager to see how the tech giants fared during a quarter marked by continued lockdowns and stay-at-home orders.

"The bar for tech stocks to beat is quite high because we were still in lockdown and yet they do seem to be doing well relative to those higher expectations," said Mr. Redha.

Shares of Microsoft gained 2.8% after the company reported record quarterly sales Tuesday. Its shares closed at a new high Tuesday.

Walgreens Boots Alliance was up 4.5% after the drugstore chain named Starbucks operating chief Rosalind Brewer as its next chief executive.

Earnings have pleased the market so far and investors continue to bet on economic support from the Federal Reserve and a possible stimulus plan from the Biden administration. On Tuesday, the S&P 500 hit a new intraday high before slipping in the final minutes of trading.

"The Fed and the new Biden stimulus plans -- it's all a very positive backdrop for the equity market," said Brian Walsh, Jr., a portfolio manager at Walsh & Nicholson Financial Group. "They are saying we aren't going to let the markets fail right now and, with bond yields as low as they are, there is nowhere else to be."

The Fed is expected to leave monetary policy unchanged and Chairman Jerome Powell will likely underscore the bank's commitment to supporting the economy with low interest rates and bond buying for the foreseeable future. Mr. Powell will likely face questions about the health of the economy and how long the Fed's stimulus measures will remain in place.

GameStop surged 152% as day traders, propelled by social media, looked ready to pile into the retailer for another day. The stock rose 113% Tuesday amid a battle between individual investors and hedge funds who are shorting the stock. After markets closed Tuesday, Tesla Chief Executive Elon Musk tweeted "Gamestonk!!" in an apparent reference to the frenzied trading.

Another target of the day-trader crowd, AMC Entertainment, was up 222%. If the gains held to the closing bell, it would be the stock's biggest one-day gain on record.

In commodities markets, U.S. crude rose 0.9% to $53.13 a barrel. Gold prices fell 0.2% to $1,847.70

Overseas, the pan-continental Stoxx Europe 600 was down 1.2%, while in Asia, stock indexes were mixed. Japan's Nikkei 225 rose 0.3%, Hong Kong's Hang Seng fell 0.3%, while in mainland China, the Shanghai Composite edged up 0.1%.

Write to Will Horner at and Paul Vigna at


(END) Dow Jones Newswires

January 27, 2021 12:19 ET (17:19 GMT)

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