By Dan Weil
Foreign stocks have had a rough go of it compared with U.S.
stocks over the past decade. That might be about to change.
Stocks in foreign developed markets as well as emerging markets
have greatly underperformed U.S. shares for years, pushing U.S.
stock valuations far above foreign valuations. Even last year, when
stocks were strong world-wide, the average U.S.-stock mutual fund
or exchange-traded fund rose 28%, outpacing the average
international-stock fund's 23% advance, according to Refinitiv
Lipper data. This year, U.S.-stock funds were down 2.1% on average
through July and international-stock funds were down 5.5%.
Now, the question is whether valuations, along with shifting
global economic fundamentals, make foreign stocks an attractive
investment -- perhaps finally justifying the long-held advice that
U.S. investors keep at least a portion of their portfolios in
overseas shares or funds. Many investing professionals say the
answer to that question is yes.
"If you're investing for the next 10 years, valuations are
compelling to invest overseas," says Steven Violin, a portfolio
manager at F.L.Putnam Investment Management Co. in Wellesley,
In the 10 years through July 31, the S&P 500 returned 13.84%
annualized, including dividends. That compares with 5.3%, in dollar
terms, for the MSCI World ex-USA Index of developed nations and
3.69%, in dollar terms, for the MSCI Emerging Markets Index.
That has kept U.S. stock valuations at the top of the totem
pole. As of July 31, the forward price-earnings ratio, based on
earnings estimates for the current fiscal year, totaled 23.84 for
the S&P 500, 18.57 for the MSCI World ex-USA Index and 15.84
for the MSCI Emerging Markets Index, according to Morningstar
On the economic front, many countries are further along than the
U.S. in emerging from coronavirus lockdowns. That has helped put
some of their economies in a stronger position than the U.S., many
investing pros say. Numerous countries also have adopted successful
Those perceived economic advantages show up in earnings
forecasts. Analysts polled by FactSet predict earnings for
companies in the MSCI Emerging Markets Index will fall less than
earnings for companies in the U.S. S&P 500 index this year. And
emerging-markets earnings are seen rebounding more than U.S.
earnings next year.
Those analysts also estimate earnings for developed-markets
companies in the MSCI World ex-USA Index will drop more this year
than for companies in the S&P 500 -- but developed-markets
earnings are seen bouncing back further than U.S. profits next
Some investment managers are particularly enthusiastic about
emerging markets, where stocks already have outperformed their U.S.
counterparts over the past three months.
"With a long-term view of where the world's growth is likely to
emanate from, emerging markets is where you might like to place
your bets," says Karim Ahamed, a financial adviser at Cerity
Partners in Chicago. "They have young and vibrant economies,
growing faster than developed markets."
The labor pools of emerging-markets countries should grow faster
than those of developed nations -- providing fuel for economic
growth -- because emerging-markets nations have younger populations
than developed countries, he notes.
On the pandemic front, a number of emerging-markets countries
have done well fighting Covid-19. "South Korea is the gold
standard," says Amanda Agati, chief investment strategist for PNC
Financial Services Group. "This is a tailwind for emerging markets,
though not every country has been perfect."
Economic-growth numbers are stronger for important emerging
markets, such as China, than for the U.S. The International
Monetary Fund estimates that U.S. GDP will contract 8% this year,
compared with a 3% contraction, on average, for emerging markets.
Next year, the IMF expects a 4.5% rebound in the U.S., compared
with a 5.9% bounceback, on average, in emerging markets.
Many developed countries, as well, are ahead of the U.S. in the
coronavirus cycle. "We're seeing signs of a potential second wave
in countries like Spain and France," Ms. Agati says. "But they've
already proven they can deal with a temporary shutdown, whereas the
U.S. is still struggling with that initial wave."
Many investment pros are impressed with the European Union's
ability to craft a EUR750 billion ($880 billion) fiscal stimulus
package, passed last month. In the U.S., by contrast, Democrats and
Republicans have been unable to agree on another round of stimulus
that most analysts think is needed to buoy the economy.
While the IMF predicts GDP will shrink more in the euro area
than in the U.S. this year -- 10.2% to 8% -- it sees a bigger
recovery for the euro area than for the U.S. next year -- 6% to
Another factor that could help foreign stocks is the dollar's
weakness. The Bloomberg Spot Dollar Index slid 9% from its March 23
high through July 31. A sliding dollar makes foreign stocks more
attractive for U.S. investors because foreign stocks gain value in
dollar terms when the dollar is falling.
Psychology will also play a role in lifting foreign stocks
compared with U.S. stocks, says Jeffrey Kleintop, chief global
investment strategist at Charles Schwab. "It's almost more
behavioral than fundamental," he says. "After a decade, whatever
markets led in investor expectations get high in value, and then
recession resets expectations. Where expectations were highest,
valuations come down the most."
Market history has played out that way for the past 50 years,
with the direction of U.S. and foreign markets flipping at the end
of every economic cycle, which often last about 10 years, Mr.
Kleintop says. So he anticipates foreign stocks will outpace U.S.
shares for the next decade.
"There may be real value in Asian and European companies that
serve the same customer base as U.S. companies but can be purchased
for a lower cost," he says.
So how should investors interested in foreign stocks allocate
their money? A broad, diversified exposure to countries and
industries gives investors a chance to participate in the upside of
foreign stocks while potentially damping declines, analysts
"You don't need to get fancy," Mr. Kleintop says. He figures
that including one broad exchange-traded fund for developed markets
and one for emerging markets in a portfolio would do the trick.
That would give investors a chance to tweak their weighting between
the two, as emerging-markets stocks often outperform
developed-markets stocks early in the economic cycle before lagging
later, he says.
The two biggest developed-markets ETFs are Vanguard FTSE
Developed Markets ETF (VEA) and iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF (IEFA).
Both funds receive Morningstar's top rating of gold.
The two biggest emerging-markets ETFs are Vanguard FTSE Emerging
Markets ETF (VWO) and iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF
(IEMG). Both have Morningstar's third-highest rating of bronze.
While broad ETFs offer a convenient, inexpensive option, Mr.
Ahamed of Cerity Partners says a good active manager can provide
more downside protection. He recommends a combination of active and
One active mutual fund Mr. Ahamed likes is Harding Loevner
Emerging Markets Advisor (HLEMX), rated silver by Morningstar.
"It's conservative: quality with a growth bias," he says. "It's a
One issue investors face when venturing overseas is whether to
hedge their currency exposure. That exposure helps when the dollar
is falling -- but hurts when the dollar is rising, as foreign
holdings are then worth less in dollars.
Many experts recommend against hedging, because exposure to
foreign currencies diversifies a portfolio, and hedging can be
expensive, especially for emerging-markets currencies. "If you're a
long-term investor, being unhedged makes sense," Mr. Ahamed
Either way, it's high time to consider foreign stocks, many
experts say. "Most investors faced with challenges retreat to what
has worked -- leaders of the last cycle," Mr. Kleintop says.
"That's the wrong instinct. Rebalancing now [toward foreign stocks]
is more important than anytime in the last decade."
Mr. Weil is a writer in West Palm Beach, Fla. He can be reached
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
August 09, 2020 22:14 ET (02:14 GMT)
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