As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 6, 2020

Registration No. 333-232017

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

Post-Effective Amendment No. 1

To

FORM S-1

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   5141   11-3820796
(State or other jurisdiction of   (Primary Standard Industrial   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Classification Code    Identification Number)

 

9841 Washingtonian Blvd., #390

Gaithersburg, MD 20878

(301) 329-2700

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Anshu Bhatnagar

Chief Executive Officer

Verus International, Inc.

9841 Washingtonian Blvd., #390

Gaithersburg, MD 20878

(301) 329-2700

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copies to:

 

Andrea Cataneo, Esq.

Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP

30 Rockefeller Plaza

New York, New York 10112

Phone: (212) 653-8700

Fax: (212) 653-8701

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement becomes effective.

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 check the following box: [X]

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, please check the following box and list the Securities Act of 1933 registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [  ]

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act of 1933 registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [  ]

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act of 1933 registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [X] Smaller reporting company [X]
  Emerging growth company [  ]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. [  ]

 

 

 

     

 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

This Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 (this “Post-Effective Amendment”) relates to the registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-232017), initially filed by Verus International, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Registrant”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on June 7, 2019, and declared effective by the Commission on August 7, 2019 (the “Registration Statement”).

 

This Post-Effective Amendment is being filed pursuant to Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) to update the Registration Statement to include, among other things, (i) the consolidated financial statements of the Registrant as at and for the year ended October 31, 2019 which were filed with the Commission on April 13, 2020 as part of the Registrant’s amended Annual Report on Form 10-K as amended on May 6, 2020, and (ii) the unaudited consolidated financial statements as at and for the three month period ended January 31, 2020.

 

This Post-Effective Amendment covers only the resale, from time to time, of up to 1,174,253,333 shares of common stock including 594,253,333 outstanding shares of common stock and 580,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants owned by the selling stockholders. The Registrant previously paid to the Commission the entire registration fee relating to the shares of common stock that are the subject of this Post-Effective Amendment. The Registrant paid a fee of $1,665.14 in connection with the registration of 1,174,253,333 shares of common stock in connection with the Registration Statement.

 

     

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

          Proposed     Proposed        
          Maximum     Maximum        
    Amount     Offering     Aggregate     Amount of  
Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered (1)   to be Registered     Price Per Share (2)     Offering Price (2)     Registration Fee  
Common Stock, par value $0.000001 per share    

594,253,333

    $      0.0117     $ 6,952,764     $ 842.67  
Common Stock, par value $0.000001 per share (3)    

580,000,000

    $ 0.0117     $ 6,786,000     $ 822.46  
Total    

1,174,253,333

    $ 0.0117     $ 13,738,764     $ 1,665.14

 

(1) The shares of our common stock being registered hereunder are being registered for sale by the selling security holders named in the prospectus. Under Rule 416 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the shares being registered include such indeterminate number of shares of common stock as may be issuable with respect to the shares being registered in this registration statement as a result of any stock splits, stock dividends or other similar event.
   
(2) The proposed maximum offering price per share and the proposed maximum aggregate offering price have been estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(c) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended using the average of the high and low prices as reported on The OTC Pink tier of the OTC Markets on May 31, 2019.
   
(3) Represents shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants to purchase shares of common stock offered by the selling stockholders.
   
*

Previously paid.

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

     
     

 

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS - SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

 

Dated May 6, 2020

 

 

1,174,253,333 Shares of Common Stock

 

This prospectus relates to the resale by certain selling stockholders of Verus International, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) identified in this prospectus of up to 1,174,253,333 shares of our common stock, par value $0.000001 per share (“Common Stock”), including 594,253,333 outstanding shares of Common Stock and 580,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants (collectively, the “Resale Shares”). All of the Resale Shares were initially purchased from the Company in private placement transactions and are being offered for resale by the selling stockholders only. For a description of the transactions pursuant to which this resale registration statement relates, please see “Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.”

 

The Resale Shares may be sold by the selling stockholders to or through underwriters or dealers, directly to purchasers or through agents designated from time to time. For additional information regarding the methods of sale you should refer to the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in this Prospectus.

 

The prices at which the selling stockholders may sell the Resale Shares will be determined by the prevailing market price for shares of the Company’s Common Stock or in privately negotiated transactions. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Resale Shares by the selling stockholders; provided, however, we will receive the proceeds from any cash exercise of warrants.

 

We will bear all costs relating to the registration of the Resale Shares, other than any selling stockholders legal or accounting costs or commissions.

 

Our Common Stock is presently quoted on the OTCQB under the symbol “VRUS.” The closing price of our Common Stock on May 5, 2020, as reported by the OTCQB, was $0.0085 per share.

 

Investing in our Common Stock involves a high degree of risk. See the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 of this prospectus and elsewhere in this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our Common Stock.

 

We may amend or supplement this prospectus from time to time by filing amendments or supplements as required. You should read the entire prospectus and any amendments or supplements carefully before you make your investment decision.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The date of this prospectus is_________, 2020.

 

     
     

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
PART I - INFORMATION REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS  
   
Prospectus Summary 4
Risk Factors 7
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements 15
Use of Proceeds 15
Dividend Policy 15
Selling Stockholders 15
Plan of Distribution 17
Description of Securities 18
Shares Eligible for Future Sale 19
Description of Business 19
Market for Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters 22
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 22
Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons 27
Executive Compensation 28
Security Ownership Of Certain Beneficial Owners And Management 29
Certain Relationships And Related Party Transactions And Director Independence 32
Legal Matters 32
Experts 32
Where You Can Find More Information 33
Financial Statements F-1
   
PART II - INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS  
   
Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution 36
Indemnification of Directors and Officers 36
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities 36
Exhibit Index 39
Undertakings 39
Signatures 41

 

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus that we may specifically authorize to be delivered or made available to you. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with information that is different from that contained in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus we may authorize to be delivered or made available to you. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. This prospectus may only be used where it is legal to offer and sell our securities. The information in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of our securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date. We are not making an offer to sell these securities and are not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

  -3-  

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

The following summary is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read together with, the more detailed information and financial statements and related notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. Before you decide to invest in our securities, you should read the entire prospectus carefully, including the Risk Factors and the financial statements and related notes included in this prospectus.

 

Unless the context indicates or otherwise requires, the “Company,” “we,” “us,”, “our” “Verus” or the “Registrant” refer to Verus International, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.

 

Overview

 

Since August 1, 2018, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Verus Foods, Inc. (“Verus Foods”), an international supplier of consumer food products, have been focused on international consumer packaged goods, foodstuff distribution and wholesale trade. Our fine food products are sourced in the United States and exported internationally. We market consumer food products under our own brand primarily to supermarkets, hotels and other members of the wholesale trade. Initially, we focused on frozen foods, particularly meat, poultry, seafood, vegetables, and french fries with beverages as a second vertical, and in 2018, we added cold-storage facilities and began seeking international sources for fresh fruit, produce and similar perishables, as well as other consumer packaged foodstuff with the goal to create vertical farm-to-market operations. We have also begun to explore new consumer packaged goods (“CPG”) non-food categories, such as cosmetic and fragrances, for future product offerings.

 

We currently have a significant regional presence in the Middle East and North Africa (“MENA”) and sub-Saharan Africa (excluding The Office of Foreign Assets Control restricted nations), with deep roots in the Gulf Cooperation Council (“GCC”) countries, which includes the United Arab Emirates (“UAE”), Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Our long-term goal is to source goods and generate international wholesale and retail CPG sales in North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.

 

In addition to the foregoing, since our acquisition of Big League Foods, Inc. (“BLF”) during April 2019, pursuant to which we acquired a license with Major League Baseball Properties, Inc. (“MLB”) to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections, we have been selling pint size ice cream in grocery store-type packaging and are exploring novelty “grab-and-go” size ice cream in cone, bar, and sandwich versions under our frozen dessert product line. In addition, under our confections product line, we are selling gummi and chocolate candies. The MLB license covers all 30 MLB teams, and all of our current products pursuant to such license feature “home team” packaging that matches the fan base in each region.

 

Furthermore, during August 2019, we purchased all of the assets of a french fry business including customer contracts which provide us the right to earn revenue pursuant to such contracts throughout the Middle East.

 

Competition

 

In the branded product space, management believes that our key competitors in the GCC countries in which we operate include The Savola Group and Almarai which are based in Saudi Arabia; Americana Quality which is based in Kuwait; and Al Islami Foods which is based in the UAE. In addition to the foregoing, we also compete with recognized international brands from multi-line companies such as Nestle and Mondelez International. In the U.S., management believes that our key competitors include premium ice cream brands such as Ben & Jerry’s, Breyers, and Haagen-Dazs and domestic confectionary brands in the gummi and chocolate candy space such as Mars, Mondelez International, and Nestle. We believe our competitive advantages include, among other things, our ability to offer both Verus Foods-branded products along with products from other brands.

 

Recent Developments

 

Nutribrands

 

On October 30, 2019, we entered into a Contribution and Sale Agreement pursuant to which Nutribrands Holdings, LLC, our subsidiary, acquired all of the limited liability interests and equity interests of South Enterprise, LLC and Nutribrands, LTDA, respectively, in exchange for 49% of the membership interests of Nutribrands Holdings, LLC.

 

Effective March 31, 2020, we entered into a Termination Agreement with Nutribrands, LTDA pursuant to which, among other things, all agreements between the parties (including the October 30, 2019 Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Nutribrands International, LLC, and the Contribution and Sale Agreement and all related ancillary agreements (collectively, “Released Transactions”)) were terminated, and the parties released each other from all obligations arising from the Released Transactions.

 

ZC Top Apparel Manufacturing

 

On April 3, 2020, we entered into a binding agreement with ZC Top Apparel Manufacturing, Inc. (“ZC TAM”), an apparel manufacturer in Mindanao which is engaged in e-commerce through Lazada, Shoppee and other online marketplaces, to acquire a 51% controlling interest in such entity for $100,000. We shall have one year to purchase such interest, and have agreed to fund $100,000 towards the manufacturing of Hazmat suits or respirators.

 

Financings

  

On February 10, 2020, we issued a convertible note in the principal amount of $420,000 (including a $70,000 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 4% per annum, matures on November 10, 2020 and is convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.0125 per share, subject to adjustment.

 

On March 31, 2020, we issued a promissory note in the principal amount of $312,500 (including a $62,500 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 4% per annum, subject to adjustment, and matures on July 1, 2020. The note is secured by an interest in all of the equity of our wholly-owned subsidiary, BLF.

 

On April 29, 2020, we issued a convertible note in the principal amount of $165,000 (including a $15,000 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 8% per annum, matures on April 29, 2021 and is convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.02 per share, subject to adjustment.

 

Corporate History

 

We were incorporated in the state of Delaware under the name Spectrum Gaming Ventures, Inc. on May 25, 1994. On October 10, 1995, we changed our name to Select Video, Inc. On October 24, 2007, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby Webdigs, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to Webdigs, Inc.

 

On October 9, 2012, we consummated a share exchange (the “Exchange Transaction”) with Monaker Group, Inc. (formerly known as Next 1 Interactive, Inc.), a Nevada corporation (“Monaker”) pursuant to which we received all of the outstanding equity in Attaché Travel International, Inc., a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Monaker (“Attaché”) in consideration for the issuance of 93 million shares of our newly designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to Monaker. Attaché owned approximately 80% of a corporation named RealBiz Holdings Inc. which is the parent corporation of RealBiz 360, Inc. (“RealBiz”). As a condition to the closing of the Exchange Transaction, on October 3, 2012, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby RealBiz Media Group, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to RealBiz Media Group, Inc.

 

  -4-  

 

 

We entered into a Contribution and Spin-off Agreement with NestBuilder.com Corp (“NestBuilder”). on October 27, 2017, as amended on January 28, 2018, whereby, effective as of August 1, 2018, we spun off our real estate division into NestBuilder. All of our stockholders as of July 2, 2018, the record date, which held their shares as of July 20, 2018, the ex-dividend date, received one share of NestBuilder common stock for each 900 shares of our Company owned.

 

On May 1, 2018, Verus Foods MENA Limited (“Verus MENA”) entered into a Share Purchase and Sale Agreement with a purchaser (the “Purchaser”) pursuant to which Verus MENA sold 75 shares (the “Gulf Agro Shares”) of Gulf Agro Trading, LLC (“Gulf Agro”), representing 25% of the common stock of Gulf Agro to the Purchaser. In consideration for the Gulf Agro Shares, the Purchaser was assigned certain contracts executed during a specified period of time.

 

Effective October 16, 2018, we changed our name from RealBiz Media Group, Inc. to Verus International, Inc. and our ticker symbol to “VRUS.”

 

On April 25, 2019, we entered into a stock purchase agreement with BLF and James Wheeler, the sole stockholder of BLF pursuant to which we purchased all of the outstanding capital stock of BLF. Upon the closing of such acquisition, BLF became our wholly-owned subsidiary and we acquired a license with MLB to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections covering all 30 MLB teams.

 

On August 30, 2019, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with a seller (“Seller”), to which we purchased all of the assets of the Seller’s french fry business in the Middle East.

 

Our address is 9841 Washingtonian Blvd., #390, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, our telephone number is (301) 329-2700 and our website is www.verusfoods.com. The information on our website is not a part of this prospectus.

 

  -5-  

 

 

THE OFFERING

 

On February 8, 2019, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor (the “First Investor”), whereby we issued and sold an 8% convertible promissory note in the original principal amount of $1,250,000 which note is convertible into shares of our Common Stock at a variable conversion price (the “First Note”) and a three-year warrant to purchase up to 925,925,925 shares of our Common Stock at a variable exercise price (the “First Warrant”). On May 30, 2019, we entered into a letter agreement pursuant to which the principal amount of the First Note together with interest accrued thereon was converted into an aggregate of 512,333,333 shares of Common Stock at a fixed conversion price of $0.0025 per share and the First Warrant was amended such that the First Warrant is exercisable for 500,000,000 shares of Common Stock at a fixed exercise price of $0.0025 per share. On January 30, 2020, the First Investor gifted to NYMM LLC a portion of the First Warrant, or the right to purchase up to 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

On February 11, 2019, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor (the “Second Investor”), whereby we issued and sold an 8% convertible promissory note in the original principal amount of $200,000 which note is convertible into shares of our Common Stock at a variable conversion price (the “Second Note” and together with the First Note, the “Notes”) and a three-year warrant to purchase up to 148,148,148 shares of our Common Stock at a variable exercise price (the “Second Warrant” and together with the First Warrant, the “Warrants”). On May 30, 2019, we entered into a letter agreement pursuant to which the principal amount of the Second Note together with interest accrued thereon was converted into an aggregate of 81,920,000 shares of Common Stock at a fixed conversion price of $0.0025 per share and the Second Warrant was amended such that the Second Warrant is exercisable for 80,000,000 shares of Common Stock at a fixed exercise price of $0.0025 per share.

 

This prospectus relates to the resale from time to time by the selling stockholders identified herein of up to an aggregate of 594,253,333 shares of our Common Stock and 580,000,000 shares of our Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.

 

Common stock offered by selling stockholders:   1,174,253,333 shares which includes 594,253,333 outstanding shares of Common Stock and 580,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.
     
Offering price:  

Market price or privately negotiated prices.

     
Common stock outstanding after the offering:  

2,430,476,516.

     
Use of proceeds:   We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Resale Shares by the selling stockholders; however, we will receive the proceeds from any cash exercise of warrants.
     
Risk factors:   An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk and could result in a loss of your entire investment. Prior to making an investment decision, you should carefully consider all of the information in this prospectus and, in particular, you should evaluate the risk factors set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7. 
     
Symbol on OTCQB:   VRUS

 

The number of shares of Common Stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering is based on 2,430,476,516 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of May 1, 2020 and excludes:

 

  729,557,150 shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants (excluding warrants covered by this prospectus) with a weighted average exercise price of $0.006 per share.
     
  41,444,601 shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of 41,444,601 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 43,080,100 shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of 430,801 shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

  -6-  

 

 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. This prospectus contains the risks applicable to an investment in our securities. Prior to making a decision about investing in our securities, you should carefully consider the specific factors discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus. The risks and uncertainties we have described are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our operations. The occurrence of any of these known or unknown risks might cause you to lose all or part of your investment in the offered securities.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

We have no history of profitability.

 

We commenced operations in 1994 and to date have not generated any profit. We do not have a significant operating history which would provide you with meaningful information about our past or future operations with respect to our international consumer packaged goods, foodstuff distribution and wholesale trade. We have not yet achieved positive cash flow on a monthly basis during any fiscal year including the current fiscal year ended October 31, 2019.

 

We had net losses of $2,389,850 and $2,824,292 for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We had net losses of $2,503,288 for the three months ended January 31, 2020. Furthermore, we had a working capital deficit of $1,787,284 and $610,342 at October 31, 2019 and January 31, 2020, respectively. If we are unable to achieve profitability, we may be unable to continue our operations.

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, which may hinder our ability to obtain future financing.

 

Our financial statements as of October 31, 2019 have been prepared under the assumption that we will continue as a going concern for the next twelve months. Our independent registered public accounting firm included in its opinion for the year ended October 31, 2019 an explanatory paragraph referring to our recurring losses from operations and expressing substantial doubt in our ability to continue as a going concern without additional capital becoming available. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to obtain additional equity or debt financing, reduce expenditures and to generate significant revenue. Our financial statements as of October 31, 2019 did not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. The reaction of investors to the inclusion of a going concern statement by our independent registered public accounting firm, and our potential inability to continue as a going concern, in future years could materially adversely affect our share price and our ability to raise new capital or enter into strategic alliances.

 

We will require additional financing in the future to fund our operations which may cause dilution to our existing stockholders or restrict our operations.

 

We will need additional capital in the future to continue to execute our business plan. Therefore, we will be dependent upon additional capital in the form of either debt or equity to continue our operations. At the present time, we do not have arrangements to raise all of the needed additional capital, and we will need to identify potential investors and negotiate appropriate arrangements with them. Our ability to obtain additional financing will be subject to a number of factors, including market conditions, our operating performance and investor sentiment. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership interests of our stockholders will be diluted, and the terms of such financings may include liquidation or other preferences, anti-dilution rights, and other provisions that may adversely affect the rights of our stockholders, including rights, preferences and privileges that are senior to those of our holders of common stock in the event of a liquidation. In addition, debt financing, if available, could include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take certain actions, such as incurring additional debt, making capital expenditures, or declaring dividends and may require us to grant security interests in our assets. If we are unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms we may need to curtail or cease our operations.

 

Our indebtedness and liquidity needs could restrict our operations and make us more vulnerable to adverse economic conditions.

 

Our existing indebtedness may adversely affect our operations and limit our growth, and we may have difficulty repaying our debt when due. If market or other economic conditions deteriorate, our ability to comply with covenants contained in our debt instruments may be impaired. If we violate any of the restrictions or covenants set forth in our debt instruments, all or a significant portion of our indebtedness may become immediately due and payable. Our inability to make payments on our indebtedness when due may have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial condition.

 

  -7-  

 

 

We depend on a small number of customers and the loss of one or more major customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

For the year ended October 31, 2019, approximately 42% of accounts receivable were concentrated with three customers and approximately 66% of revenues were concentrated with six customers, all of which customers are located outside the United States. For the year ended October 31, 2018, approximately 84% of accounts receivable were concentrated with six customers and approximately 64% of revenues were concentrated with five customers, all of which customers are located outside United States. The loss of one or more of our top customers, or a substantial decrease in demand by any of those customers for our products, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our reliance on distributors and retailers could affect our ability to efficiently and profitably distribute and market our products, maintain our existing customers and expand our business.

 

Our ability to maintain and expand our customer base, maintain our presence in existing markets and establish a presence in new markets is dependent on our ability to establish and maintain successful relationships with reliable distributors and retailers. Most of our distributors and retailers sell and distribute competing products and our products may represent a small portion of their businesses. The success of our distribution network will depend on the performance of the distributors and retailers. There is a risk that the retailers and distributors that we engage may fail to distribute our products or position our products in localities that may not be receptive to customers. Our ability to incentivize, motivate and retain distributors to manage and sell our products is affected by competition from other food companies that have greater resources than we do. To the extent that our distributors and retailers are distracted from selling our products or do not deploy sufficient resources to manage and sell our products, our sales and results of operations could be adversely affected. Furthermore, our distributors’ and retailers’ financial position or market share may deteriorate, which could adversely affect the distribution, marketing and sales activities related to our products thereby having a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our ability to maintain and expand our distribution network and attract additional distributors and retailers depends on a number of factors, some of which are outside our control. Some of these factors include:

 

  the level of demand for our brand and products in a particular geographic location;
  our ability to price our products at levels competitive with those of our competitors; and
  our ability to deliver products in the quantity and at the time requested by distributors and retailers.

 

We may not be able to successfully manage all or any of these factors in any of our current or prospective markets which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operation and financial condition.

 

If we do not adequately manage our inventory levels, our operating results could be adversely affected.

 

We need to maintain adequate inventory levels to be able to deliver products on a timely basis. Our inventory supply depends on our ability to accurately estimate demand for our products. Our ability to estimate demand for our products is imprecise, particularly for new products, for seasonal promotions and in new markets. If we materially underestimate demand for our products or are unable to maintain sufficient inventory, we may not be able to satisfy demand on a short-term basis. Alternatively, if we overestimate demand for our products, we may have too much inventory on hand, which may result in higher storage costs and the risk of inventory spoilage. If we fail to manage our inventory to meet demand, we could damage our brand and our relationship with our customers which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.

 

If we do not continually enhance our brand recognition, increase distribution of our products, attract new customers and introduce new products our business may suffer.

 

The food industry is subject to rapid and frequent changes in consumer demands. Because consumers in this industry are constantly seeking new products, our success relies heavily upon our ability to continue to market new products. We may not be successful in introducing or marketing new products on a timely basis, if at all. Our inability to commercialize new products may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

  -8-  

 

 

Any damage to our brand or reputation could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We must protect and grow the value of our brand to continue to be successful in the future. Any incident that erodes consumer affinity for our brand could significantly reduce our value and damage our business. For example, negative third-party reports regarding our products, whether accurate or not, may adversely impact consumer perceptions. In addition, if we recall certain products irrespective of whether such recall is mandatory or voluntary, the public perception of the quality of our products may be diminished. We may also be adversely affected by news reports or other negative publicity, regardless of their accuracy, regarding other aspects of our business, such as public health concerns, illness and safety. This negative publicity could adversely affect our brand and reputation which could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

 

We have no long-term contracts with our customers which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of our products. The absence of long-term contracts could result in periods during which we must continue to pay costs and service indebtedness without revenues.

 

We do not have long-term contacts with our customers which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of our products. Accordingly, we could have periods during which we have no or limited orders for our products, which will make it difficult for us to operate as we will have to continue paying our expenses and servicing our debt. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to timely locate new customers, if at all. The periods in which we have no or limited purchase orders for our products could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

 

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters may affect manufacturing facilities and distribution activities which may negatively impact the operating results of our business.

 

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters, such as fires, floods, droughts, frosts, hurricanes, earthquakes and tornadoes may curtail or prevent the manufacturing or distribution of our products which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operation or financial condition.

 

Global or regional health pandemics or epidemics, including COVID-19, could negatively impact our business operations, financial performance and results of operations.

 

Our business and financial results could be negatively impacted by the recent outbreak of COVID-19 or other pandemics or epidemics. The severity, magnitude and duration of the current COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain, rapidly changing and hard to predict. During 2020, COVID-19 has significantly impacted economic activity and markets around the world, and it could negatively impact our business in numerous ways, including but not limited to those outlined below:

 

  Commodity costs have become more volatile due to the COVID-19 outbreak and we expect continued commodity cost volatility.
     
  The COVID-19 outbreak could disrupt our global supply chain, operations and routes to market or those of our suppliers, customers, distributors and retailers. These disruptions or our failure to effectively respond to them could increase product or distribution costs or cause delays in delivering or an inability to deliver products to our customers.
     
  Disruptions or uncertainties related to the COVID-19 outbreak for a sustained period of time could result in delays or modifications to our strategic plans and initiatives and hinder our ability to achieve our business objectives.
     
  Illness, travel restrictions or workforce disruptions could negatively affect our supply chain, distribution or other business processes.
     
  Government or regulatory responses to pandemics could negatively impact our business. Mandatory lockdowns or other restrictions on operations in some countries have temporarily disrupted our ability to distribute our products in some of these markets. Continuation or expansion of these disruptions could materially adversely impact our operations and results.
     
  The COVID-19 outbreak has increased volatility and pricing in the capital markets and volatility is likely to continue which could have a material adverse effect on our ability to obtain financing.

 

  -9-  

 

 

These and other impacts of the COVID-19 or other global or regional health pandemics or epidemics could have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section such as those relating to our reputation, brands, product sales, results of operations or financial condition. We might not be able to predict or respond to all impacts on a timely basis to prevent near- or long-term adverse impacts to our results. The ultimate impact of these disruptions also depends on events beyond our knowledge or control, including the duration and severity of any outbreak and actions taken by parties other than us to respond to them. Any of these disruptions could have a negative impact on our business operations, financial performance and results of operations, which impact could be material.

 

Our international operations expose us to regulatory, economic, political and social risks in the countries in which we operate.

 

The international nature of our operations involves a number of risks, including changes in regulations, tariffs, taxes and exchange controls, economic downturns, inflation and political and social instability including retaliation, war, and civil unrest in the countries in which we operate. Moreover, consumers in different countries may have varying tastes, preferences and nutritional opinions. We cannot be certain that we will be able to enter and successfully compete in additional foreign markets or that we will be able to continue to compete in the foreign markets in which we currently operate.

 

Doing business outside the United States requires us to comply with the laws and regulations of various foreign jurisdictions, which place restrictions on our operations, trade practices, partners and investment decisions. In particular, our operations are subject to anti-corruption and trade control laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and the Export Sales Reporting Program. The FCPA prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purposes of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. Our continued expansion outside the United States and our development of new partnerships and joint venture relationships worldwide could increase the risk of FCPA violations in the future. We have operations and deal with governmental clients in countries known to experience corruption, including certain emerging countries in the Middle East. Our activities in these countries create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of our employees or third parties that we engage that could be in violation of various laws including the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws, even though these parties are not always subject to our control. As a result of doing business in foreign countries and with foreign partners, we are exposed to a heightened risk of violating anti-corruption laws. In addition, we are subject to the Export Sales Reporting Program which monitors U.S. agricultural export sales on a daily and weekly basis, and we must comply with the Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) trade sanctions. Violations of anti-corruption, export and other regulations we may be subject to may be punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions and asset seizures as well as criminal fines and imprisonment.

 

Disruptions in the worldwide economy may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Adverse and uncertain economic conditions may impact distributor, retailer and consumer demand for our products. In addition, our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with our suppliers, distributors, retailers and consumers may suffer. Consumers may shift to purchasing lower-priced products during economic downturns, making it more difficult for us to sell our premium products. During economic downturns, it may be more difficult to persuade existing consumers to continue to use our brand or persuade new consumers to select our brand without price promotions. Furthermore, during economic downturns, distributors and retailers may reduce their inventories of our products. Our results of operations depend upon, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volume with our existing distributors and retailers, to attract new consumers and to provide products that appeal to consumers at prices they are willing and able to pay. Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions may have an adverse effect on our results of operation and financial condition.

 

We purchase substantially all of our food products from a limited number of regions and from a limited number of suppliers. Price increases and shortages in food products could adversely affect our operating results.

 

We purchase substantially all of our food products from a limited number of regions around the world or from a limited number of suppliers. Increases in the prices of the food products which we purchase could adversely affect our operating results if we are unable to offset the effect of these increased costs through price increases, and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to pass along such increased costs to our customers. Furthermore, if we cannot obtain sufficient food products or our suppliers cease to be available to us, we could experience shortages in our food products or be unable to meet our commitments to customers. Alternative sources of food products, if available, may be more expensive. Any such failure to supply or delay caused by our supplies may have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

 

  -10-  

 

 

Price increases may not be sufficient to cover increased costs, or may result in declines in sales volume due to price elasticity in the marketplace.

 

We may be able to pass some or all input costs to our customers by increasing the selling price of our products or decreasing the size of our products; however, higher product prices or decreased product sizes may also result in a reduction in sales volume and/or consumption. If we are not able to increase our selling prices or reduce product sizes sufficiently, or in a timely manner, to offset increased input costs, including packaging, freight, direct labor, overhead and employee benefits, or if our sales volume decreases significantly, there could be a negative impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We operate in a highly competitive industry.

 

The food industry is intensely competitive and consolidation in this industry continues. We face competition in the areas of brand recognition, taste, quality, price, advertising/promotion, convenience and service. A number of our competitors are larger than us and have substantial financial, marketing and other resources as well as substantial international operations. In addition, reduced barriers to entry are creating new competition. Furthermore, in order to protect our existing market share or capture increased market share in this highly competitive environment, we may be required to increase expenditures for promotions and advertising and continue to introduce and establish new products. Due to inherent risks in the marketplace associated with advertising and new product introductions, including uncertainties about trade and consumer acceptance, increased expenditures may not prove successful in maintaining or enhancing our market share and could impact our operating results. In addition, we may incur increased credit and other business risks because we operate in a highly competitive environment.

 

Our business operations could be disrupted if our information technology systems fail to perform adequately.

 

The efficient operation of our business depends on our information technology systems. We rely on our information technology systems to effectively manage our business data, communications, supply chain, order entry and fulfillment, and other business processes. The failure of our information technology systems to perform as we anticipate could disrupt our business and could result in transaction errors, processing inefficiencies, and the loss of sales and customers, causing our business and results of operations to suffer. In particular, as we grow, we need to make sure that our information technology systems are upgraded and integrated throughout our business and able to generate reports sufficient for management to run our business. In addition, our information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage, interruption or security breaches from circumstances beyond our control, including fire, natural disasters, system failures, cyber-attacks, corporate espionage, and viruses. Any such damage, interruption or security breach could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

We may be subject to significant liability and may have to recall our products if the consumption of any food product manufactured or marketed by us causes injury, illness or death. Regardless of whether such claims against us are valid, they may be expensive to defend and may generate negative publicity, both of which could materially adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

The sale of food products for human consumption involves the risk of injury to consumers. Such injuries may result from tampering by unauthorized third parties or product contamination or spoilage, including the presence of bacterial contamination, foreign objects, substances, chemicals, other agents or residues introduced during production processes. Our food products may also be subject to product tampering, contamination or spoilage or be mislabeled or otherwise damaged which may result in a product recall.

 

We are dependent on our third-party manufacturers for compliance with rules and regulations with respect to production of many of our products. Although we believe that we and our manufacturers are in material compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, if the consumption of our products causes or is alleged to have caused an illness in the future, we may become subject to claims or lawsuits relating to such matters. Even if a product liability claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding an illness, injury or death could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

  -11-  

 

 

The food industry has been subject to a growing number of claims, including class action lawsuits based on the nutritional content of food products as well as disclosure and advertising practices. In the future we may be subject to these types of claims and proceedings and, even if we are successful in defending such claims, publicity about these matters may harm our reputation and adversely affect our results. Regardless of whether any claims against us are valid, or whether we are ultimately held liable, claims may be expensive to defend and may divert time and money away from our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our performance. Furthermore, a significant judgment could materially and adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Outbreaks of disease among livestock and poultry flocks could harm our revenues and operating margins.

 

As a supplier of meat products, we are subject to risks associated with the outbreak of disease in beef livestock and poultry flocks, including, but not limited to, avian influenza and bovine spongiform encephalopathy. The outbreak of disease could adversely affect our supply of raw materials, increase the cost of production and reduce operating margins. Additionally, the outbreak of disease may hinder our ability to market and sell products which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

We are dependent upon key personnel whose loss may adversely impact our business.

 

Our success materially depends upon the expertise, experience and continued service of our management and other key personnel, including but not limited to, our current Chief Executive Officer, Anshu Bhatnagar. If we lose the services of Anshu Bhatnagar or any of other member of management, our business would be materially and adversely affected.

 

Our future success also depends upon our ability to attract and retain highly qualified management personnel and other employees. Any difficulties in obtaining, retaining and training qualified employees could have a material adverse effect on our results of operation or financial condition. The process of identifying such personnel with the combination of skills and attributes required to carry out our business plan is often lengthy. Any difficulties in obtaining and retaining qualified managers and employees could have a material adverse effect on our results of operation or financial condition.

 

We may fail to realize all of the anticipated benefits of any entities which we acquire, such benefits may take longer to realize than expected or we may encounter significant difficulties integrating acquired businesses into our operations. If our acquisitions do not achieve their intended benefits, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

 

We believe that businesses that we acquire will result in certain benefits, including certain cost synergies and operational efficiencies; however, to realize these anticipated benefits, the businesses we acquire must be successfully combined with our business. The combination of independent businesses is a complex, costly, and time-consuming process that will require significant management attention and resources. The integration process may disrupt the businesses and, if implemented ineffectively, would limit the expected benefits of these acquisitions to us. The failure to meet the challenges involved in integrating acquired businesses and realizing anticipated benefits could cause an interruption of, or a loss of momentum in, our activities and could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

The overall integration of acquired businesses may result in material unanticipated problems, expenses, liabilities, competitive responses, loss of customer and other business relationships, and diversion of management’s attention. The difficulties of combining the operations of companies include, among others:

 

  the diversion of management’s attention to integration matters;
  difficulties in achieving anticipated cost savings, synergies, business opportunities, and growth prospects from the combinations;
  difficulties in the integration of operations and systems; and
  conforming standards, controls, procedures, accounting and other policies, business cultures, and compensation structures between the two companies.

 

  -12-  

 

 

Many of these factors are outside of our control and any one of these factors could result in, among other things, increased costs and decreases in the amount of expected revenues, which could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, even if we are able to successfully integrate acquired businesses, the full benefits, including the synergies, cost savings, revenue growth, or other benefits that are expected, may not be achieved within the anticipated time frame, or at all. All of these factors could decrease or delay the expected accretive effect of the acquisitions, and negatively impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

Risks Relating to Our Securities

 

Certain provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), and our Amended and Restated Bylaws (“Bylaws”) may have anti-takeover effects that could discourage, delay or prevent a change in control, which may cause our stock price to decline.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws and Delaware law could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if closing such a transaction would be beneficial to our stockholders. Our Certificate of Incorporation authorizes us to issue up to 125,000,000 shares of preferred stock. This preferred stock may be issued in one or more series, the terms of which may be determined at the time of issuance by our board of directors without further action by stockholders. The terms of any series of preferred stock may include voting rights (including the right to vote as a series on particular matters), preferences as to dividend, liquidation, conversion and redemption rights and sinking fund provisions. The issuance of any preferred stock could materially adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common stock, and therefore, reduce the value of our common stock. In particular, specific rights granted to holders of preferred stock could be used to restrict our ability to merge with, or sell our assets to, a third party and thereby preserve control by the present management. As of May 1, 2020 we have designated (i) 120,000,000 shares of preferred stock as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, of which 41,444,601 are outstanding, (ii) 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock as Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, none of which are outstanding and (iii) 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock as Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, of which 430,801 shares are outstanding.

 

Provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws and Delaware law also could have the effect of discouraging potential acquisition proposals or making a tender offer or delaying or preventing a change in control, including changes a stockholder might consider favorable. Such provisions may also prevent or frustrate attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our management. In particular, our Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws and Delaware law, as applicable, among other things:

 

  provide the board of directors with the ability to alter the Bylaws without stockholder approval;
  provide that vacancies on the board of directors may be filled by a majority of directors in office, although less than a quorum; and
  provide that special meetings of stockholders may be called only by our board.

 

If we fail to comply with the rules under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (“Sarbanes-Oxley”) related to internal controls and procedures in the future, or, if we discover material weaknesses and other deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting, our stock price could decline significantly and raising capital could be more difficult.

 

Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. If we fail to comply with the rules under Sarbanes-Oxley related to disclosure controls and procedures in the future, or, if we discover material weaknesses and other deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting, our stock price could decline significantly and raising capital could be more difficult. If material weaknesses or significant deficiencies are discovered or if we otherwise fail to achieve and maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley. Moreover, effective internal controls are necessary for us to produce reliable financial reports and are important to helping prevent financial fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, our business and operating results could be harmed, investors could lose confidence in our reported financial information, and the trading price of our common stock could drop significantly.

 

  -13-  

 

 

Our common stock is subject to the “penny stock” rules of the SEC and the trading market in the securities is limited, which makes transactions in the stock cumbersome and may reduce the value of an investment in the stock.

 

Rule 15g-9 under the Exchange Act establishes the definition of a “penny stock,” for the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or with an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require: (a) that a broker or dealer approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks; and (b) the broker or dealer receive from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the penny stock to be purchased.

 

In order to approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must: (a) obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person and (b) make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.

 

The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the SEC relating to the penny stock market, which, in highlight form: (a) sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination; and (b) confirms that the broker or dealer received a signed, written agreement from the investor prior to the transaction. Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the “penny stock” rules. This may make it more difficult for investors to dispose of our common stock and cause a decline in the market value of our common stock.

 

Disclosure also has to be made about the risks of investing in penny stocks in both public offerings and in secondary trading and about the commissions payable to both the broker or dealer and the registered representative, current quotations for the securities and the rights and remedies available to an investor in cases of fraud in penny stock transactions. Finally, monthly statements have to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stocks.

 

We have never paid cash dividends and have no plans to pay cash dividends in the future

 

Holders of shares of our common stock are entitled to receive such dividends as may be declared by our board of directors. To date, we have paid no cash dividends on our capital stock and we do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, to provide funds for operations of our business. Therefore, any return investors in our capital stock may have will be in the form of appreciation, if any, in the market value of their shares of common stock.

 

If we fail to remain current in our reporting requirements, we could be removed from the OTCQB which would limit the ability of broker-dealers to sell our securities and the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the secondary market.

 

As a company listed on the OTCQB and subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), we must be current with our filings pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act in order to maintain price quotation privileges on the OTCQB. If we fail to remain current in our reporting requirements, we could be removed from the OTCQB. As a result, the market liquidity of our securities could be severely adversely affected by limiting the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities and the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the secondary market.

 

Our common stock could be subject to extreme volatility.

 

The trading price of our common stock may be affected by a number of factors, including events described in the risk factors set forth herein and in our other reports filed with the SEC from time to time, as well as our operating results, financial condition and other events or factors. In addition to the uncertainties relating to future operating performance and the profitability of operations, factors such as variations in interim financial results or various, and unpredictable, factors, many of which are beyond our control, may have a negative effect on the market price of our common stock. In recent years, broad stock market indices, in general, and smaller capitalization companies, in particular, have experienced substantial price fluctuations. In a volatile market, we may experience wide fluctuations in the market price of our common stock. In addition, securities markets have, from time to time, experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are not related to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may have a material adverse effect the market price of our common stock.

 

Financial reporting obligations of being a public company in the United States are expensive and time-consuming, and our management will be required to devote substantial time to compliance matters.

 

As a publicly traded company we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. The obligations of being a public company in the United States require significant expenditures and places significant demands on our management and other personnel, including costs resulting from public company reporting obligations under the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations regarding corporate governance practices, including those under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. These rules require the establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and procedures, internal control over financial reporting and changes in corporate governance practices, among many other complex rules that are often difficult to implement, monitor and maintain compliance with. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to ensure that we comply with all of these requirements and to keep pace with new regulations, otherwise we may fall out of compliance and risk becoming subject to litigation or being delisted from the OTCQB, among other potential problems.

 

  -14-  

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Any statements in this prospectus about our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and are forward-looking statements. These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as “believe,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and “would.” For example, statements concerning financial condition, possible or assumed future results of operations, growth opportunities, industry ranking, plans and objectives of management, markets for our Common Stock and future management and organizational structure are all forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance. They involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement.

 

Any forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the risk factors discussed throughout this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and the documents that we reference herein and have filed as exhibits to the registration statement, of which this prospectus is part, completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus is accurate as of the date on the front cover of this prospectus only. Because the risk factors referred to on page 7  of this prospectus could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which factors will arise. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of the information presented in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, and particularly our forward-looking statements, by these cautionary statements.

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

The selling stockholders will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of the Resale Shares offered by them pursuant to this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Resale Shares by the selling stockholders covered by this prospectus. If the Warrants are exercised for cash, such proceeds will be used by the Company for working capital.

 

DIVIDEND POLICY

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on our capital stock and we do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, to provide funds for operations of our business. Our future dividend policy will be determined from time to time by our board of directors.

 

SELLING STOCKHOLDERS

 

This prospectus relates to the resale from time to time by the selling security holders identified herein of up to an aggregate of 1,174,253,333 Resale Shares consisting of 594,253,333 shares of our Common Stock and 580,000,000 shares of our Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.

 

The transactions by which the selling stockholders acquired their securities from us were exempt under the registration provisions of the Securities Act.

 

The Resale Shares referred to above are being registered to permit public sales of the Resale Shares, and the selling stockholders may offer the shares for resale from time to time pursuant to this prospectus. The selling stockholders may also sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of all or a portion of their shares in transactions exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act or pursuant to another effective registration statement covering the sale of those shares.

 

  -15-  

 

 

The table below sets forth certain information regarding the selling stockholders and the Resale Shares offered in this prospectus. The selling stockholders have had no material relationship with us within the past three years other than as described in the footnotes to the table below or as a result of their acquisition of our shares or other securities.

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. The selling stockholder’s percentage of ownership of our outstanding shares in the table below is based upon 2,430,476,516 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of May 1, 2020.

 

Name of Selling Stockholder   Number of
Shares of
Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned
Before this
Offering (1)
    Percentage
of Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned
Before this
Offering
    Share of
Common
Stock Offered
in this
Offering
    Shares of
Common Stock Beneficially Owned After this Offering (2)
    Percentage of Common Stock Beneficially Owned After this Offering (2)  
ARJ Consulting, LLC (3)     576,999,999 (4)     23.7 %     992,333,333 (5)     64,666,666       2.7 %
Berdon Ventures Associates, LLC (6)     161,920,000 (7)     6.5 %     161,920,000 (7)     0       0 %
NYMM LLC (8)     24,313,835 (9)     1.0 %     20,000,000 (10)     4,313,835       *  
TOTAL     763,233,834             1,174,253,333              

 

* Less than 1%.

 

(1) Under applicable SEC rules, a person is deemed to beneficially own securities which the person has the right to acquire within 60 days through the exercise of any option or warrant or through the conversion of a convertible security. Also under applicable SEC rules, a person is deemed to be the “beneficial owner” of a security with regard to which the person directly or indirectly, has or shares (a) voting power, which includes the power to vote or direct the voting of the security, or (b) investment power, which includes the power to dispose, or direct the disposition, of the security, in each case, irrespective of the person’s economic interest in the security. Each listed selling stockholder has the sole investment and voting power with respect to all shares of Common Stock shown as beneficially owned by such selling stockholder, except as otherwise indicated in the footnotes to the table.

 

(2) Represents the amount of shares that will be held by the selling stockholder after completion of this offering based on the assumptions that (a) all Resale Shares registered for sale by the registration statement of which this prospectus is part will be sold and (b) no other shares of our Common Stock are acquired or sold by the selling stockholder prior to completion of this offering. However, each selling stockholder may sell all, some or none of the Resale Shares offered pursuant to this prospectus and may sell other shares of our Common Stock that they may own pursuant to another registration statement under the Securities Act or sell some or all of their shares pursuant to an exemption from the registration provisions of the Securities Act, including under Rule 144.

 

(3) Andrew Garnock is the Manager of ARJ Consulting, LLC and in such capacity has the right to vote and dispose of the securities held by such entity.

 

(4) Includes 576,999,999 shares of Common Stock. Excludes 480,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the First Warrant which contains an ownership limitation such that the holder may not convert any of such securities to the extent that such conversion would result in the holder’s beneficial ownership being in excess of 9.99% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock together with all shares owned by the holder and its affiliates.

 

(5) Includes (i) 512,333,333 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 480,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the First Warrant.

 

(6) Frederick Berdon is the Sole Managing Member of Berdon Ventures Associates, LLC and in such capacity has the right to vote and dispose of the securities held by such entity.

 

(7) Includes (i) 81,920,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 80,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Second Warrant.

 

(8) Brette Tamid is the Sole Member of NYMM LLC and in such capacity has the right to vote and dispose of the securities held by such entity.

 

(9) Includes (i) 4,313,835 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the First Warrant gifted to the selling stockholder by the First Investor.

 

(10) Represents 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the First Warrant gifted to the selling stockholder by the First Investor.

 

  -16-  

 

 

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

We are registering the Resale Shares covered by this prospectus to permit the selling stockholders to conduct public secondary trading of such shares from time to time after the date of this prospectus. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the Resale Shares offered by this prospectus; however, we will receive the exercise price of any Warrants not exercised by the selling stockholders on a cashless exercise basis.

 

The selling stockholders may sell all or a portion of the Resale Shares beneficially owned by them and offered hereby from time to time directly or through one or more underwriters, broker-dealers or agents. If the Resale Shares are sold through underwriters or broker-dealers, the selling stockholders will be responsible for underwriting discounts or commissions or agent’s commissions. The Resale Shares may be sold in one or more transactions at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of the sale (if a public market exists), at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. All sales may be effected in transactions, which may involve crosses or block transactions:

 

  on any national securities exchange or quotation service on which the securities may be listed or quoted at the time of sale;
  in the over-the-counter market;
  in transactions otherwise than on these exchanges or systems or in the over-the-counter market;
  ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;
  block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the shares as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;
  purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;
  an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;
  privately negotiated transactions;
  settlement of short sales entered into after the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part;
  broker-dealers may agree with the selling stockholders to sell a specified number of such shares at a stipulated price per share;
  through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;
  under Rule 144, Rule 144A or Regulation S under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus;
  a combination of any such methods of sale; or
  any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

 

Our Common Stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB under the symbol “VRUS.” Broker-dealers engaged by the selling stockholders may arrange for other brokers-dealers to participate in sales. Broker-dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the selling stockholders (or, if any broker-dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of shares, from the purchaser) in amounts to be negotiated, but, except as set forth in a supplement to this prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction not in excess of a customary brokerage commission in compliance with NASD Rule 2440; and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with NASD IM-2440.

 

In connection with the sale of our Common Stock or interests therein, the selling stockholders may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of our Common Stock in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The selling stockholders may also sell shares of our Common Stock short and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge our Common Stock to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The selling stockholders may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or the creation of one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of shares offered by this prospectus, which shares such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).

 

The selling stockholders and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the shares may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. If a selling stockholder is deemed to be an underwriter, the selling stockholder may be subject to certain statutory liabilities including, but not limited to, Sections 11, 12 and 17 of the Securities Act and Rule 10b-5 under the Exchange Act. Selling stockholders who are deemed underwriters within the meaning of the Securities Act will be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act. The SEC staff is of the view that selling stockholders who are registered broker-dealers or affiliates of registered broker-dealers may be underwriters under the Securities Act. In compliance with FINRA guidelines, the maximum commission or discount to be received by an FINRA member or independent broker-dealer may not exceed 8% for the sale of any securities registered hereunder. We will not pay any compensation or give any discounts or commissions to any underwriter in connection with the securities being offered by this prospectus. The selling stockholders have advised us that they have not entered into any written or oral agreements, understandings or arrangements with any underwriter or broker-dealer regarding the sale of the Resale Shares. There is no underwriter or coordinating broker acting in connection with the proposed sale of the Resale Shares by the selling stockholders.

 

  -17-  

 

 

We are required to pay certain fees and expenses incurred by us incident to the registration of the shares. We have agreed to indemnify the selling stockholders against certain losses, claims, damages and liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act. Each selling stockholder has in turn agreed to indemnify us for certain specified liabilities.

 

In order to comply with the securities laws of some states, if applicable, the shares of Common Stock may be sold in these jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in some states the shares of Common Stock may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale or an exemption from registration or qualification requirements is available and is complied with.

 

Under applicable rules and regulations under the Exchange Act, any person engaged in the distribution of the Resale Shares may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respect to the Common Stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution. In addition, the selling stockholders will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of shares of the Common Stock by the selling stockholders or any other person. The anti-manipulation rules under the Exchange Act may apply to sales of Common Stock in the market and to the activities of the selling stockholders and their affiliates. Regulation M may restrict the ability of any person engaged in the distribution of the Common Stock to engage in market-making activities with respect to the particular shares of Common Stock being distributed for a period of up to five business days before the distribution. These restrictions may affect the marketability of the Common Stock and the ability of any person or entity to engage in market-making activities with respect to the Common Stock. We will make copies of this prospectus available to the selling stockholders and have informed them of the need to deliver a copy of this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale.

 

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

 

We are offering up to 1,174,253,333 shares of our Common Stock including 594,124,444 outstanding shares of Common Stock and 580,000,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.

 

Common Stock

 

The following description of our Common Stock is intended as a summary only and is qualified in its entirety by reference to our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the “Certificate of Incorporation”) and Amended and Restated Bylaws, as amended (“Bylaws”), which are filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

 

Our authorized Common Stock consists of 7,500,000,000 shares, par value $0.000001 per share, of which 2,430,476,516 shares were issued and outstanding as of May 1, 2020.

 

Each share of our Common Stock is entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of the stockholders. Our stockholders are not permitted to cumulative voting. Holders of our Common Stock are entitled to receive ratably such dividends, if any, as may be declared by our Board out of legally available funds. However, the current policy of our Board is to retain earnings, if any, for the operation and expansion of our Company. The holders of our Common Stock have no preemptive, subscription, redemption or conversion rights.

 

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Warrants

 

On February 8, 2019, we issued a three-year warrant to purchase up to 925,925,925 shares of our Common Stock at a variable exercise price. On May 30, 2019, we amended the warrant such that the holder of such warrant has the right to purchase up to 500,000,000 shares of our Common Stock at a fixed conversion price of $0.0025 per share, subject to adjustment. On January 30, 2020, the First Investor gifted to NYMM LLC a portion of such warrant, or the right to purchase up to 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock. As of May 1, 2020, warrants to purchase up to 500,000,000 of our Common Stock remain outstanding.

 

On February 11, 2019, we issued a three-year warrant to purchase up to 148,148,148 shares of our Common Stock at a variable exercise price. On May 30, 2019, we amended the warrant such that the holder of such warrant has the right to purchase up to 80,000,000 shares of our Common Stock at a fixed conversion price of $0.0025 per share, subject to adjustment. As of May 1, 2020, warrants to purchase up to 80,000,000 of our Common Stock remain outstanding.

 

SHARES ELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE SALE

 

We cannot predict the effect, if any, that market sales of shares of our Common Stock or the availability of shares of our Common Stock for sale will have on the market price of our Common Stock prevailing from time to time. Future sales of our Common Stock in the public market, or the availability of such shares for sale in the public market, could adversely affect market prices prevailing from time to time. The availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock acquired through the exercise of outstanding warrants could materially adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock. In addition, sales of our Common Stock in the public market after the restrictions lapse as described below, or the perception that those sales may occur, could cause the prevailing market price to decrease or to be lower than it might be in the absence of those sales or perceptions.

 

Rule 144

 

In general, under Rule 144, any person who is not our affiliate and has held their shares for at least six months, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, may sell shares without restriction, subject to the availability of current public information about us. In addition, under Rule 144, any person who is not an affiliate of ours and has held their shares for at least one year, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, would be entitled to sell an unlimited number of shares without regard to whether current public information about us is available. A person who is our affiliate or who was our affiliate at any time during the preceding three months, and who has beneficially owned restricted securities for at least six months, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, is entitled to sell a number of shares within any three-month period that does not exceed the greater of: (i) 1% of the number of shares of our common stock then outstanding and (ii) if and when the Common Stock is listed on a national securities exchange, the average weekly trading volume of the Common Stock during the four calendar weeks preceding the date on which notice of such sale was filed under Rule 144.

 

Sales under Rule 144 by our affiliates are also subject to manner of sale provisions and notice requirements, and to the availability of current public information about us.

 

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

Since August 1, 2018, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Verus Foods, an international supplier of consumer food products, have been focused on international consumer packaged goods, foodstuff distribution and wholesale trade. Our fine food products are sourced in the United States and exported internationally. We market consumer food products under our own brand primarily to supermarkets, hotels and other members of the wholesale trade. Initially, we focused on frozen foods, particularly meat, poultry, seafood, vegetables, and french fries with beverages as a second vertical, and in 2018, we added cold-storage facilities and began seeking international sources for fresh fruit, produce and similar perishables, as well as other consumer packaged foodstuff with the goal to create vertical farm-to-market operations. We have also begun to explore new CPG non-food categories, such as cosmetic and fragrances, for future product offerings.

 

We currently have a significant regional presence in MENA and sub-Saharan Africa (excluding OFAC restricted nations), with deep roots in the GCC countries, which includes the UAE, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Our long-term goal is to source goods and generate international wholesale and retail CPG sales in North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.

 

In addition to the foregoing, since our acquisition of BLF during April 2019, pursuant to which we acquired a license with MLB to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections, we have been selling pint size ice cream in grocery store-type packaging and are exploring novelty “grab-and-go” size ice cream in cone, bar, and sandwich versions under our frozen dessert product line. In addition, under our confections product line, we are selling gummi and chocolate candies. The MLB license covers all 30 MLB teams, and all of our current products pursuant to such license feature “home team” packaging that matches the fan base in each region.

 

Furthermore, during August 2019, we purchased all of the assets of a french fry business including customer contracts which provide us the right to earn revenue pursuant to such contracts throughout the Middle East.

 

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Government Regulation

 

We are subject to the laws and regulations in the countries in which we operate.

 

Our food products are subject to local, national and multinational regulations related to labeling, health and nutrition claims, packaging, pricing, marketing and advertising, privacy and related areas. In addition, various jurisdictions regulate our operations by licensing and inspecting the manufacturing plants and facilities of our suppliers, enforcing standards for select food products, grading food products, and regulating trade practices related to the sale and pricing of our food products. Many of the food commodities we use in our operations are subject to government agricultural policy and intervention. These policies have substantial effects on prices and supplies and are subject to periodic governmental review.

 

Examples of laws and regulations that affect our business include selective food taxes, labeling requirements such as front-of-pack labeling and nutrient profiling, marketing restrictions, potential withdrawal of trade concessions as dispute settlement retaliation and sanctions on sales or sourcing of raw materials.

 

In addition, we are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption laws including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) which prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purposes of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. We are also subject to the Export Sales Reporting Program of the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) which monitors U.S. agricultural export sales on a daily and weekly basis. The program requires U.S. exporters to report sales of certain commodities to the Foreign Agricultural Service of the USDA on a weekly basis. Commodities currently covered by the program include feed grains, wheat, wheat products, rye, flaxseed, linseed oil, cotton, cottonseed, oilseed products, rice, cattle hides and skins, and beef. In addition to the weekly requirement, daily reporting is required (except for soybean oil) when a single exporter sells 100,000 metric tons or more of one commodity in one day to a single destination, or cumulative sales of 200,000 tons or more of one commodity during the weekly reporting period to a single destination. In addition to the foregoing, we must comply with OFAC trade sanctions. OFAC of the U.S. Department of Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals targeted against foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and other threats to national security, foreign policy or economy of the United Stated.

 

Our failure to comply with any of the foregoing regulations or regulations that we may be subject to may be punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions and asset seizures as well as criminal fines and imprisonment.

 

Market and Competition

 

We generate a majority of our revenue from food imported into the GCC countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The GCC has highly developed wholesale, grocery, and retail infrastructures that attract thousands of brands from around the world. According to A.T. Kearney, there are approximately 600 food distributors in the GCC. According to reports published by Alpen Capital, halal food imports into the GCC are expected to exceed $50 billion by 2020, while food imports account for about 85% of food consumed in the GCC.

 

We also generate revenue from domestic U.S. sales of our MLB branded ice cream and gummi and chocolate candies. According to the International Dairy Foods Association, ice cream is an $11 billion industry with 1.4 billion gallons of ice cream and related frozen desserts produced in the U.S. in 201,7 and according to the National Confectioners Association, the confectionary industry generates $35 billion annually.

 

In the branded product space, management believes that our key competitors in the GCC countries in which we operate include The Savola Group and Almarai which are based in Saudi Arabia; Americana Quality which is based in Kuwait; and Al Islami Foods which is based in the UAE and is currently ranked as the world’s largest Halal food vendor, with more than 80 frozen and specialty lines. In addition to the foregoing, we also compete with recognized international brands from multi-line companies such as Nestle and Mondelez International. In the U.S., management believes that our key competitors include premium ice cream brands such as Ben & Jerry’s, Breyers, and Haagen-Dazs and domestic confectionary brands in the gummi and chocolate candy space such as Mars, Mondelez International, and Nestle.

 

Although many of our competitors have greater financial, distribution and marketing resources than us, management believes there are many food categories and niches in which we can successfully compete in this highly-fragmented market. In addition, we focus on the regional sensitivities and dietary requirements of the markets we export products to. We offer both Verus Foods-branded products along with products from other brands, particularly from brands that desire to enter the GCC market, but lack the infrastructure or resources to do so. Furthermore, management believes that we are one of the only U.S. based public companies operating in the GCC that can provide its own branded products and also act as a distributor for other brands across all of the major food sales categories. Management believes that a majority of the suppliers in this space are either non-U.S. based private companies or are public entities with a narrow focus on their own brands.

 

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Recent Developments

 

Nutribrands

 

On October 30, 2019, we entered into a Contribution and Sale Agreement pursuant to which Nutribrands Holdings, LLC, our subsidiary, acquired all of the limited liability interests and equity interests of South Enterprise, LLC and Nutribrands, LTDA, respectively, in exchange for 49% of the membership interests of Nutribrands Holdings, LLC.

 

Effective March 31, 2020, we entered into a Termination Agreement with Nutribrands, LTDA pursuant to which, among other things, all agreements between the parties (including the October 30, 2019 Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Nutribrands International, LLC, and the Contribution and Sale Agreement and all related ancillary agreements were terminated, and the parties released each other from all obligations arising from the Released Transactions.

 

ZC Top Apparel Manufacturing

 

On April 3, 2020, we entered into a binding agreement ZC TAM, an apparel manufacturer in Mindanao which is engaged in e-commerce through Lazada, Shoppee and other online marketplaces, to acquire a 51% controlling interest in such entity for $100,000. We shall have one year to purchase such interest, and have agreed to fund $100,000 towards the manufacturing of Hazmat suits or respirators.

 

Financings

  

On February 10, 2020, we issued a convertible note in the principal amount of $420,000 (including a $70,000 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 4% per annum, matures on November 10, 2020 and is convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.0125 per share, subject to adjustment.

 

On March 31, 2020, we issued a promissory note in the principal amount of $312,500 (including a $62,500 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 4% per annum, subject to adjustment, and matures on July 1, 2020. The note is secured by an interest in all of the equity of our wholly-owned subsidiary, BLF.

 

On April 29, 2020, we issued a convertible note in the principal amount of $165,000 (including a $15,000 original issuance discount) which note accrues interest at a rate of 8% per annum, matures on April 29, 2021 and is convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.02 per share, subject to adjustment.

 

Employees

 

As of May 1, 2020, the Company had 16 full-time employees and 5 part-time employees.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. As of May 1, 2020, except as set forth herein, management believes that there are no claims against us, which it believes will result in a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

 

On April 4, 2019, Auctus Fund, LLC (“Auctus”) commenced a lawsuit against the Company in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. On August 27, 2019, the Company filed a motion to dismiss this lawsuit. On September 30, 2019, Auctus responded by filing a First Amended Complaint. The Company then filed a second motion to dismiss on October 24, 2019. On February 25, 2020, the court issued a decision dismissing the securities laws and unjust enrichment and breach of fiduciary duty claims and retaining the breach of contract, breach of covenant of good faith, fraud and deceit, and negligent misrepresentation-and the Massachusetts Consumer Protection Act claims. The Company filed its Answer to the complaint on March 10, 2020. The case remains pending in the District of Massachusetts. This case stems from a securities purchase agreement and convertible note issued in May 2017, a securities purchase agreement and convertible note issued in July 2018, the spin-off of the Company’s real estate division into NestBuilder including the issuance of shares of NestBuilder in the spin-off to the Company’s stockholders and an inducement agreement, release and payoff agreement executed by the parties in February 2019 whereby the Company settled the balance of outstanding amounts owed to Auctus in consideration for cash and shares of NestBuilder. Auctus has requested that the court grant it injunctive and equitable relief and specific performance with respect to the Company’s obligations; determine that the Company is liable for all damages, losses and costs and award Auctus actual losses sustained; award Auctus costs including, but not limited to, costs required to prosecute the action including attorneys’ fees; and punitive damages. The Company intends to continue to defend this matter and although the ultimate outcome cannot be predicted with certainty, based on the current information available, the Company does not believe the ultimate liability, if any, will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations.

 

Properties

 

On April 11, 2017, we entered into a sublease with Buchanan Partners, LLC, pursuant to which we sublease offices at 9841 Washingtonian Blvd, #390, Gaithersburg, MD 20878. We currently lease our office which consists of 2,798 square feet for $7,643.63 per month. Effective as of April 1, 2021, our rent will increase to $7,872.93 per month. Our lease will expire on December 31, 2021.

 

Corporate History

 

We were incorporated in the state of Delaware under the name Spectrum Gaming Ventures, Inc. on May 25, 1994. On October 10, 1995, we changed our name to Select Video, Inc. On October 24, 2007, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby Webdigs, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to Webdigs, Inc.

 

On October 9, 2012, we consummated the Exchange Transaction with Monaker (formerly known as Next 1 Interactive, Inc.), a Nevada corporation pursuant to which we received all of the outstanding equity in Attaché, a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Monaker in consideration for the issuance of 93 million shares of our newly designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to Monaker. Attaché owned approximately 80% of a corporation named RealBiz Holdings Inc. which is the parent corporation of RealBiz 360, Inc. As a condition to the closing of the Exchange Transaction, on October 3, 2012, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby RealBiz Media Group, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to RealBiz Media Group, Inc.

 

  -21-  

 

 

We entered into a Contribution and Spin-off Agreement with NestBuilder.com Corp (“NestBuilder”). on October 27, 2017, as amended on January 28, 2018, whereby, effective as of August 1, 2018, we spun off our real estate division into NestBuilder. All of our stockholders as of July 2, 2018, the record date, which held their shares as of July 20, 2018, the ex-dividend date, received one share of NestBuilder common stock for each 900 shares of our Company owned.

 

On May 1, 2018, Verus MENA entered into a Share Purchase and Sale Agreement with the Purchaser pursuant to which Verus MENA sold 75 shares of Gulf Agro, representing 25% of the common stock of Gulf Agro to the Purchaser. In consideration for the Gulf Agro Shares, the Purchaser was assigned certain contracts executed during a specified period of time.

 

Effective October 16, 2018, we changed our name from RealBiz Media Group, Inc. to Verus International, Inc. and our ticker symbol to “VRUS.”

 

On April 25, 2019, we entered into a stock purchase agreement with BLF and James Wheeler, the sole stockholder of BLF pursuant to which we purchased all of the outstanding capital stock of BLF. Upon the closing of such acquisition, BLF became our wholly-owned subsidiary and we acquired a license with MLB to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections covering all 30 MLB teams.

 

On August 30, 2019, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with the Seller, to which we purchased all of the assets of the Seller’s french fry business in the Middle East.

 

Our address is 9841 Washingtonian Blvd., #390, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, our telephone number is (301) 329-2700 and our website is www.verusfoods.com. The information on our website is not a part of this prospectus.

 

MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB tier of the OTC Markets under the symbol “VRUS.” Our common stock was listed on the following tiers of the OTC Markets under the following symbols: (i) we began trading on the OTC Markets (on the Grey Market) on October 14, 2008 under the symbol “WBDG”; (ii) on November 10, 2008, our common stock began trading under the symbol “WBDG” on the OTCQB; (iii) on September 21, 2011, our common stock began trading under the symbol “WBDG” on the OTC Pink tier of the OTC Markets; (iv) on June 6, 2012, our common stock began trading under the symbol “WBDG” on the OTCQB; (v) on November 2, 2012, we changed our symbol to “RBIZ”; (vi) on April 10, 2018, our common stock began trading under the symbol “RBIZ” on the OTC Pink tier of the OTC Markets, (vii) on October 16, 2018, our common stock began trading under the symbol “VRUS” on the OTC Pink tier of the OTC Markets and (viii) on July 17, 2019, our common stock began trading under the symbol “VRUS” on the OTCQB. Any over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Stockholders

 

As of May 1, 2020 we had 440 holders of record of our Common Stock. The number of record holders was determined from the records of our transfer agent and does not include beneficial owners of Common Stock whose shares are held in the names of various security brokers, dealers, and registered clearing agencies.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not paid any dividends on our Common Stock and do not anticipate paying any such dividends in the near future. Instead, we intend to use any earnings for future acquisitions and expanding our business.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with financial statements and notes thereto, as well as the “Risk Factors” and “Description of Business” sections included elsewhere in this prospectus. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this prospectus, particularly in “Risk Factors.”

 

Overview

 

Since August 1, 2018, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Verus Foods, an international supplier of consumer food products, have been focused on international consumer packaged goods, foodstuff distribution and wholesale trade. Our fine food products are sourced in the United States and exported internationally. We market consumer food products under our own brand primarily to supermarkets, hotels and other members of the wholesale trade. Initially, we focused on frozen foods, particularly meat, poultry, seafood, vegetables, and french fries with beverages as a second vertical, and in 2018, we added cold-storage facilities and began seeking international sources for fresh fruit, produce and similar perishables, as well as other consumer packaged foodstuff with the goal to create vertical farm-to-market operations. We have also begun to explore new CPG non-food categories, such as cosmetic and fragrances, for future product offerings.

 

We currently have a significant regional presence in MENA and sub-Saharan Africa (excluding OFAC restricted nations), with deep roots in theGCC countries, which includes the UAE, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Our long-term goal is to source goods and generate international wholesale and retail CPG sales in North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.

 

In addition to the foregoing, since our acquisition of BLF during April 2019, pursuant to which we acquired a license with MLB to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections, we have been selling pint size ice cream in grocery store-type packaging and are exploring novelty “grab-and-go” size ice cream in cone, bar, and sandwich versions under our frozen dessert product line. In addition, under our confections product line, we are selling gummi and chocolate candies. The MLB license covers all 30 MLB teams, and all of our current products pursuant to such license feature “home team” packaging that matches the fan base in each region.

 

Furthermore, during August 2019, we purchased all of the assets of a french fry business including customer contracts which provide us the right to earn revenue pursuant to such contracts throughout the Middle East.

 

  -22-  

 

 

Three Months Ended January 31, 2020 as Compared to Three Months Ended January 31, 2019

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations are based upon its unaudited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The preparation of these unaudited consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent liabilities. On an on-going basis, management evaluates past judgments and estimates, including those related to bad debts, potential impairment of intangible assets, accrued liabilities and contingencies. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. The accounting policies and related risks described in Note 2 above and the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on April 13, 2020 are those that depend most heavily on these judgments and estimates. As of January 31, 2020, there had been no material changes to any of the critical accounting policies contained therein.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenue

 

Our revenue increased to $6,173,662 for the three months ended January 31, 2020, compared to $2,443,820 for the three months ended January 31, 2019, an increase of $3,729,842 or 153%. The increase is the result of reducing the order backlog with customers due to increased working capital funding that allows us to procure additional products for sale.

 

Cost of Revenue

 

Cost of revenue totaled $5,040,105 for the three months ended January 31, 2020, compared to $2,077,467 for three months ended January 31, 2019, representing an increase of $2,962,638 or 143%. The increase is the result of higher revenue and related product costs.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Our operating expenses, which include salaries and benefits, stock-based compensation, selling and promotions expense, legal and professional fees, and general and administrative expenses increased to $2,715,908 for the three months ended January 31, 2020, compared to $403,720 for the three months ended January 31, 2019, an increase of $2,312,188, or 573%. The increase is primarily due to an increase of $1,653,245 in stock-based compensation expense related to performance warrants earned by our Chief Executive Officer and a restricted common stock grant to our Chief Financial Officer, coupled with higher expenses across all other categories to support the increase in revenue and higher expenses related to enhancements to our MLB branded products.

 

Other (Expense) Income

 

Our other expense increased by $619,815 for the three months ended January 31, 2020 to $920,937. The increase is primarily the result of increases in interest expense, losses on convertible note payable extinguishment and settlement, and increases in debt discount and issuance costs amortization, partially offset by a decrease in legal settlement losses.

 

Net Loss

 

We generated a net loss of $2,503,288 for the three months ended January 31, 2020, compared to a net loss of $338,489 for the three months ended January 31, 2019, an increase of $2,164,799. The increase in net loss is primarily driven by the increase in operating expenses and other expense, partially offset by the increase in gross profit, as disclosed above.

 

  -23-  

 

 

Year Ended October 31, 2019 as Compared to Year Ended October 31, 2018

 

Continuing Operations

 

Revenues

 

Our revenue increased to $13,611,101 for the year ended October 31, 2019, compared to $5,802,037 for the year ended October 31, 2018, an increase of $7,809,064 or 135%. The increase is the result of reducing the order backlog with customers due to increased working capital funding that allow us to procure additional products for sale coupled with $51,439 in sales of our MLB branded products.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenue totaled $11,546,413 for the year ended October 31, 2019, compared to $5,053,453 for the year ended October 31, 2018, representing an increase of $6,492,960 or 128%. The increase is the result of higher revenue and related product costs.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Our operating expenses, which include salaries and benefits, stock-based compensation, selling and promotions expense, legal and professional fees and general and administrative expenses increased to $6,181,569 for the year ended October 31, 2019, compared to $1,659,082 for the year ended October 31, 2018, an increase of $4,522,487, or 273%. The increase is primarily due to an increase of $3,380,469 in stock-based compensation expense recognized during 2019 related to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and higher expenses across all other categories to support the increase in revenue and launch of our MLB branded products.

 

Other Income (Expenses)

 

Our other income (expense), net increased by $3,900,011 for the year ended October 31, 2019. The increase is primarily the result of gains realized upon the extinguishment of certain debt and upon the settlement of certain notes payable, coupled with lower legal settlement losses of accounts payable and convertible debt coupled with an expense related to certain default provisions of convertible notes payable incurred during the year ended October 31, 2018 that did not recur during the year ended October 31, 2019, partially offset by an increase in interest expense.

 

Net Loss from Continuing Operations

 

We had a net loss from continuing operations of $2,389,850 for the year ended October 31, 2019, compared to a net loss of $3,083,478 for the year ended October 31, 2018, a decrease of $693,628. The decrease in net loss is primarily driven by the increase in gross profit and other income, partially offset by the increase in operating expenses as disclosed above.

 

Discontinued Operations

 

As our discontinued operations were spun-off effective August 1, 2018 (see Note 16), there was no revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses, other income (expense), or net (loss) income from discontinued operations for the year ended October 31, 2019. During the year ended October 31, 2018, we generated $216,316 of revenue, incurred $56,800 of cost of revenue, incurred $237,863 of operating expenses, generated $337,533 of other income, and generated $259,186 of net income from discontinued operations.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We have identified the policies below as critical to our understanding of the results of our business operations. We discuss the impact and any associated risks related to these policies on our business operations throughout Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations where such policies affect our reported and expected financial results.

 

  -24-  

 

 

In the ordinary course of business, we have made a number of estimates and assumptions in preparing our financial statements in conformity with GAAP. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates and assumptions. The following critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of our consolidated financial statements. For a summary of our significant accounting policies, including the critical accounting policies discussed below, refer to Note 2 — “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” included in the notes to consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2019 included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

We consider the following accounting policies to be those most important to the portrayal of our results of operations and financial condition:

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue is derived from the sale of food and beverage products. We recognize revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied. Product sales occur once control is transferred upon delivery to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring products. The amount of consideration we receive and revenue we recognize varies with changes in customer incentives we offer to our customers and their customers. In the event any discounts, sales incentives, or similar arrangements are agreed to with a customer, such amounts are estimated at time of sale and deducted from revenue. Sales taxes and other similar taxes are excluded from revenue (see Note 8).

 

Income Taxes

 

We accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach to financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Accordingly, deferred tax assets and liabilities arise from the difference between the tax basis of an asset or liability and its reported amount in the consolidated financial statements. Deferred tax amounts are determined using the tax rates expected to be in effect when the taxes will actually be paid or refunds received, as provided under currently enacted tax law. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. Income tax expense or benefit is the tax payable or refundable, respectively, for the period plus or minus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities during the period. we have recorded a full valuation allowance for our net deferred tax assets as of October 31, 2019 and 2018 because realization of those assets is not reasonably assured.

 

We will recognize a financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an audit. For tax positions meeting the more-likely-than-not threshold, the amount recognized in the financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the relevant tax authority.

 

We believe our income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained upon examination and, accordingly, no reserves, or related accruals for interest and penalties has been recorded at October 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

We account for stock incentive plans by measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based awards based on estimated fair values, net of estimated forfeitures. Share-based compensation expense recognized for the year ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 includes compensation cost for restricted stock awards and warrants. We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair value of options and warrants granted as of the grant date.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

We regularly review outstanding receivables and provide for estimated losses through an allowance for doubtful accounts. In evaluating the level of established loss reserves, we make judgments regarding our customers’ ability to make required payments, economic events, and other factors. As the financial condition of these parties’ change, circumstances develop or additional information becomes available, adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts may be required. We maintain reserves for potential credit losses, and such losses traditionally have been within our expectations. At October 31, 2019 and 2018, we determined there was no requirement for an allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

  -25-  

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At January 31, 2020, we had $245,836 of cash and a working capital deficit of $610,342 as compared to cash of $371,898 and a working capital deficit of $1,787,284 at October 31, 2019.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $599,062 for the three months ended January 31, 2020 as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $19,198 for the three months ended January 31, 2019.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $3,000 for the three months ended January 31, 2020. We did not have any investing activities during the three months ended January 31, 2019.

 

We have financed our operations since inception primarily through proceeds from equity and debt financings and revenue derived from operations. During the three months ended January 31, 2020, net cash provided by financing activities was $476,000. We did not have any financing activities during the three months ended January 31, 2019. Our continued operations primarily depend upon our ability to raise additional capital from various sources including equity and debt financings, as well as our revenue derived from operations. We can give no assurances that any additional capital that we are able to obtain will be sufficient to meet our needs or will be on favorable terms. Based on our current plans, we believe that our cash provided from the above sources may not be sufficient to enable us to meet our planned operating needs for the next twelve months.

 

We have based our estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong. We may need to obtain additional funds sooner or in greater amounts than we currently anticipate. Potential sources of financing include strategic relationships, public or private sales of our securities, debt or other sources. We may seek to access the public or private equity markets when conditions are favorable due to our long-term capital requirements. We do not have any committed sources of financing at this time, and it is uncertain whether additional funding will be available when we need it on terms that will be acceptable to us, or at all. If we raise funds by selling additional shares of common stock or other securities convertible into common stock, the ownership interest of our existing stockholders will be diluted. If we are not able to obtain financing when needed, we may be unable to carry out our business plan. As a result, we may have to significantly limit our operations and our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially harmed.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

  -26-  

 

 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, PROMOTERS, AND CONTROL PERSONS

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The following table sets forth the names and ages of the members of our board of directors and our executive officers and the positions held by each as of May 1, 2020.

 

  Name   Age   Position(s)
           
  Anshu Bhatnagar   46   Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
           
 

Christopher Cutchens

 

42

  Chief Financial Officer
           
  Michael O’Gorman   65   Director
           
  Thomas Butler Fore   54   Director

 

Biographies for the members of our board of directors and our management team are set forth below.

 

Anshu Bhatnagar – Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

 

Anshu Bhatnagar has served as our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of our board of directors since January 2, 2017. In addition, since January 2019, Mr. Bhatnagar has served as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the board of directors of mPhase Technologies, Inc. Mr. Bhatnagar is a food distribution veteran and previously was the Chief Executive Officer of American Agro Group, an international trading and distribution company that specialized in exporting agricultural commodities and food products from May 2012 to January 2016. Mr. Bhatnagar was also a Managing Member of Blue Capital Group, a real estate oriented multi-family office focused on acquiring, developing, and managing commercial real estate as well as investing in operating businesses from January 2008 to December 2016. He has also owned NS operated other successful businesses in technology, construction and waste management. We believe Mr. Bhatnagar is qualified to serve as a member of our board because of his extensive business experience including his experience in the food industry.

 

Christopher Cutchens – Chief Financial Officer

 

Christopher Cutches has served as our Chief Financial Officer since June 2019. In addition, since June 2019, Mr. Cutchens has served as the Chief Financial Officer of mPhase Technologies, Inc, and since June 2018 he has served as the Managing Partner of Cutchens Group, LLC, a consulting firm specializing in providing operational and financial services to both public and private companies. From January 2016 until June 2018, Mr. Cutchens served as Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer and Financial Officer of MidAmerica Administrative & Retirement Solutions, LLC, a private company that provides employee benefit programs to plan sponsors and employees. From January 2013 to January 2016, Mr. Cutchens served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Aspire Financial Services, LLC (“Aspire”), and from April 2012 to January 2013, he served as Vice President of Accounting and Finance of Aspire. Aspire is a service provider of retirement solutions. In addition, Mr. Cutchens has served in various other capacities including Corporate Controller of Watsco, Inc. (NYSE: WSO); Corporate Controller of Carrier Enterprise, LLC; Director of Corporate Accounting and Financial Reporting and Assistant Corporate Controller of MarineMax, Inc. (NYSE: HZO); and Senior Auditor at KPMG LLP. Mr. Cutchens received a Bachelor of Science degree in accounting and a masters degree in accounting information systems from the University of South Florida. Mr. Cutchens is a CPA licensed in the State of Florida.

 

Michael O’Gorman – Director

 

Michael O’Gorman has served as a member of our board of directors since August 11, 2017. Mr. O’Gorman has over 35 years of successful food brokerage, food manufacturing, project management, finance and legal experience in the international arena. Since 1982 Mr. O’Gorman has served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Crassus Group of companies, including entities whose subsidiaries specialize in sourcing and marketing all natural, healthy food and consumer products. In addition, from 1976 to 1979 he served as Chief of Staff in both the House of Representatives and U.S. Senate. Mr. O’Gorman has firsthand experience with agriculture since he owned and operated a 252-acre farm where he raised both crops and Black Angus cattle. Mr. O’Gorman has spent a number of years working at major international law firms as well serving as a Member of the Corporate Law Department, Director of Litigation Support Group of Peabody International Corporation from 1979 to 1986. Mr. O’Gorman received his JD with a concentration in international law from the University of Connecticut, MBA in international finance from Fairleigh Dickinson University and BS in organic chemistry from St. Peters College. We believe Mr. O’Gorman is qualified to serve as a member of our board because of his experience in agriculture and the food industry.

 

Thomas Butler Fore – Director

 

Thomas Butler Fore has served as a member of our Board since August 11, 2017. Mr. Fore is a multi-faceted entrepreneur and executive with experience in numerous categories of business, including real estate, media, personal care products and fashion. Since 2007, Mr. Fore has served as Chief Executive Officer of Sora Development, an award-winning real estate development firm focused on large mixed-use projects with a specialty in public-private partnerships. In addition, since 2012 he has served as Chief Executive Officer of Tiderock Media, a film production company and in 2014 he founded Digital2go Media Networks where he also serves as a member of its board. Mr. Fore is also involved as an advisor and partner in numerous other enterprises in media, real estate and consumer products. Mr. Fore received his BA from Towson University. We believe Mr. Fore is qualified to serve as a member of our board because of his background and experience in the consumer products industry.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships among our executive officers and directors.

 

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Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

We are not aware of any of our directors or officers being involved in any legal proceedings in the past ten years relating to any matters in bankruptcy, insolvency, criminal proceedings (other than traffic and other minor offenses), or being subject to any of the items set forth under Item 401(f) of Regulation S-K.

 

Director Independence

 

Although our Common Stock is not listed on any national securities exchange, for purposes of independence we use the definition of independence applied by The Nasdaq Stock Market. Our board of directors has determined that each of Michael O’Gorman and Thomas Butler Fore are “independent” in accordance with such definition.

 

Corporate Governance

 

Board Committees

 

The Company presently does not have an audit committee, compensation committee or nominating and corporate governance committee or committee performing similar functions, as management believes that the Company is in an early stage of development to form such committees. The board of directors acts in place of such committees. The Company currently does not have an audit committee financial expert for the same reason that it does not have board committees.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table sets forth the compensation paid to our principal executive officer (“named executive officer”) during our fiscal year ended October 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Summary Compensation Table
Name and Position   Year     Salary ($)    

Stock

Awards

($)(1)

    Total
($)
 
Anshu Bhatnagar     2019     $ 175,000     $ 2,515,794     $ 2,690,794  
Chief Executive Officer and Director     2018     $ 175,000     $ 779,803     $ 954,803  

 

(1) The amounts in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value of awards computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. The annual expense for the 2019 and 2018 stock awards relates to warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s Common stock that are granted under the provisions of the Chief Executive Officer’s employment agreement and are immediately vested upon being earned. For additional information regarding assumptions underlying the valuations of these stock awards and the calculation method, please refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2019, which are contained elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End

 

None.

 

Director Compensation

 

Our non-employee directors have elected to forego any cash compensation for participating in board of directors and committee meetings until such time as we become profitable over the course of an entire fiscal year, at which time the board of directors may reconsider the structure of its director compensation. In general, director compensation will be subject to review and adjustment from time to time at the discretion of our board of directors. Accordingly, our non-employee directors received no compensation during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2019.

 

Employment Agreements

 

Anshu Bhatnagar Employment Agreement 

 

On April 29, 2020, the Company entered into an amended and restated employment agreement (the “Bhatnagar Employment Agreement”) with Anshu Bhatnagar pursuant to which Mr. Bhatnagar shall serve as Chief Executive Officer of the Company. The term of the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement will continue until December 31, 2020 unless extended or earlier terminated pursuant to the terms of the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement. Pursuant to the terms of the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement, Mr. Bhatnagar shall be entitled to receive five forms of compensation to include cash-based salary, stock-based salary, annual cash-based bonus, annual grants of restricted common stock and the opportunity to participate in the Company’s equity plans. Pursuant to the terms of the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement, Mr. Bhatnagar shall, among other things, (i) receive an annual base salary of $350,000 which may be increased at the sole discretion of the Company’s Board, (ii) an annual cash bonus at the sole discretion of the Board, (iii) a bonus in an amount equal to up to 100% of Mr. Bhatnagar’s then base salary at the sole discretion of the Board, and (iv) a stock-based bonus at the sole discretion of the Company. In addition, Mr. Bhatnagar received a warrant to purchase up to 471,883,795 shares of the Company’s Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.006 per share.

 

In the event Mr. Bhatnagar’s employment is terminated by the Company for Cause (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement) or by Mr. Bhatnagar other than for Good Reason (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement), the Company shall pay Mr. Bhatnagar the Accrued Benefits (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement), and any outstanding stock option or other stock awards held by Mr. Bhatnagar as of the date of termination shall be subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the applicable award agreement. If the Company terminates Mr. Bhatnagar’s employment for death, disability or without Cause or Mr. Bhatnagar terminates his employment for Good Reason, the Company shall pay Mr. Bhatnagar (i) his then base salary, (ii) any pro-rata share of his annual cash bonus that would or could have been earned prior to the termination date and (iii) other Accrued Benefits. In addition, Mr. Bhatnagar shall be entitled to participate in the Plans (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement) for 60 months following the date of his termination. Any outstanding stock option or other stock awards held by Mr. Bhatnagar as of the date of termination shall be subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the applicable award agreement. If the Company and Mr. Bhatnagar mutually terminate the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement pursuant to the terms thereof, Mr. Bhatnagar shall receive (i) 24 months of base salary and (ii) any bonus compensation due to him through the date of termination. In addition, if Mr. Bhatnagar signs the Release (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement), Mr. Bhatnagar shall receive an additional 24 months of his then base salary and COBRA benefits for 12 months from the date of termination. If within one year after a Change in Control (as defined in the Bhatnagar Employment Agreement), Mr. Bhatnagar’s employment is terminated by the Company due to his death or disabiliy or without Cause, or Mr. Bhatnagar terminates his employment for Good Reason, then subject to signing the Release, the Company shall pay Mr. Bhatnagar an amount equal to five years of his base salary. Furthermore, all stock options and other stock-based awards shall immediately accelerate and become fully exercisable as of the date of termination, and Mr. Bhatnagar shall be entitled to COBRA benefits for a period of 24 months from the date of termination.

 

  -28-  

 

 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

 

The following table sets forth information as of May 1, 2020, as to each person or group who is known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our outstanding voting securities and as to the security and percentage ownership of each of our executive officers and directors and of all of our officers and directors as a group. As of May 1, 2020, we had 2,430,476,516 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, 41,444,601 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding and 430,801 shares of Series C Preferred Stock outstanding.

 

Beneficial ownership is determined under the rules of the SEC and generally includes voting or investment power over securities. Except in cases where community property laws apply or as indicated in the footnotes to this table, we believe that each stockholder identified in the table possesses sole voting and investment power over all shares of common stock shown as beneficially owned by the stockholder.

 

Shares of common stock that are currently exercisable or convertible within 60 days of May 1, 2020 are deemed to be beneficially owned by the person holding such securities for the purpose of computing the percentage beneficial ownership of that person, but are not treated as outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

 

  -29-  

 

 

Amount and Nature of Beneficial Ownership
Name and Address (1)   Common Stock Ownership    

Percentage of

Common Stock Ownership

    Series A Preferred Stock Ownership     Percentage of Series A Preferred Stock     Series C Preferred Stock Ownership     Percentage of Series C Preferred Stock     Percentage of Total Voting Power(2)  
Officers and Directors:                                                        
Anshu Bhatnagar     728,557,150 (3)     9.7 %     100,000       *       395,801       91.9 %     23.0 %
Christopher Cutchens     15,000,000 (4)     *       -       0 %     -       0 %     *  
Michael O’Gorman     -       0 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     0 %
Thomas Butler Fore     -       0 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     0 %
All Officers and Directors as a Group (4 Persons)     743,557,150       23.4 %     100,000       *       395,801       91.9 %     23.2 %
5% Stockholders:                                                        
Monaker Group, Inc. (5)     87,059,682 (6)     3.6 %     28,844,601       69.6 %     -       0 %     1.7 %
Monaco Investment Partners, LP (7)     -       0 %     12,500,000       30.2 %     -       0 %     *  
ARJ Consulting, LLC (8)     576,999,999 (9)     23.7 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     8.4 %
Berdon Ventures Associates, LLC (10)     161,920,000 (11)     6.5 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     2.4 %
Andrew Garnock     599,999,999 (12)     24.7 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     8.9 %
Frederick Berdon     164,620,000 (13)     6.6 %     -       0 %     -       0 %     2.4 %

 

  -30-  

 

 

* Less than one percent.

 

(1) Unless otherwise indicated, the address of the stockholder is c/o Verus International, Inc., 9841 Washingtonian Blvd #390, Gaithersburg, MD 20878.

 

(2) Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote per share, holders of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock are entitled to one vote per share and holders of our Series C Preferred Stock are entitled to 10,000 votes per share. Accordingly, as of May 1, 2020, holders of our common stock are entitled to 2,430,476,516 votes, holders of our Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to 41,444,601 votes and holders of our Series C Preferred Stock are entitled to 4,308,010,000 votes.

 

(3) Includes 728,557,150 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants.

 

(4) Excludes 15,000,000 shares of common stock which vests in two equal installments on June 1, 2021 and June 1, 2022.

 

(5) William Kerby is the Chief Executive Officer of Monaker Group, Inc, and in such capacity has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entity.

 

(6) Pursuant to Monaker Group, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2019.

 

(7) Donald P. Monaco is the Managing Partner of Monaco Investment Partners, LP, and in such capacity has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entity.

 

(8) Pursuant to the Schedule 13D/A filed by ARJ Consulting, LLC (“ARJ”) on June 4, 2019 (“ARJ Schedule 13D/A”), Andrew Garnock is the Sole Member and Sole Manager of ARJ and in such capacity has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entity.

 

(9) Includes 576,999,999 shares of common stock. Excludes 480,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants which contain an ownership limitation such that the holder may not convert any of such securities to the extent that such conversion would result in the holder’s beneficial ownership being in excess of 9.99% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock together with all shares owned by the holder and its affiliates.

 

(10) Frederick Berdon is the Sole Managing Member of Berdon Ventures Associates, LLC (“Berdon Ventures”) and in such capacity has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entity.

 

(11) Includes 81,920,000 shares of common stock and (ii) 80,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants.

 

(12) Includes (i) 576,999,999 shares of common stock held by ARJ and (ii) 23,000,000 shares of common stock held by Andrew Garnock. Excludes (i) 480,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants issued in favor of ARJ which contains an ownership limitation such that the holder may not convert any of such securities to the extent that such conversion would result in the holder’s beneficial ownership being in excess of 9.99% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock together with all shares owned by the holder and its affiliates and (ii) 146,068 shares owned by Andrew Garnock’s spouse which his spouse has sole voting and dispositive power over. Pursuant to the ARJ Schedule 13D/A, Andrew Garnock is the Sole Member and Sole Manager of ARJ and in such capacity has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entity.

 

(13) Includes (i) 81,920,000 shares of common stock held by Berdon Ventures, (ii) 80,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants issued in favor of Berdon Ventures, (iii) 1,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by F. Berdon & Co, LLC and (iii) 1,700,000 shares of common stock held by F. Berdon & Co, LLC. Frederick Berdon is the Sole Managing Member of Berdon Ventures and the Managing Member of F. Berdon & Co, LLC and in such capacities has voting and dispositive power over the securities held by such entities.

 

  -31-  

 

 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Related-Party Transactions

 

During our fiscal years ended October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018 neither we nor any of our directors, executive officers, or to our knowledge, beneficial owners of more than 5% of our capital stock or any member of the immediate family of any of the foregoing persons had or will have a direct or indirect material interest (other than equity and other compensation, termination, change in control and other arrangements, which are described elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K) in any transaction in which the amount of the transaction exceeds the lesser of $120,000 or 1% of the average of our total assets at year-end for the last two completed fiscal years.

 

Related-Party Transaction Policy

 

We have adopted a formal policy regarding approval of transactions with related parties. For purposes of our policy only, a related person transaction is a transaction, arrangement or relationship, or any series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships, in which we and any related person are, were or will be participants in which the amount involved exceeds the lesser of $120,000 or 1% of our total assets at the end of our last completed fiscal year. Transactions involving compensation for services provided to us as an employee or director are not covered by this policy. A related person is any executive officer, director or beneficial owner of more than 5% of any class of our voting securities, including any of their immediate family members and any entity owned or controlled by such persons.

 

Under the policy, if a transaction has been identified as a related person transaction, including any transaction that was not a related person transaction when originally consummated or any transaction that was not initially identified as a related person transaction prior to consummation, our management must present information regarding the related person transaction to our audit committee, or, if audit committee approval would be inappropriate, to another independent body of our board of directors, for review, consideration and approval or ratification. The presentation must include a description of, among other things, the material facts, the interests, direct and indirect, of the related persons, the benefits to us of the transaction and whether the transaction is on terms that are comparable to the terms available to or from, as the case may be, an unrelated third party or to or from employees generally. Under the policy, we will collect information that we deem reasonably necessary from each director, executive officer and, to the extent feasible, significant stockholder to enable us to identify any existing or potential related-person transactions and to effectuate the terms of the policy. In addition, under our code of business conduct and ethics, our employees and directors will have an affirmative responsibility to disclose any transaction or relationship that reasonably could be expected to give rise to a conflict of interest. In considering related person transactions, our audit committee, or other independent body of our board of directors, will take into account the relevant available facts and circumstances including, but not limited to:

 

  the risks, costs and benefits to us;
     
  the impact on a director’s independence in the event that the related person is a director, immediate family member of a director or an entity with which a director is affiliated;
     
  the availability of other sources for comparable services or products; and
     
  the terms available to or from, as the case may be, unrelated third parties or to or from employees generally.

 

The policy requires that, in determining whether to approve, ratify or reject a related person transaction, our audit committee, or other independent body of our board of directors, must consider, in light of known circumstances, whether the transaction is in, or is not inconsistent with, our best interests and those of our stockholders, as our audit committee, or other independent body of our board of directors, determines in the good faith exercise of its discretion.

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

Unless otherwise indicated, Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP, New York, New York, has passed upon the validity of the shares of our Common Stock to be sold in this offering.

 

EXPERTS

 

The financial statements of Verus International, Inc. for the year ended October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018 have been included herein in reliance upon the reports of Assurance Dimensions, independent registered public accounting firm, upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

  -32-  

 

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

 

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act with respect to the Resale Shares being offered by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and the exhibits to such registration statement. For further information with respect to us the Resale Shares by this prospectus, we refer you to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and the exhibits to such registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus as to the contents of any contract or any other document are not necessarily complete, and in each instance, we refer you to the copy of the contract or other document incorporated by reference or filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Each of these statements is qualified in all respects by this reference.

 

You may read and copy the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, as well as our reports, proxy statements and other information, at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for more information about the operation of the Public Reference Room. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including Verus International, Inc. The SEC’s Internet site can be found at http://www.sec.gov. You may also request a copy of these filings, at no cost, by writing us at Verus International, Inc., 9841 Washingtonian Blvd., #390, Gaithersburg, MD 20878 or telephoning us at (301) 329-2700.

 

We are subject to the information and reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and, in accordance with this law, file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. These periodic reports, proxy statements and other information are available for inspection and copying at the SEC’s public reference facilities and the website of the SEC referred to above. We also maintain a website at www.verusfoods.com. You may access these materials free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Information contained on our website is not a part of this prospectus and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.

 

  -33-  

 

 

 

1,174,253,333 Shares of Common Stock

 

PROSPECTUS

 

                       , 2020

 

  -34-  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 31, 2019 and 2018 F-2
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Lost for the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 F-3
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 F-4
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 F-5
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 F-7
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 31, 2020 (unaudited) and October 31, 2019 (audited) F-31
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended January 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited) F-32
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three Months Ended January 31, 2020 and 2019 F-33
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended January 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited) F-34
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the Three Months Ended January 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited) F-36

 

  -35-  

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors

Verus International, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Verus International, Inc. (the “Company”) as of October 31, 2019 and 2018 and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ deficit and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of October 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended October 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Explanatory Paragraph – Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, the Company had a net loss of approximately $2.4 million for the year ended of October 31, 2019 and a working capital deficit of approximately $1.8 million. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 3. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits include performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Assurance Dimensions

 

Certified Public Accountants

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.

Coconut Creek, Florida

 

April 13, 2020

 

  F-1  

 

 

Verus International, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

    October 31,  
    2019     2018  
Assets                
Current Assets                
Cash   $ 371,898     $ 28,554  
Accounts receivable     3,319,687       1,246,301  
Inventory     598,515       90,589  
Prepaid expenses     65,749       12,412  
Other assets     8,629       8,629  
Total Current Assets     4,364,478       1,386,485  
Property and equipment, net     23,257       15,622  
Intangible assets, net     837,707       -  
Total Assets   $ 5,225,442     $ 1,402,107  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit                
Current Liabilities                
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 3,613,641     $ 642,739  
Interest payable     127,465       257,170  
Due to former officer     1,801       33,301  
Notes payable     1,030,000       530,000  
Convertible notes payable, net     1,378,855       1,497,126  
Total Current Liabilities     6,151,762       2,960,336  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 14)                
                 
Stockholders’ Deficit                
Series A convertible preferred stock, $0.000001 par value; 120,000,000 shares authorized and 44,570,101 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018     45       44,570  
                 
Series B convertible preferred stock, $0.000001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018     -       -  
                 
Series C convertible preferred stock, $0.000001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized and 430,801 and 160,000 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018, respectively     -       160  
                 
Common stock, $0.000001 par value; 7,500,000,000 shares authorized and 2,305,778,511 and 1,500,000,000 shares issued at October 31, 2019 and October 31, 2018, respectively     2,306       1,500,000  
                 
Additional paid-in-capital     27,565,919       22,545,691  
Shares to be issued     -       456,090  
Accumulated deficit     (28,494,590 )     (26,104,740 )
Total Stockholders’ Deficit     (926,320 )     (1,558,229 )
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit   $ 5,225,442     $ 1,402,107  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

  F-2  

 

 

Verus International, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

 

    For the Years Ended  
    October 31,  
    2019     2018  
Revenue   $ 13,611,101     $ 5,802,037  
Cost of revenue     11,546,413       5,053,453  
Gross Profit     2,064,688       748,584  
Operating Expenses:                
Salaries and benefits     3,892,926       788,212  
Selling and promotions expense     125,644       -  
Legal and professional fees     618,310       285,138  
General and administrative     1,544,689       585,732  
Total Operating Expenses     6,181,569       1,659,082  
Operating loss     (4,116,881 )     (910,498 )
Other Income (Expense):                
Interest expense     (364,005 )     (320,527 )
Loss on legal settlements     (205,300 )     -  
Initial derivative liability expense     (225,115 )     -  
Amortization of debt discount     (839,876 )     -  
Amortization of issuance costs     (21,355 )     -  
Gain on extinguishment of debt     2,700,737       -  
Gain on convertible notes payable settlement     681,945       -  
Loss on legal settlement of accounts payable and convertible debt     -       (914,353 )
Default principal increase on convertible notes payable     -       (938,100 )
Total Other Income (Expense)     1,727,031       (2,172,980 )
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes     (2,389,850 )     (3,083,478 )
Income taxes     -       -  
Loss from continuing operations     (2,389,850 )     (3,083,478 )
Discontinued operations (Note 16)                
Income from discontinued operations     -       259,186  
Net loss   $ (2,389,850 )   $ (2,824,292 )
                 
Comprehensive income (loss):                
Unrealized gain on currency translation adjustment     -       72,924  
Comprehensive loss   $ (2,389,850 )   $ (2,751,368 )
                 
Loss per common share:                
Loss from continuing operations per common share - basic and diluted   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
Income from discontinued operations per common share - basic and diluted   $ -     $ 0.00  
                 
Loss per common share - basic and diluted   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic and diluted     1,852,481,686       740,632,107  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

  F-3  

 

 

Verus International, Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

    Preferred Stock A           Preferred Stock B           Preferred Stock C           Common Stock           Additional     Other Comprehensive     Shares           Total  
   

# of

shares

    Par     # of
shares
    Par     # of
shares
    Par    

# of

shares

    Par     Paid-In Capital    

Income

(Loss)

    to be Issued     Accumulated Deficit     Stockholder’s Deficit  
Balance, October 31, 2017     100,000     $ 100       -     $ -       160,000     $ 160       249,369,810     $ 249,370     $ 22,409,041     $ (53,285 )   $ -     $ (23,403,963 )   $ (798,577 )
Shares Issued for Conversion of Promissory Notes     -       -       -       -       -       -       1,244,233,615       1,244,233       (442,298 )     -       -       -       801,935  
Shares issued under Monaker litigation settlement     44,470,101       44,470       -       -       -       -       10,559,890       10,560       275,150       -       -       -       330,180  
Common Stock retired from Nestbuilder     -       -       -       -       -       -       (4,163,315 )     (4,163 )     4,163       -       -       -       -  
Adjustment for excess NestBuilder settlement     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       116,137       116,137  
Spin-off of real estate segment     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (19,639 )     -       7,378       (12,261 )
Shares to be issued under stock-based compensation     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       299,635       -       -       -       299,635  
Shares to be issued under Monaker litigation settlement     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       456,090       -       456,090  
Other comprehensive income (loss)     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       72,924       -       -       72,924  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (2,824,292 )     (2,824,292 )
Balance, October 31, 2018     44,570,101     $ 44,570       -     $ -       160,000     $ 160       1,500,000,000     $ 1,500,000     $ 22,545,691     $ -     $ 456,090     $ (26,104,740 )   $ (1,558,229 )
Shares issued under exchange agreement     -       -       -       -       295,801       296       -       -       1,208       -       -       -       1,504  
Shares issued under Monaker settlement     -       -       -       -       -       -       152,029,899       152,030       304,060       -       (456,090 )     -       -  
Conversion of Preferred Stock C to Common Stock     -       -       -       -       (25,000 )     (25 )     2,500,000       2,500       (2,475 )     -       -       -       -  
Shares to be issued under stock based compensation     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       2,515,794       -       -       -       2,515,794  
Relative fair value of warrants issued with convertible promissory notes    

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

697,611

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

697,611

 
Shares issued for sale of common stock     -       -       -       -       -       -       41,666,666       42       499,958       -       -       -       500,000  
Conversion of convertible promissory notes to Common Stock     -       -       -       -       -       -       607,162,591       607       (837,699 )     -       -       -       (837,092 )
Shares issued for warrant exercise     -       -       -       -       -       -       2,419,355       2       (2 )     -       -       -       -  
Reduction of par value of Preferred and Common Stock     -       (44,525 )      -       -       -       (431 )      -       (1,652,875 )     1,697,831       -       -       -       -  
Beneficial conversion feature for conversion of convertible promissory note to Common Stock     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       143,942       -       -       -       143,942  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (2,389,850 )     (2,389,850 )
Balance, October 31, 2019     44,570,101     $ 45       -     $ -       430,801     $ -       2,305,778,511     $ 2,306     $ 27,565,919     $ -     $ -     $ (28,494,590 )   $ (926,320 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

  F-4  

 

 

Verus International, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

    For the Years Ended  
    October 31,  
    2019     2018  
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (2,389,850 )   $ (2,824,292 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:                
Amortization of issuance costs     21,355       -  
Depreciation and amortization     68,136       -  
Beneficial conversion feature for conversion of convertible debt to Common Stock     143,942       -  
Initial derivative liability expense     225,115       -  
Amortization of debt discount     839,876       17,735  
Share based compensation     3,380,469       299,635  
Gain on extinguishment of debt     (2,700,737 )     -  
Gain on convertible notes settlement     (681,945 )     -  
Loss on spin-off of real estate segment     -       12,261  
Legal settlement settled in shares     -       330,180  
Legal settlement to be settled in shares     -       456,090  
Default principal increase on convertible notes payable     -       938,100  
Gain on NestBuilder settlement     -       (116,137 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Increase in accounts receivable     (2,618,016 )     (433,553 )
(Increase) decrease in inventory     (507,926 )     250,599  
Increase in prepaid expenses     (53,337 )     (12,412 )
Decrease in other assets     -       7,992  
Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses     2,066,054       358,236  
Decrease in due to officer     (31,500 )     -  
Net cash used in operating activities of continuing operations     (2,238,364 )     (715,566 )
Net cash used in operating activities of discontinued operations     -       (354,733 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (2,238,364 )     (1,070,299 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Asset acquisition, net of cash acquired     (99,650 )     -  
Capital expenditures     (11,470 )     (15,622 )
Net cash used in investing activities of continuing operations     (111,120 )     (15,622 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable     3,270,000       908,250  
Payments applied to convertible promissory notes     (1,577,172 )     (118,000 )
Proceeds from issuance of note payable     500,000       -  
Proceeds from sale of common stock     500,000       -  
Net cash provided by financing activities of continuing operations     2,692,828       790,250  
                 
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents     -       72,924  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     343,344       (222,747 )
Cash at beginning of period     28,554       251,301  
                 
Cash at end of period   $ 371,898     $ 28,554  
                 
Supplemental disclosure:                
Cash paid for interest   $ 97,734     $ 53,508  

 

  F-5  

 

 

    For the years ended  
    October 31,  
    2019     2018  
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash operating activities:            
Settlement of accrued compensation through issuance of Series C Preferred Stock:            
Value   $ 1,504     $ -  
Shares     295,801       -  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:                

Acquisition price of french fry business customer contracts through relief of accounts receivable invoices

  $

544,630

    $ -  
Initial recognition of relative fair value of warrant agreements as convertible promissory notes discount   $ 697,611     $ -  
Common Stock issued in exchange for note payable and conversion of convertible promissory notes                
Value   $ 188,530     $ 801,935  
Shares     607,162,591       1,244,233,615  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

  F-6  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 1: ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF BUSINESS

 

Organization and Nature of Business

 

Verus International, Inc., including its wholly-owned subsidiaries, are collectively referred to herein as “Verus,” “VRUS”, “Company,” “us,” or “we.”

 

We were incorporated in the state of Delaware under the name Spectrum Gaming Ventures, Inc. on May 25, 1994. On October 10, 1995, we changed our name to Select Video, Inc. On October 24, 2007, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby Webdigs, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to Webdigs, Inc.

 

On October 9, 2012, we consummated a share exchange (the “Exchange Transaction”) with Monaker Group, Inc. (formerly known as Next 1 Interactive, Inc.), a Nevada corporation (“Monaker”) pursuant to which we received all of the outstanding equity in Attaché Travel International, Inc., a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Monaker (“Attaché”) in consideration for the issuance of 93 million shares of our newly designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to Monaker. Attaché owned approximately 80% of a corporation named RealBiz Holdings Inc. which is the parent corporation of RealBiz 360, Inc. (“RealBiz”). As a condition to the closing of the Exchange Transaction, on October 3, 2012, we filed a Certificate of Ownership with the Delaware Secretary of State whereby RealBiz Media Group, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, was merged with and into us and we changed our name to RealBiz Media Group, Inc.

 

On May 1, 2018, Verus Foods MENA Limited (“Verus MENA”) entered into a Share Purchase and Sale Agreement with a purchaser (the “Purchaser”) pursuant to which Verus MENA sold 75 shares (the “Gulf Agro Shares”) of Gulf Agro Trading, LLC (“Gulf Agro”), representing 25% of the common stock of Gulf Agro, to the Purchaser. In consideration for the Gulf Agro Shares, the Purchaser was assigned certain contracts executed during a specified period of time. Upon the consummation of the transaction contemplated by the Share Purchase and Sale Agreement, the Purchaser obtained a broader license for product distribution. All liabilities of Gulf Agro remained with Gulf Agro.

 

Until July 31, 2018, we operated a real estate segment which generated revenue from service fees (for video creation and production and website hosting (ReachFactor)) and product sales (Nestbuilder Agent 2.0 and Microvideo app). The real estate segment was formed through the merging of three divisions: (i) our fully licensed real estate division (formerly known as Webdigs); (ii) our television media contracts division (Home Preview Channel /Extraordinary Vacation Homes); and (iii) our Real Estate Virtual Tour and Media group division (RealBiz 360). The assets of these divisions were used to create a new suite of real estate products and services that created stickiness through the utilization of video, social media and loyalty programs. At the core of our programs was our proprietary video creation technology which allowed for an automated conversion of data (text and pictures of home listings) to a video with voice and music. We provided video search, storage and marketing capabilities on multiple platform dynamics for web, mobile and television. Once a home, personal or community video was created using our proprietary technology, it could be published to social media, emailed or distributed to multiple real estate websites, broadband or television for consumer viewing.

 

  F-7  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

We entered into a Contribution and Spin-off Agreement with NestBuilder.com Corp. (“NestBuilder”) on October 27, 2017, as amended on January 28, 2018, whereby, effective as of August 1, 2018, we spun off our real estate division into NestBuilder. All of our stockholders as of July 2, 2018, the record date, which held their shares as of July 20, 2018, the ex-dividend date, received one share of NestBuilder common stock for each 900 shares of our Company owned. As a result of the spin-off of the real estate segment, all related assets and liabilities are disclosed net as current assets and current liabilities within the consolidated balance sheets, and all related income and expenses are disclosed net as income (loss) from discontinued operations within the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

Since August 1, 2018, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Verus Foods, Inc., an international supplier of consumer food products, have been focused on international consumer packaged goods, foodstuff distribution and wholesale trade. Our fine food products are sourced in the United States and exported internationally. We market consumer food products under our own brands primarily to supermarkets, hotels, and other members of the wholesale trade. Initially, we focused on frozen foods, particularly meat, poultry, seafood, vegetables, and french fries with beverages as a second vertical, and during 2018, we added cold-storage facilities and began seeking international sources for fresh fruit, produce and similar perishables, as well as other consumer packaged foodstuff with the goal to create vertical farm-to-market operations. Verus has also begun to explore new consumer packaged goods (“CPG”) non-food categories, such as cosmetic and fragrances, for future product offerings.

 

We currently have a significant regional presence in the Middle East and North Africa (“MENA”) and sub-Saharan Africa (excluding The Office of Foreign Assets Control restricted nations), with deep roots in the Gulf Cooperation Council (“GCC”) countries, which includes the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The Company’s long-term goal is to source goods and generate international wholesale and retail CPG sales in North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.

 

In addition to the foregoing, since our acquisition of Big League Foods, Inc. (“BLF”) during April 2019, pursuant to which we acquired a license with Major League Baseball Properties, Inc. (“MLB”) to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections, we have been selling pint size ice cream in grocery store-type packaging and are exploring novelty “grab-and-go” size ice cream in cone, bar, and sandwich versions under our frozen dessert product line. In addition, under our confections product line, we are selling gummi and chocolate candies. The MLB license covers all 30 MLB teams, and all of our current products pursuant to such license feature “home team” packaging that matches the fan base in each region.

 

Furthermore, during August 2019, we purchased all of the assets of a french fry business in the Middle East.

 

  F-8  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Consolidation and Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 include the operations of BLF effective April 25, 2019, Verus MENA effective May 1, 2018, Verus Foods, Inc. effective January 2017, and Gulf Agro Trading, LLC through April 30, 2018 (see Note 17). The historical operations of subsidiaries RealBiz 360 Enterprise (Canada), Inc., RealBiz 360, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Webdigs, LLC, which includes the dormant wholly owned subsidiaries of Home Equity Advisors, LLC, and Credit Garage, LLC from the recapitalization date of October 9, 2012 are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented through July 31, 2018 (see Note 16). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications of prior year amounts have been made to enhance comparability with the current year’s consolidated financial statements, including, but not limited to, presenting the spin-off of the real estate segment as discontinued operations for all periods presented and presentation of certain items within the consolidated statement of cash flows.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. If actual results significantly differ from the Company’s estimates, the Company’s financial condition and results of operations could be materially impacted. Significant estimates include the collectability of accounts receivable, valuations of inventory, finite-lived intangible assets, derivative liabilities, stock-based compensation, and the valuation reserve for income taxes.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Company’s food products accounts receivable, net and revenues as of and for the year ended October 31, 2019 were geographically concentrated with customers located in the GCC countries. In addition, significant concentrations existed with a limited number of customers. Approximately 42% of accounts receivable, net as of October 31, 2019 was concentrated with three customers and approximately 66% of revenues for the year ended October 31, 2019 were concentrated with six customers. Although the loss of one or more of our top customers, or a substantial decrease in demand by any of those customers for our products, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, such risks may be mitigated by our access to credit insurance programs.

 

The Company purchases substantially all of its food products from a limited number of regions around the world or from a limited number of suppliers. Increases in the prices of the food products which we purchase could adversely affect our operating results if we are unable to offset the effect of these increased costs through price increases, and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to pass along such increased costs to our customers. Furthermore, if we cannot obtain sufficient food products or our suppliers cease to be available to us, we could experience shortages in our food products or be unable to meet our commitments to customers. Alternative sources of food products, if available, may be more expensive. For periods in which the prices are declining, the Company may be required to write down its inventory carrying cost which, depending on the extent of the differences between market price and carrying cost, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and financial position.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of balance sheet presentation and reporting of cash flows, the Company considers all unrestricted demand deposits, money market funds and highly liquid debt instruments with an original maturity of less than 90 days to be cash and cash equivalents. There were no cash equivalents at October 31, 2019 or October 31, 2018.

 

  F-9  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Marketable securities

 

During January 2018, as part of the legal settlement with Monaker, NestBuilder received Monaker common shares valued at $32,270, which were classified as “available for sale” securities until being spun-off on August 1, 2018 (see Note 16). These marketable securities were determined trading securities pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities, and any changes in value during the holding period until the spin-off were reflected in our statement of operations. There were no marketable securities at October 31, 2019 or October 31, 2018.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

The Company regularly reviews outstanding receivables and provides for estimated losses through an allowance for doubtful accounts. In evaluating the level of established loss reserves, the Company makes judgments regarding its customers’ ability to make required payments, economic events, and other factors. As the financial condition of these parties change, circumstances develop or additional information becomes available, adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts may be required. The Company maintains reserves for potential credit losses, and such losses traditionally have been within its expectations. At October 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company determined there was no requirement for an allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of net realizable value, determined on the first-in, first-out basis, or cost. Net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and transportation. Inventories consist of raw materials (film and packaging) and finished products. At October 31, 2019, raw materials and finished products inventory totaled $54,392 and $544,123, respectively. At October 31, 2018, all inventory was finished products inventory.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company amortizes its two intangible assets, a license with MLB, and certain acquired customer contracts, on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets.

 

Property and Equipment

 

All expenditures on the acquisition for property and equipment are recorded at cost and capitalized as incurred, provided the asset benefits the Company for a period of more than one year. Expenditures on routine repairs and maintenance of property and equipment are charged directly to operating expense. The property and equipment is depreciated based upon its estimated useful life after being placed in service. The estimated useful lives range from 3 to 7 years based upon asset class. When an asset is retired, sold or impaired, the resulting gain or loss is reflected in earnings. The Company incurred depreciation expense of $3,835 for the year ended October 31, 2019. The Company did not incur depreciation expense for the year ended October 31, 2018.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360-10, “Property, Plant, and Equipment”, the Company periodically reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. For the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not impair any long-lived assets.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company measures its financial instruments in accordance with ASC topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (ASC 820), formerly SFAS No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements.” ASC 820 defines “fair value” as the price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.

 

ASC 820 also describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1: Observable inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities traded in active markets.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

 

Level 3: Inputs that are generally unobservable. These inputs may be used with internally developed methodologies that result in management’s best estimate of fair value.

 

Financial instruments consist principally of cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, due from affiliates, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other current liabilities. The carrying amounts of such financial instruments in the accompanying balance sheets approximate their fair values due to their relatively short-term nature. The fair value of short and long-term debt is based on current rates at which the Company could borrow funds with similar remaining maturities. The carrying amounts approximate fair value. It is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to any significant currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.

 

  F-10  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue is derived from the sale of food and beverage products. The Company recognizes revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied. Product sales occur once control is transferred upon delivery to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products. The amount of consideration the Company receives and revenue the Company recognizes varies with changes in customer incentives the Company offers to its customers and their customers. In the event any discounts, sales incentives, or similar arrangements are agreed to with a customer, such amounts are estimated at time of sale and deducted from revenue. Sales taxes and other similar taxes are excluded from revenue (see Note 8).

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues represents the cost of the food products sold during the periods presented.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

 

Shipping and handling costs for freight expense on goods shipped are included in cost of sales. Freight expense on goods shipped for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 were $562,959 and $162,190, respectively.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

The Company computes share based payments in accordance with ASC 718-10 “Compensation” (“ASC 718-10”). ASC 718-10 establishes standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges its equity instruments for goods and services at fair value, focusing primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity obtains employees services in share-based payment transactions. It also addresses transactions in which an entity incurs liabilities in exchange for goods and services that are based on the fair value of an entity’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments. In March 2005, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) issued Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 107, Share-Based Payment (“SAB 107”) which provides guidance regarding the interaction of ASC 718-10 and certain SEC rules and regulations. The Company has applied the provisions of SAB 107 in its adoption of ASC 718-10. The Company accounts for non-employee share-based awards in accordance with ASC Topic 505-50, Equity Based Payments to Non-Employees. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options and warrants by using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

  F-11  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Derivative Instruments

 

The Company accounts for financing arrangements that consist of freestanding derivative instruments or are hybrid instruments that contain embedded derivative features in accordance with ASC topic 815, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” as well as related interpretations of this standard. In accordance with this standard, derivative instruments are recognized as either assets or liabilities in the balance sheet and are measured at fair values with gains or losses recognized in earnings. Embedded derivatives that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract are bifurcated and are recognized at fair value with changes in fair value recognized as either a gain or loss in earnings. The Company determines the fair value of derivative instruments and hybrid instruments based on available market data using appropriate valuation models, considering all of the rights and obligations of each instrument.

 

The Company estimates fair values of derivative financial instruments using various techniques (and combinations thereof) that are considered consistent with the objective measuring fair values. In selecting the appropriate technique, the Company considers, among other factors, the nature of the instrument, the market risks that it embodies and the expected means of settlement. Estimating fair values of derivative financial instruments requires the development of significant and subjective estimates that may, and are likely to, change over the duration of the instrument with related changes in internal and external market factors. In addition, option-based techniques (such as Black-Scholes model) are highly volatile and sensitive to changes in the trading market price of the Company’s common stock. Since derivative financial instruments are initially and subsequently carried at fair values, our income (expense) going forward will reflect the volatility in these estimates and assumption changes. Increases in the trading price of the Company’s common stock and increases in fair value during a given financial quarter result in the application of non-cash derivative expense. Conversely, decreases in the trading price of the Company’s common stock and decreases in trading fair value during a given financial quarter result in the application of non-cash derivative income.

 

Convertible Debt Instruments

 

The Company records debt net of debt discount for beneficial conversion features and warrants, on a relative fair value basis. Beneficial conversion features are recorded pursuant to the Beneficial Conversion and Debt Topics of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) ASC. The amounts allocated to warrants and beneficial conversion rights are recorded as debt discount and as additional paid-in-capital. Debt discount is amortized to expense over the life of the debt.

 

Foreign Currency

 

Assets and liabilities of non-U.S. subsidiaries, where the functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, have been translated at year-end exchange rates and profit and loss accounts have been translated using average exchange rates. Foreign currency translation gains and losses are included in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss as a component of comprehensive loss. Assets and liabilities of an entity that are denominated in currencies other than an entity’s functional currency are re-measured into the functional currency using end of period exchange rates or historical rates, where applicable to certain balances. Gains and losses related to these re-measurements are recorded within the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss as a component of other income (expense).

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with Accounting for Income Taxes, as clarified by ASC 740-10, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Under this method, deferred income taxes are determined based on the estimated future tax effects of differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities and net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards given the provisions of enacted tax laws. Deferred income tax provisions and benefits are based on changes to the assets or liabilities from year to year. In providing for deferred taxes, the Company considers tax regulations of the jurisdictions in which the Company operates, estimates of future taxable income, and available tax planning strategies. If tax regulations, operating results or the ability to implement tax-planning strategies vary, adjustments to the carrying value of deferred tax assets and liabilities may be required. Valuation allowances are recorded related to deferred tax assets based on the “more likely than not” criteria of ASC 740.

 

ASC 740 requires that the Company recognize the financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an audit. For tax positions meeting the “more-likely-than-not” threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the relevant tax authority. The Company’s tax returns for its October 31, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016 tax years may be selected for examination by the taxing authorities as the statute of limitations remains open.

 

The Company recognizes expenses for tax penalties and interest assessed by the Internal Revenue Service and other taxing authorities upon receiving valid notice of assessments. The Company has received no such notices for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

  F-12  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Earnings Per Share

 

In accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share, basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Other potentially dilutive common shares, and the related impact to earnings, are considered when calculating EPS on a diluted basis.

 

In computing diluted EPS, only potential common shares that are dilutive, those that reduce EPS or increase loss per share, are included. The effect of contingently issuable shares are not included if the result would be anti-dilutive, such as when a net loss is reported. Therefore, basic and diluted EPS are computed using the same number of weighted average shares for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 as we incurred a net loss for those periods. At October 31, 2019, there were outstanding warrants to purchase approximately 726 million shares of the Company’s common stock, approximately 88 million shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon the conversion of series A and series C convertible preferred stock, and approximately 16 million shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon the conversion of convertible notes payable which may dilute future EPS. At October 31, 2018, there were outstanding warrants to purchase approximately 124 million shares of the Company’s common stock, approximately 276 million shares of the Company’s common stock to be issued, and approximately 61 million shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon the conversion of series A and series C convertible preferred stock which may dilute future EPS.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASC 606”). The new guidance sets forth a new five-step revenue recognition model which replaces the prior revenue recognition guidance in its entirety and is intended to eliminate numerous industry-specific pieces of revenue recognition guidance that have historically existed in GAAP. The underlying principle of the new standard is that a business or other organization will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects what it expects to receive in exchange for the goods or services. The standard also requires more detailed disclosures and provides additional guidance for transactions that were not addressed completely in the prior accounting guidance. The Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method, which did not have an impact on its consolidated financial statements. The Company determined the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. Refer to Note 8 for additional information regarding the Company’s adoption of ASC 606.

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (“ASU 2016-15”), which provides clarification on classifying a variety of activities within the statement of cash flows. The Company determined the adoption of ASU 2016-15 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (“ASU 2016-18”), which changes the presentation of restricted cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows by including restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The Company determined the adoption of ASU 2016-18 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business (“ASU 2017-01”), which clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of businesses. The Company determined the adoption of ASU 2017-01 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (“ASU 2017-09”), which clarifies and reduces both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The Company determined the adoption of ASU 2017-09 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Effective November 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities (“ASU 2017-12”), which provides new guidance about income statement classification and eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness. The Company determined the adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

  F-13  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

 

During February 2016, the FASB established Topic 842, Leases, by issuing ASU No. 2016-02, which requires lessees to recognize leases on-balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842; ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases; and ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements. The new standard establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for the Company on November 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company expects to adopt the new standard on its effective date. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either (1) its effective date or (2) the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. If an entity chooses the second option, the transition requirements for existing leases also apply to leases entered into between the date of initial application and the effective date. The entity must also recast its comparative period financial statements and provide the disclosures required by the new standard for the comparative periods. Upon adoption of the new standard on November 1, 2019, the Company expects to use the effective date as its date of initial application. Consequently, financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and periods before November 1, 2019. The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company expects to elect the ‘package of practical expedients’, which permits it not to reassess under the new standard its prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. The Company does not expect to elect the use-of hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter not being applicable. The Company expects the adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. While the Company continues to assess all of the effects of adoption, the Company currently believes the most significant impact relates to the recognition of a new ROU asset and lease liability on its balance sheet for the Company’s office operating lease and providing significant new disclosures about its leasing activities. The Company does not expect a significant change in its leasing activities between now and adoption. Upon adoption, the Company currently expects to recognize an additional operating liability of approximately $191,000 with a corresponding ROU asset of the same amount based on the present value of the remaining minimum rental payments under current leasing standards for the Company’s existing operating lease.

 

During August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, to modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on the concepts in the Concept Statement, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The standard is effective for the Company as of November 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material impact on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3: GOING CONCERN

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

The Company has incurred net losses of $2,389,850 and $2,824,292 and has used cash in operating activities of $2,238,364 and $1,070,299 for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of October 31, 2019, the Company had a working capital deficit of $1,787,284, and an accumulated deficit of $28,494,590. It is management’s opinion that these facts raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a period of twelve months from the date of this report, without additional debt or equity financing. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts nor to the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

In order to meet its working capital needs through the next twelve months and to fund the growth of the food business, the Company may consider plans to raise additional funds through the issuance of equity or debt. Although the Company intends to obtain additional financing to meet its cash needs, the Company may be unable to secure any additional financing on terms that are favorable or acceptable to it, if at all.

 

  F-14  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 4: BUSINESS ACQUISITION

 

On October 30, 2019 (the “Closing Date”), the Company entered into a Contribution and Sale Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Nutribrands Holdings, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Nutribrands Holdings”), South Enterprise, LLC (“South Enterprise”), the members of South Enterprise (the “SE Members”), Nutribrands, LTDA (“Nutribrands” and together with South Enterprise, the “Companies” and each individually, a “Company”) and the equity holders of Nutribrands (the “NB Equity Holders” and together with the SE Members, the “Sellers”) and Rodrigo Nogueira, solely in his capacity as the Seller’s representative. Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, on the Closing Date, the Sellers contributed all of their limited liability interests and equity interests (collectively, the “Interests”) in South Enterprise and Nutribrands, respectively, to Nutribrands Holdings in exchange for 49% of the membership interests of Nutribrands Holdings (the “Nutribrands Holdings Membership Interests”). Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, until the five year anniversary of the Closing Date, the Companies may request that Nutribrands Holdings make available, Working Capital (as defined in the Agreement) for Qualified Transactions (as defined in the Agreement). Of such Working Capital, $1 million may be used by the Sellers for certain transaction fees. Furthermore, the Company has agreed to provide certain Working Capital Financing (as defined in the Agreement) for Qualified Transactions, and to the extent that the Company does not provide such Working Capital Financing and fails to fund the Qualified Transactions, the Sellers shall have the right to terminate the Agreement and the Holdings LLC Agreement (as defined in the Agreement). Moreover, upon the expiration of the Measurement Period (as defined the Agreement), if the Companies fail to meet or exceed the Projections (as defined in the Agreement) with respect to the end of the Measurement Period, Nutribrands Holdings shall have the right to redeem or the Company shall have the right to acquire, and the Sellers shall have the obligation to transfer, pursuant to the Holdings LLC Agreement, the Nutribrands Holdings Membership Interests having an aggregate value (based on the value assigned to such interests on the Closing Date) equal to the amount of the shortfall of the actual revenue of the Company for the trailing 12 month period ending on the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date and the projected revenue for such trailing 12 month period included in the Projections. Furthermore, pursuant to the Agreement, beginning one year after the Closing Date, until the five-year anniversary thereof, the Sellers shall have the opportunity to receive an annual dividend of up to $4.5 million per year based upon the cumulative consolidated financial performance of the Companies; provided, however, such dividend shall not exceed an aggregate of $18 million.

 

Subsequent to the Closing Date, as a result of the Company and Sellers inability to agree upon advancement of Nutribrands’ business operations, effective March 31, 2020, the Company and Sellers entered into a Termination and Release Agreement (“Termination Agreement”) pursuant to which, among other things, (i) all agreements between the parties (including the October 30, 2019 Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Nutribrands International, LLC and the Agreement and all related ancillary agreements) were terminated (the “Released Transactions”) and (ii) the parties released each other from any and all obligations whatsoever arising from the Released Transactions, subject to certain exceptions. Accordingly, the Company concluded that no business combination occurred on October 30, 2019, as the Company never obtained control over Nutribrands as it did not have control over management nor could it agree with the management of Nutribrands to advance the business and operate pursuant to the terms of the Agreement. Therefore, in accordance with ASC topic 855, “Subsequent Events”, this Termination Agreement was considered a Type 1 subsequent event and therefore no financial information related to this transaction has been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended October 31, 2019.

 

NOTE 5: ASSET ACQUISITIONS

 

Big League Foods, Inc.

 

On April 25, 2019, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with BLF and James Wheeler, the sole stockholder of BLF. Pursuant to the terms of the stock purchase agreement, on the closing date, the Seller sold all of BLF’s outstanding capital stock, or 1,500 shares of common stock to the Company. On the closing date, the Company paid the Seller $50,000 net of the aggregate amount of any pre-closing liabilities or obligations of BLF (other than the Assumed Company Obligations (as defined in the stock purchase agreement)) and the applicable payees thereof, the aggregate amount of the Assumed Company Obligations. Within ten business days from the date upon which the Company delivers its first invoice for the Product (as defined in the stock purchase agreement) to a customer, the Company will pay the Seller an additional $50,000 net of the Aggregate Liabilities (as defined in the stock purchase agreement) and the applicable payees thereof, the aggregate amount of the Assumed Company Obligations. During August 2019, the additional $50,000 was paid to the Seller.

 

In addition, the Company will pay the Seller earnout payments in an amount not to exceed $5 million during the period commencing on the closing date through the quarter including December 31, 2022 (the “Earn Out Period”). During the Earnout Period the Seller will be entitled to receive a payment for each fiscal quarter based on the difference of the Operating Income (as defined in the stock purchase agreement) minus the Earnout Commission (as defined in the stock purchase agreement) (the “Difference”). If the Difference is a positive number for the applicable fiscal quarter, the Earnout Payment for such fiscal quarter shall equal the amount of the Earnout Commission. If the Difference is equal to zero or a negative number for the applicable fiscal quarter, the Earnout Payment for such fiscal quarter shall be equal to the Operating Income. During the Earnout Period, the Seller will be entitled to receive any portion of the Earnout Commission that was excluded from any prior Earnout Payment based on the Difference in the applicable fiscal quarter being a negative number (the “Catch-Up Payment”); provided, however, no Catch-up Payment will be payable following the date on which the final Earnout Payment is made for the last fiscal quarter in the Earnout Period.

 

  F-15  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 5: ASSET ACQUISITIONS (continued)

 

Upon the closing of such acquisition, BLF became the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary and the Company acquired a license with MLB to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections. The license covers all 30 MLB teams.

 

The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition, with substantially all of the purchase consideration allocated to the license (see Note 6).

 

French Fry Business

 

On August 30, 2019, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with a certain seller (“Seller”) pursuant to which, on September 6, 2019, the Company acquired all of the assets of the Seller’s french fry business (the “Acquired Assets”) in consideration for $544,477 (2,000,000 United Arab Emirates Dirham) in cash, plus assumption of certain liabilities. The purchase price was satisfied by relieving the Seller of certain accounts receivable invoices which totaled the purchase price and were outstanding and due to the Company.

 

The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition, with all of the purchase consideration allocated to the customer contracts which provide the Company the right to earn revenue under the related terms (see Note 6).

 

NOTE 6: INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET

 

Intangible assets, net, consist of two intangible assets, a license (the “License”) with MLB and certain acquired customer contracts.

 

MLB License

 

The MLB License allows us to sell MLB-branded frozen dessert products and confections. The License was acquired as part of the April 25, 2019 stock purchase agreement (see Note 5) pursuant to which the Company purchased all of the outstanding capital stock of BLF. The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition, with substantially all of the purchase consideration allocated to the License.

 

The purchase consideration to acquire the License totals $5,357,377, which consists of $50,000 cash paid subsequent to closing, $257,377 of accrued MLB License royalty fees that were assumed by the Company upon acquisition of the License (net of cash acquired of $350), and $5,050,000 cash that is contingently payable over time, through December 31, 2022, based on the future sales of MLB-branded products (see Note 14). The contingent consideration is recognized as an increase to the carrying amount of the License intangible asset when the payment becomes probable and estimable, net of any catch-up for amortization expense.

 

Acquired Customer Contracts

 

The acquired customer contracts were purchased for $544,477 (2,000,000 United Arab Emirates Dirham) from a third-party frozen foods vendor on September 6, 2019, giving the Company the right to earn revenue under the terms of the acquired customer contracts.

The net carrying amount of the intangible assets are as follows:

 

    Estimated            
October 31,   Useful Lives   2019     2018  
Intangible assets:                    
MLB license   32 months   $ 357,027     $ -  
Customer contracts   7 years     544,630       -  
Accumulated amortization         (63,950 )     -  
Intangible assets, net       $ 837,707     $ -  

 

  F-16  

 

 

VERUS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Years Ended October 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 6: INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET (continued)

 

Amortization expense included in cost of revenue for the year ended October 31, 2019 was $63,950. There was no amortization expense during the year ended October 31, 2018.

 

Annual amortization expense related to the existing net carrying amount of the intangible assets for the next five years is expected to be as follows:

 

Fiscal year 2020   $ 226,201  
Fiscal year 2021   $ 212,931  
Fiscal year 2022   $ 100,325  
Fiscal year 2023   $ 77,804  
Fiscal year 2024   $ 77,804  

 

Note 7: Property and Equipment

 

At October 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s property and equipment are as follows:

 

    Estimated            
October 31,   Useful Lives   2019     2018  
Computer equipment   3 years   $ 86,974     $ 98,341  
Furniture and fixtures   7 years     13,213       -  
Production assets   3 years     9,624       -  
Accumulated depreciation         (86,554 )     (82,719 )
        $ 23,257     $ 15,622  

 

The Company has recorded $3,835 and $0 of depreciation expense for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. There was no property and equipment impairments recorded for the years ended October 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

NOTE 8: REVENUE

 

The Company recognizes revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied. Product sales occur once control is transferred upon delivery to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products. The amount of consideration the Company receives and revenue the Company recognizes varies with changes in customer incentives the Company offers to its customers and their customers. Sales taxes and other similar taxes are excluded from revenue.

 

The adoption of ASC 606 resulted in no impact to the individual financial statement line items of the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations during the year ended October 31, 2019.

 

Information about the Company’s revenue by country is as follows:

 

Year Ended October 31,   2019     2018  
United Arab Emirates   $ 9,326,205     $ 3,686,471  
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia     1,891,059