UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020
 
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________ to ____________
 
Commission file number: 0-23153
 
Track Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
87-0543981
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
200 E. 5th Avenue Suite 100, Naperville, IL 60563
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(877) 260-2010
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒   No ☐
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒   No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer   ☐
Accelerated filer                     ☐
Non-accelerated filer     ☒
Smaller reporting company    ☒
 
Emerging growth company    ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐ No ☒
 
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of August 6, 2020 was 11,414,150. 
  

 
 
 
Track Group, Inc.
 
FORM 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2020
 
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 3
 
 3
 
 4
 
 5
 
 6
 
 7
 19
 25
 26
 
 
 
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 27
 28
 28
 28
 28
 28
 28
 
 
 
 29
  
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Financial Statements
 
TRACK GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
 
  June 30,
 
 
September 30,
 
Assets
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Current assets:
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $9,030,645 
 $6,896,711 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,617,996 and $2,454,281, respectively
  4,811,533 
  6,763,236 
Prepaid expense  and deposits
  989,094 
  1,339,465 
Inventory, net of reserves of $7,225 and $26,934, respectively
  87,322 
  274,501 
Total current assets
  14,918,594 
  15,273,913 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $2,399,271 and $2,248,913, respectively
  466,892 
  675,037 
Monitoring equipment, net of accumulated amortization of $6,566,293 and $6,322,768, respectively
  2,051,128 
  2,624,900 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $15,801,787 and $14,157,090, respectively
  21,149,358 
  21,955,679 
Goodwill
  8,169,117 
  8,187,911 
Deferred tax asset
  451,127 
  540,563 
Other assets
  545,130 
  124,187 
Total assets
 $47,751,346 
 $49,382,190 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
Accounts payable
 $574,519 
 $2,628,003 
Accrued liabilities
  14,571,805 
  13,828,696 
Current portion of long-term debt
  3,758,031 
  33,827,689 
Total current liabilities
  18,904,355 
  50,284,388 
Long-term debt, net of current portion
  30,974,813 
  - 
Long-term liabilities
  217,324 
  - 
Total liabilities
  50,096,492 
  50,284,388 
 
    
    
  Commitments and contingencies (Note 21)
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
Stockholders’ equity (deficit):
    
    
Common stock, $0.0001 par value: 30,000,000 shares authorized; 11,414,150 and 11,401,650 shares outstanding, respectively
  1,141 
  1,140 
Series A Convertible Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value: 1,200,000 shares authorized; 0 shares outstanding
  - 
  - 
Paid in capital
  302,270,242 
  302,250,556 
Accumulated deficit
  (303,691,914)
  (302,152,292)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  (924,615)
  (1,001,602)
Total equity (deficit)
  (2,345,146)
  (902,198)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)
 $47,751,346 
 $49,382,190 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.
 
 
3
 
 
TRACK GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)
  
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Monitoring and other related services
 $8,325,697 
 $7,904,015 
 $24,587,212 
 $23,841,746 
Product sales and other
  158,213 
  1,051,449 
  449,255 
  1,416,495 
Total revenue
  8,483,910 
  8,955,464 
  25,036,467 
  25,258,241 
 
    
    
    
    
Cost of revenue:
    
    
    
    
Monitoring, products and other related services
  3,379,934 
  3,661,470 
  9,848,520 
  9,827,373 
Depreciation and amortization
  482,797 
  500,704 
  1,464,396 
  1,512,583 
Total cost of revenue
  3,862,731 
  4,162,174 
  11,312,916 
  11,339,956 
 
    
    
    
    
 Gross profit
  4,621,179 
  4,793,290 
  13,723,551 
  13,918,285 
 
    
    
    
    
 Operating expense:
    
    
    
    
General & administrative
  2,329,520 
  2,725,991 
  8,064,593 
  9,464,332 
Selling & marketing
  487,786 
  556,122 
  1,671,767 
  1,637,026 
Research & development
  281,820 
  350,532 
  901,712 
  954,276 
Depreciation & amortization
  505,585 
  521,013 
  1,530,811 
  1,556,378 
Total operating expense
  3,604,711 
  4,153,658 
  12,168,883 
  13,612,012 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating income
  1,016,468 
  639,632 
  1,554,668 
  306,273 
 
    
    
    
    
Other income (expense):
    
    
    
    
Interest expense, net
  (622,869)
  (597,623)
  (1,821,726)
  (1,783,210)
Currency exchange rate gain (loss)
  535,141 
  201,972 
  (655,791)
  (134,795)
Other income, net
  - 
  - 
  (4,347)
  143 
Total other income (expense)
  (87,728)
  (395,651)
  (2,481,864)
  (1,917,862)
Income (loss) before income taxes
  928,740 
  243,981 
  (927,196)
  (1,611,589)
Income tax expense
  514,678 
  313,328 
  612,426 
  457,335 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
  414,062 
  (69,347)
  (1,539,622)
  (2,068,924)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  8,497 
  15,255 
  76,987 
  (144,053)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 $422,559 
 $(54,092)
 $(1,462,635)
 $(2,212,977)
Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted
 $0.04 
 $(0.01)
 $(0.14)
 $(0.18)
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
  11,414,150 
  11,251,650 
  11,362,416 
  11,200,551 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.
  
 
4
 
 
TRACK GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY/(DEFICIT)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Paid-in
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Comprehensive
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Loss
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance September 30, 2019
  11,401,650 
 $1,140 
 $302,250,556 
 $(302,152,292)
 $(1,001,602)
 $(902,198)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Share-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  19,687 
  - 
  - 
  19,687 
Issuance of Common Stock to employees for services
  12,500 
  1 
  (1)
  - 
  - 
  - 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (64,098)
  (64,098)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (232,625)
  - 
  (232,625)
Balance December 31, 2019
  11,414,150 
  1,141 
  302,270,242 
  (302,384,917)
  (1,065,700)
  (1,179,234)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  132,588 
  132,588 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (1,721,059)
  - 
  (1,721,059)
Balance March 31, 2020
  11,414,150 
 $1,141 
  302,270,242 
  (304,105,976)
  (933,112)
  (2,767,705)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  8,497 
  8,497 
Net income
  - 
  - 
  - 
  414,062 
  - 
  414,062 
Balance June 30, 2020
  11,414,150 
 $1,141 
 $302,270,242 
 $(303,691,914)
 $(924,615)
 $(2,345,146)
  
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Paid-in
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Comprehensive
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Loss
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance September 30, 2018
  11,401,650 
 $1,140 
 $302,102,866 
 $(299,495,370)
 $(970,270)
 $1,638,366 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
ASC 606 modified retrospective adjustment
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (92,969)
  - 
  (92,969)
Amortization of equity-based compensation granted to employees
  - 
  - 
  83,218 
  - 
  - 
  83,218 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  96,673 
  96,673 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (1,734,918)
  - 
  (1,734,918)
Balance December 31, 2018
  11,401,650 
  1,140 
  302,186,084 
  (301,323,257)
  (873,597)
  (9,630)
Amortization of equity-based compensation granted to employees
  - 
  - 
  25,097 
  - 
  - 
  25,097 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (255,981)
  (255,981)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (264,659)
  - 
  (264,659)
Balance March 31, 2019
  11,401,650 
  1,140 
  302,211,181 
  (301,587,916)
  (1,129,578)
  (505,173)
Amortization of equity-based compensation granted to employees
  - 
  - 
  19,687 
  - 
  - 
  19,687 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  - 
  - 
    
  - 
  15,255 
  15,255 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
    
  (69,347)
  - 
  (69,347)
Balance June 30, 2019
  11,401,650 
 $1,140 
 $302,230,868 
 $(301,657,263)
 $(1,114,323)
 $(539,578)
 
  The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.  
 
 
5
 
 
TRACK GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited) 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(1,539,622)
 $(2,068,924)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization
  2,995,207 
  3,068,961 
Bad debt expense
  190,697 
  445,212 
Stock based compensation
  19,687 
  128,002 
Loss on monitoring equipment included in cost of revenue
  400,888 
  372,059 
Foreign currency exchange loss
  655,791 
  134,795 
Change in assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable, net
  1,448,833 
  (49,254)
Prepaid expense and other assets
  267,608 
  (135,714)
Inventory
  26,500 
  401,438 
Accounts payable
  (2,039,014)
  (83,201)
Accrued liabilities
  949,192 
  1,849,972 
Net cash provided by operating activities
  3,375,767 
  4,063,346 
 
    
    
Cash flow from investing activities:
    
    
Purchase of property and equipment
  (63,374)
  (299,839)
Capitalized software
  (1,089,879)
  (868,652)
Purchase of monitoring equipment and parts
  (810,042)
  (1,296,621)
Net cash used in investing activities
  (1,963,295)
  (2,465,112)
 
    
    
Cash flow from financing activities:
    
    
Proceeds from notes payable
  933,200 
  - 
Principal payments on long-term debt
  (27,446)
  (65,237)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  905,754 
  (65,237)
 
    
    
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
  (184,292)
  (100,638)
 
    
    
Net increase in cash
  2,133,934 
  1,432,359 
Cash, beginning of period
  6,896,711 
  5,446,557 
Cash, end of period
 $9,030,645 
 $6,878,916 
Cash paid for interest
 $26,160 
 $23,685 
 
    
    
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
    
    
Non-cash transfer of inventory to monitoring equipment
 $752,769 
 $424,642 
 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements. 
  
 
6
 
 
TRACK GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
(1)  BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial information of Track Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “Track Group”) has been prepared in accordance with the Instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying interim consolidated financial information contains all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2020, and results of its operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto that are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019, filed with the SEC on January 10, 2020. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020 may not be indicative of the results for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020.
 
As of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $303,691,914 and $301,657,263, respectively. The Company incurred a net loss of $1,539,622 and $2,068,924 for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company may continue to incur losses and require additional financial resources. The Company also has debt maturing in September 2020, July 2021 and a potentially forgivable PPP loan which matures in May 2022, with payments beginning in December 2020. The Company’s transition to profitable operations is dependent upon generating a level of revenue adequate to support its cost structure, which it has achieved on an operating basis, although the Company needs to resolve its debt obligations which mature on September 30, 2020 and July 1, 2021. Management has evaluated the significance of these conditions and has determined that the Company can meet its operating obligations for a reasonable period of time. The Company expects to fund operations using cash on hand and through operational cash flows through the upcoming twelve months and the Company believes it will be able to extend its debt through additional renegotiation, if necessary.
 
(2)  PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Track Group, Inc. and its active subsidiaries, Track Group Analytics Limited, Track Group Americas, Inc., Track Group International LTD., and Track Group - Chile SpA. All significant inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
(3)  RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
 
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies, which are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date.
 
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards 
 
In February 2016, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”. For lessees, the amendments in this update require that for all leases not considered to be short term, a company recognize both a lease liability and right-of-use asset on its balance sheet, representing the obligation to make payments and the right to use or control the use of a specified asset for the lease term. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 on October 1, 2019. See Note 15 for the impact the adoption had on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”. The new guidance simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by removing the second step of the two-step impairment test. The amendment requires an entity to perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity still has the option to perform the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. The new guidance will be effective for annual periods or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendment should be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company will adopt ASU 2017-04 in fiscal year 2021. Management does not anticipate that this adoption will have a significant impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
 
7
 
 
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”. ASU 2016-13 adds a current expected credit loss (“CECL”) impairment model to U.S. GAAP that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Modified retrospective adoption is required with any cumulative-effect adjustment recorded to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within the year of adoption. Early adoption is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company will adopt ASU 2016-13 in fiscal year 2022. The Company does not expect the application of the CECL impairment model to have a significant impact on our allowance for uncollectible amounts for accounts receivable.
 
(4)  IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
 
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the book value of an asset may not be recoverable and in the case of goodwill, at least annually. The Company evaluates whether events and circumstances have occurred which indicate possible impairment as of each balance sheet date. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the estimated fair value of the asset. Impairment of long-lived assets is assessed at the lowest levels for which there is an identifiable fair value that is independent of other groups of assets.
 
(5)  BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
 
The Company accounts for its business acquisitions under the acquisition method of accounting as indicated in ASC 805, “Business Combinations”, which requires the acquiring entity in a business combination to recognize the fair value of all assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and any non-controlling interest in the acquiree, and establishes the acquisition date as the fair value measurement point. Accordingly, the Company recognizes assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, including contingent assets and liabilities and non-controlling interest in the acquiree, based on fair value estimates as of the date of acquisition. In accordance with ASC 805, the Company recognizes and measures goodwill as of the acquisition date, as the excess of the fair value of the consideration paid over the fair value of the identified net assets acquired.
 
Acquired Assets and Assumed Liabilities
 
Pursuant to ASC No. 805-10-25, if the initial accounting for a business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the combination occurs, but during the allowed measurement period not to exceed one year from the acquisition date, the Company retrospectively adjusts the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date, by means of adjusting the amount recognized for goodwill.
 
Contingent Consideration
 
In certain acquisitions, the Company has agreed to pay additional amounts to sellers contingent upon achievement by the acquired businesses of certain future goals, which may include revenue milestones, new customer accounts, and earnings targets. The Company records contingent consideration based on its estimated fair value as of the date of the acquisition. The Company evaluates and adjusts the value of contingent consideration, if necessary, at each reporting period based on the progress toward and likely achievement of certain targets on which issuance of the contingent consideration is based. Any differences between the acquisition-date fair value and the changes in fair value of the contingent consideration subsequent to the acquisition date are recognized in current period earnings until the arrangement is settled. If there is uncertainty surrounding the value of contingent consideration, then the Company’s policy is to wait until the end of the measurement period before making an adjustment.
 
(6)  ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
 
Comprehensive income (loss) includes net income (loss) as currently reported under GAAP and other comprehensive income (loss). Other comprehensive income (loss) considers the effects of additional economic events, such as foreign currency translation adjustments, that are not required to be recorded in determining net income (loss), but rather are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. The Chilean Peso, New Israeli Shekel and the Canadian Dollar are used as functional currencies of the following operating subsidiaries: (i) Track Group Chile SpA; (ii) Track Group International Ltd.; and (iii) Track Group Analytics Limited, respectively. The balance sheets of all subsidiaries have been converted into United States Dollars at the prevailing exchange rate at June 30, 2020.
 
 
8
 
 
(7)  NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
 
Basic net income (loss) per common share (“Basic EPS”) is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.
 
Diluted net income (loss) per common share (“Diluted EPS”) is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the sum of the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and the weighted-average dilutive common share equivalents outstanding. The computation of Diluted EPS does not assume exercise or conversion of securities that would have an anti-dilutive effect.
 
Common share equivalents consist of shares issuable upon the exercise of common stock options and warrants. As of both June 30, 2020, and 2019, there were 685,259 outstanding common share equivalents that were not included in the computation of Diluted EPS for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as their effect would be anti-dilutive. The common stock equivalents outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 consisted of the following:
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Exercisable common stock options and warrants
  685,259 
  685,259 
Total common stock equivalents
  685,259 
  685,259 
 
At June 30, 2020 and 2019, all stock option and warrant exercise prices were above the market price of $0.25 and $0.53, respectively, and thus have not been included in the basic earnings per share calculation.
 
(8) REVENUE RECOGNITION
 
On October 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method, whereby the adoption did not impact any prior periods.
 
Monitoring and Other Related Services. Monitoring services include two components: (i) lease contracts pursuant to which the Company provides monitoring services and lease devices to distributors or end users and the Company retains ownership of the leased device; and (ii) monitoring services purchased by distributors or end users who have previously purchased monitoring devices and opt to use the Company’s monitoring services. Sales of devices and leased GPS devices are required to use the Company’s monitoring service and both the GPS leased devices and monitoring services are accounted for as a single performance obligation. Monitoring revenue is recognized ratably over time, as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefit of these services as they are performed. Payment due or received from the customers prior to rendering the associated services are recorded as a contract liability. The balance of contract liabilities at October 1, 2018 was $150,604. The balance of the contract liabilities at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019 are $195,475 and $389,229, respectively, and are included in accrued liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company recognized $70,346 and $219,404, respectively, of deferred revenue in the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020 and $12,271 and $124,365, respectively, of deferred revenue in the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Product Sales and Other. The Company sells devices and replacement parts to customers under certain contracts, as well as law enforcement software licenses and maintenance, and analytical software. Revenue from the sale of devices and parts is recognized upon their transfer of control to the customer, which is generally upon delivery. Delivery is considered complete at either the time of shipment or arrival at destination, based on the agreed upon terms within the contract. Payment terms are generally 30 days from invoice date.
 
Multiple Element Arrangements. The majority of our revenue transactions do not have multiple elements. However, on occasion, the Company may enter into revenue transactions that have multiple elements. These may include different combinations of products or services that are included in a single billable rate. These products or services are delivered over time as the customer utilizes our services. In cases where obligations in a contract are distinct and thus require separation into multiple performance obligations, revenue recognition guidance requires that contract consideration be allocated to each distinct performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. The value allocated to each performance obligation is then recognized as revenue when the revenue recognition criteria for each distinct promise or bundle of promises has been met.
 
 
9
 
 
The standalone selling price for each performance obligation is an amount that depicts the amount of consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring the good or service. When there is only one performance obligation associated with a contract, the entire sale value is attributed to that obligation. When a contract contains multiple performance obligations the transaction value is first allocated using the observable price, which is generally a list price net of applicable discount or the price used to sell in similar circumstances. In circumstances when a selling price is not directly observable, the Company will estimate the standalone selling price using information available to us.
 
The following table presents the Company’s revenue by geography, based on management’s assessment of available data:
  
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2020
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2019
 
 
 
Total
Revenue
 
 
% of Total
Revenue
 
 
Total
Revenue
 
 
% of Total
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 $5,891,741 
  69%
 $5,112,538 
  57%
Latin America
  2,441,429 
  29%
  3,740,858 
  42%
Other
  150,740 
  2%
  102,068 
  1%
Total
 $8,483,910 
  100%
 $8,955,464 
  100%
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2020
 
 
Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2019
 
 
 
Total
Revenue
 
 
% of Total
Revenue
 
 
Total
Revenue
 
 
% of Total
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 $16,885,664 
  67%
 $14,997,609 
  59%
Latin America
  7,704,645 
  31%
  10,111,825 
  40%
Other
  446,158 
  2%
  148,807 
  1%
Total
 $25,036,467 
  100%
 $25,258,241 
  100%
 
The above table includes total revenue for the Company, of which monitoring and other related services is the majority (approximately 98% and 94% for the nine-months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively) of the Company’s revenue. Latin America includes Bahamas, Chile, Mexico, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Other includes Canada, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Kingdom, and Vietnam.
 
(9)  PREPAID EXPENSE AND DEPOSITS
 
As of June 30, 2020, and September 30, 2019, the outstanding balance of prepaid expense and deposits was $989,094 and $1,339,465, respectively. These balances are comprised largely of a performance bond deposit, tax deposits, vendor deposits and other prepaid supplier expense.
 
(10)  INVENTORY
 
 Inventory is valued at the lower of the cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the standard costing method. Net realizable value is determined based on the item selling price. Inventory is periodically reviewed in order to identify obsolete or damaged items or impaired values.
 
 
10
 
 
Inventory consists of finished goods that are to be shipped to customers and parts used for minor repairs of ReliAlert™, Shadow, and other tracking devices. Completed and shipped ReliAlert™ and other tracking devices are reflected in Monitoring Equipment. As of June 30, 2020, and September 30, 2019, inventory consisted of the following: 
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
Finished goods inventory
 $94,547 
 $301,435 
Reserve for damaged or obsolete inventory
  (7,225)
  (26,934)
Total inventory, net of reserves
 $87,322 
 $274,501 
 
The Company uses a third-party fulfillment service provider. As a result of this service, the Company’s employees do not actively assemble new product or repair damaged inventory or monitoring equipment shipped directly from suppliers. Purchases of monitoring equipment are recognized directly. Management believes this process reduces maintenance and fulfillment costs associated with inventory and monitoring equipment. Management reviews inventory regularly to identify damaged or obsolete inventory and reserves for potential losses. The Company recorded charges of $0 and $35,123 during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, for inventory that was obsolete, lost or damaged. Obsolete, lost and damaged inventory items are included in Monitoring, products & other related services in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
 
(11)  PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
Property and equipment consisted of the following as of June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
Equipment, software and tooling
 $1,266,133 
 $1,210,583 
Automobiles
  4,955 
  5,574 
Leasehold improvements
  1,282,012 
  1,393,976 
Furniture and fixtures
  313,063 
  313,817 
Total property and equipment before accumulated depreciation
  2,866,163 
  2,923,950 
Accumulated depreciation
  (2,399,271)
  (2,248,913)
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
 $466,892 
 $675,037 
 
Property and equipment depreciation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $74,777 and $88,975, respectively. Property and equipment depreciation expense for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $235,555 and $256,276, respectively.
 
(12)  MONITORING EQUIPMENT
 
The Company leases monitoring equipment to agencies for offender tracking under contractual service agreements. The monitoring equipment is amortized using the straight-line method over an estimated useful life of between one and three years. Monitoring equipment as of June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019 was as follows:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
Monitoring equipment
 $8,617,421 
 $8,947,668 
Less: accumulated amortization
  (6,566,293)
  (6,322,768)
Monitoring equipment, net of accumulated amortization
 $2,051,128 
 $2,624,900 
 
Amortization of monitoring equipment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $356,668 and $374,081, respectively. Amortization of monitoring equipment for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $1,084,869 and $1,135,584, respectively. Amortization expense for monitoring devices is recognized in cost of revenue. During the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the Company recorded charges of $400,888 and $372,059, respectively, for devices that were lost, stolen or damaged. Lost, stolen and damaged items are included in Monitoring, products & other related services in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
 
 
11
 
 
(13)  INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
The following table summarizes intangible assets at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively:
 
Intangible assets:
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
Patent & royalty agreements
 $21,170,565 
 $21,170,565 
Developed technology
  13,524,551 
  12,685,281 
Customer relationships
  1,860,000 
  1,860,000 
Trade name
  317,828 
  318,722 
Website
  78,201 
  78,201 
Total intangible assets
  36,951,145 
  36,112,769 
Accumulated amortization
  (15,801,787)
  (14,157,090)
Intangible assets, net
 $21,149,358 
 $21,955,679 
 
The intangible assets summarized above were purchased or developed on various dates from January 2010 through June 30, 2020. The assets have useful lives ranging from three to twenty years. Amortization expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $556,937 and $558,661, respectively. Amortization expense for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $1,674,783 and $1,677,101, respectively.
 
(14)  GOODWILL
 
The following table summarizes the activity of goodwill at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively:
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Balance - beginning of period
 $8,187,911 
 $8,076,759 
Effect of foreign currency translation on goodwill
  (18,794)
  111,152 
Balance - end of period
 $8,169,117 
 $8,187,911 
 
Goodwill is recognized in connection with acquisition transactions in accordance with ASC 805. The Company performs an impairment test for goodwill annually or more frequently if indicators of potential impairment exist. No impairment of goodwill was recognized through June 30, 2020.
 
(15) LEASES
 
Effective October 1, 2019, the Company adopted the new lease accounting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) “ASC Topic 842” which modified lease accounting for lessees to create transparency and comparability by recording lease assets and liabilities for operating leases and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted the new lease standard utilizing the modified retrospective transaction method, under which amounts in prior periods were not restated. For contracts existing at the time of the adoption, the Company elected not to reassess (a) whether any are or contain leases, (b) lease classification, and (c) initial direct costs. Upon adoption on October 1, 2019, the Company recorded $597,289 right of use assets and lease liabilities. The adoption of the new standard did not impact the Company’s Statements of Operations or Statements of Cash Flows.
 
Future maturities of lease liabilities under ASC 840 at June 30, 2019 were as follows:
 
 
 
Operating Leases
 
 
 
 
 
Payments due in fiscal 2019
 $79,190 
Payments due in fiscal years 2020-2021 
  425,097 
Payments due in fiscal years 2022-2023 
  164,687 
Total minimum lease payments
 $668,974 
 
The following table shows right of use assets and lease liabilities and the associated financial statement line items as of June 30, 2020.
 
 
 
Operating lease asset
 
 
Operating lease liability
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other assets
 $421,803 
 $- 
Accrued liabilities
  - 
  204,479 
Long-term liabilities
  - 
  217,324 
 
 $421,803 
 $421,803 
 
 
12
 
 
The following table summarizes the supplemental cash flow information for the nine months ended June 30, 2020:
 
  
 
June 30,
2020
 
Cash paid for noncancelable operating leases included in operating cash flows
 $280,758 
 
    
Right of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities:
 $- 
 
The future minimum lease payments under noncancelable operating leases with terms greater than one year as of June 30, 2020 are:
 
 
 
Operating Leases
 
From July 2020 to September 2020  
 $58,003 
From October 2020 to September 2021  
  230,401 
From October 2021 to September 2022  
  166,642 
From October 2022 to September 2023  
  3,612 
Undiscounted Cash Flow  
  458,658 
Less: imputed interest    
  (36,855)
Total  
 $421,803 
 
Reconciliation to lease liabilities:    
 
 
 
Lease liabilities - current  
 $204,479 
Lease liabilities - long-term    
  217,324 
Total Lease Liabilities    
 $421,803 
 
The weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate related to the Company’s lease liabilities as of June 30, 2020 were 2.0 years and 8%, respectively. The Company’s lease discount rates are generally based on the estimates of its incremental borrowing rate as the discount rates implicit in the Company’s leases cannot be readily determined.
 
(16)  ACCRUED LIABILITES
 
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following as of June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
Accrued payroll, taxes and employee benefits
 $1,322,725 
 $1,680,634 
Deferred revenue
  195,475 
  389,229 
Deposits payable
  10,000 
  10,000 
Accrued taxes - foreign and domestic
  364,834 
  1,071,532 
Accrued other expense
  132,118 
  170,055 
Accrued legal costs
  592,203 
  1,057,305 
Accrued costs of revenue
  858,459 
  251,262 
Accrued bond guarantee
  - 
  142,405 
Right of use liability
  204,479 
  - 
Accrued interest
  10,891,512 
  9,056,274 
     Total accrued liabilities
 $14,571,805 
 $13,828,696 
 
 
13
 
 
(17)  DEBT OBLIGATIONS
 
On February 24, 2019, the Company and Conrent Invest S.A. (“Conrent”) entered into a second amendment to their Facility Agreement (the “Second Amended Facility Agreement”), which Second Amended Facility Agreement (i) extends the maturity date of the Facility to the earlier of either April 1, 2020 or the date upon which the outstanding principal amount is repaid by the Company, and (ii) provides that in the event of a change of control of the Company, Conrent shall immediately cancel the Second Amended Credit Facility and declare the outstanding principal amount, together with unpaid interest, immediately due and payable. On December 4, 2019, the Company requested that Conrent extend the maturity of the Amended Facility Agreement from April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021. On January 6, 2020, the investors who owned the securities from Conrent used to finance the debt (the “Noteholders”) held a meeting to address the Company’s request. On January 7, 2020, Conrent notified the Company in writing that the Noteholders agreed to extend the maturity of the Amended Facility Agreement from April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021. On January 10, 2020, the Company and Conrent entered into an amendment to the Facility Agreement which extends the maturity of the Facility to July 1, 2021.
 
On May 19, 2020, the Company received net proceeds of $933,200 from a potentially forgivable loan from the U.S. Small Business Administration ("SBA") pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") enacted by Congress under the of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(36)) (the "CARES Act") administered by the SBA (the "PPP Loan"). To facilitate the PPP Loan, the Company entered into a Note Payable Agreement with BMO Harris Bank National Association as lender (the "Lender") (the "PPP Loan Agreement"). The PPP Loan provides for working capital to the Company and will mature on May 19, 2022. However, under the CARES Act and the PPP Loan Agreement, all payments of both principal and interest will be deferred until at least December 19, 2020. The PPP Loan will accrue interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum, and interest will continue to accrue throughout the period the PPP Loan is outstanding, or until it is forgiven. The CARES Act (including the guidance issued by SBA and U.S. Department of the Treasury related thereto) provides that all or a portion of the PPP Loan may be forgiven upon request from the Company to Lender, subject to requirements in the PPP Loan Agreement and the CARES Act. Upon expiration of the twenty-four-week period following the issuance of the PPP Loan, the Company intends to complete and file the application for forgiveness with the SBA.
 
Debt obligations as of June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, are comprised of the following: 
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured facility agreement with Conrent whereby, as of June 30, 2015, the Company had borrowed $30.4 million, bearing interest at a rate of 8% per annum, payable in arrears semi-annually, with all principal and accrued and unpaid interest due on July 1, 2021. The Company did not pay interest on this loan during the nine months ended June 30, 2020.
 $30,400,000 
 $30,400,000 
 
    
    
Loan Agreement whereby the Company can borrow up to $5.0 million at 8% interest per annum on borrowed funds maturing on September 30, 2020.
  3,399,644 
  3,399,644 
 
    
    
Note payable with BMO Harris Bank for PPP loan with the SBA, bearing interest at a rate of 1% per annum, with a maturity of May 19, 2022 and principal payments beginning on December 19, 2020.
  933,200 
  - 
 
    
    
Non-interest-bearing notes payable to a Canadian governmental agency assumed in conjunction with the acquisition.
  - 
  28,045 
 
    
    
Total debt obligations
  34,732,844 
  33,827,689 
Less current portion
  (3,758,031)
  (33,827,689)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
 $30,974,813 
 $- 
  
 
 
14
 
 
The following table summarizes future maturities of debt obligations as of June 30, 2020:
 
Twelve-month period ended June 30,
 
Total 
 
 
 
 
 
2021
 $3,758,031 
2022
  30,974,813 
Thereafter
  - 
Total
 $34,732,844 
 
(18)  PREFERRED AND COMMON STOCK
 
The Company is authorized to issue up to 30,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share.
 
The Company is authorized to issue up to 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share. The Company’s Board of Directors has the authority to amend the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, without further stockholder approval, to designate and determine, in whole or in part, the preferences, limitations and relative rights of the preferred stock before any issuance of the preferred stock, and to create one or more series of preferred stock. As of June 30, 2020, there were no shares of preferred stock outstanding.
 
No dividends were paid during the three- and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2020 or 2019, respectively.
 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
 
On October 12, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Designation of the Relative Rights and Preferences (“Certificate of Designation”) with the Delaware Division of Corporations, designating 1,200,000 shares of the Company’s preferred stock as Series A Preferred. Shares of Series A Preferred rank senior to the Company’s common stock, and all other classes and series of equity securities of the Company that by their terms do not rank senior to the Series A Preferred.
 
Except with respect to transactions upon which holders of the Series A Preferred are entitled to vote separately as a class under the terms of the Certificate of Designation, the Series A Preferred has no voting rights. The shares of common stock into which the Series A Preferred is convertible shall, upon issuance, have all of the same voting rights as other issued and outstanding shares of our common stock.
 
The Series A Preferred has no separate dividend rights; however, whenever the Board declares a dividend on the Company’s common stock, if ever, each holder of record of a share of Series A Preferred shall be entitled to receive an amount equal to such dividend declared on one share of common stock multiplied by the number of shares of common stock into which such share of Series A Preferred could be converted on the Record Date.
 
Each share of Series A Preferred has a Liquidation Preference of $35.00 per share, and is convertible, at the holder’s option, into ten shares of the Company’s common stock, subject to adjustments as set forth in the Certificate of Designation, at any time beginning five hundred and forty days after the date of issuance.
 
As of June 30, 2020, no shares of Series A Preferred were issued and outstanding.
 
(19)  STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS
 
Stock Incentive Plan
 
At the annual meeting of stockholders on March 21, 2011, our stockholders approved the 2012 Equity Compensation Plan (the “2012 Plan”). The 2012 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options and nonqualified stock options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights, performance shares, performance stock units, dividend equivalents, stock payments, deferred stock, restricted stock units, other stock-based awards and performance-based awards to employees and certain non-employees who provide services to the Company in lieu of cash. A total of 90,000 shares were initially authorized for issuance pursuant to awards granted under the 2012 Plan. At the 2015 annual meeting of stockholders held on May 19, 2015, our stockholders approved a 713,262 share increase to the total number of shares authorized under the 2012 Plan. Warrants for Board members vest immediately, and warrants issued to employees vest annually over either a two or three-year period after the grant date. 
 
 
15
 
 
As of December 11, 2018, the Board of Directors suspended further awards under the 2012 Plan until further notice. The Company recorded expense of $19,687 and $106,772 for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to the vesting of common stock awarded prior to the suspension of the 2012 Plan. There were 27,218 shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2012 Plan as of June 30, 2020.
 
All Options and Warrants
 
The fair value of each stock option and warrant grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. During the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company granted no options and warrants to purchase shares of common stock under the 2012 Plan. The warrants for Board members vest immediately and expire five years from grant date and warrants or options issued to employees vest annually over either a two to three-year period and expire five years after the final vesting date of the grant. The Company recorded expense of $0 and $21,231 for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to the issuance and vesting of outstanding stock options and warrants.
 
All options and warrants have vested and are exercisable at June 30, 2020 and no future issuances are expected.
 
The expected life of stock options (warrants) represents the period of time that the stock options or warrants are expected to be outstanding based on the simplified method allowed under GAAP. The expected volatility is based on the historical price volatility of the Company’s common stock. The risk-free interest rate represents the U.S. Treasury bill rate for the expected life of the related stock options (warrants). The dividend yield represents the Company’s anticipated cash dividends over the expected life of the stock options (warrants).
 
A summary of stock option (warrant) activity for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 is presented below:
 
 
 
Shares Under Option
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
 
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding as of September 30, 2019
  685,259 
 $1.56 
  2.9 years  
 $- 
Granted
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Expired/Cancelled
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Exercised
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Outstanding as of June 30, 2020
  685,259 
 $1.56 
  2.1 years 
 $- 
Exercisable as of June 30, 2020
  685,259 
 $1.56 
  2.1 years  
 $- 
 
The intrinsic value of options and warrants outstanding and exercisable is based on the Company’s share price of $0.25 at June 30, 2020.
 
(20)  INCOME TAXES
 
The Company recognizes deferred income tax assets or liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or income tax returns. Deferred income tax assets or liabilities are determined based upon the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply when the differences are expected to be settled or realized. Deferred income tax assets are reviewed periodically for recoverability and valuation allowances are provided as necessary. Interest and penalties related to income tax liabilities, when incurred, are classified in interest expense and income tax provision, respectively.
 
For the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred a net loss for income tax purposes of $1,539,622 and $2,068,924, respectively. The amount and ultimate realization of the benefits from the net operating losses is dependent, in part, upon the tax laws in effect, our future earnings, and other future events, the effects of which cannot be determined. The Company has established a valuation allowance for all deferred income tax assets not offset by deferred income tax liabilities due to the uncertainty of their realization. Accordingly, there is no benefit for income taxes in the accompanying statements of operations.
 
 
16
 
 
In computing income tax, we recognize an income tax provision in tax jurisdictions in which we have pre-tax income for the period and are expecting to generate pre-tax book income during the fiscal year.
 
(21)  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
Legal Matters
 
From time to time, claims are made against the Company in the ordinary course of business, which could result in litigation. Claims and associated litigation are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable outcomes could occur. In the opinion of management, the resolution of these matters, if any, will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. Other than as set forth below, there are no additional pending or threatened legal proceedings at this time.
 
SecureAlert, Inc. v. Federal Government of Mexico (Department of the Interior). On March 24, 2017, SecureAlert Inc. filed a complaint before the Federal Administrative Tribunal, asserting the failure by defendants to pay claimant amounts agreed to, and due under, the Pluri Annual Contract for the Rendering of Monitoring Services of Internees, through Electric Bracelets, in the Islas Marias Penitentiary Complex dated July 15, 2011, entered into by and between the Organo Administrativo Desconcentrado Prevencion y Readaptacion Social of the then Public Security Department, and presently, an agency of the National Security Commission of the Department of the Interior, and SecureAlert, Inc., presently Track Group, Inc. The Company’s claim amount is upwards of $6.0 million. The Supreme Court took action to resolve previous, conflicting decisions regarding the jurisdiction of such claims and determined that such claims will be resolved by the Federal Administrative Tribunal. Subsequently, plaintiff filed an Amparo action before the Collegiate Court, seeking an appeal of the Federal Administrative Court’s earlier decision against plaintiff. The Collegiate Court issued a ruling in August 2019 that the matter of dispute was previously resolved by a lower court in 2016. The Company disagrees with this ruling and continues to explore its options moving forward. Based upon the fee arrangement the Company has with its counsel, we anticipate the future liabilities attributable to legal expense will be minimal.
 
Blaike Anderson v. Track Group, Inc., et. al. On June 24, 2019, Blaike Anderson filed a complaint seeking unspecified damages in the State Court of Marion County, Indiana, alleging liability on the part of defendants for providing a defective ankle monitoring device and failure to warn plaintiff regarding the condition thereof. The Company removed the matter to federal court and subsequently filed its answer denying Plaintiff’s allegations in August 2019. Discovery, delayed by the Covid-19 crisis, remains ongoing. The Company continues to vigorously defend the case.
 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, through its Trustees v. International Surveillance Services Corporation. On January 23, 2020, the Company was served with a summons for an Adversary Action pending against International Surveillance Services Corporation (“ISS”), a subsidiary of the Company, now known as Track Group – Puerto Rico Inc., in the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico seeking to avoid and recover allegedly constructive fraudulent transfers and to disallow claims pursuant to United States Bankruptcy and Puerto Rican law. The allegations stem from payments made to ISS between 2014 and 2017, which the Company believes were properly made in accordance with a contract between ISS and the government of Puerto Rico, through the Oficina de Servicios con Antelacion a Juicio, originally signed in 2011. The Company is confident that all payments it received were earned and due under applicable law and has produced documentation supporting its position in an informal document exchange with the Commonwealth on July 6, 2020. The Company is presently awaiting a response from the Commonwealth.
 
Eli Sabag v. Track Group, Inc., et al. On March 12, 2020, Eli Sabag commenced an arbitration with the International Centre for Dispute Resolution, Case Number 01-20-0003-6931. The arbitration claim, as it pertains to the Company, alleges breach of the Share Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) between the Company and Sabag. Sabag alleges that the Company breached the SPA because it failed to pay him his earn-out after it sold or leased a sufficient number of GPS Global Tracking devices to meet the earn-out milestone, or alternatively, breached the SPA by failing to act in “good faith” to allow Sabag to achieve his earn-out. Sabag further claims that the Company fraudulently induced Sabag to sell GPS Global Tracking and Surveillance System Ltd. to the Company. The Company has entered its appearance and on July 17, 2020, filed its Answer denying the allegations of the claim and asserting numerous defenses. The Company continues to vigorously defend against the allegations. The Company has not accrued any potential loss as the probability of incurring a material loss is deemed remote by management, after consultation with outside legal counsel.
 
 
17
 
 
(22)  SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
COVID-19
 
The ramifications of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak reported to have started in December 2019 and spread globally are filled with uncertainty and changing quickly. As of August 6, 2020, the adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company has been significant on the operations of Chile and also has caused some delays with both the supply chain and certain requests for proposal administered by potential new clients. Notwithstanding the challenges, the monitoring being performed by the Company’s customers across the globe are considered essential services and remain operational. Furthermore, at this time, the Company has not experienced unusual payment interruptions from any large customers and the Company’s employees are largely working from home. Also, the Company has experienced an uptick in demand in the U.S. as government agencies transition certain offenders in confinement to our electronic monitoring services to assist in combatting the spread of the coronavirus.
 
The Company is operating in a rapidly changing environment so the extent to which COVID-19 impacts its business, operations and financial results from this point forward will depend on numerous evolving factors that the Company cannot accurately predict. Those factors include the following: the duration and scope of the pandemic; governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic; the development of widespread testing or a vaccine; the ability of our supply chain to meet the Company’s need for equipment; the ability to sell and provide services and solutions if shelter in place restrictions and people working from home are extended to ensure employee safety; the volatility of foreign currency exchange rates and the subsequent effect on international transactions; and any closures of clients’ offices or the courts on which they rely.
 
Chilean Prison System
 
The Company previously disclosed on May 7, 2020 that the Chilean Prison System (“GENCHI”) had notified the Company of its decision to award a new contract to a competitor of the Company. Subsequently, since the competitor did not proceed to sign the contract in due time, GENCHI rescinded the prior award to the competitor and re-awarded the Company with a new contract on July 22, 2020, for forty-one months. The Company signed the new contract on July 30, 2020 and is awaiting final government approval. The Company’s competitor has challenged GENCHI’s decision before the Public Procurement Court; however, the Company does not anticipate significant delays although no assurances can be given.
 
In accordance with the Subsequent Events Topic of the FASB ASC 855, we have evaluated subsequent events, through the filing date and noted that, other than as disclosed above, no additional subsequent events have occurred that are reasonably likely to impact the financial statements.
 
 
 
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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Report contains information that constitutes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Generally, the statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not purely historical can be considered to be “forward-looking statements”. These statements represent our expectations, hopes, beliefs, anticipations, commitments, intentions, and strategies regarding the future. They may be identified by the use of words or phrases such as “believes”, “expects”, “intends”, “anticipates”, “should”, “plans”, “estimates”, “projects”, “potential”, and “will” among others. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements contained in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations regarding our financial performance, revenue, and expense levels in the future and the sufficiency of our existing assets to fund future operations and capital spending needs. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In addition, forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, and those described from time to time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto that are contained in this Report, as well as Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, and Current Reports on Form 8-K that have been filed with the SEC through the date of this Report. Except as otherwise indicated, as used in this Report, the terms the “Company”, “Track Group”, “we”, “our”, and “us” refer to Track Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation.
 
General
 
Our core business is based on the leasing of patented tracking and monitoring solutions to federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, both in the U.S and abroad, for the electronic monitoring of offenders and offering unique data analytics services on a platform-as-a-service (“PaaS”) business model. Currently, we deploy offender-based management services that combine patented GPS tracking technologies, fulltime 24/7/365 global monitoring capabilities, case management, and proprietary data analytics. We offer customizable tracking solutions that leverage real-time tracking data, best practices monitoring, and analytics capabilities to create complete, end-to-end tracking solutions.
 
Our devices consist principally of the ReliAlertTM product line, which is supplemented by the Shadow product line. These devices are generally leased on a daily rate basis and may be combined with our monitoring center services, proprietary software and data analytics subscription to provide an end-to-end PaaS.
 
ReliAlertTM and Shadow.  Our tracking devices utilize patented technology and are securely attached around an offender’s ankle with a tamper resistant strap that cannot be adjusted or removed without detection, unless by a supervising officer, and which are activated through services provided by our monitoring centers. The ReliAlertTM and Shadow units are intelligent devices with integrated computer circuitry, utilizing both GPS and RF, and constructed from case-hardened plastics designed to promptly notify the intervention centers of any attempt made to breach applicable protocols, or to remove or otherwise tamper with the device or optical strap housing. The ReliAlertTM platform also incorporates voice communication technology that provides officers with 24/7/365 voice communication with the offenders. Both devices are FCC, CE and PTCRB certified and protected by numerous patents and trademarks.
 
Monitoring Center Services.  Our monitoring center facilities provide live 24/7/365 monitoring of all alarms generated from our devices, as well as customer and technical support. Our monitoring center operators play a vital role, and as such, we staff our centers with highly trained, bi-lingual individuals. These operators act as an extension of agency resources receiving alarms, communicating, and intervening with offenders regarding violations, and interacting with supervision staff, all pursuant to agency-established protocols. The facilities have redundant power source, battery back-up and triple redundancy in voice, data, and IP. The Company has established monitoring centers in the U.S. and Chile. In addition, the Company has assisted in the establishment of monitoring centers for customers and local partners in other global locations.
    
 
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Data Analytics Services.  Our TrackerPALTM software, TrackerPALTM Mobile, combined with our Data Analytic analysis tools, provide an integrated platform allowing case managers and law enforcement officers quick access views of an offender’s travel behavior, mapping, and inference on patterns. Our advanced data analytics service offers a highly complex predictive reporting mechanism that combines modern statistical methods, developed using computer science and used by intelligence agencies that separate noteworthy events from normal events, rank offender cases according to their need for supervision, and relate decision-relevant metrics to benchmarks in real-time.
 
Other Services. The Company offers smartphone applications specifically designed for the criminal justice market, including a domestic violence app that creates a mobile geo-zone around a survivor and an alcohol monitoring app linked to a police-grade breathalyzer.
 
Business Strategy
 
We are committed to helping our customers improve offender rehabilitation and re-socialization outcomes through our innovative hardware, software, and services. We treat our business as a service business. Although we still manufacture patented tracking technology, we see the physical goods as only a small part of the integrated offender monitoring solutions we provide. Accordingly, rather than receiving a payment just for a piece of manufactured equipment, the Company receives a recurring stream of revenue for ongoing device agnostic subscription contracts. As part of our strategy, we continue to expand our device-agnostic platform to not only collect, but also store, analyze, assess and correlate location data for both accountability and auditing reasons, as well as to use for predictive analytics and assessment of effective and emerging techniques in criminal behavior and rehabilitation. We believe a high-quality customer experience with knowledgeable salespersons who can convey the value of our products and services greatly enhances our ability to attract and retain customers. Therefore, our strategy also includes building and expanding our own direct sales force and our third-party distribution network to effectively reach more customers and provide them with a world-class sales and post-sales support experience. In addition, we are developing related-service offerings to address adjacent market opportunities in both the public and private sectors. We believe continual investment in research and development (“R&D”), including smartphone applications and other monitoring services is critical to the development and sale of innovative technologies and integrated solutions today and in the future.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
From time to time, management reviews and evaluates certain accounting policies that are considered to be significant in determining our results of operations and financial position.
 
A description of the Company’s critical accounting policies that affect the preparation of the Company’s financial statements is set forth in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019, filed with the SEC on January 10, 2020. During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, there have been no material changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies, except as noted below.
 
Effective October 1, 2019, the Company adopted the new lease accounting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) "ASC Topic 842" which modified lease accounting for lessees to create transparency and comparability by recording lease assets and liabilities for operating leases and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. See Note 15. 
 
The preparation of financial statements requires management to make significant estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expense. By their nature, these judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. We assess the reasonableness of our estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, right of use assets, estimated useful lives, intangible assets, warranty obligations, product liability, revenue, legal matters and income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience as well as available current information on a regular basis. Management uses this information to form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
 
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Government Regulation
 
Our operations are subject to various federal, state, local and international laws and regulations. We are not involved in any pending or, to our knowledge, threatened governmental proceedings, which would require curtailment of our operations because of such laws and regulations.
 
Results of Operations
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Revenue
 
  For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized total revenue from operations of $8,483,910 compared to $8,955,464 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $471,554 or approximately 5%. The $471,554 decrease in total revenue was the result of a decrease in product sales, which by their nature can change materially over short periods of time. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized revenue from monitoring and other related services of $8,325,697 compared to $7,904,015 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $421,682 or approximately 5%. This growth in monitoring and other related services revenue is more predictable than product sales. Monitoring and other related service revenue, which comprises the substantial majority of total revenue, increased due to growth in North America largely by clients in Illinois, Puerto Rico, Washington DC and Michigan, partially offset by a decrease in revenue in Chile due to the strengthening U.S. dollar which amounts to $358,910 and lower devices due to COVID-19, when compared to the third fiscal quarter of 2019.
 
Other revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased to $158,213 from $1,051,449 in the same period in 2019, a decrease of $893,236, largely due to lower product sales.
 
Cost of Revenue
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, cost of revenue totaled $3,862,731 compared to cost of revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2019 of $4,162,174, a decrease of $299,443 or approximately 7%. The decrease in cost of revenue was largely the result of lower product sale costs of $374,938, lower repair costs of $142,053 and lower depreciation expense of $17,907, partially offset by higher monitoring costs of $121,144, higher fees of $74,339 and higher server costs of $25,444.
 
Depreciation and amortization included in cost of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 totaled $482,797 and $500,704, respectively. These costs represent the depreciation of ReliAlert™ and other monitoring devices, as well as the amortization of monitoring software and certain royalty agreements. The decrease of $17,907 primarily represents a decrease in device amortization due to additional fully amortized devices. We believe the equipment lives on which the depreciation is based are appropriate due to rapid changes in electronic monitoring technology and the corresponding potential for obsolescence. Management periodically assesses the useful life of the devices for appropriateness. Amortization of a patent related to GPS and satellite tracking is also included in cost of sales.
 
Gross Profit and Margin
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, gross profit totaled $4,621,179 representing a decrease of $172,111 or approximately 4% compared to the same period last year, and resulting in a gross margin of approximately 54.5% compared to $4,793,290 or a gross margin of approximately 53.5% during the three months ended June 30, 2019.
 
General and Administrative Expense
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, general and administrative expense totaled $2,329,520 compared to $2,725,991 for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease of $396,471 or approximately 15% in general and administrative costs resulted largely from lower bad debt expense of $173,293, lower payroll and wages of $128,135, lower travel and entertainment costs of $97,839, and lower board of director expense of $25,601, lower outside service and consulting costs of $21,183, lower stock based compensation expense of $19,688 and lower professional fees of $19,600, partially offset by higher legal costs of $70,677 and higher insurance costs of $51,585.
 
 
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Selling and Marketing Expense
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, selling and marketing expense decreased to $487,786 compared to $556,122 for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in expense of $68,336, or approximately 12% is principally the result of COVID-19 induced lower travel and entertainment expense of $79,600, and lower trade show expense of $9,088, partially offset by higher consulting and outside services of $23,624.
 
Research and Development Expense
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, research and development expense totaled $281,820 compared to $350,532 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $68,712 or approximately 20%. The decrease resulted largely from lower payroll and taxes of $35,734 and lower travel expenses of $25,858. In addition, we are significantly enhancing our technology platform to improve the efficiency of our software, firmware, user interface and automation. As a result of these improvements, $409,149 was capitalized as developed technology during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and $297,448 was capitalized in the three months ended June 30, 2019. A portion of this expense would have been recognized as research and development expense, absent the significant enhancements to the technology.
 
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, depreciation and amortization expense totaled $505,585 compared to $521,013 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $15,428 or approximately 3%, largely due to fully depreciated assets.
 
Total Operating Expense
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, total operating expenses decreased to $3,604,711 compared to $4,153,658 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $548,947 or approximately 13%.
 
Operating income
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, operating income was $1,016,468 compared to operating income of $639,632 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an improvement of $376,836 or approximately 59%. This improvement was due to a decrease in operating expense of $548,947, partially offset by a decrease in gross profit of $172,111.
 
Other Income and Expense
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2020, other income (expense) totaled ($87,728) compared to other expense of ($395,651) for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease in net expense of $307,923 or approximately 78%. The decrease in other expense is largely due to positive currency exchange rate movements of $333,169 compared to the third fiscal quarter of 2019.
 
Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders
 
The Company had net income attributable to common stockholders of $414,062 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to a net loss attributable to common stockholders of $69,347 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an improvement of $483,409. This improvement to a net gain from a net loss is largely due to significant growth in operating income and positive currency exchange rate movements, partially offset by higher income tax expense, and lower gross profit.
 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Revenue
 
For the nine months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized total revenue from operations of $25,036,467, compared to $25,258,241 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $221,774 or approximately 1%. The $221,774 decrease in total revenue was the result of a decrease in product sales, which by their nature can change in a short periods of time.  For the nine months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized revenue from monitoring and other related services of $24,587,212, compared to $23,841,746 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $745,466 or approximately 3%. This growth in monitoring and other related services revenue is more predictable than product sales. Monitoring and other related services revenue, which comprises the substantial majority of total revenue, principally increased as the result of an increase in total growth of our North American monitoring operations driven by clients in Illinois, Washington DC, Michigan, Nevada, Bahamas and Puerto Rico, partially offset by our customers in Chile, Mexico and Indiana. The decrease in revenue in Chile due to the strengthening U.S. dollar which amounts to $976,342, when compared to the same period in 2019. 
 
 
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Other revenue for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 decreased to $449,255 from $1,416,495 in the same period in 2019 largely due to lower sales of products.
 
Cost of Revenue
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, cost of revenue totaled $11,312,916 compared to cost of revenue during the nine months ended June 30, 2019 of $11,339,956, a decrease of $27,040 or less than 1%. The decrease in cost of revenue was largely the result of lower product sales costs of $374,938, lower communication costs of $243,061, lower device repair costs of $91,648, lower freight costs of $63,305 and lower depreciation of monitoring devices of $48,188, due to an increase in fully depreciated devices. These increases were partially offset by higher monitoring costs of $392,925, higher fees of $186,720, higher server costs of $112,125 and higher hardware costs of $95,871.
 
Depreciation and amortization included in cost of revenue for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 totaled $1,464,396 and $1,512,583, respectively. This $48,187 or approximately 3% decrease in costs represents additional fully depreciated monitoring devices. Devices are depreciated over a three-year useful life. Royalty agreements are being amortized over a ten-year useful life. The Company believes these lives are appropriate due to changes in electronic monitoring technology and the corresponding potential for obsolescence. Management periodically assesses the useful life of the devices for appropriateness. Amortization of a patent related to GPS and satellite tracking is also included in cost of sales.
 
 Gross Profit and Margin
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, gross profit totaled $13,723,551, resulting in a gross margin of approximately 54.8%, compared to $13,918,285, or a gross margin of approximately 55.1% during the nine months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in absolute gross profit of $194,734 or approximately 1% is due to decreased revenue and a nominal increase in monitoring, products and other related services, partially offset by lower depreciation cost of devices.
 
General and Administrative Expense
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, general and administrative expense totaled $8,064,593 compared to $9,464,332 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease of $1,399,739 or approximately 15% in general and administrative costs resulted largely from lower legal costs of $738,236, lower bad debt expense of $254,515, lower travel and entertainment expense of $162,531, lower consulting and outside service costs of $114,371, a decrease in stock based compensation of $108,315, lower fees and licenses of $70,780, lower professional fees of $56,525 and lower board of director expenses of $26,735, partially offset by higher insurance costs of $134,368.
 
Selling and Marketing Expense
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, selling and marketing expense totaled $1,671,767 compared to $1,637,026 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019. The $34,741, or approximately 2% increase resulted largely from higher outside services and consulting of $143,164, higher wages and related taxes of $37,075, partially offset by lower COVID-19 induced travel and entertainment expense of $121,237.
 
Research and Development Expense
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, research and development expense totaled $901,712 compared to research and development expense for the nine months ended June 30, 2019 totaling $954,276, a decrease of $52,564 or approximately 6%. The decrease resulted largely from lower payroll and taxes of $72,882, partially offset by higher dues and subscriptions of $24,331. In addition, we are significantly enhancing our technology platform to improve the efficiency of our software, firmware, user interface, and automation. As a result of these improvements, $1,089,879 was capitalized as developed technology during the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and $868,652 was capitalized during the nine months ended June 30, 2019. A portion of this expense would have been recognized as research and development expense, absent the significant enhancements to the technology.
 
 
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 Depreciation and Amortization Expense
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, depreciation and amortization expense totaled $1,530,811 compared to $1,556,378 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019. The $25,567 or approximately 2% decrease was largely the result of certain property and equipment assets becoming fully depreciated.
 
Total Operating Expense
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, total operating expenses decreased to $12,168,883 compared to $13,612,012 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $1,443,129 or approximately 11%. The decrease was largely due to lower general and administrative expense of $1,399,739, lower research and development expense of $52,564 and lower depreciation and amortization of $25,567. These costs were partially offset by higher selling and marketing expense of $34,741.
 
Operating income
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, operating income was $1,554,668 compared to an operating income of $306,273 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, an improvement of $1,248,395 or approximately 408%. This improvement was due to a reduction in operating expense of $1,443,129, partially offset by a decrease in gross profit of $194,734.
 
Other Income and Expense
 
For the nine months ended June 30, 2020, other income (expense) totaled ($2,481,864) compared to other expense of ($1,917,862) for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $564,002 or approximately 29%. The increase in expense of $564,002 in net other expense resulted primarily to negative currency exchange rate movements of $520,996 and higher interest expense, net of $38,516.
 
Net Loss Attributable to Common Shareholders
 
The Company had a net loss attributable to common shareholders for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 totaling $1,539,622 compared to a net loss of $2,068,924 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, representing a reduction in the loss of $529,302 or approximately 26%.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The Company is currently self-funded through net cash provided by operating activities. As of June 30, 2020, excluding interest, approximately $3.4 million was owed to Sapinda Asia Limited under a loan agreement (the Sapinda Loan Agreement”) that matures on September 30, 2020 and $30.4 million was owed to Conrent Invest S.A. (“Conrent”) under a loan (the Conrent Loan Agreement”) that matures on July 1, 2021. In addition, we received net proceeds of approximately $933,200 from a potentially forgivable loan from the U.S. Small Business Administration ("SBA") pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") enacted by Congress under the of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(36)) (the "CARES Act") administered by the SBA (the "PPP Loan").
 
Aside from the potentially forgivable PPP Loan, no borrowings or sales of equity securities occurred during the nine months ended June 30, 2020 or during the year ended September 30, 2019.
 
Net Cash Flows from Operating Activities.
 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2020, we had cash flows from operating activities of $3,375,767, compared to cash flows from operating activities of $4,063,346 for the nine months ended June 30, 2019, representing a $687,579 decrease or approximately 17%. The decrease in cash from operations was the result of a decline in accounts payable and a decrease in accrued liabilities, partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable and an improvement in operating performance.
 
 
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Net Cash Flows from Investing Activities.
 
The Company used $1,963,295 of cash for investing activities during the nine months ended June 30, 2020, compared to $2,465,112 of cash used during the nine months ended June 30, 2019. Cash used for investing activities was used for significant enhancements of our software platform and purchases of monitoring and other equipment to meet customer demand during the nine months ended June 30, 2020. Purchases of property and equipment decreased $236,465, compared to the prior period, largely due to a decrease in leasehold improvements.
 
Net Cash Flows from Financing Activities.
 
The Company received $905,754 of cash from financing activities during the nine months ended June 30, 2020, compared to $65,237 of cash used in financing activities during the nine months ended June 30, 2019. In the nine-months ended June 30, 2020, the Company received net proceeds of $933,200 from a potentially forgivable loan from the SBA. See Note 17.
 
 Liquidity, Working Capital and Management’s Plan
 
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had unrestricted cash of $9,030,645 compared to unrestricted cash of $6,896,711 as of September 30, 2019. As of June 30, 2020, we had a working capital deficit of $3,985,761, compared to a working capital deficit of $35,010,475 as of September 30, 2019. This decrease in working capital deficit of $31,024,714 is due to the extension of the $30,400,000 Conrent Amended Facility, the PPP loan described in Note 17 and cash provided by operations, partially offset by an increase in accrued liabilities, largely due to interest payable, purchases of monitoring equipment and capitalized software.
 
On May 19, 2020, the Company received net proceeds of $933,200 from a potentially forgivable loan from the SBA pursuant to the PPP enacted by Congress under the of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(36)) (the "CARES Act"). See Note 17.
 
On December 4, 2019, the Company requested that Conrent extend the maturity of the Amended Facility Agreement from April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021. On January 6, 2020, the investors who owned the securities from Conrent used to finance the debt (the “Noteholders”) held a meeting to address the Company’s request. On January 7, 2020, Conrent notified the Company in writing that the Noteholders agreed to extend the maturity of the Amended Facility Agreement from April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021. On January 10, 2020, the Company and Conrent entered into an amendment to the Facility Agreement which extends the maturity of the Facility to July 1, 2021.
 
On March 13, 2017, the Company successfully extended the Sapinda Loan Agreement from September 30, 2017 to September 30, 2020. The Company intends to explore an additional extension of the Sapinda Loan Agreement or, if an extension is unavailable, to pay the loan amount from existing funds.
 
Inflation
 
We do not believe that inflation has had a material impact on our historical operations or profitability.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Financial Arrangements
 
The Company has not entered into any transactions with unconsolidated entities whereby the Company has financial guarantees, derivative instruments, or other contingent arrangements that expose the Company to material continuing risks, contingent liabilities, or any other obligation that provides financing, liquidity, market risk, or credit risk support to the Company.
 
Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
The Company footprint extends to a number of countries outside the United States, and we intend to continue to examine international opportunities. As a result, our revenue and results of operations are affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates, interest rates, transfer pricing changes, taxes and other uncertainties inherent in doing business in more than one currency. In addition, our operations are exposed to risks that are associated with changes in social, political, and economic conditions in the foreign countries in which we operate, including changes in the laws and policies that govern foreign investment, as well as, to a lesser extent, changes in United States laws and regulations relating to foreign trade and investment.
 
 
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Foreign Currency Risks
 
We had $8,150,803 and $10,220,079 in revenue from sources outside of the United States for the nine-months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We made and received payments in a foreign currency during the periods indicated, which resulted in foreign exchange expense of $655,791 and foreign exchange expense of $134,795 in the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Fluctuations in the exchange loss or gain in any given period are due to the strengthening or weakening of the U.S. dollar against the Chilean Peso and Canadian dollar which have been magnified by the coronavirus. Changes in currency exchange rates affect the relative prices at which we sell our products and purchase goods and services. Given the uncertainty of exchange rate fluctuations, we cannot estimate the effect of these fluctuations on our future business, product pricing, results of operations, or financial condition. We do not use foreign currency exchange contracts or derivative financial instruments for hedging or speculative purposes. To the extent foreign sales become a more significant part of our business in the future, we may seek to implement strategies which make use of these or other instruments in order to minimize the effects of foreign currency exchange on our business.
 
Item 4.  Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We have established disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) to ensure that material information relating to the Company is made known to the officers who certify our financial reports and to other members of senior management and the Board of Directors. These disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that are filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. 
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2020 was completed pursuant to Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective and designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms as of June 30, 2020.
 
Changes in Internal Controls
 
We maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting that is designed to provide reasonable assurance that our books and records accurately reflect our transactions and that our established policies and procedures are followed. There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during our quarter ended June 30, 2020 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
  
 
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PART II.   OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time, claims are made against the Company in the ordinary course of business, which could result in litigation. Claims and associated litigation are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable outcomes could occur. In the opinion of management, the resolution of these matters, if any, will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. Other than as set forth below, there are no additional pending or threatened legal proceedings at this time.
   
SecureAlert, Inc. v. Federal Government of Mexico (Department of the Interior). On March 24, 2017, SecureAlert Inc. filed a complaint before the Federal Administrative Tribunal, asserting the failure by defendants to pay claimant amounts agreed to, and due under, the Pluri Annual Contract for the Rendering of Monitoring Services of Internees, through Electric Bracelets, in the Islas Marias Penitentiary Complex dated July 15, 2011, entered into by and between the Organo Administrativo Desconcentrado Prevencion y Readaptacion Social of the then Public Security Department, and presently, an agency of the National Security Commission of the Department of the Interior, and SecureAlert, Inc., presently Track Group, Inc. The Company’s claim amount is upwards of $6.0 million. The Supreme Court took action to resolve previous, conflicting decisions regarding the jurisdiction of such claims and determined that such claims will be resolved by the Federal Administrative Tribunal. Subsequently, plaintiff filed an Amparo action before the Collegiate Court, seeking an appeal of the Federal Administrative Court’s earlier decision against plaintiff. The Collegiate Court issued a ruling in August 2019 that the matter of dispute was previously resolved by a lower court in 2016. The Company disagrees with this ruling and continues to explore its options moving forward. Based upon the fee arrangement the Company has with its counsel, we anticipate the future liabilities attributable to legal expense will be minimal.
 
Blaike Anderson v. Track Group, Inc., et. al. On June 24, 2019, Blaike Anderson filed a complaint seeking unspecified damages in the State Court of Marion County, Indiana, alleging liability on the part of defendants for providing a defective ankle monitoring device and failure to warn plaintiff regarding the condition thereof. The Company removed the matter to federal court and subsequently filed its answer denying Plaintiff’s allegations in August 2019. Discovery, delayed by the Covid-19 crisis, remains ongoing. The Company continues to vigorously defend the case.
 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, through its Trustees v. International Surveillance Services Corporation. On January 23, 2020, the Company was served with a summons for an Adversary Action pending against International Surveillance Services Corporation (“ISS”), a subsidiary of the Company, now known as Track Group – Puerto Rico Inc., in the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico seeking to avoid and recover allegedly constructive fraudulent transfers and to disallow claims pursuant to United States Bankruptcy and Puerto Rican law. The allegations stem from payments made to ISS between 2014 and 2017, which the Company believes were properly made in accordance with a contract between ISS and the government of Puerto Rico, through the Oficina de Servicios con Antelacion a Juicio, originally signed in 2011. The Company is confident that all payments it received were earned and due under applicable law and has produced documentation supporting its position in an informal document exchange with the Commonwealth on July 6, 2020. The Company is presently awaiting a response from the Commonwealth.
 
Eli Sabag v. Track Group, Inc., et al. On March 12, 2020, Eli Sabag commenced an arbitration with the International Centre for Dispute Resolution, Case Number 01-20-0003-6931. The arbitration claim, as it pertains to the Company, alleges breach of the Share Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) between the Company and Sabag. Sabag alleges that the Company breached the SPA because it failed to pay him his earn-out after it sold or leased a sufficient number of GPS Global Tracking devices to meet the earn-out milestone, or alternatively, breached the SPA by failing to act in “good faith” to allow Sabag to achieve his earn-out. Sabag further claims that the Company fraudulently induced Sabag to sell GPS Global Tracking and Surveillance System Ltd. to the Company. The Company has entered its appearance and on July 17, 2020, filed its Answer denying the allegations of the claim and asserting numerous defenses. The Company continues to vigorously defend against the allegations. The Company has not accrued any potential loss as the probability of incurring a material loss is deemed remote by management, after consultation with outside legal counsel.
 
 
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Item 1A.  Risk Factors
 
Our results of operations and financial condition are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, filed on January 10, 2020. You should carefully consider these risk factors in conjunction with the other information contained in this Quarterly Report and other reports we file with the SEC. Should any of these risks materialize, our business, financial condition and future prospects could be negatively impacted. As of August 6, 2020, there have been no material changes to the disclosures made in the above-referenced Form 10-K and subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. 
 
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
None.
 
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5.   Other Information
 
None.
 
Item 6.   Exhibits
 
(a)
Exhibits Required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K
 
Exhibit
Number
 
Title of Document
 
 
 
 
Note Payable Agreement by and between Track Group, Inc. and BMO Harris Bank National Association, dated May 12, 2020, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 27, 2020.
 
 
 
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).
 
Certifications under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350) (filed herewith).
 
 
 
101.INS
 
XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT
101.SCH
 
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA
101.CAL
 
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE
101.DEF
 
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE
101.LAB
 
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE
101.PRE
 
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE

 
 
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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
Track Group, Inc.
 
 
 
Date: August 6, 2020
By:
/s/ Derek Cassell
 
 
 
Derek Cassell, Chief Executive Officer
Principal Executive Officer
 
 
 
Date: August 6, 2020
By:
/s/ Peter K. Poli
 
 
 
Peter K. Poli, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
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