UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

 

Or

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from             to               

 

Commission File Number 000-53461

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   26-0592672
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)
     
980 N. Federal Highway, Suite 304, Boca Raton, Florida   33432
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

407-512-9102

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ YES ☐ NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ☒ YES ☐ NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company      

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) ☐ YES ☒ NO

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN
BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE
PRECEDING FIVE YEARS

 

Check whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. ☐ YES ☐ NO

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock   SGSI   OTCQB

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

10,357,538 common shares issued and outstanding as of November 20, 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 49
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 53
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 53
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION 54
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 54
Item 1A. Risk Factors 54
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 54
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 56
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 56
Item 5. Other Information 56
Item 6. Exhibits 56
     
SIGNATURES 57

 

i

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of our company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America and are presented in US dollars, unless otherwise noted.

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

 

    Page
    Number
     
Condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019   2
     
Condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)   3
     
Condensed consolidated statements of stockholders’ deficit for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)   4
     
Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)   6
     
Notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements   7

  

  1  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Condensed consolidated balance sheets

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
    (Unaudited)        
ASSETS            
Current Assets:            
Cash   $ 653,130     $ 468,819  
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $58,881 and $504,785, respectively     3,635,726       5,167,261  
Contract assets     295,979       461,681  
Prepaid expenses and deposits     10,942       200,119  
Total current assets     4,595,777       6,297,880  
                 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,079,858 and $1,058,973, respectively     68,723       93,067  
Goodwill     331,223       1,905,822  
Customer lists, net of accumulated amortization of $81,499 and $440,805, respectively     382,524       2,490,024  
Tradenames, net accumulated amortization of $50,189 and $212,226, respectively     789,878       1,187,895  
Operating lease right-of-use assets     124,100       168,384  
Other assets     21,635       25,746  
Total assets   $ 6,313,860     $ 12,168,818  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT                
                 
Current Liabilities:                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 3,588,210     $ 4,028,285  
Contract liabilities     409,421       704,544  
Loans payable to related parties     217,400       3,701,258  
Loans payable, current portion, net of debt discount of $106,564 and $280,174, respectively     415,303       3,578,386  
Convertible debentures, current portion, net of discount of $9,712 and $352,055, respectively     1,046,636       2,809,355  
Factor financing     2,166,692       -  
Derivative liability     1,133,059       992,733  
Warrant liability     100,000       100,000  
Operating lease liabilities     130,171       173,351  
Total current liabilities     9,206,892       16,087,912  
                 
Long-term liabilities:                
Loans payable, net of current portion     3,452,525       -  
Loans payable to related parties, net of current portion     577,925       -  
Derivative liabilities, net of current portion     317,000       -  
Convertible debentures, net of current portion, net of debt discount of $0 and $98,176, respectively     -       28,324  
Total long-term liabilities     4,347,450       28,324  
                 
Total liabilities     13,554,342       16,116,236  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies                
                 
Series A preferred stock; $0.00001 par value; 8,000,000 shares authorized; 899,427 issued and 606,835 and 829,427 outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively     737,403       1,007,888  
Series B preferred stock; $3,500 stated value; 1,000 shares authorized; 1,000 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019     484,530       484,530  
Total mezzanine equity     1,221,933       1,492,418  
                 
Stockholders' Deficit:                
Common stock; $0.00001 par value; 750,000,000 shares authorized; 8,361,194 and 195,715 issued and 8,359,123 and 193,644 outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively     84       2  
Additional paid-in capital     36,691,010       25,255,291  
Treasury stock, at cost     (277,436 )     (277,436 )
Common stock subscribed     74,742       74,742  
Accumulated deficit     (44,950,815 )     (30,492,435 )
Total stockholders' deficit     (8,462,415 )     (5,439,836 )
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit   $ 6,313,860     $ 12,168,818  

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements)

  2  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of operations

(Unaudited)

 

    For the three months ended     For the nine months ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
                         
Revenue   $ 5,895,300     $ 7,505,937     $ 18,633,674     $ 27,159,071  
                                 
Operating expenses:                                
Cost of revenues     4,686,642       6,160,847       16,124,262       22,150,257  
Depreciation and amortization     97,949       97,281       292,295       288,134  
Salaries and wages     829,656       1,217,116       2,725,817       3,196,782  
General and administrative     1,020,312       1,182,640       2,997,507       3,673,533  
Goodwill impairment charge     1,503,633       -       1,503,633       -  
Intangible asset impairment charge     401,105       -       401,105       -  
Total operating expenses     8,539,297       8,657,884       24,044,619       29,308,706  
                                 
Loss from operations     (2,643,997 )     (1,151,947 )     (5,410,945 )     (2,149,635 )
                                 
Other (expenses) income:                                
(Loss) gain on settlement of debt     (654,388 )     (196,674 )     (2,103,958 )     285,613  
Amortization of discounts on convertible debentures and loans payable     (66,293 )     (124,867 )     (535,683 )     (1,241,764 )
Gain (loss) on change in fair value of derivatives     40,420       453,711       (38,626 )     1,924,637  
Default and debt extension fees     (60,415 )     -       (120,903 )     -  
Foreign exchange loss     -       (10,022 )     (124 )     (10,022 )
Loss on disposal of subsidiary     (4,975,030 )     -       (4,975,030 )     -  
Loss on fair value of additional shares     (136,080 )     -       (136,080 )     -  
Loss on return of common stock     (119,637 )     -       (119,637 )     -  
Interest expense     (274,356 )     (242,552 )     (985,061 )     (1,492,147 )
Total other expense     (6,245,779 )     (120,404 )     (9,015,102 )     (533,683 )
                                 
Net loss before income taxes     (8,889,776 )     (1,272,351 )     (14,426,047 )     (2,683,318 )
                                 
Provision for income taxes     13,333       2,099       32,333       22,300  
                                 
Net loss attributable to Spectrum Global Solutions, Inc.     (8,903,109 )     (1,274,450 )     (14,458,380 )     (2,705,618 )
                                 
Less: deemed dividend - Series A preferred stock modification     -       (488,072 )     -       (488,072 )
                                 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders   $ (8,903,109 )   $ (1,762,522 )   $ (14,458,380 )   $ (3,193,690 )
                                 
Net loss per share attributable to Spectrum Global Solutions, Inc. common shareholders, basic and diluted:   $ (1.82 )   $ (11.82 )   $ (5.77 )   $ (34.77 )
                                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted     4,894,228       149,131       2,506,653       91,849  

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements)

 

  3  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of stockholder’s deficit

(Unaudited)

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2020  
    Common stock     Additional paid-in     Common stock     Treasury     Accumulated        
    Shares     $     capital     subscribed     stock     deficit     Total  
                                           
Balances, January 1, 2020     195,715     $ 2     $ 25,255,291     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (30,492,435 )   $ (5,439,836 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to M2B Funding upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     1,112       -       12,151       -       -       -       12,151  
Issuance of common stock to CCAG Investments upon execution of convertible debenture agreements     9,755       -       51,500       -       -       -       51,500  
Issuance of common stock to FJ Vulis upon execution of convertible debenture agreements     9,755       -       51,500       -       -       -       51,500  
Issuance of common stock to Dominion Capital upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     2,778       -       30,379       -       -       -       30,379  
Issuance of common stock to GS Capital Partners upon conversion of a convertible debenture     12,859       -       64,257       -       -       -       64,257  
Common stock issued for related party receivable from WaveTech GmbH debt assumption     1,082,731       11       8,507,546       -       -       -       8,507,557  
Shares issued for services     -       -       201,938       -       -       -       201,938  
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (3,531,702 )     (3,531,702 )
                                                         
Ending balance, March 31, 2020     1,314,705     $ 13     $ 34,174,562     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (34,024,137 )   $ (52,256 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to M2B Funding upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     85,000       1       20,657       -       -       -       20,658  
Issuance of common stock to Dominion Capital upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     166,668       2       97,211       -       -       -       97,213  
Issuance of common stock to GS Capital Partners upon conversion of a convertible debenture     302,121       3       876,148       -       -       -       876,151  
Issuance of common stock to Power Up Lending upon conversion of convertible debentures     822,332       8       529,626       -       -       -       529,634  
Issuance of common stock to SCS, LLC upon conversion of a convertible debenture     23,555       -       5,653       -       -       -       5,653  
Issuance of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon conversion of a convertible debenture     135,000       1       48,449       -       -       -       48,450  
Shares issued for services     -       -       161,663       -       -       -       161,663  
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (2,023,569 )     (2,023,569 )
                                                         
Ending balance, June 30, 2020     2,849,381     $ 28     $ 35,913,969     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (36,047,706 )   $ (336,403 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to M2B Funding upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     85,000       1       20,657       -       -       -       20,658  
Issuance of common stock to Dominion Capital upon conversion of Series A preferred stock     367,960       4       89,422       -       -       -       89,426  
Issuance of common stock to GS Capital Partners upon conversion of a convertible debenture     1,344,430       14       152,661       -       -       -       152,675  
Issuance of common stock to Power Up Lending upon conversion of convertible debentures     1,424,658       14       137,013       -       -       -       137,027  
Issuance of common stock to SCS, LLC upon conversion of a convertible debenture     130,733       1       14,079       -       -       -       14,080  
Issuance of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon conversion of a convertible debenture     590,500       6       82,095       -       -       -       82,101  
Issuance of common stock to CCAG Investments based on terms of a convertible debenture     900,000       9       68,031       -       -       -       68,040  
Issuance of common stock to FJ Vulis based on terms of a convertible debenture     900,000       9       68,031       -       -       -       68,040  
Shares returned by GS Capital Partners and canceled     (226,800 )     (2 )     (20,002 )     -       -       -       (20,004 )
Shares returned by Raven and Roeske and canceled     (4,668 )     -       (359 )     -       -       -       (359 )
Shares issued for services     -       -       165,413       -       -       -       165,413  
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (8,903,109 )     (8,903,109 )
                                                         
Ending balance, September 30, 2020     8,361,194     $ 84     $ 36,691,010     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (44,950,815 )   $ (8,462,415 )

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements)

  4  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of stockholder’s deficit

(Unaudited)

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2019  
    Common stock     Additional paid-in     Common stock     Treasury     Accumulated        
    Shares     $     capital     subscribed     stock     deficit     Total  
                                           
Balances, January 1, 2019     25,703     $ -     $ 18,681,467     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (24,170,105 )   $ (5,691,332 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to RDW Capital, LLC upon conversion of convertible debentures     3,867       -       293,165       -       -       -       293,165  
Issuance of common stock to Silverback Capital upon conversion of convertible debentures     2,060       -       119,663       -       -       -       119,663  
Issuance of common stock to Virtual Capital upon conversion of convertible debentures     3,572       -       321,425       -       -       -       321,425  
Issuance of common stock to employees pursuant to the conversions of convertible debt     4,667       -       308,000       -       -       -       308,000  
Shares issued for services     9,565       -       471,343       -       -       -       471,343  
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (1,332,587 )     (1,332,587 )
                                                         
Ending balance, March 31, 2019     49,434     $ -     $ 20,195,063     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (25,502,692 )   $ (5,510,323 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to RDW Capital, LLC upon conversion of convertible debentures     259       -       10,863       -       -       -       10,863  
Issuance of common stock to Silverback Capital upon conversion of convertible debentures     667       -       27,000       -       -       -       27,000  
Issuance of common stock to Virtual Capital upon conversion of convertible debentures     9,667       -       377,496       -       -       -       377,496  
Issuance of common stock to InterCloud upon conversion of convertible debentures     52,358       1       2,104,759       -       -       -       2,104,760  
Impact of Dominion Capital beneficial conversion feature     -       -       314,228       -       -       -       314,228  
Shares issued for services     -       -       272,895       -       -       -       272,895  
Cancellation of shares for services     (467 )     -       -       -       -       -       -  
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (98,581 )     (98,581 )
                                                         
Ending balance, June 30, 2019     111,918     $ 1     $ 23,302,304     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (25,601,273 )   $ (2,501,662 )
                                                         
Issuance of common stock to Dominion Capital     1,991       -       24,303       -       -       -       24,303  
Issuance of common stock to M2B Funding     2,223       -       24,304       -       -       -       24,304  
Issuance of common stock to InterCloud     68,661       1       1,277,080       -       -       -       1,277,081  
Issuance of common stock to Silverback     3,167       -       41,431       -       -       -       41,431  
Issuance of common stock to MZ Group for services     2,778       -       37,500       -       -       -       37,500  
Shares issued for services     -       -       246,087       -       -       -       246,087  
Deemed dividend - Series A preferred stock modification     -       -       -       -       -       (488,072 )     (488,072 )
Net loss for the period     -       -       -       -       -       (1,274,450 )     (1,274,450 )
                                                         
Ending balance, September 30, 2019     190,738     $ 2     $ 24,953,009     $ 74,742     $ (277,436 )   $ (27,363,795 )   $ (2,613,478 )

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements)

 

  5  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows

(Unaudited)

 

    For the nine months ended  
    September 30,  
    2020     2019  
             
Cash flows from operating activities:            
Net loss   $ (14,458,380 )   $ (2,705,618 )
                 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Loss (gain) on change in fair value of derivative liability     38,626       (1,924,637 )
Amortization of discounts on convertible debentures and loans payable     535,683       1,241,764  
Depreciation and amortization     292,295       288,134  
Amortization of operating right-of-use assets     44,284       106,833  
Amortization of operating right-of-use liabilities     (43,180 )     (55,058 )
Stock-based compensation     529,014       1,027,825  
Loss (gain) on settlement of debt     2,103,958       (285,613 )
Default and debt extension fees     120,903       -  
Loss on return of shares     119,637       -  
Loss on fair value of additional shares     136,080       -  
Loss on disposal of subsidiary     4,975,030       -  
Goodwill impairment charge     1,503,633       -  
Intangible asset impairment charge     401,105       -  
Foreign exchange loss     -       10,022  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     214,305       735,948  
Contract assets     165,702       1,620,826  
Prepaid expenses and deposits     (121,781 )     599,728  
Other assets     4,111       4,250  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     727,350       (615,606 )
Contract liabilities     2,193,371       (725,267 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (518,254 )     (676,469 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchase of equipment     (7,760 )     (65,060 )
Cash paid upon disposal of TNS     (978,395 )     -  
Net cash paid for business combination     -       (941,593 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (986,155 )     (1,006,653 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from loans payable     6,848,373       22,974,878  
Repayments of loans payable     (6,668,481 )     (22,827,367 )
Proceeds from loans payable to related parties     319,972       170,000  
Repayments of loans payable to related parties     -       (112,724 )
Proceeds from issuance of convertible debentures     315,000       84,000  
Repayments of convertible debentures     (1,292,836 )     (289,475 )
Proceeds from factor financing     12,877,721       -  
Repayments of factor financing     (10,711,029 )     -  
Cash received to fund escrow account     -       1,325,895  
Net cash provided by financing activities     1,688,720       1,325,207  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     184,311       (357,915 )
                 
Cash, beginning of period     468,819       620,593  
                 
Cash, end of period   $ 653,130     $ 262,678  
                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:                
Cash paid for interest   $ 394,830     $ 322,889  
Cash paid for income taxes   $ -     $ 106,974  
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Common stock issued for conversion of convertible debentures   $ 1,910,027     $ 4,880,886  
Original issue discounts   $ 142,250     $ 20,000  
Original debt discount against derivative liability   $ 315,000     $ 189,000  
Common stock issued for conversion of Series A preferred stock   $ 270,485     $ 48,606  
Common stock issued for related party receivable from WaveTech GmbH debt assumption   $ 8,507,557     $ -  
Addition to principal of convertible debenture due to defaults and debt extension fees   $ 120,903     $ -  
Issuance of common stock upon execution of convertible debenture agreements   $ 103,000     $ -  
Addition to derivative liability due to issuance of stock options   $ 44,700     $ -  
Additional shares issued based on terms of convertible debentures   $ 136,080     $ -  
Shares returned and canceled   $ 119,637     $ -  
Net assets disposed of in TNS sale   $

3,996,635

    $ -  
Net assets acquired in TNS acquisition   $ -     $ 935,834  
Convertible note issued in TNS acquisition   $ -     $ 665,000  
Third-party payment of third-party debt   $ -     $ 150,000  
Addition to principal of convertible debenture due to Barn 11 default   $ -     $ 119,342  
Addition to derivative liability due to Barn 11 default   $ -     $ 466,000  
Deemed dividend - Series A preferred stock modification   $ -     $ 488,072  
Right-of-use operating lease assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities   $ -     $ 316,599  

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements) 

 

  6  

 

 

SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.

Notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

September 30, 2020

 

1. Organization and Going Concern

 

Spectrum Global Solutions, Inc., (the “Company”) (f/k/a Mantra Venture Group Ltd.) was incorporated in the State of Nevada on January 22, 2007 to acquire and commercially exploit various new energy related technologies through licenses and purchases. On December 8, 2008, the Company reincorporated in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

 

On April 25, 2017, the Company entered into and closed on an Asset Purchase Agreement with InterCloud Systems, Inc. (“InterCloud”). Pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased 80.1% of the assets associated with InterCloud’s AW Solutions, Inc., AW Solutions Puerto Rico, LLC, and Tropical Communications, Inc. (collectively “AWS” or the “AWS Entities”) subsidiaries.

 

On November 15, 2017, the Company changed its name to “Spectrum Global Solutions, Inc.” and reincorporated in the state of Nevada.

 

On February 14, 2018, the Company entered into an agreement with InterCloud providing for the sale, transfer, conveyance and delivery to the Company of the remaining 19.9% of the assets associated with InterCloud’s AWS business not already purchased by the Company.

 

On February 6, 2018, the Company entered into and closed on a Stock Purchase Agreement with InterCloud Systems, Inc. (“InterCloud”). Pursuant to the terms of the Stock Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased all of the issued and outstanding capital stock and membership interests of ADEX Corporation, ADEX Puerto Rico LLC, ADEX Towers, Inc. and ADEX Telecom, Inc. (collectively “ADEX” or the “ADEX Entities”). The Company completed the acquisition on February 27, 2018.

 

On May 18, 2018, the Company transferred all of its ownership interests in and to its subsidiaries Carbon Commodity Corporation, Mantra China Limited, Mantra Media Corp., Mantra NextGen Power Inc., Mantra Wind Inc., Climate ESCO Ltd. and Mantra Energy Alternatives Ltd. to an entity controlled by the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer, Larry Kristof. The new owner of the aforementioned entities assumed all liabilities and obligations with respect to such entities.

 

On January 4, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with InterCloud. Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, InterCloud agreed to sell, and the Company agreed to purchase, all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of TNS, Inc. (“TNS”), an Illinois corporation.

 

During September 2019, the Company formed ADEX Canada, which is included in the ADEX Entities.

 

The Company’s AWS Entities are professional, multi-service line, telecommunications infrastructure companies that provide outsourced services to the wireless and wireline industry. The Company’s ADEX Entities are a leading outsource provider of engineering and installation services, staffing solutions and other services which include consulting to the telecommunications industry, service providers and enterprise customers domestically and internationally. The Company’s former TNS subsidiary is a Chicago-based structured cabling and next-generation DAS design and installation firm that supports voice, data, video, security and multimedia systems within commercial office buildings, multi-building campus environments, high-rise buildings, data centers and other structures.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company sold its TNS subsidiary and made the decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions, Inc. (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail). As of the date of this report, AW Solutions, Inc. continues to operate at a lesser capacity. Once the operations have fully ceased, the Company plans to abandon the subsidiary.

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which implies the Company will continue to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business. The continuation of the Company as a going concern is dependent upon the continued financial support from its shareholders, the ability of management to raise additional equity capital through private and public offerings of its common stock, and the attainment of profitable operations. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $44,950,815, and a working capital deficit of $4,611,115. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a period of one year from the issuance of these financial statements. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

  

  7  

 

 

Management requires additional funds over the next twelve months to fully implement its business plan. Management is currently seeking additional financing through the sale of equity and from borrowings from private lenders to cover its operating expenditures. There can be no certainty that these sources will provide the additional funds required for the next twelve months.

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Condensed Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements reflect all adjustments of a recurring nature considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the periods shown.

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. The results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

 

Basis of Presentation/Principles of Consolidation

 

These consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, the AWS Entities, the ADEX Entities, and TNS (from the date of acquisition, January 4, 2019). All of the subsidiaries are wholly-owned.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company sold its TNS subsidiary and made the decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions, Inc. (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail).

  

All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The extent to which the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak and measures taken in response thereto impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted.

 

Global health concerns relating to the COVID-19 outbreak have been weighing on the macroeconomic environment, and the outbreak has significantly increased economic uncertainty. Risks related to consumers and businesses lowering or changing spending, which impact domestic and international spend. The outbreak has resulted in authorities implementing numerous measures to try to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place orders, and business shutdowns. These measures have not only negatively impacted consumer spending and business spending habits, they have also adversely impacted and may further impact the Company’s workforce and operations and the operations of its customers, suppliers and business partners. These measures may remain in place for a significant period of time and they are likely to continue to adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The spread of COVID-19 has caused the Company to modify its business practices (including employee travel, employee work locations, and cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events and conferences), and the Company may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that the Company determines are in the best interests of its employees, customers and business partners. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus or otherwise be satisfactory to government authorities.

 

The extent to which the COVID-19 outbreak impacts the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, the duration and spread of the outbreak, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, the Company may continue to experience materially adverse impacts to its business as a result of its global economic impact, including any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.

 

There are no comparable recent events which may provide guidance as to the effect of the spread of COVID-19 and a global pandemic, and, as a result, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 outbreak or a similar health epidemic is highly uncertain and subject to change. The Company does not yet know the full extent of the impacts on its business, its operations or the global economy as a whole. However, the effects could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, and the Company will continue to monitor the COVID-19 situation closely.

 

  8  

 

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On April 14, 2020, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the state of Nevada to effect a 1-for-300 reverse stock split with respect to the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock. The Certificate of Amendment became effective on April 14, 2020 with the state of Nevada, and on April 20, 2020, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA) made the announcement of the reverse stock split.

 

The reverse stock split was previously approved by the board of directors and the majority of stockholders of the Company. The reverse stock split was deemed effective at the open of business on April 21, 2020. As a result of the reverse stock split, every three hundred (300) shares of outstanding common stock of the Company as of April 14, 2020 were converted into one (1) share of common stock. Fractional shares resulting from the reverse stock split will be rounded up to the next whole number.

 

All common share, warrant, stock option, and per share information in the consolidated financial statements gives retroactive effect to the 1-for-300 reverse stock split. There was no change to the number of authorized shares of common stock or preferred stock of the Company as a result of the reverse stock split. The par value of the Company’s common stock was unchanged at $0.00001 per share post-split.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to allowance for doubtful accounts, the estimated useful lives and recoverability of long-lived assets, equity component of convertible debt, stock-based compensation, and deferred income tax asset valuation allowances. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with maturity of three months or less at the time of issuance to be cash equivalents.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The Company records unbilled receivables for services performed but not billed. Management reviews a customer’s credit history before extending credit. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. Estimates of uncollectible amounts are reviewed each period, and changes are recorded in the period in which they become known. Management analyzes the collectability of accounts receivable each period. This review considers the aging of account balances, historical bad debt experience, and changes in customer creditworthiness, current economic trends, customer payment activity and other relevant factors. Should any of these factors change, the estimate made by management may also change. The allowance for doubtful accounts at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $58,881 and $504,785, respectively.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. The Company depreciates the cost of property and equipment over their estimated useful lives at the following annual rates:

 

Automotive 3-5 years straight-line basis
Computer equipment and software 3-7 years straight-line basis
Leasehold improvements 5 years straight-line basis
Office equipment and furniture 5 years straight-line basis
Research equipment 5 years straight-line basis

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill was initially generated through the acquisition of AWS, ADEX and TNS as the total consideration paid exceeded the fair value of the net assets acquired.

 

The Company tests its goodwill for impairment at least annually on December 31st and whenever events or circumstances change that indicate impairment may have occurred. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indicator of impairment has occurred. Such indicators may include, among others: a significant decline in the Company’s expected future cash flows; a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate; unanticipated competition; and slower growth rates. Any adverse change in these factors could have a significant impact on the recoverability of goodwill and the Company’s consolidated financial results.

 

  9  

 

 

The Company tests goodwill by estimating fair value using a Discounted Cash Flow (“DCF”) model. The key assumptions used in the DCF model to determine the highest and best use of estimated future cash flows include revenue growth rates and profit margins based on internal forecasts, terminal value and an estimate of a market participant’s weighted-average cost of capital used to discount future cash flows to their present value.

 

In connection with the Company’s decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions, Inc., the Company tested its goodwill for impairment. The Company completed a recoverability test as there was an indicator of impairment and determined that the value was unrecoverable. As a result, the Company recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $1,503,633 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. There were no impairment charges during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Subsequent to the impairment charges incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, along with the sale of the Company’s TNS subsidiary, all of the remaining goodwill relates to the acquisition of ADEX.

 

Intangible Assets

  

At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, definite-lived intangible assets primarily consisted of tradenames and customer relationships which are being amortized over their estimated useful lives ranging from 5-35 years.

 

The Company periodically evaluates the reasonableness of the useful lives of these assets. Once these assets are fully amortized, they are removed from the accounts. These assets are reviewed for impairment or obsolescence when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If impaired, intangible assets are written down to fair value based on discounted cash flows or other valuation techniques. The Company has no intangibles with indefinite lives.

 

For long-lived assets, impairment losses are only recorded if the asset’s carrying amount is not recoverable through its undiscounted, probability-weighted future cash flows. The Company measures the impairment loss based on the difference between the carrying amount and the estimated fair value. When an impairment exists, the related assets are written down to fair value.

 

In connection with the Company’s decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions, Inc., the Company tested its intangible assets for impairment. The Company completed a recoverability test as there was an indicator of impairment and determined that the value was not fully recoverable. As a result, the Company recorded an intangible asset impairment charge of $244,972 on its customer lists and $156,133 on its tradenames to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. There were no impairment charges during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”, the Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed significantly before the end of its estimated useful life. Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset and its fair value, which is generally determined based on the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. There were no impairment charges recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated into the currency of measurement at the exchange rates in effect on the transaction date. Monetary balance sheet items expressed in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. The resulting foreign exchange gains and losses are recognized in income.

 

  10  

 

 

The Company’s integrated foreign subsidiaries are financially or operationally dependent on the Company. The Company uses the temporal method to translate the accounts of its integrated operations into U.S. dollars. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical rates. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates for the period, except for amortization, which is translated on the same basis as the related asset. The resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognized in income.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with ASC 740, “Accounting for Income Taxes”. The asset and liability method provides that deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized.

  

The Company conducts business, and files federal and state income, franchise or net worth, tax returns in Canada, the United States, in various states within the United States and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The Company determines it’s filing obligations in a jurisdiction in accordance with existing statutory and case law. The Company may be subject to a reassessment of federal and provincial income taxes by Canadian tax authorities for a period of three years from the date of the original notice of assessment in respect of any particular taxation year. For Canadian and U.S. income tax returns, the open taxation years range from 2010 to 2019. In certain circumstances, the U.S. federal statute of limitations can reach beyond the standard three year period. U.S. state statutes of limitations for income tax assessment vary from state to state. Tax authorities of Canada and U.S. have not audited any of the Company’s, or its subsidiaries’, income tax returns for the open taxation years noted above.

 

Significant management judgment is required in determining the provision for income taxes, and in particular, any valuation allowance recorded against the Company’s deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are regularly reviewed for recoverability. The Company currently has significant deferred tax assets resulting from net operating loss carryforwards and deductible temporary differences, which should reduce taxable income in future periods. The realization of these assets is dependent on generating future taxable income.

 

The Company follows the guidance set forth within ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC Topic 740”) which prescribes a two-step process for the financial statement recognition and measurement of income tax positions taken or expected to be taken in an income tax return. The first step evaluates an income tax position in order to determine whether it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, based on the technical merits of the position. The second step measures the benefit to be recognized in the financial statements for those income tax positions that meet the more likely than not recognition threshold. ASC Topic 740 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, recognition and classification of interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. Penalties and interest, if incurred, would be recorded as a component of current income tax expense.

 

The Company received a tax notice from the Puerto Rican government requesting payment of taxes related to 2014. The amount due as of September 30, 2020 was $156,711 plus penalties and interest of $129,967 for a total obligation due of $286,678. The amount due as of December 31, 2019 was $156,711 plus penalties and interest of $126,700 for a total obligation due of $283,411. This tax assessment was included in accrued expenses at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Adoption of New Accounting Guidance on Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue based on the five criteria for revenue recognition established under Topic 606: 1) identify the contract, 2) identify separate performance obligations, 3) determine the transaction price, 4) allocate the transaction price among the performance obligations, and 5) recognize revenue as the performance obligations are satisfied.

 

  11  

 

 

Contract Types

 

The Company’s contracts fall under three main types: 1) unit-price, 2) fixed-price, and 3) time-and-materials. Unit-price contracts relate to services being performed and paid on a unit basis, such as per mile of construction completed. Fixed-price contracts are based on purchase order line items that are billed on individual invoices as the project progresses and milestones are reached. Time-and-materials contracts include employees working permanently at customer locations and materials costs incurred by those employees.

 

A significant portion of the Company’s revenues come from customers with whom the Company has a master service agreement (“MSA”). These MSA’s generally contain customer specific service requirements.

 

Performance Obligations

 

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer, and is the unit of account in the new revenue standard. The contract transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. For the Company’s different revenue service types the performance obligation is satisfied at different times. For professional services revenue, the performance obligation is met when the work is performed. In certain cases this may be each day, or each week depending on the customer. For construction services, the performance obligation is met when the work is completed and the customer has approved the work. Contract assets include unbilled amounts for costs of services incurred on contracts with open performance obligations. These amounts are included in contract assets on the consolidated balance sheets. Contract liabilities include costs incurred and are included in contract liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

Revenue Service Types

 

The following is a description of the Company’s revenue service types, which include professional services and construction:

 

  Professional services are services provided to the clients where the Company delivers distinct contractual deliverables and/or services. Deliverables may include but are not be limited to: engineering drawings, designs, reports and specification. Services may include, but are not be limited to: consulting or professional staffing to support our client’s objectives. Consulting or professional staffing services may be provided remotely or on client premises and under their direction and supervision.

  

  Construction Services are services provided to the client where the Company may self-perform or subcontract services that require the physical construction of infrastructure or installation of equipment and materials.

   

Disaggregation of Revenues

 

The Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by service type, contract type, contract duration, and timing of transfer of goods or services. See the below tables:

 

 

Revenue by service type   Three months
ended
September 30,
2020
    Three months
ended
September 30,
2019
    Nine months
ended
September 30,
2020
    Nine months
ended
September 30,
2019
 
Professional Services   $ 4,444,619     $ 4,493,906     $ 14,480,182     $ 17,687,718  
Construction     1,450,681       3,012,031       4,153,492       9,471,353  
Total   $ 5,895,300     $ 7,505,937     $ 18,633,674     $ 27,159,071  

 

Revenue by contract duration   Three months
ended
September 30,
2020
    Three months
ended
September 30,
2019
    Nine months
ended
September 30,
2020
    Nine months
ended
September 30,
2019
 
Short-term   $ 106,743     $ 57,747     $ 160,193     $ 232,185  
Long-term     5,788,557       7,448,190       18,473,481       26,926,886  
Total   $ 5,895,300     $ 7,505,937     $ 18,633,674     $ 27,159,071  

 

Revenue by contract type   Three months
ended
September 30,
2020
    Three months
ended
September 30,
2019
    Nine months
ended
September 30,
2020
   

Nine months
ended
September 30,

2019

 
Unit-price   $ 102,725     $ 1,751,363     $ 449,507     $ 4,910,033  
Fixed-price   $ 1,347,956     $ 1,260,668     $ 3,703,985     $ 4,561,320  
Time-and-materials     4,444,619       4,493,906       14,480,182       17,687,718  
Total   $ 5,895,300     $ 7,505,937     $ 18,633,674     $ 27,159,071  

 

  12  

 

 

The Company also disaggregates its revenue by operating segment and geographic location (refer to Note 16, Segment Disclosures, for additional information).

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable include amounts from work completed in which the Company has billed. The amounts due are stated at their net estimated realizable value. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that will not be collected. The allowance is based upon an assessment of customer creditworthiness, historical payment experience, the age of outstanding receivables and collateral to the extent applicable.

 

Contract Assets and Liabilities

 

Contract assets include costs and services incurred on contracts with open performance obligations. These amounts are included in contract assets on the consolidated balance sheets. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, contract assets totaled $295,979 and $461,681, respectively.

 

Contract liabilities include costs incurred and are included in contract liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, contract liabilities totaled $409,421 and $704,544, respectively.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues includes all direct costs of providing services under the Company’s contracts, including costs for direct labor provided by employees, services by independent subcontractors, operation of capital equipment (excluding depreciation and amortization), direct materials, insurance claims and other direct costs.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”), using the fair value method. All transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable.

  

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation awards issued to non-employees for services, as prescribed by ASC 718-10, at either the fair value of the services rendered or the instruments issued in exchange for such services, whichever is more readily determinable, using the measurement date guidelines enumerated in ASU 2018-07.

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the fair value of stock-based awards. This model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These subjective variables include, but are not limited to, the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense in the consolidated statement of operations over the requisite service period.

 

Loss per Share

 

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share” which requires presentation of both basic and diluted loss per share (“EPS”) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, the Company had 5,396,202 and 286,736 common stock equivalents outstanding.

 

  13  

 

 

Leases

 

The Company adopted FASB Accounting Standards Codification, Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) electing the practical expedient that allows the Company not to restate its comparative periods prior to the adoption of the standard on January 1, 2019. As such, the disclosures required under ASC 842 are not presented for periods before the date of adoption. For the comparative periods prior to adoption, the Company presented the disclosures which were required under ASC 840.

 

The new leasing standard requires recognition of leases on the consolidated balance sheets as right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use underlying assets for the lease terms and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the leases. Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value and future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its estimated incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.

 

The Company recognized lease liabilities, with corresponding ROU assets, based on the present value of unpaid lease payments for existing operating leases longer than twelve months as of January 1, 2019. The ROU assets were adjusted per ASC 842 transition guidance for existing lease-related balances of accrued and prepaid rent, unamortized lease incentives provided by lessors, and restructuring liabilities, Operating lease cost is recognized as a single lease cost on a straight-line basis over the lease term and is recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. Variable lease payments for common area maintenance, property taxes and other operating expenses are recognized as expense in the period when the changes in facts and circumstances on which the variable lease payments are based occur.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which amends the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying and adding certain disclosures. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not materially impact the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or result of operations.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivables. The Company maintains its cash balances with high-credit-quality financial institutions. Deposits held with banks may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. These deposits may be withdrawn upon demand and therefore bear minimal risk.

 

The Company provides credit to customers on an uncollateralized basis after evaluating client creditworthiness. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, two customers accounted for 26% and 15%, respectively, of consolidated revenues for the period. In addition, amounts due from these customers represented 30% and 17%, respectively, of trade accounts receivable as of September 30, 2020. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, four customers accounted for 25%, 18%, 12% and 11%, respectively, of consolidated revenues for the period. In addition, amounts due from these customers represented 38%, 15%, 7% and 3%, respectively, of trade accounts receivable as of September 30, 2019.

 

The Company’s customers are primarily located within the domestic United States of America, Puerto Rico, and Canada. Revenues generated within the domestic United States of America accounted for approximately 95% and 96% of consolidated revenues for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Revenues generated from customers in Puerto Rico and Canada accounted for approximately 5% and 4% of consolidated revenues for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

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Fair Value Measurements

  

The Company measures and discloses the estimated fair value of financial assets and liabilities using the fair value hierarchy prescribed by US generally accepted accounting principles. The fair value hierarchy has three levels, which are based on reliable available inputs of observable data. The hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available. The three-level hierarchy is defined as follows:

 

Level 1 – quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;

 

Level 2 – quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and

 

Level 3 – fair value measurements derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

 

Financial instruments consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, restricted cash, accounts payable, loans payable and convertible debentures. Derivative liabilities are determined based on “Level 3” inputs, which are significant and unobservable and have the lowest priority. There were no transfers into or out of “Level 3” during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 or the year ended December 31, 2019. The recorded values of all other financial instruments approximate their current fair values because of their nature and respective relatively short maturity dates or durations.

  

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value measured on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:

 

    Total fair value
at September 30,
2020
    Quoted prices in
active markets for
identical assets
(Level 1)
    Significant
other observable
inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
 
Derivative liability (1)   $ 1,450,059     $           -     $          -     $

1,450,059

 

 

    Total fair value
at December 31,
2019
    Quoted prices in
active markets
(Level 1)
    Quoted prices in
active markets
(Level 2)
    Quoted prices in
active markets
(Level 3)
 
Derivative liability (1)   $ 992,733     $           -     $         -     $ 992,733  

  

(1) The Company has estimated the fair value of these derivatives using the Monte-Carlo model and/or a Binomial Model.

 

Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about the financial statement. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates. Refer to Note 10, Derivative Liabilities, for additional information.

 

Derivative Liabilities

 

The Company accounts for derivative instruments in accordance with ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” and all derivative instruments are reflected as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the balance sheet. The Company uses estimates of fair value to value its derivative instruments. Fair value is defined as the price to sell an asset or transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between willing and able market participants. In general, the Company’s policy in estimating fair values is to first look at observable market prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets, where available. When these are not available, other inputs are used to model fair value such as prices of similar instruments, yield curves, volatilities, prepayment speeds, default rates and credit spreads, relying first on observable data from active markets. Depending on the availability of observable inputs and prices, different valuation models could produce materially different fair value estimates. The values presented may not represent future fair values and may not be realizable. The Company categorizes its fair value estimates in accordance with ASC 820 based on the hierarchical framework associated with the three levels of price transparency utilized in measuring financial instruments at fair value as discussed above. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had a derivative liability of $1,450,059 and $992,733, respectively.

 

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Sequencing Policy

 

Under ASC 815-40-35, the Company has adopted a sequencing policy whereby, in the event that reclassification of contracts from equity to assets or liabilities is necessary pursuant to ASC 815 due to the Company’s inability to demonstrate it has sufficient authorized shares as a result of certain securities with a potentially indeterminable number of shares, shares will be allocated on the basis of the earliest issuance date of potentially dilutive instruments, with the earliest grants receiving the first allocation of shares. Pursuant to ASC 815, issuance of securities to the Company’s employees or directors are not subject to the sequencing policy.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain balances in previously issued consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to be consistent with the current period presentation. The reclassification had no impact on total financial position, net income, or stockholders’ equity.

 

3. Disposals of Subsidiaries

 

WaveTech GmbH Background Information

 

Prior to the Company’s sale of its interest in WaveTech GmbH (refer to the “Sale of TNS and Interest in WaveTech GmbH” section of this note for additional detail), the Company had a due from related party balance of $5,187,585. This amount was the net of WaveTech GmbH debt assumed by the Company and a loan with WaveTech GmbH.

 

In connection with the share purchase agreement with WaveTech GmbH discussed in Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies, the Company assumed $7,531,309 of WaveTech GmbH debt. The amount included both principal and accrued interest. These note holders were issued new notes which were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock. On February 18, 2020, these notes were converted into 1,082,731 shares at a conversion price of $7.80 per share. The value of the conversion was determined using the principal and accrued interest of the new notes at the time of conversion, which was $8,507,557. The Company did not record a gain or loss on the conversion as WaveTech GmbH was considered a related party (refer to Note 6, Related Party Transactions, for additional detail).

 

Prior to the Company’s sale of its interest in WaveTech GmbH, the balance of the loan with WaveTech GmbH discussed in Note 6, Related Party Transactions, was $3,319,972, which represented the initial loan amount of $3,000,000 and an additional $319,972 received from WaveTech GmbH during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. In the event that the Company’s acquisition of WaveTech GmbH was terminated, the amount of this note would be used to offset amounts owed by WaveTech GmbH to the Company.

 

Sale of TNS and Interest in WaveTech GmbH

 

On September 30, 2020, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with WaveTech Group, Inc. “WaveTech Group”), a Delaware corporation. In connection with the agreement, the Company sold to WaveTech Group its TNS subsidiary. Additionally, the Company sold to WaveTech Group all shares of WaveTech GmbH common stock held in escrow for the Company. As of the date of the sale, the Company held 90% of the common stock of WaveTech GmbH.

 

The consideration for the sale is as follows:

 

WaveTech Group agreed to assume $570,885 of the outstanding principal of the Company’s note with Dominion Capital LLC (refer to Note 8, Convertible Debentures, for additional detail).

  

  WaveTech Group agreed to assume $347,200 and $148,800, respectively, of the outstanding principal of the Company’s notes with Joel Raven and Michael Roeske (refer to Note 8, Convertible Debentures, for additional detail).

  

  WaveTech Group agreed to assume the $108,658 CARES Act Loan entered into by TNS (refer to Note 7, Loans Payable, for additional detail).

 

  WaveTech Group and the Company agreed to eliminate all intercompany balances reflected on the financial statements of the seller and acquisition companies.
     

In connection with the Certificate of Designation of the Company’s Series C preferred stock filed on September 29, 2020 (refer to Note 12, Preferred Stock, for additional detail), the Company agreed to provide 5,897,994 shares of WaveTech Group common stock to the shareholders of WaveTech GmbH in lieu of  the Company’s Series C preferred stock.

 

WaveTech Group agreed to assign to the Company all shares of the Company’s common stock acquired by WaveTech Group following the closing of the transaction as a result of a tender offer. WaveTech Group intends to offer shares of its common stock to the holders of the 1,082,731 shares of the Company’s common stock that were described in the “WaveTech GmbH Background Information” section of this note. These shareholders have the option to acquire shares in WaveTech Group in exchange for their shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company does not know how many shareholders will accept the WaveTech Group offer, if any. Additionally, the offer does not have an expiration date.

 

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The Company considered whether or not this transaction would cause TNS to qualify for discontinued operations treatment. Due to the size of the operations of TNS, the Company determined that it did not qualify for discontinued operations treatment as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

In connection with the sale of TNS, the Company tested its goodwill and intangible assets for impairment. The Company completed a recoverability test as there was an indicator of impairment and determined that the value was recoverable. As such, no impairment was recorded.

 

As a result of the sale of TNS and the Company’s interest in WaveTech GmbH, the Company recorded a loss on disposal of subsidiary of $4,975,030 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

The following table shows a breakout of the consideration received and given:

 

Consideration received      
Assumption of portion of Dominion Capital LLC note   $ 570,885  
Assumption of Joel Raven note     347,200  
Assumption of Michael Roeske note     148,800  
Assumption of TNS CARES Act loan     108,658  
Assumption of accounts payable and accrued expenses     1,070,288  
Assumption of contract liabilities     2,488,494  
Total consideration received   $ 4,734,325  
         
Consideration given        
Cash   $ 978,395  
Accounts receivable, net     1,317,230  
Due from related party     5,187,585  
Prepaid expenses and deposits     310,958  
Goodwill     70,966  
Customer lists, net     1,672,399  
Tradenames, net     171,822  
Total consideration given   $ 9,709,355  
         
Loss on disposal of subsidiary   $ 4,975,030  

 

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Shutdown of AW Solutions, Inc.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company made the decision to shut down its AW Solutions, Inc. subsidiary. AW Solutions, Inc. is part of the Company’s AWS Entities, which also includes AW Solutions Puerto Rico, LLC (“AWS PR”) and Tropical Communications, Inc. (“Tropical”). The operations of AWS PR and Tropical will continue subsequent to the winding down of the operations of AWS. AW Solutions, Inc. remained in operation subsequent to September 30, 2020. The Company considered whether or not the operations of AW Solutions, Inc. would qualify for discontinued operations treatment. As the Company plans to dispose of AW Solutions, Inc. in a method other than by sale, and because the shutdown has not been completed as of the date of this report, the Company determined that the operations of AW Solutions, Inc. do not qualify for discontinued operations treatment as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

As of the date of this report, AW Solutions, Inc. continues to operate at a lesser capacity. The Company plans to complete the shutdown during the fourth quarter of 2020. Once the operations have fully ceased, the Company plans to abandon the subsidiary.

 

4. Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Computers and office equipment   $ 357,031     $ 349,271  
Equipment     382,140       382,140  
Research equipment     143,129       143,129  
Software     227,563       227,563  
Vehicles     94,356       94,356  
Total     1,204,219       1,196,459  
                 
Less: impairment     (44,419 )     (44,419 )
Less: accumulated depreciation     (1,091,077 )     (1,058,973 )
                 
Equipment, net   $ 68,723     $ 93,067  

  

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $32,104 and $27,333, respectively.

 

5. Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:

 

    Cost     Accumulated Amortization     Impairment     Net carrying value at September 30, 2020     Net carrying value at December 31, 2019  
Customer relationship and lists   $ 709,015     $ (81,519 )   $ (244,972 )   $ 382,524     $ 2,490,024  
Trade names     996,200       (50,189 )     (156,133 )     789,878       1,187,895  
                                         
Total intangible assets   $ 1,705,215     $ (131,708 )   $ (401,105 )   $ 1,172,402     $ 3,677,919  

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded amortization expense of $260,191 and $260,802, respectively.

 

The estimated future amortization expense for the next five years and thereafter is as follows:

 

Year ending December 31,      
2020   $ 33,671  
2021     134,682  
2022     127,868  
2023     107,423  
2024     107,423  
Thereafter     661,335  
Total   $ 1,172,402  

 

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6. Related Party Transactions

 

Unsecured Amounts Due to InterCloud

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company owed $50,577 to InterCloud, which is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand and included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

 

InterCloud Related Party Reclassification

 

During May 2019, as a result of shares of common stock issued to InterCloud as a result of conversions of convertible debentures, the Company determined that InterCloud is a related party. The effective date of the reclassification was January 1, 2018. 

 

WaveTech GmbH Related Party Reclassification

 

During November 2019, as a result of the Company acquiring 60% of the outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies, for additional detail), the Company determined that WaveTech GmbH was a related party. The effective date of the reclassification was January 1, 2019. On September 30, 2020, the Company sold its interest in WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail).

 

Sales to WaveTech GmbH

 

 During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 the Company’s ADEX subsidiary made sales to WaveTech GmbH totaling $63,348 and $121,193, respectively.

  

Loans Payable to Related Parties

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had outstanding the following loans payable to related parties:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022   $ 554,031     $         -  
Promissory note issued to Roger Ponder, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022     23,894       -  
Promissory note issued to InterCloud Systems, Inc., non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     217,400       217,400  
Promissory note issued to Roger Ponder, 10% interest, unsecured, due on demand     -       18,858  
Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, due on demand     -       130,000  
Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% and 8% interest, unsecured, due on demand     -       85,000  
Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 8% interest, unsecured, due on demand     -       80,000  
Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 11, 2020     -       170,000  
Loan with WaveTech GmbH, 8% interest, due on demand     -       3,000,000  
Total   $ 795,325     $ 3,701,258  

 

The Company’s loans payable to related parties have an effective interest rate of 11.2%.

 

Promissory note issued to Roger Ponder, 10% interest, unsecured, matured on November 30, 2018 and extended to November 30, 2019

 

On November 30, 2017, the Company received $18,858 pursuant to a promissory note issued to the Chief Executive Officer of the Company. The note issued was unsecured, was due on November 30, 2018 and bore interest at a rate of 10% per annum. On November 30, 2018, the lender agreed to extend the maturity of the loan to November 30, 2019. The Company accounted for the modification in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the extension as a modification and no gain or loss was recognized.

 

The note matured on November 30, 2019 and was due on demand.

 

On August 31, 2020, the holder of the note exchanged this note for a new note (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Roger Ponder, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022” section of this note for additional detail).

 

Convertible promissory note, Roger Ponder, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022

 

On August 31, 2020, Roger Ponder exchanged one note into a new convertible promissory note with a principal amount of $23,894. Interest accrues on the new note at 10% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note is due on August 31, 2022. The note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 80% of the lowest trading price in the 5 trading days prior to the conversion date. The conversion price has a floor of $0.01 per share.

 

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The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was $16,000. The Company accounted for this assignment in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments.” As a result, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $16,000 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company owed $23,894 pursuant to this agreement.

 

Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matured on November 30, 2018 and extended to November 30, 2019

 

On November 30, 2017, the Company received $130,000 pursuant to a promissory note issued to the President of the Company. The note issued was unsecured, due on November 30, 2018 and bore interest at a rate of 10% per annum. On November 30, 2018, the lender agreed to extend the maturity of the loan to November 30, 2019. The Company accounted for the modification in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the extension as a modification and no gain or loss was recognized.

 

The note matured on November 30, 2019 and was due on demand.

 

On August 31, 2020, the holder of the note exchanged this note for a new note (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022” section of this note for additional detail).

 

Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% and 8% interest, unsecured, matured April 13, 2020

 

On April 13, 2018, the Company received $85,000 pursuant to a promissory note issued to the President of the Company. The note issued was unsecured, due on April 13, 2019 and bore interest at a rate of 8% per annum. At December 31, 2018, the amount of $85,000 was owed. On April 13, 2019, the note was amended to a maturity date of April 13, 2020 and an interest rate of 10%. The Company accounted for the modification in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the extension as a modification and no gain or loss was recognized.

 

The note matured on April 13, 2020 and was due on demand.

 

On August 31, 2020, the holder of the note exchanged this note for a new note (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022” section of this note for additional detail).

 

Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 8% interest, unsecured, matured October 1, 2019

 

On August 21, 2018, the Company received $80,000 pursuant to a promissory note issued to the President of the Company. The note issued was unsecured, was due on August 20, 2019 and bore interest at a rate of 8% per annum. On August 20, 2019, the note was amended to a maturity date of October 1, 2019 and an interest rate of 10%. The Company accounted for the modification in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the extension as a modification and no gain or loss was recognized.

 

The note matured on October 1, 2019 and was due on demand.

 

  20  

 

 

On August 31, 2020, the holder of the note exchanged this note for a new note (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022” section of this note for additional detail).

 

Promissory note issued to Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 11, 2020

 

On August 12, 2019, the Company received $170,000 pursuant to a promissory note issued to the President of the Company. The note issued was unsecured, was due on August 11, 2020 and bore interest at a rate of 10% per annum.

 

On August 31, 2020, the holder of the note exchanged this note for a new note (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022” section of this note for additional detail).

 

Convertible promissory note, Keith Hayter, 10% interest, unsecured, matures August 31, 2022

 

On August 31, 2020, Keith Hayter exchanged four notes into a new convertible promissory note with a principal amount of $554,031. Interest accrues on the new note at 10% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note is due on August 31, 2022. The note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 80% of the lowest trading price in the 5 trading days prior to the conversion date. The conversion price has a floor of $0.01 per share.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature was $362,000. The Company accounted for this assignment in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments.” As a result, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $362,000 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company owed $554,031 pursuant to this agreement.

 

Convertible promissory note, InterCloud Systems, Inc, 8% interest, unsecured, matured April 27, 2018

 

On April 27, 2017, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $2,000,000. The interest on the outstanding principal due under the unsecured note accrued at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued interest under the unsecured note was due one year following the issue date of the unsecured note and was convertible into shares of common stock at a conversion price equal to 75% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 15 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $1,174,000 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $943,299. On December 15, 2017, February 14, 2018, February 21, 2018, June 7, 2018, January 24, 2019, and March 15, 2019 the holder of the convertible promissory note entered into agreement to sell and assign a total of $105,000, $105,000, $105,000, $39,375, $100,000 and $100,000 of the outstanding principal, respectively to a third party. The Company approved and was bound by the assignment and sale agreement. As a result of the assignment, the conversion price for the total of $354,375 of notes assigned was equal to the lesser 70% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 15 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion and $2,400.00. The Company accounted for this assignment in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the assignment as a debt extinguishment and adjusted the fair value of the derivative to its fair value on the assignment date.

 

On May 6, 2019, the remaining principal balance of $1,445,625 was converted into shares of the Company’s common stock through an automatic forced conversion.

 

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Convertible promissory note, InterCloud Systems, Inc, 1% interest, unsecured, matures August 16, 2019

 

On February 16, 2018, the Company issued InterCloud a convertible note with a principal amount of $793,894 to settle a contingent liability of $793,894 owed to InterCloud as a result of the acquisition of AWS. The note was originally due on August 16, 2019 and bore interest at 1% per annum. The note was convertible into common shares of the Company at a conversion price equal to the 80% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 5 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging.” The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $348,000 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $348,000.

 

On August 16, 2019, the remaining principal balance of $793,894 was converted into shares of the Company’s common stock through an automatic forced conversion.

 

Convertible promissory note, InterCloud Systems, Inc, 6% interest, unsecured, matured March 27, 2019

 

On February 27, 2018, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $2,000,000. The interest on the outstanding principal due under the ADEX note accrued at a rate of 6% per annum. All principal and accrued interest under the ADEX note was due one year following the issue date of the ADEX note and was convertible into shares of common stock at a conversion price equal to of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 15 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion, but in no event ever lower than $300 (the “Floor”), unless the note was in default, at which time the Floor would have terminated.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $2,455,000 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $639,000.

 

On September 26, 2018, the holder of the convertible promissory note entered into agreement to sell and assign a total of $75,000 of the outstanding principal to a third party. The Company approved and was bound by the assignment and sale agreement. As a result of the assignment, the assigned note bore interest at 5% and the conversion price for the $75,000 of notes assigned was equal to the lesser 75% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 15 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion and $2,400.00. On December 3, 2018, the holder of the convertible promissory note entered into agreement to sell and assign a total of $50,000 of the outstanding principal to a third party. The Company accounted for the assignments in accordance with ASC 470-50 “Modifications and Extinguishments”. In accordance with ASC 470-50, the Company accounted for the assignment as a debt extinguishment and adjusted the fair value of the derivative to its fair value on the assignment date.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company repaid $55,124 of principal outstanding.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the principal amount was reduced by $295,000 as a result of a working capital adjustment.

 

On May 6, 2019, the remaining principal balance of $1,452,299 was converted into shares of the Company’s common stock through an automatic forced conversion.

 

Promissory note issued to InterCloud Systems, Inc., non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

In connection with the acquisition of ADEX from InterCloud, $500,000 of the purchase price was retained by the Company to satisfy any outstanding liabilities of ADEX incurred prior to the closing date.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company repaid $57,600 of this amount.

 

As of September 30, 2020, principal of $217,400 remains outstanding.

 

Loan with WaveTech GmbH., 8% interest

 

On July 15, 2019, the Company entered into a share purchase agreement with WaveTech GmbH, a German corporation (refer to Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies, for additional detail). In connection with the share purchase agreement, the Company was to receive $3,000,000 in cash at or before consummation of the transactions described in the agreement. The Company received $1,325,895 which was placed into escrow to satisfy the amounts outstanding to WaveTech Global, Inc (refer to Note 7, Loans Payable, for additional detail). The Company received an additional $1,664,083 during July 2019 to satisfy the $3,000,000 of cash per the share purchase agreement. The remaining $10,022 was recorded as a foreign exchange loss in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. The loan bore interest at a rate of 8% per annum.

 

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On November 14, 2019, the Company acquired 60% of the outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies, for additional detail). As a result, the $1,325,895 in escrow was returned to the Company. As of December 31, 2019, principal of $3,000,000 was outstanding.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, in connection with amounts owed to the Company from WaveTech GmbH, the loan with WaveTech GmbH was being netted against amounts due from WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail).

 

7. Loans Payable

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had outstanding the following loans payable:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Promissory note issued to J. Thacker, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand   $ 41,361     $ 41,361  
Promissory note issued to S. Kahn, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     7,760       7,760  
Promissory note issued to 0738856 BC ltd non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     2,636       2,636  
Promissory note issued to 0738856 BC Ltd, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     15,000       15,000  
Promissory note issued to Bluekey Energy, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     7,500       7,500  
Subscription amount due to T. Warkentin non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand     50,000       50,000  
Promissory note issued to Old Main Capital LLC, 10% interest, unsecured and due on demand     12,000       12,000  
Future receivables financing agreement with Pawn Funding, non-interest bearing, matures April 16, 2021, net of debt discount of $1,072 and $31,365     34,788       94,928  
Future receivables financing agreement with Cedar Advance Funding, non-interest bearing, matures April 27, 2021, net of debt discount of $105,492     244,258       -  
CARES Act Loans     3,452,525       -  
Future receivables financing agreement with RDM Capital Funding, non-interest bearing, matures July 24, 2020, net of debt discount of $79,087     -       237,319  
Loan with Heritage Bank of Commerce, interest rate of prime plus 2%, secured by all assets of the Company, matures October 20, 2020, net of debt discount of $149,180     -       2,973,458  
Future receivables financing agreement with C6 Capital, non-interest bearing, matures April 15, 2020, net of debt discount of $20,272     -       136,424  
Total   $ 3,867,828     $ 3,578,386  
                 
Less: Long-term portion of loans payable     (3,452,525 )     -  
                 
Loans payable, current portion, net of debt discount   $ 415,303     $ 3,578,386  

 

The Company’s loans payable have an effective interest rate range of 51.5% to 90.5%.

 

Promissory note issued to J. Thacker, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

The Company owed $41,361 ($53,300 Canadian dollars) to a non-related party as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. This promissory note is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

 

Promissory note issued to S. Kahn, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

The Company owed $7,760 ($10,000 Canadian dollars) to a non-related party as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. This promissory note is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

 

Promissory note issued to 0738856 BC ltd non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

The Company owed $2,636 ($3,400 Canadian dollars) to a non-related party as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. This promissory note is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

 

Promissory note issued to 0738856 BC Ltd, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

The Company owed $15,000 to a non-related party as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. This promissory note is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

 

Promissory note issued to Bluekey Energy, non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

The Company owed $7,500 to a non-related party as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. This promissory note is non-interest bearing, unsecured, and due on demand.

 

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Subscription amount due to T. Warkentin non-interest bearing, unsecured and due on demand

 

In March 2012, the Company received $50,000 for the subscription of 167 shares of the Company’s common stock. During the year ended May 31, 2013, the Company and the subscriber agreed that the shares would not be issued and that the subscription would be returned. The subscription has been reclassified as a non-interest bearing demand loan until the funds are refunded to the subscriber. The Company owed $50,000 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Promissory note issued to Old Main Capital LLC, 10% interest, unsecured and due on demand

 

On April 12, 2017, received $12,000 pursuant to a promissory note. The note issued is unsecured, due on demand and bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum. The Company owed $12,000 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Loan with Heritage Bank of Commerce, interest rate of prime plus 2%, secured by all assets of the Company, matures October 20, 2020

 

On October 10, 2018, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, ADEX (the “Borrower”), entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan and Security Agreement”) with Heritage Bank of Commerce (the “Lender”). Under the Loan and Security Agreement, the Borrower may borrow an aggregate outstanding amount not to exceed the lesser of up to (i) $5,000,000 or (ii) the Borrowing Base (as defined in the Loan and Security Agreement) through one or more advances through October 10, 2020 (the “Maturity Date”), subject to the Lender’s satisfactory annual review of the Borrower which is currently ongoing. On the Maturity Date, all advances must be repaid. The Lender may, in its sole discretion and upon the Borrower’s request, make advances to the Borrower after the Maturity Date subject to the terms and conditions under the Loan and Security Agreement. Part of the proceeds of the initial credit extension of the Loan and Security Agreement were used to pay off borrowings owed to Prestige Capital Corporation described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Interest is payable under the Loan and Security Agreement at a per annum rate equal to the Prime Rate (as defined in the Loan and Security Agreement) plus 2%. The Borrower’s obligations under the Loan and Security Agreement are secured by all assets of the Company. In addition, the Company issued a warrant (the “Warrant”) to the Lender to purchase an amount of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to $150,000 divided by the Warrant Price (as defined in the Warrant) at a price per share equal to 125% of the prior day’s closing price.

 

The Loan and Security Agreement provides that upon the occurrence of an event of default, among other things, all outstanding amounts under the Loan and Security Agreement or any portion thereof becomes immediately due and payable. Events of default under the Loan and Security Agreement include, among other items, the Borrower’s failure to comply with certain affirmative and negative covenants relating to the Company, its securities and its financial condition.

 

In connection with the financing, on October 10, 2018, the Company also issued a warrant to purchase 380 shares of the Company’s common stock at $375.00 per share for three years. The fair value of the warrants of $87,410 and $190,000 of debt issuance costs resulted in a discount to the note payable of $277,410. At December 31, 2018, the Company owed $3,483,015 pursuant to this agreement and will record accretion equal to the debt discount of $257,194 over the remaining term of the note.

  

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company received an aggregate of $26,772,037 and repaid an aggregate of $27,132,642, for a net repaid amount of $360,605. At December 31, 2019, the Company owed $3,122,638 pursuant to this agreement and was to record accretion equal to the debt discount of $149,180 over the remaining term of the note.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company received an aggregate of $6,167,328 and repaid an aggregate of $3,142,796.

 

On February 11, 2020, pursuant to an assignment and consent agreement, Heritage sold, transferred and assigned to Bay View Funding all of Heritage’s right, title, and interest in the loan and security agreement (refer to Note 9, Factor Financing, for additional detail). As a result of the assignment, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $149,180 related to the remaining accretion of debt discount in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

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Loan with Libertas Funding LLC

 

On January 4, 2019, the Company, together with its subsidiaries, AWS, ADEX, and TNS (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with Libertas Funding LLC, a Connecticut limited liability company (“Libertas”). Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to Libertas future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $1,460,000 for a purchase price of $1,000,000.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay Libertas $31,602 each week based upon an anticipated 20% of its future receivables until such time as $1,460,000 had been paid, a period Libertas and the Financing Parties estimated to be approximately eleven months. In the event that the Financing Agreement was paid off earlier than eleven months, there was to be a discount to the sum owed. The Financing Agreement also contained customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions. The Company used the proceeds of the Financing Agreement for the acquisition of TNS.

 

On February 1, 2019, the Company fully repaid the Financing Agreement. As a result, the amount owed at December 31, 2019 was $0.

 

Loan with WaveTech Global, Inc., matured April 28, 2019

  

On February 4, 2019, the Company entered into a share purchase agreement with WaveTech Global. This agreement included a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,325,895, which matured on April 28, 2019. On July 9, 2019, the share purchase agreement was terminated. As a result, the Company placed the amount due to WaveTech Global into escrow using cash received from the WaveTech GmbH share purchase agreement (refer to Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies for additional detail). In connection with the WaveTech GmbH transaction dated November 14, 2019, the escrow amount was returned to the Company.

  

Loan with C6 Capital

 

On August 16, 2019, the Company, together with its subsidiaries, AWS, ADEX, and TNS (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with C6 Capital. Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to C6 Capital future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $337,500 for a purchase price of $250,000. The Company received cash of $242,500 and recorded a debt discount of $95,000.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay C6 Capital $10,045 each week based upon an anticipated 20% of its future receivables until such time as $337,500 had been paid, a period C6 Capital and the Financing Parties estimated to be approximately eight months. In the event that the Financing Agreement was paid off earlier than eight months, there was to be a discount to the sum owed. The Financing Agreement also contained customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $180,804 of the original balance under the agreement. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid $156,696 of the original balance under the agreement. As a result, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $1,490 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Loan with Pawn Funding

 

On December 10, 2019, the Company, together with its subsidiaries, AWS, ADEX, and TNS (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with Pawn Funding. Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to Pawn Funding future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $135,000 for a purchase price of $100,000. The Company received cash of $97,000 and recorded a debt discount of $38,000.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay Pawn Funding $4,219 each week based upon an anticipated 15% of its future receivables until such time as $135,000 has been paid, a period Pawn Funding and the Financing Parties estimate to be approximately eight months. In the event that the Financing Agreement is paid off earlier than eight months, there is to be a discount to the sum owed. The Financing Agreement also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions.

 

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On April 10, 2020, the weekly payment amount was reduced from $4,219 to $1,266. The final payment is now estimated to be due on April 16, 2021.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $8,437 of the original balance under the agreement. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid $90,703 of the original balance under the agreement.

 

At September 30, 2020, the Company owed $35,860 pursuant to this agreement and will record accretion equal to the debt discount of $1,072 over the remaining term of the note.

 

Loan with RDM Capital Funding

 

On December 10, 2019, the Company, together with its subsidiaries, AWS, ADEX, and TNS (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with RDM Capital Funding. Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to RDM Capital Funding future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $337,500 for a purchase price of $250,000. The Company received cash of $242,500 and recorded a debt discount of $95,000.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay RDM Capital Funding $10,574 each week based upon an anticipated 3% of its future receivables until such time as $337,500 had been paid, a period RDM Capital Funding and the Financing Parties estimated to be approximately eight months. In the event that the Financing Agreement was paid off earlier than eight months, there was to be a discount to the sum owed. The Financing Agreement also contained customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $21,094 of the original balance under the agreement.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repaid the balance in full. Total cash payments during this period were $253,754, with a discount of $62,652 due to the Company paying the note off in under eight months from issuance. As a result of these payments, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a gain on settlement of debt of $34,503 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Loan with C6 Capital

 

On August 16, 2019, the Company, together with its subsidiaries, AWS, ADEX, and TNS (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with C6 Capital. Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to C6 Capital future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $337,500 for a purchase price of $250,000. The Company received cash of $242,500 and recorded a debt discount of $95,000.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay C6 Capital $10,045 each week based upon an anticipated 20% of its future receivables until such time as $337,500 had been paid, a period C6 Capital and the Financing Parties estimated to be approximately eight months. In the event that the Financing Agreement was paid off earlier than eight months, there was to be a discount to the sum owed. The Financing Agreement also contained customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $180,804 of the original balance under the agreement. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid $156,696 of the original balance under the agreement. As a result, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $1,490 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Loan with Cedar Advance LLC

 

On September 29, 2020, the Company, together with its subsidiaries (collectively with the Company, the “Financing Parties”), entered into an Agreement of Sale of Future Receipts (the “Financing Agreement”) with Cedar Advance LLC. Under the Financing Agreement, the Financing Parties sold to Cedar Advance future receivables in an aggregate amount equal to $349,750 for a purchase price of $250,000. The Company received cash of $242,500 and recorded a debt discount of $107,250.

 

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Pursuant to the terms of the Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to pay Cedar Advance $11,658 each week based upon an anticipated 25% of its future receivables until such time as $349,750 has been paid, a period Cedar Advance and the Financing Parties estimate to be approximately seven months. The Financing Agreement also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, representations and warranties, and default and termination provisions.

  

At September 30, 2020, the Company owed $349,750 pursuant to this agreement and will record accretion equal to the debt discount of $105,492 over the remaining term of the note.

 

During October 2020, the Company began making weekly payments to Cedar Advance under the terms of the agreement.

 

CARES Act Loans

 

On April 21, April 27, 2020, May 12, 2020 and May 14, 2020, the Company’s AWS, ADEX, AWS PR, and TNS subsidiaries received $672,400, $2,692,125, $78,000 and $108,658, respectively (the “PPP Funds”). AWS entered into a loan agreement with Iberia Bank, ADEX entered into a loan agreement with Heritage Bank of Commerce, AWS PR entered into a loan agreement with Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, and TNS entered into a loan agreement with TCF National Bank. These loan agreements were pursuant to the CARES Act. The CARES Act was established in order to enable small businesses to pay employees during the economic slowdown caused by COVID-19 by providing forgivable loans to qualifying businesses for up to 2.5 times their average monthly payroll costs. The amount borrowed under the CARES Act is eligible to be forgiven provided that (a) the Company uses the PPP Funds during the eight week period after receipt thereof, and (b) the PPP Funds are only used to cover payroll costs (including benefits), rent, mortgage interest, and utility costs. The amount of loan forgiveness will be reduced if, among other reasons, the Company does not maintain staffing or payroll levels. Principal and interest payments on any unforgiven portion of the PPP Funds (the “PPP Loan”) will be deferred for six months and will accrue interest at a fixed annual rate of 1.0% and carry a two year maturity date. There is no prepayment penalty on the CARES Act Loan.

 

In connection with the stock purchase agreement discussed in Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, the $108,658 CARES Act Loan entered into by TNS was assumed by the purchaser.

 

As of September 30, 2020, the aggregate balance of these loans is $3,452,525 and is included in loans payable on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

8. Convertible Debentures

 

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had outstanding the following convertible debentures:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Convertible promissory note, Barn 11, 18% interest, unsecured, matured June 1, 2019   $ 594,362     $ 594,362  
Convertible promissory note, Dominion Capital, 12% interest, unsecured, matures October 17, 2020, net of debt discount of $0 and 105,752     285,442       1,461,265  
Convertible promissory note, SCS, LLC, 24% interest, unsecured, matured March 30, 2020, due on demand, net of debt discount of $0 and $13,005     51,788       38,025  
Convertible promissory note, GS Capital Partners, LLC, 8% interest, secured. matures October 24 2020, net of debt discount of $1,773 and $23,986     78,331       99,014  
Convertible promissory note, Crown Bridge Partners, LLC, 10% interest, unsecured, matures November 21, 2020, net of debt discount of $7,939 and $58,648     36,713       16,352  
Convertible promissory note, Michael Roeske, 24% interest, unsecured, due on demand, net of debt discount of $0 and $3,512     -       112,488  
Convertible promissory note, Joel Raven, 24% interest, unsecured, due on demand, net of debt discount of $0 and $8,658     -       355,342  
Convertible promissory note, GS Capital Partners, LLC, 8% interest, secured. matures August 2, 2020, net of debt discount of $24,819     -       98,181  
Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures September 17, 2020, net of debt discount of $113,674     -       34,326  
Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures January 22, 2021, net of debt discount of $53,051     -       15,449  
Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures February 26, 2021, net of debt discount of $45,125     -       12,875  
Total     1,046,636       2,837,679  
                 
Less: Long-term portion of convertible debentures, net of debt discount     -       (28,324 )
                 
Convertible debentures, current portion, net of debt discount   $ 1,046,636     $ 2,809,355  

 

The Company’s convertible debentures have an effective interest rate range of 23.0% to 115.4%.

  

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Convertible promissory note, Barn 11, 18% interest, unsecured, matured June 1, 2019

 

On February 21, 2018, the Company issued a convertible note with a principal amount of $500,000 and a warrant with a term of three years to purchase up to 417 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $480.00 per share to Barn 11. The exercise price of the warrant was to reduce to 85% of the closing price of the Company’s common stock if the closing price of the Company’s common stock was less than $480.00 on July 31, 2018. The note was due on January 15, 2019, and in February 2019, the maturity date was extended to June 1, 2019, and bears interest at 6% per annum. The note is convertible into common shares of the Company at a conversion price equal to the lower of 80% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 5 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion and $300.00 (the “Floor”), unless the note is in default, at which time the Floor terminates.

 

The embedded conversion option and warrant qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $571,079 and the warrant of $158,772 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $500,000 and an initial derivative expense of $229,851.

   

On June 1, 2019, the Company was in default on the note. As a result of the default, a 15% premium was added to the balance owed, including all accrued interest. Subsequent to the default, the new principal balance of the note is $619,362, with interest now accruing at 18% per annum. Additionally, $466,000 was added to the derivative liability balance in connection with the default.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company paid $25,000 of principal. The Company owed $594,362 as of September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible promissory note, Dominion Capital, 12% interest, unsecured, matures October 17, 2020

 

On April 17, 2019, Dominion Capital exchanged two notes into a new note (the “Exchange Note”) with a principal amount of $1,571,134. Interest accrues on the new note at 12% per annum. All principal and accrued interest under the Exchange Note is due on October 17, 2020 and is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock. The conversion price in effect on the date such conversion is effected shall be equal to (i) initially, $30.00 or (ii) on or after the date of the closing of the next public or private offering of equity or equity-linked securities of the Company in which the Company receives gross proceeds in an amount greater than $100,000, one hundred and five percent (105%) of the price of the common stock issuable in the offering. While during the first six months that the Exchange Note is outstanding, only interest payments are due to the holder, beginning in October 2019, and on each monthly anniversary thereafter until maturity, amortization payments are due for principal and interest due under the Exchange Note. The Exchange Note includes customary events of default, including non-payment of the principal or accrued interest due on the Exchange Note. Upon an event of default, all obligations under the Exchange Note will become immediately due and payable. The Holder was granted a right to participate in future financing transactions of the Company while the Exchange Note remains outstanding.

 

As a result of the beneficial conversion feature associated with the Dominion notes, $314,228 was added to additional paid-in capital during the year ended December 31, 2019. In connection with the exchange, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $904,469 on the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

The Company was to begin making principal payments in equal installments beginning on October 1, 2019. On October 22, 2019, the Company reached an agreement with Dominion Capital to postpone the principal payments. In exchange for the extension, the Company will pay to Dominion Capital an extension fee equal to 14% of the postponed payments. As a result of this agreement, the Company added $47,731 of principal to the note during the year ended December 31, 2019 and $108,146 of principal to the note during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. These amounts are included in default and debt extension fees in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

On April 2, 2020 the Company paid a $20,000 modification fee in order to avoid an event of default under the note and receive payment forbearance for a period of 30 days.

 

On September 30, 2020, in connection with the stock purchase agreement described in Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, the Company entered into an amendment with Dominion and WaveTech Group, Inc. The parties agreed that as of the date of the amendment the outstanding principal and accrued interest was $1,141,769. The Company and WaveTech Group Inc. each agreed that the final payment of $1,141,769 due on October 1, 2020 be amended so that the Company and WaveTech Group Inc. be required to make payments of $570,885 on or before each of October 1, 2020 and November 1, 2020. As a result of this amendment, the amount owed by the Company to Dominion was reduced by the $570,885 of payments that WaveTech Group Inc. is responsible for. On September 30, 2020, the Company made the first payment of $285,442 under the terms of the amendment. On October 30, 2020, Dominion agreed to accept a payment of $35,000 from the Company and postpone the final payment until December 1, 2020.

 

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During the year ended December 31, 2019 the Company paid $51,848 of principal. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 the Company paid $818,537 of principal. The Company owed $285,442 as of September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible promissory note issued in connection with the acquisition of TNS, Inc.

 

On January 4, 2019, as part of the TNS acquisition, the Company issued to InterCloud a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $620,000 (the “Note”). The interest on the outstanding principal due under the Note accrued at a rate of 6% per annum. All principal and accrued interest under the Note was due January 30, 2020, and was convertible, at any time at InterCloud’s election, into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price equal to the greater of 75% of the lowest volume-weighted average price during the 10 trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion and $30.00.

 

The embedded conversion option qualifies for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $189,000 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $144,000.

 

On January 28, 2019, the holder of the convertible promissory note entered into agreement to sell and assign a total of $620,000 of the $620,000 outstanding principal to two third parties, with $186,000 and $434,000 of principal assigned to each party (refer to the “Convertible promissory note, Michael Roeske, 6% interest, unsecured, matures, January 30, 2020” and “Convertible promissory note, Joel Raven, 6% interest, unsecured, matures January 30, 2020” sections of this note for further detail). The Company approved and is bound by the assignment and sale agreement.

 

Convertible promissory note, Michael Roeske, 6% interest, unsecured, matures, December 31, 2020

 

On January 28, 2019, InterCloud assigned $186,000 of the note issued in connection with the acquisition of TNS to Michael Roeske. The note accrues interest at a rate of 6% per annum and had a maturity date of January 30, 2020.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, Mr. Roeske converted $70,000 of principal of the note into shares of the Company’s common stock.

  

On February 14, 2020, the Company and Mr. Roeske entered into an amendment which revised the maturity date to December 31, 2020. Additional, per the amendment, as cash deposits were received by TNS in the ordinary course of business, a portion of such cash deposits could have been be directed to Mr. Roeske. These payments would reduce the outstanding obligations of the Company to Mr. Roeske.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company remitted $37,200 to Mr. Roeske in accordance with the amendment.

 

On September 8, 2020, Mr. Roeske returned the shares issued in 2019. These shares were then canceled and $70,000 was added back to the outstanding principal of the note. The Company recorded a loss on return of common stock of $69,820 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

On September 30, 2020, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for further detail). The outstanding balance of $148,800 was assigned to the purchaser.

 

Convertible promissory note, Joel Raven, 6% interest, unsecured, matures December 31, 2020

 

On January 28, 2019, InterCloud assigned $434,000 of the note issued in connection with the acquisition of TNS to Joel Raven. The note accrued interest at a rate of 6% per annum and had a maturity date of January 30, 2020.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, Mr. Raven converted $70,000 of principal of the note into shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

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On February 14, 2020, the Company and Mr. Raven entered into an amendment which revised the maturity date to December 31, 2020. Additional, per the amendment, as cash deposits were received by TNS in the ordinary course of business, a portion of such cash deposits could have been be directed to Mr. Raven. These payments would reduce the outstanding obligations of the Company to Mr. Raven.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company remitted $86,800 to Mr. Raven in accordance with the amendment.

 

On September 8, 2020, Mr. Raven returned the shares issued in 2019. These shares were then canceled and $70,000 was added back to the outstanding principal of the note. The Company recorded a loss on return of common stock of $69,821 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

On September 30, 2020, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for further detail). The outstanding balance of $347,200 was assigned to the purchaser.

 

Convertible promissory note, GS Capital Partners, LLC, 8% interest, secured, matures August 2, 2020

 

On August 2, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with GS Capital Partners, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to GS Capital Partners, LLC a senior secured convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $123,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $112,000.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the secured note accrued at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the secured note was originally due on August 2, 2020. The secured note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 71% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 12 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $28,000 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $28,000, for a total debt discount of $39,000.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $123,000 of principal and $6,769 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $784,531 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible promissory note, GS Capital Partners, LLC, 8% interest, unsecured, matures October 24, 2020

 

On October 24, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with GS Capital Partners, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to GS Capital Partners, LLC a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $123,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $112,000.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrues at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note is due on October 24, 2020. The note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 71% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 12 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $20,000 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $20,000, for a total debt discount of $31,000.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $42,896 of principal and $3,631 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $106,147 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

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At September 30, 2020, the Company owed $80,105 pursuant to this agreement and will record accretion equal to the debt discount of $1,773 over the remaining term of the note.

 

Convertible promissory note, SCS, LLC, 8% interest, unsecured, matured March 30, 2020

 

On September 1, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with SCS, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to SCS, LLC an unsecured convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $51,030 in exchange for rent.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the unsecured note accrues at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the secured note and has a maturity date of March 30, 2020. The secured note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 75% of the lowest average VWAP in the 15 trading days prior to the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $29,000 resulted in a discount to the note payable of $29,000.

 

The note matured on March 30, 2020 and is in default. As a result of the default, the note balance was increased by 25% of outstanding principal, resulting in additional principal of $12,758. The interest also increased from 8% per annum to 24% per annum.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $12,000 of principal and $720 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $7,013 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

At September 30, 2020, the Company owed $51,788 pursuant to this agreement.

 

Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures September 17, 2020

 

On September 17, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with Power Up Lending Group LTD. (“Power Up Lending”), pursuant to which the Company issued to Power Up Lending a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $148,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $135,000. The Company received the cash on October 1, 2019.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrued at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note was originally due on September 17, 2020. The note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 70% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 15 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $159,000 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $135,000, for a total debt discount of $148,000. The remaining $24,000 of the initial fair value of the conversion feature was recorded as initial derivative expense on the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $148,000 of principal and $5,520 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $262,732 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

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Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures January 22, 2021

 

On October 22, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with Power Up Lending Group LTD. (“Power Up Lending”), pursuant to which the Company issued to Power Up Lending a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $68,500 for an aggregate purchase price of $60,000.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrued at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note was originally due on January 22, 2021. The note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 70% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 15 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $56,000 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $56,000, for a total debt discount of $64,500.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $68,500 of principal and $2,540 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $42,342 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible promissory note, Power Up Lending Group LTD., 8% interest, unsecured, matures February 26, 2021

 

On November 27, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with Power Up Lending Group LTD. (“Power Up Lending”), pursuant to which the Company issued to Power Up Lending a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $58,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $50,000.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrued at a rate of 8% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the note was due on February 26, 2021. The note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 70% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 15 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

The embedded conversion option qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature of $43,000 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $43,000, for a total debt discount of $51,000.

  

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $58,000 of principal and $3,656 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the amount owed at September 30, 2020 was $0. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $69,438 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Convertible promissory note, Crown Bridge Partners, LLC, 10% interest, unsecured, matures November 21, 2020

 

On November 12, 2019, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with Crown Bridge Partners, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to Crown Bridge Partners, LLC a convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $225,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $202,500. The Company received the first tranche of $75,000 on November 21, 2019 for an aggregate purchase price of $65,500. The Company also issued a warrant equal to the face amount of the note with a term of three years to purchase 2,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $30.00 per share.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the first tranche of the note accrues at a rate of 10% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the first tranche of the note is due on November 21, 2020. The first tranche of the note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 60% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 20 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

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The embedded conversion option and warrant qualified for derivative accounting and the conversion option qualified for bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion option feature of $138,000 and warrant feature of $20,138 resulted in an additional discount to the note payable of $65,500, for a total debt discount of $75,000. The remaining $92,638 of the initial fair value of the conversion feature was recorded as initial derivative expense on the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the holder of the note converted $30,348 of principal and $5,000 of accrued interest into shares of the Company’s common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional information). As a result of these conversions, the Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $95,203 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

At September 30, 2020, the Company owed $44,652 pursuant to this agreement and will record accretion equal to the debt discount of $7,939 over the remaining term of the note.

 

Convertible promissory note, CCAG Investments, LLC, 20% interest, secured, matures June 30, 2020

 

On February 7, 2020, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to CCAG Investments, LLC a secured convertible redeemable note in the aggregate principal amount of $175,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $157,500, resulting in an original issue discount of $17,500. The Company also issued a warrant equal to 50% of the face amount of the note with a term of three years to purchase 9,723 shares of common stock at an initial exercise price of $9.00 per share.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrued at a rate of 20% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid under the secured note was originally due on June 30, 2020. The note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 70% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 12 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

In connection with the issuance of the note, the Company also issued to CCAG Investments, LLC 9,755 shares of common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional detail).

 

The embedded conversion option and warrants issued qualified for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature and warrants issued was $42,000 and $64,000, resulting in an additional discount to the note payable of $106,000. The shares issued with the note were valued at $51,500, for a total debt discount of $175,000.

 

The Company had the option of repaying 120% of the principal balance if paid within 90 days of issuance, or 125% of the principal if paid greater than 90 days after issuance.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repaid 120% of the principal balance. The total payment was $218,534, which included accrued interest of $8,534. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $127,654 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Under the terms of the agreement, if the shares issued upon execution of the note are no longer worth $87,500 at the time of the shares becoming eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144, the Company shall issue additional shares to the holder in an amount holding a market value to equal the difference between the value of these shares and $87,500. The 9,755 shares became eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144 during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and the value was less than $87,500. As a result, the Company began issuing additional shares to the holder during the period (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional detail). During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued an aggregate of 900,000 shares to the holder and recorded a loss on fair value of additional shares of $68,040 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

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Convertible promissory note, FJ Vulis and Associates LLC, 20% interest, secured, matures June 30, 2020

 

On February 7, 2020, the Company entered into and closed on a Securities Purchase Agreement with FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC a secured convertible redeemable note in the aggregate principal amount of $175,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $157,500, resulting in an original issue discount of $17,500. The Company also issued a warrant equal to 50% of the face amount of the note with a term of three years to purchase 9,723 shares of common stock at an initial exercise price of $9.00 per share.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrued at a rate of 20% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid under the secured note was originally due on June 30, 2020. The note was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at 70% of the average of the three lowest VWAPs in the 12 trading days prior to and including the conversion date.

 

In connection with the issuance of the note, the Company also issued to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC 9,755 shares of common stock (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional detail).

 

The embedded conversion option and warrants issued qualified for derivative accounting and bifurcation under ASC 815-15 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The initial fair value of the conversion feature and warrants issued was $42,000 and $64,000, resulting in an additional discount to the note payable of $106,000. The shares issued with the note were valued at $51,500, for a total debt discount of $175,000.

 

The Company had the option of repaying 120% of the principal balance if paid within 90 days of issuance, or 125% of the principal if paid greater than 90 days after issuance.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repaid 120% of the principal balance. The total payment was $218,247, which included accrued interest of $8,247. The Company recorded a loss on settlement of debt of $127,654 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Under the terms of the agreement, if the shares issued upon execution of the note are no longer worth $87,500 at the time of the shares becoming eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144, the Company shall issue additional shares to the holder in an amount holding a market value to equal the difference between the value of these shares and $87,500. The 9,755 shares became eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144 during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and the value was less than $87,500. As a result, the Company began issuing additional shares to the holder during the period (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional detail). During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued an aggregate of 900,000 shares to the holder and recorded a loss on fair value of additional shares of $68,040 to the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

9. Factor Financing

 

On February 11, 2020, pursuant to an assignment and consent agreement, Bay View Funding purchased and received all of Heritage’s right, title, and interest in the loan and security agreement with the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, ADEX, discussed in Note 7, Loans Payable. In connection with the agreement, the Company received $3,024,532 from Bay View Funding. This money was used to pay off the amounts owed to Heritage at the time of the assignment and consent agreement. The initial term of the factoring agreement is twelve months from the initial funding date.

 

Under the factoring agreement, the Company’s ADEX subsidiary may borrow up to the lesser of $5,000,000 or an amount equal to the sum of all undisputed purchased receivables multiplied by the advance percentage, less any funds in reserve. ADEX will pay to Bay View Funding a factoring fee upon purchase of receivables by Bay View Funding equal to 0.75% of the gross face value of the purchased receivable for the first 30 day period from the date said purchased receivable is first purchased by Bay View Funding, and a factoring fee of 0.35% per 15 days thereafter until the date said purchased receivable is paid in full or otherwise repurchased by ADEX or otherwise written off by Bay View Funding within the write off period. ADEX will also pay a finance fee to Bay View Funding on the outstanding advances under the agreement at a floating rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate plus 3%. The finance rate will increase or decrease monthly, on the first day of each month, by the amount of any increase or decrease in the Prime Rate, but at no time will the finance fee be less than 7.75%.

 

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During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid $209,427 in factoring fees. These amounts are included within general and administrative expenses on the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations. In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company incurred finance charges of $113,606, of which 83,606 was paid in cash and $30,000 was included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities as of September 30, 2020. Finance charges are included within interest expense on the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company received an aggregate of $12,877,721, including the initial proceeds of $3,024,532, and repaid an aggregate of $10,711,029. The Company owed $2,166,692 under the agreement as of September 30, 2020.

 

10. Derivative Liabilities

 

The embedded conversion options of the convertible debentures described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures, contain conversion features that qualify for embedded derivative classification. The fair value of the liability is re-measured at the end of every reporting period and the change in fair value is reported in the statement of operations as a gain or loss on change in fair value of derivatives. Derivative liabilities also include the fair value of the Company’s share purchase warrants and stock options discussed in Note 13, Share Purchase Warrants and Stock Options. As of September 30, 2020, the derivative liability balance of $1,450,059 was comprised of $1,450,000 of derivatives related to the Company’s convertible debentures, and $59 of derivatives related to the Company’s share purchase warrants and stock options. As of December 31, 2019, the derivative liability balance of $992,733 was comprised of $801,000 of derivatives related to the Company’s convertible debentures, and $191,732 of derivatives related to the Company’s share purchase warrants and stock options.

  

The table below sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Balance at the beginning of the period   $ 992,733     $ 3,166,886  
Change in fair value of embedded conversion option     38,626       (1,843,935 )
Conversion of derivative liability     (180,000 )     (1,281,888 )
Repayment of convertible note     (36,000 )     (164,468 )
Fair value of debt derivatives at issuance     84,000       -  
Fair value of warrant derivatives at issuance     128,000       -  
Fair value of option derivatives at issuance     44,700       -  
Impact of note extinguishments     378,000       (32,000 )
Original discount limited to proceeds of notes     -       376,500  
Derivative issued as part of acquisition     -       189,000  
Fair value of derivative liabilities in excess of notes proceeds received     -       116,638  
Addition to derivative due to default penalty     -       466,000  
Balance at the end of the period   $ 1,450,059     $ 992,733  

 

The Company uses Level 3 inputs for its valuation methodology for the embedded conversion option liabilities as their fair values were determined by using the Monte-Carlo model or a Binomial Model based on various assumptions.

 

Significant changes in any of these inputs in isolation would result in a significant change in the fair value measurement. As required, these are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following table shows the assumptions used in the calculations:

 

    Expected volatility   Risk-free
interest rate
  Expected dividend yield     Expected life
(in years)
At December 31, 2019   230 - 304%   1.55 - 1.75%     0%   0.25 - 1.16
At September 30, 2020   193 - 343%   0.10 - 1.59%     0%   0.25 - 2.60

 

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11. Common Stock

 

Authorized Shares

 

On November 15, 2017, the Company revised its authorized share capital to increase the number of authorized common shares from 275,000,000 common shares with a par value of $0.00001, to 750,000,000 common shares with a par value of $0.00001. The reverse stock split discussed in Note 2, Significant Accounting Policies, did not change the number of authorized shares of the Company’s common stock.

  

Treasury Stock

 

The Company holds 2,071 common shares in treasury at a cost of $277,436.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to Conversion of Series A Preferred Stock

 

On January 7, 2020, the Company issued 1,112 shares of common stock to M2B Funding upon the conversion of 10,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On February 11, 2020, the Company issued 2,778 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 25,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On April 9, 2020, the Company issued 8,334 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 25,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On April 29, 2020, the Company issued 8,334 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 25,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On June 22, 2020, the Company issued 85,000 shares of common stock to M2B Funding upon the conversion of 17,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On June 25, 2020, the Company issued 75,000 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 15,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On June 26, 2020, the Company issued 75,000 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 15,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On July 13, 2020, the Company issued 75,000 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 15,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On August 27, 2020, the Company issued 85,000 shares of common stock to M2B Funding upon the conversion of 17,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On September 1, 2020, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 30,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On September 10, 2020, the Company issued 142,960 shares of common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 28,592 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to the Execution of New Convertible Debentures

 

On February 7, 2020, the Company issued 9,755 shares of common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC upon the execution of a new convertible note described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On February 7, 2020, the Company issued 9,755 shares of common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC upon the execution of a new convertible note described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to GS Capital Partners, LLC Convertible Debentures

 

On February 12, 2020, the Company issued 1,647 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $8,000 of principal and $323 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

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On March 13, 2020, the Company issued 11,212 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $15,000 of principal and $703 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 302,121 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $100,000 of principal and $5,742 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 17, 2020, the Company issued 204,447 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $6,296 of principal and $512 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 24, 2020, the Company issued 236,602 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $7,000 of principal and $580 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 27, 2020, the Company issued 253,656 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $7,500 of principal and $626 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 3, 2020, the Company issued 316,672 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $9,350 of principal and $795 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 15, 2020, the Company issued 333,053 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $12,750 of principal and $1,118 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to WaveTech GmbH Post-Closing Notes

 

On February 18, 2020, the Company issued 1,082,731 shares of common stock to holders of WaveTech GmbH post-closing notes upon the conversion of $8,507,557 of principal and accrued interest pursuant to the post-closing notes described in Note 3, Due From Related Party.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to Power Up Lending Group LTD. Convertible Debentures

 

On April 1, 2020, the Company issued 5,715 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $12,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 13, 2020, the Company issued 9,196 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $16,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 8,621 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $15,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 16, 2020, the Company issued 8,621 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $15,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 20, 2020, the Company issued 12,122 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $20,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On April 30, 2020, the Company issued 58,434 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $15,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On May 12, 2020, the Company issued 38,956 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $10,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

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On May 13, 2020, the Company issued 77,912 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $20,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On May 20, 2020, the Company issued 113,379 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $20,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On June 9, 2020, the Company issued 62,359 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,000 of principal and $5,520 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

  

On June 9, 2020, the Company issued 71,132 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $12,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On June 12, 2020, the Company issued 118,554 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $20,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On June 16, 2020, the Company issued 118,554 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $20,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On June 26, 2020, the Company issued 118,777 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $16,500 of principal and $2,540 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On July 8, 2020, the Company issued 119,403 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $12,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On July 20, 2020, the Company issued 130,037 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $7,100 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On July 27, 2020, the Company issued 154,639 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $6,000 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 4, 2020, the Company issued 153,631 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,500 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 11, 2020, the Company issued 153,203 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,500 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 13, 2020, the Company issued 159,218 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,700 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 17, 2020, the Company issued 158,055 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,200 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

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On August 20, 2020, the Company issued 159,509 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,200 of principal pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 24, 2020, the Company issued 236,963 shares of common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,800 of principal and $1,925 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to an SCS, LLC Convertible Debenture

 

On June 19, 2020, the Company issued 23,555 shares of common stock to SCS, LLC upon the conversion of $4,000 of principal and $240 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On July 13, 2020, the Company issued 42,400 shares of common stock to SCS, LLC upon the conversion of $4,000 of principal and $240 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On July 29, 2020, the Company issued 88,333 shares of common stock to SCS, LLC upon the conversion of $4,000 of principal and $240 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to a Crown Bridge Partners Convertible Debenture

 

On May 21, 2020, the Company issued 50,000 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $6,512 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On June 8, 2020, the Company issued 85,000 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $11,288 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 24, 2020, the Company issued 170,000 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $3,590 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 26, 2020, the Company issued 170,500 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $3,604 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 11, 2020, the Company issued 250,000 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $5,355 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Additional Shares Issued Pursuant to Convertible Debentures

 

On August 11, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On August 11, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 21, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

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On September 21, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 23, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

On September 23, 2020, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Shares Returned and Canceled

 

On July 28, 2020, GS Capital Partners returned 226,800 shares of common stock to the Company. These shares were canceled.

 

On September 8, 2020, Joel Raven and Mike Roeske returned an aggregate of 4,668 shares of common stock to the Company. These shares were canceled.

 

12. Preferred Stock

 

Series A

 

On November 15, 2017, the Company created one series of the 20,000,000 preferred shares it is authorized to issue, consisting of 8,000,000 shares, to be designated as Series A preferred stock.

  

On October 29, 2018, the Company made the first amendment to the Certificate of Designation of its Series A convertible preferred stock. This amendment updated the conversion price to be equal to the greater of 75% of the lowest VWAP during the ten trading day period immediately preceding the date a conversion notice is delivered or $120.00, subject to adjustment for any subdivision or combination of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock.

 

On August 16, 2019, the Company made the second amendment to the Certificate of Designation of its Series A convertible preferred stock. As a result of this amendment, the Company recorded a deemed dividend of $488,072 for the year ended December 31, 2019 in accordance with ASC 260-10-599-2.

 

On April 8, 2020, the Company made the third amendment to the Certificate of Designation of its Series A preferred stock which lowered the fixed conversion price and the conversion price floor to $3.00 per share.

 

On June 18, 2020, the Company made the fourth amendment to the Certificate of Designation of its Series A preferred stock, which lowered the fixed conversion price to $0.20 per share and the conversion price floor to $0.01 per share. Subsequent to the fourth amendment, the principal terms of the Series A preferred stock shares were as follows:

 

Voting rights – The Series A preferred stock shares do not have voting rights.

 

Dividend rights – The holders of the Series A preferred stock shares shall not be entitled to receive any dividends. No dividends (other than those payable solely in common stock) shall be paid on the common stock or any class or series of capital stock ranking junior, as to dividends, to the Series A preferred stock shares during any fiscal year of the Company until there shall have been paid or declared and set apart during that fiscal year for the holders of the Series A preferred stock shares a dividend in an amount per share equal to (i) the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Series A preferred stock times (ii) the amount per share of the dividend to be paid on the common stock.

 

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Conversion rights – The holders of the Series A preferred stock shares have the right to convert each Series A preferred stock share and all accrued and unpaid dividends thereon shall be convertible at the option of the holder thereof, at any time after the issuance of such share into fully paid and nonassessable shares of common stock of the Company. The number of shares of common stock into which each share of the Series A preferred stock shares may be converted shall be determined by dividing the sum of the stated value of the Series A preferred stock shares ($1.00 per share) being converted and any accrued and unpaid dividends by the conversion price in effect at the time of the conversion. The Series A preferred stock shares may be converted at a fixed conversion price of $0.20, subject to adjustment for any subdivision or combination of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock. The conversion price has a floor of $0.01 per share.

 

Liquidation rights – Upon the occurrence of any liquidation, each holder of Series A preferred stock shares then outstanding shall be entitled to receive, out of the assets of the Company available for distribution to its stockholders, before any payment shall be made in respect of the common stock, or other series of preferred stock then in existence that is outstanding and junior to the Series A preferred stock shares upon liquidation, an amount per share of Series A preferred stock shares equal to the amount that would be receivable if the Series A preferred stock shares had been converted into common stock immediately prior to such liquidation distribution, plus, accrued and unpaid dividends.

 

In accordance with ASC 480 Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, the Company has classified the Series A preferred stock shares as temporary equity or “mezzanine.”

 

Holders of Series A preferred stock shares began converting into shares of common stock during May 2018 (refer to Note 11, Common Stock, for additional detail).

   

Series B

 

On April 16, 2018, the Company designated 1,000 shares of Series B preferred stock of the Company with a stated value of $3,500 per share. The Series B preferred stock is neither redeemable nor convertible into common stock. The principal terms of the Series B preferred stock shares are as follows:

 

Issue Price - The stated price for the Series B preferred stock shares shall be $3,500 per share.

 

Redemption - The Series B preferred stock shares are not redeemable.

 

Dividends - The holders of the Series B preferred stock shares shall not be entitled to receive any dividends.

  

Preference of Liquidation - The Corporation’s Series A preferred stock (the “Senior Preferred Stock) shall have a liquidation preference senior to the Series B preferred stock. Upon any fundamental transaction, liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, the holders of the shares of the Series B preferred stock shares shall be entitled, after any distribution or payment is made upon any shares of capital stock of the Company having a liquidation preference senior to the Series B preferred stock shares, including the Senior Preferred Stock, but before any distribution or payment is made upon any shares of common stock or other capital stock of the Company having a liquidation preference junior to the Series B preferred stock shares, to be paid in cash the sum of $3,500 per share. If upon such liquidation, dissolution or winding up, the assets to be distributed among the Series B preferred stock holders and all other shares of capital stock of the Company having the same liquidation preference as the Series B preferred stock shall be insufficient to permit payment to said holders of such amounts, then all of the assets of the Company then remaining shall be distributed ratably among the Series B preferred stock holders and such other capital stock of the Company having the same liquidation preference as the Series B preferred stock, if any. Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, after provision is made for Series B preferred stock holders and all other shares of capital stock of the Company having the same liquidation preference as the Series B preferred stock, if any, then-outstanding as provided above, the holders of common stock and other capital stock of the Company having a liquidation preference junior to the Series B preferred stock shall be entitled to receive ratably all remaining assets of the Company to be distributed.

 

Voting - The holders of shares of Series B preferred stock shall be voted together with the shares of common stock such that the aggregate voting power of the Series B preferred stock is equal to 51% of the total voting power of the Company.

 

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Conversion - There are no conversion rights.

 

In accordance with ASC 480 Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, the Company has classified the Series B preferred stock shares as temporary equity or “mezzanine.”

 

Series C

 

On November 14, 2019, the Company designated 9,000,000 shares of Series C preferred stock of the Company with a stated value of $0.00001 per share. The principal terms of the Series C preferred stock shares subsequent to Amendment Number 1 of the share purchase agreement with WaveTech GmbH were as follows:

 

Issue Price - The stated price for the Series C preferred stock shall be $0.00001 per share.

 

Redemption - The Series C preferred stock shares are not redeemable.

 

Dividends - The holders of the Series C preferred stock shares shall not be entitled to receive any dividends.

 

Preference of Liquidation - Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary (a “liquidation”), the Series C preferred stock shall (i) first be entitled to receive out of the assets, whether capital or surplus, of the Company an amount equal to $0.00001 for each share of Series C preferred stock before any distribution or payment shall be made to the holders of any junior securities and (ii) then be entitled to receive out of the assets, whether capital or surplus, of the Company the same amount that a holder of common stock would receive if the Series C preferred stock were fully converted (disregarding for such purposes any conversion limitations hereunder) to common stock which amounts shall be paid pari passu with all holders of common stock.

  

Voting - Except as otherwise provided herein or as required by law, the Series C preferred stock shall be voted together with the shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share of the Company and any other series of preferred stock then outstanding, and not as a separate class, at any annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Company, with respect to any question or matter upon which the holders of common stock have the right to vote, such that the voting power of each share of Series C preferred stock is equal to the voting power of the shares of common stock that each such share of Series C preferred stock is convertible into pursuant hereto. The Series C preferred stock shall be entitled to notice of any stockholders’ meeting in accordance with the bylaws of the Company, and may act by written consent in the same manner as the holders of common stock of the Company.

 

Conversion - on the second business day following the earlier of (i) the reverse split of the Company’s common stock, (ii) the listing of the Company on a national securities exchange and (iii) the six-month anniversary of the closing date (as defined below) (the “Series C Conversion Date”), without any further action, all outstanding shares of Series C shall automatically convert into an aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to the greater of (i) $90,000,000 (the “Aggregate Value”)/Strike Price (as defined below), or (ii) the Aggregate Value/$9.75 (as adjusted for any reverse stock split or similar adjustment that may occur prior to the Series C Conversion Date). Provided, however, if a Triggering Event (as defined below) occurs, the Aggregate Value shall be reduced by the amount of any Losses (as defined below).

 

For purposes hereof, a “Triggering Event” shall include any liability arising from a breach of the representations or warranties of WaveTech GmbH (as defined below) contained in the share purchase agreement dated July 15, 2019 and all amendments thereto (as amended, the “SPA”), by and between the Company and WaveTech GmbH, a corporation organized under the laws of the Republic of Germany. “Closing Date” shall have the meaning ascribed to the term in the SPA. “Strike Price” shall mean the closing price per share of the Company’s common stock on the trading day immediately preceding the Series C Conversion Date.

 

On April 14, 2020, the Company entered into Amendment Number 2 of the share purchase agreement with WaveTech GmbH. Amendment Number 2 replaced the conversion terms of the Series C preferred stock included with Amendment Number 1 with the following:

 

Conversion. On the second business day following the earlier of (i) the later of (A) April 30, 2020, or such later date as may be determined by the Board, and (B) a reverse split of the common stock. (ii) the listing of the Company on a national securities exchange and (iii) the six-month anniversary of the issuance of shares of Series C to such holder (such earliest date. the “Series C Conversion Date”), without any further action, all outstanding shares of Series C shall automatically convert into an aggregate number of shares of common stock equal to $90,000,000 (the “Aggregate Value”)/Strike Price (as defined below). Provided, however, if a Triggering Event (as defined below) occurs, the Aggregate Value shall be reduced by the amount of any losses (as defined below). “Strike Price” shall mean the closing price per share of the Company’s common stock on the trading day immediately preceding the Series C Conversion Date.

 

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For purposes hereof, a “Triggering Event” shall include any liability arising from a breach by WaveTech GmbH, a corporation organized under the laws of the Republic of Germany, of any of its representations or warranties contained in that certain Share Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”), by and between the Corporation and WaveTech GmbH. “Losses” shall have the meaning set forth in the SPA.

 

Additionally, Amendment Number 2 adjusted the amount of common stock issued on the Series C Conversion Date as follows:

 

If on the earlier of (a) the tenth (l0th) business day prior to the listing of the Company on a national securities exchange (“Uplisting”), or (b) December 15, 2020, the aggregate value of the shares of common stock issued upon conversion of the Series C (the “Conversion Shares”) is less than 95% of the aggregate value of the Conversion Shares on the Series C Conversion Date (such difference in value, the “First Value Differential”), then the Company shall make a pro-rata issuance of additional shares of common stock to each holder in an aggregate amount equal to the First Value Differential (such additional shares, the “First True-Up Shares”). In the event (i) an Uplisting does not occur until sometime in 2021, and (ii) on such date in 2021 as the Board may determine, but in no event later than the tenth (10th) business day prior to the Uplisting (the “Second True-Up Date”), the aggregate value of the Conversion Shares as of the Second True-Up Date is less than 95% of the aggregate value of the Conversion Shares as of December 15, 2020 (such difference in value, the “Second Value Differential”), the Company shall, at the Board’s discretion, make a pro-rata issuance of additional shares of common stock to each holder in an aggregate amount equal to the Second Value Differential (such additional shares, the “Second True-Up Shares”). To the extent any shares of Series C are issued after the Series C Conversion Date, then the holder(s) of such shares shall receive the same number of Conversion Shares such holder(s) would have received had they held the Series C on the Series C Conversion Date.

 

On September 29, 2020, the Company amended the Series C preferred stock certificate of designation. In connection with the amendment, the designated shares amount was reduced to 8,888,888 shares.

 

On September 30, 2020, the Company sold its interest in WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail). As a result of the sale, the Series C shares will not be issued.

 

13. Share Purchase Warrants

 

From time to time, the Company issues share purchase warrants and stock options, which are classified as liabilities. The total fair value of the Company’s share purchase warrants and stock options was $59 and $191,732 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. This amount is included in derivative liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. The valuation methodology, including the assumptions used in the valuation, are discussed in Note 10, Derivative Liabilities. The weighted-average remaining life on the share purchase warrants as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was 0.7 years and 1.3 years, respectively. The stock options outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were not subject to any vesting terms.

 

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The following table summarizes the activity of share purchase warrants for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:

 

    Number of warrants     Weighted average exercise price  
Balance at December 31, 2019     14,075     $ 331.46  
Issued     345,993       340.27  
Expired     (1,293 )     736.64  
Balance at September 30, 2020     358,775     $ 338.50  

 

As of September 30, 2020, the following share purchase warrants were outstanding:

 

Number of warrants     Exercise price     Issuance Date   Expiry date
  334,365 *     360.00     2/14/2018   2/13/2021
  417       480.00     2/21/2018   2/21/2021
  1,667       300.00     5/17/2018   5/17/2021
  380       324.00     10/10/2018   10/10/2021
  2,500       30.00     11/21/2019   11/21/2022
  9,723       9.00     2/7/2020   2/7/2023
  9,723       9.00     2/7/2020   2/7/2023
  358,775                  

 

* This warrant is convertible into 4% of the number of common shares of the Company outstanding. At September 30, 2020, it is 4% of the 8,359,123 shares outstanding as of that date.

 

The following table summarizes the activity of stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:

 

    Number of stock options     Weighted average exercise price  
Balance at December 31, 2019     5,000     $ 9.00  
Issued     -       -  
Expired     -       -  
Balance at September 30, 2020     5,000     $ 9.00  

 

As of September 30, 2020, the following stock options were outstanding:

 

Number of stock options     Exercise price     Issuance Date   Expiry date
  5,000       9.00     11/25/2019   11/25/2021

 

14. Leases

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which introduced a lessee model that requires the majority of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the ASU using the modified retrospective transition approach and elected the transition option to recognize the adjustment in the period of adoption rather than in the earliest period presented. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classification. Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of additional net lease assets and lease liabilities of $269,341 as of January 1, 2019. During the year ended December 31, 2019, non-cash right of use assets recorded in exchange for non-cash operating lease liabilities was $316,600. The Company leases certain office space and equipment. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet; we recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

The depreciable lives of operating lease assets and leasehold improvements are limited by the expected lease term. The Company’s leases generally do not provide an implicit rate, and therefore the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate when measuring operating lease liabilities. The Company used the incremental borrowing rates as of January 1, 2019 for operating leases that commenced prior to that date.

 

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The following table sets forth the operating lease right of use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

    September 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Operating lease assets   $ 124,100     $ 168,384  
                 
Operating lease liabilities:                
Current operating lease liabilities     130,171       173,351  
Total operating lease liabilities   $ 130,171     $ 173,351  

   

Expense related to leases is recorded on a straight-line basis over the lease term, including rent holidays. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized operating lease expense of $23,582 and $99,473, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recognized operating lease expense of $61,122 and $167,644, respectively. Operating lease costs are included within selling, administrative and other expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, short-term lease costs were $46,325 and $145,128, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, short-term lease costs were $55,413 and $198,703, respectively.

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities were $23,472 and $98,369, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities were $57,909 and $163,127, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. These amounts are included in operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company reduced its operating lease liabilities by $6,307 and $43,180, respectively, for cash paid. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company reduced its operating lease liabilities by $35,027 and $102,316, respectively, for cash paid.

 

The operating lease liabilities as of September 30, 2020 reflect a weighted average discount rate of 58%. The weighted average remaining term of the leases is 2.4 years. Remaining lease payments as of September 30, 2020 are as follows: 

 

Year ending December 31,      
2020   $ 23,632  
2021     95,914  
2022     86,681  
2023     21,330  
Total lease payments     227,557  
Less: imputed interest     (97,386 )
Total   $ 130,171  

 

15. Commitments and Contingencies

 

Leases

 

The Company leases certain of its properties under leases that expire on various dates through 2023. Some of these agreements include escalation clauses and provide for renewal options ranging from one to five years. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less and immaterial leases are not recorded on the balance sheet (refer to Note 14, Leases, for amounts expensed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019).

 

WaveTech GmbH Share Purchase Agreement

 

On July 15, 2019, the Company entered into a share purchase agreement with WaveTech GmbH, a German corporation.

 

The merger of WaveTech GmbH into the Company shall be effected through a sale and exchange of shares and cash. Pursuant to the share purchase agreement, the Company was to acquire all right, title and interest in all of the issued and outstanding shares of stock of WaveTech GmbH in exchange for the issuance of the Company’s Series C preferred stock as well as the assumption by the Company of $8,507,557 of WaveTech GmbH debt (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail). The Company was to receive $3,000,000 in cash at or before consummation of the transactions contemplated by the share purchase agreement (the “Transactions”). Upon consummation of the Transactions, the current WaveTech GmbH shareholders would have beneficially owned a majority of the outstanding shares of the Company.

 

The consummation of the Transactions was also subject to the satisfaction or waiver (if permitted by law) of certain closing conditions, including, among other things, (i) the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the parties in all material respects and (ii) the performance of and compliance with the covenants of the parties in all material respects.

 

The parties were required to use commercially reasonable efforts to cause to be taken and to do or cause to be done all actions and things as are necessary under the terms of the share purchase agreement or under applicable law, in order to consummate the Transactions. The parties were also required to, among other things, cooperate in all respects with each other in connection with any filing or submission to any governmental authority in connection with the Transactions.

 

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The share purchase agreement also contained certain termination rights for both the Company and WaveTech GmbH, including that the Company or WaveTech GmbH could have terminated the share purchase agreement if WaveTech GmbH had not obtained executed assignment agreements from its shareholders holding an aggregate of (i) fifty one percent (51%) of the issued and outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH by the date that was ninety (90) days following the date of the share purchase agreement and (ii) ninety percent (90%) of the issued and outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH by March 31, 2020.

 

On November 14, 2019, the Company entered into Amendment Number 1 of the share purchase agreement and acquired approximately 60% of the outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH. In connection with the Company acquiring these shares, the Company’s board appointed Dag Valand to be a director of the Company and appointed Silas Poel to be the Company’s Chief Operating Officer and director. Mr. Valand is the CEO and co-founder of WaveTech GmbH and Mr. Poel is the Chief Operating Officer of WaveTech GmbH. Additionally, on February 19, 2020, the Company’s board appointed Brynjar Meling to be a director of the Company. Mr. Meling previously served as a director of WaveTech GmbH.

 

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had received $2,989,978 in cash from WaveTech GmbH. Additionally, the Company recorded a foreign exchange loss of $10,022 in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company received an additional $319,972 in cash from WaveTech GmbH.

 

On April 14, 2020, the Company entered into Amendment Number 2 of the share purchase agreement. This amendment primarily related to conversion terms for the Company’s Series C preferred stock (refer to Note 12, Preferred Stock, for additional detail).

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company obtained additional executed assignment agreements from shareholders holding an aggregate of 30% of the issued and outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH. As a result, the Company had obtained executed assignment agreements from shareholders holding an aggregate of 90% of the issued and outstanding shares of WaveTech GmbH. 

 

On September 30, 2020, the Company sold its interest in WaveTech GmbH (refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail). Prior to the sale, The Company determined that the acquisition had not been completed for accounting purposes because the Series C preferred stock shares were never issued.

 

Oasis Capital, LLC Equity Purchase Agreement and Registration Rights Agreement

 

On August 29, 2019, the Company entered into an equity purchase agreement and registration rights agreement with Oasis Capital, LLC, a Puerto Rico limited liability Company. Under the terms of the equity purchase agreement, Oasis Capital agreed to purchase from the Company up to $2,500,000 of the Company’s common stock upon effectiveness of a registration statement on Form S-1 (the “Registration Statement”) filed with the SEC and subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the equity purchase agreement.

 

Following effectiveness of the Registration Statement, and subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the equity purchase agreement, the Company shall have the discretion to deliver put notices to Oasis Capital and Oasis Capital will be obligated to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.00001 per share based on the investment amount specified in each put notice. The maximum amount that the Company shall be entitled to put to Oasis Capital in each put notice shall not exceed the lesser of $250,000 or two hundred percent (200%) of the average daily trading volume of the Company’s common stock during the ten (10) trading days preceding the put. Pursuant to the equity purchase agreement, Oasis Capital and its affiliates will not be permitted to purchase and the Company may not put shares of the Company’s common stock to Oasis Capital that would result in Oasis Capital’s beneficial ownership of the Company’s outstanding common stock exceeding 9.99%. The price of each put share shall be equal to eighty five percent (85%) of the market price (as defined in the equity purchase agreement). Puts may be delivered by the Company to Oasis Capital until the earlier of (i) the date on which Oasis Capital has purchased an aggregate of $2,500,000 worth of common stock under the terms of the equity purchase agreement, (ii) August 29, 2022, or (iii) written notice of termination delivered by the Company to Oasis Capital, subject to certain equity conditions set forth in the equity purchase agreement.

 

As of the date of this report, the Company has not received the funds described in the equity purchase agreement and has not filed the Registration Statement with the SEC.

 

16. Segment Disclosures

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company had two operating segments including:

 

  AWS/ADEX/TNS, which is comprised of the AWS Entities, the ADEX Entities, and TNS (TNS was sold on September 30, 2020. Refer to Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, for additional detail).

 

  Spectrum Global Solutions (SGS), which consists of the rest of the Company’s operations.

 

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Factors used to identify the Company’s reportable segments include the organizational structure of the Company and the financial information available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in making decisions about how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s operating segments have been broken out based on similar economic and other qualitative criteria. The Company operates the SGS reporting segment in one geographical area (the United States) and the AWS/ADEX/TNS operating segment in two geographical areas (the United States and Puerto Rico).

 

Financial statement information by operating segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 is presented below:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2020     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020  
    Spectrum Global     AWS/ADEX/TNS     Total     Spectrum Global     AWS/ADEX/TNS     Total  
                                     
Net sales   $ -     $ 5,895,300     $ 5,895,300     $ -     $ 18,633,674     $ 18,633,674  
Operating (loss) income     (546,898 )     (2,097,099 )     (2,643,997 )     (1,870,001 )     (3,540,944 )     (5,410,945 )
Interest expense     239,867       34,489       274,356       803,481       181,580       985,061  
Depreciation and amortization     -       97,949       97,949       -       292,295       292,295  
Total assets as of September 30, 2020     6,453       6,307,407       6,313,860       6,453       6,307,407       6,313,860  

 

Geographic information for the three and nine months ended and as of September 30, 2020 is presented below:

 

    Revenues        
    Three Months Ended September 30, 2020     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020     Long-lived Assets as of September 30, 2020  
Puerto Rico and Canada   $ 422,819     $ 875,659     $ 15,392  
United States     5,472,481       17,758,015       3,607,429  
Consolidated total     5,895,300       18,633,674       3,622,821  

 

Financial statement information by operating segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2019     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019  
    Spectrum Global     AWS/ADEX/TNS     Total     Spectrum Global     AWS/ADEX/TNS     Total  
                                     
Net sales   $ -     $ 7,505,937     $ 7,505,937     $ -     $ 27,159,071     $ 27,159,071  
Operating (loss) income     (1,260,709 )     108,762       (1,151,947 )     (2,979,974 )     830,339       (2,149,635 )
Interest expense     126,969       115,583       242,552       1,224,353       267,794       1,492,147  
Depreciation and amortization     -       97,281       97,281       -       288,134       288,134  
Total assets as of December 31, 2019     11,783       12,157,035       12,168,818       11,783       12,157,035       12,168,818  

 

Geographic information for the three and nine months ended and as of September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

    Revenues        
    Three Months Ended September 30,
2019
    Nine Months Ended September 30,
2019
    Long-lived Assets as of December 31,
2019
 
                   
Puerto Rico   $ 383,246     $ 1,094,475     $ 9,698  
United States     7,122,691       26,064,596       5,861,240  
Consolidated total     7,505,937       27,159,071       5,870,938  

 

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17. Subsequent Events

 

Convertible promissory note, Efrat Investments, LLC, 10% interest, secured, matures October 5, 2021

 

On September 14, 2020, the Company entered into and closed on a secured convertible promissory note with Efrat Investments, LLC, pursuant to which the Company issued to Efrat Investments, LLC a secured convertible promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $165,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $146,000, resulting in an original issue discount of $19,000. The note was funded on October 5, 2020.

 

The Company also issued a warrant equal to the $165,000 face amount of the note with a term of three years from the date the promissory note was funded to purchase 1,650,000 shares of common stock at an initial exercise price of $0.10 per share.

 

The interest on the outstanding principal due under the note accrues at a rate of 10% per annum. All principal and accrued but unpaid under the secured note is due on October 5, 2020. The note is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at a fixed conversion price of $0.05 per share. In the event of a default, the conversion price will be equal to the lower of (i) the fixed conversion price, (ii) discount to market based upon subsequent financings with other investors, or (iii) 60% of the lowest closing price of the Company’s common stock during the 20 consecutive trading day period immediately preceding the date of the respective conversion.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to a Crown Bridge Partners Convertible Debenture

 

On October 5, 2020, the Company issued 255,000 shares of common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $5,324 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures.

 

Issuance of Shares Pursuant to GS Capital Partners, LLC Convertible Debentures

 

On October 7, 2020, the Company issued 458,809 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $12,200 of principal and $1,128 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures

 

On October 7, 2020, the Company issued 507,518 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $13,000 of principal and $1,222 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures

 

On October 7, 2020, the Company issued 274,219 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $7,000 of principal and $678 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures

 

On October 7, 2020, the Company issued 502,869 shares of common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $10,350 of principal and $844 of accrued interest pursuant to the convertible debenture described in Note 8, Convertible Debentures

 

Update on Shutdown of AW Solutions, Inc.

 

As discussed in Note 3, Disposals of Subsidiaries, the Company made the decision to shut down its AW Solutions, Inc. subsidiary during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of the date of this report, AW Solutions, Inc. continues to operate at a lesser capacity. The Company plans to complete the shutdown during the fourth quarter of 2020. Once the operations have fully ceased, the Company plans to abandon the subsidiary.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expects”, “plan”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “predicts”, “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.

 

Our unaudited consolidated financial statements are stated in United States dollars ($) and are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this quarterly report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this quarterly report.

 

In this quarterly report, unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars. All references to “$” refer to United States dollars and all references to “common stock” refer to the common shares in our capital stock.

 

Unless specifically set forth to the contrary, when used in this report the terms “we”, “our”, the “Company” and similar terms refer to Spectrum Global Solutions, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

The information that appears on our website at www.SpectrumGlobalSolutions.com is not part of this report.

 

Description of Business

 

On February 5, 2018, we completed our corporate jurisdiction continuation from the jurisdiction of the Province of British Columbia to the jurisdiction of the State of Nevada in accordance with the Articles of Conversion and the Articles of Incorporation filed with the Nevada Secretary of State. Our principal offices are located at 980 N. Federal Highway, Suite 304, Boca Raton, Florida. Our telephone number is (407) 512-9102. On January 2, 2018, we changed our fiscal year end to December 31.

 

We are a leading provider of services and solutions in the telecommunications industry to top tier communication carriers, service providers, utilities and Fortune 1000 enterprises. The telecommunications sector provides services and solutions throughout the United States, Guam, Canada and the Caribbean.

 

We provide a comprehensive technology platform and array of professional services and solutions to our clients that are applicable across multiple platforms and technologies to include but not limited to: Wi-Fi , Wi-Max and wide-area networks, fiber networks (ISP/OSP), DAS networks (iDAS/oDAS), small cell distributed networks, public safety networks and enterprise networks for incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), telecommunications original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), cable broadband multiple system operators (MSOs), tower and network aggregators, utility entities, government and enterprise customers. Our services teams support the deployment of new networks and technologies, as well as expand, maintain and decommission existing networks.

 

Our telecommunications services are supported by our subsidiaries: the ADEX Entities and the AWS Entities. ADEX is a leading outsource provider of engineering and installation services, staffing solutions and other services which include consulting to the telecommunications industry, service providers and enterprise customers. ADEX’s managed solutions diversifies the ability to service customers domestically and internationally throughout the project lifecycle. ADEX customers include many leading wireless and wireline telecommunications providers, cable broadband multiple-system operators (“MSOs”) and OEMs. On a weekly basis, the Company deploys hundreds of telecommunication professionals in support of its customers. The Company believes that its global footprint of support is a differentiating factor for national and international-based customers needing a broad range of technical expertise for management of their legacy and next generation networks. The Company seeks to assist its customers throughout the entire life cycle of a network deployment via its comprehensive suite of managed solutions that include consulting and professional staffing services to service providers as well as enterprise customers, network implementation, network installation, network upgrades, rebuilds, design, engineering and integration wireless network support, wireless network integration, wireless and wireline equipment installation and commissioning, wireless site development and construction management, network engineering, project management, disaster recovery design engineering and integration. The AWS Entities provide a broad range of professional services and solutions to top tier communication carriers and Fortune 1000 enterprise customers. The telecommunication division offers carriers, service providers and enterprise customers professional contracting services, to include: infrastructure audits; site acquisition; architectural, structural and civil design and analysis; construction management; construction; installation; warehousing and logistics; maintenance services, that support the build-out and upgrade and operation of some of the most advanced networks, small cell, Wi-Fi, fiber and distributed antenna system (DAS) networks. We believe the expansion and migration of these next-generation networks, our long-term relationships supported by multiyear master service agreements (MSA) and multi-year service contracts with major wireless, commercial wireline and wireless operators, DAS operators, tower companies, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and prime contractor/project management organization provides us a significant opportunity as a long term leading and well respected industry leader in this marketplace.

 

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During the three nine months ended September 30, 2020, we sold our TNS subsidiary and made the decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions, Inc. As of the date of this report, AW Solutions, Inc. continues to operate at a lesser capacity. Once the operations have fully ceased, we plan to abandon the subsidiary. 

 

Our Operating Units

 

Our company is comprised of the following:

 

  The ADEX Entities. The ADEX Entities are a leading outsource provider of engineering and installation services, staffing solutions and other services which include consulting to the telecommunications industry, service providers and enterprise customers domestically and internationally. ADEX seeks to assist its customers throughout the entire life cycle of a network deployment via its comprehensive suite of managed solutions that include consulting and professional staffing services to service providers as well as enterprise customers, network implementation, network installation, network upgrades, rebuilds, design, engineering and integration wireless network support, wireless network integration, wireless and wireline equipment installation and commissioning, wireless site development and construction management, network engineering, project management, disaster recovery design engineering and integration.

 

  The AWS Entities. The AWS Entities are professional, multi-service line, telecommunications infrastructure companies that provide outsourced services to the wireless and wireline industry. The AWS Entities services include network systems design, site acquisition services, asset audits, architectural and engineering services, program management, construction management and inspection, construction, installation, maintenance and other technical services. The AWS Entities provide in-field design, computer aided design and drawing services (CADD), fiber and DAS deployments for facilities and outdoor environments. As noted above, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 we made the decision to shut down the operations of AW Solutions Inc. (“AWS”). The AWS Entities also include AW Solutions Puerto Rico, LLC (“AWS PR”) and Tropical Communications, Inc. (“Tropical). The operations of AWS PR and Tropical will continue subsequent to the winding down of the operations of AWS.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The extent to which the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak and measures taken in response thereto impact our business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted.

 

Global health concerns relating to the COVID-19 outbreak have been weighing on the macroeconomic environment, and the outbreak has significantly increased economic uncertainty. Risks related to consumers and businesses lowering or changing spending, which impact domestic and international spend. The outbreak has resulted in authorities implementing numerous measures to try to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place orders, and business shutdowns. These measures have not only negatively impacted consumer spending and business spending habits, they have also adversely impacted and may further impact our workforce and operations and the operations of our customers, suppliers and business partners. These measures may remain in place for a significant period of time and they are likely to continue to adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to modify our business practices (including employee travel, employee work locations, and cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events and conferences), and we may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers and business partners. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus or otherwise be satisfactory to government authorities.

 

The extent to which the COVID-19 outbreak impacts our business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, the duration and spread of the outbreak, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, we may continue to experience materially adverse impacts to our business as a result of its global economic impact, including any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.

 

There are no comparable recent events which may provide guidance as to the effect of the spread of COVID-19 and a global pandemic, and, as a result, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 outbreak or a similar health epidemic is highly uncertain and subject to change. We do not yet know the full extent of the impacts on our business, our operations or the global economy as a whole. However, the effects could have a material impact on our results of operations, and we will continue to monitor the COVID-19 situation closely.

 

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Results of Operations for the Three Month Periods Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

 

Revenues

 

Our operating results for the three month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are summarized as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended        
    September 30,
2020
    September 30,
2019
    Difference  
                   
Revenue   $ 5,895,300     $ 7,505,937     $ (1,610,637 )
Operating expenses     8,539,297       8,657,884       (118,587 )
Other (expense) income     (6,245,779 )     (120,404 )     (6,125,375 )
Provision for income taxes     (13,333 )     (2,099 )     (11,234 )
Net loss     (8,903,109 )     (1,274,450 )     (7,628,659 )

   

Revenue generated during the three months ended September 30, 2020, was $5,895,300 compared to $7,505,937 for the period ended September 30, 2019. The decrease of $1,610,637 is primarily related to a decrease in sales of $1,096,459 for ADEX. Three large ADEX customers totaled $1,266,691 in the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $3,739,550 in the same period of 2019. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic began to affect our operations and the operations of our customers in March 2020.

 

With the sale of our TNS subsidiary, along with the abandonment of AWS which we anticipate completing during the final quarter of the year, we expect revenues in the fourth quarter of this year to decrease significantly compared to the same period of 2019.

 

Operating Expenses

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2020, our operating expenses were $8,539,297, compared to operating expenses of $8,657,884 for the same period of 2019. The decrease of $118,587 is primarily related to a $1,474,205 decrease in cost of revenues and a $387,460 decrease in salaries and wages as a result of the decrease in sales as discussed above. These decreased were partially offset by impairment charges totaling $1,904,738 for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Other Expenses

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, we had other expense of $6,245,779 compared to other expense of $120,404 for the same period in 2019. The increase in other expense of $6,125,375 was primarily due to the loss on disposal of subsidiary of $4,975,030. Additionally, loss on settlement of debt increased $457,714 and gain on change in fair value of derivatives decreased $413,291.

 

Net (Loss) Income

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, we incurred a net loss of $8,903,109, compared to a net loss of $1,762,522 for the same period in 2019.

 

Results of Operations for the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

 

Revenues

 

Our operating results for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are summarized as follows:

 

    Nine Months Ended        
    September 30,
2020
    September 30,
2019
    Difference  
                   
Revenue   $ 18,633,674     $ 27,159,071     $ (8,525,397 )
Operating expenses     24,044,619       29,308,706       (5,264,087 )
Other expense     (9,015,102 )     (533,683 )     (8,481,419 )
Provision for income taxes     (32,333 )     (22,300 )     (10,033 )
Net loss     (14,458,380 )     (2,705,618 )     (11,752,762 )

 

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Revenue generated during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, was $18,633,674 compared to $27,159,071 for the period ended September 30, 2019. The decrease of $8,525,397 is primarily related to a decrease in sales of $5,897,673 for ADEX and $2,190,938 for our former TNS subsidiary. Three large ADEX customers totaled $5,693,119 in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $14,046,463 in the same period of 2019. TNS had a decrease of $1,849,818 from its largest customer in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period of 2019. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic began to affect our operations and the operations of our customers in March 2020. These decreases were partially offset by a combined increase in sales to three large ADEX customer of $2,717,576 and an increase in sales to a large AWS customer of $986,768.

 

With the sale of our TNS subsidiary, along with the abandonment of AWS which we anticipate completing during the final quarter of the year, we expect revenues for the full year to decrease significantly compared to 2019.

 

Operating Expenses

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, our operating expenses were $24,044,619, compared to operating expenses of $29,308,706 for the same period of 2019. The decrease of $5,264,087 is primarily related to a $6,025,995 decrease in cost of revenues and a $470,965 decrease in salaries and wages as a result of the decrease in sales as discussed above. These decreased were partially offset by impairment charges totaling $1,904,738 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Other Expenses

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we had other expense of $9,015,102 compared to other expense of $533,683 for the same period in 2019. The increase in other expense of $8,481,419 was primarily due to the loss on disposal of subsidiary of $4,975,030, an increase in loss on settlement of debt of $2,389,571, and a loss on change in fair value of derivatives of $38,626 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to a gain on change in fair value of derivatives of $1,924,637 for the same period of 2019. These increases were partially offset by decreases in amortization of discounts on convertible debentures and loans payable and interest expense of $706,081 and $507,086, respectively.

 

Net Loss

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we incurred a net loss of $14,458,380, compared to a net loss of $3,193,690 for the same period in 2019.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of September 30, 2020, our total current assets were $4,595,777 and our total current liabilities were $9,206,892, resulting in a working capital deficit of $4,611,115, compared to a working capital deficit of $9,790,032 as of December 31, 2019.

 

We suffered recurring losses from operations. The continuation of our company is dependent upon our company attaining and maintaining profitable operations and raising additional capital as needed. In this regard, we have historically raised additional capital through equity offerings and loan transactions.

 

Cash Flows

 

    Nine months ended
September 30,
 
(dollars amounts in thousands)   2020     2019  
             
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (518,254 )   $ (676,469 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (986,155 )     (1,006,653 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     1,688,720       1,325,207  
Change in cash   $ 184,311     $ (357,915 )

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash increased $184,311, compared to an increase in cash of $357,915 for the same period of 2019. The increase was primarily related to cash provided by financing activities of $1,688,720 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The amount includes proceeds from CARES Act loans totaling $3,561,183. This increase in cash was mostly offset by the cash used in operating activities of $518,254 and cash used in invested activities of $986,155. Cash used in operating activities included the net loss of $14,458,380. This amount was mostly offset by the loss on disposal of subsidiary of $4,975,030, the loss on settlement of debt of $2,103,958, the goodwill impairment charge of $1,503,633, and net changes in operating assets and liabilities of $3,183,058. Cash used in investing activities primarily related to the cash paid upon disposal of TNS of $978,395.

 

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In order to improve our liquidity, we intend to pursue additional equity financing from private placement sales of our equity securities or shareholders loans. There is no assurance that we will be successful in completing any further private placement financing. If we are unable to achieve the necessary additional financing, then we plan to reduce the amounts we spend on our business activities and administrative expenses in order to be within the amount of capital resources that are available to us.

 

As of September 30, 2020, we had cash of $653,130 compared to $468,819 as of December 31, 2019.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Inflation

 

The effect of inflation on our revenue and operating results has not been significant.

  

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

Based on management’s evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer concluded that, as a result of the material weaknesses described below, as of September 30, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures are not designed at a reasonable assurance level and are not effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The material weaknesses, which relate to internal control over financial reporting, that were identified are:

 

  a) Due to our small size, we do not have a proper segregation of duties in certain areas of our financial reporting process. The areas where we have a lack of segregation of duties include cash receipts and disbursements, approval of purchases and approval of accounts payable invoices for payment. This control deficiency, which is pervasive in nature, results in a reasonable possibility that material misstatements of the consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis;
     
  b) we do not have any formally adopted internal controls surrounding our cash and financial reporting procedures; and

 

  c) the lack of the quantity of resources to implement an appropriate level of review controls to properly evaluate the completeness and accuracy of transactions entered into by our company.

 

We are committed to improving our financial organization. In addition, we will look to increase our personnel resources and technical accounting expertise within the accounting function to resolve non-routine or complex accounting matters.

 

Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are currently not aware of any such legal proceedings or claims that we believe will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Since the beginning of the three month period ended September 30, 2020, we have not sold any equity securities that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933 that were not previously reported in an annual report on Form 10-K, in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q or in a current report on Form 8-K, or are listed below.

 

On July 8, 2020, we issued 119,403 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $12,000 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On July 13, 2020, we issued 75,000 shares of our common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 15,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On July 13, 2020, we issued 42,400 shares of our common stock to SCS, LLC upon the conversion of $4,000 of principal and $240 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On July 20, 2020, we issued 130,037 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $7,100 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On July 27, 2020, we issued 154,639 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $6,000 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On July 29, 2020, we issued 88,333 shares of our common stock to SCS, LLC upon the conversion of $4,000 of principal and $240 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 4, 2020, we issued 153,631 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,500 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 11, 2020, we issued 153,203 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,500 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 11, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

On August 11, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

On August 13, 2020, we issued 159,218 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,700 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 17, 2020, we issued 204,447 shares of our common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $6,296 of principal and $512 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 17, 2020, we issued 158,055 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,200 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

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On August 20, 2020, we issued 159,509 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,200 of principal pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 24, 2020, we issued 236,963 shares of our common stock to Power Up Lending Group LTD. upon the conversion of $5,800 of principal and $1,925 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 24, 2020, we issued 236,602 shares of our common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $7,000 of principal and $580 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 24, 2020, we issued 170,000 shares of our common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $3,590 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 26, 2020, we issued 170,500 shares of our common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $3,604 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 27, 2020, we issued 253,656 shares of our common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $7,500 of principal and $626 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On August 27, 2020, we issued 85,000 shares of our common stock to M2B Funding upon the conversion of 17,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On September 1, 2020, we issued 150,000 shares of our common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 30,000 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On September 3, 2020, we issued 316,672 shares of our common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $9,350 of principal and $795 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On September 10, 2020, we issued 142,960 shares of our common stock to Dominion Capital upon the conversion of 28,592 shares of Series A preferred stock with a stated value of $1 per share.

 

On September 11, 2020, we issued 250,000 shares of our common stock to Crown Bridge Partners upon the conversion of $5,355 of principal and $1,000 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On September 15, 2020, we issued 333,053 shares of our common stock to GS Capital Partners, LLC upon the conversion of $12,750 of principal and $1,118 of accrued interest pursuant to a convertible debenture.

 

On September 21, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

On September 21, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

On September 23, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to CCAG Investments, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

On September 23, 2020, we issued 300,000 shares of our common stock to FJ Vulis and Associates, LLC, pursuant to the terms of a convertible debenture.

 

The above issuances of our securities were not registered under the Securities Act and the Company relied on an exemption from registration provided by rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act for such issuances.

 

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Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits 

 

Exhibit #   Exhibit Description
31.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certifications of the Principal Executive Officer, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101 SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101 CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101 LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document
     
101 PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
     
101 DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

   

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  SPECTRUM GLOBAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
     
Date: November 23, 2020 By: /s/ Roger M. Ponder
    Roger M. Ponder
    Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer

 

 

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