UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

x  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended 03/31/2020

or

o  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

Commission file number 000-25919

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Minnesota   41-1793975

State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization

  I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
     
10400 Yellow Circle Drive, Suite 102, Minnetonka, MN   55343
Address of Principal Executive Offices   Zip Code

(952) 945-9455

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share N/A N/A

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒ No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ☒ No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐  Smaller reporting company ☒
Emerging growth company ☐    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  No 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.   Yes ☐    No ☐ 

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class   Outstanding at May 14, 2020
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share   1,677,798 shares
 
 
AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
 
INDEX

Page

No.

 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
   
   
Item 1.  Financial Statements:  
   
Balance Sheets.…………………………………………………………….………… F-2 - F- 3
   
Statements of Operations…….……………………………………………………… F-4
   
Statements of Cash Flows……..…………………………………………………….. F-5 - F-6
   
Notes to Financial Statements …………………………………………………………. F-7 -F-19
   
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial  
Condition and Results of Operations………………………………………………….. 20 - 23
   
Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk……………….. 25
   
Items 4.  Controls and Procedures…………..…………………………………………  25
   
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION
   
Item 1.  Legal Proceedings……………………………………………………………. 26
   
Item 1A.  Risk Factors…………………………………………………………………... 26
   
Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds……………….. 26
   
Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities………………………………………..……. 26
   
Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures……………………..…………………………..…… 26
   
Item 5.  Other Information……………………………………………………………. 26
   
Item 6.  Exhibits……………………………………………….………………………. 26 -27
   
Signatures………………………………………………….…………………..……… 28

 

 

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Balance Sheets
       
ASSETS March 31, 2020   December 31, 2019
  (unaudited)    
       
Assets      
    Cash and cash equivalents  $                47,170    $              191,987
    Accounts receivable                  109,797                    125,539
    Interest receivable                  186,970                    185,190
    Investments                      2,410                        2,410
    Prepaid expenses                    19,529                      13,121
            Total current assets                  365,876                    518,247
       
       
Mortgage Loans Receivable, net of allowance of $1,429,487      
    for both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 and deferred origination fees       
    of $266,033 and $278,633 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively             17,855,031               20,717,058
       
Bond Portfolio             17,448,937               16,055,937
       
Real Estate Held for Sale                  666,957                    651,398
            Total Assets  $         36,336,801    $         37,942,640
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.

 

  F- 2  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Balance Sheets
       
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                          March 31, 2020   December 31, 2019
  (unaudited)    
       
Liabilities      
    Accounts payable                      3,875                      12,311
    Management fee payable                    48,224                      27,255
    Line of Credit                  600,000                 1,445,000
    Dividends payable                    67,112                    125,835
       
Secured Investor Certificates, Series B               8,056,000                 8,855,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series C               6,319,000                 6,324,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series D               8,074,000                 8,109,000
Secured Investor Certificates, Series E               3,656,000                 3,562,000
       
(Less) Deferred Offering Costs, net of accumulated amortization      
    of  $992,616 and $956,811 at March 31, 2020 and       
    December 31, 2019, respectively                 (836,472)                   (865,533)
           Total liabilities             25,987,739               27,594,868
       
Stockholders’ Equity      
    Common stock, par value $.01 per share       
        authorized, 30,000,000 shares,      
        issued and outstanding, 1,677,798 shares at March 31, 2020 and      
        December 31, 2019, respectively                    16,778                      16,778
    Additional paid-in capital             19,113,458               19,113,458
    Accumulated deficit              (8,781,174)                (8,782,464)
            Total stockholders’ equity             10,349,062               10,347,772
       
            Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $         36,336,801    $         37,942,640
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.

 

 

  F- 3  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Statements of Operations
       
  For the Three Months Ended
  March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019
  (unaudited)
       
Interest and Other Income  $               627,977    $               648,471
       
Interest Expense                   463,490                     457,333
       
Net Interest Income                   164,487                     191,138
       
Provision for losses on mortgage loans receivable                             -                          18,278
       
Net Interest Income after Provision for Mortgage                   164,487                     172,860
       
Operating Expenses      
   Other than temporary impairment on bond portfolio                               -                       50,000
Other operating expenses                     96,085                     126,584
                      96,085                     176,584
       
Operating Income (Loss)                      68,402                        (3,724)
       
Other Income                               -                            130
       
Net Income (Loss)  $                 68,402    $                  (3,594)
       
Basic and Diluted Income (Loss) Per Share  $                   0.041    $                  (0.002)
       
Dividends Declared Per Share  $                   0.040    $                   0.055
       
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding -      
    Basic and Diluted                1,677,798                  1,677,798
       
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.

 

 

  F- 4  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
                     
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
                     
            Additional        
    Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated    
    Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Totals
                     
Balance, December 31, 2018     1,677,798     $ 16,778     $ 19,113,458     $ (8,353,688 )   $ 10,776,548  
                                         
    Net loss     —         —         —         (3,594 )     (3,594 )
                                         
    Dividends declared     —         —         —         (92,279 )     (92,279 )
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2019     1,677,798       16,778       19,113,458       (8,449,561 )   $ 10,680,675  
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2019     1,677,798     $ 16,778     $ 19,113,458     $ (8,782,464 )   $ 10,347,772  
                                         
    Net Income     —         —         —         68,402       68,402  
                                         
    Dividends declared     —         —         —         (67,112 )     (67,112 )
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2020     1,677,798       16,778       19,113,458       (8,781,174 )   $ 10,349,062  
                                         
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.            

 

 

  F- 5  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
         
Statements of Cash Flows
         
    For the Three Months Ended
    March 30, 2020   March 31, 2019
    (unaudited)
         
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                
    Net income (loss)   $ 68,402     $ (3,594 )
    Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash                
        from operating activities:                
         Net loss on sales and impairment on real estate held for sale     (15,559 )     12,734  
        Provision for losses on mortgage loans receivable     —         18,278  
        Other than temporary impairment on bond portfolio     —         50,000  
        Amortization of loan origination discounts     (12,600 )     —    
        Amortization of deferred offering costs     35,805       27,081  
        Change in assets and liabilities                
            Accounts receivable     15,742       (2,104 )
            Interest receivable     (1,780 )     (4,825 )
            Prepaid expenses     (6,408 )     (10,632 )
            Accounts payable     (8,436 )     (491,517 )
            Management fee payable     20,969       —    
            Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities     96,135       (404,579 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
    Net decrease in loans     2,874,627       1,616,833  
    Investment in bonds     (1,452,000 )     (895,000 )
    Proceeds from bonds     59,000       31,870  
    Proceeds from real estate held for sale     —         (100,537 )
            Net cash provided by investing activities     1,481,627       653,166  
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                
    Net decrease in secured investor certificates     (745,000 )     (1,835,000 )
    Payments for deferred costs     (6,744 )     (20,811 )
    Net change in short term borrowings     (845,000 )     —    
    Dividends paid     (125,835 )     (142,613 )
            Net cash (used for) financing activities     (1,722,579 )     (1,998,424 )
                 
Net (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents     (144,817 )     (1,749,837 )
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Year     191,987       2,183,441  
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Year   $ 47,170     $ 433,604  
                 
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.                

 

  F- 6  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
       
Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
       
  For the Three Months Ended
  March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019
  (unaudited)
       
Supplemental Cash Flow Information      
       
    Interest paid  $               427,685    $                   430,251
       
Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  F- 7  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying audited financial statements of American Church Mortgage Company, (the “Company”) were prepared in accordance with instructions for Form 10-K and Regulation S-X and include information or footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial condition, results of operations, changes in equity and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements have been included.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Nature of Business

 

American Church Mortgage Company, a Minnesota corporation, was incorporated on May 27, 1994. The Company is engaged primarily in the business of making mortgage loans to churches and other nonprofit religious organizations throughout the United States, on terms established for individual organizations.

 

Accounting Estimates

 

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most sensitive estimates relate to the realizability of the mortgage loans receivable, the valuation of the bond portfolio and the valuation of real estate held for sale. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates could change in the near term and that the effect of the change, if any, may be material to the financial statements.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company's loans have been granted to churches and other non-profit religious organizations. The ability of the Company’s debtors to honor their contracts is dependent on member contributions and the involvement in the church or organization of its senior pastor.

 

 

  F- 8  

 

  

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

The Company maintains accounts primarily at two financial institutions. At times throughout the year, the Company’s cash and equivalents balances may exceed amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Cash in money market funds is not federally insured. Management believes these financial institutions have strong credit ratings and that the credit related to these deposits is minimal. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.

 

Bond Portfolio

 

The Company accounts for the bond portfolio under the Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 320, Investments-Debt and Equity Securities. The Company classifies the bond portfolio as “available-for sale” and measures the portfolio at fair value. While the bonds are generally held until contractual maturity, the Company classifies them as available for sale as the bonds may be used to repay secured investor certificates or provide additional liquidity or working capital in the short term.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses on Mortgage Loans Receivable

 

The Company records mortgage loans receivable at estimated net realizable value, which is the unpaid principal balances of the mortgage loans receivable, less the allowance for loan losses on mortgage loans receivable and less deferred loan origination fees. The Company’s loan policy provides an allowance for estimated uncollectible loans based on an evaluation of the current status of the loan portfolio with application of reserve percentages to specific loans based on payment status. This policy reserves for principal amounts outstanding on a specific loan if cumulative interruptions occur in the normal payment schedule of the loan, therefore, the Company recognizes a provision for losses and an allowance for the outstanding principal amount of the loan in the Company’s portfolio if the amount is in doubt of collection. Additionally, no interest income is recognized on impaired loans that are declared to be in default and are in the foreclosure process. At March 31, 2020, the Company reserved $1,429,487 for thirteen mortgage loans. Nine of these loans are three or more mortgage payments in arrears of which three are declared to be in default. The total principal amount of these thirteen loans totaled approximately $5,327 ,000 at March 31, 2020. At December 31, 2019, the Company reserved $1,429,487 for fourteen mortgage loans. Ten of these loans are three or more mortgage payments in arrears of which three are declared to be in default. The total principal amount of these fourteen loans totaled approximately $5,987 ,000 at December 31, 2019.

  F- 9  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

A summary of transactions in the allowance for mortgage loans for the period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 is as follows:

 

Balance at December 31, 2019 $                1,429,487
Provisions for loan losses -
Loan charge-offs -
Balance at March 31, 2020 $                1,429,487

 

Balance at December 31, 2018 $                1,672,003
Provisions for loan losses 18,278
Loan charge-offs (100,537)
Balance at March 31, 2019 $                1,589,744

 

The total impaired loans, which are loans that are in the foreclosure process or are declared to be in default, were approximately $982,000 and $810,000 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, which the Company believes are adequately secured by the underlying collateral and the allowance for mortgage loans. Approximately $656,000 of the Company’s allowance for mortgage loans was allocated to these loans for the period ended March 31, 2020. Approximately $555,000 of the Company’s allowance for mortgage loans was allocated to impaired loans for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

The Company will declare a loan to be in default and will place the loan on non-accrual status when the following thresholds have been met: (i) the borrower has missed three consecutive mortgage payments; (ii) the borrower has not communicated to the Company any legitimate reason for delinquency in its payments to the Company and has not arranged for the re-continuance of payments; (iii) lines of communication to the borrower have broken down such that any reasonable prospect of rehabilitating the loan and return of regular payments is gone.

 

The Company’s policies on payments received and interest accrued on non-accrual loans are as follows: (i) The Company will accept payments on loans that are currently on non-accrual status when a borrower has communicated to us that they intend to meet their mortgage obligations. The accrual of interest on a loan is discontinued when the loan becomes 90 consecutive days delinquent or whenever management believes the borrower will be unable to make payments as they become due. The interest on these loans is subsequently accounted for on the cash basis or using the cost-recovery method until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current or restructured and future payments are reasonably assured. No interest income was recognized on non-accrual loans for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

  F- 10  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

When a loan is declared in default according to the Company’s policy or deemed to be doubtful of collection, the loan committee of the Advisor to the Company will direct the staff to charge-off the uncollectable receivables.

 

Loans totaling approximately $2,432,000 and $3,263,000 exceeded 90 days past due but continued to accrue interest for the period ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company believes that continued interest accruals are appropriate because the loans are well secured, not deemed to be in technical default and the Company is actively pursuing collection of past due payments.

 

Real Estate Held for Sale

 

The Company records real estate held for sale at the estimated fair value, which is net of the expected expenses related to the sale of the real estate.  The fair value of our real estate held for sale, which represents the carrying value, totaled $651,398 for both periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

Carrying Value of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed of significantly before the end of the estimated useful life.

 

Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset compared to the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount is deemed not recoverable and exceeds fair value as determined through various valuation techniques including, but not limited to, discounted cash flow models, quoted market values, and third party independent appraisals.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Interest income on mortgage loans receivable and the bond portfolio is recognized as earned per the terms of the specific asset. Other income included with interest represents cash received for loan origination fees, which are recognized over the life of the loan as an adjustment to the yield on the loan.

 

  F- 11  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

Gain Losses on Real Estate Held For Sale

 

The Company records a gain or loss from real estate held for sale when control of the property transfers to the buyer, which generally occurs at the time of an executed deed. When the Company finances real estate held for sale to the buyer, the Company assesses whether the buyer is committed to perform their obligations under the contract and whether collectability of the transaction price is probable. Once these criteria are met, real estate held for sale is derecognized and the gain or loss on sale is recorded upon the transfer of control of the property to the buyer. In determining the gain or loss on the sale, the Company adjusts the transaction prices and related gain (loss) on sale if a significant financing component is present.

 

Deferred Financing Costs

 

The Company defers the costs related to obtaining financing. These costs are amortized over the life of the financing using the straight line method, which approximates the effective interest method.

 

Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

There were no dilutive shares for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” ASU 2016-13 is intended to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit. For public entities, ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has not yet fully evaluated the potential effects of adopting ASU 2016-13 on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company elected to be taxed as a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). Accordingly, the Company is not subject to Federal income tax to the extent of distributions to its shareholders if the Company meets all the requirements under the REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

The Company evaluated its recognition of income tax benefits using a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring tax benefits when realization of the benefits is uncertain. The first step is to determine whether the benefit meets the more-likely-than-not condition for recognition and the second step is to determine the amount to be recognized based on the cumulative probability that exceeds 50%. Primarily due to the Company’s tax status as a REIT, the Company does not have any significant tax uncertainties that would require recognition or disclosure.

 

  F- 12  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions through May 14, 2020, the date the financial statements were available to be issued. The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has affected churches due to shelter-in-place directives which has ceased social gatherings such as church worship services. The Company’s borrowers may experience severe financial duress during the Covid-19 shelter in place restrictions, amplified by the financial setbacks for many of the church members who have lost their jobs, been furloughed, or had their incomes diminished. The Company has provided some temporary relief by allowing its borrower’s to either make interest only payments for a period of ninety days or forgo one monthly mortgage payment (forbearance). This relief will impact the Company’s revenue and the Company will experience declines in payments due from borrowers and missed bond payments on the bonds owned by the Company which will impact operating income and may potentially impact future distributions and the ability to make payments due on the Company’s certificates and dividends to its shareholders.

 

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

 

The Company measures certain financial instruments at fair value in our balance sheets. The fair value of these instruments is based on valuations that include inputs that can be classified within one of the three levels of a hierarchy. Level 1 inputs include quoted market prices in an active market for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are market data, other than Level 1, that are observable either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted market prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted market prices in an inactive market, and other observable information that can be corroborated by market data. Level 3 inputs are unobservable and corroborated by little or no market data.

 

Except for the bond portfolio, which is required by authoritative accounting guidance to be recorded at fair value in our balance sheets, the Company elected not to record any other financial assets or liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. We recorded an aggregate other than temporary impairment for losses on our Agape bonds (Note 4), which totaled $658,000 for both the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

    Fair Value Measurement
March 31, 2020 Fair Value Level 3
     
Bond portfolio $17,448,937 $17,448,937

 

    Fair Value Measurement
December 31, 2019 Fair Value Level 3
     
Bond portfolio $16,055,937 $16,055,937

 

 

  F- 13  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

We determine the fair value of the bond portfolio shown in the table above by comparing the bonds with similar instruments in inactive markets. The analysis reflects the contractual terms of the bonds, which are callable at par by the issuer at any time, and the anticipated cash flows of the bonds and uses observable and unobservable market-based inputs. Unobservable inputs include our internal credit rating and selection of similar bonds for valuation.

 

The change in Level 3 assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis is summarized as follows:

    Bond Portfolio
Balance at December 31, 2019   $ 16,055,937  
Other than temporary impairment losses on bond portfolio     —    
Purchases     1,452,000  
Proceeds     (59,000 )
Balance at March 31, 2020   $ 17,448,937  

 

Real estate held for sale and impaired loans are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. The fair value of real estate held for sale was based upon the listed sales price less expected selling costs, which is a Level 3 input. The resulting impairment charges were $0 for both periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:

    March 31, 2020
    Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value at March 31,
2020
Impaired Loans   $ —       $ —       $ 3,897,775     $ 3,897,775  
Real estate held for resale     —         —         651,398       651,398  
Totals   $ —       $ —       $ 4,549,173     $ 4,549,173  

 

 

    December 31, 2019
    Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value at December 31,
2019
Impaired Loans   $ —       $ —       $ 4,557,326     $ 4,557,326  
Real estate held for resale     —         —         651,398       651,398  
Totals   $ —       $ —       $ 5,464,521     $ 5,464,521  

 

  F- 14  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

Loans with a carrying amount of $5,327,262 were considered impaired and written down to their fair market value of $3,897,775 as of March 31, 2020. As a result, the Company recognized a specific valuation allowance against these impaired loans totaling $1,429,487 as of March 31, 2020. Loans with a carrying amount of $5,986,813 were considered impaired and written down to their fair market value of $4,557,326 as of December 31, 2019. As a result, the Company recognized a specific valuation allowance against these impaired loans totaling $1,429,487 as of December 31, 2019.

 

The Company held real estate for sale which was acquired through foreclosure or via deed in lieu of foreclosure with a fair value less costs to sell of $651,398 for both periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

    Fair Value   Valuation Technique   Significant Unobservable Inputs(s)   Range/Weighted
                 
March 31, 2020                        
Impaired Loans   $ 3,897,775     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
Real Estate Held for Sale   $ 651,398     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
                         
December 31, 2019                        
Impaired Loans   $ 4,557,326     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  
Real Estate Held for Sale   $ 651,398     Market or Income Approach   Discount to Appraised Values     10-20%  

 

The fair value of impaired loans referenced above was determined by obtaining independent third-party appraisals and/or internally developed collateral valuations to support the Company’s estimates and judgments in determining the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting impaired loans.

 

The fair value of real estate held for resale referenced above was determined by obtaining market price valuations from independent third parties wherever such quotes were available for the other collateral owned. The Company utilized independent third party appraisals to support the Company’s estimates and judgments in determining fair value for other real estate owned.

 

4. MORTGAGE LOANS RECEIVABLE AND BOND PORTFOLIO

 

At March 31, 2020, the Company had mortgage loans receivable totaling $19,550,550. The loans bear interest ranging from 0% to 10.25% with a weighted average of approximately 7.69% at March 31, 2020. At December 31, 2019, the Company had first mortgage loans receivable totaling $22,425,178. The loans bear interest ranging from 0% to 10.25% with a weighted average of approximately 7.86% at December 31, 2019.

 

The Company has a portfolio of secured church bonds at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, which are carried at fair value. The bonds pay either semi-annual or quarterly interest ranging from 3.75% to 9.75%. The aggregate par value of secured church bonds equaled approximately $18,106,937 at March 31, 2020 with a weighted average interest rate of 6.85% and approximately $16,713,937 at December 31, 2019 with a weighted average interest rate of 6.43%. These bonds are due at various maturity dates through February 2047. The Company has recorded an aggregate other than temporary impairment of $658,000 for both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively for the First Mortgage Bonds

 

  F- 15  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church. This bond series in the aggregate constitute approximately 5.67% and 6.13% of the bond portfolio at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company had maturities and redemptions of bonds of approximately $59,000 and $1,137,000 for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

The contractual maturity schedule for mortgage loans receivable and the bond portfolio as of March 31, 2020, is as follows:

 

  Mortgage Loans Bond Portfolio
     
April 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020 $     1,416,813 $      146,000
2021 645,876 224,000
2022 1,440,414 139,000
2023 797,511 247,000
2024 1,731,671 433,000
Thereafter 13,518,266 16,917,937
             19,550,551  18,106,937
Less loan loss and other than temporary impairment on bonds allowance (1,429,487)   (658,000)
Less deferred origination fees     (266,033) ___-____
            Totals $17,855,031 $17,448,937

 

The Company currently owns $529,000 First Mortgage Bonds and $497,000 Second Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church located in Orlando, Florida. The total principal amount of First Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape is $7,200,000, and the total principal amount of Second Mortgage Bonds issued is $715,000. Agape defaulted on its payment obligations to bondholders in September 2010. The church subsequently commenced a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization proceeding regarding the property that secures the First Mortgage Bonds in December 2010. In October 2014, the bondholders of Agape agreed to a modification in the terms of their bonds which resulted in the temporary resumption of both principal and interest payments to both the first and second mortgage bond holders. Both the First Mortgage Bonds and Second Mortgage Bonds were modified to a fully amortized fixed rate, quarterly interest payment of 6.25% with a new maturity date of September 2037 for all the issued and outstanding bonds. The Company, along with all other bondholders, has a superior lien over all other creditors. The Church subsequently defaulted on their modification agreement in 2016 and no interest payments were made to bondholders during the period ended March 31, 2020. However, the trustee made a distribution to bondholders during 2017 of $18.54 per $1,000 bond as a repayment of principal only, effectively reducing the outstanding balance of each $1,000 bond to approximately $826. The trustee again initiated foreclosure action against the Church and prevailed in its pursuit to foreclose on the Church’s property on November 1, 2019. However, on the eve of the foreclosure sale, the Church again filed for bankruptcy protection. The trustee is monitoring the bankruptcy proceedings and will keep the bondholder informed when a material event transpires.

  F- 16  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

The Company has an aggregate other than temporary impairment of $658,000 for the First and Second Mortgage Bonds at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, which effectively reduces the bonds to the fair value amount management believes will be recovered.

 

The Company did not restructure any loans during the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. A summary of loans re-structured or modified for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are shown below. All of the loans, except one, shown are currently performing under the terms of the modifications for their mortgage obligations. The one loan that is not performing under the modification agreement is a second mortgage loan with a current unpaid principal balance of approximately $45,000. This loan has been declared to be in default. One restructured loan paid-off in 2019.

 

  March 31, 2020
           
Type of Loan Number of Loans Original Principal Balance Original Average Interest Rate Unpaid Principal Balance Modified Average Interest Rate
Mortgage Loans 6 $4,100,544 7.892% $3,164,996 5.58%

 

  December 31, 2019
           
Type of Loan Number of Loans Original Principal Balance Original Average Interest Rate Unpaid Principal Balance Modified Average Interest Rate
Mortgage Loans 6 $4,100,544 7.892% $3,185,720 5.58%
           

 

 

5. SECURED INVESTOR CERTIFICATES

 

Secured investor certificates are collateralized by certain mortgage loans receivable or secured church bonds of approximately the same value as the certificates. The weighted average interest rate on the certificates was 6.29% and 6.33% for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Holders of the secured investor certificates may renew certificates at the current rates and terms upon maturity at the Company’s discretion. Renewals upon maturity are considered neither proceeds from nor issuance of secured investor certificates. Renewals totaled approximately $262,000 and $793,000 for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The secured investor certificates have certain financial and non-financial covenants identified in the respective series’ trust indentures.

 

  F- 17  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

The estimated maturity schedule for the secured investor certificates at March 31, 2020 is as follows:

 

April 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020 $  3,016,000  
2021 2,168,000  
2022 1,042,000  
2023 3,383,000  
2024 1,335,000  
Thereafter  15,161,000  
  $26,105,000  
Less deferred offering costs (836,472)  
           Totals $25,268,528  

 

6. TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES

 

The Company has an Advisory Agreement with Church Loan Advisors, Inc. (the “Advisor”). The Advisor is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Company and provides office space and administrative services. The Advisor and the Company are related through common ownership and common management. For its services, the Advisor is entitled to receive a management fee equal to 1.25% annually of the Company's Average Invested Assets, plus one-half of any origination fee charged to borrowers on mortgage loans made by the Company. A majority of the independent board members approve the Advisory Agreement on an annual basis. The Company paid the Advisor management and origination fees of approximately $74,000 and $79,000 for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively.

 

7. LINE OF CREDIT

On April 9, 2018, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Alerus Financial, N.A., as lender (the “Lender”), and a Revolving Note (the “Note”) evidencing a $4,000,000 revolving loan (the “Revolving Loan”). The Lender agrees to make loans to the Company from time to time and after the date of the loan agreement and the Company may repay and re-borrow pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Revolving Loan as long as no borrowing causes that dollar limit to be exceeded and the Company is not otherwise in default on the Revolving Loan. The Revolving Loan is secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets other than collateral pledged to secure the Company’s secured investor certificates, both those currently issued and any potentially issued in the future. The Company borrowed against the line of credit and has an outstanding balance of $600,000 and $1,145,000 for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The original maturity date of the Note was April 9, 2019 and the interest rate is the prevailing London Interbank Offering Rate (LIBOR) plus 2.70% adjusted monthly. On July 22, 2019 the revolving loan was extended for an additional year to July 22, 2020.

 

  F- 18  

 

 

AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY

 

Notes Unaudited Financial Statements

 

March 31, 2020

 

8. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The Company is required to disclose the fair value information about financial instruments, where it is practicable to estimate that value. Because assumptions used in these valuation techniques are inherently subjective in nature, the estimated fair values cannot always be substantiated by comparison to independent market quotes and, in many cases, the estimated fair values could not necessarily be realized in an immediate sale or settlement of the instrument.

 

The fair value estimates presented herein are based on relevant information available to management for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Management is not aware of any factors that would significantly affect these estimated fair value amounts. As these reporting requirements exclude certain financial instruments and all non-financial instruments, the aggregate fair value amounts presented herein do not represent management’s estimate of the underlying value of the Company.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments, none of which are held for trading purposes, are as follows:

 

    March 31, 2020   December 31, 2019
    Carrying   Fair   Carrying   Fair
    Amount   Value   Amount   Value
                 
Cash and equivalents   $ 47,170     $ 47,170     $ 191,987     $ 191,987  
Accounts receivable     109,797       109,797       125,539       125,539  
Interest receivable     186,970       186,970       185,190       185,190  
Mortgage loans receivable     19,550,551       24,080,303       22,425,177       24,573,176  
Bond portfolio     17,448,937       17,448,937       16,055,937       16,055,937  
Secured investor certificates     26,105,000       30,626,505       26,850,000       32,389,253  

 

  F- 19  

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

 

Certain statements contained in this section and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to, (i) trends affecting our financial condition or results of operations; (ii) our business and growth strategies; (iii) the mortgage loan industry and the financial status of religious organizations; (iv) our financing plans; and other risks detailed in the Company’s other periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The words “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “may”, “plan”, “should”, and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date the statements were made and are not guarantees of future performance.

 

A detailed statement of risks and uncertainties is contained in our reports to the SEC, including, in particular, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and other public filings and disclosures.  Investors and shareholders are urged to read these documents carefully.

 

Plan of Operation

 

We were founded in May 1994 and commenced active business operations on April 15, 1996 after the completion of our initial public offering.

 

We currently have fifty mortgage loans aggregating $19,550,551 in principal amount and a first mortgage bond portfolio with par values aggregating $18,106,937. Funding of additional first mortgage loans and purchase of first mortgage bonds issued by churches is expected to continue on an on-going basis as more investable assets become available through: (i) future sales of securities; (ii) prepayment and repayment at maturity of existing loans and bonds; and (iii) borrowed funds. These capital sources and interest received on loans and bonds provide general working capital to the Company.

 

Results of Operations

 

Fiscal 2020 Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Compared to Fiscal 2019 Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

Our net income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $52,843 and $(3,594), respectively, on total interest and other income of approximately $628,000 and $648,000, respectively. Interest and other income is comprised of interest from loans, interest from bonds, amortization of bond discounts and amortization of loan origination fees. As of March 31, 2020, our loans receivable have interest rates ranging from 0% to 10.25%, with an average, principal-adjusted interest rate of 7.69%. Our bond portfolio has an average current yield of 6.85% as of March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2019, the average, principal-adjusted interest rate on our portfolio of loans was 8.21% and our portfolio of bonds had an average current yield of 6.85%. The decrease in interest income was due to the scheduled repayment of mortgage loans.

 

Interest expense was approximately $463,000 and $457,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in interest expense was due to the increase in recognition of amortized

 

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offering costs paid on our Secured Investor Certificates outstanding. Net interest margin decreased from 29.48% to 26.19% resulting primarily from an increase in interest expense of approximately 1.35%.

 

We follow a loan loss allowance policy on our portfolio of loans outstanding. This critical policy requires complex judgments and estimates. We record mortgage loans receivable at their estimated net realizable value, which is the unpaid principal balance less the allowance for mortgage loans. Our loan policy provides an allowance for estimated uncollectible loans based on an evaluation of the current status of the loan portfolio. This policy provides for principal amounts outstanding on a particular loan if cumulative interruptions occur in the normal payment schedule of a loan. Our policy will provide an allowance for the outstanding principal amount of a loan in our portfolio in the amount that is in doubt of being collected. Additionally, no interest income is recognized on impaired loans or loans that are in the foreclosure process.

 

We will declare a loan to be in default and will place the loan on non-accrual status when the following thresholds have been met: (i) the borrower has missed three consecutive mortgage payments; (ii) the borrower has not communicated to the Company any legitimate reason for delinquency in its payments to the Company and has not arranged for the re-continuance of payments; (iii) lines of communication to the borrower have broken down such that any reasonable prospect of rehabilitating the loan and the return to regular monthly mortgage payments is gone.

 

Our policies on payments received and interest accrued on non-accrual loans are as follows: (i) We will accept payments on loans that are currently on non-accrual status when a borrower has communicated to us that they intend to meet their mortgage obligations. A payment made on a non-accrual loan is considered a good faith deposit as to the intent to resume their mortgage payment obligation. This good faith deposit is credited back to interest first then principal as stated in the mortgage loan documentation. (ii) A letter outlining the re-payment terms or the restructure terms (if any) of the loan is provided to the borrower. This letter will be signed by the Senior Pastor and all board members of the borrower. This letter resumes the obligation to make payments on non-accrual loans. (iii) The borrower must meet all its payment obligations for the next 120 days without interruption in order to be removed from non-accrual status.

 

When a loan is declared in default according to our policy or deemed to be doubtful of collection, the loan committee of our Advisor will direct the staff to charge-off the uncollectable receivables.

 

Allowance for losses on mortgage loans receivable did not change during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the period ended December 31, 2019. We did not record an additional provision for losses on loans during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to approximately $18,278 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. At March 31, 2020, we provided approximately $1,429,000 for thirteen mortgage loans, of which nine are three or more mortgage payments in arrears, of which three loans are declared to be in default. At December 31, 2019, we provided approximately the same amount of $1,429,000 for fourteen mortgage loans, of which ten were three or more mortgage payments in arrears, of which three were declared to be in default.

 

Our lending practices limit deployment of our capital to churches and other non-profit religious organizations. The total principal amount of our second mortgage loans is limited to 20% of our average invested assets. We currently have three second mortgage loans totaling approximately $218,000 in principal amount outstanding. We do not loan to any borrower who has been in operation for less than two years and the borrower must demonstrate they can service the debt outstanding for the prior three years based on historical financial statements. We do not loan money based on projections or pledge programs. The loan amount to any borrower cannot exceed 75% loan to appraised value. Typically, we do not loan over 70% loan to value except in extenuating circumstances. In addition, the borrower’s long-term debt (including the proposed loan) cannot exceed four times the borrower’s gross income for the previous twelve month period.

 

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Historically, loans in our portfolio are outstanding for an average of seven years. Our borrowers are typically small independent churches with little or no borrowing history. Once a church establishes a payment history with us, they look to refinance their loan with a local bank, credit union or other financial institution which is willing to provide financing since the borrower has established a payment history and have demonstrated they can meet their mortgage debt obligations.

 

Operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased to approximately $112,000 compared to $177,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The decrease was the result of a decrease for additional losses on our bond portfolio.

 

Mortgage Loans and Bond Portfolio

 

No new loans were funded during the three months ended March 31, 2020. We purchased $1,452,000 in bonds during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

We currently own $529,000 First Mortgage Bonds and $497,000 Second Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape Assembly Baptist Church located in Orlando, Florida. The total principal amount of First Mortgage Bonds issued by Agape is $7,200,000, and the total principal amount of Second Mortgage Bonds issued is $715,000. Agape defaulted on its payment obligations to bondholders in September 2010. The church subsequently commenced a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization proceeding regarding the property that secures the First Mortgage Bonds in December 2010. In October 2014, the bondholders of Agape agreed to a modification in the terms of their bonds which resulted in the temporary resumption of both principal and interest payments to both the first and second mortgage bond holders. Both the First Mortgage Bonds and Second Mortgage Bonds were modified to a fully amortized fixed rate, quarterly interest payment of 6.25% with a new maturity date of September 2037 for all the issued and outstanding bonds. We, along with all other bondholders, has a superior lien over all other creditors. The Church subsequently defaulted on their modification agreement in 2016 and no interest payments were made to bondholders during the period ended March 31, 2020. However, the trustee made a distribution to bondholders during 2017 of $18.54 per $1,000 bond as a repayment of principal only, effectively reducing the outstanding balance of each $1,000 bond to approximately $826. The trustee again initiated foreclosure action against the Church and prevailed in its pursuit to foreclose on the Church’s property on November 1, 2019. However, on the eve of the foreclosure sale, the Church again filed for bankruptcy protection. The trustee is monitoring the bankruptcy proceedings and will keep the bondholder informed when a material event transpires.

 

Real Estate Held for Sale

 

We record real estate held for sale at the estimated fair value, which is net of the expected expenses related to the sale of the real estate. We did not record any additional impairment on our real estate held for sale for the three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

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Dividends

 

We have elected to operate as a real estate investment trust (REIT), therefore we are required, among other things, to distribute to shareholders at least 90% of “Taxable Income” in order to maintain our REIT status. The dividends declared and paid to shareholders may include cash from origination fees even though they are not recognized as income in their entirety for the period under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. We did not earn any  origination fees for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

We paid a dividend of $.04 for each share held of record on April 28, 2020. The dividend, which was paid April 30, 2020, represents a 1.60% annual rate of return on each share of common stock owned, assuming a purchase price of $10 per share.

 

We paid a dividend of $.055 for each share held of record on April 29, 2019. The dividend, which was paid April 30, 2019, represents a 2.20% annual rate of return on each share of common stock owned, assuming a purchase price of $10 per share.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We generate revenue through implementation of our business plan of making mortgage loans to, and acquiring first mortgage bonds issued by, churches and other non-profit religious organizations. Our revenue is derived principally from interest income, and secondarily through the origination fees and renewal fees generated by the mortgage loans we make. We also earn income through interest on funds that are invested pending their use in funding mortgage loans and on income generated on church bonds. Our principal recurring expenses are advisory fees, legal and accounting fees and interest payments on secured investor certificates. Our liabilities as of March 31, 2020 are primarily comprised of dividends declared as of March 31, 2020 but not yet paid and our secured investor certificates.

 

The Outbreak of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has Adversely Affected the Operations of Churches and Other Non-Profit Religious Organizations Operations in general. The outbreak of COVID-19 has reduced the ability of people to congregate and has adversely affected the operations of churches and other non-profit religious organizations in general. The actual and threatened spread of coronavirus globally or in the regions in which we operate, or future widespread outbreak of infectious or contagious disease, such as influenza, coronavirus, measles, mumps, zika virus, or similar viruses, can continue to adversely affect the operations of our borrowers in general.

 

The extent to which our business may be affected by the coronavirus will largely depend on future developments which we cannot accurately predict, and its impact on our borrowers,  including the duration of the outbreak, the continued spread and treatment of the coronavirus, and new information and developments that may emerge concerning the severity of the coronavirus and the actions to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, among others. To the extent that churches and other non-profit religious organizations operations in the U.S. are materially and adversely affected by the coronavirus, our business and financial results could be materially and adversely impacted.

 

Our borrowers may experience severe financial duress during the Covid-19 shelter in place restrictions, amplified by the financial setbacks for many of the church members who have lost their jobs, been furloughed, or had their incomes diminished. We have provided some temporary relief by allowing borrower’s to either make interest only payments for a period of ninety days or forgo one monthly mortgage payment (forbearance). This relief will impact our revenue and we will experience declines in payments due from borrowers and missed bond payments on the bonds we own which will impact operating income

 

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and may potentially impact future distributions and the ability to make payments due on our certificates and dividends to our shareholders.

 

Our current funding sources are expected to provide adequate cash for our operations for the next twelve months. Future capital needs are expected to be met by: (i) the additional sale of securities; (ii) prepayment and repayment at maturity of mortgage loans we make; and (iii) bonds that mature or we sell from our bond portfolio. We believe that the “rolling” effect of mortgage loans maturing and bond repayments will provide a supplemental source of capital to fund our business operations in future years. We continually review the market for other sources of capital. There can be no assurance we will be able to raise additional capital on terms acceptable for such purposes.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, total assets decreased by approximately $1,621,000 due to a decrease in our loan portfolio of loans. Liabilities decreased by approximately $1,607,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 due to a decrease in our secured investor certificates outstanding and our line of credit outstanding.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, net cash provided by (used for) operating activities increased to approximately $96,000 from $(405,000) from the comparative period ended March 31, 2019, primarily due to a decrease in our accounts payable.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, net cash provided by investing activities was approximately $1,482,000 compared to $653,000 from the comparative three months ended March 31, 2019, due to an increase in collections from our mortgage loans.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, net cash (used for) financing activities decreased to approximately $(1,723,000) from $(1,998,000) for the comparative three months ended March 31, 2019, primarily due to payments on our maturing secured investor certificates and the pay-down on our line of credit.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

Preparation of our financial statements requires estimates and judgments to be made that affect the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported. Such decisions include the selection of the appropriate accounting principles to be applied and the assumptions on which to base accounting estimates. We evaluate these estimates based on assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.

 

The difficulty in applying these policies arises from the assumptions, estimates and judgments that have to be made currently about matters that are inherently uncertain, such as future economic conditions, operating results and valuations as well as management intentions. As the difficulty increases, the level of precision decreases, meaning that actual results can and probably will be different from those currently estimated.

 

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most sensitive estimates relate to the realizability of the mortgage loans receivable and the valuation of the bond portfolio and real estate held for sale. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates could change in the near term and that the effect of the change, if any, may be material to the financial statements.

 

We estimate the value of real estate we hold pending re-sale based on a number of factors. We look at the current condition of the property as well as current market conditions in determining a fair value, which

 

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will determine the listing price of each property. Each property is valued based on its current listing price less any anticipated selling costs, including for example, realtor commissions. Since churches are single use facilities the listing price of the property may be lower than the total amount owed to us. Attorney fees, taxes, utilities along with real estate commission fees will also reduce the amount we collect from the sale of a property we have acquired through foreclosure. The fair value of the real estate held for sale includes estimates of expenses related to the sale of the real estate.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

N/A

 

Items 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

An evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the principal executive officer and the principal accounting officer, of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Based on that evaluation, the principal executive officer and the principal accounting officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Securities and Exchange Commission is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal accounting officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. We have limited number of personnel performing finance and accounting functions. Were there a larger staff, it would be possible to provide for enhanced disclosure of financial reporting matters. Management is required to apply its judgement in evaluating the cost benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Management realizes this is a material weakness.

 

Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, there were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PART II

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.

 

None.

 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

(a) Not Applicable

 

(b) Not Applicable

 

(c) Not Applicable

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not Applicable

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit

Number Title of Document

 

31.1 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

31.2 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.1 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.2 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
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101 The following financial information from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 15, 2020, is formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019; and (iv) the Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused the report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated:       May 14, 2020

 

  AMERICAN CHURCH MORTGAGE COMPANY
   
By:   /s/ Philip J. Myers
    Philip J. Myers
    Chief Executive Officer
   (Principal Executive Officer)
   
By:   /s/ Scott J. Marquis
   Scott J. Marquis
   Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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