UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 
 
 
FORM 6-K
 
 
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13A - 16 OR 15D - 16 OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
(03 March 2022)
Commission File No. 001-32846
 
____________________________
CRH public limited company
(Translation of registrant's name into English)
 
 
____________________________
 
 
Belgard Castle, Clondalkin,
Dublin 22, Ireland.
(Address of principal executive offices)
____________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports
under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F:
 
Form 20-F X Form 40-F___
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by
Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):_________
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by
Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Enclosure: 2021 Full Year Results
 
 
 
2021 Full Year Results
 
 
 
Key Highlights
 
 
 
Another year of record delivery driven by our integrated solutions strategy
 
Good underlying demand, strong profit growth and further margin improvement
 
Continued strong cash generation; underpinning financial strength and flexibility
 
Agreement reached on $3.8bn divestment of Building Envelope business
 
$1.5bn invested across 20 bolt-on acquisitions; disciplined and value-focused
 
Strong pipeline of opportunities for further growth and value creation
 
Continued dividend delivery; full-year dividend per share up 5% to 121.0c
 
Share buyback programme ongoing; $0.9bn completed in 2021
 
Summary Financials
 
2021
 
Change
 
Sales
$31.0bn
+12%
EBITDA
$5.35bn
+16%
EBITDA Margin
17.3%
+50bps
Operating Cash Flow
$4.2bn
+7%
EPS ($ cent)
328.8c
+35%1
RONA
12.3%
+220bps
 
 
Albert Manifold, Chief Executive, said today:
 
“Our 2021 performance reflects the outstanding commitment and resilience of our people as well as the benefits of our integrated, customer-focused business strategy. Despite an inflationary input cost environment, we expanded our margins and delivered good growth in profits, returns and cash generation. This further underpins our strong and flexible balance sheet, providing us with significant opportunities for future growth and value creation. While the demand backdrop remains favourable across our markets, there are a number of challenges and uncertainties which we must continue to manage carefully as we look to deliver further value for our shareholders in the year ahead.”
 
 
Announced Thursday, 3 March 2022
 
 
1EPS increase of 35% excludes the impact of 2020 non-cash impairment charges.
 
 
 
2021 Full Year Results
 
 
Health & Safety
 
The health and safety of our people is our number one priority as many of our markets continue to be affected by the impact of COVID-19. Our approach to workplace safety is uncompromising and we are committed to providing a safe working environment for our employees, contractors and customers, enabling them to carry out their activities in accordance with the various health and safety protocols currently in place across our markets.
 
 
Trading Overview
 
2021 was another year of growth for CRH with positive underlying momentum in North America and Europe resulting in good demand in both regions. Group sales of $31.0 billion (2020: $27.6 billion) were 12% ahead of 2020 and 8% ahead on a like-for-like basis2.
Americas Materials benefited from increased construction activity in 2021 due to strong residential demand in North America. Total sales in 2021 increased by 10% with like-for-like sales 6% ahead driven by positive volume growth and pricing progression.
In Europe Materials, good volume growth and pricing progress against a prior year comparative which was heavily impacted by pandemic restrictions resulted in total and like-for-like sales 16% and 11% ahead respectively.
Building Products delivered sales growth of 11% with like-for-like sales 5% ahead due to strong demand for residential construction and a moderate recovery in the non-residential sector.
 
EBITDA of $5.35 billion was 16% ahead (2020: $4.6 billion) reflecting the benefits of our integrated solutions strategy with strong demand growth and continued commercial discipline. On a like-for-like basis, EBITDA was 11% ahead of 2020.
In Americas Materials, solid volumes, pricing progression and good operating performance drove total and like-for-like EBITDA up 8% and 7% respectively, offsetting the impacts of higher input costs and inclement weather.
Europe Materials delivered total EBITDA 34% ahead of 2020, 22% ahead on a like-for-like basis, driven by good volume growth, price increases in all products and strong fixed cost control despite cost inflation headwinds.
In Building Products, ongoing business-improvement initiatives, good commercial management, procurement savings and cost control resulted in margin expansion on increased sales with total EBITDA 16% ahead of 2020 and 8% ahead on a like-for-like basis.
 
Profit after tax was significantly ahead of 2020 at $2.6 billion (2020: $1.2 billion) driven by a strong trading performance and the non-recurrence of non-cash impairment charges and one-off restructuring costs in the prior year.
 
 
Note 2 on page 15 analyses the key components of the 2021 performance.
 
 
Sustainability
 
Sustainability is deeply embedded in all aspects of our business and we recognise the importance of our role in the delivery of a more resilient built environment. Through our integrated solutions strategy we are uniquely positioned to accelerate the transition towards more sustainable building practices across the value chain. The Group remains fully committed to achieving our ambition of carbon neutrality by 2050. In August 2021 we accelerated our previous decarbonisation roadmap, bringing forward our 2030 target to 2025. In addition, in early 2022 we adopted a new group-wide target representing a 25% reduction in absolute carbon emissions3 by 2030 (on a 2020 baseline), as validated by the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi).
 
 
Trading Outlook
 
We expect the underlying demand and pricing backdrop to remain favourable in 2022 albeit against an inflationary input cost environment and continued supply chain challenges. Our Americas Materials Division benefits from continuing favourable economic conditions and strong market positions. Federal funding for infrastructure is underpinned by the passing of the $1.2 trillion infrastructure package by the US Congress, while the residential market is expected to continue to grow driven by robust demand. The backdrop in Europe is expected to be positive with continued growth in our key markets. In our Europe Materials Division, we continue to benefit from strong market positions in growing economies in Eastern Europe and attractive markets in Western Europe. Although cost inflation headwinds are anticipated to continue in the near-term, we expect to deliver further progress in 2022 supported by good demand and commercial discipline. We expect our Building Products Division to deliver further growth supported by good commercial management, increased activity and continued cost saving initiatives. Although there are a number of challenges and uncertainties across our markets, CRH’s uniquely integrated and value-added solutions strategy, together with a strong and flexible balance sheet, leaves us well positioned for another year of progress.
 
 
2 See pages 28 to 33 for glossary of alternative performance measures (including EBITDA, like-for-like (LFL)/organic, RONA, Net Debt/EBITDA, EBITDA/Net Interest Cover and pre-impairment measures (earnings per share and effective tax rate)) used throughout this report. Operating Cash Flow is net cash inflow from operating activities as reported in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows on page 13. 
 
3 Scope 1 and scope 2 emissions.
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
 
 
Analysis of change
 
 
$ million
 
2020
 
Exchange
 
Acquisitions
 
Divestments
 
Impairment/ One-offs1
 
Organic
 
2021
 
% change
 
Sales revenue
 
11,273
 
+73
 
+468
 
-96
 
-
 
+689
 
12,407
 
10%
 
EBITDA
 
2,405
 
+5
 
+30
 
-48
 
+24
 
+172
 
2,588
 
8%
 
Operating profit
 
1,631
 
-2
 
+3
 
-45
 
+28
 
+173
 
1,788
 
10%
 
EBITDA/sales
 
21.3%
 
 
 
 
 
 
20.9%
 
 
Operating profit/sales
 
14.5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
14.4%
 
 
 
 
1One-offs primarily due to 2020 COVID-19 related restructuring costs
 
 
Americas Materials generated sales of $12.4 billion and EBITDA of $2.6 billion, 10% and 8% ahead of prior year respectively. Operating profit was 10% ahead of 2020. Solid volume and pricing progression across all lines of business coupled with operating efficiencies offset the inflationary input cost environment. Like-for-like sales were 6% ahead of 2020, while like-for-like EBITDA increased by 7%.
 
United States (US) construction activity recovered in 2021 with increased residential demand along with a moderate recovery in non-residential markets. Infrastructure funding levels were maintained at similar levels to prior year ahead of the recently approved multi-year federal infrastructure package. Canada experienced continued strong demand within its residential sector.
 
 
During 2021 Americas Materials completed eight acquisitions in the US and Canada for a total spend of $0.7 billion, the largest of which being the acquisition of Angel Brothers Enterprises, an asphalt paving and infrastructure solutions business in Texas. The divestment of the Brazil cement operations was completed in the first half of 2021 for consideration of $0.2 billion.
 
 
Materials
Aggregates volumes were 3% ahead of 2020 on a likeforlike basis driven by good demand in our Northeast, Great Lakes and West divisions. The South division was negatively impacted by adverse weather particularly in the first half of 2021. Our selling prices improved 4% on a mix-adjusted basis, resulting in good margin expansion overall.
 
Like-for-like asphalt volumes were 2% ahead of 2020, while like-for-like average prices also increased. Good market conditions in the Northeast, Great Lakes and West offset unfavourable weather conditions in the South.
 
Readymixed concrete volumes were 4% ahead on a total and like-for-like basis as residential demand remained strong; good commercial discipline delivered price increases of 5%.
 
Paving and construction revenues were 7% ahead of 2020, and 1% behind on a likeforlike basis, due to unfavourable weather in the South and a slower start to the season in both Great Lakes and Northeast. Revenues were higher in the West driven by an early start to the construction season and solid underlying demand. Construction margins were ahead of 2020.
 
Regional Performance
Sales in the Northeast were ahead of 2020 as volumes improved following a prior year which was impacted by COVID-19 restrictions. Higher volumes and pricing across all lines of business were offset by higher input costs resulting in operating profit in line with 2020.
 
Great Lakes sales were ahead of 2020 driven by solid residential and commercial demand. Operating profit growth was led by good commercial and operational performance offsetting higher input costs.
 
South sales were ahead of 2020 driven primarily by positive pricing and continued growth in readymixed concrete volumes in our Florida and Texas markets. Operating profit marginally declined as an improved commercial and operational performance was offset by the impacts of unfavorable weather and higher input costs.
 
Sales in the West were well ahead of 2020, driven by robust demand and positive pricing across all lines of business. Operating profit improved as higher volumes and prices coupled with cost saving initiatives offset higher input costs.
 
 
Cement
 
Our cement business delivered a strong performance driven by a growth in sales which were 12% and 11% ahead of prior year on a total and like-for-like basis respectively. Operating profit was ahead of 2020 driven by a 5% increase in volume, strong price realisation and cost saving measures which offset increases in input costs. Both US and Canada volumes were ahead of 2020 due to good market demand and strong backlog execution.
 
Europe Materials
 
 
 
Analysis of change
 
 
 
$ million
 
2020
 
Exchange
 
Acquisitions
 
Divestments
 
Impairment1/ One-offs² 
 
Organic
 
2021
 
% change
 
Sales revenue
 
9,141
 
+403
 
+8
 
-57
 
-
 
+1,086
 
10,581
 
16%
 
EBITDA
 
1,055
 
+34
 
-
 
-5
 
+83
 
+243
 
1,410
 
34%
 
Operating (loss)/profit
 
-190
 
+7
 
-
 
-2
 
+748
 
+251
 
814
 
528%
 
EBITDA/sales
 
11.5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
13.3%
 
 
Operating (loss)/profit/sales
 
-2.1%
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.7%
 
 
 
 
1Includes $0.7 billion 2020 impairment charge
 
2One-offs primarily due to 2020 COVID-19 related restructuring costs
 
 
Europe Materials benefited from continued growth in Eastern Europe and strong market recovery following the easing of COVID-19 restrictions in many of our key markets. Europe Materials generated sales of $10.6 billion and EBITDA of $1.4 billion, 16% and 34% ahead of prior year respectively with an operating profit of $0.8 billion. Like-for-like sales were 11% ahead of 2020, while EBITDA increased by 22%. Energy market volatility resulted in increased cost inflation but positive pricing actions and a continued focus on cost savings and performance initiatives delivered margin expansion.
 
 
United Kingdom (UK) & Ireland
 
UK & Ireland sales were well ahead of prior year reflecting an improved trading environment following significant COVID-19 disruption in 2020. Operating profit was also significantly ahead due to improved volumes across all product lines but also assisted by cost saving and restructuring initiatives which commenced in 2020. Significant pricing actions were undertaken in the second half of the year to offset input cost inflation, which also contributed to the strong 2021 performance.
 
Europe North
Despite prolonged winter weather, demand in Europe North (Finland, Germany and Switzerland) improved as the year progressed. Cement and lime volumes were ahead of prior year which, combined with strong price increases, resulted in increased sales. Europe North experienced significant energy cost inflation, particularly in the second half, but additional pricing actions and a continued focus on cost saving initiatives resulted in operating profit well ahead of 2020 levels.
 
 
Europe West
Europe West (France, Benelux, Denmark and Spain) delivered a good trading performance with higher cement volumes combined with continued pricing progress across all markets. France in particular experienced a strong recovery as a result of improved underlying trading conditions which, together with significant cost saving actions implemented in 2020, have resulted in like-for-like operating profit well ahead of 2020. Our precast operations also delivered sales and operating profit ahead of 2020 despite experiencing significant raw material and energy cost inflation. Overall, continued cost saving actions and commercial initiatives resulted in operating profit well ahead of prior year.
 
 
Europe East
Europe East (Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia) experienced mild weather in the fourth quarter and robust demand throughout the year, which resulted in cement volumes ahead of 2020 and continued growth in downstream products. Operating profit in Poland was significantly ahead of prior year due to good volume and price increases combined with strong cost control. Despite rising energy cost inflation in the second half of the year, overall operating profit was well ahead of 2020 with good cost control and strong price increases across all markets.
 
Asia
 
Sales and operating profit in the Philippines were significantly ahead of 2020, which was severely impacted by COVID19 restrictions. Cement volumes were well ahead in 2021 as the market recovered. Despite a competitive pricing environment and rising input costs, operational improvements and cost containment initiatives resulted in operating profit ahead of 2020.
 
CRH's operations include a 26% stake in Yatai Building Materials in China, where strong price increases offset lower volumes to deliver significantly improved operating profit in 2021.
 
Building Products
 
 
Analysis of change
 
 
$ million
 
2020
 
Exchange
 
Acquisitions
 
Divestments
 
Impairment/ One-offs1   
 
Organic
 
2021
 
% change
 
Sales revenue
 
7,173
 
+87
 
+380
 
-29
 
-
 
+382
 
7,993
 
11%
 
EBITDA
 
1,170
 
+11
 
+71
 
-5
 
+15
 
+90
 
1,352
 
16%
 
Operating profit
 
822
 
+6
 
+49
 
-4
 
+19
 
+91
 
983
 
20%
 
EBITDA/sales
 
16.3%
 
 
 
 
 
 
16.9%
 
 
Operating profit/sales
 
11.5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
12.3%
 
 
 
 
1One-offs primarily due to 2020 COVID-19 related restructuring costs
 
 
Building Products delivered sales growth of 11% due to strong demand for residential construction, particularly in North America, along with a good recovery in certain parts of the non-residential sector. Ongoing business improvement initiatives delivered higher margins through production efficiencies, good commercial management, procurement savings and overhead cost control. EBITDA increased by 16% while operating profit was 20% ahead. Like-for-like sales were 5% ahead of 2020, while like-for-like EBITDA increased by 8%.
 
During 2021 Building Products completed eight bolt-on acquisitions, primarily in the US and across all product platforms, at a total spend of $0.8 billion. The largest acquisition was Infrastructure Products’ purchase of National Pipe & Plastics (NPP), a water, energy and infrastructure solutions business.
 
Architectural Products
Architectural Products in North America delivered strong sales growth in 2021, reflecting positive market demand and robust residential Repair, Maintenance and Improvement (RMI) activity. Operating profit increased due to improved pricing and volume growth, a continued focus on operational improvements and strong overhead cost control. Sales in our European businesses were slightly ahead, with operating profit growth driven by operational and commercial excellence initiatives and improved product mix.
 
Building Envelope
Building Envelope’s sales increased driven by strong pricing and early signs of recovery in the non-residential market. Operating profit was ahead of prior year driven by improved pricing, operational excellence initiatives and other cost savings, partly offset by input cost inflation.
 
Infrastructure Products
Infrastructure Products experienced strong sales growth in 2021. Sales to the communications and utilities sectors were resilient and demand for IT infrastructure was strong. The business delivered increased operating profit due to continued performance improvement measures and good cost control. Total sales and operating profit also benefited from the acquisition of NPP in the third quarter. Our European businesses contributed to the strong sales growth and operating profit was ahead. Our Australian business experienced lower sales due to COVID-19 restrictions which hindered production and limited deliveries.
 
Construction Accessories
Like-for-like sales in Construction Accessories were ahead of 2020 driven by strong volumes as the business benefited from higher residential demand and project activity. Sales growth was primarily led by North America, the UK and France. Increased sales and continued cost saving initiatives more than offset input cost inflation, resulting in like-for-like operating profit ahead of prior year.
 
 
Other Financial Items
 
 
Depreciation, amortisation and impairment charges amounted to $1.8 billion (2020: $2.4 billion). The prior year was impacted by non-cash impairment charges of $0.7 billion.
 
Divestments and asset disposals during the period generated total profit on disposals of $119 million (2020: $9 million) which primarily related to the profit on the divestment of the Brazil cement business.
 
Net finance costs were lower than 2020 at $417 million (2020: $490 million) due to lower average gross debt levels and lower interest costs.
 
The Group’s $55 million share of profits from equity accounted investments was ahead of prior year (2020: $118 million loss) mainly due to the $0.15 billion non-cash impairment charge recognised in the Group’s associate investment in China in 2020.
 
Profit before tax was $3.3 billion (2020: $1.7 billion) and the tax charge was $721 million (2020: $499 million), which represents an effective tax rate of 21.6% (2020: 30.0%; however excluding the impact of non-cash impairment charges the effective tax rate was 21.6%) of profit before tax.
 
Earnings per share (EPS) were 130% higher than 2020 at 328.8c (2020: 142.9c), reflecting a strong trading performance and the non-recurrence of non-cash impairment charges and restructuring charges in the prior year. This represented a 35% increase on a pre-impairment basis (2020 EPS pre-impairment: 243.3c).
 
 
Dividend 
Further to the interim dividend of 23.0c (2020: 22.0c) per share which was paid in October 2021, the Board is recommending a final dividend of 98.0c per share. This would result in a total dividend of 121.0c for the year (2020: 115.0c), an increase of 5% compared to 2020, reflecting the Group’s progressive dividend policy. 
 
Based on the EPS for the year this represented a cover of 2.7 times the proposed dividend for the year. It is proposed to pay the final dividend on 5 May 2022 to shareholders registered at the close of business on 11 March 2022. The final dividend will be paid wholly in cash. 
 
Share Buyback Programme
Reflecting our strong financial position and commitment to returning cash to shareholders, the Group continued its share buyback programme in 2021, repurchasing 17.8 million (2020: 6.0 million) ordinary shares for a total consideration of $0.9 billion (2020: $0.2 billion). The Group announced a further $0.3 billion tranche of the ongoing share buyback programme on 24 December 2021 to be completed no later than 30 March 2022.
 
 
Balance Sheet and Liquidity
2021 marked another year of strong cash generation for the Group, with record net cash flows from operating activities of $4.2 billion (2020: $3.9 billion). Year end net debt of $6.3 billion (2020: $5.9 billion) reflects strong inflows from operations, disciplined capital expenditure and value focused investments. Net debt to EBITDA was 1.2x (2020: 1.3x) and EBITDA Net Interest Cover for 2021 was 17.2x (2020: 11.9x).
 
The Group ended 2021 with total liquidity of $9.8 billion, comprising $5.8 billion of cash and cash equivalents on hand and $4.0 billion of undrawn committed facilities which are available until 2026. At year end, the Group had sufficient cash balances to meet all maturing debt obligations (including leases) for the next five years and the weighted average maturity of the remaining term debt was 11.9 years. The Group also has a $2.0 billion US Dollar Commercial Paper Programme and a €1.5 billion Euro Commercial Paper Programme of which there were no outstanding issued notes at year end. The Group continues to maintain its robust balance sheet and a strong investment grade credit rating with a BBB+ or equivalent rating with each of the three main rating agencies.
 
 
Acquisitions and Divestments
 
Acquisitions and Investments
 
The Group invested $1.5 billion in 20 acquisitions in 2021 (including deferred and contingent consideration in respect of prior year acquisitions). The largest acquisition in 2021 was the acquisition of Angel Brothers Enterprises, an asphalt paving and infrastructure solutions business in Texas. In addition, the Americas Materials Division completed a further seven bolt-on acquisitions across the US and Canada for a total spend of $0.7 billion.
  
The Building Products Division completed eight acquisitions amounting to a total spend of c.$0.8 billion including NPP, a water and energy infrastructure solutions business in the eastern region of the US. This acquisition will further enhance our end-to-end solutions offering to our customers.
 
The Europe Materials Division completed four acquisitions, with a total spend of c.$17 million. The Group also paid $33 million of deferred and contingent consideration related to prior year acquisitions.
 
  
Divestments and Disposals
 
As announced on 28 February 2022, the Group has agreed to divest of its Building Envelope business to KPS Capital Partners, LP for an enterprise value of $3.8 billion representing a 2021 EBITDA exit multiple of approximately 10.5 times. The divestment comprises CRH’s entire Building Envelope business which forms part of our Building Products segment and provides architectural glass, storefront systems, architectural glazing systems and related hardware to customers primarily in North America. The decision to divest, at an attractive valuation, follows a comprehensive review of the business and demonstrates CRH’s active approach to portfolio management, the efficient allocation of capital and the creation of a simpler and more focused Group. The transaction is subject to customary conditions and regulatory approvals with completion anticipated in the first half of 2022.
 
During 2021, the Group completed 11 transactions and realised total business and asset disposal proceeds of $0.5 billion, inclusive of $0.1 billion relating to the receipt of deferred proceeds from prior year divestments, the majority of which related to the divestment of the Group’s equity interest in My Home Industries (MHIL), in India. The sale of the Brazil cement operations by the Americas Materials Division represented the largest divestment during the year, with a further 10 other divestments completed across the Group.
 
In addition to these business divestments, the Group realised proceeds of $0.1 billion from the disposal of surplus property, plant and equipment and other non-current assets.
 
 
 
Primary Financial Statements
 
and
 
Summarised Notes
 
Year ended 31 December 2021
 
Consolidated Income Statement
 
for the financial year ended 31 December 2021
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
30,981
 
 
27,587
 
Cost of sales
 
(20,493)
 
 
(18,425)
 
Gross profit
 
10,488
 
 
9,162
 
Operating costs
 
(6,903)
 
 
(6,899)
 
Group operating profit
 
3,585
 
 
2,263
 
Profit on disposals
 
119
 
 
9
 
Profit before finance costs
 
3,704
 
 
2,272
 
Finance costs
 
(311)
 
 
(389)
 
Other financial expense
 
(106)
 
 
(101)
 
Share of equity accounted investments’ profit/(loss)
 
55
 
 
(118)
 
Profit before tax
 
3,342
 
 
1,664
 
Income tax expense
 
(721)
 
 
(499)
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
2,621
 
 
1,165
 
 
 
 
 
Profit attributable to:
 
 
 
 
Equity holders of the Company
 
2,565
 
 
1,122
 
Non-controlling interests
 
56
 
 
43
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
2,621
 
 
1,165
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per Ordinary Share
 
328.8c
 
 
142.9c
 
Diluted earnings per Ordinary Share
 
326.0c
 
 
141.8c
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income
 
for the financial year ended 31 December 2021
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
2,621
 
 
1,165
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income
 
Items that may be reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent years:
 
Currency translation effects
 
(338)
 
 
440
 
Gains relating to cash flow hedges
 
34
 
 
7
 
Tax relating to cash flow hedges
 
(8)
 
 
-
 
 
(312)
 
 
447
 
Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent years:
 
Remeasurement of retirement benefit obligations
 
264
 
 
(33)
 
Tax relating to retirement benefit obligations
 
(36)
 
 
11
 
 
228
 
 
(22)
 
 
 
 
 
Total other comprehensive income for the financial year
 
(84)
 
 
425
 
Total comprehensive income for the financial year
 
2,537
 
 
1,590
 
 
 
 
 
Attributable to:
 
 
 
 
Equity holders of the Company
 
2,516
 
 
1,515
 
Non-controlling interests
 
21
 
 
75
 
Total comprehensive income for the financial year
 
2,537
 
 
1,590
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
as at 31 December 2021
 
 
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Non-current assets
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
 
19,502
 
 
19,317
 
Intangible assets
 
9,848
 
 
9,373
 
Investments accounted for using the equity method
 
653
 
 
626
 
Other financial assets
 
12
 
 
13
 
Other receivables
 
239
 
 
325
 
Retirement benefit assets
 
166
 
 
-
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
97
 
 
184
 
Deferred income tax assets
 
109
 
 
129
 
Total non-current assets
 
30,626
 
 
29,967
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Inventories
 
3,611
 
 
3,117
 
Trade and other receivables
 
4,569
 
 
4,086
 
Current income tax recoverable
 
42
 
 
36
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
39
 
 
17
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
5,783
 
 
7,721
 
Total current assets
 
14,044
 
 
14,977
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
44,670
 
 
44,944
 
 
 
 
 
EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Capital and reserves attributable to the Company's equity holders
 
 
 
 
Equity share capital
 
309
 
 
333
 
Preference share capital
 
1
 
 
1
 
Share premium account
 
-
 
 
7,493
 
Treasury Shares and own shares
 
(195)
 
 
(386)
 
Other reserves
 
445
 
 
444
 
Foreign currency translation reserve
 
(97)
 
 
206
 
Retained income
 
19,770
 
 
11,565
 
Capital and reserves attributable to the Company's equity holders
 
20,233
 
 
19,656
 
Non-controlling interests
 
681
 
 
692
 
Total equity
 
20,914
 
 
20,348
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Lease liabilities
 
1,374
 
 
1,339
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
9,938
 
 
10,958
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
-
 
 
1
 
Deferred income tax liabilities
 
2,734
 
 
2,613
 
Other payables
 
717
 
 
711
 
Retirement benefit obligations
 
475
 
 
556
 
Provisions for liabilities
 
937
 
 
953
 
Total non-current liabilities
 
16,175
 
 
17,131
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Lease liabilities
 
297
 
 
296
 
Trade and other payables
 
5,692
 
 
4,792
 
Current income tax liabilities
 
550
 
 
619
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
549
 
 
1,257
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
14
 
 
12
 
Provisions for liabilities
 
479
 
 
489
 
Total current liabilities
 
7,581
 
 
7,465
 
Total liabilities
 
23,756
 
 
24,596
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity and liabilities
 
44,670
 
 
44,944
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity
 
for the financial year ended 31 December 2021
 
 
Attributable to the equity holders of the Company
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury
 
 
Foreign
 
 
 
 
 
Issued
 
Share
 
Shares/
 
 
currency
 
 
Non-
 
 
 
share
 
premium
 
own
 
Other
 
translation
 
Retained
 
controlling
 
Total
 
 
capital
 
account
 
shares
 
reserves
 
reserve
 
income
 
interests
 
equity
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At 1 January 2021
 
334
 
7,493
 
(386)
 
444
 
206
 
11,565
 
692
 
20,348
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
2,565
 
56
 
2,621
 
Other comprehensive income
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(303)
 
254
 
(35)
 
(84)
 
Total comprehensive income
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(303)
 
2,819
 
21
 
2,537
 
Share-based payment expense
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
110
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
110
 
Shares acquired by CRH plc (Treasury Shares)
 
-
 
-
 
(880)
 
-
 
-
 
(281)
 
-
 
(1,161)
 
Treasury Shares/own shares reissued
 
-
 
-
 
19
 
-
 
-
 
(19)
 
-
 
-
 
Shares acquired by Employee Benefit Trust (own shares)
 
-
 
-
 
(16)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(16)
 
Shares distributed under the Performance Share Plan Awards
 
-
 
-
 
117
 
(117)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
Reduction in Share Premium
 
-
 
(7,493)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
7,493
 
-
 
-
 
Cancellation of Income Shares
 
(16)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
16
 
-
 
-
 
Cancellation of Treasury Shares
 
(8)
 
-
 
951
 
8
 
-
 
(951)
 
-
 
-
 
Tax relating to share-based payment expense
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
24
 
-
 
24
 
Share option exercises
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
13
 
-
 
13
 
Dividends
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(909)
 
(32)
 
(941)
 
At 31 December 2021
 
310
 
-
 
(195)
 
445
 
(97)
 
19,770
 
681
 
20,914
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
for the financial year ended 31 December 2020
 
At 1 January 2020
 
336
 
7,493
 
(360)
 
411
 
(202)
 
11,350
 
607
 
19,635
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
1,122
 
43
 
1,165
 
Other comprehensive income
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
408
 
(15)
 
32
 
425
 
Total comprehensive income
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
408
 
1,107
 
75
 
1,590
 
Share-based payment expense
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
96
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
96
 
Shares acquired by CRH plc (Treasury Shares)
 
-
 
-
 
(220)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(220)
 
Treasury Shares/own shares reissued
 
-
 
-
 
8
 
-
 
-
 
(8)
 
-
 
-
 
Shares acquired by Employee Benefit Trust (own shares)
 
-
 
-
 
(29)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(29)
 
Shares distributed under the Performance Share Plan Awards
 
-
 
-
 
65
 
(65)
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
Cancellation of Treasury Shares
 
(2)
 
-
 
150
 
2
 
-
 
(150)
 
-
 
-
 
Tax relating to share-based payment expense
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
1
 
-
 
1
 
Share option exercises
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
6
 
-
 
6
 
Dividends
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(710)
 
(15)
 
(725)
 
Disposal of non-controlling interests
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(6)
 
(6)
 
Transactions involving non-controlling interests
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
(31)
 
31
 
-
 
At 31 December 2020
 
334
 
7,493
 
(386)
 
444
 
206
 
11,565
 
692
 
20,348
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
for the financial year ended 31 December 2021
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
3,342
 
 
1,664
 
Finance costs (net)
 
417
 
 
490
 
Share of equity accounted investments’ (profit)/loss
 
(55)
 
 
118
 
Profit on disposals
 
(119)
 
 
(9)
 
Group operating profit
 
3,585
 
 
2,263
 
Depreciation charge
 
1,691
 
 
1,624
 
Amortisation of intangible assets
 
74
 
 
70
 
Impairment charge
 
-
 
 
673
 
Share-based payment expense
 
110
 
 
96
 
Other
 
21
 
 
6
 
Net movement on working capital and provisions
 
(228)
 
 
196
 
Cash generated from operations
 
5,253
 
 
4,928
 
Interest paid (including leases)
 
(401)
 
 
(432)
 
Corporation tax paid
 
(642)
 
 
(558)
 
Net cash inflow from operating activities
 
4,210
 
 
3,938
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from disposals (net of cash disposed and deferred proceeds)
 
387
 
 
184
 
Dividends received from equity accounted investments
 
32
 
 
35
 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
(1,554)
 
 
(996)
 
Acquisition of subsidiaries (net of cash acquired)
 
(1,494)
 
 
(351)
 
Other investments and advances
 
(4)
 
 
(1)
 
Deferred and contingent acquisition consideration paid
 
(33)
 
 
(54)
 
Deferred divestment consideration received
 
120
 
 
123
 
Net cash outflow from investing activities
 
(2,546)
 
 
(1,060)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from exercise of share options
 
13
 
 
6
 
Increase in interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
-
 
 
6,427
 
Net cash flow arising from derivative financial instruments
 
(37)
 
 
26
 
Repayment of interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
(1,183)
 
 
(4,943)
 
Repayment of lease liabilities (i)
 
(264)
 
 
(258)
 
Treasury Shares/own shares purchased
 
(896)
 
 
(249)
 
Dividends paid to equity holders of the Company
 
(906)
 
 
(707)
 
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests
 
(32)
 
 
(15)
 
Net cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities
 
(3,305)
 
 
287
 
 
 
 
 
(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
(1,641)
 
 
3,165
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of opening to closing cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at 1 January
 
7,721
 
 
4,218
 
Translation adjustment
 
(297)
 
 
338
 
(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
(1,641)
 
 
3,165
 
Cash and cash equivalents at 31 December
 
5,783
 
 
7,721
 
 
(i)
Repayment of lease liabilities amounted to $328 million (2020: $326 million), of which $64 million (2020: $68 million) related to interest paid which is presented in cash flows from operating activities.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supplementary Information
 
 
Selected Explanatory Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
1.
Basis of Preparation and Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Preparation
The financial information presented in this report has been prepared in accordance with the Group’s accounting policies under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union and as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).
 
 
Adoption of IFRS and International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) interpretations
 
The following standard amendments became effective for the Group as of 1 January 2021:
 
Amendments to IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement, IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures, IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts and IFRS 16 Leases – Interest Rate Benchmark Reform – Phase 2. The amendments did not result in a material impact on the Group’s results.
 
The following standard amendment was issued in March 2021 effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2021 with earlier application permitted:
 
Amendments to IFRS 16 – COVID-19-Related Rent Concessions beyond 30 June 2021. The amendment was adopted effective 1 January 2021 and did not result in a material impact on the Group’s results.
 
 
 
Translation of Foreign Currencies
The financial information is presented in US Dollar. Results and cash flows of operations with non-US Dollar functional currencies have been translated into US Dollar at average exchange rates for the year, and the related balance sheets have been translated at the rates of exchange in effect at the balance sheet date. The principal rates used for the translation of results, cash flows and balance sheets into US Dollar were:
 
 
 
 
            Average
 
 
          Year-end
 
US Dollar 1 =
 
2021
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brazilian Real
 
5.3968
 
5.1568
 
 
5.5716
 
5.1941
 
Canadian Dollar
 
1.2538
 
1.3412
 
 
1.2716
 
1.2751
 
Chinese Renminbi
 
6.4493
 
6.9010
 
 
6.3513
 
6.5404
 
Danish Krone
 
6.2919
 
6.5388
 
 
6.5652
 
6.0650
 
Euro
 
0.8460
 
0.8771
 
 
0.8829
 
0.8151
 
Hungarian Forint
 
303.3739
 
307.9331
 
 
325.9300
 
296.8600
 
Indian Rupee
 
73.9391
 
74.1177
 
 
74.3009
 
73.0706
 
Philippine Peso
 
49.2983
 
49.6071
 
 
50.9800
 
48.0300
 
Polish Zloty
 
3.8633
 
3.8971
 
 
4.0579
 
3.7166
 
Pound Sterling
 
0.7270
 
0.7798
 
 
0.7417
 
0.7320
 
Romanian Leu
 
4.1641
 
4.2432
 
 
4.3692
 
3.9683
 
Serbian Dinar
 
99.4732
 
103.1510
 
 
103.7590
 
95.8751
 
Swiss Franc
 
0.9145
 
0.9387
 
 
0.9119
 
0.8806
 
Ukrainian Hryvnia
 
27.2588
 
26.9857
 
 
27.2850
 
28.3242
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
Key Components of 2021 Performance
 
$ million
 
Sales revenue
 
EBITDA
 
Operating profit
 
Profit on disposals
 
Finance costs (net)
 
Assoc. and JV PAT (i)
 
Pre-tax profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
27,587
 
4,630
 
2,263
 
9
 
(490)
 
(118)
 
1,664
 
Exchange effects
 
563
 
50
 
11
 
1
 
(9)
 
-
 
3
 
2020 at 2021 rates
 
28,150
 
4,680
 
2,274
 
10
 
(499)
 
(118)
 
1,667
 
Incremental impact in 2021 of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020/2021 acquisitions
856
 
101
 
52
 
-
 
(3)
 
-
 
49
 
2020/2021 divestments
(182)
 
(58)
 
(51)
 
102
 
-
 
-
 
51
 
One-offs (ii)
-
 
122
 
122
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
122
 
Impairments
-
 
-
 
673
 
-
 
-
 
154
 
827
 
Organic
2,157
 
505
 
515
 
7
 
85
 
19
 
626
 
2021
 
30,981
 
5,350
 
3,585
 
119
 
(417)
 
55
 
3,342
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% Total change
 
12%
 
16%
 
58%
 
 
 
 
101%
 
% Organic change
 
8%
 
11%
 
23%
 
 
 
 
38%
 
 
(i)
CRH’s share of after-tax results of joint ventures and associated undertakings.
 
(ii)
One-offs primarily due to 2020 COVID-19 related restructuring costs.
 
3.
Seasonality
 
Activity in the construction industry is characterised by cyclicality and is dependent to a considerable extent on the seasonal impact of weather in the Group's operating locations, with activity in some markets reduced significantly in winter due to inclement weather. First-half sales accounted for 45% of full-year 2021 (2020: 44%), while EBITDA for the first six months of 2021 represented 37% of the full-year out-turn (2020: 34%).
 
4.
Revenue
 
A.
Disaggregated revenue
In the following tables, revenue is disaggregated by primary geographic market and by principal activities and products. Due to the diversified nature of the Group, the basis on which management reviews its businesses varies across the Group. Geography is the primary basis for the Americas Materials and Europe Materials businesses; while activities and products are used for the Building Products businesses.
 
Revenue from external customers (as defined in IFRS 8 Operating Segments) attributable to the country of domicile and all foreign countries of operation greater than 10% are included below. Further operating segment disclosures are set out in note 5.
 
 
Year ended 31 December
 
 
Americas Materials
 
Europe Materials
 
Building Products
 
Total
 
 
Americas Materials
 
Europe Materials
 
Building Products
 
Total
 
 
2021
 
2021
 
2021
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
2020
 
2020
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
Primary geographic markets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Republic of Ireland (country of domicile)
 
-
 
706
 
-
 
706
 
 
-
 
632
 
-
 
632
 
United Kingdom
 
-
 
3,979
 
244
 
4,223
 
 
-
 
3,157
 
180
 
3,337
 
Rest of Europe (i)
 
-
 
5,243
 
1,085
 
6,328
 
 
-
 
4,841
 
992
 
5,833
 
United States
 
11,172
 
-
 
6,021
 
17,193
 
 
9,984
 
-
 
5,479
 
15,463
 
Rest of World (ii)
 
1,235
 
653
 
643
 
2,531
 
 
1,289
 
511
 
522
 
2,322
 
Total Group
 
12,407
 
10,581
 
7,993
 
30,981
 
 
11,273
 
9,141
 
7,173
 
27,587
 
 
Footnotes (i) and (ii) appear on page 16.
 
 
 
 
4.
Revenue – continued
 
 
Year ended 31 December
 
 
Americas Materials
(iii)
 
Europe Materials
(iii)
 
Building Products
 
Total
 
 
Americas Materials
(iii)
 
Europe Materials
(iii)
 
Building Products
 
Total
 
 
2021
 
2021
 
2021
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
2020
 
2020
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
$m
 
Principal activities and products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cement, lime and cement products
 
1,483
 
3,463
 
-
 
4,946
 
 
1,403
 
2,974
 
-
 
4,377
 
Aggregates, asphalt and readymixed products
 
6,262
 
3,606
 
-
 
9,868
 
 
5,604
 
3,100
 
-
 
8,704
 
Construction contract activities*
 
4,662
 
2,065
 
175
 
6,902
 
 
4,266
 
1,732
 
168
 
6,166
 
Architectural products
 
-
 
1,264
 
3,790
 
5,054
 
 
-
 
1,166
 
3,439
 
4,605
 
Infrastructure products
 
-
 
183
 
1,605
 
1,788
 
 
-
 
169
 
1,278
 
1,447
 
Construction accessories
 
-
 
-
 
731
 
731
 
 
-
 
-
 
626
 
626
 
Architectural glass and glazing systems and related hardware
 
-
 
-
 
1,692
 
1,692
 
 
-
 
-
 
1,662
 
1,662
 
Total Group
 
12,407
 
10,581
 
7,993
 
30,981
 
 
11,273
 
9,141
 
7,173
 
27,587
 
 
 
* Revenue principally recognised over time. Construction contracts are generally completed within the same financial reporting year.
 
 
 
Footnotes to revenue disaggregation on pages 15 & 16
 
(i)
The Rest of Europe principally includes Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine.
 
(ii)
The Rest of World principally includes Australia, Brazil, Canada and the Philippines.
 
(iii)
Americas Materials and Europe Materials both operate vertically integrated businesses, which are founded in resource-backed cement and aggregates assets and which support the manufacture and supply of aggregates, asphalt, cement, readymixed and precast concrete and landscaping products. Accordingly, for the purpose of disaggregation of revenue we have included certain products together, as this is how management reviews and evaluates this business line.
 
B.
Unsatisfied long-term construction contracts and other performance obligations
Revenue yet to be recognised from fixed-price long-term construction contracts, primarily within our Americas Materials and Europe Materials businesses, amounted to $3,177 million at 31 December 2021 (2020: $2,604 million). The Group has applied the practical expedient of IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers whereby revenue yet to be recognised on contracts that had an original expected duration of less than one year is not disclosed. The majority of open contracts at 31 December 2021 will close and revenue will be recognised within 12 months of the balance sheet date.
 
 
 
5.
Segment Information
 
 
 
          2021
 
 
          2020
 
 
$m
 
%
 
 
$m
 
%
 
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
12,407
 
40.0
 
 
11,273
 
40.9
 
Europe Materials
 
10,581
 
34.2
 
 
9,141
 
33.1
 
Building Products
 
7,993
 
25.8
 
 
7,173
 
26.0
 
Total Group
 
30,981
 
100.0
 
 
27,587
 
100.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
2,588
 
48.4
 
 
2,405
 
51.9
 
Europe Materials
 
1,410
 
26.4
 
 
1,055
 
22.8
 
Building Products
 
1,352
 
25.2
 
 
1,170
 
25.3
 
Total Group
 
5,350
 
100.0
 
 
4,630
 
100.0
 
 
Depreciation, amortisation and impairment
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
800
 
45.3
 
 
774
 
32.7
 
Europe Materials
 
596
 
33.8
 
 
1,245
 
52.6
 
Building Products
 
369
 
20.9
 
 
348
 
14.7
 
Total Group
 
1,765
 
100.0
 
 
2,367
 
100.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
1,788
 
49.9
 
 
1,631
 
72.1
 
Europe Materials
 
814
 
22.7
 
 
(190)
 
(8.4)
 
Building Products
 
983
 
27.4
 
 
822
 
36.3
 
Total Group
 
3,585
 
100.0
 
 
2,263
 
100.0
 
 
 
 
2021
 
 
 
2020
 
 
 
$m
 
 
 
$m
 
 
Reconciliation of Group operating profit to profit before tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Group operating profit
 
3,585
 
 
2,263
 
Profit on disposals (i)
 
119
 
 
9
 
Profit before finance costs
 
3,704
 
 
2,272
 
Finance costs less income
 
(311)
 
 
(389)
 
Other financial expense
 
(106)
 
 
(101)
 
Share of equity accounted investments’ profit/(loss)
 
55
 
 
(118)
 
Profit before tax
 
3,342
 
 
1,664
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) Profit on disposals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
126
 
 
 
8
 
 
Europe Materials
 
17
 
 
 
(12)
 
 
Building Products
 
(24)
 
 
 
13
 
 
Total Group
 
119
 
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.
Segment Information – continued
 
 
 
          2021
 
          2020
 
 
$m
 
%
 
$m
 
%
 
Total assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
17,064
45.0
 
16,172
44.7
 
Europe Materials
 
12,367
32.6
 
12,730
35.1
 
Building Products
 
8,504
22.4
 
7,316
20.2
 
Subtotal
 
37,935
 
100.0
 
36,218
100.0
 
 
 
Reconciliation to total assets as reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments accounted for using the equity method
 
653
 
 
626
 
Other financial assets
 
12
 
 
13
 
Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)
 
136
 
 
201
 
Income tax assets (current and deferred)
 
151
 
 
165
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
5,783
 
 
7,721
 
Total assets as reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
44,670
 
 
44,944
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas Materials
 
3,292
33.0
 
2,897
31.7
 
Europe Materials
 
4,100
41.1
 
3,971
43.5
 
Building Products
 
2,579
25.9
 
2,268
24.8
 
Subtotal
 
9,971
100.0
 
9,136
100.0
 
 
 
Reconciliation to total liabilities as reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (current and non-current)
 
10,487
 
 
12,215
 
Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)
 
14
 
 
13
 
Income tax liabilities (current and deferred)
 
3,284
 
 
3,232
 
Total liabilities as reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
23,756
 
 
24,596
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.
Earnings per Ordinary Share
 
The computation of basic and diluted earnings per Ordinary Share is set out below:
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Numerator computations
 
 
 
 
Group profit for the financial year
 
2,621
 
 
1,165
 
Profit attributable to non-controlling interests
 
(56)
 
 
(43)
 
Profit attributable to ordinary equity holders of the Company - numerator for basic/diluted earnings per Ordinary Share
 
2,565
 
 
1,122
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of
 
 
Number of
 
 
shares
 
 
shares
 
Denominator computations
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of Ordinary Shares (millions) outstanding for the year
 
780.2
 
 
785.1
 
Effect of dilutive potential Ordinary Shares (employee share awards) (millions)
 
6.6
 
 
6.0
 
Denominator for diluted earnings per Ordinary Share 
 
786.8
 
 
791.1
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per Ordinary Share
 
 
 
 
 - basic
 
328.8c
 
 
142.9c
 
 - diluted
 
326.0c
 
 
141.8c
 
 
 
7.
Dividends
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Net dividend paid per share
 
116.0c
 
 
92.0c
 
Net dividend declared for the year
 
121.0c
 
 
115.0c
 
Dividend cover (earnings per share/dividend declared per share)
 
2.7x
 
 
1.2x
 
 
The Board is recommending a final dividend of 98.0c per share. This would give a total dividend of 121.0c for the year (2020: 115.0c), an increase of 5% over last year.
 
Existing currency elections and currency payment defaults will remain in place unless revoked or otherwise amended by certificated shareholders. Therefore, the final dividend will be paid in euro, Pounds Sterling and US Dollar to shareholders in accordance with their existing payment instructions. If no such instructions are in place, the currency for dividend payments will be based on shareholders’ addresses on CRH’s Share Register, or will, in the case of shares held in the Euroclear Bank system, continue to be paid automatically in euro, unless a currency election is made for the final dividend. Investors holding CREST Depositary Interests (CDIs) should refer to the CREST International Service Description. In respect of the final dividend, the latest date for receipt of currency elections (and DWT exemption forms) is 25 March 2022. Earlier closing dates may apply to holders in Euroclear Bank and in CREST.
 
If shareholders receive dividend payments in euro or Pounds Sterling, the exchange rate is expected to be set on Tuesday, 19th April 2022.
 
 
 
8.
Net Finance Costs
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
Net finance cost
 
311
 
 
389
 
Net other financial expense
 
106
 
 
101
 
Total net finance costs
 
417
 
 
490
 
 
 
 
 
The overall total is analysed as follows:
 
 
 
 
Net finance costs on interest-bearing loans and borrowings and cash and cash equivalents
 
315
 
 
404
 
Net credit re change in fair value of derivatives and fixed rate debt
 
(4)
 
 
(15)
 
Net debt-related interest costs
 
311
 
 
389
 
Unwinding of discount element of lease liabilities
 
64
 
 
68
 
Unwinding of discount element of provisions for liabilities
 
18
 
 
21
 
Unwinding of discount applicable to deferred and contingent acquisition consideration
 
20
 
 
21
 
Unwinding of discount applicable to deferred divestment proceeds
 
(12)
 
 
(24)
 
Unwinding of discount applicable to leased mineral reserves
 
6
 
 
4
 
Pension-related finance cost (net) (note 13)
 
10
 
 
11
 
Total net finance costs
 
417
 
 
490
 
 
 
 
9.
Net Debt
 
    2021
 
 
    2020
 
 
Book value
 
Fair
value
 
 
Book value
 
Fair
value
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
$m
 
Non-current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
97
 
97
 
 
184
 
184
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
5,783
 
5,783
 
 
7,721
 
7,721
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
39
 
39
 
 
17
 
17
 
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (i)
 
(9,938)
 
(10,786)
 
 
(10,958)
 
(12,150)
 
Lease liabilities
 
(1,374)
 
(1,374)
 
 
(1,339)
 
(1,339)
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
-
 
-
 
 
(1)
 
(1)
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (i)
 
(549)
 
(554)
 
 
(1,257)
 
(1,257)
 
Lease liabilities
 
(297)
 
(297)
 
 
(296)
 
(296)
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
(14)
 
(14)
 
 
(12)
 
(12)
 
Group net debt
 
(6,253)
 
(7,106)
 
 
(5,941)
 
(7,133)
 
 
(i)
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings are level 2 instruments whose fair value is derived from quoted market prices.
 
 
 
 
9.
Net Debt – continued
 
 
Gross debt, net of derivatives, matures as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Within one year
 
 
821
 
 
1,548
 
Between one and two years
 
 
1,642
 
 
708
 
Between two and three years
 
 
866
 
 
1,709
 
Between three and four years
 
 
1,399
 
 
887
 
Between four and five years
 
 
971
 
 
1,371
 
After five years
 
 
6,337
 
 
7,439
 
Total
 
 
12,036
 
 
13,662
 
 
 
Reconciliation of opening to closing net debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
At 1 January
 
 
(5,941)
 
 
(7,532)
 
Movement in the year
 
 
 
 
 
Increase in interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
 
-
 
 
(6,427)
 
Repayment of interest-bearing loans and borrowings (i)
 
 
1,183
 
 
4,943
 
Debt, including lease liabilities, in acquired companies (note 12)
 
 
(91)
 
 
(12)
 
Debt, including lease liabilities, in disposed companies
 
 
3
 
 
12
 
Net increase in lease liabilities
 
 
(249)
 
 
(153)
 
Repayment of lease liabilities
 
 
264
 
 
258
 
Net cash flow arising from derivative financial instruments
 
 
37
 
 
(26)
 
Mark-to-market and other non-cash adjustments
 
 
38
 
 
22
 
Translation adjustment on financing activities
 
 
441
 
 
(529)
 
Decrease/(increase) in liabilities from financing activities
 
 
1,626
 
 
(1,912)
 
Translation adjustment on cash and cash equivalents
 
 
(297)
 
 
338
 
(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
 
(1,641)
 
 
3,165
 
At 31 December
 
 
(6,253)
 
 
(5,941)
 
 
 
(i)
In January 2021 the Group repaid a $400 million bond upon maturity and in April 2021 a €600 million bond was repaid early when a 3-month par-call option was exercised.
 
Market capitalisation
Market capitalisation, calculated as the year-end share price multiplied by the number of Ordinary Shares in issue, is as follows:
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Market capitalisation – Euronext Dublin (i)
 
40,593
 
 
32,756
 
 
 
(i)
The market capitalisation figure of €35.9 billion (2020: €26.7 billion), based on the euro denominated share price per CRH’s listing on Euronext Dublin, was translated to US Dollar using the relevant closing rates as noted in the principal foreign exchange rates table in note 1.
 
 
 
9.
Net Debt – continued
 
 
Liquidity information - borrowing facilities
The Group manages its borrowing ability by entering into committed borrowing agreements. Revolving committed bank facilities are generally available to the Group for periods of up to five years from the date of inception. The undrawn committed facilities figures shown in the table below represent the facilities available to be drawn by the Group at 31 December 2021. The Group successfully carried out an amendment of its €3.5 billion revolving credit facility in March 2021 whereby the Group extended the maturity date of the facility for a further year to 2026.
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Within one year
 
19
 
 
10
 
Between one and two years
 
-
 
 
5
 
Between two and three years
 
-
 
 
61
 
Between four and five years
 
3,964
 
 
4,294
 
Total
 
3,983
 
 
4,370
 
 
 
Net debt metrics
 
The net debt metrics based on net debt as shown in note 9, EBITDA as defined on page 28 and net debt-related interest as shown in note 8 are as follows:
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA net interest cover (EBITDA divided by net interest)
17.2x
 
 
11.9x
 
EBIT net interest cover (EBIT divided by net interest)
11.5x
 
 
5.8x
 
 
 
 
 
Net debt as a percentage of market capitalisation
 
15%
 
 
18%
 
Net debt as a percentage of total equity
 
30%
 
 
29%
 
10.
Future Purchase Commitments for Property, Plant and Equipment
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
Contracted for but not provided in the financial statements
 
628
 
 
423
 
Authorised by the Directors but not contracted for
 
417
 
 
307
 
 
 
 
11.
Related Party Transactions
 
Sales to and purchases from joint ventures and associates are as follows:
 
 
     Joint Ventures
 
 
      Associates
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Sales
 
157
 
 
127
 
 
42
 
 
31
 
Purchases
 
29
 
 
24
 
 
19
 
 
15
 
 
Loans extended by the Group to joint ventures and associates are included in financial assets. Amounts receivable from and payable to equity accounted investments (arising from the aforementioned sales and purchases transactions) as at the balance sheet date are included in trade and other receivables and trade and other payables respectively in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
 
 
 
12.
Business Combinations
 
The acquisitions completed during the year ended 31 December 2021 by reportable segment, together with the completion dates, are detailed below; these transactions entailed the acquisition of an effective 100% stake except where indicated to the contrary:
 
 
Americas Materials:
 
Colorado: Asphalt Paving Company (8 July);
 
Florida: Extreme Concrete Services, Inc. and JODH, Inc. (30 April);
 
Michigan: RSmith & Sons Trucking, Inc. (15 September);
 
Mississippi: The Blain Companies (2 December);
 
Ohio: Central Allied Enterprises (19 February);
 
Tennessee: Patty Construction, Inc. and Greenback Asphalt Co., Inc. (10 September);
 
Texas: Century Asphalt, Inc. and Angel Brothers Enterprises (30 July); and
 
Utah: Towers Sand & Gravel (10 June).
 
 
Europe Materials:
 
France: certain assets of Holcim (1 August); 
 
Poland: certain assets in Northern Poland (30 December); 
 
Romania: certain assets of Top Aggregate (9 August); and 
 
Slovakia: certain assets of TBG Slovensko, a.s. (1 April).
 
 
Building Products:
 
Americas
 
Arizona: Pebble Technology, Inc. (2 November); 
 
California: Piranha Pipe & Concrete (12 August); 
 
Minnesota: Hancock Concrete Products, LLC (12 March);
 
New Jersey: EP Henry Corporation (21 June) and South Jersey Agricultural Products, Inc. (29 December); 
 
New York: National Pipe & Plastics, Inc. (30 September); and
 
Pennsylvania: Graham Architectural Products Company (22 February). 
 
Europe
 
Belgium: Schelde-Handel NV and PAS NV (5 July).
 
 
 
12.
Business Combinations – continued
 
 
The identifiable net assets acquired, including adjustments to provisional fair values, were as follows:
 
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
ASSETS
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Non-current assets
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
 
609
 
 
134
 
Intangible assets
 
131
 
 
31
 
Total non-current assets
 
740
 
 
165
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Inventories
 
157
 
 
23
 
Trade and other receivables (i)
 
191
 
 
47
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
7
 
 
-
 
Total current assets
 
355
 
 
70
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Trade and other payables
 
(143)
 
 
(21)
 
Provisions for liabilities
 
(1)
 
 
-
 
Lease liabilities
 
(88)
 
 
(12)
 
Interest-bearing loans and borrowings
 
(3)
 
 
-
 
Current income tax liabilities
 
-
 
 
(1)
 
Deferred income tax liabilities
 
(37)
 
 
-
 
Total liabilities
 
(272)
 
 
(34)
 
 
 
 
 
Total identifiable net assets at fair value
 
823
 
 
201
 
Goodwill arising on acquisition (ii)
 
679
 
 
157
 
Total consideration
 
1,502
 
 
358
 
 
 
 
 
Consideration satisfied by:
 
 
 
 
Cash payments
 
1,501
 
 
351
 
Deferred consideration (stated at net present cost)
 
-
 
 
4
 
Contingent consideration
 
1
 
 
3
 
Total consideration
 
1,502
 
 
358
 
 
 
 
 
NET CASH OUTFLOW ARISING ON ACQUISITION
 
 
 
 
Cash consideration
 
1,501
 
 
351
 
Less: cash and cash equivalents acquired
 
(7)
 
 
-
 
Total outflow in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows 
 
1,494
 
 
351
 
 
 
 
 
Footnotes (i) and (ii) appear on page 25.
 
 
 
 
12.
Business Combinations – continued
 
The acquisition balance sheet presented on the previous page reflects the identifiable net assets acquired in respect of acquisitions completed during 2021, together with adjustments to provisional fair values in respect of acquisitions completed during 2020. The measurement period for a number of acquisitions completed in 2020, closed in 2021 with no material adjustments identified.
 
CRH performs a detailed quantitative and qualitative assessment of each acquisition in order to determine whether it is material for the purposes of separate disclosure under IFRS 3 Business Combinations. None of the acquisitions completed during the year were considered sufficiently material to warrant separate disclosure of the attributable fair values. The initial assignment of the fair values to identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed as disclosed are provisional (principally in respect of property, plant and equipment) in respect of certain acquisitions due to timing of close. The fair value assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired is based on estimates and assumptions made by management at the time of acquisition. CRH may revise its purchase price allocation during the subsequent reporting window as permitted under IFRS 3.
 
 
 
Footnotes to the acquisition balance sheet on page 24
 
(i)
The gross contractual value of trade and other receivables as at the respective dates of acquisition amounted to $192 million (2020: $47 million). The fair value of these receivables is $191 million (all of which is expected to be recoverable) (2020: $47 million).
 
(ii)
The principal factor contributing to the recognition of goodwill on acquisitions entered into by the Group is the realisation of cost savings and other synergies with existing entities in the Group which do not qualify for separate recognition as intangible assets. Due to the asset-intensive nature of operations in the Americas Materials and Europe Materials business segments, no significant separately identifiable intangible assets are recognised on business combinations in these segments. $284 million of the goodwill recognised in respect of acquisitions completed in 2021 is expected to be deductible for tax purposes (2020: $148 million).
 
Acquisition-related costs
Acquisition-related costs, which exclude post-acquisition integration costs, amounting to $14 million (2020: $6 million) have been included in operating costs in the Consolidated Income Statement.
 
The following table analyses the 20 acquisitions completed in 2021 (2020: 17 acquisitions) by reportable segment and provides details of the goodwill and consideration figures arising in each of those segments:
 
 
Number of acquisitions
 
 
Goodwill
 
 
Consideration
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Reportable segments
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Americas Materials
 
8
 
 
7
 
 
239