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Buffett firm offers $10 billion to outdo Chevron's bid for Anadarko Petroleum
By Bradley Olson and Cara Lombardo
This article is being republished as part of our daily reproduction of WSJ.com articles that also appeared in the U.S. print edition of The Wall Street Journal (May 1, 2019).
Vicki Hollub, Occidental Petroleum Corp.'s chief executive, took a corporate jet to Omaha, Neb., this weekend with a singular mission in mind: getting Warren Buffett's backing for her $38 billion bid for Anadarko Petroleum Corp.
On Tuesday, Mr. Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc. said it was throwing its weight behind the effort by buying $10 billion of Occidental preferred stock. The move positions Ms. Hollub to potentially win one of the most heated takeover battles in years, a contest with Chevron Corp. Chief Executive Mike Wirth, who earlier struck a deal to buy Anadarko for $33 billion. Occidental's backing from Berkshire leaves Chevron and Mr. Wirth with a tough decision: significantly raise their offer or walk away.
Chevron is still weighing whether to come back with a new offer, according to a person familiar with the company's plans. Chevron believes its agreement offers Anadarko shareholders the most value and certainty of closing, a spokesman said Tuesday. Chevron is entitled to a $1 billion breakup fee if Anadarko agrees to a deal with Occidental instead.
Even as some investors applaud Ms. Hollub's bold push for Anadarko and its prized assets at the heart of the U.S. oil boom in West Texas and New Mexico, others are expressing concern that the company has been too aggressive in its pursuit and that the deal carries significant risks.
Indeed, Berkshire is exacting a heavy toll for its backing: The sprawling conglomerate would receive shares of preferred stock in Occidental with a coupon of 8% a year should the company succeed in its pursuit of Anadarko.
T. Rowe Price Group Inc., Occidental's sixth-largest shareholder with a roughly 3% stake, said Tuesday it has concerns about Occidental's "bet-the-company" bid to buy Anadarko, which is roughly equal to its size.
John Linehan, a T. Rowe portfolio manager, said in an interview the deal would complicate Occidental's business by adding geographies and expanding business lines, increase the company's exposure to a downturn and weaken its balance sheet.
Mr. Linehan also criticized Occidental for striking a "sweetheart deal" with Berkshire that could be used to avoid giving shareholders a chance to vote on the agreement.
Occidental is currently planning to pay with cash and stock; if it issues less than 19.9% of its existing shares, no vote is required. If Occidental looks likely to avoid a shareholder vote, T. Rowe would vote against the company's directors at the annual meeting next week, Mr. Linehan said.
Occidental's push to take over Anadarko began with overtures from Ms. Hollub almost two years ago, she said in an interview last week.
Eager to scale up in a region where Occidental was already a dominant player, Ms. Hollub approached Anadarko CEO Al Walker, who like a number of other energy executives began coming under pressure in late 2017 from shareholders who wanted the company to focus more on profitability than growth.
The discussions on a potential deal picked up in earnest in recent months as it became clear that an Anadarko project on the other side of the world was running into trouble: A discovery of huge quantities of natural gas off the coast of Mozambique would cost billions more to develop than some investors expected.
The company had yet to make a final decision whether to build the infrastructure that would be needed to bring the gas to market, but angst surrounding the project was enough to shave about 25% off Anadarko's stock in the year ending April 11, the day before its deal with Chevron was announced. That decline came along with an unexpected plunge in oil prices and despite Anadarko's multibillion-dollar share-repurchase program.
Mr. Walker, a former banker, had long been seen as the man who would sell Anadarko, a company oil giants such as Exxon Mobil Corp. and Chevron had been stalking for years. Mr. Walker had helped Anadarko expand with several big deals more than a decade before.
A resident of San Diego who travels back and forth to Anadarko's Houston-area headquarters in a Gulfstream jet, Mr. Walker had a preference for any deal with a company like Exxon or Chevron that has the wherewithal to operate a diverse array of assets from deep-water projects in the Gulf of Mexico and Africa to lucrative shale opportunities in Colorado and the Permian Basin, according to people familiar with his views.
Meanwhile at Chevron, Mr. Wirth sensed an opportunity in Anadarko. After taking the reins about a year earlier, he was looking for a transformative deal that would allow the company to improve its vast pool of assets, according to people close to Mr. Wirth.
He saw a deal as a catalyst to allow Chevron to sell off billions of dollars of older properties and create steady growth opportunities that throw off a lot of cash, these people said.
The discussions between Chevron and Anadarko proceeded quickly, people close to the deal said. Even as Occidental's Ms. Hollub continued to communicate with Anadarko's Mr. Walker through calls and text messages, the talks with Chevron reached a serious stage, the people said.
On April 8, Occidental revised an earlier offer of about $76 a share to about $72 a share and changed terms that would have protected the value of the proposal in the event the company's share price declined, according to a person familiar with the negotiations.
On April 11, Occidental revised its offer upward, but Anadarko viewed Chevron's bid as superior and feared that entertaining Occidental's new proposal would lead the larger company to walk away, which it had threatened to do before, the person said.
Write to Bradley Olson at Bradley.Olson@wsj.com and Cara Lombardo at firstname.lastname@example.org
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
May 01, 2019 02:47 ET (06:47 GMT)
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