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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_______________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended July 29, 2023
OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                 to                
Commission File Number: 001-38559
_______________________________
unitedstatesimage1.jpg
BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________
Delaware45-2936287
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
350 Campus Drive
MarlboroughMassachusetts
01752
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(774512-7400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01BJNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
As of August 18, 2023, the registrant had 133,731,549 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.




Table of Contents
Page

2


TRADEMARKS 
BJ’s Wholesale Club®, BJ’s®, Wellsley Farms®, Berkley Jensen®, My BJ’s Perks®, BJ’s Easy Renewal®, BJ’s Gas®, BJ's One®, BJ's One+®, BJ’s Perks Elite®, BJ’s Perks Plus®, Inner Circle®, Same-Day-Select®, ExpressPay® and BJ’s Perks Rewards® are all registered trademarks of BJ’s Wholesale Club, Inc. Other trademarks, tradenames and service marks appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the property of their respective owners. We do not intend our use or display of those other parties’ trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply, and such use or display should not be construed to imply, a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other parties. Solely for convenience, trademarks, trade names and service marks referred to in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may appear without the ® or SM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or the right of the applicable licensor to these trademarks, trade names and service marks. 
DEFINED TERMS
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context otherwise requires: 
•    "The Company", "BJ’s", "we", "us" and "our" mean BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. and, unless the context otherwise requires, its consolidated subsidiaries;
"ABL Revolving Facility" means the Company's revolving credit facility entered into on July 28, 2022;
"ABL Revolving Commitment" means the aggregate committed amount of $1.2 billion under the ABL Revolving Facility;
•    "First Lien Term Loan" means the Company’s senior secured first lien term loan facility that was amended on January 5, 2023;
"Third Amendment" means the Company’s third amendment to the senior secured former first lien term loan facility that was entered into on January 5, 2023;
•    "fiscal year 2022" means the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2023;
•    "fiscal year 2023" means the 53 weeks ending February 3, 2024;  
•    "GAAP" means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America;
•    "ESPP" means the Company's Employee Stock Purchase Plan;
•    "LIBOR" means the London Interbank Offered Rate; and
•    "SOFR" means the Secured Overnight Financing Rate.

3


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands, except par value)
(Unaudited)
July 29, 2023January 28, 2023July 30, 2022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$26,210 $33,915 $163,681 
Accounts receivable, net200,279 239,746 204,495 
Merchandise inventories1,540,508 1,378,551 1,376,526 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets76,309 51,033 57,844 
Total current assets1,843,306 1,703,245 1,802,546 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net2,165,125 2,142,925 2,192,548 
Property and equipment, net1,428,576 1,337,029 1,232,103 
Goodwill1,008,816 1,008,816 1,008,816 
Intangibles, net111,568 115,505 120,123 
Deferred income taxes7,928 11,498 4,525 
Other assets38,577 30,938 26,583 
Total assets$6,603,896 $6,349,956 $6,387,244 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt$411,000 $405,000 $350,000 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities179,423 177,233 171,568 
Accounts payable1,226,490 1,195,697 1,243,286 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities774,235 767,411 719,291 
Total current liabilities2,591,148 2,545,341 2,484,145 
Long-term operating lease liabilities2,075,058 2,058,797 2,118,467 
Long-term debt448,135 447,880 699,406 
Deferred income taxes64,095 57,024 64,354 
Other non-current liabilities194,171 194,077 167,281 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 5)
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Preferred stock; par value $0.01; 5,000 shares authorized, and no shares issued
   
Common stock, par value $0.01300,000 shares authorized, 147,443 shares issued and 133,720 outstanding at July 29, 2023; 146,347 shares issued and 133,903 outstanding at January 28, 2023; and 146,157 shares issued and 135,052 outstanding at July 30, 2022
1,474 1,463 1,461 
Additional paid-in capital983,366 958,555 928,548 
Retained earnings891,892 644,490 384,770 
Accumulated other comprehensive income1,049 1,550 2,010 
Treasury stock, at cost, 13,723 shares at July 29, 2023; 12,444 shares at January 28, 2023; and 11,105 shares at July 30, 2022
(646,492)(559,221)(463,198)
Total stockholders’ equity1,231,289 1,046,837 853,591 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$6,603,896 $6,349,956 $6,387,244 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Thirteen Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net sales$4,859,842 $5,005,030 
Membership fee income103,698 98,786 
Total revenues4,963,540 5,103,816 
Cost of sales4,066,727 4,243,769 
Selling, general and administrative expenses694,960 651,236 
Pre-opening expenses1,584 5,901 
Operating income200,269 202,910 
Interest expense, net16,274 10,874 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes183,995 192,036 
Provision for income taxes52,670 51,022 
Income from continuing operations131,325 141,014 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes (7)
Net income$131,325 $141,007 
Income per share attributable to common stockholders—basic:
Income from continuing operations$0.99 $1.05 
Loss from discontinued operations  
Net income$0.99 $1.05 
Income per share attributable to common stockholders—diluted:
Income from continuing operations$0.97 $1.03 
Loss from discontinued operations  
Net income$0.97 $1.03 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding:
Basic133,317 134,341 
Diluted135,129 136,567 
Other comprehensive income:
Total other comprehensive income  
Total comprehensive income$131,325 $141,007 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Twenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net sales$9,480,462 $9,404,840 
Membership fee income206,220 195,411 
Total revenues9,686,682 9,600,251 
Cost of sales7,909,877 7,949,043 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,384,288 1,287,180 
Pre-opening expenses5,478 10,801 
Operating income387,039 353,227 
Interest expense, net30,964 18,715 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes356,075 334,512 
Provision for income taxes108,762 81,041 
Income from continuing operations247,313 253,471 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes89 (14)
Net income$247,402 $253,457 
Income per share attributable to common stockholders—basic:
Income from continuing operations$1.86 $1.89 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations  
Net income$1.86 $1.89 
Income per share attributable to common stockholders—diluted:
Income from continuing operations$1.82 $1.86 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations0.01 (0.01)
Net income$1.83 $1.85 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding:
Basic133,314 134,293 
Diluted135,515 136,635 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Amounts released from other comprehensive income, net of tax$(501)$117 
Unrealized gain on cash flow hedge, net of income tax provision of $229, at July 30, 2022
 588 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)(501)705 
Total comprehensive income$246,901 $254,162 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
6


BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, January 28, 2023146,347 $1,463 $958,555 $644,490 $1,550 (12,444)$(559,221)$1,046,837 
Net income— — — 116,077 — — — 116,077 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — (501)— — (501)
Common stock issued under stock incentive plans1,033 10 (10)— — — —  
Stock-based compensation expense— — 10,007 — — — — 10,007 
Exercise of stock options— — 1,675 — — — — 1,675 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — — — — (560)(42,369)(42,369)
Balance, April 29, 2023147,380 1,473 970,227 760,567 1,049 (13,004)(601,590)1,131,726 
Net income— — — 131,325 — — — 131,325 
Common stock issued under stock incentive plans2 — — — — — — — 
Common stock issued under ESPP61 1 3,254 — — — — 3,255 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 9,624 — — — — 9,624 
Exercise of stock options— — 261 — — — — 261 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — — — — (719)(44,902)(44,902)
Balance, July 29, 2023147,443 $1,474 $983,366 $891,892 $1,049 (13,723)$(646,492)$1,231,289 


















7


BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, January 29, 2022145,451 $1,454 $902,704 $131,313 $1,305 (9,945)$(388,668)$648,108 
Net income— — — 112,450 — — — 112,450 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 117 — — 117 
Unrealized gain on cash flow hedge, net of tax— — — — 588 — — 588 
Common stock issued under stock incentive plans490 5 (5)— — — —  
Stock-based compensation expense— — 9,115 — — — — 9,115 
Exercise of stock options— — 2,306 — — — — 2,306 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — — — — (801)(51,342)(51,342)
Balance, April 30, 2022145,941 1,459 914,120 243,763 2,010 (10,746)(440,010)721,342 
Net income— — — 141,007 — — — 141,007 
Common stock issued under stock incentive plans172 2 (2)— — — —  
Common stock issued under ESPP44 — 2,331 — — — — 2,331 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 9,387 — — — — 9,387 
Exercise of stock options— — 2,712 — — — — 2,712 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — — — — (359)(23,188)(23,188)
Balance, July 30, 2022146,157 $1,461 $928,548 $384,770 $2,010 (11,105)$(463,198)$853,591 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Twenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$247,402 $253,457 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization109,015 97,093 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and accretion of original issue discount655 1,663 
Debt extinguishment charges 389 
Stock-based compensation expense19,631 18,502 
Deferred income tax provision10,641 12,212 
Changes in operating leases and other non-cash items762 32,067 
Increase (decrease) in cash due to changes in:
Accounts receivable39,797 (29,605)
Merchandise inventories(161,957)(45,519)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(14,083)1,097 
Other assets(8,038)(1,858)
Accounts payable30,793 130,503 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(3,606)(31,019)
Other non-current liabilities(1,512)4,070 
Net cash provided by operating activities269,500 443,052 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Additions to property and equipment, net of disposals(214,240)(191,534)
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions5,988 2,674 
Acquisitions (376,521)
Net cash used in investing activities(208,252)(565,381)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Payments on long-term debt (50,000)
Proceeds from revolving lines of credit312,000 905,000 
Payments on revolving lines of credit(306,000)(555,000)
Debt issuance costs paid (2,701)
Net cash received from stock option exercises1,571 5,018 
Net cash received from ESPP3,255 2,331 
Acquisition of treasury stock(87,271)(74,530)
Proceeds from financing obligations9,058 13,083 
Other financing activities(1,566)(2,627)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(68,953)240,574 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(7,705)118,245 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period33,915 45,436 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$26,210 $163,681 
Supplemental cash flow information:
Interest paid$28,509 $15,689 
Income taxes paid113,016 81,512 
Operating lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets and other non-cash lease-related operating items111,465 181,411 
Non-cash financing and investing activities:
Finance lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets1,449  
Property additions included in accrued expenses30,535 19,489 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
9


NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Description of Business
BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries is a leading warehouse club operator concentrated primarily in the eastern half of the United States. As of July 29, 2023, the Company operated 238 warehouse clubs and 168 gas stations in 19 states.
The Company follows and reports based on the National Retail Federation’s fiscal calendar. The thirteen-week periods ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022 are referred to herein as the "second quarter of fiscal year 2023" and the "second quarter of fiscal year 2022," respectively.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim financial statements of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, reflect all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial statements in accordance with GAAP. 
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 28, 2023 is derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. The unaudited results of operations for the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 are not necessarily indicative of future results or results to be expected for fiscal year 2023. The Company’s business, in common with the business of retailers generally, is subject to seasonal influences. The Company’s sales and operating income have typically been highest in the fourth quarter holiday season and lowest in the first quarter of each fiscal year. 
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 2023.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Policies
The Company’s accounting policies are set forth in the audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2022. There have been no material changes to these accounting policies and no accounting pronouncements adopted that had a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.
3. Revenue Recognition
Performance Obligations
The Company identifies each distinct performance obligation to transfer goods (or bundle of goods) or services. The Company recognizes revenue as it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control of the goods or services to the customer.
Net sales—The Company recognizes net sales at clubs and gas stations when the customer takes possession of the goods and tenders payment. Sales tax is recorded as a liability at the point of sale. Revenue is recorded at the point of sale based on the transaction price on the shelf sign, net of any applicable discounts, sales tax and expected refunds. For e-commerce sales, the Company recognizes sales when control of the merchandise is transferred to the customer, which is typically at the time of shipment. The following table summarizes the Company’s point of sale transactions at clubs and gas stations, excluding sales tax, as a percentage of both net sales and total revenues:
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Thirteen Weeks Ended
Twenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Point of sale transactions, excluding sales tax, as a percent of net sales92 %92 %91 %92 %
Point of sale transactions, excluding sales tax, as a percent of total revenues90 %90 %89 %90 %
BJ’s Perks Rewards and My BJ’s Perks programs—The Company’s BJ’s Perks Rewards membership program which was in place in fiscal year 2022 and the first month of fiscal year 2023, allowed participating members to earn 2% cash back, up to a maximum of $500 per year, on qualified purchases made at BJ’s. The Company also offered a co-branded credit card program, the My BJ’s Perks program, which allowed My BJ’s Perks Mastercard credit card holders to earn up to a 10 cent-per-gallon discount on gasoline, up to 5% cash back on eligible purchases made at BJ’s and up to 2% cash back on purchases made with the card outside of BJ’s. Cash back was in the form of electronic awards issued in $10 increments that could be used online or in-club at the register and expired six months from the date issued. 
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company rebranded the rewards program. The former BJ's Perks Rewards membership program is now the Club+ program, whereby participating members earn 2% cash back, up to a maximum of $500 per year, on qualified purchases made at BJs and a 5 cent-per-gallon discount at BJ's gas locations. Cash back is in the form of electronic awards issued to each member once $10 in rewards have been earned. The Company's co-branded credit card program is now the BJ's One and BJ's One+ program, which allows cardholders with the opportunity to earn up to 5% cash back on purchases made in BJ's clubs or online at bjs.com and up to a 15 cent-per-gallon discount on gasoline when paying with a BJ's One or BJ's One+ Mastercard at our BJ’s gas locations. Cash back is in the form of electronic awards issued to each member monthly on their credit card statement date. Earned rewards under these two programs do not expire.
The Company accounts for these transactions as multiple element arrangements and allocates the transaction price to separate performance obligations using their relative fair values. The Company includes the fair value of award dollars earned in deferred revenue at the time the award dollars are earned. This liability was $43.1 million at July 29, 2023, $34.7 million at January 28, 2023, and $40.0 million at July 30, 2022 and is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Earned awards may be redeemed on future purchases made at the Company. The Company recognizes revenue for earned awards when customers redeem such awards as part of a purchase at one of the Company’s clubs or on the Company’s website or mobile app. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023, the Company recognized $34.7 million of revenue that was included in the deferred liability as of January 28, 2023. The Company expects to recognize $43.1 million of deferred revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2023. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 30, 2022, the Company recognized $30.3 million that was included in the deferred liability as of January 29, 2022.
The Company’s total deferred royalty revenue related to the outstanding My BJ's Perks and BJ's One and BJ's One+ credit card program was $5.6 million, $17.9 million, and $28.5 million at July 29, 2023, January 28, 2023, and July 30, 2022, respectively, and is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The timing of revenue recognition of these awards is driven by actual customer activities, such as reward redemptions and expirations. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023, the Company recognized $17.9 million of revenue that was included in the deferred liability as of January 28, 2023. As of July 29, 2023, the Company expects to recognize $5.6 million of deferred revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2023.
In connection with the new co-brand credit card program, the Company had deferred revenue of approximately $11.9 million and $18.9 million for funds received related to marketing and other integration costs as of July 29, 2023 and January 28, 2023, respectively. During the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023, the Company recognized $5.0 million of revenue that was included in the deferred liability as of January 28, 2023, related to these marketing and other integration costs. The Company expects to recognize approximately $2.1 million of deferred revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2023, which is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. The Company expects to recognize approximately $9.8 million thereafter, of which $2.6 million is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and $7.2 million is included in other non-current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Membership—The Company charges a membership fee to its customers, which allows customers to shop in the Company’s clubs, shop on the Company’s website, and purchase gasoline at the Company’s gas stations for the duration of the membership, which is generally 12 months. As the Company has the obligation to provide access to its clubs, website, and gas stations for the duration of the membership term, the Company recognizes membership fees on a straight-line basis over the life of the membership. The Company’s deferred revenue related to membership fees was $195.3 million, $183.7 million, and
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$185.4 million at July 29, 2023, January 28, 2023, and July 30, 2022, respectively, and is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Gift Card Programs—The Company sells BJ’s gift cards that allow customers to redeem the card for future purchases equal to the amount of the face value of the gift card. Revenue from gift card sales is recognized upon redemption of the gift card because the Company’s performance obligation to redeem the gift card for merchandise is satisfied when the gift card is redeemed. Deferred revenue related to gift cards was $13.4 million, $14.1 million, and $11.9 million at July 29, 2023, January 28, 2023, and July 30, 2022, respectively. The Company recognized $10.9 million and $12.7 million of revenue from gift card redemptions in the second quarters of fiscal years 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Company recognized $22.5 million and $23.2 million of revenue from gift card redemptions in the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company’s club retail operations, which include retail club and other sales procured from our clubs and distribution centers, represent substantially all of its consolidated total revenues, and are the Company’s only reportable segment. All the Company’s identifiable assets are in the United States. The Company does not have significant sales outside the United States, nor does any customer represent more than 10% of total revenues for any period presented.
The following table summarizes the Company’s percentage of net sales disaggregated by category:
Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Grocery70 %64 %71 %65 %
General Merchandise and Services11 %12 %10 %12 %
Gasoline and Other19 %24 %19 %23 %

4. Debt and Credit Arrangements
The following table summarizes the Company’s debt (in thousands):
July 29, 2023January 28, 2023July 30, 2022
ABL Revolving Facility$411,000 $405,000 $350,000 
First Lien Term Loan450,000 450,000 701,920 
Unamortized original issue discount and debt issuance costs(1,865)(2,120)(2,514)
Less: Short-term debt(411,000)(405,000)(350,000)
Long-term debt$448,135 $447,880 $699,406 
ABL Revolving Facility
On July 28, 2022, the Company entered into the ABL Revolving Facility with an ABL Revolving Commitment of $1.2 billion pursuant to that certain credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and the other lenders party thereto. The maturity date of the ABL Revolving Facility is July 28, 2027. In connection with this transaction, the Company extinguished the previous senior secured asset based revolving credit and term facility.
Revolving loans under the ABL Revolving Facility are available in an aggregate amount equal to the lesser of the aggregate ABL Revolving Commitment or a borrowing base based on the value of certain inventory, accounts and credit card receivables, subject to specified advance rebates and reserves as set forth in the Credit Agreement. Indebtedness under the ABL Revolving Facility is secured by substantially all of the assets (other than real estate) of the Company and its subsidiaries, subject to customary exceptions. As amended, interest on the ABL Revolving Facility is calculated either at the SOFR plus a range of 100 to 125 basis points or a base rate plus 0 to 25 basis points, based on excess availability. The Company will also pay an unused commitment fee of 20 basis points per annum on the unused ABL Revolving Commitment. Each borrowing is
12


for a period of one, three, or six months, as selected by the Company, or for such other period that is twelve months or less requested by the Company and consented to by the lenders and administrative agent.
The ABL Revolving Facility places certain restrictions (i.e., covenants) upon the Borrower’s, and its subsidiaries’, ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends and make certain loans, investments, and divestitures. The ABL Revolving Facility contains customary events of default (including payment defaults, cross-defaults to certain of the Company's other indebtedness, breach of representations and covenants and change of control). The occurrence of an event of default under the ABL Revolving Facility would permit the lenders to accelerate the indebtedness and terminate the ABL Revolving Facility.
As of July 29, 2023, there was $411.0 million outstanding in loans under the ABL Revolving Facility and $11.3 million in outstanding letters of credit. The interest rate on the ABL Revolving Facility was 6.42% and unused capacity was $726.2 million.
First Lien Term Loan
On January 5, 2023, the Company entered into the Third Amendment to the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement, with Nomura Corporate Funding Americas, LLC, as administrative agent and collateral agent and the lenders party thereto. BofA Securities, Inc., Deutsche Bank Securities Inc., and Wells Fargo Securities LLC acted as joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners of the Third Amendment.
The Third Amendment, among other things, extended the maturity date with respect to the term loans outstanding under the First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement from February 3, 2024 to February 3, 2027. In addition, the Third Amendment transitioned the interest rate, immediately, from LIBOR to SOFR and changed the applicable margin from LIBOR plus 200225 basis points per annum to SOFR plus 275 basis points per annum.
Voluntary prepayments are permitted. Principal payments must be made on the First Lien Term Loan pursuant to an annual excess cash flow calculation when the net leverage ratio exceeds 3.50 to 1.00. As of July 29, 2023, the Company's net leverage ratio did not exceed 3.50 to 1.00, and therefore, no incremental principal payments were required. The First Lien Term Loan is subject to certain affirmative and negative covenants but no financial covenants. It is secured on a senior basis by certain "fixed assets" of the Company and on a junior basis by certain "liquid" assets of the Company.
There was $450.0 million outstanding on the First Lien Term Loan at July 29, 2023 and January 28, 2023, and $701.9 million outstanding at July 30, 2022. The interest rates were 7.89%, 7.11%, and 3.96% at July 29, 2023, January 28, 2023, and July 30, 2022, respectively.
5. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company is involved in various legal proceedings that are typical of a retail business. In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, an accrual will be established for legal proceedings if and when those matters present loss contingencies that are both probable and estimable. The Company does not believe the resolution of any current proceedings will result in a material loss to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
6. Stock Incentive Plans
On June 13, 2018, the Company’s board of directors adopted, and its stockholders approved, the BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. 2018 Incentive Award Plan (the "2018 Plan"). The 2018 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, restricted stock, dividend equivalents, stock payments, restricted stock units, performance shares, other incentive awards, stock appreciation rights, and cash awards. Prior to the adoption of the 2018 Plan, the Company granted stock-based compensation to employees and non-employee directors under the Fourth Amended and Restated 2011 Stock Option Plan of BJ’s Wholesale Club, Inc. (f/k/a Beacon Holding Inc.), as amended (the "2011 Plan") and the 2012 Director Stock Option Plan of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. (f/k/a Beacon Holding, Inc.), as amended (the "2012 Director Plan"). No further grants will be made under the 2011 Plan or the 2012 Director Plan.
The 2018 Plan authorizes the issuance of 13,148,058 shares, including 985,369 shares that were reserved but not issued under the 2011 Plan and the 2012 Director Plan. If an award under the 2018 Plan, the 2011 Plan, or the 2012 Director Plan is forfeited, expires, or is settled for cash, any shares subject to such award may, to the extent of such forfeiture, expiration, or
13


cash settlement, be used again for new grants under the 2018 Plan. Additionally, shares tendered or withheld to satisfy grant or exercise price, or tax withholding obligations associated with an award under the 2018 Plan, the 2011 Plan, or the 2012 Director Plan will be added to the shares authorized for grant under the 2018 Plan. The following shares may not be used again for grant under the 2018 Plan: (1) shares subject to a stock appreciation right ("SAR") that are not issued in connection with the stock settlement of the SAR upon its exercise and (2) shares purchased on the open market with the cash proceeds from the exercise of options under the 2018 Plan, 2011 Plan, or 2012 Director Plan. As of July 29, 2023, there were 4,916,649 shares available for future issuance under the 2018 Plan.
The following table summarizes the Company’s stock award activity during the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 (shares in thousands):
Stock OptionsRestricted StockRestricted Stock UnitsPerformance Stock
SharesWeighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
SharesWeighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
SharesWeighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
SharesWeighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
Outstanding, January 28, 20231,788 $20.35 750 $50.10 24 $58.61 854 $45.70 
Granted (a)
  322 76.07 22 62.13 503 76.07 
Forfeited/canceled  (39)63.09 (5)58.61 (40)58.81 
Exercised/vested(93)20.85 (386)42.94 (19)58.61 (640)24.35 
Outstanding, July 29, 20231,695 $20.33 647 $66.50 22 $62.13 677 $58.84 
(a)     Includes 320 incremental Performance Stock awards granted in fiscal year 2020 with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $24.35, that vested in fiscal year 2023 at greater than 100% of target based on performance.
Stock-based compensation expense was $9.6 million and $9.4 million for the thirteen weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively, and $19.6 million and $18.5 million for the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively.
On June 14, 2018, the Company’s board of directors adopted, and its stockholders approved, the ESPP, which became effective July 1, 2018. The aggregate number of shares of common stock that were to be reserved for issuance under the ESPP was to be equal to the sum of (i) 973,014 shares and (ii) an annual increase on the first day of each calendar year beginning in 2019 and ending in 2028 equal to the lesser of (A) 486,507 shares, (B) 0.5% of the shares outstanding (on an as converted basis) on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal year and (C) such smaller number of shares as determined by the Company's board of directors. The amount of expense recognized related to the ESPP was $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the thirteen weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively, and $0.7 million and $0.5 million for the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively. As of July 29, 2023, there were 2,463,889 shares available for issuance under the ESPP.
7. Treasury Shares and Share Repurchase Program
Treasury Shares Acquired on Restricted Stock and Performance Stock Awards
The Company acquired 3,625 shares to satisfy employees’ tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock awards in the thirteen weeks ended July 29, 2023, which was recorded as $0.3 million of treasury stock. The Company acquired 5,945 shares to satisfy employees' tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock awards in the thirteen weeks ended July 30, 2022, which was recorded as $0.3 million of treasury stock.
The Company acquired 359,827 shares to satisfy employees’ tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock and performance stock awards in the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023, which was recorded as $27.4 million of treasury stock. The Company acquired 235,845 shares to satisfy employees' tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock awards in the twenty-six weeks ended July 30, 2022, which was recorded as $15.9 million of treasury stock.
Share Repurchase Program
On November 16, 2021, the Company's board of directors approved a share repurchase program (the "2021 Repurchase Program") that allows the Company to repurchase up to $500.0 million of its outstanding common stock from time to time as
14


market conditions warrant. The 2021 Repurchase Program expires in January 2025. The Company initiated the 2021 Repurchase Program to mitigate potentially dilutive effects of stock options and shares of restricted stock granted by the Company, in addition to enhancing shareholder value.
The Company repurchased 715,122 shares for $44.6 million and 353,000 shares for $22.8 million during the thirteen weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively. The Company repurchased 919,162 shares for $59.9 million and 923,506 shares for $58.6 million during the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively. As of July 29, 2023, $258.8 million remained available to purchase under the 2021 Repurchase Program.
8. Income Taxes
The Company projects the estimated annual effective tax rate for fiscal year 2023 to be 28.3%, excluding the tax effect of discrete events, such as excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation, changes in tax legislation, settlements of tax audits and changes in uncertain tax positions, among others.

The Company’s effective income tax rate from continuing operations was 28.6% and 26.6% for the thirteen weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, respectively, primarily due to a reduction in excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation and tax credits in the current period. For the twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, the Company's effective tax rate from continuing operations was and 30.5% and 24.2%, respectively, and the increase was primarily due to an immaterial adjustment to certain deferred tax assets related to prior periods, as well as lower excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation and lower tax credits in the current period.
The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S. federal and various state taxing jurisdictions. The Company’s tax years from 2018 forward remain open and subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service and various state taxing authorities.
On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act was signed into law in the United States. We currently do not expect the legislation to have a material impact on our financial statements.
9. Fair Value Measurements
Certain assets and liabilities are required to be carried at fair value in accordance with GAAP. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.
The Company uses a three-level hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are to be classified and disclosed in one of the following three levels of the fair value hierarchy, of which the first two are considered observable and the last is considered unobservable:
Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable inputs other than quoted market prices included in Level 1 such as quoted market prices for markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities, including certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.

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Financial Assets and Liabilities
The fair value of the Company's long-term debt is estimated based on current market rates for our specific debt instrument. Judgment is required to develop these estimates. As such, the estimated fair value of long-term debt is classified within Level 2, as defined under U.S. GAAP.
The gross carrying amount and fair value of the Company’s debt at July 29, 2023 are as follows (in thousands):
Carrying AmountFair Value
First Lien Term Loan$450,000 $450,311 
ABL Revolving Facility411,000 411,000 
Total Debt$861,000 $861,311 
The gross carrying amount and fair value of the Company’s debt at January 28, 2023 are as follows (in thousands):
Carrying AmountFair Value
First Lien Term Loan$450,000 $450,482 
ABL Revolving Facility405,000 405,000 
Total Debt$855,000 $855,482 
The gross carrying amount and fair value of the Company’s debt at July 30, 2022 are as follows (in thousands):
Carrying AmountFair Value
First Lien Term Loan$701,920 $700,797 
ABL Revolving Facility350,000 350,000 
Total Debt$1,051,920 $1,050,797 
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
The Company measures certain non-financial assets and liabilities, including long-lived assets, at fair value on a non-recurring basis.
The Company believes that the carrying amounts of its other financial instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, and accounts payable, approximate their fair values due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.
10. Earnings Per Share
The table below reconciles basic weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding to diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding for the thirteen and twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022 (in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, used for basic computation133,317 134,341 133,314 134,293 
Plus: Incremental shares of potentially dilutive securities:1,812 2,226 2,201 2,342 
Weighted-average shares of common stock and dilutive potential shares of common stock outstanding135,129 136,567 135,515 136,635 
The table below summarizes awards that were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings for the thirteen and twenty-six weeks ended July 29, 2023 and July 30, 2022, as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive (in thousands):
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Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Restricted shares304 193 203 145 
Restricted stock units11 12 5 6 
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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be considered forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy, transformation, strategic priorities and future progress, including expectations regarding deferred revenue, lease commencement dates, impact of infrastructure investments on our operating model and selling, general and administrative expenses, sales of gasoline and gross profit margin rates, and new club and gas station openings, as well as statements that include terms such as "may", "will", "should", "expect", "plan", "anticipate", "could", "intend", "project", "believe", "estimate", "predict", "continue", "forecast", "would", or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are only predictions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to:
•    uncertainties in the financial markets and the effect of certain economic conditions or events on consumer and small business spending patterns and debt levels;
•    risks related to our dependence on having a large and loyal membership;
•    domestic and international economic conditions, including volatility in inflation or interest rates, supply chain disruptions, construction delays and exchange rates;
•    our ability to procure the merchandise we sell at the best possible prices;
•    the effects of competition in, and regulation of, the retail industry;
•    our dependence on vendors to supply us with quality merchandise at the right time and at the right price;
•    risks related to our indebtedness;
•    changes in laws related to, or the governments administration of, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program or its electronic benefit transfer systems;
•    the risks and uncertainties related to the impact of any future pandemic, epidemic or outbreak of any other highly infectious disease;
•    risks related to climate change and natural disasters;
•    our ability to identify and respond effectively to consumer trends, including our ability to successfully maintain a relevant omnichannel experience for our members;
•    risks related to cybersecurity, which may be heightened due to our e-commerce business, including our ability to protect the privacy of member or business information and the security of payment card information;
•    risks relating to our ability to attract and retain a qualified management team and other team members;
•    risks relating to our ability to implement our growth strategy by opening new clubs, and gasoline stations; and
•    the other risk factors identified in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including in particular those set forth under "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023 (the "Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022").
Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as required by applicable law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future, and you should not rely upon these forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis is intended to promote an understanding of the results of operations and financial condition of the Company and is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022. The following discussion may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and assumptions. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such differences are discussed in the sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q titled "Forward-Looking Statements" and in Part I. "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022.
We report on the basis of a 52- or 53-week fiscal year, which ends on the Saturday closest to the last day of January. Accordingly, references herein to "fiscal year 2023" relate to the 53 weeks ending February 03, 2024, and references herein to "fiscal year 2022" relate to the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2023. The second quarter of fiscal year 2023 ended on July 29, 2023, and the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 ended on July 30, 2022, and both include thirteen weeks.
Overview
BJ’s Wholesale Club is a leading warehouse club operator concentrated primarily on the eastern half of the United States. We deliver significant value to our members, consistently offering 25% or more savings on a representative basket of manufacturer-branded groceries compared to traditional supermarket competitors. We provide a curated assortment focused on perishable products, continuously refreshed general merchandise, gasoline and other ancillary services, coupon books, and promotions to deliver a differentiated shopping experience that is further enhanced by our digital capabilities.
Since pioneering the warehouse club model in New England in 1984, we have grown our footprint to 238 large-format, high volume warehouse clubs and 168 gas stations spanning 19 states as of the date of this filing. In our core New England markets, which have high population density and generate a disproportionate part of U.S. gross domestic product, we operate almost three times the number of clubs compared to the next largest warehouse club competitor. In addition to shopping in our clubs, members are able to shop when and how they want through our website, bjs.com, and our highly rated mobile app, which allows them to use our buy-online-pickup-in-club ("BOPIC") service, curbside delivery, same-day home delivery or traditional ship-to-home service, as well as through the DoorDash and Instacart marketplaces where members receive preferential pricing by linking their membership. We also offer Same-Day Select, which offers BJ’s members the ability to pay a one-time fee for either unlimited or twelve same-day grocery deliveries over a one-year period.
Our leadership team continues to focus on utilizing data to improve member experience, instilling a culture of cost discipline, adopting a more proactive approach to growing our membership base and building an omnichannel offering oriented towards making shopping at BJ’s more convenient.
Our goal is to offer our members significant value and a meaningful return in savings on their annual membership fee. We have approximately 7.0 million members paying annual fees to gain access to savings on groceries and general merchandise and services. The annual membership fee for our Club Card membership is generally $55, and the annual membership fee for our BJ’s Club+ membership, which offers additional value-enhancing features, is generally $110. We believe that members can save over ten times their $55 Club Card membership fee versus what they would otherwise pay at traditional supermarket competitors when they spend $2,500 or more per year at BJ’s on manufacturer-branded groceries. In addition to providing significant savings on a representative basket of manufacturer-branded groceries, we accept all manufacturer coupons and also carry our own exclusive brands that enable members to save on price without compromising on quality. Our two private label brands, Wellsley Farms® and Berkley Jensen®, represented over $3.7 billion in annual sales for fiscal year 2022 and are the largest brands we sell in terms of volume. Our customers recognize the relevance of our value proposition across economic environments, as demonstrated by over 25 consecutive years of membership fee income growth. Our membership fee income was $407.5 million for the trailing twelve-months ended July 29, 2023.
Our business is moderately seasonal in nature. Historically, our business has realized a slightly higher portion of net sales, operating income, and cash flows from operations in the second and fourth fiscal quarters, attributable primarily to the impact of the summer and year-end holiday season, respectively. Our quarterly results have been, and will continue to be, affected by the timing of new club openings and their associated pre-opening expenses. As a result of these factors, our financial results for any single quarter or for periods of less than a year are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year.

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Factors Affecting Our Business

Overall economic trends
The overall economic environment and related changes in consumer behavior have a significant impact on our business. In general, positive conditions in the broader economy promote customer spending in our clubs, while economic weakness, which generally results in a reduction of customer spending, may have a different or more extreme effect on spending at our clubs. Macroeconomic factors that can affect customer spending patterns, and thereby our results of operations, include employment rates, changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), government stimulus programs, tax legislation, business conditions, changes in the housing market, the availability of credit, interest rates, tax rates and fuel and energy costs. In addition, unemployment rates and benefits may cause us to experience higher labor costs.
Size and loyalty of membership base
The membership model is a critical element of our business. Members drive our results of operations through their membership fee income and their purchases. The majority of members renew within six months following their renewal date. Therefore, our renewal rate is a trailing calculation that captures renewals during the period seven to eighteen months prior to the reporting date. We have grown our membership fee income each year for the past 25 years and the quality of our membership mix is strong as evidenced by our higher tier penetration growth in the first twenty-six weeks of fiscal year 2023. Our membership renewal rate, a key indicator of membership engagement, satisfaction and loyalty, was 90% at the end of fiscal year 2022.
Effective sourcing and distribution of products and consumer demands
Our net sales and gross profit are affected by our ability to purchase our products in sufficient quantities at competitive prices. Further, our ability to maintain our appeal to existing customers and attract new customers primarily depends on our ability to originate, develop and offer a compelling product assortment responsive to customer preferences. As a result, our level of net sales could be adversely affected due to constraints in our supply chain, including our inability to procure and stock sufficient quantities of some merchandise in a manner that is able to match market demand from our customers.
Infrastructure investment
Our historical operating results reflect the impact of our ongoing investments to support our growth. We have made significant investments in our business that we believe have laid the foundation for continued profitable growth. We believe that expanding our club footprint, bringing substantially all of our end-to-end perishable supply chain in-house, enhancing our information systems, including our distribution center and transportation management systems, and investing in hardware and digitally enabled shopping capabilities for convenience, such as BOPIC, curbside pickup, and same day home delivery will enable us to replicate our profitable club format and provide a differentiated shopping experience. We expect these infrastructure investments to support our successful operating model across our club operations.
Gasoline prices
The market price of gasoline impacts our net sales and comparable club sales, and large fluctuations in the price of gasoline may produce a short-term impact on our margins. Retail gasoline prices are driven by daily crude oil and wholesale commodity market changes and are volatile, as they are influenced by factors that include changes in demand and supply of oil and refined products, global geopolitical events, regional market conditions, and supply interruptions caused by severe weather conditions. Typically, the change in crude oil prices impacts the purchase price of wholesale petroleum fuel products, which in turn impacts retail gasoline prices at the pump. During times when prices are particularly volatile, differences in pricing and procurement strategies between the Company and its competitors may lead to temporary margin contraction or expansion, depending on whether prices are rising or falling, and this impact could affect our overall results for a fiscal quarter.
In addition, the relative level of gasoline prices from period to period may lead to differences in our net sales between those periods. Further, because we generally attempt to maintain a fairly stable gross profit per gallon, this variance in net sales, which may be substantial, may or may not have a significant impact on our operating income.
Inflation and deflation trends
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Our financial results can be directly impacted by substantial changes in product costs due to commodity cost increases or general inflation, which could lead to a reduction in our sales, as well as greater margin pressure, as costs may not be able to be passed on to consumers. Changes in commodity prices and general inflation have impacted several categories of our business. Inflationary pressures can be attributed to macro economic factors including supply chain disruptions, government stimulus, interest rates, and other factors. In response to increasing commodity prices or general inflation, we seek to minimize the impact of such events by sourcing our merchandise from different vendors, changing our product mix or increasing our pricing when necessary.
Results of Operations 
The following table summarizes key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated: 
Statement of Operations DataThirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net sales$4,859,842 $5,005,030 $9,480,462 $9,404,840 
Membership fee income103,698 98,786 206,220 195,411 
Total revenues4,963,540 5,103,816 9,686,682 9,600,251 
Cost of sales4,066,727 4,243,769 7,909,877 7,949,043 
Selling, general and administrative expenses694,960 651,236 1,384,288 1,287,180 
Pre-opening expenses1,584 5,901 5,478 10,801 
Operating income200,269 202,910 387,039 353,227 
Interest expense, net16,274 10,874 30,964 18,715 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes183,995 192,036 356,075 334,512 
Provision for income taxes52,670 51,022 108,762 81,041 
Income from continuing operations131,325 141,014 247,313 253,471 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes— (7)89 (14)
Net income$131,325 $141,007 $247,402 $253,457 
Weighted-average shares outstanding—basic133,317 134,341 133,314 134,293 
Basic EPS(a)
$0.99 $1.05 $1.86 $1.89 
Weighted-average shares outstanding—diluted135,129 136,567 135,515 136,635 
Diluted EPS(a)
$0.97 $1.03 $1.83 $1.85 
Operational Data:
Total clubs at end of period
238
229
238229
Comparable club sales (b)
(5.3)%
19.8%
(1.9)%
17.2%
Merchandise comparable club sales (b)
1.1%
7.6%
3.3%
5.9%
Adjusted EBITDA (b)
$268,760 $273,700 $525,743 $494,501 
Free cash flow (b)
34,200 300,417 61,248 254,192 
(a) Basic and diluted EPS are calculated using net income.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and "Liquidity and Capital Resources" within Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for definitions.
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Thirteen Weeks Ended July 29, 2023 (Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 2023) Compared to Thirteen Weeks Ended July 30, 2022 (Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 2022) 
Net Sales 
Net sales are derived from direct retail sales to customers, net of merchandise returns and discounts. Fluctuations in net sales are impacted by opening new clubs and comparable club sales.
Net sales for the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 were $4.9 billion, a 2.9% decrease from net sales reported for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 of $5.0 billion. The decrease was due primarily to a decrease in gasoline sales during the second quarter of fiscal year 2023.
Comparable Club Sales and Merchandise Comparable Club Sales
We believe net sales is an important driver of our profitability, particularly comparable club sales. Changes in comparable sales are driven by variations in shopping frequency from new and existing members and the amount they spend on each visit. Sales comparisons can be influenced by certain factors that are beyond our control such as changes in the cost of gasoline and macro-economic factors such as inflation. The higher comparable club sales, the more we can leverage certain of our selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses, reducing them as a percentage of sales and enhancing profitability. 

Thirteen Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023
Comparable club sales(5.3)%
Less: impact from gasoline sales(6.4)%
Merchandise comparable club sales1.1 %
 
Merchandise comparable club sales increased by 1.1% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 primarily driven by an increase in sales of groceries of 4.1%, partially offset by a decrease in sales of general merchandise and services of approximately 13.3%.
In grocery, sales increased for snacks, beverages, breakfast items, dairy, frozen, and bakery categories compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, partially offset by a decrease in sales of fresh meat, vitamins, and household categories.
Sales of general merchandise decreased in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 due to decreased demand for electronics, home, and seasonal merchandise compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, driven by the unfavorable impact of weather and macroeconomic factors.
The impact of gasoline sales is a result of lower retail prices in the second quarter of fiscal 2023 as compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, as well as a slight decline in comparable gallons.
Membership fee income 
We continue to see growth in the size of our membership base and continued quality. Membership fee income was $103.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to $98.8 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, a 5.0% increase. The increase was primarily driven by membership renewals, new members, and greater penetration of higher-tier membership levels, evidencing the strength of our membership quality.
In connection with our co-brand credit card transition in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, we offered a 5 cent-per-gallon discount on gasoline purchases to our Club+ members. We believe the new program has helped drive continued growth in our higher-tier membership penetration.
Cost of sales 
Cost of sales consists primarily of the direct cost of merchandise and gasoline sold at our clubs, including costs associated with operating our distribution centers, including payroll, payroll benefits, occupancy costs, and depreciation; freight
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expenses associated with moving merchandise from vendors to our distribution centers and from distribution centers to our clubs; and vendor allowances, rebates, and cash discounts.
Cost of sales was $4.1 billion, or 83.7% of net sales, in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to $4.2 billion, or 84.8% of net sales, in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. Merchandise gross margin rate, which excludes gasoline sales and membership fee income, increased 90 basis points over the prior year period. The improvement in merchandise margins was primarily due to disinflation, moderated supply chain costs, and improvement of inventory management.
Selling, general and administrative expenses 
SG&A consists of various expenses related to supporting and facilitating the sale of merchandise in our clubs, including the following: payroll and payroll benefits for team members; rent, depreciation, and other occupancy costs for retail and corporate locations; share-based compensation, advertising expenses; tender costs, including credit and debit card fees; amortization of intangible assets; and consulting, legal, insurance, acquisition and integration costs, and other professional services expenses.
SG&A includes both fixed and variable components and, therefore, is not directly correlated with net sales. We expect that our SG&A will increase in future periods due to investments to spur comparable club sales growth and our expanding footprint as we open new clubs. In addition, any future increases in wages, stock-based grants or modifications will increase our SG&A.
SG&A increased by 6.7% to $695.0 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 from $651.2 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. The year-over-year increase in SG&A was primarily driven by increased labor and occupancy costs as a result of new club and gas station openings, as well as other continued investments to drive strategic priorities. Our growth profile this year is weighted toward owned clubs, elevating our depreciation expense. We remain focused on investing in member engagement, marketing and digital strategies.
Pre-opening expenses
Pre-opening expenses include startup costs for new clubs. Expenses will vary based on the number of new club openings, geography of the club, whether the club is owned or leased, and timing of the opening relative to our period end.
Pre-opening expenses were $1.6 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to $5.9 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. Pre-opening expenses decreased due to timing of spend for club openings year-over-year. 
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, net was $16.3 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to $10.9 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. The increase was primarily due to rising interest rates year-over-year.
Provision for income taxes 
The Company’s effective income tax rate from continuing operations was 28.6% and 26.6% for the second quarters of fiscal years 2023 and 2022, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate is primarily due to a reduction in excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation and lower tax credits in the current period.
Twenty-six Weeks Ended July 29, 2023 (First Six Months of Fiscal Year 2023) Compared to Twenty-six Weeks Ended July 30, 2022 (First Six Months of Fiscal Year 2022) 
Net Sales 
Net sales for the first six months of fiscal year 2023 were $9.5 billion, a 0.8% increase from net sales reported for the first six months of fiscal year 2022 of $9.4 billion. The increase was due primarily to a net increase of nine club openings, partially offset by lower gasoline sales.
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Comparable club sales

Twenty-six Weeks Ended
July 29, 2023
Comparable club sales(1.9)%
Less: impact from gasoline sales(5.2)%
Merchandise comparable club sales3.3 %
 
Merchandise comparable club sales increased by 3.3% in the first six months of fiscal year 2023 compared to the first six months of fiscal year 2022 driven by an increase in sales of groceries of approximately 6.0%, partially offset by a decrease in sales of general merchandise and services of approximately 11.0%.

In grocery, sales increased in the current year period as demand for beverages, candy, snacks, dairy, and bakery categories increased compared to the first six months of fiscal year 2022, partially offset by a decrease in demand for fresh meat and household categories.

General merchandise decreased in the current year period due to decreased demand for electronics and seasonal merchandise compared to the first six months of fiscal year 2022.
The impact of gasoline sales is a result of lower retail prices through the first six months of fiscal 2023 as compared to the first six months of fiscal year 2022. Gallons remained relatively flat period over period.
Membership fee income 

Membership fee income was $206.2 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2023 compared to $195.4 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2022, a 5.5% increase. The increase was primarily driven by membership renewals, new members, and increased penetration of higher-tier membership levels, evidencing the strength of our membership quality. 
Cost of sales 

Cost of sales was $7.9 billion, or 83.4% of net sales, in the first six months of fiscal year 2023, remaining flat compared to $7.9 billion, or 84.5% of net sales, in the first six months of fiscal year 2022. Merchandise gross margin rate, which excludes gasoline sales and membership fee income, increased 100 basis points in the current year period over the first six months of fiscal year 2022. The improvement in merchandise margins was primarily due to disinflation, moderated supply chain costs, and improved inventory management.
Selling, general and administrative expenses 

SG&A increased by 7.5% to $1.4 billion in the first six months of fiscal year 2023 from $1.3 billion in the first six months of fiscal year 2022. The year-over-year increase in SG&A was primarily driven by increased labor and occupancy costs as a result of new club and gas station openings, as well as other continued investments to drive strategic priorities. Our growth profile this year is weighted toward owned clubs, elevating our depreciation expense. We remain focused on investing in member engagement, marketing and digital strategies.
Pre-opening expenses
Pre-opening expenses were $5.5 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2023 compared to $10.8 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2022. Pre-opening expenses decreased due to timing of spend for club openings year-over-year. 
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, net was $31.0 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2023 compared to $18.7 million in the first six months of fiscal year 2022. The increase was primarily due to rising interest rates year-over-year.
Provision for income taxes 
The Company’s effective income tax rate from continuing operations was 30.5% and 24.2% for the first six months of fiscal years 2023 and 2022, respectively. The increase was primarily due to an immaterial adjustment to certain deferred tax
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assets related to prior periods, as well as lower excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation and lower tax credits in the current period.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, including the related notes, are presented in accordance with GAAP. In addition to relevant GAAP measures we also provide non-GAAP measures, including adjusted EBITDA, comparable club sales, free cash flow, adjusted net income and adjusted net income per diluted share because management believes these metrics are useful to investors and analysts by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance. These measures are customary for our industry and commonly used by competitors. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be reviewed in isolation or considered as an alternative to any other performance measure derived in accordance with GAAP and should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items. In addition, adjusted EBITDA, comparable club sales, free cash flow, adjusted net income and adjusted net income per diluted share may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies in our industry or across different industries. Free cash flow is discussed within the Liquidity and Capital Resources section below.
Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as income from continuing operations before interest expense, net, provision for income taxes and depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain other items, including stock-based compensation expense; pre-opening expenses; non-cash rent; acquisition and integration costs; and other adjustments.
The following is a reconciliation of our income from continuing operations to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net sales for the periods presented:
Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
(in thousands)July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Income from continuing operations$131,325 $141,014 $247,313 $253,471 
Interest expense, net16,274 10,874 30,964 18,715 
Provision for income taxes52,670 51,022 108,762 81,041 
Depreciation and amortization54,825 49,984 109,015 97,093 
Stock-based compensation expense 9,624 9,387 19,631 18,502 
Pre-opening expenses (a)
1,584 5,901 5,478 10,801 
Non-cash rent (b)
2,281 1,256 3,832 2,102 
Acquisition and integration costs (c)
— 3,588 — 11,467 
Other adjustments (d)
177 674 748 1,309 
Adjusted EBITDA$268,760 $273,700 $525,743 $494,501 
Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net sales5.5 %5.5 %5.5 %5.3 %
(a)    Represents direct incremental costs of opening or relocating a facility that are charged to operations as incurred.
(b)    Consists of an adjustment to remove the non-cash portion of rent expense.
(c)    Represents costs related to the acquisition of four distribution centers and the related private transportation fleet from Burris Logistics on May 2, 2022 ("the Acquisition"), including due diligence, legal, and other consulting expenses.
(d)    Other non-cash items, including non-cash accretion on asset retirement obligations, obligations associated with our post-retirement medical plan and incremental rent expense as the Company transitioned home office locations in fiscal 2022.
Comparable Club Sales and Merchandise Comparable Club Sales
Comparable club sales, also known as same-store sales, includes all clubs that were open for at least 13 months at the beginning of the period and were in operation during the entirety of both periods being compared, including relocated clubs and expansions.
Comparable club sales allow us to evaluate how our club base is performing by measuring the change in period-over-period net sales in clubs that have been open for the applicable period. Various factors affect comparable club sales, including
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consumer preferences and trends, product sourcing, promotional offerings and pricing, customer experience and purchase amounts, weather and holiday shopping period timing and length.
Merchandise comparable club sales represents comparable club sales from all merchandise other than our gasoline operations for the applicable period.
Adjusted Net Income
The adjusted net income and adjusted net income per diluted share metrics are important measures used by management to compare the performance of core operating results between periods. We define adjusted net income as net income as reported, adjusted for non-recurring, infrequent, or unusual charges, net of the tax impact of such adjustments. We define adjusted net income per diluted share as adjusted net income divided by the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding.
We believe adjusted net income and adjusted net income per diluted share are useful metrics to investors and analysts because they present more accurate year-over-year comparisons for our net income and net income per diluted share because adjusted items are not the result of our normal operations.

Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
(in thousands, except per share amounts)July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net income as reported$131,325 $141,007 $247,402 $253,457 
Adjustments:
Acquisition and integration costs (a)
— 3,587 — 11,467 
Home office transition costs (b)
— 600 — 1,199 
Charges related to debt payments (c)
— 389 — 389 
Other adjustments (d)
(185)— (786)(165)
Tax impact of adjustments to net income (e)
52 (1,287)223 (3,625)
Adjusted net income$131,192 $144,296 $246,839 $262,722 
Weighted-average shares outstanding—diluted135,129 136,567 135,515 136,635 
Adjusted EPS(f)
$0.97 $1.06 $1.82 $1.92 
(a)Represents costs related to the Acquisition, including due diligence, legal, and other consulting expenses.
(b)Represents incremental rent expense as the Company transitioned home office locations in fiscal 2022.
(c)Represents the expensing of fees and deferred fees associated with the extinguishment of the Company's senior secured asset based revolving credit and term facility ("ABL Facility") in fiscal 2022.
(d)Other non-cash items related to the reclassification into earnings of accumulated other comprehensive income / loss associated with the de-designation of hedge accounting and other adjustments.
(e)Represents the tax effect of the above adjustments at a statutory tax rate of approximately 28%.
(f)Adjusted EPS is measured using weighted-average diluted shares outstanding.
Liquidity and Capital Resources 
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash flows generated from club operations and borrowings from our ABL Revolving Facility. As of July 29, 2023, cash and cash equivalents totaled $26.2 million and we had $726.2 million of unused capacity under our ABL Revolving Facility. Our principal liquidity needs for the next twelve months and beyond are to fund normal recurring operational expenses and anticipated capital expenditures; fund possible acquisitions; fund share repurchases; and meet debt service and principal repayment obligations. We believe that our current resources, together with anticipated cash flows from operations and borrowing capacity under our ABL Revolving Facility, will be sufficient to finance our operations for at least the next twelve months.
In the first six months of fiscal year 2023, we used $59.9 million of available cash to repurchase 919,162 shares under the 2021 Repurchase Program.
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are, in the opinion of management, reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our results of operations or financial position. We do, however, enter into letters of credit and purchase obligations in the normal course of our operations.
26


Summary of Cash Flows
A summary of our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities is presented in the following table: 
Twenty-six Weeks Ended
(in thousands)July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net cash provided by operating activities$269,500 $443,052 
Net cash used in investing activities(208,252)(565,381)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(68,953)240,574 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents$(7,705)$118,245 
 
Net Operating Cash Flows 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $269.5 million for the first half of fiscal year 2023 compared to $443.1 million for the first half of fiscal year 2022. The decrease in operating cash flow was primarily due to unfavorable fluctuations in working capital and a decrease in pre-tax net income. The unfavorable fluctuations in working capital were primarily due to merchandise inventories and accounts payable.
Net Investing Cash Flows 
Cash used in investing activities was $208.3 million for the first half of fiscal year 2023, compared to $565.4 million for the first half of fiscal year 2022. The decrease is primarily due to $376.5 million of cash outflows in the prior year related to the Acquisition.
Net Financing Cash Flows 
Net cash used in financing activities for the first half of fiscal year 2023 was $69.0 million compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $240.6 million for the first half of fiscal year 2022. The $309.5 million net increase in financing cash outflows was primarily due to a $344.0 million reduction in net proceeds from our ABL Revolving Facility in the first half of fiscal year 2023 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2022, as well as an incremental $12.7 million outflow for the acquisition of treasury stock, partially offset by a $50.0 million payment on long-term debt in the prior year.
Free Cash Flow
We present free cash flow because we use it to report to our board of directors and we believe it assists investors and analysts in evaluating our liquidity. Free cash flow should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operations as a liquidity measure. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less additions to property and equipment, net of disposals, plus proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions.
The following is a reconciliation of our net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow for the periods presented:
Thirteen Weeks EndedTwenty-six Weeks Ended
(in thousands)July 29, 2023July 30, 2022July 29, 2023July 30, 2022
Net cash provided by operating activities$150,368 $398,744 $269,500 $443,052 
Less: Additions to property and equipment, net of disposals122,156 101,001 214,240 191,534 
Plus: Proceeds from sale leaseback transactions5,988 2,674 5,988 2,674 
Free cash flow$34,200 $300,417 $61,248 $254,192 
Free cash flow decreased to $34.2 million for the second quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to $300.4 million for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. Free cash flow decreased to $61.2 million for the first half of fiscal year 2023 compared to $254.2 million for the first half of fiscal year 2022. For each comparative period, the decrease is the primary result of lower cash flows from operating activities as a result of fluctuations in working capital.
27


Debt and Borrowing Capacity  
Our primary sources of borrowing capacity are the ABL Revolving Facility and the First Lien Term Loan, which are further discussed in Note 4, "Debt and Credit Arrangements," included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
On July 28, 2022, the Company entered into the ABL Revolving Facility with an aggregate ABL Revolving Commitment of $1.2 billion pursuant to that certain credit agreement with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and other lenders party thereto. The maturity date of the ABL Revolving Facility is July 28, 2027. As part of this transaction, the Company extinguished the ABL Facility.
On January 5, 2023, the Company amended the First Lien Term Loan to extend the maturity date from February 3, 2024 to February 3, 2027 and transition the interest rate from London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) and changes the applicable margin from LIBOR plus 200 – 225 basis points per annum to SOFR plus 275 basis points per annum. In connection with the amendment the Company made a paid approximately $151.9 million of the principal amount.
At July 29, 2023, there was $411.0 million outstanding in loans under the ABL Revolving Facility and $11.3 million in outstanding letters of credit. The interest rate on the revolving credit facility was 6.42% and unused capacity was $726.2 million.
At July 29, 2023, the interest rate for the First Lien Term Loan was 7.89% and there was $450.0 million outstanding.
Material Cash Commitments 
Our material cash commitments consist primarily of debt obligations, interest payments, leases, and purchase orders for merchandise inventory. These material cash commitments impact our short-term and long-term liquidity and capital needs. As of July 29, 2023, other than those items related to the ordinary course of operations of our business such as inventory purchases, new leases and lease amendments, there were no material changes to our material cash commitments from those described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022. 
Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates 
This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs and expenses, and related disclosures. There were no material changes in critical accounting policies and estimates during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Refer to Item 7., "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations— Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates," in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022 for a complete list of our Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
There have been no recent accounting pronouncements since those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022 that have had a material impact on our financial statements.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 
We are exposed to changes in market interest rates and these changes in rates will impact our net interest expense and our cash flow from operations. Substantially all of our borrowings carry variable interest rates. There have been no material changes in our market risk from the disclosure included in Part II. "Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures of Market Risk" in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 
Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls and Procedures 
In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control
28


objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs. 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures 
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated, as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of July 29, 2023. 
Changes in Internal Control
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in management’s evaluation pursuant to Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 of the Exchange Act during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
We are subject to various litigation, claims and other proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of business. We believe these actions are routine and incidental to the business. While the outcome of these actions cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not believe that any will have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
There have been no material changes to the risk factors relating to the Company set forth under the caption "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2022.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
The following table sets forth information regarding our purchases of shares of our common stock during the second quarter of fiscal year 2023.
Period
Total Number of Shares
Purchased (a)
Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
Approximate Dollar Value
of Shares that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Plans or
Programs (b)
(in thousands)
April 30, 2023 to May 27, 2023
146,625
$64.47
143,000 $294,252 
May 28, 2023 to July 1, 2023
572,122
61.93 572,122 258,819 
July 2, 2023 to July 29, 2023
— — — 258,819 
Total
718,747
715,122
(a)Includes 3,625 shares of common stock for the period April 30, 2023 to May 27, 2023 surrendered to the Company by employees to satisfy their tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted stock awards. See Note 7 "Treasury Shares and Share Repurchase Programs" of our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information.
(b)On November 16, 2021, the Company's board of directors approved the 2021 Repurchase Program that allows the Company to repurchase up to $500.0 million of its outstanding common stock. The 2021 Repurchase Program expires in January 2025.
29


Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information.
10b5-1 Trading Plans                          
On May 30, 2023, Mr. Scott Kessler, our former Executive Vice President, Chief Information Officer of the Company, terminated a trading arrangement he had previously adopted with respect to the sale of securities of the Company’s common stock (a “Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan”) in connection with his resignation from the Company. Mr. Kessler’s Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan was adopted on March 14, 2023, had a term of one year and provided for the sale of up to 80,239 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the plan. As of the date of termination of his Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan, Mr. Kessler had not sold any shares of common stock under its terms.
On July 12, 2023, Ms. Laura Felice, Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, adopted a Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan that is intended to satisfy the affirmative defense conditions of Securities Exchange Act Rule 10b5-1(c). Ms. Felice’s Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan, which has a term of 11 months, provides for the sale of up to 26,586 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the plan.
On July 13, 2023, Mr. Jeff Desroches, Executive Vice President, Chief Operations Officer of the Company, terminated a Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan. Mr. Desroches’ Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan was adopted on January 13, 2023, had a term of 11 months and provided for the sale of up to 12,250 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the plan. As of the date of termination of his Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan, Mr. Desroches had sold 8,775 shares of common stock under its terms. On July 14, 2023, Mr. Desroches, adopted a new Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan that is intended to satisfy the affirmative defense conditions of Securities Exchange Act Rule 10b5-1(c). Mr. Desroches’ new Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan, which has a term of one year, provides for the sale of up to 33,934 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the plan.
Item 6. Exhibits.
Exhibit NumberExhibit Description
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document (filed herewith)
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document (filed herewith)
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document (filed herewith)
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document (filed herewith)
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document (filed herewith)
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Linkbase Document (filed herewith)
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL with applicable taxonomy extension information contained in Exhibits 101.*) (filed herewith)
30


SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.
Date: August 25, 2023By:/s/ Laura L. Felice
Laura L. Felice
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and
Authorized Signatory)

31

Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
I, Robert W. Eddy, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 25, 2023
By:/s/ Robert W. Eddy
Robert W. Eddy
President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)



Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
I, Laura L. Felice, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 25, 2023
By:/s/ Laura L. Felice
Laura L. Felice
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)



Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certifies, to his knowledge, that:
1.The Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 29, 2023 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
2.The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: August 25, 2023
By:/s/ Robert W. Eddy
Robert W. Eddy
President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)



Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of BJ’s Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certifies, to her knowledge, that:
1.The Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 29, 2023 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
2.The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: August 25, 2023
By:/s/ Laura L. Felice
Laura L. Felice
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)


v3.23.2
Cover - shares
6 Months Ended
Jul. 29, 2023
Aug. 18, 2023
Cover [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Quarterly Report true  
Document Period End Date Jul. 29, 2023  
Document Transition Report false  
Entity File Number 001-38559  
Entity Registrant Name BJ’S WHOLESALE CLUB HOLDINGS, INC.  
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE  
Entity Tax Identification Number 45-2936287  
Entity Address, Address Line One 350 Campus Drive  
Entity Address, City or Town Marlborough  
Entity Address, State or Province MA  
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 01752  
City Area Code 774  
Local Phone Number 512-7400  
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock, par value $0.01  
Trading Symbol BJ  
Security Exchange Name NYSE  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business false  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Shell Company false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   133,731,549
Entity Central Index Key 0001531152  
Amendment Flag false  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --02-03  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2023